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Cambridge O level

Topic
1. Fibres, yarns and fabrics An outline of the following natural fibres: Vegetable fibres • cotton • flax Protein fibres • wool • silk 1.1 Origin, properties and production of fibres An outline of the following manufactured fibres: Regenerated fibres • viscose • acetate Synthetic fibres • polyamide (nylon) • polyester • acrylic • elastane An understanding of the difference between fibres, yarns and fabrics. An understanding of the following terms involved in making fibres into yarn: • blending 1.2 Fibres to yarns • carding • combing • spinning • filament yarns • staple yarns 1.3 Fabric construction A brief outline of the following woven and non-woven fabric construction:

Detailed content

twill and satin weaves • knitting – weft and warp knitting • bonded webs • non-woven fabrics • wool felt An understanding of the following performance characteristics of fibres/fabrics: • abrasion resistance • strength 1. batik.4 Performance characteristics • elasticity • absorbency • wash ability • flame resistance • moth resistance • mildew resistance • thermo-plasticity An understanding and use of: • dyeing of fibres. including block.6 Fabric finishes • calendering Chemical finishes • anti-static • crease-resistance • easy-care • flame resistance .• weaving – plain. yarns and fabrics 1. stencilling and roller methods • the safe handling and use of dyestuffs An understanding of the following fabric finishes as they relate to improving performance of fabrics for clothing: Mechanical finishes • brushing 1.5 Application of colour • tie dye. silk painting • printing of fabrics.

Manufacture of textile items An understanding of the following production methods for garments and fashion accessories: 3.• stain resistance • water repellency An understanding of the appearance and handling of the 1. high street retailers.7 Appearance and handling of fabrics following: calico. crêpe. as 2. poplin. seersucker. satin.2 Health and safety in the workplace An understanding of the choice.8 Smart and modern fabrics for different uses. denim. and occasion. and Vilene. organdie. tricot. lawn. felt.1 Fabric choice and fitness for purpose follows: • choice and selection of patterns/fabrics/ components • the brief study of one fashion designer and one accessory designer • designer shops. jersey. corduroy. muslin. safe use and care of small equipment and sewing machines when . cambric. for example: • interactive fabrics that respond to light • micro-encapsulation • reflective textiles 2. internet shopping 3. young people and adults relating to style.1 Production methods • one-off • batch production • mass production 3. towelling. mail order. velvet. gaberdine. purchase. fashion trends. department stores. A brief outline of the smart and modern fabrics available 1. Style and contemporary fashion An understanding of the relevant factors in the choice of fabrics for garments and fashion accessories for children. gingham.

buttonholes.making textile items. 3. French. roll collar (with revers) Cuffs • buttoned cuffs. cuffs and sleeves • flat (Peter Pan). e.2 Control of fullness 4. double machine stitched. easing. free machining Seams • plain (to include various methods of neatening). An understanding and use of commercial patterns. loop-stitch and buttonhole stitch 4. seam pockets. Processes Hand-worked stiches • tailor-tacking. straight band cuffs Sleeves • set-in (plain. bound.3 Openings • darts. 3. gathers. changes to shape of neckline.5 Sequence of processes 4. pleats. over locking. tucks • continuous strip. hemming.4 Patterns including pattern alterations and simple adaptations. raglan 4. gathered). overlaid 4. lengthening and shortening. shirt sleeve. pleat. zig-zag.3 Components manufactured components in the making of textile items.1 Stitches and seams Handworked stitches Machined stitches • straight stitch. running stitch. elasticated • patch. gathers or tuck insertions. faced Collars 4. faced hip pocket • hems (hand or machine stitched) An understanding of the sequence of processes in assembling textile items. decorative stitches. An understanding of the selection and use of pre3.6 Pockets 4. sliphemming. .g.4 Collars.5 Waist finishes 4. tacking.7 Edge finishes • stiffened waistband.

stem. quilting. and other trimmings • an appreciation of the use of hand and machine decoration to embellish textiles. Environmental issues An understanding of the impact of sustainability. bonded and woven types • zips. and machine embroidery 6. lace. the combination of hand and machine work to embellish textiles. Pressing • choice. such as appliqué. recycling and safe disposal of resources used in the production of textiles. beads. Decoration and embellishment • the preparation and use of traditional and original creative designs from a variety of sources • the development of designs for textile items • decorative stitches such as satin. and French knots • the use of braid. hand embroidery. buttons and buttonholes (machine worked). sequins. press studs. Use of information technology (IT) An awareness of how CAD/CAM is used in the production of textile items.• bindings (crossway strips and commercial binding) • cutting and joining crossway strips 4. cross. purchase and care of pressing equipment used in the production of textile items • pressing of textile items during and after construction 7. hooks and eyes 5.8 Interfacings 4. . Labelling of textile items • care labelling of textile items • eco-labelling 8. 9. ribbon. chain stitches.9 Fastenings • sew-in and iron-on types. fly.

to include viscose. including experimental and investigative tasks. to include polyamide. acrylic. aramid. silk (wild and cultivated) and hair fibres Man-made (a) the range of regenerated cellulose fibres. acetate. Candidates have the opportunity to develop an understanding of the content through a range of practical activities. Fibres and Fabrics In this module. modacrylic.2 Performance characteristics For each fibre the following must be considered and related to the end use: (a) the variation of fibre length and fineness (b) the levels of moisture absorption of fibres and the relationship to comfort. elastane. modal. lyocell (b) the range of synthetic polymer fibres. triacetate. Candidates should have an understanding of: 1. polyester. flax and jute (c) protein fibres – wool. extensibility and elastic recovery in both dry and wet states (d) the flammability of fibres . candidates should develop a critical appreciation of the complexity of the relationships between the performance characteristics and use of fibres and fabrics in different contexts. shrinkage and ease of care (c) the tensile strength. chlorofibre (c) new developments in fibre technology 1.1 Fibres Natural (a) the sources of natural fibres (b) cellulosic fibres – cotton.Cambridge International AS Level 1.

1 x 1 purl. satin. structure. to include sectional diagrams of plain. to include velvet. velveteen. knitted and non-woven (bonded) fabrics 2. stitch-bonded. for example latch. fibre composition. to include needle types and actions. adhesive bonded fibre. locknit and raschel (d) the difference in performance characteristics of warp and weft knitted fabrics in terms of appearance. dobby and Jacquard weaves (c) further methods of weaving and sectional diagrams of cut and loop-pile fabrics.(e) the differentiation of fibres using microscopic examination and standard burning tests 1. twill. interlock (c) the structure of warp knitted fabrics. sateen. to include plain. 1 x 1 rib. Design . stretch characteristics. thermo-bonded. to include tricot. to include weaving.4 Knitted fabric construction (a) the principles of weft and warp knitting. yarn suitability and end uses 1.3 Woven fabric construction (a) the basic methods of fabric construction. bearded and compound needles (b) the structure of weft knitted fabrics. spun-bonded and felt (b) performance characteristics and end uses of non-woven fabrics (c) the comparative performance characteristics of woven. knitting and nonwoven (b) the systems/methods of weaving. corduroy and terry towelling (d) the effect of these weaves on the performance characteristics of the fabric (e) the additional effects of fibre composition and yarn types on the performance characteristics of woven fabrics 1. to include needle-punched.5 Non-woven fabric construction (a) the types of manufactured non-woven fabrics.

contemporary and experimental textile processes and techniques later in the course at Cambridge International A Level. colour. to include one-off (job).3 Clothing manufacturing processes (home-based and industrial) (a) manufacturing methods. to include designer shops. markets and electronic developments in retailing (for example. fabric. proportion. candidates should develop a critical appreciation of design through the study of contemporary.1 Design principles (a) the aesthetic qualities that contribute to good design of textile products: for example shape. mail order. e-commerce) 2. historical and multicultural design sources and processes.2 Contemporary fashion (a) the concept of fashion (b) the influences that determine contemporary fashion (c) fashion cycles. balance. style. to include fads.In this module. to include retrospective fashions (e) why fashion changes (f) the merits of a range of textile outlets. department stores. high street retailers. They will use this knowledge as the basis for exploring a range of traditional. rhythm. discount stores. franchises. classic and standard trends (d) fashion revivals. pattern and visual appeal (b) the application of these qualities to a textile design (c) functional design (d) the development of designs for creative textile applications from natural and man-made sources (e) the use of pattern and decoration from historical sources as a starting point for a design (f) the influence of cultural heritage on textile design (g) the influence of computer-aided design (CAD) to create or develop design ideas 2. batch and mass production . Candidates should have an understanding of: 2. texture. line.

Textile Applications In this module. drape and texture. minimum care (e) the value of fabric finishes for specific end uses 3. spreading and cutting processes (c) adaptation of commercial patterns or pattern alteration (d) the methods of marking and other pre-sewing processes (e) the use of hand and machine processes (f) functional processes. closures. calendering. yarns and fabrics (b) techniques using fabric manipulation: for example appliqué. openings and edge finishes (g) product assembly. delustering (c) the finishes that alter fabric handle.(b) the stages involved in pattern-making. embossing. anti-static. flame retardant. leisure and outdoor wear (b) the finishes that alter fabric appearance: for example. glazing. brushing (d) the performance finishes. sports. napping. to include joinings/seams. candidates should develop a critical appreciation of textiles and their applications in differentcontexts. to include pattern construction. workwear. to include water-repellent. to include starching. mola. soil release. using a variety of materials . types of lay plans. clothing for the disabled. Candidates should have an understanding of: 3.2 Creative techniques (a) techniques using fibres. abrasion resist. durable press. sizing. to include sewing and finishing (h) pressing and steaming methods and other product-finishing processes 3. grading. lay planning. crease resist.1 Fitness for purpose (a) the relevant factors to consider when selecting fabrics for specific textile applications. to include children’s clothing. soft sculpture (c) a range of traditional and creative approaches to hand embroidery processes.

tie dye. secondary. use of guttas. mordants and other assistants to the dye process (g) the range of craft printing processes (h) the range of creative effects that can be achieved through the use of fabric paints: for examplesilk-painting techniques.(d) the use of a sewing machine for free machine stitching (e) a range of machine embroidery techniques. other resists. yarns and fabrics for dyeing (c) the sources and use of natural dyestuffs (d) the use of synthetic fibre reactive dyes with fibres. kantha (g) experimental techniques to create texture and surface pattern (h) the appropriate use of a wide range of materials in creative textile tasks 3. to include primary.3 Designing to specification (a) the importance of designing to specification (b) safety specification standards for textiles (c) estimation of textile materials in relation to the design task (d) specification of textile materials to complete a design task 3. sponging. shisha. raised embroidery. to include the use of vanishing fabrics (f) other surface texture decorative techniques from different cultures: for example beading. discharge dyeing (f) the safe handling and dispersal of dyestuffs.4 Application of colour (a) colour theory. airbrushing 3. yarns and fabrics (e) the range of decorative effects that can be achieved with the use of dyes: for example batik. tertiary colour and colour mixing (b) the preparation of fibres.5 Yarns (a) the basic methods of making fibres into yarns. to include staple fibre yarns and filament yarns (b) the performance characteristics of staple fibre yarns and filament yarns (c) methods of production of speciality yarns and their uses . space dyeing. stencilling.

performance. pollution and sunlight (c) environmental issues related to the textile industry (d) the need for Eco-labelling (e) the development of environmentally friendly fibres: for example Tencel (Lyocell).1 Product design and development (a) the process of design and product development. fabrics and yarns for a particular specification. The content provides opportunities for developing the candidate’s coursework folder.3. abrasion. relevant to individual coursework (b) the complexity of the factors which affect the selection of fibres. felting (b) the effects of environmental factors on the wear of textile products. to include soiling. costs . Candidates should have an understanding of: 4.6 Environmental Issues (a) the factors that cause physical wear in textiles. candidates should develop a critical understanding and practical experience of textile technology from product concept to end product. pilling. the development of samples and the attainment of commercial products (b) the relationship between the aesthetic and technological requirements of the product (c) the application of appropriate criteria and personal judgements in the appraisal of a textile product (d) the importance of market research and consumer testing 4. self coloured cotton (f) opportunities for recycling textiles 4.2 Selection of materials (a) further studies in the performance characteristics of fabrics. to include the origin of style. for example aesthetic. to include snagging. Textile Technology In this module.

to include the International Textile Care Labelling Code (ITCLC) .3 Construction of textile products (a) experience of a range of textile construction processes. shaping. product and manufacturing specification 4. closures and finishing (b) stitching techniques. to include joining.4 Care of textiles (a) the principles and action of dry cleaning (b) the value of the care labelling system. chain stitch and overlocking (c) the need to consider relevant performance characteristics of construction processes (d) the use of additional materials to enhance the quality of the finished products (e) surface decoration processes. to include fibre. yarn and fabric.(c) determination of the product specification. to include machine embroidery and application of trimming (f) risk assessment and safety in the workplace 4. to include lockstitch.