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Geometry Glossary

Jackson Barrys

Friday, March 21, 14

Part 1: Foundations

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Rule #1. Point


Point Z Names a Location

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Rule #2. Line


W ___ WB Straight

Extends Forever (both sides)

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Rule #3. Plane


L R F

Plane LRF Flat Extends all Directions

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Rule #4. Segment


___ RB T wo End Points

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Rule #5. Ray


C CV One Side Goes on Forever One End Point

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Part 2: Angles

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Vertex
C

Rule #6. Acute Angle


35
o

<ACU Less then 90


o

Greater then 0

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Rule #7. Right Angle


R H T
o

Exactly 90 o M<RHT=90

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Rule # 8. Obtuse Angle


O

112

M<OBT=112 o Less then 180 o Greater then 90

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Rule # 9. Straight Angle


S
T R
o

M<STR=180 o Exactly 180

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Part 3: Angle Relationships

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Rule # 10. Complementary


C O M P
o

M<COP + POM=90 o Add up to 90

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Rule # 11. Supplementary Angle


S

P
o

M<SUL + LUP=180 o Add up to 180

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Rule #12. Vertical Angles


o V 95 o E 85 o I T o 85 95 R

<VIE <TIR congruent across from each other in an intersection.

Vertical angles are

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Rule #13. Adjacent Angles


D J C

<DAJ and <JAC are adjacent Adjacent angles share a vertex and a side.

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Part 4: Line Relationships

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Rule #14. Parallel L


P A N

Parallel Plains LN||PA Never Intersect Same Direction/Angle

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Rule #15. Perpendicular


K

Intersects at 90

KR MC

M o

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Rule #16. Skew

Not parallel

Never intersect

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Lines With

Part 5: Parallel

T ransvered
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Rule #17. T ransversal


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

T ransversal

The transversal line is the line that is going through the two parallel lines.

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Rule #18. Corresponding Angles


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

<1 and <5 are corresponding angles Face the same direction Congruent If M<1=132, M<5=132
O
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Rule #19. Alternate Exterior Angles


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

<2 and <7, and <1 and <8 Alternate sides of the transvered line On the exterior of the parallel lines Congruent

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Rule #20. Alternating Interior Angles


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

<3 and <6, and <4 and <5 Alternate sides of the transversal line On the interior of the parallel lines Congruent

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Part 6: T riangles

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Rule #21. T riangles

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Rule #21. T riangles

All triangles are 180 degrees

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Rule #22. Scalene


2 cm 7cm 5 cm

No congruent angles No congruent sides

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Rule #23. Isosceles 1 cm


2 cm 2 cm

2 congruent sides 2 congruent angles

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Rule #24. Equilateral 3 cm


60 3 cm 60 60 3 cm

3 congruent sides 3 congruent angles

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Rule #25. Acute T riangle


54 62 64

3 acute angles

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Rule #26. Right T riangle


40 50

1 right angle

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Rule #27. Obtuse T riangle


30 110

40

1 obtuse angle

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Quadrilateral

Part 7:

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Rule #28. Quadrilateral

4 sides Polygon Angles add up to 360


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Rule #29. T rapezoid


A 4-sided at shape that has a pair of opposite sides that are parallel.

The parallel sides are called bases The other sides are legs

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Rule #30. Kite


A four sided at shape with straight sides that: has 2 pairs of sides; and each pair is adjacent sides that are equal lengths

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Rule #31. Parallelogram


A four sided at shape with straight sides where opposite sides are parallel Opposite sides are equal in length

Opposite angles are equal

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Rule #32. Rectangle


A four sided at shape with straight sides where all interior angles are right angles (90)

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Rule #33. Rhombus


Also opposite sides are parallel and opposite angles are equal A 4-sided at shape with straight

sides where all sides have equal length


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Rule #34. Square


Opposite sides are parallel Each internal angles is 90 All sides are equal in length

A square is a at shape with 4 equal sides and every angle is a right angle (90)

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A square is a rectangle, but a rectangle is not necessarily a square.

Quotes

-Mr. Barnes

A parallelogram is a trapezoid, but a trapezoid is not a parallelogram.

-T ommy Friburger

Friday, March 21, 14