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# AP Statistics Linear Regression Quiz

Name ______________________________

A student with no previous typing experience takes a three-week typing course and after each day takes a test. The test requires the student to type for 3 minutes with 98% accuracy. The speed is recorded in words per minute (wpm). Here is the data. Day 0 refers to a pre-test taken before the course started. Day 35 refers to a test the student was asked to take two weeks after the course was over. Day 0 Speed 7 (wpm) 1 14 3 23 6 36 7 42 10 49 12 56 14 60 16 65 18 67 19 68 21 72 35 69

1. What is the explanatory variable and what is the response variable? 2. Graph the scatterplot to the right. 3. Generate the least-squares line (2 decimal places). 4. There is one point that is influential. Circle it. 5. Give a good reason why it makes sense to eliminate this point.

6. Recalculate the LSRL line with that point the role of the slope of this LSRL. eliminated and plot it on the graph above. 8. Find the correlation coefficient r and explain its significance.

7. Explain
!

## 9. Find the coefficient of determination r 2 and explain its significance.

!

10. What specific point must the LSRL go through? 12. Using this model, find the predicted speed on day 19. 14. On what day would you expect to reach 50 wpm?

11. What is the sum of all the residuals? 13. What is the residual on day 19?

## 15. For what days are the residuals clearly positive?

16. Is there evidence that the LSRL is a good model for this data? Explain.

17. If we wanted to predict the students typing speed 10 weeks after the course started, give two reasons why this is dangerous.
-1Stu Schwartz

www.mastermathmentor.com

## AP Statistics Linear Regression Quiz

Solutions

A student with no previous typing experience takes a three-week typing course and after each day takes a test. The test requires the student to type for 3 minutes with 98% accuracy. The speed is recorded in words per minute (wpm). Here is the data. Day 0 refers to a pre-test taken before the course started. Day 35 refers to a test the student was asked to take two weeks after the course was over. Day 0 Speed 7 (wpm) 1 14 3 23 6 36 7 42 10 49 12 56 14 60 16 65 18 67 19 68 21 72 35 69

1. What is the explanatory variable and what is the response variable? Day is explanatory, speed is response 2. Graph the scatterplot to the right. 3. Generate the least-squares line (2 decimal places).
Speed = 1.99 " Day + 23.52 4. There is one point that is influential. Circle it. 5. Give a good reason why it makes sense to eliminate this point. 2 weeks have passed after the last data point.

6. Recalculate the LSRL line with that point eliminated and plot it on the graph above.
Speed = 3.02 " Day +14.65

## 7. Explain the role of the slope of this LSRL.

For every extra day, person's speed gains 3.02 words per minute. 9. Find the coefficient of determination r 2 and explain its significance. 96% of the variation in speed can be explained by the straight line relationship between days and speed !

8. Find the correlation coefficient r and explain its significance. r = .98 - very strong possitive association ! between days and speed. 10. What specific point must the LSRL go through? day,speed = (10.58,46.58) !

11. What is the sum of all the residuals? 0 13. What is the residual on day 19?

12. Using this model, find the predicted speed on day 19. 72.03 wpm

"4.03
15. For what days are the residuals clearly positive? Days 6, 7, 10, 12, 14, 16

! !

14. On what day would you expect to reach 50 wpm? Day 11 16. Is there evidence that the LSRL is a good model for this data? Explain.
No. There is a pattern to the residuals.
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17. If we wanted to predict the students typing speed 10 weeks after the course started, give ! two reasons why this is dangerous. Extrapolation is always dangerous and in typing, the straight line relationship will not continue forever.
-2Stu Schwartz