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# UNIVERSIDAD DISTRITAL FRANCISCO JOS DE CALDAS PROYECTO CURRICULAR DE INGENIERIA INDUSTRIAL - REA OPERACIONES Y LOGSTICA PROGRAMACIN NO LINEAL.

Cdigo: 182. Crditos: 2. Profesor: M.Sc. Eduyn Ramiro Lpez Santana (erlopezs@udistrital.edu.co) Actualizado: martes, 13 de agosto de 2013

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Problema 1
Use the one-dimensional search procedures (at least four procedures) to interactively solve (approximately) the following problems: a) Maximize ( ) b) Maximize ( ) with c) Minimize ( ) bounds by inspection. d) Maximize ( ) initial bounds by inspection. . Use an error tolerance , and tolerance , Use an error tolerance Use an error tolerance and initial bounds

## and find appropriate initial and find appropriate

Problema 2
Suppose that in at bats, a baseball player gets hits. Suppose we want to estimate the players probability ( ) of getting a hit on each at bat. The method of maximum likelihood estimates by , where maximizes the probability of observing hits in at bats. Show that the method of maximum likelihood would choose .

Problema 3
During the Reagan administration, economist Arthur Laffer became famous for his Laffer curve, which implied that an increase in the tax rate might decrease tax revenues, while a decrease in the tax rate might increase tax revenues. This problem illustrates the idea behind the Laffer curve. Suppose that if an individual puts in a degree of effort , he or she earns a revenue of 10 . Also suppose that an individual associates a cost of with an effort level of . Suppose further that the tax rate is . This means that each individual gets to keep a fraction of before-tax revenue. Show that maximizes the governments tax revenues. Thus, if the tax rate were 60%, then a cut in the tax rate would increase revenues.

Problema 4
It costs \$250 to produce an X-Box. We are trying to determine the selling price for the X-Box. Prices between \$200 and \$400 are under consideration, with demand for prices of \$200, \$250, \$350, and \$400 given below. Suppose MSFT earns \$10 in profit for each game that an X-Box owner purchases. Determine the optimal price and associated profit for the case in which an average X-Box owner buys 10 games. Console Price (\$) 200 250 350 400 Unit cost Demand 2.00E_06 1.20E_06 6.00E_05 2.00E_05 \$250

Problema 5
Suppose a company must service customers lying in an area of sq mi with warehouses. Kolesar and Blum have shown that the average distance between a warehouse and a customer is . Assume that it costs the

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company \$60,000 per year to maintain a warehouse and \$400,000 to build a warehouse. (Assume that a \$400,000 cost is equivalent to forever incurring a cost of \$40,000 per year.) The company fills 160,000 orders per year, and the shipping cost per order is \$1 per mile. If the company serves an area of 100 sq mi, then how many warehouses should it have?

Problema 6
Hughesco is interested in determining how cutting fluid jet pressure ( ) affects the useful life of a machine tool ( ), given below. Pressure is constrained to be between 0 and 600 pounds per square inch (psi). Use Golden Section Search to estimate (within 50 units) the value of that maximizes useful tool life. Assume that is a unimodal function of . (Pounds per Square Inch) 229 371 458 513 425 404 392 (Minutes) 39 81 82 79 84 85 84

Problema 7