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. =+?"6 1574...74-111 3 ... People and Society ……………... Science and Technology…………………............%...../+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!....………………….. Travel and Transport 3..…………………….. @........…….. Shopping........)AB 1 PART I... Holidays pages: ……………………..…………………….. ……………………………….... Contents: 1..16-27 2.........28-41 4..... Education and Learning ……………………....!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& .55-67 6...4-15 …………………………………......:+....)6 11 2/.. Grammar Focus ………………………………………………...42-54 5.....))...68-73 7..........................

("& '36"% (20((0$%*05) 4 . Jane -I’ve already spent a lot of money this year. I’ve heard they’re both very beautiful. 40'0"& ' /5 $. Read the dialogue HOLIDAY PLANS in roles and answer the questions on it. 7. but I’ve already been there twice and I’d like to try somewhere new. I’m much too hard up at the moment. to make up one’s mind/to decide/to make a decision/decision-maker 4. Phrasal Verbs : PUT to put aside – "# $%"& ' (" * . at the end of smth/ in the end 3. I see. to pay smb a visit/ to call (in) on smb 8. I admit. 3.I. Why don’t you go there? Jane . Has Jane had a holiday this year? When is she taking a holiday? Where did Mary suggest she should go? Why can’t she go to Mexico? Why is she too hard up at the moment? Where is she planning to go? Why did Mary suggest going to Ireland? Did Jane like the idea? 2. Mary . My flat was done up last month.Not really. reluctantly 10. 6. Study the following expressions: 1. 2. Jane -Perhaps I’ll just go to Scotland or Ireland in the end. for you well-off people. 1. to afford to do smth 6. holiday/ to be on holiday/ to have a holiday/ public holiday 2. Jill would willingly put you up for a few days. willingly – ant. TOPIC 1 HOLIDAYS 1. yes. to do up a flat 9.Oh. to put smb up 3.C/"2). I had a card from him yesterday and he seems to be having a good time. well . but I couldn’t possibly afford it. I’m taking it at the end of September. H. 8.to put down – 1) /02%(3'0"& 2) '3(0$%'0"&. Mary . Jane -Oh.K. Jane -That’s a good idea! I haven’t seen Jill for more than three years now and I’d like to know how she’s getting on. Mary . 5. Mary .Have you had your holiday for this year yet. so I haven’t got much to spare for expensive holidays abroad. They’re in Dublin now.The air-fare is quite expensive. and I haven’t been to either of them.My brother’s just gone to Mexico for two weeks.That’s O. Mary -We went to Ireland two years ago to pay Jill and her husband a visit. 4.Where are you going? Have you made up your mind? Jane .%9E&G. Jane? Jane . Mary . I thought of going to Spain again. to be hard up 7.Not yet. I’m sure.off 5. but you needn’t spend a lot when you get there. so they are! Mary -If you decide on Ireland you can call in on them.

he would phone her immediately. 2*84#070"& (%48:. she wears such odd clothes that everybody thinks she is living in the 1930s. she is a strange person. I won’t be able to put _____________ this dress.048'0"& to put on weight – . The smell put me ________________ my food. Fill in the gaps with prepositions: 1. Of course. 10.:+. There was a moment’s silence and then Charlie put _______________ his head from the book and said that he had an aunt leaving nearby and if we agreed to put ________________ her temper.)AB 1 to put down to – 2*%2%(3'0"& to put forward – '34'%70"&.%"& ( to put up – 2 4. She has never got married.)).” Charlie explained. 4. 5 . Ann at once put ____________________ saying she was busy finishing her project. and it would not be reasonable to put __________________ a hotel. and a number of medieval structures. but to put _________________ the extravagance of Charlie’s aunt was beyond us. But you should know our company. She puts ________________ all the expenses and our visit will be a waste of money for her unless we promise to compensate everything for her being put ______________. but it irritates. I put _______________ his bad temper _____________ his recent illness. we were not rich people.%.<"& to put up with – 5%*%"&(< ( =85-" 3. 7. Maybe she thinks it a great economy. Put ______________ all fires before leaving the camping ground.4%40"-*-) to put in – 2*8*3'0"& *0/7 ' *. 9. Monmouthshire comprises a lowland region in the south along the Severn estuary and a mountainous region in the north. 3. I cannot put ______________ ______________ your behaviour any longer. . she is fond of putting __________________ the lights. It was decided to put ______________ the trip for a week and to put ________________ a small village inn.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . She put her sewing ________________ when the telephone rang. To drive by car was pleasant because you could see picturesque scenery and it was possible to stop and put _______________ the passengers when it was necessary. a county located in southeastern Wales. Then.%'0"& to put on – . Make sure that you put _____________ every word she says. to put off smb – ""0#. he said.1.)6 11 2/. notably at Caerleon. Fill in the gaps with prepositions: Two weeks ago Pete put ___________ an idea to go for a drive to Monmouthshire. And the last but not the least: her hobby is putting _______________ all conversations. ‘What do you mean by ‘her temper’?” we asked. among them the Tintern Abbey which was put ____________________ in the 13th century. ‘You see. First of all. @. Never put _____________ till tomorrow what you can do today. 5.0.%6 (* . he added. The area contains signs of Roman occupation. 3. she has lived all her life in her own house and this has made an influence on her. Then Nick offered to put ___________________ all the expenses. 70(%"& 2) 2*%=%. Can you put me ________________ to this number. 8. So.<"& .0 > #88 2 /4.#043'0"& =" -#%> . But landlords had put _______________ prices. '("0'#<"& (# '0 ' *0/7 ' * to put off (doing) smth – ". Maybe some of us had relatives or acquaintances in this area to put us _______________ for the night.2./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. Can you put us ________________ for the weekend? 6. 2. =+?"6 1574.8-4 >("' to put through to – ( 84%.0>*0"& '8( to put out – 1) "-?%"&. If I put _______________ another inch. don’t pay attention to what dress she put ______________.

4. Read the text A DAY AT THE SEASIDE and do the following tasks: 1. c) The author’s youngest child … 1. b) The author’s wife …. many British people have decided to investigate (1) … a lot closer to home. for instance. holidaymakers need to be able to get around. Because of worries about traveling abroad.I. BRITISH HOLIDAYMAKERS The traditional British holiday at home is not dead. While the car is still preferred. is called Jimmy. However. it could be making a comeback. which until recently have struggled. isn’t very proud of his body. Does the author mention any of the things you listed in 1? 3.C/"2). 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 A reports A destinations A popularity A way A direct A platforms A transport A run A voyage A distant A departure A book B arrivals B directions B fame B method B express B runways B ferry B package B sail B away B going B register C cultures C venues C growth C means C rapid C rails C sail C cruise C flight C further C exit C check D resorts D excursions D inhabitants D sort D delayed D railways D ship D ticket D travel D long D holiday D go 5. needed to go to the toilet. a quick look inside the (11) … lounges of our major airports will confirm that we are still queuing up in our thousands to (12) … in for a flight in search of the one thing the British Isles cannot guarantee – sunshine. 2. What are the things that might spoil a typical day at the seaside? 2. are attracting more holidaymakers. a) The author … 1. says that Irish setters are very clean. doesn’t get bad sunburn. 2. In fact. a large number of them will enjoy the luxury of a restored wooden carriage on one of the many historical (6) … in operation around the country. but our love of the sea is clearly not lost. Once they get there.C or D) best fits each gap. 1. is very demanding. However. Trains. the majority of tourists will try at least one other (4) … of transport during their holiday. And for those who do make it to the sea.B. many are tempted by a (7) … ride to nearby islands or a short (8) … on a pleasure boat. We may not be tempted by the prospect of a three-week (9) … to exotic and (10) … countries. 3.%9E&G. Read the text below and decide which answer (A. enjoys the prospect of a day on the beach. Popular (2) … such as Brighton in the south and Scarborough or Blackpool in the north have never really lost their (3) … . is looking forward to a day on the beach. 6 . Although few people would choose to start their two week break by taking the (5) … train. 3. Decide which of the following statements are true and which are false. H. 3. some seaside towns. doesn’t usually get her own way. 2.

’ ‘They don’t have those things here. my wife wakes me up with a playful slap and says? “I’ve got an idea. we’ll set off at the same time as 37. at Kennebunk Beach in Maine. So when. ‘ Daddy’s eating the sandwich the dog had. I put my foot down and said.’ which is of course why we ended up. an inflatable dinghy. some candy floss. @. take off most of our clothes and sit on some sand for a whole day. =+?"6 1574.’ ‘No. some hours later. I discovered that everyone had gone off for a swim. We’ll get sand in our sandwiches and then in our mouths.:+. our youngest – I’ll call him Jimmy in case he should one day become a lawyer– surveyed the scene and said.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . By the time we got there. I need an ice cream. and the children can pass the time sticking each other with sharp objects.’ I reported this to my wife.000 other people and get in such a traffic jam that we won’t get home till midnight. Jimmy. ‘Lovely.’ she will insist. Frankly. I have never understood the British attachment to the seaside.’ ‘Tell me this isn’t happening. scuba equipment. 7 . He’s the best-selling author of many humorous travel books. then nipped me on the hand for eating his sandwich and number two daughter got tar in her hair. ‘We must do that again soon. the Irish setter came back and stole one of the beach towels. a deluxe bucket and spade set. Let’s drive for three hours to the ocean.%. I don’t remember much after that. We’ll get sunburned and windburned. a hot dog. ‘OK. It was a typical day at the seaside. On arrival. ‘Never – absolutely not. here’s the situation. a Li-Lo. three hours later.’ my wife said soothingly. ‘Then you’ll have to take him to Kennebunkport.)). It will be such fun. ‘I don’t think so. I can make interesting observations about your driving skills. a cheese pizza with extra cheese and a toilet. dear. we can have a paddle of water so cold it actually hurts.’ And the heartbreaking thing is she really meant it.’ I will reply. We lost the car keys for two hours. ‘Don’t worry. she really will think it’s fun. little Jimmy didn’t need to go any more. I just had a little nap and woke to find that Jimmy was burying me up to my chest in sand – which was fine. my wife suggested that we take a drive to the sea. last weekend. Dad.’ she said serenely from beneath a preposterous sun hat. And when we get tired of sitting. and there was only one half-eaten sandwich left. Every year. and therefore beyond the reach of reason where saltwater is concerned.)AB 1 A DAY AT THE SEASIDE by Bill Bryson Bill Bryson was born in America but lived for many years in England.’ said my wife. ‘I really need the toilet. ‘It will be fun.’ I began to whimper. I sat on a towel and nibbled at the sandwich.’ The tragic thing is that because my wife is English. Mummy. in other words. my own water slide.” ‘What for?’ I will say warily. ‘Oh look. it will be great. ‘People find it disturbing when I take my shirt off in public. By the time we found a toilet. about this time. We’ll get sand in our shoes. They are very clean’. At the end of the day.’ I chuckled. I find it disturbing. except that he had started at my head – and I managed to get so sunburned that a dermatologist invited me to a convention in Cleveland the following week as an exhibit. ‘It was an Irish setter.’ said number two daughter gaily when they emerged from the surf a few minutes later./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. so we returned to the beach.)6 11 2/.

H. It is perhaps the best time to begin making _________________________ for next year. think about where you want to go. Do you want to travel abroad? If so. Then answer the questions. Use the underlined words and expressions to complete the questions. Firstly. SCHOOL HOLIDAYS While this year’s school holidays are still quite fresh in the memory. Ask yourself how it went this year. a) b) c) d) e) f) What would you use to remove _____________ from the bottom of your feet? What qualifications do you think are necessary to become a ____________________? When was the last time you ______________ in the sea? Have you ever had to pump up a Li-Lo or an ________________? Has a dog ever _________________ you on the leg? When you were a kid. You are going to tell your partner about it.I. Then again. make sure you don’t turn next year’s holiday into a struggle for ________________________ . If you’re the ______________________ type who likes nothing more than a wide range of new and exciting _______________________ to try out an adventure holiday could be just the challenge you need. perhaps you are the kind of person who needs to be active on holiday. in what sort of situations would your teacher ________________ and not allow you to do something? g) Under what circumstances would you give somebody a ______________ on the back? h) Do you know anyone who always _________________ after lunch? 7. Above all. now is the time to consider your _____________________________ for next year and there is a huge choice of organizations _______________________ for teenagers’ tastes. The questions below may help you to do it. Use the word given in capitals at the end of some of the lines to form a word that fits in the gap in the same line. The first step in any holiday is deciding on a __________________. Read the text below. it is usually cheaper to go on a _______________________ holiday. PREPARE NEAR OPT CATER LOCATE PACK DOOR ACTIVE SURVIVE ACHIEVE 8 .%9E&G. Perhaps you only went as far as the ______________________________ video shop to rent a film. Think of a family holiday you went on when you were a child.C/"2). Having a good time can sometimes be an ____________________ in itself. If this sounds like you. 6. Where did you go? Who chose the holiday destination? Was it the first time you’d been there or had you been there before? Who went on this holiday with you? How did you get there? Was it a good place for a holiday? Where did you stay? How did you spend your time there? Did everybody have a good time or was there somebody who didn’t enjoy the holiday very much? Have you been back to the same place since you were a child? 8.

C. Mary Write a letter to Mary. Did you enjoy your journey? What places of interest did you visit? What impressed you most of all? Did you like the hotel? As to my family news. B. 4. 5. Paula’s friend says that A. C. The return trip from Paris was A. Remember the rules of letter writing. 9 . This is part of a letter from your English friend. @. Write 100-140 words. C. The only thing Paula liked about Paris was A. 2. (Exam Excellence Unit 11 8 23) 1. the weather.B. Paula arranged for somebody to look after the hamster. wanted to go to the Lake District. You are going to hear two women talking about a holiday in France. was very smooth. the shops. =+?"6 1574. an enjoyable experience. Paula doesn’t look very well. Mark’s boss didn’t want him to go. lasted eight hours. my aunt Alice came to visit us … Drop me a line when you can. B. or C to complete the statements about the recording. Before Mark and Paula went to Paris. Paula’s sister promised to look after the children. didn’t tell anybody she was going. Read the sentences. was unpleasant for Paula. Paula A. The journey across the Channel A. she is pleased to see Paula. B. who writes … It was great to hear that you went to …(country) during your summer holidays./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!.)AB 1 9. and choose the best option: A. A. earlier than planned. 6. 3. the accommodation. She has been ill.)6 11 2/. C. B.)). C.%.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . C. I have always wanted to visit this wonderful country. was enthusiastic about it. B. In your letter answer her questions about your journey to … (country) and ask three questions about her aunt.:+. Lots of love. B. @10. disturbed by a flood. Before the trip .

of Spanish origin. H. C. from native and Spanish dishes to more recent tastes. but the make-up of the city has changed over time. choose the answer (A. The population is very mixed. mestizos (people of mixed native and European origins) and Europeans. even to experienced travelers. You are going to read an article from the travel section of a newspaper about Lima. Today’s Lima is a huge city of almost 8 million people. and despite the modern development which took place during the twentieth century. native South Americans. the cathedral is a beautiful reminder of the history of the city. Buses and taxis are generally cheap. For questions 1-8. enjoys warm sunny weather. mestizos. One of the things that strikes any visitor is the cuisine. The mestizos have long been the largest group. 2. Visitors should bear in mind that it is south of the equator. provides a limited service. One city which is beginning to appear in more and more brochures is Lima. of European origin. the Lima Metro. Large numbers of native people have moved out of the countryside and into Lima. Unusually for such a large city. travel agents are putting together trips to more and more exotic destinations which don’t normally come up in the post-Christmas ‘where are we going this year?’ discussion.C or D) which you think fits best according to the text.B. the capital of Peru. valleys and coastal areas. particularly Spanish. including hills. In spite of the earthquake which have forced rebuilding and which still shake the area from time to time. since the planned system is still in the process of being completed. The geography of the area. attractions such as Lima Cathedral stand out. The morning fog that hang over the coast of the Surco area in winter. and the new Metropolitano system. More people are considering going to Lima on holiday because A. means that conditions can vary considerably from one district to the next. Lima has something to appeal to everyone. their influence can still be seen in some historical buildings. La Molina. which don’t have modern facilities yet. 10 .%9E&G. such as Chinese and other Asian food. It was the Spanish who conquered this area in the sixteenth century. D. The climate makes it an attractive place to visit at any time of the year. Lima’s seafood restaurants are quickly gaining an international reputation and provide the perfect spot from which to watch the Lima nightlife pass by. As large numbers of European tourists begin to tire of the delights of inexpensive sun and sand on the coasts of their own continent. Getting around Lima can present challenges. consisting of native South Americans. could appear on the same day the next district. The rail service. From surfing on the Pacific beaches of Punta Hermosa to exploring history in the National Museum.I. many live in areas known as pueblos jovenes (young towns). they are bored with resorts closer to home.C/"2). Although many of them have managed to adapt to city life and have become wealthier than they were in the country. will mean that buses run in special lanes and get to their destination without getting caught up in the Lima traffic. they can avoid crowds of tourists there. but a little patience (and perhaps a little Spanish!) goes a long way. there is almost no rainfall. 11. B. for example. C. Most people in Lima are A. you can do things there you can’t do in Europe. The mixed population means that many influences are combined. B. D. 1. it is cheaper than holidaying in Europe. although summer showers occasionally come down from the mountains in the evening. Amongst the skyscrapers and luxury hotels. the capital of Peru. which the mayor hopes to introduce. so the seasons are reversed compared to Europe.

planning a route which avoids the traffic 8. only taking short trips C. that travelers will find difficult and frustrating. The food in the restaurants in Lima is A. D.C or D) best fits each gap. heavy rain in Surco 6.:+. C. 7. Lima Cathedral is an example of A. C. where different groups of people struggle against each other. B. A number of tour companies have responded with a new (5) … of options.)6 11 2/. sunny winter days in La Molina D. D. modern development spoiling Lima. with a lot of history which has developed rapidly. 12. 4. where people don’t live well. What does the writer suggest might help in traveling around Lima? A. simple and traditional. becoming more famous. (3) … are increasingly interested in doing something different and want more exciting (4) … .)). =+?"6 1574. an increase in the number of houses available. B. a building that looks Spanish. ALTERNATIVE HOLIDAYS The concept of exotic holidays is not new. D. C.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . unpopular with tourists. D. modern architecture in Peru. fog in Surco in July B. problems faced by people in areas outside the city. 11 . B. Read the text below and decide which answer (A. light rain in the evening in December C. B. C. And other travel packages to tropical locations have long been popular and are more (2) … now than ever. Which of the following are you unlikely to see in Lima? A. The population of Lima has grown due to A. asking people to be patient with you D. The general impression of Lima the writer wants to give is of a city A.)AB 1 3. The wealthy have gone on trips to exotic places since the nineteenth century. but now ordinary people have enough money for this kind of holiday. the number of Spanish people moving there. just like Spanish food. 5. an increase in the number of mestizos./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. knowing the local language B. (1) ….%. native South American architecture. including African safaris.B. @.

behaving as they do normally. this off-the-beaten-track holiday represents the future of global tourism. Going on safari is a totally (6) … form of holiday. WQhile a global recession and the terrorist attacks of 9/11 pushed down tourist numbers in 2001 for the first time since 1982. will make it possible for more people around the world to travel than ever 12 . pumpkin leaves and wild spinach. when Africans first realized that tourism might be a way out of poverty H. That was then. Longer-term trends. that the standard two-week beach holiday is becoming less popular GETTING OFF THE BEATEN TRACK Back in the 1980s and early 1990s. as that region becomes more integrated into the global economy G. Today’s tourists are leaving the European-style hotels for more authentic experiences. A. 3 ___________________.. Sitting by the fire at night after a typical dinner of meat stew. which offers them the opportunity to make huge profits from tourism F. Being so close to the animals is a once-in-a-lifetime experience. The money they earn will provide the Xhosa tour guides with an income two and a half times the average local wage. Tourists hoping to see lions in nature reserves – but also expecting to enjoy the comforts of home – packed into overcrowded resorts 2 ______________. (7) … by a safari guide. groups travel into the African wilderness to experience close up the (8) … of the wild. the impact was less than many had expected. you see the animals in their natural environment. Safaris aren’t for everyone. This experience is not offered by a multinational tour operator but by the Xhosa themselves. Fortunately.%9E&G. which are (10) … seen outside the zoo. For some time numerous charter flights came from Germany and Italy. In many ways. they built big concrete hotels on the beaches of Kenya. Several phrases have been removed from the article. improving transport technology. through a small. H. however – especially those who are easily (12) …! 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 A A A A A A A A A A A A Decks sensitive Guides journey collection unique Accepted scare Environmental gradually event tempted B B B B B B B B B B B B Cabins affordable Spectators trip mixture sole Delayed thrill Obsolete rarely attraction disgusted C C C C C C C C C C C C Traffic logical Guests travel range singular Accompanied trauma Extinct only show frightened D D D D D D D D D D D D Cruises effective Holidaymakers movement combination lone Developed fright Endangered frequently invitation horrified 13. provide a great (11) … . 1________________. Despite difficulties. There is one extra phrase. On safari. locally run firm called Amadiba Adventures C. they listen to the local Xhosa people telling folk stories.C/"2). South Africa and other countries. a new kind of travel is in fashion now. international and domestic tourism is expected to grow fast over the next two decades. that were trying to look like the Mediterranean D. cheaper flights and the use of the Internet as a travel tool. who have ‘been there and done that’ B. Fill in the gaps with the suitable phrases. like horseback-riding through the bush.I. because they will benefit from it E. including a rise in global wealth. (9) … species. Read the article on tourism.

there is an inscription chiseled into the soft red rock. and vast numbers of them want to visit the world’s most treasured sites: the Parthenon. By 1939./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. spa holidays.’ More than 4.)AB 1 before.)). Botswana. and particularly Chinese. Tomorrow’s tourists will come from new places. The ruins of Petra were discovered in 1810 by a Swiss explorer. causing the rapid development of adventure travel. the Taj Mahal. Western travelers 6 ___________________ choose more exotic. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 14. It reads: Shane and Wendy from Sydney were there. the national parks of Kenya. when they were imprisoned in the town in 40 BC. It could have been carved by one of king Herod’s soldiers. Last year there were 693 million international tourist arrivals. =+?"6 1574. Does tourism ruin everything that it touches? By Arnold Baker At the entrance to one of the ruined temples of Petra in Jordan. What famous tourist spots do you know? Which countries are they in? Have you been to any of them? 2. and it has barely reached its 50th birthday. More than 600 million tourists a year now travel the globe. of Leicester.000 tourists a day tramp through Petra’s rocky tombs. April 16th 1996.written your name in a visitors’ book or on a wall or building? (What? Where?) 15. the number of Asian. It looks as if it has been there for centuries. have you ever: . The World Tourism organization expects that number to increase to more than 1 billion by 2010. cultural tours.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& .filmed your holiday with a camcorder? (What? Who? Where?) . an estimated one million people were traveling abroad for holidays each year. Americans and Europeans are now taking shorter but more varied trips. But closer inspection reveals that it is not so ancient after all.been on a package holiday? . and a recent report has just concluded that ‘they are in grave danger of being destroyed by the unstoppable march of tourism. In the 19th century. @. cruises and sports vacations in ever more distant places: China.)6 11 2/. They wear away the soft red sandstone to powder and (occasionally!) scratch their names into the rock. the Maldives.:+. organized the first package tour. tourists is predicted to explode 4 __________________. the education of the rich and privileged few was not complete without a Grand Tour of Europe’s cultural sites. Things started to change for ordinary people in 1845 when Thomas Cook. ecotourism. 13 .taken lots of photographs? (What of? Who? Where?) . Stonehenge. While sun-and-sea tourism still dominates. England.bought souvenirs? (What? Where?) .%. Read the text “DEATH BY TOURISM” and do the tasks on it. Will nothing put a stop to the growth of tourism? A brief history of tourism The Romans probably started it with their holiday villas in the Bay of Naples. Local governments and firms are trying hard to satisfy this new demand. Future tourists will also want to do different things. The tourist industry will soon be the largest industry in the world. As a tourist. Many places that once were remote are now part of package tours. 7 _________________. individualized experiences. Rather than spending two weeks on a beach. overcrowding and time pressures mean 5 ________________. It is not just Petra that is under threat of destruction. Answer the following questions: 1.

abandoned by all local residents except for the souvenir sellers. and most of Greece. Heritage theme parks (miniDisneylands!) are springing up everywhere. having put down their passengers. the crowds were so great that the city had to be closed to all visitors. cuisines. there was an eight-year waiting list to go rafting down the Grand Canyon’s Colorado River. • In Notre Dame in Paris. and religions are consumer goods displayed in travel brochures. • The prehistoric cave paintings at Lascaux in France were being slowly ruined by the breath and bacteria from 200. Italy. wait outside. More and more peaks have been conquered.C/"2). Tourism has been industrialized: landscapes.000 kilometres of ski-runs. so now there is a lottery once a year to select the lucky travelers. cultures.I. This is nothing. The stone in Petra is so soft that the tourists’ feet are destroying it.%9E&G. 14 . their fumes eating away at the stonework of the cathedral.000 cable car systems and 40. But even this is not enough for the most popular sites. the cable cars have climbed ever higher. Answer the following questions: -What do you understand by the title of the article? -What famous tourist spots are mentioned in the text? What is said about them? -Is the writer optimistic or pessimistic about the future of tourism? 2. but now many believe the exact opposite: ‘Modern travel narrows the mind’. we all believed that travel broadened the mind. historic day in 1987. It is in the last three decades of the 20th century that tourism has really taken off. Whilst feeling that this is unfair. and Warsaw. There are 15. The future of tourism Will there be more replicas like in Lascaux? There already are. Are the following statements true (A) or false (x)? Correct the false ones with the right information. • American national parks have been operating permit systems for years. there is no underdeveloped coastline left.5 million tourists a year visit Petra. In Spain. 108 visitors enter each minute during opening hours. are finding that their historic centres are fast becoming theme parks – tourist ghettos. H. An ancient inscription has been discovered at the entrance of a ruined temple in Petra. Tourism has been the world’s largest industry since the 1960s. filled with clicking cameras and whirring camcorders. each tourist uses ten times as much water and electricity as a local inhabitant. exquisite beauty. Many of the great cities of Europe. Until recently. the locals acknowledge the importance of tourism to their economy overall. • In the Alps. Rome. • In Barbados and Hawaii. It is now an old Swiss joke that the government will have to build new mountains because they have wired up all the old ones. Tourism today The effects of tourism since the 1960 have been incredible.000 visitors a year. By 1981. and the Mediterranean is the dirtiest sea in the whole world. The caves have now been closed to the public and a replica has been built. Thirty-five buses. Nearly 1. On one hot. France. such as Prague. but this swells to 230 million each summer because of the tourists. The United Nations projects that visitors to the region could number 760 million by the year 2025. 1. To take just a few examples: • The Mediterranean shores have a resident population of 130 million. • Poor Venice with its unique. This is much praised for its likeness to the original.

15 .:+. Use the following plan: 1. COMMENT ON THE FOLLOWING STATEMENT: “Package holidays which include all flights. 4. Give other people’s arguments and explain why they are wrong.%. The Swiss are considering ways of creating new mountains for skiers.” What is your opinion? Is it better to go on a package holiday or to make your own plans? Write 200-250 words. @. 16. The number of foreign tourists has been growing gradually since 1939.)).)6 11 2/. =+?"6 1574. The caves of Lascaux are going to be closed to the public and a replica is going to be built in Disneyland.)AB 1 It is now possible to go everywhere in the world on a package holiday. Thomas Cook organized tours of Europe’s cultural sites for rich people.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . 2./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. you can only go rafting down the Colorado River if you win a lottery. Local people are moving away from many historic city centres. Nowadays. accommodation and tours are very popular with some holidaymakers. Conclusion. 3. In the 19th century. Introduction (State the problem). Express your opinion and give reasons for it. Other travelers say that making your own holiday plans is better. There will be a huge increase in the numbers of tourists to the Mediterranean.

Then I began to realize something funny was going on. anyway. they took me straight to the departure lounge and told me that I had to sit and wait for the next flight to London. And weirdest of all. had a quick paddle in Brazil and landed back home again. It was surprisingly easy. I wasn’t planning on going anywhere else-I wasn’t going to miss that plane home. I had to confess that I’d sneaked out. taken on others and set off on the next part of its journey.I. I felt tired. How do you think this could have happened? Read the text through and check whether your prediction was right. I simply couldn’t believe it and felt increasingly horrified. In the late afternoon I headed back to the airport. I FLEW TO BRAZIL BY ACCIDENT Setting into my seat on the plane. Now a man was lying across them sleeping. She’d said she’d pick me up at Heathrow Airport but I told her not to bother.’ I thought. I went to look for a flight attendant and told her what had happened. The plane must have landed at Heathrow. The two seats next to me had been empty when I fell asleep. So. I might as well take in the sights. The airline staff were not at all pleased and gave me an escort to watch my every move. Would they believe it was an accident? Had I really fallen so deeply asleep that I’d completely missed the plane landing and taking off again? I’d certainly been tired but this was ridiculous! Not knowing what else to do. But then I decided that since I couldn’t do a thing about it.C/"2). there were no problems or delays and we landed at Heathrow at lunchtime on the Sunday. fed up but none the worse for experience. I’d phoned my girlfriend. And that was it. ready for a drink and looking forward to getting home. And I was stuck on the plane with no ticket. And I knew where that was to – Rio de Janeiro.000 miles across the world and back. all the lights were off and everyone seemed to be asleep. tired. We landed in Rio at lunchtime on the Saturday.’ ‘Better get my things together.m. For a couple of minutes I sat wondering sleepily if we were still on our way down to Heathrow. TOPIC 2 TRAVEL AND TRANSPORT 1. Georgina. ‘We will shortly be landing at Heathrow. However. I’d set off from Denmark 48 hours earlier and had spent most of that time in the air.You are going to read the true story of how Nigel Hughes flew to Brazil by accident. In fact. I decided it would be a shame to be in Rio and not see any of it. ‘Only a couple of hours and I’ll be home. It was great! There I was. As I sipped a gin and tonic and pushed my seat back. I slipped out of the airport and jumped into a passing taxi.%9E&G. I remember thinking. I’d travelled an unbelievable 11. I was slightly worried that I might be haulerd off the plane and locked up as an illegal immigrant. from Copenhagen before the plane took off. and by now she was frantic with worry. There wasn’t much anyone could do. She was furious because she had convinced herself that I’d been in a plane crash which she’d heard about on the news. H. hard at work. Fortunately. I found out it was about 3 a. and we were several hours into the 11-hour flight to brazil. The thought of work and the valuable contract I knew I had now lost depressed me for a moment. I honestly don’t remember another thing until I woke up again later on. The driver took me round Rio and down to Copablanca beach. sitting on one of the most exotic beaches in the world instead of being back in gloomy England. The flight attendant thought it was very funny and told me not to worry. She had gone. who’d kept grinning at me over the back of her seat. Once I’d made the call. let off some passengers. I snoozed until I heard a flight attendant announce. 16 . After another drink. The first thing I did was call Georgina. There’d been a little girl in front. which was at 10 o’clock. in Brazil. What on earth was I going to do? Poor Georgina would be wondering what had happened to me. to tell her I was on my way. Slowly it began to dawn on me what had happened. I’d make my own way home.

This is part of a letter from your English pen friend. Find the following words or phrases in the text which have these meanings -smiling from ear to ear -strangest -extremely anxious -dark and depressing -start a journey -walk in shallow water with bare feet 3. @. Answer the questions: 1. Work in a group. She was born two days ago. Planning a sensible schedule D. 2. Beware of criminals B. Now I’m an aunt … Write back soon.Why did he have to confess that he’d sneaked out? 3. Isn’t it fun? But we haven’t decided which means of transport to use. Write the section numbers in the spaces. who writes … I’ve passed all my exams and now my friends and I are planning to go to Spain for two weeks.:+.)6 11 2/. Trains! They’re the best F.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . Love. Have you ever travelled by plane? If my friends insist on flying.)). I’ve never flown in my life. There is one heading you do not need to use./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. Be ready to ask him lots of questions about his flight to Brazil. eventually.)AB 1 Georgina recovered from the shock and was able to see the funny side of it. answering her questions and asking her three questions about her niece. Minor irritations I.What had probably happened to the little girl who had been sitting in front of him? 2. Fill your time 17 . Write 100-140 words.Why do you think the airline staff ‘were not at all pleased’ he had left the airport? 4. As for me. Remember the rules of letter-writing. 6. Choose suitable headings for the eight sections of the leaflet from this list. What problems might you encounter? What precautions would you take? Read the text EURORAILING. What do you suggest? By the way. Money matters G. Calling all students C. Virginia Write back to Virginia. =+?"6 1574. Imagine you’re going on a month’s holiday traveling around Europe by train. Take care but enjoy yourself E. I have got a niece. Packing the essentials H. I still haven’t worked out how I slept through a whole landing and take-off. One of you will play the part of Nigel Hughes. 5. A. what do you think I should do not to feel scared? As to my family news.%.

put out everything you want to take – then halve it. but you should take most of your money in traveller’s cheques. Choose a well-known brand and buy small denominations. Another sensible precaution is not to sleep rough – you’re just asking for trouble. whether you’re using it as a cheap bed for the night. 5. A daypack is useful for sightseeing. however. After that. should not be left behind._______________________________________ These ideas are really just common sense. preferably in a money belt or a neck pouch. numerous plastic bags._____________________________________ The fun really starts once you’re out there. __________________________________ Thanks to their extended summer vacations. Trying to see the whole of Europe in a month. the Greenest you can get.______________________________________ The golden rule is not to try to cram too much into the time available. there are a few tips to bear in mind before you leave. 1. but many problems can be avoided if you’re aware of the potential pitfalls before you leave. 6. anyway!). Watch out for conmen at stations: they will try to persuade you to accept a room. Trains are also a great way to meet local people and. and it’s worth choosing one that’s comfortable and light. along with dark.. it’s always worth asking if they’ve got anything cheaper. especially areas where rural lines are still open and trains are still the most common form of public transport. It’s sensible to take some cash.m. It’s also a relaxing way to travel.____________________________________ Your most important piece of equipment is your backpack. 2.____________________________________ The first step before you go is to choose one of the Eurorail schemes available. It is also a recipe for disaster. mixing visits to cities with relaxing spells on the beach or in the countryside. a water bottle and a small first aid kit. But the most important tip of all this. where most thefts occur.have fun! 18 . students are in the enviable position of being able to travel round Europe by rail and see the sights on the cheap.I. of course – hunting for a hostel at 10 p. compared with other long-distance modes of transport. and a pair of comfortable walking shoes is vital. An alarm-click (so you don’t miss those early trains). There are compensations for these frustrations ( which make the best stories afterwards. 3. grumpy and unreceptive for most of your trip. Far better to go and see accommodation yourself before accepting it. hard-wearing clothes. 4._______________________________________ Each year a few unlucky travelers have their valuables stolen. but it’s amazing how often they’re overlooked. by spending every night on a train and an afternoon in each capital city will result in an unsatisfactory blur of shallow impressions. toilet paper. Budgeting always causes headaches and it’s worth finding out which are the ‘expensive’ and the ‘cheap’ countries.___________________________________ The sense of freedom offered by rail travel is unrivalled by any other. Instead. And if you’re on a tight budget. a Swiss army penknife. and is ‘high’ rather than ‘wide’ when full. or as a ring-side seat for a series of stunning views. try to vary your route. except perhaps the less safe option of hitch-hiking. This is specially important on night trains. H. 8. a scarf to cover your shoulders or legs for visits to churches or mosques. sits just above your hips. photocopies of all your important documents – best packed separately or given to a traveling companion. The best way to prevent this is to carry them with you at all times. As a general rule. Rail travel allows you to explore the hidden corners of the continent. 7. being ripped off by a taxi driver who claims there are no buses to your campsite or being turned away from a famous tourist attraction for wearing shorts. soap and a universal plug.C/"2).%9E&G. Some things. as you will be tired. tempting you with glamorous pictures of a hotel which turns out to be awful and whose price will have doubled by the time you reach it. This article points out some of the pros and cons of traveling by train.

3. C. Then read the leaflet again and choose the correct answers.. no cash. They should keep them with them all the time.M. can learn something useful for the future. D. C.35 ' (*84("'0I (7)B3"& (. According to the writer. B. When planning a route. =+?"6 1574. C.%.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . 7%I 2* >#85 (5)K. 2.))..%% (1)C8 5 $8" (*0'. highlight the problems associated with rail travel. D. B.0"& 2 "8. the best thing about bad experiences on holiday is that you A./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. only traveller’s cheques. They should be especially careful at stations. give advice to students about rail travel. D. visit places but also rest from time to time. can tell people about them later. They should not fall asleep on trains. 7. the writer advises students to A.When they are packing for a rail holiday. money in more than one form.)6 11 2/.0 /4*0' 5 (53(#8 (8)- 19 . go sightseeing in the afternoons and travel by night. B. 1.0I (5)K # "35 2*0'%# 5 <'#<8"(< (6)B3"& ("8(. D. D. They should not travel on trains at night. B. emphasize the many advantages of rail travel. may receive compensation afterwards. 4. C. take more than they think they’ll really need. '0. @. forget about them later.35% . B. 6. 2*0'%# (4)G $. Find the English equivalents to the following words and phrases: B3"& ' /0'%4.)AB 1 7. C. C.:+. take less than they really want to. leave behind nothing they think they may need. What should travelers do to prevent their valuables from being stolen? A.3I # '-?. a credit card. see as much as possible in the time they have. D.The writer advises students to take A.%"&(< ( (2)E8*$0"& ' 7 # '8 (3)F0. promote and advertise rail travel. B. the writer advises students to A. see everything in a month. include only small objects. 5 2 # $8. %/>8$0"& 5.The main purpose of this text is to A. Read questions 1-6.L%0#&. 5.

Realizing the man must be soft in the head. 10.I. the bike broke down yet again so he decided to take it to a garage and offer it for sale. H. Colorado. the man asked if the bike was for sale. Read this account of Nick Campbell’s motorbike trip across the US. The man agreed and they signed the papers. When the bike was going well. The motorbike had broken down. Make up the following dialogue: Dialogue 2 (3-4 minutes) (Practice tests test 14) You are planning to spend a week’s holiday in a city about 1. ‘Certainly not’. This time Nick thought about selling it and buying something more reliable. paid his bill and hit the road. ‘That’s the worst deal you’ll ever make. You can go by: • hitchhiking • bus • train • plane • rented car Remember to: • discuss all the options • take an active part in the conversation and be polite • come up with ideas • give good reasons • find out your friend’s attitudes and take them into account • invite your friend to come up with suggestions • come to an agreement 9. boy. Atlanta.%9E&G. to his surprise. 8.’ 20 . in Denver. he replied. The young mechanic told him to leave the bike overnight and come back the next day. boy’. Then the mechanic stated laughing. For years he had dreamt of crossing the United States from east to west by motorbike and he’d finally decided that it was now or never. sold his car and set off for the journey of his dreams. Your friend has a driving licence but you don’t. but decided to carry on.000. The mechanic told him to come back in the morning. When he got to Kansas the old machine ran out of steam again. In fact it was several minutes before he could speak and when he could he said.000. He looked at the second-hand Harley Davidson he’d bought from a back-street garage back home in Miami at the beginning of his trip six weeks before. but clearly not short of money. the man offered 42. he loved it. The following morning. Nick asked for $3. to find this old Harley Davidson and had bought it for a very reasonable price – it had cost him just $600. But five kilometers from Atlanta. The next day.C/"2). You are deciding how to get there. He pushed the bike into town and found a garage. What problems did he have? Nick Campbell sat at the side of the road and wondered what to do next. he had run out of luck. or so he thought. ‘That’s the worst deal you’ll ever make. However. Answer the following questions: a) Where was Nick Campbell at the beginning of the story? b) What happened in Miami. to his amazement. Work with your partner. He’d given up his job. He’d been lucky.000 kilometres away from where you live. Kansas and Denver? c) How much did Nick pay for the bike? d) How much did he sell it for? e) How much money did he make from the sale? f) Guess why the mechanic said.

The questions below may help you to do it.C or D best fits each space. Italians are now (15) … round once again to the scooter because there are so many cars on the road.)). Do you think the mechanic was fair? How do you think Nick felt? He removed the seat. What is the most interesting journey you have ever had? Tell your partner about the journey. Where was the journey from and where was it to? What form of transport did you use? Who did you go with? How much time did you spend preparing for it? What did you take with you? What was the weather like? How long did it take you? How many times did you stop en route? What for? Did anything unusual or unexpected happen? Would you go on the same journey again? Why/ Why not? 21 . Style used to be a consideration but nowadays Italian scooterers are more (11) … with mobility rather (12) … style. @. Using a scooter can (9) … journey times by up to 50%. is the undisputed European (4) … of the scooter.)6 11 2/. Today.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . Traditionally. One is as (7) … to see a businessman (8) … a scooter as an adolescent.%. Paradoxically. For Questions 1-15. love James Dean./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. =+?"6 1574. the scooter has been (1) … as a symbol of (2) … independence and freedom. (5) … it’s more a way of life for all ages and (6) … groups. Now read the real ending to the story.B.)AB 1 11. Give as much detail as possible. Rome.:+. Veteran scooter riders maintain that it is the sense of freedom which is the (10) … of attraction. On the underside was the inscription: ‘ To Elvis.’ 12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 A held A toddler A method A landmark A however A wages A maybe A moving A lessen A definite A concerned A of A Mobs A failure A coming B supported B young B employ B capital B consequently B benefit B likely B driving B cut off B main B cared B from B Crowds B decline B facing C seen C grown C function C queen C obviously C income C probable C steering C shorten C central C interested C than C Favourites C weakening C approaching D faced D youthful D usage D emblem D although D salary D possible D riding D shrink D steady D concentrated D in D Fans D reduction D turning 13. with a higher per capita (3) … than any other European city. (13) … of the scooter maintain that scooters became popular because they were an affordable means of transport for the working class. The scooter is favoured by those for whom time is money. The (14) … in sales in the 60’s and 70’s was caused by a new-found prosperity which made cars more affordable. read the text below and decide which answer A. The scooter has been a popular way of getting around European cities for over forty years. In the 50s and 60s the scooter was a fashion statement for British Mods and Italian glitterati.

%9E&G. small cars. Commuters will be able to rent a variety of electric cars to suit their needs: light trucks. but the car of the future will be far more pollution-free than those on the road today. Public parking spots on the street or in shop. buses. The passage would most likely be followed by details about a. or attend a concert. safer. criticize conventional vehicles b. which will no doubt take place on automated freeways capable of handling five times the number of vehicles that can be carried by a freeway today. compact battery of other dependable source of current is available. and propane. much larger than they are today d. urban planners and utility engineers are focusing on infrastructure systems to support and make the best use of the new cars. the most convenient parking in transportation centres might be reserved for electric cars. however. hydrogen. Although electric vehicles will not be truly practical until a powerful. describe the possibilities for transportation in the future 3. is the only zero emission option presently available. dine. vans b. Public charging facilities will need to be as common as today’s gas stations. as common as today’s gas stations 22 . compressed natural gas. automated freeways b. The following electrical vehicles are all mentioned in the passage EXCEPT: a. equipped with charging devices c. everyday life will stay much the same in the future c. electric vehicles are not practical for the future 5. and more economical than their predecessors. and neighbourhood vehicles all meeting at transit centres that would have facilities for charging and renting. trains c. trolleys 2. the author implies that a.The author’s purpose in the passage is to a. Read the text and answer the questions by circling the right number. According to the passage. narrate a story about alternative energy vehicles d. As automakers work to develop practical electrical vehicles. support the invention of electric cars c. trains. Several new types of automobile engines have already been developed that run on alternative sources of power. planes d. electric shuttle buses 4. Electricity. Today’s cars are smaller.I. bikes. a single electric vehicle will eventually replace several modes of transportation d. pollution restrictions on the future c. public parking lots of the future will be a.C/"2). steam. more convenient than they are today b. To encourage the use of electric vehicles. H. methanol. a dependable source of electric energy will eventually be developed b. or electric/gasoline hybrid cars for longer trips. and trolleys. 1. three-wheeled neighbourhood cars. Planners foresee electric shuttle buses. transportation experts foresee a new assortment of electric vehicles entering everyday life: shorter-range commuter electric cars. 14. electric delivery vans. In the second paragraph. one-person three-wheelers. cleaner. the neighbourhood of the future d. such as electricity.

)AB 1 15. purely A. course C. up A. Despite D. way B. At this early hour there wasn’t much traffic and there weren’t many people in sight. At once I ran to assist the driver. Fixed D. read the text below and decide which answer A. However A. good A. near C./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. (5) … the capabilities of his car. outcome A. condition B. with family cars inching their (4) … past. 23 . (3)… in a traffic jam.B. inform A. Before anything even happens. event B. causes A. Shortly afterwards the man came round. thought B. There is (14) … something deep in our nature that (15) … when we start up a car engine. This isn’t to (12)… that all offenders have psychological problems or drive powerful sports cars. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 A found A. exactly C. route D. For questions 1-15. forces D. A policeman arrived a few minutes later and asked me a lot of questions about the accident. a car came round the corner.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . announce D. the driver of a fast sports car begins to lose his temper. People think that the car might not start. now D. path A. it’s their very anxiety about losing control that (11) … them lose control. outcome B. perfectly D. awakens C. intended D. since C. tell C. This is true of many situations but driving is a good example. directly B. ready D. path A. state A. In fact. but there wasn’t a great deal we could do. openly A. disturbs D. outcome B. Suddenly it swerved violently. most of them are (13) … ordinary human beings who have no history of violence. fright B. off D. Although C. They told me that his injuries were not serious after all and that he was rapidly getting over the effects of the accident. Many people live in (7)… of losing control. frankly D. Circle the chosen letter. or someone might run into it. clearly C. Held C. hit a lamp-post and turned over. Besides B. effect D.%. but he was unconscious and there was a lot of blood on his face. feeling C. prepared B.:+. But the laughter is getting noticeably quieter (2) … that the problem has become increasingly widespread. A young woman hurried into the station and phoned for an ambulance while I took care of the driver. fear C. down B. And when something does happen. In fact. On Monday morning I went to the hospital to enguire about the man. Just as I was crossing the road near the top of the hill. people have worked themselves up into a (9) … of anxiety. say B.C or D best fits each space. A number of other people gathered round the car. there is nothing he can do. case D. leads B. fully B. worry A. and he was groaning quietly when the ambulance arrived at high speed and rushed him away to hospital.)). it might break (8) …. once A. out C. @. makes C. The (6) …is anger. excites B.)6 11 2/. treated C. issue C. ANGER ON THE ROADS The anger that descends on people when they get behind the steering wheel of a car used to be (1) … as a joke. skidded on the wet road. It was traveling very fast and the driver was obviously having difficulty in controlling it. =+?"6 1574. they are (10)… to explode. upsets 16. Read the text A ROAD ACCIDENT and do the tasks on it: It was raining heavily as I was walking up the hill towards the station at six o’clock on a Saturday morning. concern D.

to get over smth 18.2* 4 #$0"& Get on for.L3 ( . 5--" . =85--" Get on with.to enquire about smth 10.". Get back (to someone) . at the sight of 4. accident.4 . to lose consciousness = to go under to recover/to regain consciousness = to come round 8.. To catch sight of.to go/drive at high/full speed 9.-I 4%"&.0.1) >I 4%"&(< 2) (' 4%"& .4 >*0"&(< 4 =87 -#%> . obviously 5.486("' '0"& . H. assistance.-"& Get away with. 7 -" Get at.I.L05%.-6"% >8/.'3(58%'0"& Get away--#%/. to come to one’s assistance an assistant 7. -$%'0"&(< ( .obvious.(48#0"& =" -#%> 2 (#8 4 #7%I (> * ' Get to.85-" Get out.0/0. to snow heavily 3. Phrasal Verb GET Get smth across to smb.to be conscious.to have difficulty in doing something without any difficulty to get into difficulties 6. Answer the following questions: What was the weather like on a Saturday morning? Where was the narrator going? What did he see when he was crossing the road? What happened to the car? What did the narrator do? Who phoned for the ambulance? What did the policeman do? Was the man still unconscious when the ambulance arrived? What did the narrator learn when he went to the hospital on Monday morning? 17..%9E&G.2 7*-/%"&(<. . 5--" ( *-. to lose sight of.8("% =" -" 4 . to be out of sight Out of sight out of mind.to assist. -("*0%'0"&(< Get down. .35.%. Study the following: 1.*0(("*0%'0"&.-"& Get on smb’s nerves.2*%>3"& Get into.2*%>#%/%"&(< .8*'3 Get on.<"&(< =85-" Get in.0 . 4 I 4%"& 24 . '.-"&(< Get by./0.'8*. .to be in sight. (I 4%"& . consciousness. a road accident by accident = by chance 2.C/"2). (>870"& Get out of. to rain. to be unconscious.8*'%* '0"& Get down to.0/3'0"&(< Get round to.#04%"&.

It may be difficult to make everyone understand your ideas. There was something about the way he looked at you. when tested. 6. I say ‘change’ but I had no formal clothes to change into because the case with my dinner jacket had gone missing.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& .%. 7. The plane arrived late. The legal limit for driving after drinking alcohol is 80 milligrams of alcohol in 100 millilitres of blood. =+?"6 1574. Then suddenly he made a comment about how they must remember how fussy he always was about appearance and being properly dressed. 8.1. got a special prize for the best dressed old boy. in my holiday outfit. On the day of the function I was flying back from abroad and by the time I got (7) ___________________ there was only a couple of hours to change and drive to the school. 2. I heard my name being called out. replacing the underlined phrases with the correct form of the expressions listed below which mean the same: 1. your sex.)). Apparently the function at the school was to be a formal affair and the men were supposed to wear dinner jackets. “I’ve waited fifteen years for this1” 20. The friend. The friend had been invited to speak as the guest of honour at some function or other at the school. There was one of them. I felt as I was being persecuted. up on to the stage. He is a difficult person to have a friendly relationship with. But I didn’t let that get me (8) _______________ and thought the best thing was to get (9) ___________________ the school as quickly as possible. he said. I learned that Harrison was retiring this term. sneaked into the back of the hall and sat down. He only hoped he would be able to get (12) ___________________ on his pension. if you’ve just eaten and 25 . Things had got (5) _______________________ such a state that in my last few weeks at the school I’d written what I thought was a fairly satirical piece making fun of him without mentioning him by name.)AB 1 19. B. @. as if he was about to say something unpleasant about your hair. All I wanted to do was get (13) ___________________ but I had no choice and strolled as casually as I could to loud cheers and cat calls. It may take you a while to become involved in the book. From what I had heard from people around me. After a long delay he wrote the letter at last.:+. Harrison rose with an evil smile on his face and assured the Head that the school would certainly get (11) ___________________ without him. The strange thing was that Harrison usually liked to have the last word and could not bear to be humiliated. He had. Fill in the gaps with prepositions. He had been so insistent on my going that I couldn’t really get (1)________________ It. I’d like to tell you of the time I returned to my old school some fifteen years after I’d left.2. he whispered. 19. It began to get (3) ___________________ my nerves. It is nearly lunchtime. 5./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. C or D. I arrived therefore dressed in my holiday attire. But there is no sure way of telling how much you can drink before you reach this limit. Rewrite these sentences. 3. I haven’t got time for a holiday but I hope to escape for a long weekend. your shoes or the way you walked and he always passed humiliating comments.)6 11 2/. Leave a message and I’ll return your call. As he handed me a small book entitled ‘How to look smart’ and shook my hand. Nobody on the teaching staff made any mention about it before I left and so I imagined I had got (6) __________________ it. My friend gave a brilliant speech. though I wasn’t really looking forward to coming face to face again with certain of the teachers. It varies with each person depending on your weight. The only worrying thing was that up on the platform sat the dreaded Harrison and I had the horrible feeling that he had spotted me and he had that strange look on his face as if he was up to something. Read the text DRINKING AND DRIVING and circle the right answer: A. 4. being got (4) ___________________. his name was Harrison and he and I just didn’t get (2) ______________________ at all. The presentation was made by the headmaster saying he didn’t know how the school would get (10) __________________ without Harrison and other complimentary things and then handed him his leaving present.

you could still be taken to court if a police officer thinks your driving has been affected by alcohol. So. In fact. B unable to drive until the evening. D You put many people at risk. 2. if you’ve had a few drinks at lunchtime. H.What does this article urge you to remember particularly about driving after drinking? A You may be taken to court by the police. It is important to remember that driving after you’ve been drinking doesn’t just affect you. the next day you might be A still drunk until lunchtime. 3.When you have been drinking heavily in the evening. 26 .C/"2). In addition. If you’re involved in an accident it affects a lot of other people as well. D When the police think that you have been drinking from the way you are driving. C over the legal limit in the morning. C drinking affects people’s eye-sight. B more young men die in drink-related accidents than in any other way. or you could even find that you’re still over the legal limit. C You may hurt another road-user. the more alcoholic drinks they had had the more certain they were that they could drive a test course through a set of moveable posts… and the less they were able to do it! So the only way to be sure you’re safe is not to drink at all. 5. Some people might reach their limit after only about three standard drinks. Alcohol is a major cause of road traffic accidents. It takes about an hour for the body to get rid of the alcohol in one standard drink. More than half of the people stopped by the police to take a breathalyzer test have a blood alcohol concentration of more than twice the legal limit. B approximately three standard drinks. One in three of the drivers killed in road accidents have levels of alcohol which are over the legal limit. D exactly proportional to body weight.The amount of alcohol a person can drink before reaching the legal limit is A 800 mg of pure alcohol. In a test with professional drivers.I. D one in three drivers drink heavily. D unable to drive all day.When might you be taken to court by the police for drinking and driving? A When you have driven a vehicle after drinking any alcohol at all. B When you have drunk at least three drinks before driving. 4. your drinking ability can be affected by just one or two drinks. 1.Alcohol is a major cause of road accidents in that A most drivers who die in these accidents have been drinking. if you have a heavy drinking session in the evening you might find that your driving ability is still affected the next morning. what sort of drinks you’ve had. C different for different people. Even if you’re below the legal limit. not least the person you might kill or injure. C Only when tests show that you have 80 mg of alcohol in 100 ml of blood. another one or two drinks in the early evening may well put you over the legal limit. and road accidents after drinking are the biggest cause of death among young men.%9E&G. B You are putting yourself in danger.

Conclusion. It is the most cars. Comment on the following statement: Some people think that cars should be banned from the centres of big cities. 2. Fill in the correct form: CARS ON DISPLAY At a recent Japanese auto show. They are designed to be smaller. Experiment Technology Produce Electric Economic Advantage Frequent Drive. @.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . Few of these cars will go into (3) ______________________-since they are only concept cars. several (1) _________________________ cars were displayed./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. Introduction (State the problem). Cars of the future will change the way we drive (10) __________________________________. 3. Other new ideas include using (4) ______________________to power cars. lighter and to be powered by new (2) _______________________advanced engines.%. What is your opinion? Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Write 200-250 words. It is the most (5)________________________promising fuel..)6 11 2/. Express your opinion and give reasons for it. 22.)). =+?"6 1574.)AB 1 21.:+. … . Use the following plan: 1. 4. Another new concept is a computer system which helps the (8) ________________with (9)____________________________. Give other people’s arguments and explain why they are wrong. The (6) _______________________ of electric cars is their heavy batteries and their need to be (7) _____________________________recharged. Navigate Consider 27 .

Yes.%9E&G. TOPIC 3 EDUCATION AND LEARNING 1. I hear that Malcolm is likely to win all the prizes in the exams this year. He does his homework in ten minutes every evening and then rushes out to play tennis. of course. But my wife always worries about the children’s future. but I don’t believe in forcing boys to take up careers they are not cut out for. isn’t he? Perhaps he can make his fortune at it. Cf to study hard – hardly to study 28 . In other words. Study the following: 1. Yes … What about the younger one? Well. To be unlikely to do smth 2. but that he’s too inconsistent and he rarely does his best. Maybe he’ll become a university lecturer himself eventually.to deserve to do smth 3. I sometimes wish he’d go out and enjoy himself for a change.I. Dramatize the dialogue Career Prospects SUSAN ANDY SUSAN ANDY How have your two sons been doing at school lately. He wants to go to Oxford University next year. He has always been so conscientious and hard-working and he has been slaving at his books every evening for months on end recently. So I believe. and Malcolm never stops working. But I think he studies too hard. He couldn’t care less about exams. he is not bad when he makes an effort. But he deserves to do well. but he is too idle. You can make more money from sport than from an old-fashioned profession these days. James’ teachers say that he has ability. H.to be likely to do smth opp. He’s crazy about tennis. Maybe. I wonder how James will develop in a couple of years’ time! SUSAN ANDY SUSAN ANDY SUSAN ANDY 3.C/"2). so his teachers say.lazy. She wants James to give up tennis and study law. You’re joking.What qualities make a good pupil? Would you consider yourself a good pupil? Why (not)? 2. Answer the following questions: –How many children does Andy have? –Are his sons alike? –What kind of student is Malcolm? –What is his ambition? –Is Andy satisfied with the way Malcolm studies? Why not? –How do teachers characterize James? –What is James crazy about? –What does Andy think about James’ career prospects? –What does their mother want James to do? –Why doesn’t Andy approve of his wife’s idea? 4.conscientious 4.hard-working opp.idle. Andy? Terrible! James never starts working.

* Robert Peter Williams (born 13th February 1974) joined the band Take That in 1990 when he was only 16.You go to sixth form college … a) when you’re five. 2. Then as soon as the teacher turned round. she was more upset than I was! After Millhill Primary School I went on to St Margaret Ward which was the local High School. 4. c)from eleven to sixteen years old./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. so I’d always put them on. I always used to be the one that would make the class laugh.A detention is … a) a punishment b) a qualification c) a school subject 6. When I go in next time I’ll probably get detention for being a few years late! 6.)).!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& .to be cut out for smth 5.You take your GCSEs at the age of … a) sixteen b)fifteen c) fourteen 5. @. 3. b)from five to eleven years old.eventually.:+.to slave at books 6. but I went to smoker’s corner. but I was more concerned with playing with the lads. c) when you’re sixteen. I told Mum to go home. b)the class genius. c)the bottom of the class.)6 11 2/. I was there until sixteen and ended up with eight or nine GCSEs. I did the normal laddish stuff that you’d expect a fourteen-year-old to get up to.%. 1.for months/years/days/hours on end 7. in the long run 8.inconsistent 10.Answer the following questions about your school studies: At what age did you go to school? Do you remember your first day at school? How did you feel? What subjects do you like studying? In which subjects do you always get low marks? What do you like/dislike about your school life? 29 . In fact I’m still registered at the Sixth Form College at St Margaret’s now. And you weren’t allowed to wear trainers. I didn’t smoke.Robbie was … a)the class clown. c) a school subject.Primary school is for children… a) from two to five years old.)AB 1 5. Were you right? My first day at school I saw all these kids crying as they said goodbye to their mums. I was a good lad at school in that I never got caught.for a change 9.to make an effort 12. 7. I joined Take That in the middle of going from school to college.A GCSE is … a) a punishment b) a qualification. b) when you’re eleven. Choose the correct alternative to complete these sentences.to force smb to do smth 13. Then in 1996 he left the band and went to pursue a very successful solo career. =+?"6 1574. I’d sit straight and the rest of the class would be laughing and they’d get told off.to do one’s best 11. What kind of student do you think Robbie Williams* was? Read his description of his school life below.

C/"2). nature study and other subjects. CHILD PRODIGIES Occasionally a young child with very advanced (1) … abilities is admitted to university. After finishing their first degree – they usually (4) … it in a year or two – they continue to do (5) … studies in a specialized field of medicine or science. (Practice tests test 4) Remember to say: • • • • Why it is your favourite subject What things you do in a typical lesson in this subject What you have learnt by doing this subject Whether you want to continue studying this subject in the future. Oxford. They find it rather annoying when someone so young (9) … at the subject so easily while they agonize over their courses. Many of these talented youngsters receive 96) … from very prestigious (7) … institutions to help pay for their studies. however. Harry Lawrence. She began to read at four and started academic subjects at five. generally enjoy having such gifted (12) …! 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 A A A A A A A A A A A A co-educational coaches comprehensive get down postgraduate licences learning taught achieves chatting tutors trainees B B B B B B B B B B B B academic instructors public sail through apprentice scholarships educational assessed experiences discussing trainers students C C C C C C C C C C C C illiterate geniuses prep work out technical services instructive reviewed excels talking markers apprentices D theoretical D lecturers D undergraduate D set out D practical D schedules D training D reported D enjoys D arguing D examiners D employees 10.’ he said. however. Ruth also enjoyed English. 8. ‘I was happy with the first two. ‘We did not start off with the thought that she wouldn’t go to school. is the family breadwinner. so we just carried on. Her father. who lives in Huddersfield. H. Ruth sat three three-hour papers–Algebra and Geometry.B. Give a 2-minute talk on your favourite subject at school. Her mother. Probability and Statistics. These children are of course (2) ….I. ‘but I wasn’t sure about the third. Harry Lawrence explained that.C or D0 best fits each gap. and why 9. Some of the older students dislike being (8) … in seminars with a child prodigy.Hugh’s College. geography. who also works in computers. besides mathematics. or child prodigies. Others. Sylvia.’ 30 . benefit from the experience of (10) … their subject with a child prodigy. a computer consultant. Pure and Applied. and Maths. The (11) … who run the seminars.’ Ruth. ‘but we enjoyed teaching her so much and we seemed to be making quite a good job of it. Calculus. has never been to school. The all-women’s college is likely to offer her a scholarship. history. Read the text below and decide which answer (A. they begin their (3) … studies at university before they are fifteen years old. Typically. Read the text How Ruth made history at Oxford by Isabel Hilton Child Prodigy Ruth Lawrence made history yesterday when she came a clear first out of the 530 candidates who sat the entrance exam for St. gave up his job when Ruth was five to educate her at home.’ she said yesterday.%9E&G.

Her family are very excited and wonder if the younger sister will be as talented. 6. Harry Lawrence looks forward to concentrating his efforts on her younger sister Rebecca. f. said Harry Lawrence. In pairs. He’s going to help Ruth’s sister in a similar way.’ her father said. She is obviously quite brilliant and has shown genuine originality.How will the college change the course for Ruth? 6. while her mother goes out to work. 8. a.What was the Lawrence family’s reaction to the news? 12. She was four.)6 11 2/.%. b./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. Her father has been her teacher. Yes.’ Dr Glenys Luke. expects to take a further degree and eventually hopes to become a research professor in mathematics–an ambition she may achieve while still in her teens. Answer the questions on the text: 1.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . but she herself wasn’t happy with all the examination papers. ‘but it’s too early to tell whether she’s a mathematician. ‘We all jumped up and down a bit when we heard’. She wants to be a research professor. 2. Dr Glenys Luke. Match the summary to the correct paragraph. principally mathematics. She said. d. The Lawrence family plans to move to Oxford when Ruth takes up her place in October the following year. 1. 5. seven. A computer consultant. Here are the answers to some questions about Ruth. the principal of St Hugh’s. ‘She watches television a little but not as a habit. 31 . ‘She’s doing very well. =+?"6 1574. Mathematics. 3.What role do Ruth’s mother and father play in her upbringing? 2. ‘But she plays the piano and has quite a wide range of interests. When Ruth becomes a student. e. She plays the piano. @. Before then.:+. he feels.The university tutors are very pleased that Ruth is coming and are going to change the course a little to suit her. admits that taking so young a student is a daunting responsibility but says it is one she expects to enjoy. The kind of person that Ruth is. Ruth.’ Last night the Lawrence family were thrilled at Ruth’s achievement.’ he explained. 4. ‘from her main interest’. Before university she hopes to take four more Alevels. ‘She is obviously quite brilliant.’ He does not think she works harder than other children her age.Why did they decide to educate her at home? 3. work out the questions. 7. Her father hopes she will be exempt from the requirement to pass a foreign language– a ‘diversion’. ‘Ruth shouldn’t have to suffer the same tensions and disappointments that older students face.’ he said. Ruth’s academic background. Her mother.’ If she does well at St Hugh’s. she does. but concentrates on hat she enjoys. ‘I shall tailor the teaching to her requirements’.)).What is Ruth’s ambition? 4. g. Ruth hasn’t mixed much with other children. she said. 13. ‘She enjoys serious conversation with adults.’ Ruth’s future tutor.’ 11. She made history by coming first. Miss Rachel Trickett. c. ‘and I don’t think she will feel out of place at Oxford. said last night: ‘We are all very excited about Ruth.)AB 1 Because she does not go to school. Her likes and interests. she plans to take four A levels to satisfy the college matriculation requirements.How old will she be when she achieves this ambition? 5. I hope I shall make it fun for her.

The questions below may help you. a)Who did more than get married and raise a family? b)Who followed the teacher’s advice and didn’t go on to university? c)Who failed an exam in a subject which she later proved to be very good at? 32 . Speak about your favourite teacher at school. H. ‘Ruth has not mixed much with other children. Complete the sentences with ML (Madame Lorenzo) or MT (Mr Tucker). Summarize the story as if you’re Ruth 15.%9E&G. _________ was popular with the boys. 14.I. _________ shouted a lot. 18.C/"2). _________ never changed his/her jacket. What do you think? 1. Read the passages and answer questions about the following people who proved their teachers wrong. Say whether you agree or disagree with these statements amount to much have the chance reduce (someone) to tears a) Good teachers never ______________ their students _____________. _________ probably did not go to university. The expressions below come from the recording you have just listened to. Complete the sentences with words from the box.’ 3. _________ was near to retirement. Do you agree about what makes Ruth unusual? 2. c) Everybody should ________________ to go to university if they want to. a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) _________ taught French. Was it a man or a woman? What was their name? What did they look like? What sort of clothes did they use to wear? Were they strict or easy-going? What subject did they teach? Were you good at that subject? Where did you sit in the classroom? What sort of things did you use to do in class? What was special about your favourite teacher? Were they popular with your classmates? Are you still in touch with them? 19. Listen to John and Clare talking about teachers that they remember from school. _________ said cruel things to the students. b) Pupils who don’t _______________ at school rarely manage to get good jobs later. _________ was married. 17. What were your interests when you were ten? What makes a good teacher? 16.

He is at present filming a series to be shown on television in the autumn.’ The first thing I did when I left school was to join the women’s liberation movement. she is bound to fail the exam. We think she is best suited to getting married and raising a family. I want to catch the ten o’clock bus into town and it’s really quarter to already Mrs.%. I was sent to a rather old-fashioned boarding school run by nuns. Jones.(. Mrs.50# (53(#0 ' " 5.05% 4 ("0" =. she wrote. Here you are … Mrs./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!.)6 11 2/..3 ( L8. and the rest is history. ##84$-/02%(0"&(< . I enrolled at the local college and took an evening course in maths and accounting and I was one of the best in the class! A bit of motivation goes a long way! Henry Woods is an actor. Smith You may as well have another cup and catch the 10. @. 22. I should be off really.30. Dramatize the dialogue and then give the rendering of it. Jones Did you read about that awful business at the new comprehensive school last week? 33 .35% 4#< 2 ("-2#8. Jones Have another cup of tea before you go. And can I have another of those chocolate biscuits? Mrs. Find the English equivalents to the following words and word-combinations: -'%$. /0'84M". I suppose it was fate.’ She was right of course. Smith Mrs.0 . thank you. Ann Waterman is a judge and has been an active member of parliament for the last ten years.08538 %(" *%% -(40"& O./02 5%. but I still feel angry with that teacher. 20.:+. but when I wanted to set up my own company.. You’d have to run to catch the 10 o’clock now and you might miss it even then. He put. ‘Henry is not expected to pass his A-levels with sufficiently high grades to gain a place at university. =+?"6 1574. He never made us learn lists of dates by heart – he didn’t need to because his stories made it all so memorable anyway.)AB 1 Romy Adams runs a catering company.%:-2 ("-2%"& ' . History was the only subject I was any good at.36 -=8. My maths teacher would die if she knew that I run my own company and do all accounts myself. I obviously didn’t make much of an impression there. Judging by the consistently low marks she has been getting this term. as they say. ‘She has been a mediocre student and is highly unlikely to go on to further education. '0"& .)).%< -2 (*84("'8. because their final comment was. Smith Of course you can. then.8-40=-.%8 21. and that’s because the history teacher would suit and tell stories and bring it all alive. The other will ask him/her questions.. Mrs.’ I was hoping to go to university.0 . On my school report.35 ./058. I went to acting school instead. She started off in her own kitchen and now runs three catering teams from premises in north London and caters mainly for conferences. -2* 4 #$%"& (' M >*0/ '0. but then one of my teachers wrote a comment on my report which took away all my confidence.’ So I didn’t apply for a place at university.Work in pairs. One of you will play one of the roles. ‘Henry lives in a dream world. He needs to pay more attention. But other teachers used to say things like.%. Jones All right. 520.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . Mrs.-*(3 2 -5 "%'0L%< 40#8. ‘I see very little point in entering Rosemary for maths GCSE. =" >3 …->3"& >*8=M.

Teachers in some secondary schools are worried that their jobs may become impossible shortly unless something can be done to restore discipline in the classrooms. Beckenham 24. might be teaching the child to put his own selfish interests before his duties to the community in which he lives. Whatever next? He ought to be given a good beating. Jones I hear that the new people at number thirty-five send their boy to a private boarding-school instead of the local school. mostly in large cities. The children can do what they like. Comment on the statement: There should be some discipline in the classroom. Smith They are. 23. Jones Mrs. I must go now … Oh dear! Is your clock right? It can’t be twenty past ten already. But some of us believe that there ought to be a return to more “old-fashioned” methods.Conclusion. Jones Mrs. Things like that didn’t happen when we were at school because the teachers kept these hooligans under control by using a cane. What snobs they are! Mrs. Furthermore. Could I use your phone? Certainly. but I personally feel that caning should be reintroduced and this might produce the desired results. 3. A boy assaulted a teacher with a knife. Brown is expecting me. But Mrs. Small children who are continually encouraged to express their individuality without restriction are naturally reluctant to accept school discipline when they grow older. a small minority of teenager pupils deliberately disrupt lessons to such an extent that the teachers can no longer teach their classes effectively. 2.Introduction (State the problem). 25. That’s true … Ah. I might as well. I don’t know why they abolished corporal punishment. I did. I’m afraid it is.C/"2). You may as well stay here for a chat and go into town after lunch. Write 200-250 words. Use the following plan: 1. well.Express your opinion and give reasons for it. Perhaps the problem can be solved by improving facilities for the psychological guidance of these difficult children or by better cooperation between the schools and the parents – for the parents may be mainly responsible for the aggressive behaviour of their off-spring. Mrs. for the majority of the lesson the students should listen quietly to the teacher. Jones Mrs. Smith Yes. H.Give other people’s arguments and explain why they are wrong.%9E&G. aren’t they? I wouldn’t dream of sending my little boy away to 34 . Smith Mrs. They’re too soft on children these days. Some within the teachers’ unions consider that the permissive nature of modern society is responsible.I. Mrs. Smith Mrs. Read the letter to the editor and say whether you agree with the teacher or not. Sir. which appear to stress personal enjoyment at the expense of serious academic work. I really ought to ring her and tell her that I won’t be turning up. At present in some schools teachers may not even slap a child who misbehaves. modern teaching techniques. In the problem Schools. Ex-teacher. 4. Smith Mrs. and the teachers can’t do anything to punish them … May I have another biscuit? Of course – help yourself.30 too now. Dramatize the dialogue: A Little More Gossip and then give the rendering of it. You’ve missed the 10. Yes.

at number 35/ at 10 Downing street but : in Downing street 2.to have confidence in/ to be in smb’s confidence / to take smb into your confidence confident confidential to confide in smb – to tell smb secrets and personal information because you feel you can trust them 9. some people say that a boarding school education is good for children because it teaches them to have confidence in themselves and they learn to be less dependent on their parents… But I think it only turns them into snobs. Jones Mrs. And the thing is that these private schools are often not as good as free state schools. 35 . Yes. Others think it is better to send children to normal. The Williams only send their boy away for the sake of appearances.Conclusion. They aren’t. Smith Mrs. I don’t want him to go to that big new school. @. Smith Mrs. I don’t know what I’ll do with my Trevor next year.instead of smth / instead of doing smth 3. free state schools. Jones Mrs. =+?"6 1574.Give other people’s arguments and explain why they are wrong. for hours ON END compare : at the end of / in the end 5. It is.Introduction (State the problem).for the sake of appearances / for smb’s sake .for months. It does. If you don’t like the new state school.)AB 1 Mrs. don’t they? Of course. 3.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& ./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. Write 200-250 words. They just like to show off. isn’t it? It would break my heart every term. they’re closing all the old schools. they do.to send smb away to send for smb to send for smth to send word – to tell smb by sending them a message to send smb packing – to tell smb firmly or rudely to go away 4. The children of all the commonest people in the area go there. I think it’s cruel. 2.)6 11 2/.%. Smith some strange institution for months on end every year.for the sake of smb/ smth 6. Well. 4. are they? My nephew only went to his local grammar school and he’s just been awarded a scholarship to study classics at Oxford. Study the following expressions and use them in the sentences of your own. for days. for years.to keep up appearances 7. Jones Mrs. you’ll just have to pay to send him to a private school. Use the following plan: 1.:+.Express your opinion and give reasons for it. doesn’t it? Still.to be dependent on / to be independent of to depend on 27.to show off 8. 1. won’t you? 26.)). !omment on the following statement: Many people feel private education gives young people a better chance of having a successful life.

Tiffany. and would have been quite happy if Tiffany decided to leave school and spend a year traveling around the world. tomorrow?’ Amy said. 2. which had been filled with desks and chairs. Physics might not have been her favourite subject – it seemed too distant from people and life and all the things that she really cared about – but she rarely had any particular problems with it. ‘And are you doing a bit of extra revision for tomorrow as well? She said. Her parents’ attitude to education differed slightly from the pressure other parents at the school put on their children.’ A cold chill came over Tiffany as the bell sounded and everyone started to make their way into the exam hall. Against all the advice her teachers had given her. it bored her and she didn’t understand how other students struggled with fairly simple problems. she had spent the night before furiously revising. You are going to read an extract from a novel. she pushed all thoughts of electrons. Somewhere someone was crying. I know this … Oh.B.%9E&G. 1. Tiffany’s teachers didn’t share the same vision and made sure all the students were aware of the need to maintain the standards of the school.C/"2). checking things on the internet. and had even started to think about breakfast. crowds of people were waiting. ‘… and then you take the first number and you multiply it by … what is it? Oh. The exam was due to take place in the gym.C or D) which you think fits best according to the text. but saw it in a broader sense than exam results. ‘What do you mean. She enjoyed a few moments of quiet calmness as the last bits of her dream faded from her mind. then she never would. Tiffany. but the general feel was of nervous anticipation. She picked a book up now and tried to read what she had written and began to panic when none of it seemed to make any sense. 28. B was worried about getting to school on time. each one metre from the next. ‘It’s all there somewhere in the back of your mind. If anything. They valued education. The others looked at her blankly. and Amy didn’t even sleep!’ Tiffany looked at Amy. gravity and equations out of her mind. she closed the book and threw it back onto the floor with the others. She groaned slightly and stared at the pile of books on the floor around her bed. When Tiffany first woke up. Her mum drove her to school and dropped her off with a quick kiss on the cheek.’ she said to herself. I brought this for a lastminute look before the maths exam. hi. It wasn’t finding the answer that bothered her. some beginning to sweat with worry.I. she A seemed to have forgotten about the exam. Tiffany glanced around for her friends and spotted them in a corner.”Tomorrow’s physics. and it seemed strange for the usual shouts and cheers of the gym to be replaced with this quiet murmuring. H. and thought to herself that there was such a thing as doing too much revision. Today’s maths exam. but figuring out why the answer was worth finding in the first place. THE MORNING OF THE EXAM Tiffany reached out an arm to turn off the alarm and sleepily opened her eyes. ‘Good luck. then ate her breakfast in the kitchen. All ready? I spent the whole of yesterday evening revising. Tiffany’s teachers had told her not to 36 . She noticed that Amy had a maths textbook under her arm. making endless notes in the margins of her textbooks. before driving off into the distance. laughing. You just have to find it at the right time. choose the answer (A. As she showered. D was glad that her bad dream was over. before the realization that today was the day hit her like a train. dear.’ Thinking that if she didn’t know it now. For questions 1-8. Amanda was talking as Tiffany arrived. who smiled slightly and yawned.’ she said briefly. She closed her eyes and forced herself to calm down. ‘Come on. Outside the gym. C thought having breakfast might relax her. Unfortunately.

)6 11 2/. 5. C It was a bit simple but useful. 4. B Amy had revised the wrong subject. C tidier than usual. How did Tiffany’s parents differ from other parents at the school? A They didn’t care about their child’s education.%. D she already knew what it said. B there was no point in revising now. The most stressful period for any student is exam time. Before you read the text. B quieter than usual. D It was mathematical and hard. Tiffany threw the book on the floor because she realized A her notes were just confusing. B tried not to think about the exam. =+?"6 1574.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . 8. @. D They weren’t happy with the way the teachers worked 7. C Amy had a good chance of doing well. When she was getting ready for school. D hotter than usual. D get angry with herself. How did Tiffany feel about physics? A It was easy but a bit irrelevant. the area outside the gym was A more crowded than usual. D she was right to get some sleep. she felt that A she should have done more revision. 30./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. B It was uninteresting and difficult. 29. D finally understood the subject. C she didn’t have time to revise. B believe what she read on the internet. C spend the final night revising. Tiffany A quickly did some last minute revision. 3. Does the writer mention any of the techniques you noted? Choose the most suitable heading from this list for each paragraph. When Tiffany looked at Amy. C realized she didn’t like physics. Read the text. Just before the exam.:+.)AB 1 A write on her school books.)). B they didn’t have a high opinion of the school. There is one extra heading. think about how you prepare for examinations. C They didn’t think exam results were very important. Note down a few techniques you find helpful. A Stay calm B Be organized C Vary the way you revise D Don’t waste any time E Remembering the difficult bits F Get some sleep 37 . 6.

_____________________________________________________ Not too people like exams and most of us get nervous. and skilled workers can earn a decent salary! However. you have a big _______________________ to make regarding which course to 38 EDUCATE ACADEMY KNOW DECIDE . if you are someone who is looking to increase your ______________________ and wants to continue studying. Whatever it is. 6. _________________________________________________ Rather than having to work through masses of notes every time you revise something. so that you know if and when you get there. so you may need to do something unusual to help you remember. Try writing them down in large letters and bright colours and sticking them on the fridge. You’d better go to bed at a reasonable time. but it’s probably true. __________________________________________________ There’s nothing worse than being disorganized. Don’t stay up all night studying. 4. If you have a plan and stick to it. just try something different occasionally. you won’t end up cramming all your revision into the last few hours! Make a list of your exams and what you need to learn beforehand.’ Everybody says it.C/"2). on a mirror or on the bathroom door. a phone call to a friend – anything you enjoy. G Write down the main points H Reward yourself I Set yourself targets 0 SET YOURSELF TARGETS___________________________ It’s always good to know what you’re aiming for. or even each day.___________________________________________________ Some things are almost impossible to remember. try nothing down things you want to remember on a piece of paper. 2. a short break to watch your favourite TV programme.%9E&G. By having an aim for each week. __________________________________________________ ‘If you don’t know it by now. give yourself a special treat based on how well you have done. But if you’ve followed your plan and put the effort into revising. or using a different book which covers things from a new angle. so that you can wake up fresh and alert on exam day. You could try working with a group of friends. Test yourself. then there is not need to worry or panic. on a topic and if you do well. Read the text below. 31. __________________________________________________ By now you will probably have discovered the method of revision which suits you best. you’ll never learn it for tomorrow. and then draw up a timetable covering all the topics. Hopefully these tips will have helped you. give yourself a treat – you deserve it! It could be a drink. 3. 1. it will help you check your progress and show you if you need to change your plans. but it makes sure you don’t miss out anything important. Once you’ve learnt the main points. Give it your best shot – that’s all that anyone can expect of you. It doesn’t seem as much to learn that way. from time to time. But every now and then it might be helpful to try a different method.I. 5. H. Try recording them on to a cassette and keep playing it back to yourself – on a personal stereo if you’ve got one! 7. EDUCATION AND YOUR FUTURE Not everyone should pursue a formal _____________________ after they leave school. Use the word given at the end of some of the lines to form a word that fits in the gap in the same line. __________________________________________________ When you reach each of your targets. Today’s world needs skilled workers as well as _________________________ . rewrite them on another piece of paper without looking at your notes. You can then work out what you need to do on a weekly basis and when you are going to do it.

The theory is simple. Katya read us a banal story about the Familie G#rtner who were working in Africa. and when we won(or lost)we were rewarded with chocolates and boiled sweets. and above all. Afterwards. and the music played in the background.’ When I returned for a week’s intermediate course after four months.)). and spoke them. fat/thin. Try to make a choice that will bring you real opportunities and that suits your ______________________. Tony Stockwell. It’s important to choose something that’s _____________________ . with his German wife.Do you think she spoke German before going there? How do you know? 39 . A couple of us spoke a tiny bit of German. but the only hints of ‘suggestion’ were all successful pupils and the constant eighteenth-century background music!) There were seven of us and the only thing we had in common was a desire to learn German. we formed teams. Answer the following questions: 1. We might all dream of becoming a famous pop star or millionaire. stay. For the two weeks of the basic courses we simply regressed to primary school. By the end of the first morning we had new names and new identities. Later we learnt prepositions. All this on the first day.How many times did Susan go there? How long was she there each time? 3. It’s the new. sit. we read them. high/low-Katya demonstrated them all.vor. behind. carpeted classroom at the IFS. in a comfortable. stand. a farmer’s daughter. =+?"6 1574. above our heads and by our feet. the Institut f r Suggestop#die. I became Birgit. and then took a trip home to Germany to see their grandparents. singing. Twice every day. at the end of the morning and afternoon sessions. we laughed. crawl. And all the time the words were up on the wall on posters.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . said to me: ‘Who has to make an effort to remember the story of their favourite film? The Familie G#rtner story not only helps you to remember. with the help of board games. (Not an attractive name.%. clapped hands. we sang songs. ber. run. we could remember most of the details-and the vocabulary. We were given the text: German on the left-hand side. the translation on the right-hand side. It all came back after half a day and to my amazement. A whole new world is waiting for me! 33. an Englishman who.)AB 1 do.:+. daily relaxation sessions and gifts of chocolate. it actually did work. Opposites-big/little.)6 11 2/. it enables you to remember without making an effort. unter-by clapping our hands in front. Ask yourself what skills you have and how much __________________________ you will need. I found I could understand the weather reports and the gist of the news. brain-friendly approach to learning – and it works! We were in Liechtenstein. or shown to us on cards. has run the IFS since it was founded in 1983 by a rich Liechtensteiner. Make sure it’s a subject you’re really interested in! Another question which requires _____________________ is how this course will help you get a job./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. Learning becomes pleasure. Then she told us to lie back and shut our eyes while she read the text again. Everything we learnt was reinforced in this way and constantly repeated. @. And although it sounds a little bizarre as a learning method. but that’s actually not a ____________________ option for most of us! 32. We shouted. the others had absolutely none at all. open and close by acting them out physically. We learnt the verbs go. Find out what _______________________ are available and necessary for your career choice. One of the key ingredients of this method of language learning is the telling of stories. hinter. We competed in a huge variety of games. Read the text PLAY AS YOU LEARN REFLECT INSTRUCT QUALIFY ABLE PRACTICE REAL Susan Raven set out to learn German in three weeks. I was afraid I had forgotten a lot.Where was the IFS? 2.

C/"2),%9E&G, H.I.

4.Does the writer suggest that this is a usual, or an unusual, approach to teaching languages? Support your answers with evidence and examples from the text. 5.What do you think about this approach? Would you like to learn a foreign language in this way? 34. Find a word in the text that means approximately the same as: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) an idea put into someone’s head returned to an earlier, less advanced state give something in return for hard work strange make something stronger (in this case learning) ordinary and uninteresting started, established (an institution) what you feel when you have a surprise that is almost impossible to believe the general meaning of a piece of writing, conversation, speech, etc.

35. One of you will play the role of Susan. Ask her questions about IFS. 36. Dramatize the dialogue Linguistic talent Betty –Why weren’t you at the German class last night, Joan? Have you given up? Joan –Well, no… I came back late yesterday and found Simon asleep in the chair. He’d been writing reports all day long and he was too worn out to go out again, so we gave the lesson a miss. Betty –You’ve missed quite a lot of lessons lately, haven’t you? Are you losing enthusiasm? Joan –Yes, I’m afraid so. Neither Simon nor I have a gift for languages. People just laugh at us when we attempt to speak German. How did you and Eric pick it up so quickly and easily? You’ve hardly been in Germany a month. Betty –It was neither quick nor easy, I assure you. We’d both studied the language before we came, and we only needed to brush it up a bit. Joan –Anyway, all our friends here speak English fluently so we don’t really need to learn German. Betty –Well, Eric and I have been both learning and teaching languages for years and we enjoy it immensely. Joan –Well, keep it up! I’m all for teaching foreigners English, if it saves me the trouble of learning foreign languages myself. 37. Answer the following questions: –What classes do Joan and Betty attend? –Why did Joan miss the class last night? –Are Joan and Simon motivated to learn German? Why not? –Why was it easier for Betty and Eric to pick up German? –What was the purpose of their studies? –What keeps Joan and Simon from learning German? –What do Betty and Eric enjoy doing? –Why is Joan all for teaching foreigners English? 38. Study the following: 1. to give up (doing) smth opp. to take up (doing) smth 2. asleep, to fall asleep, to be sound asleep opp. to be wide awake 3. to be worn out, to be run down, to be exhausted
40

!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& ,%./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!,:+;)6 11 2/,)), =+?"6 1574. @,)AB 1

4. to miss a lesson, to give a lesson a miss,to play truant, hook(e)y opp. to attend a lesson 5. to have a gift for 6. to attempt to do smth, to make an attempt 7. to pick smth up to pick on smb to pick at (one’s food) 8. to assure smb 9. to brush smth up 10. keep it up to keep (on) doing to keep to smth to keep up with to keep smb from doing smth 11.I’m all for doing smth 12.it saves smb the trouble of doing smth 39. Work with your partner. Make up the following dialogue: You and a friend are planning to do a course for one evening each week at a local college. You are discussing which course to go on. You can do: • basic car maintenance • cookery • mandarin Chinese for beginners • photography • local history • Remember to: • discuss all the options • take an active part in the conversation and be polite • come up with ideas • give good reasons • find out your friend’s attitudes and take them into account • invite your friend to come up with suggestions • come to an agreement 40. This is a part of a letter from Claudia, your German pen friend. … I’d like to improve my English. How long have you been learning it? Do you enjoy it? How do you learn new vocabulary? My friend said I should watch films in English. What do you think is the best way of learning English? As to my family news, we’re planning to go to Egypt for New Year. I hope the weather will be good … Write back soon. Love, Claudia Write back to Claudia answering her questions and asking her three questions about her future holiday in Egypt. Write 100-140 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

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C/"2),%9E&G, H.I.

TOPIC 4

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

1. Which of the following household items do you think were in use fifty years ago? Which do you have in your home? personal computer fridge camcorder electric razor radio washing machine video recorder deep freeze tin opener microwave oven CD player iron food processor tumble drier music system cassette recorder vacuum cleaner dishwasher word processor Jacuzzi television mobile phone 2. Imagine life in your family fifty years ago. How did your grandparents live? How was their daily life different from today? 3. If you lived then, what would you miss about your life today? What wouldn’t you miss? Compare your ideas with the rest of the class. 4.You are going to read about the Jones family. Do the tasks based on it. THE FAMILY WHO TURNED BACK THE CLOCK The Jones family have nine TV sets, six computers, three cars and every domestic appliance. What would their life be like without them? Melanie Adams reports When Malcolm Jones woke up last Monday, he heard the birds singing. Not remarkable, you might think, especially given that he lives near a forest. But birdsong in the Jones household is usually drowned by a tidal wave of electronic music crashing around the house as soon as his four children wake up. This is a family who have chosen to fill their home with every conceivable gadget. They have nine television sets, including one in each bedroom and in the kitchen. All the children have their own personal computers and CD players. Of course, there are all the usual appliances we all take for granted, such as the washing machine, tumble drier, dishwasher, deep freeze, microwave oven, and video recorder, but they also have an electric trouser press, two power showers, an Olympicsized spa bath and Jacuzzi, three cars, and a music system which plays throughout the whole house. The experiment What happens if all the props of modern living are removed? To help us find out, we asked the Joneses to turn back the clock fifty years and to switch off all their labour-saving gadgets and push-button entertainment for three days. We also wanted them to stop using their cars. The family, comprising Malcolm, 48, Carol, 43, and their four children Emma, 17, Richard, 14, Tamsin, 9, and Tom, 7, were not enthusiastic, but everyone, except for Emma, agreed to try. (She couldn’t stand the thought of being without the telephone and her car, which she had only just learnt to drive, so she refused point-blank to join in.) The other three children were not allowed to use their computers or watch TV. They were banned from opening the freezer to get out fish fingers and oven chips. Malcolm was forbidden to use his electric razor and mobile phone, but allowed to use his car for work. Carol was encouraged to go everywhere on foot or by bicycle (women rarely drove 50 years ago), told to ignore the washing machine and dishwasher, and she was discouraged from using the telephone. How did they cope? The much-dreaded three days got under way!

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so it was impossible just to pop out for a loaf of bread. 7.)6 11 2/. ‘I enjoyed doing more things together as a family. putting off doing the washing-up because they all hated doing that. Richard spoke for them all when he said. • • a computer (with monitor and printer) a widescreen TV and DVD player 43 . Work in pairs. I missed the computer games./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. Also. they sat playing cards.%. I felt really isolated. @. I didn’t like my day being so full of household chores. =+?"6 1574. and I missed the TV. I just enjoyed hearing the birds singing and chatting to Carol. ‘All sorts of things that we had put off doing got done. You and your friend have won a competition. They got on much better together and seemed to enjoy each other’s company more. so you’ve got to keep doing the washing-up. ‘Bikes got mended. The prize is some money to spend on equipment for your school.’ Although Carol found it quite difficult to get used to the length of time it took to do things. test10) You and your friend have won a competition.)AB 1 Old-fashioned meals. particularly the TV.’ said Carol. although they clearly believed that they were suffering. When you’ve got a dishwasher. ‘It was awful. you stack it as you go through the day and turn it on at night. This is doubtless a big relief to the Jones children! 5. Carol was surprised at how long everything took. the lack of electronic entertainment. We had to read books instead!’ Carol’s feelings were the most ambiguous. Tamsin and Tom started to play games together and even read stories to each other. Also. I missed my music. hamsters cleaned out.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . you cannot turn the clock back. One of you will describe your typical day. The other will describe a day for the same person during the experiment. more relaxed pace of life. without a phone and a car. Who refused to join in the experiment? Why? 6. But you can’t leave dirty dishes in the sink all day. It was strange having to wait until the washing dried in the garden before getting the ironing done. Write out the underlined expressions and use them in the sentences of your own. If it were my decision now. The prize is some money to spend on equipment for your school…. and entertainment were planned for the evenings.’ What did they think? What Malcolm liked most was the peace. But as the housewife.:+. After eating together at the kitchen table. had a dramatic effect on the children. instead of simply using the drier. she enjoyed having a slower. fascinating as the experiment was. Choose one member of the family. Tamsin even spent some time gazing at the blank TV screen in her bedroom. rooms tidied. ‘By the time I had washed up the breakfast things and got back from walking the children to school. 8. games. What does this family own which is more than the average family owns? 3.’ All of this just goes to show that. Comprehension check.)). Answer the questions: 1. I’d throw all the televisions away.. it was nearly lunchtime. I didn’t miss any of this. took at least an hour. I think the whole experience did the children a lot of good. Work in pairs. bookshelves sorted. Getting to the shops. Then I press the music button while I shower and get dressed. (Practice tests. What is the first thing the children usually do when they wake up in the morning? 2. You and your friend are discussing what to spend the money on. ‘I usually start the day by watching the business news on TV from bed. What were some of the rules of the experiment for each member of the family? 4.’ The children vigorously denied that any good had been done to them. which normally takes five minutes in the car.

But the poll reveals that. 44 . women are actually spending less time on the phone. although researchers are unable to prove whether this has anything to do with the phone.%9E&G. Mobile phones are the inventions we can hardly imagine our life without. just as many 40and 50-something now own a mobile phone as the 15 to 20 age group (slightly below 70%).C/"2). they have saved lives and become style icons. No consumer product in history has caught on as quickly as the mobile phone. The arrival of the mobile phone has transformed our lifestyles so much that men now spend more time on the phone than women. Obviously. they might prove to be more successful in bridging the gap between the rich and the poor than expensive computers. Slightly fewer women (67%)have a mobile phone. radios. But. There are obviously drawbacks to mobiles as well: mobile users are two and a half times more likely to develop cancer in areas of the brain adjacent to their phone ear. The explanation might lie in the fact that men love to play with techno toys while women may be more conscious of the bills they are running up. overall. mobile phones have proved to be a big benefit for people. Mobile phone take-up among the poor has actually been far quicker than it was in the case of previous products. to complete statements 1-5. and the survey shows that the average amount of time they spend on the phone on a weekday has gone down from sixty-three minutes before they got a mobile to fifty-five minutes now. clocks. The average man spends sixty-six minutes before the mobile phone revolution. Indeed. Phones are constantly swallowing up other products like cameras. and don’t forget about all the accidents waiting to happen as people drive with a mobile in one hand. Then choose the correct ending: a. while men are using their phones a lot more. c. Mobile phones are no longer just the domain of the teenager and. H. or d. in fact. calculators. global sales of which have risen from six million in 1991 to more than 400 million a year now. they have generated a new type of language. The survey found that men with mobile phones (72% of all men) spend more than an hour a day making calls on an average weekday. Mobiles have changed the way people talk to one another. and digital music players. Innovation in mobile phones has been happening so fast that it’s difficult for consumers to change their behaviour. b. mobile thefts now account for a third of all street robberies in London. the rich have been buying phones faster than the poor. computers and Internet access. Read the article about mobile phones. according to the results of our special opinion poll. such as colour television. • • • new furniture for your classroom 200 books for the school library A top-quality CD player plus 30 CDs Remember to: • discuss all the options • take an active part in the conversation and be polite • come up with ideas • give good reasons • find out your friend’s attitudes and take them into account • invite your friend to come up with suggestions • come to an agreement 9. Even among the over 65s more than 40% now have a mobile. as mobile phones continue to become cheaper and more powerful.I. There are twenty different products that previously might have been bought separately that can now be part of a mobile phone. But this happens with every innovation.

It’s discreet and personal. B higher crime rate. 3.)).The group with the highest number of people who own a mobile phone is A teenagers. 5. According to the text. According to the opinion poll.)6 11 2/.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . D don’t worry about their phone bills. Use the phrases in the box. You can send messages of up to 160 characters for (1) _________________. the demand for mobile phones A has created more of a gap with the rich. D women. and ____________________. B people between 40 and 50. The Facts It’s cheap. B is higher than among the rich. C can now replace many other products. Only 10% of messages sent (3) ________________. B are incorporated into cameras. Text messaging appears to have encouraged men (5) ______________________. in a meeting or in a class. D has grown faster than the demand for computers. =+?"6 1574. C men. You can send or receive messages on a bus. C possible health risk D increased danger to road users.:+. 2. @. They’d like to know better too loud to talk less than the price of a call nobody need know to write and phone more to your phone bill are work-related • • • • TEXT MESSAGING .%. C like to play with their mobile phones. Among the poor./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!.)AB 1 1. People use it to communicate in night-clubs where the music is (6) __________________________. 10. and 64% said that text messages are a good way to flirt with people (4) ______________________. Complete the following facts which appeared in a British newspaper article about text messaging. D are more complicated to operate than radios. 53% used it to apologize after rows. One disadvantage of mobile phones that the article does not mention is the A high operating costs. C follows the pattern of similar innovations. In some places you can even send a message to a vending machine which will deliver a drink and charge it (7) ______________________! 45 • • • . 4. mobile phones A are modified too fast. women A spend more time on the phone than men. B spend less time on the phone than they used to. In a survey of mobile-phone users 44% said that text messaging meant that they told their partner they loved them more often.

More the fact that not one single programme is worth watching. • This is easy. because very few people really understand how the machines they have bought work. H. Remember to say: • if you have a mobile phone • what people use mobile phones for • when mobile phones are useful • if mobile phones are ever annoying 13. Billions of text messages fly round the world every day. the technical department put you back through to customer care. • Apparently teenagers now do so much texting and e-mailing that their thumbs are getting bigger. or an electric toaster. myself. It began ‘B4 we used 2go2 NY 2c my bro.’ A few months later. But at eleven o’clock at night as you flick through the 97 channels you can now get.Would you (or do you) use text messaging for any of the purposes described in the newspaper article? 12. you find it is no longer manufactured. But is all this really making life better? Here are seven good reasons to hate modern technology. are you still using that one? I’m thinking of buying the new PYX 5000. It is there to give people new ways of filling their time. and that it would be much cheaper to replace the whole computer with the new PYX 7500. even children in kindergarten. Take personal computers. 11. So you phone the software company and they will tell you it’s a hardware problem. a mobile. for that matter. when you try to buy some minor spare part. One American schoolgirl recently wrote her entire essay on ‘My summer holidays’ in text speak. Read the article and say whether you agree with its author or mot. Unfortunately. When it arrived. The sales department assure you that it’s the technical department you need. Phone the so-called ‘customer care’ number. it is not the quality of the picture that you worry about. But do you really want to play computer games on the 4cm screen of your mobile phone? Do you need your computer to answer the phone or your TV to make toast? • Digital TV is a perfect example. it seems. they are also forgetting how to spell.Give a 2-minute talk on mobile phones. and after waiting on hold for fifteen minutes you will be told you need the sales department. but surprise. • Many people make the mistake of thinking that technology is there to save your time. Call centres are the worst. a home computer. surprise. has a mobile these days. You then phone the hardware company and they tell you it’s a software problem.%9E&G. his GF & thr 3 kids. MACHINES BEHAVING BADLY Everyone. People can spend weeks of their lives like this.C/"2).I. Wrong. then phoning ‘help’ desks when it doesn’t work. you will proudly show off your new machine to friends only to hear ‘Oh. • After several frustrating weeks of finding all the right software for your new PC. and computers and call centres run every aspect of our lives. And what about all the hours you spend staring at incomprehensible instruction manuals for your new phone/ TV/ digital doorbell? • Of course it’s wonderful to have a CD player. ILNY it’s a GR8 46 . Learning how to use all the features of a new PC uses up all our time that having a computer saves. we were promised a better quality picture and more choice.

A recent survey showed that more than eight out of ten young people would rather text their friends or family than actually speak to them in person. =+?"6 1574. 3_______________________________________? Very important.)). which has changed the way I write fiction. I remember it was a little box with a black and white screen. I’m hooked on hotmail and Internet cafQs. D I spend too much time on my computer. 5_________________________________________? 47 ./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. and I think I used to go off and make a cup of tea when it was time to print anything. go wrong and generally fail to explain themselves in plain English.%. 4_________________________________________? For e-mail and writing fiction. As a novelist I love the cut and paste function. is this really a better world? 14. F Computers have changed the way I work. And according to the same survey. But as a true technobimbo.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . which is jet black and looks like the sort of thing Darth Vader might use. and at home I have a huge IBM Aptiva. @.)AB 1 • plc. I have a love-hate relationship with computers.’ Or for you and me :’before we used to go to New York to see my brother. There is one extra statement. As a traveler. his girlfriend and their three kids. (Afanasyeva test 19) A I think computers are great for communication. B I’m beginning to use my computer for a lot more. I really hate the way computers can get stuck. best-selling author of Single White E-mail and Astrology for Women by matching the questions (a-l) below with the appropriate gaps in the article (1-12). a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) How long have you spent on the Internet in the last week? What do you use your computer for? Have you bought any new gadgets recently? How important do you think computers are? Have you ever chatted with strangers on the Internet? Are there any new gadgets on the market that you want? Do you see yourself as a computer geek? Do you know any good websites? Which would you take to a desert island for company – a computer or a human? How long have you been using computers? Is there anything that irritates you about computers or electronic technology? What kind of computer do you have now? 1_______________________________________? I’ve had a computer of one sort or another since I bought my first Mac in 1987. E I couldn’t survive without my computer. I ask you. but like most of the world. twenty five percent of people would answer their mobile phone even during a moment of passion. Match the things people say 1-6 with the statements A-G . You will hear 6 people talking about computers. C I need to improve my knowledge of computers. 2_______________________________________? I have two laptops. Complete the interview with Jessica Adams.:+. 1 2 3 4 5 6 15. G I try to avoid using computers.)6 11 2/. I love New York it’s a great place’.

when I was writing a story for an Australian magazine entitled 24 Hours on the Net. Work in pairs. I love to surf the Internet for hours. It’s the Internet that gives me the means to select the most appropriate offers and get in touch with potential employers. it annoys me to think how much I depend on them. I’m not a geek at all. B. 11________________________________________? Yes. Nowadays. I was thirty at the time. I don’t think so.I. Fill in the gaps with the suitable phrases. I’ve been spending far too long on my computer. F. Yet. I’m afraid the only website I look at regularly is my own. Because of this new communication channel we feel almost as if we are eye witnesses of events 3 ____________________. I bought a juicer. C. Several phrases have been removed from the text. that we tend to say that the world is getting smaller while I meet new people from different parts of the world we assess information because it appears to be quite interesting till the cows come home which take place in distant countries while simultaneously browsing the World Wide Web The Internet is completely changing the way 1 __________________. I find everything I need in no time at all. 8_________________________________________? Yes. There is one extra phrase. 7_________________________________________? About eight hours. write e-mails to others 5 _____________________. It’s fantastic. turned out to be fifteen.%9E&G. E. This general source of news and knowledge has revolutionized the world of media beyond all recognition. humans! 16. everybody feels the need to have access to the Internet. A. Personally. 17. I don’t understand computers – they’re just glorified hairdryers or electric kettles to me. It nearly killed me. As a student I don’t want to lag behind those who are well informed about the best job vacancies.C/"2). G. The Internet is an infinite source of information on education and career opportunities. D. Instead of buying dozens of newspapers and trawling through them in search of some worthwhile information sandwiched between things I’m not really interested in. 10________________________________________? No. Thanks to the Internet we can find the most sophisticated pieces of information in a flash. Particularly as a woman I can sit on the phone 4 _______________________. It’s no wonder 2 ______________________ . H. And this is just the beginning of a great development. the Internet helps me to save time. I can talk with some friends via the Communicator. embarrassingly enough. I really want one of those mobile phones with e-mail and Internet access on them. Choose five of the questions from the interview to ask your partner. I once had a very flirtatious online conversation with someone who. The longest I’ve ever spent was actually twenty-four hours. I like to see what readers of Single White E-mail are saying about the book. and I’ve become addicted to banana and milk shakes! 9_________________________________________? Yes. Find out as much as you can. I must remember to get a life! 12________________________________________? A computer – sorry about that. It’s never what I expect or imagine! 6_________________________________________? Yes. I just can’t imagine that there is any information we can’t receive by virtue of this medium. In addition I can practice and improve my 48 . How in the world would I get faster to the people I care for? In no way would I dream of depreciating the importance of telephones.

=+?"6 1574.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . ______________________ in 1972./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. I have a computer but it doesn’t really have a ____________________(4) enough memory for the project I’m involved in at the moment. @.’ he says. But in some _____________________ opinion. video games _____________________ ‘the major cultural activity of the generation ____________________ 30 and below’.%. Americans spend ____________________ on video games than on movies and half the country plays.)). Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. In most _____________________(5) nowadays it is becoming useful to be ‘computer-literate’ but in my _________________(6) it has become an absolute _______________________(7). according to James Paul Gee.)6 11 2/.)AB 1 English on the Internet 6 _________________ .’ he says. Pong. I must admit I do not get much ____________________(8) out of sitting in front of a computer screen for hours. but I don’t stand much chance of _________________________(9) without computer skills. So I made an _______________________ (10) to see my bargain computer the next day. VIDEO GAMES Like the television set before it. so I decided to give them a ring to get more _________________(3). For questions 1-10. Fill in the gaps with the appropriate grammar form of the corresponding word in the right column. Take Money Invent Become Age Have Early That Teach People 49 . The Internet has become a vital part of my daily life and it’s so much more to me than just another source of entertainment.:+. the video game console is now ____________________________ over living rooms in the US. a professor of education. The first video game. ‘Even ___________________________ children who can’t understand the lessons they ____________________ in their schools can discuss the stories in video games at a very sophisticated level. NOT A COMPUTER WHIZZ – KID I was lazily(0) browsing through the small ads in the local newspaper when I saw an _________________________(1)for a second-hand word _______________________(2). read the text below. LAZY ADVERTISE PROCESS INFORM POWER OCCUPY PROFESS NECESSARY PLEASE PROMOTE APPOINT 19. WORD FORMATION. ‘They have the same importance to this generation that movies _____________________for ______________________ generations. Since then. 1 2 3 4 5 6 18. many of the games are much too violent and they have a bad effect on the brain.

It is not just her finances which are feeling the strain.%9E&G. What horrifies Katie even more is the fact that she can see her personality changing as a result of her addiction. also finds taking part in the eBay auctions and hunting for bargains addictive. But I can’t stop myself.m. Katie is sitting at her computer. who works for a casting agency.000 in debt. It is (14)… to think of gaming as something simply for children and teenagers. eBay – the Internet auction site – has become a modern phenomenon.C or D) best fits each space. You have no say in how the plot (9) or which characters dominate the story. The scene may sound familiar. with 10 million British users.000 joining every month. Indeed. B. Within minutes the 25-year –old events manager from London will know if she has won another pair of Gucchi shoes to add to her collection. H. ‘Every day I wake up and say that today I am not going on eBay. eyes glued to the screen. In fact. C or D. 135 million worldwide and up to 600. it will hold you (6) …. It’s 2 a.C/"2).000-a-year salary on eBay since discovering it in November that she is already J10. all they really want to do is to play games. 27. Natalie. (3) … a family buys a new PC. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 A concerned A has A As soon as A begun A makes A gaze A gap A pastime A becomes A movement A accurate A match A region A immoral A longest B admired B makes B As well as B grown B branches B attention B variety B task B develops B change B right B story B area B wrong B widest C surprised C does C As far as C sounded C shapes C breath C difference C routine C turns C action C complete C secret C society C false C biggest D startled D gains D As long as D become D forms D control D direction D employment D produces D performance D proper D affair D world D dishonest D deepest 21. The big (7) …. It is hardly surprising that video gaming has (4) … one of the most popular (5) … of entertainment today.: she admits she is now prepared to lie to cover the extent of her problem. With computer games. For Questions 1-15. is that watching a movie is a passive (8) …. It started as my stress – 50 . you direct the (10) … and that is what makes them so exciting.’ she says. Finding the (11) … game is likely to signal the beginning of a lasting love (12) … with the interactive (13) … of make-believe. Her health is also deteriorating under the stress of owing so much. from London. and the eBay auction is about to end. however. capture your imagination and play with your emotions. A good game is like a good film. Do you think computer games are just for kids? Then you should think again. Read the text THE EBAY ADDICTS and circle the right answer: A. read the text FUN AND GAMES and decide which answer (A. 20. You might be (1) … to learn that the games industry now (2) … more money than Hollywood. ‘I admit that I am an addict and I probably do need professional help.B. Katie has spent so much of her substantial J50.I. and she has been to see her GP. The other side-effects of her self-confessed addiction are far more alarming. the (15) … growth area of the market is the 25-35 age group.

David Nott.Why does the author in the second paragraph say that “the scene may sound familiar’? Because people taking part in the eBay auctions are: 1) a rare case 2) ordinary buyers 3) spread all over the world 4) decreasing in number 2. David Nott says that the side effects of eBay addiction are: 1) destroyed relationship and stress 2) financial problems 3) deteriorating health and change of personality 4) adrenaline rush. According to the author what attracts people in eBay auctions? 1) the rush of excitement 2) anticipation./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. is seeing an increasing number of patients with eBay addiction.)).!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . the same types of adrenaline highs and lows and obviously the overspending and consequent financial problems that this entails. winning and losing 3) the need to buy things 4) the possibility to pick up a bargain 4.%. it can lead to disrupted sleep. ‘While a lot of people claim that the possibility of picking up a bargain is what attracts them to eBay. EBay addiction according to David Nott should be treated seriously because: 1) you get hooked 2) it has immediate health implications 3) bidding is exciting 4) it may destroy your life 51 .)6 11 2/. While it doesn’t have the immediate health implications. which he says is a very real condition. the single biggest thing that tends to keep them coming back is not what they buy. While shopaholism has been recognized as a problem for years. EBay addiction is different from shopaholism because: 1) there is no human interaction 2) it is a combination of shopping and gambling 3) it is more addictive 4) you buy things online 5. but how they buy it. ‘It is potentially life-destroying.’ These young women are not isolated cases.)AB 1 buster from work and now it’s the cause of my stress.’ 1. Addictions Programme Manager.’ he says. The thrill of the auction is like a gambling rush. ‘The whole thing is geared around anticipation. disrupted sleep and financial problems 6.’ He says eBay addiction should be treated as seriously as any other.:+. =+?"6 1574. winning and losing – it’s a very emotive process. People visiting eBay auctions are: 1) gamblers 2) addicts 3) shopaholics 4) lonely people 3. @. he believes eBay addiction is different because of the combination of shopping and gambling which makes it so compelling and potentially more addictive.

23.’ she said. especially if you are female and being viewed by a web-camera. the out-of-work actress had agreed to be locked alone in a small room with just a computer and the Internet for company. there have been ups and downs but overall they had a very positive experience. organized by Microsoft. added: ‘Chat rooms are a pretty seedy experience in my view. from London. ‘I didn’t accept any’. One hundred hours. answering his questions and asking him 3 questions about his holiday. Three men also offered proposals of marriage. who writes: … We are doing a project at school on how computers are changing people’s lives. MY INTERNET HELL A dazed but relieved Emma Gibson told of her ‘seedy’ ordeal yesterday after four days trapped in cyberspace. 30. ‘I’m definitely not going on the net for a few days. emerged blinking into the sunshine rather glad the experience was over. Ask her as many questions about the experiment as you can. Miss Gibson. Too much Internet is bad for health.Natalie thinks that her addiction: 1) is self-destructing 2) influences her relationship with parents 3) is the cause of her stress 4) is just a hobby 22.C/"2). of the University of Hertfordshire.’ She added: ‘Of course. Adam Write back to Adam.’ Daily Mail 52 . With the eyes of the world quite literally upon her – small cameras broadcast her every move on the Web – Internet heaven had become more of a nightmare at times. Shut up in a secure room at a central London hostel. Net users were able to contact her using e . a credit card and a budget of S500 to feed. Miss Gibson. Miss Gibson was chosen from more than 250 applicants for the experiment.’ Results of the experiment. H. I’m going on holiday with my parents next weekend … Drop me a line when you can. To keep sane during her confinement. she had to take off all her clothes and was given a bathrobe. 7. It was draining but I became quite addicted.mails or chat rooms – electronic conversation forums. Miss Gibson managed to download software from an Australian radio station to pipe out constant music. With three other volunteers. Despite their reservations she believed the volunteers coped ‘better than we anticipated. Read the text and hold a press conference with Emma Gibson. Love.%9E&G. Write 100-140 words. ‘I wanted to get out at the end. This is part of a letter from Adam.I. ‘Spending time on your own in a room in front of a computer does change the way you see the world. will be studied by Dr Helen Petrie. said Miss Gibson. clothe and amuse herself with all purchases via the Internet. three marriage proposals and dozens of lewd messages later. Please could you tell me how computers are changing things and how people feel about it? Have you got a computer at home? What do you use it for? What other high-tech gadget would you like to have? As for me. your English pen friend. My thought processes became quite obtuse.’ She was going straight out for a stiff gin and tonic and a walk in the fresh air. Organizers eventually had to start deleting all the abusive mail before it appeared on screen. Remember the rules of letter writing. I had to get out.

H You can post photos that show what you’ve been up to. To protect their privacy. People whose only social life is through sites like these may be missing out on real interaction with real people. This balance between what is public and what isn’t is very important to the members and some of the sites have received complaints when they have tried to use members’ information in ways they haven’t given permission for. and is there anything to worry about in the popularity of this phenomenon? The idea of these sites is quite simple. on social networking sites it is reduced to a number: the number of friends you have. some question what it is doing to young people’s social lives. @. perhaps because they live in another city or country. G This might include a photograph. These sites.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . 1______________. The way they work is this. Other critics point out that these websites can possibly be abused for cyber-bullying (bullying on the internet). you can also find people you don’t already know who share the same interests as you or like the same things as you. some people have raised concerns about these sites. B That might not matter at home. 6 ____________________. You are going to read an article about websites. 4 ____________.%. but this kind of thing makes many teenagers’ lives miserable. However. F This is really just using the same kind of caution as you would in real life.)). as well as things like education or work information. You can then add them to the list of friends on your profile page. Friendship can be much more than simply sharing likes and dislikes and swapping links to music websites. but some businesses have reported serious problems. Once you’ve found all the people you know. Each of these websites keeps a large database of people who have joined. You set up your own page and add information about yourself. 3 _______________. It might seem like harmless fun at the time. allow you to connect to your existing friends and to make new ones. you can send a friend request to them and watch as your online social life grows. There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use. When employees spend up to two hours 53 . C This. then there are various ways in which you can use these sites. Whereas in real life your popularity (or lack of it) might not always be so obvious. A That way. the page other people on the site see that represents you. including MySpace and Facebook. E Even older people are finding that these sites can help them connect with people they used to know. plus the use of the sites as means of communication.)6 11 2/.)AB 1 24. D It is claimed that meaningful relationships are being replaced by shallow connections with people you are unlikely ever to meet. Some people like to add links to other things that say something about them. What exactly is the attraction of them. This page. 2 ______________. Once you’ve created this online presence. and the ease of use is one of things that attracts people to them. then. Apart from that. Choose from the sentences A-H the one which fits each gap (1-7). such as music videos they like. 5 _________________. means that some young people are at risk of being made fun of by others. It sounds simple and harmless enough. =+?"6 1574. users of the site can be sure that people they don’t want to contact them are blocked from doing so. First of all. is your profile. you may have to be approved before their details show up. it’s possible to search this database to find people you know. Then. Another problem that has been highlighted is that these websites waste a lot of time. Using your friends’ names or email addresses. it’s time to search for friends. It’s a good way to keep in touch with friends you don’t see every day.:+. SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES One of the online success stories of recent years is the spectacular spread of social networking sites. or send a message to let everyone know what’s happening in your life. Seven sentences have been removed from the article./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!.

%9E&G.I.Introduction (State the problem).Conclusion. Use the following plan: 1. 4. while others are sure that they affect children in negative ways.Give other people’s arguments and explain why they are wrong.C/"2). H. 3. Which group do you belong to and why? Write 200-250 words. 54 . Comment on the following statement: Some people think that computers a blessing.Express your opinion and give reasons for it. 25. 2.

What is Oliver referring to when he says …? ‘… they’ve probably lost all of the network which has supported them within society. which gives them board for up to ten weeks. Why is Oliver particularly suited to running a home for alcoholics and homeless people? b. Some of the young homeless may sleep out in the open in such places as ‘cardboard city’ in London. according to a recent report by the housing group. But who are these people? Those seeking a roof over their heads are mostly not runaways but ‘throwaways’ – people who have been thrown out of their homes or forced to leave because of parental divorce./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. @. Do you think politicians are interested in the problem? Why/why not? 3. FIGHTING FOR LIFE 1. Listen to a radio interview with Oliver McGechy. Who are the people who become homeless? f. says Shelter. where people of all ages sleep in the open air in their only homes – cardboard boxes. What is the average lifespan for homeless people in Europe? How is this moving back to Victorian days? c. Divide the list below into two categories: causes and effects of poverty Poor housing conditions Bad health Debts Lone/single parents Malnutrition Low pay Lack of education Lack of leisure Unemployment Stress Crime 2. Nearly 150.’ e. ( New Headway UI Unit 10) Answer the questions: a. an unsympathetic step-parent or one of many other reasons. Shelter.)AB 1 TOPIC 5 PEOPLE AND SOCIETY I. What is just ‘the tip of the iceberg’? d. Read the following passage and answer the questions.’ ‘ … they’re into a downward spiral …’ ‘ … there’s little political gain in supporting homeless people.)6 11 2/. =+?"6 1574.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& .%. who runs a home for alcoholics and homeless people in Guilford. Where do people live when they have no home? How do they live? 2.)).000 young people aged between sixteen and twenty-five will become homeless this year. Others may find accommodation in shelters run by voluntary organizations or get a place in a hostel. Who are they? How could they have ended up homeless? 3. What question does Oliver ask the interviewer? 4. 55 .:+. a wealthy town near London. Discuss the questions as a class: 1. NO PLACE LIKE HOME All over the country young people are entering a world of homelessness and poverty.

Benefits are the state system of payments which the government provides for people who have an extremely low income. According to Shelter. C young people do not receive as much money as those over twenty-five. Shelter also points out that if you are homeless. Take the case of one sixteen-year-old schoolgirl we shall call Alice. C their parents have made it clear that they no longer want them. more and more are being forced to sleep on the streets.%9E&G. Most young people find themselves without a roof over their heads because A they have run away from home. according to Shelter. 3. if any at all. B their benefits will be severely cut. D the under twenty-fives can claim money only if they have left home. a shortage of cheap housing and a cut in benefits for young people under the age of twenty-five are causing a national problem. It turned out that her parents had thrown her out of her home for no other reason than that she wanted to do science higher exams – which her parents refused her permission to do. New changes in the law mean that the under-twenty-fives can only claim state help if they prove they left home for a good reason. According to a recent report by Shelter. B young homeless people often live in places like ‘cardboard city’. C she refused to do her homework in the evenings.I.C/"2). Rising rents. D Her parents didn’t agree with what she wanted to do. C more and more young people all over the world are finding themselves homeless. 4. and basic food.000 young people live out in the open. B they do not want to live with a divorced parent. She did not come from a poor home and had just passed her exams with good results. A they will find it difficult to get a job. D they will encourage their friends to do the same. D hostels are too full to offer accommodation to homeless young people. B anyone under twenty-five and not living at home will receive help with food and accommodation. The changes in the system of benefits mean that A young people cannot claim money unless they are under sixteen or over twenty-five. B She had not obtained high marks in her exams. saying that sciences were unladylike! Shelter says that the Government’s laws do nothing to help these youngsters. once young people have been forced onto the streets. The system provides money to help people with the cost of somewhere to live. The Shelter team met her in an overnight hostel where she was sitting down doing her Physics homework. 2. Why was Alice turned out of her home? A She didn’t want to study for her higher exams. and if you can’t get a job. you can’t get a job because employers will not take on someone without a permanent address. H. D they have thrown away any chance of living at home by behaving badly. Shelter believes that because of the severe cuts in benefits to young people. it appears that A nearly 150. 56 . C they will never go back home again. The recent changes in the benefit laws mean that someone aged between sixteen and twenty-five gets less than older people. It’s an impossible situation. you are homeless because you don’t have any money to pay for accommodation. 5. 1.

All profits are reinvested into the magazine or diverted to the Big Issue Foundation. Run for the homeless.000 homeless people in London alone. FROM RAGS TO RICHES At the southern end of Waterloo Bridge in London. Today the housing charity Shelter estimates there are around 100. =+?"6 1574.)AB 1 5. that there are many drug addicts among them. so most of those people got trapped. 9 __________________. who are either in temporary accommodation or simply living on the streets. The British public are asked by their government not to give money to street beggars. 1_________________. It gave them a sense of security and became so permanent 3 _________________________. 4_____________________.)6 11 2/. Complete the sentences. it won the Magazine of the Year award in 1993. which offer some relief from the cold at night. the National Film Theatre and the Royal Festival Hall. People sympathetic to the homeless are being told to donate money to charities 6 ________________________.But it’s virtually impossible to get a job in Britain without a permanent address. It became so popular there in the 1980s 2 __________________________.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . Its first issue was published in 1991. stand the Royal National Theatre. by the banks of the River Thames. J that the locals gave the area a nickname – Cardboard City./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. 5 ________________________. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 57 .The magazine is actually sold by the homeless themselves. much-prized space that they would guard carefully G where jobs were easier to find. and now seventeen titles throughout Europe are being published.)). especially London. The 1980s saw an enormous increase in people sleeping rough in Britain as many unemployed came to cities in the south. The Big Issue is a success on many levels. and sells 270. These people often hang around railway stations and other public places asking for money. Read the newspaper article about The Big Issue magazine. In stark contrast to this centre of London’s cultural activity are the subways close by. a charity 8 _______________________.000 copies weekly. This was also the name of a theatre play directed by the now famous Oscar-winner (for American Beauty) Sam Mendes. Encouraged by its success in Britain. 7 ________________________. @. A B C D E that runs many social support programmes for the homeless. F that each person had their own. They have become a mecca for the homeless. by putting the correct ending from A–J below in each space. Another way you can help is to buy a copy of the Big Issue weekly magazine.%. and it’s very difficult to get somewhere to live if you don’t have a job. They ended up with no work and nowhere to live.:+. who specialize in caring for the poor or to offer beggars gifts of food or clothes instead of money. H which gives them a chance to earn money and to retain a sense of dignity I which means a readership of over one million. the Big Issue has become international. The place is littered with the cardboard boxes and old mattresses that they use as beds. There is one extra ending you are not going to need.

What have you learnt about the woman from her speech. If they have no money. It is sold by homeless and ex-homeless people who buy it at a (6) ____ price of 30p and sell it to the public for 70p. B. They need safe places to play and develop social and learning skills. not unable. We are increasingly called the underclass. Every paper seller receives training and is given a special (8) __________________badge. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 A sight A usual A heads A life A easy A stuck A credit A character A consists A stories A sometimes A give A back A from A out B vision B common B shoulders B living B straight B steady B cheque B personality B contains B reviews B often B provide B out B of B away C look C rare C hands C being C plain C held C cash C manner C keeps C opinions C occasional C show C through C for C off D view D routine D mouths D pay D simple D fixed D card D identity D involves D views D seldom D offer D forward D since D up 7. Street papers The problem of homelessness is an international one. I am unemployed. H. so that they do not enter school already disadvantaged. Service providers should do market research. By selling ‘street papers’ they no longer need to beg for a (4) _____. homeless people are taking the future into their own (3) _____. the (1) ____of people begging on the streets is becoming increasingly (2) ____. … No one asks our views. and (14) ____ then it has helped hundreds of people to get (15) ____ the streets and back into society. then they can get the first ten copies on (7) _____ and pay for them later. The greatest lack in my life has been lack of education. We see millions wasted on initiatives based on the advice of academics who have never lived in poverty. The Big Issue is the street paper of the British homeless. I am a lone parent.%9E&G. not an irresponsible one. film and book (10) _____. But all over the world. 58 . Advertising and sales (12) _____ most of the income. Read a part of the speech given by a woman called Moraene. C or D. The concept of the street paper is (5) ______. for life. 6. There should be priority in pre-schooling for the children of illiterate and badly-housed parents. I am disabled. cartoons and the (11) ______ celebrity interview.C/"2). not unemployable. and all profits go (13) ____ into helping homeless people. The paper itself (9) _____ articles of general and social interest. In the capital cities of the world. It is a vital tool in the fight against poverty and should be freely available. keeping 40p for themselves.I. Circle the right answer: A. Ask us before you decide policies and set targets which will affect our lives. Parents living in poverty want to be recognized as human. I believe we are undervalued and very much underestimated. Adult literacy and numeracy classes must be available so that parents can contribute to their children’s education. It was set up in 1991.

=+?"6 1574. What would you do to solve the problem of poverty if you decided policies and set targets in your country? II. Complete the sentences with the words from the text: a) Moraene suffers from poverty. What tool does she think to be vital in the fight against poverty? 3. So. Which of them does Moraene use to describe herself? 1 lone 2 irresponsible 3 disabled 4 unable 5 illiterate 6 unemployed 7 unemployable 8 undervalued a) unable to use their body properly b) thought to be less important than something/somebody really is c) doing careless things without thinking or worrying about the possible results d) without other people.)). no matter what the cost. Match the things people say 1-6 with the statements A-G .)AB 1 8. F I often buy things without it through first. What prevents Josie from wasting money? 2. @. b) Moraene is seriously ill and she is registered … c) She can’t find a job. PEOPLE AND MONEY 12. What is the greatest ambition of these parents? 9./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . time or other means to do something f) not suitable to be employed g) not having a job h) someone who has not learned to read or write 10. What happens when the children of illiterate and badly-housed parents start school? 4. Match the words from the speech with their definitions. She has a lot of problems because she is a … parent. power. D I prefer to spend my money on enjoying myself. Read the text and answer the following questions: 1. on one’s own e) not having the skill. 1 2 3 4 5 6 13. e) But she insists that it doesn’t mean she is … to bring up her children. E I’m careful with my money so I can afford a treat occasionally. she is not … as she is able and ready to work. When can parents contribute to their children’s education? 5. Is Josie poor? 59 . You will hear 6 people talking about money. she is … d) But in her opinion.:+. Why doest she think a lot of money is wasted on attempts to improve the conditions of life of those people who live in poverty? 2.%. G I prefer to have the best.)6 11 2/. (Afanasyeva test 5) A I believe a person should manage their money wisely. 11. Answer the questions on the text: 1. B I am constantly spending money. C I prefer to spend money on others rather than on myself. There is one extra statement.

Hertfordshire. Soon I’ll need new make-up. and the role that money plays in their lives.I. or one can hide it from the world. Does the article make you feel sorry/amused/surprised? Give reasons. Despite the fact I use all the correct ingredients. At present I’m on the dole. Eating the bread I make is another matter. 8. I never have. I discovered that I only had two slices of bread and three tea bags. I could always borrow some of that without having to repay it. so by any standards I’m poor. Which of them do you think is wealthy? Who is poor? What attitude do you think each has to money? How do their lifestyles differ? Who’s rich and who’s poor these days? Gina Brooks tracks down four people from different walks of life. are the high ceilings and the possible disconnection of my telephone because of the cost of the paint. I’m just recovering from the dress I bought for a special occasion. It may even mean not paying water bills again. the family home of her husband David. Recycling tea bags and ignoring the water bill means Josie Taylor can afford life’s true essentials – flowers and party dresses. Making tea is no problem. my bread is always leaden.%9E&G. There are various ways of dealing with being poor. but her cupboards are full of food and cleaning materials – not to mention enough toilet paper. wiggle it three times. In order to buy these plants. a financier. lives in Knebworth House. I put one tea bag in a mug. In this way I can have a day’s supply of pale orange hot water: the sugar and milk do the main job. You are going to read about four very different people. which stop me. I’m not a spendthrift. I mean – water – it’s everywhere. Last week I needed some plants for my terracotta pots. and a miser. … after three days of admiring my plants. 58. 60 . One can slouch around like a tramp but live comfortably. That will certainly cause a lot of wiggling of tea-bags. I never waste money. UK. It’s always been spent on the essentials. remove it without squeezing and save it. 18 August 1994) 14. a divorced mum. I’ve been thinking about redecorating my sitting room this year. London. Making bread is very easy. 3. But she hasn’t got a Lambeth Doulton vase. (Extracted from an article by Josie Taylor first published in “The Independent”. Throughout my life I have maintained high standards despite being poor. They have four grown-up children. 6. a taxman. something would have to be sacrificed. 4. Discuss these questions: The texts are about an aristocrat. I wonder if they’ll ever cut my water off? I can’t get too worried about that. 5. 7. Take the present state of affairs. I’ve now stopped watering down the milk (a tip my like-minded niece gave me). I have a friend in a similar position to me financially . H. What way of dealing with being poor has Josie chosen? What are ‘life’s true essentials’ for Josie? What does Josie do to afford flowers and party dresses? Does Josie’s attitude to life her to cope with difficulties? Do you support her ways of coping? Explain your answer. 60. THE ARISTOCRAT Lady Chryssie Cobbold.C/"2). I wrote out my shopping list to see what I could do without. The two things. shrunken instead of swollen and about as easy to swallow as fossilized mammoth tusk. I chose tea bags and bread.

=+?"6 1574. She gets % 585 a month state benefit and also works as a part-time barmaid for %21 a week. going to restaurants. If you have a big house. I’d even pick bunches of flowers from our garden and sell them to the local funeral parlour. Sometimes I’ll go wild and buy something just to cheer myself up. As a child I used to get only 5p a week pocket money and I’d do anything to get more money. All their school uniforms are second-hand. What I want more than anything else is a holiday and new shoes for the kids. and towards the end of the month we have beans on toast three nights out of seven. ‘Money _________________ tight since I split up from my husband four years ago. She lives in Frinton-on-Sea in Essex./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. There have been moments when we thought we might have to sell the house.)). aged from 5 to 10. has four children. The kids always come first. but special occasions for them are rare. Who knows? I might win the lottery!’ THE TAXMAN For questions 1-10. I don’t believe one should spend what one hasn’t got. @.’ THE DIVORCED MUM. They’re lucky if we go to McDonald’s once a month. but they won’t inherit much more than that.000 a year on them. people think you must be well off. Angie Cross. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line.:+. When I was a kid I used ______________ lots of treats. I’ll go to any lengths to save money. so I tell the kids to have a school dinner and say they have forgotten their dinner money. but now I think there’ll be enough money for the next generation to keep the house. I have to be very careful with money. It’s not really __________________ lies because I _____________________ as soon as I can. but I always regret it. I usually make the kids a packed lunch for school.)6 11 2/. My monthly food bill _______________ to about S 350. do all the painting. 27. My _______________ extravagance now is a packet of 10 cigarettes. I would go riding and I used to have piano lessons. having guests for the weekend. read the text below. but they still have to be fed. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the appropriate grammar form of the corresponding word in the right column. I spend about S 2. I’m always worrying about money. I have no regular salary.%. I’ll put up wallpaper. They’re usually quite good and they’ll bring a bottle of wine. I get very ____________________ and I frequently sit down and cry. but it just isn’t true. Money is the only thing my husband and I row about. We always do our own repairs to the house or we’ll put a bucket out to catch the leaks if we can’t. make curtains and upholstery. and that doesn’t come easily because by nature I’m very extravagant. My husband likes having parties. but occasionally I don’t have enough food to make one.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . I once __________________ S30 On some clothes but I felt really guilty. In summer we’ll have up to 16 people at weekends. I feel dreadful _________________ able to give my kids the things I had. I never really spend money because I don’t have it and I’m not bothered about clothes. 61 Be Get Not be Pay Big Come Tell Pay Depress Spend . Every month I work out exactly what has __________________ and what can wait.)AB 1 ‘Knebworth House is run as a business but it doesn’t make enough money to pay us.

32. They have two young children. His wife. so I always make sure that she has enough to eat. He earns %50. I got a thank-you letter from the bride. My wife gets 9 ___________________ by my meanness. I don’t need to look smart to be a taxman. I hardly ever use my car. We both indulge _________________ now and then. Malcolm Stacey. Denise generally gives S20 a month to animal charities. I don’t 10 __________________ what they think. I never spend much on clothes though. We can live on S5 a week. I’ll be first at the bar to buy a round of drinks. It frightened us to_________. Serve Frequent Freeze Self Beg Train Widow Pension Die Occasional 62 . I know they invite me to have someone interesting to talk to.B.I. too. She obviously thought she’d 5 ______________ the present. People don’t believe I can be so 6 _________________. is a tax inspector.558 per annum. I’ve always been mean. My _____________________ mum is a __________________ and lives alone. Denise and I never row about money. but I’d baulk at buying a packet of crisps as well. I would never ask passers-by to throw money 7 ________________. we grow our own vegetables and we recycle everything. Denise. but I’d give her a bouquet from our own garden. For Questions 1-10.C or D best fits each space. When I was a child I would never buy flowers for Mum. I have four credit cards. When 1 ____________ go out to the pub. I’ll never invite people to dinner. ‘I’m mean in some ways. but she won’t donate to __________________ wearing S100 ______________________. Bob Wilden. We always buy food in bulk so it’s cheaper. He lives in York with his wife Jo. I’ve put a wishing well in the front garden. We ___________________ cook in bulk. but I’d never dodge it. 20. The 3 ______________ thing I’ve ever done was to go to a wedding without a present. is a part-time BBC journalist and author of two books about money. I’ll organize an office collection for earthquake victims but I won’t give anything myself. but I collect it when they do. We never buy new clothes. He earns %23. read the text below and decide which answer A. but we never row about money. and put it in the __________________.%9E&G.500 as a part-time secretary. She’ll spend S40 at the hairdresser’s and I won’t penny-pinch on the kind of malt whisky I get. They live in Maidehhead. In my job it’s possible to become a bit of a social leper. I’ll stay in the office and say I’m expecting a phone call. I just took some 4 _________________ paper and a tag saying ‘Love from Malcolm’ and put it onto the table with the other presents.38. we get them second-hand from 8 _______________ for about S 2 a garment. but one is never used. probably about S95 at the most. A bill for S700 arrived this morning for one of them. People think I’ve got a fortune stashed away somewhere. I’ll give the real down-and-outs a quid sometimes. 24. H. but I never feel guilty about 2______________ their invitations.C/"2). Some friends are always boasting to me about how they dodge paying tax. _________________________ we have to get loans to clear our credit card debts. ‘I never buy luxuries and I never buy a round of drinks. generous in others. I’ll go hungry rather than stop for a snack at a motorway (1) _______________station. Berkshire. They have no children.000 per annum. earns %7. I don’t like that.’ THE MISER. I don’t like paying tax either.

But he never finished college. Every morning. The reason why Microsoft has created Windows. @. Gates went on to Harvard University. 5 ________________. the couple conducted much of their relationship by going on virtual dates. or hand-held personal computer. so that. is developing the HPC. which put him among the top ten students in the nation. Does he/she have any extravagances? h. Ann Winblad. He has a personal fortune estimated at S18 billion. He has built a mansion overlooking Lake Washington 2 ________________ and TV monitors./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. Does he/she get on well with his wife/ her husband? c. In what ways does he/she try to save money? g. Microsoft. Each would drive alone to the same movie at the same time in different towns. Melinda. as they wander from room to room. When he left. which is a system. he and his wife. When he finally got married. Bill Gates is the richest private citizen in the world. he got A’s in all the subjects he took. Answer the questions: a. The card is programmed so that only the most intimate friends can open all the doors.)AB 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A friends A refusing A finest A writing A mislaid A intelligent A off A charity shops A depressed A care B relatives B turning down B best B wrapping B lost B stingy B out B boutiques B angry B know C bosses C accepting C meanest C toilet C forgotten C rude C down C supermarkets C embarrassed C like D colleagues D ignoring D worst D emery D thrown D old-fashioned in D in D talls D annoyed D understand 15. 4 ________________. In the ninth grade at school. It is his intention that there should be a computer in the pocket of everybody in the whole world.)). Several phrases have been removed from the text THE MAN WHO COULD BUY ANYTHING. 3 ________________. Ann. =+?"6 1574. Fill in the gaps with the suitable phrases. the software tycoon is$20 million richer than when he went to bed. Gates has been called ‘King of the Nerds’. What does he/she say about clothes and food? d. What is his/her job? How much does he/ she earn? b.%. 9 ____________________. He started up his own computer company. signed a prenuptial agreement that allows him to go on an annual holiday with his ex-lover. There is nothing he can’t afford. 8 __________________. Does he/she give any money to charities or good causes? f.)6 11 2/. and then talk about it afterwards on their mobiles. he knew exactly what to do. Now the multi-billionaire. their favourite pictures will appear on the screens. which is more than the annual economic output of over a hundred countries.:+. 1 ______________. What do you learn about his/her friends and/or family? 16. when his alarm clock goes off. where he managed to be in the same class as the girls he fancied 7 _______________. There is one extra phrase. When he went out with an ex-girlfriend. Visitors are given a smart card encoded with their personal preferences. 63 . 6 ____________________. What else does he/she spend money on? e. He is not shy about spending it.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . This cold-blooded approach to human relationships also seems to be true of his love life.Choose one of the texts and read it more carefully. His wealth is based on his company. some taking up an entire wall. but this simply isn’t fair.

For others little has changed.’ Mr Robar’s only regret is that the people he helped did not have the courtesy to thank him. A leaving his wife behind B whose software is used in two-thirds of the world’s computers C and the music they like will play D of which he owns 39% of the shares. especially when the stories were about children. had some unpleasant reactions from others to his win? 5. beauty salon and a string of properties. 4. For himself. He converted a three-storey building where he used to live into the beauty salon Vindo. Now read two stories about overnight millionaires and say which lottery winner 1. Here are the stories of two lottery millionaires. bought properties as an investment? 4. 49. write down: a) two things you would do b) two things you would definitely not do if you won the national lottery in your country.I. was able to help fellow workers? 2. 2.8 million in June 1996. who now owns his own restaurant.000 house and he spent a further S 1. I’m only sad they never thanked me. ‘I understand people who have problems so I helped. You are going to read an article about winners of Britain’s National Lottery. won S5.’ Mr Robar. destroying friendships and marriages. 19. H.000 house in paris for each of his three grown-up daughters. About fifty strangers asked him for money after his win and he gave to all of them. a S 400. He bought a S250. I know some of their stories were probably exaggerated or untrue. was also very generous to his friends. Before you read. ‘I am not sorry I gave the money to them. 6. he bought another restaurant in France. and a holiday home for himself in the French capital. I couldn’t help being moved. 5. For some this new-found wealth has meant nothing but misery. I just wanted them to phone. but I feel people’s pain. Roger Robar. He then bought the restaurant where he used to work as a chef and renamed it ‘Roger’s’.%9E&G. family and staff. Answer the questions: 1. Maybe I was a bit gullible. won the respect of a member of their community? 3. He kept on all the exising staff but doubled their salaries. E that can be run by clicking on icons with a mouse. F that he has packed with high-tech gadgetry G by inserting a piece of software into the college computer H discussing the plots and swapping opinions I which he bought as a weekend retreat J who is now a very successful businesswoman 17. How wealthy is Bill Gates? How much does he earn each day? What is special about his house? What is unusual about his relationships with women? What did he do to the computer at Harvard? What is the secret of his success? 18.8 million on houses which he rents out. for his wife to run.C/"2). 64 . tried to help strangers in need? Since Britain’s national Lottery was launched in1994 more than six hundred people have become millionaires overnight. who was born in the French colony of Martinique. 3.

’ ‘ it must be worth a fortune/a goldmine/a mountain. Tell your partner about … a) a place where you’d enjoy blowing S2. Hastings. but that certainly could not be said of him. =+?"6 1574. He pledged S500. a) They’re quite an unusual couple. Refer to a dictionary if you need to. you know Alan. while he stays at home to look after the children.’ e) You’ve been wearing the same suit for years. Leon Shepperdson. e) the main breadwinner in your family.)6 11 2/. all my friends are break/broken/broke like me. emphasizing that he thoroughly regretted it now. So when they had a baby. His second wife. d) the last time you didn’t buy something because you were too broke. A ‘best friend’ revealed he had once saved Mark’s life.’ Unsurprisingly. now known as Stamcroft. saying: ‘I have a vision of Mark finishing up with a Ferrari going into a brick wall – and I hope it’s tomorrow. f) somebody you know who’s saving their money for a rainy day. b) Last year I inherited some money from my grandmother.000 0ver three years to the club.’ 21. to improve facilities.S22 million – and swiftly received a dollop of abuse to match. within months of winning he claimed the jackpot had ruined his life and that he was a ‘prisoner’ of his new-found wealth. who was divorcing him. but I haven’t spent it yet. Gardiner is a ‘normal bloke’ who is no more or less worthy than most to benefit from an overnight fortune. Now she’s the main breadwinner/breadbasket/breadmaker.)).’ d) ‘Did you hear about Alan winning S2. 65 . He’s already thrown it/flown it/blown it on a weekend in New York./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. talent or change in your appearance. he gave up his job. what would it be/ f) What can’t money buy? Now answer the questions. His mother joined in. c) something you own that’s worth a fortune. 22. called him a ‘cheating rat’. Don’t you think it’s time you bashed out/splashed out/rushed out on some new clothes? f) ‘Number 28’s for sale. According to friends at his local pub. a) It’s impossible to have too much money – do you agree? b) Would you prefer fame or fortune? c) Were you given or did you earn pocket money as a child? d) What was the first thing you saved up for and bought yourself? e) If you could buy yourself a skill. I know plenty of wealthy people who do not help their local area. says of Gardiner ‘He has put his money where his mouth is. given by Patti. sauna and jacuzzi. b) the kind of clothes you’d splash out on if you could afford to. but it’s the biggest house in the street.%. @. and they’ve got a swimming pool. Eric and Lee. the Royal Standard.)AB 1 Mark Gardiner had a half-share in one of the biggest winning tickets so far .:+. Test your money expressions! Choose the correct option in the sentences below and say what each underlined money expression means.000 last week?’ ‘No! Lucky thing! What’s he going to do with it?’ ‘Oh.’ ‘How much for?’ ‘I don’t know. the club chairman. Read the questions and then listen to the answers. c) ‘Have you got any wealthy friends?’ ‘No. Gardiner has spent some of his money taking groups of friends from the pub on luxury holidays but he has also sponsored a football team in his home town. She earns a fortune as a lawyer.’ 20.000 in a weekend.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . I’m saving it for a wet day/a rainy day/ a storm.

The economic recession seems to have encouraged (11) … attitudes to money. the (7) … of children (8) … an effort to save for the future. Instead of wasting what pocket (12) … they have on sweets or magazines. Greater access to cash (9) … teenagers does not.I. 23. Is it common for teenagers in Russia to have a parttime job? So. Remember the rules of letter writing.14.C or D) best fits each space. Although they have more cash. The survey (2) … three hundred teenagers. worry about debt is (6) … among teenagers. read the text below and decide which answer (A. Two thirds think they get (5) … money. most children see their weekly allowance rise dramatically to an amazing national average of S5. H. but most expect to have to do something to get it. 1317 years old. In your letter answer his questions and ask him 3 questions about his new hobby. Love. David Write a letter to David. Therefore. Money and Change. the 13-year-olds who took (13) … in the survey seem to (14) … to the situation by saving more than half (15) … their cash. mean that they are more irresponsible (10) … a result.C/"2). Do you get pocket money? Do you think parents should give their children pocket money? I don’t have a part-time job. For questions 1-15. but my best friend does. This is part of a letter from your English-speaking friend who writes: … I only get a little pocket money from my parents because they can’t afford to give me a lot. What teenagers do with their money Thirteen-year-olds do not spend as much money as their parents suspect – at least not according to the findings of a (1) … survey.B. I have a new hobby – I’m learning to play a musical instrument … I have to go now – my mother is calling me. from (3) … Britain. Write 100-140 words. By the time they (4) … their teens. however.%9E&G. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 A late A included A entire A reach A acceptable A gaining A most A make A among A like A aware A cash A part A reply A from B recent B contained B all over B get B adequate B heightening B maximum B do B through B as B knowing B money B place B answer B as C latest C counted C complete C make C satisfactory C increasing C many C have C between C for C helpful C change C share C respond C of D fresh D enclosed D the whole D arrive D enough D building D majority D try D along D in D cautious D savings D piece D return D for 24. Write soon. 66 . even in the case of children at these ages.

/+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. @.)6 11 2/.Introduction (State the problem).%.)AB 1 25. 2. 67 .)). Use the following plan: 1. 3. What is your opinion? Do you agree or disagree? Write 200-250 words.Express your opinion and give reasons for it. Comment on the following statement: Only people who earn a lot of money are happy. =+?"6 1574.Give other people’s arguments and explain why they are wrong.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& .Conclusion. 4.:+.

potatoes. Greengrocery H. I hope they are fresh. Decide which of the statements below are true (T) . Bakery D. Unfortunately there were no shrimps. indcluding sheep. goats. Confectionery E. beets.Look.Cheese is nutritious food made from the milk of cows and other mammals. 5. Remember to say: • How often you go shopping • Whether you prefer to do the shopping alone or in somebody’s company • What you usually shop for • Where you prefer to do the shopping: in small local shops or in large supermarkets • If you have ever done shopping online and why you liked(disliked) it 2. 4. (Afanasyeva Test 19 (2) 1. You can also see a great variety of fruit on display. 3. Choose suitable headings for each. T/F/N Goods that Katie orders online sometimes get lost in the post. T/F/N Ron goes shopping very often. camels. T/F/N 3. A. Give a 2-minute talk on shopping.I’ve bought salmon. Grocery C. T/F/N Katie is going to help Ron choose a present for his brother. Asian countries which produce about 90 per cent of rice grown worldwide. Circle the answer. TOPIC 6 SHOPPING 1. In this section you can buy carrots.%9E&G. turning their surplus milk into cheese. Specialty store F. 3. 5. T/F/N Ron and Katie agree that returning items is a disadvantage of online shopping. yakes and mares. Dairy 1.C/"2). 6. Fish and seafood G. false (F) or the information is not stated(N).I. Cheese is one of the world’s oldest food products – for thousands of years.The leading supplier is. people have raised animals for milk. H. 68 . 2. T/F/N Katie thinks that it’s safe to buy goods on the Internet.Our suppliers provide us with fresh fruit and vegetables all year round. and it’s significant agricultural crop in more than 50 other countries. 2. buffalo. 7. 4. of course. There is one extra heading. cucumbers and many other kinds of vegetables. So we have salmon with fried potatoes for supper. China and India together produce about 50 percent of the world’s rice. T/F/N Ron is happy to buy something that he’s only seen in a photograph. how many tasty things are in the window shop! We’ve run out of bread and besides I would like to buy those rolls. Katie goes to the supermarkets with her parents every week. Listen to the talk of two friends about shopping. Read the texts. reindeer. Butcher shop B.

lambs. A. her husband.The meat of cattle is known as beef. as mutton.:+. There is one extra phrase. He dreamt of presenting his father with a blue jumper made of wool. They decided to go to the smaller shops round the corner 6 ______________________.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . Among the oldest types of candies are licorice and ginger from the Far East and marzipan from Europe. but it cost S42. =+?"6 1574. but she soon understood 5 _______________. It was a clear cold January afternoon. Mrs Smith counted the money again. calves.)). Mrs Smith had finished cooking and was waiting for Tom who promised to come at three. worked in a small advertising company as a bookkeeper 1 _________________. Honey was used as the sweetener until the introduction of sugar in medieval Europe. Mrs Smith decided to go shopping with her son. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 4. sheep. He recommended her an automatic camera by olympus but it was too expensive. D. Fill in the gaps with the suitable phrases. When she got to the Electrical Department she found out that cameras were sold in the Photography Department on the ground floor. William did not earn big money and it was difficult for her to save a sum sufficient enough for a good present. @. Candy making did not begin on a large scale until the early 19th century. as pork. 1 which was located several blocks off their house that the department store was too expensive for her who explained everything in detail but his old camera broke down in September where goods cost a bit cheaper and on Saturday they were going to celebrate his forty-fifth anniversary because she didn’t know much about cameras 2 3 4 5 6 69 . but couldn’t find anything that suited her. and swine.)6 11 2/. 2 _____________________. E. She took the elevator down and asked the sales assistant there for some help 4 ____________________. 7. She asked him if he had anything a little cheaper and he told her about a special offer on the Pentax range. Tom was looking at the jumpers. G. Tom decided to buy him a new jumper. Mrs Smith used the escalator to go to the Electrical Department on the third floor and Tom took the stairs up to the Men’s Clothing department on the first floor. He only had S10 to spend so he couldn’t afford most of them. as lamb. as veal. He left the department and went for his mother. William was keen on taking photos. They drove to the department store 3 __________________________. Meanwhile. It still seemed expensive to her so she thanked the assistant and decided to shop around. when with the development of special candy making machinery it became a British specialty./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. She had been looking for William’s birthday present for several days. William. Mrs Smith wanted to buy him a new camera. Several phrases have been removed from the text.Records show that candy was used as an offering to the gods of ancient Egypt. C. F.)AB 1 6. She went to another department looking for something else. B.%.

which were often small and dark. They could walk around Michael’s penny bazaar without being pushed to buy. According to the text A. it also answered a genuine popular need. What was the reason for Marks’s success? A.’ This proved to be one of the most successful advertising slogans ever invented. as a result he had to accept that the profit on each item would be low. the open air market was not open every day. might look down on them or exploit them. The success of this new way of selling was extremely important for the development of the business. Here he soon introduced an innovation which was to be of fundamental importance to the development of his business. easy inspection. and make up for this by selling as many items as possible. and placed all those items costing a penny in one section and all those costing more in the other. then largely illiterate. It was. H. They were at ease. B. D. You are going to read the text. he made shopping easy. He divided his stall into two sections. C. or shop assistants. B. For questions 1-7. THE BIRTH OF THE PENNY BAZAAR From the open market in Leeds. It meant that Michael Marks had to search for as wide a variety of goods as possible. You had to ask for everything before you even saw it was there. the combination of open display. D. It proved not only to be convenient to the customer. The adoption of fixed prices had also another far-reaching effect. more people came to the open-air market. it was also extremely convenient to the stall owner. B. However. Above the penny section hung a board with the words: ‘Don’t Ask the Price. C. Michael Marks moved to its covered market hall.C or D) which you think fits best according to the text. He made all his calculations in his head. ‘Don’t Ask the price. This did not happen when people came to shop with Michael Marks. In shops at this time. it was still usual to keep goods in drawers under the counter or on the shelves behind it. and a fixed price made shopping easy and convenient for them. and were keen to satisfy their domestic needs at a low price.C/"2). It was not only striking and simple and easily understood. and conducted his business operation by mental arithmetic. This element of operational simplicity was to become a central feature of the business. 5. selling at a fixed price was only possible indoors. that could be sold for a penny. Michael Marks’s customers came from the working-class. a revolution: Michael Marks had discovered and put into practice two simple ideas – selfselection and self-service – which were to become cardinal principles in selling in the second half of the twentieth century. many people are shy of going into shops. 1.I. in case they show their ignorance. sometimes they even avoid it. where the prices were individually marketed. which had the advantage of giving protection against the weather and of being open for trading throughout the week. Michael Marks never kept any accounts. in fact. adopting a single fixed price of a penny made his calculations much simpler. choose the answer (A. He was never rude to customers. and of as high a quality as possible. or for fear that shopkeepers. It’s a Penny’ quickly proved so popular that Michael Marks adopted the principle of the fixed price on all his stalls and from that moment on sold nothing that cost more than a penny. 70 .%9E&G. It’s a Penny. 2. the open air market was not a successful place. His goods were much better than anyone else’s.

the need for low-price items.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . 5.)6 11 2/.%. the sight and smell of _______________________ rosy apples and glossy aubergines ______________________ a ‘feel good’ impression of freshness and quality which we carry around the store. D. we can relax and do the rest of the shopping at leisure. Once we’ve got that out of the way. They didn’t feel at ease with the shop assistants.)AB 1 3. the need for high-quality goods. @. important./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. why did some people not like buying in shops? A.)). According to research ___________________________ out by supermarkets.:+. didn’t understand working-cless people. Another reason is that we see fresh goods first. Nowadays. B. and they get squashed if I have to load heavy cans and packets on top. The word ‘this’ in line 33 refers to A. religious. According to the text. the low profits for each item. revolutionized selling methods. They didn’t like discussing what they would buy. urgent. In the market they could buy a greater range of goods. 71 DISCOVER CARRY COME CONCENTRATE THAT GIVE NOT TO GET . Maybe it’s because many of us arrive at the store ____________________________ on the kinds of fruit and vegetables we need. D. B. A book about business methods. customers prefer fresh goods _____________________________ first. D. selling as many items as possible. A training manual for shop assistants. 7. An advertisement for Marks and Spencer’s products. C. C. C. B. trolleys should have a separate compartment where you can place fruit and vegetables so they _________________________ squashed. A book about the history of Leeds. B. Michael Marks is portrayed as a man who A. D. C. The word ‘cardinal’ in line 21 means A. read a lot about business methods. 4.” It’s simply because supermarkets make a high profit on fresh fruit and vegetables. =+?"6 1574. 6. SUPERMARKETS Their secrets revealed … “Why are the fresh fruit and vegetables usually at the entrance to the store? It’s always crowded. B. 6. prices were often too high in shops. was very bad at doing arithemetic. impressive.Read the text and fill in the gaps with the appropriate grammar form of the corresponding word in the right column. D. C. and they ____________________________ they sell more of them if they’re near the entrance. Where is this text from? A.

sir.” Mr Black thought. I knew he would 7 __________________ them back the next day!” 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 A news A worrying A came A tried A solid A admit A take B surprise B suspicious B found B took B loose B tell B bring 72 C luck C trembling C took C got C stable C complain C get D happiness D responsible D gave D gave D tight D regret D exchange . For questions 1-7.” he complained. The information is transmitted to head office.I. “Just buy them.. the man came into the shop the next day to 6___________________ about the shoes. Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. Chatting pleasantly. as small and local shops came under pressure from out-of-town retail stores and closed. Shopping for food has also made a ________________________ Contribution to the increase in traffic. “But I am not sure I will be able to sell them to him. C or D best fits each space. “They are a bit 5___________________.B. Mr Black showed him the most expensive suede pair. He thought he had seen the man before somewhere and then he remembered where. read the text below and decide which word A. You will never regret it. In the last ten years. sir? Shall I wrap them for you?” “O. SHOPPING AND TRAFFIC When a customer buys something in a supermarket.” answered the man. 7. “If I sell him shoes that are not comfortable. H. the average ________________________ traveled to go shopping went up to 30 per cent. “They will stretch.%9E&G. where it is collected and analyzed. As he entered the shop he was surrounded by the police. Mr Black exclaimed: “I have done it! Yesterday I deliberately sold the man a pair of shoes that was a size too small. The man was a criminal and was wanted by the police.K.” Then Mr Black decided that he would try. Read the text below. A Pair of Shoes Mr Black was just shutting his shoe shop at the end of the day when he saw a man in a wellcut suit walk in. the bar code on the product is read ___________________________ at the till. The man 4__________________ On a few pairs before he bought the pair that Mr Black strongly recommended. But the man insisted on a leather one. speed and ___________________________. and then a schedule for the _______________________________ of the product to the ____________________________ is produced.C/"2). ELECTRONIC DELIVER SUPPLY EFFICIENT DISTRIBUTE CONSIDER DISTANT 8. The man wanted Mr Black to show him an expensive pair of shoes. Between 35 and 40 per cent of lorries on UK roads today are involved in producing and distributing food. As Mr Black expected. do it. There was something about the man talking that made Mr Black feel 2______________________. Mr Black 3__________________ across his photo in a magazine and saw it on TV. What size do you wear. It was a stroke of 1_____________________: such shoes meant a large sum of money. he will return to change them. A miracle of scale.” Mr Black said. it’s the new system of food __________________________ that has imposed a huge strain on Britain’s transport infrastructure.

your English pen friend. there are still many people who prefer not to shop online in order to be on the safe side.Express your opinion and give reasons for it. Do you like shopping? How much money do you usually spend at a time? Have you bought Christmas presents for your family? How are you going to celebrate Christmas? As for my family news we decided to move into a house in a new neighbourhood which is considered the best in our city… Write back soon. This is part of a letter from Isabel. It seemed to me the whole city was shopping in one place. When I returned home there wasn’t a penny in my purse. Use the following plan. Which group do you belong to and why? Write 200-250 words. I am such a spendthrift. Comment on the following statement: Online shopping is becoming more and more popular.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . Write back to Isabel. Eventually I bought Christmas presents for my relatives and friends. 3. Remember the rules of letter writing. @.Give other people’s arguments and explain why they are wrong.Introduction (State the problem). =+?"6 1574. 1.)6 11 2/. Write 100-140 words. 2./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. Isabel.)AB 1 9. answering her questions and asking her 3 questions about her new house.:+. Love.)). However. There were so many people everywhere.Conclusion. … Yesterday we went shopping. 10. 4.%. 73 .

I _________________ (think) my train __________________ (leave) at 14.33 and ________________ (be) very disappointed when I _______________ (arrive) at 14. 5.She is tired because she _____________________(not/sleep) well lately. I ____________________ (not be) ready by then. Why ___________________ (you/put) so much salt in it? 10. She told me she __________________ (write) three letters since she ________________ (come) to the office. When Jill looked in. According to Grandpa. get a move on. He ____________________ (have) flu. people _______________________________ (dress) formally in his day. 13. She ____________________ (not eat) all day and ____________________ (be) really hungry at this point. H. The food ___________________ (taste) much worse now. I can’t leave on Tuesday. 15. Don’t be so impatient! I ______________________________ (come)! – Come on. 14. 22.C/"2). 1. REVISION. 24. – Absolutely! I ___________________ (agree) with you completely! It’s difficult but I ________________________ (survive). I understood they already ______________________ (know) about my failure. 2. 17. 20. Once I ___________________ (read) the manual. 6.30 and _______________ (learn) that it _____________________ (just/leave).%9E&G. Open the brackets and complete the sentences. In those days I ___________________________________ (always/get) up early in the morning. Please call me the moment you __________________________ (hear) any news. 12. When you lived in London. Come in! We _______________________________________ (already/wait) for you! 4. although not many _________________________ (dance). I __________________ (find) later that I ________________________ (use) an out-of-date timetable. ______________________________ (you/travel) by bus? 16. 25. 18. This newspaper article __________________________________ (explain) why unemployment ____________________________________ (rise/dramatically) of late. She _____________________________ (only just/recover) from her operation and ________________________________ (still/find) it difficult to move about. 3. She ______________________________ (not always look) like that. 74 . That must be the end of the first part of the performance. the government ________________________________ (resign). I ______________________ (not realize) that I _____________________ (leave) my umbrella on the bus until it _____________________ (start) to rain. I ___________________ (find) that I could use the computer quite well. I ____________________ (begin) to realize now how difficult ________________ (it/be) to be a teacher. It ______________________ (be not) until 1993 that Nigel ___________________ (can) afford a holiday abroad. 8. By this time next year. 23. Pauline _____________________ (change) a lot. 21. Exercise 1. 7. everyone _______________________ (have) a good time. GRAMMAR FOCUS TENSES IN THE ACTIVE VOICE. It was very hot in there and she ____________________ (think) she _______________________ (faint).I. 19. What _____________________ (happen) next? 9. Terry is in bed. By the time Jean _____________________ (get) back it _________________ (be) already too late. or we ______________________________ (miss) the plane! 11. Jack ____________________________ (leave) and she was upset.

It ______________ (not to stop) at the station.This time tomorrow Maria _______________________ (to sunbathe) on a beach in Majorca. 17. I think he _________________________ (to go) abroad. I ____________________ (not to see) him for 14 months.:+. 1.I _____________________ (to try) to get John on the phone for the past week. 20. 6.Last March Sam _______________________ (to decide) that he _______________________ (to ride) around the world on a bicycle.The orchestra _________________(perform) Mahler’s 5th Symphony at next week’s concert.The police officer _______________(change) Ann’s phone number yesterday because she ______________________(receive) anonymous calls for several weeks. =+?"6 1574. and the door is locked! What ___________________ (we/do) now? 5. Kevin ___________________ (to notice) that all the passengers _______________________ (to wear) old-fashioned clothes. @.)). 13. I expect she ______________________ (to sunbathe) until she ______________________(to get) badly burnt – that’s what she ________________________ (to do) last year. but as it ______________________ (to pass).%. 14.He noticed that the leaves on the old chestnut tree _____________________________ (already/begin) to turn yellow and brown.I _______________________ (not to see) him for the last few months. because I _______________________ (to see) a doctor by then.)AB 1 Exercise 2. 3. 75 . 15. 9.)6 11 2/.-Your hair ___________________ (to grow) a lot since I last ________________________ (to see) you. 8. 12. Why ____________________ (you/to insist) on going out? Look at those black clouds! It ____________________ (rain). _____________________ (you/ to have) any idea when _________________________ (he/ to be) back? 18. 16. He _______________ (to work) in Australia at the moment.Richard Barnes ______________________ (just/ to come) home from work when he __________________________ (to find) a leak in the bathroom. I ________________________ (to have) it cut. putting the verb into correct form. 7. By the time my father __________________ (to return) from his business trip the month after next. 19.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& .-When _________________ (you/to see) Nick? . 2. He _______________________ (to be) away for 6 months now and no one ___________________ (to know) whether he _________________ (to return)or not. After turning the last page she _________________(think) she ___________________(read) the book again.When I _____________(to see) you on Monday I _____________________________(to tell) you what is wrong with me. Water __________________ (to drip) from the ceiling for some time and there __________________ (to be) a large pool of water on the floor.Hardly _______________( she/ step) into the office when the telephone _____________(ring).There is nobody here. when he _________________ (to see) a very old steam train coming down the track.I _________________(leave) for Africa in two weeks’ time.There _____________________ (to be) a terrible storm last month and several trees ________________________ (to fall down).I’ m sure you _________________ (to feel) a new man when you _____________________ (to take) your pills for a week. 10. ./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. Kevin Adams ________________________ (to wait) for over an hour for a train.I ___________________ (to know). It’s a shame I ____________________ (not see) you before I _________________________ (go). Open the brackets. The house _________________(look) so much bigger now that we _______________(paint) the walls in bright colours. 4. 11.

24. when she ______________ (to get) it as a birthday present. The children ____________________ (to play) in the living room and _____________________ (to leave) their toys all over the floor.I.As soon as the war __________________ (to be) over the refugees ________________ (to go) back to the villages they _________________ (to leave) about 5 years earlier. H. 23. putting the verb into correct form.Next Saturday Friends of Barston Hospital _____________________ (to collect) money to buy more equipment for the hospital.When Tom _________________________ (to say) that he _____________________ (to pay) the bill. I don’t think I _____________________ (to stay) any longer after that. 1.One day. saying he ______________________ (to catch up) with us later.Listen! The car ______________________ (to make) funny noises again. Exercise 3.%9E&G. John ____________________ (to prepare) for his exams for the last three weeks.By the time I ______________________ (to complete) my studies next month I ____________________________ (to live) in London for nearly a year. I ___________________ (to say): ‘Once you _______________ (to be) here for a few weeks.When we ____________________ (to be) ready to leave the house my mother always ________________________ (to check) in the kitchen to make sure she _________________ (to turn) off everything 7. Why ________________________ (you/ to look) at me like that? ________________________ (I/ to look) funny ? 4. 76 . 3.My back _____________________ (still/to hurt) and it ______________________ (soon/to be) two weeks since I ___________________ (to be) at work. Open the brackets.’ 13. When they___________________ (to release) him next week. He _________________________ (be) very generous these days. 25.Mary ______________________ (to own) this painting since 1926. 11.Can you imagine that by next June I ________________________ (to work) for this company for 3 years. but when he still _______________________ (not to return) to the cabin by late afternoon. 8. we ____________ (to call) the police. Volume four of our encyclopedia set ________________________ (to miss) for two months. because I _______________________ (to see) a doctor by then. When I _____________________(to enter) the house it ___________________ (to be) a mess.When I ________________ (to be) a teenager I ____________________ (to think) I _____________________ (to be) a rock star and I____________________________________ (never/have to/ to work). we could hardly believe our ears. 9.If anyone _________________ (to ask) me about Tahiti. Yesterday he __________________ (to take) his last exam. 14. my friend Daniel ___________________ (to get) tired and __________________ (to stop) to rest. you __________________________ (not to want) to leave. If no-one __________________ (to return) it. I’m sure he ________________________ (to call) us as soon as he ________________________ (to get) the results. They hope that by the end of the day they ___________________ (to raise) at least S 800. 6. It ____________________ (to be) three weeks since I _____________________ (to take) the exams but they ________________________________ (sometimes/ not to announce) the results until more than a month _________________ (to pass).When I _____________(to see) you on Monday I _____________________________(to tell) you what is wrong with me. we ____________________ (to have) to buy a new one. 10. 5. 2.C/"2). 22. 12. Pat Mc Guire _____________ (to spend) 5 years in prison for a crime he ___________________ (not to commit). 21.

I_____________________ (to help) you as long as it _____________________ (not to involve) lifting anything heavy.On the 10th of this month I _________________________ (to live) here for exactly 10 years.Angela. as he always _____________________ (to do). 24. no matter where he __________________ (to be) and what he ______________________ (to do) the day before. so we __________________ (to open) a bottle of champagne. =+?"6 1574. -Bill! At last! I _______________________ (to try) to contact you all afternoon.)AB 1 15.Don’t phone at 8 – they ___________________ (to put) the children to bed.The chairman was in a very good mood as he _______________________ (to win) a major contract. who __________________ (usually/ to be) very shy.The police ________________________ (to arrest) Paul Dawson.It _______________________ (not rain) when he __________________ (wake up) but it 77 . 18. Janet Suzman _____________ (to appear) as Cleopatra.:+.He’s fairly rude and aggressive at the best of times but now that he _________________(to be) under so much stress he __________________ (to be) quite unbearable.My next door neighbour.m. He’s fairly rude and aggressive at the best of times but now that he _________________(to be) under so much stress he __________________ (to be) quite unbearable.Andy woke up on the dot of six. 11. 3. I ___________________ (hear) your brother ______________________ (come) back one of these days. 21. -What you _________________________ (to do) with my dictionary? I can’t find it anywhere. I ____________________ (to sit) in the meeting all day and I ______________ (only/ to get) back here a few minutes ago. Where _______________________________ (you/ to be)? -Sorry. Open the brackets. 5. putting the verb into correct form. 12.)). 7. 22. @. 10. Can I give it back to you when I _______________________ (to finish)? 2. 20. -I ________________________ (to use) it to write my essay.Lora Steel ___________________________ (to announce) her retirement last year.Don’t phone Margaret at 11 p. I’m sorry I ______________________ (not to be) in touch for so long.%. Frozen vegetables __________________ (to become) softer after you___________________ (to keep) them in the freezer.)6 11 2/. She _______________________ (already/ to go) to bed. 8. Exercise 4.Of course. I wonder if they __________________ (to invite) us. now that you _______________ (to leave) school? -I _____________________ (get) married in August.Boxing. 4. 19.Do you realize that this time next year we ______________________ (to live) here for exactly a year? 9. we _____________________ (to be) busy decorating.-What __________________________ (you/ to do). 1. 17. _______________________________ (he/be) in the East all this time? 23. 6. men and women ______________________ (not to make) a good combination.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . No one could believe her presence ____________________(no longer/to brighten) up our cinema screens. 25. ______________________(to have) a big party tonight. 16. Since we ___________________ (move) to our new house.He _______________________ (just/ to finish) his steak tartar and _____________________ (to look forward) to splendid zabaglione when the bomb ____________________ (to explode). tomorrow.The last time I_____________________(to go) to Stratford./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. I assured her that as soon as the fire brigade ____________________ (arrive) they _____________________________ (bring) the fire under control. the leader of a gang of robbers who _____________________________ (to steal) art treasures from museums and homes since last January.

%9E&G. I ___________________ (not know) you ______________________ (be/already) here.-I ______________________ (be) on pension for a few years now. “It’s the first time I _______________________(take) out to dinner at a restaurant.REVISION. the family _____________ (be) in the sitting room. 8. 14. 5. Open the brackets. 7. . Ever since Mark ______________________ (move) in here the place _________________ (ring) with laughter. Tea ___________________ (clear) away and the curtains ______________________ (draw).When they _____________________ (have) coffee.He wished to know if his instructions ________________________________ (carry out). putting the verb into correct form. 11. 1. H. When I arrived.I. I __________________________ (always/give) the room I ______________________ (have) on my first visit.He ______________________________ (not touch) anything till she __________________ (come) back. I wandered down the corridor trying the doors that _____________________________ (lock). 25. 6. Ann _____________________ (rise) to go.Listen to the wind! We _____________________ (have) a rough crossing. 18. 21.But they will ruin everything! -Whatever damage they ___________________ (do) they ___________________________ (pay) for everything. _______________________ (rain): there were puddles everywhere. 14. _____________________________ (you/look after) properly?” 10.Talking to Susan. during which the star _____________________ (barely/ get) into her clothes. the house ________________________ (hide) by lime trees. 20.Wherever I went I found that the camp ___________________________ (leave) in a disgraceful condition. What ________________________ (we/ do) if it _________________________ (not stop) raining? It ____________________ (rain) since yesterday.Please don’t sign any contracts unless I _______________________ (check) them. 22. TENSES IN THE ACTIVE VOICE AND IN THE PASSIVE VOICE. I’m so sorry to have missed miss so much of your visit. 13. .He agreed to lend me the car provided I ______________________ (give) it back before Monday. 23. 15. 24.______________________ (you/ be) polite or something? I know you can’t stand him. 16. Meg __________________ (invite) him to go over the house. 4.-Why _____________________ (you / be) so annoyed with Jackson? . When I stayed at the hotel. I _________________________ (just/be) to the garage trying to get a car but everything __________________________________ (lock).From where I stood. 17. Exercise 5.. 19. -Why _________________ (you/give) a pension? What war _________________(you /be in)? 9. 13.After ten minutes of the film.C/"2). I ___________________ (not know) you ______________________ (be/already) here.” she said. 12. 3. He came to tell me that the work _______________________ (do). ____________________________ (no sooner/ we/ put) down our glasses than the waiter __________________________ (refill) them. I wonder when it ________________ (stop).He is really nice.The house _____________________________________ (lock) before they set off.Because he ________________________ (forever/ forget) important things. 2. 78 . Then he ____________________ (look) around nervously to see if he ___________(watch). 15. Paula ___________________________________ (remind) of something she once __________________________________________ (tell).

Before we ______________ (be) here a week. 20.%. _______________________ (you/hear) that I ______________________ (give) the job? 21. When he _________________ (call) her a liar. and even damper on the second where I _______________________________ (take).)6 11 2/. 12. When ____________________ (you/get) back? – I ________________ (come) back last week. was very angry with his sister when she eventually _____________________ (turn) up. I _______________ (drink) eight bottles a week. Why ________________(she/look) like a spoiled child who __________________ (punish)? Exercise 6. Coming into the room he _____________________ (see) she _____________________ (sit) in the chair where he _____________________ (leave) her. 24. Judging by the traffic. 6. How terribly nice of you to come! I _________________________ (just wash off) and ____________________ (get) my coat on before I ______________________ (show) you round. 8. How long __________________ (that/last) you? Two years? – Not a hope.)).The shop _______________ (look) shabbier in artificial light: the shelves were dusty and the ceiling ____________________ (not paint) since I ___________________ (go) there. -Hello. 17. he _________________________ (stare) at me. as if to see whether it _________________________ (be) worth telling. 22. -I __________________________ (not unpack). Roy is on his way. his hands ___________________ (to cover) in oil because he __________________________ (to try) to fix the car all morning. The old oak tree. – I ___________________________ (always/live) in a houseboat. A houseboat! I ___________________ (not know) you ______________________ (live) in a houseboat. 3. I ___________________________ (leave) you. He ________________ (be) to school but he ___________________ (learn) nothing there so was now illiterate.I don’t have many things to pack because lots of my old clothes _______________________ (dispose of).” 23.It was a very expensive town. =+?"6 1574. why _______________________ (you/not dress) for dinner? You _________________________ (even/not unpack). 5. After he told his story. 13. 4. 18. It was damp on the ground floor. 11. suddenly crashed to the ground. we _______________________ (spend) all the money. 25. 1. 9. 19. @. she _________________ (smack) his face. I __________________ (think) you _______________ (be) still on holiday. you ____________________ (wait) for me here. 10. I __________________ (drink) all these by the end of the year.Let’s do it like this: I _______________ (go) alone. he _________________________ (get) here in about two hours. Veronica _______________________ (stand) there.)AB 1 16. 7. 79 . which ___________________ (stand) in the churchyard for 300 years since the church ______________________ (build). and the kids _____________________ (stay) at granny’s place. Where is Tom? – He ______________________________ (see) the sights. I ___________________________ (not stay) here. You’ve got over 400 bottles.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . 2. Open the brackets.Peter. putting the verb into correct form. I _______________________ (be) born in one. It was a pity I no longer ________________________ (care) about Pam. Henry’s father came down to the school field to tell Henry that they __________________________ (just/get) a telegram announcing that Henry’s brother _________________________ (kill) in action in Germany.:+. who _____________________ (wait) for an hour. She _________________________ (not see) him because she _______________________ (scribble) a note. I’m sorry I _________________ (not write) before but I ____________________ (be) really busy in the last few weeks as Tom ______________________ (be) away./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!.When he came in.

5.I _________________(be) back by 9 p.He didn’t say a word knowing that whatever he __________________________ (say) ___________________________ (meet) by the same silence. 21. 11. it _____________________ (not announce) for another half-hour. She _____________________ (now/ to try) for speeding and we ________________ (not to be) sure she __________________ (to get) away with it.m.The National Bank ____________________ (to rob) yesterday. 10. While coffee _____________________ (serve) after the meal. Many major celebrities ______________________(invite) to the party. David ________________________ (have) his exam by then so he ___________________ (be) able to enjoy himself.We’d better wait till 14 December. we _________________(print) it. 25. Nolen and his guest __________________ (go) to the office. 16. 3. _____________________ (you/ to have) any idea when _________________________ (he/ to be) back? 9. 24. 15. 18. H. 19.The car ____________________(still/ to clean) when I _____________________ (to arrive). The police ___________________________(to look) for two men aged about 30 with scars on their faces. 20. Everyone ___________________________ (expect) the party to be a glamorous event. She ________________ (enjoy) driving fast. I don’t think anyone is in. the train to Edinburgh _______________________ (depart) from platform 6 in five minutes. tomorrow unless my flight _____________(delay). The lists ________________ (send) to both newspapers and now ___________________ (print).-Well. 7. She could tell by the inclination of his head that he ______________________ (listen) attentively to everything that ____________________ (say). I _____________________ (to try) to get John on the phone for the past week.Lord Simon Slope __________________________( hold) a party at his country manor next Friday.I. Attention. Open the brackets. I think he _________________________ (to go) abroad.By the end of this year he ___________________________ (act) for thirty years.When he ___________________ (see) all the pictures he _____________________ (say) he __________________ (be) ready to leave. 23. 80 .C/"2). I ___________________(not to find) it. at least. but if it __________________(be) ready. putting the verb into correct form.The rules in my school are very strict. 4. 17. Exercise 7.%9E&G. The robbers ______________(to take) S 10.000 and ___________________ (to run) into the street. 22.He usually pays me on Friday but last week he ______________________ (not pay) me till the following Monday.In company with James they ate dinner. 8.The flight _________________________ (not announce) yet. I’m afraid.When I __________________(return) to where I _________________(park) my car. We ______________________ (not to allow) to talk in class at all. I _________________________ (talk) to Dad about it at last. 1. 2. 6. -And what ___________________ (he/say)? -He __________________ (not say) anything definite.Poirot _____________________ (no sooner/ to arrive) at the villa than one of the guests ______________________ (to kill).I _____________________ (knock) five times. It ______________________(tow) away by the police. I am not sure if he ____________________(write) the article by the 1st of October. you ________________________ (see) it at Peter’s. -Yes. Lee __________________( represent) his country on many occasions but ________________ (force) to retire after an injury. 14.-I believe I ______________________________ (see) the picture. please.

they _____________________(decide) to give it up.))._______________________________________________________ (the day of the ceremony/fix/yet)? 81 . They say this street is a bottleneck but when it _______________________________ (widen) residents _______________________ (keep) awake by the roar of the traffic all night. 13.This time next month my paintings ________________________________ (exhibit) by New Arts Gallery.m. 15.:+. 21. 10. 7.Then I ____________________ (tell) that he ____________________(win) cups and medals for swimming when he ______________________(be) a boy. A passer-by ________________ (pick up/ them) in the street. The trains ______________________ (hold up) by the fog. On her way to work Jane to work she suddenly __________________________(remember) she _____________________(ask) to speak at the conference. After a million dollars _____________________________ (spend) on the scheme.When you ___________________(see) him again you _________________(strike) by the way his health _______________________(improve) since he _________________(go) to Switzerland. 4. 25. The students _______________________ (turn) away all the time. 8.I _______________________________ (waken) by a frightful crash at 4 a. 6. 9. 17. 11. Susan __________________ (already/offer) a position with a law firm. 1. as my own office _________________________________ (redecorate).Why ________________________________________ (the road/block)? – The old theatre ___________________________________________ (pull) down. Open the brackets. 19. _______________________ (describe) as the most beautiful building in the world. I _____________________ (buy) a harp and it ______________________ (deliver) this afternoon. 20.If Michael ___________________ (not to pay) his phone bill within two days’ time. Far more money ______________________________________ (spend) on food now than ten years ago. 14. putting the verb into correct form.My piano _______________________________ (repair) at the moment.%.Why ___________________________________________ (the roof/ not mend) before it ___________________________(fall) in? 3. =+?"6 1574. 23. He _____________________(escape) when he__________________________________ (move) from one prison to another. 12.)AB 1 12. 18. For the last few days I __________________(work) in Jack’s office. 13. 2.Before she ____________________(graduate) last may. 5. They ____________________________(try) ther people’s schemes all the time. I have to stay in. This college is already full. 14.My mother _________________(drive) the car when it ___________________(hit) by a bus.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& .Ever since it ____________________ (build) three centuries ago.The keys ____________________ (return) to me yesterday.They _________________________(lengthen) the runway for half a year and there is still no sign that the work __________________________________________ (ever/complete). My dog _______________________ (steal) and he __________________________ (bring back) only after I _____________________(promise) $20 reward./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!.Who ______________________________________ (it/ write) by? I cannot remember. 22. the Taj Mahal in Agra.Look! A lot of people ______________________(wait) at the station. Why ______________________________________ (my schemes/never/try)? Exercise 8. India. @. 16. his phone ___________________ (to switch off).Helen ___________________(stay) with her brother now while her house ______________________(repair). 24.I had to travel by bus as my car ________________________________________ (fix).)6 11 2/.

Hardly ______________________________________ (the professor. The professor ______________________ (to say) that if they __________________________ (to be) late again. I________________________ (not to be) sure if the report ____________________________ (to complete) by Wednesday morning.The exam ________________________ (to start) at 9 o’clock. The examiners ___________________________ (to work) for 5 hours now. ___________________________(to question) at the moment. The court _______________________(tell) that it was the third time Asherton _________________(stop) for speeding in 6 months. 15. who _________________________ (to walk) to and fro.Millions of pounds’ worth of damage ______________________(cause) by a storm which _____________________(sweep) across the north of England last night. as it’s the third time our management ___________________________ (to do) it.Asherton __________________(ban) from driving for two years.By 3 o’clock yesterday all the changes _______________________________ (to make). 82 . I promise. 21. 18. 22.When I ________________________ (to look) out of the window. but not all the students _____________________________ (to examine) yet.By next month I ________________________________ (to work) here for ten years and if I ____________________________ (to promote). The police ______________________ (to hope) he ___________________________ (to identify) either by you or by another witness. Can you come to the police station? The man. when his speech _______________________ (to interrupt) by a group of latecomers. H. 17. to start) speaking. 20. 19.As soon as he ___________________(look) at her face Tom realized he _________________ (not to forgive) yet.He _____________________ (to promise) to draw up his report by Tuesday evening. he _______________________ (not to let) them in.As soon as I ___________________(have) a good look at the designs.C/"2).Mr. But if he ____________________________ (not to hand) it on Wednesday evening. my attention ________________________________ (to attract) by a strange-looking man with a long black beard. I____________________ (not to know). who ________________________ (to suspect) of stealing your wallet. I _________________ (send) them back to you some time next week. I also _____________________(to notice) that he _______________________________ (to watch) by another stranger from the opposite side of the street. if it ______________________(to make) our company more efficient. 24.%9E&G. 16. I _________________________ (to leave) the company. 25.I. 23. he __________________________ (to run) into serious trouble with me.

Question to the Subject ___________ ============= Who/What ================.)6 11 2/.Do you like learning foreign languages? He asked me. Reported Statements can be introduced by the following verbs: add.deny. She said that she had passed her driving test.remark.Reported Questions 1. want to know 83 . e.say.boast.Special Questions ___________ ============= Wh word ____________ ==========. @. e.I have passed my driving test.General Questions (Yes/No) .complain.promise.object.What have you been doing for the last two years? He asked her what she had been doing for the last two years.)). Alternative Questions.g.%. answer. Tag Questions ___________ ============= if/whether ___________ ==========.assure(smb).reply. =+?"6 1574.tell (smb.Who is here? He wondered who was there. observe.smth) II. e. e. 2. if I liked learning foreign languages.inquire. 3. admit./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!.g.Reported Statements ___________ ============ that ____________ ============.)AB 1 Reported Speech I.g.:+.remind (smb).g. Reported Questions can be introduced by the verbs: ask (smb).explain.protest.argue.grumble..point out.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . wonder.

Perfect. to make an exclamation of surprise … etc.command.this-that. I met him when we were students She said that she had met him when they were students. Perfect.implore.m. smb to smb). the day before yesterday-two days before. the day after tomorrow –in two days’ time.apologize( to smb for doing smth).%9E&G.g.beg.to agree/to refuse – in response to a suggestion 84 . He said that water turns into ice. Reported Commands and Requests can be introduced by the verbs: advise.say good bye to smb.today-that day. Continuous. tell. request.to answer in the affirmative/in the negative 3. ago-before. introduce(oneself.order. 3. III.I. Continuous. next week-the following week. -Past Continuous usually remains the same in Reported Speech He said that he was watching TV at 5 p. Changes 1.C/"2).("2. Perfect Continuous-in-the-Past NB! -Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous do not change. to congratulate smb on smth.Conversational Formulas can be reported with the help of the following verbs: greet.recommend remind.wish. thank(smb for doing smth).A Tense Shift Present Simple – Past Simple. tonight-that night.(Don’t )open the window! She asked me (not) to open the window."8.Past Continuous.g.invite. Present Continuous. warn. Perfect Continuous – Future Simple. '%"& 2 2*8434-T85. -when the reported sentence contains a time clause e.these-those. yesterday-the day before. exchange greetings.g.now-then.Yes/No: 1.entreat. the day before.' (("0. H.Reported Requests and Commands ____________ =============== (not) to do smth. Future Simple. IV. Present Perfect – Past Perfect.ask.encourage. to welcome smb. Past Simple – Past Perfect.forbid. Present Perfect Continuous – Past Perfect Continuous. urge. tomorrow-the next day. NB! The Tenses do not change in Reported Speech -when the speaker expresses general truths. permanent states and conditions e. 2. e. last week-the previous week.

10. “I wasn’t at home yesterday.” 11.They said that while they ____________________________ (swim) they _____________________________ (see) someone examining their clothes.Cyril “My friend is teaching French and learning Greek.)AB 1 DRILL EXERCISES Reported Statements can be introduced by the following verbs: add.The teacher to me. “I didn’t go to the theatre last week. 8. 5.” 15. “I’ll buy this book for you.She ____________________ (tell) me she ________________ (miss) Tom a lot as they _____________________ (not see) each other since they __________________ (graduate). answer.He said that if the war __________________ (break) out he ___________________ (have) to leave the country at once. “I took it home with me. The typist ___________________ (admit) that she ________________ (do) it in rather a hurry and _______________________ (suppose) she’d better type it again 11. “Ann usually watches TV in the evening.Mary.Ann’s room-mate. “My friends don’t speak Italian fluently.My friends. 7.” 19.” 8. 1.Father.tell(smb.He said he ________________________ (scarcely/have) a proper meal since breakfast.Students.” 5.remark.” 18.” 14. assure(smb). 3. “I’ve been waiting for you for half an hour.)6 11 2/.%. admit. 6./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!.boast.Her parents.They. “My fellow-students are looking out for a better job.” 10.Emily.explain.” 16.” 3. “My son doesn’t work at weekends.complain. 85 . “I’m not wearing a coat as it isn’t cold.When I mentioned to Nokes that I __________________(see) him in a local shop last Monday.” Open the brackets.:+.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& .Paul said he ________________ (change) the plan and we __________________ (go) tomorrow instead of the next day.” 7. Mr Jones said that the letter ______________ (be) full of mistakes.Mother to her son. protest.Doctor. promise.” 13.point out.smth). “We were writing a test from 10 a. “I was working at my report the whole evening. “It won’t be difficult to get tickets.)). 2. he ____________________(protest) saying that he ____________________(be) at home all day.I assured her that as soon as the fire brigade ____________________ (arrive) they _____________________________ (bring) the fire under control. Report the following statements: 1.Alice.” 17. @.” 2.He promised he ______________________(come) soon. “We have spent all the money this morning. “I go to church on Sundays.say. 12. =+?"6 1574. till noon yesterday. “Your English has improved. “We are not going out tonight.Jane. In the nineties scientists claimed that they ___________________ _______________ (perfect) an electric car by the beginning of the next century.Tom.grumble.” 12.reply.” 9.” 6.Brian.He said that Helen ____________________ (meet) her first husband while she ____________________________ (work) in a New-York publishing house.observe. 9.remind(smb).My instructor told me he ___________________ (let) me fly solo when I ______________________ (fly) another ten hours.m.” 4. 4.object.He.Mike. “You’re tired because you’ve been playing computer games since morning.deny.She. argue.

“You were ill last Monday. 4.Doctor. “Your sister speaks French.They/me. weren’t you?” 15.I/my friends. “When did you part with your young man?” 14. Granny?” 17.“What has happened?” 10. 10. sir?” 8.C/"2). 5. Johnny?’ 6. “ Are you going to the pub?” 7.Mary asked the ex-convict what ________________________ (he/miss) most when he _________________ (be) in prison.She/my father. “Why are you crying.The policeman enquired if any of us _________________________________________ (actually see) the accident. 11.Mother. want to know Report the following questions: 1. “What were you doing at 5 o’clock yesterday.When they _________________ (see) him standing in the middle of the room they __________________ (wonder) how ___________________________ (he/get) in.Potts.She was surprised to see that her grandfather’s clock _________________ (stop). “Where have you been?” 12.He said that when he ____________________ (arrive). “Have you ever tasted the original French wine?” 11.He asked how much ___________________ (I/think) ________________ (it/can) cost. “What is your name?” 2. and wondered if somebody __________________________ (fiddle) with it. Reported Questions can be introduced by the verbs: ask (smb).He. “Do you want to insure your car.The tourist wanted to know how long ____________________________ (it/take) to get to Edinburgh by coach.We/Mrs. wonder. “Will you go on a trip next Sunday?” 19. H. 2.The guide asked if we ___________________ (want) to see the cathedral.She. 86 . 3.He. “Are you busy tonight?” 4.Bin/his daughter.My mother enquired who _________________________________ (use) her typewriter. “When do you close?” 9. 7.Mr. 9.The night sister asked Mr Jones how many pills ________________________________ (he/take) and he sleepily ___________________ (reply) he _______________________ (not remember).Hotel guests/receptionist. 8.The teacher/me.When I ________________ (come) home there ________________ (be) a message from Kelly asking if I ____________________ (meet) her for lunch at Maxim’s. “Who have you been waiting for since morning. Brown?” 18. “Who is it?” 3. “Did you see the accident?” 13. “Has your son been coughing for two or three days.Thompson. “How will you decorate the hall?” Open the brackets: 1. 6.Jane/her fellow-students.Alice/a newcomer.Mike’s friends.I. 12.She asked the policeman where ____________________ (she/can) park her caravan.%9E&G. doesn’t she?” 5.The policeman/a passer-by.Mrs. Sally?” 16. Mrs.inquire.I/my friend. everybody _________________ (have) a good time but not many ______________________________ (dance).The boss/his secretary.

exchange greetings.Paul/me.say good bye to smb.Mother/sons. to welcome smb. “See you later.command.” 11. “ Don’t swim out too far.” 5.ask. boys!” 2.She said.” 2.My friend said.Doctor/his patient. request. “Go on. recommend. My name is Tom. 87 . Jackson. “Don’t forget to fill in the form.-How do you do. “Don’t forget what I told you!” 15.” they said.”Have a nice journey!” he said to his parents. everyone!” 14.)6 11 2/.wish.The lecturer/students. 10.” 13.Pitt/brother. Doctor/his patient.” 6.” said Alice. “Hi.)AB 1 Reported Commands and Requests can be introduced by the verbs: advise.“Cyril.” the host said to his quests. “That was awfully nice of you. tell. “Many happy returns of the day. “Stop taking sleeping pills!” 3. Teacher/his students. “Oops!” she said. will you?” 8. Report the following commands and requests: 1. “Open your mouth and show me your tongue!” Conversational Formulas can be reported with the help of the following verbs: greet.” 7.)). Mr. Mummy!” 12. Mr. Dad.beg.” 3.encourage. “Happy birthday. thank(smb for doing smth).implore.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . “meet my friend Brian./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. Stanley? 4.:+.My boss. Entering the room.%. please!” 13. “Don’t take any risks!” 5. “Good morning. to make an exclamation of surprise … etc.A hostess/ her quests.The teacher said.forbid. “I wish you the very best.entreat.Mr. 9.order. “Don’t order the wine!” 9. @.He/his sister. McDonald? -How do you do. “I’m sorry. 15. =+?"6 1574.remind. introduce(oneself.John/his friends.The receptionist. Mr.Mary said. “Oh. “Will you post some letters for me?” 7.”Let me introduce myself.apologize( to smb for doing smth). Mrs. friends. “Wait for me. Green. “Be quiet.Mrs. “Don’t answer his letters!” 6.Green’s wife. Bill said. Report the following phrases: 1.invite. “Take off your coats!” 4. warn. He said.Her parents/Alice. smb to smb).Granny/me.” she said. “You are welcome. lord!” he exclaimed.”Never say such things again!” 12. I’m late. 11. look for a job!” 10. to congratulate smb on smth. 8. urge. ‘Don’t speak so loudly!” 14.

James. and I still don’t know where everything is.Did you like it there? James. Tom.O. Mother. 88 .%9E&G.I’ll be here for 3 weeks.How do you do? Mother. Mike.Thank you very much.Why do you say that? I think you are making a lot of progress. Carol. We moved here a year ago.Oh! It looks like some sort of crime story.Learning a language takes a lot of efforts. Are you English? Jack.Yes. Don’t switch it over. I know how you feel. I wonder if you can help me.I’ll show you.Yes. Peter. this is Joe’s brother.Hello.Excuse me.No. Don’t give up! I’ll help you.How long are you going to stay here? Jack.Oh. Peter.I.Did you report the dialogues yesterday? Carol.No.I don’t know. Steve.It’s quite different from what I expected. Petersburg 2 years ago.Don’t worry.I want to have my hair cut. you’ll soon get used to it. but I was feeling homesick.Where have you been? James.Thank you.C/"2). I’ve only been in town a few days. H. What is it? Steve. Come in and sit down. Will you switch it on? Jane. Carol. I come from Leeds. so I really don’t know my way around yet. Betsy.K.Sure. Jane. Come on. I’ve been here once before. but I can’t find a barber shop.No. Mother. Peter-Is it your first visit to Moscow? Jack.Mother. REPORT THE FOLLOWING DIALOGUES Alan. I simply can’t understand anything. I’m not.Do you like London? David. Steve.What is on TV today? Kate.How nice to see you again. David.That’s very kind of you.I’ve been visiting relations. Betsy. Kate. Mike.How do you do? David. Tom. I visited Moscow and St. I know where one is. Mike.Don’t worry. Tom. Betsy.

)). It was very nice of you to send them to me. She told me about herself. but I haven’t played the piano since my childhood. no.)AB 1 REPORT THE FOLLOWING DIALOGUES: (Peter and John) -There’s the new girl sitting at the table near the window. (Mr Smith and Susan) -Good morning. -How are you/ -Much better./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. -Have you met her yet? -Yes. -Don’t think about it. I am afraid I’ll be lagging behind the group in my lessons now. Let’s go. -Where does she live? -In that new house across the street from the theatre. my Spanish and French are not good enough to teach them. but don’t give up. but you were too ill to see anybody. 89 . @. We will help you. the Flower School needs someone to teach English and Music. Maybe I’ll be able to find you something then.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . She simply doesn’t know anybody here. the Park School wants their English teachers to teach more than one language. Come on. By the way. =+?"6 1574.%. -That’s too bad. Did you get the flowers? -Surely. -Thank you and good bye.)6 11 2/. -I feel like meeting her. I’ll introduce you. Her father has something to do with the theatre. Can I help you? -You see. -She seems to be a serious girl. -Oh. What languages do you speak? -Unfortunately. but he isn’t an actor. we had lunch together yesterday. (Jane and Kate) -May I come in? -Is that you. -I came here before. The doctor says I’ll be allowed to go out in a few days. Do you play the piano? -I know a lot about music. She doesn’t talk much to anybody. I am looking for a job as an English teacher. thank you. -Well. -Thank you very much. she likes to talk. Jane? Come in! It’s very good of you to come and see me. I did. -Do you miss school? -Very much.:+. Come back in a week. -I’m afraid those are all the jobs I have today.

you see. but don’t talk so fast. I don’t like crowded parties. 90 . Cyril is speaking. Alice.I. will you? What did you say before? -Are you doing anything special tonight? -No. will you? -O. REPORT THE FOLLOWING DIALOGUES: -Hello. but I can’t hear. Is this better? -Yes. I’ll give you a ring. I’m terribly sorry. -Does it hurt you to swallow? -A bit. Thank you.K. Are you busy tonight? -Cyril. please. Did you have much fun there? -I don’t think so. H. Haven’t we met before? -Sure. It’s Glenn. -I’ll try. -What’s the matter? -I guess I have picked up some infection. -Call a doctor and don’t take any medicine until he comes. And besides. when I come home. I’ve got a terrible headache and feel dizzy. -Thank you. -Hello. … Speak louder. -Were you wearing that striped dress with a black ribbon? -Of course I was. -Hello. -It’s a pity you are not with us now. There is so much noise there that people can’t hear each other. Would you like to go? -With pleasure. I’m not feeling well. Your face seems familiar to me. Glenn. What’s yours? -I’m John. -Don’t say so! Sometimes you meet very interesting people there. When shall we meet? -I’ll call for you at 5. Why did you ask? -I’ve got two tickets to the theatre. I’m running a temperature. Alan.%9E&G. -How long have you been like this? -Since yesterday. My name is Jane. Why aren’t you here at the party? -Hi. I saw you at Mike’s party 2 weeks ago. nothing special. Don’t worry about me and have a good time.30.C/"2).

#% < .%.%=87 .U=%"8#& >V<(.-40-.)AB 1 Translate the following sentences into English.0 (. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 3. '3 5 % 2#0.-#3. 2 2* (%# 58. 0 " . . @. .0 >-4-T88.%% 58. "0.'0*"%*8 % 2*%(50"*%'0# /0 .. =" . ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 91 . *0/>*0(3'08" '8T% 2 '(86 .0(" <T88 '*85< % .0.%>-4& %/ 87 ( (8486. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 2./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. =" -$8 =%"0#0 O".%. (2* (%# 58. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 4.<. I 4%" #% . (.8 *0((.8 /02#0"%" 2 #5%##% .86 2 7 ("%"& .C0 ( >8(84 '0. 5.0"8.0. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 7. 7 -.)6 11 2/. -$8 '%48# O"% Y " 7*0Y%%. .L8 '("0M" . '8=. =" . 5.8".%7.0/0#. " 5. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 6. 58.W"0*%.0 ' (" .0 /02048.8 #:>%" (' 87 ( (840 2 .8.0"8. =" . (. .%# 48"<5.%>-4& ' '3I 4. . "'8"%#. 740 >3# 5 # 435. B*0" (#M/. . % .^. G < 2 4*-70 (2* (%#0 58.82*%<". ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 8. 748 < *0> "0: ' .4 '0#0 '(85 2* =%"0"& 8M. 740 $%# ' 87 .\ I%"%"8#% (.38. .^. 2*%84.. 1.0/0#.:+.< . .<.0/3'0"& 5058.0.0 . =" .0. ("%. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 9.87 >-4-" .% 2 *8.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 10. 8(#% .0/0#%.^.Z (2* (%# 87 .% ->&:" 87 (3. =" ( #. '("*8=0# #% < .< (2* (%#%. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 5.))..0 4 ##0* '. =+?"6 1574.0/0#0.3 . 0 (04%"(< .

0/0#. . (48#0"& 2 .8 (%4%". ' O" '*85< . -2*0$.0 *0/7 '0*%'0#0 2 "8#8Y . %4. Translate the following sentences into English.-20"& O".%" O" 7 2 (8"%"8#<. "0.`8. #&.0 2 2*0'%#0(&.%6 ' "8"*04%.88. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 6.^. 1.0/0#0. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 7. #&/. "0. 4 * 70 >3#0 =8.-.0 5. (.0.0 =8.8 .%. #8" < %/-=0: %(20.*8"0*& 2 %.0/0# .-.0.T%. #&. (. .8(. Z 2 2* (%#0 87 8I0"& 584#8. (2* (%# 2* 40'L0.<< 5 48#& "8#8Y . 6.>#-/.0.8.02 5.0. =" *0/>-4%" 58. (" %" 2 (#84. #&.8 2 5.% 2 %.C/"2)..^.8 /0>-4.8 2 .<.%0.0 (. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 3. =" . =" . ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 4.< /0'"*0. "0. % < (.0/0#0 5. (.0/0#.& >%48#0(&. 8(#% < . ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 2.8".0/0#%. ."8*8( '0#%(&. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 9.%9E&G. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 10. . U=%"8#& (.0 C .8 28*82%(3'0"& 2*0'%# %/ -=8>. =" .& (.> O" 5 '8=8* 5.%6 </3.0 2# I .0Y8.0 (. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 5.0 /0'"*0 '/<"& "7-#. ^."8*8( '0#0(&. . H. #% 86 .. 740 86 (.(. 5 $..#% < ( 4*-/&<5% ' . .I. (2* (%# 58. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 8.^.85. W8.^.%"& 85. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 92 .E$ .

0.( >%*08"(< 2*%7#0(%"& .0 (' 6 48.0'8T0"& %I. 740-. . =" '%48#0 28*'-: =0("& Y%#&50 '=8*0 % 2 %.)).%6 </3." * (.:+.^. 740 2-"8?8("' '0#% 2 d'* 28 . =" ' 40 /0.0?86 *0> "3.%50"& O" #8.0/0#0.". .0 *8/-#&"0"05% .%208" 2*% 100cW.0 2 =0T8 .848#:. /. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 10. ..0 ./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. . ____________________________________________________________________ 3. (.. . =" * 4%#0(& ' 1978 7 4. ____________________________________________________________________ 4.08" #% .!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& .& * $48.% (. '*858.0/0#. @.0/0#.0 (.0/0#0. % .%< '(8I (' %I 4*-/86. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 7. (. =" .^.08". (. ____________________________________________________________________ 8.%" 5. 5 2 /4.8 (#%?.Z (2* (%#0 8M. =" /.^.0/0# 20L%8.E ."8*8( '0#0(&. 1. .\*82 40'0"8#& Y%/%.)6 11 2/.%"3I #:486. =+?"6 1574.Z (2* (%# 87 . ____________________________________________________________________ 2.8 2*%.<. #&.8 '("*8=0#.%8 ("*0." * (.M"(< . ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 93 .3 53 2 (8"%#%.< '8=8* 5. '("*8=0# #% .0/0#0.858L.% 2* 4#%"(< '" *0< =0("&.E%*8. ____________________________________________________________________ 5.058.0 "'8"%#0. 8(#% '8*.^.0*("' > #&?8 4'-I *0/ ' . ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 6.% ' O" 5 7 4.0/0#.%>-4& /.8 (87 4. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 9. (2* (%# 58. =" -4 '#8"' *8.0 (.0 0'" >-(8.)AB 1 Translate the following sentences into English. =" 2 /' .a 4%"8#% 2 2* (%#% (3.%.

7 .d(#% >3 . H.0.%.d(#% >3 .8 Y%.0*"%. 53 >3 2*8. BUT FOR… But for + noun But for + noun Would (could.8 8M '(23#&=%'36 I0*0.8 I * ?86.%8.%. . _____________________________________________________________________________ 94 .*0'%# (& "43I0"& ' O" 6 ("*0. 6.0/0# (86=0(.0 ( >*0.d(#% >3 . 53 >3 2 #-=%#% 2%(&5 ' '*85<.8 ?%>.. _____________________________________________________________________________ 5. .8 -/.But for this unpleasant accident the party _______________________(be) a success.8 .But for him nobody _______________________(notice) this mistake. they ________________________(arrive/already). 2* '8#% #8" .8.%8. 8 7 *# .0 ' 04*8(8.But for the late hour it ______________________(be) possible to reach him on the phone.But for a foreign accent one _____________________(might/to take) him for a Russian.8 $0*0."8*8(.8 >3 .%9E&G.0#0 "0.0< (L8..82# I0< *0> "0. But for her help. 8. 10. < >3 . I would have got into serious trouble. Open the brackets: 1.8 (( *%#%(&. 5.8 87 > #&.%8 ?%>.d(#% >3 . 3.-: L8. < >3 "8>8 > O" 5 *0((. 5. _____________________________________________________________________________ 8. I would be in trouble now.8. _____________________________________________________________________________ 6. O" >3#0 >3 . might) + present bare infinitive Would (could.*0(.d(#% >3 . 7 %.d(#% >3 . >3 '3("-2%# '=8*0 .0 >3 2 #-=%#0 "#%=.8 *Y 7*0Y%=8(.d(#% >3 . _____________________________________________________________________________ 4.C/"2).0? -=%"8#&.I.% >3 . _____________________________________________________________________________ 9.But for his rival he ________________________(have) more chances of promotion. .d(#% >3 .But for the snowstorm. 740 .8 8M 2 =8*."8*.d(#% >3 . But for her help. 9. 2. Translate the following sentences into English: 1. 7.But for his bad cold he _______________________(go) fishing with us now.0#&./0 ( =%.But for her voice she ______________________(can/to be) a good actress.d(#% >3 . they __________________________(miss) the train.. _____________________________________________________________________________ 10. 5. 4.8 5 M >8T0. _____________________________________________________________________________ 3.But for her smile I _______________________(not to recognize) her.%%.g.0 >3#0 >3 '2 #.But for the taxi. . _____________________________________________________________________________ 7. _____________________________________________________________________________ 2. might) + perfect bare infinitive e.8 2 7 40.

!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& ,%./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!,:+;)6 11 2/,)), =+?"6 1574. @,)AB 1

BUT FOR… DRILL EXERCISES. Open the brackets: 1.But for her impatience, she _______________________(be) a good teacher. 2.But for his signature, we _____________________(not to believe) it was his offer. 3.But for the conference, I _____________________(help) you today. 4.But for the operation he _____________________(can/to die). 5.But for his wife, he ____________________(go) to see the doctor yesterday. 6.But for the accident, he ___________________(break) a record. 7.But for the rain, we _____________________(not to stay) at home all day. 8.But for my neighbour’s chickens, I ____________________(have) to keep my dog chained. 9. But for our guide, we ________________________(not to be able) to see half the sights. 10.But for your explanation, I ____________________(not understand) anything. Translate the following sentences into English: 1.d(#% >3 ,8 ?*05 ,0 87 T8;8, < >3 87 ,8 -/,0#. _____________________________________________________________________________ 2.d(#% >3 ,8 "8(,38 "-Y#%, < >3 2 #-=%#0 -4 ' #&("'%8 " 2* 7-#;%. _____________________________________________________________________________ 3.d(#% >3 ,8 87 > #&,0< , 70, , >3 " $8 2*%,<# -=0("%8 ' O" 6 %7*8. _____________________________________________________________________________ 4.d(#% >3 ,8 8M '8(,-?;% (freckles), ,0 >3#0 >3 =8,& ;*0(%' 6 48'-?; 6. _____________________________________________________________________________ 5.d(#% >3 ,8 >070$, 53 >3 "2*0'%#%(& "-40 28?; 5. _____________________________________________________________________________ 6.d(#% >3 ,8 8M -("0#38 7#0/0, '3 >3 ,8 40#% 86 > #&?8 30. _____________________________________________________________________________ 7. d(#% >3 ,8 7-(" 6 "-50,, ,% >3 ,8 /0>#-4%#%(&. _____________________________________________________________________________ 8.d(#% >3 ,8 > #8/,&, *8>M, ; ,8 '37#<48# (86=0( "0;%5 >#84,35. _____________________________________________________________________________ 9.d(#% >3 ,8 , =, 8 '*85<, ,% >3 ,8 /02#0"%#% "0;(%("- "0;-: (-55-. _____________________________________________________________________________ 10.d(#% >3 ,8 O" " /' , ;, O" >3# >3 =-48(,36 '8=8*. _____________________________________________________________________________

95

C/"2),%9E&G, H.I.

CONDITIONALS
Type 0 If-clause Present simple Main clause Present simple

They are used to express something which is always true. We can use when instead of if. e.g. If(When) it rains, the roads get slippery and dangerous. Open the brackets: 1.If you _____________________(watch) the news, you ____________________(learn) a lot. 2. When water _______________(boil), it ___________________(produce) steam. 3.When ice __________________(melt) it ___________________(become) water. 4.Whenever I ____________________(go) into town, I __________________(come) back with a headache. 5.If drivers ____________________(exceed) the speed limit, they ___________________(be fined). Type 1 If-clause Present Simple/Present Cont, Present Perfect Main clause Future Simple, MV + bare infinitive

They are used to express real or very probable situations in the present or future NB: When the main clause comes before the if-clause, then no comma is necessary. e.g. If we work hard, we’ll finish the project on time. Open the brackets: 1.If you __________________(do) that again, I ___________________(punish) you. 2.Providing you ________________(wear) warm clothes, you __________________(not to get) cold. 3.Paul ____________________(may/ruin) his shirt if he ___________________(climb) the tree. 4.Dave ____________________(be) home at six o’clock provided he ____________________ (catch) the five o’clock bus. 5.When I ___________________(see) Bill, I __________________(tell) him the news. 6.You ____________________(can/go) to the party as long as you ____________________(be) home before 11 p.m. 7.I ___________________(lend) you the money on condition that you ___________________ (pay) it back soon. 8.Unless you ________________________(be) busy, we ___________________(talk) now. 9.If you ___________________(like) Tom Cruise, you __________________(like) this film. 10.Provided you __________________(do) your homework, you _____________________ (can/go) out and play. 11.Unless you __________________(work) hard, you _____________________(fail) the exam. 12.-I’m not going to tell him what happened. - What if he ____________________(find) out on his own? 13.You’d better apologize otherwise he ___________________(never/to speak) to you again. 14.If you __________________(not to hurry), you _____________________(miss) the bus. 15.She ____________________(be) here at eight if she _______________(not to lose) her way.
96

!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& ,%./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!,:+;)6 11 2/,)), =+?"6 1574. @,)AB 1

Type 2 If-clause Past Simple, Past Continuous Main clause Would (could, might) + present bare infinitive

They are used to express imaginary situations which are contrary to facts in the present and, therefore, are unlikely to happen in the present or future. They are also used to give advice. e.g. -I’m going to a party tonight. - If I were not ill, I would come with you. Open the brackets: 1.-Can you help me, please? - If I ____________________(not to study), I ___________________(help) you. 2.If we __________________(be) rich, we __________________(can/afford) expensive clothes. 3.If I _____________________(be) you, I ___________________(not to go) out in this weather. 4.If I __________________(have) enough money, I _________________(buy) a car. 5.Joan __________________(to be able) to come to the party, if she ___________________(not to work). 6.Robert ____________________(might/feel) better, if you ___________________(talk) to him. 7.Mum seems very busy at the moment. __________________(I/be) you, I _________________ (help) her. 8.-Peter won’t help me with my homework. -I’m sure he ___________________(help) you if he __________________(have) the time. 9.If I __________________(not to have) to work such long hours, I __________________(be) so tired. 10. I ______________________(not to go) to the party even if they _________________ (invite) me. Translate the following sentences into English: 1.d(#% >3 < I * ? ;0"0#(< ,0 #3$0I, < >3 2*%,<# -=0("%8 ' ( *8', '0,%<I. _____________________________________________________________________________ 2. d(#% >3 "3 =%"0# 70/8"3, "3 >3 /,0# 2 (#84,%8 , ' ("%. _____________________________________________________________________________ 3.F0; >3 f3 *8?%#% O"- 2* >#85-, 8(#% >3 f05 2*%?# (& /0,<"&(< 8:? _____________________________________________________________________________ 4.d(#% >3 ,8 >3# '8"*0, 53 >3 2 %7*0#% ' >045%," ,. _____________________________________________________________________________ 5.d(#% >3 B8"(% ,8 >3#0 /0,<"0 (87 4,<, 53 >3 2 ?#% ,0 ; ,L8*". _____________________________________________________________________________ 6.d(#% >3 (86=0( ,8 ?M# 4 $4&, 53 >3 2 8I0#% /0 7 * 4. _____________________________________________________________________________ 7.C0 f0?85 58("8, < >3 2 /' ,%# 85-. _____________________________________________________________________________ 8.d(#% >3 < ,8 /,0# O" 7 4%/06,8*0 I * ? , < >3 ,8 *8; 58,4 '0# f05 ' (2 #&/ '0"&(< 87 -(#-705%. _____________________________________________________________________________ 9.d(#% >3 5070/%, >3# ";*3", 53 >3 ;-2%#% (-'8,%*3 4*-/&<5. _____________________________________________________________________________ 10.d(#% >3 - 58,< >3# 5, 7 (' > 4, 7 '*858,%, < >3 =0T8 I 4%# ' 2 I 43. _____________________________________________________________________________

97

28*8'M# >3 '=8*0 O".8=. _____________________________________________________________________________ 3.("0"&:.%. _____________________________________________________________________________ 8. They are also used to express regrets or criticism.8 >3# "0.Z 5 7 >3 4 #$%"& f05 '=8*0 48. . Open the brackets: 1.Z . Dad ___________________(not to shout) at you. 8(#% >3 (8("*0 5.8 2*%?# (& 28*848#3'0"& '8(& 2* 8.. /0.8 2* 7#<48# O" 6 ?%>..If you __________________(put) the keys in your pocket. . 2 ?#% .<". _____________________________________________________________________________ 4. .d(#% >3 .8(=0(". 8(#% >3 (5 7#0 4 ("0"& >%#8". .8 . e.<#. he wouldn’t have made such a big mistake.%8 .d(#% >3 "3 (#-?0# '. I _________________(not to be) late for school. 2 ("-2%# ' -. . 7. 10.8 2 5 7#0. 6. .=%# 87 .>3 . 'M# 50?%.g. _____________________________________________________________________________ 9.8 2* %/ ?# >3. _____________________________________________________________________________ 98 .C/"2).d(#% >3 '=8*0 .8 /0.. 9. H.%50. _____________________________________________________________________________ 7. Translate the following sentences into English: 1.________________________(I/hear) any news. Past Perfect Continuous Main clause Would/could/might + perfect bare infinitive They are used to express imaginary situations which are contrary to facts in the past.0 . if he ______________________(to change) the cassette.".If I _____________________(not to buy) this lottery ticket. .If you _____________________(not to watch) this film.0" .David _____________________(not to crash) his car. 5. I # 4.%9E&G.8 >3# "0. I ___________________(never/to win) all this money.<.I. If Simon had been more careful.0 >3 -8I0#0 8TM '=8*0. 8. 8(#% >3 . 3.%'8*(%"8" 4 7 40 . 7 (#-=0< . .If you ______________________(not to break) the window. 8(#% >3 f3 2 2* (%#% 58.She _______________________(stay) at home if she _______________________(know) that there would be so much traffic.We __________________(change) our plans if we _____________________(hear) the weather forecast. Type 3 If-clause Past Perfect. _____________________________________________________________________________ 2. .%50"8#&.88. >3 -$8 /0. .0 5 % (# '0. "3 . you ___________________(not to have) nightmares. _____________________________________________________________________________ 10. 2.(" * $. I ______________________(tell) you immediately. .d(#% >3 "3 " 740 >*0"%# '. 53 >3.They ____________________(help) us move house if we ___________________ (ask) them. _____________________________________________________________________________ 6. you _____________________(not to lose) them.^.d(#% >3 . 6 ?%>.^. 4. ' /5 $. "3 >3 '(M 2 .d(#% >3 .=%# >3 "0.If I ______________________(not to miss) the bus.&7%.0/04. >3("* 28*8' 4 O" 6 ("0"&%.%. 85.8 (48#0# >3 "0. _____________________________________________________________________________ 5.

520(.d(#% >3 . "8. Past Perfect Continuous Type 2 Main clause Would (could. _____________________________________________________________________________ 99 .If she _____________________(remember) to go to the bank yesterday . 8.8 ?"*0Y '0#% 4'0$43 /0 48.%%./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!.35. 87 >3 ..8 >3# >3 (86=0( ' "0.0 >3#0 2*%#8$.%#.g.&. we _________________(come) here.2 /' . might) + present bare infinitive If she hadn’t missed the bus.C0 f0?85 58("8 < >3 . she __________________(get) wet now. 740 >3 ( f05% > #&?8 . ____________________________________________________________________________ 8. < >3 40'.8 >8T0# 2 5 =& %5.%#%(&.If I __________________(know) them well. /0*0. >3 >3# /48(&. ____________________________________________________________________________ 7. you wouldn’t have spoken to your boss like that.If they _____________________(not to muss) their flight.(.>3 .%50"8#&.58.0/0#% ( >*0.d(#% >3 85.0 >3 .d(#% >3 .8 2 /40# . she _____________________(go) shopping today.d(#% >3 . you _______________(feel) tired. 4. we ____________________(can/go) on a holiday last summer.8 /0'0#%#0 O. . 10.8 %/'%. ____________________________________________________________________________ 5.d(#% >3 f3 .0#%. ___________________________________________________________________________ 2.If you _______________________(not to burn) the dinner. 3.".0 %.%. _____________________________________________________________________________ 10.d(#% >3 .0I 4<"(<. ____________________________________________________________________________ 9. 5.58.If we _____________________(have) enough money. 748 . we _____________________(not to sit) at this lovely restaurant."8*'&:. @. /0. she would be here now. 6.)6 11 2/.d(#% >3 f3 58. 6 ("-48.If she ____________________(bring) her umbrella. If you ____________________(not to watch) the late film.d(#% >3 . I ______________________(go) to the party. 85.If she ___________________(be) well-qualified. 9. I ____________________(can/go) to the theatre.0./058.% '/<#% .0/0# (" #%.0 2 #=0(0 *0.% >3 /. < >3 . =+?"6 1574.< *0/>-4%#% . 5 L86". .:+. ___________________________________________________________________________ 3. she ______________________(get) that job.)). 7. 6. ____________________________________________________________________________ 6. Translate the following sentences into English: 1. < .8 2*%?# (& (" <"& ' =8*84% (86=0(. If you were more sensible. they ____________________ (arrive) tomorrow. 58* 87 "8#8Y . 85.88.8 *0/7 '0*%'0#.< >3# .!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& .%. ____________________________________________________________________________ 4.If we __________________(not to like) fast food. " . Type 3 If-clause Past Perfect.d(#% >3 ' 4%"8#& >3# > #88 '.)AB 1 Mixed Conditionals Type 2 If-clause Past Simple.If I __________________(buy) the tickets. . . Past Continuous Type 3 Main clause Would/could/might + perfect bare infinitive e. Open the brackets: 1.8 "'8*"8"&(<. 2.< >3#% =0(3.&?8. h828*& f05 .

/058.If you ______________________(not to smoke) much.C/"2). we ______________________(to manage) a hill.If you ______________________(not to eat) so much ice-cream. she ___________________ (to read) books in the original.28*82%(3'0"&(< ( f05% *87-#<*. 7 > #&?8.If the job ___________________(not to be) dull.I.If he _____________________ (to be) a careful driver.II."* . 12. I _______________________ (to get) there on foot. H.36 04*8(.% '2-("-:. he _________________ (to bury) it at once.d(#% >3 .8 . 19.8 >3# .0?#0 *0> "-. 13.He is thinking of getting slimmer.We are two hours behind the schedule. he ___________________(to wear) his brother’s clothes.If he _____________________(to be) more careful. it __________________(to scratch) you. 100 .If she ________________(not to change) so much. 3. Mind all types of Conditionals:O. II. .%5. if they _______________(not to invite) her. . 5.I am not feeling well. . If he ____________________(not to cut down) on sugar.0 >3 .0#. putting the verb into the required form.%. If the engine ___________________(to work) properly.C0 f0?85 58("8. he _____________________(not to have) an accident. if he ___________________ (to go) there by train. he ________________________ (not to lose) weight. ________________________________________________________________________________ 2. 20.8 >-48" *0> "0"& -(8*4. "3 >3 -(28'0# 48#0"& . the police ____________________(not to stop) his car yesterday. 1. .%=87 "0. I think. 4. < >-4. I ___________________(to recognize) her. the roads _____________________(to be) slippery. 2. I ____________________ (to be able) to sleep last night.d(#% f3 404%"8 5.III and Mixed. she __________________(to give) us some advice.. 7 (#-=0<.8(=0(".Open the brackets. ('</0#(< ( .Be careful! If you _________________ (to tease) the cat. Translate the following sentences into English. salt and fats. 10.%9E&G. 1.8 (' 6 O#8.The journey takes 3 hours by bus. '*858.8 2 5 7#%. ________________________________________________________________________________ 3. 8.d(#% . If Sam ______________________ (to be) taller.She was happy to be present at the party. < >3 -$8 40'. ________________________________________________________________________________ 4.8 -/. I ___________________(not to be) here today. 18. ________________________________________________________________________________ 5.If she __________________(to be) here.I.. he _____________________(to get) there sooner." >3 .If the windows ____________________(not to face) a noisy street.If she _____________________(to know) French. 9. if I ____________________(not to promise) to come. She __________________(not to come). .If my dog ___________________(to give) a bone. Drill 1 (Conditionals) I. he _________________(not to give) it up.If I ______________________(not to live) far from school. 16. 7. you ___________________(to get) rid of your cough. 17. /0'0#%" O. 14.d(#% >3 "3 .d(#% >3 4*-/&< 86 . % .Where _____________________ ( you /to live) if you _______________(to have) a chance? 15.05. 11. ________________________________________________________________________________ 6.8 "*0"%# (" #&.If it _______________________(to rain). 6. .. you __________________(not to have) a fever now.

III and Mixed. 13.)6 11 2/. 9. 10.I don’t have a minute to spare." -.If I _____________________(to pass) entrance exams next week.. ________________________________________________________________________________ 10.0 *0. he ______________________(to be) here by now. . 12. ________________________________________________________________________________ 9.8 '32 #.%5 *0(("* 8. I ___________________(to be) a student.Are you going to the party too? If you ____________________(to be) ready at 8 p. the child ________________________ (not to start) crying. " . If I _____________________(to listen) to my parents.If you ___________________(not to raise) your voice. 8. 5.If he ___________________ (to be) better qualified. I _________________(to meet) you at the station.d(#% >3 '(M >3# ' 2 *<4.Open the brackets. we _________________________(to miss) it.If our teacher _____________________(to stop) giving us so much homework. 19.That was a narrow escape! If I _________________(to fall).You _____________________ (not to have) so much trouble with your car.Now I’m broke. she ___________________________(to get) promoted long ago. 17. I _________________________(to give) you a lift.Our train leaves in half an hour. @. 7. 101 .d(#% >3 .The soup ____________________(to be) tastier.I.%>-4& 2*84# $%# 2 4'8/"% 58.)). 5.)AB 1 ________________________________________________________________________________ 7. 11.If you ________________________(to insist) on smoking so much.If Jane ________________________(not to refuse) to work overtime.If Jim ___________________(not to miss) the plane. I _______________ (not to entrust) him with a new task./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. if you ___________________(not to put) too much salt in it. 14. ________________________________________________________________________________ 8.< '=8*0. 740 >3 . if you like. he ___________________ (to have) to pay an enormous rent. 15.Z >3#0 >3 (8*4%"0. ________________________________________________________________________________ Drill 2 (Conditionals) I. you ________________________(to feel) ill. 8(#% >3 . He has let us down again. . If I ______________________(not to be) busy.%# (' M >8T0. . I ____________________ (to break) my leg.m.&?8 '("0'0#0. 3. 16..8 20/43'0#0 . 4. 18.:+. if she ____________________(to be) a true romantic? 2.%. ____________________(she / to work) as a clerk.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& .If I _____________________(to know) you were coming. 1. If I _____________________(to be) you.<"%<. =+?"6 1574.8 2*%?# (& >3 %4"% 28?.II. putting the verb into the required form. I _______________________________(to help) you. Mind all types of Conditionals: O.It’s always the same! If I __________________(to decide) to leave the office early. he ___________________ (not to give) a sack.8.8 '37#<48# >3 "0.35. if you ___________________(not to let) other people use it so often. my boss __________________ (to call) me after I have left.0 /0.d(#% >3 .%8.8 . 6. If you _______________________(not to hurry). 5.%.If he ________________________(to have) a stall in London. it _________________ (not to happen). we ________________________(to have) more time to enjoy ourselves. of course.

0 *0> "8.8 /048*$0#(< . I * ?%6 20*8. ________________________________________________________________________________ 102 .Those wires look a bit dangerous.%.< >3# (86=0( Y " 0220*0".8 2* 2-("%# (" #&. " 2 ?#0 >3 (86=0( ( '05% ' .d(#% >3 .35 =8# '8.0*"%. ________________________________________________________________________________ 5.0"8. ________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Translate the following sentences. >3 (*0/. If I ______________________ (to be) you.<"%6.0"&. ________________________________________________________________________________ 8.0.8 2 '8(%# 8M ' (' 86 .0: O" 7 =8# '8. 1.&.8 . ________________________________________________________________________________ 6. H. >3 -(28# .0Y8.8 . 55-.I.C/"2). . ________________________________________________________________________________ 9.d(#% >3 < I "8#0 8("&. I ___________________________(not to touch) them.0. ________________________________________________________________________________ 2. < >3 .%8. 8(#% 8TM *0/ 87 -'%$-.8?& 20#&" . 8(#% >3 . /048# f0?% =-'("'0.0.87 >3# >3 5.%I %/'8("%8.d(#% >3 . ________________________________________________________________________________ 10. 5. . < -/. . >3# .0>8#&. 20. Z >3#0 >3 -4%'#8.8?&.0 2 (#84.d(#% >3 . .d(#% >3 5. 2 #-=%# " .58. < >3 (Y " 7*0Y%* '0# O" /40.8 .40# '05 /. ________________________________________________________________________________ 7. 7 4*-/86.d(#% >3 . "3 /05M*/. 5.048.^.d(#% >3 . ..%9E&G.%6 0'" >-(. /0. II. >3 4 ("%7 #-=?%I *8/-#&"0" '.*0'%#0(& O"0 .Z 4-50:. . ________________________________________________________________________________ 4.d(#% "3 .

E0'. =" 85.. You make everyone nervous.U$8 2 *0 85. _____________________________________________________________________________ 7. _____________________________________________________________________________ 4. _____________________________________________________________________________ 9. He was so absorbed in a book that he didn’t notice it was high time for him to leave. _____________________________________________________________________________ 3.You are no longer a young man.0=0"& /0*0>0"3'0"& (8>8 . _____________________________________________________________________________ 3. _____________________________________________________________________________ 8. \ *0 >3 "8>8 #-=?8 /0> "%"&(< (' M5 /4 * '&8. _____________________________________________________________________________ Translate the following sentences into English: 1. _____________________________________________________________________________ 9. _____________________________________________________________________________ 4. 2 *0 /0$8=& ('8".>3"& /48(&.)AB 1 SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD IN COMPLEX SENTENCES.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . 8? _____________________________________________________________________________ 5.)6 11 2/. O. It’s time for somebody to put an end to it.\*82 40'0"8#& (./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!.%"&(<.%./058. @.)).40'.05. It’s time for you to settle down..0 $%/.They said it was time for him to tell us what he was after. _____________________________________________________________________________ 103 . _____________________________________________________________________________ 7. 2 *0 .Isn’t it time for you to be more sensible? _____________________________________________________________________________ 6. =" 2 *0 >3 .C8 2 *0 #% 86 2 . _____________________________________________________________________________ 2. It’s time for you to stop fussing.I think it’s time for us to get down to business. =+?"6 1574.2 *0 %/>0'%"&(< " 4-*. _____________________________________________________________________________ 10.05 %4"%.:+.It’s about time for her to learn to do without your help.0 -$8 . He understood that it was time for him to get on the train. 6 2*%'3=.&.C8 2 *0 >3 f05 ("0'%"& . =" .<"&.0/0#0. _____________________________________________________________________________ 8.d5.0( ' 2 .0 (.0/0#. It’s high time for the new method to be introduced into our work.j" 53 $4M5? \ *0 >3 .I call it a waste of time. f05 >3 2 *0 %/'%. IT’S (HIGH) TIME It’s (high) time + Past Simple Paraphrase the following: 1.? _____________________________________________________________________________ 10. _____________________________________________________________________________ 6.8 *8>M. _____________________________________________________________________________ 5. _____________________________________________________________________________ 2. .%.^.0=0"& 2 47 " '.

0 =-'("' '0#0 (8>< .Sharon frowned as if she _____________________(be) puzzled.0< "8528*0"-*0. _____________________________________________________________________________ 5.0 58. H. _____________________________________________________________________________ 10. (# '. _____________________________________________________________________________ 104 .^.8 2 #&/ '0#%(&. 7 ' *%" 2 -Y*0. 8.8# '.I. gentlemen.87 >3#0 '3( .” he said as if this meeting (not to be planned) weeks ahead. 4* $0#.0 .88 '*85<. 9. She looked as though she ________________________ (cry). “I’m glad you could come. 7 -. He was beginning to feel as if he ________________________(never/be) away. (# '.0"%#%(& ( (58I-.%>-4& *0/>-4%"&. _____________________________________________________________________________ 4.8 4 >*<# 5 87 2*84# $8.^..^. 3.0 . (# '. _____________________________________________________________________________ 6. "<$8# .^.^. *0((. As I opened the door I seemed to hear a changing sound as if a mass of metal ______________________ (fall). Translate the following sentences into English: 1. 4. >-4" . >-4" 2# I (20# ' 2 (#84.^. INTRODUCED BY ‘AS IF/THOUGH’ AS IF/THOUGH + PAST SIMPLE/PAST CONTINUOUS e.%8. >-4" >8$0#0 '(: 4 * 7-. but he wore his old clothes as though it _____________________ (not to matter) much what one wore.He found Brenner standing on the sidewalk in his dirty raincoat and shaking as though he _________________________ (suffer) from a malarial attack. SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD IN CLAUSES.Whenever I saw them it looked as if they _____________________ (not to be) on very good terms. 7.8#0.^. (# '..%9E&G. >-4" .g. .8M. 5.He looked at me as though he _____________________(want) to ask me something.F 5. He was not so well-dressed as Robert.% 7 ' *%#% ?M2 " 5.C/"2). Open the brackets: 1. _____________________________________________________________________________ 7.he looked at us suspiciously as if he _______________________(not trust) us. '37#<48# "0. 2 (5 "*8# . The house looked as if it had been deserted for weeks. '(8 (5 "*8#% .% 2 .g. AS IF/THOUGH + PAST PERFECT/PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS e.. _____________________________________________________________________________ 9. >-4" 8: 2 .%<.^.. O" 87 '" * 6 </3.^. . -'%48#0 2*%'%48. who always looked as though he _________________ (step) out of a shop window. 10.<. It looks as if nobody knew the answer. (# '. 2.%.L-/(. _____________________________________________________________________________ 3.0 43?0#0 "0. _____________________________________________________________________________ 8.0/0# %5 =" -" (58?.0 2 >#84. 8.0"0 '37#<4%" "0. > <#%(& . 6. _____________________________________________________________________________ 2.

we use the following constructions: 1) would rather + present bare infinitive (present/future) e. -Shall I tidy your bedroom for you? . .I think it’s going to rain today. 8.g. 6.You’d better ________________________(not go) to work today then.I’d rather you __________________(not to touch) it. 3.-Did you enjoy the party last night? .-Did you enjoy the play last night? -No. I would rather watch a comedy than (watch) a thriller. You’d better _______________ (take) your umbrella with you. When the subject of would rather is different from the subject of the following verb. I’d rather not have gone to the dinner party last night. 7. 2) would rather + bare infinitive (past) e. I would rather we ___________________(see) a comedy instead. actually. 9. so you’d better _____________________(take) your keys with you. When the subject of would rather is also the subject of the following verb. I’d rather do my shopping tonight. we use the following constructions: 1) would rather + past tense (present/future) e. -Shall I dust the computer. I’d rather ________________________(go) to the cinema. -I didn’t enjoy my lunch today. He would rather __________________ (study) History than Maths. I’ll do it later. 3.g.)AB 1 HAD BETTER / WOULD RATHER Had better + bare infinitive (=should. @. =+?"6 1574.I’d rather you ___________________(not tidy) it . I would rather they _________________(play) more modern music. I didn’t enjoy Ben’s party. 7. 10.g.g. 6. I won’t be able to pay it back. I’d better _____________________(not take) out a loan. Open the brackets: 1. -They are organizing a party for Susan’s birthday. 4. 8. 2.%. 9. 4. so we’d better _____________________(not talk) about it in case she hears. 3) would rather + bare infinitive + than +( bare infinitive) e. Open the brackets: 1. Would rather (=would prefer to) expresses preference. 5. I won’t be able to pay it back. I’ll do it myself.)). 2. -So am I.We’d better ____________________(not book) a taxi to bring us tonight. 105 . 2) would rather + past perfect (past) e.I’d rather Greg __________________(go) to medical school in his youth. I’d rather __________________(eat) something else.-Did you enjoy the film last night? -Not really. 10.She would rather ___________________(go) to a disco than to the theatre. but it’s a secret./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . I’d rather you ___________________(not to make) so much noise. I would rather he ___________________(invite) more people. I would rather Kate stayed with us tonight.g.I’d rather you ___________________(not leave) your shoes in the kitchen every time.You had better ______________________(work) hard at your new job. Tom? .ought to) This structure is used to give advice or to say what the best thing to do in a particular situation is. I would rather Sam hadn’t taken his father’s car. . 5.)6 11 2/.:+. You had better book your flight early. e.No. I’d rather _____________________(stay) at home.-I’ve got a terrible cold.g.I know. I’d better not take out a loan.-I’m going out in a minute. I didn’t enjoy the concert.

7.k "8# (& >3. 5. _____________________________________________________________________________ 8.8 ( '05%. =" 53 $%'M5 "0. _____________________________________________________________________________ 2. H.8 I "8# (&.I. 52&:"8* 5.88 ' '3> *8 4*-/86.%9E&G. _____________________________________________________________________________ 106 .. Open the brackets: 1.`0#&.If only the wind ____________________(stop) blowing so hard. 8. _____________________________________________________________________________ 6. =" >3 "3 =0T8 2 5 70# * 4%"8#<5 2 I /<6("'-.`0#&. SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD AFTER “I WISH/If ONLY”.38 58" 43 #8=8. =" '3 "*0"%"8 "0. =" >3 #:4% >3#% > #88 4*-$8#:>. People wish the government did something about unemployment.`0#&. Translate the following sentences: 1. I wish you _________________(have) a picture of them with you.05.8 -588" *0> "0"& ( .%<. `0#&.The police wish they _____________________(be) better equipped to work more efficiently. =" '3 .35%.He wished his mother still _______________________(live) nearby.`0#&. We use the verb wish and the expression If only to express a wish.g. 7 48.C/"2).k "8# (&. _____________________________________________________________________________ 10. 3. _____________________________________________________________________________ 3. 40#8.87.How I wish I ___________________(can) play some musical instrument! 6.He wishes people __________________(not to make) him sign autographs wherever he goes. 2.F0. I wish he were/was more careful. 2 #-=0:" " .I wish you ___________________(tidy) your room more often. =" >3 %I 4 =& >3#0 (" * $. =" #:4% *84. _____________________________________________________________________________ 9.I wish I ______________________(not to share) the room with my brother. =" < (86=0( . 4*-7 " 4*-70. $0#&. _____________________________________________________________________________ 4.If only it ______________________(stop) raining! 10.8 '8*%"8 . G %5 ( (84<5 I "8# (& >3. =" 5 < 2 4*-70 . F0.I have never seen your kids. _____________________________________________________________________________ 7.If only I _____________________(not to have) to take the train to work every day. 9. _____________________________________________________________________________ 5. 5. When we want to say that we would like something to be different in the present we use: I wish/If only + Past Simple/Past Continuous e.g. =87 I "<". NB! We can use were instead of was after wish or If only: e. =" >3 '(8 '*0=% %(2 #&/ '0#% > #88 ( '*858. >3 5. 4.

.If only our plan _____________________( not to fail).)AB 1 When we want to express regret that something happened or did not happen in the past we use: I wish/If only + Past Perfect e. _____________________________________________________________________________ 6. 3. 6 > #%.0/0#0 " 5. 2./058=0"8#&.7#%6(.-. `0#&. 5.-.`0#&.%.E (04.I wish I ______________________(practise) harder before the concert. _____________________________________________________________________________ 2. 9. 7. 4.He wishes he ___________________(not to lose) control of himself. =" .She wishes she ___________________(invite) classmates to her party. but the matter was urgent."8*'&:8*. " *-: 2 40# /0<'#8.-: 48'-?.`0#&.G8#0. 8. @. _____________________________________________________________________________ 8.I wish I _____________________(not to speak) to Jane like that.%8.-. I wish/If only I hadn’t stolen the motorbike Open the brackets: 1.8 '#:>%#(< ' O". =" < .I’m exhausted. _____________________________________________________________________________ 9. =" %4M" . _____________________________________________________________________________ 10. `0#&. 10. _____________________________________________________________________________ 4. =" (./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. I wish I ___________________(do) some of the housework yesterday. =" 87 %(.0=0#0 -=%"& 0.g.8 .0*("' " 7 # '.0 . =" E8.&?8 . #3. =" < /0>3#0 / .I wish I _____________________(study) more when I was at school.8 2 #-=%# "."%. 4 50.They wish they ___________________(buy) a house. =" < *0. _____________________________________________________________________________ 7.%6. < . .8 2 $0# %. _____________________________________________________________________________ 3.)6 11 2/. _____________________________________________________________________________ 5. .0 '8=8*%.#:=%#% %/ ?.<#0 O" #8. 6.:+. Translate the following sentences into English: 1.`0#&. =" "3 -$8 '3* (! _____________________________________________________________________________ 107 .8 2*%.I wish I ________________________(not to call) you in the middle of the night.`0#&.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& .%( . =" < 2 42%(0# " 740 '(8 >-507%.C02*0(..If only we ___________________(go) to France last summer.% 2 $0#8#0.`0#&.*-.)). =+?"6 1574.*0> "-.

g. I wish I could travel abroad. He seems very upset. ! After the subject pronouns I and we we use could instead of would.-Paul.-I wish Paul ________________________(tell) me what is wrong with him.-If only it ______________________(stop) raining. I wish I ____________________(go) because I would like to see everyone again.No. . I’ll try. e.-Are you going to your school reunion party next week? . I wish you __________________(stop) making so much noise! -Sorry.-I wish I _________________________(be) back at school again. -Yes. Then we could go for a walk.I.-If only Bob ___________________(call) me.-I wish you __________________(help) with the housework more often. 3. . .%9E&G.Why don’t you ask him to turn it down? 6.-I wish Mark ___________________(stop) playing his music so loudly. 4. I wish/If only he wouldn’t give me so much work. . doesn’t he? 5.Don’t worry.C/"2). 7. Open the brackets: 1. I’m sure he’ll phone soon. b) to express our desire for a change in a situation or someone’s behaviour.g. 2. e. e.Yes. The structure wish/If only + would is used a) for a polite imperative. -What would you like me to do? 8. weren’t they? 108 . H.Those were great days .g. I wish you would pay more attention.

I’m trying to concentrate. 18.I wish we _____________________(to get) down to business at once. I wish I ________________________(to go) to the doctor when I first felt pain. =" . 15. _____________________________________________________________________________ 6.< ' 2 . 17. 4. _____________________________________________________________________________ 5.They wished they ______________________(to accept) the invitation. I wish he ______________________(to be) in town at present.%. =" -=%"8#& /040M" ./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!. =" < . The party was so boring.*0( "3. 5.36. 5.I wish there __________________(to be) an enquiry office nearby. 6 50?%..k * ? >3 (86=0( >3# #8" ! _____________________________________________________________________________ 4. 1.I wish I ___________________(to live) far from my office.0( . 6 *0((8<. I don’t know their address. 16.8 I "8# (&.)6 11 2/. _____________________________________________________________________________ 9. @. >3 5. .He wishes he ________________________(to go) to bed so late. 8. putting the verb into the required form. =" . =" >3 f3 ("0'%#% 58. Open the brackets.<#0 -=0("%8 ' . _____________________________________________________________________________ 10.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& .I wish I ____________________(to eat) so much ice-cream.I wish he ___________________(to be) so inexperienced. 14. 20.I wish the shops _____________________(to close) so early on weekdays.F0. 3.-*(8 . _____________________________________________________________________________ 109 . 10. 9.`0#&. _____________________________________________________________________________ 2.0 $0#88". 13. _____________________________________________________________________________ 7. >3 5. 7. I wish he ____________________(to come) on time.He wishes he __________________(to know) several languages.( '8"-.8 -58: 2#0'0"&. $0#&.They haven’t been on speaking terms for about a week and now he wishes he ____________________(to be) so rude to her.0 4 5.`0#&.3. 1. =" .8> 70"0 % . 7 .0 2*%.`0#&. She got soaked to the skin. There is an interesting film on.-20"& 4 * 7%8 '8T%.`0#&.8 2 (#84 '0# f0?85.I wish I ___________________(can) drive. 6.8 5 $8" 2 /' #%"& (8>8 2 .Sometimes he wished he ____________________(to choose) another topic for his course paper. 19. =" O" 2* %/ ?# ' f0?8 "(-"("'%8.Ann wished she __________________(to take) her umbrella. Mind the negative forms.`0#&.)). 12.I wish the children _____________________(to stop) making so much noise.05 "0.:+.^. _____________________________________________________________________________ 8.Paul wishes he ___________________(to have) an ability to motivate people. =" >3 . 11.He is always late. He always feels sleepy during the day.. 8. "0.I wish you ____________________(to act) responsibly next time. I have a stomachache 2.F0.)AB 1 Drill 1 (Subjunctive Mood after ‘I wish’) I.8 I "8# (&. _____________________________________________________________________________ 3.F0..I wish you _____________________(to be) busy. =+?"6 1574.8" ("%*0#&. Translate the following sentences into English. =" < . II.We can’t sign this contract in his absence.

_____________________________________________________________________________ 10.She wishes she __________________(to know) what is wrong with her car.8 2*%'</0# # 4.`0#&. 9. =" < 4 #$%# m#8. 13. 19. '*858. 6. 4$8. 18. 7.I wish you _____________________ (to be) more attentive at the lessons. putting the verb into the required form. H.C/"2). =" f3 .(. 15. Open the brackets. _____________________________________________________________________________ 110 .I wish you _____________________(to be) so unpredictable. 1. _____________________________________________________________________________ 2. >3 5. _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 4.I # 4.I wish it _____________________(to stop) raining.'8# (%284.0< -2*<50<. 16.(" #&. >3 5.G%("8* B*0-. =" < .Now we are lost.I wish the X-ray ____________________(to confirm) the doctor’s diagnosis.4 . _____________________________________________________________________________ 8.How I wish you _____________________ (to trust) me.L%48. _____________________________________________________________________________ 6. _____________________________________________________________________________ 3. 2. =" ..C8.8=. =" '3 "8*<8"8 2 2-(". >8*87-. =" . k * ? >3 .I wish the theatre tickets ____________________(to cost) so much. "0.8 -588" 48*$0"& </3. I wish you ______________________(to write) down Mary’s directions. 3.I wish the room ____________________(to look) out on a park instead of a noisy street. /0 /->05%.I wish you _______________________(to give) children so much pocket money. 8.I wish I _________________(to spend) more time swimming last summer.He wishes he _____________________(to promise) to be present at the party. ^. 5.F0.`0#&..F0. _____________________________________________________________________________ 9.I wish you _____________________(to leave) soon.The unfortunate sailor wished he ______________________ (to set) foot on board the brig.*0> ". I wish we ________________________(to go) to the Grand instead. 12.I wish he _____________________(to go) out too often.0'%$.%9E&G.`0#&. Mind the negative forms.%. It prevents him from studying. 17. I’m so upset.0. ^.This is an awful hotel. I wish he ___________________(to have) it cut.His hair is very long. _____________________________________________________________________________ 7.8 '(8740 '84M"8 (8><.I wish we _____________________(to get) further information. 7 =8# '8. 10.8 5 $8"8 /0>3"& > O" 5 %.8 I "8# (&. =" >3 f3 4 48#0#% O". II.`0#&. .8 I "8# (&. Translate the following sentences into English.8 '8*. % .I wish we ____________________(to be) alone and __________________(can) gossip about the people we know.0 "0. 2 $0#8#..`0#&."8. He doesn’t feel well. I’ll miss you.*-7#36 7 4 >3# "82# % ( #. .He wished the car _____________________ (to register) in his name. =" f3 . 11.0 -2#3#0.-# 87 . =" >3 f05 2*84("0'%#% O" 7 =0* '0"8#&. .0. _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 5. 14. Drill 2 (Subjunctive Mood after ‘I wish’) I. 20.I.`0#&. 4.L0."#&58. 1.

I’d rather you _______________(not to mention) this to anyone until next week. 111 .Helen ____________________(to continue) her studies if she _______________(get) a grant. 9. 14. =+?"6 1574.I wish you _______________(teach) me how to drive one day. if you ____________________(tell) me the truth. If Tom __________________(not to lie) to his parents.If I _________________(be) you I __________________(lie) to my parents about what happened. she _____________________(call) us by now. 6. 17.If you _____________________(meet) John now. 10. it __________________(hit) you.If you _______________(not to let) her make decisions. 4.It __________________(be) better. 4. 8.You had better _______________________(join) a gym. 13.He didn’t win a prize.They _________________(open) the door if they __________________(know) who was there.!"$%&" (&)&$+" (& . if you _________________(not to put) so much salt. 7.Tom speaks to everyone as if he _________________________(know) everything. I ________________(invest) all my money in stocks.You had better ___________________(not to go) out tonight. @.)). 5. 15. 3.The soup ________________(be) tastier.I wish I ______________________(save) some money last month. 13.But for the heavy rain they ______________________(go) out. as I miss him a lot.)6 11 2/. You may break it.He is angry with you. 18. 14.If I __________________(not to be) afraid of heights. 19.I wish I __________________(be) as good at Mathematics as you. 17. He would rather you ___________________(not to open) the letter. 2.If you _____________________(not to see) the car in time.If I _______________(be) you. but she says she would rather _______________(go) to Spain. 11. but he looked as though he ____________________(win) one. 11.It’s about time you ____________________(go) on holiday. 16.They spoke as if they ____________________(know) each other for years. they ___________________(not to be) angry with him now. 8./+0)2&34 67824 9/6 4!.I’d rather you ______________________(not to touch) my favourite vase. 3. 18.Sue went to France this year. 12. 15.)AB 1 REVISION: CONDITIONALS/WISHES/HAD BETTER/WOULD RATHER Open the brackets: 1.We’d better ______________(take) some money for a taxi in case we______________(miss) the last bus home. she _______________(never/learn).:+.I wish you ______________________(make) an effort to improve your life. you _____________________(not to recognize) him. they ________________(be) angry with him.If you _________________(leave) early. 7. 10. It’s about time she _______________________(learn) how to cook. 20. 9.If you ___________________(not to practice) daily. you ___________________(meet) Tim. you ___________________(never/learn) to play the piano.Tony wishes he _______________________(have) enough money to buy a new car. 5. 6.I wish I ________________(invite) more people to my fancy party last Saturday. 2. I __________________(join) you .But for the children. I ______________(try) parachuting. but she says she would rather _________________(study) History. 20. 19. 12.I wish Alan _____________________(not to move) away.John had better ___________________(not speak) to me like that again.Liz studied Art at college.%. Open the brackets: 1.If Tom _________________(lie) to his parents.Jack would rather ________________________ (learn) Italian than German. 16.Tina would rather _______________(eat out) than _______________(cook).If she ____________________(hear) the news.

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