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DOS / Windows IP Commands

Below, you'll find a list of the most common IP commands for Windows and DOS. These include ipconfig, trace route, netstat, arp, route, hostname, control netconnections, and other popular DOS and Windows IP commands. Display Connection Configuration: ipconfig /all Display DNS Cache Info: ipconfig /displaydns Clear DNS Cache: ipconfig /flushdns Release All IP Address Connections: ipconfig /release Renew All IP Address Connections: ipconfig /renew Re-Register the DNS connections: ipconfig /registerdns Change/Modify DHCP Class ID: ipconfig /setclassid Network Connections: control netconnections Network Setup Wizard: netsetup.cpl Test Connectivity: ping whatismyip.com Trace Route: tracert Displays the TCP/IP protocol sessions: netstat Display Local Route: route Display Resolved MAC Addresses: arp Display Name of Computer Currently on: hostname Display DHCP Class Information: ipconfig /showclassid NameServer Lookup: nslookup whatismyip.com Read more: http://www.whatismyip.com/faq/dos-windows-ip-commands.asp#ixzz1ZYMmfN6R

What Is An IP Address
IP Address (Internet Protocol Address):
This number is an exclusive number all information technology devices (printers, routers, modems, et al) use which identifies and allows them the ability to communicate with each other on a computer network. There is a standard of communication which is called an Internet Protocol standard (IP). In laymans terms it is the same as your home address. In order for you to receive snail mail at home the sending party must have your correct mailing address (IP address) in your town

(network) or you do not receive bills, pizza coupons or your tax refund. The same is true for all equipment on the internet. Without this specific address, information cannot be received. IP addresses may either be assigned permanently for an Email server/Business server or a permanent home resident or temporarily, from a pool of available addresses (first come first serve) from your Internet Service Provider. A permanent number may not be available in all areas and may cost extra so be sure to ask your ISP. Domain Name System (DNS): This allows the IP address to be translated to words. It is much easier for us to remember a word than a series of numbers. The same is true for email addresses.

For example, it is much easier for you to remember a web address name such as whatismyip.com than it is to remember 192.168.1.1 or in the case of email it is much easier to remember email@somedomain.com than email@192.168.1.1 Dynamic IP Address: An IP address that is not static and could change at any time. This IP address is issued to you from a pool of IP addresses allocated by your ISP or DHCP Server. This is for a large number of customers that do not require the same IP Address all the time for a variety of reasons. Your computer will automatically get this number as it logs on to the network and saves you the trouble of having to know details regarding the specific network configurations. This number can be assigned to anyone using a dial-up connection, Wireless and High Speed Internet connections. If you need to run your own email server or web server, it would be best to have a static IP. Static IP Address: An IP address that is fixed and never changes. This is in contrast to a dynamic IP address which may change at any time. Most ISP's a single static IP or a block of static IP's for a few extra bucks a month. IP version 4: Currently used by most network devices. However, with more and more computers accessing the internet, IPv4 addresses are running out quickly. Just like in a city, addresses have to be created for new neighborhoods but, if your neighborhood gets too large, you will have to come up with an entire new pool of addresses. IPv4 is limited to 4,294,967,296 addresses. IP version 5: This is an experimental protocol for UNIX based systems. In keeping with standard UNIX (a computer Operating System) release conventions, all oddnumbered versions are considered experimental. It was never intended to be used by the general public. IP version 6: The replacement for the aging IPv4. The estimated number of unique addresses for IPv6 is 340,282,366,920,938,463,463,374,607,431,768,211,456 or 2^128. The old and current standard of addresses was this: 192.168.100.100 the new way can be written different ways but means the same and are all valid: * 1080:0000:0000:0000:0000:0034:0000:417A * 1080:0:0:0:0:34:0:417A * 1080::34:0:417A

Read more: http://www.whatismyip.com/faq/what-is-an-ip-address.asp#ixzz1ZYO2Vz9Y

Arp Finger Hostname Ipconfig Pathping Ping Nbtstat Net Netstat Nslookup Route Tracert / Traceroute Whois Winipcfg

ARP
Display or manipulate the ARP information on a network device or computer.

See the arp command page for further help and information.

FINGER
The finger command available in Unix / Linux variants allows a user to find sometimes personal information about a user. This information can include the last time the user logged in, when they read their e-mail, etc... If the user creates a .PLAN or other related file the user can also display additional information.

See the Unix / Linux finger command page for further information and help.

HOSTNAME
The hostname command displays the host name of the Windows XP computer currently logged into.

See the hostname command page for further help and information.

IPCONFIG
Ipconfig is a MS-DOS utility that can be used from MS-DOS and a MS-DOS shell to display the network settings currently assigned and given by a network. This command can be utilized to verify a network connection as well as to verify your network settings. Windows 2000 users should use this command to determine network information.

See the ipconfig command page for further information and help.

PATHPING

Pathping is a MS-DOS utility available for Microsoft Windows 2000 and Windows XP users. This utility enables a user to find network latency and network loss.

See the pathping command page for further help and information.

PING
Ping is one of the most commonly used and known commands. Ping allows a user to ping another network IP address. This can help determine if the network is able to communicate with the network.

See the ping command page for further help on the MS-DOS and Windows command line command. See the Unix / Linux ping command page for further information on this command.

NBTSTAT
The nbtstat MS-DOS utility that displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP connections using NBT.

See the nbtstat command page for further help on this MS-DOS and Windows command.

NET
The net command is available in MS-DOS / Windows and is used to set, view and determine network settings.

See the net command page for further information on this command.

NETSTAT
The netstat command is used to display the TCP/IP network protocol statistics and information.

See the netstat command page for further help with this MS-DOS and Windows command.

Se the Unix / Linux netstat command for further help with this command.

NSLOOKUP
The nslookup MS-DOS utility that enables a user to do a reverse lookup on an IP address of a domain or host on a network.

See the nslookup command page for further help on this MS-DOS and Windows command. See the Unix / Linux nslookup command page for further help with this command. Linux users may also be interested in the host command that performs a similar task.

ROUTE
The route MS-DOS utility enables computers to view and modify the computer's route table.

See the route command page for further information and help with this command.

TRACERT / TRACEROUTE
The tracert command in MS-DOS / Windows or the traceroute command in Unix / Linux and variants is another commonly used network command to help determine network related issues or slowdowns. Using this command you can view a listing of how a network packet travels through the network and where it may fail or slow down. Using this information you can determine the computer, router, switch or other network device possibly causing your network issues.

See the tracert command for further help with the MS-DOS and Windows command. See the Unix / Linux traceroute command for further help with this command.

WHOIS

The whois command available in Unix / Linux variants helps allow a user to identify a domain name. This command provides information about a domain name much like the WHOIS on network solutions. In some cases the domain information will be provided from Network Solutions.

See the Unix / Linux whois command for further information on this command.

WINIPCFG
The winipcfg command available in Windows allows a user to display network and network adapter information. Here, a user can find such information as an IP address, Subnet Mask, Gateway, etc...

See the winipcfg command for further information on this command. Windows 2000, Windows XP and above users do not have winipcfg. Instead, use ipconfig.
Additional information:

Computer network card and network help and support. How to determine an IP address.