Está en la página 1de 14

Pasado Simple - (Simple Past Tense)

El Pasado Simple es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para describir acciones que han sucedido en un tiempo anterior y que ya han finalizado, por ejemplo She cleaned her house! Ella limpi su casa! " broke the #indo#! $o romp la ventana! %qu& vemos su conju'aci(n que en el espa)ol equivale al Pretrito Indefinido! *bserva que la estructura de la oraci(n es similar a la del Presente Simple

Tanto en la forma interro'ativa como en ne'ativa se utiliza como auxiliarDID que es la forma pasada del verbo +TO DO+ y acompa)a al verbo principal en su forma infinitiva! En las ne'aciones puede utilizarse la forma contra&da de DID NOT o sea DIDN'T! En el cuadro superior se emplea el verbo To Play (,u'ar) a modo de ejemplo! %l e-presar una oraci(n en Pasado Simple se entiende que la acci(n no 'uarda relaci(n con el presente, como vemos en los si'uientes casos

.e lost the /eys! 0l perdi las llaves! (Puede que en el presente las a!a encontrado)! She lent me a boo/! Ella me prest un libro! (Puede que !a se lo a!a de"uelto)! Tambi1n es posible indicar el momento en que se desarrolla la acci(n para indicar el tiempo con mayor precisi(n They sa# the movie last ni# t! Ellos vieron la pel&cula anoc e! 2e #ent to 3ondon !esterda!! 4osotros fuimos a 3ondres a!er! Para poder formar una oraci(n en tiempo pasado debemos distin'uir dostipos 5E67*S 6E893%6ES y 5E67*S "66E893%6ES! En el primero de los casos forman su Pasado Simple a)adiendo la terminaci(n $D al infinitivo, mientras que los irre#ulares reciben ese nombre por no se'uir un patr(n determinado y en este caso deben estudiarse individualmente!

5erbos "rre'ulares
En el si'uiente cuadro les ofrecemos al'unos de los "erbos irre#ularesdel idioma in'l1s utilizados con m:s frecuencia! Se denominan irre'ulares porque no si'uen una re'la determinada para construir su pasado por lo que deben estudiarse de memoria! 5eremos que en la columna central se encuentra el infinitivo y el presente, ambos tienen la misma forma salvo que el infinitivo va precedido por la part&cula TO!
ESPAOL Comenzar Apostar INFINITIVO / PRESENTE SIMPLE To begin To bet PASADO SIMPLE began bet

Morder Romper Construir Comprar Elegir Cortar Dibujar Beber Comer l!idar btener Dar #r $r %aber Aprender &agar Correr 'er Cantar ler (ablar Barrer )adar Decir Comprender *anar Escribir

To bite To break To build To buy To choose To cut To draw To drink To eat To "orget To get To gi!e Tp go To hear To know To learn To pay To run To see To sing To smell To speak To sweep To swim To tell To understand To win To write

bit broke built bought chose cut drew drank ate "orgot got ga!e went heard knew learnt paid ran saw sang smelt spoke swept swam told understood won wrote

ESPAOL Atrapar Traer %oplar 'estir Cortar Conducir

INFINITIVO / PRESENTE SIMPLE To catch To bring To blow To clothe To cut To dri!e

PASADO SIMPLE caught brought blew clothed cut dro!e

Caer Encontrar 'olar &erdonar Crecer Colgar (erir &restar &erder Al+uilar ,eer 'ender En!iar Coser Brillar Dormir Mostrar Deletrear Apestar &ensar -urar Ense.ar Tomar/,le!ar Disparar %embrar *astar Escupir 0sar Despertarse E%&A1 , *olpear/derrotar Doblar Atar %angrar 3uemar E4plotar

To "all To "ind To "ly To "orgi!e To grow To hang To hurt To lend To lose To rent To read To sell To send To sew To shine To sleep To show To spell To stink To think To swear To teach To take To shoot To sow To spend To spit To wear To wake #)2#)#T#' / &RE%E)TE %#M&,E To beat To bend To bind To bleed To burn To burst

"ell "ound "lew "orga!e grew hung hurt lent lost rented read sold sent sewed shone slept showed spelt stank thought swore taught took shot sowed spent spat wore woke &A%AD %#M&,E beat bent bound bled burnt burst

'enir Costar (acer Alimentar %entir &rohibir Tener/haber Mantener Tejer 2abricar &oner Montar Decir Agitar (undir Cortar Acelerar Robar Aguantar Rasgar Arrojar Congelar Mojar Despertar Retorcer &rosperar Encoger Cerrar *uiar

To come To cost To do To "eed To "eel To "orbid To ha!e To keep To knit To make To put To ride To say To shake To sink To slit To speed To steal To stand To tear To throw To "reeze To wet To wake To wring To thri!e To shrink To shut To lead

came cost did "ed "elt "orbade had kept knit made put rode said shook sank slit sped stole stood tore threw "roze wet woke wrung thro!e shrank shut led

ESPAOL ,legar a ser Retransmitir Rega.ar Desa"iar Ca!ar

INFINITIVO / PRESENTE SIMPLE To become To broadcast To chide To dare To dig

PASADO SIMPLE became broadcast chid durst dug

,uchar Arrojar Esconder %ostener #nclinar Dejar Echarse %igni"icar Encontrarse Eliminar %ubir Buscar &oner Es+uilar Cerrar %entarse Matar Resbalar *olpear Derramar E4tender (incar &icar Diseminar Es"orzarse (inchar Balancearse &isar Acometer Dar cuerda E%&A1 , %urgir Aguantar Estar a"ligido rdenar Engendrar

To "ight To "ling To hide To hold To lean To lea!e To lie To mean To meet To rid To rise To seek To set To shear To shut To sit To slay To slide To hit To spill To spread To stick To sting To strew To stri!e To swell To swing To tread To undertake To wind #)2#)#T#' / &RE%E)TE %#M&,E To come up To stand To grie!e To bid To breed

"ought "lung hid held leant le"t lay meant met rid rose sought set shore shut sat slew slid hit spilt spread stuck stung strewed stro!e swelled swung trod undertook wound &A%AD %#M&,E came up stood grie!ed bade bred

Arrojar/,anzar Agarrarse Deslizarse sigilosamente Tratar con %o.ar (abitar Escapar Moler Desistir Arrodillarse Colocar *uiar Brincar &ermitir Encender %egar %onar &erder 5hojas6 (errar ,anzar con "uerza Dar !ueltas Di!idir %altar ,e!antarse *olpear Colgar algo ,anzar adelante Acometer Andar a zancadas %ujetar con cintur7n

To throw away To cling To creep To deal To dream To li!e in To run away To grind To stop To kneel To lay To lead To leap To let To light To mow To ring To shed To shoe To sling To spin To split To spring To stand To strike To string To thrust To undertake To stride To "asten

threw away clung crept dealt dreamt li!ed in ran away ground stopped knelt laid led leapt let lit mowed rang shed shod slung spun split sprang stood struck strung thrust undertook strode "astened

Simple Past: Negatives and Questions Introduction In the simple past tense, negative and question forms are made using the auxiliary verb "do" (in its past form, "did") followed by the simple form of the main verb. This page explains the rules. 1. Forming a negative Negatives in the simple past are formed by adding didn't (informal) or did not (formal) before the simple form of the verb. The verb ! is an ex"eption to this# in the "ase of !, we $ust add n't (informal) or not (formal) after "was" or "were"% Simple past statement Informal negative Formal negative

I had a "ar.

I didn&t have a "ar.

I did not have a "ar.

'ou ate my toast.

'ou didn&t eat my toast.

'ou did not eat my toast.

(e was here yesterday.

(e wasn&t here yesterday.

(e was not here yesterday.

They were in the par).

They weren&t in the par).

They were not in the par).

2. Forming a yes/no question 'es*no questions are also "reated using the auxiliary did. This time, the auxiliary is pla"ed before the sub$e"t. The verb ! is an ex"eption# in this "ase, we move ! before the sub$e"t. (ere are the rules% Simple past statement

es/no question

(e brought his friend.

+id he bring his friend,

They had a party.

+id they have a party,

'ou were here.

-ere you here,

.he was si").

-as she si"),

!. Forming a "#$ question -(/ questions (using words su"h as "what", "when", and "where") are also "reated by putting the auxiliary did before the sub$e"t (or moving !, as explained above). Then, you add the -(/ word at the beginning. (ere are some examples% Statement es/no question "#$ question

The building fell down.

+id the building fall down,

-hy did the building fall down,

They lived in 0an"ouver.

+id they live in 0an"ouver,

-here did they live,

The store was "losed.

-as the store "losed,

-hy was the store "losed,

They were wolves.

-ere they wolves,

-hat were they,

-hen you are sure that you understand the lesson, you "an "ontinue with the exer"ises. 1ontinue with the exer"ises

http%**web2.uv"s.uvi"."a*el"*study3one*445*grammar*pastnq.htm

http%**web2.uv"s.uvi"."a*el"*study3one*445*grammar*pastnq4.htm %&e Past Simple %ense 'also called t&e simple past tense(

()lic* &ere to learn a+out &o, to -S. t&e past simple) It&s similar to the present simple be"ause it has different rules for the verb &be&, whi"h be"omes &was& or &were&% %&e Past Simple ,it& /+e/ (ere&s how to ma)e the positive% Positive ,it& /+e/ I ,as "old you ,ere tired he ,as in the garden she ,as late it ,as sunny we ,ere on holiday they ,ere hungry To ma)e the negative with &be&, $ust add &not&% Negative ,it& /+e/ I was not sleepy you were not on the bus he was not at s"hool she was not beautiful it was not "old we were not at wor) they were not tired Negative S&ort Form I wasn/t sleepy you weren/t on the bus he wasn/t at s"hool she wasn/t beautiful it wasn/t "old we weren/t at wor) they weren/t tired

#ere/s an e0ercise to practise t&e positive and negative forms ,it& /+e/ To ma)e a question, $ust li)e the present simple, we "hange the position of &was * were& and the sub$e"t. (ere are the past simple &yes * no& questions with &be&%

/ es / No/ Questions ,it& /1e/ ,as I sleepy, ,ere you late, ,as &e at the "inema, ,as s&e )ind, ,as it hot, ,ere ,e hungry, ,ere t&ey at wor), 6nd the &wh& questions with &be& (the question word $ust goes at the beginning, everything else is the same)% /"&/ Questions ,it& /1e/ why ,as I sleepy, where ,ere you, when ,as &e at the "inema, how ,as s&e, how ,as it, why ,ere ,e hungry, when ,ere t&ey at wor), 2nd &ere/s an e0ercise for /,&/ and /yes / no/ questions #ere/s anot&er e0ercise ,it& /+e/ 't&is time it/s all forms $ positive3 negative and questions(

%&e Past Simple 'Simple Past( ,it& 4t&er 5er+s -e ma)e the past simple $ust li)e the present simple ex"ept we use &did& instead of &do * does&. It&s really easy be"ause &did& doesn&t "hange, even with &he * she * it&. The positive%

-e usually ma)e the positive by adding &/ed& to the infinitive. 7or example, &play& be"omes &played&. (owever, there are some irregular ver+s, for example &go& be"omes &went& and &ran& be"omes &run&. ((ere&s some help if you are not sure &o, to pronounce /$ed/ at the end of a verb). Positive ,it& 4t&er 5er+s I ,al*ed (regular) you played (regular) he coo*ed (regular) she listened (regular) it rained (regular) we ate (irregular) they dran* (irregular) )lic* &ere for a list of 67 common irregular ver+s 'P8F file( )lic* &ere for an e0ercise a+out irregular ver+s in t&is ver+ tense )lic* &ere for anot&er irregular ver+ e0ercise In the negative there aren&t any irregular verbs. 6ll verbs use &did not (didn&t) 8 infinitive&% Negative I did not wal) you did not play he did not "oo) she did not listen it did not rain we did not eat they did not drin) Negative S&ort Form I didn/t wal) you didn/t play he didn/t "oo) she didn/t listen it didn/t rain we didn/t eat they didn/t drin)

#ere/s an e0ercise a+out t&e negative form

9uestions are also very easy. :ust put &did& before the sub$e"t, and the infinitive after it. (ere are the &yes * no& questions% / es / No/ Questions did I ,al*, did you play, did he coo*, did she listen, did it rain, did we eat, did they drin*, 2nd &ere/s an e0ercise a+out /yes / no/ questions To ma)e a &wh& question, of "ourse, put the question word at the beginning of the senten"e% /"&/ Questions where did I go, what did you play, what did he coo*, why did she listen, when did it rain, where did we eat, how did they travel, 2nd &ere/s an e0ercise a+out /,&/ questions (ere are some exer"ises about ma)ing all the forms% 9i0ed .0ercise 1 9i0ed .0ercise 2 9i0ed .0ercise ! 9i0ed .0ercise : )lic* &ere to learn a+out ,&en ,e use t&is tense

http%**www.perfe"t/english/grammar."om*past/simple.html