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Informe Previo N1 (EE443-N)

Circuitos Sintonizados y Transformadores de Redes Selectivas

Juan Carlos Ticse Veraste ui! "ticsev#uni$%e
RESUMEN: Esta experiencia de laboratorio consiste en analizar y comparar valores obtenidos en un circuito sintonizador real con uno terico. PALABRAS CLAVE: transistores. Sintonizados, tanque, resonancia,

I$ &'N()*+NT, T+,RIC, -os circuitos sintonizados est.n formados %or elementos reactivos! inductancias! condensadores! l/neas de ener /a! cristales %iezoel0ctricos! etc$ y se utilizan en los rece%tores y trasmisores$ 'na a%licaci1n t/%ica es en las eta%as de radiofrecuencia de am%lificaci1n donde se 2uiere 2ue el circuito am%lifi2ue solamente una 3anda de frecuencias$ ) las inductancias y condensadores est.n asociadas resistencias 2ue se de3en a la resistencia o4micas en las 3o3inas y %0rdidas diel0ctricas en los condensadores 2ue se 4acen m.s evidentes a altas frecuencias$ Podemos modelarlos su%oniendo 2ue son elementos ideales! reactivos %uros! con una resistencia 2ue %odemos asociar en %aralelo! en serie o en am3os$ Por e"em%lo5 a) c)

+n el circuito -C 4ay una frecuencia %ara la cual se %roduce un fen1meno de resonancia el0ctrica! a la cual se llama frecuencia de resonancia! %ara la cual la reactancia inductiva (%arte ima inaria de la im%edancia de la 3o3ina) es i ual a la reactancia ca%acitiva (%arte ima inaria de la im%edancia del condensador)$ Por lo tanto! la im%edancia ser. m/nima e i ual a la resistencia 14mica$ Sea el circuito un R-C %aralelo o serie la frecuencia de resonancia estar. dada %or5

II$ T;P+ ST;-+ )N( &,NTS <4erever Times is s%ecified! Times Roman or Times Ne= Roman may 3e used$ If neit4er is availa3le on your =ord %rocessor! %lease use t4e font closest in a%%earance to Times$ )void usin 3it>ma%%ed fonts$ True Ty%e 1 or ,%en Ty%e fonts are re2uired$ Please em3ed all fonts! in %articular sym3ol fonts! as =ell! for mat4! etc$ III$ +)S+ ,& 'S+ T4e tem%late is used to format your %a%er and style t4e te?t$ )ll mar ins! column =idt4s! line s%aces! and te?t fonts are %rescri3ed@ %lease do not alter t4em$ ;ou may note %eculiarities$ &or e?am%le! t4e 4ead mar in in t4is tem%late measures %ro%ortionately more t4an is customary$ T4is measurement and ot4ers are deli3erate! usin s%ecifications t4at antici%ate your %a%er as one %art of t4e entire %roceedin s! and not as an inde%endent document$ Please do not revise any of t4e current desi nations$ IV$ PR+P)R+ ;,'R P)P+R A+&,R+ ST;-INB Aefore you 3e in to format your %a%er! first =rite and save t4e content as a se%arate te?t file$ Cee% your te?t and ra%4ic files se%arate until after t4e te?t 4as 3een formatted and styled$ (o not use 4ard ta3s! and limit use of 4ard returns to only one return at t4e end of a %ara ra%4$ (o not add any Dind of %a ination any=4ere in t4e %a%er$ (o not num3er te?t 4eadsE t4e tem%late =ill do t4at for you$



&i $ 1$ +lementos ideales reactivos asociados a una resistencia

+s interesante relacionar las %0rdidas o4micas y la ener /a 2ue almacena como elemento reactivo! lo 2ue nos %ermite medir la 3ondad del com%onente$ +l factor de m0rito o 6 se define como5 67 89 (+ner /a )lmacenada:+ner /a (isi%ada %or Ciclo) Para cada caso mostrado da como resultado5




&i $ 8$ &actor de *erito %ara las distintas com3inaciones

&inally! com%lete content and or anizational editin 3efore formattin $ Please taDe note of t4e follo=in items =4en %roofreadin s%ellin and rammar$ A. Abbreviations and Acronyms (Heading 2) (efine a33reviations and acronyms t4e first time t4ey are used in t4e te?t! even after t4ey 4ave 3een defined in t4e a3stract$ )33reviations suc4 as I+++ and SI do not 4ave to 3e defined$ (o not use a33reviations in t4e title or 4eads unless t4ey are unavoida3le$ . !nits 'se eit4er SI or CBS as %rimary units$ (SI units are encoura ed$) +n lis4 units may 3e used as secondary units (in %arent4eses)$ )n e?ce%tion =ould 3e t4e use of +n lis4 units as identifiers in trade! suc4 as FG$H> inc4 disD driveI$ )void com3inin SI and CBS units! suc4 as current in am%eres and ma netic field in oersteds$ T4is often leads to confusion 3ecause e2uations do not 3alance dimensionally$ If you must use mi?ed units! clearly state t4e units for eac4 2uantity t4at you use in an e2uation$ (o not mi? com%lete s%ellin s and a33reviations of units5 F<3:m8I or F=e3ers %er s2uare meterI! not F=e3ers:m8I$ S%ell out units =4en t4ey a%%ear in te?t5 F$ $ $ a fe= 4enriesI! not F$ $ $ a fe= JI$ 'se a zero 3efore decimal %oints5 FK$8HI! not F$8HI$ 'se FcmGI! not FccI$ (b"##et #ist)

C. E$"ations T4e e2uations are an e?ce%tion to t4e %rescri3ed s%ecifications of t4is tem%late$ ;ou =ill need to determine =4et4er or not your e2uation s4ould 3e ty%ed usin eit4er t4e Times Ne= Roman or t4e Sym3ol font (%lease no ot4er font)$ To create multileveled e2uations! it may 3e necessary to treat t4e e2uation as a ra%4ic and insert it into t4e te?t after your %a%er is styled$ Num3er e2uations consecutively$ +2uation num3ers! =it4in %arent4eses! are to %osition flus4 ri 4t! as in +2$ 1! usin a ri 4t ta3 sto%$ To maDe your e2uations more com%act! you may use t4e solidus ( : )! t4e e?% function! or a%%ro%riate e?%onents$ Italicize Roman sym3ols for 2uantities and varia3les! 3ut not BreeD sym3ols$ 'se a lon das4 rat4er t4an a 4y%4en for a minus si n$ Punctuate e2uations =it4 commas or %eriods =4en t4ey are %art of a sentence! as in + = . (1)

T4e su3scri%t for t4e %ermea3ility of vacuum K! and ot4er common scientific constants! is zero =it4 su3scri%t formattin ! not a lo=ercase letter FoI$ In )merican +n lis4! commas! semi>:colons! %eriods! 2uestion and e?clamation marDs are located =it4in 2uotation marDs only =4en a com%lete t4ou 4t or name is cited! suc4 as a title or full 2uotation$ <4en 2uotation marDs are used! instead of a 3old or italic ty%eface! to 4i 4li 4t a =ord or %4rase! %unctuation s4ould a%%ear outside of t4e 2uotation marDs$ ) %arent4etical %4rase or statement at t4e end of a sentence is %unctuated outside of t4e closin %arent4esis (liDe t4is)$ () %arent4etical sentence is %unctuated =it4in t4e %arent4eses$) ) ra%4 =it4in a ra%4 is an FinsetI! not an FinsertI$ T4e =ord alternatively is %referred to t4e =ord FalternatelyI (unless you really mean somet4in t4at alternates)$ (o not use t4e =ord FessentiallyI to mean Fa%%ro?imatelyI or FeffectivelyI$ In your %a%er title! if t4e =ords Ft4at usesI can accurately re%lace t4e =ord Fusin I! ca%italize t4e FuI@ if not! Dee% usin lo=er>cased$ Ae a=are of t4e different meanin s of t4e 4omo%4ones FaffectI and FeffectI! Fcom%lementI and Fcom%limentI! FdiscreetI and FdiscreteI! F%rinci%alI and F%rinci%leI$ (o not confuse Fim%lyI and FinferI$ T4e %refi? FnonI is not a =ord@ it s4ould 3e "oined to t4e =ord it modifies! usually =it4out a 4y%4en$ T4ere is no %eriod after t4e FetI in t4e -atin a33reviation Fet al$I$ T4e a33reviation Fi$e$I means Ft4at isI! and t4e a33reviation Fe$ $I means Ffor e?am%leI$ )n e?cellent style manual for science =riters is iven 3y ;oun LMN$ V$ 'SINB TJ+ T+*P-)T+ )fter t4e te?t edit 4as 3een com%leted! t4e %a%er is ready for t4e tem%late$ (u%licate t4e tem%late file 3y usin t4e Save )s command! and use t4e namin convention %rescri3ed 3y your conference for t4e name of your %a%er$ In t4is ne=ly created file! 4i 4li 4t all of t4e contents and im%ort your %re%ared te?t file$ ;ou are no= ready to style your %a%er@ use t4e scroll do=n =indo= on t4e left of t4e *S <ord &ormattin tool3ar$ A. A"t(ors and A))i#iations T4e tem%late is desi ned so t4at aut4or affiliations are not re%eated eac4 time for multi%le aut4ors of t4e same affiliation$ Please Dee% your affiliations as succinct as %ossi3le (for e?am%le! do not differentiate amon de%artments of t4e same or anization)$ T4is tem%late =as desi ned for t=o affiliations$ *) +or A"t(or,s o) -n#y -ne A))i#iation (Heading 3). To c4an e t4e default! ad"ust t4e tem%late as follo=s$

Note t4at t4e e2uation is centered usin a center ta3 sto%$ Ae sure t4at t4e sym3ols in your e2uation 4ave 3een defined 3efore or immediately follo=in t4e e2uation$ 'se F+2$ 1I or F+2uation 1I! not F(1)I! es%ecially at t4e 3e innin of a sentence5 F+2uation 1 is $ $ $I %. Some Common &ista'es T4e =ord FdataI is %lural! not sin ular$

a) Se#ection (Heading 4). Ji 4li 4t all aut4or and affiliation lines$ b) C(ange N"mber o) Co#"mns. Select &ormat O Columns OPresets O ,ne Column$ c) %e#etion. (elete t4e aut4or and affiliation lines for t4e second affiliation$ 2) +or A"t(ors o) &ore t(an 01o A))i#iations. To c4an e t4e default! ad"ust t4e tem%late as follo=s$ a) Se#ection. Ji 4li 4t all aut4or and affiliation lines$ b) C(ange N"mber o) Co#"mns. Select &ormat O Columns O Presets O ,ne Column$ c) Hig(#ig(t A"t(or and A))i#iation Lines o) A))i#iation * and Co/y t(is Se#ection. d) +ormatting. Insert one 4ard return immediately after t4e last c4aracter of t4e last affiliation line$ T4en %aste do=n t4e co%y of affiliation 1$ Re%eat as necessary for eac4 additional affiliation$ e) Reassign N"mber o) Co#"mns. Place your cursor to t4e ri 4t of t4e last c4aracter of t4e last affiliation line of an even num3ered affiliation (e$ $! if t4ere are five affiliations! %lace your cursor at end of fourt4 affiliation)$ (ra t4e cursor u% to 4i 4li 4t all of t4e a3ove aut4or and affiliation lines$ Bo to &ormat O Columns and select F8 ColumnsI$ If you 4ave an odd num3er of affiliations! t4e final affiliation =ill 3e centered on t4e %a e@ all %revious =ill 3e in t=o columns$ . 2denti)y t(e Headings Jeadin s! or 4eads! are or anizational devices t4at uide t4e reader t4rou 4 your %a%er$ T4ere are t=o ty%es5 com%onent 4eads and te?t 4eads$ Com%onent 4eads identify t4e different com%onents of your %a%er and are not to%ically su3ordinate to eac4 ot4er$ +?am%les include )cDno=led ments and References and! for t4ese! t4e correct style to use is 3Heading 45$ 'se 3)ig"re ca/tion5 for your &i ure ca%tions! and 3tab#e (ead5 for your ta3le title$ Run>in 4eads! suc4 as F)3stractI! =ill re2uire you to a%%ly a style (in t4is case! italic) in addition to t4e style %rovided 3y t4e dro% do=n menu to differentiate t4e 4ead from t4e te?t$ Te?t 4eads or anize t4e to%ics on a relational! 4ierarc4ical 3asis$ &or e?am%le! t4e %a%er title is t4e %rimary te?t 4ead 3ecause all su3se2uent material relates and ela3orates on t4is one to%ic$ If t4ere are t=o or more su3>to%ics! t4e ne?t level 4ead (u%%ercase Roman numerals) s4ould 3e used and! conversely! if t4ere are not at least t=o su3>to%ics! t4en no su34eads s4ould 3e introduced$ Styles named 3Heading *5! FHeading 25! 3Heading 35! and 3Heading 45 are %rescri3ed$ C. +ig"res and 0ab#es Place fi ures and ta3les at t4e to% and 3ottom of columns$ )void %lacin t4em in t4e middle of columns$ -ar e fi ures and ta3les may s%an across 3ot4 columns$ &i ure ca%tions s4ould 3e 3elo= t4e fi ures@ ta3le ca%tions s4ould a%%ear a3ove t4e ta3les$ Insert fi ures and ta3les after t4ey are cited in

t4e te?t$ 'se t4e a33reviation F&i $ 1I in t4e te?t! and F&i ure 1I at t4e 3e innin of a sentence$ 'se P %oint Times Ne= Roman for fi ure la3els$ 'se =ords rat4er t4an sym3ols or a33reviations =4en =ritin fi ure>a?is la3els to avoid confusin t4e reader$ )s an e?am%le! =rite t4e 2uantity F*a netizationI! or F*a netization! *I! not "ust F*I$ If includin units in t4e la3el! %resent t4em =it4in %arent4eses$ (o not la3el a?es only =it4 units$ In t4e e?am%le! =rite F*a netization ():m)I or F*a netization Q)Lm(1)NRI! not "ust F):mI$ (o not la3el a?es =it4 a ratio of 2uantities and units$ &or e?am%le! =rite FTem%erature (C)I! not FTem%erature:CI$ %. +ootnotes 'se footnotes s%arin ly (or not at all) and %lace t4em at t4e 3ottom of t4e column on t4e %a e on =4ic4 t4ey are referenced$ 'se Times P>%oint ty%e! sin le>s%aced$ To 4el% your readers! avoid usin footnotes alto et4er and include necessary %eri%4eral o3servations in t4e te?t (=it4in %arent4eses! if you %refer! as in t4is sentence)$ Num3er footnotes se%arately from reference num3ers! and in su%erscri%ts$ (o not %ut footnotes in t4e reference list$ 'se letters for ta3le footnotes$ T)A-+ I$
Table Head co%y *ore ta3le co%y

T)A-+ T;P+ ST;-+S

Table Column Head

Table column subhead Subhead Subhead

a$ Sam%le of a ta3le footnote$ (tab#e )ootnote)

<e su est t4at you use a te?t 3o? to insert a ra%4ic (ideally GKK d%i! =it4 all fonts em3edded) 3ecause! in an *S< document! t4is met4od is some=4at more sta3le t4an directly insertin a %icture$ To 4ave non>visi3le rules on +?am%le of a fi ure ca%tion$ ()ig"re ca/tion) your frame! use t4e *S<ord %ull>do=n menu! select &ormat O Aorders and S4adin O Select INoneI$
&i $ 1$ +?am%le of a fi ure ca%tion$ ()ig"re ca/tion)

VI$ C,P;RIBJT &,R*S ;ou must su3mit t4e I+++ +lectronic Co%yri 4t &orm (+C&) as descri3ed in your aut4or>Dit messa e$ TJIS &,R* *'ST A+ S'A*ITT+( IN ,R(+R T, P'A-ISJ ;,'R P)P+R$ )CCN,<-+(B*+NT T4e %referred s%ellin of t4e =ord FacDno=led mentI in )merica is =it4out an FeI after t4e F I$ )void t4e stilted e?%ression! F,ne of us (R$ A$ B$) t4anDs $ $ $I Instead! try FR$ A$ B$ t4anDsI$ Put a%%lica3le s%onsor acDno=led ments

4ere@ (, N,T %lace t4em on t4e first %a e of your %a%er or as a footnote$ R+&+R+NC+S -ist and num3er all 3i3lio ra%4ical references in S>%oint Times! sin le>s%aced! at t4e end of your %a%er$ <4en referenced in t4e te?t! enclose t4e citation num3er in s2uare 3racDets! for e?am%le5 L1N$ <4ere a%%ro%riate! include t4e name(s) of editors of referenced 3ooDs$ T4e tem%late =ill num3er citations consecutively =it4in 3racDets L1N$ T4e sentence %unctuation follo=s t4e 3racDet L8N$ Refer sim%ly to t4e reference num3er! as in FLGNIEdo not use FRef$ LGNI or Freference LGNI$ (o not use reference citations as nouns of a sentence (e$ $! not5 Fas t4e =riter e?%lains in L1NI)$ 'nless t4ere are si? aut4ors or more ive all aut4orsT names and do not use Fet al$I$ Pa%ers t4at 4ave not 3een %u3lis4ed! even if t4ey 4ave 3een su3mitted for %u3lication! s4ould 3e cited as Fun%u3lis4edI LUN$ Pa%ers t4at 4ave 3een acce%ted for %u3lication s4ould 3e cited as Fin %ressI LHN$ Ca%italize only t4e first =ord in a %a%er title! e?ce%t for %ro%er nouns and element sym3ols$

&or %a%ers %u3lis4ed in translation "ournals! %lease ive t4e +n lis4 citation first! follo=ed 3y t4e ori inal forei n>lan ua e citation LVN$
L1N B$ +ason! A$ No3le! and I$ N$ Sneddon! F,n certain inte rals of -i%sc4itz>JanDel ty%e involvin %roducts of Aessel functions!I P4il$ Trans$ Roy$ Soc$ -ondon! vol$ )8UM! %%$ H8SWHH1! )%ril 1SHH$ (re)erences) L8N J$ ClerD *a?=ell! ) Treatise on +lectricity and *a netism! Grd ed$! vol$ 8$ ,?ford5 Clarendon! 1PS8! %%$VPWMG$ LGN I$ S$ Jaco3s and C$ P$ Aean! F&ine %articles! t4in films and e?c4an e anisotro%y!I in *a netism! vol$ III! B$ T$ Rado and J$ Su4l! +ds$ Ne= ;orD5 )cademic! 1SVG! %%$ 8M1WGHK$ LUN C$ +lissa! FTitle of %a%er if Dno=n!I un%u3lis4ed$ LHN R$ Nicole! FTitle of %a%er =it4 only first =ord ca%italized!I J$ Name Stand$ )33rev$! in %ress$ LVN ;$ ;orozu! *$ Jirano! C$ ,Da! and ;$ Ta a=a! F+lectron s%ectrosco%y studies on ma neto>o%tical media and %lastic su3strate interface!I I+++ Transl$ J$ *a n$ Ja%an! vol$ 8! %%$ MUKWMU1! )u ust 1SPM L(i ests St4 )nnual Conf$ *a netics Ja%an! %$ GK1! 1SP8N$ LMN *$ ;oun ! T4e Tec4nical <riterXs Jand3ooD$ *ill Valley! C)5 'niversity Science! 1SPS$