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I V TUYN

HI THO
A VO KHI THC V VHKT THIT B BTS ALCATEL

NI DUNG TRNH BY QUI TRNH PHT SNG TRM BTS ALCATEL CC LI THNG GP THO LUN V CC LI LP T THNG QUA MT S HNH NH MINH HA

QUI TRNH PHT SNG TRM BTS ALCATEL

1. Cn chun b
Nhn thng tin pht sng trm Kim tra lung TD s dng cho trm trong file phn b lung; xc nh cc im cn u nhy M topology xem cu hnh trm, abis, a ch Qmux Lin lc vi ca trc OMC-R check li cc thng s cn thit v yu cu khai trm u v loop test abis ca trm ti BSC kim tra cc chn truyn dn t BSC n trm xc nh cc chn cha ok u nhy cc chn cha ok

1.1.T kim tra lung ti BSC


Dng phn mm LMTCT conect vo card BIUA kim tra trng thi abis Kt hp vi scan v loop mm truyn dn v hng BSC Mc ch ca bc ny: Kim tra c port abis ca BSC u nhy c tt hay cha u c ng lung, ng abis cha Ra dy trn DDF c ng khng m bo chc chn phn u nhy ti BSC tt

1.1. T kim tra lung ti BSC


Nu u ng lung trn Krone v trn DDF ca BSC v loop trc tip trn Krone m vn cha tt cn kim tra li: Bm krone ok cha bm li dy trn krone DDF ca BSC Ra dy trn DDF c ng khng Card BUIA c b li Chn cm ca abis sau back panel ca t BSC

2. Kim tra lp t indoor


V tr lp t ngun v BTS c ph hp

(Lu v tr di my lnh) Cu cp indoor c m bo L feeder bt li; c b nc vo Ni t cc thit b trong phng my (Xem mt s tn ti phn sau)

2. Kim tra lp t ngun


Kim tra u dy t DB1, DB2,n p Kim tra, o ngun AC u ng cha (Lu L v N khi u AC vo t ngun); thay cu ch ngay cng t in Bt AC; bt n; bt my lnh trm Kim tra AC, DC, accu t ngun u ng cha; vn li cc c trong t ngun bt CB accu trong t ngun Bt AC cho t ngun; kim tra tnh trng cc REC v cc thng s np x ca t ngun Bt CB DC v o ngun DC ti ng vo t BTS xem ng cc cha

3. Kim tra t BTS


Kim tra v gn li card trong t cho cht v ng v tr Cell B

Cell C

Cell A

3. Kim tra t BTS


Kim tra dy ni TRE ng cha Lu dy TX v RX ca 2 TRE gn cng 1 anten

3. Kim tra t BTS


Kim tra port lung E1 gn vo SUMA vn c cha

3. Kim tra t BTS


Kim tra dy jumper theo tng cell D dy feeder xem c b cho hoc ln cell

Cell B

Cell A

Cell A Cell C

3. Kim tra t BTS


Kim tra cc u ni trn nc t, dy feeder v jumper D dy feeder xem c b cho hoc ln cell

3. Kim tra t BTS


Dng my o feeder Bt CB t ngun BTS cho trm chy v kim tra cc qut xem c vn gi khng trc khi thc hin commis
Nu qut khng chy kim tra board iu khin qut bn trong subrack

4. Set up cho card SUMA


Dng BTS Terminal kt ni vi card SUMA Sau khi kt ni cn set up cc thng s: Thay i a ch Qmux Set thng s OMU=31 Khai bo cu hnh ring/chain Clear cc TRE c chim trong cc timeslot Lu li cc thng s va set

5. Commisioning trm
C th khng thc hin bc ny

Mt s lu :
Soft B7,B8 khng dng commis cho t BTS mi c v s khng nhn ra phn cng thit b Khng nn u lung vo trc khi commis Sau khi commis xong nn tt t bt li ri u lung vo cho trm load

6. u lung cho trm


u ng lung cho trm C th u abis 1 hoc abis 2 load trc u c Khi n abis ng vo Qmux status kim tra trng thi lung tt cha Trng hp n abis khng ng:
Kim tra truyn dn t trm v BSC tt cha Kim tra u ng lung trn krone u t Kim tra port lung cm vo SUMA ng v chc chn cha Kim tra tnh trng khai ring/chain trong card SUMA

7. Load trm
Khi abis tt kim tra trng thi n OML Khi n OML ng yu cu tng i load d liu cho trm Trng hp n OML khng ng:
Kim tra khai ng Qmux v OMU cha Kim tra u ng lung, ng abis cho trm cha Kim tra lung c b loop u khng Kim tra tnh trng card TCUC v BIUA ca TSU cha trm ti BSC

7. Load trm
Trng hp n OML ng nhng load trm khng ln cn thc hin commis xc nh li do:
Hng card SUMA Hng 1 trong nhng subrack Hng board dy bus link gia cc t

Lu : Trong thi gian load trm khng nn mt lung v mt lung s dn n treo trng thi trm cn reset trm li v load l i

8. Kim tra x l li card


TRE li khng ln n: Kim tra xem c nhn c TRE cha Nu cha nhn c TRE:
Kim tra card gn vo cht cha Modify li cc cc i card sang v tr khc Thay card mi

Nu nhn c TRE nhng b li FOS: Xem cnh bo li trong active alarm Kim tra bt switch ca card cha Kim tra dy TRE Thay card mi

8. Kim tra x l li card


ANC li khng ln n: Kim tra xem c nhn c ANC cha Nu cha nhn c ANC:
Kim tra card gn vo cht cha Modify li cc card Nu nhn c ANC nhng b li FOS: Xem cnh bo li trong active alarm Kim tra dy jumper gn cht vo ANC Kim tra trong sector mapping xem map cho ANC ny cha Thay card mi

8. Sau khi trm pht


Kim tra cc cell c BCCH Kim tra trng thi Tx ca cc TRE Yu cu OMC-R khai trn MSC c th thc hin cuc gi c u v test abis cn li cho trm Dng BTS terminal c ci t inventar

ly file inventory Ly serial cc t v REC

8.1.Ci inventar
Sau khi ci inventar, vo BTS terminal setup nh sau:

8.2.Ly file inventory

8.2.Ly file inventory

8.2.Ly file inventory

8.2.Ly file inventory

Cc li thng gp trong qu trnh VHKT v CTT

1. Trm khng load ln c


Tnh trng: Khi mt ngun c li n OML khng ng Nguyn nhn & cch x l:
Abis 1 u nhm lung disconnect abis 1 Truyn dn b nhiu tt hop truyn dn nhiu Lung b loop 1 abis hng trm hoc BSC nh loop hoc disconect abis bi loop SUMA b treo reset li t BTS H TCUC cha OMU ca trm thay TCUC hoc chuyn trm sang v tr khc

1.1.Xc nh hng board


Sau khi load d liu cho trm xong nhng khng nhn c phn cng ca bt c module no trn t; ngay c i vi cc FCC Thc hin commmis ch n khi load file xong l ng lun Tho tt c cc dy bus ca subrack ra ch li subrack c card SUMA; nu commis khng c h board iu khin hoc subrack i card SUMA v ANC sang subrack khc thc hin tng t nu commis khng c h board iu khin

1. Trm khng load ln c


Tnh trng: Khi c ngun li n OML

ng nhng trm khng ln Nguyn nhn & cch x l:


SUMA b treo reset lai t BTS iu khin link gia cc subrack b hng thay dy board lng ca t H subrack ca t thay subrack TCUC cha OMU ca trm b hng thay TCUC hoc chuyn trm sang v tr khc

1.2. Xc nh hng subrack


Sau khi load d liu cho trm xong nhng khng nhn c phn cng ca bt c module no trn t; ngoi tr cc FCC Thc hin commmis ch n khi check phn cng trong t l ng lun Tho tt c cc dy bus ca subrack ra ch li subrack c card SUMA; nu commis c h 1 subrack no Xc nh subrack b hng: Gn tng subrack mt thc hin commis subrack no khng thc hin commis c l hng

2. Cell khng ln c
Sau khi load xong nhng n ANC khng sng, cn check li:
C nhn ra phn cng cha cn modify li ANC c b hng Cell b sng di

ANC v TRE u trng thi IT nhng cell khng pht c, cn check li:
Trong phn mapping c khai ng cell cha cn lin lc OMC_R check li cell trong trng hp t c 1 hoc 2 cell ANC c b hng

2.1 Thay ANC khc loi


ANC mi v c c chn bus khc nhau;

khi thay cn thc hin cc bc nh sau:


Disable ANC cn thay Tho ANC c ra Gn ANC mi vo Thc hin modify hardware Vo sector mapping chn cell cho ANC End modify Innit ANC mi thay ln

3. Mt s li TRE
Li dy TRE thay dy TRE

3. Mt s li TRE
Swich TRE b off bt switch v thc

hin disable, innit TRE li

3. Mt s li TRE
Switch ca subrack b off bt switch

ln v disable, init tng card

Alcatel 9120 Base Station Controller


Description
Page 1

Session 1
Base Station Controller Introduction

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The BSC functions: Provision of signalling link to the MSC Signalling control of the BTSs and MS Signalling control of the links with the MFS Switching of traffic between the MSC and the BTSs Routing of traffic between the MFS and the BTSs Provision of O&M facilities
B T S

BSC

T C

B T S

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6 configurations : up to 448 TRX/255 cells

Conf. capacity nb of Nb of Nb. of Nb. of Max. nb of Nb. of A- bis Number Nb. of erlang FR TRX BTS cells A interface #7 links interface of A-bis/ trunks (256 SCCP) trunks cabinets A-ter TSU (chain/loop) 1 160 32 23 32 16 4 6/3 1 1/2 2 3 4 5 6 620 1050 1300 1700 1900 128 192 288 352 448 95 142 214 255 255 120 180 240 264 264 24 40 48 64 72 6 10 12 16 16 24/12 36/18 54/27 66/33 84/42 1 2 2 3 3 4/3 6/5 9/6 11/8 14/9

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BSS location in the PLMN


BSSs
B T S

B T S

bis A-

BSC

A-ter

T C

A
MSC

Public Switched Network

Alcatel 9135 MFS

BSC
B T S

HLR

Gb
CBC
OMC-R MSC

SGSN

IP GPRS Backbone

Internet

GGSN

NMC
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Session 2
Base Station Controller description

Page 1

The BSC is made of several entities : Terminal Sub Units (TSU) Abis (TSU Abis) Ater (TSU Ater) Common (TSC Common) Common resources Broadcast bus Clock synchronisation and generation (BCLA) Alarm system Transmission controller Power supply
Page 1

BSC architecture
Abis TSU
TCUC TCUC

Group Switch 8 Planes 2 Stages self-routing, non-blocking

Ater TSU
DTCC DTCC DTCC DTCC DTCC DTCC DTCC

6x G.703 Abis I/F


BIUA

TCUC TCUC TCUC TCUC TCUC TCUC

ASMB

AS

AS

DTCC

ASMB

2x G.703 Ater muxed I/F

TSL

Q1 bus
AS
TSCA CPRC CPRC CPRC CPRC CPRC CPRC CPRC CPRC

Broadcast bus

Common Functions TSU


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Cabinet Layout, maximum Configuration (conf. 6): Smaller configurations consist of less racks or half filled racks

Group Switch

Stage 2

GS Stage 2

GS Stage 2

Group Switch

Stage 2

GS Stage 2

GS Stage 2

Conf 2

A-TER TSU A-BIS TSU

A-BIS TSU A-BIS TSU

A-TER TSU A-BIS TSU

A-BIS TSU A-BIS TSU

A-TER TSU A-BIS TSU

A-BIS TSU A-BIS TSU

AIRBAFFLE A-TER TSU A-TER TSU A-BIS TSU Clock GS Stage 2

AIRBAFFLE A-TER TSU A-TER TSU A-BIS TSU A-BIS TSU Clock GS Stage 2

AIRBAFFLE A-TER TSU A-TER TSU A-BIS TSU A-BIS TSU Clock

Conf 1

GS Stage 1

GS Stage 1 TSCA

GS Stage 1 TSCA

TSCA COMMON TSU

Page 1

A-bis TSU: BIE: Base station Interface Equipment Performs signalling and sub-multiplexing on the Abis interface To connect BTS and TRX (or TRE) Capacity of 32 TRX per TSU A-ter TSU: ASMB: A-ter SubMultiplexer BSC To provide the connection to the Transcoder Capacity of 240 channels per TSU Common Functions TSU: To provide the O&M and system functions for the BSC All modules in hot-standby Two spare slots for future extensions
Page 1

A-bis TSU functions : The A-bis TSU provides the A-bis interface between the BSC and the BTSs. This interface performs the A-bis submultiplexer function. The A-bis TSU comprises one BIUA PBA and 8 TCUC PBA.
Page 1

A-bis TSU Architecture


1 1 1 TCUC 1 0 8

A-bis Interfaces

BIUA

BS Interfaces

Access Switch

To/From Group Switch

8 TCUC

8 7 15

Qmux Bus

LAPD Interface

Page 1

A-ter TSU Functions : The A-ter TSU provides the A-ter interface between the BSC and the MSC and/or MFS. This interface performs the A-ter submultiplexer function. The A-ter TSU comprises two ASMB PBA and 8 DTCC PBA.
Page 1

A-ter TSU Architecture


1 8 0 DTCC 1 Ater-mux Interface ASMB 4 DTCC To/ From Group Switch Access Switch 1 DTCC 1 Ater-mux Interface 2 DTCC 15 7 4 4 1

Qmux Bus

ASMB 4

Page 1

COMMON TSU Functions :

Processing common applications Managing the common database Providing non volatile backup memory for code and data Providing X25 interface Providing Man Machine Interface (MMI) Handling centralized protocol functions Downloading software and data to other control elements Downloading software and data to the BTSs Configuring the network elements
Page 1

The Common TSU has three pairs of CPRC PBA according to the function they provide:
SYS - CPRC (CPRC 1,2 3BK064428AC) OSI CPRC (CPRC 3,4 3BK064428AB) BC CPRC (CPRC 5,6 3BK064428AA) - Each SYS -CPRC has an X25 interface and an RS232 (MMI) interface to connect at high speed (64 Kbps) or at low speed the LMT. - Each OSI - CPRC has an X25 interface for the OMCR connection SYS - CPRC and OSI - CPRC operate in master / slave mode BC - CPRC act as two masters boards
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Session 3
Using soft Terminal

Page 1

Using BSC Terminal to check alarms

Page 1

OML Status

Page 1

Using BSC Terminal to check SBL

Page 1

Using BSC Terminal to check SBL (can lock/delock ANC)

Page 1

Using LMTCT Terminal to check Abis, Ater

Page 1

Using LMTCT Terminal to check Abis, Ater

Page 1

Using LMTCT Terminal to check Abis, Ater

Page 1

Using LMTCT Terminal to check Abis, Ater

Page 1

Using LMTCT Terminal to check Abis, Ater

Page 1

Mt s kinh nghim trc khi tin hnh pht sng:


Thng thng vic thc hin pht sng, chuyn lung, u test ring cho trm Alcatel nhanh hay chm s ph thuc rt nhiu vo khu chun b lung E1 cho trm. Hn na, truyn dn ca 01 trm thng phi qua rt nhiu chng u nhy, trong qu trnh u nhy c th ln ln gia cc lung vi nhau nhng trn truyn dn ta vn khng c th pht hin lung b li (khng c cnh bo trn MMU). Bn cnh , vic loop truyn dn test v nh CM xem c ok? cng s gp nhiu kh khn v:

Page 1

-Tnh trng qu ti ca ca trc. - Khng ch ng - Cnh bo xut hin trn OMC-R chm, c th gy mt chnh xc. Do tin hnh nhanh vic kim tra truyn dn cho trm nhay ti BSC, iu ny s cho chng ta: - S ch ng trong qu trnh x l lung. - C th loop test ti tng chng TD v kim tra ti v tr Abis (bng LMTCT Teminal) - Tit kim thi gian, cnh bo cp nht ngay tc khc (2s), chnh xc trong qu trnh x l.
Page 1

GII THIU CC T NGUN


Hin VMSC2 ang s dng mt s loi t ngun sau: SAFT, BENNING, ELTEK (Platpack 1 & 2), ARGUS, POWER ONE Mi t ngun u c cc thnh phn chnh sau: Rectifier, card iu khin, accu.

S chung

Cc bc vn hnh t ngun
Kim tra u ni accu, cc dy ni t. Kim tra u AC v phn phi ngun cho cc rect. Bt ngun AC. u ngun cho ti. u cnh bo t t ngun ti BTS.

u ni cnh bo
Loi t ngun Saft Eltek (Platpack 1) Eltek (Platpack 2) Argus Benning Power one Hng rect Nu, xanh nht Chn 5,6 Chn 18,19 Port 4 Port 1 Main fail Trng, xanh nht Chn 17,18 Chn 8,9 Port 5 Port 2 Tu chn trong software Batt deep discharge Vng, xanh nht Chn 11,12 Chn 15,16 Port 6 Port 3

Software (Eltek Platpack 2)

Thit lp dng np accu

Test accu

Bng kt qu test accu

Thit lp LVBD (Low voltage Bat Disconnect)

Thit lp LVLD (Low voltage Load Disconnect)

Cc bc thay i cnh bo ngun saft 1 Chy chng trnh ACM 1D : chn Connect ni vi tu ngun

2- Chn ch Local -> OK

3- Chn Configuration -> Parameter s cc tham s

Thut ton c Password : Code X Y Z Translate X Y Z Vi X = X + Y + 2; Y = X + Y + 5 ; Z = Y + Z + 7

4 Chn Configuration -> Edit ACM1D ( Bc ny ly s liu c trong tu ngun ra )

5 - Sa cc cnh bo ra theo hai bng sau

5 - Sa cc khai bo ra theo bng sau

6 Lu li nhng g sa : Save Configuration ( chun b download tr li T ngun )

7- Send ( Download to PSU )

THO LUN V CC TN TI THC T TRONG CC T PTM VA QUA THNG QUA CC HNH NH MINH HA