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Workshop 2 Fragment Impact (Workbench)

ANSYS AUTODYN

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WS 2-1

February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Workshop Goal and Procedure


Goal:
Model a multi-material cylindrical fragment impacting a plate

Training Manual

Procedure:
Start AUTODYN standalone Set up the problem in using 2D Axial Symmetry Solve the problem View the results Create animations of the results

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WS 2-2

February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 1 Start Workbench


Start ANSYS Workbench and follow the sequenced steps using the abbreviations shown below:
DC SC = Double Click with Left Mouse Button = Single Click with Left Mouse Button

Training Manual

RMB = Right Mouse Button Selection D&D = Drag and Drop = Hold Left Mouse Button down on item while dragging it to new location and then release it (i.e., Copy or Move)

Throughout these Workshops, the procedures shown are not always the only way to accomplish the desired tasks, so feel free to investigate other methods via the documentation when outside of this course
The workshops consistently use RMB in the Outline tree to access options whenever possible
Often these options can also be accessed through the Context Toolbar Sometimes these options can also be accessed using RMB in the View area
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WS 2-3

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 2 Activate Beta Options

Training Manual

2. Turn On Beta Options under Tools > Options > Appearance (2D Explicit Dynamics is a Beta Option in V12.0))

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 3 Initiate a 2D Explicit Dynamics (ANSYS) Project 3.1 Create an Explicit Dynamics (ANSYS) Project

Training Manual

DC RMB

3.2 RMB Geometry > Properties and set Analysis Type to 2D (beta option)
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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 4 Specify the Project Units

Training Manual

4.a Select MKS for the Project Units from the Units List provided 4.b Request that Native Applications in Workbench have their values be Displayed in the Project Units

Note: Engineering Data is native in Workbench, but DesignModeler and Mechanical are NOT currently (but will be in the future). Therefore, always check that the local units system is as desired.

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 5 Define Engineering Data Material DC

Training Manual

5.a Edit the Engineering Data cell to select pre-defined material models from one of the pre-defined material libraries 5.b Select the Explicit Materials library. Materials in this library have physical property data defined for explicit analyses

SC

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 5 Define Engineering Data Material ...


5.c Select the + sign to the right of the AL 7039 material model to add it to the Engineering Data library. 5.d Likewise, select the + sign to the right of the Copper, Steel 1006 and Tantalum materials. Note the symbol of a book that appears indicating success.

Training Manual

SC

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 5 Define Engineering Data Material ...


5.e Go to the Engineering Data cell and note the added materials. 5.f Return to the Project Schematic 5.g Save the Project by selecting the Save As icon and Browse to the directory indicated by your instructor. Enter fragment_impact for the Project name.

Training Manual

SC

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 6 Import the Geometry

Training Manual

6.1 Import the geometry database fragment_impact.agdb as shown below

RMB RMB

SC

Note: The course instructor will give you the location of this file
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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 7 Edit the Model in Mechanical


7.a Edit the model in Workbench Mechanical.

Training Manual

RMB

SC

7.b Select the MKS Units system


Recall that Mechanical is not native in Workbench, so the Units here may not match the Project Units

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 7 Edit the Model in Mechanical ...


7.c Assign the material AL 7039 to the Fragment_Filler part.
To access the materials stored in the Engineering Data library, SC the default material currently assigned to the part, and a small fly-out arrow will appear. SC on that arrow to list the available materials

Training Manual

7.d Repeat step 5.c four more times to assign 1. TANTALUM to Fragment_Core 2. COPPER to Fragment_Outer_Cylinder 3. STEEL 1006 to Inner_Plate 4. STEEL 1006 to Outer_Plate
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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 8 Edit the Model in Mechanical ...


8.e Notice the automatically defined Body Interaction. This allows a sliding interaction between the fragment and the plate (using the default Trajectory contact detection) The Fragment and the Plate are separated by a small gap (1/2 mm), so no bonded contact regions have been automatically generated (If the two parts were touching, you would have to manually delete any bonded contact regions that were automatically generated always check this)

Training Manual

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 9 Set Element Size and Mesh the Model


9.a Select the Mesh branch 9.b Specify the Mesh Details:
Physics Preference = Explicit Element Size = 0.001 meters

Training Manual

9.c Generate the mesh

RMB

The default mesh method (Quaddominant) yields a reasonable, but not uniform mesh

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 10 Change the Mesh Method


10.a Insert a Mapped Face Meshing object 10.b Select all five bodies (RMB in the view area) 10.c Select Apply 10.d Generate the mesh
default

Training Manual

RMB SC

SC

RMB

SC

RMB

The mesh is now uniform


February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

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WS 2-15

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 11 Grade the Mesh in the Outer Plate


11.a Insert a Sizing control 11.b Pick the Edge selection filter (on the toolbar) 11.c Select the left edge of the Outer_Plate body and then select Apply 11.d Select Number of Divisions: 50, Behavior: Hard, Bias Type: 1st choice, Bias Factor: 5 RMB

Training Manual

SC

SC

SC SC

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 11 Grade the Mesh in the Outer Plate


11.e Insert a second Sizing control 11.f Select the right edge of the Outer_Plate body and select Apply 11.g Select Number of Divisions: 50, Behavior: Hard, Bias Type: 2nd choice, Bias Factor: 5 RMB

Training Manual

SC

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 11 Grade the Mesh in the Upper Plate


11.h Generate the mesh

Training Manual

Upper_Plate part now has a graded mesh

RMB

SC

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 12 Define the Initial Conditions

Training Manual

12.a Apply an Initial Velocity Condition to the Fragment as shown. Note: If the Body selection filter is not automatically activated for the initial velocity condition, select it manually.

RMB

SC

SC

Select all 3 bodies

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 12 Define the Initial Conditions ...

Training Manual

12.b Choose Define by Components: X = 2000.0 m/s, Y = 0.0 m/s


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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 13 Apply Boundary Condition to Clamp the Plate RMB 13.a Insert a Fixed Support

Training Manual

13.b Pick the Edge selection filter

SC

13.c Select the top edge of the Plate and then select Apply

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 14 Define the Analysis Settings

Training Manual

SC 14.a Select Analysis Settings in the tree 14.b Set the End Time to 7.0e-5 seconds in the Details View 14.c Keep the remaining default settings

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 15 Start to Solve in Explicit Dynamics


15.a Select Solution in the Outline Tree and start a Solve 15.b Explicit Dynamics will start to run the simulation, but will stop immediately after writing an AUTODYN cycle zero file, because a 2D axi-symetric analysis cannot be run in Explicit Dynamics. You must use ANSYS AUTODYN to run the simulation and process results (by importing the cycle zero file created in this step)

Training Manual

RMB

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WS 2-23

February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 16 Create (Link to) an AUTODYN Project


16.a On the Workbench Project page, under Component Systems, drag and drop the AUTODYN component onto the Setup cell for the Explicit Dynamics (ANSYS) project. This creates an AUTODYN project whos setup is linked to the Explicit Dynamics Project 16.b Open the AUTODYN project, importing the model set up in the Explicit Dynamics project
ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

Training Manual

D&D

RMB

SC

WS 2-24

February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 17 AUTODYN Solve Executes Automatically 17.a After executing the previous step, an AUTODYN window will appear. Press Run and the simulation set up in Explicit Dynamics (ANSYS) will start to solve However, the solution ends prematurely because mesh distortions produce a degenerate element We need to add Erosion and re-run the simulation
ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

Training Manual

17.b Uncheck the Marker box to remove the marker message in the view

WS 2-25

February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 18 Re-load Cycle Zero


18.a The quickest way to re-load cycle zero is from the pull-down menu in the Plots dialog panel 18.b Press Materials on the Navigation Bar and notice that data for the four materials that were defined in Engineering Data (Explicit Dynamics) are available for modification in AUTODYN
ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

Training Manual

WS 2-26

February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 19 Specify an erosion model for each material

Training Manual

Repeat 19.a 19.f for each material

19.a Select a material 19.b Modify the material data 19.c Select Geometric Strain for the erosion model 19.d Enter 2.0 (200%) for the erosion strain 19.e Select Instantaneous for the Type of Geometric Strain 19.f Accept the data

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 20 Load a Plot Settings File (3D View)

Training Manual

21.a Load the plot settings file fragment_impact.set (same view as used in Workshop 1)

21.b Notice that the loaded plot settings provide a 3D view where the model is rotated through 270 deg.

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Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 21 Re-solve the Problem


21.a Solve the problem

Training Manual

During the solve, the view is automatically updated to show the most current solution A summary of the current computation cycle (Cycle #, Time, Timestep) is shown below the view panel,

Press Stop at any time to interrupt the Solve

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 22 View Results, Create Animations

Training Manual

Optional : Follow steps 23 to 34 of Workshop 1 to view results and create GIF and GFA animation

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 23 View Results from the Save Files

Training Manual

23.a When calculation terminates message gives reason for termination

23.b Pull-down menu allows quick access to all the Save files
Try loading and viewing different Save files

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 24 Create a GIF Slide Show of Results

Training Manual

24.a Select Plots on the Navigation Bar 24.b Select Generate multiple slides 24.c Select all the available cycles (i.e. Save files) 24.d Select Start and a GIF animation will be generated (move the window away from the view before doing this if you want to see each slide of the animation being generated clearly) 24.e Close the window when the animation is complete

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 25 Create a GFA Slide Show of Results

Training Manual

25.a Select Setup Slideshow

25.b Change the Image type from gif (default) to gfa 25.c Accept the data

25.d Perform Step 24 again to produce the GFA animation (message is given when GFA animation is complete)

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 26 View the GIF Animation

Training Manual

26.a Select View Slides on the Navigation Bar to start the ANSYS Viewer

26.b Open the GIF animation (select the file fragment_impact.gif)

26.c View the animation

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February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665

Workshop 2. Fragment Impact (Workbench)

Step 27 View the GFA Animation


27.a Open the GIF animation (select the file fragment_impact_00nn.gfa)

Training Manual

27.c View the animation 27.c Change the animation view

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WS 2-35

February 27, 2009 Inventory #002665