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Looking at Australia

Area: 7,686,850 sq km
Population: 21.26 million
Capital: Canberra
GPD: $ 38,100

Australia is the world’s smallest continent but the sixth-largest country. The
geography of the country is extremely diverse, ranging from the snow-capped
mountains of the Australian Alps and Tasmania to large deserts, tropical and
temperate forests. Australia’s coastline stretches about 50,000 kilometers and is
linked by more than 10,000 beaches. The majority of the population lives within 50
kilometers of the coast, making it an integral part of the Australian laid-back
lifestyle.

Becoming Australian
If you are in the right profession with the right
qualification, getting Australian citizenship is easy
By James Schwier/Gulf News Report

Since 1945, more than 6.5 million people have emigrated to Australia, helping to
increase the country’s population from about seven million to 21 million. Each
ethnic group has helped to shape the modern-day outlook of Australia, and
immigration is still open to everyone.

If you have an Australian partner, you can apply for a spouse visa, which, if
successful, gives you four years in the country. And if you have secured a job in
Australia, your company will more than likely sponsor you, meaning that they will
help you fill in all the paperwork.

However, if you do not fit into these categories there are still plenty of options.
While the days of the ‘£- Poms’ – when Britons who emigrated to Australia after the
Second World War using an assisted passage scheme were only charged 10 pounds
for their fare – are long gone. Australia is still a country that welcomes a number of
nationalities each year. If you are in a profession considered valuable, this will
stand you in good stead.

Your suitability for a visa is assessed on a points system, with educational


qualifications, skills, age, English language ability and a range of other factors all
taken into consideration. If, after assessing your suitability against the criteria
(which can be found on the Australian department of Immigration website), your
points total adds up to less than 80, your application will be refused. If it is between
80 and 100 points you will be placed in a reserve pool for two years (meaning that if
the pass mark is lowered and your score is then above that mark your application
will be reassessed). If you score more than 120 points you will be eligible for a
skilled, independent visa, meaning you do not require sponsorship to emigrate.

One exception to this rule is doctors and nurses. There is a shortage of medical
professionals in Australian, particularly in rural areas, and GPs or specialists who
have obtained their primary qualifications are much sought after. The same applies
to nurses.

Integrating immigrants
Once a visa has been awarded, new entrants can apply for assistance from the
authorities if they have moved on humanitarian grounds, have moved with their
families but their spoken English is poor, or are a skilled migrant living in a rural
area whose spoken English is poor.

The Settlement Grants Programme helps these people to get in touch with relevant
groups or Authorities. It also helps them find a place to live, enroll their children in
schools, help them improve their English and get involved in community groups.

Harvey Zaocanella moved to Sydney with his father, mother and sister from Italy
more than 50 years ago and says he could not imagine living anywhere else. “I still
have family in Italy who I often go and see, but Australia is most definitely my home
now,” Zaocanella says. “It was tough at first not speaking the language, but being
young at the time you soon pick it up. I’ve brought my children up her and I can’t
think of a place I would have rather done it.”

After residing in the country for four years, expats are eligible for citizenship – a
step that 2006 Australian of the year, Scottish-born scientist Professor Ian Frazer,
was delighted to take. “We’d been in Australia a couple of years and decided we
wanted to stay here,” he says. “Becoming a citizen was the natural thing to do.

“I’ve always felt that what I do in life should be good for the community. I think
that’s the measure of being an Australian citizen.”

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What visas are available?


Spouse visas: You must provide evidence that you have been in an exclusive e
relationship with your Australian partner (and living with him/her) for at least the 12
months previous to your application. If successful you are given either a two-year
or four-year visa, depending on the length of your relationship.
Skilled, sponsored visas: You must have an eligible relative in Australia who is
willing to sponsor you. You must be under 45 and you must have an occupation
that is needed in Australia. Successful applicants are given permanent residency.
For more information and a full list of all the visa sub-classes, visikt the Austaralian
Department of Immigration and Citizenship at http://www.immi.gov.au/immigration.
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Looking to emigrate to Australia? Check out who is wanted


where
Australia is keen to attract a number of professionals although each state has its
own financial requirements for applicants.

Here are some examples of what the states are looking for. Those hoping to secure
skilled, sponsored visas must be under 45 when they lodge their applications (for a
full list of all the occupations in demand visit www.acaciaau.com/skilled-sponsored-
176-886.php).
New south Wales: research and development managers, laboratory managers,
chemists, life scientists, accountants, software designers, solicitors. ACT:
Construction project managers, project builders, IT mangers, zoologists, park
rangers, meteorologists, civil engineers. Queensland: production managers
(mining), civil engineers, petroleum engineers, radiation therapists, hospital
pharmacists. Victoria: chemists, geologists, mathematicians, computing
professionals, pre-primary school teachers, social workers. Northern Territory:
engineering managers, architects, electrical engineers, mining engineers,
accountants, secondary school teachers, locksmiths, mechanics. Western
Australia: architects, accountants, psychiatrists, optometrists, dental technicians,
toolmakers, aircraft maintenance engineers, electricians. South Australia:
surveyors, accountants, mechanical engineers, locksmiths welders (first class),
carpenters, bakers. Tasmania: civil engineers, pharmacists, urban and regional
planners, chefs, joiners, bricklayers.

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