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Many household utility items like needle, scissors, blades can heart if not handled properly.

Children need to be trained in their proper handling. These utility items are not banned. But because of throw away culture and no objection from passer by, the advise on sensible disposal of plastic bags are not heeded by general public forcing the government to consider banning of plastic bags all together. "Should plastic carry bags and bottles be banned in totality?" - is a heated issue today. Average Indian uses one kilogram (kg) of plastics per year, the world annual average is a alarming 18 kg. But too many do it as our cities have huge population. The country yet to take a serious view of the issue and have a uniform nation-wide law for indiscreet disposals of plastic bags. People should be educated on the proper ways of plastic bag usage and the disposal. The teaching should start right from the primary schools. "Plastic is an eco-friendly material. The real problem is littering", some claim. But there is hardly anybody who agrees with such viewpoint. Thinking rationally, the whole idea of educating people about plastic bags, although very ambitious, and it is as difficult as banning smoking The conventional older and tested alternatives offers an easy, if not fully equitable and practical solution. And all the hype that poly-bags pollute is not totally false. It is not that poly-bags are responsible for the ills, of course not, it is the humans. It is ignorance ( or who cares attitude). We have not banned sewing needles they pierce through the skin. It's a stupid idea. Whether it is the common citizen, the government official or the hard-hit plastic bag manufacturer, all of them agree on one point - firm steps are required to be taken against littering of plastic bags and bottles all around. REASON Paper or plastic bags: which is better? It’s an age old question, when it comes time to check out when grocery shopping: paper bag or plastic bag? It seems like it should be an easy choice, but there’s an incredible number of details and inputs hidden in each bag. From durability and reusability to life cycle costs, there’s a lot more to each bag than meet the eye. Let’s take a look behind the bags. Where do brown paper bags come from?

is huge. and fossil fuel-based — used to transport the raw material. marked and felled in a process that all too often involves clear-cutting. if you throw them away. leaving the pulp. they must dry at least three years before they can be used. to make paper. what was once wood becomes pulp. influenced by companies like Weyerhaeuser and Kimberly-Clark. sordid and exacts a heavy toll on the planet. Once the trees are collected. turn the paper into a bag and then transport the finished paper bag all over the world. The pulp is then washed and bleached. when done unsustainably. Whew! And that’s just to make the paper. a couple of things can happen. If you choose to recycle paper bags. First. either by logging trucks or even helicopters in more remote areas. If minimally-inked (or printed with soy or other veggie-based inks) they can be composted.Paper comes from trees — lots and lots of trees. otherwise.” with a chemical mixture of limestone and acid. logging even a small area has a large impact on the entire ecological chain in surrounding areas. which is then chipped into one-inch squares and cooked under tremendous heat and pressure. in turn. This machinery requires fossil fuel to operate and roads to drive on. many years (and without the handy benefits that compost can provide). the bags break down and go from paper to a rich soil nutrient over a period of a couple of months. the trees are found. Where do paper shopping bags go when you’re done with them? When you’re done using paper shopping bags. electrical. both stages require thousands of gallons of clean water. Mega-machinery comes in to remove the logs from what used to be forest. and is then combined in a ratio of 1 part pulp to 400 parts water. and. don’t forget about the energy inputs — chemical. Coloring is added to more water. and the process to get that paper bag to the grocery store is long. The pulp/water mixture is dumped into a web of bronze wires. and the water showers through. or they can be thrown away (which is not something we recommend). More machinery is used to strip the bark. for shopping or other household reuses. they’ll eventually break down of the period of many. and after several hours of cooking. If you compost them. This wood stew is then “digested. It takes approximately three tons of wood chips to make one ton of pulp. The logging industry. resulting in massive habitat destruction and long-term ecological damage. which. they can be recycled in most mixed-paper recycling schemes. then things get a little tricky. is rolled into paper. .

a non-renewable resource. Plastics are a by-product of the oil-refining process. plastic is often downcycled — that is. Recycling involves essentially re melting the bags and re-casting the plastic. making it hard to make new plastic bags out of old plastic bags. But. which is also known as #4 plastic.The paper must first be re-pulped. sodium silicate and sodium hydroxide. the polymer chains often separate break (thanks to reader MaryBeth for noting the difference between “separate” and “break” — the former implies that the chains can come back together. where it can be separated into its various components and molded into polymers. EPA. though. as before. comes from coal-burning power plants at least half of the time. in this country. What about biodegradable plastic bags? Biodegradable plastic is a mixed bag (pun intended) as well. plastic can be recycled. plastic bags are typically made from oil. the quality isn’t quite as good the second time around. which usually requires a chemical process involving compounds like hydrogen peroxide. The fibers are then cleaned and screened to be sure they’re free of anything that would contaminate the paper-making process. accounting for about four percent of oil production around the globe. the material loses viability and/or value in the process of recycling — into less functional forms. How does plastic bag recycling work? Like paper. the process requires enough juice to heat the oil up to 750 degrees Fahrenheit. which. What does that mean to you? Basically.S. while biopolymers like polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) and Polylactide (PLA) are completely biodegradable in compost . leading to a lower quality product. as any chef who has ever tried to re-heat a Hollondaise sauce will tell you. which they can’t). but it isn’t simple or easy. and are then washed to remove any leftover ink before being pressed and rolled into paper. manufacturing new plastic from recycled plastic requires two-thirds of the energy used in virgin plastic manufacturing. according to the U. which bleach and separate the pulp fibers. The biggest energy input is from the plastic bag creation process is electricity. Plastic bags most often come from one of the five types of polymers — polyethylene — in its low-density form (LDPE). How are plastic bags made? Unlike paper bags.

the numbers decrease in size (and the relative impacts decrease) as more bags are recycled. emissions.9 pounds of atmospheric emissions vs. it is not likely to be a long-term solution in the plastics world. depending on how they’re packed. the numbers for paper bag recycling get better faster — the more that are recycled.2 pounds for paper. which adds a lot of negative impacts for both the paper and plastic bags. The primary feedstock for bioplastics today is corn. So. [pdf] plastic bags create fewer airborne emissions and require less energy during the life cycle of both types of bags per 10. and because it competes with food supply.1 cubic pounds of solid waste vs. very. 45. since they hold more volume and are sturdier. they are often derived from our food sources.” leaving a yucky polymer mess (if in small pieces). the lower their overall . plastic creates 1. some bags marked “biodegradable” are not actually so — they’re recycled plastic mixed with cornstarch. It’s important to note that all of the above numbers assume that none of the bags are recycled. The cornstarch biodegrades and the plastic breaks down into tiny little pieces but does not actually “biodegrade. even though plastic still comes out ahead. The numbers here assume that each paper bag holds 50 percent more than each plastic bag. The only way to avoid this? Look for 100 percent plant-based polymers.(and very.2 pounds for paper. meaning that it takes one and half plastic bags to equal a paper bag — it’s not a one-to-one comparison. 31. bioplastics aren’t quite ready to save us from the paper or plastic debate. plastic creates 17. very slowly — if at all — in a landfill) and are not made from petroleum products. According to a life cycle analysis by Franklin Associates. like the two mentioned above. Ltd. Paper bags can hold more stuff per bag — anywhere from 50 percent to 400 percent more. Paper or plastic: A look at the facts and numbers Further insight into the implications of using and recycling each kind of bag can be gained from looking at overall energy.8 cubic pounds for paper. because of these reasons. 64. which is rife with agro-political conflict and often grown and harvested unsustainably. Interestingly. while it’s good to have the alternative (and to recognize the innovation it represents).000 equivalent uses — plastic creates 9.8 pounds of waterborne waste vs. Plus. and other life cycle-related costs of production and recycling.

not a plastic bag. we think choosing reusable canvas bags instead is the way to go. which is significant because so much of our energy comes from dirty sources like coal and petroleum. Anya Hindmarch’s wildly popular “I am Not a Plastic Bag” tote is helping give the reusable bag some sex appeal. plastic bags still require less — 7. and proper recycling requires due diligence from both consumer and municipal waste collector or private recycling company. even at 100 percent recycling rates.3 for paper bags at zero percent recycling. neither paper nor plastic bags are the best choice.1. Ultimately. Paper and plastic bags’ required energy inputs From the same analysis. canvas bags are 14 times better than plastic bags and 39 times better than paper bags. because plastic bags use much less to begin with. they still ends up creating less solid and waterborne waste and airborne emissions. we learn that plastic also has lower energy requirements — these numbers are expressed in millions of British thermal units (Btus) per 10. vs.000 bags.7 million Btus.0 to paper’s 9. according to this Australian study. so there are a lot of variables that can lead to low recycling rates. Plastic bags require 9. From an energy standpoint. 16. again at 1.environmental impact — but. What does that mean to me and you? Plastic bags just take less energy to create. Paper bags or plastic bags: the conclusion Both paper and plastic bags require lots and lots of resources and energy. assuming that canvas bags get a good workout and are used 500 times during their life cycle. Happy shopping! ADVERTISEMENT . The best way to go? A reusable bag.5 plastic bags for every one paper bag.

ChicoBag is a small Northern California-based business that makes cool reusable bags that fold up into tiny. and press events in getting the point across about plastic pollution. As more and more cities and commercial establishments shun plastic bags. The Plastic Goliath Big Plastic is trying to silence Andy Keller. The bag monster has been a huge hit in schools. the plastic industry launched an offensive against its alternatives: the brown bags and newspapers. Companies Making Tough Choices Meanwhile. The corn-based bags cost several times more than plastic bags. You probably have seen them at the checkout stand at select grocery stores and other retailers. but are produced using much less energy and will break down in landfills or composters in four to 12 weeks. via an intimidating lawsuit. rallies.Andy vs. turning to biodegradable bags made from corn. As a result. The head of ChicoBag is a young entrepreneur named Andy Keller who is absolutely passionate about the environment’s need for us to break our addiction to single-use plastic packaging. council chambers. . highly portable pouches.” a costume made of 500 plastic bags (about the average number of bags used annually per person in the U. Superbag Operating and Advance Polybag have sued ChicoBag on the grounds that the reusable bag manufacturer has “irreparably harmed” their businesses. Hilex Poly Co. some eco-friendly companies—such as Toronto’s Mountain Equipment Co-op—are voluntarily exploring ethical alternatives to plastic bags. Andy created ChicoBag and the “bag monster.. If you don’t know. In a bullying move that demonstrates just how devoid of morals and ethics most plastic bag manufacturers may be.S). aka The Bag Monster.

” Paeng Lopez. He said many plastic products were not food-grade and were made with hundreds of chemical compounds that the industry refused to divulge. transportation. according to Lopez. a campaigner for the Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives. a dwindling natural resource requiring carbonintensive extraction. “We are raising this fact not to bring down paper but to point out the unintended and costly consequences of the plastic ban. he said. Local governments. Plastic products are made from petroleum. Lao’s statement came as local government units in Metro Manila have started to prohibit the use of plastic bags in wet markets and other commercial establishments to reduce the rubbish that clog up the streets and cause floods during rainy days.” Lao said. National agencies like the Department of Environment and Natural Resources have also called a ban on plastic bags and Styrofoam in packaging and handling items and food products. said on Sunday that wrapping products and foods in brown bags and recycled newspapers would be unsafe for consumers.” He noted that brown paper and newspapers. the Ecowaste Coalition scoffed at Lao’s arguments for plastic use. either regular or degradable plastic bags while promoting the use of reusable bags. the spokesman for the plastic industry.” Meanwhile. contain chemicals from production that could contaminate food. said plastic bags have been more dangerous to the environment than paper. saying they were “inaccurate. which in most instances has denied the public a cheap food-grade wrapping material. a statement that environmental groups said was “inaccurate. must instead enforce waste segregation. aside from using waste paper that could have been picked up from anywhere. should not be blamed for the city’s trash problems. and refining. Sen. which he called food-safe and considered kinder to the environment. But Lao said plastic bags. “Banning plastic misses the problem completely.Crispian Lao. In the Senate. Miriam Santiago has filed a bill that aims to ban plastic bags regardless of their composition. . It is an egregious mismatch between problem and solution.

TV and PC cases and more. However. Even though plastic bags can preserve food and can be used for growing vegetables in a controlled environment. Health Hazards and Alternative Choice. It is used for manufacturing of protective covers and parts for many machines.cloth/jute bags and cardboard boxes. fewer atmosphere emmisions and light weight are advantages of plastic bags. REUSE . PLASTIC AS PACKING MATERIAL Plastic has replaced the traditional material ( paper/cloth etc) as packing and carry bags because of cost and convenience which is possibly a wrong choice of material for such use. non-biodegradable bags fill landfill sites and make for long-lasting litter. welding properties. The durability.COST Plastic bags have advantages and disadvantages when compared to alternatives such as paper bags. Plastic has many more uses other than Plastic Bags and Packing material. which should be the preferred utility for plastic. strength. pipes. low cost. foam cups. their method of disposal has creates unprecedented pollution problem. Active Participation. from all segments together. due mostly to virgin resin cheap price when compared to other flexible packagings and this low price tend to be under-enthusiastic to recyclers. Four independent factors were identified and labeled as Environmental Awareness. toys. bottles. water and chemicals resistance. Environmental hazard due to use of plastic bags and improper disposal is becoming a threat. The objective of this research was to analyze the factors responsible for using plastic bags by the consumers and identify the important psychological barriers to a more widespread adoption of ecological sustainable life styles. Seven Hundred consumers of Delhi and NCR region were identified based on convenient sample for the data collection covering all segments of society. The results reveal that mere knowledge does not help until measures are taken at policy level for its usage implementing strict measures to drive behavioral practices. lesser energy and heavy chemicals requirements in manufacture. which in particular is dangerous to wildlife away from centers of human population. Plastic polymers including poly bags. account for about 20 percent (by volume) of landfill space.

The making of paper. enough paper is recycled to fill a fifteen-mile long train of boxcars. Buying recycled paper is usually more expensive than buying virgin paper products. Recycled paper also creates 74 percent less air pollution than virgin paper. Impact: Paper. According to David Barnes. it is estimated that 78 percent of all paper used in the United States will be recycled. When this statistic was taken in 1993. which cost retailers about $4 billion annually. both types of paper can contribute to contaminating area waters.000 bags every month.9 billion plastic bags annually (326 per person). year after eating discarded plastic bags they mistake for food. The recycling of paper is essential in cutting down on landfills: each day. Virgin paper creates 35 percent more water pollution than recycled paper. According to the BBC. bags and other goods. People there collect the bags and use them to weave hats. However.photodegradation—breaking down into smaller and smaller toxic particles that contaminate both soil and water. whether virgin or recycled. person). a marine scientist with the British Antarctic Survey. industry. and end up entering the food chain when animals accidentally ingest them. That left a lot that was thrown into landfills. Japan consumes 300 billion bags each year (300 per person). By the year 2000. Of those. used in the United States every year. one such group routinely collects 30. as well as 15 percent of all paper overseas. uses many thousands of gallons of clean water that can soon become polluted in the papermaking process. presented purchasing mandates that can allow a 10 to 15 percent price premium so that it can compete with other cheaper paper products. approximately 100 billion are plastic shopping bags. in an attempt to encourage recycling. but the government. only 40 percent of paper used was being recycled. Another factor to consider is water pollution. and Australia consumes 6. plastic bags have gone from being rare in the late 1980s and early 1990s to being almost everywhere in Antarctica. Scientific evidence shows that fish can experience .

after being burned. plastics make up 18% of waste by volume. and energy consumed by the industry would increase by 100%. and reduce sulphur emissions from coal. In fact. it is argued that nuclear power puts no direct harm or detriment into the environment. It has been found that the reduced weight of plastic has spillover benefits. Pertaining to the rest of the electricity needed to make plastic bags. As stated. it hits the environment in its use of electricity when being manufactured. It can more than three years for any level of toxicity to lower. As stated above. There is the question. Biodegradeable plastic is a misnomer because wood fiber has been mixed with the plastic so when buried. hence.000 btu per pound. so far. world over. plastic is burned to create electriciy. though. the toxic ash still needs to be disposed of in toxic wase dumps. Also. Plastic will never break down. This. If plastic were to be replaced in its uses by other materials.adverse effects through chemicals that reside in sediment. While controversial. Another problem with the incineration of plastic is the arguement that the energy produced by the process doesn't justify the misuse of a limited natural resource.000 gallons of fuel per plane. being safely diposed of in deep underground caves. More than half of the power needed to make plastic bags is generated by nuclear fission. causes controversy but only because of mental block. too. In automobiles. rubbish weight would increase by 150%. we could use plastic to make plastic. it is directly responsible for doubling the fuel efficiency since the 1970's. instead of one bag. of recovery of energy by burning plastic. per annum. why can't the 4% used as plastic have a second life as energy? The burning of plastics isn't without its drawbacks. Plastic impacts in two ways: First. But. And. elsewhere. Impact: Plastic. The plastics already produced are better utilized by making new plastic materials by recycling. of which 60% can be recovered. Applied . It will never disappear. Inks and additives to some plastics can create dioxins. the burning of plastic will yield from 10. If 93% of all oil is burned straight away. and 7% by weight. plastic can be burned. coal fire does pollute. and emit heavy metals when burned. packaging would weigh 300% more. The second way plastic impacts is through landfills.000 to 20. in deep sea trenches where the nuclear waste is subducted into earths mantle and incinerated. Reduction of weight in aircraft saves an average of 10. The only drawback to nuclear power is the radioactive waste. which is. the wood dissolves leaving a million tiny pieces of plastic.

because collecting them is not profitable. With the formal and informal sector failing to collect such waste. leaving readable newspapers and chicken bones with meat still on them. and these primarily arise due to the inefficiency of the municipalities and municipal corporations. Separation of waste at home has been met with an enthusiastic response. Yet. This is not the case with many developing countries like India where municipal services are plastic bags. Plastic waste has attracted widespread attention in India. animal deaths and clogged soils. PLASTIC WASTE MANAGEMENT IN INDIA Plastic goods after completion of their useful life find their way into waste. Their presence in the waste stream poses a serious problem when there is lack of efficient end of life management of plastic waste". due to the widespread littering of plastics on the landscape of India. In fact. As pointed out by Jerry Powell. Problems have been identified in the collection. it is the poor who derive their living from waste . and this leads to plastic bags continuing to pose a major threat to the environment. This is because the rewards do not match the efforts required for collection. The phenomenal growth of plastics and their consumption in terms of products of short and intermediate life span have resulted in significant generation of waste. not allowing decomposition. Editor of the Resource Recycling magazine (1994). transportation and disposal. they reduce weight in landfills. plastic carry bags do not figure in their priorities. This being in light of the discovery that most landfills are air tight. with poly bags dominating the litter. However. because it has contributed to host of problems in India such as choked sewers. The failure to provide adequate collection services poses a serious threat to human health in India. particularly in the last five years. once remarked that "people seem to be passionate about their waste". former Director General of the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (Swedish EPA). Poly bags in particular have been a focus. India's landscape is littered. it should be noted finances and ever increasing demand on urban services handicap municipal services in India. "Plastics have become a major threat due to their non-biodegradability and high visibility in the waste stream. The environmental issues due to plastic waste arise predominately in a system. The waste pickers constitute a formal system who values much plastic waste since it represents a source of livelihood. Rolf Annenberg. They take up less space.

reuse or recycle.who demonstrate better efficiency in collecting waste and perform the important task of segregating waste that can be recycled from biodegradable waste. . LAWS Strategic Taxes Can Cut Plastic Bag Use In 2001.” In Japanese culture. rain dissolves the toxins present in the waste that permeates the soil and pollutes groundwater. Hence the quality of the recycled products from this sector is very poor. Besides cutting back on litter. and then requires a final vote and signature from Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa. Plastic recycling presents a unique scenario in India.2 billion plastic bags annually. Ireland’s tax has saved approximately 18 million liters of oil. unskilled labor. Besides littering. which has reduced consumption by 90 percent. During monsoons. The recycling units are dispersed between the formal and the informal sector. In 2002. still has to undergo a four-month environmental study. Ireland was using 1. The ban. it is common for stores to wrap each item in its own bag. the Irish government imposed a plastic bag consumption tax (called a PlasTax). Japan passed a law that empowers the government to issue warnings to merchants that overuse plastic bags and don’t do enough to “reduce. which cannot be tapped or used without regular soil cover. Governments Use the Law to Limit Plastic Bags More recently. which are characterized by outdated technologies. problems also exist in the plastic recycling industry in India. Poly bag recycling is carried out predominantly by the informal units. and poor health and safety conditions for workers.15 per bag is paid by consumers when they check out at the store. The tax of $. Los Angeles City Council approves plastic bag ban. These pits of rotting waste generate methane. Several other governments around the world are now considering a similar tax on plastic bags. approved on a 13-1 vote. for example. about 316 per person. which the Japanese consider a matter of both good hygiene and respect or politeness. 10-cent paper bag fee Most stores in Los Angeles will not be allowed to provide plastic bags and must charge for paper bags under a ban approved Wednesday by the City Council.

include consumers reluctance to pay the higher costs not only as money but also in terms of time and effort usually associated with the alternatives of plastic carry bags. as well as their willingness to accept certain sacrifices in the susceptibly prescribed quality of the product variants. ecologically oriented consumer should ideally have this informatics to be able to determine the total impact of each product considering the entire life cycle of the product on the environment. the main supporter of the ban. could be jailed for up to five years or fined Rs 1 lakh or both. To choose the environmentally sound alternatives. which put certain constraints in front of the people to behave so irresponsibly towards environment? The critical barrier to ecologically responsible consumer behavior. people continue to do the same and no governance is able to stop this behavior of masses. Why the attitude of even those people who when go out of the country became very particular about their garbage and do not throw a single bit of paper on the road. In spite of awareness regarding the environmental hazard due to plastic bags for their excessive use and improper disposal. Plastic bags offered in supermarket produce sections would be exempted. estimated it will officially take effect within 10 months. Councilman Paul Koretz. . Shops would be required to charge 10 cents per paper bag one year after the ban is enacted. Anyone found manufacturing bags from plastic. It has now sought comments from public on a new draft rule to discourage the use of plastic bags. The purpose of this research is to analyze and discuss the factors responsible for ecologically. but in India they do not think twice before throwing their garbage on the roadside. IMPLEMENTATION OF LAW Delhi government laid a ban on the colored plastic bags along with those whose thickness is less than 20 microns? But in the absences of strict delegation of rules and laws such bans become meaningless. The Delhi government has stepped up efforts to implement the ban on manufacture of plastic bags in the city. according to a draft of the notification put up for public comments. What are those motivational complexities.The plan gives large markets six months and smaller stores 12 months to phase out plastic bags. that is prohibited in Delhi. giving stores time to use up the bags they now have.

According to the draft notification. In April . milk and bags that constitute or form an integral part of the packaging in which goods are sealed prior to use. sell or transport any kind of plastic carry bags (including that of polypropelene.” a senior environment official said. “No person shall (be allowed) to manufacture. done earlier this year. retailers and hawkers.” the official said. The main problems with plastic bags are they are nonbiodegradable. most of which are disposed off into the . they emit poisonous gases. Following a High Court order. at least 400 plastic bag manufacturing units currently operating in the city will have to shut down. the government decided to ban plastic bag manufacturing as it felt domestic production was making them cheap to buy. including shopkeepers. store. a senior environment official. import. from all the stakeholders. wholesalers.000 crore. if any. store or use plastic carry bags. vendors. no person. Indian Laws on Plastic Use: Use of Plastic in India Is Illegal The indiscriminate use of plastic bags poses huge threat to the environment and poses serious health hazards for life on the earth. hotels and hospitals. showed that the annual turnover of these units is in the range of Rs 800 crore to Rs 1. “But the ban will not be applicable to containers used for packing food material. Plastic bags form a major part of Delhi’s garbage heaps. they choke drains and sewers. “A survey. and was a reason why a ban on plastic bags enforced in 2009 remained unsuccessful. the government had in January 2009 imposed a ban on the use of plastic bags in various markets. non-woven fabric type) in the whole of National Capital Territory of Delhi except for export purposes.” the official said.“We have publicised the notification so we could get suggestions and objections. but it has not been very effective. after which a final notification will be issued imposing the ban. shopping malls. and when burnt. will be allowed to sell.” the notification states. The use of plastic cover or pouch to pack magazines and invitation or greeting cards will also be prohibited. This is open till November 20. A senior environment official said once the ban comes into force.

The Indian laws on plastic use are covered under the Environment Protection Act.Yamuna. approximately 1. however. The first targets of DPCC are illegal recycling units. The officials. with Delhi’s 16 million population. A special inspection team has been formed by the DPCC. . The government has put a complete ban on the use of any type of plastic. This allows people sufficient time to quit the use of plastic bags and opt for substitutes such as jute or paper bags. the Indian law on plastic use will be enforced lightly in the beginning. the ban cannot be implemented overnight. which has provisions for punishing the offender with five years of imprisonment or fine up to Rs. However. 1986. as DPCC does not have adequate manpower to undertake the operation.2 million tons of plastic are recycled in Delhi per year.1 lakh or both. are facing difficulty in keeping check on these illegal recycling units. Indian laws on plastic use notwithstanding. 90 percent of which is recycled illegally. The Delhi Pollution Control Committee (DPCC) has been empowered to implement the ban and register complaint against violators. With no particular deadline to enforce the ban. which will initiate punishment.