Está en la página 1de 2

Log e is the Natural Logarithm - logarithms which instead of using base 10 use th e number e which is 2.718281828459045235360... an interesting number.

source: The mathematical constant e is the unique real number such that the function ex has the same value as the slope of the tangent line, for all values of x.[1] Mor e generally, the only functions equal to their own derivatives are of the form C ex, where C is a constant.[2] The function ex so defined is called the exponenti al function, and its inverse is the natural logarithm, or logarithm to base e. T he number e is also commonly defined as the base of the natural logarithm (using an integral to define the latter), as the limit of a certain sequence, or as th e sum of a certain series (see representations of e, below). The number e is one of the most important numbers in mathematics,[3] alongside t he additive and multiplicative identities 0 and 1, the constant p, and the imagina ry unit i. The number e is sometimes called Euler's number after the Swiss mathematician Le onhard Euler. (e is not to be confused with g the EulerMascheroni constant, sometim es called simply Euler's constant.) Since e is transcendental, and therefore irrational, its value cannot be given e xactly as a finite or eventually repeating decimal. The numerical value of e tru ncated to 20 decimal places is: 2.71828 18284 59045 23536... source: Pi or p is a mathematical constant which represents the ratio of any circle's circ umference to its diameter in Euclidean geometry, which is the same as the ratio of a circle's area to the square of its radius. It is approximately equal to 3.1 4159. Pi is one of the most important mathematical constants: many formulae from mathematics, science, and engineering involve p.[1] Pi is an irrational number, which means that it cannot be expressed as a fractio n m/n, where m and n are integers. Consequently its decimal representation never ends or repeats. Beyond being irrational, it is a transcendental number, which means that no finite sequence of algebraic operations on integers (powers, roots , sums, etc.) could ever produce it. Throughout the history of mathematics, much effort has been made to determine p more accurately and understand its nature; fa scination with the number has even carried over into culture at large.

The Greek letter p, often spelled out pi in text, was adopted for the number from the Greek word for perimeter "peretroV", probably by William Jones in 1706, and popularized nhard Euler some years later. The constant is occasionally also referred to as t he circular constant, Archimedes' constant (not to be confused with an Archimede s number), or Ludolph's number. source: 3.141592653589793238462643383279502884197169399375105820974944592307816406286208 9986280348253421170679 source: In mathematics, physics, and engineering, the imaginary unit is denoted by or the Latin or the Greek iota (see alternative notations below). It allows the r eal number system, to be extended to the complex number system, Its precise d

efinition is dependent upon the particular method of extension. The primary motivation for this extension is the fact that not every polynomial equation with real coefficients f(x) = 0 has a solution in the real numbers. In particular, the equation x2 + 1 = 0 has no real solution (see "Definition", belo w). However, if we allow complex numbers as solutions, then this equation, and i ndeed every polynomial equation f(x) = 0 does have a solution. (See algebraic cl osure and fundamental theorem of algebra.) *** Since there is no real number that produces a negative real number when squared, we imagine such a number and assign to it the symbol i. It is important to real ize, though, that i is as well-defined a mathematical construct as the real numb ers, despite its formal name and being less than immediately intuitive. source: