^fr

KING ALFRED

S

OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF

BOETHIUS
SEDGEFIELD

HENRY FROWDE,

M.A.

PUBLISHER TO THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD

LONDON, EDINBURGH, AND

NEW YORK

KING ALFRED S
OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF

BOETHIUS
DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE

EDITED FROM THE MSS., WITH INTRODUCTION CRITICAL NOTES AND GLOSSARY
BY

WALTER JOHN SEDGEFIELD
M.A. MELB., B.A. CANTAB.

LATE SCHOLAR OF TRINITY COLLEGE, MELBOURNE

AT THE CLARENDON PRESS
1899

MAY

1

4

*1956

PRINTED AT THE CLARENDON PRESS
BY HORACE HART, M.A. PRINTER TO THE UNIVERSITY

TO

PROFESSOR EDWARD ELLIS MORRIS
M.A.,

LITT. D.

THIS BOOK

IS

GRATEFULLY DEDICATED

BY HIS OLD PUPIL

ic

pilnobe peoptSpulhce co libbanne

(5a hpile

(5e

ic lipbe,

7 sepcep

mmum

life

(5aem

monnum

co laepanne,

(5e

aepcep

me

paejien,

mm

^emynb on gobum peopcum/ King Alfred concerning

himself.

PREFACE
THIS
therefore
edition of

King Alfred

s

most personal and

be regarded as meeting the wants of the scientific investigator of Old English on the one hand, and of the student of our literature on the The former has long been calling for a text other. which should faithfully reproduce the Cotton MS., and in offering him such a text I ask him to bear in

most important work, a compromise, aiming as it does

may

at

mind the
are in

difficulty of

the task.

Even when MSS.

perfect condition it is almost impossible to avoid errors in copying, as will be readily granted by those who have had experience of this kind of work
;

but when, as in the case of the chief MS. of the Old English Boetkius, fire and water have played havoc

with almost every page, the labour of deciphering and Indi the liability to error are immensely increased. vidual pages of this MS. have received as much as an
scrutiny, and this scrutiny was repeated three or even four times in a few instances. By taking

hour

s

advantage of the rare intervals of London sunshine during the winter and spring months, I found much decipherable which in ordinary light would have re

mained hidden.

PREFACE

A fresh examination of this MS. by better eyes than mine may show that a few more letters and words can be made out, but I have made it a rule throughout only to print as clear what I could see really distinctly. It may be remarked here that as Professor Bright in his Anglo-Saxon Reader gives some passages from King Alfred s Boethius based on a fresh collation with the Cotton MS., I have made a special re-colla
tion of his text with that

MS.

complete edition of the Old English Boethius would include not only the text of both the English MSS., but also the Latin text, and perhaps a full
collection of marginal scholia

A

and passages from Latin
in detail

Commentaries, to
obligations to the

illustrate

King Alfred

s

completeness

it

is

work of others. In default of such hoped that the analysis by chapters

and sections given in the Introduction will be useful in showing how far the King departs from his original. The copious extracts from the article by the late Dr. Schepss, whose untimely death removed one of the chief authorities on the textual criticism of Boethius, require but slight apology, as they throw what must to many be a new light on King Alfred considered as a maker of books. The facts known about this work are not many, and such as they are will be found col
lected in the Introduction, varied with a discussion of theories in the case of the Cotton Metra. These Metra,

though included

in the complete glossary forming part of Grein s Bibliothek der angelsachsischen Poesie, are also indexed in the Glossary of the present work,

for the

of

new

sake of completeness, especially as a number readings of the Cotton MS. are now given for
time.

the

first

PREFACE

ix

The Glossary, too, I have tried to make useful to the student of Old English who requires help in his
reading, as well as to the phonologist, for

whom

it

is

primarily meant.

The interesting question of the dialect of the Boethius has not received more than a short notice, as it requires
for its proper elucidation
I

more room and time than have been able to give. My best thanks are due to Professor York Powell
;

kind assistance in collating parts of the Bodleian MS., and much sound advice to Professor A. S. Napier
for

for

supplying

me

with some valuable notes on several

points; to Professor Eduard Sievers for a communi cation on the subject of dialect to Ernst Kramer of Bonn for the loan of his collation of the Cotton Metro,
; ;

Fran Professor Schepss of Speyer for kindly sending me some notes by her late husband to Sir Edward Maunde Thompson, and to Dr. Henry Sweet. Valu able help was given in verifying the references in the Glossary by tw o ladies whose names I am asked not to mention. Finally, I heartily thank the Rev. Dr. W. W. Skeat, whose kindly criticism and encourage ment have been invaluable to a junior worker in his
to
; r

own

field,

who esteems

himself fortunate to belong to

the University and College so long adorned by the Ellington and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon.

CHRIST

S COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE. November 5, 1898.

INTRODUCTION

i.

MSS.
treatise

THE Old

English version of Boethius

De

Consolatione Phiiosophiae is preserved, as far as is known, in three MSS., one of which is but a small

fragment, and in one paper transcript.

The Cotton MS. (C) Otho A. vi (Wanley, p. 217) in the British Museum, bound up with a Latin life of Edward the Confessor, per Ailredum, Abb.
1.

Rievallisl contains a prose version of the Latin prose,

and an alliterating version of the Latin carmina. It was injured in the fire which proved so disastrous to the Cotton library in 1731, but the loose leaves were rather more than a century later collected and
carefully
this

MS.

mounted in an album. Wanley thus describes Codex membr. as it was before the fire
*
:

in

octavo

grandiori,
(sic),

ex

duobus

simul

confectum

in qtto continetur

I

fol. i

compactis, Boethius de

Consolatione

Phiiosophiae^

Saxonice per ^Elfredum

xn

INTRODUCTION

Regent versus, quo vivente^ aut salteni panllo post obitnm eius^ hunc codicem scrip turn credo!
three-quarters of the whole remain, mostly legible, though some leaves can only be properly read in a good light, and for a few
size

At

the present time about

even direct sunlight is necessary. The leaves vary in from charred fragments a square inch or so in area
to almost perfect specimens but not one has quite It seems that the the or action of fire water. escaped
;

latter

element

is

tion, for parts

responsible for most of the oblitera merely charred are generally easy to

read by a strong transmitted light. There are now 1 29 leaves in C, the size of the most perfect being, on the average, about yi by 4^ inches. The first three
leaves are missing, as well as one

between

fols.

79^

and 80 #, and two between

127 b and 128 a. The usual number of lines to the page is 26 or 27, but and about 7 words go to the line. occasionally 28
fols.
;

The MS.

is

in

one distinct and neat handwriting,

generally written with a fine pen.

writing varies size, perhaps part owing to the unequal shrinking of the vellum under the influence of intense heat, as it is frequently small at the top of

The

considerably in

in

is

There a page, and grows larger towards the bottom. no formal division into chapters, but each of the Metra begins a
fresh line, with a large space left for
initial

the

capital,

which
is

has,

however,

not

been

written.

Illumination

are generally

marked

Paragraphs entirely absent. by the use of small or medium

capitals, but these, like the marks of punctuation, are not always logically used. Words are not run together,

but

letters are frequently
letter
e,

groups with the

combined, especially certain which has two forms, the short

MANUSCRIPTS
and the

xiii

few prefixes, especially ge- and be-, tall. and some are often separated from the main word common proclitics, such as ne^ are merged in the
;

A

following word, thus nemceg. Contractions are on the whole infrequent, especially at the beginning of the book, though they increase in
:

number towards the

end.

The

principal ones are

cw$=cwa$
replaced

(once or twice cwfi], ceftcefter,

and now

and then fonn=fonne.
cially in dative forms.

The

letter

m

is

not seldom

by a stroke over the preceding vowel, espe

by

Punctuation, represented only the dot or full stop, is fairly frequent in the prose, but is marking paragraphs rather than sentences
;

rarer

in

the verse, which

is

distinguished from prose. may be noticed that y has a short
left,
;

externally in no way Of individual letters it
tail

curved to the

and there is no dot above it s is either f or f, the form S only occurring as a capital. As a final. d is used with few exceptions medially and initially
;

I probably predominates, except in pronominal forms. Accents are rare, and occur chiefly on the adverb a,

the verbal prefix a-, and on god, good, which however is generally written good.
Sir

Edward Maunde Thompson

believes

C

to have

been written shortly after the middle of the tenth Dr. Henry Sweet, in century, about 960-970 A.D.

Anglo-Saxon Reader, ascribes it to the beginning of the tenth century, agreeing with Wanley, who saw it before it was injured, and referred it, as we have seen,
his

to

s lifetime, or the period his death. following

King Alfred

immediately

2.

lettered

The Bodleian MS. (B) (Wanley, p. 64), formerly on the back NE. .3. n, now numbered 180
;

xiv

INTRODUCTION

(2079), contains 94 leaves of vellum. The 1 2 fragments of another work formerly bound up with this MS. were in 1884 taken out of the binding, and are now

numbered Bodl. Add. D. 98. The vellum pages, which have been much pared in parts, measure about nj by 7f inches, and the written page fills a rectangle of about 9 by 6 \ inches. With few exceptions there
are 24 lines of writing to the page, though as

many

as

27 lines have been frequently ruled,, and about 11 or 1 2 is the average number of words to the line. The

gatherings are of five or six plies each, and are generally numbered for the binder, the numerals i, ii, iiii, v, vii

being marked on
tively.

B

is

fols. io#, 110, 31 a, 41*2, 6ia respec written and corrected in a bold English

hand hardly

earlier

century. green, at the beginning of chapters, and occasionally of sections, but these colours have not lasted as well
as the ordinary ink,

The text has

than the beginning of the twelfth initials in red, blue, purple and

which

is

of a very legible dark

brown.

writing grows rougher, and the vellum worse towards the end of the book. The text-writer
initials in

The

has occasionally left small guides to the rubricator.

the margin as

The

text

is

divided

into

forty-two

chapters

by

numerals written after the last word of the preceding chapter on the same line, while sections

Roman

and
is

paragraphs
size.

are

marked by

initial

capitals

of

medium

frequent, but

Punctuation, represented by the dot, not always logical. The mark of

the modern form

interrogation occurs once or twice, closely resembling Accents are rare, except on (?).

one or two pages, where they have been sprinkled in profusion in an undecided manner, perhaps by a later

MANUSCRIPTS
hand.

xv

The

chief contractions are a stroke over vowels

denoting an omitted m, and the form Jjon for fionne, both being very common. curly mark above the

A

line represents -ris in the

words Papinianus and Apol-

linus (p. 66, 1. 30 and p. 116, 1. 1). Wester (p. 80, 1. 18) is written wcet with a mark over the / denoting -er.

The proper names Cancaseas
(p. 58,
1.

(p.

43,
1.

1.

9),

Boetius

29),

and Orfens

(p. 101,

25), are written

with

initial capitals.

The
letters

original spelling

for so late a

is fairly well preserved in B but of errors have crept in, a number MS.,

and words being often omitted. In its text agrees on the whole pretty closely with C, of which however it seems independent, and has moreover a table

B

of contents at the beginning. prayer is added at the end, written in a hand resembling that of the main 1 text, of which it may have been an imitation
.

A

A

close examination decides against the identity of the

two hands, which however may belong to the same school of handwriting. This prayer seems hastily
written with a hard pen.
tinental
It

One example

of the con

g

occurs.

may be here noticed that the fragments (Bodl. MSS. Add. D. 98), formerly in the binding of MS. 1 80, are part of a folio double-column digest,
apparently written
in

England

in the

beginning of the
*

fourteenth century, with glosses. The writing on one of them in a sixteenth-century hand runs Boetius de
consolatide philosophiae translated into the Saxonic tug

by

King
3.

A elfred
fragment (N) of a third

A

MS. was

discovered

This prayer is entered by Wanley in his Catalogue as a separate work distinct from B, under the heading Oratio ad Deum.

xvi

INTRODUCTION
1886 by Professor A. S. Napier, of Oxford, whose is printed with some words of introduction

in

transcript
(in

vol.

in the Zeitschrift fiir deutsches Alter thum, xxxi. pp. 52-54 (vol. xix. part I, new series, Professor Napier says The following frag 1887). ment of the Alfredian translation of Boethius in

German)

a hand of the
the
last

first

leaf

of

MS.

half of the tenth century forms This leaf, which Bodl. 86.

evidently has been used previously in the binding, was placed in its present position by the binder, and
originally belonged

to a

small folio Boethius
leaf,

MS.
and

The fragment formed

the lower half of a

judging by the part missing between the two sides each page must have contained about thirty-eight
lines.

The

writing

is

in parts
;

very

indistinct, as the

the parchment is also here and so that some letters are there, perforated
quite gone.

letters are frequently blurred

Some

years ago

N

was

taken out

and

bound

separately, but it has since been temporarily mislaid, so that the present editor has not been able to see it.

The words

in

Professor Napier

s

transcript,

which

accurately represents the MS., are much run together, and no capitals are used. Contractions and accents
are relatively frequent. The vowels a and o, following and are in some cases formed by a looped h, m, ;z,

prolongation of the last stroke of these consonants below the line, a characteristic of the age of the
fragment.

The relations of the MSS. are conjecturally repre sented in the following diagram, where represents the archetype of B, C, and perhaps of N, and 1

A

A

stands for the archetype of the Cotton Metra.

PRESENT EDITION

xv
A. t

A

W.
-...

Saxon.
*

W. Saxon or
Kentish ?

"\895-9oo
"

Prose
...

895-930

?

only.

Allit. verse

Kentish
i

in-

N

W.Saxon.

fluence.

93?
Prose
only
?

no?

Kentish influence. 960? Prose from A. Verse from lt

A

Prose
only.

4. In the Bodleian library there is also a transcript (Jun. 12) of B, made by Franciscus Junius, with his

more notable C variants in the margin good copy which he made of the Cott. Metra. As Junius made these excerpts and copy of C before the latter MS. was injured by fire, his readings are often our only authority for it. The whole of the with the Latin text transcript pasted in, and printed occasional notes by Junius, are bound up in one large
selection of the
;

also a

folio

volume.
the

among

Wanley (Catalogue, p. 80) states that MSS. presented to the chapter of Exeter
in

Cathedral by Bishop Leofric

the eleventh century
Consolatione,

was an Old English version of the De

known

as Boeties boc on englisc.

Of

its

subsequent

history we know nothing, unless perchance it was one of the MSS. just described. It is probable that such

a popular work as the De Consolatione would have been frequently copied in its English dress during the tenth and eleventh centuries, so that it is somewhat

modern

surprising that only times.
ii.

two

perfect

MSS. have

reached

Present Edition.

present edition contains the three parts of the extant Old English version of the De Consolatione,
viz.
:

The

xvui

INTRODUCTION

1.

The The
in

prose version of the Latin prose original,
to

common
2.

B and

C.

prose version of the Latin carmina, only
B.

found
3.

alliterating metrical version of the Latin carmina, only found in C. As regards (i), the text adopted is that of C. Where C is uninjured and legible, the chief variants of

The

given in footnotes, but variations constantly recurring, such as B s mihte for C s meahte, B s dam for C s dam^ &c., are not reproduced. Where C is
injured or at all illegible, the text of B is printed, and the C readings preserved by Junius are given in foot notes marked J. If part of a word is visible in C the

B

are

word
for

is

this

completed from B, or from J where available; the footnotes should be consulted. All
C,,

words
italics

or illegible in C, are in missing from C are in square parts while words and letters not in C from the brackets,
;

in the text not in
all

now

first

are in round

brackets.

Words and

letters

in

italics,

but not in brackets, do occur in C but are not In short, it may be assumed that all words legible.

in italics are
footnotes.

from B,

unless otherwise stated in the

As

regards (2) the text of

B

is

printed,

prose Metra are printed

(in italics) just

and these where they

occur in B.
the Metra are printed together after the prose, though they occupy in C the places filled by The text is that of C, supplemented (in (2) in B.

For

(3),

italics)

where

deficient

from the transcript of the

C Metra made by
the
footnotes.

Junius,

and

also referred to as J in

The numbering

of these Metra was

PRESENT EDITION
first

xix

made by Fox, and
is

is

here retained.

Grein

s

arrangement of the

lines is generally

followed.

C
is

in parts
is

much

ment, which

injured with holes in the parch also creased to such an extent that it

often impossible to indicate in a printed text exactly what is missing and what illegible. In such cases the

passage

added to the

enclosed in square brackets, and a note is effect that part is gone, part illegible in C. Contractions are not expanded, but given as they
is

occur, except in
/

two or three instances noted above

in

the description of B.
in ceft

The wavy mark

(~)

over the
is

(=

after)

and one or two other words

intended to stand for exactly the same sign as the straight mark printed in other cases, such as don., da,
&c.,

which

in

the

MSS.

is

occasionally MSS. are not specially reproduced as to form, except that d and J) are given as they occur in B, C, and The abbreviation J ( J. and) is after a full stop

somewhat wavy.

generally straight but The letters of the

=

printed as a capital, but does not occur as such in the

MSS.
latter
is

When

a bracket bisects the digraph
ae.

(B

the

written

Accents are marked where they occur

in the

MSS.

The

particles corresponding to the

German

separable

particles,

and used

in

prepositions, such as treated as prepositions

Old English either as adverbs or fram, of, on, &c., are generally

when following their cases, if a regimen and as adverbs, where there is no regimen. In either case they are printed separately.
there
is
;

verbs,

Occasionally, however, they form true compounds with and are then printed as such both in the text and the glossary.

Emendations and conjectures, which occur
b
2

chiefly

xx

INTRODUCTION
mostly self-evident corrections of

in the text of B, are

errors

made by

the scribe in copying.

Many

of these

had already been made by Junius, and reproduced by later editors. In this edition only the more important emendations and conjectures suggested by Junius, and Grein (in the verse), and one by Professor Napier, are
specially acknowledged.

a considerable number have been
editor,

In addition to these, however, made by the present

text.

where they seemed necessary to an intelligible All emendations and conjectures are marked as

such in the footnotes.
into sections

was

first

The division of the prose text made by Junius, who also supplied

the references to the Latin original.

A few corrections
and the
s

and alterations have been made
latter

in the former,

have been carefully verified from Peiper

text

Where the beginning of 1871, Teubner). a section does not coincide with a Latin section, the
(Leipzig

corresponding page and line in Peiper are given in a footnote. For the punctuation of the text the editor That of the prose part is modernized is responsible.
for the first time, for convenience in reading.

In the

Metra, Grein s punctuation is followed on the whole, In Old English but with numerous exceptions.
writings
it is not always easy to clearly mark by punctuation the correlation of words and sentences, and the MSS. are frequently unsatisfactory and even

misleading in this respect.
text as an appendix

printed from Professor Napier s on pp. 205-206, but with modern punctuation and words separated contractions are left m, unexpanded except in the case of the looped where the vowels are printed in italics (v. supra). and The Glossary is intended to give every word occuris
;
h>

The fragment

N

,

BIBLIOGRAPHY

xxi

ring in the text, and every instance, except of constantly In these cases the first instance of recurring words.

the word s occurrence

is

given from the prose, and

generally from the verse, and an &*c. added. As the Glossary aims at being phonological rather than syn tactical or lexicographical, a full record of forms is
given, rather than of shades of meaning,
latter

though these have not been neglected. The prepositions indeed have been treated with some fullness, in view of their high syntactical importance and the interesting

light they throw on the ways of thought of the early It should be remembered that users of our language. as the B text is here not printed in full, the Glossary is incomplete as a register of forms.

B

iii.

Bibliography.
(a)

i.

Previous Editions,

By

son, Oxford, 1698, containing the

Christopher Rawlinwhole text of B,
;

C variants, and the Cotton Metra printed, with no additions (except a Latin preface and a number of quotations from early writers concerning King Alfred s authorship of the Old English Boethius), directly from There is the transcript by Junius above described.
the
a
full-page

engraved portrait of Junius facing the
after

title-page,

The the picture by Van Dyck. imprimatur of John Meare, Vice-Chancellor of the There University of Oxford, is dated April 2, 1698.
copper engraving representing dungeon, with a female figure at his side, crowned with a halo and pointing upwards, and also a portrait of King Alfred, with the legend AlBoethius
in his

are

further a

small

uredus R. ex Lapide in
(b)

Coll.

Aenei Nasi.

By

J. S. Cardale,

London, 1829.

The B

text

is

xxii

INTRODUCTION

given,

embodying emendations and conjectures, with English translation and explanatory notes, and a speci

men
(c)

of the Cotton Metra.

Anglo-Saxon version of the Metra of Boethius, with an English prose translation and explanatory notes, by the Rev. Samuel Fox, M.A., William Pickering, of Pembroke College, Oxford.

King Alfred

s

London, 1835. (d) Complete edition by the Rev. Samuel Fox, Bohn, London, 1864. The text of the prose is that of B, apparently copied from Rawlinson s edition
without collation with

B

itself.

Up

to Chapter xxix,

only the readings from C excerpted by Junius and printed in Rawlinson s edition are given in footnotes
afterwards these latter are

;

supplemented by some literal English more variants taken directly from C. The Metra translation faces each page of the original. of C are collected at the end of the book,, apparently

A

copied from the Junius transcript, or from Rawlinson, without fresh collation with C. An English rhymed translation of the Metra, by Martin F. Tupper, is
printed side

by

side with the text

;

there are

some

explanatory notes and a word-list at the end. The Cotton Metra are printed with critical notes (e)

and emendations

in C.

W. M.

Grein

s

Bibliothek der

angelsachsischen Poesie. Hickes in his Thesaurits had printed some extracts from these Metra, using Rawlinson s edition.

Extracts from the prose and verse parts of the Old English Boethius are given in various Readers and
Analecta, a
list of which will be found in Wiilker s zur Geschichte der angelsachsischen LiteGrundriss Professor Bright in his Anglo-Saxon Reader ratur.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

xxni

has printed portions of the prose, embodying a fresh in the other Readers the text of the collation of C
;

editions

is

followed.

A
2.

facsimile of a

page of Cott. MS. Otho

A

6

is

given in the Jubilee edition of the Alfred the Great, p. 515.
Translations.

Works of King

In addition to the translations

given in the editions of Cardale and Fox, the latter s version of the Old English prose and Tupper s rhyming paraphrase of the verse are printed in the
Jubilee edition of the Whole Works of King Alfred the Great. Tupper also published his version sepa in rately 1850. good deal of Alfred s Boethius is

A

translated in

Sharon Turner

s

History of the Anglo-

Saxons (vol. ii. ch. ii, seventh edition, 1853), accom panying a full analysis of the work and a commentary,
with a
in
literal translation of the corresponding passages the original Latin added in the footnotes. In his Proeve eener geschiedenis der dichtkunst en

fraaje letter en onder de Angel- Saksen (Amsterdam, 1 842) Alfred s Boethius, J. P. Arend has some notes on
followed

by a Dutch

(pp. 130-180).

A

some passages of the fable of Orpheus and part
translation of
into

Eurydice

is

translated

French

in

H. Taine s

Histoire de la litterature anglaise (vol.

i. pp. 59~^3, eighth edition, 1892); and Grein gives an alliterating German version in his Dichtungen der Angelsachsen.

The question of the authorship of 3. Literature. the Cotton Metra has been fully discussed by A. Leicht
in
v.

126-170; by M. Hartmann in Anglia, and 411-450; by O. Zimmermann in a dissertation
Anglia,
vi.

published at

Greifswald

in

1882.

Wulker

in

his

Grundriss gives a precis of the researches and argu-

xxiv

INTRODUCTION
his

ments of these writers, and Leicht also wrote an article
supplementing
the
his first one,

own summing

up.

in Anglia, vii. 178-202,

and containing notes on Fox s edition) and their a and phonology, comparison of the Old English version with the original Latin. In Boethius, an Essay, by H. F. Stewart (pp. 170-178), there is an

MSS.

(as represented in

interesting appreciation of Alfred s translation.

In a very suggestive article in the Archiv filr das

Studium der neueren Sprachen 94 (2 and 3), pp. 149160, the late Dr. Georg Schepss showed that many illustrations and amplifications found in the Old
English version of the
credited to

De

Consolatione and hitherto

Alfred, especially those of a marked Christian tendency, are undoubtedly derived from Old

King

to two types, now represented by (i) a complete separate commentary bound up with the Boethius MS. written by Froumund

Latin commentaries, belonging

in

the

tenth

century and

now

belonging
;

to

the

Ottingen-Wallerstein the marginal Scholia of the

library at

Maihingen (2) Munich MS. no. 19452,

and

written in the tenth or the eleventh century. J. W. Tupper, in a dissertation published in Balti

more, U.S.A., in 1897, investigates the tropes and figures in the prose of the Boethius.
In Modern Language Notes for 1894 (no. 6), pp. 321-342, there is an article on the close connexion between the Alfredian Boethius and the Alfredian
Soliloquies or

Blooms.

Max

Rieger gives an analysis of the metre of the

Cott. verses in his

Die

alt-

und

angelsdchsische

Versin

kunst (Halle, 1876), first published as an article Zacher s Zeitschrift fiir deutsche Philologie.

RELATION TO LATIN ORIGINAL

xxv

A

Latin

MS.

of the

De

Consolatione with

Old

English glosses (Corp. 214, Camb.) is described by Professor W. W. Skeat in the American Journal of
Philology, v. (4) p. 488 these glosses are in no Boethius.
;

but, as

way

Dr. Skeat remarks, connected with Alfred s

In Richard Wiilker

s

Grundriss zur Geschichte der
in

angdsdchsischen Liter atur will be found further formation about the literature of the Boethius.
iv.

Relation

to

Latin Original.

following analysis by chapters and sections serve to show the degree of correspondence between the Old English version and its Latin
will

The

R. Peiper s text. It may be premised that the words close or literal have a looser sense than usual, as here applied to our
original, as represented in

version.

Even

in

his

most

faithful translation, that
is

of the Ctira Pastoralis, King Alfred what would in these days be called
his Boethius
it

by no means
;

literal

while in

the exception to find a passage of even a few lines rendered word for word.
is

ABBREVIATIONS.
ab.

add.
ch.

= =
= = = =

abridged.
addition(s), added.

nL.
ps.
r.

=
= = = =

not in the Latin original.

passage (s).
rather, fairly.
refers, referring.

chapter.
close, literal.

d.
ex.
f.
/.

ref.
st.

expanded, expansion.
free.

sentence.

trs.

transposed.
very, greatly.

line, lines.

v.

L.
i

=

the Latin original.
ii r. cl. iii

vv.

=

very greatly.

nL.

=

i,

ii,

iii,

iv

iv

of L. om.

Metr.

iii

and

iv

om.

of L. trs. and vv. iv r. cL In v

ab.
i

Ch.
(Saere

xxvi

INTRODUCTION
2
ii

heofoncundan Jerusalem nL.
v, vi r.
cl.

r, cl.,
i

but simpler than L.
3 v.f.
/.

vii

1,2

r.f. Metr.

om.

and

ex.

especially at end.

After smyltra y(Sa (/. 17
inhorrescere.
to

26)
the

is

om. nunc
to

procellis

ac fluctibus

After
the the sense,

allusion

Croesus and Cyrus, a ref, is om. viii vv.f. 5 nL.

Paulus and ix gives

Persian King

x

Beginning

and end

ex.

The ps.
is
cl.

ref.

to

Symmachus and

the wife

and

sons of Boethius

xi gives sense, but is loose and full. The last words, $ waeron ealle ]?a halgan martiras, are nL. xii is more detailed than L. The application of the moral is

nL
to

whole,

no mention in L. of Christ and God. xiii r. cl. on the xiv First part r. cl., the latter half of i (p. 30 /. 3 In 3 the passage Gif (5u nu wasre end} is v. ex.
etc.

wegferend

(p. 33

/.

8)

= Tu

igitur

gladiumque

sollicitus pertimescis, si uitae

qui nunc contum huius callem uacuus

uiator intrasses,

coram latrone
.

cantares.
/.

xv

r.

cl.

The

words ac nu The

.

.

forbaern S (p. 34

7-10) = Sed

saeuior

ignibus Aetnae Feruens
ref. in

amor ardet habendi. xvi vv. ex. 1/0 Theodoric is nL. The explanation se is
ealonde
is
. .

on
to

Sicilia

<5sem

.

wass (p. 34
in

/.

28-30)
2

is

nL.

Tarquin

(I.

31)

not

named

L.

In

the allusions

words

The Latin gnats and the flea are nL. (p. 36 /. 8 and 1 1). liberum quemdam are mistranslated romaniscum
(1.

aetSelinge, se

Busiris

29

The story of wses haten Liberius (p. 36 /. 17). et seq.} rests on Busiridem accipimus necare
That
in

hospites solitum ab Hercule hospite fuisse mactatum.

of fiegulus=Regu\us
uincla

plures

Poenorum

bello

captos

coniecerat, sed ipse uictorum catenis manus The Books i and ii is wrong division between praebuit.

inox

(p.
is

38 A
ex.

6).

3 isvv. ex. ; the latter half (p. 38
/.

/.

14

to

end]

from 13

of L.

4

is

more

detailed than L.,

where

there is no mention

the first 5 lines,

(5xre

bee

<5e

of the heavenly power, xvii is nL. except i the words xviii In (p. 41 /. 23) on hatte Astralogium astrologicis demonstra-

=

tionibus,

and

se towrat

.

.

.

anre bee

(/.

27)

is

nL.

The

rest

RELATION TO LATIN ORIGINAL
of
this
is
r.
<:/.,

xxvn of
the ch.
/.

as also are the remaining
naefre
. . .

except the

words f ge

manega

(Sioda (p. 42

25),

the ref. to the Scythians (p.

43

/.

10), the blame cast on careless

historians (p. 44

i /. 3, 8) and the concluding sentence of none of which are in L. xix r. cl. The bones of Weland The error ocSre naman Cassius is suggested by ossa Fabricii.

(p.

xx

Cato in L. is rigidus Cato. 22) should be noted. ; frontem is mistaken for fontem (/. 47 /. 9). illam uideas The words Ac seo orsorhnes windes pyf 46
r.
/.

cl.

.

.

.

xxi v. ex. uentosam fluentem suique semper ignaram. xxii ex. Last $/.!== talia God caelo imperitans amor,

=

sunt quippe quae
interius

restant,

ut

autem recepta dulcescant.

degnstata quidem mordeant, i is xxiii r. cl. xxiv
/.

f. after the first

few

I.

;

God

(p. 52

20)

= bonum.
2
is r.

The
cl.

last

st.

about the brooks and the sea

is

nL.

has add. of slight importance ; the words buton (5aes crseftas (p. 54 /. 15-22) are nL. getreowan freondes The latter part of wenst etc. 4, (p. 55 /. 31), is f. and
3
. . .
<5u

ps. on p. 55 /. 28-31 the last part, seo raest etc. (p. 57

ex.

The

is
/.

nL,
31
i

xxv
r.
cl.,

r.

cl.,

except
is
is

to end],

which
but $

nL.

englum
(p. 58
end}.
/.

(/.

8)
is

is

also

nL.
2 r. cl.

xxvi

God

8)

nL.

3

r. cl.,

except last part (p. 60 /. 15 to but the words j (5eah he erige his land mid
litoris.

ftusend sula
ex.

oneret bacis colla rubri
about Catulus
(p.

xxvii
end}

i

r.

The

ps.

61

/.

16

to

=

unde

Catullus licet in curuli
appellat.

Nonium sedentem strumam tamen
has here Catulus.)
2

(One Latin
(5aes

MS.

has add.

unrihtwisan cyninges Diodrices Decorate. The ps. on p. 62 /. 24-31 is nL. In 3 the last part Hit wses gio (p. 63 /. 27 to end) is nL. 4 f. senig is
. .
.

The words

=

n-i6) = atqui praefectura magna olim nunc inane nomen et senatorii census grauis sarcina
(p.

64

/.

potestas
:

si quis populi quondam curasset annonam, magnus habebatur, nunc ea praefectura quid abiectius ? xxviii f. but not ex. xxix The first 15 I. of i are an ex. of 4 in L. The sent, for (Sam

xxvm
cwsecS gio
etc.

INTRODUCTION
(p.

65 /. 27) expertus sortis suae periculorum metus tyrannus regni pendentis supra uerticem gladii terrore simulauit. The last part, beginning Ac ic wat (p. 66 L 4 to
end], is v. ex.

=

In

2 the allusion to

Seneca in L.

is

simply

Nero Senecam familiarem praeceptoremque suum ad eligendae mortis coegit arbitrium (cf. p. 66 L 23-29); and the sent,
relating to Papinianus

= Papinianum
obiecit.

diu inter aulicos poten-

tem militum
3
r. cl.,

gladiis

Antonius

The
is

rest

of the
/.

is

ex.

but the Ultima Thyle of L.
i

ex. (p. 67

xxx
d)

In

sum sceop
8rj

.

.

.

nane eart

=

32 etc.}. tragicus exclamat

oa &oa
/.

popiotffl

ftpQT&v ovdtv ycyaxnv ftyKov wyKwcras peyav.
.

(The Latin
(p. 68

MSS. vary here.} The ps. ealle men meder 30)= uidetur namque esse nobilitas quaedam de
.
.

mentis ueniens laus parentum.

The
of

rest

of

the

is

r.

ex.

In

2

forcSam hi ealle

comon

meder (/. 69 /. 18) is r.f., and the The chief add. in i are, 7 hu micele (Surhteah (p. 70 /. nu Gif hwa cwicS wraennesse (/. 14-18), and 10-13),
. .

anum fseder 7 of anre word God is nL. xxxi
.

.

.

.

forftsemfte

manig wif
i

.

.

.

daed waes

(/.

21-27).

2

r

-

c ^etc.

xxxii
(p. 72
.
. .

mostly
to

r.

cl.

; but the last part,
is

7

(Seah

(Su

/.

8

end of
/.

)

add.

In
si,

2

swa swa

Aristotelis
ait,

lox (p. 73

1-3)

Quod
3
i

ut Aristoteles se
2

lynceis

oculis
/.

homines uterentur.
is

r. cl. ;
cl.

24)
4 f-

nL.

xxxiii
-

is r.
/.

weg is God (/. 73 and 3 f. and v. ex.
. . .

5 vv
f.,

of
ri(5a

i is

of (p.

xxxiv The first half and last part ex. swa swa sum micel aewelm 82 27) = quidam omnium fons bonorum.
ex from 28
/.

in

L.

2 r. cl.

The middle part of
the
st.

3 (/.
. .

84

/.

18

p.

85

/.

2) is

nL. except

ac

we sculon

.

betst.

4

r. cl.

except

that the last few lines (p. 85 /. 22 to end} ueluti geometrae solent demonstratis propositis aliquid inferre quae porismata
ipsi uocant.

=

(p. 86

/.

2-1 o)

swa of
saul
.

(5aere
.

The middle part of 5, se is stemn afsered is nL. 6 v. ex. The chief add. are, swa sab eft to sse (p. 86 /. 18-22), swa swa nu
. .
. .

.

.

.

crseftas (/.

86

/.

29

-p.

87

/.

9).

7 r.

cl.

8 f.

RELATION TO LATIN ORIGINAL
The
allusions
in

xxix

L.

to

Tagus, Hermus, and Indus are not
r. cl.

rendered.
/.

7-10)
/.

is

gf. nL. In

10

Hwa
.

maeg

.

.

.

anwald
.
.

(p. 92

ii the ps. gif
\vitan
. .

&u

(Sonne

.

ser
/.

waes

(/. 92
p.

25),

and

93

/.

6)

meaht In are nL.
(Su

asyndred (p. 92

32
but
2

12
i

there

are considerable

unimportant add.
but not
v.

xxxv

ex.

The

Hoc
c5e

quidquid est

god etc. (p. 96 /. 22) = quo condita manent atque a^itantur usitato
last sent. (5one

gives the sense fairly.

f.

cunctis uocabulo

deum nomino.
97
/.

In
is
<5a

3 the last part,

Nu

ic

andette
is
r.
/.

etc.
cl.,

(p.

13

to

end]
to

nL.

In

4 the first

half
(p.

except the allusion

\vic5erweardan englas

98

13),

which
...(/>.

is

nL.
/.

But
26
to

the latter half,
is

beginning
sed

H wast, ic
inquit,

wset

98

end]

an ex. of Accepisti,
:

in

fabulis

lacessentes

caelum gigantas

illos

5. quoque, uti condignum fuit, benigna fortitude deposuit. r. cl. In 6 the quotation from Parmenides is navrodev

VKVK\OV

a(f)aipr)s

evaXiyKtov

oy<u

(cf.

p.

IOI

/.

3 et seq^).

In

of Orpheus has numerous add. explanations, the Orfeus chief of which are: Sio \vses on Creca rice Eurudice (/. 26); j (5a stanas (p. loi /. 24); Sio swege (/. 27); Da ssedon hi ... dseges 7 nihtes (p. 102
7 the story
.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

/.

1-5)
2

;

Da
ps.

(5ohte

he ... swicSe oreald
adiit
(5e

(/.

10-18).

These

last

= Infernas
.
.

domos, and

stupet tergeminus

ianitor.

Next follow
.

folcisce

Da
(/.

hi secgaft

wyrde
to
(p.

(/.

24)

;

men hata(5 Da code he
.
.

Parcas

(/. 22); ... Se he baed

26-29); wges
.

gebunden
103
/.

.

scylde

(/.
.

30);
.
.

(5e

hine
wifes

aer
(/.

.

.

hearpode

1-4)
r. cl.

;

Da
In

eode

(5ses

11-13). xxxvi hata S Saturnus
.

1-5
.

3 the
/.

words

tfe

we

.

tungol are nL. (p. 105
. .
.

12-14).

^n
ilce

6
/.

hwaet,
;

(5a

cild

ealdum

monnum
(/.

is

nL. (p. 108
f.

8-12)
.

also
(/.

$

is

God

... to lufianne
7

19-21), and $
8
v.

.

.

Code
.

24) are nL.
flor (p.
2
*s

ex.
/.

aelces ..
v.

hrof ge

no
The
-

f. and ex.
/.

r.

f.

ps.

22-25) is Nis -f eac

Swa swa nL. xxxvii
. .

.

gebyret5

(p. 112

20-27)

an ex

y

uti

currendi

(al.

currenti) in

xxx
stadio propter
r.

INTRODUCTION
quam curritur iacet praemium corona. 3 Swa swa an mon aer waes (p. 114 /. 4-9) is nL.
.
.

d.

.

4

r.

d.

The

ps.
i

(5e

nL.
*

xxxviii

is

tSaeron symle 115 much more detailed than L.
. . .
(/>.

/.

6-10) The first

part, as

far

as the mention of Circe

(to p.

116

/.

2) is in

L.

Vela

neritii

ducis Et uagas pelago rates Eurus appulit insulae.
.

swicSe earme (p. 117 /. 29-31) 2/. ; swa swa great beam Z. The first part of 3 is r. cl. (to p. 119 /. 9); the rest is ex. oculos 4 ex. 5 _/ unhale eagan (/. 121 /. 9)
.
.

is

;

=

tenebris assuetos,
also fortSaem hi
last

and ne magon
lyst
.

.

.

.

willan
(/.

ne
ex.

.

.

lichoman
cl.
.

9-13) is nL. ; The 19-29) is nL.
(/.
/.

part

is v.
i

6
but the

r.

7
.
.

not ex., but f. in parts.

xxxix
nL.
rector.

r. cl.
cl.

st. lufie

maeg (p. 124
(p.

2 r.

Se selmehtega

God

125
(Sa

/.

14)

= deus
.

16)

is

3 ex. in the astronomical part at the beginning ;
is
/.

Saturn
(p. 127

not mentioned in L.

In
tails

4 the ps.

race

.

.

fyre

4-14)

is

an ex. of

namque
.

materia

est, ut

una

dubitatione succisa innumerabiles aliae uelut hydrae capita The ps. ForcSaem hit succrescant. langan spell (p. 127
.
.

/.

26-29)
7
v.

2S

n

^"

The

last

part of
in

5

is

occur in L. but only diuina ratio
ex.
.

and diuinae
L.
/.

f. ; deus does not mentis. 6 r. cl.

from
. .

about 10

/.

In

8 the ps.

sume

ucSwiotan
to

heora scylda (p. 131
is

cristene
is
617

men

nL.

9

r. cl.
. . .

8-15) with the allusion 10 f. ; a quotation from
(/>.

Luc an
avdpbs
. .

om.

Se godcunda

eagan

133

/.

11-13)

=

ifpou dtpas aidepes

(pKob6fj.r)(rai>.

1

1 r. cl.

Ac
gooda

hwaet
Isece

.

goodan

willan (p. 134
1

/.

9-13) nL.

; also se

})

is

God
xl

(/.

6)

is

nL.
13

12 f.
r. cl. ;

A

quotation

from

the Iliad

(in Greek) is om.

ocS

domes dseg
3 f.

nL.
om. ;

i

r.

ex.

2 r.

cl.

In

(p. 136 /. 8) is 4 nearly all L.
in

here
5
r.

there are a
cl.

L.

; last

number of mythological allusions The last part of part condensed.
i

6

condensed.

Lib. v carm.

om.

In

7

englas (p. 140
the

/.

= supernis diuinisque
is

28)

substantiis,

and
/.

further

nL.

An

gelmihtig

God

(p.

141

7)

=

ille

31) ab aeterno
ref.

(I.

RELATION TO LATIN ORIGINAL
cuncta prospiciens.
. . .

xxxi

xli In i se selest gooda sceop is r. cl. 2 141 /. 11-13) is nL., otherwise the condensed and feebler than L. Lib. v car??i. 3 and 4 are om.
(p.
3 v.f.
(to

L 15)

is

The account of Cicero (p. 143 /. 5) and what follows nL. There is no ref. to God in L. The simile of
at the end
/.

the steersman
gesituS (p.

is

nL.

145

24)

= ratio

Sio 4 gives the sense. or intelligentiae celsior oculus.
is

In

The rest 5 only the first 5 /. correspond to L. Lib. v carm. 4 and 5 om. 6 gives the bare sense,

nL.
xlii

Here the L. is laid aside, except and Hwaet is ecnes (/. 22) all
;

in

God

ece

is

the rest to the

(p. 147 /. 19), end of the book

is

nL.
It

here be convenient to supply some notable Old English version, of Latin commentaries. early They are taken from the article by Dr. Schepss, mentioned above.

may

instances of the use, in the

The mention
1.

of

17),

which

is

the heavenly Jerusalem (p. u, not in the Latin text, is taken from
:

the commentary, which runs (hoc) tarn ad Romae civitatem quam ad ecclesiam seu ad caelestem Hieru-

salem referripotest (Lib. i. prosa 5, Peiper, p. 19, 1. 14). The allusion to the holy martyrs (p. 26, 1. 21) comes from the Froumund MS. commentaries
(F),

ut beatiludinem perennem acciperent, diversa potius tormenta quam simplicem mortem desiderabant (Lib. ii.
intellegi, qui,

which have hie sanctos mar tires vult

prosa
metr.

4, P. 35. 91).

The words perennis
4,
1.

sedes

and humili saxo (Lib.

ii.

i

and

1.

15) are in the

MS.
is

(M), explained in

Munich commentary a Christian sense, and in deo
has saxo id est in Chris to.
1.

written over saxo.

F

The Old English has

Crist (p. 27,
s

7).
ii.

In the account of Nero

crimes (Lib.

metr.

6,

xxxn
P.

INTRODUCTION
v.
i
ff.)

and explain urbe flammata with the remark that Nero set Rome on fire, volens
43,

F

M

mdere quantum fuerit incendium
English has
cefter dcere bisene de

Troiae.

The Old
7

gio Trogia burg barn.

Hine

lyste eac

geseon

hti

seo burne,
1.

hu

lange,

hu

leohte be dczre oderre (p. 39,

20).

the elements and seasons (/. 49, /. 5 et seq.) does not occur in Boethius, but F and give explanatory notes to which the Old English version

The passage on

M

closely corresponds. In Lib. iii. met. 9 (Peiper 70, v. I et seq.) the word numeris is annotated at some length, and here too the

(/. 80,

Old English version closely follows the commentary In the commentary to the same /. 5 et seq.). et we find a note explaining that by seq.), poem (v. 13 the words triplicis mediam naturae animam we are to understand anima rationabilis> together with anima irascibilis and anima concupiscibilis. The Old English
runs (/. 8 1,
/.

17-19)

An

dor a gecynda

is

f
f

heo bid
hio bid

wilnigende. oder

f

hio bid irsiende, flridde

gesceadwis. At the end of this

poem the commentaries add the words per quem (per)veniamus ad te the Old English
;

has de ealle

To
52)

fundiad. the words of Boethius (Lib. iii. prosa 12, P. 83. nihil est quod naturam seruans deo contraire

men

to

conetur, Alfred

adds buton dysig mon^

odfie

eft

da

widerweardan englas (p. 98, 1. 12, 13). This seems to be taken from the commentary, which, in speaking of the devil, mentions that he was good in sui natura but that he voluntate deo resis tit. In Lib. iii. prosa 12 (P. 84. 65) occur the words
lacessentes caelum gigantas.

In M.

we

find loquitur

RELATION TO LATIN ORIGINAL
secundum fidem gentilium vel veritatem
divisio linguarttm facta
est.

xxxm

tangit, qnando This biblical allusion is
1.

not lost on In Lib.

King Alfred
iv.

(p. 99,

6).

prosa

i

(P. 89. 33)

M. annotates domum

thus: ad apicem pristinae intelligentiae mentisque secretum sen ad paradysum, ubi damns est naturahs. The Old English version has (p. 104, 1. 27) to Zare
heofonlican byrig de du
<zr

of come.
in

The
(P. 90.
taries.

gelidi

senis of Boethius

Lib.
in

iv.

metr.

i

n)

is

explained as
metr. 5 (P.
v.

Saturnus

the

commen
.
.

p

Bootes, 1-3 ff.) Arcturi temone in est Stella Bootes the commentaries explain id est, custos laus tri graece arctofilax vocatur,

In Lib.

iv.

.

qnae
. .

sidera quanta viciniora stint cardmi, tanto plaustri tardiores habent occasus et celer lores or fas, quoniam diu Unde Bootes autem occultantur. videntur,
.

parmnn

quia primus (proximus?) est cardini, parvo tempore
occultatur, ergo

or turn venit

.

.

.

semper tardius ad occasum quam ad Rursus, qtianto longius fuerint sidera

a cardine,

celerius occldunt et tardius oriuntur.
1.

Com

pare with this the Old English (p. 126, The elaborate simile of the wheel

i

ff.).

contained in

1.

7 of the Old English version (p. 139, Chapter xxxix. owe something to the words of the to also seems 19)

commentary.
Finally, the simile of the egg (Metr. xx. 169), which has generally been ascribed to King Alfred, is to be found indicated in the marginal scholia of the FrouIn

mund Codex in the words Caelum modum ovi figurari.

et terrain

mareque

Dr. Schepss further shows that Alfred might have avoided certain errors if he had been able to make

xx xiv

INTRODUCTION

consistent use of the commentaries above described.

Thus Alfred speaks of romaniscum cedelinge^ se wees haten Liberius (p. 36, /. 17), where the Latin text has liber quidam ; but the commentaries refer the
allusion to

sumum

Alfred
1.

s

17)

may

Anaxagoras, Zeno, or Anaxarchus. error se wisa Catuhis for Catullus have been due to a faulty reading

(p. 61,

in his

MS., or perhaps to the mention of Catulus in Orosius,
but the commentary
poeta.
(p. 46,
/.

M

has a note nobilis
of Brutus

et veronensis

The

identification

with

Cassius

22) seems to
s part,

show

carelessness or ignorance

on Alfred

but at the same time he avoids some

we find in the commentaries. For example, he does not regard Alcibiades as nomen
blunders which
mulieris famosae pidchritudiniS) as
in
is

gravely set forth
1.

commentary makes Ulysses a prince of Rhaetia
Metr. xxvi. 8)
vela neritii.
is

the

F.

The

curious mistake which
(p. 115,

16 and
retii for

due to the reading velani
left

Alfred seems to have
contained
in

unused a mass of material
regarding
matters

the

commentaries

metrical, grammatical, and etymological, but eagerly availed himself of any hints and information he could

get on Biblical, mythological, and historical questions, and all that related to what we now call natural science.

Dr. Schepss has undoubtedly made out a strong case, and has indicated a new field of inquiry which may lead to still further interesting discoveries of the

same

nature, as he

has only dealt with the

more

notable of the explanations and expansions of the Latin text which have been generally ascribed to

King Alfred.
bury
s

In this connexion William of Malmes-

statement that Asser sensuiti librarian Boetii

DIALECT OF TEXT
de consolatione planioribus verbis enodavit
as
is

xxxv
of interest,

it almost looks as if Asser were the author of the above-mentioned commentaries F and but, as

M

;

Dr. Schepss points out, it is safer to believe that in the written and oral explanations which he gave the
king, Asser existence.

made

use of commentaries already in

v.

Dialect of text.

The following short note kindly communicated to the Editor by Professor Eduard Sievers will be of
interest.
is

The

dialect question (of the O. E. Boethius)

The Bodl. MS. contains a good and so does Cott. The latter is many Kenticisms, evidently copied from an Early W. Saxon source, but the scribe has introduced Kentish forms here and there, especially his Kentish e for E. W. S. ie, and, what is perhaps of greater weight, Kentish io for E. -W. S. (or O. E.) eo, as in swwr, diof ; also weoruld for W. S. woruld (on the latter see Beitr. xxii. 255). It is only the Go which represents W. Germ, eit or e that is replaced by Kent, io, not the eo which stands for W. Germ, iu or i, and written io in E. W. S. too, as far as it exists. Then the Metra are so full of
rather puzzling.

Kentish forms that I cannot but believe that they were done in Kent, and probably the versifier worked from a Kentish copy of the prose text. I have a short note on this question in Beitr. x. 197, but without

amounting to proof
reads thus
gesceaftu.
:

I

tion rather convincing.

consider the following observa The prose text (p. 136, /. 23)

panon he welt dam gewealdlederum ealle The versifier makes dam gewealdlederum
;

(Metr. xxix. 76) a regular half line
c 2

consequently he

xxxvi

INTRODUCTION
to alter the

had
I

words immediately preceding, and
it

believe he did
/

this

way

:

/

ivaldefi

danon he

^velt

flam gewealdlederutn.

Then

scribe, copied out what he found before him, but his eye was caught by the welt, and he donan so he wrote what we find in the Metra

he, or

some

:

iv aided

^

$am geweltletirum.

So the Kentish welt

evi

dently was in the (original) prose text from which the man worked. There are numerous other Kenticisms in
the text of both
is

B and

C, and this question of dialect
it

one that

calls for detailed investigation, as

may

An light on the source of these two MSS. examination of the Cott. Metra from this point of view would probably lead to results regarding their author ship of greater value than those hitherto obtained by other methods (v. infra). The fragment N, which is
throw
older than the other two MSS.,
is

West Saxon, with
dialect.

no important admixture of Kentish or other
vi.

Authorship and date of the Work.
into English the De by several early

That King Alfred translated
Consolatione of Boethius
writers
is

testified

of varying authority. ./Ethel weard in his Chronicle (Lib. iv. cap. 3 ad 901 A. D.) has this passage Divinis quippe super omnia documentis im:

btitus,

nam

ex Latino rhetorico fasmate in propriam

verterat linguam volumina,

ita praeopime, ^lt audientibus liber (librum ?) Boetii lachrymosus quodammodo suscitaretur motus.

numero ignoto, ita varie, non tantum expertioribns sed et

William of Malmesbury says (De Gestis
1

Regum

Cott.

MS. has he done anwald ded.

Ed.

AUTHORSHIP AND DATE OF THE WORK

xxxvil

122), Hie (i. e. Asser) sensum Angliae, Lib. ii. cap. 4, librorum Boetii de Consolatione Philosophiae planioribns verbis enodavit, quos ipse rex in anglicain linguam con

fer tit ; and a

little

further on he again speaks of Alfred

s

translation of thework. In his GestaPontificum Angliae,

248 (page 177 of Hamilton s edition), occurs this pas sage, Asser us. .non nsqiieqnaqne contempnendae scientiae fuit, qui librum Boetii de consolatione pJiilosopJtiae
ii.
.

planioribus elucidavil, labor e illis diebns necessario, nosSed enim iussu regis factum est, ut levins tris ridicnlo.

ab eodem in anglicnm transfer re tin- sermonem. Robert Plot in his Historia Natnralis Comitatns

Oxon. (cap. x, have formerly

118) remarks that there seems to existed at Woodstock (Wudestoc)
s

a Royal residence, dating from King Alfred

time,

as it appears from a Cotton MS. (sub Othone A) that that King translated at Woodstock the De Conso
latione of Boethius into
to

Saxon.

Plot probably refers

Otho Ax, now destroyed except for a few charred fragments. Wanley in his Catalogue makes no mention of this statement alleged to be

MS.

Cott.

contained in the

MS.

In the Liber monasterii de
1866)
it

is

Hyda (edited by Edwards stated that Alfred caused the De Conso
Gregory s Dialogues Saxon tongue by Bishop

latione of

Boethius as well as

to be translated into the

Several other e. Werfrith of Worcester). (i. early writers from whose works extracts are printed in the preface to Rawlinson s edition^ such as Bromton,
Wirefrith

Polydorus Vergilius, Leland, and Bale, refer to Alfred s translation of the De Consolatione in nearly the same words as those just quoted.

Most modern

critics

have seen no reason to doubt
c 3

xxxvm

INTRODUCTION

the tradition of antiquity and the express statement in the prefaces to the Old English version of Boethius, that King Alfred was its author. At least there has
his authorship of the prose rendering of the prose and verse of the original. The whole of this version bears the strong personal impress of its author, and in the views of life expressed,

been no doubt as to

especially of a king s
duties,

life,

with

its

manifold cares and

we can hardly

fail

to recognize the great king s

voice.

Often groping darkly after the sense of his original and failing to find it, he is always earnestly trying his utmost to utter in his simple speech the
Cotton

high thoughts that surge within him. But with regard to the authorship of the

Metra
been

not this unanimity. This question has exhaustively treated in the articles already
there
is

referred to, by Leicht, Hartmann, and Zimmermann, and nothing has since been contributed to its dis cussion. Ingenious arguments for and against Alfred s authorship have been brought forward, but it cannot be said that the question is settled. However, certain
facts

and conclusions have emerged from the dis cussion, and may be here shortly stated. It is established beyond doubt that the Cotton Metra are based directly on the corresponding prose

version found in B, without further reference to the Latin original. They reproduce in metrical dress the

prose version, omitting little, and adding few thoughts of any importance and they seem to have been
;

composed by rearranging the words of the prose version, and inserting poetical commonplaces or tags/
to bring the lines into an alliterating form, much as a schoolboy might use a Gradus in making Latin verses.

AUTHORSHIP AND DATE OF THE WORK

xxxix

It has been remarked that certain of the Latin Metra are translated in B, but omitted in C (Metra i. 6, ii. 2, iv. 7), and that it is precisely these Metra that in B lack the formulae which generally introduce and dismiss a metrum. This fact is used as an

argument against the King s authorship of the Cotton Metra. But, on the other hand, it is pointed out that
the prose version of Metr. i. 7 has also no formulae, but is nevertheless versified in C.
investigated the question most shows that none of the usual arguments thoroughly,
Leicht,

who has

against

the

King s

authorship

amount

to

proof,

whether those of an a priori nature, or those drawn from certain discrepancies observed in the corre
spondence between the

B and C

versions of the Metra.

himself, however, after carefully comparing one version with the other, finds that the alliterating Metra

He
of

nothing fresh, such as we should expect of but only a weak dilution of the terse and and accordingly he decides against vigorous prose
offer

C

*

Alfred, the

;

King

s

authorship.

The consensus

of

critical

opinion seems to be against Alfred s authorship of the prose and metrical prefaces, on the authority of which the authorship of the Cotton Metra is often
ascribed to

him

;

but nothing has been clearly proved

one
in
in

way or the other. The prose preface which is found both B and C closely resembles certain passages
Alfred
s

preface

to his translation

of Gregory

s

Cur a Pastoralis.
;

It clearly states

that

King Alfred

translated this book from Latin into English prose., and afterwards into verse (leode). The metrical makes the same assertion in more words. preface

Leicht shows that the prose preface could not have

xl

INTRODUCTION

been prefixed to the

original version containing the prose translation of the Metra, but must have accom panied C only, or its archetype, and was afterwards

added to
verses
in

later copies of the first edition,

such as B.
the

The Cotton Metra have been compared with
the
preface
to Alfred
s

which Dr. H. Sweet

in his

with some justice styles to stand on a rather higher level than these

Cura Pastoralis, edition of the latter work doggerel/ but they seem
latter.

They Saxon

share

certain

characteristics

with

the

West

verse of the tenth century, and clearly belong to a period when the rules of Old English prosody,

observed so carefully in the golden age of Cynewulf and in the Beowulf, were neglected, and perhaps

almost forgotten.

Thus the laws of

alliteration

of

the classic poetry are often transgressed. Provided he has one or two words in the first half line allite
rating

versifier
stress,

with one in the second, or vice versa, the does not much care what words bear the

while proclitics are at times divorced from their main words in a most inelegant manner. In conclusion we may say that it lies with the oppo
nents of the

King

s

prove their case,

and

authorship of the Cotton Metra to An this they have not done.

investigation of the language of these Metra may, however, throw some further light on the question. The King, we are told by Asser, was fond of the

poetry of his native land, and learned much of it by heart, and we can well believe that he would please

both himself and his people by adding a metrical His hearers, for readers were few in those version.
days, would find even a rude

and more

easily

rhythm more impressive remembered than the terser prose
;

REFERENCES

xli

and Alfred himself might perhaps, as an unpoetical, practical West Saxon, have regarded these Metra
with considerable satisfaction.

On

the other hand,

commissioned some skilled a Kentish clerk, to undertake possibly leodwyrhta, the versification, and the latter s version when in
he

may

perhaps

have

corporated into Alfred s prose passed from the first under the

may
name

conceivably have of the King *.

regards the date when Alfred translated the De Consolatione no certain conclusion is possible. Critics

As

vary greatly

in their

chronological arrangement of the

arguing chiefly from a priori grounds, unfortunately almost the only grounds avail able. Walker s view, that Alfred translated Boethius

King s

literary works,

treatise after the

Handboc, the Cur a Pastoralis, and

the Orosius3 about the year 897, seems reasonable, as our work does not look like the production of a novice in composition, but bears the stamp of
a mature
that could only

mind wielding the language with the ease come from practice.
vn.

are given here in order not to further burden the margin of the text. Page and line
references to

The

B

of this edition are printed opposite each folio number.

la Tb

=
=

12.
13.

30 24

Sb
9<2

= =

15. 16 16. 14
17.
7

=
I0b=
Ila

17. 31 18. 26
19.

Sa
1

14. 18

9b

=

20

Professor E. Sievers, in Beitr&ge (Paul and Braune), x.

197 note,

declares against Alfred s authorship of these Metra, and says that he believes they were originally written in the Kentish dialect by a Kentish-

man, and based on a Kentish version of the prose text. Our MSS., B and C, according to Prof. Sievers. represent this Kentish text partially
re-converted into

W.

Saxon.

xlii

INTRODUCTION

REFERENCES

xliii

ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS
On On
Fox,
16, read dierran domte.

p. 32, p. 89,

1.

1.

22, the

em.
has

ftsesternes

MSS. omit fionne. was suggested by E. Thomson
j
ealle

;

see

p. 358, n. 44.
p. 94,
ic
1.

On
On

7,

B

ealle gesceafte

wuhta\

1.

22,

B

has

ic

wite with

erased.

p. 190, n. 3, for
1.

wyrst read wyr st.
}
;

C

read fyrcne ne mot C om. ne 1. 8, read monan for s monna, as Leicht suggests (Anglia^ vi. 151). GLOSSARY. Diminish by one each line-number of p. 91 and of p. 112

Metr. xxix,

7,

;

after

1.

II.

Several references to p. 50 are a line out. s.v. dbedecian, for 71. 12 read 71. 17.
s.v. ascierpan, the pp. ascerped, p. 47, 1. 27, had better perhaps be taken as connected with sceorp, and = equipped, prepared the Latin has
;

succinetam,
s.v.

dsturan, dele astyrest and aslyrast which belong to dstyrian.

s.v.

dom, add domes dag 120.

31.

s.v. dysilic, dele 42. 10.
s.

v.

far, for aspect ? read motion.

s.v.

s.v. gier-wan,
s.v.

forbugan, dele prevent. add pp. gegyrewod 32. 27. hwelc, for us read usual.
locian read locian,

For
j.
.

and

for lucude

n.

i

read locude

n.

I.

gemynd-wiefQe, supply worthy of mention! s. v. six stream, for seaman read water of the sea.

PROEM
ALFRED KUN1NG
he
hit
sette

IVCBS

wealhstod fosse
hio

dec,

7

hie

of
he

bodtzdene^ on englisc wende,

swa

nu

is

gedon.

Hwilum
for pam
5

word
2

be worde,

hwilum andgit of

andgite,

swa swa

pa

sweotolost 7

andgitfullicast gereccan
3

mihte

7 manigfealdum weoruldbisgum pe hine oft cegder f)a bisgu us sint mode on ge on lichoman bisgodan. ge swipe earfoprime^ pe on his dagum on pa ricu becoman pe
mistlicu

he underfangen hcefde,

7 peah
spelle

ffa

pas

boc hcefde^ geleornode
eft

7 of
to

Icedene
e
,

to

engliscu

gewende^ 7 geworhU* hi
is

leoffe

swa swa

heo

nu gedon

;

7 nu

bit

7 for Godes 10

naman
for

he halsad 1

<zlcne

para pe pas
celc

boc rcedan lyste,
hit rihtlicor
be

p

he

hine gebidde, 7
/

him ne wite gif he

ongite

8 ponne he mihte

forpampe

mon

sceal

his andgites

made 7
he dep.
1

be his

cemettan sprecan

p

he

sprecff,

7 don

p

ptzt
15

So also

J,

2 5
9

mislicum J. em. hcefe B. meahte J.

where the first vowel is apparently 3 So J, wordu j bisgum B.
6
J>a

e turned into
*

o.

earfoSrimu
1

J.

geivorhte he hi efter to leoSe

J.

healsad J.

B

HEADINGS OF CHAPTERS

/. sErest hu Gotan geivunnon hi wolde eft^ bercedan, 7 Beodric careerne gebringan.

Romana rice, 7 hu Boetius pa p anfunde^ 7 him het on

II.

III.

Hu Boetius on pam carcerne his sar seofiende wees. Hu se Wisdom com to Boetie cerest inne on pa carcerne,

5

7 hine ongan frefrian.

IV.
mcende.
V.

Hu

Boetius hine singende gebced, 7 his earfofiu

to

Gode

VI.

Hu se Wisdom hine eft rete 7 rihte mid his andsworum. Hu he him rehte bispell bi pcere sunnan 7 bi ofirum
be

10

tunglum 7
VII.

wolcnum.
se

Hu

Wisdom

scede

pa Mode p him

naht swiffor were

ponne

hit forloren hcefde pa woruldsceloa pe hit cer to gewunod hcefde ; 7 scede him bispell hu he hit macian sceolde gif he heora pegen beon sceolde ; 7 be pcss scipes segele, 7 hu his 15 godena weorca ealra wolde her on worulde habban lean.

VIII.

Hup Mod andsworede peer e
ceghwonan ongeate scyldig ;

p

hit hit

Gesceadwisnesse, 7 scede eac scede hit wcere

p

pa

ofseten mid flees lapes sare, cwcBcf se Wisdom : is

p

hit ne mihte
2

him geandsworian.
2o

p nu git pinre unrihtwisnesse p $u eartfulneahforpoht*; tele nu pa gescelpa wid pam sorgum. IX. f)a ongan se Wisdom eft secgan bispell be pcere sunnan,
m

hu heo oferliht ealle opre steoran, 7 gepiostrap mid 7 hu pone smyltan see pees windes yst.
.

hire

leohte. ;

.

1

eft

above

line.

2

J)ire B.

3

em.fofoht B.

B 2

4

DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE

hit call X. Boeiius scede hu swytole ongiten hcefde so$ wcere pcet se Wisdom scede ; 7 seo orsorhnes, 7 pa scelda pe he cer wende pcet ges&Wa beon sceoldan, nauhtas nceran ; he ne mihte gereccan p he ungescelig 7 hu se Wisdom scede his ancor wcere pa gitfcest on eorpan. 5 ware ; scede

Hu

p

p

p

10

XI. Hu seo Gesceadwisnes him andsworede 7 p heo wende ficet heo hine hwcethwegnunges up ahafen hcefde 7 fulneah l gebroht at pam ilcan weorpscipe pe he cer hcefde ; 7 acsode hine hwa hafde eall p he wolde on pi sse worulde ; sume habbaS cBpelo 7 nab bap are.
cw<zp

XII.
wolde,

Hu

se

p

he hit ne

XIII.
sprecan,
15 andgit.

Hu

Wisdom hine Icerde, gif he fcest hus timbrian setle up on pone hehstan cnoll. i fta smealicor se Wisdom scede p hie meahtan
seo

forpampe

lar

hwcethwegnunges

eode

on

his

XIV. Hu p Mod
land ;

7 hu

se

cwced hwi him ne 3 sceolde lician fceger Wisdom ahsode hwcet him belupe to hira

fcegernesse.

XV. Hu
20 eld wees.

seo

Gesceadwisnes scede hu gescclig seo forme

XVI. Hu

pam

se Wisdom scede p hi hi woldon ahebban for anweald 0$ done heofen; 7 be -Deodrices anwealde* 7

Nerones.

XVII.
25

Hu p Mod
Be

scede

p

him
to

ncefre seo

mcegp 7

seo

gitsung forwel ne

licode,

buton

lape he tilade.
hlisan.

X VIII, XIX.
eallu

hlisan.

Be

XX. Be peere wifierweardan wyrde, 7 be pcere orsorgan. XXI. Be pees celmihtigan Godes anwealde ; hu he welt
his gesceaftu.

30

XXII.

Hu

se

Mod
sange.

aret

<zgj>er

Wisdom 7 seo Gesceadwisnes hcefdon p ge mid smealicre sprcece ge mid wynsuman

XXIII. Hu se Wisdom Icerde pone pe he wolde wcest?nbcere land sawan,p he atuhge of cerest pa pornas, ypafyrsas, -/pa he scede gif hiua biteres hwes onberede, 35 unnyttan weod ; 7 hu swetre. beobread him fri puhte p
e
1

weo}scipe B.

2

era.

median

B.

3

ne above

line.

4

anweald B.

DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE
XXIV. Hu menn
to

5

willniad purh

l

ungelice

gearnunga cuman
bridlu his

anre eadignesse.

XXV. Hu God

welt ealra gesceafta

mid pam

anwealdes, 7 hu ale gesceaft wrigacf wid hire gecyndes, 7 wilnaS p hit cume pider fionan pe hit ar com. VI. Hu se Wisdom sade p men mihton be Gode swelce hi mate ; 7 hwaper se wela mihte pone mon gedon swa iveline p he maran ne porfte ; j hwaper Boetie eall his woruld licode

5

XX

pa

he gesalgost wees

2
.

XXVII. Hu se weorfiscipe mag gedon tu* ding: done wees fordysegan pam ofirii dysegu weorpne ; 7 hu Nonius cweden for pam gyldenan scridwane ; 7 hu alces monnes
yfel bid py openre gif he anwald hcefd*. VIII. Be Nerone Sam casere.

10

XX

XXIX.
ofire

Hwceder

5

mcege (Bnigne
gewitad.

mon

zveligne

peas cyninges neawest 7 his freondscipe 15 7 zvaldendne gedon; 7 hu pa
eft

friend cumafi mid pa welan, 7

mid pam welan

se scop sang p ma manna fcegnodon dysiges ponne hie fcegnedon sopra spella, p is p hi 20 gedwolan folces wcndon his beteran ponne he ware ; ponne fcegniad hi pas

XXX. Hu

pe hi sceamian

sceolde.

se sceal fela nearanessa gepolian pe pees ilcan lichoman lustas forltztan nele* ; 7 hu mon mceg weorce cwepan p netenu send gescelige, gif man cwifi p pa 25 1 men sen gescelige pa heora lichoman lustum fulgad
<ty

XXXI. Hu

.

pes anwearda ivela merfi pa men pe beop atihte to pa so5um ges&Wum ; 7 hu se wisdom is an anlipe 8 ffonne ealle pas -lichoman craft pare sawle, 7 is peak betera craftas ; 7 peah hwa gegaderie ealle pas andweardan god, ponne ne mag he no pe rafior beon swa welig swa he wolde, ne he eft him naf$ p pat he ar wende.
nessa
se Wisdom hafde getaht pa Mode pa anlicpara socfena salpa ; wolde hi pa selfe getacan, 7 be bam fif gesaWum 9 : p is wela 7 anweald 7 voeortiscipe 7

XXXII. Hu

30

XXXIII. Hu

35

foremarnes 7
1

willa.
2

luh B.

wens above line in B.
le

3 fit* B. fulgal 1

4

em.
em.
crcef B.

5

9

em. ffwSer B. em. gesaftum B.

6

sceal B.
10

fyligaX B. em. andweald B.

8

6

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

se Wisdom h&fde gerehi hwcel p hehste god wolde him pa gereccan hwcer hit wees, 7 hu of pam mycelan gode cumafi^ pa Icessan.

XXXI V. Hu

wees ;

5

him

XXXV. Hu se Wisdom leerde peel Mod ft hit sohte oninnan p hit ymbutan hit sohte, 7 forl&te unnytfe ymbhogan
<zr

siva he sivifiost mihte ; 7 hu God wealt ealra gesceafta goda mid pa steorrofire his godnesse.

7 eallra

10

XXXVI. Hu p Mod scede pa Wisdome p hit ongeate p him reahte purh hine pcet p he rehte ; 7 forhwy se goda God Iccte cenig^ yfel beon ; 7 hu seo Gesceadwisnes bad p Mod p
God
hit scete on hire scridwcene, 7 heo sceolde beon his ladteaw ; 7 hu heo scede p tu^ fling wceren, willa 7 anweald ; gif hwam para aupres wana wcere, p heora ne mihte naffer buton oprum nauht don.

1

5

XXXVII. Be

pa?n ofermodan rican 7 unryhtwisan, 7 hu

moti hehp pone heafodbeah eel pees cerneweges ende, 7 hu mo?i sceolde celcne mon hatan be pam deore pe he gelicost wcere.

XXXVIII. Be
3

Troia gewinne ;

hcefde

twa deoda under
to

pam

casere,

hu Eulixes se cyning 7 hu his pegnas wurdan

mforsceapene
eadleane,
to

wildeoru.

XXXIX.

Be

7 hu mistlicu witu

pam godu swa hunga Godes 7 be peere wyrde.
25

ryhtre^ fiounge 7 be unrihfre, 7 be ryhtum 5 6 7 mam gfeald earfofiu oft cumdd hi to pam yfelu sceoldan ; 7 be pare foreteobeofi

XL. Hu
sam
heo

celc

wyrd

god,

sam

heo

mannu god

pince,

him yfel pince. XLI. Hu Omerus se goda pdfreodome.

sceop herede

pa

sunnan, 7 be

XLII. Hu
3
celc be his
5

we

sceoldan eallon mcegne spyrian czfter Gode,

andgites mcepe.
tji

1 2 em. camaft B. em. mistlicum witu B.

tit

B.
6

3

hcef B.

*

em. ryhre

B.

em. earfoftum B.

*la.

*

3 bB.

Gotan of Scidfiiu mczgfie wicJ Romana rice 1 gewin up ahofon, 7 mid hear a cyningu, Rcedgota 7 Eallerica wcEron hatne, Romane burig abrcscon. 7 call Italia rice p is 2 betwux pam muntu 7 Sicilia pam ealonde in anwald gerehton,
ficere tide

ON

de

5

7 pa after paforesprecenan cyningu peodric feng to pam ilca?i rice. Se f)eodric WCES Amulinga ; he was cristen, peak he on

He gehet Romanu his Ac ealdrihta heora hi moslan wyrfie beon. freondscipe, swap 3 mia wrafie swicfe he pa gehat swifie yfele gelcEste geendode 7 4 he 10 manegu mane, WCES to eacan oftru unarimedu yflu
pa arrianiscan gedwolan purhwunode.
,

p

lohannes pone papan het ofslean. heretoha hatad., Boetius WCES gehaten

pa
5

WCES
se

sum

consul,

p p

we

;

WCES in boccrcEftu 7

Se pa ongeat pa manigon woruldpeawum se rihtwisesta. fealdan yfel pe se cyning f)eodric wicf pa cristenandome 7 wifi He pa gemunde para ednessa 7 romaniscu witum dyde. -1$ pa caseru under hi ealdrihta pa pe para hcEfdon heora ealdhlafordu.

pa

rice pa ongan he smeagan 7 leornigan on him selfu hu he unrihiwisan cyninge aferran mihte, 7 on ryhtgeleaffulra 7 on 6 Sende pa digellice 7 cErendrihtwisra anwealde gebringan.

p

20 gewritu to

pa kasere to Constentinopolim, pcEr is Creca heahburg heora cynestol, forpa se kasere WCES heora ealdhlafordcynnes ; 7 bcEdon hine pcet he him to heora cristendome 7 to heora ealdrihtu

ongeat se wcElhreowa cyning )eodric, gefultumede. 8 on carcerne 7 pcErinne belucan. het he hine * gebringan
25

pa p
p
se

pa
*

pa

4a

-

hit da

gelomp

arwyrcJa WCES on
a Cott.

swa

micelre nearanesse

Metr.
3

i.
*

d
1

em. mid B.
B

2

anwal B.
e
r

em.
I

gelczst B.
K

he above line B.

ge
"

r

haten B.

aniveald B.

digelice B.

gebingan B.

8
becom,
his

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
pa
WCBS he

[I

mode gedrefed swa pa woruldscelpu gewunod WCBS ; 7 he pa nanre frofre beinnan pa carcerne ne gemunde ; ac he gefeoll dune on pa flor, 7 hine astrehte swiffe unrot, 7 ormod niwol of
micle swiffor on his

swa

mod

cer swiffor to

hine selfne ongan

wepan 7 pus singend
II
a.

cwceff

:

5

f)A Hod pe ic wrecca geo luslbcerlice song ic sceal nu heofiende singan, 7 mid swipe^ ungeradu wordu gesettan, peah ic geo hwilu gecoplice funde ; ac ic nu wepende 7 gisciende ofgeradra worda mi s/b. Me ablendan pas ungetreowan woruldscclpa, 7 me paforletan swa blindne on pis dimme holj me* pa bereafodon
celcere lustbcernesse

10

pa da

ic hi cefre betst

truwode

;

hi me heora

bcec to,

7 me mid

ealle

from

gewitan.

pa wendon To hwon

sceoldan la mine friend seggan ic gescelig mon wcere ? mceg se beon gescelig se pe on pa gescdpu purhwunian* ne mot?

p

Hu

i.

pA

ic

pa pis

leoff,

cwceff Boetius, geomriende asungen

J

5

hcefde, pa com peer gan in to me heofencund Wisdom, 7 p min murnende mod mid his wordu gegrette, 7 pus cwcecf : Hu ne eart du se mon pe on minre scale wcere afed^ 7 gelcered ? Ac hwonon wurde pu mid pis su woruldsorgu pus swiffe geswenced?

buton
cer

ic

watp pu

hcefst para
5

wcepna

to

hrdde forgiten pe
cwceff
:

sealde,

f)a clipode

se

Wisdom 7

ic pe 20 Gewitap nu

*

4b

B.

awirgede woruldsorga of mines pegenes mode, forpa ge sind pa * mcestan sceapan. Lcetap hine eft hweorfan to minu laru. f)a eode se Wisdo near, cwceff Boetius, minu hreowsiendu

swa niowuP pa hwcethwega up arcerde; adrigde 25 pa mines* modes eagan, 7 hit ran blipu^ wordu hwceffer hit Mid pa fre ffa p Mod wiff his 11 oncneowe his fostermodor^.
gepohte^ 7 hit

1

f

a b
T

Boeth. Boeth.

i.

met.

i.

Carmina qui quondam, &c.

Cott. Metr.
4

ii.

i.

pr. i.
!

em. swi B.
6

Haec dum mecum/ &c. 3 em. foihwunian 7 me ab. 1.
9
fr<zgn

5

deopode

J.
8

h^uugu

J.

modor

u

From J, niowoul B, From J, minenes B.

B. written over niwoll.
lifiu J.

afeded J. 1 hwcBt10

fcester-

J.

his from J, om. B.

III.

4]

DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
pa gecneow
Wisdom
fie

9
modor ;

bewende,

hit

swifie

sweoteh

his

1 ague"

P

WCES

se

hit lange cer tyde
2

7

Icerde.
3

Ac

hit ongeat

mid dysigra hondu, f)a p gewurde. andwyrde^ se Wisdom hi his gingran hafdon hine swa totorenne, peer peer hi 5 7 s&de teohhodon p hi hine eallne habban sceoldon ; ac hi gegaderiad
his lare swifie totorenne

7

siviSe tobrocene

ran* hu 7 him pa f

p

monifeald* dysig on dcere fortrnwunga 7 on pa gilpe, butan heora hwelc eft to hyre 1 bote gecirre. ii c f)a ongan se Wisdom hreowsian for pees Modes tyder.

10 nesse, 7
seafie
8
.

p mod drigfi, pon
nu

ongan pa giddian 7 pus cw&fi : Eala on hu grundleasum hit bestyrmad pisse worulde ungepwcer-

nessa

tiringd

Gif hit pon forget his ahgen leoht, p is ece gefea, 7 on pa fredan pislro, p sind woruldsorga, swa swa fa s
defi,

9

Mod nu
15
iii.

htzfdo,

nauht elks nat butan gnornunga. pa 7 seo Gesceadwisnes pis leod asungen pa he pa ongan eft sprecan 7 cwced to pan Mode : Ic geseo
hit
se

Wisdo

P pe

is
iv.

nufrofres mare pear pon unrotnesse.

f

wilt pines gedwolan, pon sona beran 7 bringe mid me to heofonu. unrote Mod 7 cwceff : HwcEt la hwcet, sint 20 andsworode him

Forpa gifpu pe ofsceamian
ic
}>e

10

onginne

pa

p

pis *nu
>e

7 pa edlean pe pu ealne weg gehete pa monnu pe heorsumian woldan ? Is pis nu se cwide pe pu me geo scedes t p se wisa Plato cwaide^p was p nan anweald n&re riht

pa god

n

*

5a

butan rihtu

peawu?

Gesihst pu

nup pa

rihtwisan sint lade 7

i*)forprycte,forpd hi pinu willan woldan fu/gdn, -/pa unryhtwisan seondan 1* up ahafene purh heora won dcedaj purh heora hi oy e$ mcegen heora unriht gewillforfibringan hi selflice?

p

mid gifu 7 mid gestreonu gefyrfirode. Forpa ic nu wille geornlice to Gode cleopian. Ongan ffa giddien, 7 pus singende
sind
30 c
c
1

Boeth.

i.

met.
2

2.

Heu, quam
3

praecipiti,

&c.

Cott. Metr.
4

iii.

agene

J.

totorene J.
6
9

7

s. t.

ab.
10

1.

s

jwyrde B.
siendon
J.

em. monifeal B.

B, tobrogdene J. 7 rihtre J.
J.

frcegn J.
8

gefihcernessa B.
12

13

So B. gestrodum

onsceamian

u

em. un-

good

J.

J.

10

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
IV a.

[IV

EALA
setle

pu scippend heofones 7 eorpan, pu pe on pa ecan ricsast,pu pe on hrcedu f&relde pone heofon ymbhweorfest,
tunglu

7

pa

pu

heo

mid

heore
nihte.

gedest pe gehyrsume, 7 pa sunnan pu gedest beorhtan sciman pa peostro adwcEscd pcere

p

sweartan

Swa

de$ eac

se

mona mid

his blacan leohte 5

p pa

ge eac hwilum sunnan heore leohles he us j hire betwux pa bereafap, ponne eac hwilu beorhtan hatafi steorran we ; wyrd ge pe pone
beorhtan steorran dunniao* on

pa

heofone,

pu

morgensteorra, pone ilcan we hatdd offre naman afensteorra pe da?n winter dagu selest scorte tida 7 pczs sumeres dahu 10 2 langran ; pu pe pa treowu purh pone stearcan wind norpan
.

1

*

-1

B.

7 eastan on hcerfesttid heora leafa hereof ast, 7 eft on lencten sellest sufianwesternan wind. opru leaf purh pone smyltan * ealle Hwcet, pe gesceafta heorsumiafi, 7 pa gesetnessa binra
beboda healdafi, butan
celmihtiga scippend

men anu ;
la

se

pe

oferheorfi.

7 rihtend

eallra gesceafta, help

Eala pu nu pinu

15

earmum moncynne. wyrd swa hwyrfan
ne dreap

Hwy pu

sceolde ? heo

Drihten afre woldest p seo preat pa unscildigan 7 nauht

pam scildigu. Sittafi manfulle on heahsetlu, 7 halige under heora fotu pry cad ; sticidS gehydde beorhte* crtzftas, 7 20 pa unrihtwisan tcelad pa rihtwisan. Nauht ne deregaff monnu
mane apas, ne p lease lot pe beo3 mid pa wrencu bewrigen^. Forpa went nufulneah eall moncyn on tweonunga, gif seo wyrd swa hweorfan mot on yfelra manna gewill. 7 pu heore nelt Eala min Drihten^ pu pe ealle gesceafta ofersihsf*, stir an. hawa nu mildelice* on pas earman eorpan, 7 eac on eall moncyn, forpa hit nu eall wind on paytium pisse worulde.
ye.
i.

25

pA p Mod pa pillic
se
i.

gende wczs,
d Boeth.
6
1

Wisdom pa 7
5.

sar cwedende WCBS, 7 pis leofi sinseo Gesceadwisnes him blifium

met.
pr. 5.

O

stelliferi

Boeth.

i.

Haec

Cott. Metr. iv. conditor, &c. ubi continuato dolore delatraui, &c.

em.

(zfenfieorra B.
5

*

berigen B.

2 3 em. beorte B. em. treowa B. em. midelice B. em. ofersiht B.

V.

i]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE
1

II
ness
cerest

7 he for pees Modes geomerunge nauht gedrefed, ac cwceff to pa Mode : Sona swa ic fie
on pisse unrolnesse geseah ut afaren
5 flu
4

eahum on locodon 1 j

ofpi nes feeder effele,p is for
7

8 pus murciende ic ongeat p pu wcere ^ minum larum. peer
8

him fore
seo

of*

pa pu pine fastrcednesse
10

forlete,

7 wendest
buton

p

weord* pas woruld wende heore agenes
ut afaren wcere, ac
ic

fionces

Godes gepeahte j his pafunge

7 monna gewyrhtu.
cer ffu

Ic wiste
self hit

n
* 6a B.

p pu

nysste hufeor,

pe

me

Ac peah pti nu fyr seo 12 don 10 pu wcere, ne eart pu peah ealles of pa earde adrifen, ffeah pu Ne gebrohte pe eac nan offer man on pa pceron gedwolode. Ne gedwolan butan pe sylfum purh pine agene gemeleste
gerehtest

mid

*pinii sarcwidu.

.

sceolde

pe

eac

nan man swelces

to

gelefan peer

pu gemunan

woldest hwylcra gebyrda

pu

wcere 7 hwylcra burgwara for

15 eft gastlice hwilces geferscipes pu wcere on pinu u on ffinre mode, 7 PU eart an para gesceadwisnesse ; p is rihtwisena j para ryhtwillendra ; pa beoff pcBre heofencundan
offffe

worulde ;

p

Jerusalem burgw are.

Of

ficere

is wolde, ne wearfi adrifen, 20 he wcsre, simle he hcefde pone

p

l5 he self ncpfre nan, buta 16 of his godan willan ; wccre per

mid him
wce.re

;
18

hcefde,

ware

pair he ware,

pon

pon he he mid

fione^

1

mid him

his

agnu cynne

7 mid his agnu burgwaru on his agnu earde pon he WCES on dara ryhtwisena gemanan. Swa hwa pon swa pees wyrfie biff

p he

i$freodome. stowe gif

on heora peowdome^ beon mot, pon biff he on ffam hehstan^ Ne onscunige ic no pees neoperan y pees *unclaenan
ic pe

*

Here be-

1 ins ^ geradne ^mete; ne me [no]* ne lyst mid glase S 22 ne mid mid golde [7] \geworht\\z. waga gimmu [^^Jhsetla gerenodra, ne boca mid golde awritenra me swa swiSe ne lyst

swa me
30 f
tfeet

Ne secQ ic no her pa bee, ac lyst on pe rihtes willan. pa bee /brstent, tSaet is, \pin\ gewit. Swi Se ri[/^]te pu
woon wyrd
2

seofodes[/ /]a
1
1

aegper ge

on
<5a|Y<2

^/2r]ihtwisra

eagum onlocude
J.

J.
5

geomntnga
ti

3

J.
7

utadrifen
5

of J.
9

em.

hof>.

pu from

12
3

Qm.f(ztrtzdnesse>. 13 sie

sioivyrd].

fier buton

J.

].
20

giemelieste J. 1(i em. willa B.

gedaftmga J. u From J, ivinne B,
1T
21

10

murcniende J. J, om. B. n ivisse B.
orig. ftinne B.
18

19

peawdome

em. hehtan B.

em. don B. -2 no J. ne om. B.

wees J.

12

DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHISE
heanesse [ge on wjinre
unweo[r/>]

[V.

i

anwaldftf]

nesse 7 for-

se[fc/]sse ge on fara manfulra fortSforlsetnesse on (5as Ac forf on f e f e is swa * micel unrotnes weoruldspeda. nu get 2 getenge ge of f inum irre ge of f inre gnornunga, ic tiid wyrtS foitSon f e ne maeg nu giet geandwyrdan aerfon
<5aes

;

5

ongyntS nsefS hit no aeltaewne ende. 3 ii f ponne tfeere sunnan scima on Agu^tes montSe hatost stintS cSonne dysegaft se (Se saed wile hwelc fonne otSfaestan f aem drygu furum. Swa eac se tSe wintregum
call

f

mon
.

untiidlice

de<S

*

I

b C.

wederu[V] on \mide 4 ] winter, peah *[fc wel
iii s.

wile blostman

[^<?]can.

Ne meaht
wearmes
:

f u win wringan 10
mustes.

lyste

Wisdojm 7 cwae?5 Mot ic nu cunnian 5 [>^]won finre fa^traed[w]se, f ic fonan ongietan maege hwonon ic fin tilian scyle 7 hu ? Da andwyrde f Mod 7 cwsetJ Cunna swa )?u wille. Da cwaetS seo Sceadwisnes 6
i?a clipode
se
:

:

1

5

wyrd weald*? [/z ]sse worulde, [o^J Se auht 8 godes s[wa] geweor^an maege fasm wyrhtan ? Da 9 andwyrde [/ Modjcw]&& Ne gelyfe ic no f hit ge[atf<?r/a] meahte swa endebyrdlice, \ac /]o so^um ic wat Sastte God 10 rihtere is his agenes weorces, 7 ic no ne weanS of fam socSan n Da se Ymb ^ Wisdom cwaecS eft gelea(/w) andwyrde 7 ilce J?u giddodest nu hwene aer 7 cwaede ^ aelc wuht from
<5u

Gelefst

7

$

sio

[<5^/]an

.

20

.

:

Code

men anum.

wisse his rihttiman 7 his rihtgesetnesse fuleode, butan FonSae ic \vundrige switSe ungemetlice hwaet fie

Ac wit 25 sy o^cSe hwaet J^u maene nu Ipu Sone geleafan haefst. sculon J?eah giet dioplicor ymb bion. Ic nat ml geare cwist (Su noht ymb hwaat ]pu giet tweos/; gesege me, nu ne tweoge fte God [/z Jsse worul^ rihtwisige 2 hu
"Saet
>u
j>

,

h[<?

-

2a

C./^ne

wolde ^ heo waere.
ic

*[^^ andwyrde p

Mod 7
]>

<rz;^

:

Uneape\

13 maeg forstandan fine zcsunga, 7 cwyst f e[^] ^ ic Se Wisdom andwyrdan scyle. fa cwaeft: Wenstu ic nyte
f

30

s
1 5

Boeth. Boeth.
6

i.

met.
2

6.

Cum

Phoebi
3 7

radiis grave,

&c.
4

i.

pr. 6.

Primum

igitur paterisne

me, &c.

swife B.
10

^/

om. B.

augustus B.
^ lefsfiu B.

midne

J.

/^ztwz B.

gesceaCwistus B.
12

8

9

gdifdt B.

6W above line C.
rihtere sie B.

n

wyrhtum

B.

in

C

^/m
3

;

/a

omitted.

The

occurs at end of line .r above line in C.

V.

3]

DE CONSOLATIONE PH1LOSOPHIAE
l

13

eart

dem pinre gedrsefednesse Ipe pu [mid] ymbfangen ac saege me hwjV/tef] endes aelc angin wilnige. Da andwirde Saet Mod 7 cwae<5: Ic hit 2 gemunde gio, ac me
[fione]
?

5 se

Da cwaecS pios gnornung Saere [~v?]mynde benumen. Wisdo[w] Wast pu hwonan aelc wuht cume ? D[#] andwyrde f Mod 7 cwaeft Ic wat f aelc wuht from Gode com. Da cwaecS se Wisdom Hu maeg paet bion, nu Ipu (Sae[/] angin
haef<5
:
:

:

wast, paet
10 ^reafian.

(5u

maeg $ mod

15

ne maeg his gewittes pu me saedej/ hwae^er (5u wisse hwaet ]?u self waere. Hit andwyrde 7 cwaeS [Ic wat\ $ ic on libbendum men 7 on on gescead[wz ]sum eom 7 deadlicum. Da andwyrde se Wisdom 7 cwaecS Wastu 5 selfum to secganne buton j? J?u nu saedest ? [^^/ ] oj?res bi Da Da cwsecS se Wisdom ^ Mod: Nat ic nauht
hit

3

eac (5one ende nyte onstyrian*, ac hio
ic

;

forSaem sio gedrefednes

Ac

wolde

paet

:

f>a

f>eah

:

>e

cwae<5

o<5res.

:

Nu
>u

[ic]

haebbe ongiten fine ormodnesse, *[

hwd-t pu self earl, ac ic wat hu frin man tilian^ seediest $ Ipu wraeccea waere 7 berea[yW] aelces godes for^on J?u [?2,?]stes hwaet \pti\ waere. pa J?u cyddest f Su

3u self nast sceaL Forfram

*

2b C.

20 nystes hwe[/c]es endes aelc angin wilnode, pa (5u wen[^/]est cSaette stiorlease men 7 recelea[Y]e waeren gesaelie 7 wealdendas

Jisse [ze]orulde

;

7

7

Saer

pu cyddest

hwelcere 9 gerece
25

God

wilt (Sisse
-J>

eac -f fu nys[/]es mid [wjorulde, oSpe hu he wolde

8

Su wende f pios sli^ne [w]yrd f hio waere, [/]a Su saedest Sas worul(^) 10 wende buton Godes ge[/]eahte. Eac f waes
pleoh $ p]u swa wenan sceoldes naes hit no on ungemetlicum ungesaelSum waere, ac eac f J?u fulneah mid ealle forwurde. Donca nu Gode J he Se gefultumade f ic fin gewit mid ealle ne forlet. We habbaS nu giet lp one maestan dael faere tyndran finre haek, nu (Su
swicSe micel
;

p

an [/]

Ipu

3

Godes gefeahte f sio wyrd ]:urh [^/]e selfe Nu tm ne fefajrft f e nauht fas [w]eoruld wendan ne maege. ondraedan, forcSaem[/]e of Saem lytlan spearcan fe f u mid
geliefaest
<fo/an

1 5

iool B.
J,

2

hit
10

om. B.
6

3

From

From

B,
7

w<?^?

C.

4

astyrigan J.
8

aht B.

9

hwilcan B.

getilian B. From B, ^vorul C.

7 om. B.

cyddest B.

14
ftaere

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
.

[V.

3

3a C. giet se

1 Ac hit nis tyndran gefenge lifes leoht ]?e onlyhte * hit ic tima $ Ipe \healicor mage onbryrdan, _/0r](5aem

2 selces modes wis^ -j)te [tttow] swa hit forlset sotScwidas, [z Js swa folga[/] hit leasspellunga. Of Seem (Sonne onginnatS mistas Se ^ mod gedrefaS, 7 mid ealle fordwilmacS weaxan mode (5a soSan gesihtfe swelce mistas swe[/]ce nu on pinum sindon. Ac [ic] hi sceal seraest gejMnnian, f ic si(5(5[tf72] (Sy ec5 msege ^ s[^] leoht on ]?e gebringan.
J>a

5

VIA
be offru tunglu; fion sweartan (Loca nu wolcnu him beforan gaff ne mahon hi fion heora leoht sellan. I0 Swa eac se siiderna wind hwilu mid* miclum storme gedrefed J)a be peer e

sunnan 7 eac

see fce cBr

WCES smylte wedere gl&shlutru on
flan jyfium,

to seonne.

pon

heo

fion

swa gemenged wyrcf mid
4
,

pon wyrff

heo swifie

peah heo cer gladu ware on to locienne. Hwcet, 5 peah he swife of his rihtryne^ ffon par micel stan wealwiende of pa heohan munte oninnan feaW 7 hine todcelfi Swa dofi nu ffa peostro pinre 7 hi his rihtrynes widstent.
hrafie ungladu,

eac se &roc

!5

laru. Ac gif ffu wilnige gedrefed nesse wiSstandan minu leohtu on rihtu geleafanp socfe leoht oncnawan, afyr frd pe fiayfelan 20 scelpa 7 pa unnettan, 7 eac 3a unnettan ungesalpa j pone yflan on on ne anhebbe is pent pu pe ofermetto pisse worulde, p

ege

pinre gesundfulnesse 7 on fiinre orsorgnesse, ne eft pe ne Forcfam geortrywe nanes godes on nanre widerweardnesse.

p

mod

siemle bid gebunden
6

mid

gedrefednesse, peer pissa twega
25

yfela auder

n csaff.)
VII i.

i.

Da geswigode
J?ses

ongeat

Modes

Wisdom ane lytle hwile Da he hi J?[a] ingej^oncas.
se
:

o S ^ he
ongiet^
on\
riht

he
h Boeth.
1

Gif

ic
f>ine

unrotn[

Nubibus atris, &c. Cott. Metr. v. Post haec paulisper opticuit, &c. * 2 3 1 Some mid above line. is conj. om. B. onliehte B. c 5 em. au&es B. em. swiQe B. words appar. omitted here, vid. Metr.
i.

met.

7.

Boeth.

ii.

pr. i.

VII.

2]

DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
]oh[/] swiSor woruldsaelcSa fe fu

15
<5aet

ongieten haebbe, J?onn[^
Ipu

m s pe

l

fonne

fo[rtoren

hcefst

/]a

[<^r

hce/dest,

7

5

hio [Vjnhwyrfed is. Ic ongiete w]mrast nu foro"aem genoh sweotwle $ fa woruldsaelcSa mid switSe monigre swetnesse 2 swicSe lytelice olecca(5 faem modu (5a hie on last willacS swif>e

Ipost

beswican; 7 fonne
*

aet

nihstan, ]?onn[V hy] laes[/] wenac5

3
,

10

on faem maestan sare. Gif 6 []u witan wilt hwonan hi cuma S, ]?onne meaht fu ongietan Gif )?u fonne heora J? eawas f hi cuma S of woruldgidsunga. witan wilt, fonne meaht fu ongietan f hie ne beoc5 nanii men getreowe 6 Be faern meaht ongietan ftset fu nane myrh^e on nsefdest *[^a pa JJH hie hcefdest, ne eft nane
hi
forlaetacS
.
f>u

on ormodnesse

J>u

f>aer

*

4b

c

-

ne forlure hi forlur[V. Ic wende ic fid\ Sa pe\ geo 7 gelaered haefde \_p pu hi oncnawa]n cuSe 7 ic wisse ^ \pu hi Ic 15 ow^w^Jdest Sa Sa J>u.hi hsefdest, Seah J?u hiora bruce.
J>u

p

,

wisse

Jjget

t5u

mine

cw[z"^/]as

witJ

hiora willan oft saedest,
8

ac

[zV]

wat ^ nan

[^^]
Ipu
[<?]art

gew[flj ne m[^] nanum men f mod ne sy ^ sumu [dale onstyred]. eac [w of pinre jjtilnesse ahworfen.
Ipe

bion

For-

20
}?as

ii

k.

Eala [Mod, hwcEt ^Jwearp
?

on

(Sas

9

care 7

on

25

sie g[^]rnunga J?u -p ofJ?e 12 u on becumen swelce is, hwaethwugu ungewunelices ^ J?e ofrum monr\\\ aer -p ilce ne eglede? G\t pu fonne wenst $ hit on Ipe gelong sie ls [;] Sa woruldsael(5a on Se swa onwenda u hiora sint, fonne eart Su on gedw^lan, ac swylce J:ea[z;]as sint hi beheoldon on t$e hiora agen gecynd, 7 on hiora
;

Wenst

10

hit

hwset niwes

wandlunga hy gecy (Scion hiora unfsestrsednesse
hi

15
.

Swylce

waeron rihte
hi

t5a hi t5e
17

feah Se
30 ongiten
k
1

Se

liolcen

maest geolectan 16 swilce hi nu sindon, on fa leasan saelSa 18 Nu Su haefst 39
.

Sa wanclan *[lruwa
ii.

pees blindan

lustes.

pa

triowa * 5a C.

Boeth.

pr. i.
2
/<?

1.

24 P.
3

Quid

est igitur,

o

homo/ &c.
*

nauht B.
B. B.
6
30

B.
.

wcenad B.
7

3

Ajj/

w^ treowe B,

a

for getreowe.
. .

cutest B.

ofermodnesse B. 8 waw B.

Instead of Wenst /a ungewislices B has only /^zwztf hwega u 12 13 9^ from B, te C. ^^ B. ungewunelices. iingewislices J. 14 15 In B swelce follows sint. w above line C, fastrcednesse B. 6 17 18 19 B. leasii sceldu B. From B, geolettan B. 2 /r^ze/a J. haft C.
^<r<ra

16

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

[VII.

2

pe pe nu sindon opene hi sindon git mid manegu ofiru behelede. Nu pu wast hwelce peawas pa woruldsaWa habbad 7 hu hi hwearfiafi, Gif pit pon heora pegen beon wilt 7 pe heora peawas lictaff, to hwon myrnst pu swa swiffe ? Him ne hwearfost pu\ eac m.[id him ? Gifpu ponne heora] untrio[wa
l

5

onscunige, oferhoga

ht\ J?onne [7

adrifhifra pe\
f>e

;

hi

2

spanacS

nu pas )?e \_gedydon f)a] ilcan \pe to pinre unfiearefe. on wseren ilcan hi for (Seem pe] gnornunga] ]?e ]DU [hcpfdest^pa
stilness[^

gif pu hi na ne\ underfenge.

Da

[ilcan

nu

nales 3ines\, JMO]TSL agnes (Sonces [forlceten*, nan[^ mon buton sor]gQ ne forlaetaS. \j7yne^fi&

pe habbad ^e nsefre 10 nu swi^e }?e
<5a

diore

4

7 swi^e

le[<?]fe

Sa Sing

<2a

Se naw Ser

5

ne

sint

ne

habbanne, ne eac ieSe to forlaetanne? ac "Sonne maestan hi hwaem fro hweorfende bioS he hi sceal mid Nu Su hi tfonne sefter )?inum sare his modes forlaetan?
getr^w^ to
<5sem

15

^5 b c

.

willan

J?e

getrewe \\zbban ne meaht, 7 hy pe
6

willacS *\pn

urcun a gebringan pon hie pe fram hweorfad, to hwcem point to the next square cumaff hi pon elks butan to tacnunge sorges 7 anfealdes sares ? bracket to r sindon pa woruldsalpa ana pe mon pon pencenne r more than 1 20 half is gone hczffi, ac celc gleaw mod behealt hwelcne" ende hi habbao, 7 nil

m

g

^

ymb

fro 1 Cott.
"

ggwarenaS
gtf\
]>

illegible.

Ac cegfier ge wid heora preaunga ge wi$ olecunga. u wl l[^ beon heora pegn\ 8 J3on[7Z scealt pu georne gefiolian

to ^]hw3et [_p(F,s pe to heora penungu~\ 7 to hiora \_peawu 7 Gif [ pu pon wilnast p~\ hi for heora willan] belipet.

opre ffeawas] nimen o Ser hiora [wi lla 7 heora hu ne \m[weorpast pu pon] (5e selfne, ^ (5u [winsfi* gewun\p. wid pa 7;/<2/"]ordscipe J?e Su [self gecure, 7 swdffie&h ne meaht hiora [jz ]du 7 hio[rtf] ^cynd onwendan. Hwast, ]^u wind tobraedest, mes scipes segl ongean [zw.5/] gif Ipu Ip
f>inu

25

%>\\\[gu

is,

11

f>one

j>

)?u
11

]^onne

laetaest call

eac
*

gif ]?u Ipe

eower fsereld to Saes windes dome. Swa selfne to anwalde J^aem woruldsaelSum gesealdest
Ipu.

3

6a C.

hit is riht
J>get

eac hiora

f>eawu

fulgonge.
^/z]

Wenst

Ipu

*$

Su
1

-f

\hwerfende\ hweol
2

f>onne

[>^//

ryne [wyrfi mage]
4
8

oferhige J.
5

forticem hi B.
J,

nauder B.
J.

6

From
9

murnuga
B.

B.
10

So

J, ze/*7/

em.fortetan B. 7 em. hwelne B. u ne om. B.

3

^r^

B.

/^f

7

^?<7C

B.

VII.

s]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
Ne rm ^[//]u
f>on

17

oncerran?

ma

j?ara woruldsaelcSa

hwe[0r]-

funga onwendan. iii J Ic wolde nu giet
.

(5aet

wit

ma
(5u

1

spraecen

emb 2
J?u

<Sa

woruldsaelfta.
5

To hwaem
forlure
3

aetwit(^)

me
tSu

aer
j>

hi for
f>u

minum

?

<?/>;gu

Hwi murc[^<2^/ 4 ]

wtffmin, swelce

tfgnes [benumen, (Egper ge pin\i& welona ge [pines we orpscipes ? cegper] J?ara |?e com \cer^ from

for min[// ffmgu] sie

^zf j

5

me pa hi
10

fie

onl&nde
}>u

1

wceron.

Ute nu tellan beforan swilcum
ffu

deman swilce

wille ;

gif

gesepan miht

p

cenig deafilic

man

swelces hwcet agnes ahte, ic hit

pe

eft eal agife

p

pu
8

gereccan miht ic pe under feng

p

pines agnes

ivcere.

Dysine j ungelceredne

7 gelcerde, 7 pe
15

pa pu (Brest to monnu become, 7 pa pe getydde pa snytiro on gebroh]te, pe pu pa woruld\are mid begeate,pe pu nu] ^oig[iende anforlete\. pu meaht ]:aes habban \panc pat pii\ minra gifa wel bruc[^. Ne mihi\ }:u no
Hwset siofast gereccan [wifi J?u [pines auht _/^r]lure. * ^b C me ? Habbe\ ic be awer benumen binrf^ s ifena para from about here. me comon ? sElc sop wela 7] so]? weor]?scip[^ sindan\ mine e J>eowas, 7 swa hwaer swa ic beo hie bio(5 mid me.
]>

f>u

*<7e

20

Wite ]m f
yfele

for socS, gif

Ipu forlure,

[me wealdan mi n]ra. agenra
do]<S

welan waeron ]?e maendest -f J?ine agne ne meahtes[/ pu] hi na forleosan. Eala, [A]u maenige weoruldw.?^^ mid )?e \p ic ne mot
f>u

leohte [dagos j eft
25 mot]
see

p gear brengan b\ost[man 7 py ilcan gear]e eft geniman [seo mot brucan\ smyltra y]?a, [7 ealk gesceafta] motan hiora
mid]
\behelian ;
;

p

Se heofen ]?ea[z&a. leoht feostrum

mot

re]nga.n

ge[wunan 7 heora zw7/]an bewitigan, \butan me anum\. Ic ana com benu[men minra peawa 7] eom getogen to [_fremdu peawu purh p]& ungefylledan [gitsunge 9 woruldmon^. 10 30 purh Sa gid[sunga hi me habbaff\ benumen mines [naman pe ic mid] rihte habban sceolde. [pone naman ic] scolde
1

Boeth.
B.
2

ii.

pr. 2.

Vellem autem pauca tecum, &c.
3

* In B forlure follows hi. So J, 5 6 murcas B. em. fora B. From here to next square bracket 7 more than half gone from Cott, rest illegible. em. 8 9 10 onlande B. w^ Dysigne 7 unlcsredne J. gitsunga J. conject. om. B.

1

mare

ymbe B.

l8

DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE
rihte
hab[<5<2#

[VII.

3

mid
"

P

ic

ware weld] 7 weorSscipe,
hi

ac hy [hine

7a C.

l [me habbafi ^Jsealdne hiora wlencu [7 getehhod] to heora leasu welu, f ic *ne mot [mid]

habbafi]

on me genumen, 7

(Seo[zm/wJ min[r^ y5>/]nunga f[&/gv77z]gan swa ealla ra of [^Jsceafta moton. Da mine f eowas si[W]on wisdomas

minum

5

7

craeftas

7
;

so(5e

min plega

mid f aem f eowum waes on symbel mid f aem f eowu ic eom ealne f one hefon ymbwelan
;

hweorfende, 7 fa nuSemystan ic gebringe 7 fa hehstan aet Saem ni(Semaestan ; (5aet
eadmodness[<?]
<5a

eac5modu.
forseo

Ac f onne
<5a

on heofonum, 7 ic up gefere mid minum f eowu

f aem hehstan, f ic gebringe hefonlican god aet f sem
aet
is
[/<?]nne

10

gewz /

fas styrmendan woruld swa se earn (5onne he up bufan wolcnu styrmendu wedru, p him /a stormas

we

derigan ne

maegm

2
.

Swa

ic

wolde,
z

la

\Mod\ $ fu
eft

fe fore
15

up

to

us gif fe lyste,

on fa gerad

p

fu

secan wille for godra manna, f earfe. f eawas, hu georne ic symle waes j/mbe godra m<2^na f earfe ? Wast f u hu ic gew#nd ymb Croeses 4 f earfe Creca cj/ninges,

mid us fa eorSan Hu ne wastu mine

*
7l>

C.

fa fa hine Cirus Pcersa cyning gefangen haefde 7 hine forbaer#<27/ wolde? Da hine mon on faet fyr wearp fa alysde mid ic Ac fiu foforfritwttjdest for heofonlicon rene. *[hme
f inre rjjr#/rm]nesse 7 \_fo]i f inum godan willan wendest fe nanwuht unrihtlices on becuman ne meahte, swelce 5 f u wolde fa lean eal f inra godena weorca on f isse weoruld
;

20

faet

Hu meahtest fu sittan on middu gemaenu rice 6 ne sceolde men ? Hu meahtes }? ^ ilce gef olian $ 7 u bion on midre isse c5u eac mid ne hwearfunga f f 7 hwearfode ? Hwaet singacS fa leo^wyrhtan o^res be woruld buton mislica hwearfunga f isse worulde ? Hwaet is
habban.
<Su

25

o<5re

j>

<5isse

fe

(Sonne f f u f aermid ne hwearfie
ic \siemle

?

Hwaet recstu hu ge 30
waes f ios hwe[^]rfung 8
to wel ne lyste,

hwearfigen nu
betere
(5u

mid pe bed]
.

? (5e

for^aem ^ Se Sissa woruldsaelcSa 8 f e eac betre na gelefde
2

7

faet

5

1 geheldene B. woldest B. 8

mahan

B.

3

From
J>u

B, geard C.
7
"p

*

Croesos B.
eofel

6

sceoldest B.

eldest B. gef

hwearfung
from

eac \-p salfia to wel gelyste.
J.

mid earefofie su

ne

}u

eac betera ne

gelefdest B.

na

in text is

VIII]
iv

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
m Seah
.
f>ae

19

l

feohgitsere

cume swa

fela

welena swa

J?ara

sondcorna

Se
j>

}?iostru

be j^isum s^clifum nihtum scinaS, ne forlaet he
bio"

o^e
J>eah

}?ara steorrena

no

"Sa

seofunga

he ne seofige his ermSa.
willan

peah nu God

5

monna

10

mid golde ge mid 2 swaSeah [him ne beod se~] Surst gefylled flfc<?rz0/]r<5nessum, hiora git[sunga, ac s]io grundlease swelgend haefS s maenegu westu holu on to gadrianne. Hwa maeg wedendan gietsere geno[>] forgifan? Swa him mon mare selS, swa hine ma lyst. v n Hu wilt J?u nu andwyrdan faem woruldsaelSu gif hi
*\ge
.

gefylle J^ara weligra * 8a Cseolfre ge mid eallu

cwetSatS

4

to pe
?

:

Hwaet

witst
J>u,

la

Mod, us ?
?
J>e

Hwi

yrsast

Hwaet, J?e ongan lystan ure, nales us J)in /w settest us on $ setl Sines sc Su to hi[/] 15 pendes J?a [wjilnodest to us ]?aes godes 5 sceoldes. pu cwist (Saet we haebban J?e beswicenwf, ac we
;
[<?<?/]<5u
<5e

wit5 us Ipu

On hwaem

abulgon we

magan
j^ine

cwelp&n.

ma

J?aet

f>u

haebbe us be[swtcene], nu us Surh
6

lust

7

>ur[^

pin\e gitsunga

onscunian sceal

ea[/r<z

^Isceafta sceppend.
20
\_ge

Nu
\J>u

eart scyldig\T& ]?onne we,

a3gf>er

for fiinu ag~]ti\i unrihtlustum ge eac forSaem]?e we ne moton for Se fulgan ures sceppendes willan; forSaemSe he ure Se onlaende aefterhis bebodu to brucanne, *[nallas 1 fiinre
unrihtgitsunga gewili
/<?/z//]fremmanne.

* 8b C

cwseS se Wisdom, swa swa

Ipu [wille]

;

[Andwyrde unc mi\, wit geanbidiaS ]^inre

VIII.

Da
ac
inc
ic

cwaeS f

Mod

eom mid fi&&
f>inre

ongite [agkw6}n2.Ti s[^y]ldigne, laSes sare swa swiSe ofSrycced )?get [ic]
:

Ic

me

geandwyrdan ne maeg.
giet

pa

cwaet$ se

Wisdom

eft

:

]) is

nu

30 ic nolde

p
;

]^u

unrihtwisnesse ^ Su eart fuh^Ha. forfoht. Ac J?e forj^ohte, ac ic wolde ^ 3e sceamode swe\ces
se se
2.

gedwolan forSaem m Boeth. ii. met.
n Boeth.
1

Se hine

forJ?enctS se

biS ormod, ac
&c.

Si quantas rapidis flatibus incitus/

ii.

pr. 3.

His

igitur,
7

&c.
B.
4

Jxzni
5

om. B.
6

wilt B.

2 em. hi B. lustgitsunga B.

manega weste hola
a/^j J.

cwQan B.

C 2

20
se se

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE

[VIII

gemunsin
h(E/dest\

Se hine sceamaft se biS on hreowsunga. Gif f u nu wilt ealra Sara arwyrSnessa e Su for isse f f weoruld[<?
siSSan Su
zw7/
aerest
^<2//<?

[geboren

ware
wiS

off]

fii

sne dceg

:

gif
5

f u nu

\_atelan *]

fa

blif nessa

[ AZ]

unro/nessu, ne

forpam

meaht Su fu[/l?^ omfa] f f u earm sie 7 unges[/z- y 2 ic\ Se geon^ne underfeng untydne 7 unlaeredne, 7 me to bearne genom, 7 to minum tyhtu getyde. Hwa maeg ponne auht otfres cweSan but(2n ^ ]?u waere se ge*saelg^sta,
j?u

Su cuSe giongne gelaerde swylce 10 snytro swelc m^n^gum oSrum eldran gewittum oftogen is, 7 4 ic gefyrSrede mid minum larum to Son j3 fe mon to
fa
leof J>on\\\e cuf, 7 aer
ic J?e
f>on
f>a

me waerJV r min^] tyht 7 mine
J>e

3

feawas, 7

nu fonSaem cww/ f J?u gesaelig ne Sa hwilendlican awyrSnessa 7 Sa B bltyuessa fe )?u aer haefdest, J?onne neart Su feah ungesaelig, forSasmSe 6 fa unrotnessa fe fu nu on eart swa ilce 7 ofergaS swa Su cwist Saet )?a blissa aer dydon. Wenstu nu f
Gif
f>u

domere geceas ? sie fe ]?u nu

nsefst

15

f>e

anum

fellecu hwearfung 7 f illecu unrotn^s

<?

becume 7 nan
[<?

swelc [ne on] become, ne aer fe te/^r] fe? wenst fu ^te on cenegu menm scii mode maege auht 20 fsestraedlices bion buton hwearfu[^^? 0#](5e gif hit on
aferreS

mode

aenegum ^

\cenige
hit

hwile\

faestlice
J>aer

wunaS^

[se

bion ne

m<zg

hit aer z^aes.

woruldsaelS^ oftres buton

d^Ses tacnung?

deap hit\ huru Hwaet syndon Sa Forpam se deaS

ne

cymS
(Se

to

nanu

*o(?ru cfingu butan fi he

p

lif afyrre* ;

swa

25

eac pa woruldscelcfa c^macS to See
faes

mode

to fid

$

hi hit

benjYmjen

him
nu

leofas/ biS Sisse \veom\de; faet biS

fonne fonne

hie Mvm.

fram

fince,

Ges^g^, la Mod, hwaeSer fe betere gewitaS. nanwuht woruldlices 9 faestes 7 un[/]wearfiendes

bion ne mae^-/ HwaeSer Se Su hiforseo, 7 fines agnes ponces 30 hi forlete buton sar^, fe fu gebide hwonne hi Se sorgiendne
forlaeten
?

Boeth.
1

ii.

pr. 3.

1.

13 P.

Verumtamen ne

te/ &c.
B. ^/c^ B.
^<?

atellan

2

J.

C
5

4

From B,^/
aferre J.

C.
9

7

has either geoncne orgeonene, giungne B. 6 ffa W?^. ab. 1. in C. Se ab. 1. in C.
zvoruldrices B.

3

7

8

nauht

X]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
IX P.

21

f)a ongan se Wisdom singan 7 giddode pus: J?ON seo * sunne on hadru heofone beorhtost seme!?, pon apeostriaff ealle 3 2 steorran forpdpe heara beorhtnes ne beofi nan beorhtnes for
,

5 swifie

blaweS supanwestan wind, pon weaxad blosman ; ac pon se stearca wind cyniS 4 norfianeastan, pon toweorpfi lie swicfe hrape pare rosan wlite ; swa oft pone to smylton see. PCES nordawindes yst onslyrefi.
hire,

pon

smylte

hraSe feldes

Eala

p

nanwuht

nis fceste stondendes weorces a wuniende on

worulde.

10

5 6 Eala, Wisdom, pupe rar/modor eallra na widcwefian ne andsaa^tfTZ p pe pu me cer s&dest.forponpe hit is eall soft ; forpa ic nu h&bbe ongiten wende p gesael Sa beon p da mine scefiSa. 7 sio orsorgnes,pe ic

pa* cwsecS Boetius
ic

:

* ioa C.

"

mcegena, ne mceg

<zr

sceoldan,

nane sceWa ne sint,for^am hi swa

rcedlice gewitaj?.

Ac

15^ me

hcefd eallra swicfost gedrefedpon icymbe swek ^mealicost ic nu sweotole ongiten haebbe pczt is seo mceste pence,

p

p

andweardan Hfep mon (Brest weorcfe* gescelig, pa pa axidszuorede se Wisdom 7 sio 7 after unges?e\ig. : Ne meaht pu no mid Gesceadwisnes, 7 getcelan 20 pine wyrd 7 pine ges&tiSz, swa swa pu wenst, for pa leasu 9 Hit is /^sung ungescelpu pe pu ffrowast. ]?u wenst Saet Su sie ungesxlig. Ac gif Ipe nu -f swa swi^e gedref<?d/ 7
unsaslcS

on

r

}?}

s

cw<z$

so"Se

j>

pu forlure pa leasan ges&lpa), ponn mseg gereccan $ tSu swwtole ongitsS tye pu gt et 10 * 25 haefst gesaelcSa J^e \_pu cer~\ hsefdest. \3one mcestan Jpara
g(?#?zrotsad hsefS (pie
ic

pe

openlice

*

iob C.

d<zl\

Saga

me nu

h\vse[$?r]

mid
J>u

rihte

maege

siofian

\pin\a
;

unssel Sa, swelce (5u eallunga [/^jaabbe forloren J)ina gesaelcfo
P Eoeth.
ii.
ii.

met.
pr. 4.

3.

Boeth.
1

polo Phoebus, &c. Cott. Metr. Turn ego, Vera, inquam, &c.

Cum
6

vi.

em. beohtost B.
5 9

2

em.faorroft B.

3

em. beohtnes
1

B.

*

em.
J.

))<zr~&.

beotitis>.

modur~&.
Jxzra

andsacigian Jxzs

]>e

g

sy J.

unsczlftum J.

fiinra B.

22
ac

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

[X

Su haefst get gesund gehealden eall -f ^eorwyrSoste Saette fu Se b^sorgost haefdes. Hu meaht fu f onne maenan f laSre nu Su Saet leofre haefst gehealden ? Hwaet, wyrse 7
}>

fu wast

sio

duguS
-j>

ealles
is

moncynnes 7 Se

se

[#z<^]sta

Hwaet, he forSon is giet [&z]l 7 gesund, 7 haefS aelces godes ge[V]og Se ic wat j Su auht * ne forslawode $ te f u fin agen feorh
weorSscipe get leofaS,
[iSYjinachus Sin swior.
;

5

_/0r

hi?z<?

TZ<?

scalded 2

forSaem

[se]

wer

nu get aelces earfoSum 7 for 6inu
swuSe gemetfaest
claennesse.
*
1 1

f u hine gejtfzw on hwelcum earfoSu, craefta full, 7 geno[^] orsorg eor (Slices eges. Se is swicSe sarig for
f
is

^

domes 3 7

"Sinu

10

wraecsicSe.
?

Hu
sio

pees ilcan] Simaches dohtor
;

7

ne liofaS fin \wif eac, is swicSe [we/] gerad 7
4

sio hsef

<5

eall
ic

Eall hire

god
is

of ru wif ofertmngen mid fe maeg mid feam wordum

a C.

areccan
Sio

;

*f aet
[nu

is

Saet hio

liofacS

fie, fie

ealu \Jyeawu hiere\ faeder gelic. 15 anum,forj?em$e hio nanwuht ell[^ ne
"Sys

on

lufa$\ buton f e.

andweardan
6

life,

^Elces godes hio hae[/^ 5 genoh on] ofer [ac heo hit /i&fff] eall forsawen
hit]

t5e

\anne
naefS
;

/

eall heo

onscunacS,

forSaemf e

[heo

fie

cenne]

f aes anes hire is [nu wana. For] f inre aefweardnesse 20 noht f hio haefcS, for^aem hio is \_for\ inum hire f [eall] lufum ormod 7 fulneah [dead] for tearum 7 for unrotnesse.
inc"S
f>

^zw/ \Hw&t\ wille we cwe^an be fiinum twam [sunu] ? 8 ealdormen 7 gecSeahtera[j y w/] faem is swiotolsio gif&7ealla Sa 9 d[^z^]fa heora faeder 7 heora eldran fader, swa swa 25
<5a

7

geonge
ic

py gelicoste \beon\ ealdum monnum. eart nu git Su ne Su maege ongietan f wundrige swiSe gesaelig, nu Su git liofost 7 eart hal. Hwaet, f is sio m^ste ar deafflicra, monna (p hie libban) 7 sien hale; 7 fu haefst nu giet to eacan eall f ic Se aer tealde. Hwaet, ic wat

men magon
\rnoi

3

$p
1

is

giet diorwyrf re

men

is

fonne mon[nes ]f, forSaem maenegum he aer self swelte ser he gesio his wif 7 \eo[fre fiat]
li
J>in

2 Between sealdest and^z/B has inserted ab. 1. 7 hu naht E. dohter 7 sio is siviSe (repeated ne leofod wif eac Jxzs ilcan Simaches * 3 A letter appar. erased, between the 9 wisdomes B. below). B 5 cenne J. em. hceft B. and u of ofetSungen, in C oferdtmgen B. 9 10 8 C. m/a C. /a giunge J. J.
;

XI.

i]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
*
1

23
*

wepanm? (5u nu giet Ip mre \wyrde nauht] oSwitan ne 1pm lif no \getcelan, ]e eart )?u no eallunga to \nauhte ge]don swa swa Ipu wenst. [Nis pe nu git] nan
his
\tilast
5 z/Tzaberendlic

Ac hwi swelt[d]de. ? andweorce Ne\ meaht buto[n

beam

pu pdn\

to

nb

C.

[broc getenge],
;

for<5on

(din)

ancer
ser

is

giet

[on

eorffan fcE]s\.

sint tfo

ealdor[0z*]

we
}>e

ymb

spraecon.
;

10

2 geortrewan be Ipys andftttfarjdan life 7 eft ]}in agna treow# [7 seo] godcunde lufu 7 se tohopa, \_pa *oa and^rleo be ne IsetacS geortr^zf^w be pam ecan life. Mod 7 cwced : Eala, \v2eran pa ancras swt>rode pat unrote

pa

(5e

ne

[AzJetatS

swa trume 3 7 swa fturhwum ende, ge for Code ge for worulde, swa swa pu segst ; ponne mihte we micle py e$ 4 gepolian swa Eall hie us j^yncacS hwcet earfoj>nessa swa us on become.
leohtran Sa \\wile pe
15
]^a

>y

ongitan hu
worulde]
is

J?a

oncrasyfe^ bioS. Ac J?u miht }?eah mina saelfta 7 se min weonSscipe (her for

oncerred.

XI r.
i.

Da andswarode

se

Wisdom 7

seo Gescead[f0w#], 7

/^r<?

cwae S: Ic wene J?eah f ic hwsethwugununges *Q^ up ahofe of*nb ends, ne x o1 unrotnesse 7 J pe fulneah gebrohte at r pam ilcan weorfiscipe r
.

20

pu

cer hcefdes,

buton

pu

foroy wlatige. pam lytlan pe

25

for mid wope 7 mid unrotnesse ?ncenst gif pe cenies willan wana bid, peak hit lytles hwcet sie. Hwa wees cpfre on pis andweardan life, oode hwa wyrd get cefter us on pisse worulde, p him nanwuht wid his
simle

Ac ic pu forlure ; forpa pu

git to ful sy pees pe pe Icefed^ is, ne mceg adreohan* pine seofunga

p pe

missing in c.

V

-.

willan ne
heanlice
8

sie,

ne

lytles

ne miceles ?
gescelpa,

Swicfe near ewe sent

7

7 swiSe

oper twega o$$e hie 9 ncefre to nanu men ne becumap, oode hi deer ncefre fcestlice ne ourhwuniacJ swelca swelce hi cer to coman. pcet ic wille her

pa menniscan

forpam

r

Boeth.

ii.

pr. 4.
2

1.

34 P.

Et
3

ilia,

Promouimus,
4

inquit,
5

&c.

1

tiolast J.

6

adreogan}.

geortrcowan B. 1 nearwa sint

em. rume B.
8

J.

heanlica}.

ie$ J. alyfed J. 9 em., fatlice B.

24
beczftan
celces

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE
sweotolor gereccan.

[XI.

i

We

wilon

p

1

monige habbad

woruldivelan genog \ ac hi habbad sceame pees welan gif hi ne beod swa cepele on gebyrdu swa hi woldon. Sume beod
cepele 7 widcude on heora gebyrdu^ ac hi beop mid wcedle 2 mid hende ofprycte 7 geunrotsode, p hi wcere leofre pat hie 7 wceran uncepele pan swa earme, gif hit on heora anwealde wcere. Manege beod peah (Egder ge full cedele gefull weltge, 7 beod peak 3 full unrole, pdn hi offer twega odde wif habbad him gemcec, odde him gemede nab bad 3 Manige s habbad genog gescelilice * gewifod,
.

swide

5

ac for bearnleste ea line pone welan
to

fie

hi gegaderigafi hi l&tad

1

10

Sume habbad brucanne, 7 hi beop forpam unrote. frcemdu beam genoge, ac pa beop hwilu unhale offie yfele j unweorpe 6 odde hrade ge/araff, p pa eldran forfiam gnorm ad ealle heora
,

7 Forfia ne mccg nan man on pys andweardan life beon wiff his eallunga gerad wyrd. peah he nu nanwuht elles

woruld.

\

5

ncebbe

him
C.

him mceg to sorge pcet he nat hwcet ymbe sorgienne, hwcscfer toweardbid, pe god pe yfel, don ma pe pu wistest ;
to

p

7 eac pcet p he pon gescellice b?yc$ he ondrcet p he scyle forlcetan. * GetcBC ??ie nu sumne mann para fie pe gescelegost 7 on
}>ince~\

p

his $\Jfwille sy swifiost gerecce swi^e \\rape 20 gewiten~\ ; ic du <?;/gitst he bi S for swi(5e \y\lum }?ingu oft swi(5e
}>e

p

ungemetlice ge^r^fed, gif him senig wuht biS wi S his willan o S Se witS his gewunan, J^eah hit nu lytles hwaet sie, buton he
to
[<2?/]cum

men msege gebecnan
lytel
f>one

j3

he zrne

8

on

his willan.
25

mon her mag gedon on 9 worulde ^ he wenS (5aet his ^sselcSa sien o S Se swicSe gewanode oftffe mid ealle forlorena. pu wenscS (nu) Ipu [seo]
ealra gesaelgostan
j>

Wundrum

swi^e ungesaelig, 7
to

ic

wat

Saet

monegu men

j?uhte

p

he wsere

hefonum ahaefen gif he senigne dael haefde J^ara ]^inra 10 nu giet haefst. Ge furSum sio stow Su nu gesselSa Ipe ]?u 13 on gehseft n e[]rt 12 7 J?u cwist Saet hio is wraecstow sie
f>e

30

J>in

,

s 1

Boeth.

ii.

pr. 4.

1.

45 P.

Ille nuptiis felix,

&c.

monige habbad alces woroldwillan genog J, p mceg habbaft ales 2 3 woruldivelan genog B. hceriSe J. nabbaQ o88e him gemcec 4 6 5 o&de gemede nabbad J. unweord J. gescellice J. IcefaQ J. 10 I 8 9 em. aniveardan B. ierne J. ungesceffia B. for B.
II

haft B.

12
ar</

B.

]3

Conject.

C

has
[]>

B ^-

XI.

2]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
ebel fe ftaeron geborene wseron, 7 eac

25

faem

monnum
$

fam
jyfel

hiora willum fseron eardiatS.

Ne nanwuht ne
hit

bi<5

aer

mon wene
beah
5 araefne(5.

hit yfel sie,

7 J?eah

nu

hefig sie 7 wicSerweard,
[de]^>

hit bicS gesaelS gif hit

mon

lustlic^

7 gefyldelice
* i2b C.

Feawe

sint

1

to /asm gesceadwise, *\gifhe wyrcf on
2

ungedylde,p he ne wilnige

/ yfoj]
is

sael(5[V]

weorSen

onwen[<]

Wit? swiSe monige biternesse

worulde;

<5eah

hio

gemenged sio swetnes bisse hwaem wynsumu Synce, ne maeg he hi
f>aer

10 swiSe swiotol

15

Hu ne is hit hu werelica * fas woruldsselSa sint, nu hi ne 5 magon jxme earman gefyllan, for[/]asm he symle hi ne he Se hwaeshwugu [/Jses J?sem [^-]ef>yldJ?onne naefS; egum 7 faem gemetfaestum [Vjymle ne wuniatS. ii *. Hwy sece ge bonn j/mbutan eow gesael^a ge Ac [Vjninnan iow habba S furh fa godcundan mieht geset ?
no gehabban
3

gif hio hine flion ongincS.

wilna<5

f>a

}>e

ge nj/ton hwaet ge
wi S
is

doid ;

ge

sint on

gedwolan.
se

Ac
is

ic

eow maeg
; ;

mid feawum wordum gereccan hwcet
>as

hrof
(Su

ealra gessel^a

ic

wat fu

wilt higian

f on

aer

fe

^z>ze

ongitest

$

6

20

Meaht f u nu ongitan deorwyrSre haebbe fonne f e selfne ?
fonne good.
wille

hwaecSer f u auht f e 7 Ic wene feah f Su
Ic wat, gif f u * fu hwaet- isa C.

cw[^/]an ^ fu nauht deorwyrtSre naebbe.
s

25

(Se fu naefre f inum willu alaetan on wyrd Ipe geniman ne meahte. ForSaem ic c5e mindgige f f u ongite f te nan gesaelcS nis on fis andweardan life 10 Sonne seo gesceadwisnes, forSaem hio fur^ nan betere pcet feoh f te ^aem men f ing ne for^y Hu ne is )?e Wi2/r^ losian ne w^g Sonne -f te mseg 7 sceal. nu geno/$ jw^otole gesaed ^ sio wyrd fe ne mceg nane (5e

nu *haefde hwugu on
noldes
9
,

fulne

[anweald

frines selfes,pdn\ haefde

se]/um faes

ne

sio

m<zg

/<?an

;

z>

30 ges^l^a sellan ? forjjgem/f ^/^r wyrd ge seo unfast, ge ges&lfi ; forpam sint switie tedre 7 swiffre hreosende pas gescefya.
z>

j<fo

*

Boeth.
B.

ii.

pr. 4.
2

1.

67 P.

Quid

igitur,

o mortales, &c.

3 * em. he wilnige B. habban B. hwerflice B. 6 7 8 9 From B. /^ C. B. woldest B. )e om. B. nafdest B. In B between /?)9 and donne are the words onget feet nauht nis betere on fits andweardum life.
1

^

flt<:

26
Hwcet,

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
<zlc

[XI.

2

i3b C.

para fie pas woruldge,$Y^d: hceffi oper twega offffe wat p hi^ himfromwearde beofi, ofide he hit pon nat. Gif he hit pon nat, hwelce gescelpa haefS he ^i pa ivelan gif he bid swa 2 p dysig 7 swa ungewiss p he pat witan ne mceg Gif he hit pon wat, f onne ondrae/ he him $ hi losien, 7 eac geara wat fy he hi alsetan sceal. singala ege ne Icet nonne mon gescehe
.
*[*$"<?

5

7m]ne bion.
hgebbe f e
3

Gif fonne

hwa ne

reccS hwsetSer

he fa gesaelf a

nsebbe f e he fonne hwaet, f f>onne 3fotS for Ic #20/2 swa ssel^a eacSe forlaetan maeg. nane, /^/ lytla wene nu $ ic |?e 4 hasfde ser geno^" sweotole gereaht be monegum 10
haef<5,
of>]?e

i&cnum pie monna sawla

5

sint
f>aes

und&dlica, 7

6
e<r<?

,

7 /is

is

genog sweotol f te naenne mon [/Jw^gan ne peaii f te ealle men geendiaS 7 on deaSe, 7 eac heora welan. \ic\ wundrige hw/ men sien swa [uy^fr^aldwise f hi wenen J?set
}?<2m

^

gesaeligne mon[w^^ \andu)ar\&t lif [w<2Jege he \Uofa\> fonne hit hine ne maeg \cefter\ py hwile fa life earmne gedon. \Hwce/\ we gewislice witonunrim [^z]ra hi monna \pe\ fa ecan gesaelfta sohton nalles furh -f an
te})is
f>one
</]<?

8

15

J>e

t

-)3

wilnodon Saes

[&:>4]omlican

wita hi ge\vi\[nodon wiff\

dea Ses, ac eac manegra sarlicra 9 3am f [^]an life ; f aet waeron ealle 20

fa h[tf]lgan martiras.
XII".

*i^aC,top
one

*[^^ ongan
mid
leotie
J^><?//

se

Wisdom gliowian j geoddode pus ;
<zr

ecte
1

pcet

scede, 7 cwced :] timbrian ne sceal he hit no settan up on

p

he

(^
fione

z^z //^
/<?

yfej /

^j

hehstan cnoll, 7 se (!e wille godcundne wisdom sec an ne mceg he hine wifiofermetta / 25 7 eft se pe wille fast hus timbrian ne sette he hit on sondbeorhas.

Swa eac gifpu wisdom timbrian wille, ne setepu hine on uppan pa gitsunga,forpa swa swa sigende sond pone ren swylgfi, swa
swylgfi seo gitsung pa dreosendan welan pisses middangeardes, forpa hio hiora simle bid purstegu. Ne mceg hus naht lange 30

standan on

pa
ii.

hean munte gif hit full ungemetlic^
met. 4.
Quisquis uolet, &c.
4
J>e

wind

u Boeth.
1

Cott. Metr.

vii.

em. he B.
7

6

eca J.
ealle

9

3 unwis ]. he B. with ad C, space between geendi 10 em. unearrutlic B. om. B.

2

i

5 sa-wula B. }e om. B. 8 monn andon B. and a.

XIII]
gestent ;

DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHISE
1

27
stent

ncefff

fiat pte

on

ffam

sigendd

sonde

for

swifilicu rene.

Swa

eac

p

mennisce

mod bid under eten j aweged

5

stede fron hit se wind strongra geswinca astyroff ooffe se Ac se fie wille habban fia ecan ren ungemetlices ymbhogan. ges&lfia he sceal fleon pone frecnan wlite pises middaneardes hus his 2 modes on pam f&sta stane eddmetta, 7 timbrian

of his

p

forbade

Crist earddS on

pare

dene

eadmodnesse 7

on

pa

gemynde wisdomes. Forpam simle se wisa mon call his lif Icet on gefean unonwendendlice 7 orsorg, pan he forsihp cegfier ge
10 pas eorfilican
sint

eac pa yflu, 7 hopdS to pa towearda ; p Forpape God hine gehelt ceghwonan singallice wuniendne on his modes ges<zWum, ffeahpe se wind par a earfopa 7 seo singale gemen pissa woruldscelcfa him on blawe.}

god ge

pa

ecan.

XIII
>a

v.

se
3

Wisdom fa

J

5

haefde ,/^

7 seo Gesceadwisnes he ongon e[y?] secgean spel 7

Ipis

Ieoc5

f>u[j

cwa?fi

a[j]ungen Mepined
:

[nu] $ wit maegen \smealicor sprecan 7 diogolran\ wordum, ior[pam ic ongite p min\ lar hwaethwu^w in gad on pin Geondgif\ 7 Ipu genoh wel \understenst p ic pe /0] sprece.
})enc [nu hwcct pines agnes] sie ealra fa ssa \woruldcehta
20 welena,
oficfe
4

7

pu frczron age unandergildes, gif pu him 5 Hwset hcefst pu \&t pam gifu\ sceadwislice after jt^yjrest. cwyst f seo wyrd eow [gtfe, 7 cef\ Saem welan, ]?eah hy nu ece W(E\rori\ ? Saege me nu hw<er se j^in wela [pines]
hwcet
J>e

J>u

t5ances
25

swa diore

seo,

pefor

his agenre gecynde.

Hwaet^r

ic

pe

secge

peah

Sset hit is of his agenre gecynde, naes of jrinre.

Gif hit pon
ponne a
deorast ^
1

his agenre

gecynde
his
6

is,

fry betera
J>ince,

for

gode

/
J>e

nas of pinre, hwi eart pu *SVge me [nu hwtzt his pe
hwcet].
<5eah

\w^3er pe gold
sie
hit *[selff
ii.

Ic

watf>eah

gold.

[Ac
3

freah hit

nu god*\
t^e

7 diore,

[bid hliseadigra] 7

leofwendtt se
v
1

pon

se $e hit

gaderad 7 on

ofiru

Boeth.
2

pr. 5.

Sed quoniam rationum/ &c.
* 5

3 his above line B. hafdon B. in square brackets are partly gone ; rest illegible. 8 6 diorust J. From J, gold B. goode J.

em. naft B.
"

In

C

the words

gesccadwislice J.

28
reafafi.
]x>nne

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
Ge
7
eac
*

[XIII

pa we/an]

bio(5

J?onne
hilt

hi
2
.

mon

sel<5

hliseadfi^raw] 7 leofte/ran ^onne hi bion (5onne hi mon

gadr[<2#]

Hwaet,

sio

gitsung gedetS [fo0r* gif\seras
5

\lade\

leoft<z.le

simle segj?er ge \Gtide ge monnu, 7 pa cysia\ gedo<5 \pa (5e 7] hliseadige 7 we[#r$? agper ge Gode ge] monnum

[/zz<?

lufiad.

Nu p feoh pdn\
ge \rnid

cegper ne
hit

[#2^
3
,

beon ge
is

mid pa
celc

pe~\

hit selcS
betere]

pam

pe

mon

j]el(S

nu

io>\\pa

feoh

7 deorwyr^re \geseald pon ^^^Jalden. middaned]Tdes wela come to [anu men], hu ne waeren 4 10 j^onne ealle \ppre men] wtzdlan buton him anum 1 \Genoh\ sweoiol $ is god word 7 [god hlisa] selces wonnes biS
call

Gif nu

\pises

f>aette

betra 7
6
[/c<?j

5
[^rr<2

pdn
Ipe

cenig~\

wela

;

hwaet,

}?set

[z^]ord gefyltS

/]ara earan
f>sem

J>e

laesse

mid

hit

gehen5, 7 ne bi[^ /^]ah na py hit spr[z Z^Jis heortan diegelnesse
hit
<r^.

geopen[tf# j pees oJSres \heor f]z.\\ belocena hit \purhf on p([\ fserelde f)3erbetvvyjf [ne bid hit no] gew^anod ; n[^
,

7

<zr$,

7

15

mag

* i6a C.

hit

mon mid sweorde
ne
8

*0]fslean ne

mid rape gebindan,

[ne hit

welan, \peah hi\ ealne weg mid eow sien 9 ne ^incS cow no Ipy hra Sor hiora genoh ; 7 Seah ge hi ]?onne oj^rum monnum sellen 10 ne magon ge no 20 pe ma mid J^sem hiora waedle 7 heora gitsunge gefyllan. peah
^]sefre

acwylS.
,

Ac

J>aeowre

,

<5u

hi smale

u

todczle

swa

dust,

ne miht
ealle

pu

fieah ea\\e

men
hist

emnli ce mid ge healdan ; 7 pdn
Ipu

J>u

ged&Ide hcefst pdn

Se j^wsedla. Sint werilice 12 welan pisses middangeardes, ne hie nanne mon pdn hi nan mon fullice habban ne
m<zg,

p

25

gedon to wcedlan. u nu him [^/Jtio hiora to wlite eowre eagan gimma Hwcc])T Swa ic w[tf/] $ hi dotS. Hwaet, sio duguS to wundriganne ? biS heora, naes J?onne j?aes wlites J?e on J^aem gimmum eower. py ic eom swiSe ungemetlice ofwundrod hwi eow 30
gewelegian ne magon, buton
hie ocSerne
bi<5,

J)ince ]?3ere

ungesceadwisan o^sceafte godweb b[^]re eower \agen\ god hwi ge swa un^metlice Vfu[ndrigen] para
J>onne
;

1

4 8

him om.

fonne once 5 B.
B.

2

healt B.
6

3

em.fe
B.
10

diorra
9

J.

From J, eallra
J,

hit niniS B, mon seffi J. 7 idelnesse hit openaS B.

eowre sin B. ^^ above line. 13 12 iverelice J. smealice J.

sellan B.

u smale B,

hwar

B.

XIV.

i]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
Q])])[e

29
[gescead*

gimm[V|
wisnesse

ceniges]

f>ara

[deadhce]na Singa
hi
J
,

>e

ncef$\;

forSaem hi

*[mid nanu ryhte ne magon]

gearni^^j^^-,? /z/]ora wundrien. peah sien, ne sint hi no wift eo[w /]o metanne
5

Codes

\gescea\faa 2 forcSaem oj)er
f>e

twega
lytel
selfe

oc5(Se

hit

god

wi(5

<?ow

nan god nis for e0w 3 to metane [^]o
.

selfe,

ot5(5e

forJ>eah

swi(5e

we
is

herwatS [us
5

/o]ne we

4

[j#

]

ma

lufia(5

fte [**#d?r] us

on

us[jfflm]
6

anwalde, })onne us

selfe ot5(Se

[/<?]e

drihten
J>e

us [^Jsceop,
[/"Jsegru

7 us eall [&a] god forgeaf. 10 lond ?

Hw[^])?er

nu
J>e

licien

XIV w.
i.

cwae S
[/<^]t

:

Da andsworode f Mod [/a]ere Gesceadwisnesse Hwi ne [VJeolde me lician faeger lond ? Hu ne
se fsegeresta dsel
sse,

7
is

Codes gesceaf[/^/
wundriatS
J>3es

fageniatS smyltre
3

[7

<?]ac

Ge], ful oft we wlites J?aere sunnan

5 [/]

nionan 7 ealra )?ara steorrena. Wisdom 7 seo Gesceadwisnes ]?aem
J

3968

fS]a andswarode se

Mode 7
?

>us

cwaecS

:

Hwset belimpS
dyrre gilpan
20
J?set

>e

to

hiora fegernes[^]a

Hwae^er 7 jm
?

[^Jiora faegern[

/]in

sie

Nese, nese.
8

[7/]u ne was[/]

J?u

\f

ffu]
9

hiora nan ne worhtest

?

[Ac gtf
fcegerrd\

/]

gilpan wille, gilp

Codes.

Hwse Ser

J?u

n[z^

\AQS\JmcEna} faegnige on eas[/r7Z, swelce pu hie gesc ope ? * H-wceder ffu nu swelces auht wyrcan m<zge, offffe geworhtes * iya C. habbe ? nese. Ne do pu swa 10 HwcEper hit nu pines
7V^<?,
.

gewealdes
/?
z^<2/

se

n

p

se hcerfest sie

swa welig] on

wae[j//w

?

^w
J>u\

no /(fj^ /^//] 25 gewealdes? Hwi eart mid idele swa }?onne [onceled gefean\, oSSe hwi \lufast pu $a fremdan god] swa unge[z^//^, swelce hi sen pine get nu]? Wenst )?u msege [jfo wyrd pe gedon f\ pa jMng J?in agnu 13 15 u [sen pa 3e heora agene ] gecynd ge&[on fremde ? Nese,
nis
[_J>ines
>e

w Boeth.
1

ii.

pr. 5.

1.

30 P.
3

Quidni
B.
3

?

Est enim pulcherrimi, &c.

metanne B. * ^ from J, ofpa 6 5 7 ussum J, urtim B. Uwcer B. lufiaS B. f&gre C.fczgeru B. 10 n So B. nanne ne geworhtest B. 9 ^z /^ above line. jwa J. 13 12 14 15 for nu J. o/^ a^ww C. gedydon J. agnu J.
Second n above
line.
s

^

30
nese].

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE
Nis
hit
l

[XIV.

i

no

Ipe

gecynde

\pte

pu

hi age]

;

ne him nis
1

gebyrde \p hi fiefolgien],

Ac

]?a

hefoncu[w^w ping
;

fie

sint *]

gecynde, nses

Ipcss

[eorfilican.
3

pas

eordlic&n wsestmas sin[V
[7
Ipe,

gesceapene nete]wxm

to andlifene

pa woruldwelan\
biocS
f><^m

sin/
5

gesceapene to \)i\swice\pa
beoS
w]rih[/] wise
oftost.

mon[]
j>ae[/]

neatum 4 gelic[V, p
ea[<r]

nydp
*

earf[>]

cla^as
i7b C.

hi becumacS 7 ungemetfaesf/^. 7b] 5 habban Gif [pu] f>onne wille, 7 pa gemet witan wille, *j mete and [dry]nc 7 [7 /^/ to\ swelcu craefte [swelce pu cunne p pe is]
/<?

//

gecynde 7 f [/^ is riht to habbenne]. Hwilc fremu i[j* pep 10 er gemet pon hie pcet pu wilnige pissa andweardena gescelpa of 6 On swifie naper ne magon ne pin gehelpan, ne heora selfra ?
^

lytlon hiera hceffi seo gecynd genog ; on swa micl\ u hio [hceffi Gif Su [heore mare selest, oper genog swa we sprceco]n. 7 Jwe]ga. oSSe \hit pe derad, offie hit fie /]eah unwyn[.yw biff,
<zr

15

offffe

gemet dest. \_Gif ffu nu ofer gemet\ itst, o^Se drin[/, offffe clafia pe* ma 9 30 n on] hehst ]?onne \pu purfe, seo ] oferinc Ipe wyrc5 oSSe [to
ungeijszse,
<?]fer

o^Se

fre[cenh c, eall

p pu

nu

sare,
}?u

ocffie

to\ wlaettan, oplpe to
jite

uu[gertsenu,
12

o$de~]

to plio.

Gif

nu wenst
ls
/<?.

[wundorlice] gegerela
]?a
is

hwelc weo[r]cSmy72^ 20
J?e

sie,pon\KQ
nealles

telle ic

weor S[^]ynd^/^ wj/]rhtan

Se wyrhta

God u

hi worhte,

;

faes craeft ic J?aer [^Jerige

Wenst fm f sio menigo [dinra] monna J?e rnaege don Nese nese. Ac gif hi yfele sint [7 lytige^ gesseligfw^]?
on.

jxmne
naefd
* i8a
17

sint hi lp& pliolicran
;

[7

^wzw Jncfulran

hae/^

16

c^onne 25

[^^Jaem
Gif

C

fiend].

yfele Jjf^&ij] bioS simle [heora] hi |^onne [gode beoff 7 hlaford* holde 7

hlafo[r^

untwifealde,

about here. ^ w ne beod ft pon heora godes, nces pines P heora agnian god P Gif pu nu pees gilpst,

Hu

miht pu pon pe hu ne gilpst pu
30

pon heora
ii

godes, nces pines ?

x

.

Nu

pe
ii.

is

genoh
1.

openlice
51 P.
J.
7

gecyped //]te na[
quibus omnibus, &c.
4

para

*
1

Boeth.

pr. 5.
* *

Ex
3

om. B. 7 conj. om. B.
hit
hcefst B.
14
jz<?

sendan

nytenum
J>eah.

J.

neatenum B.
8

nawder
1]

].

Conj.
15

om. B.
T,

clafte
<?j

ma

J.

J.

ofering B.

J2

gerela B.

13

w^ B.

g od C,
17

an

-R

rrt^^fj

o appar. erased. ,p6/ B.
ft

7

/j/^ from

om. B.

I6

gehcefd

XIV.

2]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
1

31

goda pin nis,pe we

cer] ymb sprsecon, 7 [pu ieohhodest* p hi bion sceolden. Gif \9onne* fosst zwjrulde vvlites 7 wela $ine] wilnienne hwaet murcnast 4 lp[u pon after pa~\ [to nis], }?u
J>e

forlure, ot$[& /0
5

hwon
f
is

fag\m,<$>t

f>u

f>aes

J?e

(5u

[r

5

hcefdest

?

Gif hif\
hior[<z

faeger

is,

of

hio[r<z

ag7z

yfe^w & / a.f] Hwaet belimp S faegres ?
z>,

gecynde], naes of
faegnast
fie

J>inum;

Hwaet
f)

J>in.

[pupon

heora]

[his

to

?

Ne pu

hit]

ne

7

gesceope, ne hi \\ine agene ne waeron hi swa [/ fag**^
>on\

sent].

Gif hi nu gode

sint

gesceap^<?/

7 swcelce hi
hi a

10

zw]ldan bion, Jeah

)?u h[z

^/r^ nahtesi}.
f>inre

Wenst fu f

Sy feQ\rwyrdran

seon* pe hi] to

note gelaefW* wceran?
* l8a
rest

15

Ac /"JorJ^aem^e h^ra d[j/^^ /f wafidd 7 ^2 ] him ^incaS 9 * fe\ore,for};a pu hi gaderast 7] heist o[ /zw ^r^fe. Hwcet wilnast pu pon p pu hccbbe cet swelcere gelicnesse 10 ? Gelef^ ^z /^ ^r^: /^, ncefst pupczr nauht cet, butonppu tilast^ 13 wcEdle to flionne, 7 forpy gaderast mare pon pu Ac ffurfe
z<r

c

gon e.

.

ic

wat peak
se

swifie

geara pte

eall

p

ic

willan.

Ac eowra
pe micef]

gestzWa ne sint no p

forpd

20 eac miceles

7 mislic \agan wile, he bedea]rf* ^b Se ealda M[famts. cwt]de is switJe soS J?e [mon micles be[^f/w! /^ zz ^/ gefyrn fwa<f], #]gan gone. maran ne wilnia S willat5, 7 J)a jsurf^w jze;z^ /j///
f>sette
J>a

*mm erfe 14

her sprece is wifi pinu ge wenafi pat] hi [sen,

C

/<?]

genoges.

But]an

hi wilnien

mid

ofer[? ^(?
15

y^/or^ gi/st

25

wat ^ ge wenaS pset ]6 ge [nan gecundlic ] god ne gesaeljm omu[nan eow selfu] naebben 17 for Saem ge hi \secdS butan eow] to fremdu gesceaftu.
gefyllan, f hi
nae[/r<?

ne gedofi.

7]c

,

[Swa

hit is

mis]kweorfed $ faem

men

JjincS,

\peah he

se

god\-

cundlice gescea^/s, [p he on him sel\fu naebbe saelj?a ge\noge, 18 buton he] mare gegaderz^-e \ungesceadwisene ] ge^^afta
}>ara

30

sie him] gemetlicre \J pa ungesceadwisan neotena 20 ] ne wil[za^ nanes ofires feos 21 ac pined him genog on pa pe hi binnan heora cegenre hyde habbafi to eacan

fonne

\he bepurfe o ode

19

;

,

1

b ab.

1.

2

tiohhodes J.
1

G
5

be

above
J,

line C.
J.

3 done B. ne om. B.

*
8

murhast C.

5

So B, gesalignesse

n

deorran sun

/^r 9
13
"

From

inerfe B.
19

15

em.
2o

8

So B.

gemetlic B.

gelief]. Ac B. ^a/ J.

^

J.

hcefst ]. heltst B.
d>^

tiolast J.

J.

lfi

gecyndelic J.
21

o^^8f B.

^ftw J.

32
*

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE
bid.

[XIV.

2

i9a

C
e

pdfodrepe him gecyndelic

*

Hwcet ge pon peah hwcethwega
,

godcundlices on eowerre saule habbdfi,p is andgit 7 gemynd, 7 se him para twega /jyste. [Se pe pon pas gesceadwislica willa

p

ftreo

hcefff],

for (5

]xmne hsef [he his sceoppendes swa cenegu gesceaff] fyrmest mgeg [swa
<5

0/*<r]nesse

swa

-

1

[hiere sceppendes 5

hean gecynde on\licnesse habban. \_Ac ge secdS pcere~\ 2 7 [gescelpa 7 heore weorff\scipe to Seem m$erlicum 3 hu hreosendlicum Ac ge ne] ongitatS mic [jringu.
/<?

teonan

ge
^te

doff]

Code
[w^w

eowru

scippejVkfe,
?<?/]ra

forpape]

he
I0

wolde

ealle
;

w&ran

oj?erra

gescea[y?tf

wealdendas\

ac ge underj^eoda S [^oz^rf hehstan\

medemnesse

under [/a ^a//ra
gecycSed \_p
*

y^r]mestan gesceafta

;

after eowru]

agnum dome ge

[mid pa ge] habbatS [docf eow selfe
J

iga

C

ze^rjsan ]?onne eowra \agne^ cehta, nu ge wJenacS -f eowre 5 v^auht welan send eowre gesd^pz,* [7 teohhiad pcet call eoivre

5

ends,
rest

woruldgod sien
iii

die rran

6

gone.
y.

^ ^//^.
lifes

*Sw<2

^//

^c wyrfi pdn ge swa
hi

^^j* menniscan

gecynd

is

p

py anan

seon

7

beforan eallu offru gesceaftum py hi hie selfe ongiion hwcet hie send 7 hwonan hi send* ; j pi hi send* wyrsan pon nytenu, 20
91

py
*

hi nellaS witan hwcet hi
*is

sint, ofifie

hwonan hi

sint.

J?a
is

195

C

begins, first part gone, f

gecynde [fi hi nyton hwcet hie] send*\ neatu\ bset hi niton \hwcet hie sen. ^[ra monna urideaw\ J r
is

ac $

Nu

pe\

*. r J j. / T u swipe sweotol \^pcetge oeop on geawolan^ ponne ge wenao \_p mid cemg] mceg ze;^ beon geweorpod. frem[<^ Gif hwa nu 25 bicf mid hwelcu\ welu geweorpod [7 mid hwelcu~] deorwyrpu

se weorcSscipe [pon to is to hine ? pe ^vweortSatS pd~\ [J?cet heriann\e hwene n\\th cor. [Ne pcet ne beop\ no Sy fsegerre f mid \_elleshivd bi(S, }?eah J? ge\renu fcegru] sien pe hit mid gerenod [biff. Wite hit] aer scandlic wses, w^ [3z ^ hit no oy _/^]egerre.

cehtu

11

[gegyrewod

,

hu ne

^Jelim/) ^

1

fm fo[r
y
1

.yc

^j^
ii.

^</

]e dereS J^aem [/^ ^/V
81 P.

^.

Hwcet, pu

Boeth.

pr. 5.
2 6 11

1.

Humanae
3

quippe naturae/ &c.
hreorendii B. 8 sien J.
4

furemest B.

5
10

noht welan J. em. nytena B.

em. ntyerlicam B. 7 diorran J. sie

agna
9

J.

J.

sint J.

gearod

J.

XV]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE
ic

33

wast nu] f
pani\*
)?e

5

wast p&t pa welan oft deriad Ipingu, [7 on\ Sasm swi(5ost $ x te men weon5a(S oft [swa #/>]ahaefene for (Saem welan [se] ealra wyrresta 7 se ealra unw[^r](5esta mon wencS $ he sie 2 ealles woruljVi?] is, gif he [pees] welan wynSe ]?e on Jrisse
\pe ne leoge, 7 eac
hi

agon on ma.negum

*

2oa C.

>set

wisse hu he
haefcS,

him

to

cuman meahte.

Se

<5e

micelne

he him ondraet monige 3 \_feond f \\ gif he nan^ sehta Gif Jm nu naefde, ne J?[0r]fte he him naenne ondraeda[#]. wsere wegferend 7 haefd[/] micel gold on ^e, [7] Ipu ]^onne 10 beco[me] on J?iofscole, f>onne ne wendes Ipu Ipe J?ines feores,
})onne

we[/<27z]

Su p[onne] swelces nanwuht naefde, }?onne nanwuht ondraed[(2], ac meahtes gan singende J?o[^] ealdan cwide ]?e mon gefyrn sa[ng~\, $ se nacoda wegferend him nanw[A/] ne ondrede. ponne
gif
f>u

5

n[<?]

tSorftes

"Se

f>e

f>[w]

15 J?onne orsorg waere,

7

)^a

J^eofas
}?ses

J?e

from gewiten

waen?//,

]?onne meahtes

^zsmrian
f>u

cwefan
welan

:

Eala f

hit
]

is

hae[^,

se

andweardanwelan,[7 w^Jhtes [7 z#yttflK] f mon micelne hine naefre ne wyr$ orsorg

god

f>e

underfehS.

20

seo
[j^<2

Gesceadwisnes

heo singan 7

pus

cwcefi :~\

pises

midangeardes, ffa Nceron pa welige hatnas, ne mis flice swoteorpan wcestmu. mettas, ne drincas, ne diorwyrffra hrcegla hi ne girndan,

pa ongan hu ges&lig seo forme eld was celcum men puhte genog on pcere
pa
pis spell asced hcefde,
(JEala,

i^forpam hi pa git nceran, ne hio nanwuht ne gesawon, ne ne Ne gemdon hie nanes fyrenlustes, bulon swiffe geherdon. on dceg, gemetlice pa gecynd beeodan ; ealne weg hi (Eton to hi czton was Treowa wcestmas 7 wyrta, nalles 7p afennes. scir win hine druncan, ne nanne wcetan hi ne cupon wiff hunige 30 mengan ; ne seolocenra hrcegla mid mistlieu bleowu hi ne gimdon. Ealne weg hi slepon ute on triowa sceadu ; hluterra
<zne

z 1
4

Boeth.
5

ii.

met.

5.

Felix nimium, &c.
la.
2

Cott. Metr.

viii.

welan from B,

fynd J.

has simply J)onne om. B.

C

fosse

om. B.

3

monigne B.

D

34

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
Ne geseah nan
pa
mon pa get nanne

[XV

wella wceter hi druncon.

cepa ealand ne werofi,

ne geherde non

sciphere, ne

furpon ymbe nan

get besmiten mid ofslcegenes mon furfium gewundod ; ne monn ne geseah pa git yfelwillende men ; ncenne weorfiscipe ncefdon, ne hi non 5 mon ne lufude. Eala ure tida nu ne mihtan weorpan swilce.
gefeoht sprecan. monnes blode, ne
seo eorfie

Ne

p

Ac nu manna
he lie, seo
is

gitsung
se

is

swa byrnende swa
sEtne
hatte,

p

fyr on

p<zre

on

pd munte pe
munt bi$
<zrest

on

pam

ieglande

pe

Sicilia hatte ;

simle swefle birnende, 7 ealla

neahstowa p&rymbutan forb&rriS. 10 sEala, hwcet se ware, pe pa eorpan ongan delfan after golde, gitsere
cefter gim?nu, jpafrecnan deorwyrfinesse WGBS 7 behelod mid dare eorpan.}

pa forma

7

:

funde pe

(zr

behyd

XVI a.
i.

pa

se

Wisdom )m
7
f>us

J)is
:

leo^ asz/^en hgefde, Ja ongan
15

he

Hwset mseg ic Jy 2 mare secgan be J?sem weor^scipe 7 be pcem anweMe worulde? For Ssem anwealde ge eow [zf;]oldon ahebban up oc$ Sone s is forSsem/f ge ne gemunon ne heq/^n, gif ge meahten. eac ne ong7 /<2#/one heofoncundan anwe<2/^7 weorSscipe;
eft spellian

cwsef)

J>isse

"p

]x>ne

eower agen, 7/^nan ge comon 4 Hw&t, se eower wela 20 se eower anweald, pe nu 7 ge f>onne weorftscipe hatacf, gif he
se
is
.

*

22a C.

men, 7 to pd pe his eallra 5 pis ilcan */7eodriC(?, 7 iu cer to Neron^ oft eac to hiora gelicum, mseneg&m [rjasere, 7 hu ne wile he (Sonfi don swa hi dydon 7 get doS, ealle da 25 ricu Ipe him under bzbcS otSSe awer on neaweste, forslean 7
becymcf to
unweorfiost bid,

pd

eallra wyrrestan

swa

he

nu dyde

to

J>aem

forheregian, swse swa fyres leg dec5 drigne haeSfeld, o SSe eft se byrnenda swefel (Sone munt baernS J?e we hatacS Etne 6 se
,

is

on

Sicilia (5aem

ealonde
waes.

;

swit5e onlic (5aem miclan flode t5e

giu on Noes
tSaette
a
1
5
^<:

dagum
ii.

Ic

wene

^aet Ipu

eowre
Boeth.
6

eldran
pr. 6.

gio

Romans
ic
]>e

witan

maege gemunan 30 on Torcwines
4

Quid autem de
2

dignitatibus, &c.
3

em. deorwyrdnessa B.
B.
fg/wa B.

mi

B.

Az B.

noman

B.

XVI.

2]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
ofermodan cyninges
of
for his
aerescS

35

dagum
swa
5 se
ilce

J?aes

ofermettum Jxme
adydon.

cynelican

naman

Romebyn^<Se

Ond

eft

f>a

heretogan

hine
;

l

ser ut

adrifon hi wolden eft

ut adrifan for hiora ofermettu
asftera

ac hi ne meahton, forSaempe
}?aem

anweald

]?ara

heretogena

romaniscum

witum get wyrs
j^onne sefre

Jmra cyn[tnga. Gif hit] gewir(5, [swa hit swide] seldon gewyrcS, ]33et [se
*to

\\\code pon se\ serra

anwea]ld 7 se weorcSscipe becume

godum men 7

to

hwaet [bid p]?er j^onne licwyrcSes buton his god 7 his 10 scipe, J^aes godan cyninges, naes "scnwealdes ? Forpape ]?3es

wisum, weonS-

*

22b

C

anwald ncefre ne bid good buton se god s\e Ipe hine ^bbe 2 hit b monnes god 3 naes \ces anwealdes, gif se anweald bid. na for his rice ne god Forpa hi/ bit)
se
;

(5y

i<5fi<2s

^<^tte

w<2

cymc5
15 his

to

craffam 7
-^^

to medemnesse, ac
to rice

for

his craeftum 7

for

medfltt
for his

cymd

7

/6

4

anwealde.

pi

ne bid nan

man

5 good, gif he god his he weorde, gif

anwealde na pe betera, ac for his crceftu he beofi bid, 7 for his craeftum he bid anwealdes
w<?<?r(5e

bid.

Leorniad fonSaem wisdom, 7

6 j^onne ge hine geleornod haebben, ne forhyczpS hine J?onne. ao^onne secge ic eow buton aelcum tweonj^^ magon purh hine

to anwealde, peah ge no pees anwealdes ne wilnigan. purfon ge no hogian on pam anwealde, ne him after pringan. *Gif ge wise beocS 7 gode, he wile folgi an eow, his no ne wilnigen. Ac [sege me] nu hwaet eower /eah ge
becum<2

Ne

1

*

233

C

25 deoi ivyr fiesta

wat j^eah

-^

hit

wela 7 anwald sie, ]?e ge swidost girnap. Ic is pis andwearde* lif 7 Ses brosnienda vsela de
9

we

32r
ii

ymbe
b
.

spraecon. Eala, hwae Ser ge netenlican

men
?

ongiten hwilc

se

wela

sie,

7

se

anwald, 7

<5a

woruldszeffia.

pa

sint

eowere

Gif ge nu 30 hlafordas 7 eowere waldendas, nags ge heora. mus hwelce WCBYQ odre gesawan mjys, 7 sette hlaford ofer

p

him domas, 7 nedde
b Boeth.
1
s

hie

after gafole, hu wunderlic wolde eow
*

ii.

pr. 6.

1.

14 P.
3

Nonne o

terrena animalia,
J,

&c.

hi B.

2
J>e

B.

From

9

],forhogiafi B. netdiean B.

* ^ from ^^^/ J. 7 hongian J.

5 om. B. ^y^ J. 8 em. anwearda B.

D

2

36

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

[XVI.

2

(Saet J?incan; hwelce ^hettung* ge -woldan J?aes habban, 7 mid hwelce hleahtn? ge woldon bion astered. Hu micle man? is ftonne monn.es lichoma to metenne wifi p mod mon. Hwaet, [ge ponne\ magon ])onne seo mus wicS
>aes

<5one

eafte gej^encan,
spyrigati)
C.

p

l

\gifgt hit georne\ymbe smeagau willacS 7 \cefter nanre wuhte lichoma ne bead pon tederra pon

5

p<zs

paem magon derian pa */<^]stan fleogan, ge tSa mid gnaettas swyfte lytlum sticelum \\\[m\ deriaS, 7 eac smalan v?\_yrmas] Se ^Sone mon segcSer ge innan ge utan wyrdaft, 7 hwilum {\\lneah deadne gedocS; ge fur^um 2 Swilca wuhta him deriga S lytle loppe hine deadne gedeS. mon On hwsem mseg aegtfer [^]e innan ge utan. o(5rum derian buton on his lichoman, eft on hiora welum, pe ge hatzfo gesselSa ? Ne nan mon ne mseg (Ssem
"Sa

monnes.

10

f>ios

[<^]nig

o"5Se

gesceadwisan mode 4 t5set hit ne bi(S.

^<?derian,
"Sset

is

ne him gedon f hit sie 3 Saet swi^e sweotol to ongitan n.e be
5
;

15

sumum romanz sr#w
waes to
man<?^m

sejelinge, se waes haten Liberius

se

on

his geferan Ipe

witu geworht, forSaem^e he nolde meldian mid \him~\ siredon ymb Sone cym ng \pe

6 20 hie cer\ mid unrihte gewun^ \hcefdon . ^Ja he (Sa beforan tSone \graman\ cyning gelaed waes, [7 he hine hef\ secgan

hwaet hi[j geferan wceron\
C.

foresaw he

[^/j

tungan 7]

mid him [ymfa sieredon 7 pa\ 8 *wearp hine mid (Saere tung[w
(5e
,

6>w

//
com

?z]eb foran.

ForSaem

hit ge[w<?ar^^

#]aem wisan

men
25

tiohhode to wite.

wyr^scipe $ se unrihtwisa [cyning him] 9 \HwcRt is p~\ demma Saet aenig mon maege o^rum do[w], ^ he ne maege him don (Saet ilce ? Gif he ne
to lofe [7 to

maeg, ocSer

mon

maeg.

We

leornodon eac be (5aem waelreo"Saes

wan Bosiridem, se waes on Egyptum. gewuna waes ^ he wolde aelcne cuman
7
switfe swaeslice witS gebseran, c5onne
aer

leodhatan

swi"Se

arlice

he

aerescS

underfoon 30 him to com.

Ac eft, Ond (5a
1

he him from cerde, he sceolde bion ofslaegen. 10 hit Erculus [7]obes junu co[/w] to geberede
<5aet

ftatte J.
5
1

2

hine

hwilum deadne
6 9

B.

3

hit ne sie B.
7

*

ne
J.

om. B.
8

tiberius B. fitzrmid for w. 9 /. B.
.

em.

hcefde J. demma B.

ymbe hine syredon
getydde B.

10

XVI.

3]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

37

him. pa wolde he do[] ymbe hine swa s\va he ymbe m[amgne] cuman ser dyde wolde hine [Vjdrencan on }?3ere
;

ea

fte

Nilus

[fiat]te.

$a

wearft he strengra, [7 adre]ncte

hine swifte
5 ofierne
<zr

rihte

</y]de.

yfo

^ feaht\

Godes dome], swa swa he manign^ [&? Hwaet, eac Regul.r, [^] foremaera [/for/]og[fl,
*,

wift Africanas

[^

^<z/~]de

gendlicne sige of[er

pa Afn c]anzs
^

2
;

* 24b C \^fulneah\ *unasecabout here

j?a

he (&)

}?a swiftest

fta het he hi \_forslagen\ hasfde, hrafte Sa gebyrede \hit

bind[<2

7 on

<fo]lcan

lecgan.

swf8i\

(he) wearft
\>u

10

hira\

racentum.
[st e,

Hwcet wenst

pon\

gebunden \jnid hwaet godes se 3

4 pon\ he on nane wisan his agenes crseftes ne maeg forbugan f he ftaet z /r^ yfel ne geftafige oftrum monnu f he aer ofiru dyde ? Hu ne is se -zweaXd pon par nauht ?

anweald

iii

c

.

Hwset wenst pit ?

^"z/"^

weorftscipe 7 se anweald* his

15 agnes ponces god WCETC 7

^z>

viQ\de pa forciidestu

monnu
hit nis

j^/&r anweald hcefde, hwce^er he hwilum 6 deft? folgian ^w^z

^

z<;

Hu

ne wast

pu p

nauht gecynde ne nauht gewunelic

P
20

cenig

odfie

(Enige geferrcedenne ivid

widerweard ping bion gemenged wid offru wifierweardu, habban ? Ac seo gecynd hit
[/<?

7 onscunad\ &\.M\ ne magon zmrftan togaedere gemeng^, ] fel magon (^/gaedere bion. Nu }?e is fte ^ good 7 ftset andwearde rice] 7 pas weoruldswide openlice ^cyfted ^

ma

_>

\>\\s

gesalpa 7 pes anweald of heora agnu gec\_jynde 7 nauht *\_gode ne sie]iti, ne heora -<?]wealdes
25 tfjnwald ^^bbaft,

8

^^or<2

^^
*

selfr[<2

nanne

nu
ftaet

hi willaft

9
cl[7)f<2;/J

on

pam

\vyrrestan

Nis men cumacf to eallraforcupestan oft pa se to anzuea.\d ftonne of pam parnanwealdej weorftscipe. Gif
gepafiafi pcet hi bioft hiora \i\dfordas.
10

monnum, 7 him
$(BS

nu nan tweo

his

zgenre gecynde

7

his

agnes gewealdes god wcere, ne

30 underfenge he Tzaefre ]?a yfelan ac pa godan. pses ilcan is to wenanne to eallu ftaem gesaelj^um ]?e s^o wyrd bren^ft pisses
c

Boeth.

ii.

pr. 6.

1.

38 P.

Ad

haec,

si

ipsis dignitatibus/
2

&c.

J

7

em. Affricanus C, Affricanas B. 4 ^^ from B, /i^^ C. se godes 8 /i?w J. /^^ anwealdes hiora J.
i>.

1

em. ~\amts C, Africas B.
hwilcil B.
10

5

em. anweal B.
y

cliofian J.

oft pa

from

J,

ofpam B.

38

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
<zhtu

[XVI.

3

andweardan lifes ge on crseftum ge on ; forp<Q mfye hi hwilum becumad to pa forciiSestum. Hwaet, we l gen\_og georne\ witon (Saet mon pees tweoff $ se sie string on his
n<2nne

m

mcEgene pe he hwcEt
*

mon

bi<5,

$ stnmglic vteorc wyrccS ; nepon ma, gif he hwaet ne sie. Her 2 ne tweo(S nsenne mon
gesih(5

p

5

25b C.

endacS sio

forme hoc
^ he

Boetius 7
(Sset
m>

ongz>me(S

sio

aftere*.

**$\va

maeg

3

eac se faeamcrceft
$/ # laece,

se

mon
<&#

bi(5
4

laece^rraeft

7

r#<:&

dreamefW], 7 se he bi(5 reccere. j:aet
cSaet

Swa deS
<5^on

eac se gecynda crceft selcum #2;z

/

^^
;

^

7/2^
/^/<?

witS Sae/ yfel gemenged, ne $ yfel

wi"S

$ god

10

_^<?0/&

biS segSer him onsundran. p gecynd nyle nsefre nanwuht z^ztSerweardes laetan gemengan, for Ssem heora aeg^er onscunad ofter, 7 aeg(5er wile bion fi ^set
buta on
sien,
J>eah

anum men

hit bi$.
(Sa

Ne mseg

se wela

gedonp

se gitsere

ne

sie gitsere, ne
15

grundleasan gitsunga gefyllan; ne se ^\[weald\ ne maeg

gedon his waldend wealdenfa\&. Nu f)onne nu selc [^if<:]eaft onscuna^ Saet Sset hiie wi^erweard 7 swi^e georne tiolac$ f hit him f from as^rufe, hwylce twa sint fonne
bi"S,

*

a6a C.

Ne him] J?onne god 7 yfel? meaht tosomne \weorpad Be\ Ipsem Ipu ge\_feged. ong[z /3, gifpa *ges(jelpa discs andweardan lifes purh hie selfe heora selfra geweald ahton, 7 of heora agnu gecynde gode war on, pon woldon hi simle on pa clifian 5 pe him god\ mid
wi Serweardran

\\etwuh

hi\ nsefre

20

wo[r^,
hi

nalces
\pcBs ]?urh

6

yfel.

Ac]

fleer (Saer

[hi gode
Ipe

beoff,

pon

be]<tfS

purh
bi(S

godan monnes~]god gode

[him god midwyrcfi\,

25

7 se

God
7
.

go[_d.

poii\ biS

he

yfel

7 purh\
mceg
se

dioful

furh [pees Hwxt godes

Gif hine~] fonne yfel mon \h(zf$, him yfel [mid de$, monnes] yfel
>e

is

[se

wela] (Sonne, Sonne he ne
]?aes

pa grundleasan

gitsunga afyllan
his

gitseres

;

o(5(5e
3

waldend waldendne gedon ? Ac hine ^vbindatS ]?a won welnunga mid hiora unabindendlicum racentum. $eah mon nu yfelu men anwald selle, ne gedeS 8 se anwald hine godne ne gif he ser naes, ac mJy<?]mne
,
1

anweald, Sonne he ne mseg

we om.

B.
*

2

This sentence, omitted by B,
5
6

is //

s 8

gedeQ B.

From

gedeS J. J, meodiimne B.

deofian J.

coniDleted from J. 7 B. J. ^>/

XVI.

4]

DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHISE
his yfel, gif

39

ge[6>/>]ena(5

he

aer yfel [zf/jaes,

7
1

ged<?(5

hit (Sonne
*

sweo[/]ol, gif hit aer naes. pbn nysste he hu he hit

FortSaem *peah

he cer yfel wolde,
2
,
<zr

26b C.

swa
3

fullice acyfide

he fullne

anweald
5

hcefde.

fleet gewyrfi for

pcet ge moton sceppan pone
beod,

7

p<zl

medumnes
5

p

pam dysige pe ge f&gnidd nane ne na?nan, hatan scelpa nan medomnes 4 ne beofi ; forpd hi

p

p

gecyfiafi on heora endunge,

pon

hie endiafi^

p hie nauficr ne
s

5

di off,

forpcem nawfier beofi to wenanne p
1 10 to secganne

ne se wela ne se anweald ne se weorfisctpe ne c hit seo sope gesaild sie. Swa hit is nu hrddost
\vomldges<zld

p

pe seo wyrd brengd, nan wuht on nis (Saes peer to wilnianne seo, forpafto. J^aer nan wuht gecyndeh ces godes on nis f33S (5e of him cume. J) is
u??i

be eallum pa

on

15

(5aem sweot^l -p hi hi symle to Saem godu ne <5eod#(5 9 ne Sa yfelan gode ne gedofi hi hie oftosS to geJ)ioda S. iv d f)a se Wisdom Sa Sus areaht haefde, (5a ]?is [spell]
}>Q

,

.

giddian 7 ]?us cwaeS *(Hwcet, we witon hwelce wcelriownessa 7 hivilce hryras 7 unryhth&medu 7 hwilc man 7 hwilce arleasnesse se unrihtwisa n kasere Neron weorhte.

*

ong[an he\

eft

:

2

7a

c

-

Se

het at

sumum

20 cefter pcere bisene

geseon hu seo he het ofslean ealle

Romeburg on anne sicf pe gio Trogiaburg barn. Him lyste eac burne, hu lange, 7 hu leohte be pcere offerre ; 7 eft
cyrre forb&rnan cealle

pa

wisestan wilan

agene

??iodor,

7

his agene brodor ;

Romana, ge furfion his ge fur$d his agen wif he
nanwuht geunroisod,

slog mid of

siveorde ; 7 for ffyllecu nces he
l2

25 ac wczs py blip r a

unrihtu wees

Ond peah betwuh pyllecum 7 fagenode pees. him no py ICES underpeod eall pes middangeard

from easteweardu op westeweardne, 7 eft from sufieweardu off norfieweardne ; eall he was on his anwealde. Wenst $u p se
30 kasere,
la,

godcunda anweald ne mihte afyrranpone anwealdpa unrihtwisan 7 him pcere wuhhunge gesteoran, gif he wolde Gise,
/>

gese ;

w wat pcet
ii.

he mihte,

gif he

wolde.

Eala, eaw, hu

d Boeth.
1

met. 6.

Nouimus

quantas, &c.
2

Cott. Metr. ix.
3

4

-p
6
10

Only a few words legible on fol. 26b. 5 nan medomnes from J, om. B. ne
1
8

gecyfide J.
.
. .

nawder from
9

J,

wane J. om. B.

em. hradost B.
he conject. om. B.

em. secgange B. stzffium 11 12 em. unrihwisa B.

J.

gedeodad B.

nces B.

40
hefig geoc

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
he beslepte
l

[XVI.

4

on

2

eallce

pa

wceron on eorfian ;
unscyldegu blode.
his agenes fionces

7 hu
ne

oft his

sweord

pee on his tidu libbende waron besyled on

Hu
god

ness,

pa

was peer genog sweotol p se anweald se god nces pe he to co?}

XVII e.
)& se

a; ,.,;,

Wisdom
lp

fta
4

pis
fast

/eocS

he
* 28b C.

;

7 fa andswarode

asungen /^aefde, (Sa gesugode Mod 7 f us cwaeS Eala, Gescead:

3

5

wisnes, hwaet,

pisses eorfilican

u [z^^Jst f *\me ncE/re seo gitsung 7 seo gem&gfi anwealdes forwel ne licode, ne ic ealles for5

swifie ne girnde pisses eorfilican rices, bulon tola

ic

wilnode peah

7 andweorces
ivas

to

pa

weorce pe
6

me

beboden

was

to

wyrcanne ;

p

10

p

ic

unfracodlice

7 gerisenlice mihte steoran 7 reccan

pone]

nan Hw<zt, pii\ wast ^ f e me \se\_fcest wees. \rnon ne mceg~] waenne craeft cy San [ne ncsnne an~\weald reccan
<2#wald

ne Stto[ran butu
andvveorc
\J>

1

^

tolu

7 andweoirf.
craeft

[ft biff

celces~\

crasftes
J)~\ 15

mon\pone

buton* wyrcan \ne* mceg.

bit5

fonne cyninges \andweorc
;

he ^aebbe his lond fullmonnad

fyrdmen

Hwaet, Jm wast pcetie butan lp issan 12 nan cyning his rrae/V ne mag cyfian. ty is eac his tolan ondweorc, .p he habban sceal to Saem tolu pa prim geferscip^ 20

u

7] his tol mid to ricsmnne,^ he sceal habbtfrc gebedmen 7

7 weorcmen.

biwz>/^.

p

is

pon heora

biwist

:

land

to

2Qa C. wcepnu, 7 mete, 7 *ealo , 7 clapas, 7 gehwcet pees fie pa pre about here. ersc jp as behofiaS. Ne mceg he butan pisu pas tol gehealdan, ge j~

*

u

bugianne, 7

gifta, 7

ne buton pisu tolu nan

para pinga wyrcan pe him
l6

beboden

is to

wyrcenne.
16

Forpy
.

ic

wilnode andweorces pone anweald

mid

to 25

reccenne,p mine crcsftas 7 anweald ne wurden
forholene

forgitene 7

Forpd
17
,

celc

7/orsugod
6
1

gif

he
ii.

bi(5

crceftj celc amwdd sonaforealdod buton \wisdome\ ; fon5aem ne masg
bi"5

Boeth.

pr. 7.

Turn ego,

Scis,
2

inquam, &c.
7 on B.
s

4
3

e of beslepte is altered to 5 andsivorede B. From J, la B.

The second
9

y.

unfracodlice J.
J.

butan

J.
15

w^
B.

B.
13

10

From
J.
J6

J,
14

weorc 7 iveorc B.

n

geswigode B. 7 butan J.

12

ferdmen

J.

disum tolum
illeg.

^^/a

m/w
J
;

2Qa
17

behofigen J.

From

The greater part of fol. wurde forgifen j forholen B.

forswugod B.

XVIII.

i]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE
crseft
l

41

[non

mon n&nne]

bringan
2

buton [wisdome~\
bi(5,

;

[hit mon] s ic is naefre to nu] hra<5ost to secganne, [p crcefte [gerecan . wtlnode] weoroTullice to \\bb[anne pa hivi^Q fe ic lifde, 7

swa hwcet [swa purh ^/]sig

gedon

e

mceg

p

5

[after minu]
ivceren

life

)?sem
6

monnum

4

[to

l<xfanne\

J)e

Defter

me

min 5 g-mywdig

on godum weorcum.

XVIII *.
i.
:?<2

(5is

)?a

gesprecen was, pa gesugode
sprecan 7 /ZAT
:

7
j?

Mod, 7

.sw
8
;

Gesceadwisn.e&

ongon
10

10

an yfel 7 swi^e
^?

*

is

swiSe

to

^nscunianne

;

^^^ Eala, Mod, eala p is fi file swicSe singallice
monna mod pe
/6>

hefiglice

bejw^ealra

*[fiara
TZ^

beocf

n

*

heora gecynde gecorene, 7 ^^(2^

(5^0^

^cz hrofe

pon

git

15

cumen fulfremedra mcsgena ; p is pon wilnung leases gilpes 7 unryhles anwealdes 7 ungemetlices hlisan godra weorca ofer 12 13 Forpam wilnigad monige men anwealdes pe hie. eallfolc. 34 woldon habban godne hlisan, peah\ hi his unwyr[^ sien ; ge
ilcan. Ac \se pe fur(F]um se ealra {forcupesta z^z /JnaS wile wisli^ce 7 geornlice [fzf/er pani\ hlisan spyrian, \pon\ ongit he s\vit5e hrge Se [hu lytel\ he bi S, 7 hu laene, 7 hu [tedre,
f>aes

7

>^]u

bedaeled selces godes.

\Gif pu nu] ^eornlice smeagan

20 wilt [7

wz /tfTz zw7/]_^mb ealrse }?isse eorcSan ym[^]hwyrft from easteweard^^ ffisses 15 middangeard(<?j) oS wetewear[^/]ne, 7
su Seweardum

from

oS
bee
J>e

norSeweardne

16
,

swa

(swa)

]^u

liornodest
Ipu

on

j^sere

ongetan f he
scelde, seft^r

is
18

Astralogium hatte, ^onne meaht eal wiS heofon to metanne 17
f>one

25 swilce an lytlu price

on

on bradum brede 19 ot5}?e rondbeag 20 ^w^ Z^ ^^ wast pup $u *[wz!rra monna
7
1

*

.

3oa C.

leornodest on Ptolomeus docfi, se towrat ealles pises middangeardes

gerne t on
1
J

anre bee P ficer pu miht ongeseonp eallmoncynn 7
ii.

ealle

Boeth.
6

pr. 7.
2

1.

4 P.
B.

Et
3

ilia

:

Atqui hoc
*
8

unum
J.

est,
5

&c.

fordbringan B.

dysige B.
fieofi

J,
14

om. B.
^zV

From
J.
18

J,
15

swide swiSe
11

u em.

gemynd

gereccan J. 7 geswigode B.
B.
19

^

B. ^ om. m
13

min from
;/.

forjton J.
ie

om. B. metane C.
B.

Conject.^w B.

From

9 om. B. wortildmen J. B, norftewcardum C.

lytel pricu B.

brddan brede B.

20

From

J,

42

DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE
nawer neah
3

[XVIII.

i

netenu ne notigafi
<5aes

*]

feonSan

z

[dceles pisse eorftan]
hit
;

J?e

men ge[/aran
fa//^<?]bugian,

magan, for~]fwntyt hy
[/<?r

ne

[magon
maesta/z

sum

hato,

sum for}
5
.

cile

4

7 ]?one

7 fa sceard fe hio [/& 0#*]numen haefS, 7 call f his fennas on eallum piodum wastes 7 moras genumen htf^acS, 7 call ealles nis monnum ligetS, fonne meaht Ipu o[ngtfa]n $ te
J>

[d#/ &j] hseftS sae oferseten feonSan daele an tynu [mode] call seo see
eal

[Z>0

<?/"

&*]
5

Ms

\ofseten hcefft],

J>aes

fionne

mare
7
.

laefed

to

bugianne, []uton swelce on

6

lytel

cauertun
[eow]i-e

f fonne fordyslic geswinc f ge winna S woruld to Son faet ge wil[]ia(S eowerne hlisan
Is
8

10

ungemet[//]ce to braedanne
3ob C.

ofer swelcne cauertun

7
;

swelce

J

is

Saette

prica* for

*[bugiaft pisse worulde fulneah swilce an Ac hwcet rumedlices ofide micellices ofide pcet ofier.

men

weorfifullices

h&fd

se

eower gilp pe ge
11

par

]

dogiaff

on

pa

15

fiftan

dcele

healfu londes
hit is

mid

ealk,

swa

7 unlondes, mid see, mid fcenne, \To hwon wilnige ge] genejrwed.

fonne to \\v\gemetlice p ge] eowerne naman \tobrcedan ofer] pone teoSan dael, \nu his mare nis] mid sae, mid [fcenne, mid eal]le ?
ii

20

s.

aer
/z

ymb
12
,

Ge(5enca(S eac \p on #V]sum lytlan pear[roce pe\ we spraecon [dugiaft] swiSe manega feoda 7 swi&e mis-

7 swi^e ungelica aegfer ge on spraece ge on J>eawum ge on eallum sidum, ealra para p^oda IpQ ge nu wilniatS swicSe ungemetlice \p ge scyloii\ eowerne naman ofer tobnzxlan. ^
ca
13 hiora spraec is todaeled ge nsefre gedon ne m<2gon, forcSon on twa 7 (on) hundseofontig, 7 aelc para spraeca is todaeled on 14 15 16 m^negafioda ^]?^ ^)//] toiegena/todaelda mid sae 7 \mid\

25

wudum 7 mid muntum
;

7 (mid) _/ennuw

17
,

7 mid
18

manegum
]>

7

3ia C.

*y ungeferum Ac hu mag furt5[] cepemen ne gefanSS.
weste[;/z//?2]

(mid) mislicum

londum,

hit 30

Boeth.

ii.

pr. 7.

1.

23 P.
2

Adde quod hoc

ipsum, &c.

r>

^

urtiitm oferseten B.
10

nawer
6

J.

a
J.
1T

9

/nVtf J.
16

bugiad

J, mistlice B.

^

for^am

om. B.

7 om. B.

f

* 3 cfle B. feorftan B. geferan J. 7 8 B. /f gebradanne B. cafertnn B. u /^V w from ** mislica from J, his B. 14 15 B. C, fieoda B. /a conject. em./zW la 18 annum B. /Jw B. ungefcerum B.

XVIII.

3]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
]x>nne

43

synderlice anes rices

furcSum pare burge
hafaest bi(5
?

mon monnes nama cuman, J^aer nam&n ne gehenS ne ]?aere peode pe he on
nat for hwilcon
tobraedan
*

J)y ic

2

dysige ge girnacS
ealle eor)?an
;

]>

ge ge
f>u

woldon eozveme
5 naefre

naman

g#nd

}>

gedon ne magon, ne furcSum nawer neah. Hwaet, wast hu micel Romana [rici\ waes on Marcuses dagu pees he\e;

togan se waes oc5re naman haten Tullius, 7 priddan Cicero. 3 Hwaet, he cySde on sumre his boca Saette get Romana 4 (nama ne) come ofer ]^a muntas, )?a we hatacS Caucaseas, ne 10 (Sa SciSSeas fur Sum on healfe munt[<2 bugf\&
f>a

<?Sre

}>e

f>ara

J^aere

burge naman ne
aerest to
5 Paro"//w

com
f>eah

fo&Tym6uta.n

he ne geherd[0]n, ac he waes niwe ac waes switSe ; 7 (par} manegum folce swi Se egeful. Hu ne
}?aes

folces

J>a

,

15

ymb

nu hu nearo se eower hlisa bion wile ge )?aer swincaS *[/ awrjihtlice tioliatS to ^brsedanne ? \Hwd\& wenstu hu micelne hlisan 7 hu micelne weonSscipe an 6
ongite ge
J>e

*

3^

C.

man maege habban on pa l^nde mon iurfium fare burge naman ne geherde, ne ealles Saes /bices hlisa ^ ^w ? j^eah nu h\\elc mon ungeme/lice 7 ungedafenlice 20 wilnige / he scyle his hlisan tobr^dan ofer ealle eorf>an, he ne
romanisc
J>aer

fortSbringan,
ungelice,

ior])[ampe]

}?ara

(Seoda

f>eawas
1

sint
,

swa 7 hiora gesetenjVmi] swiSe mislica 8 Saette \p\ on hwilum on ot5[rw] te^fe 3^/j/ // f te f Saem o Srum taelwyrolicos S, 7 eac micles wites wyrcSe. 25 Fort&em ne maeg nan mon habb^w gelic lof on aelcum londe, aelcum londe ne licaS j? on oSrum licatS. \for]>onfo on] h 9 iii ForSy sceolde aelc mf?n bion on c5aem wel gehealden f he o his agnum earde licode. peah he nu maran ne maeg furSum f for^f7gan, forfaemfe wilnig*, he 30 seldhwonne bitS f te auht monegum monnum anes hwaet
<r^

bio"

.

]

11 forpy wyrcf off *[godes monnes lof alegen inne on pe he on hamfcest bid, 7 eac forpdpe hit oft

*

3 2a C.

h Boeth.
1

ii.

pr. 7.
2

].

40 P.
3

Erit igitur peruagata, &c.
8

nat hwelce
B.
7

J.

geomaft B.
B.

6
<?

From

f B.

4
^<?

B.
9

5

parQQum
line in
J.

B.

J, ;;//rf/

10

licode J.

o;z

above

licige

...oft concealed under the paper mounting.

n

C.

in

44

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
purh pd\ heard[j^fl
/#rtf
*

[XVIII.

3

swide sarlice gebyrede
<5aet

writerd]
recceleste

hi for

[&0ra

slcewde 7 for gi]me\este 7 eac

[/0r

for~]leton unwriten [/ara monna fieawas] 7 hiora daeda, f e o[n hiora dagum\ formaeroste 7 f eah [7 weorfigeornuste] waeron. hi &0ra] lif 7 hira daeda awr[//^ hcefdon\, swa swa hi sceoldtf [^j/~ hi dohton\, hu ne forealdodon

[a

<?#//

5

fa g[*zwY/]

f eah 7 losodon foneoz/z
wri[&r<w

[/^ ^// z^d?r^], swa some swa fa Se 2 hi ymb wri[/<?. 7 eow pinc$\ 7] eac feah f ge haebben ece \aregifge m<z]gen on ealre eowerre

^/^,

f>a

\worulde ^Jearnigan

f ge
J>u

haebben

[godne

hlisan\

aefter 10

eowrum dagum.
\andwear dan\
lifes

nu] getelest 3 7 fisses hwilendh can

\Gif

fa
[zi

hwila

fisses
4
6

/^

/^j] ungeen-

Tele nu fa lengu hwi/a, [^ze;^/ bi$~\ hit fonne ? 5 f [cere hwile] f e f u fin eage on beprewarc maege wicS ten
lifes

dodan

32b C.

habba"S fa hwila hwaethwugu *\pnlices, peak hit lytel sie ; p ispm p heora cegfier hafd ende. Tele nupon P ten fiusend geara, ge peak pu ma wille, wifi p ece 7 pczt 1 ungeendode lif ; pon ne finst pu par nauht angelices ,fordani\ 6 ten (Susend [geara, peak hit lan]g Since, ascor[/#/, 7 pees 8 9 Forpce]m hit nis no to odrei\ ncztiQ ne cymS [nan ende. [metanne p gee]n.do&\\CQV!\ $ (5aet \ungeendodlice. ^<?Jahfu nu
;

Susend wintra

fon7z<?

15

]>

20

;

telle

[from pises wjiddangeardes fru[man o$ done] ende, mete Se naenne ende naefS, [ponne~\ 7 f onne [pa gear ne bic5 faer nauht anlices. [Swa &#] eac se hlisa fara
wi3"\
j>

monn\& f eah he hwilum [langsie, yfe]\a. geara furhwu[wz^, he ^z ^/Jeah swiSe scort to \metanru wiffi "Sone
for[ema:rena
;

10

25

f e naefre [ne geendafi. ^v 7\ S e ne reccaS (5eah [kwefter ge a]uht to gode don \vi(5 [cenegu opru] fingum buton \Wi3 pam lytlan\ lofe f aes
J
-

folces, [7

wtd] faem scortan hlisan fe we aer j/mb spraecon. EarniaS f aes, 7 _/0rsio(5 fa craeftas eoweres ingecSonces 7
1

30

Boeth.

ii.

pr. 7.

1.

60 P.

Vos autem,
3
J>ises

nisi

ad populates auras, &c.

5
7

So J

* 3^ om. B. hwihvendlican B. lenge B. 6 tin B. B. has beprenan with the first w altered to w. s 9 anlices J. nczfre follows rj/;/^ in B. erci.foj>am B.

om. B.

2

;

10

formcera

J.

XVIII.

4]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

45
*
333.

eowres andgietes 7 eowre gescead *wisness<?, [7 wo!d]on habban eowerra godena weorca mede aet fremdra monna 1 t Gode sceolden. cwiddunge. Wilnigaft A"^ Hwcet, pu gehyrdest pcstte gio dagu gelomp p an swiffe wis
>aere

C.

J>aerto

w^
2

5

ongan fandigan dTzes ucSwitan 7 hine bismrodej/tfrftaem he hine swa orgellice up ahof, 7 bodo&Q faes f he uftwita waere ne tyffde he hit mid naenum craftu, ac mid leasum 7 okimodlicu ^elpe 3 his pa wolde se wisa
7 switSe
rzh?
;
.
?#<?

mon

/andian, hwae Ser he swa wis
10

swa he self wende f he 4 waere. hine Ongon pa j?a hyspan, 7 hearmcwidian geherde se uSwita swi^e gej)yldelice J?aes wisan monnes word
w<zr

.

ac suSSan he his hispinge gehered haefde, J?a ; he ongean swi(Se ungefyldelice 6 J?eah he aer li/te f he ucSwita waere. (Ahsode hine pa eft hwceder him puhte p he
j^ylde
5
,

sume hwile

15

upwita w&re}
cwaecS:
ge[^>7^

naere.
J>e

^ a and.warode
.

se wisa

mon him
gif

7

Ic

wolde

W<Z\TQ

$ ]?u 7 7 gesugian meahte
cwe}?[<7]

utJwita

waere,

j?u
*

him

se hlisa, J?a

[^]

aer

mid leasungum wilnode.

[^7^ /a^fjsum waes *[Hu ne

33b C.

Hwaet /br]baerst \he pa pcerri^ite for cSaem anum andze^/rde. 20 forstod betstum monnum/^ ^r w.y wczronfl hi f>[0#]e
f>aem

swa

swicfe

wilnodon /^,r
\m<Bt

z

^/

^-z

^j

8

heora deaj)e ? oSSe waere aelcum [men]

forstent hit J?ae/

7 faes hlisan aefter nu sindo^ ? py
f>e

pon
25

leases

\\choman

mare ]?e[^/// ^] wilnode godra craefta hlisan. Hwae/ haefS he / / hlisan aefter /aes v?dale 7 J?aere sawle ? [ZTw ^] witon we -f ealle
^<:

lichom/z ftf sweltatS, 7 ]?eah sio sawl bicS libb[^w^] ? sio sawl faer^ swi(5e friolice to hefonum, si S San hio ontiged

me[]

bitS,

7 for
10

9

)?aem

careers /aes lichoman onlesed
[ffas eorfflt]c2in

bitS.
11

Heo
f>aes

fing, 7 faegnacS $ 30 hio 0z0/ brucan faes heofonlican, si^cSan 12 hio bitS abrogden from (Saem eor Slican. ponne mod him selfum bi
-p

forsihtS

)?onne call

gewita

willan.
1

wilniad
1U

2

J.

5

From
o/B.

fandian
6

3

J.
"

J, sealde B.

^ ^ B.
7

*

hearmcwiddigan B.
8

9

tyldelicc B.

forseohS B.

/a^watf B.

mihtest B. 12 B.

^^

P*/A?J

T.

46

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
v

[XIX

XIX k.
J
]

34a C.

ol/^wz ^] gyddian 7 singende \cw&$i\ *(Swa hwa swa wilnige to habbenne pone idelan hlisan 7 pone unnyttan gilp, behealde he on
J?a

Da

se

Wisdom
(5us

[A

spel areaht haefde, (5a

feower healfe

his

neara pcere eorfian
l

hu widgille pas heofones hwealfa bid, 7 hu siede is, peah heo us rum pince. ft on mczg
brcedinge his hlisan,

5

him scamigan pare
rncsg

forpam

he hine ne

furfium tobr&dan ofer pa nearwan eorffan ane. j&ala, ofennodan, hwi ge wilnigen p ge underlutan mid eowru swiran

p

deadlice geoc / offffe hwi ge seon on swa idelan geswince p ge woldon eowerne hlisan tobr&dan ofer swa manega peoda ? peah 10

nu gebyrigep da uiemestan fiioda eowerne naman up ahebban, 7 on manig peodisc eow herigen, 7 peah hwa wexe mid micelre (Epelctmdnesse his gebyrda, 7 peo on eallu welu 7 on eallu
hit

Ac he forsiehd pa wlencu, ne se deap peah swelces ne recfi. 2 cepelo, 7 pone rican gelice 7 pone heanan ofswelgft 7 swa 15
,

geemnet pa rican 7 pa heanan. Hwcp.t synl nu fas fnre.meran 7 ptzs zvisan goldsmiffes ban We/ondes ? Forpi ic cwcefi pees

wisan forpy pa crceftegan ne mceg ncefre his crcpft losigan, ne hine mon ne mtzg pon e$ on him geniman $e mon mceg pa sunnan

awendan of hiere siede. Hwcer synt nu p^^J^i^nd^^^j^o^e^ //7tw wat nu hwccr hi war on ? hw&r ix nu seforemcera 7 se ar&da Romwara hereioga, se wees haten Brutus, ofire
OfW>

20

naman Cassius ?

Romana
pas HwcEt

se wisa 7 fastrceda Cato, se wczs eac ne wceran WCES heretoga ; openlice udwita. nu sint. 25 hi hwcer ? nan mon nat 7 gefyrn forfigewitene
0<5c!e

se

Hu

is

heora nu

to

lafe,

butan se

lytla hlisa
is,

feaum

stafu awriten ? 7 pcet git wyrse

p

7 se nama mid we witon manige

foremcEre 7 gemyndwyrpe weras forfigewitene pe swiffe feawa manna a ongit. Ac manige licggafi deade mid ealle forgitene,

p p

hiefurfiu cupe ne gedefi. peah ge nu wenen 7 wilnian 30 libban scylan her on worulde, hw<zt bid eow pon py lange ge ne cymfi se dead peah, peah he 3 late cume, 7 adefi eow bet ?
se hlisa

Hu

k
1

Boeth.

ii.

met.
2

7.

Quicumque solam, &c.
3

Cott. Metr. x.
1.,

scamian B.

em. ofsivelfS B.

dead ab.

over he erased.

XX]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

47

of disse worulde ?
se

7 hwat forstent eow pon se gilp, terra dead gegripfi j on ecnesse cef gehtzffiV)

hum pa pe

XXI.
se
spillian
5 witS
tSa

Wisdom fa
tSus
cwae<5
:

\_pis leo$\

7

Ne wen
ic

tSu

asungen haefde, tSa \ongan\ he no -f ic to #mvillice winne

wyrd

;

forft&m
f

hit

no

self

Az /
for[7>tf

o/7] gebyretS

sio lease [z^yr^

nauht ne ondrsede, ne m^g nauj>]er
\Forpd~\ hio

faem men
nis

[don] ne fultum ne eac naenne de.
lofes wyrtSe,

nanes

\forpd}

hio Azh?

sejT/^JecytS
l

/

^

*

35b C.

nanz&ttA/ ne bz?y ac heo onwrihfi hire aewelm
10

lpon[ne

heogeop-

Ic [z^f]ne end$\ hiore Jjeawas. *z\ahp $u~\ neforstande nu get hwset ic pe to cwetie ; forpam hit is wundor/z pat ic secgan 2 wille, 7 ic hit mag uneafte mid wordum ar^<ran swa swa ic
<r

3 4 wolde; $ is Saet (z ) wa/ b$S aelcum men nytwyr^r<?
<r

(Saette

5

sio

w&erwearde wyrd

>J

sio orsorge.
jry/^

For&em wo
is
6

15 orsorge jimle lihtS

gesaW ; ac sio
swa ne
bitS.

7 licet ^ ^o/z wiSerwearde is

wenan $ hio

sio socfe

sio so$e gescelp,

f>eah

hwaem
socS

Ipynce, forftaem heo is fees tried

7 gehat simle f te

Sio o Sru
A/ /
7

[w

/<?j]

Aw
20

^cytS s^ z;a^/]; ac sio witSerweardf
hio hi
bryctS
/p

7 beswictSra//^ hire [^^r^^j/^ [wi/ Aowjr/ ulnesse f hio bitS
A/ir<?

ge[<fc//]

gelseretS selcne

fara
(Se
;

]?e

gefiet.
tSaere

Sio otSru gebinS

selc

tSara
-p

moda

hire
sio

mid

wiSerwearcU
gefaet, 25

\_pori]

hiwunga onbin S

Ipe
8

(hio] licet

hio sie

god

7 ge/r^otS

aelc

\_para pe\ hio to

mid tSaem fe \hio andweardan gesalda sint,
a

hint] geopenaft

hu

tiedre*

*

*[fices

Ac
sio

seo orsorhnes

gad

s6a about

C
here>

swafcr
untcelu

ze;/^j .^l/ 12 /

widerweardnes pdn

scyrmcelu bid simle

7 waru^, ascirped
1

mid pare
Sed ne
3
r

styringe hire agenre
&c.

Boeth.
2

ii.

pr. 8.

me

inexorabile,

gereccan B. 5 wa C. te om. B. seo 13. 8 em. orsohnes B. ^w
5
L

1

Conj. Son B.

Napier; ffj/B; no reading

^r

4 Conject. om. C and B. Apparently 9 ^V om. B. 8 B. tedra J. 12 em. suggested by Prof. J.

a^//

in J.

13

ascirred in B, but the second r changed to

From p
;

B. J, wraf J has ascerped.

u

Orig.

48

DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE
Ac
;

[XX

frecennesse.
3

sio lease gesceld hio tihd
T

on last neadinga pa fie
hiere
<5a

hiere to geffeodatf

f]rom

f>asm

sot>[

ges&Wum mid
oft

^

oliccunge
[hiere

sio

4

v$S[erweardnes

pdn ful\

ealle
^>[am

(5e

sodum biod Headings, getyhS to (5e DinccS mid swa swa 2xi$[e fisc gefangen bOf}. ges(zldum\, cfeos nu $ \lytel gestreon 7 lytel\ eaca patte gesselpa
underpeodde
f>inra

5

? rede 7] f is f hio egeslice witferweardnes [pe Mngjf\ switSe hratSe tSa [mod fie geope\i^S J>inra getreowra f[r]eonda 5 ? fionda, -f fu hi mz ht switfe sw^otole tocnawan
J>ios

[7

fflf]

J>inra

hi tSe from gewz /ac5, f onne 10 ])&[s leasan ^vjsseffia, J^onne mid him, 7 laetaS 6 J^ine feawan getreowan nima S hi hiora

Ac

;;/<?

mid

t$e.

Hu

woldes
7

tSu

wsere 7 \[e puhte

p se]o

nu gebycf^aw /a] gesselegost willan swi^ost wode~\ ? wyrd \onpinne
J>u

*

36b C

about here.

ffu switole feo woldest pu pa habban geboht p 9 8 wat dean p 7 dine fynd ? 10 hi cufiest $u hit woldest habban mid miclan feo geboht p n $u nu wel toscadan. peah pe pince p deorwyrfie feoh forloren

mid hu

w^/ tocnawan pine frind

m\_icelan

*/<r

1

5

<?u

pu hafst peah micle diorwyrfire mid geboht ; p sint wast hwcetpu hiora getreowe friend ; pa 3u mihtnu tocnawan, 7
habbe,
hcefst],

Hwaet ^ [isp
3

eallra deonveojrttoste fioh.

20

XXI m.
[)a
se
12

Wisdom pa
]

fa s]

spell assed hsefde, \_pa
:

ongan he

giddigan

7

J>us

celcum tweon, 7

se is eac

(An sceppend is buton singende [cwce^ wealdend heofones 7 eorfian 7 ealra
7 eac ungesewenlicra ; p is God celpa pe tieowiaS, ge da pe cunnon ge pa hit witonp hie him deowiafi ge pa de hit
unawendendlicne sido 7 peawas 7 eac da pa he wolde, 7 swa swa
he wolde ;
25

gesceafta, gesewenlicra

mihtig.

pa
Se

fieoiviafi ealle
fie

pe ne cunnon, ge pa
nyton.

ilca gesette

his gesceaftu, gecyndelice sibbe eallu

he wolde, 7

swa lange swa

pa nu
&c.
4

sculon standan

to

worulde.

f)ara unstillena gesceafta
ii.
2

styring

ne

mceg

no 30

Boeth.
1
soj>an

met.
]>&re

8.

Quod mundus,
8

Cott. Metr. xi.

J.

J.
6

5
9

From

J,

fiend}.

From swutele B. U 10 micle fio}.

olecunge B. B, lasdaS C.

em. witictwerdnts B.
micle J.
s

7
2

frend J.

/^J.

giddian].

XXI]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

49

weordan ges filled, ne eac onwend of pam ryne 7 of pare endebyrdnesse pe him geset is ; ac se anwealda hafd ealle his
gesceafta

swa
5

p
he

swa mid his bridle befangene 7 getogene 7 gemanode hi nauper ne gestillan ne moion, ne eac swiffor styrian
his wealdlefferes to for lat.

pon

him pat geru

Swa haf5

se

almihtiga God geheadorade ealle his gescefta mid his anwealde peel heora celc wind wiff offer, 7 peah wrceded offer, p hie ne moton
toslupan, ac bioff gehwerfde eft to pa ikan ryne pe hie ar urnon, 7 swa weorffaff eft gcedniwade. Swa hi hitfagiadp pa wider
l

10

wear dan gesceafta agffer ge hie betwux hi winnaff, ge eacfaste 2 sibbe betwux him healdad. Swa nu fyr deff, 7 water 7 see 7 eorde, 7 manega offra gesceafta pe beoff a swa ungedwara

betwux him swa swa hi beoff ; 7 peah hi beoff swa gepwara patte no p an pat hi magon geferan beon, ac py furdor p heora \$furdum nan buton odru beon ne mceg. Ac a scealp widerwearde

p

widerwearde gemetgian. Swa nu hcefd se almihtega swide gesceadwislice 7 swifie limplice geset p gewrixle eallu his gesceaftu. Swa nu lencten 7 hcerfest : on lencten hit
offer

God

grewff, 7 on hcerfest hit wealwad.
20

J

eft

sumer 7 winter

:

on

sumera

hit bid

bringd leohte Godes miht.

wearm, 7 on wintra ceald. Swa eac sio sunne dagas, 7 se mona liht on niht, purh pas ilcan
Se
ilca

forwyrnd peera sa

p

heo ne mot

pone

peorscwold oferstceppan pare eorpan*. Ac he hafd heora mearce swa gesette p hie ne 4 mot heore mearce gebrcedan ofer
25

pa

stillan eorpan.

Mid pa

ilcan gerece is gereaht swiffe anlic
5

gewrixle pas flodes 7 pas slandan pa hwile pe he wile.

for lat para
zs

pa gesetennesse pa he lat Ac ponne ar pe he p gewealdleder bridla pe he da gesceafta nu mid gebridlode haffi p
ebban.
:

widerweardnes pe we ar ymbe spracon : gif he pa lat 30 toslupan, pon forlatad hi pa sibbe ffe hi nu healdaff, 7 wind heora ale on offer after his agenu willan, 7 forlatad heora
seo

6

geferradenne, 7 fordod ealne ffysne middaneard, 7 weorffaff him
selfe to nauhte.

Se

ilca

God

gefegd mid freondradenne folc

*

3 2 mtzru follows eordan above B. em. betwx B. 6 5 is conj. om. B. ne conj. om. B. em. gesetennes B.

line.

E

50

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
mid
clanlicre
lufe.

[XXI

togadere, 7 sinhigscipas gesamnafi

He

gegccderafifrind 7 geferanfi n ware gesalig, gif freondradenne healdao. Eala pte pis money heora mod ware swa riht 7 swa gestafielod 7 swa geendebyrd

hie getreowlice heora sibbe 7 heora

swa swa pa
1

offre

gesceafta smdon.)
sio

Her end## nu

seo

afire

5

fridde. /roferboc Beetles, 7 onginS o Sre naman haten 2 Seuennus ; se wses heretoga Romana.

Se Boetius wses

XXII
i.

n.

i9a se

Wisdom fa

Sis lio$

asungen

hsefde,
his

fa hsefde

he

me gebundenne mid pare wynsumnesse
/z/]stb<2?re

san[^<?j,

p

ic

wafiende 7 swi[& geheranne mid [/(?] wearde mode, 7 fa fulhrse Se [5i?j ic] cleopode to him 7 f us cwaetS [^z/, PFw]dom, f u t$e eart sio heh[ ste 3 hu f u me hsefst afrefredne segfro]fer ealra werigra moda inre smealican mid er ge mid f inre wynsum sprsece, ge f f
his] wses switSe
:

(^/f) to

10

;

nesse fines sanges.
39a C.

To

fsem fu

me

hsefst

n[]

aretne

4

is

nu SinctS 7 ofercumene mid fin[r*] gesceadwisnesse, ^ me me on an ic no f f [fc] unwyrd arssf[w^ *w^c5[/]te 5 lecumen is, ac peah me] giet mare frecenes on becume,ne cwffie forSsem ic wat f ic ic nse/re ma f hit butan g[^z^r^/w zV wolde ymbe pone] 20 wsere. wyrtSe [^4r 7 hefigran\ \maran hwene mare] geheran. ty\eah pu laecedom // ^z woldon me swifte bitere u wende ar nu hwene s&]de f f 7 6 ^^ ic heora eom swi^e nauht nu hi me ic ne ondrade f incan, to gehealdenne, 7 f e eac to ge geheranne gifre segcSer g[^] switSe georne bidde f fu hi me gelseste, s\wa swa 3u me] nu 25 w] Wisdom : Ic ongeat sona lytle aer gehete. p[ swa ^w jw^z w^/] geswugodes 7 ^A^rjdest mina lara, hi ong[ate] 7 smeamode innewearde u woldest [tfzz#] f f ForSaem z gean^z ^de swiSe wel of ic wisse hwaet gean. eac f y 30 [pu woldest] 7 hu fu hit understandan woldest, 7
^<?

;

<?]

r<7

/^r<2

[/^r<3

,

<rz^^^

[>#

lustlic[<?

<r

furtSur

ic
n

tiolode
Boeth.
iii.

swiSe geornfullice f fu
pr. i.

hit

forstandan
&c.
*

lam cantum
7

ilia finiuerat,
3

5

2 gehaten B. afterre frofrboc J. 6 em. ondrade B. frecennes B.
1

doma

B.

gerctne B.

m^ wawA/ nu

B.

XXIII]
l
.

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
Ac
on
ic

51

meah[/<?]

minre
he
Ipe

lare Ipe ])u
tin5
2

nu wille secgan hwilc me nu bitst. He is
J>e

swi<5e

se [/^Jcecraeft is biter on muffe, 7

(5a

J^rotan

cfu
*\J>on

his cerasl fandast ; ac he] * 39^
4 5
.

weredatS
5

si(5(5an

7 [jzw JtSe
ii.

7 jzwiife switSe [swete] to bealcetenne
flu
[/<zr

he innan

bitS

3

//tSe

on

cSaem ifenotSe,

n * Aer
6
,

ongeate Ajwider ic
>u

Se

[]

tiohige

[/<?

l&denne

zV
ze;<2/]

(Sset

wold^r/ [swiffe georne pider fundian
ic

7 swide swidlice beon onccled mid /]sere gitsunge, forfia
geherde

\Qgehyranne.

f ^ Mod: Hwi^/er wilt Su me (nu Da andwyrde sio Gesceadw[w]nes 7 swidosf) laedan ? To [^]aem so Sum gesselSum ic tiohige cwaetS [zV 7 ne maet 8 7 mod oft ymb [raswdt 7 fade], pser meahtes gyt ful rihtn\z weg aredian to [J-^^OT for^on 9 jrin mod [w^j- <23w]god mid (5aere i5^vj<ij.eltSum,
<$u

p

czr scedest

swifte

]>u

geornfull z^aere

hit to

Da

cwsetS

:

<5set

^

f>in

^<r]

;

f>u

<5aem

ansene

:0

f)issa \leasend\ gessel&a.
]?u
sie.

Da cwaetS ^ Mod Ic me o^ewe butan /w]eon hwset sio Ic wille forlustlice sio Gesceadwisnes Da
:
[<^/<r^

<rwae(5

:

lufum; [ac] 20 anlicnesse J?aere wisan getaecan, sie, to (Saem f ]^u j?a bisne sweotole
<5inum
(^<?)

for

ic

sceal

be

sumre bysene sume
"Se

n

[off]

J>aet

)?ing
3

cu^re
*

gesceaw[z^ 7 /cwjne
ffu

be

J^aere

anlicnesse jmnz \so$ena
**

s offan gescelffa,
f>a

j forlcztan leasan gesa[^/^fl y 7 ]?onne
13

mcege ongitan fra pcette him zw &rjweard bi^ f sint
*ges<zl}>a

4 oa

;

25 ingeftonce higie

mid ealles modes geornfulla[] becuman /o/a ^^aelSum f)e ece f fu msege

XXIII o.
)A
se

Wisdom

(5a

Sis spell arced** hcefde,

pa ongan

he eft

giddian, 7 ffus^ cwceff : (Swa hwa swa wille sawan westmbcere land, atio arest of ffa pornas 7 pa fyrsas 7 fearn 7 ealk pa

p

D<v

Boeth. Boeth.
*

iii.
iii.

pr. I.

1.

14 P.

met.

i.

1

From

J, mihtest B.

bid B.
8 11

em.-swde B.
12

Sed quod tu te audiendi, &c. Qui serere, &c. Cott. Metr. xii. 2 3 &e ^vereda$ J, werodaQ B. innaS 7 s 7 6 B. belcentan B. ladanne J.
J>e

hrces w&d 7 cac meet J, rceswed 7 eadniet B.

9

forfiam B.
"

10

ansine B.

sweole C.
yi^/o /f^yo
"R

From

],for!cet B.

13

15

higige].

From

J,

arM/ B.
1

E 2

52

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
derigen,

[XXIII

weod pe he gesio p pa aceru weaxan. Eac is ffeos bisen
Pined

p

se

to geffencenne,

hwate mage py bet p is p alcu men

biteres py weorodra gif he hwene ar biff py pancwyrffre gif hit hwene weder onbirigff. J eft smylte ar biff stearce stormas 7 norffanwindas 7 micle renas 7 snawas.

humges

biobread

5

eac Pas dcrges leohtfor Pare egeslican piostro 7 Pancwyrffre bid

pare
hisses

nihte,

pon

hit

ware gif nan

niht nare.

Swa
pa

biff

eac

micle pe

winsumre

sio soffe gesalff to
lifes.

habbenne
ffi eff

efter

eormffum

andweardan

J eac micle
hiora
ffa

gesalffa

gecnawan 7 mode awyrtwalast of pinu
ffonegrund. ffu ne wilnast nanes
"

to

pu miht Pa soffan becuman, gif ffu arest 10 leasan gesalffa, 7 hi of atiht off
cyffffe

Siffffan pti

hi pon gecnawan miht, ffonne

wat

ic

p

offres

pinges o/er pa.)

-

,

,..

XXIV P.
leotS

.

forlet asungen \\afde, ane hwile, 7 on[gann\ smealice fone sang, [7 gesw]ugode ^Elc dearie cwsetS t5a pencan on his modes mgtyance, 7 2 mxnigfealdum 7 nwn swenctS hine s^//ne [mid ;;^///]cum 3 ym&Wgum, 7 feah wilniaS ea//^ \Vurh mist]\icz pa^as cuman to anu ende ; \_P w] $ hi wilniaS j^urh ungelic. is ponne earnunga cuman to anre w^nesse f
i.

\__pa

he

he

}>d\

>is

15

:

;

is

4 ia C.

gessel^. fruma 7 ende xlces goodes, 7 he is sio 4 4 D^t me inct5 sie f hehste good [>^/]te cwseS *t5aet Mod recce ofer p, offres godes\ ne eac [-? mon 5 ne [^r/^ fl 6 z//ra /^ w good[^ flftrra] hsebbe he $ ^/ [/ siffffan] ^ OT J ^// ^ hit call offru god*] utan be/Z^, [7 7 ware, him for] ^nig [butan ] gif Nre ^/ [fl p hehste god 8 hit hxm hit JjonnW heefde t[o zw1&]ne sumes goodes cwaecS sw 7 andswarode [GW]adwisnes naefde. pa
, :
>e

hehste

[self]

Dset

is

hit is

is sio hehste ges[^, >r]Saem www/o/] f ^aet iwaet is &et 30 ealles goodes. hrof flor] [ge ge *gt>er ~ S3el ^ a ealla on ra ^ ^] buton sio seleste
9

swi%

ges[>0;
*

A

^
.

P
ts tots

Boeth
2

iii.

pr. 2.
J-

Turn defixo paululum
s

uisu,

&c.

B
fol.

WMffrww
J.

mislice J.
!

4

.

to/

top of

writt 4 ia, but written

at
7

bottom of

fol

4 ob

m
B.

good gone from derr hand. a moderr

ft* man

B.

XXIV.

2]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
him nanes ne
1

53

[innan him] ^gadera^, 7 hi utan ymb[h(zfcf^, 7] oninnan

him

gehelt, 7

bi<5

naefS, ac hi cumacS call of him r 7 eall waetru cumao of sae, [7]
<5aere

wana, ne he nanes nedfearfe eft eall to him, swa swa
eft
s

cumat)
f>a

ealle

2

to ftaere
;

5 sae ?

Nis nan to
of
(5aere sae

(5aes lytel

aewylm

f he

sae

7

eft

he gelent in on
)?a eoiftjjofi
<?#

pa

eorfian,

ne [g/]sece [7 sw]& he bi(5

smugende geond &we[/mefa he ar
ii

he] eft cymcS to (Saem *ilcan* eft to

*

4 lb

c

-

ut fleow, 7

swa

pare

see.

Q.

^z>

z>

w]u bysen frara
to

\_sopena gescelfia ; fiard\

wilmaff

10

[ealle

deadlice men
to

begilanne,

peak hi

fiurh

mislice

wegas

dencan

cumanne.

Forpa cegh]welc man haefS

\_gecyndelic
5
,

god

on him] selfum, for[/ ale tanne ; ac hit bid] amerred
hit
6

mod
mid

wilnafi j^]^es godes to \begi\_pd Icenum]

godum

forSaem

[/#] ofd&lre

Saerto.

FortS[a sume menn wenafi pcet

p

se

15 seo seleste. gesceld

p

mon

seo

pp

ne fiurfe, 7 wilniafi hiora] he sie his gefern his geferena weorfiost, hehte god sie Sume z^^natS ^ Saet hehste eallon ^aes tiolatS. wialegene 7
p<xt

swa welig p he nanes tinges maran woruld aefter \_pd. Sume men wenafi

p

20

good sie on pa hehs/an anwalde; ]?a \\i\maff offer twega, him selfe ricsian, o(5($e hi to (5aera ricena iuondscipe
^^>\

Sume ponne

tiohiacS

^ Saet betst
7

sie
j

mon

sie

foremaere 7

widmsere, 7 haebbe godne on sibbe ge on gevvinne.

hlisan

tiliac5

j^onne

]?aes aeg(5er

ge
*

eallum his lusiu. Sume ponne pa 25 life, 7 fulga das welan wilniad, hi his wilniacf forpa pcet hi* woldean

goode [7 to andweardan

mcBstere

[Manege tella^S $ t[0] maest[]m * ^Jesaei Se \_p mon sie simle blifie on pis

4 2a

pe
c[y

maran anweald habban, p

he

mihte*

py

orsorglicor

fiissa

10 sint ]>[ara pe woruldlusta brucan, 7 eac pas welan. JManejgSL n hie ormcete wilniad feoh gega~]\woldon forpi a]waldes ]pe hi hi e hlisan naman ocSS 30 derian; heo]i& [eft pone \wilnid9

p

gebrcedari\.

i
1

Boeth.

iii.

pr. 2.
2

1.

13 P.

Est enim mentibus hominum, &c.
4

s z /raw cewelnt B. cumaft B. w^[ ymbfehQ J. written at bottom of fol. 413 in a modern hand, cf. p. 52, note 4. 7 6 5 7/^a/i be gone B. em. by Junius, oftficelre ],of$(zlre B. J.

ealle

goodum
em.
/^^

8

B.

9

meahte

lu

J.

maneges B.

u

yf^/f J.

54
iii

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
r.

[XXIV.

3
rr, i

swilcum 7 [on o<Jrum sivelcu /fejnum 7 hreosendu \weordscipu] aelces mennisces [modes ingepanc bi$~\ ^swenced

On

mid

(Saere

geor[nfu/nesse 7]

mid
3

Saere tilunr^a

2
;

wentS

[/#]
haefS
5

/

^z / hccbbe
4

sum

healic

[gW

gestryned]
5
;

j^onne hit

f hit [h&bbe genumen [pees folces] o/^unga 7 me Sume /ZliatS mid ge]boht sume swifte leaslice \mttr$c\*
J>inc(S

micelre [gwjrnfulnesse wifa, fortSaem -p he msest bearna be[^f/jan, 7 eac wynsumlice

Saet

}>urh

maege

libban.

D[

^/r]ie\van friend ]?onne
ealra )?issa
>

42b C.
.

godcundum *[forfidseo lease wyrd hi se ac God fie hi gecyndelice gesceop to gemagu. naforfi ne ormgff, crlces odres Forfiamfie fiinges on fosse worulde mon wilnad, ofiffe forpdpe he mceg Jmrh p to anwealde cuman, ocfde to sumu
/o

W

secgge sie t5set deorwytfSeste "Sing woruld- 10 ne sint furSum 6 J?a \veo[rz//^-?j ^/] 5a
ic
;
[/<?

/^Jllanne, ac to

;

woruldluste, butan pees getreowan freondes ; pone] mon \u[faff 15 hwilu for lufu 7] for \.no[wum peak he him] nanra otSerra
,

7

\_lcena

ne wene.

8

p~\ gecynd gefaegS
untodeledlicre

[7 gelimS

togadre

mid

\swiSe

/]ufe.

pa friend] Ac \mid pissii

welan mon z^(9]ruldges3el^um 7 \niid pis andzve^ardzn g 20 $isan fiond fr^nd. Sonne 7 be] maenegum \Be \wyrc$ of]tor
pillicum
Saette \ealle pa ma^g \beon eal\lu monnum 10 sawle crddttas. good biot5 ^or[cucfran] "Sonne he strencr^z \Hwcct, we~\ wena S Saet mon bio py Seo faegernes Sonne 7 sio hwaet micel on his \\choman. sio haelo hine })a[] lichoman geblissa S Sone mon 7 ar[^]t, 7
cu"S

/zVjumlican

"Saere

1:

bi<5

J>e

25

gede S
:.

lustSbserne.

On
ceghwelc

eallum

12
"Sissum

Hc[tt/w]licQ

ge-

saeli[^]nessu
4 in C.
(fined, forfia

men
13

s[eca$ anfealde\

*/^

man

eadignesse Saes %[e him swa hwcet swa he ofer ealle

ofire

ping

swifiost lufao,

p

he teohhacf

u

p

him

sie betst,

7 pest

bid his
tihhafi
r
1

hehste

god

15
;

pon

he pcet flon

begiten

hafff,

pon

30

he

p

he mcpge beon swifie gestzlig].
iii.

Ne 17

onsac[^

Boeth.
6

pr. 2.
2

1.

28 P.

In his igitur ceterisque, &c.
8 *

gewunnen B. good J. J, tiolunga B. 9 7 8 tfw J. leana J. gefehQ B. furdon B. 12 u 10 From From J, strangra B. From J, lichamlican B. 13 Top of fol. 43a C partly gone, partly illegible. J, licamlicum B. 17 16 15 14 C. /zW^a^f J. tiohhati J. ,f^/ J.
hi reosendu B.
B.
5

From

ond

XXIV.
ic

4]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
!

55
hehste
2

nauht
z

p
6

ffa

gescelfia]

7

(seo]

eadignes

[sie

pat

god

pises]

andweard[a

lifes;

forpa

ffe*

<zg-]hwilc

mon 5

5

o^re ping ding betsi] sie f he swiSust [pfer switfe he he p gesselig gif [he sie\ \tiohhdS /]fa$ 7 ]?onne pat begitan mceg] ftaet he forme swijxis[/ wiUnafi. Hu ne] is
tiohh[tf#
;

pp

7

nu genoh openlice g[eeowad]

(?ara

leasena gesaeltSa

<2/z <r-

[nes,~\

woruldlust?

10

sehta 7 weortfecip[* 7 anjweald 7 gielp 7 8 [Be pa\ woruldluste Epeccurus \se ufan\\& we smeade he ealle J;e saede, }?a [pas 0#]ra ges?elSa ymb hehste lust se he ssede good, \ware\ f f \cer nem\don ;
is

p

fonne

f>a

fortJsem
eall[<?

/a
9

o^rw]
;

good

we
J>e

aer

nemdon olec[m^^]
o/(?f]tS

mode
an[w

7

hit retaft

se lust

10
tfo[<?

^^

(Ssem

lichoman

swifiost.

^4c z;^ w]ill[^j nu giet sprec[j^w^ gecynd mod 7 heora gecynd heora tilunga. *pa nu peak heora 15 7 ymbe adimmad, 7 hi sien on p ofdale asigen to yfeh 7 pider healde,
ivs.
jz>

zafl

*
n

43 b

C

peak hiwilniad pas ffe hi cunnon 7 magon pees hehstan^ godes. Siva swa oferdruncen man wat p he sceoldi\ to his huse [7 to
his rceste, 7 ne
20

mceg

peci]li

mode
hit

\_pon hit bid ahefigad\
14

Sider \aredian, swa bid eac p&\ mid Ssem \_ymhogu pisse~\ worulde
;

biS \rnid pa hwilu
full rihte

<^r]drenced

7 gedwe[!od

to

pa^ p

hit

ne mceg\Q

\aredian

to

gode\.
15

Ne

fincS feah
16

J^
17

\monnup
f
25
hi
f>as

hi\ auht mearrigen
tilian [ne 3urfon\
;

}?e

{pees

wilniafi} to begitanne,
^//<?

maran

ac wenatS f hi
herre
18

m<z{gen

]

good gegadrian togcedere, Nylon fonne nan w^^<2 [ne sie].
]?ara
c5aet

butan faere gesom\_patte nan]

good [pon\

eallra

deorwyrtfestea [^?]ga gegadrunga he nanes (Singes buton \_pam 19 ^] anum nan //]e sumes eacan ne Syrfe, [buton Go]de on his [agenu gen]og, ne Searf he nane[^ pinges he 3o on him Saes We[^^/ pu nu p da
)>yrfe.

to hiora \anwealde] Ac tSaet nis
;

[0z<z#

hsef<5

buton]
8
1

J?e

[he

selfu hcefff].

Sed ad hominum studia reuertor/ &c. 1. 49 P. 5 * 3 wflw B. em. ^A^ B. // J. good J. 9 8 7 6 em. re^ C, j/aflf B. fo B. /^ad B. epiccurus B. 13 12 u em. hehtan B. 10 gedweald to (Son } goodes J. Conj. &J B. 16 15 14 em. fo w a^w B. eall]. mearrigende Jxzs B. rj/^/B. 19 18 em. hereC, heora Q. conj. butam for buton lam. B.
Boeth.
iii.

pr. 2.
2

em.feo B.

.

r

56

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
l

[XXIV.
2

4

C
aut here.

*wenad ptep ding sie czlces iveorfiscipes betst wyrdysegian ye pte fas medemast ongiton magon ? Nese, nese. Icwatp hit nis no to forseone. mceg yfel beon pie celces monnes
)>e

Hu

p

ingepanc wend p]te good s[te, 7 cefter higad, 7 wilnafi to Nese, [nis hit na yfel ; p is p\ hehste good. fojgitanne?

5

[Hwi
goda

nis

nu amveald

to]

tellanne to
lifes ?
(Saette

[sumu para hehstend\
ty

jesses

talia[<?

ivaclic

[andweardan 7 unnyt]

Hw&fier]
nytwyr<5os[/

nu

sie

to

is

eallra piss a]

woruldf>inga,

f

is
5

foTema.[ernes seo
hit

&\nwecdd? Hwcefier* nu] good hlisa 7 for] nauht to tellenne? Nese, nes[^y nis

10

nan

]

cyn f

mon

Saet for nau[/^/

telle],

for Ssem Se aelc

mon wenS \p p betst] sie f he swicSost lufatJ. Hu ne we f nan nearones 7 ne nan e[flf^?r^] ne nan unrotnes ne
nan sar ne [nan] hefignes nis nan gesaelS ? Hwaet purfon 8 we nu ma ymbe J?a gesael(5a sprecan ? Hu ne wat selc mon
hwaet
<5a

15

biocS,

7 eac wat
aelc

-p

hi

9

bioS ^ hehste goo;//
lytlum ]?ingum

7

J:^

j^cS (fulneafi)
gesasl Sa
;

mon on

swi"Se

\fia j-Jelestan

C.

for}?3em he \wenfi he] hi ]?onne ealle haebbe, gif he $ he wilnatS is flon p pon swi^ost \hcef *\Jo begitanne. hi swifiost wilniad to begitanne: we Ia 7 weorfiscipe 7 rice 7 20

p

p

p

p
p

f)isses ealles hi pisse worulde ivuldor 7 gilp 7 woruldlust. hie purh pa ping scylon begitan wilniafi, forpape hi wenafi him ne seo 10 nanes willan wana, nader lx ne zwtfnfjscipes ne 12

p

Dass ealles hi wilnia S, \anwealdes neforemsrne]sse ne blisse. l3 hi hi wel 7 do}? ^ ]?aes \wilniad\ J)eah wilnigen. 25 mis[//*
^z>

Be p&\ ]?ingum
wilnad
hit ne

[;;z<?

w^ sweotole
rihtestan

p

he

mcege]

gecnawan mea[^/(2w,
secaff

hehste god u [begitan peer hi hit] offie on ac [hi rihi] secan cu^en
;

ongitan] $

aelc

mon

[/<T.F

on]

]?one

weg

;

[hit

nis

on] pisse
3

worulde.
1

dysiende
*
9

2

J.
5

em. ^veorscipes B.
6
?z

em. hwczder B.
^f

^zV J.

om.

7

B.
^</,

V

J.

n nauder

J.
12

3 te hi from J, om. E. 8 nearanes B. B.
)>urfe

J.

^

om. B.

13

14

mislice J.

Appar.

but accent not clear.

XXV]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

57

XXV
Da
se

t.

Wis[dom pa

$is\

spel assed haefde,

J?a

7
5

mid giddu gecydan ze;/ //* singan 7 }ms cwaetS: lice Drihten welt eallra gesceafta mid pa bridlu his anwealdes, mid hwilcere endebyrdnesse he gestadolad j gemetgad ealk
(/<:

origan he eft\ hu wundor-

gesceafta ;

7 hu he hi hafd geheadorade 7 gehafte mid

his

unanbindendlicu racentu,
hire gecynde,

pare
;

p ale gesceaft bid healdon locen wid gecynde pe heo to gesceapen wes, buion monnu
hiora gecynde.
Hivczt,
se,

7 sumu englu
seo leo,

pa weordad hwilu of

7 fceste racentan habbe 7 hire 10 magister swiffe lufige 7 eac ondrcede, gif hit Gefre gebyred pat heo blodes onbtrigfi, heo forgit sona hire niwan taman, 7 Ongin d pon ryn pees wildan gewunan hire eldrana.

peah

hio wel tarn

gemorid

7 hire racentan brecan, 7 abit

czrest

hire ladteow,

7

siffian

neata. Siva dod cpghwcBt pees pe heo gefon mceg, ge monna ge x wel atemede, gif hi on pam 15 eac wudufuglas ; peah hi beon heora lareowas 7 wuniad on heora wuda weordad, hi

forseofi

gecynde.

peah

heora lareowas him pon bio dan pa ilcan mettas

pe hi

<zr

hi pees
20 oncweSe

wuda benugon ;
7 hi gehiran

tame mid gewenedon, don ne reccafi hi para metta, gif ac pined him wynsure p him se weald

treoivu pe

Swa bid eac pa ofierra fugla stemne. him gecynde bid up heah to standanne. peahpu teo hwelcne boh ofdune to pare eordan swelce pu began mage, swa pu hine alatst, swa sprincd he up 7 wrigafi wid his
Siva ded eac
seo

gecyndes.
25 onsige

sunne ; peah heo ofer midne

dag

7

lute to pare eorpan, eft heo seed hire

gecynde 7 stigd on
hie

pa daglan wegas wid

hire uprynas, 7

swa

ufor 7 ufor

Swa ded odde hio cymd swa up swa hire yfemest gecynde bid. bid his wid ale gesceaft ; wrigad gif hit gecyndes, 7 gefagen ne wildara nan Nis cuman to re pe gesceaft gesceapen mag. of is to raste hit ar cuman hit pe com,p ponan pider 30 nigep mage
Ac ale 7 to orsorgnesse. Seo rast is mid Gode, 7 pat is God. hire self re swa swa hweol ; 7 to pa heo swa gesceaft hwearfad on
1

Boeth.

iii.

met.

2.
1

Quantas return/ &c. em. ivudufugas B.

Cott. Metr.

xiii.

58

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
heo eft cume peer heo ar wees, 7 Ico Mo tie heo utan behwerfed sie p

[XXV

hwearfaop
was,

p

ftonecan

p

ar

ilcep heo czr wees, 7 do

pp

heo

ar dyde.}
*
<

XXVI".

i.

>a

se

Wisdom Sa
J>us

[fits

leo$ asun]gen
:

l

hsefde,

he eft] spellian 7

cwsecS
selfe

[2fo/a,

/$]wset,

on\gan ge eortSlican
}>a

5

men
eow

2
,

Sean

nu don neatum

g[<?

>]w

gelice f[or

e;]re

dysige,

hwaet, ge J?eah

m[<2/]e

magon hwaethwugu ongitan be eovvrum frumsceafte, f is God (5one
;

swelce
sottan

fruman 7
C.

j^one

feah ge [A/^ 4 cynd eow tihtf] to tSsem andgite, *[tz^ ^ze; /^^ JZ&/% manigGedencafi nu hwcefier men mcEgen feald gedwola ofpa andgite. cuman to pa sopum ges&ttum purh pa 5 andweardan gesalfia ; 6 se ges&lgosla se pe forpade fullneah ealle mm cwefiafi p se seo pas eordlican gescelda} ealla haefS. [Hwafor nu micel\feoh

sotSan [en]de [/c]re gesael^e ge ongitaS, 3 10 fulltce} ne oncnawen ; 7 swatfeah [sw ge-

15

oSSe weorS[j^ o^l? call] tys andwearda wela \mcege anigne ne fyrfe? mon\ don swa gesaeligne [p he nanes pinges w]aran hit nese ; ic wat pat p\ hi ne magon. Hwy \nis [Nese, sint ne sweotol swiSe pas good andwea]i&z.n pon on] Ipy \_p no \_pa sodan go~]d \ fonSsem^e hi ne [magon ^//]an J?set hi hi gehataS ? (Ac licettad p hi gelcestan ne magon, pon Sa socSan gesaelf/ay 7 gehatad] \pe hi lufian] willa^ ma Sonne [/^/ ^/ w *]lsesten, for Ssem Se him
f>36

20

aleogap]

J?eah

hi heo[ra nabbap]

ma
la,

}?6n hi

heora hsebben.

\Gepenc pii\
25

nu

*

47a

C

Boetius, hwceder Ipu aefre auht unrot waere ]?a )?a |?u gesselegost wsere, otuSe hwaetfer ]?e aefre 8 wawa waere )?a (5u maestn^ ze;^/a hafdest, xniges welan (?^ hwcEoer pin ivoruld *pa eall ware after pinu willan ?
b^ Se selfum,

about here.

pa

an ^swor0(ie Boetius j cwad : Nese, la, nese; nas ic ic nafre git nane hwile swa emnes modes, pas pe gemunan mage,
Q
1

3

Boeth.
J.
5

iii.

pr. 3.
2

Vos quoque o
]>xs

terrena animalia, &c.

asuncgen
J.

hwce
6

weorftlican
7

men
J.

B.
3

3

fas

J.

V

J.

^^

gecnawan B.
B.

w/7/a

XXVI.

2]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

59

p

ic nanc ic swa orsorg ware eallunga ivcere orsorg, ne ic wisste ne lie ode eallp *, gedrefednesse ncefde; ne me ncefre git ic

p

p

5

swa ic wolde,peah ic his mide]. Da andearm Wisdom 7 cwced: Hwi~\ naere Su %o[nne* genog swo[rode 3 onne du duhte p welig pe 7 genog] unhydig \\eah t$u noldes oc5(5e \nafdest P du [du oder twega, odde hcefdest] f wses andswarode Da 7 cwced : jtf// Boet[zkr woldest\1 celc ne bid hu : w Wisdom swa swa (5u saed[^/]. (i?(2 cz^^
me ncefre
nces ealles
se
,

w<z]re,

]>

w<?]

mon genog earm

pees

fie

10^

is soft,

cwczd Boetius.

hit him lyst habban ? he ncefcf, cwcefi se Wisdom: Gif he ft on
J>on

pa

earm

p

he habbe bid, ne he pon ne bid eadig ; forfii he eac wilna dp cwcecf Boetius : he ncefd.py he wolde genog habban.

pa

p

is eall

sod

p

cfu

segst.}

[f)a cwcecf se
4
,

hcefdest
15 f)a

\_J?u

pon pa
ic

a^]swarode

f5a _yr]mc5e : wat cwaft Ic f 7

Wis]&om Hu ne Sa Su welgost \ware ?
:

)?u [sod segsi],

f

ic hi

hsefifc.

Da
pa

cwsetS se
2X>]elan

Wis[^

:

Hu~\ ne fincS

me

tfonne nu

p

\ealle

pisses

genne

mon

weligne, [swa weligne]
?

middaneardes [ne mcegori\ gedon f he genog hsebbe 7 no
[>^z

20

ne] Syrfe hi h(B\fd.* |?e
seSstm
ii

[mar an

pa

/ gehataS (zktt]m Sara 7 swafteah ^/ 5 nan ic Nis cwced : ping sodre pon p du

*

4;a

C

ends, rest
_

gone.

v.

pa

cwced

se

Wisdo

:

Ac hwi
czlce
1

ne
dceg

eart

pu pon

his

gedafa ?

Hu

ne miht

pu

geseon

p

da strengran

nimad pa welan of*pa unstrengu P Hivi bid elles celce dcpg celc 25 swelc seofung 7 swelce geflitu 7 gemot 7 domas. buton p ? sad odres odde him on bit pees reaflaces pe git genumen bid, eft 8 swa ic Genoh cwced : ; andswarode ryhte pu spyrast pa 7 hit is swapu segst. pa cwced he : For 3isu pingu bedearf celc men fultumejs *[to eacan him selfu.pcet he] msege gefaa[ldan
30 his welan.

*

471
j

C

-Ba

cwce^

ic

:

Hwa

Gif he nau]ht nsefde [pees de 9 pon ne ] Sorfte he no maran [fultomes pon] his selfes. Da cwaecS : Sod pu segsi]. Da onsac se Wisdom [sarlice 7 civa] [ic
:

)a cwced he o\scecd pees ? he ondrede p\ he forleosan \porfte,

:
fi

gone.

T
1
5
J>ara

Boeth.
2 6

iii.

pr. 3.
7

1.

32 P.
3

wisse J.
J.

Conj. %on B.

Quidni unhidy B.

fateare,
*

&c.
J,
8

From

on

J.

em. unfrstrengum B.

earmde B. andwyrde J.

9
J>on

he ne B.

60
Eala, $

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
me
J:e

[XX VI.

2

]rync(S \vtiS[erweard fang] se/ces
1

7 te\[tS monnes] willan, pe
]?on<2n

ic

nu secgan

wille

monnes gewunan [p is pie]
;

h[Y scylan m/]igran weorStf/z, $ hi ForSaem [gif hi lytles] weortSffl^/oawij mjrmran 7 eargran. hwaet habbaS, ponne hi oleccen aefter
]>

hi tiohhiacS

[friffe"*

be[purfon pe (zmgr]e wuhte mare
.

p

hi\

\\[abba$ ;

psem sam hi pjyrf]en,

5

sa [#z

>fo

ne purfon, hi willad peah hcpfS hi,
oficfe

Hwcer ispon seo gemetgung,
"Wr/jfan

48a C.

odfo

hwa

hwonne cymfi heo,p heo mage

from ^?e[m 3 welegum] eall[tt]ga ? Swa he mare he ma monna 4 oleccan sceal. ^7^(2] [ffwts^Ser ]?a 5 6 welegan nu naefre ne [hingrige ], ne ne ]?yrste, ne ne \cale ?
yrm"Sa
/"^,

10

Ic wene] J:eah

j?

Ipu wille
J>cet\

nu [nw^iz
call

p

da ze^/Jgan haebben

mid \i\wd hi mcegen cwsede, hit ne mago\n
sume hwile] maegen.

gebetan.

[Ac peak $u nu swa\
gebetan, ]?eah [hi
15

ffa

welan

ellun\<g&

For^sem]?^ hi sculon celce dcEg~\ yean f mon aelce dceg \wanad ; forpamtyz sio mennisce \vaedl \_ffe 7 ncefre ^Jfylled ne biS wilnatS selce [dceg y^w^hwugu
J>ysses

woruldwelan,

[crgffer]

monegra j^inga to Ac sio [gitsung~\ ne con welig [p he\ maran ne }?yrfe. 8 gemet ne naefre ne bitS g[^]healden on ^aere nedc^earfe, ac wilnaS symle maran he /rfe. Ic nat hwi ge fultruwiatS Saem hreo[V]endan welan, nu hy ne magon eowre 9 mid ac [ge ecafi eowre] waedle [zf]sedle eow from ad[V]n hi eow Saem cumad. [to
,

ge hraegles ge metes ge fttfynces ge\ eacan \_pd. ForJ&iem nis nan mon swa
20

J>on/ze

;

<5e

.

25

48b C.

iii vv .

f)a j]e
10
,

he eft giddian

\asad hcefde, pa ongan (Hwelc fremu bycf 7 pus] singende cwaeft
(5a

Wisdom

*

pis spel

:

pa welgan
sula.

he gegaderige ungeri pissa welena 7 calces gimcynnes genog begite P 7 peah he erige his land mid pusend
gitsere

p

7 peah
he his

call $es

middaneard

sie his

anwealde undercfeoded, 30

ne

IcBi

nanwuht of pis middanearde mid him mare p on

he brohte hider.} w Boeth.
1 6
iii.

met.

3.
3

Quamuis
8

fluente,

&c.
* 9

Cott. Metr. xiv.

p

B.

2
7

kale J.

em.frde So J, hwcEthweg B.

B.

Qccm conj. om. B.

maran

B.
10

5

hingre].
J.

gemet B.

ermSe B.

giddigan

XXVII.

2]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
XXVII
l

61

*.

i.

\Ba

]

se

Wisdom $a

(Sis
:

lio$
2

a[j]gen

haifde,

ongan he [y?] spellian 7 cwseS Tu fing [&# se] weor<5scipe 7 se anwald [gedoti], gif he becymt) to J^aem dy^flft / ^]e maeg hine gedon weortSne [7] andrysne o(5rum dysegum.
5

Ac

}>onecan

J>e

(A*)

(5one

anwald

z

forlaet,

(pfide

se

anweald

hine.pon ne biff he nauder pa HwaetSer nu se anwald haebbe

dysegan ne
f>one

J>eaw

weor$ ne andrysne^. 5 (5aet he astificige

10

un^eawas 7 awyr[/]walige 6 of ricra monna [w]ode, [7] plaritige Saer craeft[<w (?/ z^/] Seah ^ se eor Slica ac 7 h sff 7 gadrafi *ne scewd nczfre crceftas, [anweald 1 urideawas ; 7 ponne hi gegadrad hcefd pon* eowdS he hi, nallas ne hiW ; forfid ffara ricra monna uncfeawas manige men
/<:

49 a

c

-

}>a

,

geseoff, forpafle

hi manige cunnon, 7 manege him mid beo^\. we sy[mle seofiafi ymbe] Sone anwald [7 hine eac to pa ^]rrestum 7 to on]YLQ we ges[^j^ he cymfi
unweorposte~\ biocS.

])[d se]

pe us

For Ssem \_pingu WCES gio pcet
^z^<2

wisa Catulus hine [gebealg 7
for"S3em

tt]gefraeglice

forcwaecS

he hine gemette sittan on gereN[oniu] )?one rican, nedum scridwsene ; for^sem 9 hit waes Sa swi^e 9 micel sido 20 mid Romwarum f 10 nane oftre an u ne sseton buton ]?a ]?aer
weor^estan.
sittan sceolde

/^
;

forseah se Catulus hine, _/0n5y he J^seran

25

forSsem he hine wiste swifte ungesce[a^/w]isne pa ong&n. se Catulus him spigettan 7 switSe ungemetfaestne. se Catulus wses on; heretoga on Rome, swicSe [^Jsceadwis mon. Ne forsawe he \nopon\z o^erne swa gif he nan
swi<5e

w^Jnne anwald [wajefde. 12 ii y. nu mcege ongitan\ hu micelne *[Hwae[/<?r pu hine he weorfiscipe se] anwald breng S unmedeman\ gif
ne \rice
[/<2

x

Boeth.

iii.

pr. 4.
pr. 4.
1.

Sed

y Boeth.
1

iii.

dignitates, &c. Videsne quantum malis, 7 P.
2

&c.
5

Da

forlcet
5
8

cwced supplemented from J, om. B. and hwceder a line erased in C.
.

.

.

tiva B.
*

astyfecige B.

6

ivyrtwalige B.
.

7
a<:

.

.

.

/^^/"^

Between em. andysne B. from J, om. B.
B.

jj)5n B.

9 12

fordtzm
C.

.

.

sze/z fo

om. B.
49b
left

10

wasp

u From

J,

on B.

wzV/"

Top

of

fol.

blank.

62

DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
?

[XXVII.

2

under[y^]h(5

forfem

he anwald

haefS.

aelces monnes yfel py openre gif Ac gesege me nu, ic ascige (Se, pu Boetius,
bi<5

hwz pu swa 7?z#?feald yfel haefde 7 swa micele une[##]esse on p#m rice, pa hwile pe (5u [^z / ^Jaefdest, oft Se forhwy pu hit pinum unwillum forlete ? Hu ne wastS pu hit nses for nanu otfrum "Singum buton forftaempe pu nolde[r/] on
[<?/?]
-j>

5

eallum (Singum bion gepwaere paes unrihtwisan willan piodrices? fon5aem(5e $\u] hine
*

l

cyn[z>z]ges

ong[<?<2/]e

on eallum

49 b

c

*

[/z w-//]

unwyn5[;2<?]
2
,

paes

jze;/ ^?
an[w<?<2/^>?,

g-one

buton czlcu godu*J>eawe. Forpa ungefiwcerne nauht eade secgan p pa yfelan sien gode*, peak hi anweald

sceamleasne 7 we ne magon I0

habban.
fie

Ne wurde pu

fieah

na adrifen from

f)eodrice, ne he

sw[<2

na ne forsawe, gif\ \licode his dysig 7 his w?/]rihtwisnes wel swa his dysegu] deorlingum dyde. \Gif pu nu
}>e

gesa]\\e

swit5e \wisne man pe swi^e gooda swit5e earm 7 s[wiffe ungescelig\, wcere ] ]?eah \oferhyda, 7

sumne

X

5

^<^/"]de

hwaetSer

Su wolde cwe San [/
?

he

w&re} unwyrcSe anwealdes

7

"Boetius [7 cwce-cf: IVese, 5 cwae^e ic naefre ic hine swilcne [gemete nese; gif ne] /a,] me 20 c5aet he sie \m[weor$e\ anwaldes 7 weor Sscipes, ac \celces] is. worulde Da SincS f he sie wytfS[eJK on\ ]?isse \cw&fi se]

\veo\fffsctpes~\

Da andswarode

Wisdom
6

pone 7 paem pe
8

haefS his [.rz/wjdorgife, 7 pa gife 7 weoJVfoa Jpe pe he haefS he forgifS [jze%] hrae^e hine lufaS. Sw[a swa ^z Jsdom is se hehsta craeft,
:

^lc

craeft

6

25

[7 se hceffl on
*

hi]m feower oSre
9
,

craeftas

;

is
%>[ara

an

w<zrscipe\

5oa

C

ends, rest

gepyldige

Se oc5er gemetgung ^[ridde* is ellen, feorfie rihtwisnes. 10 weorfie wise his Wisdom geded 7 gemetfcEste 7 7 lufiendas 12 ll he gefyllfi pone 13 7 rihtwise, 7 celces godes peawes

fie hine lufafi.

pcet ne magon don pa

tie

pone anweald habbad
3

an pa fie hine^ pisse worulde ; ne magon hi nanne craft forgif hi hine] on [heora] ge[cynde nabbao. lufidd of hiora welan, gif

j&/]3em

is

switSe

sweo[/^//
;

cfa

rican on p\^m woruld welan

[nabbad ncenne J7/]dorcraeft
4

9

se wela ac [him bid /]ane 3 2 1 was B w the em. tingeuwrne orig. /. goodtim J. pines B. 7 6 B. Atf J. B. *mette]. pafigt goode J. u 12 em. feawas B. J. J. metgung B. I5 14 Wff from J, om. B. ^ J. B. em.
;

<zlcu

]>one

]>ara

ll}

w^r<?

^w^

XXVII.

3]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

63

cumen, 7 he [ne mceg utan\Q nauht agnes habban. \Ge3enc nu ^wJaecSer senig mon bio a 8e a \iinweor$rd\ J?e hine manige

men
5
r/<r<?

2

\_forseon
bi(5

; gi]f

J>onne

aenig
4

mon

fonne

\dysig &gft$ aelcum wisu
se

aslc

3

]

w^

J>y

a [_pe unweor^&n. bi(5, unweonSra he [mare ]
J>e

[/*.

jfff

/]aem

[/ w] anweald 7
(5y

wela ne ma?g his
<5y

genoh sweotol 5 \wealde\i\A gedon no
is

weorcSran, \ac he] hine gedeft him to cymcS, gif he 3er ne \dohte.
se
10 hiora biS
.

unweortSran
bi~J&

6
[/<?

^]
*

Swa

eac se wela 7

anwaljV//] wyrsa, gif se ne deah )?e hi[n ah; * Jy [forcudra gif hi hi gemetafi. iii z zV /^ TW^ m/^ gereccan be sumere bisne,p ffu miht genoh sweotole ongiton p fiis andwearde lif is swtfte anlic 7 on pcere sceade nan mon 7 ne mceg begitan pa sofian sceade, 7 Hu wenst 3u nu ? gif hwelc swiffe rice mon wyrfi gesalfia.
^4<r

h

15 adrifen

of his earde o$3e on his hlafordes cerende fcerfi, cym^> lpo[nne on ceWeodig folc peer peer] hine [nan man ne can ne he ne cenn\z 9 mon, ne \_furdv fi gefieode ne\ can, wenstu msege
8

hine ]?3er on lond[^ wyrfine gedon ? Ac] ic wat ] he ne mseg. Gif \_pon se weorff^scipe ]?aem welan gecy[nde 20 wcere, 7] he his agen waere, o?SSe eft [se wela dees ] welegan
\his rice
-Jj

10

n he hine no agen waere, lpon[ne ne w/Jahte forlapt[a. Wcere] hi ahte, Sonne se mon on swelcum lande s\v[eke he] wsere
J>e

Ac forty&mpe wse[rf his] wela 7 his weortJscfpe mid \\\[m. se wela 7 se anwald his [agene ne] bio^, forSy hi hine
25 forlaetacS
;

[7 forftype]

hi

nan gecyndelic good on
losi[<7^

hi[/
ofttfe

^/]fum nabbaS, forSy hi smec. peah s[e leasa wena~] 7 motmjsL tiohhige ^ se anwald [7

swa swa] sceadu
12
ze;<?/^

sio raedelse j?aia dysi[gena
j^
]

sie

^

hehj/<?

good,

ac [hit bid *eall offer. J?on pa rican beoff offer twega, offffe on * 5ib 13 4 offffe on hiora agenre 30 ce/ffeode gecyffffe^ mid gesceadwisu monnu, bid pan cegfier ge pa wisan ge pa (Eldeodegan his wela for
z
1

C

Boeth.

iii.

pr. 4.

1.

27 P.
3
1

Atque ut agnoscas, &c.
tfyli B,

Vy B.

2

forsioti J.
e
8

5

From J, anweald B. on $am nan mon J.
^zV rice
J.

dysig

4

J.
7

w
om.

J.

3

above line

in C,
e

u

18

dlende

u
J.

Conject./0tt B. Conject. mihte B.
J.

wyrsan B. nanne J.
7

forf&m

10

12

^

his we/a 7
J,

zt-^/a

from

B

rj5^

64

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

[XXVII.

3

1 nauht, siddan hi ongitafi p hi nceronfor nanu crafte gecorene buton for dysges folces Ii cringe. Ac peer hi cenige wuht]

,

2.g[?ies ocfffe

gecyndelices godes an
]>

2
^<?]ra

\anwealde hcefdon,pon
;

mid \\\im,peah hi pat rice forle~\tQi\ neforlet[<?w hi no p gecyndelice go]od 3 ac simle him [wolde p fylgean\ 7 hi symle weonSe [gedon, wceron hi 0]n swelcum lande swylce
hi
h<zfderi\
,

5

se \wela 7 tzjnwald nsenne \veon5ne magon [on ellende\ gedon. Ic nat feah on hiora peel [wene agenre cy(5(5e ealne[w^ mcsgen] 10 hi\ ac Seah ]^u his wene, ic wat [/ /fo ^^ w^Jgon. Hit wges gio
<5u
^<?

iv a .

Nu

meaht ongitan f

mon
<5u

ne

;

giond

ealle

/w<z#]mhirdas

Ro[mana wjearce f heretogan 7 domeras, [7 pa f fioh hioldon [wow /a]m ferdmonnum
J>e

J>e

sella[w sceolde, 7] pa wisestan nu ponne ofter twe[^, W(?0r^]scipe
;

on geare

4

witan, haefdon msest[^^
nis,
o<5(5e

hi naenn[^ weorpscipe]

o^] para nan nabbaS, gif hiora genig [is.

15

Swa

hit

52a C.

on him selfu ;
to

bid be[ selcum para pinga (5e 2.g[en god* 7 *gecyndelic nabbac! offre hwile hit bid to tcelenne, ofire hwile hit bi$

heriganne.
oftffe

Ac

wynsumes
hiora

hwcet pincfipe pon on pa welan 7 on anwealde nyfwyrpcs, nu hi nanes tinges genog nabbap, ne 20

hi nauht agnes\ goodes nabba^, \ne nauht
sellan
weald[<??z<2
[*

purhwunigencT^s

na magon]

?

9

:

,

.

.

xxviii

b

as&d hafde], ^a ongan he eft [ffis spell nu se unrihtwisa cynig* Neron cwced pus giddigan :\ (Beah him gescyrpte mid eallu pam wlitegestu wcedu 7 mid celces cynnes gimmu geglengde, hu ne wes he peah celcu, witu lad 7 unweorff,
se
5

Da

Wisdom pa
7

25

7

calces

his

wideawes 7 fir enlustes full / Hwoet, he peah wear cfode deorlingas mid miclu welu ; ac hwcet was him oy bet P
ewe}) an

Hwelc gesceadwis mon mihte peah he hine weorfiode /)
a

p

he a

fly

weorfira

w&re
30

Boeth.

iii.
iii.

pr. 4.

1.

37 P.
goodes on

b Boeth.

met.

4.
2

Quamuis

Sed hoc apud exteras nationes, &c. se tyrio, &c. Cott. Metr. xv.
8

5

gecorenne gieddian J.

1

J.
G

J.

good

4

J.

westan B.

So B.

XXIX.

i]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
XXIX
o.

65

)a se W[z>]dom [/#] a[./]gen he ef[/ *spelligan^ j pus cwczfi : Hwefier pu nu wene * 52b C. / pees cyninges geferrceden 7 wela 7 j* anweald pe he gifcf his deorlingu mce.ge cznigne mon gedon wehgne o$3e wealdendne ? 5 f)a andsworede ic 7 cwcst : Forhwi ne magon hi ? Hwcet
i.
>is

leo<5

.$-<?

is

on

<fis

andivea]rdan

lif[>

wynsure 7

befere]

ponne

J^aes

\cyninges folgad 7 his\ ^eawest, 7 sitySafw wela 7 anweald?
f)d\ andswarode se \Wisdo 7 cwcefi :
<^/r^
]>

Sege]

me nu
<X

hwse^er

10

he sengum [/w gehyrdesf\ eallunga tya\wunode; offie] wenstu hwas S er hine
^a[r<2
/<?

[^Jalne

weg habban maege
ealle
<5]ec

\_}>e

hine]

nu haefS?

Hu

ne wastS
J>e

f

sind fulla ]?ara biesena \_pard\ monna us waeren? 7 aelc [wo nu leofa^ Ssette wat] j?e
[/<?

J>ara

J

5

he

eft

cyninge onhwearf se 2i^[weald\ 7 se wela [0]S Saet wear^ \wadla\ Eala ea, is -p 3 J^onne forweor 5[/^//z
1

2

t

<r]

wela $

mseg ne hin[^ ^-Jehealdan ne his hlaford, \to pon\ $ he ne ]?yrfe maran ful[/w]mes, otJSe hi begen forheal[^fe] ? Hu ne is paet ]?eah sio eowru
^^<?

4

nau]?er ne

gesselS [para ] cyninga anweald
20

*

?

*7

J>e[a^

gif POL

5Sa C.

cyninge (sniges wiUan\ wana bit5, ]?onne lytlatS Saet his eccS his erm Sa for^y bioS simle an[ojftz/</], 7 [^]ow[r]a
;
J>a

gesael^a on
hi
J>eah

sumum
hi
J>e

J?ingum unsael^a
6

6
.

Hwaet, pa cyningas,

maenig ger

pioda wealden, ne wealdaS hi )?eah

ealr[a] Jara
25

earme on hiora habban vvolden 7
bitS,
-f

wealds woldan, ac 7 bioS forcSDem switJe 8 mode fonSy hi nabbacS sume Jara hi
J>e

;

for^gem
9

ic

wat f

se [ryjning

Ipe

gitsere

he haefS mar[^]n
Ipe

erm^e

J>onne

anwald.
:

Forcfom

cwseS gio s^m cyning
Saet biS gesaelig
3
"Sae

unrihtlice feng to rice

Eala, hwaet

mon

Ipe

sweor[<f

<?]fer

heafde be smale
iii.

him ealne weg ne hangaS nacod 10 n Jrsede, jw]a me
[jze;<2

c
1

Boeth.
2

pr. 5.
3

An
. . .

nero regna, &c.
4

oddep B. /ab.l. in C. }e B. ungesaltia B. 7 ac wolden erased and written afresh manegra for nucnigger B. in C, but not on the erased portion, where the writing is still faintly 8 9 u w^ B. lu visible. swa B. maron J. smalan B.
spellian],
8

F

66
git

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
1

[XXIX.

i

symle dyde? anwald licig*, [nu

Hu
2

J>inc(S

[fie nu],

hi]

naefre
8

ne

bio(5

sorgum

?

Hwaet,

Ipu wgest

fissum, [7

hdbb~]px\.
;
J>y

53b C.

ic he ne maeg 4 HwaecSer fe nu fince f se mon waldes. smile willnad .rzi? swiffe gescelig pe *h(zbbe 7

f feah anwald gif he meahte ac ic wat ^ wundrige forhwy hi gilpen swelces anae[/<r

hu Je se wela 7 se buton ege [7] earfotSu 7 wolde bion butan <ry]ninc
;

5

m[Y<r<?/;z

Anwald
J>e

}>CB\?>

J>e

he begitan

ne maeg

? 5

O(5(5e

mid micle

[WJnstu ^ werede faen5, o(5(5e

se sie swicSe gesaelig
eft

symle

s[e]
J>e

(5[Y]

Jone ]?e hine ondrae[/] ge ]?one nu ]?i[]ce f se mon micelne anwald hsebbe Hw3e^e[r] nu manegu Je him selfum Sine s f he naenne nsebbe, (swa swa men ffinci?, p he ncenne ncebbe) buton he haebbe msenigne man him here ? Hwset wille we ma nu 6 sprecan be "Saem
J>e J>e

seg^er ondrsed ge hine no ne ondraet ? 10

cininge 7 be his folgerum, butan f selc gesceadwis man maeg 15 Hu magon witan f [^/] bioS full earme 7 ful un^zTitig*? ?
7

]?a

}>[V]nne

cyningas hi ne
d

o<5sa[V]an

magon

o^Se forhelan heora unmeahte, naenne weorSscipe for^brengan buton
20

hiora [/^]ria fultume?
ii
.

Hwaet wille we (nu) e[/Ies 8 ^rjggean be Ssem J^egnum
Sasr oft
$>

gebyreS f hi weo[r^^] bereafode aelcre but[o p~\ are, ge fur (Sum fses feores, from hiora leasan cyni[nge] ? Hwaet, we witon f se unrihtwisa [cyning] Neron wolde hatan
his

agenne magister 7
;

his fostorfseder acwellan, Jaes

nama
25

wses Seneca
54a C.

se waes u^wita.

pa he fa onfunde
him
his feores

-p

he dead

bion

[sceolde],

Ja bead ^^

ealla his aehta *\wtfi his feore ; fia

nolde se cyning Jxzs ow]fon, ne

geunnan.
9
"Saet

Da

/^zne mon he (hi) fone deacS [hefia] f ongeat, fa geceas mon swa. earme oflete blodes on (Saem Hwset, 7 dyde 10 we eac geherdon \_p(Bf\ Pap(m)ianus wass Antoniose Saem 30 12 u ealles his folces his casere
;
<$a

eal[ra]

[mcestne]
d Boeth.
1

anwald haefde
pr. 5.
1.

besorgost, 7 dyrlinga ac he hine het gebindan [7 stfdan ;

iii.

23 P.

Nam
7

quid ego de regum familiaribus, &c.
3

5
9

simle git B. micelon B. From J, hi B.

2
6

em. he B.
B. ontoniose B.

So C, wast B.
B.
8

*

men om.
J,

B.

ww wa
10

/a om.
u

elles

from
12

om. B.

^a^^

B.

dcorlinga B.

XXIX.
ofslean\.

3]

DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE

67

Hwaet, ealle men witan faet se Seneca wae[j 7 TVJerone Papinianus Antonie fa weorS^j/jan 7 fa leofostan, 7 [m&sfne] anwald haefdon ge on hiora hirede ge buton, 7 feah buton aelcre scylde wurdon fordo[*. Hwcet], hi wil5

nedon begen (eallon mcegene) $ hlafordas n[V]man swa hwaet swa hi haefden, 7 leten hi libban; ac hi ne meahten $ begitan, forSaem f ara cyninga waslhreownes waes
<5a

i[o]

<5sem

heard f hiora eaSmetto ne meaht[0]n nauht forstandan, ne hum heora of[erme/]to dydon ; swa hwaeSer swa hi dydon
10 [ne him tJa nawSer, feah hi scold[0] f feorh aelsetan 1 do]\\tQ For Saem se Se his \cer tid\e ne tiola<5, J?onne biS his on tid
.

untilad
haefst

2
.

^ hine

Hu HcacS mon

nu
J>e

se

naw<5er

ne

anwald 7 se wela, nu gehered 8 butan ege /fo^ban ne maeg ne
<5u

forlsetan
15

ne mot, J^eah he

\v[i /Ie]

?

O(5<5e

hwaet forstod *[seo

*

54b C,

20

para\ cyninga? oSe hwaet forstent hio aenegu men ? ForSon 5 fa frend cumaS [??/] faem welum 7 eft mid Saem welan [^w//<2^] buton switJe feawa. Ac Sa frend [/^ ]ne aer for Saem welan lufiaS fa ge[?m /^^] eft mid welan, 7 weor^aS [^?]ne faem to feondum, buton fa [feawan] Se hine aer for lufum 7 fo[r] treowum lufedon ; fa hine woldo/z /eah lufian Seah he earm
menigu para freonda

pa

4

deorlingu

>fo

waere

;

]>[a

/^]im wuniaS.

Hwylc

is

wirsa wol

o(5(5e

aenegum

men mare
h[z ]s
25
iii

daru f onne neaweste feond 7
e
.

(he) haebbe on his geferraedenne [7 0]n 6 freondes anlzrnesse ?
(5a
:

Da

se

Wisdom

7

Sis spell areaht haefde,
8
J>e

he

eft

singan 7 f us cwaeS

(Se

wille fullice

fa ongan anweald agan,

7 of mode ungerisenlice ymbhogan, j forltete pa seofunga his eormpa. ^peah he nu ricsige ofer eallne middangeard from easteweardu
ofi

he sceal tiligan 9 (Brest p he heebie anweald his agenes modes., 7 ne sie to ungerisenlice underdeod his unfieawii, ado his

wesleweardne,

daneardes, o$ fiat

fro Indeu, Hand pe we
Qui

p

is

se sufieastende pisses

mid-

hatafi Tyle,

p

is

on pa nordwest-

6

Boeth.

iii.

met.

5.
J

se uolet,

&c.

Cott. Metr. xvi.

5

So C, alcetan B. 6 So forQam B.

L

B

3 * unlod B. ne om. B. diorlingum J. 7 8 9 and C. da om. B. em. Se B. tilian B.

F 2

68

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
par
ne
he

[XXIX.

3

ende fosses middaneardes,
niht, ne
:

he no

7

on wintra dag peak pe maran anweald gif he his ingepances anweald nceffi we cer ymb tf ne hine ne warenafi wid pa unpeawas pe

fa ff nawper ne on sumera nu pees ealles wealde, naffi

sprcecon^)

xxx
i.

-

f.

he

)& se Wisdom fa fas fitte asungen haefde, fa ongon Is f ungerisenlic wuldor f isse seggan spell 7 cwaeS waes gio singende sum sceop. be (5aem leas swiSe worulde 7 he andwearde is forseah he Eala, wuldur lif, Sa cwaeft pa f mid leasre men haten ge ea, dysz forhwy fe fisse weorulde,
eft
:

;

:

10

stemne wuldor, nu Su uane neart ? FortSaemtfe ma manna 1 wuldor 7 micelne weorcSscipe haef(5 micelne gielp 7 micel for his gewyrhonne for dysiges folces wenan, lp [he /z^jebbe
tum.

Ac

2

sege

me nu

hi (ne) f, ot5Se forhwy

hwaet ungerisenlicre sie fconnfV] maegen hiora [ma] scamian fonne 15

*55 bc

fegnian, fonne h[z

^JheraS f him man on lihcS ? peah mon 5 4 nu *\hwone godra* mid rihte herige\ 7 so^ an segge ne 6 folces sceal he n# \pe] hraef or to ungemetlice faegnian 8 1 worda ac fses he sceal f3egn[/<z#] (5aet hi him soc5 an seggacS. ne [biff] naman hi his braeden, nu he [pees] fsegnige f peah hraetSor swa brad (swa) hi tihhatS, [/]ort5aem (hi) he no hine ne magon tobrsedan g^nd ealle eorSan, feah hi on
,

%\_<zs]

;

20

J>y

sumu lande maegen
f

forSsem feah he sie anum gehered 10 eah he on lp am land^ sie bitS he oftrum unhered onne lp f n ForcSaem is aes he on bicS f o$n\um wwjmaere maere, onne
;
,

9

;

.

25

folces h[/z]sa 33lcum

men

for

nauht to habbanne for^aem he

to aelcum (men) ne cymc5 be his

gewyrhtum, ne
J>

hum nanum
;

ealne

weg ne wunacS. Gefenc nu aerest be aem gebyrdum, hu idel 7 hu unnet (se) gylp biS for$[a] gif hwa fass gilptS, men of 12 anum faeder comon 7 of anre ealle aelc mon wat $
fe meder.
OS(5e
eft

3

be
J>

aes folces hlisan
pr. 6.
3

7 be hiora heringe
Sec.

;

Boeth.
1

iii.

Gloria uero,
*

micelne B.

2

5
10

j0<5

an segge om. From unherod B.
"

gesege B. 6 B. J.
J>y

goodra
7

}.

From
2

J.

7 conject. om. B and C. 9 8 on B. geherod B.

J,

tow

B.

Appar.

XXX.
ic
]?e

2]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
l

69
sien

nat hwaes

[folcisce rihtlicran to
;

we men

J>8er

fyegri^aSS.

peah

(5a

2

nu foremaere

/fjeriacS,

heriann[/ pd\
for<5sem

feah fe
ne

bioS Ja
bio(5
bi(S

foremserran

7
ges6a

weort$[0flk]
5
Y?flk
<?

j)e

nan

mon

mid craeftum mid r[Y/^ 3 *for

ofires *
4
,

C

.

for

his crceftu no

he

him

mannes

self naffi. fcegere ?

py mcerra ne no py geheredra Hwceder pu beo a py fcegerra for
lytle

gif

ofires

Bid men ful

py

bet

peah he godne

Forpd ic Icsrep $u feeder hcebbe, gif he self to nauhte ne mceg. 5 fcBgenige ofierra] monna good[^ 7 heora cedelo to pon\ swiSe
10

f

ne
J>u

\tilige

urn agues], $e self
7

7 his] an ic watpeah godes s $ he wiort5e wyrsa
aef>elo

bioS

ma
~\

monnes god* for(5aem]>e &\[ces mode on fsem flsesf^. pdn\ o[n pa on se Selo, f ni3enig[w^ mon sceamap\

p

J>a

his
]>on[ne

eldran] waeron, 7 fortJaem
J>ara

higatS eall[0tt mcegne] Saet 15 }:eawas 7 his craeftas gefon

9

he wolde
J0
.

betst[w
n

j/]
men

\_pa se\ ongan he singan

iis,

Wisdom

(5a
lz

Jis spell areah[/

hcsfde\ fa
ealle

ymb

]>

\\Jce

7

cwcefi

:~\

(Hwcet,

20

coman of anu feeder 7 of hcefdon gelicne fruman,forpa anre meder, 7 ealle hi beofi git gelice acennede. Nis p nan wundor,forpape an God is feeder eallra gesceaflaforpa he hi ealle gesceop 7 ealra welt. Se seW pccre sunnan leoht, 7 pa He gesceop men on eorpan ; a ealle monan, 7 tungl geset.
hi ealle

gegaderode
ealle

menn

a saula 7 pone lichoman mid his pa anwealde, 7 Hwi gesceop emncepele on pare frnman gecynde.
_/

25

buton ofermodige ge pon ofer offre men for eowru gebyrdu anweorce, nu ge nanne ne magon metan uncepelne ? ac ealle sint emncepele, gif ge willad pone fruman sceaft gepencan, 7 pone
scippend, 7 sitiflan eoweres
cepelo
celces

acennednesse.
flcesce,

Ac pa
bid

ryhtcer

bid on

pa
celc

mode., nces

on

pam

swa swa we

30 scedon.

Ac

mon pe allunga underpeoded

forleet his sceppend 7 his fruman sceaft 7 his cedelo, wyrfi ancepelad off ficet he wyrff uncepelel}
s
1

unpeawu 7 ponan

Boeth.

iii.

met.

6.
2

Omne hominum,
From

&c.
3

Cott. Metr. xvii.

wat hwat
].

B.
5

*

heredra
ealle J.

9

10

B, du C. 7 6 So J, godes B. good J. u So gepeon B. J, are/it B.

mid

rihtefor rihte B.

Inod

8 om. B. goodes ]. 12 em. ilke B ab. 1.

70

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE

[XXXI.

i

XXXI *
i.

[f)a s]e
\eft

Wisdom Ja
/Jeggan
spell

pis

lie s

a[j]ngen

hsefde,

pa

ongan he

57a C.

\Hwcet -]odes magon we seggan [on pa flcescli^yn unpeawas? For[/ swa hwa j]wa hi forlsetan wile, [he sceal gepoltati] micle nearanesse [7 *manige gearfofiu ; forpa seo oferfyll simle fet unpeawas, 7 /# unpeawas habbacf oferSearfe hreowsunga, 7 seo
hreowsung ne bead na butan sorge 7 butan nearonesse. Eala, T eaw, hu manega adla 7 hu micel sar 7 hu micele wceccan 7 hu
micle unrotnesse se h&fcf

7 pus cwaecS:

5

pe

^>]ne

willan
w[<?w

worul\fe.
sefter

7 hu micele m[ wenst worulde edlean\ hiora ])i[sse
3

flu

p

on pisse h<zfd hi scylon\ habban 10
2
;

earnun[^<2

swa swa

bearneacen
pci]

]

wif (acerid

beam

7)

SrowaS

hio
f>e

(<zr)

imctlne \lust purhteah.

Fortyy

[micel earfofiu, after 4 hwset ic nat

myrges bringaS hiora \\&\igendu\. Gif nu (hwa] cwiS ^ se sie ges[^/z- se pe~\ his woruldlustum eallu[ fulgce$\ hwi nele he cwecSan eac (p &a) ne[fenu seon\
)?a wor[W/w/<w]

15

gesselegu, fortSaetn(^) hior[<2 willa to~] nanum o^rum Singum apenod\ buton to gifernesse 7 to \vi;[cennesse] ? SwitSe 5 hsebbe 7 beam ; ac c5eah gewynsum hit biS
n[z>
f>aet

[mon wif]
7

6

w[anige
for Scempe
8

bear]n.

bioS gestrined to hiora
[wif~] forswilt
for hire
f?aet

[eldrena~] forwirde, 20

manig

bearne

aer [heo hit]

brengan msege. 7 we leorno[^] eac
57b C.

h[ze;i/]um geberede

$a beam getreowedon swi(5e *[ungewunelic 7 ungecyndelic yfel, 9 betwuh him 7 sieredon ymbe pone feeder ; ge furcfon wyrse

p

p

wees,

we geheordon

his feeder ; ic

geo gear a on ealdu spellup su sunu ofsloge 25 n nat humeta, buton we witon p hit unmennisclic
celc

10

deed WCES.
beocf seo

Hwcct,
his

mon mceg witan hu hef^ig so[rg men
ne [pearf 12 afunden ] be
;

gemjtn
[_J>u

bearna

ic

pe peah
selfum.

p

j]ecgan,
3

for^sem

^

hit hcefst

J>e

\Be pare

gemennehis\ bearna cwae(S [min mcEgister Eurupides\
iii.

h Boeth.
1

pr. 7.

micla
B.

2

J.
5

From
C,
9

J,

Quid autem de corporis uoluptatibus, &c. 3 bearneacen from J, om. B. geearnunga B.
B.
6
J>eah

4

wat

wynsum
13

gewunsu
J.
J.

8

fordbringan B. 1afandad J.

furjmm

10

herdon

mon manige B. 7 sivelt B. u umennisclicu
J.

J.

hefegan

v..-

XXXII.

i]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

71

f>

beam
he
5

hwilu ge[byrede pa\ heardsaelgan $ him wse[r^ betere] $ he naefde \_pon he hcefde].
ii i.

pa

se

Wisdom

(5a

pis spel \areht /foz/*]de,
:

pa ongan

giddian [7 /ZAT ^>z^]ende cwaeS (ffwcet, se yfela willa unrihthcBmedes gedrefd fulneah celces libbendes monnes
eft

mod.
stingfi,

Swa swa

seo beo

sceal losian

pon

heo hwcst irringa

buton

swa sceal ale sawl forweorfian se mon hweorfe to gode.)

after

pa

unrihthcemede,

XXXII k
i.

)&

se

Wisdom pa
7

10

ongan he

eft spellian

pis leocS asungen ForSaem nis cwsecS pus
:

[^<^/"]de,

pa nan tweo f

pes andwearda wela myrS 7 let pa men pe biocS [<2Jtehte to 1 Ipam softum gesaelSum ; 7 he []aenne ne maeg gebringan

15

he him gehet, -^ is set psem heAr/<2n goode. Ac ic pe maeg mid feaum word[^ ^Jsecgan hu manegra yfela pa mid J?O\QIQ Hwaet pu ponn[^ 2 \welan sini\ gefylde. elks ne miht nahu nu hit pu begitan gidsunge paes [feos,
paer
m<zne

pu hit] forstele o^Se gereafige ocSSe abepecige, 7 paer Du woldest (peer) hit pe wex(5, ponne wanaS hit ^/rum ? nu bion foremsere on weorftscipe ; ac gif pu j? habban wilt,
buton
20

ponne scealt (5u oleccan swi^e earmlice 7 (swipe) eadmodlice 3 Gif pu pe wilt maege. (pe] to p3em gefulteman psem don manegra beteran 7 weonSran, ponne scealt pu pe laetan anes wyrsan. Hu ne is f ponne sum dael yrrnSa f mon swa \wereli\cQ 4 scyle culpian to paem pe him gifan [V]cyle ? 5 2sAnwaldes (5u wilnast? Ac pu ^ine naefre orsorgne ne 6 for ma for Sinum agnum begitst [V]l<5eodegum 7 git monnum 7 maegum. Gilpes pu girnst ? pu &he ne meaht habban orsorgne, *\_forpa cfu scealt habban simle 1 pu woldest nu hwcethweg wi(f]eTv?eardes 7 ungetseses.
"Se

[^4<r]

*

s8b C.

30

brucan ungemetlicre wraennesse
1

?

Ac

ffe

willaS

ponne

for-

k
1

Boeth. Boeth.

iii. iii.

met.

7.

pr. 8.
2

Habet omnis, &c. Nihil igitur dubium
Conj.
J>on

Cott. Metr. xviii.
est,

&c.
tan

mcege bringan
5

J.

B.

3
7

gefultume

B.

*

From
J.

anwealdes B.

6

begist C.

hwcethwitgu

72
sion

DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
l

[XXXII.

i

goode
3

hafaff

Codes f e0was, fon5aemf e fin werie - ^flaesc Hu mseg mon earmlicor fin a^wald, []ales f u his.
f o[//]ne
nel]le
his

gebaeron
flcesce,

mon

hine

uwderolede

4

his

were[^<2

j

gesceadvvisan \saule?

HwcEper ge n\u
otuSe s/rengran 5

sien

maran on \eowru lichoman\ f onne elpend,
leo o(5c5e fear, oo15e swiftra[]

5 f onne tigris ? peah (5u nu waere mara f onne elpend 7 strengra f onne leo otStJe fear deor 5 7 f eah pu ware eallra and 6 swiftra Sonne tigris on manna faegrost wlite, 7 pon (woldesf) geornlice aefter
\J>on\
j>

,

wisdome

meahtes Su sweotole ougiion
craef/<2

craeft

fonne fa maegno 7 fa 7 e we aer ymb spraecon ne sint to metanne r] f aenne. Hwaet nu, wisdom is an an sawle he is betera we witon ealle faere sawle, 7
spyrian

ofttSaet

fu

fullice

riht

ongeate,

10

Saet

ealle

fea[>]

j>

^o\nne\
59a C.

fa oc5re craeftas f e we aer \_y?nbe\ spraecon. ii \ BehealdaS nu fa widgielne[j^ *7 f&stnesse 7 pa he hrcedfernesse pisses heofen\t$\ t^onne magon ge <9gitan ^ witS his sceppend to metanne [7 wifi his ealles na]uht \is
ealle

8

9

15

z^^jaldendl

\&te ge eow \_pon] apreotan p ge ne 20 ne wundrigen 7 \herigen\ $ te un\_nyttre is, p is pes] eotfSkca heofon ? swa se 7 _/aegerra Swa] [fs beterd\ 7 \wela

Ac hwi ne

^<f<2licra

1 innung buton monnum anum, [swa is] pees fonne monnes lichoma betera 7 dtot[wyr$ra] fonne ealle his aehta. 1 n 12 siosawl

eal/ -his

Ac

[humicelepin]cft

])Glponne
y*[/<r]

bti[ere /deoru)yrcfre

^]

gesceaft is to arianne be hire fonne se lichoma? u is s^ u sio hehste swiSost fortSaem andefn[^, 7 sym~]le anwald to arianne 7 to wyndrianne 7 to weortS[godc]\H\fa.
;

25

ianne ofer ealla
switSe flionde
16

15

o Sra gesceafta.

Se wlite faes lichoman

is

7 switSe tedre 7 switSe anlic eor San blostmum.

Deah nu hwa

sie

waes; [gifti]w& $2$
1

[swa] faeger swa swa Alcibiadis se aef elincg 30 swa scearpsiene he maege \hine\ furhsion,
j>

Boeth.

iii.

pr. 8.

1.

16 P.

Respicite caeli spatium, &c.
3

gode above 5 hine B. 8 Conj. Son B.
~\nd C. symle
12
. .

1

line B.
.

a
.

werige B.

J>eah

u

deor om. B. ealle fa om. B.
.

saw I om.

B.

./ordasm om. B.

* So also B. tinderSeode 1 So C. widmetanne B. u 10 From B, Jxzs from J, om. B. 13 u em. deorwyrre B. symk from J, 15 From J, ealle B. flowende B. 6

XXXII.

3]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

73

j>

5

swa swa Aristotelis l se uSwita saede f an 2 dior wsere (Se 3 meahte aelc wuht [/Jurhsion (ge treowu 4 gefurdum stanas] dior we hatatS lox gif ]x>n[#] hwa wsere swa scearpsiene he m[ihte pone cni~\ht j^urhsion J?e we aer ym[be spr<con\, 5 }x)nne ne (5uhte he him *[no innon swa fag er swa he utan
:
]>

:

*

59^

puhte.

# [& / no] faeger Since, ne peah\ hrsetSor swa ; ac sio ungescead\wisnes\ hiora eagena. hi myr(5
J>u

()

hwaem
$
hi

&

]>y

6

^z ne
j>

\rnagon

otijgi/ffD.

"Se

scfawia S utan, [w^j innan\.
1

Ac
10

ge])en[caff

nu

swifie

georti^ice, \j

gescead]\\\?>\\ce

\smeagd

15

20

hwe^c J333S fl3esli[ra^] good sie[, 7 pa g^]saeltSa Je ge nu ungemetlice \wilnid9\ ge sweotole o[^^/(2] 9 8 his lichoman 7 strengo magon beon ] ^ ]?32S faeger 10 afyrred mid ]^reora [dla^a^^rf ]. FortJaem ic Ipe recce ^// f n ibrSgem ic Se wolde 12 ic aer openl[z c<?^]reccan on r[m^/^] andweardan good Saem ende pisses capit[/a] fte call ne magon gelaestan hiora lufiendum p hi him gehataS f is hi him gehatacS. peah hi nu gegaderien ^ hehste good 13 hi no Sy hra[/or ] ]?as andweardan good, nabbaS fulfremed good on tSaem, ne hi ne \magon~] gedon hiora lufiendas swa welige [swa sw]& hi woldon. iii m areaht hsefde, Da se Wisdom (5a
;

J>onne

mag<2

[/<z

J>e

J>as

;

]>

eal[/<?]

.

J?is

sp[if//]

]?a

ongon he ef[/] gieddigan 7 J?us singinde cwsetS: (Eala wa, hu hefig 7 hu frecendlic p dysig is pe da ear man men gedwelafi rihtan wege. Se weg is God. Hwcefier ge nu ^/"/^ 7
#/</

25 sec an

gold on treowu P
de

ic

w at peah p

ge hit peer ne

sec ad, ne

Jinde ge hitno,forpafie ealle

pe ma

weaxd on weaxad Hwcefler gimmas wingeardu. ge nu selfan eower nett on pa hehstan dune, pbn ge fiscian willafi ? Ic wat peah p ge hit par ne settad. Hwceffer ge nu eower hundas
men witon pcet
hit p<zr ne

30 7 eower net ut on

pa

SCE Itzdon,

wene peah
HwcEt,

p
is
iii.

p

ge hi pon wundorlic
met.
8.
3

set/on

p

pon ge huntian willacf ? Ic up on dunu 7 innon wudum. geornfulle men witon p hi sculon
Cott Metr. xix. * em. treowa B.
8

m
1

Boeth.

aristodelis B.
J.
10

5
9
13

innan
bion
J.

6 eagan hi amerrad Second /erased, B.

Eheu, quae miseros/ &c. 3 an om. B. $ B.
B.
"

7

From

smeageaft J. J, rehte B.

12

wolde

streon B. B.

h

ralor B.

74
sec an

DE CONSOLATIONE PH1LOSOPHIAE

[XXXII.

3

be scswarofie j be ceaofru cegfier ge hwite gimmas ge reade j celces cynnes gimcyn ; 7 hi witon eac on hwelcu wceleru 7 on csghwelcra ea mupu hi sculon secan fiscas ; j ealne pisne andweardan welan hi witon hwcer hi secan sculon^ 7 pone swifie

ping da dysegan 5 hi nyton hwcer pa sofian gescelpa sint gehydde, ne furfiu nane lustbcernesse nabbdfi hi to secanne ; ac wenadp hi mcegon on pissu Icenan 7 on $isu deadlicu

unadrotenlice sec ad.

Ac

hit is swiffe ear mlic

p

men

sint celces

domes swa blinde

p

pingu findan pa
m<ge

swa

sofian gesceWa, p is God. Ic nat nu hu ic heora dysig eall swa sweotole areccan 7 swa switfe gelcelan 10 ic wolde,forpa hi sint earmran 7 dysigran 7 ungesceligran

pon ic pbn hi

hit arecan mcEge. Welan 7 iveorfiscipes hi willniad, 7 hine habbafi pbn wendfi hi swa hi habban ungewitfulle

p

pa
.

sodan

gesczltfa.)

XXXIII".
J

i.

\_pa\

se

Wisdom
7
J^us

J?a

]?is
x

ongan he
gereaht
nesse
gessel Se.

eft spellian

cwaeS

leoS asun[^w] hsefde, (5a Genog ic J?e haebbe nu
:
<5a

15

scead^wa 2 so^an ymb (5a anlicnessa 7 emb Ac gif ]3u nu sweotole gecnawan meaht jm anlic)>aere

}?3ere

so^an

ges[<^/^]

]?onne
ic

is

siSSan
\_cwcecf
:

3
<5earf

^

ic
]>e

\hi sel^Q getsece.

pa and\v^rde
celces]

genog

4

openlice

^>^t\Je

Nii\ ic ongite 20 goodes genog nis on (Sissum

7

[woru/d]wel\im, ne aeltsewe anwald nis [on nanu] weoruldrice, ne se \weor$scipe\ nis on J?isse weoruld[^, ne pa m&s/an]
so<5a

maerSa ne
*

*on pd flcesclicu lustu. 6ia C about here. nu fullice

^\int on fiysse woruldgylpe, ne\ sio heh[^ blis nis f)a and^sworede se Wisdom 7 (Vz^JseS: 25

Hwse)w/#

ongite forhwy hit J?onne swa sie?
:

Da

pe[#A] ic his nu hwaethwugu ongite, ic wolde hit J?eah fullicor 7 openlicor of (5e ongitan. Da andsworode se Wis[<2^7#] 7 cwaeS Genog sweotol hit is *fte

andswarede

ic

7 cwsecS

:

(rod

is

anfeald 7 untotffe/endlic, ]?eah hine dysige
5
,

men on
hehste

30

msenig tcdselen
D
1
J>a

[/Jonne
pr. 9.
.
.

hi

dwoliende

6

secaS $

Boeth.

se

Wisdom
B.

1

Conject. letter

Hactenus mendacis formam/ &c. om. B. [/^] and \_gen~] conject. * between d and w in C, sceadwa B. siddan is B.
iii.
.

CWCE

*

genog om.

5

dcelan B.

6

duveligende B.

XXXIII.

i]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
l

75

god on
zwrulde

(Sa

ssemran

nauhtes maran ne
?

]>yT/e

gesceafta. Hwaefer Ipu \nu~\ wene se ]?e maestne anwald h^fS
ic eft

f se
J>isse

pa andsworede

7 cwaet)
ic

:

Ne
]>

secge

ic

no
j>

he nauhtes maran ne
5

(5yrfe,

forSaem

wat

nan

nis J?ses

2

welig

he sumes eacan ne
:

Ipyrfe.
>u

Da
;

andsvvarode se

Wisdom

7 cwaecS

saegst ]?eah hwa anwal[V &^fo], [Genog] ri[^]te gif o(5er haef(5 maran, jxmne \j\efrearf~\ se unstrengra j^aes Da cwaecS ic Eall hit is swa J?u strengr[#]n fultumes.
:

saegst.

Da

cwaecS

se

Wisdom
[)a

:

peah
\_J>ea~fti
:

mon nu
hit is an.

[<wwete]ald

10

7 genyht to twaem )?ingu ;zemne,
ic
:

Swa me

JrinccS.

he cwce$^\

pa cwaeo" Wenstu nu [/] se
eft
:

to

anwald 7 \_p geniht j]ie to fd[rseonne] ofe Se weor dianne pon ocfre 3 ] good ? pa cwaeS ic
naenne

*

*[swiffor
m[<^

6ib C

Ne
is

Jg
4

15 anne.

mon Da
J?a

tw^ogan ^te anwald 7 genyht cwaecS he: Uton nu, gif swa
J>ses
<$e

to weorSi-

]?ince,

ecan

]?one

anwald 7

-f

geniht,

donfitsr weorSscipe

to,

7 gereccan

Jxmne
]?3ss,

]?r^ to

anum.

for Saem hit is soo\

Da andswarode ic 7 cwce ff : Uton Da cw&d he : Hwefier IpQ 5 ]?onne
sio

Ipince

unweorS 7 unmaerlic
)?a

gegaderunc

j^ara Sriora j^inga
hit
J>e

20
J>onne

bioS to
J>rio

anum

gedon, oSSe hwseSer
?

eft

25

nu 6 Gi[_/] 7 anwald aanigne mon cuSe Jara pe hseto aelces ]?inces 7 aelcne weor^scipe haefde, swa foi-ft $ he na maran ne (5orfte, ge)?enc nu hu weor<51ic 7 hu foremcsrlic Tpe wolde se man 7 ]?eah he nu Ipa. ])[_reo /^Jsefde, gif he naere hliseadig, ]?incan pa cwseS \_pon w]aere him )?eah sumes weorSscipef^ wano],
J?ince eallra

finga weorj)licos(5 7 maerlicost

J>u

;

ic

:

Ne mseg
8

fionne

ic pa cwaet) he Hu ne is p fses o$sav[a]. genog jz^otol f we sculon don ]?a hlis^di^/zesse to
:

30 cyn.

[/Jaem }?rim, 7 don J?a feovver to anum? Da cwaetS ic : $ is pa cwseS he Hwaa^er n[] wene f se auht sie Se ealle J?as hsefS ? Fifte biS seo blis, 7 fe\_ower~\ eall pcei\ he wile, 7 nane[j J>ing~\QS mara[w ne bej^earf
:
J>u

^]]?encan, 623. C about gif he swylc wsere 7 f [m// hcefde], hwonan him aenig unrotnes
]

he \h(Bfd.

f)a cwced

ic:

Ne mceg
4

ic ncefre

*

1

samran
C.

B.
6 z^

-

swa

B.
7

3
(?3>w

J.
8

geecan B.
J,

B,

/

om. B.

J)inges B.

^ww^ from

5 from om. B.
/<?

76

DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHISE
sceolde.
>ing

[XXXIII.

I

cuman
(5a fif

Da
we

c\vae(5
7

he

Ipe
j>

aer }

mb

to ge)?encanne spr[^]con, }?eah hi tonemde sien
:

Swa>eah is

*

hit is call an j^onne hi gegaderede biotS anwald foremaernes j? 7 genyht 7 7 weor&scipe 7 blis. pa fif ((Kng\ Jxmne hi ealle gegaderade Jxmne bi(S f God forSaem fif eall nan mennisc man fullice habban ne maeg (5a hwile he on J?isse worulde bi(S. Ac )?onne ]?a fif swa we aer cwasdon, eall gegadorede hit eall f>onne an an bi(S God bi(S anfeald he untodaeled, 7 ^ 7 Sing
>ing,

mid wordum,
is

;

bio<5,

;

5

J>a

J>e

f>ing,

bio<5,

bi<5

J>ing,

;

he
J>eah

asr
:

[0]n maenig

tonemned

waere.

Da

andsw^rede

ic 10

7 cwaeS

pisses ic

eom
:

ealles gej?afa.

ii. pa cwaeS he peah nu God anfeald^sie 7 untodasled, swa swa he is, se mennisca gedwola hine todaelecS on msenig mid heora unnjttum wordum. JE\c mon tiohhacS him ^ to 2 selestum goode (5set ^ he swicSust lufa"S; }?onne \ufa sum
tSset,

15

sum

elles hwset.

bi(5
"p

J?onne his

lufa S.
C.

ponne hi jxmne heoiz. hi naupe\p ne God tO*[dfe/(^, /ow metdd
godes
(Se

god he J^asr swiSost God on swa monige dselas
j>

selfne

ne ]3one
>one

dasl

hi switfor lufiatJ.

aetgasdere,
J>e

ponne hi hine selfne don ealne dael nabbaft J?onne nau Ser ne hine ealne ne
f he seccS forSy ge findan ne magon,
. :

20

he

hi paerof dydon. FortJy ne fint aelc hit on riht ne sec"S. Ge secacS f 3

mon

4 good on anum go[0]de \f)a cw&$\ ic waedla bi(5 ne wilnatS se mon ponne p is waedle he nanes anwealdes, ac he 5 wilnacS 6 welan 7 flihS

f)onne ge seca S eal
soS.

Da

cwastS he

:

f>a

;

25

ne

swin[<r](S

he nauht
begit

aefter
-f

faem hu he foremaerost
ne swincS.

sie,

ne
1

nan man eac ne
ealle his

he

aef t

He

]?onne winc5

welan, 7 forlaet maenigne weorhe ):one welan begete 7 gehealde, forfaem his hine lyst ofer eal o Sm Gif he hine J>onne beget, 30 him he naebbe genog buton he haebbe (eac) jxmne ]?inc^ anwald ]?aerto, forj>aemj)e him JincS f he ne maege welan buton amvalde gehealdan. Ne him eac naefre genog

weoruld
J>aem

aefter J?aem

uldlust
J>e

wiS

J>e

f>ing.

j>

J>one

Boeth.
1

iii.

pr. 9.
2

1.

43 P.
6

Hoc
B.

igitur,

quod
3

est

unum, &c.
4

is

above
5

line.

gesalestu B, om. goode.
zy/7/afif
7

B.

he om. B.

Jxz B. jw/w<r0 B.

From

J,

XXXIII.

3]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

77

ne JpincS aer he haebbe eal f hine lyst, fonSon 7 fe fone welan 2 lyst anwaldes, y fone anwald lyst weonSscipes, j fone weorcSscipe lyst maer<5a. *Si(5(5an [he pees welan full bid, pon fimcff]

* 6 a 3

c

-

him
5

he haebbe aelcne willan gif he hae[$]be anwald j s gesaelf ealne fone welan aeft; f aem anwalde, buton he hine
]>

;

mid

laessan begitan
4

witS cSaem

gebyreS
wi"S

maege j forlaet aelcne ocSerne [ze;]eorSscipe fe he msege to (Saem [anweal]de cuman. 7 fonne oft, fonn|Y] he call wi^ anwalde geseald (p p
;
haef<5

he hcEfde), $ he naef (5 nau^er ne )?one anwald ne eac f ( 10 he sealde, ac [o/jyrtS ponne swa earm f he naefS furfum

5

nedfearfe ane

;

f

is

wist

7 waeda.

WilnatS

J>eah

lp

onne

nedSearfe, naes

anwaldes.
J>aes

J

5

iii P. We spraecon ser be psem fif gesaelfum f is wela Nu haebbe 7 anwald 7 weortSscipe 7 formaernes 7 willa. we gereaht be welan 7 be anwalde, 7 f ilce we m[tfW/J reccan
;

20

be faem Jrim c5e we \\\nareht^\ habbaS; f is weonSscipe 7 tu ]?e we ser 7 foremaernes 7 willa. pa J)rio fincg, 7 nedon, feah hwa wene f he on hiora anra hwylcum maege habban fulla gesael Sa, ne bi(5 hit no Sy hraefor swa, (Seah 8 hi his wilnigen, buton hi fif ealle habben Da andsworede ic 7 cwaecS Hwaet sculon we fonne don, nu Ipu cwist $ we ne msegen on Sara anra hwylcum $ hehste good habban 7 fa
J>a

.

J>a

:

fullan gesaelSa,
call aetgaedre
25

ne we huru *\ne wenad p ure anra hwelc Ji~\f Da andsworede he 7 cw(5: Gif hwa wilnacS f he fa fif call haebbe. fonne wilnaS he fara hehstena weorulde, gesaelS[^] ac he ne maeg (5a fullice begitan on
}>a

begite?

;

<5isse

forSaem feah he ealle f [a] fif gesaelSa begite, fonne ne \hii\ f eah f hehste good ne fa selestafrc] gesae[/]Sa ; forSaem hi ne bio^ ece. pa andswarode ic (7 cwcefi : Nii) ic ongite
30

bi<S

weorulde.

genog sweotole f Sa selestan gesaelcSa ne sint on f isse pa cwaeS he Ne f earf nan mon on tSys andweardan life spyrian aeft fsem so^um gesaelSum, ne faes
:

P

Boeth.

iii.

pr. 9.

1.

59 P.
s

Similiter ratiocinari,
*

&c.
5

1

forfiam B.
7

2

welegan B.
B.
8

geseld B.

6

getideQ B.

furdon B.

unreht

].

J>as

So C.

78

DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE
Q
tSset

[XXXIII.

3

wenan

he

aer

J

msege good genog findan.
:
[/<r

Da

cwaeS

ic

:

SocS )?u saegst. iv q. pa cwaecS he

w]ene

()
ic ic
J>e

gessed [j/^]b
}?in

(5a

leasan gesselfta, ac
J>sem

hsebbe genog f ic wolde nu f tSu wende
J>e

ingej^onc fro
J>a

leasum gesaelftum

;

jxmne
ser
2

ongitst
-p

5
J>u

switSe hraetfe

socSan gesselSa

t5e

gehet

ic
8

Je
hi

eowian wolde.

pa

cwsej) ic

:

Ge
J>

furcSum

}?a

ongitaft f te fulla gessel&a sint, eah hi ]?3er heora wenacS. pu me gehete nu lytle ser f tSu hi wolde
4

dysegan ne sien

men

>a3r

me
10

C.

ac ))3es me ^incS Sset -f bio sio softe j sio fulfremede gesselS *?5e hirefolgera sellan ~dur1i\^N\m\6 anwald ecne welan 7 singalne weorc5scipe 7 ece 7 gendne Ge fur Sum f ic cwetfe sie sio so^e msertSa 7 fulle geniht.
getsecan
;

w^
fifa

[^/<:w

geseelS

an 6 Sissa
J>e

selcum
for^y
cwaetS

anum
f

hi sint call.
(5u

mseg fullice Fortfem
se

forgifan, fortSaemJe
ic

secge
7

J>as

ic wille

wite
his

c5ast

cwide

[jze/]itSe

fasst is

on word tSe on minum
hit

15

mode, swa
he:

fsest

f
ac

me nan mon
8
J>y

gedwellan

ne mseg.

Eala,
;

cniht,
ic

J?u

eart gesaelig

f

pa swa
20

J>u

ongiten hsefst
J>e

wolde f wyt spyredon get
:

sef t ]?3em J?e

Hwaet is f Sonne ? pa cwsecS wana is. Da cwaej) ic 9 10 he Wenst Su hwaeSer aenig Jissa andweardana gooda
:
J>e

msege

sellan fulle ges^elcSa

?

Da andswarode
life

ic
J>e

7

:

[cw~]<e8

Nat

ic

nan wuht

10

on

(Sys

msege.
licn[(?w

Da
/fl?j]

cwset5

[^:

/tar]

andweard[tf] andweardan good
ful

swilc gifan
sint

an-

ecan goodes, nses

goode, [forfd~\ hi ne 25

magon
cwaetS ic

so(5
:

Ic
:

cwaeS he

7 hwset
C.

J>a

good 7 ful good forgifan hiora folgerum. pa eom genog wel gefafa ^ses Ju saegst. Da Nu Su })onne wast hwaet #a leasan gessel^a sint so[/]an ges[^]FSa sint, nu ic wolde
J>e

J>set

J>u

*\leornodest

hu pu mihtest becuman
:

to

Da

cwseS

ic

Hu
iii.

ne gehete n

pa ^oj^um
gefyrn
ser

gesaelSum. 30
1!

me
)>u

wolde
i
1

me

getaecan, 7
pr. 9.

me
1.
3

lyste

nu f
Habes
* 6

switSe

f t$u hit georne geheran.
&c.
5

Boeth.
2

70 P.

igitur, inquit,

her B.
8

/a om.
B.

B.
9
12

wunigendne welan om. B,

&M- from J.
A?V om. B.

dysige B.

So
B,
10
<?

K,J><zsJ><;

From

C. C.
.

rA-

7

gan B. 11 From

7?w^

andwearda B.

/^

.

.

w^/

gedweliom. B.

B,

^rf C.

XXXIII.

5]

DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE
:

79

Da

cwaeS he
to

Hwset sculon we nu don
(soffum)

to ]?on

l

$ we maegen

cuman

j^sem

gesaelcSum

?

Hwaej^er

we

scylen

biddan jxme godcundan fultum

segfter

ma[r^7],
5 ic
:

Ic

swa swa ure liSwita wene f we scylen biddan
(Se
2

ge on laessan ge on saede, Plato? pa cwaeo"
J>one

faeder ealra Jringa

;

for&aem se

ne furj^um
he:
Jo

hine biddan nyle J^onne ne gemet he hine, Da cwaeS ryhtne weg \vit5 his ne aredaS.
8

SwitSe rihte

Ipu

sjfegst;

7 ong#n

fca

s[z]gan 7

J>us

vr

.

$e ealle

wuderlic Jm ear t, fin (Eala, Dryhten, hu micel 7 ^ pine gesceafta gesewenlice 7 eac ungesewenlice wun-

derlice gesceope

7 gesceadwislice heora weltst ;

ffu fte

iida

frd

middaneardes
pie

fruman od done ende endebyrdlice gesettest, swa hi cEgper ge ford farad ge eft cumafi ; fiu fie ealle pa

15 unstillan gesceafta to pinu willan astyrast,

7 J?u self simle stille 7 unawendedlic purhwunast ; forpa tie nan mihtigra pe s, ne nan pin gelica, ne pe nan neodpearf ne Icerde to wyrcanne p

m

p
20

anwealde
beporfte.

3u worhtest ; ac mid pinu agenu willan 7 mid pinu agenu pu ealle ping geworhtest, fieah $u heora nanes ne
Swifie wunderlic
is

p

gecynd pines godes, forpafie

hit is eall an,

ac hit

is

pu 7 pin godnes ; p god na uton cumen to pe, 3in agen. Ac eall p we godes habbad on pisse
us
is

is from pe. N&fstpu nanne pinge, forpape nan crczftigra nis ponne pu, 25 ne nan pin gelica ; forpam flu ealle god mid fanes anes gepeahte

worulde,

p

uton cumen ;

p

andan

to

nanum

gepohtest 7 geworhtest.
cer pe nces

Ne
offie

bisnode

pe nan man, forpape nan

para pe auht

nauht worhte.

Ac pu

ealle ping

geworhtest swiffe gode 7 swiftefcegere, 7 pu self ear tp hehste*

god

j pfcegereste.
eall god

Swa swa pu

selfgepohtest pu geivorhtest pisne

30 middangeard, 7 his iveltst

swa swa pu wilt, 7 pu self dcelst swa swa pu wilt. J ealle gesceafta pu gesceope him gelice, 7 eac on sumu ffingu ungelice. peak pu pa ealle gesceafta ane naman genede, elle pu nemdest togedere 7 hete woruld ; 7 peah pone anne noman pu todcrtdest on feower
r Boeth.
1
J>ant

iii.

met.
B.

9.
2

*O

qui perpetua
3

mundum/
4

c.

Cott. Metr. xx.

furSon B.

ryht B.

em. hehte B.

8o

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
is eorfie, offer

[XXXIII.

5

gesceafta ; an freera

slcu para pu
heora nan
hato, 7
l

gesettest his

wafer, firidde lyft,feorpefyr. agene sunders fowe, 7 peak ale is

wiff ofire genened 7 sibsulice gebunden
ofires ruearce

mid pinu

bebode,

swa

p
is 5

ne ofereode, 7 se die geprowode wiff da

p wat

wifi

pa

drygu.
c eald,

Eorfian gecynd 7 water es
j

ce aid ; sie eortie is

p dryge 7 ponne is genemned p hio is cegper ge ceald ge wat ge wearm. Nis hit nan wunder,forpa fie hio is gesceapen on pa midle betwux 2 pare drygan j pare cealdan eorpan 7 pa hatd
ce aid.

water wat 7

Sie

lyft

fyre.

p

fyr
is

pundorlic
j

p

yfemest ofer ellu pissu woruldgesceaftu. pin gefieaht, p ffu hafst <zgper gedon : ge pa
is

*

gesceafta gemcersode betwux him, ge eac gemengde pa drigan 3 eorfian 7 pa cealdan under pa cealdan wcEtere 7 pa wcetan,

p

an

pcBt hnesce 7 flowende water h&ble flor on pare fasleorfian ; forpape hit ne mceg on him selfu gestandan. Ac seo 15
4

eorde hit helt 7

be

sumu dale
7
blewfi

geleht

p

hio grewfi

heo bid sivilgfi, 7 for pa sype westmas ; forpa gif p bringfi 7

wal

pam

hi ne gefiwande, pan drugode hio 7 wurde todrifen mid winde swa swa dust odfie axe. Ne mihte nanwiiht

libbendes

pare eorpan brucan

eardigan for die, gif pu Wundorlice crafte pu hit hafst gesceapen pat gemengdest. ne forbarrid p water j pa eorpan, nu hit gemenged is wifi fyr

wateres, ne on nauSru 20 hi hwathwegununga wicf fir ne
ne

pas

p

agder ; ne eft water 7 seo eorde eallunga ne adwasced p fyr. wateres agnu cyfi is on eorpan, 7 eac on lyfte, 7 eft bufan pa rodore. Ac pas fyres agen stede is ofer eallu woruld-

pas

25

gesewenlicu, 7 peah hit is gemenged wifi ealle gesceafta; j peah ne magnaneparagesceaftaeallungaforcuman forpampe hit naffi leafe pas almihtigan. Sio eorpe pbn
gesceaftu
,

is hefigre 7 piccre pon odra gesceafta, forpa hio is niocfor pon anig o$ru gesc ea ft buton pa rodore ; forpa se rodor hine hafd alee dag utane, peah he hire nawer ne genealace; on alcere stowe he is hire emnneah, ge ufan ge motion. slc para his agenne gesceafta pe we gefyrn ar ymbe spracon hafS

3

eard onsundron ; 7 peah
1

is

ale wifi
*

otier

gemenged, forfiampe 35
5

em. /j/B.

2

em. betiax B.

3

em./B.

7 Conject. om. B.

em. orctiman B.

XXXIII.

5]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
mag
Siva swa nu eorde

81

nan dara gesceafta ne
sie

bion buton oderre, deah hio unsiveotol
is

on peere oderre.

7 water

sint swide

monnu on fyre, 7 Swa is eac peer fyr on swafieah hi sint darwid gemengde. 5 dam stanu 7 on fid watere, swide earfodhawe^, ac hit is peak para, pu gebunde p fyr mid swide unanbindendlicu racentu, p hit ne mag cuman to his agenu earde, p is to pa mcsstan
earfode to geseonne odde to ongitonne dysgu

fyre de ofer us is, pylas hit forla.te pa eordan ; 7 ealle odre gesceafta aswindad for ungemetlicu die, gif hit eallunga
10

from

gewite.

f)u gestafloladest eorcfan

sivifie

wundorlice

7

fcEstlice,

heo ne helt on nane healfe ne on nanum eorfilicu hio ne sige, pinge ne stent ; ne nanwuht eorfilices hi ne healt

p

p

7 nis hire peah pon e$re to feallanne ofdune pon up. pu eac pa firiefealdan sawla on geSwceru limit styrest, swa p dare 15 sawle py Icesse ne bid on dam Ices fan fingre de on eallu pa
lichoman. Forpi ic cwad pcet sio sawul ware preofeald, forpape udwitan secgad p hio habbe prio gecynd. A n dara

gecynda is p heo bid wilnigende, oder p hio bid irsiende, 2 pridde p hio bid gesceadwis. Twa para gecynda habbad netenu
20

swa same swa men

;

oder

para

is

Ac se mon ana hafd gesceadwisnesse, fordi he hcpfd oferpungen ealle pa
gedeahte 7

wilnung, oder is irsung. nalles nan odru gesceaft ;
eordlican

gesceafta

mid

mid

andgite.

Forpa

seo gesceadwisnes sceal

wealdan

25

agder ge pare wilnunga ge pas yrres, forpa hio is synderlic Swa du gesceope pa saule pat hio sceolde craft pare saule.

30

weg hwearfian on hire selfre, swa swa eall pes rodor hwerfd, odde swa swa hweol onhwerfd, smeagende ymb hire sceoppend, odde ymbe hi selfe, odde ymbe pas eordlican ge sceafta. pon hio pon ymbe hire scippend smead, pon bid hio ofer hire selfre ; ac pon hio ymbe hi selfe smead, pon bid hio on hire selfre ; 7 under hire re hio bid pon don hio self Hwat pu, lufad pas eordlican ping, 7 para wundrad. Drihten, forgeafe pa sawlum eard on hiofonu, 7 him par
ealne
si weordlice a, alcere gif gif

35 hi scinad swide
1

beorhte,

be hire geearnunge ; 7 gedest p 7 peah swide mistlice birhtu, sume
2

em. tarfdhawe B.

em. gecyndu B.

G

82

DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
swa swa steorran, Hwcet pu, Drihfen, geg&derast pa
<zlc

[XXXIII.

5

beorhtor sume unbyrhtor,

be his geear-

nunga.

hiofonlican

saw la

7 pa

eordlican

Swa swa
fundiafi.

lichoman, 7 hi on $isse worulde gemengest, hi from pe hider comon, swa hi eac to pe hionan
5

7 hi

$as eorfian mid mistlicu cynrenu netena, aseowe mistlicu scede treowa 7 wyrta. Forgif nu, Drihfen, uru modu p hi moton to pe astigan purh pas earfodu

pu fyldest

sififian

pisse worulde, 7
ures modes

of pissu bisegu to pe cuman, 7 openu eagum we moten geseon pone cepelan cewelm ealra goda ; p eart ffu. Forgif us pon hale eagan ures modes, p we hi pon moton af&stnian on pe ; 7 todrif done mist pe nu hangdd ures modes eagu, 7 onliht pa eagan mid fiinu lebhte ;
beforan
ffu

10

forpa

eart sio birhtu

fices

so~dan leohtes,
ffe

7

pu

rcest sofif&stra,

7 ou gedest pat hi
f>u

gesioo.

pu

eart sio sefte eart ealra

pingafruma 7
8e ealle

brist e alle ping buton geswince. ende. eart agfier ge weg, ge ladpeow, ge sio stow 3e se weg to

pu

15

men

XXXIV
i.
>a

s.

6ob C.

gebed asungen haefde, Ic wene f hit sie nu ic Se gere[Yr]e hwaer f hehste good is, nu ic Se ser [hcefde ^-Jereaht hwaet hit wses, oSSe \\[wylc p medeme} wolde ic g od wffis hwylcf [unmedeme. *Ac anes pinges pe 1 on wene (Brest acsian : //JwseSer fu fisse f senig fing worulde swa good sie f hit Se maege forgifa[] fulla gesselSa ? nolde f unc beswice senegu leas De 3 ic tSe ascige ic] for sotSa gesaelSa. ForSy []an \mon\ ne mjeg
se
tSis leotS

Wisdom fa

fa ongan he serest f
J>earf

eft spellian

7 Jis 7 fus cwset5

:

20

25

]>[y

a[/*]cnes oSsacan f sum good ne sie f hehste, swa swa sum micel 4 gewelm 7 diop, 7 irnen maenege brocas 7 riSa of. ForSy ne sie ful good, for&E him hit be sumu mon cwicS goode f bitS hwaeshwugu wana ; 7 J? eah ne bitS ealles butan, fortSaem 30
]?e

aelc

fing wyrS to nauhte gif
6

hit

nauht goodes on him
igitur,
2

Boeth.

iii.

pr. 10.

Quoniam
J.

&c.
3

4

ac om. B, unmedeme ac from hivylc em. magene C, manige B.
1 .
. .

ascian

J.

B.
)>i

XXXIV.
naefcS.

2]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
Ipy (5u

83

Be
(ffa)

meaht

ongittf;/

p

of

\am maestan goode
l
j>

cuma(5

Izessan god, naes of (Saem /sessan

[ma]
5

sio ea J)e

gewelme /mh sio ea Gym s eft to good of Code 7 eft to him, 7 he is f fulle 2 god 7 f fullfremede, f nanes willan wana ne bi(5. Nu meaht sweotole ongitan f f is good 3 self. Hwz ne meaht
to ea, 7
<5aem

m^ weonSan
swa cym(5

m^

weonSan

to aewelme.

Ac

mseste, \on se aewelm
;

selc

J>u

(5u

ge)?encan, gi[_/~ nan~\\vuht

full

naere, jx)nne

[ncere

72#;z

1

wuhf\ wana, 7 gif nan wuh[/ wana ncere], *1pon[ne 4 nan wuht full ? sum biS Forty bid^\ senig J?ing full
f>e

*
a

n<zre

7 a

c

wana,

(7) forc5y

biS senig )?ing

wana
earda
5

(Se
.

sum

biS

full;

selc

I

s

ne meaht )m eorcSlicena gooda |)onne ge^encan, gif on senegum is sum good aeniges willan 7 seniges goodes wana is, full aelces willan, 7 nis nanes ? wana Da andsworede goodes
]?ing biS fullest

on

his

agnum

Hwy

>issa

]x>nne

ic

7 cwaecS

:

SwicSe rihtlice 7 (swide)
ic
7
,
]>

^jr<?adwislice

haefst
J>u

me
Ju
2

ofercumen 7 gefangen, furSum 6 ongean tSaet fencan
saegst.
ii t.

ne maeg no witScwe^an ne buton f hit is call swa swa

pa
J>u

cw36(5 se

Wisdom

:

Nu
is

ic

wolde f Su Sohte

geornlice oc5 f

Su ongeate hwaer
(Saette call

sio fulle gesaelS sie.

Hu
God

ne wast
is

nu

moncyn

anmodlice ge]?afa f

25

fruma ealra gooda 7 waldend ealra gesceafta ? He is f hehste good, ne naenne mon nu faes ne tweoS fonSse J?e hi nauht niton betere, ne funSu nauht emngoodes. FonSaem
;

us saegS

aalc

gesceadwisnes 7 ealle

men

f

ilce

andettaS

8

f
*

f hehste good, for^aem^e hi tacniaS f te eall good on him sien 10 ; forSaem gif hit swa naere, )?onne *[ncere he ft
sie

God

9

;ob C.

p he gehaten is ; odfie (zni~\g

aer
J>ing

waere

O(5<5e

aeltaewre, ]?onne

Ac fonSaem]}e nan ]?ing naes aer 30 wsere f betere ]?onne he. ponne he ne aeltaewre fonne he ne diorwyrSre fonne he, forcSaem he is fruma 7 aewelm 7 hrof eallra gooda.
4

Genog

Boeth.

iii.

pr. 10.
2

1.

21 P.

Quo

uero, inquit, habitet,
3

&c.

1

From

J, j&?

B.
6

5 9

earde B.

From

B, good C.

Accent not quite clear. 7 furd B. ge}encan B. 10
jy B.

god B.
8

From

full fiing B. B, andetteS C.

4

G 2

84

DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHISE
is
<5aet

[XXXIV.
1 f wana
.

2

sweotol hit
is

f

fulle

good waes
2

sertSsem )?e
3

"J3

to gelefanne f se hehsta

ne Se ilca leng sprecen hehste good 7 selestan is, swa swa we aer ssedon, gesaelfta, nu hit is openlice cucS $ (5a selestan gesaelSa on nanum ocSrum gesceaftum ne sint buton on Code, pa
]) ylaes
J>yrfen.

we

4

God sie ymb J^onne we

aelces

godes

fullast,

God

J>a

5

cwse<5

ic

7

eom gej^afa. Da cwaetS he ongitQ fte God is full aelcere gesaelcSe. Da
:

Ic
iii

u

.

:

Ic

Ipe

healsige f (5u gesceadwislice

aelcere fullfremednesse

7

aelces

go</es

cwaej? ic
ilce
]>

:

Ic ne

maeg
-f

fullice

forhwy

(5u
ic

eft

saegst

^

<5u

aer saedest.

ongitan 10 cwseS he pa
:

FonSy

(hit) J)e

secge

eft,

J?y

ic

nolde

God
C.

*

J?e

fseder

is
5

and fruma
sio

eallra gesceafta,
]?e

Su wende f se him ahwonan
j>

utan come his nolde f
(Su

hea goodnes
[^^?r
ze/d?r<?

he

full

is.

Ne

ic

eac

wende

*-})te

he

self; fortSaem gif (5u
f>e

wenst

-p

god 7 him ahwonan

his

&>

gescelfi,

vA.an
hit

come
him
fro

good

he haefS, J?onne waere f Sing bet re
he, gif hit

f>e

come

J>onne

swa
J?aes

waere.

Ac

is

swiSe dyjlic 7
20

swit5e micel

syn f

mon
Ac we

wenan o^Se him
sie ealra

J>get

aenig Jring jer
gelic.

wenan scyk. be Gode, ocScSe eft him waere ot5^e betre (5onne he
G

sculon bion gefafan f te se
7

God
sie,

pinga

betst.

Gif jm nu gelyfst f te an
bicS
:

God
7

swa swa on

monnum
bi(S

otter bit5 se
f>a

mon, f
8

bicS

saul

7
25

lichoma, o Ser

his

godnes;

gegadera^

God

(<?/?),

aetg^dre gehelt 7 gemetgacS: gif fu fonne gelefst
sie
sie

on Gode 9 )?onne scealt mara f?onne his, f J^onne
,

J>u

his
)?e

urne
biS

de(5.

Hwaet,
J>aet

aelc

fing

hit swa -p nede gelefan -f sum anwald swa gesomnige swa he ]?one tosceaden biS from o Srum
;

oc5er, (ofrer)
^>ing

hwylc ne bitS

j3

sien <^tgaedre gif }?onne tosceaden biS from paem hehstan goode, ponne 30 no f hehste good, is (peak) micel syn to geSen"p

ping, peah hi

canne be Gode,
u Boeth.
1

jjte

aenig
1.

god

sie

buton on him,

oc5(Se aenig

iii.

pr. 10.

37 P.

Sed quaeso,
2

inquit, te,

&c.
3

For wana
_

B

has
5
9

wene.
his is B.
6

From
B.

B, ^wof C.
7

w

B.

*

8

len& om. B. gegadraQ C.

se

om.

aw above

line in B.

From

B, goode C.

XXXIV.

5]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

85
*

from him adaeled, forSaem^e nan wuht nis be/ere *\_pdn he, ne betre Jxmne his sceppend? emngodhim. Hiuilc ping mceg
be~\<m

;ib C.

ForSse

ic

secge mid ryhtre gesceadwisnesse f f
his
:

sie

hehste

good on
5 cwaetS ic

agenre gecynde $te fruma
J?u

is

eallra J?inga.

Da

(Nu)

haefst

me mi
Da

switSe rihte oferreahtne.
}>

pa

cwaetS /fo: .//waet, ic

ponne

aer saede
j>

hehste good 7

sio hehste gesaelcS

an waere.
\ville

cwaecS ic

:

Swa

hit

is.

pa
elles

cwsetS he

:

Hwaet,
?

we
:

f>onne

secgan hwaet ^
ic
<5aes

sie

buton
10
J>e

God

Da cw
aer

ic

Ne maeg
Ipu

ocSsacan, forSaem

ic his

wses

gefafa.
:

iv

\ Da
gif ic
J^e

cwaetS he
J>e

Hwaetfer

hit

a sweotolor ongitan

maege
waeren

sume bisne g^t ma secge ? Gif nu tu good ne meahton setsomne bion, 7 waeren ]?eah buto
^<?d

x goode, hu ne wcere hit fonne genog sweotol f hiora naere naucSer o Ser? ne 15 bion no toddled. f for^y mseg fulle
]>

Hu
j>

maeg

hit
sio
f>a

cwetSaS f hehste ;

ge wana? ForcSaem we _/ulle gesaelS 7 god f hi sien an good, 7 -f sie ne magon naefre weortSan todaelede 2 Hu ne
bion \cegper ^]e
full
.

sculon
20

we

]?onne nede bion gejmfan ^te sio hehste gesaelS

7

sio

so(5re j^onne fset;

hea godcundnes a[] sie ? *ne ma[^
<:-z^^^"

4 Ac ic wolde giet (mid) sumre fonne God. ()# ) dims behwerfan utan f ne mihtst naenne weg findan ofer; swa swa \tfSvritena gewuna is p hi willatS simle hwaet:
f>e

^

pa cwsetS ic Nis nan J?ing we nanwuht findan lie/ere 3 ]*
:

;2a C.

J>u

25

hwugu niwes 7
f

^/^/cuj^es eowian,

j)

hi

maegen midy^

<2Z;^ccan

mod
v w

J?ara
.

geherendra.

Hu

ne hsefdon we
?

aer

gereaht f Sa gesa?l]?a 7 sio
]?a gescefSz, haeftS,
J>onne

godcundnes an wsere haefS he ^
aegj>er,
J>e

Se
J>e

Jonne

J>one

aegfer haefS.

Hu

ne

bi<S

^

J)onne
wz>
J>e

3

full

eadig

?

Hu
7

ne wast
rihtwis
sie

Ipu

nu f we

cwe(5ac5 f jf bio

wisdom

haefS,

J?e
f>e

rihtw/^nesse
f>a

haefS?
5

Swa

w<?

eac f f
v

God
1.

godcundnesse

haefS 7

Boeth.

iii.

w Boeth.
1

iii.

pr. 10. pr. 10.

63 P.
79 P.
lacide
<

1.

Nam
5

Respice, inquit, an hinc/ &c. quoniam beatitudinis, &c.
5

j? Az ^ra

conject.

2 om. B. todcelede B. by Junius, om. C and B.

medemre

4

J.

S

godnesse B.

86

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
V

[XXXIV.
is

5

gesaelcSa,

se

is

7 aelc stemn 7

gesae/z g
sta<5ol

(mon)
eallra

bi(5

God; //eah
2
;

an

God

1
,

goda

of

J>aem

cumacS

call

good, 7 eft hi fundiatS to him, 7 he welt ealra. peah he nu 3 sie se fruma 7 se staSol ealra goodra 7 ealra gooda,
J>eah

is

msenig good
onlihte

of
J>e

him cymcS

3
;

swa swa

ealle steorran 5

weorcSatS

7 gebirhte of

J?aere

beorhtor,
72b C.

sume unbeorhtor.
sio

Swa

sunnan, sume ))eah eac se mona, swa micl(w)
;

geondscirifi,

sunne hine gescint) *[pon hio him ealne biS he eall beorht. Da ic pa spell pon\ * Is ongeat, ]?a wearS ic agaelwed 7 swi(5e afaered, 7 cwae(5 5 la wundorlic 7 wynsum 7 gesceadwislic nu spell f ]?is Da cwaecS he Nis nan wuh t wynsure ne gewisre saegst.
he lyht swa
>is

:

10

<5u

:

6

Jxmne f Sing f
willacS
;

}?is

spell

ymbe
good
is
*f

is

7 we nu embe sprecan
hit
?
<5aet

forftsem

me

J^incS
:

we
la

gemengen
ic
J>e

to

<5aem

^rran.
vi x
.

Da cwaeS ic Da cwaeS he
7

Hvvset
:

f

,

15

Hwaet,
ser
8

Ipu

wast

^r

saede

f

sio so Se
eall

gesaeltS

waere good, 7 ofpzere soSan gesaeltSe

cumaS
;

^a o^ru good
)?aere
;

we
J>e

embe
aet

spraecon, 7 eft to
(Sa

swa
]?33r

swa of
to broce,
sse.

see

cymtS ^ waeter tnnon
9

eor San, 7
wyr"S

afer^ca S

cyrn5 ]?onne up
wo/^?
J>e

Ipzem aewelme,
10

]?onne 20
eft to

J>onne

to ea, ]?onne

Ac
;

z

c

andlang nu ascian hu
f>u

m,

oc5 hit

wyrS

J>is

spell

undertfan&tn
oft ser

haefd^/

hwae]?er

wene
J>u

j^

/^

yf/"

god

Ipe

we

ymbe

7 genyht X1 7 blis, ic wolde witan hwceder pu wende ^ ]?as good waeren 25 limu pare sopan gesaeij^e, swa swa monegu limu 12 beo% on
sprcscan,
73a C.

p

is

anwald 7 weorftscipe 7

foi emcernes

anum men, 7 weoroVS
7
si}?]?an
"Sa

/<?

J>eah

*[^//<?

anu lichoman
J>a

; offfe pu

wendest] $ hwylc an ]?ara

god(a) worhte feower good waeren hire good
fif

soc^an gesaelSe,
saul
lim, 3
13

;

swa swa nu
maenig

7 lichoma wyrcatS anne mon, 7 se an
*
1

mon

haefcS

Boeth.

iii.

pr. ro.

1.

89 P.
2

Cum

multa, inquit, beatitude, &c.
.

6

3 Instead vi ealra 7 4 5 has simply eallra goda Qe of him cumaS. he B. gesceadlic B. 7 8 9 B has/,? for .wdte. ^m B. om. B. From B, u6 C. 12 10 11 From B, which has 7 lang. from B, fas C. For 13 lima limu from J. monegu limit B has manige Orig. B, but the e erased.

se }>eah is

god B.

goda B.

.

.

B

<zr

/j

#/<z

/%?<</

;

XXXIV.

6]

DE CONSOLATIONE PH1LOSOPHIAE

87

7 f eah to f aem twaem, f is to f aere saule 7 to f aem lichoman. 1 belimpaS ealle fas faes monnes good ge gastlicu ge is mi lichomlicu. faes lichoman good -p mon [j]ie faeger
"})

[7 ,r/r]ang 7 lang 7 brad, 7
5

m[<2^]gu

[<^]ru

good

2

(70)

eac

7 ne bit) hit feah se lichoma self, forSaem feah he para gooda hwylc forleose, feah he bit) f he aeror wass. ponne is (Saere saule good waerscipe 7 gemetgung 7 gefyld 7 3 swelce craeftas rihtvvisnes 7 wisdom, 7 manege 7 swafeah
f aem
;
;
hir<?

Da cwaet) ic Ic biS of er sio saul, o(5er biocS cr&ftas. 10 wolde $ me sczdest get sweotolor ymb fa oftru good Ipe to
:
<5u

<5sere

soSan gesaelSe belimpa^.
f
sio gescslft

)a cwse(5
?

he

:

Ne

saede ic

fe

33r

scEdest

p

hio f hehste

good good

waere

Gyse

waere.

ic, ge f u f)a cwafihe: Eart
,

4

cwaeS

p
J>u

15

an pon sie god? f)a <r]waeS ic : Hu wille ic nu aes o Ssacan ? _/?# cwset5 he Hwaafer fincS fonne f lp Sara soSena gesaelSa limu, fe sio gesaelS Se fa fincg sien, Da cwaeS ic: Ic wat nu hwaat fu woldest witan ac self? 20 me lyste bet jj Su me saede sume hwile ymb f, fonne f u me ascode. pa cwaeS he Hu ne meaht u geSencan ? gif fa
an, j

get gefafa f te anweald 7 weor Sscipe 7 forem&rnes 7 G * sien eall 73 b *[; genyht 7 blis 7 sio eadignes 7 $ hehste

nu

5

^^

^<2

p

:

J>e

;

:

J>

sof a[w] gesselSe limu, f onne wcsron hi 8 todceled ; swa swa monnes lichoman limu bioS hwcethwegu^ hw&thwugu. todaeled. Ac fara lima gecynd is/ hi gewercaS

good

wae[r<9

/<z]ere

25 senne

30

good ne sint nanw[]ht todaeled from Saere soSan gesaal^e. pa cwaeS he Genog rihte f u hit on[ gitst, sint \_p\ ilce f gesaelS is, 7 ealle nu~\ fu ongitst f fa good 10 sio gesaelS is (5aet [^Jhste good, 7 f hehste good is God ic : 7 se [GW] is semle on anum untodaeled. Da n nan tweo ac ic wolde nu [/ fiu\ me scedest Nis\ f aes
gesaed f
(5a
: ,

Ne me

lichoman, 7 feah ne bio S eallunga gelice. pa cwaeS ic: 9 genog sweotole (5u haefst fearft fu ma swincan ymbe f
;

\cw<E9

;

hwaethwugu uncuSes.
1
]>as

om. B.
;

2

to

above line

in B.

4

5

From B nu om. B.
mare
B.

the letter
6

foil,

g
7

very

faint in
"

ealle J.

hwathwugu

3 From B, manega C. but C, apparently not y. 8 From B, C has lieu. J.

10

From

B, good C.

/

B.

88

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
vii y.

[XXXIV.
eall

7

Da

\cwafi he

l

:

p~\ is

nu sweotol f te

fa good

7 4a

C.

^p we \j pi men
e

<z~\r

ymbe spraecon belimpatS to (See *hehstan goode, hi wenatS f tSaet sie f hehste secap god
2

good,

py

hi secaS
<Sy

ymb

spraecon,

ge]nog 3 anwald 7 eac eall 0#r good ]?e we Be hit sie hi w*a/& $ f hehste good.
J>e

aer
5
}>y

o(5ra hehste good is hrof eallra Ju meaht witan $ ne mow naenne hi wilniaS men 7 lyst, fortSsemfe gooda fe Se buton nanes hwaeshwugu goodefj 0#]t5e lyst Binges Maniges pinges hi urilniap pees ffe) full good (goode gelic bid.
"Sara

j

J>ses

ne

bitS,

we
7

cwetSatS

10 ac hit haefS feah hwaethwugu gelices goode. FortSaem eallra gooda hrof se hehsta sie hehste good f f

sio hior
eall
J>e

Se

4

eall

5

good on
deS
;

mon
faem
faes

good

fore

for

gooda

hi lyst.

^

fe hwearfatS, [7 ^r] Sset Ssem finge men lyst selces fara meaht switSe sweotole ongitan be
J>ing

J>u

J>e

J>e

lyst fses Binges he deS, ac faes Je he mid cSaem earnaS; fortSaemtSe
lyst
J>e

nsenne

mon

ne

hine

6

ne

15

he wentS, gif he fonne lust begite 7 f furhtio f he fonne Hu ne ^tiohhad haefS, $ he onne hse[^^ /w/]le gesael^a. wast / w^ mon fortSy ne rit fe hine rida?/ lyst, ac rit for
J>

J>u

tSy

74b C.

1 he mid Saere rade [^r]naS sume earnunga ? Sume 20 earndft sume p hie sien py hairan, sume mid fsere
J>e

*[r6?<?

earniafi p~\ hie sien tSy cafran, s[^]me f hy woldon cuman ne is tSe to sumre Jara stowa Ipe hi fene to [y^jndiaS. 8 te men nanwuht swiSor ne lufiaS sweotol

Hu

f ]xmne genog hi doS f hehste god fonne
^z dofi

?

forSaemfe
hi

aelc

wuht

}xzs

Se

hi 25

woldon habban f hehste wilniaS ocSS^ ^^ forpype hi wenatS hi dwoliatS sume on Ssem Ac Saem. on good Sset hi msegen habban full g^?d 7 fulla [gesceltid] on fisum fullan gesselSa 7 $ hehste good andweardum godu [ac Ne )a cwsetS ic ssedon. \is~] God self, swa swa we oft aer iV cwaeo Da ohacan hu ic pees maege. maeg ic no gefencan 9 f (fe he: Uton latan fonne bion spraece, 7 bion fullice ongi/en haefst -fte God simle bi5 swa nu Su orsorge,
J>e

;

p~\<a

:

30

1

J>a

y
1

Boeth.
is conj.

iii.

pr. 10.
2
c

1.

112 P.
3

Ad bonum
a//

uero cetera
4

referri,

&c.

om. B.

5

From

B, ealla C.

ft B. /^^ B.

om. B.

Awr
s

9^

fr.

7

mr/z.

jw^

om. B.

nu

B, eorSe C. 9 B. /rtj B.

XXXIV.

9]

DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHISE
full

89
him

\mtodaledlic 7

good, 7 f his good 7 sio
vvaes

\_his gesceffi]

nahwonan utane ne com, ac
is,

symle on him selfum, 7 nu

7 a
eft
*

bi(5.

viii z .

Da

se

Wisdom fa
fus cwsetS
to

Sis spell #ssed haefde,

fa ongan
tie

5

he

*
:

singan 7
"<?

(Wella, men, wel ; ale para
A?

*74b

C

freo
gehaft
is

fundige

pa

goode 7

pa gesaWu ;

mid pare unnyttan lufe pisses 2 him freedom hu he mage becuman to pa gesaWum,forpamp
sie

7 j* $e nu middaneardes sece

sio

an

rcEst eallra

10 smyltu* after eallu pa

an

fridstow

7

sio

; sio an hyd bid simle is seo urra geswinca. ystuj paydum an frofer erminga after pa ermdu fosses

urra geswinca

p

andweardan
7
1

lifes.

Ac pa

gyldenan

s tanas,

7

pa

seolfrenan,

ne onlihta^ cynnes gi?nmas, 7 call pes andwearda wela, hi nauht pas modes eagan, ne heora scearpnesse nauht gebetad
(Bices

5 to

pare sceawunga pare sodan gesalde ; ac get swiSor hi ablendad pas modes eagan p on hi hi ascirpan. Forpa ealle pa sint eordlice, andweardum her on liciad life pisum ding pe
sint fleonde*.

forpy hi

Ac

sio

wundorlice beorhlnes pe

ealle

ding gebirht 7 eallu welt, nyle p $a sawla forweorfian, ac wile 20 hi onlihtan. Gif pon hivelc mon mage gesion pa birhtu pas
heofenlican leohtes mid hluttru eagu-his modes, pon wile he 5 6 sunnan sciman sie pesternes 7 to sio beorhtnes pare cwefian

p
.

metanne wifi da ecan birhtu Godes.}
ix a
25

Da
:

se

ssegst, forSaemf e Da cwaeS geseSed mid ge^m^/wislicere race. Mid hu micle feo woldest ]?u nu habban geboht $ f u he meahte ongitan hwaet \f soffe] god waere, 7 hwylc hit waere. [)a cwad ic\ Ic wolde fgegnian mid swi(5e \ungemetlic^
ic

cwxS
:

Ic

Wisdom afa eom
gej>

(5a

Sis

leoS asungen haefde,
J>u

faes

fe

hit

haefst

:

wolde mid \unarime\du feo 8 gebyr^an ^ ic hit 30 gefesth, 7 Ic hit fe fonne wille Da cwgeS he *moste gesion. ac f an ic fe bebiode, f ]?u feah for Saere getaecan
ic
:

*

76a C.

;

z

a

Boeth. Boeth.

iii.
iii.

met. 10.
pr.

Hue omnes

pariter,

&c.

Cott. Metr. xxi.

n.
2

Assentior, inquam, &c.
y

5

em.feor B. em. beortnes B.

1

6

em. em. ware

3

l

]>isse>.

smiltu>.
7

B.

em./^^

cer nes B.

tm.Jlffwondeo, 8
fio J.

90

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
l

[XXXIV.
cwae<5

9

taecinge

ne

forgite

)>

f

ic

(Se

2

aer

taehte.

Da
:

ic

:

Nese, ne forgite

ic hit no.

Da
lif
>e

cwaecS

he

Hu

ne scsdon

we

]?e

aer

f f

J>is

andwearde

we

her wilniacS naere no

f hehste good, fonSaem hit wsere mislic 7 tw swa rmmigfeald

nan mon ne maeg eall habban f him ne sie sumes Binges wana ? Ic $e taehte p faer waere Saet hehstae god ]?aer J?aer good (ealle) gegadrade blotS, sw^/ce hi sien to anum wegge 5 gegoten. ponne Ipcer bicS full good call* we aer ymb spraecon beoff to anum j^onne ]?a good
todaeled
3
,

hit

4

5

J>a

J>a

J>e

goafc gvjgadrad
J>onne

;

J>onne
^//<?

ne

b$

[iter]
6
,

J?a

good

on annesse bioS, 7

nanes goodes wana ; sio annes biS on
naere hiora sw a
r

10

ecw^jse.
swi"5e

Gif hi on ecnesse naeren

]x>nne

to girnanne.
7

Da
pa

cwaecS

ic
:

:

])

is

ic

no

]?aes

twiogean.

cwaetS he

JEr

ic

J>e

gesaed ; ne maeg haefde gesaed f f
is

naere full

good
he
:

eall
j>

<ztg(z&ere

HCBTQ,

for^aem
ic
:

f
76b C.

eall aetgaedre is untodaeled.
nvaeo"

Da
)>

cwaeo"

f fulle Swae me
de

8

good

15

cSincS.

Da

Wenstu nu

eall
*[^<2

/z^
hi

onpisse z^Jeorulde forSy goode sien

9

10

J)e
:

^<z#ben

gode sint u hwaetelles

hwugu goodes on him ? Da cwtS ic Hwaes maeg ic wenan ? hu ne is hit swa ? Da cwaetS he pu scealt
:

J?eah

20

gelyfan
ic
:

t5aet

sio
ic

annes 7
f>aes

Ne masg

sio good[;z/]s an c5ing sie. oSsacan. pa cwaet5 he
:

Da cwaeS

Ipu

ge]?encan ^

aelc

J)ing
J>a

mseg

bion, ge
f>e

hwile ge on ]?sere toweardan, ne biS hit eallunga swa swa hit aer ne maeg \ic\ fullice ongitan aefter hwa Ipu me p ; he : Wast cwceti hw&t mon sie / Da cwaec5 spyras/.
:

Hu ne meaht on fisse weorulde hit untodaeled bit5 ? fonne wses. pa cwaetS ic Sege

25

sweo/<?/<?r

>a

>u

wat $ hi/ bi(5 12 sawl 7 lichoma. [)a cwceJS he wast p hi/ biS mon, J?a hwile Ipe sio saul 7 se [/JTttJJaet, ]?u 33 lichoma untodaelde ne biS hit nan mon siot>an hi 30 Swa eac se //rhoma bi(5 lichoma J?a hwile todaelde biocS.
ic
:

Ic

:

bio"S

;

he his limu ealle haeftS
J>e

\J>on

ne]

bitS

he

eall

gif he swa he aer
;

f>onne

waes.

p

hwile lim forlyst, ike meaht
f>u

5
It

tacninge B. wecge B.
B.
!!

1

6

w^

From

^zV om. B. B. gedceled B. 9 1 8 B. jz w/ B. _/// B. Jxzs no>. 12 13 undelete B. M B. J, AaWaflf B.
^z>w

2

^ om.

3

4

XXXIV.

i o]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
f>ing

91

waes
wat.

ne bi$ swilce hit gefencan be aelcum fiinge, ty nan Da cwS * ic Nu ic (hit) siftftan hit wanian ongimS.
:

*

77 a

C

Da

cwseS he

:

Wenst

hire willum nylle ealne
5

weg
:

hwaecSer aenig gesceaft sie Ipu bion, ac wHl[*] hire agn willum
J>e

forzewr]t$an

?

xb

.

Da

cwaetS
J>e

ic

Ne mseg
/

ic

nane cwuce [o;]uht
[>]waet

ongitan fara
J>e

wite hwaet [A]it wille, o(5(5e
1

hit nylle,

ungened

lyste

forweor&m
J>e

forSaemJ^e
(5inc(5
;

aelc

wuht wolde
ic

bion hal 7 libban, J?ara
10

me cwuco

bute

nat be

treowum 7

svvelce (be) wyrtum, 7 be swelcum gesceaftum nane sawle nabbacS. Da smearcode he 7 cwaetS Ne 2 ma be tSsem be ]?aem gesceaftum tweogan }?on Ipu no
:
J>e

]>earft

oSrum. Hu ne meaht fu gesion f selc wyrt 7 aelc wudu him betst gerist 7 him wile weaxan on J?sem lande selest
J>e

15

hit hra^ost gecynde biS 7 gewunlic, 7 Jser Jj^r hit gefret ? oS"5e wealowian Sumra latost 7 wyrta weax[#7z] mseg sumes wuda card bi(S on dunu, sumra on merscum, sumra on morum, sumra on cludum, sumra 3 on [3ar]um sondum.
j>

Nim
20 wille,

<5onne

ofpare
5

\_swa zvuda*] swa wyrt, swa hwaetSer \_swa pn * his card stowe 775 \j &pelo bid^\ *on to wexanne,
f>i\

C

7 sete
ger

on ungecynde
8

6

stowe him

;

]?onne ne

r
g[<?

r]ewS

hit
is
7

nauht, ac forsearaS ; fojYJ&em aelces landes ge[ry]nd

hit \hirn g-]elica
detS.

Fri Sa S 7 fyrSra S
\bi~d p~\

25

n inon 12 eor San, 7 to citm 7 to wyrtrucreope mum weonSe (on pare eorffan), buton forcSy 13 ]?e hi tiohhiaS u mote se helm fasstor stondan ? se stemn
aelc ssed
J>a
j>

gecynd

hi

wudu 7 hit] swa swi(5[w]rne, swa lange swa hiora 10 forhwy grow an moton. Hwaet wenst
wyrta 7 gelicne
r

9

tydr[<?

3

J>u,

Hwy

7 ne meaht

J?y

7

f>e

leng

J?u
15

30 eall se dael se

(5e

hit gesion ne maege, fy ongitan, treowes on twelf mon Sum gewexS 16 ]?aes
J>eah
J>u

,

he onginS of J^aem wyrtrumum 7 swa upweardes grewcS Sone stemn, 7 siSSan an^lang j^aes pi San, 7 andlang
b
1

Boeth.

iii.

pr.
2

n.
J>e

1.

43 P.
3

Si animalia,

inquam, considerem, &c.
4

lust B.

B.
7

JOT^
8

B.
,

uncynde B.
tydrige B. 12 B.
13

w

ze/afw J.
9

5

^^ B.
From
J,

om. B.
l!

Conject. gelica om. B.

J>y

B.

From A^growen 15
"

C.
9e

n
1G

greowe B.
B.

w^/w

B.

om.

B.

geweaxd

92
>sere

DE CONSOLATIONE PH1LOSOPHIAE
rinde 05 (5one helm, 7
sicScSan sef t
>sem

[XXXIV.

Jo

bogu[i],

on leafum 7 on blostmum 7 on bledum ? Hwi ne meaht J?u ongitan Jte selc wuht cwuces bi(S inuanweard hnescost 7 unbroc[^]eardost ? Hwset, pu meht
hit ut aspringecS

gesion h[ ^ /]reow bi(5 utan gescerped rinde wit) (Sone \a\inter 7 ]?aere
z0z<f

1

7

be[w^^

2

mid]
1

5

<fo

j/feajrcan stcfrflfctt

78a C.

ne wundrie

Hwa maeg f he 7 eac wifi p(zre\ *sunnan haeto on sumera. ures scyppendes, 7 huru J^aes swel[<rr]a gesceafta
scyppendes? 7 ]?eah we his nu wundrigen, hwilc ure maeg areccan medemlice ures scyppendes willan 7 anwald, hu his I0

gescea[y/] \vexac5 7 eft \wama]$, J^onne J?ses tim[a] cymS, 7 of hiora ssede wior SaS ef[/ ^Jedriiwode, swylce hi fonne 3 edsceafte ? Hwset, hi J>onne eft bzbtS, 7 eac weort$[^w td\ swz lce hi a bion, fortSaem hi selce bioS anlice hwaethwugu
geare weor^SatS to edsceafte.
J

5

f Sa uncwe^endan gesceafta Hwse]?er wilnodon to bionne on ecnesse swa ilce swa me, gif hi meahten ? HwsetSer Ju nu ongite forhwy f fyr fundige up, 7
xi c .
J>u

giet ongite

sio eorc5e

ofdune

?

Forhwy
;

is

f buton

forj?ytfe

God gesceop

his card

4 selc gesceaft Jider 20 fortSy fundiaS / 5 switSost bio^, 7 flihcS fte his eard 7 his halo switSost him wiSerweard bi(5 7 ungebyrde 7 ungelic. Hwset, ]^a

7 hire ofdune

J>ider

stanas, foi

Ssem [^ ]

earfotfe to tedaelenne

78b C.

todselde

7

*weorfia$.

stillre gecynde 7 heardre, [^w^] 7 eac un[m$? tosomne cumaJS, gif hi Gif Jonne senne Stan toclifst, ne wyr[#
6
;
J>u

sint

25

A]e nsefre
bio"S

gegadrod swa he aer waes hi hw[**] hnescran gecynde
;

;

ac

-p

wseter 7 sio

lyft
8

[5]iotS

swiSe e Se
"))

to

tedaelenne

9
,

ac hi bioS

\_eft~\

sona setgaedre.

fyr

f>onne

ne

Ic ssede \_}>eah\ nu hwene \mceg~\ nsefre weortSan [/00fe/]ed. aer fte nanwuht his [dgw*]um willum no/de forweor^an ; ac 3
/r

^z

hi

?m ma ymb [/] gecynd yb hwilum willatS on tu 10 pu meaht \vitan
J>onne
.

J>one

willan, fortSaem

11

be

manegum
esse,

Boeth.
1

iii.

pr.

u.

1.

69 P.
2

Ea

etiam quae inanimata
3

&c.

gescyrped* B. weordon B. fundaQ B.
7

From
5
9

gedatlede B.

8

^^ B.

J, bewerod B. Appar. aQelu in C.

em. weord(_ C,
"

6

From

So also

B.

10

/7/a B.

B, tedcelcnde C. w//aw om. B.

XXXIV.

12]

DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHISE
is

93

fingum -f f gecynd urum lichoman

swifte micel
call his

cym<$

f formicel gecynd (5aet maegen of (Saem mete Ipe we
;

is

figgacS, (7) )?eah faerS se

mete ut

J?urh J?one
2

lichoman

;

ac his
R

swaec 1 (Seah 7 his craeft gecynu5 on
5
;

aelcre aedre,

swa swa mon

meolo seft Saet meolo (SurgcrypS aelc tSyrel, 7 }?a syfeSa weoroVS asyndred. Swa eac ure gast bitS switSe wide farende 4 urum unwillum 7 ures ungewealdes for his ge-

10

fonne J?onne we 7 eac fa otSra Hwaet, nytenu slapacS. hi wtlm acf for gecynde\ ma wilniacS fie ges[cea/ta~] 5 * cslcre wuhte ^ hit o onne for willan. Ungecyndelic is
c[V]nde, nalles for
his

willan

;

f

bitS

<5onne

\_J>a\

\>[as

1

*

7ga C.

wilnige frecennesse o S Se deaftes, ac peah maenig

bicS to
}>ing

faem gened f
)?onne
TS switSra

hit wilnatS J?ara aegSres

;

fort5aem se willa biS

biS s^ wil/ fonne f gecynd. hwilum gecynd ofercymcS fone fonne ^ gecynd, willan. Swa nu wraennes deS sio biS aslcuw men gecynde, 6 7 hwilum /m^ /^/ r^ biS forwerned hi[re gecyndes }mrh\ ]?aes monnes willan. Eall sio lufu \^PCBS~\ haemedfinges biS for
strengra

Hwilum

//

;

7

gecynde, \nallas
20
xii d
.

]

for willan.

Be faem

meaht
J>u

[qzte/z]lice

witan f se sceppend

8

ealra

[^Jsceafta haefS forgifen ^nne \lusf\ 7 an gecynd eallum his gesceaftu; J?aet is ^ hi woldon a 9 bion.
is

25

gecynde ^ hit wilnige $ hit a sie be faem dasle no gecynde healdan mo/ [7 m&g\> Ne is be ser tweodest, f tweogan [j^^^ /] [/a nane sawle i_abbatf\ aelc fara gesceafta Ipe ^Jsceaftum \sawle hafff, ge] eac ]?a J?e nabba S, \willniad simle to bionne.
^//
10

wuhte
]

his

"Su

J>earft

J>e

J>u

J>e

;

f)a
(5aet

civczfi ic :

Nu

ic\

*ongite $ ^aet

ic aer

ymbe tweode ^
; ;

is

*

79b C.

aelc

gesceaft wilnacS symle to bionne
(Saere
-f

^

is

swi Se sweo-

30 tol

on

tidringe.
J>ara

[<?]ngite

aelc

pa cwaetS he Hwaefer J?u fonne wuhta Je him u beon ]?enc[^], f hit
:

12 fenc S aetgaedere bion, gehal, untodaeled

?

fonSaem gif

hit

d Boeth.
1

iii.
2

pr.

n.

1.

92 P.
3

Dedit enim providentia, &c.
<5?3
>,

spr&c B.
6

B.
10

/$//

4 on om. B. From farende C. 5 siofoSa B. 8 9 7 a om. B. wa/^ J. em. seppend C. gehwilcu B. 12 him om. B. undated B. from J, om. B.
"

94
1

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
no
hal
l
.

[XXXIV.
cwcS
ic
:
"})

12

todseled biS, Ipoune ne bi(5 hit

Da

is

sotS.

Da

cwae<5

he

:

(p
hi

is\ call

fing

hab<fo/

senne
[J>eati\
J>one

willan, tteet

is

tSset

wi}[/#] hi wilnia(5

woldon [a bion (Saes anes goodes
hit is \_swa

;

/#r]h
a 3z ^,
3
.

asnne

J>e

j?

is

God 2

.

Da

cwaetS ic
Ipu

:

Swa

#]u saegst
<5aet

Da

cwae(5 he

:

5

Hwaet,
f>ing

J>e

m[z$/] openlice ongitan -^ 4 ealra wuhta 7 ealk gesceafta
:

form/iV*] good to habban;^. wilnia<5

is

ic Ne mseg nan mon so^re secgan, fonSaem ic 5 ongite ^ ealla ge^mz/fo] toflowen swa swa waeter, 7 \nanne^\ sibbe ne nane endebyrd[^^] ne heolden, ac swi(5e unge- 10

Da

cwaeS

rec[/z
*

^

6

lange
79b

aer

7 7 to nauhte wurden, [jze ^ swa] we /0]slupen saedon on Sisse \ikan bec~\, gif hi naefdon senne

C

God 8
\_J>e

him

<?]allum

stiorde 7

recede *[/
is

rcedde.

Ac nu
sceolon
9

ends, next

for

finfte

we

W t/on p
a ld,

an wealdend

eallra pinga,

we

missing.

beon nede gepafan, sam hehsta hr of eallra goda.

we

willan sd

we
10

nyllan,

p

he

sie se 15

f)a smercode

he wiff

mm 7

cwxfi :
ic

Eala

ll
,

min

ea

12 13

/

swifie bliSe,
riht,

for

minit

hw&t, fiu eart swtcfe gescelig, 7 Swide neah pu ongeate pa andgite.

p

7

p

ike

p pu

<zr

scedest

p
:

p
p

)a CWCBO* ic wcere nu gepafa. )a cwced he: ic nyssle^ ?
celcre gesceafte

3u ongiton ne mihtest, pees pu Hw<zt wees p p ic cer scede 20

ende ; ac wite nu
nemdest,

Nu pu scedes t p fiu nyslest^ p p is celcre gesceafte ende
15

$u self

ar

p

is

GW

;
to

to

pam fundiafi

ealle^

gesceafta. Nabbacf hi nan god oferp

secanne, ne hi

nanwuht
25

ne

magon ne ufor ne

utor findan.

XXXV
i.

e.

f)a he pa pis spell asced hcefde,pa ongan he
cwcE(f 7\

eft

singan

7 pus inneweardan mode
cenig
e
1

(Swa hwa swa

wille dioplice spirigan
nylle p

mid
olffe

cefter ryhte, 7 ping mage amerran, onginne pon secan oninnan him
iii.

hine cenig

mon

Boeth.

met.
bid ,

1 1.

Qnisquis profunda mente, &c. Cott. Metr.
bid hit gehal>. From 8 6 ealk B. tofleowon B.
s

xxii.

2

untod<z!ed

J>on

B

Su
7

sczgst J,

om. B.
"

4

swa ^90df C. From J, ungelice B.
f
10 13

3

7 ...

wurden om. B.
ea J.
I5

code J. 14 nesse J.

12

j? is

god

8 sculon J. From B, good C. Orig. call in B, but // erased. 16 ealla J. from J, om. B.

smear-

titnutn J.

XXXV.

2]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

95

swa

selfu,p he cer ymbuton him sohte, 7 forlcete unnytte ymbhogan he swidost mcege ; 7 gegcederige to ft am anum, 7 gesecge
1

pon his anu mode p hit mceg findan oninnan him selfum ealle pa god pe hit ute sec$. pon mceg he swifie rape ongitan eall p 5 yfeljp unnet p he cer on his mode hcefde; swa sweotole swa 3u mihtpa sunnan geseon, 7 pu ongitst pin agen ingepanc,p hit bid micele beorhtre^ 7 leohtre pon seo sunne. Forpa nan hcefignes PCBS lichoman ne nan undeaw ne mceg eallunga ation of his
mode pa rihtwisnesse
10
3
,

swap

he hire hwcethwegu nabbe on his

mode ; peak
abisegien

sio

swcernes dees lichoman 7

pa unpeawas
swa
hit

oft

p mod mid ofergiotulnesse,
hit

7 mid pa gedwolmiste hit*
scinan
wolde.

fortio

p

ne

mcEge

swa

beorhte

7 peak

bid simle corn pcere sofifcestnesse seed on pcere sawle

^p

wunigende, pa hivile pe sio sawl 7 se lichoma gederode biofi. corn sceal bion aweht mid ascunga 7 mid lare, gif hit
wislice acsigan

growan

mceg pon cenig man ryhtwislice 7 gesceadgif he nan grot rihtwisnesse on him ncefdP Nis nan swa swiSe bed&led ryhtwisnesse p he nan ryht andsceal.
5
,

Hu

wyrde
20

nyte,

gif mon

acsaff.

p

Plato

se ufiwita scede ;

he cwce^ :
to

Forpd hit is swide ryht spell swa hwa swa ungemyndig
his

sie rihtwisnesse*,

gecerre hine

pa
his

ryhtwisnesse gehydde

mid pees lichoman

gemynde ; pon fint he peer hcEfignesse 7 mid

modes gedrefednesse 7 bisgunga.} f ii \f)a cwcefl ic : Ic eom gedafa
.

pp
eac

25

Plato

scEde.

Hu

ne mynegodest

1

pu me

was soft spell p nu tuwa pcere
8

ilc an sprcece

god

p

nesse.

hcefdeforgitenp gecyndelice ic oninnan me selfu hcefde, for $CES lichoman hefigsEt ofiru cerre pu me scedest p $u hcefdest ongitenp me
ic

P ceres t pu cwcedep

ic

selfufiuhtep
30 oninnan
nesse

hcefde eallunga for loren

p

gecyndelice

god p

ic

me

pe
1

unrotselfu sceolde habban, for pare ungemetlican f)a cwcefi he : ic h&fde for fia forlcetenan welan.
ic

peer pu gemyndest pa word pe
Boeth.
iii.

pe

scede on

pcere for man

bee,

pr. 12.

Turn ego, Platoni, inquam/ &c.

4
7

2 em. beortre B. 3 em. unrihtwisnesse B. Orig. ealle, but e erased. 5 em. acsigen B. 6 em. rihtwissesse B. Orig. hig B, g turned into t. em. gecynielic B. myndgodest J.
1

3

g6

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE
miht l

[XXXV.

2

p on
ic

pu
3

be

pa wordu genog
-Da cwcefl
)a cwceft he

sweotole ongitan
ic
:

p ft

?u

cer

scedest

p

flu

nysstest*.

Hwcet was p, hwcet

scede

p

ffu

p
7
*

: f)u s&dest on pcere ilcan bee weolde pisses middangeardes, ac pu scedest ongeate pte 4 ne mihte ivitan humeta he his weolde, o$$e hu he his fou

ic

nyste

?

P

God

5

weold.
ic

f)a cwcefi

ic

:

Ic

geman genog gear a
ic
set

5

his

was
:

cer
ic

8oa C.

daele

ongeate,

pe gepafa.~\ *$eah wolde giet his mare
nauht
ser

hit
>e

min agen djysig, (5a be sumum

cwset) he

Ne

t5e

ne tweode

tfoette
:

Da geheran. God rsedde
10

7 wiolde

ealles middangeardes. Da cwae(5 ic Ne me giet nauht ne tweo(5, ne nu nsefre ne twioS ; ic Se wille eac sona 6 Ic Gtfypaf] $ Ses sec[gan~\ be hwsem ic hit aerest ongeat.
swi"5e

middangeard wses of

[maneg^m 7

mislicum j^ingum
15

gelim[^ 7 g^/]angod. 7 Naere(^) Se (hi) gegaderode 7 geradod[<?], swa wi^erwearda 8 gesceafta, ]?on[w^] ne wurdon hi naefre ne geworht[<?] ne eac gegaderod 7 gif he hi ne gebunde mid his unanbindendlicum 9 racen[/^], (Sonne toslupen hi ealla 7 nse[r* 10 no\ swa gewislice ne swa endebyr[tf7z ^] ne swa gemetlice hiora stede 7 hiora ryne funden on hiora stowu 7 on hiora
;

gega[derod, 7 swjfte faeste tosomne

;

20

tidum, gif an unanwendendlic God (ncere pe heora^ weolde. ic hate God, swa swa ealle pone God], Saet f he is,
gesceafta hatacS.
iii e.

Da

cwag<5

he

:

Nu 8u
switJe

haefst,
"SobC.

ne ^earfe

ic
;

nu nauht

ma be Code recce
t5a

forlp[dpu ea]rt
J>e

f swa openlice ongiten swincan $ ic 8e ymb nufulneah *cumen in on 12
"Sset

25

ceastre faere soSan gessel^e, fu lange 3er ne meahtest aredian. Ac wit sculon swaj>eah secan f -f wit ser mynton.

13

pa

cwaetS ic

:

Hwaet

is

^aet
14

?

Da

cwaeS he

:

Hu

ne tealdon

wit ser f te genyht wseren gesael^a, 7 J?a gesa3lSa [ze^rjen 30 God? Da cwaetS ic Swa hit is [swap ju. sasgst. Da (cwced)
:

he

:

God
Boeth.

ne bepearf [w^]es ooVes fultomes buton hi s
iii.

[se/fes~\

e
1

pr. 12.

1.

25 P.

Turn

ilia,

cum

haec, inquit, &c.

4 2 3 nesse J. meahte J. Conject. om. B. _yj^ J. 7 6 erased in B. Last ^/V om. B. Conj./J;/ B. geare J. n lo nceron no J. unabindendlicu B. /(? /%^ra conj. om. B. M ware B. 13 B. lang C.

XXXV.
,

4]

DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHISE
1

97

mid to wezldanne, [fie] ma fe he aer forfte fonSaem gif he aeniges [/&]ltomes on weorce; [fid] aenegum fingum bet$orf[/*], forme naefde he (0) self geno[^]. Da cwsetS ic Swa hit is swa tSu [gvr/]. Da cwaeS he:
his gesceafta

to

2

:

5

purg hine selffra ^*] gesceop eall Sing 7 ealra wylt. Ne maeg ic f aes oSsacan. Da cwaj^JS he [cw&JS ic
:

Da
:

yr
:

we fe

haefdon $ gereaht f
:

God
4

waere furh hine selfne good.
3

Da

cwaecS ic

Ic

:geman f Su swa

saedest.

Da

cwaeS he

purg good God
is

gesceop eal

Sing, forSaem he wilt furh hine

10 self[*] ealles faes

ana

staSolfaest
riht

fonSaem he
stiora

fe we aer cwaedon Saet good wsere; 7 he wealdend 7 stiora 7 st^orroSer 7 helma 5 7 [r/ eallu] gesceaft[ww], *swa swa good
,

*

8ia C.

anum

scipe.

[ffo] cwaetS ic
]?aer
7

:

h[afo] funden duru
15

faer ic aer
^/P] gesion
;

Nu ic ge[w^
swicSe

(Se

6

andette

ic

ane] lytle cinan,
lytelne

swa

Saet ic

uneaoj^
[^/r^

OTZ

scima[

kohtes] of fissum fiostrum

7 feah [/

taehtest aer
OT<?]

fa

duru, ac

ic

f]

meahte mare aredian, b[ufon
fie ic

p

ic

hire}

grapode ymbutan [f

pat

/j//]le

leoht geseah ivr\inclian.
bee

Ic fie scede] gefyrn ser on 20 se) fruma waere ealra

]>iss[e

ikan
;

p

ic]

nysse (hwcet
8

25

fa gerehtest f u me f hit Da nysse ic eft ymb f one [ende, cer] f u me eft [z^,y G/]. Da saede ic f e f ic nysse gereahtes -p Sset [z^dEr^ eac God\. hu he wiolde ac u hit haefst nu gesceafta /ar] 10 swiSe sweotole ge[r^/] 9 swylce u haebbe duru f fa *[broden] e ic aer sohte. Da andswarode [he me] 7 cwaetS Ic wat f f ic Se aer .Saere ilcan spraece, 7 nu me
\_gesceafta]
[^/r<2
;
J>

[#z<?]

,

:

f u ongite
ac
(ic)

myndgjW*] swa swa u

%\[ncf>

p}
;

leng swa bet \_ymbe\ fa soSfaestnesse

wolde [gif fie] eowian sume bysne, (ac) swa sweo[M?] swa sio waas f e ic (fie) aer saede. cw&d Hwaet [ w b ^ D[ ic] iv h 30 ?] cwaeS he Ne *[mag ncznne monfics]s twiogean fte ealra gesceafta [agnu] willum God ricsaS ofer hi, 7 eaS[w^/z ^] hiora willan wendaS to his willan. [Be fiam
:
.
:

*

8ib C.

* Boeth.
1

iii.

pr. 12.
2

1.

44 P.
3
7

Cum
B.

deus, inquit, omnia, &c.
"

/^

J.
s

to B.
l

jwa om.

om. B.
9

8e

om. B.

^

B.
8

5

anbroden B.

ungeaQe B. swa only once B.

8

//w^/ B.

gereaht

].

H

98
is]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
swicSe

[XXXV.

4

sweotol

Saette

God

aeghwass
/fo>]

\wealt
;

mid /]aem
fortSaemfe

helman 7 mid Saem
ealla
[^^^/"/]

stior[ro#r*

goodnesse

to

cumanne

gecyndelice hiora agnu [willum fundiaff} saedon on to Code, [JMKZ swa we 0/7
1
<5isse
<^r]

ilcan [foe.

)a

cwced

ic

:

Hwi

ne

2

]

mseg

(z

<r)

faes twiogan

;

5

[forfid Godes anwe~\z\d naere

hiora unwillu him \herden* \ ^zbra #7z]willum [ponces ne wjanes weortSscipes wyr<5e gif [^ 4 Nis nan gesceaft Je tiohhie hlaforde herden. Da [cwced he~] 10 scyle winnan witS hire scippen[</ wi /la~\u gif hio hire
:

eadig[/& gif pa ^Jsceafta 7 eft] fa gesceafta naeren nanes
full

[j^

^zb]
5

Nis nan gecynd J?e cynd healdan wille [i?a cw(B$\ ic eft winne buton vvi S hire willan dys[?^- mon., o]St5e \$rippenfa& fa witSerweardan engla^. [*a <rw^] he Hwaet wenst t5u ?
. : :

6

7

gif senegu [gesceaft ] tiohhode

8

^ hio
ic:

witS his willan \_sceolde~]
15

wmna.ii, hwaet hio
* 823 C.

meahte wiS [swa wz /^Jtigne swa we hine

[peak hi willon. maege o^e
:

gereahtne \habbad~\\ f)a wundrode he 7 cwced : Nis^ *nanwuht

Da

cwaeS

Ne magon

hi

nauht,

swa heaum Gode 9 witScwetSan. Da ic Ne wene ic -f aenig wuht sie tSe wiS winne, buton wit aer spraacon. Da smearcade he 7 cwaeS Wite geare Sset is f hehste god, (5aet hit eall swa mihtiglice macacS 7 eall Sing gesceop 7 eallu swa [^Jreclice racaS 7 swa Da cwaeS \ic : ecSelice buton ^_elcu\ geswince hit eall set.
wille
:

20

Wei]

me

licode

(Sset

Ipu aer saedes,
lQ

7

1p[ises

me

lyst nu~\ giet

bet; ac

me
:

sceamacS nu %[cet
(Hwcet),
ic

ic hit

cwae S he

[sunu sceo^ldQ bion se hehsta god of[^r ealle offre ] godu 7 he sceolde bion ricsian on \\eo[fenu]} 7 pses heo[_/^w^] sunu, 7 sceolde sceolden ricsian sceolden u gigantes 15 bion eonSan [suna], 7
12
13
,
"Sa

ealdum

wat \p ftu lob Saturnes [leasu] spellum Jte

Da 25 cer] ne ongeat. oft reccan on ^Jherdest
J

3

ofer

eor[/0

;

7 /a]

sceolden hi bion swelce hi waeren

beam, [geswys^LQiTxa. sunu, 7 hi eortSan.
1

16

forSaemfe he

sce[o/0(?

^<?w]

heofones

w from
A^ B.

7

Ja
2
8

[sceolde ]

J>2em

J,
5

om. B.
gecynd B.
10

hwone

J.
7

gigantum off incan From J, herdest B.
3 8

4
/<

wzV^ C.

gesceaft B.
"

9

goode B. 13 godas B.

"

conject.,;? B. em. sceolde C, scoldon B.

&/

saturnus C.
I6

em. gesceaft, 12 odrw J.

15

gigantas B.

geswystrena B.

XXXV.

5]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
rice
;

99

he haefde hiera

woldon
J>a

tobrecan lpo[ne] heofon

1 fa sceolde he sendan funras 7 ligeta 7 windas, 7 toweorpan [eall\ hira ^?weor|V] mid, 7 hi selfe ofslean.
;

under him

*[:ty/]lica leasunga
5
2

soSspell, gif
gelic Sisum.

seggan him fa leasunga naeren swetran, 7 feah swiSe

hi

worhton, 7 meahton

eacSe

*

82b C.

10

dysig Nefrod se Nefrod waes Chuses sunu; Chus w^s Qhames* sunu, Cham 4 Noes. Se Nefrod het \\[yrca]n 5 aenne tor on Saem felda Se Nen[jar] hatte, 7 on cSsere f iode Se Dezra 6 \hatte, mon nu hat swtJSe neah aere byrig

Hi meahton seggan hwylc
se

gigant worhte;

]>

\J>e

dydon [for pa & ]ngum f e 7 hi woldon witan hu heah {hit ware] to (fern heofone, 7 hu Sicce se [he/on w]aere 7 hu faest, oftSe hwset J>aer[0/&r Ac hit gebyrede, swa hit [cynn* was], $ se godcunda wald 9 hi
#03]ilonia.
"p

hi

ze*z?r<?].

J5 tostenc[/^

10

#?r ^z hit fullwyrcan ]

mosten, 7

to[zmzr/>]

Sone

of[slog, 7 hiora .rjprsece todaalde on tu Swa gebyreS aelcu [para >]e 7 hund [seo/onh ]g gef ioda. wintS wicS ftaem godcundan him

tor, 7 hiora

monigne

nan weortfecipe on [^FW,
20 hsefdon.

a~]c

anwal[^; ne] gewyxtS hi wyrS se gewanod
J>e

aer

v
aeft

i.

Ac

loca

nu

hwaec5er
J>u

wille

cSaet

"

habba<5

aenigre gescezdwt snesse furffur, wit ser sohton. Ic wene

[w//] giet spyrigen nu wit tJset funden
gi/"

12

^

J>eah,

wit giet uncru
soft:

word tosonmQ
25 faestnesse

sleaS,

p

deer
aer

ara Je wit J?
cSu wille.

*asprunge sum spearca up ne gesawon. Da cwsefc ic
:

* 8 3a C.

Do

Da cwseft he Hwaet, naenne mon nu swa mihtig f he maege wyrcan f f he wille. Da cwsetS ic Ne tweotS Saes naenne 13 mon Se auht wat. Da cwaecS he HwaeSer aenig mon wene 14 f [auht sie God don ne maege l5 Da Ic hit 16 wat ] fe
(swa) swa

ne tweotS $

God

sie

:

:

.

Saet

nauht nis faes
1

J>e

he [don] ne msege.
1.

cw[^/]c: Da

cwaecS he

:

Boeth.

iii.

pr. 12.
2

66 P.

<

Sed uisne rationes, &c.
3

1

4
8

r^
fy

lygetu B. B.
J-

From
9
3

^/ above
sennar B.
B.
14

line C.
6

J,

anweald B.
/

10

2

afunden B.

From J, chaames 7 like dera in C. -p tostente B. gespyrigen 15 16 B. /w AzV om. B.
Looks
"

B. B. B. B.

H

2

100

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
l

[XXXV.

5

Wenstu hwaeSer
Ic

[he tfzjaege senig

yfel

don ?
:

Da

cwaeS

ic

:

Da cwaeS he SoS Ipu saegst, wa[/ /] he ne maeg. forSaem hit is nauht ; }?aer yfel auht wsere, jxmne meahte hit

God wyrcan

;

forSy

hit is
2
,

nauht.

Da cwaeS

ic

:

Me

]}incS
5

f Su me dwelle 7 dydre swa mon cild deS; laedst me hidres 3 w&du Saet ic ne maeg ut aredian. 7 Sidres on swa ForSaem Su a ymbe sticce fehst (eft} on Sa ilcan [^>]raece ]?e
J>icne

C.

7 forlsetst eft Sa aer Su hi geendod haebbe, 7 on uncuSe Jy ic nat (#) hwaet wilt. Me })inct5 Su ^werfe ymbeutan sume wundorlice 7 seldcu/e spraece 4 ymbe (5a anf^dnesse ]?aere godcundnesse. Ic geman ^ tSu me 5 asr reahtes j^ wundor/?V spell be /a Su me reahtes f hit *waere eall an gesaelcSa 7 f hehste god, 7 cwaede f ^a gessel Sa wseren on Sasm hehste goode faeste, 7 f hehste good wsere
}?u aer spraece,

fehst
j>

;

>u

10

t$<2

aslc 7 he wsere full aelcre gesaelSe; 7 u cwaede 6 waere God. ~j eft Ipu saedes f Godes goodnes 7 7 his gesaslignes [7] he self cSaet tJaet waere eall an, 7
self,
j>

God

15

gesaelig

mon
8
\\

Son[i]
to

sere se

hehsta

God

;

7 to (5aem

god[<?

<?<2/]la

(/ ^ hy
(his]
]>

gesceafta fundiacS
9

Se

hiorcz
}?u

[^Jcynd healdaS, 7

wilniacS

c[umon\

.

y

eac

saedes ftaette

God

wiolde ea[//]ra
;

20

goodnesse 7 eac saedes ealla gesceafta hiora agnum willum ungenedde him waeren underSiodde. ~j nu on las/ }~u saedes ^ yfel naere nauht.
gesceafta
stiorrbcSre his

mid Saem

7 eal[/] pis

Ipu

gereahtes to softe swi^e

gesceadwify/rjce,
25
]

buton
ac

aelcre leasre raedelsan.
.

vi k

[i?<2]

cwaeS he
ic

:

pu

saedes aer

-f

ic
",

Se dwealde n
ac Se saede

;

me

Sine s selfum f
spell

nauht ne dwelle
J>e

12

7 wundorlic, 7 unc gefyrn to gebaedon 7 nu giet ic tiohhie Se hwaethwugu uncuSes gerecce be Saem ilcan Gode. Hit

swiSe lang

13

swiSe gesceadlice be Saem
;

Gode Se

wit

ic
is

j>

30

g[^]ynd
k

Jraere

godcundnesse ^ hio maeg bion ungemenged
pr. 12.
2

Boeth.

iii.

].

93 P.

Turn

ilia,
3

Minima,
l<ztst

inquit,

&c.

4

cenig om. B. andfealdnesse B.
1

7

/$
11

w^r^

B.

8

dwelode B.

12

me hider 7 fiider B. e ^zV om. B. em. goodes C, godness B. 9 ic om. B. B. tocumeu ]. Conject. 13 Aafe Se B. 7 om. B.
dwelige j dydcrie B.
5
J>on

XXXV.

7]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

IOI
*

l wi?) otSr[f] gesceafta *buton ofterra gesceafta fultome, swa swa nan o(Ser gesceaft ne maeg. Ne maeg nan otfru gesceaft be him selfum bion, swa swa (gio) Parmenides se sciop

84a C.

5

giddode j cwtS Se selmihtega God is eallra finga reccend, 3 7 he ana unanwendendlic wunaft, 7 ealra (5ara anwendend2
:

licra welt.

ForSaem
(5aem
swaefter

(5u
(5e

ne

nauht
J>earft

sw/Jfo \vundrian. (5eah

we

spyrien

aefter

z#<?

m\idma~\
10

we

hit

ongutmon, swa mid laes worda swa gereccan magon. Deah \we\ nu scylen
<5a

manega 7 mislica bisna 7 bispell reccan, (Seah hangatS ure mod bisna ealne weg on we aefterspyria(5. Ne fo we noon 4 J?e
J>3em

7 on

leasena spella lufan, ac for(5aem<5e we woldon mid gebecnan 6 ]?a so Sfsestnesse, 7 woldon (Sset hit wurde to nytte (5am geherendum. Ic gemunde nu ryhte J3es
(5a

5

bispel for

"Sara

15

wisan Platones lara suma, hu he cwseS Sset te 7 se mon se Se bispell secgan wolde, ne sceolde fon on to ungelic bispell (5ae re
spraece
lice
]?e

he (Sonne sprecan wolde.
ic

Ac

geher nu geftylde-

hwaat

J>uhte,

nu sprecan wille, Seah hit/*? 8 gefyrn aer ^^^yt 8 ende a be/ lician wille. hw3S(5er/ 9 vii 1 (5a Ongon *singan 7 cwaeS (Gcscelig 6i? se mon
J<?

*

.

:

84!)

C.

20 pe

godes, 7 mceg geseon pone hluttran CEwellm pees hehstan We scidon of him selfu aweorpan mceg pa piostro his modes.

get of ealdu
gio Saette

25

H\i gelamp leasit spellu fie su bispell reccan^] an hearpere wses on Saere Siode (5e Dracia n hatte, sio waes on Creca rice; se hearpere waes swiSe ungefraeglice good, Saes nama waes Orfeus he haefde an swicSe aenlic wif,
;

sio waes

haten Eurudice

12
.

Da ongon mon
se
j>

secgan be (Sam
]?a

hearpere ^ he

stanas hi styredon ls for Sy u swege, 7 wildu dior (5aer woldon to irnan 7 stondan swilce hi tamu waeren, swa stille, (Seah him

meahte hearpian

wudu wagode, 7

30

men oSSe hundas
1

wi S eoden,

(5aet

hi hi

15

na ne onscunedon.
Cott. Metr. xxiii.

Boeth.

iii.

met. 12.
!

Felix qui potuit boni, &c.
B.
3

* From B, 7 C. 8 from J, gebeacnian B. fie both 9 om. B. After (in C) there is a letter (apparently g), then a blank space of about two-thirds of the line. The allit. verse begins next u 12 10 racia B. eurudice B also. line. em. hehtan B. 14 13 once B. fid B. hirgedon B.

J.

God om.

5

da om. B.

6

unawendenlic B. 7 te om. B.

cw<zQ

"

fo"

102

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
saedon hi f Saes hearperes \_wif mon sceolde *laedan to helle.
~\

[XXXV.

7

Da
8 5 a C.

saule

Da

sceolde acwelan, 7 hire sceolde se ^arpere
saet

weorSan

swa
bion,

sarig

f he ne meahte

monnum

ac teah to wuda, 7
;

ongemong oSrum on Saem muntum
5

aegSer ge dseges ge nihtes weop 7 hearpode Saet Sa wudas l bifedo[] 7 Ipa ea sfodon, 7 nan heort ne onscunode nanne ne hara naenne hund, ne nan neat nyste nsenne nan Icon, andan ne naenne ege to oSrum for Saere mergSe 2 Saes sones.

Da Saem
lyste

on

Sisse worulde,
3
,

nanes Singes ne hearpere Sa Suhte Saet hine Sa Sohte he Saet he wolde gesecan 10
(J>a)

7 onginnan him oleccan mid his hearpan, 7 him ageafan 4 eft his wif. pa he Sa com, (5a sceolde cuman Sasre helle hund ongean hine, nama waes Ceruerus 5 se G sceolde habban heafdu 7 (ongan) 7 mid his steorte, 7 onfsegnian plegian wi(5 hine for his
helle

godu

biddan f

hi

"Sider

J>aes

,

J>rio

;

15

hearpunga.

nama

waes Sser eac swi^e egeslic geatweard, Saes sceolde bion Caron se haafde eac J?rio heafdu, 7 (se)
;

Da

waes switSe oreald.

Da ongon
(5a

hine gemundbyrde
8$b C.

hwile

se hearpere hine biddan f he he Saer waere, 7 hine
J>e

for^aa gesundne eft Sonan *brohte. Da gehet he him he wses oflyst t5aes seldcutSan sones. Da code he funSur, oc5 he (^)mette Sa graman metena 8 Se folcisce men hataS Parcas, Sa hi secgaS Saet on nanum men \\yi\_on nd]i\Q are, ac selcu men wrecen \be his~\ gewyrhtu ; hi secgaS Sset walden [a]elces mannes wyrde. Da ongon he biddan heora 9 blisse Sa ongunnon hi wepan mid him. Da eode he furSur, 7 him urnon ealle hellwaran ongean, 7 laeddon hine
"Saet,
J>a

20

25

;

sprecan mid him 7 biddan hweol Se Ixion waes n to 12 gebunden Leuita cyning for his scylde, Saet oSstod for his 30 hearpunga. 7 Tantulus se cyning Se on Sisse worulde unto hiora cininge,

7 ongunnon

ealle

)?3es

Se

10

he baed.

7

f

unstille

13 Ssere gemetlice gifre waes, 7 him Sser Saat ilce yfel filgde gi15 he se ultor sceolde forlaatan Saet he ne 16 fernesse, gestilde. 7
"

5

8
3

From B, agefan C. bifodon B. mirhfe B. gatu B. 6 em. cenieruerus C, aruerus B. se om. B. B. fagenian i0 12 miltse B. tie om. B. votes om. B. lauita B. gydena B. 13 16 em. fas C and B. So B also. ne om. B. fyligd* B.
"*

1

2

3

4

"

"

XXXVI.
slat
<5a

i]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
Sticces
call
J>aes

103

lifre

witnode.

7
Sam
<5a

1 cyninges Se hine aer mid Sy he hellwara witu ges/zldon Sa hwile
>e

5

*longe 7 longe cyninge h[^]arpode. Wutun cleopode se hellwara cyning 7 cwaeS hearpode, agifan cSsem esne his wif, forSaem he hi haefS geearnad mid
<5a

beforan

Da

he

* 86a C.

:

hearpunga. Behead him Sa f he geare wisse [ p h]z 3 he Sonanweard hine naefre underbaec ne besawe, [.rz jSSan he sceolde waere 7 saed[/] gif he hine underbaec besawe
his
;
j>

2

forlaetan
10

"Saet

wif.

Ac

(Sa lufe

mon maeg

swiSe unease oSSe

na 4 forbeodan; weilawei, hwset, Orpheus Sa laedde his wif mid him O(5 5 he com on jj gemaere leohtes 7 (Siostro. pa code Da he furSum 6 on ^ast leoht com, Sa beseah f wif sef t him.
he hine underbsec wiS
"Sees

wifes

;

(Sa

losade hio

him

sona.

Das leasan

(spell) laeracS

15 Siostro to flionne

20

liohte to cumanne, 8 7 he hi eft f he hine ne besio to his ealdan yflum, swa ^aet swa hwa ForcSgem hi aer he swa fullfremme swa fullice dyde. swa mid fulle willan his mod went to Sse yflum Se he aer fullice liciatS, 7 forlet, 7 hi "Sonne fullfremecS, 7 hi him fonne he hi naefre forlaetan ne )?ence(5, "Sonne forlyst he call his

7 to

(53es

gehwylcne so San godes

mon

Sara

(5e

wilna S helle

gerraw good,
*J?ridde

buton he

hit eft gebete.
9

Her

endat5

nu

sio
* 86b C.

boc Boeties, 7 onginnetS

sio fiorSe.

XXXVI m.
se Wisdom tSa Sis leo^ swiSe lustbaerlice 7 gescead10 asungen haefde, Sa hsefde ic t5a giet hwylchwugu Ssere unrotnes[w] J?e ic (r) haefde, minum mode on [^wjynd Eala Wisdom, Su [/] eart boda 7 forerynel 7 cwsetS soSan kohtes, hu wundorlic me SincS -f Saat Ju me recst;
i.
>a

wislice

25

:

<5ses

forSsem

God
30
J>ios

ongite f te eall wisse eac purhSe,7 ic
ic
m>t

<5a3t

me ser reahtes me reahte n ser be sumum daele ac me haefde
J>u

j

unrotnes amerredne, f ic hit haefde mid ealle forgiten.

7f
a
B.

m
dcdes B. s om. B.
9
1

Boeth.
2

iv. pr. l.

Haec cum Philosophia, &c.
3

^

^^ conject. om. B. 8 B. for} B.
10

From ],forfd 7
"

B.
8

4

^^
^/^7

ongCnQ C.

hwcethwega B.

om. For w
/<7

B.

ra/^ B

has mihte.

104
is

DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
dael,

[XXXVI.

i

eac minre unrotnesse se msesta

se

gooda God
7 he
hit

laete

aenig yfel bion,

f ic wundrige forhwy oSSe gif hit feah bion
hit
}>

l

wrece.

wille, gej>afian (pon) sona ne Sset is to wunHwaet, Ipu meaht Se self ongitan drianne, 7 eac oSer Sincg me SincS giet mare wundor f is f te dysig 7 unrihtwisnes nu rixsaS ofer eallne middangeard, 7 se

scyle,

forhwy he

;

5

wisdom 7 eac oSre craeftas nabbaS nan lof ne naenne weorSscipe on Sisse worulde, ac licgaS forsewe[^] swa (swa) miox
*

8ja C.

men o[ ^Jelcum l[a]de sindon nu habbaS Hwa maeg goodan *weorj>e 7 J?a manigfeald witu. forberan -f he f ne siofige 7 swelcre waefSe ne wundrige, Saet te aefre swylc yfel geweorSan sceolde under Saes selmihtgan Codes anwalde, nu we witon f he hit wat 7 aelc good wile ? n ii Gif hit swa is swa ftu ssegst, [a0]a cwaeS he
under feltune
;

7 yfele

10

.

:

f egeslicre wundor, (Saem gelicost

(Sonne

is

"Sonne

senig ocSer broga, 7

is

endeleas 15
sien

(5e

on sumes cyninges hirede
;
<5u

2 gyldenu fatu 7 selfrenu forsewen, 7 treowenu mon weorcSige. 3 Nis hit no swa swa (5u wenst ac gif call Saet gemunan

wilt

f we

embe

4 ongitan $ (5a godan beoS 20 tfoet nabbacS nsenne anwald waldende, symle 7 J?a yfelan ; 7 crasftas ne bioS nasfre buton heringe ne buton edleane, J?a
"Su
J>a

spraecon, mid spreca S, (Sonne meaht
ser

(5ses

Godes fultume

(5e

we nu

un^eawas nasfre ne bio(5 unwitnode, ac Sa goodan symle gesselie, (7 pa yfelan ungescelige}. Ic Se maeg eowian Saes swiSe manega bisena, Sa Se magon getrymian
[ne]
bio"S

25

*

8;b C.

wille Ju leng siofige. Ac (ic) nu giet getsecan Sone weg Se gelaet to heofonlican byrig Ipe Su \csr~\ of come, siSSan Su ongitst *[/]urh mine

to

Son 5

"Saet

Ipu

nast hwaet

J>e

<5e

J>aere

lare hwaet sio
serest

soSe gesaelS biS, 7 hwaer hio biS.
6

Ac

ic sceal

Sin

mod
Son

gefeSeran
hit

ahebban

aer

maege hit Se yS up 30 hit on Sa heanesse, fleogan onginne
,

Saet

hit

j>

maege hal 7 orsorh fleogan to his earde, 7 forlaetan selce Sara gedrefednessa Se hit nu SrowaS. Sitte him on minu
n
1

Boeth.
6

iv. pr. i.
2

1.

19 P.

Turn

ilia,
3

Et

esset, inquit,

&c.
*

bion om. B.
B.

8

}d

sylfrenu B. gejiderian B.

hit nis B.

bioS B.

XXXVI.

4]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
him on minne weg;
(Sa

105

hraedwsene; Socrige
fteow.
iii
.

ic

bio his lad-

Da

se

Wisdom
:

>is

spell areaht haefde, (5a ongort

he singan 7
5

c\vse(5

(Ic hcebbe swifie swifte fepera,

p

ic

mceg
ic

fliogan ofer pone hean hr of pecs heofones. moste pin mod gefifierigan mid pa fifieru, p
fliogan,

Ac
ffu

peer

mihtest

nu mid me

pon miht pu ofersion ealle pas eordh can ping. Gif pu pe fligon ofer pa rodore, pon mihtest pu gesion pa ivolcnu under pe, 7 mihtest pe fliogan ofer pa fyre pe is 10 belwux pa rodore 7 pare lyfte; 7 mihtest pe fer an mid sunnan betwyx pa tunglu, 7 ponon weorpan on pa rodore, 7 Se sififian to pa cealdan stiorran pe we hatafi Satumes steorra.
mihtest
p<zre

is eall isig

J

5

pon amig offer pu pon ford ofer pone tungol. aferod *, pon list pu Icetst behindan rodore, pa pon pe pone hehstan 7 bufan swiftan
; se
offru steorrii
hist

wandrafi ofer

ufor

Sidfion

heofon.

SiftSan

pu

peer ricsdd an cyning ;
se

miht habban pinne d&l pees sodan leohtes. se hczfd anweald eallra odra cyninga;

gemetgad pone bridel 7 p gewealdleper ealles ymbhweorftes hiofenes 7 eorpan ; se an dema is, gestcefidigj beorht ; se stiorfi
20

pa hr&dwczne
weg 7
hionan
to
:

pcere stowe

cwepan

ic

nu

ncefre

Ac gif pu ofre cymst on pone pe $u nu geot forgilen hafst, Pon wilt $u pis is min riht efiel ; hionan ic was &r cumen, 7 was acenned ; her ic wille nu standan fceste ; nelle ic hionon. Ic wat peah, gif pe csfre gewyrti p fttt wilt
eallra gesceafta.
eft

25 offfo

3 pu nu pa

fandian^ para piostra pisse worulde,pon gesihst unrihtwisan cyningas 4 7 ealle pa ofermodan rican bion swifie unmihtige 7 swifie earme wreccan, pa ilcan pe pis earme folc nu heardost ondrtzt.}
iv P.

most

:a
^

cwae S
"Su

(ic)

:

Eala,

Wisdom, micel
tSset

is

?Saet

7
"Su

30 wundorlic
hit

gehaetst,

7
ic

ic
J>e

eac nauht ne tweoge ^aet
halsige
;

maege
5
,

gelsestan.

Ac

lette

ac getsec
iv.

me Jone weg
I.

fonSsem

Su me no leng ne Ipu meaht ongitan

Sunt etenim pennae/ &c. Cott. Metr. xxiv. Turn ego, Papae, inquam, &c. 2 3 nu partly aferod written over an erased word. fundian B. 4 erased. em. B has cyning, with an indistinct letter following. 5 lade B, with t written above the d.
P
1

Boeth. Boeth.

met.

iv. pr.

2.

106

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
lyst
"Sees

[XXXVI.

4

me
a

weges.

Da

cwaecS he

:

pu

sceal[/] aerest

ongitan f

cSa

goodan [/fo^JbaS
yfel

sy[/w]le anweald, 7
;

c

-

ncB/re nanne, *ne nsenne craeft

pa yfelan forSaem hiora nan ne ongit
Gif
<5a

f te good 7
"Sonne

bioS symle gewinnan.

goodan
5

syle habbacS anwald, f>onne nabbaS }?a yflan naefre naenne ; forSaem f good 7 f yfel sint swicSe unsamwraede. Ac ic (ffe) wolde giet be aegSru Sara hwaethwugu sweotolor

gereccan, recce be
^Sing

-f

maege cSy bet gelefan cSe ic Se ocSre hwile Saem o(5rum, o Sre hwile [be] Saem o(5ru. Twa
<Su

sindon
willa

(5e

aelcej^]

monnes
gif

Sonne

7

anwald;
bi"S,

ingec^onc to fundaS, f is 10 tSonne hwaem Sara twega
<5aem

hwaeSres wana

nanwuht fullfremman

J?onne ne maeg he mid a Forftaem nan nyle onginnan
.

he nyle, buton he nede 2 scyle 7 maeg, gif he (Saes (Singes anwald naefS.
;

<5eah

he

eall wille,
<5u

Be Saem

sweotole ongitan, gif

he naefS, (5aet so^ ne maeg
;

gesihst wilnian (pa bi3) anwaldes wana. Da cwaecS ic ic o^sacan. Da cwaeft he Gif (5u
(Sti

aenigne

mon

<5aes

he ne meaht Se
:

15

f) is

:

"Sonne

J>aes

C.

Sonne hwone 3 gesihst (5e maeg don -f f he don wile, ne nauht ne tweocS ^ se haebbe anwald. Da cwaeS ic Ne tweo(5 20 me (5aes nauht. Da cwaetS he *^Elc mon biS waldend
<5e

:

:

Saes

<5e

he

4

welt
:

Da
f)u

cwaecS ic

(naif he nanne anweald pees ffe he ne welt}. Da cwae S he HwaecSer paes ic com geSafa.
;

ft

:

ser reahte; f wxs fte maege gemunan f ic to wilnaS monnes selces ingeSanc faere soSan gesael Se to 6 5 Da cwaeft ic hi hiora earnien (5eah cumanne, ungelice

nu

giet

<5e

25

.

:

^
he

ic
:

geman genog sweotole me is Gemunst Su f ic cSe (cer) saede
;
;

Saet gesaed.

Da

cwaecS

]>

[hif\ waere eall

an good
:

Da cwaecS ic 7 gesaelSa se pe gesaelcSa secS, he sec^ good. Da cwaecS he Ealle 30 faeste on gemynde. f) ic haebbe genog
:

men

ge goode ge yfele wilniacS to cumanne to goode,

f>eah

hi his mislice wilnien.

Da

cwaecS ic
is

:
"})

is

socS

f

J?u

saegst.

Da cwaecS he Genog men goode, Se hi god
:

sweotol f
gemetacS.
3

cSaet

te

7

forSy sint gode
ic
:

Da
B.

cwae S
4

Genog open
5

1

fremman

B.
7

2

ne B.

hw<zne

he om. B.

he B.

6

earnige B.

te

om. B.

XXXVI.
hit
is.

6]

DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
he
ic
: :

107
hi

wilniaS.

Da cwaeS Da cwaeS

pa goodan begitaS f good f

Swa me SyncS.

Da

cwaeS he

:

pa

l naeron \na yfek g\i hi gemetten Saet good Saet hi 3 2 hi hit ne metaS wilniaS ; ac forSy hi sint yfle J?e 7 forSy 3 cwaeS ic Da 5 hi hit ne metaS Se hi hit on riht ne secaS.

yfelan

,

:

Swa

hit is

swa Su
5

saegst.

Da

cwaeS he

:

ForSaem

*hit is
J>a

4

*

9 oa

c

-

10

nan tweo f ta goodan beoS syle waldende, 7 yflan nabbaS naenne anwald; forSy Sa goodan Saet god on riht Da cwaeS ic Se Se ne 6 wenS secaS, 7 (da) yflan on woh. 7 $ Sis soS sie Sonne ne gelyfS he nanes soSes. v q. Da cwsecS he HwaeSer wenstu nu ? twegen men fundiacS to anre stowe, 7 habbaS emnmicelne willan to
:

,

:

^z/"

15

8 cu[w^]nne 7 o^er hsefS his fota anweald f he mseg gan 9 swa swa eallum monnum gecynde waere f hi Saer he wile naefS his fota geweald f he maege gan, 7 meahten,

to

;

,

o<5er

wilnacS

Seah

to feranne
"Sara

10
,

(7)

weg
ic
:

twega Nis f gelic se buS mehtigra se Se gseS J>onne se Se criepS, forSaem he maeg cuman eS Sider Se he wile ponne se oSer ;
; ;

hwaecSer

n

onginS creopan on 12 fincS Se mehtigra ?

ilcan
]x>ne

Da cwaecS

20 saga elles
ilce
]3

$ Su

wille, Saet

wat

aalc

mon.
;

Da

cwseS he

:

Swa

goodum 7 Saem yflum 3eg]?er heora wilnaS for gecynde f he cume to Saem hehstan goode. Ac se Sider he riht forSaem he his on cuman wilnaS, gooda maeg he wilnaS, wilnaS, 7 se yfla ne maeg cuman to Saem
biS Saem
>e

25

*forSaem hi
Since
16
.

spellu.

on wog secaS 15 Ic nat Seah )?e elles hwaet Da cwseS ic Ne SincS me nauht oSres of Sinum pa cwaeS he Genog rihte Su hit ongitst, 7 f is eac
hit
. :

14

*

:

tacn pinre haelo
hi siocne

;

swa swa

laeca

gewuna

is

fy

hi

mon ge[^ ]oS,

gif hi hwilc ungefaeglic

cweSaS Sonne 17 tacn on

30

him
flite

18

gesioS.

Me

SincS nu f 1pm gecynd [7] Sin gewuna

swiSe swiSlice wiS Saem dysige. vi r Ic haebbe nu ongiten f Su eart gearo to ongitanne
.

r
1

Boetb. Boeth.

iv. pr. 2. iv. pr. 2.
2

1.
1.

42 P.
3

Rursus, inquit,
te

69 P.

6

no J. ne om. B.

/ B.
7
"

Sed quoniam gemetaS ^B.
8

10
15

farenne B. serf B.

ne sie B. twegra B.
B, ffence

foda C.
JtinG C.
1T

si duo sint, &c. ad intellegendum, &c. 4 5 nis B. da B. s he wile om. B.
J><zr

12

16

From

C.

he B. gelice B. 18 him on B. unfaglic B.

13

14

108

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

[XXXVI.

6

lara; fonSy ic t$e wolde gegaderian manzgu spell 7 manega bisna be (5aem f tfti meahte (5y ecS ongitan hwaet ic .s^an wille. Ongit nu hu unmehtige J?a yflan men nu hi ne magon cuman (5a ungewittigan ge1 2 jreafta wilnia S to to cumanne 7 hu micle unmihtegran hi waeren gif hi his nan gecynde naefden. Beheald nu mid hu
bio<5,

mina

"older

"older

;

5

hefigre

racentan
>a

Hwaet,

cild,

dysiges 7 ungej/t5a hi sint gebundene. (5onne hi furSum gan magon, 7 eac (Sa

ealdan ceorlas,
weorcSscipes
C.
stafiiflz

hwile
J>a
J>e

hi

gan magon, wilni[a]S sumes

7

sumre

maer(5e.

Da
3

cild
*
(5aer

ridacS

on
4

hiora 10

7 rntfnz^fealde plegan

plegia<5

hi hyria(5

ealdum

monnu. 7 ^a dysfgan nanwuht nella S onginnan Saes c5e hi 5 him awSer 6 maegen to wenan o S Se lofes ot5(5e leana, ac doS f
wyrse
eallra
is
;

irnacS hidres Sidres

7

dwoligende under Ipsem hrofe
gesceafi^ witon, $15 wee/fas betera/z (Sonne sceal bion ge}?afa, sam he
]^a
9
8

ges^afta;
tSa

niton
)?a

7 fte dysegan men.
nylle,

(5a

ungewitte\^gan~\

ForcSy sint
selc

unt5eawas, fortSaamfte

mon

wille

sam he

f se

sie

anwald^gost

(5e

maeg becuman

to

heh^/a hrofe eallra gesceafta, p is God ; pa nis nanwuht ]?a 10 w^ nanwuht benypan ne jwz^utan, ac ealle sint 20 beufan
J>ing

binnan him on his anwalde.

Se

God

is

swicSe to /wfianne.

cer $ se waere anfetSe mihtigost se pe meahte n dael (5isse eorpan ende, swa ^te nan (fieah he wolde} ofer ^^re ? ilce meaht fiisse eorlpan God^, ^ ^ ge^encan j^u

Hu

ne cvvaede/^

gan

o"S

^

swa

s\va

cuman
vii

cwsedon, $ se bi S meahtegost }?e to him 25 maeg, forSaem he noh wider ofer ^ cuman ne maeg. s Be eallu Sissu racu meaht ongitan ^ (Sa goodan
asr
.
J>u

we

9ib C.

bioS simle *mrttige, 7 Sa yflan beoft aelces maegnes 7 aelces craeftes bedaelde. hi forlaeten Hwy wenstu Sonne
"5a
j>

craeftas

7 folgien

cSaem

un^eawum
Ex quo

?

wille
8

secgan f

hit sie for
1.
2

dysige f hi hi
fit,

wene ^ Su ne cunnen tocnawan.
Ic
<5eah

30

Boeth.
to

iv. pr. 2.

86 P.

quod huic obiacet/ &c.

3 once B. ungemihran B. plegan plegiaS in small characters beneath last line of page. Orig. onhyriaQ B, on crossed 6 5 out and ofer written above. From B, hit C. czgper B. 8 7 From J, anwealde hegost B. hider 7 pider B. gewittigan J.
1
* 9
llj

Conject. biifan B.

ll

an C.

XXX VI.
Ac hwy
feah
5

8]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
Su
?
]>[onne]

109

hwaet saegst

$

sie

forcuSre forme sio unSaet
aef t

g[m"jeadwisnes

hwy geSafiaS

hi

hi

bioS
?

nyllaS hy spyrian aef t craeftum 7
Saet

wisdome

dysige ? Ic wat

swongornes hi ofsit 7 hi mid slaewSe ofercymS, 7 Wit cwsedon ]) eah aer f nanwuht naere Ac hwaet willaS wit nu wyrse fonne ungesceadwisnes. cweSan *, gif J?a gesceadwisan habbaS unSeawas 7 nyllatS Ic wat feah f Su wilt spyrian seft wisdome 7 aef t craeftum ?
gitsung hi ablent.

10

cweSan f wrsennes 7 ungemetfaestnes hi ofsitte ac hwaet is bi^ to ungemetlir^ fonne unstrengra Sonne se mon tedran flaesce, buton he eft geswice 7 oferswitfed mid winne \vit5 uncSeawas swa he swi Sost maege ? Ac hwset wilt ]?onne cwetSa[], gif hwa nanwuht nyle wi(5 winnan, ac mid fulle willan forlaet aelc good *7 fulgae S Saem yfle, 7
;
f>e

"Saem

f>a

"Su

*

92a C.

J

5 bitS (5eah

2

gesceadwis

?

Ic secge sie
cSone

unmehtig 7 eac

ealles

nauht
4

;

fortSaem
forlaet,

swa hwa swa

goda swa 5
20 b;tS

buton tweonne ne
$ he
craeftig sie,

bit?

3 ^maenan God eallra se nauht, Ac hwa

willnatS

he

wilna<5

hwa swa
good

cSonne craeftig bi^, he
;

bi(S wis,

^ he wis sie swa 7 se (Se wis biS, he
;

good biS, se bi(S gesaelig, 7 se (Se 7 se Ipe eadig bitS, se biS god, be (Saem daele (Se we aer reahton on (Sisse ilcan bee. Ac ic wene nu hwonne f dysige men willen wundrian Se ic aer
se Ipe
]x>nne

gesaelig biS, se biS eadig,

f>aes

saede
25 (pe]

;

(Saet

waes

Saette

yfle

men

naeren nauhtas, fortSaem

Sara

is

ma

]?onne

otSra.
}>ara

Ac Seah

hi his

nu

nsefre

ne gelefen, (Seah
tSone
yflan
8

hit is

swa; ne magon we

naefre

mon

claenne 7 untwifealdne,

m<2-on

hatan oSSe habban deadn^

mon

30

cwuca Sonne nyttra Se se ne hreoiud ; ac se pe ungereclice \iofa
biS se
healdan, ne biS se nauht.
viii*.

Son 6 cwucone 7 deada, gif him his
for

gereccan ma Se we
;

ne
yfel

7

his

gecynd nyle
*

Ic

wene

J>eah

]>

swa
*
1

gelic, Saet se yfla

cweSan ^ hit ne sie *ralles 9 maege don yfel Seah he good ne
wille

Su

Boeth.

iv. pr. 2.

1.

106 P.

Sed possunt, inquies, mail/ &c.
2

1

*

J>e

From B, wit nu wit cw<zdan C. em. gesceadwise C and 5 From >.godC. From B, gooda C. swa hwa swa B. Half the u of cwucone gone. se om. B. good above line in
7
8

9

B. B. C.

110

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
;

[XXXVI.

8

maege, 7 se deada ne maege naufter don anwald "Sara yflena ne cymft of nanum

ac

ic fte

craefte,

secge f se ac of unftea-

wum
hi

;

ac gif
yfel.

fta yflan

nan

Ne
f
yfel

bioft

symle goode waeren, 1 ftaet nane mehta f
;

J>onne

mon

ne dyden maege yfel
5

don, ac bioft unmeahta
reahton,
(se)
fte
-p

gif (fi)
sie,

nauht ne

soft is f we aer gefyrn ftonne ne wyrcft se nauht,
:

yfel

saegst.

Da
swa

Da wyrcft. cwaeft he :
-J?

cwaeft ic

Genog

soft
aer

Hu

ne reahton we

$ is $ tfa f nanwuht
:

naere mehtigra ftonne
hit is ftu saegst.

Da

hehste good ? cwaeft he: Ne
:

Da
hit

cwft ic
J>eah

Swa
10
:

nan

yfel

don.

Hwaefter aeni

Da cwaeft ic mon 2 wene f
call ftset ftaet

Dset
senig

is

soft.

Da

ne maeg cwft he

mon
?

sie

swa meahtig
cwseft ic
:

f he maege don wenft $zes nan

he

wille

Da

Ne
:

mon
J>e

his gewit

hsefft.

Da

cwaaft he
:

Da cwasft ic Eala, Hwaet, yfle men magon fteah yfel don. ftser hi ne meahton. Da cwaeft he Hit is sweotol f hi
:

15

magon don
f

yfel,
;

7 ne magon nan good
*ac
})a

;

is

forftaem^e
^<2<5baft,

93 a C.

^yfel nis nauht
hi

goodan, gif

hi fulne

anwald

goode f f hi willaft. Forfty is se fulla anwald to tellanne to ftaem hehstum goodum, forftaem aegper oftru good 7 fta crasftas fte we longe aer ge se anwald ge nemdon sindon faeste on ftaem hehstan goode. Swa swa aelces huses wah faest aegfter ge on ftaere flore ge on ftaem swa bift aelc hrofe, good on Gode faest forftaem he is aelces
to
J>a

magon don

20

<5ift

;

godes aegfter ge hrof ge flor. Dy is a to wilnianne J^aes anwaldes j3 mon maege good don forftaem ftaet is se betsta
;

25

anwald f mon maege 7 wille wel don, swa laessan spedum 3 swa maran, swaefter he haebbe. Forftaem swa hwa swa 4 wilnaft good to donne, he wilnaft good to habbanne 7 mid

goode
fta

to bionne.
:

5

Forfty

is

se Platones cwide
to
6
.

he cwaeft
yflan

Da wisan ane magon don magon onginnan -f hi willaft
;

genog soft (pe) 30 goode f hi wilniaft 7 Ic nat nu fteah ftu
;

cwetS[0#j] pa goodan onginnen hwilu f hi ne magon ac ic cwefte $ 8 hi hit bringaft symle forft forftbrengan
wille
;
1

5

for

bid B. bis B.

6

(znimon C. swa above line C. 7 $u om. B. wilniaQ B, apparently ivillad orig.

2

3

4

ivillafi
8

B.

}eah B.

XXXVII.
oeah

i]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

III
*

weorc ne msegen fullfremman, *hi habbaS Sean 2 willan, 7 se untw^fealda willa bicS to tellanne for fullfremed weorc. ForSaem he nagfre ne forlist 3 Seem leanum ocSSe her oScSe Seer oSSe ^egSer 4 peah willatS Sa
hi ftaet
1

9 3b C.

fullne

.

5 yflan

wircan $ f hi lyst, Seah hit nyt ne sie 5 ; ne forleosaS hi eac Sone willan, ac hab&^ his wite oSSe her oSSe elleshwser

oSSe aegSer

;

se yfla willa to

donne
7

6

hiora welt.

magon
10

begitan f good f willan secaS, nales J?urg rihtne

hi wilniaS, forSy hi hit

ForSy hi ne Surg Sone
(5a

weg.

Se yfla willa
se

naenne geferscipe wicS
spell areaht hsefde,

J?a

gesaelcSa.
eft

Da

Wisdom

Sa ongan he

singan 7 fus cwaetS:

XXXVII".
i.

(Geher nu an

spell be

pa ofermodu 7
beofi

J>am

unrihlwisu

cyningu.

pa

we gesiofi sittan on pa
hrceglu,

hehstan heahsetlu;

pa scinad

uton ymbstandene* mid 7 15 miclon geferscipe hiora pegna ; 7 pa biod mid fetlum 7 mid gyldenu hyltsweordu 7 mid manigfealdu heregealwit gehyrste,

on

manegra cynna

7 preatiafi eal moncynn mid hiora pry mme.
ne myrnti* nauper ne friend ne fiend pe
biofi

7

ma pe

se pe hiora welt wedende hund, ac

swiSe ungefrcEglice up ahafen on his mode for

pa

unge-

20 metlican anwealde.

awint ofpa clap as, 7 him oftihd para penunga 7 pees anwealdes, pon miht pu geseon

Ac gif him mon pon
para
his

$

25

pegna sumu pe hi par peniati, u gif him nu weas gebyrefi p him sume hwile wyrd para penunga oftoken, 7 para clapa, 7 pas anwealdes 12 pon pined him p he sie on carcerne gebroht, offie on 13 racentu. Forpd ofpa unmcetan 7 pam ungemetlican gegerelan,
buton he forcuftra
10

he bioti swifie anlic

sie.

7

,

of pa swetmettu 7 of mistlicu dryncu pees lipes onwcscnad sio wode prag pcEre wrannesse, 7 gedrefd hiora mod swide swidlice. pon weaxad eac pa ofermelta 7 ungepwcernes ; 7 pon hi 30 weordafi gebolgen.ponne wyro p mod beswungen mid pa welme
* Boeth. iv. met. 2.
1 2

Quos uides sedere/ &c.
!

Cott. Metr. xxv.

3 4 em. dallanne C, tellenne B. fulle C. So also B. agBar B. 5 7 From B, fonne C. peak hit nu ne sie nyt B. B basfurhtne for 8 8 em. ymbstandende B. ])urg rihtne. orig. murriQ in B, u altered to y. em. hives B. 12 em. anweades B. 13 em. unmetta B. Qm.fordra B.
"

112

DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE
hatheortnesse,
ofificet

[XXXVII.

i

pare

hi weorpafi gerapte mid pare unSifidan

rotnesse,
ongirifi

7 swa

gehcefte.
se

p

him leogan

tohopa

pare

wrcece, 7

pon gedon bid, fionne swa hwces swa his
5

irsung wilndfi^ ,pon gehet himpashisreccelest. Ic pe sade gefyrn cer on pisse ilcan bee p ealle gesceafta willnodon sumes godes

for gecynde ; ac pa unrihtwisan cyngas ne mag on nan god don, forpd icpe nu sccde. Nis p nan wundor, forpa hi hi underpiodafi eallu pa unpeawum pe ic pe cer nemde. Sceal (Forme nede to para hlaforda dome pe he hine ar underpeodde, 7 pte wyrse is, p he hi onnylefurfiu wi$ winnan. peer he hit a anginnan wolde, 7 pon

10

pam gewinne purhwiinian ne mihte,pdn ncefde he his nane scylde^
ii

v

.

)a

se

Wisdom

(Sa

"Sis

leoS
:

asungen

haefde,

pa

ongon he eft spellian 7 pus cwseS Gesihst pu nu on hu miclum 7 on hu diopum 7 on hu piostrum horoseacSe para uncSeawa goodan scina S yfelwillendan sticia S, 7 hu
"Sa "Sa

15

beorhtor ponne sunne ? ForcSsem pa goodan naefre ne beoc$ bedaelde para edleana hiora goodes, ne ^a yflan naefre para hi geearniga S. y^Elc Sing Se on pisse worulde gedon wita
"Se

biS haefS edlean

2 wyrce hwa f Saet he wyrce, oSSe do f he 3 Nis f eac nauht unriht; do, a he haefS f f he geearnaS
;
.

20

swa swa gio 4 Romana peaw waes 5 7 giet is on manegum 6 piodum, f mon hehS aenne heafodbeag gyldenne aet sumes serneweges ende fsertS Sonne micel folc to, 7 yrnacS ealle endemes 7 t5a (5e hiora aerninge trewatS. 7 swa hwelc swa serest ^Elc to paem beage cymtS, ponne mot se hine habban him.
, ;
,

25

95b C.

wilnatS

f he scyle *[]res/ to cuman 7 hine habban, ac

anum
;

life

he peah gebyrecS. Swa deft eall moncyn on Sis andweardan 8 irnaS 7 onettaS 7 wilniaS ealle pses hehstan goodes men anum nis nanum ac hit getiohhod, ac is eallum monnu.
;

ForSaem

is

selcu tJearf

f he higie
rihte

ealle

maegene

asft Saere 30

mede
*

;

Saere

mede ne

wyrcS (ncpfre)

nan good man

bedaeled.
bi(5

Ne maeg

hine
T

mon no mid
iv. pr. 3.
2

hatan se gooda, gif he
igitur,

Boeth.

Videsne
s

&c.
"

1

em. willaS B.
for faaw wees B.
bedceled
.

//
6

B.

5
J>eawas
8

N

gyldene C-

earnaS B. 1 endemest C.

gio om. B.
3

ealles B.

om. B.

XXXVII.
c5aes

3]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

113

bi(5 bi(S

hehstan goodes bedaeled, forSaem nan good (5eaw ne buton goodu edleanu. Don yflan -f f hi don, syle
J>a

5

beag goodes edleanes (5aem godu gehealden on 1 ecnesse. Ne maeg yflena yfel fa goodan beniman 2 heora goodes 7 hiora wlites ac gif hi (5aet good 2 buton 3 \\irn selfum haefden meahte hi mon his 4 beniman,
se
.J>ara

;

,

<5onne

10

5 hit aer sealde, oftcSe o(5er mon Ac man leanu his he his forlset. forlyst good good Ongit mi ^te aelcum men his agen good gifS good edlean, him selfu bicS. Hwa wisra manna wile ty good fte oninnan hehstan goodes, god man sie bedaeled fonSaem he syle as ft ]?aem swine (5? Ac gemun (Su syle

oc5er twega, oftcSe se

.

J>e

"Sonne

<5onne

cwe<San

]>

<znig

J>aes

J>se[.f]

miclan 7
6

otSr[]
15

fasgran *edleanes, for Saem -f edlean is ofer eal *Q6a C. lean to lufianne ; 7 do lean to (Saem for]^3es
"Saes

sprecenan

7

goodu

ic Ipe

aer
J>e

tealde
bio<5,

ponne
God.
eadig,

hi

]^on()e gegaderudu
"Sa

on j^riddan bee. Sonne meaht ]?u (
J>aere

ongitan J

gesaelSa 7
J>u

jxmne 7 f ealle
.

7

hehste good [^??] call an, 7 -f -p meaht eac ongitan ^ aelc good man bi(S gesaelige men biocS godas, 7 habba S ecu

20 edlean heora goodes.
iii

w For Saem ne

j^earf

naenne wisne
;

yflan naebben eac ecu edlean hiora yfles
tSu

haeF($

25

nu wene $ hiora hwylc 8 gesaelig 9 sie J?eah symle his yfel mid him, 7 eac f aes yfles edlean (5a hwile Ipe hit hi licaS 10 Nis nu nan wis mon f nyte f te good 7 yfel syle ungej?waere betweox him, 7 syle on tu willatS 7 swa swa Saes godan godnes bi(5 his agen good, 7 his agen edlean, swa bi(S eac (Saes yfelan yfel his agen yfel 7 his edlean 7
.

mon tweogan cSa f biS ece wite. peah her for weorulde, he
j>

bio<5

;

his

agen
7

wite.

Ne

t\veoc5

30 nsebbe
wita,

(jyfet).

Hwaet wenac5
?

naenne mon, gif he wite haef $ he hi bion bedaelde tSara ]?a yfelan $
<5,

sint fulle aelces yfles

Nalles no f an

-f

hi

bio^ afylde,

ac forneah *[/0] nauhte gedone.
w Boeth.
1

Ongit nu be
Quae cum
.

"Saem

godu hu

iv. pr. 3.
2

1.

30 P.

ita sint,

&c.

From B,^z
B.
5

C.

4
/fo"

ma
8

^^f B, 7 /z^ra
5

.

.

good om. B.
7

B.

^5r?/ J,
10
i?

om. B.

gescefye B.

^&;r B. /zVatf B.

3 nafden B. foresprecenan B.

114

DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE
J?a J?a

[XXXVII.

3

micel wite

yfelan syle habbacS

;

7 gehere

l

get
j>

sum
j>te

bispell,

7 geheald
haef(S,

wel

Ipe

ic
2

<$e

aer

saede.
J>e

Eall

annesse
;

7
hi

]:a

man
3

hit f we secgaft ^ te sie ]?a hwile 3et[,r]omne bi(5 samwraednesse we hatacS good. Swa swa an mon bit5 hwile (5e sio saul 7 se lichama aetsomne ]^a ]?onne
biot>,

5

(Sonne gesindrede biocS,

waes.

limu

;

f he aer Jxmne f) ilce )?u meaht gef?encan be J^asm lichoman 7 be his 4 gif ]wa lima hwylc of bi S, Jxmne ne biS hit no full
bi(S (he) Saet

3

ne

man swa
fro gewit
aer
7

hit aer waes.
bicS

Gif eac hwylc good
5

man from gode
forlaetac5

gewit, fonne ne
6
;

he J?on
hit

ma

fullice
(5a

good, gif he eallunga 10

fonan
8

t5a

dydon, 7

good

forlaetacS

yflan gebereS f ne beo^ ^ hi aer waeron. 7 weortSatS yfle, ponne ne
j>

f f
hi

hi

Ac jxmne
bio<5

^

hi

nauhtas

butan anlicnes
ac hi habbat5
loren,

7

mon maeg gesion ^ hi gio men waeren, mennisces Jxmne fone betstan dael for9 Hi forlaeta S $ gehealden. ]?one forcuj?estan
;

^

J>aes

15

97a C.

gecyndelice good,

j5

sint
<5a

feah mannes
iv x
.

anlicnesse

mennisclice ]?eawas hi libbaS. hwile
}>e

;

*7 habbaS

goodnes hi ahefS ofer t$a menniscan gecynd to Son 10 ^ hi bioS godas genemde n swa eac hiora yfelnes awirpS (hi) 12 under ]?a mennis[r<2 ^<r]ynd
m<znna
,

Ac swa swa

20

^ hio bioS yfle gehatene ^ we cwe<5a(5 sie nauht. swa gewlaetne mon metst he biS ahwerfed from goode to yfle, ne meaht ]?u hine na mid ryhte nemnan man ac neat. Gif on hwilcum men ongitst he 14 hatan mon, ac wulf ; gitsere 7 reafere, ne scealt )xi hine na 7 ]x)ne re^an Ipe biS J>\veorteme Su scealt hatan hund, nalles
to J?on
;

13

For^xm

gif tSu

]>

bi<S

J>u

j>

25

mon
7

;

7 fone leasan lytegan
ungemetlice
<5

scealt
J>u

]x>ne

modgan 7 yrsiendan
hatan leo
15
,

hatan fox, naes man ; to micelne J?e

andan

haef

}m

scealt

naes

man

;

buS swa

16

slaw

[/
1.

^Jcealt hatan assa

ma

}?onne

7 Jxme saenan man; 7
&c.
3

3

Boeth.
1

iv. pr. 3.
2

50 P.
3
Az"

Sed cum
.

ultra homines,
*

/z wtf om. B. .fionne om. B. 8 7 * ^r om. B. y^o/w ^7^ ge-wite B. 7 ow. B. fa B. 10 9 fid B. genemnedc Orig. forcuSesan in B, the s altered to r. 15 12 13 14 a om. B. Ho B. B. B. Conject. om. B and C. 16 B.

V

geher B.

/^

om. B.

.

"

J>d

/<?

XXXVIII.

i]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

115

)x)ne ungemetlice

fyrfe

(5u

l eargan fe him ondrset ma fonne he ma hara meaht hatan forme mon; 7 faem un-

gestse(5($egan

7 faem galan
4

winde gelicra
5

oc5(5e
J>e

monnum
on

;

7 fsern

he meaht 3 secgan *uustillu fugelum fonne gemetfsestu 5 (Su ongitst fte ligcS on his lichoman
2

]?u

<5set

bi<5

*

97 b

lustum, f he

bi(5 anlicost

fettum swinu Je syle willa 5 licgan
nsefre
hi
6

fulum

[ j0/]um,
;

7 hy
ac
J>eah

nellatS

7

zspy\_ltgan

o]
hi
8

hluttru[/n] waetru
9

seldu
<Sa

hw[<?]nne

beswemde

weorSen, fonne slea^ hi
.

eft

on

solu
spe//

7 bewealwiaS
areaht hsefde,

Da se Wisdom lojoenm 10 he eft ongon smgan 7 /us

Sis
J>a

]?a

cwaeft

:

xxxvin y.
mcBg reccan of ealdu leasu spellu sum swifte Hit gebywit nu ymbe sprczcon. rede gio on Troiana gewinne ft pair wees an cyning Jxzs nama twa pioda under fia kasere. pa fiioda Aulixes ; se
i.

(/C

n

#<?

anlic spell Jxzre sprcEce

}>e

J5

h<zfde

wceron hatene Ipacige 7 Retie, 7 pees kaseres na?na wees Agamenon. f)a se Aulixes mid pam kasere to pa gefiohte
for,

pa

hcsfde he

sume hundred scipa

;

pa

wceron hi sume ten

se cyning eft ha cerde fro pa kasere, gear on pa gewinne. 20 7 hi land hcefdon gewunnen, pa ncefde he na 12 ma scipa pon

pa

p an; p was
sce.

stormscE.

pa

)a gestod hine heah weder 7 peah prerefire. Wearfipa fordrifen en an iglond ut on fleere Wendelwees peer Apollines dohtor lobes suna ; se lob was
licette p he sceolde bion se hehsta god ; 7 p him gelyfde,forpa$e he was cynecynnes ; 7 hi nyston

hiora cyning, 7
25 dysigefolc

neenne oflerne

god on pcene

timan, buton hio^a cyningas hi

weorpodon for godas. pa sceolde pees lobes feeder bion eac 13 god ; pees nama wees Saturnus ; 7 his suna swa ilce eelcne hi
y

Boeth.
B.

iv.

met.
2

3.

Vela Neritii duels, &c.
3

Cott. Metr. xxvi.

1

mare

5

B has
is

he for

B. h&lgan 6
nizfre

te.

B

Looks likefaran

in C. a mixture of a and e.

From B, gelicran C. em. meah C. * 7 hi om. B. om. B. asfylian ]. 10 u Conject. the vowel in eft om. B. 18 12 B. em. he na above line.
*
<zlcine

I

2

Il6

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

[XXXVIII.

i

l for god. pa was hiora an se Apollinus pe we cer 2 ymb sprcecon. pees Apollines dohtor sceolde lion gydene,

heefdon

Sio hi seedon sceolde bion swide dry pcere nama wees Kirke. erczfhgu, 7 sio wunode on pa iglande pe se cyning onfordrifen Hio hcefde peer swide mide 5 wearci, pe we cer ymbe sprcecon.

werode hire

fiegna,

7 eac

ofierra

mcedena.

Sona swa

hio

geseah pone fordrifenan cyning 3e we cer ymb sprcecon, pees nama wees Aulixes, pa ongan hio hine lufian, 7 hiora cegper ofierne swide ungemetlice^ swa pte he for hire lufan

forlet

his

done first for hiora

p

forlcetenne.

hio sceolde

his cynren, 7 wunode mid hire ofi him ne mihton leng ??iid gewunian, ac eardes lufan 7 for pcere wrcece tihodon hine to )a ongunnon lease men wyrcan spell, 7 seedon p mid hire drycraft pa men forbredan, 7 3 we orpan hi
rice
eall

7

10

his degnas

an wildedeora

lie,

7

sioffan slean on

pa

racentan 7 on cospas.
to

I

5

Sume

hi seedon

p

hio sceolde

forsceoppan

leon,

7 pon
hi.

seo

sceolde spreean,

pon ryde
;

hio.

Sume

sceoldan bion eforas,

7 bon hi sceoldan hiora sar

siofian, pon grymetodan

Sume

wurdon wurdon

to to

wulfan

pa

Sume fiuton^pon hi sprecan sceoldon. Swa wearff* eall 20 deorcynne pe mon hat tigris.

pa

deorcynnu, eelc to sumu cyninge anu. ALlcne mete hi onscunedon pe men etad, 7 wilnodon para pe deor etap. Ncefdon hi nane anlicnesse manna ne on lichoman ne on stemne, 7 eelc wisste
se geferscipe forhwerfed to mistlicui?i

diore, buton

pa

peah

his gewit

swa swa he

cer wisste.

p gewit

was swide

25

sorgiende for pa ermfium fie hi drogan. Hwcet, 3isu leasungu gelefdon, peah wisstonp hio mid pa

pa menn pe
drycrcefte ne

mihte

para monna mod onwendan, peah hio pa lichoman onwende. Eala p hit is micel crceft* pees modes for pone

lichoman.

Be

swilcu 7 be swylcu

pu

miht ongitan

p

se crceft 30

pees lichoman bid on

pa

mode, 7 pte celcu

men ma

deriafi his

modes unpeawas. -Bees modes unpeawas 6 tiod eallne pone lichoman to hi, 7 pees lichoman mettrumnes 7 ne mceg p mod
eallunga
to

him
B.
6
unj>eaiuas

m
5

2

em. dohdor B.
conject.

em. crcefB.

5 4 em. B has ft. em. weorcd B. 1 om. B. mettrumnes B.

XXXVIII.
ii

2]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE
:

117

z.
;

f)a,
j>

cwaetS ic
(5aet

Ic

saedest

wses

hit

eom ge]?afa ^ ^ nauht unriht naere

is

soft

^

(5u aer

mon
j>

J)a yfel-

willendan

men
l

[0]nlicnesse haebben
5 se

hi mannes hete ne[/]enu oc5(5e wildior, ac gif ic haefde [.yzw Jlcne anwald swilce
>eah

;

hce~y$, J^onne ne lete ic no Sa [jyfe!a~\n Da cwaecS derigan |)aem goodum swa swicSe swa hi nu do (5. he Nis hit him no swa longe alefed swa (Se (SinccS ac (5u

aelmihtiga

[

God

:

;

meaht ongitan tfeet him bi(5 orsorgnesse, swa ic *J?e nu
10 asmettan nsebbe for

switfe hraedlice gestiored \hiora\
rihte
2

secgan
paer

wille,

ic
f>eah

get

* iooa C.

o Sre spraece.

anwald naefden

(5e

hi

wenaS $
fonne
hi

hi haebben,

swa micel wite swa
ungesasligran lyst, (Sonne hi
15 his dysige
6
,

hi

habban sculon.

fone jwnne naefden hi Da yflan biocS S} mle 3
7

hi

unnettan

J>onne

magon
hit
is
-f

(Surgtion f yfel f hi

*

fonne

bion tfonne hi

don ne magon,

)?eah

men ne

gelefen.

Hit

swicSe yfel
hit

wille

7

hit is

J)eah micle

wyrse

mon

^ mon yfel 7 maege (don)
;

for Saem
fyre, gif

se

yfla willa biS
(Saet

tostenced swafaer

rec

8

beforan

mon

habbaS hwilum
20
j)

<5rio

weorc Jurgdon ne 9 maeg. Ac (5a yflan 30 an is f hi yfel willacS, o^er unsaaltSa
;

^

hi

magon,

f>ridde

$

hi

hit

]?urgtiotS

;

forSaetncSe
\_fia
:

God
is

haefS

ge[/zb]hhod

to

sellanne

witu 7

ermSa

j Jflum
ic

Hit monnii for u hiora yflu^ w?orcum. Da cwaeS ic swa 12 [swa] Su saegst 7 j^eah ic wolde gewyscan, gif
;

meahte,
25

hi naefden (5a heardssel Sa
]>

Da

cwaecS he

:

Ic

wene

<5eah

f hi meahten yfel don. f *him losige se anwald aer
>eah

*

ioob

C

wolde o^Se hi wenen forSaem nanwuht (nis) longJ>onne Ju faeres on tSys andweardan life, monnum tSynce f hit Ac swicSe oft se micla anwald Sara yflena gehrist long sie.
;

swiSe
3

faerlice, swa (swa} great beam on wuda wyrcS hludne dynt ]?onne men laest wenatS 7 for (5aem ege hi beoS simle swifte earme. Gif hi ponne hiora yfel earme gedeS, hu ne Sonne semle ^ lange yfel wyrse J>onne (5aet scorte ?
;

z
1

Boeth.

iv. pr. 4.

Turn ego, Fateor, inquam, &c.
2

celtnihtga C, czlmihtega B.

])on hi B.
7

From
line in B.

B,
8 I2

C

has

From B, ruhte C. micle mon p instead oi p mon.
8

3

B.
6

*

^on

wile C.

don above
"

B.

for om. B.

swa )e recels B. swa hit is B.

ne om. B.

10

ungesceljia

Il8

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
<Sa

[XXXVIII.
>eah

2

peah nu cwetkn f

yflan naefre ne

hi

yrmcSa ealla yflan her on
sweotol f
[zV
:

so<5a

wolde wurden deade, (ic) waeren earmoste 7 ungesaelgoste *. Gif fa sint we longe aer ymbe reahton -f (5a
>e

weorulde habban scolden, fonne
biocS [dfe/*]ase

is

tSse[/]

(Sa

j^/

yrrnSa wundorlic

ece
J>e

2

bio(5.

Da
J>eah

cwaeft 5

z>]

f

t$u
;

saegst,

7

swiftf/]

earfocSlic

*

ioia C.

ac ic ongite f hit dysegum monnu to ongitanne belimpt) genog wel to (Saere spraece (5e wit aer ymbe spraecon. Da cwaeS he Ic ne sprece nu 3 no to *dysegum monnum, ac sprece to we[/] wilniaS wisdom ongitan
:

<5am

;

10

f>e

forSaem f
ongitan.

bi"5

tacn wisdomes f hine
gif dysegra

mon

welnige geheran 7

Ac

hwone tweoge

seniges }?ara spella fe

we

3er

ymb

sprsecon on fisse ilcan bee, Sonne gerecce he gif
leas,

he msege o^er twega, o^Se Jara spella sum
wit sefterspyriaS ; faere sprsece fe 7 gelefe faet wit on riht spyrigen.

o^Se ungelic

o^e

fridde wend, ongite 15 4 Gif he ]?ara nan nyte ,
o(5er
6
,

5 fonne nat he hwset he msenS. iii a Ac ic fe mseg giet tsecan
.

Ip

mg
is

Se dysegum
J>eah

monnum

wile (Sincan giet ungelefedlicre

7

gelic J?am spelle is Saet la Singa

Se wit sefterspyria S. Da 7 cwaeS 7 ? Da cwae S he (Hit} is f
:
J>e

ic

:

genog Hwset
yflan

20

"Saet
J>a

bioS

8

wean

micle gesaeligran on Sisse weorulde habbac5 micelne sien Se hiora (yfelu\ <5onne witu for 7 manigfeald
J>a

* loib C.

worulde for hiora nane wraece nabbacS ne nan wite on Ne wene feah nan mon -f ic for Saem anum Syllic yfle. sprece (Se ic wolde un^eawas taelan *7 goode herian 7 mid
<5isse

25

(Saere

bysne
ic
:

men
;

ege faes wites

Sreatigan 7 tyhtan to godu feawu for 9 10 ac for ocSru Sincgum ic hit sprsec get swiSor.
J>aem

DacwaecS

buton

for (Saem

For hwylcum ocSrum tSingum woldes )?u f sprecan fu nu saedes ? Da cwaeS he Gemanst
:
J>e

30

11 fu hwaet wit aer sprascon ? anwald 7 gesaelcSa, 7 syle

j)
J>a

12 wses fast (Sa goodan haefdon naefre nau<5er. naefden yflan

a

Boeth.

iv. pr. 4.

1.

37 P.

Nam

hoc quoque quod dicam/ &c.
3

1

4
w<?

2 From B, eac C. 7 ungesalgoste om. B. 5 aw Sara between he and /;?wtf C. deft B. 7

ww above
"

line

C.

ungekfendlicrc
9
j/r<?

B.

f)a
line.

.

.

.

Unga
"

bm."

B.
12

8
P>om

above

B.

^5?

B,

^?W C.

B.

B.

XXXVIII.

3]

DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE
f)

119

5

geman. Da cwse(5 he Hwset wenst (5u hwylcne swi(5e ungesseligne mon, 7 (5eah ongitst hwaethwugu goodes on him, hwsecSer he sie swa swa nanwuht goodes naefcS ? Da cwaetS ic se ungesaelig Se me (5incc5 gesasligra J?e hwaethwugu haefS. Da cw2et5 he Ac hu nanwuht goodes naef(5, Sonne be Saem

Da cwaeS
?

ic

:

ic

:

nu

gif

>u

gesihst

<5e

:

:

>e

J>inc<5

J>e

gif

he haefS
sie

*

sumne eacan

yfeles

?

se }?u wilt secgan j^onne
for
<5aes

giet

ungesseligra
:

fonne
ffe

se

o(5er,

yfles

eacan.

Da
10

cwsecS ic
:

ongit ]?onne mid innewearde mode f Sa yflan habbacS syle hwaethwugu 4 is hiora wite ; ^ mon maeg godes on gemong *hiora yfle ;

he^

Telo

ponne
;

Hwy p

ne sceolde

me swa fyncan ?
2

(f)a cwceff

swa pinc3}\

j>

*

io2a C.

j>

bi S (unwitnode) call hiora yfel
15 yfel

him swiSe eatSe gereccan mid rihte him to goode. Ac fa on fisse worulde habbacS su
f>e

hefigre 7
;

frecenlicre
is is
-f

worulde

f f
tSaet

5 fonne senig wite swa on 6 him bi(S unwitnod hiora yfel on

fisse
})isse

weorulde,

-f

sweotoloste tacen

J?ses

edleanes aefter fisse weorulde, 7 lp aes wyrrestan Da cwse S ic Ne 7 mseg ic f ses oftsacan.
:

maestan yfeles on worulde. J)isse

Da cwS

he

:

20

Sa yflan forSaem him biS buton hiora yfel J?onne (5a sien Se him bi S hiora gewyrhtu forgifen ForcSsem hit is riht be hiora gewyrhtum. yfel geleanod hit is mon Sa wog f hi mon kete 7 yflan, f (pa) yflige

ForSaem

sint ungesaeligran

unwitnode.
25

he

:

riht

Da cwaa S ic Hwa otfeaecS Da Ne maeg nan mon oftsacan f hit ne sie call good f te woh bi(5. Da cwae S ic Ic com (bid), 7 call yfel Jte
cw<$
:

?

J>aes

:

sprsece, 7 wundrie forhwy swa Da cw(5 he rihtwis dema senige unrihte gife wille forgifan.
swifte

gedrefed mid

<5isse

:

)a cwcefi ic : Forpafit Su aer pczt ? 30 cwaede Sset he unriht dyde f he lete unwitnod (5a *yflan.

Be hwaem

(cwest pu

*

io2b C.

Da

cwgeft he

:

])
;

is

his
is

rumedlice gifS

<5aet

micel gifo

weorSscipe ^ he swa giful is, he gebit ocSj) Sa yflan
j>

7 swa

ongitaS hiora yfel 7 gecierratS to goode.
b
1

Da

cwsetS ic

:

Nu

Boeth.

iv. pr. 4.
2

1.

58 P.
B,

Habent

igitur

improbi/ &c.
8

ncefd B.
5

From
6

nu git C.
7

inneweardan B.

4

yfel B.

sie

B.

ungewitnode B.

ne om. B.

120
ic

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE
hit

[XXXVIII.

3
1

faem yflum, ac is aes hehstan deman. For hwilchwugu eldcung 7 andbid Saem andbide 7 for Saem gefylde me f he sie
(0)gite
gift?
2
3

()is ecu gifu f he
4
J>

"SinccS

<5e

switfor forsewen
<5inc(S

;

7 feah

me

licatS
J>is

spell

genog

wel,

7
5

me genog
.

gelic (5aem

(Se tfti ser

saedes.

secge hwaeSer t$u wene f fa yflan habban 6 aenig wite aefter fisse weorulde ; oc5(5e fa Da cwaetS he (godan) aenig edlean hiora goodes. Hu ne saede ic ser f goodan habba S edlean heora
ic (5e

iv c

Ac

healsige giet Saet

fu me

:

<5e

<Sa

goodes aegfer ge her
edlean hiora
wille daelan
dael
yfles,

ge on ecnesse, 7 (Sa yflan eac habbaS Ac ic 3egJ)er ge her ge eft on ecnesse.
(J>d

6

10

fa yflan
hseftS
;

fara yflena

; for^aef e o Ser ece wite, forSse hi nane mildheortnesse

yfelu]

nu on twua 7

io3aC.

ne geearnodon ocSer dael sceal beon geclaesnod 8 7 (fia) amered on Saem *heofonlican fyre, swa her biS seolfor,
,

15

sume geearnungag sumre mildheortnesse for Saem he mot cuman aeft Saem earfo^um to ecre are. Giet ic meahte mare reccan aeg Ser ge be Saem goodum ge 9 be Ac ic ondraede yflum, fser ic nu asmettan haefde. 10 ic forlaete ^ wyt 33r aeftspyredon fy waes ^ wit woldon gereccan f f u ongeate (5aet yflan naefden naenne anwald ne nsenne weorSscipe ne on fisse weorulde ne on faere toweardan. ForSaem f uhte aer ^ eallra Singa wyrrest f wendes f hi hasfden to micelne 7 (Saet eallneg 11 siofodes hi eallneg 11 naeron on wite 7 ic Se saede eallne weg f hi
fon5aem he haef
"S

;

(/<?)

J>aem

20

"p

;

"5a

f>e

;

;

25

buton wite, (Seah fe swa ne fince. Ac ic wat eah Su wilt siofian (Saet hi swa longne fyrst habbaS leafe 12 f lp
naefre

ne

bioc^

yfel to

donne
hi

;

7
;

ic

(5e

saede ealne

weg ^

se (fyrst}

bi<5

swi^e
bi(5

lytle

hwile

7

ic

fe secge
;

C.

unsaeltS

swa u
<Sa

bioS ungesaeligran

swa swa 13 he lengra f him waere eallra maest
giet,

3

eac f
c

(p) $ se *fyrst waere oS domes daeg. 7 ic f e saede wasren ungesaeligran him unrihtlice hiora yfel
f>e

Boeth.

iv. pr. 4.
2

1.

70 P.

Sed quaeso, inquam,
3

te,

&c.
5

From C and B.
1

B, ic C.
6
ll

ge her om. B.
ealne

0/to/ B. h-watkwegu B. eldung B. 7 8 9 /wa B. geclansod B.
K.
12

4

So
C.

forlete"&.

weg

/m/B.

13

^wa once

B.

"

M

^/B.

j<?/d

XXXVIII.
/

5]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

121

forboren waere f onne fa waeren f e him l heora yfel on gevvrecen waere. Git hit gebyrecS f (5e olnc(5

rihtlice
(Saet

fa orsorgan bioc5 ungesaeligran f onne f onne fa gewitnodan. 1 v d Da cwaeo ic Ne finc(5 me naefre nanwuht swa
.

:

5

soolic

swa
(Saet

gehere.
hit

me f inca(5 fine spell (Saem tidum 2 ic Ac gif ic me wende to f ises folces dome, f onne
"Se

(5a

nis

no

an $

hi nyllatS fisse finre race gelefan, ac hi hit
:

10

Da cwaecS he Ni(j) f nan wundor nyllaS furSum geheran. men hwaet, f u wast fa f e habbatS unhale eagan ne magon 3 full eac5e locian ongean fa sunnan f onne hio beortost 4 5 hi ne lyst scin(5, ne furtSum on fyr ne on nanwuht beortes
;
]>

locian, gif se aeppel lef

bitS.

Swa

beotS t$a synfullan

mod

ablend mid heora yflan willan ^ hi ne magon gesion ^ leoht f sere beorhtan sooTaestnesse, f is se hehsta wisdom. Ac him
15 bitS

20

swa faem fug[/]m 7 fsem dioru* tSe magon bet locian on niht f onne on G dgeg se daeg blent 7 f iostratS heora eagan, 7 f aere nihte tSiostro hi onlyhta S. FonSy wenatS ablendan mod f fast sie sio maeste gesaeltS f men sie alefed FortSaem yfel to donne, 7 sio dae^ hi mote bion unwitnod. hi ne lyst spyrian aefl aelcre spraece swa longe ocS hi -f riht 7 on hiora unnettan 8 willan 7 spyriatS seft witen, ac wenatS 9 Saem. ic nat hu nyt pe fu me taehst to "Saam dysegu
;
"Sa

* IC

Ma

c

-

monnurn, fa
25

I0

naefre aeft

me

ne spyriatS

;

ic

ne sprece

naefre

3

f e, fonSaem f u tiohhast ^ f u spyrie u on Saem aeft me, 7 swi(5or swincst spore f onne hi don. Ne recce ic hwaet hi demen ic laete nu to finu dome ma f onne to hiora, forcSaem hi call 12 Iociac5 mid baem eagum on fas eorSlican Sincg, 7 hi him liciaS eallunga faer 13 ge (on pens modes eagum ge) on f aes lichoman. Ac fu ana hwilum bescylst mid otSre eagan on fa heofonlican fincg, mid otfre fu locast nu giet on fas eorolican. FortSaem wenacS fa dysegan ^ aelc mon sie blind swa hi sint, 7 ^ nan mon ne
to t5aem, ac ic sprece to
;
,

d
1

Boeth.

iv. pr. 4.

1.

85 P.
B.

Turn ego,
3

Cum

tuas,

&c.
4

le

him om.
5

B.

2

timum
6

So C, berrhtost B.
8

on from
nyttan

B, ofyr C. 9 Sy B.

10

7 beorhtes B. on om. B. wendati B. 12 From B, swtncG C. ealle B. }e B.
"

unrihtan B.
13
<rgj>er

B.

122
*

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
1

[XXXVIII.
is

5

io4b C.

maege ^gesion
Ipe

f

hi

gesion ne magon.

f)

dysi

anlicost
fullice

sum

cild sie full hal

7

ful aeltaewe

geboren, 7 swa

Sionde on eallum cystum 7 craeftu ]?a hwile Ipe hit on cnihthade bi(5 7 swa forcS eallne giogoShad 2 ocS 3 he wyrcS aelces
;
,

craeftes

medeme, 7
blind, 7 eac

(5onn lytle aer his midferhcSe weortSe
J>aes

*

baem

5

modes eagan weorSan swa ablende eagum 5 he nanwuht ne aefre aer geseah gemune j? Ip&s (5e geherde, 7 wene )?eah tSaet he sie aelces Binges swa medeme swa he aefre medomest 6 waere, 7 wenS $ aelcum men (sie swa swa Ki si, 7 celcum meii) Since swa swa him J?inc(5. 7 swa dysig sie j) he ]?aes wene, hwsecSer peah (5e he he wenS ? Ic wene we "Sonne willen ealle wenan Tpzes monnum we nyllen ac ic 8 wolde witan hu ]?uhte be wit aer cwaedon f unc Suhte -f waeren wildiorum gelicran me J^incS haefden ]?onne monnu, hu micelne wisdom
(>#<?)

o<5(5e

10

]x>nne

"Se

"Seah

;

}>e

J>3sm

J>a

;

15

<5

hi
.

naebben naenne.
Ic
(5e

J>eah

vi e

wolde

giet

reccan sume swi(5e 9 rihte raca
;

10
;

ac

C.

ic
]?e

wat
}>

Ipis

folc his nele gelyfan
J>onne
:

^
hi

is
"

mon

witnaft,

]^a

bion
]?

]?e

Sa bioc^gesselig*ran witniaS. Da wundrode
]>

ic Saes

7 cwaetS Ic wolde Da cwaeS he meahte.
willende
ic
:

:

20 hit swa bion )?u me gereahte hu Hwaefter J?u ongite j? aelc yfel?

12

mon

Genog

7 yfelwyrcende sie wites wyrc5e sweotole ic ^ ongite. Da cwaecS he
cw"S

Da

cwaecS
is

:

Hu

ne

se

(5onne
witnacS?

yfelwillende

Da

ic

:

7 yfelwyrcende Swa hit is swa
"Sa

(Se

]?one unscyldigan
ssegst.

(5u

Da

CwaetS 25
J>e

he

:

HwaetSer
J>u

wene f
?

sien
:

wites
geare.

wyr"Se

bioS

Da
:

cwaeft ic

earme 7 ungesselige Ne wene ic his no, ac wat

Da
Ipu

cwaetS he

Gif
J>u

woldes

deman

wites wyrtfran,

nu deman moste, hwaeSerne Sone l3 unSone Ipe
J>e

? Da cwaetS scyldgan witnode, Se Sone ]?e ^ wite Nis ^ gelic ; ic wolde helpan ]?aes (5e Saer unscyldig ic Da cwsetS he ponne waere, 7 henan jpone fe hine yflode.
>olade
:
:

3

e

Boeth.
1

iv. pr. 4.
2

1.

107 P.

Nam

eallne J>onne giogoShad B. seon B. 6 5 medemast B. From B, C. om. B. 10 9 8 race B. swide om. B. V om. B. 12 none for/. 3. /. &. B. bion om. B.
/>
"

ne illud quidem adquiescent, &c. 4 3 weorde c?3^ B.
7
"

From

/^A

6e

om. B.

B, hit C.

^

XXXVIII.
)?e
<5inc(5

7]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
earmra
se

123

se
:

f

yfel de(5 cSonne

se J?e hit )?afa(5.

Da
yfel

cwaecS ic

J)aes ic

gelefe f te selc unriht
J>aes

witnung

sie
f>aes

x

Je

hit dec5, naes
;

(5e hit (5afaec5,
(Sset
J>is

gedecS earmne
5 recst,
Ipis

ongite 7 7 swicSe anlic paem J?e

ic

is

forSaem *his yfel hine 2 nu swicSe riht racu
]>

*

io?b C.

]>u

3er reahtes
J>u

;

ac

ic

wat }?eah $
<5a

folce
vii f .

swa ne

)}inc(5.

Da
man

cwaetS

he

:

Wei ]m
laessan ]?e

hit ongitst
J>earfe

;

ac
;

J>ingeras

nu hwilum )?ingia(S
(J>e)

aem lp

ahton
)>e

fingia S Jaem
3
.

j^ser

yflaS,

7 ne

)?ingiac5 ]?aem

^

yfel docS
-^

pae

10 wsere

mare Searf
swa
hi
j>

)?ingode to J)aem
\vite

J>aem

sioca ah )?earfe

him mon ricum, 7 bsede f him mon dyde swa micel o^ru unscyldgum dydon. Swa swa se hine mon Isede to ]?aem loece, ^ he his tilige,
J>e

ocSre ]^a

unscyzdige yflaS

swa ah
15

se (jbe)

"Sset

yfel det5

^ hine

mon

laede to ]^3em ricum,

mon
j>

"5e

f mon helpe fees unscyldgan 7 him ac ic 4 cweSe ^ hit is betere ^ mon wrege fore]?ingie sio forespraec ne dyge nau"Ser ne scyldgan 7 ic secge wilniaS scyldgan ne S asm ]?e him fore)?inga<5, gif hi
ic

]?ser maege na f f yfel
;

sni San
sie

7 basrnan his un]?eawas.

Ne

cwe-

]x>ne

;

]>

J>3es

20

him heora
wat

yfel

unwrecen

sie

be

(Saes

gyltes andefne.

*Ac

ic

*

T

6a C.

gif Sa scyldgan senigne spearcan wisdomes hasfden 7 be 5 aenegum daele ongeaten f hi meahten heora scylda furg -f

wite

noldon

gebetan, ]?e him her on weorulde on become, j^onne hi na cwecSan ^ hit waere wite, ac woldan cwecSan ^

25 hit waere

heora claensung, 7 heora betrung ; 7 noldon naenne 6 ac lustlice hi woldon laetan }?a rican hi j^ingere gesecan tucian aeft hiora agnum willan. For Saem ne scyle nan wis
,

man
3

naanne

mannan
hatige,

hatian

;

ne hata S nan

mon Jxme
riht

godan,

butan se

eallra

dysgosta
ac hit
7

;

ne f
is

nis
-f

fone yflan
f) is
J>onne

rihtre

nan him

f

mon

mon

miltsige.

wrece hiora unSeawas be nan mon siocne monnan 7 70 gewyrhtum scyle n laece gesargodne swencan, ac hine mon seel laedan to
hiora

mildsung f
.

mon
9

hiora

8

Ne

J>aem

f
1

Boeth.
Jxzs

iv. pr. 4.
_

1.

123 P.
B.
8
3

Atqui nunc,
de$ C.
B,
4

ait,

contra faciunt/ &c.

om. B.
7
"

8

secanE. 7 om. B.

2 swa hbraC.

ic

om. B.

5

/ om.
9

B.

From

10

umvyrhtum C.

sceal R.

sceolde B.

124
f he

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
his tilige.
eft
l

[XXXVIII.

7

Da

se

Wisdom

)?a pis spell
:

areaht hsefde,

(5a

ongan he

singan 7 }ms cw(5

XXXIX
i.

g.

(Forhwi drefe ge eowru mod mid unrihtre fiounge, swa swa y$a for winde pa see hrerafi ? o$ffe 2 forhivy celwite ge eowerre wyrde p hio nan geweald nah ? odfie hwy ne 3 magon 4 nu he eow celce dceg toweardes ge gebidan gecyndelices deafies
,

5

onet ?

Hwi ne
5

fuglum
sceligan

magon ge gesion p he spy rod (Bice dceg cefter 7 after dioru 7 cefter monnu, 7 ne for Ice t nan

swcefi cer he gefehfi

pp

he cefterspy red.

Walawa

p

$a unge10

magon gebidon hwonne he him to cnme, ac hine forsceotdS foran, swa swa wilde deor willnafi octer to acAc hit ncere no manna ryht p hiora ocnig oderne wellenne.
ne
fiode ; ac

menn

6

wcsre ryht p hiora celc guide odru edlean celces is mon lufode pone godan, weorces cefter his gewyrhtu,

p

p

p

swa swa

riht is
1

p

mon

do,

7 mildsige pam yfelum^ swa we cer 15
; ceorfe

civcedon ; lufie

pone man, 7 hatige his unpeawas
licS
f>a

him

of siva he swiftest mceg.}
ii

k.

Da

he
f>is

asungen
:

haefde,

fa geswugode he
cSset

ane

hvvile.

?a

cwaeS

ic

Nu

ic

ongite openlice
8
.

sio

gesaelcS

stent

on godra
nauht

monna
good

geearnunga, 7 sio 20

stent

on
9

yfelra
9

monna geearnunga
lytel

Ac

ic

secge
10
;

get
lifes

$ me

ne

}>ync(5

fisses

andweardan

gesselSa,

ne

eac

nauht

lytel

yfel

his ungessel Sa

fonSaem

ma

ne geseah ne geherde nsenne wisne mon J?e wolde bion wrecca 7 earm 7 el<5iodig 7 forsewen, fonne
ic naefre

25

welig 7

7 foremsere on his agnu earde. 13 hiora wisdome For^aem hi secgatS ^ hi msegen n Ipe 12 14 bi(5 hiora anwald fullice ofer hine gehealdan gif fulgan 7
rice
y"S

weonS 7

,

e Boeth. h Eoeth.
1

iv. met. 4. iv. pr. 5.

*

Quid tantos, &c. Cott. Metr. Hie ego Video, inquam, &c.
:

xxvii.

ficawes B.

3 4 2 em. ne ne B. em. by J, em. odd B. T 6 ne conject. om. B. em. lufien B. em. fugum B. 8 B has geearnungum, the second last letter of which is a blend of a n 10 g hi magen om. B. From B, ungcsalfta C. and u. ne om. B.

eft

om. B.

5

12
J>y

B.

13

ed B.

"

fullgehealdan C.

XXXIX.

3]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
;

125

5

folc 7 eac be sumum daele ofer (Sa f e f e him under bi(S him on neaweste biocS ymbutan, forSaem f hi maegen henan ForSaem se gooda bicS syle yflan / fyrSran (Sa goodan. life andweardan on ge on f aem arwyrcSe, aegfer ge fis ne maeg se yfela fie mon his yfel gestioran 7 *[toweardan; bi(5 syle wites wyrfe, ge on fisse worulde ge on faere Ac ic wundrie swicSe swiSlice forhwi hit swa toweardan.
<Sa

l

* I0 7b C.

^\

went swa
feald

hit (nu) oft deft,

earfo<5u

cumacS to
J?a

2 f is f te mislicu witu 7 maenigaem godu swa hi to (fern yflum lp

losceoldon,

7

good

J>e

sc[^]oldon

beon edlean godii

weorca cuma^ to yflum monnum. ForcSaem Ic his ic wolde witan nu set fe hu (Se licode f gewrixle. wundrode micle laes, gif ic wisse -f hit weas gebyrede

monnu

go^/ra

f>y

buton Codes willan 7 buton
15

his gewitnesse

;

ac se aelmehtega
(5isu

God

haefS

geeced mihne ege 7 mine wafunga mid
f>a

J?ingum.

FortSsem he hwilu selS

gessel^a

f>aem

goodu, 7
;

)}3em yflum unssel^a,

swa
-p

hit

hwilum he
ungelimp
20 gesaelSa,

eft

gej>afa(5

25

on maenegum 4 7 him limp^ oft sefter hiora agnum willan. py ic ne maeg nan ofer gef encan buton hit weas swa gebyrige, buton fu me get fy *gesceadh cor 5 offer gerecce. Da andNis hit nan wundor f eah swarode he ymbe long 7 c \vset5 hwa wene ^ swelces gehwaet 6 nu 7 unmyndlinga geberige, Sonne he ne con ongitan 7 gereccan forhwy swylc God 8 Ac tSu ne scealt no 9 twiogan f swa good sceppend gefafa<5. 10 eall ^ he 7 waldend eallra gesceafta rihtlice gesceop
:

riht wasre f he syle dyde fa goodan habbacS unsaelcSa 7 3 habbacS 7 fa yflan J>ingum,

* loSa C.

ealles, feah fu nyte forhwy 7 rihte demS 7 welt gesceop he swa 7 swa do. Da he (Sa fis spell areaht haefde, fa ongan he iiii 3o (Hwa unlceredra ne wundrafi PCBS roderes singan, 7 cwaecS
,

10

11

1

-

:

fcereldes 7 his
i

swif/nesse,
met. 5.
2

hu he

celce

d<xg

uton ymlhwyrffi
Cott. Metr. xxviii.

Boeth.

iv.

Si quis Arcturi,
3

&c.
"

1

yflcs J.

te
6 9

om. B.
hivcet>.

y//7agfw
7

C.
B.

gesceadlior B.
for
-mj/<:

nu om. B.
10

6"^.

From

B,

C.

j^J

5 em. gelimft B. 8 B has ,^w/ wry/c 2 em. wait B.
"

ymbhwyrft B.

126

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

[XXXIX.

3

middangeard^ P ofide hwa ne wundraS pte sume habbad iunglu scyrtran hwyrft pon sume habban, swa swa we hatafi wanes disla ? Forty hi habbad habbad pe tunglu
ealne pisne

ymbhwyrft forpi hi sint swa neah pa nordende z Odde hwa ne wafad pare eaxe pe eall pes rodor on hwerfd pees, buton pa ane pe hit witon, pcet sume tunglu habbad lengran ymbhwyrft pon sume habban, 7 pa lengestne pe ymb cfa eaxe middewearde hwearfafi, swa nu Boeties deft, 7
sceorlne
.

swa

2

5

Saturnus

4

se steorra

ne

cymd peer

eer

ymb
fitzs

dritig

wintra peer
10
sio

he cer wees ?

Offie
see,
f>

hwa

ne wundrao*

p

sume steorran
sunne do
see 3e

gewitaS under pa

swa swa sume men wenap p

pon

hio to setle gcefi

Ac

hio ne bid peah

py

near pcere

hio bid on midne dceg.

wyrfi ofertogen

mid

ne wafafi pees pon se fulla mona piostrum, offie eftpcet pa steorran scinad
15

Hwa

beforan pa monan, 7 ne scindS beforan peere sunnan ? pises hi wundriafi 7 mantes pyllices, 7 ne wundriafi na pte men 7 ealle cwuca wuhta habbafi singalne 7 unnytne andan betwuh

him.

Odde

hwy

ne imindriad hi pees

p

hit hwilu punrafi,
see

hwilu na ne
7 landes,
to
odffe

his

7 winda 7 ypa 5 hwy p is weorfie 7 eft for pcere sunnan sciman ? Ac weorffe p ungestcedfage 6 folc agnum gecynde
onginfi,

oWe

eft

gewinnes

20

wundrad 1 pees pe 7 wenad P p ne
niwane.
leornian,

hit seldost* gesiehfi^peah hit leesse
9

wundor si e,

sie

eald gesceaft, ac se

10

weas geworden
25

Ac pa 3e firwetgeorne weorpad^ 7 onginnafi pon gif him God alrit of pa mode p dysig p hit eer mid oferwrigen was, pon ne wundriafi hi no fela pees pe hi nu
wundriafi.}
iv leoS asungen hsefde, ]?a i?a se Wisdom geswugode he ane lytle hwile. Da cwseS ic Swa hit is swa 12 ]m ssegst ac ic wolde get ^ )m me hwaethvvugu openlicor min mod swi^ost gedrefed hasfS (Saere wisan gereahte be is ic Se ser ymb acsode ; forSaem hit wass syle giet fin
.
>is

k

f>a

:

;

30

}>e

;

j>

j>

k Boeth. iv. pr. 6.
1

middatuard

B.
8

4

ne

s<x

5 em. satusnus B. wundraS no B. n em. -weorpa^aQ B. B.

Ita est, inquam, &c. * em. hzvefd B. em. ymbhwyft B. 1 6 em. em. sunna B. em. ungesceSbige B. 10 ne conject. om. B. em. em. seldos B.
2

12

ic

om. B.

XXXIX.
gewuna $
cutS
l
.

5]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE
woldest selcu

127
sel<5-

Ipu

Da ongon

mode deglu he smearcian 7 cwaec5 to

"Sing

taecan j
:

me

Du

spaenst
*

me on
5

earfocSestan to ge*reccanne. (5a maestan spraece 7 on j^a pa race sohton ealle ucSwiotan, 7 swifte swic51ice ymb swuncon,
aenig

IIOa C.

7 unease

com

to

ende

]?aere

sprsece

;

fonSaem

hit is
(5aer

feaw
swa
10

J>aere

spraece 7
bi(5,

f>aere

ascungse ^te symle ]?onne
bi(S
}?aer

an tweo of adon

Jxmne
gif
2

unrim astyred
f>e

;

swa

mon on
j^aer

ealdspellum
siofon

saeg<5

f an naedre waere

haefde
]x>nne

nigon heafdu, 7 syle

mon
(5aem

anra hwelc of aslog,

weoxon
hit

on

anum

heafde.

f J^aer com se foremaera Erculus to, ne 3 meahte he ge]?encan hu he hi mid aenige craefte ]^a ofercuman sceolde, aer he hi bewaeg mid wuda utan 7 for;

pa geberede se waes lobes sunu

baernde

]^a
4
;

mid

fyre.

Swa

is

ftisse

spraece
of,

fe
gif

)m me
he
aerest

15 aeft acsast

uneafte hire

Gym s

aenig

mon

an cemcS 5 ne cym^ he naefre to openum ende, buton he 6 For Saem se hsebbe swa scearp andgit swaSaer fyr.
;
/<m

<5e

hwaet sie sio anfealde yb ^ acsian wile, he sceal aerest wz 7 foresee wung Godes, 7 hwaet wyrd sie, 7 hwaet weas ge^ergie ,
20 7 hwaet sie

godcund andgit 7 [^]dcund
*freodom
sie.

hwaet

monna

\_Nu
to
f>e

$u~]

foretiohhun[g-], 7 miht ongitan hu hefig
9
;

* Ilob

c

-

8 7 hu earfoSe Jris is call his onginnan hwaethwugu

gerecanne

ac

ic

sceal

feah

to taecanne, fonSaem ic haebbe
}>u

^5 ]}ises

ongiten f hit is switSe micel laecedom pinre sorge, gif auht ongitst, J^eah hit me lange to laeranne

sie.

ForSaem

hit

is

neah faere

tide
]>e

ic
J>is

getiohhod haefde on ocSer
;

weorc to fonne, 7 get naebbe
]^u

gedon
lio(5a.

7

me

J?inc<5

eac f
10

langan
3

sadige hwaethwugununges, 7 spell, swelce ]?e nu lyste
lyst,

to aelenge )?e (Syncen

]?as

Ic wat eac

f
ic

]?e

hiora

ac

(5u

scealt ]?eah

gej>olian

sume

hwile

;

ne

maeg
hit is

hit

nu swa
long

hracSe asingan,
spell.

ne aemettan naebbe,

for Saem

swi<Se

Da

cwaetS ic:

Do swae Ser

(5u

wolde 11

.

v
1
1

i.

pa ongan he sprecan swu5e fiorran ymbutan, swelce
iv. pr. 6.
3
of>.

Boeth.

1.

20 P.
3

Turn uelut ab
ne om. B.
B.
1 4

alio orsa principle/

&c.

sedcutie B.

tsft asast

on cymft B. gereccanne B.

6

swap

I0

alengo B.

n

tuille

gebyrige B. B.

C, after ascast B. 8 gearfoQe B.

128
he na

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPH1AE
J?a
:

[XXXIX.

5

spraece ne maende,

7
*

cwaecS

7 tiohhode hit (5eah ]?iderweardes Ealla gesceafta, gesewenlica 7 ungesewenlica, stillu
J>aem
J>aem

1

ma C.

stillan 7 set gestaetSSegan 7 set endeberdnesse ]?3e 7 %n\_dwlttan] *y gemetGod[<?] 2 gung^ ; [7 forficem $200] gesceapzn waes, for (Saem he wat hwy he gesceop call -f he gesceop. Nis him nanwiht unnyt he gesceop. Se God wuna(5 syle on j^aere hean fses ceastre his anfaldnesse 7 bilewitnesse ; J?onan he daelt) manega

7

unstillu, onfo(5 set

anfealdan

M

5

J>e

7 misleca gemetgunga eallum
eallra.

his gesceaftu,
hataft
J>e

Ac

(Saet

tfeette

we

foresceawung, f his mode, serene

bicS
J?e
si

Ja hwile
hit
hit

7 ponan he welt Codes foregone 7 his 3 hit (5aer mid him biS on
hwile Se
f>a

10

gefremed weonSe,
fullfremed biS,
selc

hit

gefoht biS;
hit

ac

S San

J>onne

hata S

we
4

Be mseg naman ge twegen ge twa
wyrd.
is
f>y

mon

witan

-f

hit sint

aegf>er

fincg, foregone 7 wyrd.
;

Se fore-

15

sio is faest on j^sem godcunde gesceadwisnes hean sceppende 5 )?e eall fore wat hu hit geweonSan sceall ser ser hit geweorcfe. Ac f f we wyrd hata S, ^ biS Godes weorc f 6 he aelce dseg wyrctS, ge J^ses ( ffe) we gesioft

jxxac

sio

segf>er

*

i

nb

C.

ungesewenlic biS. Ac se godcunda foregone 20 heac5era(5 ealle *[gesceaffaj p hi ne moion loslupan of~\ hiora

ge

j^ses

us

7

J>e

8 Sio wyrd Jonne dsel S eallum gesceaftum endebyrdnesse anwlitan 7 stowa 7 tida 7 gemetgunga ac sio wyrd cyc5 of (5sem gewitte 7 of (5sem forefonce faes aelmehtigan Godes.
.

;

Se wyrccS sefter his unasecgendlicum fore]?once 9 hwset swa he wile.
vi

(/<?^)

swa

25

Senc S 7 mearca(5 his weorc on his mode aer aer he hit wyrce, 7 wyrcc5 siS^an eall, J)ios wandriende wyrd J)e we wyrd hatacS faerS aefter his forj?once n 3ef t his peah hit 7 gefjeahte, swa swa he tiohha^ $ hit sie. us manigfaldlic "Since, su good, sum yfel, hit is fteah him anfeald good forcSaem he hit eall to godum ende brengS, 7
.

m Swa swa

selc crseftega

10

30

;

m Boeth.
1

iv. pr. 6.
2

1.

42 P.

Sicut
3
3

enim

artifex,

&c.
*
&J>er

hit om. B.
8

em.fohwam
T

5

seppende C. / B. 1J C. crceftga C.

j
"

om

B. B.
B.

him om.

B.
9

C.

wyrdnesse B.

/$

from B,

7 om.

XXXIX.
for

7]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
^ f he
bi(S;
decS.

129

goode
hit

deft call

SicScSan

we
1

hit hatatS

wyrd
(Sa

siSSan

geworht

aer hit

waes Codes

forefanc j his
ocScSe

foretiohhung.

Da wyrd
oScfe
lp
o(5<5e

he

Jxmne wyrccS
sawla,

purh

goodan e[g-]las
5

urh

monna

o<5($e

gesceafta

lif,

furh heofones tungl,
is

}?urh o(Serra oSSe (Surh ]?ara

scuccena

2

mislice lotwrencas;

J?urh eall *(Sa.

tiohhung
10

is

hwilu ]:urh an (Sara, hwilu * ii2a C. openlice cucS f sio godcunde fore3 anfeald j unandwendlic j welt aelces Binges

Ac f

,

endebyrdlice, 7 eall
]?isse

}>ing

gehiwacS.

Sumu
eall

J>ing

jxmne on
J)e

weorulde
4

sint undercSied f)aere
sint sint
;

wyrde, sume hire nanwuht

under Sied
undercSied

ne
sint,

ac sio

wyrd 7

Sa

hire

J>ing

underftied ftsem

Be ^sem
i5hwylce

ic

<5e

maeg sum

bispell secgan,

godcundan forefonce. f J?u meaht ]?y
f>aere
>ios

sweotolor ongitan hwilce men bkxS underSied 5 ne bio^. Eall (5ios unstille gesceaft 7
fiende hwearfaS

wyrde, hwear-

on

(5aem stillan
;

Code, 7 on

(5sem gestaeS-

anfealdan 7 he welt eallra gesceafta swa Segan, 7 on swa he set fruman getiohhod haefde 7 get haefS. vii n Swa swa on waenes eaxe hwearfiaS ]?a hweol 7 sio
<$aem
.

20

eax

stint
J^aes

stille

ealles

waen, 7 bynS f eah ealne faereltes $ hw[<f^]l hwerfcS ymbutan 7
f>one

6

(7)
sio

welt

;

nafu

nex[/ /^]re eaxe sio
7

faert5

micle fae[j//zh?r] 7 orsorglicor
*

25

Jonne (Sa fe[tgan don], swelce sio eax sie f hehste g[W pe 8 Code, toe] *nemna (5 (7^, 7 [/# selestan men y^zjren nehste 9 swa swa sio nafu fsenS neahst |?aere eaxe, 7 J?a midmestan swa swa c$a 10 spacan for Saemf e aelces spa(^)n biS o^er ende fasst on Saere nafe, o Ser on }?aere felge. Swa bi S midlestan monnum o^re hwile he smeaS on his mode yb
;
J>aem

nab

C.

;

J?is

eorSIice (lif}, oc5re hwile

ymb

Saet

godcundlice, swilce

30 he locie

heofonum, mid ocSre to eor]?an. eagan Swa swa ]?a n spacan sticiaS o Ser ende on felge 12 on bitS aeg Srum emnneah, nafe, middeweard se spaca
ocSre

mid

to

J>aere

oj>er

}>aere

n

Boeth.
1

iv. pr. 6.

1.

6

1

P.
2

Nam ut orbium circa eundem cardinem,

&c.

4

9

3 From B, scnccena C. unawendendlic B. B, goodes C. 5 6 8 7 eal B. wMj/ B. underfiiede B. hwylce om. B. /^/^a J. 10 I2 sio om. B. om. B. middeweardre spaca B. Jxzs B.
"

From

<Sa

K

130
Seah
bio(5

DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
ofter

[XXXIX.
felge
;

7

ende bio

faest
1

on

faere nafe, otSer

on f aere

swa

fa midmestan

men onmiddan f am
,

spacan,

7 fa

2 maetran near (Saem felgum ; betran near faere nafe, 7 fa 4 3 biocS f eah faeste on (Saere n#/ 7 se nafa on (5aere eaxe.

f eah hongiat5 on faem spacan, [/]eah hi swa dot5 fa maeteeallunga wealowigen on f <?]or(5an 6 5 midmestum stan [men aem 7 fa mid[^/^/^] on f aem f
Hwaet, fa
[/>]lga
aer[<?

5

;

<?]n

,

betstan,
*

7 fa betstan
ltif~\Q

[0 to

<SW]e.
"Sisse

peah fa maetestan

5

ealle

lisa C.

hio[r0

wenden

weorulcle,

\hi

ne magon\ faer10

on wunigan, ne to nauhte ne weor Sa S, gif hi be nanum daele ne beoS gefaestnode to Code f on ma f e f aes hweoles felga 7 magon bion on Saem faerelte, gif hi ne biocS faeste on f aem fyrrest pa felgea spacum, 7 fa spacan on faere eaxe.
;

bio"S

Saere

Sio nafu ungeredelicost. 8 Swa 15 faer S gesundlicost faenS neaxst hio eaxe ; fonSy faere 9 near Code laeta S, docS (Sa selestan men ; swa hi hiora hife

eaxe

;

for Saem

hi

faracS

.

(7 swifior pas eordlicon ping forsiofi},

swa

hi beocS orsorgran,

7

laes

Swa
on

u reccaS hu sio wyrd wandrige, o S Se hwaet hio brenge. la swa sio nafu bi(S syle swa gesund, hnaeppen fa felga
Se
hi

j>

hnaeppen, 7 f eah
laes

bi(5

sio

nafu

hwaethwugu
se
13

20

todaeled from f asre eaxe.
bi(5

Be f y f u meaht ongitan
bi<5

vvaen
;

mzVle leng gesund f e
biotS

todaeled f[rom~\ faere eaxe
aeg(5er

swa
faeste

fa men
lifes

eallra

orsorgestae

ge

fisses
15

andwea(r)dan
bio<5

earfotSa
;

u
,

ge f aes tow[^r]dan, fa f e
asyndr^de
fro 25

on Code

ac

swa

hi swicSur biocS

*

ii3b C.

Code, swa hi swi(5ur biot5 gedrefde 7 geswencte, aegf er ge on mode ge *on lichoman.
viii
.

Swylc
wi(5

is

pat p we wyrd hatdd be f aem godcundan
,

forefonce, swylce

metanne
biot)

to

sio gesceadwisnes is to (sio] smeaung 7 le 17 one 7 gearowitan swylce fas laenan f ing f ecan 17 7 swilce f hweol bi(5 to metanne wit5
<5a

30

,

Boeth. iv. pr. 6. 1. 74 P. Igitur uti est ad intellectual, &c. 2 From B, nafe J. om. B. For midmestan B has mcestan. 6 4 midmestam C. 7 on om. B. 8 gesundSo also B. 5 mcestan B. 9 From B, hi C. 12 swa om. B. hi om. B. 10 forseoO B. fullicost B.
1 3
J>a
"

1

13

18

C. B, geare juiton B.
/<?

From

"

From

B, ear/ode C.
.
.
.

15

From

J,

asyndrode biod B.

17

7 swylce

ecan om. B.

XXXIX.
metanne

9]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
eaxe
;

131

wi(5 c5a

Swa

decS se

godcunda foregone

forSasm sio eax welt ealles ass wasnes. f he astereS f one rodor 7 ;
T

fa tunglu, 7 fa eorSan gedecS gesceafta $ is waster 7 eorfte 7
;

stille,

fyr

7

lyft.

7 gemetgaft fa feower Da he getSwseratS 7
ocSru

5 wlitegaft

2
,

hwilum
hit

eft

unwlitegacS, 7
tidrecS
aslc
bitS

on

hiwe gebrengtS,
hi
eft
eft

7

eft

geedniwacS,

7

gehelt

fonne

forealdod

tudor, 7 7 forsearod, 7

gehyt 7

geewS 7

geedniw[<j#]

secgacS f sio
10 aslces

fonne fonne (he wile}. Sume ufcwiotan [fie]ah 3 4 wyrd wealde asgf er ge gesaslSa ge ungesaslSa monnes. Ic fonne secge, swa swa ealle men
[rrwjtene

15

godcunde foretiohhung his walde, nass sio wyrd; 7 ic wat $ hio demtS eall fing switfe rihte, feah 5 ungesceadwisum men [swa] ne f ince. Hi wenatS f }n[ra] *sie hiora nis hit nan wundor. ael[f] go[^ /^ will\2a\ fulg^tS forSasm hi beocS ablende mid Sasm f iostrum heora scylda.
secgac5,

f

sio

*

;

ii4a

C

se godcunda forefonc hit understent eall swiSe rihte, feah us f ince for urum dysige f hit on woh fare forSasm we ne cunnon -f riht understandan. He demS feah eall switSe rihte, feah us hwilum swa ne Since.
;
.

Ac

20

Ealle men spiriacS asf t f asm hehstan goode, ge ac forcSy ne magon goode ge yfle f(a) yflan cuman to Sasm hean hrofe eallra gooda, forcSasm hi ne spyriaft on riht
i

x

P.

;

25

7 feah f u cwaetfe nu hwonne to me hwylc masg beon mare fonne gef afige 8 f hit geweortfe, swa hit hwilum gewyrtS, $ f asm goodum becymS anfeald yfel 9 on fisse weorulde, 7 fasm yflum anfeald 7 ocSre

as ft.

Ic nat

6

:

unriht

g0d,

hwile asgSer gemenged, asgf er ge

cSse

3

fe acsige hwasSer fu wene f asnig mon sie swa andgitfull f he masg* ongitan aslcne mon on ryht hwylc he sie, f he nawcSer ne sie ne betra ne wyrsa fonne he his wene. Ic wat \peah p hi ne magan. Ac wyrd oft on
ic

Ac

goodum ge fasm yflum

?

*

swifc]

ii4bC.

w^on se sido f e
Boeth.
iv. pr. 6.

sume men secgaS f
1.

sie

mede

wyrfte,

sume

92 P.

Nihil est enim quod mali causa, &c.
3 6

B.

2

From
8

B,

wold C.

^raraff 7 gewlitegad B. 5

From

monnum
K

B,
7

w^r9 C.
^ze/^c)^

B.
10

fa gtftafig* B.

9

?iJ^ C.

B. em. weortaQ B]

//

B.

2

132

DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHISE
secgacS

[XXXIX.

9

men

he
}>

1

sie wites wyrcSe.

peah hwa maege ongitan
]?enc<5;

hwaet otter do, he ne maeg witan hwaet he

]?eah
2

he

maege sume
Ic
f>e

his willan ongitan, }?onne
bispell
h[z"/]

ne (mcBg] he eallne.
hit

maeg eac reccan sum
;

e sweotolor ongitan, (Seah lp

be paem $ ungesceadwise

meaht
5

]>u

ne mcegen ^ is forhwi se gooda laece selle seftne drenc 7 swetne, 7 ocSru halum biterne 7 strangne ; 7 hwilu eft pam unhalum, sumu licSne, (sumu] strangne, sumum swetne, sumum biterne. Ic wat f aelc fe
f>ara

ongitan Ipam halu men

men

f>one

craeft

ne can wile

j^aes

wundrian forhzvy hi swa don.
3

Ac

his 10

wi[/0] -f (Sa ocSre nyton; fortfeem hi cunnon aelces hiora medtrymnesse ongiton 4 7 0;?rnawan 7 eac (Sa craeftas Ipe ^aerwitS sculon. Hwaet is
,

ne wundriacS

j?a laecas

nauht, fortfaem hi

sawla haelo buk rihtwisnes
*

?

oc5(5e

hwae/
betera

is

hiora u/;j/mnes

H5a

C.

b&& un^AZZ&AT?
j^onne se
~pe

\_Hiva

is

pon

Icsce

pare
5

!

sawle~\

5

hi gesceop,
;

7 witnacS
hit

Sa yflan

^ is God ? He arac5 ]^3em goodan, he wat hwaes aelc wyrt5e bicS. Nis

nan wundor, forftaem he of ]:aem hean hrofe hit call misca^ 7 metga S aelcum be his gewyrhtum. gesihcS, 7
f>onan

f>aes

we ]?onne hataS 6 wyrd, Iponne se gesceadwisa God, Ipe aelces monnes Searfe wat, hwaet wyrccS offie gepafaS we (f ^natS. 7 git ic maeg sume bisne feaum wordum secgan be ]:aem daele sio mennisce gesceadwisnes 7 maeg ongitan f is |?onne f we ongita S godcundnesse.
x
Q.
"p
>e

20

f>e

f>e

f>a

hwilu

(mon]

on

ocSre
-f

wisan,

on

o"Sre

hine

God
wat

8

ongit

.

25

Hwilum we
hit

tiohhiat)

he

sie se betra

9
,

7

>onne

God f

*

ii5b C.

swa ne bi S. ponne hwaem hwaet cym(5 o^cSe goodes mare ]?onne fine s ^ he wyr^e sie, ne bi(5 sio unrihtwisnes no on Gode, ac sio ungleawnes biS on t$e selfum, ^ fu hit ne canst on riht gecnawan. Oft gebyrecS feah fte 30 men ongita<5 man on 10 (Sa ilcan wisan J?e hine God ongit. Oft 11 1* hit ge^recS ]?te manige \rnen *biod swa ungetrume cegper
oc^Se yfles
"Se
<J

Boeth.
1

iv. pr. 6.
2
6

1.

117 P.
!

Hie iam

fit

illud fatalis ordinis,
4

&c.

hi B.
B.

5

fa

9

B.

^// om. B. From B, laces C. 7 t rom B, ^fod C. om. B. 10 on om. B. hit om. B.

p

From J, tocnawan B. From B, andgitC.
8

"

"

untrume

J.

XXXIX.

n]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

133

ge on mode\ ge on lichoman $ hi ne magon nan good don, ne nan yfel nyllaft unnedige, 7 bio(5 eac swa ungej?yldige * j? hi ne magon nan earfocSu ge^yldelice aberan. ForSaem hit
5 rendlice

oft $ God nylle for his mildheortnesse nan unabebroc him an settan, J?y laes hi forlaeten hiora unsceftfulnesse 7 weortfen wyrsan, gif hi asterede 2 biocS 7 geswencte 3

gebyreS

.

Sume men
7

beocS aelces craeftes

full craeftige,

7

full

halige weras
;

rihtvvise. ponne jMncS f Code unriht f he swylce swence 4 5 ge furSum j?one deac5 j^e eallum monnum is gecynde to 10 him he seftran ocSrum monnum swa gedecS J^olianne, j^onne
;

swa gio (sum) wis

mon

cwaeft

-f

se

godcunda anwald ge6
,

frioftode his deorlingas

under

(his) fi(5ra sceate

7 hi scilde

swa geornlice swa (sivd) man Manige tiliatS Code to cwemanne
15 hiora

de"5

J?one aeppel on his eagan. to J?on georne f hi wilniaS
f>row*anne,

agnum willum manigfeald

earfo^u to

for-

tSsem hi w/7/w/atS

weortSscipe
libbaS.
xi r 20
.

maran are 7 ma[ra:] mid Gode to *\habbanne a
J>on

hlisan 7

(maran)
*

habbacf 1 pesoftor\

n6a

C.

Oft eac becymcS se anwald

f>isse

worulde

to switSe

goodum monnum, for Ssem f se anwald J?ara yfelana weortSe toworpen. Sumu monnum God seleS aeg(5er ge good ge
yfel

gemenged, forSaem

hi
aegf>res

earniatS
8
9

;

sume he bereafaS

hiora welan swicSe hra Se,
laes hi for
j>y

|:3es Ipe

hi

aerest gesselige weortSat5,

25

on ofermettum weortfen

longum gesaelcSum hi sume he 9
;

broce, f hi leornigen ]?one

up ahsebben, 7 p)onan mid heardum p>reagan 10 craeft on Saem langan gej?yldelice
Iset

to

geswince.

Sume him ondraadaS

j^yrfen, ]?eah hi hi

n ea Se adreogan maegen sume hi gebycgat) weortSlicne hlisan )?isses andweardan lifes mid hiora agnum
;

earfocSu swicSor ]:onne hi

30 dea^e, forc5sem hi wenat5 f hi naebben 12 hlisan wyrtSe buton hiora agnum fiore.

nan o^er

fioh }?aes

gio unoferswiSedlio?, swa
r

f

hi

Sume men waeron nan ne meahte mid nanum
autem saepe
8

Boeth.

iv. pr. 6,
2

1.

138 P.
3

Fit

uti bonis,
4

&c.
B.
. .

5

unfiyldige B. gecynde is B. om. B.
<?

1

6

astyred B. sceade B. 10 gefylde B.

geswenced B.

monnum om.
9

7

Juzbben J. hi ll hi once, B.

om. B.
12

hi

.

hliosan B.

134

DE CONSOLAT1ONE PHILOSOPHISE
;

[XXXIX.
j>

11

wite oferswi/an

j^a

bisncdon hiora seftergeng&#2

hi naeren

*ii6bC.

mid witum
heora

oferswiftde.

godum weorcum
oferswicSan.

}:aem waes sweotol *\p hi for * hi mon ne (5one craeft ^<z/~]den
j>

On

meahte

Ac

J:a

yflan for hiora yflum

weorcum
5

waeron gewitnode 7 2 oferswuSde, forSaem f (5a witu gestirden 3 ocSrum ne dorsten, 7 eac gebetan ]:e (^z) swa gedon hi J?onne brociacS. p is swi(5e sweotol tacn sem wisan he
j>

f>a

]>

ne sceal lufian
hie oft
cuma"S

to

ungemetlice

(5as

woruldgessel<5a,

forSaem

4 wyrrestum monnum. Ac hwset wille andweardan welan oft cy$ to Saem j^sem 5 he toweardan hwaet elles sie buton tacn goodu, }?aes 6 welan, 7 ]?aes edleanes angin ]?e him God tiohhod hasfcS for 7 Ic wene eac -pte God selle msenegum his goodan willan ? 8 yfelu men ge? sel Sa for^semj^e he wat hiora gecynd 7 hiora willan swa geradne j? hi for nanum ermcSum ne byotJ no

to ftaem

we cwe&an be

10

f>e

f>y

15

betran

ac
f>y

9

wyrsan.

Ac
(Ssem

se

gooda
;

Isece,

f
(^/)
laes

is

God,

lacnaS hiora

mod mid
se wela

welan
olecce

wile
f>sem

f
n

hwonon him
}?one
*

come 7

fe

ongiten he him

welan
to

1173 C.

*[feawas
(_/^r)

afyrre, o S Se hine (/a) welan, 7 wende his gode, 7 forlczte $a unpeawas\ 7 }?a yfel J?e he 3er 20

his

ermtmm

dyde.

Sume
hi

welan habbat), forSsem his ungemetlice bruca S. 7
hi
xii
s.

n

bioS J?eah
2

J?y

ofermodiga S
eac

for

wyrson gif Ssem welan

Manegu
f>

men

bio^

forgifene

for^aem

]:as

he scile J^aem goodum leania/z hiora good, 25 weoruldgesael Sa 7 ]93em yflum hiora yfel. For^aem syle bioS J?a goodan 7
yflan ungej^were
13 betwuh him, ge eac hwilum yflan him selfu; ge fur^um an yfel man bi(5 betwuh ungerade J4 him selfum, fbftfcem J?e 15 he wat f he simle ungef>wsere untela de(5, 7 wen"S him J?ara 16 leana, 7 nyle Jrses geswican, ne hi[/] furtSum him ne laet hreowan 7
>a

f>eah

30

;

}>onne

for

Ssem singalu ege ne maeg no weorSan gej?waere on him
8

Boeth.

iv. pr. 6.
2

1.

168 P.
3

Alios in cladem meritam, &c.
4
5

/^^ om. B. don B. B. B, him C. 7 om. B. wyrstan 9 7 8 6 B has w^ nafiy for te om. B. monnum B. getihhod B. n /zz 12 10 B. ac py. B. om. B. /j ofermodgian H 18 15 maran B. hivilum B. ^ om. B. B.
1 5

From

XXXIX.
selfu.

13]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
forlaet his yfel

135
[/or]

Oft hit (eac) ge[y]reft $ se yfla
oftres yfles
1

sumes

mannes andan,
offer]ne

[_/0r]ftaem

he wolde mid
his

f y taelan
5

lpo[ne

$ he

onscunode

f eawas

;

[swifted] ungelic to bionne f aem

fonne ymb f swa he

swiftest

maeg

\_p he\

tiolaft

c&[rum], forftaem hit is f aes godcundan he wircft of yfle good. *[Ac hit ms anw[<f/]des gewuna f 2 he nanum men alefed pat mage\ witan call f God getiohhod
ne eac areccan f $ he geworht haefS. Ac on f aem hi habbaft genoh to ongitanne f se scippend 7 se waldend
haefS,

*

uyb

C.

10 eallra gesceafta welt,

7 nan
adrifft

spyrian

7 rehte gesceop call f he gesceop, ne worhte ne get ne wyrcft, ac aelc yfel he Ac gif f u aef t f aem hean 3 anwalde of eallu his rice. 4 aes wilt ongitst f u aelmehtigan Godes, f onne ne
yfel

f

nan
15

yfel

on nanum

J?inge,
sie
;

f eah

5

Ipe

nu

ftince
is

f her micel on
fta

f goodan fys middangearde 6 haebben good edlean hiora godes, 7 fa yflan haeb[^fl] wite hiora yfles; ne bift f nan yfel [/]te riht bift, ac bift good.

forftaem

hit

riht

ongite ftaet ic J-e haebbe aftretne (nu) mid fy langan 9 forftaem f e lyst nu leofta ; ac on[/~0/] hiora nu, [jr/^]lle , u lange wilnodest, 20 forftaem hit is se laece[V00z] 7 se drenc J?

Ac

7

8

ic

J>e

10

[fat
xiii

3u py~\
*.

eft

maege (pare]
[

lare onfon.
spell
:

Da

se
"

Wt sdo]m fa f is

areaht haefde. \_pa

o]ngon. he eft

25

pas

(Gif pu willnige mid singan 7 fus cwaeft hean hlutrum mode ongitan pone anweald, beheald pa tunglu Healdafi pa tunglu pa ealdan sibbe pe hi on hean
heofnes.

sio fyrene sunne ne on/irinff no pas gesceapne waron, swa dales pas heofenes pe se mona on irnfi, ne se mona no ne onhririd pas dales pe sio sunne on irncf, pa hwile fie hio par on
bid.

p

Ne

se steorra

pe we hatad Ursa ne cymct nafre on

pam

30 westdale,

steorran far en mid pa rodore after peah Nis hit nan wundor,forpa he is on sunnan eorpan. pa pare Ac se steorra pe we hatad swifie neah pam upende pare eaxe.
ealle o$re
*

Boeth.
1

iv.

met.

6.
2

Si uis celsi iura tonantis,

&c.

Cott. Metr. xxix.

Icetan B.

From
J,

5
a

be

om. B.

6

So

From

B, spell C.

4 ne om. B. hean om. B. B, good C. 8 7 em. aretne C, apriet B. habban B. pis B. 12 10 V/W^T. em. eft om. B. em./ B.
"

136

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
pon
cefter

[XXXIX.

13

cefensteorra,

Fcercf
ofirnfi

pon

he bid west gesewen, pon tacnnafi he cefen. pcere sunnan on fieere eorcfan sceade off he

pon

hate

pa sunnan we him

bodafi pcere

hindan ; cymff wiff/bran pa sunnan up. morgensteorra, forpa he cymfi eastan up ; sunnan cyme. Sio sunne 7 se mona habbdfi

5

him pone dceg 7 pa niht szviffe emne, 7 swiffe * gepwcerlice ricsiafi purh godcundan foresceawunga, 7 unaprotenlice piowiafi pa celmihtigan Gode off domes Forpi dceg.
todceled betwuht

hi ne

leet

God

fordon

offra gesceafta.

gesceafta 7 2 he gemengeff p fyr wiff pam flihti se wceta fi dryge ; hwilu 3 die / hwilu p leohte fyr 7 pest beorhte up gewit, 7 sio hefge
eorffe

py ICES hi Ac gesibsuma God gemetgad ealla Hwilu gepw&rafi pa ffe betwuh him wuniafi.

on

ane healfe pees heofones bion,

10

sit

celcne*

westm 7

Be pees cyninges gebode orengff eorffe peer nidere. celc tudor celce geare, 7 se hata sumor drygff 7
bleda,

15

gearwaff seed 7
bleda.

5 7 ivestmbcera heerfest oryngff ripa snawas se ren leccal e or dan on Heeglas 7 7 pa oftreeda

wintra ; forpd underfehd sio eorfie pcet seed 7 gedeff peet hit 6 Ac se metod eallra gesceafta fet on eorfian grewff on lengten. ealle growende westmas 7 ealle forffbrengcf ; 7 gehyt pon he 20
he wile, 7 nimfi pon he wile, hwile pe gesceafla piowiafi, sit se hehsta sceoppend on his heahsetle ; panon he welt pa gewealdlederu ealle gesceaftu. Nis nan
wyle, 7 eowaff
ffa

pon

pa

wundor, forpdfie he
7
(P.

is cyning 7 dryhten 7 cewelm 7 fruma 7 wisdom 7 rihtwis dema. He sent ealla gesceafta 7 on his eerendo, 7 he het ealle eft cuman. peer se an gesteeppega 8 cyning gif he ne stapelode ealla gesceafta pon wurdon hi ealle
,

25

toslopene

7

tostencte,

7

to

nauhte wurdon

ealle

9

gesceafta

.

peah
3

ane lufep hi peowian swilcu hlaforde, 7 10 feegniad pees peet he hiora wealt. Nis p nan wundor,
habbafi gemeenelice

pa

forpam

hi ne mihton
forlet se
1

elles

own, gif hi ne ffwwedon hiora fru?nan.]
]>

Wisdom

leotS,

7 cwseS

to

me

:

2 3 em. hylu B. Orig. geSw&relice, but middle e erased. ero. * 5 e 7 em. celne B. em. brynS B. em. grewad B. em. 8 s I0 em. gesceafa B. gesceaftu B. gif he ab. 1. em.ftfan B.

lice B.

XL.

2]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

137

XL.
i.

Hwaatfer
:

c5u

nu ongite hwider
hwider
sio wille.

f>ios

Da

cwsetS ic

Sege me
aelc

Da
:

sprasce wille ? cwaetS he Ic
:

5

wyrd bio good, sam hio monnii good secgan f him sam Da cwastS ic Ic wene hit hio yfel J?ince, J^ince. swa bion msege, us hwilu ofter J?ynce. Da cwaecS he Nis Ipsds nan t\veo Saet selc wyrd bi(5 good Jara (5e 1 riht y 2 nytwyrSe bi(5; forcSsem aelc wyrd, sa hio bio wynsu sam
wille
j>

ea<5e

f>eah

:

hio sie unwynsu, forfty do, ot5(5e hine j^reatige to
10 o(5t5e

to ftaem

cyf>

goodan f hio

ocSer

twega

Son ^ he

bet do j?onne he aer dyde,

him leanige

]?

he

aer tela

dyde.

7

eft selc

wyrd

J?ara ]?e

to cSsem yflu cyS, cymc5 for J)33m
recSe,

tw33m

]?ingu,

sam

hio sie

sam

hio sy wynsu.
r^/w^"

15

swa ne ^/o. pa ongann ic wundrian, 5 7 cwsecS Isfforinweardhce rihtracu f J?u Saar *recst. pa CWCB$ he Swa hit is swa (5u ssegst ac ic wolde, gif (5u
eft
:

wyrd, |:onne 7 to laere ^ he

Gif to Saem yflum cymcS reSu he to edleane his yfla, O(5(5e to J^reunge 3
4

* i2oa C.

:

;

wolde,
spraace,
9
.

c^33t

wit

6

unc wenden sume hwile
7

to J?ises
8

folces

Jjylses

hi

cwefan
ic
:
:

f wit sprecan
;J>

ofer

monnes
nit

gemet
20
ii

Da
)a

cwaa?

v.

cwaeS he
ic
:

biS

?

Da
is

cwaeS

Ic

Su wille. Spree Wenst Ipu cSset f ne wene f hit sie. Da
10
,

sie

good f
he
:

cwae<5

(wyrd)

nyt fara
:

)?e

au Ser de^

o S Se
:

laerS, o^cSe

Da
is
25

cwsec5 ic
13

j) is soft.

Da cwaaft he 12
ic
f>aes

Sio wifterwearde

wyrd

ftaam

good
ic
:

J^e

winnaft wift unfteawas 7 wendaft hi to goode.
oftsacan.
t5e oft

Da cwgeft
wenst

Ne maeg

Da cwaetS
cymft to

he

:

Hwoet gooda
?

J?u bi

J>aere

goodan wyrde

goodu monnu

on

weorulde, swylce hit sie foretacn ecra hwsej?er ]?is folc maege cweftan f hit sie yfel wyrd ?
<5isse

u

Da smearsie swifte

code
v
1

(ic)

7 cwaaft

:

Ne cvvitS nan mon, ac
j>

cwift

f hio

n Boeth. iv. pr. 7.

lamne
1.

igitur uides/ &c.

Boeth.

iv. pr. 7.
6

Se

above

line in C.

5
9

racu B.

andget B. words here omitted in text see p. 149 note. From B, celcra C. good C.
"

bonum censes/ &c. 4 fireatunge B. get B. 7 8 So C, ciucedon B. So C, sprcecon B. wit om. B. 12 u 10 B has awerdeQ for awfcr ^5. For te/r/c3 B.
17 P.
2

Nonne

igitur

sie

B.

3

!

From

B, is

<$czm

is

138

DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
Da cwaec5 he
oft
J>e

[XL.

2

4

i2ob C.

fa yflan to witnianne ? hwaefter fis folc wene $ ty good wyrd sie ? Da cwaecS ic Ne \venac5 hi no j) god *\wyrd sie, ac wenafip hio sie earm\lico. Da cwaec5 he Uton healdan unc f wit ne wenen swa swa folc wencS gif wit faes wenacS (5e fis folc wen(5,
freatat?
:
j>

good, swa hio eac bi(S. unwenlicran x wyrde

:

Hwaet wenst
J>u

be faere

:

5

>is

;

]x>nne

forlaete wit aelce
:

gesceadwisnesse 7
z

aelce rihtwisnesse.
3

Da
/fo

cwae(5 ic

Hwy
4

forlaete

wit hi (a)
secgacS

J>a

ma ?

Da

[cwceft

:]

ForcSy
aslc

J?e

folcisce

men

aelc
j>

recSu

wyrd 7
hio sy
cwaecS
:

unwynsumu
5

sie yfel;
bi(5
6

ac

we ne sculon
J>aes

10 gelefan, forc^aem

IpQ

wyrd
f
Ipu

good, swa we

aer spraecon,

sam
7

re(5e,
f)

sam
soft

hio sie

wynsum.
ic

Da wearS
ne masg
7

ic afaered

is

saegst;

nat feah

hwa
nan
7

hit

dyrre secgan

dysegu monnu, for Saem iii w Da onsac se
.

his

dysi

man
:

8

gelefan

.

Wisdom
,

sarlice,

cwaecS

ForSy ne

15

* i2ia C.

nan wis mon (forhigan ne) to swi^e yb j? 9 gnornian, u 10 to hwaem his wise weor<5e o(5Se hwaeSer him cume ret5u li Su, Son ma fe se hwata esne scyle ymb ji w[_y]rd Ne biS (his) lof na (5y l2 gnornian, hu oft he fiohtan scyle. 12 is hit ac wen sie swa bicS eac faes wisan mare laesse, $ med mare, }?e him wra^re wyrd 7 retSre to becyS. *J?i ne
scyle
f>e

f>e

20

f>y

;

>e

1*

[j^^yS?
craefta

^w] wis

man

wilnian seftes

lifes,

gif he

aenigra

recS o SSe aeniges weorcSscipes her for weorulde oc5(Se Ac aelc wis man scyle eces lifes aefter ]?isse weorulde. a winnan aeg^er ge wicS )?a re^an wyrd[V] ge ]?a wynwi<5

25

suman, fy \vynsumanwyrde fortruwige, o^Se for 14 (Saere re San for^ence. Ac him is (Searf $ he aredie 15 faere recSan wyrde 7 c5aere ]?one midmestan weg betweoh
liSan,

laes

he hine for

(5aere

Sonne

^ he ne wilnige wynsuran wyrde 7 maran orsorgnesse 16 17 eft (to) hit gemetlic sie, ne for^aem he ne so
re<5re
,

maeg naufres ungemet adriogan.
anwealde hwaec5re
w Eoeth.
iv. pr. 7.
>ara

Ac

hit is

hi geciosen.

Gif hi

>onne

on hiora agnum fone midsapiens/ &c.
5

1.
~

37 P.

Quare, inquit,
3

ita uir
4

unsewenlican B.
zV

om. B.
B.
10

yb p om. 14
_/2?r

om. B.

3 B. }e om. B. 9 forlete B. }y s B. /i? swide ^/^ for ne nuzg. gelefan om. B. 12 13 n B. B. om. B. scyle J. /^ wyrfian scyle 15 )8 17 From B, hredre C. ne om. B. betivyhs B.
7

B

has

<?d5<?

XL.

5]

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE

139

5

mestan weg aredian willacS, J>onne sculon hi selfe him selfu 2 1 orsorgan f onne gemetgian J?a wynsuman wyrde 7 fa 3 gemetgaS him God fa recSan wyrde ge on f isse weorulde 5 4 ge on f aere toweardan, swa swa hi eaSe adreogan magan. on one ealle iv x. Wella, wisan men, wel weg gacS f
; ;

btsna] fara godena gumena 7 6 e aer eow waeron. wera Eala, ge f fara weorSgeornena eargan 7 idelgeofnan hwy ge swa unnytte sien 7 swa
*<5e

eow [t&raff] fa {{oremaran
;

*

I2lb

c

-

aswundne
10

?

Hwy
f aem

ge

nyllen

ascian

aefter

monnu 7
aer

aeft

weor<5geornum,

hwylce

hi

f aem wisum waeron fa fe

15

eow waeron? 7 hwy ge fonne nyllen, si(5(5an ge hiora feawas geascod haebben, him onhirian, swa ge swiSost maegen? forSaem hi wunnon aeft weortSscipe on fisse worulde, 7 tiolodon goodes hlisan mid goodum weorcu, For^aem 7 worhton goode bisne ]?sem Je Defter him waeron.
hi

wuniacS

hiora

nu ofer Saem tunglum on ecre eadignesse for godum weorcum. Her endaS sio fiorSe boc Boeties,
fifte.

7 ongin^ sio
v
20 ic
:

y.

Da

se

Wisdom
is

]?a
;

]>is

spell areaht

haefde,

cwaetS
J>a

SwicSe riht

Jrin

lar

ac

ic

wolde
witan

maenigfealdan lare
tiohhunge.
sie

J?e }?u

me

aer

nu myndgian gehete be ]?aere Codes
J>e

faere
fore-

Ac

ic

wolde

aerest

aet

Ipe

hwaet^er *f auht * i22a C.

25 onette wicS j^aes
J>e

^ ic moste gelaestan f ic J?e 7 aer gehet, 7 mos[/?] getaecan swa scortne weg swa ic scyrtestne Ac hit is switfe 8 feor 9 of findan meahte to (5inre cytStSe.
:

f we oft geheratS f scyle weas gebyrian.
ic
]>

men cwedad be sumum ))ingum Da cwaecS he Me wsere leofre
7

f

hit

f>e

uncrum wege, of J^aem wege }?e wit getiohhod habbacS on farenne; f ]m me aer baede (hit) waere ]?eah nyttre
j>

to to

30 gecerranne 7

(/<?)

ongitanrie.

Ac

ic

ondraede $

ic

laede )?e

hidres J^idres
eft

on Sa pa^as of
aredian.

J>inu

wege, f

]?u

ne maege

pinne
J>e

weg
iv.

Nis

hit

nan wundor
cwaecS ic
:

]^eah j^u getiorie,

gif ic
1

laede bi
met.

Saem wege.
7.

Da

Ne

fear ft

(/) no

Boeth. y Boeth.
1

v. pr. i.
6

5
<<?

gemetgan C. adrygan B.

Bella bis quinis operatus annis, &c. 1. 2 P. Turn ego, Recta quidem, inquam, &c. 2 4 3 /^z eaSe om. B. }a om. B. gemegaQ C. 8 1 8 le om. B. swa B. B. ^? om. B.

^r

140

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
;

[XL.

5

ondraedan
]Mder
ic
<Se

ac

ic

bio swi(5e swi(5e gefaegen

l

gif J?u

me lae Jst

bidde.

Da

cwaecS he
J^e

:

Ic
f>e

wille laeran bispellum,
2

swa

nauht f
f>ing

secgan wille J^set hit nis weas FonSae aelc cwitS, $ aenig J?ing gebyrige. 3 hit ne bi(5 weas gebyred cim(5 of sumu ]Mngu, fonSse 5 ac (Saer hit of 4 nauhte ne come }?onne waere hit weas gebyred
ic
}?e

ealne

weg dyde, 7

J?eah

mon

;

5

.

vi z
*

.

Da

cwaecS ic

:

Ac hwonan com
min diorlmg
cwaifi ic
:

se

(namd]
hit

serest

?

i22bC.

Da
bee

cwaecS he:

Aristoteles
hatte.

hit

*gerehte on peere
?

pe Fisica
he
:

pa

Hu
;

rehte he

Da

cw33(5

cwsedon gio ]?onne him hwast unwenunga 6 10 7 gebjYra&J, $ $ waere weas gebyred swylc[^ hwa\ nu delfe eorSan, 7 finde tSaer }?onne goldhord, ond secge Sonne fy Ic wat jjeah gif se delfere eortSan n[o sie weas gebered.
J>a

Men

ne

delfe,

ne nan
hit

mon

aar

$ gold

funde he

no.

Forc5y hit

ne hydde, f>onne ne 8 ac sio naas na weas funden
f)a3r
;

15

godcunde foretiohhimg he wolde f hydde, 7 eft one
J>e

laerde J?one

9 fe he wolde $ he gold

hit

funde.
-p

vii a .

Da
ic

cwsetS ic
J?e

:

Daet

z

c ongite

hit is

swa swa pu

saegst

;

ac

wolde

10

acsian hwae Ser

we

haebben o S Se cenigne amveald, hwaet we

aenigne freodom 20 don, hwcet we ne ne

*

i23a C.

don,pe sio godcunde foretiohhung ofide sio zvyrd us nede to pa pe we willan. pa cwced he : We habbafi micelne anwald nis nan gzsceadwis ^sceaft j? naebbe fnbdom. Se J?e gesceadn he haefcS, se mseg deman 7 tosceadan hwaes wilnigan 12 mon sceal. aelc hw-aet he onscunian 7 hcefd pone 7 *hwaet nele he freedom f he wat hwaet wile, 7 J?eah
;
h[<?]

25

;

nabbacS

13

ealla

gescea[V]wisa
rihte

gesceafta

gelicne
hi

friodom.
14

Englas habbatS
wilniaS.

domas 7 goodne
Ipe

willan,

wilniatS hi begitaS swit5e ea Se,

for"5aem)?e

hi 7 eall f nanes wos 15 ne
3

Nis nan

16

haebbe friodom 7 gesceadwisnesse
;

buton englum 7
z

monnum
1.

J?a

men habbaS

simle freodom
uulgus lateat, &c.
B.
13

a
1

Boeth. v. pr. Boeth. v. pr.
2
6

I. 2.

32 P.

An
*

est aliquid, tametsi

Animaduerto, inquam, &c.
forj>i

fcegn B. gebe C.
*

em. &e

B.

hwegmmga 1J
15

w///^ om. B. B.
"

B.
12

4

5

7

?^

om. B.

o/om. 8

From

B,

ne conject., om. B.
7/a^aiJ B. B.

wolde )e B.

hwcet B.

em.

//^/"B.

14

hwcet B.

woges B.

16

Read waw

gesceaft,

nan om.

XLI.

2]

DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHISE
hi
J>e

141
laetatJ,

Ipy

maran
habbacS
l

heora
Ipy

mod

near

godcundum Singum
)?e

7

J?ses

laessan

friof^Jm
laetacS.

hi

hiora
hi

modes
nsenne

willan

near

j^isse

weoruldare

NabbatS

freodom J?onne
5

hi

heora

agnum

willum

hi selfe un<5eawum

undercSiodaft

;

ac sona swa hi hiora

mod on\vend[^] 2 from
Swa]?eah hean ceastre; se gesihcS
4
,

gode, swa weor(5ac5 hi ablende
is

mid unwisdome.

an aslmihtig

God on
3
gej>oht
,

his fsere

aelces
gilt

monnes

7 his word 7 his daeda toscead

7

aelcu sefter his

gewyrhtum.

Da

se

Wisdom
cwae(5
:

a

]?is

spell

10 asaed haefde, j?a

ongon he singan 7

j?us

se

i. (peak Omerus se go da sceop,pe mid Crecu selest was : was Firgilies 5 lareow ; se Frigilius wees mid L&denwarum selest : peak Omerus on his leofiu swifte herede Jxzre sunnan

15

gecynd 7 hiore crceftas 7 hiore biorhto, ne mcsg heo peak ealle ne gesceafta gescman, ne pa gesceafta fie heo gescinan endemest ne ealle innan hio ealle gescinan, geondscinan. mcBg
m<zg

Ac nis pa celmihtigan* Gode swa, pe is scyppend ealra 1 gesceafla ; he geseohd 7 purhseohd ealle his gesceafta (Ende mon mest. pone mceg hatan buton lease sope sunned)
20
ii

c

.

[f)a j]e

Wisdom

J?a

J?is

geswugode he ane

lytle hwile.

Da

leoS asungen cwas S ic
: :

"haefde,

^5a

Sum
is

tweo
?

me

8

haefS swi Se gedrefed.
ic
:

Da

cwaecS he

Hwaet

se

Da

25

f ^ tm saegst f God selle aelcu men freodom swa good to donne swa yfel, swaecSer he wille 7 9 hit geweonSe ssegst (eac] $ (God] wite aelc /ing aer 7 nan hit God wille ne bute eac f geweortJe soegst |?ing 7 ge(5afie saegst *f h[z / ^]cyle eall faran swa he getiohhod
cwaecS

Hit

is

;

;

;

J>u

* I2 a 4

haebbe.

Nu
swa

wundrie
hi

hasbben })one freodom ^
30 swaec5er
b
c

hwy he ge]?afjge $ ]m yflan men maegen d[on swa ^]od swa yfel, he aer wat ^ hi yfel don willaS. \\i\\\_an, J?on^
ic |?aes

hi

Boeth. v. met. 2. Boeth. v. pr. 3.
1

Puroclarum luminePhoebum, &c. Cott. Metr. xxx. Turn ego, En, inquam, &c.
3 7

5

2 From B, willa C. awendaS B. 6 em. almiht B. zm.jirgies B. 9 for tweo me. cerer B.

gefianc B.
8

4

toscat B.

em. 4t B.

B

has

142

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
cwaeft he
:

[XLI.

2

Da

Ic

]?e

spelles.

Hu

wolde

maeg nu J?e

swi(5e
lician
l

ea<5e

geandwyrdan
hwilc

>aes

gif

swiSe

[rice
z

ynijng waere 7

naefde nsenne

freon[<?

wow] on
:

eallu his rice,

ac waeren eall[e/]iowe ? Da cwaeS ic Ne Jmhte no 3 [rjihtlic, ne eac nauht 4 gerisenlic, gif him
Jriowe men gif God nsefde on
his
>enian.

me

[A#] sceolden
6
,

5

Da

cwaecS he

5
:
f>

waere uncynlicre

anwalde.

7 eallum his rice nane frige gesceaft under 8 Forftaem. he gesceop twa gesceadwisa ge-

sceafta freo, englas 7
hi
]>

men

;

mosten don swa god swa

pse he geaf micle gife freodomes, 9 swa hi wolden. 10 yfel, swae(5er
se

He

sealde swi(5e faeste gife 7 swicSe faeste

mid
(Sset

Saere gife
se

selcum

men

oc5

10

his

ende

;

tSaet is

se
l2

freodom

n mon

mot don $ he wile, 7 f is sio se f he gilt aelcu be his gewyrhtum aeg Ser ge on j^isse worulde ge on faere toweardan swa good swa yfel, *swaetSer he dec5. 7 men magon be[gitan~]
j^urh j^one

15

freodom swa hwaet swa
;

hi

willa<5,

buton deaS hi ne

[ac hi hine\ magon mid goodu weorcum 13 he lator cym^; ge fur[/] o^ oreldo hi hine J?e [gekttan^ hwilu geletta S 14 Gif men 15 to goodum weorce ne onhagie,

magon

forcerran

.

haebbe

16

goodne willan; f

is

emngood

17
.

D[a cwced
]^aere

ic

:]

20

Wei Su me
nesse
\J>e

\hcefst aretne on fid /]weon, 7

on

gedrefed-

aer (on) \vaes be ^aem freodome. [Ac ic eom\ ic\ on micle maran giet gedrefednesse geunrotsod, fulneah oc5 ormodnesse. Da cwaet5 he 18 Hwset is sio micle unHit is ym Sa Codes foretiohhunge rotnes 18 ? Da cwaetJ ic hit scyle call swa forc5aem we geheraS hwilum secgan geweor5an swa swa God aet fruman getiohhad haefde, j) hit he maege nan mon onwendan 19 Nu (SincS me he do woh 20

nu

:

:

;

25

f>

.

]>

,

]^onne he ara^ yflan, gif f sotS

)?a
is

goodan, 7 eac )3onne he

21

witnaft

J?a

f

(hit)

mosten
1

elle[j]

don.
2

Unnytlice
hit

him swa gesceapen waes f hi ne we swincaS J?onne we us
B.
7 3

30

he

nu

locian B.
6

me

nauht B.
8
13
>

4

nauht om.
"letta&
.

B.

5
9 15

Hwcet B.
swasderom. B.
W(?w B.
B.
18

7za^<?

ungecyndlicre B. sceaft B. 10 on B. n Ve B. 12 ^cm. B. n ls B. emn om. B.
B.
2t)

gescedwisan B.
B.
.

R.

Hw<zt

om.
21

19

awendan

The A

of

zo<?A

unrotnes written over w C.
.

From

B, he hit C.

XLL

3]

DE CONSOLATIONS PHILOSOPHIAE
7 Sonne we

143
*
1
2.>a

gebiddaft,

nabbatS

(5y

faestaS, *o(5(5e selmessan sella(5, gif we his maran fane f e fa f e on eallum f ingum wadac5 on

C.

hiora (agenne willan, 7 after hiora] lichoman luste irnaft. iii d Da cwae(5 he pis is sio ealde siofung f e f u longe
.

:

5 siofodes,

aer f ara waes sum Marcus, oftre naman Tullius, f riddan naman he was gehaten Cicero se J waes Romana heretoga se waes uSwita. Se waes swicSe abisgod

7 manige eac

<Se

;

;

;

mid

faere

ilcan
2

nanum
10 timan,

ende.

spraece, ac he hi ne meahte brengan to FonSy he ne meahte, ne nan mon on f one
,

wses abisgod on
gif
j)

2 3 fa spraece to nanum ende bringan fortvy hiora mod weorulde wilnunga. Ac ic fe secge, 4 soc5 is $ ge secgaft, j) hit waes unnet gebod on god<5isse
j>

cundum bocum
7 don good
15
swinc"5,
;

God bebead
se
6

5
j)

mon

sceolde forlaetan yfel
:

7

eft

cwide f e he cwaeS
onfehcS.

swa

mon ma
ic
7
:

swa

mon maran mede
j>

7

ic

wundrige hwy

Da cwas(5 wit aer spraecon. f u haebbe forgiten call 8 Hwaet haebbe ic forgiten f ses f e wit aer spraecon ?
cwcS *he
8
:

Da
*

Wit saedon aer ^ sio godcunde f[0]retiohhung aelc worhte 7 nan yfel, (ne nan) ne tiohhode to wyrcanne, god 20 ne naefre ne worhte. Ge furcSum wi[/J gereahton to
j>

125!) C.

goodum

waes ^ mon f aet folciscu monnu yfel f uhte wr^ce 7 witnode hwone for his yfle. Hu ne saedon 10 wit eac ll aer on f isse ilcan bee God haefde getiohhod freodom to sel9
;
j>

lanne
25

monnum, 7 swa dyde
13
,

;

7 gif hi

12

f one freodom

tela

ge;

healdon
gif hi
15

14 f he hi wolde swi(5e weor Sian mid ece life 7 (5one freodom forheolden, ^ he hi f onne wolde witnian

mid

deacSe.
-f

He

tiohhode, gif hi hwaet gesyngoden on

"Saem

3

freodome mid hreowsunga he nane gebeten ; 7 gif hiora hwylc swa heardheort waere ne he haefde rihtlic onne wite. Ealla hreowsunge dyde, f 16 he haefde buton gesceafta getiohhod feowu englum 7
freodome,
hi hit eft

on

"Saem

j>

j>

,

d
1

Boeth.

v. pr. 4.
. .
.

Turn

ilia,

Vetus,

inquit,"

&c.

2 3 From pe B. 4 orforj>y 5 bringan6 B has onlyonfione timan. bead B mon om. B. 7 he B. 8 Hwcet . B, med C. ge om. B. 9 u scede B. 12 he om. B. From B, cer om. B. gode B. 13 H 15 From B, to lange heoldon C. he C. hi om. B. rice B. J)eoive B.
.

.

"

"

144

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHISE
1

[XLI.

3

monnum.
healdacS
*

hiora

FonSyfe fa f egnunga
2

ocSra
ocS

gesceafta
;

feowe
ac fa

sint,

hi

1

26a C.

englas, f e freo

sint,

men 7 fa daeg *Hwaet forlaetacS hiora egnunga. magon f
domes
5

men
f aes

(Se

cwecSan f sio godcunde foretiohhung getiohhod haefde hio ne f urhtuge ? ocSSe hu magon hi hi aladian f hi

ne maegen good don, nu hit awriten is fy gelde aelcum men be 3 his gewyrhtum ? Hwy sceall f onne aenig mon bion Da cwag(S ic Genoh f u me haefst idel, tfeet he ne wyrce ? aere gefreolsod f tweounge mines modes be f aere ascunga f e
:

God

ic

fe ahsade

4
.

Ac

ic

Se

me ymbe
:

tweocS.
cutS

5 I0 fe wolde giet acsian sumre spraece ? Da Da cwaecS he Hwaet is fast
:

cwaetS ic

Genog

me

is

6

f
7

God
;

hit
ic

wat

eall

beforan,

ge good ge

yfel, aer hit

geweorcSe

ac

nat hwaecSer hit eall

8 geweortfan sceal unanwendendlice f he wat 7 getiohhod haefS. Da cwaecS he (Ne) (Searf hit no eall geweorcSan unanwen:

J

5

dendlice

8
;

ac

sum

hit sceal

9

geweorcSan

unanwendendlice

8
;

Ac hit is sum bit5, 7 his willa bi& no f eah ne deret) eah nan swa gerad f nedf earf, 7 f ne nan hearm ne bitS, f eah (hi) no (ne) hit geweonSe geweor Se. Gef enc nu be Se selfu hwae Ser f u aenig fing
f bit5 fte ure nedfearf
his nis
;

20

*

i26b C.

swa

faest

:0

willu
.

onwend ne weor Se n

getiohhod haebbe *faet fe fince $ hit naefre finu ne ):u butan bion ne maege ;
,

* o S Se hwaeSer f u eft on aengum gef eahte f f e helpe hwaecSer hit geweorSe, Se hit

swa twioraede sie no ne geweor^e. 12 aer hit geweonSe, 7 wat Fela is fara finga fe God aer wat Nat he hit eac f hit derecS his gesceaftum gif hit gewynS. no forSyf e he wille f hit geweorSe, ac forcSy f e he wile 14 forwernan f hit ne geweortSe, swa swa good scipstiora ongit 1G 15 aer aer hit geweonSe sae hreore on wind micelne 7 haet fealdan f segl 7 eac hwilum lecgan f one maest, 7 laetan fa 33 17 baette, warenaS (he baetinge; gif he aer fweores windes
,

25

13

3

hine]
1

wi<S

"Saet

weder.
2 7

habbaS B.
is
cu<5

frige B.

after B.
8

4

acsode B.

5

sume

B.

6

me

B.

10

fceste B.

left

instead.

has 7 hreose.

unawendendlice B. wyrfan B. gewyrSe B. 12 n cer ivat om. B, but space onwended weorde B. T5 13 H ne om. B. For on hreore sa B for}e B. 18 1T wcernad B. B. wiotfe B.
lfi

wm^

XLI.

5]

DE CONSOLA TIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
Da
cwaecS ic
ic
:

145

min haefst geholpen set swa wundrige hwy maenige wise men faere spraece, (7) swa swicSe swuncen 1 mid faere spraece, 7 swa lytel gewis funden. Da cwaecS he Hwses wundrast faer swa switSe,
iv e .

SwicSe wel

f>u

:

f>u

5

swa
J?ing

etSe

swa
bi(S

hit is to

ongitanne

?

Hu
?

ne wast
f>u

f manig
*

ne
3

no ongiten swa swa
bit)
Ipe faeraeft

hit bi(5,

andgites maecS

spyrecS

*ac swa swa faes 2 Swilc is se wisdom

i27aC.

hine
j>

swylce he
10

ne maeg nan mon of fisse weorulde ongitan swilcn*? he hine is ; ac aelc winS be his andgites mae Se
}>

wolde ongitan
ongitan
is

gif

he meahte.

Ac
sint,

se

swylce swylce

we

ongitan eallunga swylcne

swylc<?

wisdom maeg us eallunga feah we hine ne maegen he is; forcSaem se wisdom

15

weorc ge good ge yfel, aer hi gewordene gefoht ac he us ne ned no 5 we to hratSor nede scylen good don T ne us ne f Ipy we yfel don, for^aem^e he us sealde freedom. Ic werntS 6 eac taecan sume bisne Ipe maeg Jm |?e } S ongitan meah[/^]

God.

He
4

gesihcS (ealt) ure

sien, ot$(5e furcSum
f>aem

;

j>

r<

}>

spraece. ])u gesiti$\ 7 gehernes 7 [/</ gefrednes onfgY/^/flJne lichoman J)aes monnes, [7/]eah ne 20 ongitacS (hi hine no gelicne ; pa earan ongitafr) j) hi geherat^,
t5a
,

Hwaet

7

wast

ne ongitaS hi J?eah J?one lichoman eallunga swylcne 8 8 swylce he bitS; sio gefrednes hine maeg gegrapian 7 gefredan hit lichoma bit5, ac hio ne maeg gefredan hwaecSer he bitS }?aet
(7)

blaec
f>e

9

J?e
10
,

hwit, *(Se faeger

25 frumcerre

swa

J)a

^e unfaeger. hi on besio"S, eagan

Ac

sio gesihtS aet * i27b
J>one

C

ongitatS ealle

andwlitan
cSu

(5aes

lichoman.
f>u

Ac

ic

wolde get reccan sume race,
:

wisse hwaes
f.

wundrode.
:

v
se

Da cwaeS ic Hwaet is ? Da cwaeS he an man ongit f f he (on) o^ru ongit synderlice
f>aet

Hit

is

;

he hine

30 ongit

>urh

fa eagan synderlice

n
;
f>urh

fa earan synderlice,

furh his raedelsan synderlice, furh gesceadwisnesse synder lice, fmrh gewis and[^-]it. Manige sint cwucera gesceafta
6
f

Boeth. v. pr. 4. 1. 69 P. Cuius erroris causa Boeth. v. remainder of pr. 4 and whole of 5.
<

est,

&c.
B.
.

1

5

scylen

gcswuncen B. om. B.
omit B.
9

2

kwilc B.

3

From
blac B.

J,
10

B

p

hine om. B.
7

4

geworden
8
"

miht.

f B.

mag

frum an cerre B.

swylcne synderfc C.

.

.

146

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
swa swa nu
l

[XLL

5

unstirende,

scylfiscas

sint,

7 habbatS )?eah sumne

dael andgites, fortfoem hi

ne meahton

elles libban, gif hi

nan
*

grot andgites

naef[</]en.

Sume magon
sume

gesion,

sume \magon\
2
.

geheran,

sume

gefredan,

[^"jestincan

Ac
;

J?a

styriendan neten[ gelicran, fon5aem j]int monnu habba(5 call ^ c$a unstyriendan ha<^ac5, 7 eac mare to

\hy~\ 5

$

is

f 7
*

hi onhyriatS
fliocS
-f

4

monnu
ymbe*

;

lufiacS

]?

hi lufiaS

7

hatiacS

j?

hi hatiatS,

hi hatiacS
ser

7 secacS $
>

hi lufiacS.
(

Da men 8onne habbaS
to

i27b

C

eall

we

Q^r<z

f(9^,

7

^<r

eacan fid micle gife
10

ends; next
missing,

ForEnglas pon habbad gewiss andgit. 5 fta- sint $as sceafla pus gesceapene p $a unstyriendan hi ne ahebben ofer pa styriendan^ ne him wifi ne winnan, ne pa styriendan ofer pa men, ne pa men ofer pa englas, ne pa englas monna ne seed no wi$ God. Ac pest is earmlic p se mcesta pp him forgifen is,p is gesceadwisness ; ne p ?te seedr6 pat him ofer is, p is pat englas habbad 7 wise men ; p is gewis andget. Ac mest monna nu onhyrefi* nu neatu on pa poet hi willniad Ac gif we nu h<zfdon cenigne woruldlusta swa swa netenu.

gesceadwisnesse.

d<zl

15

1

dcel

uniwiogendes andgites

swa swa

englas habbad,

pon mihte
*.

we

ongiton p p andget bid micle betere pon uregesceadwisnes se
,

20

peak we
tweon ; witon ;

gesceadwisnes

swa ure gesceadwisnes u is betere pon nytena 12 andgit sie, ofifie pas gewittes cenig dcel pe himforgifen is auper 13 Ac uton nu habban ure odce hrorum neatu odde unhrorum moa swa swa we yfemest mcegen wifi pees hean hrofes PCBS hehstan andgites, p du mcege hrcedlicost cumon 7 edelicost to
se,
.
it, f)
<zr

10 we habbad lifeline gearowitan buton fela smean ac pa englum nis nan tweo nanes pcera pinga pe hi forpi is hiora gearotvifo swa micle betra pon ure

25

pinre agenre cydde ponan pe du

come.

mod 7 pin gesceadwisnes geseon u
pinges, czgper ge nu oft ymb spracon, ge be
1

J?(Er ?nceg pin
hit

openlice

pp

nu ymb tweod

3

celcfs

be

pare godcundan foresceawunge pe we urumfrydome^ \ge swa be eallu pingu,
3

fiscas B.

J

4 *

hyrigad B.

5

For gestincan B hns^? 6
gcsceafta J.
H

foil,

by space. 7
sic J.
13

seccift J.

nu from

From

J, onstyrceft B.

11 14

em. gesceadivisnesse B. 15 em. gesceon B. freodome

gesceadwisnes 12 netan J.
J.

om. B. om. B. smeagen J.
]>a

J,

em. imrorum B.

XLIT]
vi fa.

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
f)a
se

147

Wisdom pa
*

fits spell asced hcefde,

singan j pus cw(R$ :] (Hwazt,
is mistlice

pu

pa ongan he miht ongitan p manig wyht

ferende geond
fara.fi.
2

j ungelice
5

Sume

eorpan, j sint swiSe ungelices hiwes, lichoman on licgafi mid eallon

eorpan, j swa smuhende ne fultumdS ; j sume
fleogende,

farad p him nauper

ne fet ne fifieras

7

ealle

peak

bi$ tiviofete, sume fiowerfete, sume biofi ojdune healde wifi pare eorffan,

7 pider

10

oMe pas pe hi lyst odfie pees pe hi bepurfon. mann ana gcep uprihte ; p tacnafi p he sceal ma pencan up p on ny$er,pi ICES p mod sie niofioror pon fie h c/ioma.) Da se Wisdom (Sa 3 Sis leoS asungen haefde, (Sa cwaeS he
ivillniacf,

Ac

se

:

XLII

fif.

15

* For^y we scoldon ealle msegene spyrian sefter Code, ^ we wissen hwset he waere. Deah hit ure mseS ne sie -f we witen hwylc 5 he sie, we sculon J?eah be ]?3es andgites mae Se he us gifS fandian 6 swa swa we 3er cwsedon $ mon ]?e scolde selc ongitan be his andgites maej^e, for Ssem we
;
f>ing

ne magon
gesceaft

selc

Jring

ongitan

swylc swylce hit

bitS.

^Elc

(5eah

sweotolaS
20 gesceafta 7

f

God

aeg^er ge gesceadwis ge ungesceadwis -f ece is, forftaem naefre swa *manega * ia8b C.

swa micla 7 sw[a] 7 faegra hi ne undercSiodden laessan g[<?]sceafte 7 Isessan [a]walde )?onne (hf) Da cwseS ic Hwaet is sindon, ne furtSum emnmiclum.
ea[//<?]
:

ecnes

?

Da
;

cwaecS he
gif Ipu hit

:

pu me
8
.

ahsast micles (7)

earfo<5es

to

ongitanne
25

witan

wilt,

Su

scealt

habban

aer J^ines

c/33ne 7 hlutor 9 Ne maeg ic (5e nauht helan wat. Wast Ipu $ j?reo Sing sindon on Ipis mid10 dangearde ? An is hwilendlic, Sset haeftS segfter ge fruman ge

modes eagan
Saes
<5e

ic

ende; 7 (ic) nat Seah nanwuht Sses Se hwilendlic is, nauSer ne his fruman ne his ende. OSer Sing is ece, f haefS
fa g
1

Boeth. v. met. 5. Boeth. v. pr. 6.
2
3

Quam

uariis terras,

&c.

Cott. Metr. xxxi.

Quoniam
4

igitur,

&c.

em. geon B.
1.
7

orig. snicende, c erased,

written ab.
B.

8a om. B.
Conject.

fundigan B.
10

B

/^j

^ for ^/ 7/^/5 B.
L
2

ni turned into m, and uh 5 /zwy/^ om. B. mcegne B. 8 has swcegm for swafagra. ongitan B.
m//<?w

148

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE
;

[XLII

fruman 7 naeftS naenne ende 7 (tc) wat hwonne hit ongintS, 7 wat f hit naefre ne geendatS f sint englas 7 monna saula. is ece buton ende 7 buton anginne is God. pridde -f Betweoh is switSe micel toscead. Gif wit f eall
; "Sing ;
f>aem
f>rim

sculon tosmeagan
otStSe

1
,

j^onne

cume

wit late to ende

f>isse

bee, 5
:

naefre.

Ac an

jring tSu scealt
3

nede
ecnes.

2
f>aeran

witan

forhwy God is gehaten sio hehste Hvvy? Da cwaetS he: *For<5on
tSaes
>e

Da

cwaetS ic

:

aer

us waes buton be
<Se

we witon swicSe lytel gemynde 7 be geaescum *, 7 get
>e

lassse ]?aes
6
j>

aef t:

us
ac

bitS.

P an
is

us

is

5

gewislice

andweard

10

J?e

jxmne
8

ge $te nu

is,

Ne

wex<S

; andweard, ge 7 ge te aefter us bi(S eall $ is him andweard. his wela na, ne eac naefre ne wanaft. Ne ofman
j>

bitS

him

eall

$ te aer waes,

;

he nanwuht, forSy n he nanwuht ne forleas. Ne eht 12 he nanre wuhte, fonSy hine nanwuht ne maeg flion; ne ondraet he him 13 nane wuht, for<5aem he naefcS naenne ricran

he naefre nane wuht, forcSaem he 9 naefre nauht ne 10 forgeat. Ne sectS he nanwuht, ne ne smeac5, fon533m)?e he hit wat eall.

15

Ne

sect?

Simle he gifende, 7 ne Symle he bic$ aelmihtig, for^aem he symle wile good 7 naefre nan yfel. Nis him nanes Binges nedlociende, ne slaep S he naefre. Syle he bicS Syle he ]?earf.
gelican.
bi<5

ne furcSum naenne

wana"S

his naefre nauht.

20

bi<5

gelice manj^waere. Syle he biS ece, *fo/^aem naefre sio tid Simle he bffi frwh, naes $ he naere, ne naefre ne wyrc5.

ne

bit5

he

to

nanum weorce
is
;

anwalde he

no liculice u to wenanne, nis ^ nan man ametan ac gastlice, swa swa nu wisdom is 7 rihtwisnes, fonSaem Ac hwaet ofermodie ge |?onne, o StSe hwy ahebbe he is self. 15 nauht witS ge eow wicS swa heane anwald ? /^rtSaem ge forcSaem se eca se hine don ne magon 7 aelmehtga syle sit he maeg eall gesion, 7 heahsetle his anwaldes on
"Seah
]>

For his godcundlicum 25 geneded. His micelntsse ne maeg aeghwaer andweard.

30

;

f>se

;

f>onan

gilt
1

aelcu (be fiam} switSe

16

rihte aef t his

gewyrhtu.
4

For^ae

is
19
13

asmeagan B. e U B. om. B.
"

2
]>cer

czr

B.
12

J>e

om. B.
B, sceaxd C.

he ne B.

hit B. forjtd B.

7

From
eft
>

geascunge B. 9 he om. B.

him om. B.

I4

lichomlice B.

fc hi B.

B, with s above line after/. ie swide om. B.

XLII]
hit nis

DE CONSOLATIONE PHILOSOPHIAE

149

no unnet f we hopien to Gode, forSae he ne went l no swa swa we do(5. Ac biddacS 2 hine eadmodlice, fortteem he is rumod 7 swi fte mildheort. HebbaS eower mod to him mid eowru hondu, 7 biddac5 ]}aes J?e riht sie 7 eower
swi<5e

5 j^earf

sie,

for<5aem

he eow
micle

nele
3
;

wyr[w<2].

HatiatS

yfel

7

fleoc5

swa ge

swi<5ost

m[<z]gen

lufiacS craeftas,
*
j>

7

folgiat)

f>se.

Ge

habbao"

nedtSearfe

ge

syle
5

wel

dow,
do<5

fortSagm ge syle beforan \a ecan 7 f>3em selmihtgan Gode call f ge do"S ; m// he hit \_gesihd, 7 ^// hi\ hit forgilt.
10

FINIT 6

.

DRIHTEN
gesceafla, ic

<zlmihtiga

bidde

God, wyrhta 7 wealdend ealra pe for pinre micelan mildheortnesse J for
1

pare halegan rode tacne, 7 for Sea Marian mcegfihade, 7 for See Michaeles gehyrsunesse, j for ealra fiinra halgana 15 lufan 7 heora earnungu, p pu me gewissige let ponne ic 8 awyrhte to pe ; 7 gewissa me to pinu willan 7 to minre saw le cunne mm mod to ic bet ; 7 gestapela pinu ponne sylf pearfe willan 7 to minre sawle pearfe ; 7 gestranga me wifi p&s deofles costnungu ; 7 afyrra fra me pa fulan galnysse 7 alee 20 unrihtwisnysse ; 7 gescylde me wid minu wifferwinnu gesewenlicu 7 ungesewenlicu ; 7 tac me pinne willan to wyrcenne, p ic mage pe inweardlice lufian toforon eallu pingum mid danu gepance 7 mid clanu lichaman ; forpon 9 pe pu eart min sceoppend, 7 min alesend, min fultu, min frofer, min 25 trewneS) 7 min tohopa ; si pe lof 7 wylder nu 7 a a a to
worulde buton aghwilcu ende.
*
1

Amen &
*

.

This prayer
s

is

only in B.
6
"

See Introduction.

welt B.

abiddaft B.

Conject.

magon

B.
T

4
J>earfe

B.

em. almihgan C, almehtigan B. 8 heortnessan B. em. mire B.

*

Amen
1.

Finit B.

em. mild-

em.jb/ion B.
:

NOTE
bid.
(ii)

call bid good pte nyt (i) 23, read p. 137, -Da cwted ic : is sod. -Ba cwced he : This passage om. B. Before water : p. 80, 1. 24, read J)cet.
:

After 8a cwczd he

p

:

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS
PROEM
Alfred
kodwyrhta
list,
J

us ealdspell reahte,
era: ft meldode, him wees lust micel
leocf spellode,

cyning Westsexna,

fiat he fiiossum leodurn

monnum myrgen,
selflicne secg,

mislice cwidas,

5

fiy Ices celinge ut adrife

ponne he swelces
ic sceal

lyt

gymd for
fon on

his gilpe.

giet sprecan,

fitte,

folccufine reed

hceledum secgean ; hliste se

pe

wille.

i

o

METRA
la.

Hit wees geara
of
Scififiia

iu dcetie

Gotan eastan

sceldas Iceddon.

preate geprungon peodlond monig. setton sudweardes sigefieoda twa ; Gotene rice gearmcelum weox.
hcefdan him gecynde cyningas twegen^ Rcedgod j Aleric ; rice gepungon.
5

pa

wees ofer Muntgiop ??ionig atyhted

Gota gylpes full, guSe gelysted
folcgewinnes.
a

fana hwearfode
x

10
four metra are from J.

Cf. p. 7.

The proem and

first

152

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
scir on sceafte ;

[I.

n

sceotend pohlon

gegongan, lindwigende ; hi gelcestan swua efne from Muntgiop off pone mceran wearofi

Italia ealh

*

peer Sicilia scestreamum in
eglond micel edel mcBrsdd. ffa wees Romana rice gewumien,

15

abrocen burga

cyst,

beadurincum wees

gerymed. Rcedgot j Aleric on on fiat fcesten. fleah c as ere for mid p am CBpelingum ut on Crecas.
ne meahte

Rom

20

pa

seo

Gotan mid

glide,

wealaf wige forstandan giomonna gestrion
gehwcefieres

sealdon unwillum epelweardas,
halige ddas ;
w<zs

waa.

25

peak wees magorinca mod mid Crecum, gif hi leodfruman Icestan dorsten.
stod

prage on dam

;

peod WCBS gewunnen j eorlas
se

winlra mcenigo, odp&t wyrd gescraf

P P 6 peodrice pegnas
heran sceoldan.
Criste gecnoden ;

30

WCBS

heretema

a cyning self
fcegnodon
recene to
35
ealle

onfeng fulluhtpeawum.

Romwara beam, 7 him

frides
ft

wilnedon.

hy ealdrihta

celces

he him fceste gehet mosten

wyrfie
fienden

gewunigen on pcere welegan byrig God wuolde pcet he Gotena 2 geweald
40
CB.

moste. he p eatt aleag ; WCBS pcem cepelinge Arrianes gedwola leofre ponne Drihtnes

agan

het lohannes godne

papan

heafde beheawon ; nces 3cBt hcerlic deed, eac pam WCBS unrim odres manes

p

se

Gota fremede godra gehwilcum.
1

45
J.

em. ealla

2

J.

em. Godena

I.

8i]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS
da wees ricra sum on

153

Rome
leof,

byrig

penden
peet

ahefen heretoga, hlaforde cynestole Creacas wioldon.

was

rihtwis rinc ;

wees

mid Romwarum
50

sincgeofa sella, sidfian longe. he was for weorulde wis, weorfimyrida georn,

beorn boca gleaw.
se heele hatte ; se

Boitius

pone hlisan gepah. wees him on gemynde mcela gehwilce yfel 7 edwit p him eldeodge
kyningas cyfidon. wees on Creacas hold ; gemunde para ara 7 ealdrihta pe his eldran mid him ahton longe,
lufan 7
lissa.

55

fiencean pear/Lice,

angan pa listum ymbe hu he dider meahte
eft

60

Crecas oncerran, pcet se casere anwald ofer hi agan moste.

sende cerendgewrit ealdhlafordum
degelice,

7 hi for Drihtne

bced,

ealdum treowum, dcet hi ceft to him comen on pa ceasire, lete Creca witan

65

Romwarum, rihtes wyrde pone leodscipe. (fa pa lare ongeal Deodric Amuting, 7 pone pegn oferfeng,
lete

rcedan

heht fcestlice folcgesidas WCBS him hreoh se/a, healdon pone herer inc. he hine inne heht ege from dam eorle.

7

on care erne cluster belucan.

pa

wees modsefa miclum gedrefed
breac longe cer
75

Boetius.

wlencea under wolcnum ;

he

py wyrs

meahte

polian pa prage, pa hio swa pearl becom. WCBS pa ormod eorl, are ne wende,
ne on

pam fcestene frofre gemunde ; ac f& neowol astreaht nider ofdune
pa
flore.

80

feol on

fela worda

sprcec,

154
forpoht

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
fiearle ; ne wende ponan ofre cuman of 3am cla??imum. cleopode to geomran stenme, gyddode pus.

[I.

82

Drthine

Boeth.

i.

met.

I.

Carmina qui quondam studio
fela
lustlice

florente peregi.

Hw&t,

ic liofia

geo

sane on scelum.

nu

sceal siofigende,

wope gewceged, wrecca giomor, me pios siccetung hafati singan sarcividas.
agceled,
ffes

geocsa,

p

ic

pa ged
ic

ne mceg

5

gefegean swa fcegre, peak
sette soffcwida,

ponne ic nu miscyrre cuffe sprcece, hwilum fond. 7 peak uncudre me pas woruldscelda welhwces blindne
oft ic
<zr

fela gio pa on scelum WCBS.

10

on

fiis

dimme hoi dysine forlceddon^
betst

7 me pa berypton rcedes 7 frofre for heora untreowum, pe ic him cefre truwian sceolde. hi me to wendon
heora bacu
bitere,

7 heora

forhwam

wolde

ge,

blisse from. weoruldfrynd mine,
ic gestzllic

15

secgan ofide singan wcere on weorulde ?

p

mon
soft,

ne synt

pa word

nu pa

gescelda ne

magon

simle gewunigan.

111.
Boeth.
i.

met.

2.

Heu quam

praecipiti

mersa profundo.

sala,
seafie

on hu

grimmum 7 hu grundleasum

ponne

swinceS pcet sweorcende mod, hit pa strongan stormas beatafi

weoruldbisgunga.

ponne

hit

winnende
5

his agen leoht anforlasteff,

7 mid uua forgit pone ecan gefean,
b

Cf. p. 8.

c

Cf. p. 9.

IV. 27]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS
pa
fiiostro
cftsse

155

3ring3 on

worulde,

sorgum geswenced. swa is pissum nu mode gelumpen ; nu hit mare ne wat for Gode godes buton gnornunge fremdre worulde. him is frofre fiearf.

10

IV d.
Boeth.
i.

met.

5.

O

stelliferi

conditor orbis.

sEala,
hefones

ffu

7

eorfian ;

scippend scirra tungla, flu on heahsetk

ecum

7 3u ealne hrcecfe hefon ymbhwearfest, 7 3urh dine halige miht
ricsast,

hi fie to herafl. tunglu genedest swylce seo sunne sweartra nihta
fiiostro

p

5

adwcesceS,
leohte,

}>urh

fiine

meht,

blacum

beorhte steorran
fiurh ffinra

mono, gemetgdd ;

meahta sped
10

hwilum
beorhtan

eac

pa

sunnan

sines bereafad

leohtes,

ponne

hit gebyrigan

mceg

pat swa geneahsne nede weorffaff. swelce pone m&ran morgensteorran pe we ofire naman cefensteorra
nemnan her ad,
flu

genedest pone
siff

1

5

p

he pcere sunnan

bewitige ;
sceal,

geara gehwelce he gongan
beforan feran.

hwcei

<?u,

fader, wercest
sceorta
selest

sumurlange dagas
})(Em winter dagum
tida getiohhast.

swifie hate ;

wundrum

20

ffu

p&m
cer se

treowum

sudan 7 westan,
norfian 7 eastan

pa

swearta storm
h<zfde

benumen

a gehwelces 3urh pone laSran wind, leaf eala hwcet, on eorcfan ealla gesceafta

25

hyrad

fiinre hcese ;

dofi

on heofonum

swa some

mode- 7 mcegne, butan men

anum

;

d Cf. p. 10.

156

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
se wicf
tost. dinum willan wyrcefi of
}>u

[IV. 28

ffu eca 7 (zlmihtiga ealra gcsceafta sceppend 7 reccend ;

wella,

30

ara fiinum earmum

eorcfan tudre,
fiinra

monna cynne, cfurh hwi $u ece God

mehta

sped.

wolde

<zfre

wyrd on yflum monnum
sio

p

gewill wendan sceolde
ealles

swa

swifie ?

35

hio

ful

oft derefi

unscyldegum.

sittdd yfele

men giond eorfiricu on heahsetlum, halige priccdS under heora fotum. firum uncuti

hwi swa

sio

wyrd swa wo wendan

sceolde.

40

sint

gehydde her on worulde
crceftas.

geond burga fela beorhle unrihtwise eallum tidum
habbafi on hospe 3a

pe him sindon
^5

rihtes wisran, rices wyrfiran.

bid

p

lease lot lange

hwile

bewrigen mid wrencum.

nu on worulde her
acfas.

monnum
gif
flu

ne derido*

mane

nu, waldend) ne wilt wirde steoran,

ac on selfwille sigan Iczfest, ponne ic wat pie wile woruldmen tweogan geond foldan sceat, buton fea ane.

50

min Dryhten, flu pe ealle ofersihst worulde gesceafta, wlit nu on money n mildum eagum, nu hi on monegum her
eala,

55

worulde yfium wynnafi 7 swincatf, earme eorffwaran ; ara him nu $a.

Boeth.
* middle of

i.

met.

7.

Nubibus

atris.

*^u meaht

be Sasre sunnan sweotole gefencean,
Cf. p. 14.

3* C.

j be seghwelcum oSrum steorran

V. 37]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS
sefter
J>e

157

\ara
gif

burgum beortwt

scineff;

him wan

fore

wolcen hangatS,
5

ne

m^gen

hi

swa \eohfne leoman ansendan

aer se ficca mist Jynra weorcSe. swa oft smylte sse suSerne wind,

grsege glashlutre, grimme gedrefeS, 1 micla ysta, Jxmne hie gemengatS

onhreraS hronmere;
seo Je
ser

hrioh

bitS

fonne

10

gladu onsiene waes.
col

swa
of

oft sespringe ut aweallet5

clife

ham

j hlutor,
fiowe<5 ;

7

gereclice rihte

irneS wi(5 his eardes, ot5 hi oninnan *[fel$

15

muntes magenstan, j him on] midda[ 2 he on] tu atrendlod of (5aem \torre.
tosceaden wyr(5;
scir bi S
;

gelig\z, si S San

burna geblonden

gedrefed broc bi^ onwended
20

of his rihtryne, rytrnm toflowen. swa mi ]?a Jiostro ]?inre ^eortan
willaS minre leohtan lare z7#stondan,

7

tSin

ac gif
paet

wodgefonc miclu ^edrefan. (Su nu wilnast, f Su wel msege,
oncnawan,
25

so Se leoht siueotole

leohte ge\[eafan,
idle ofers^/^z,
]?u

/]u

forlsetan scealt
gefe<m

unnytne

scealt eac yfelne ege anforfe/tfw

woruldearfot5a.
ealles to

ne most
<5u

<Su

ormod, ne
J>e

Se

sefre

wesan ne

for ]?3em
laet

30

wlenca ^wsecan,

Ises ]^u

weortSe for

him

mid
7

<9/ermettu

eft

gercended,

to upahafen for

woruldgesael Sum.

orsorgum ne eft to waclice
35
3

geortreowe seniges godes, fonne Ipe for worulde wi^erweardra
J?inga )?reage,
1

maestS

7 ]?[] Se selfum
2

mtla C.

atren^lodC.

3

em. wflterwcarda C.

158

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
swi(5ost onsitte.

[V. 38

forcSaem simle bi(5

se

modsefa miclum gebunden
gedrefnesse, gif hine dreccean
} fla
;

mid
J>issa

mot

40

hwascSer, innan

swencan.

*

4 a C.

twegen tregan teoc5 tosomne* \wid p mod for\?ci\ misffcr] dwolema[, p hit seo ece ne mof\ innan geondscinan
J>a

forcSaem

\sunne for deem jwjeartum mistum,
swicSrad weonSen.

aer

t$ae[z hi ge-]

VIf
Boeth.
ii.

:

-

met.

3.

Cum
eft

polo Phoebus roseis quadrigis.
onleac,

f)a se

Wisdom

wordhord
"pus

a sang softcwidas, 7 self (5onne sio sunne sweotolost
hadrost of hefone,

cwcecf:
.srinecS,

hrcefie biocS affistroA
;

ealle ofir [eorfian ofire steorrd]v\

5

for^aem hiora

\>\irhtu

ne

biff]

auht

to gesettane wi(5

jt/nnan leoht.
J>aere

(Sonne smolte blaewS su^an 7 westan

wind under wolcnum,
feldes

]x>n[w

weax\fi$

l

hrac5e
10

blostma[, fcegen p ] hi moton. ac se stearca sto[_rm, ponne h]e strong cymS nor^an 7 hi] genimeS hraSe
eas[/<??2,
J>aere

rosan wlite

;

7 eac

]?a
2

ruman

sae

* loa C.

nor]?erne yst [nede geb&~fi<$ $ hio strange geonds tyred \on sfacfu] eala $ on eorffan auht \_fcestlices

beate"S.*

15

weorces on\ worulde ne wunaft

<zfre.

VII?.
Boeth.
ii.

met. 4.

Quisquis uolet perennem.

\jBa ongon

se

Wisdom

his gewunati] fylgan

;

gliowordum gol, gyd cefl^ spelle. song socScwfYdTja sumne ]^a geta
;
f

Cf. p. 21.

g Cf. p. 26.

!

em.

-weaxeft J.

2

em. -ded C.

3

em.

j? J.

VII. 37]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS
J>aet

159

cwae(S

he ne herde f on heane munt
T&zahte
tf-rettan
5

monna
wenan~\
wi$~\

<znig

\healle hroff~\&s\.Q.
]?ses

ne ])[earf eac h&lefia nan [weorces p he wisdom mcege
cefre

oferme[//<z

gemengan.

herdes~] ])U

aefr[^ fite ccnig

mon
10

on sondbelpr%[as settan meahte fcEste heallef\ ne maeg eac fira nan

wisdom timbran Jxzr
beorg\ oferbraede S.

deer woruldgitsung baru sond \willa$\

ren forswelgan

;

j\v[<2]

de^ \ricra mi\
15

g-^Y/rz JncecS

gmndleas gitsung gilpe^ [7 cehta ; to dryggum dreo$[endne we!an,~\ 7 Jeah paes ]?earfan ne bid \_purst <2^]led. ne mseg haelej^a ge\\[w<xm hus on~\ munte lange gelaesta[, for^cem] him lungre on swift [wind ne bitS sond m[a swapeflJ]
J>on

20

wicf micelne ren\ manna gengum, houses hirde ; ac hit ^r^o]san wile, swa biod anra gehwces sigan [sond after rene.

monna modsefan miclum awegede*

p
>

i4b

C

of hiora stede sty rede, ponne hi* strong drecefi

25

wind under wolcnum
o|?|?e

hi

2

eft

se retSa ren onhrereS

[j]mes ymbhogan, ungemetgemen.
ac se
"Se

]?a

ecan agan wille
h\_e

s[^<2]

gesselcSa,

swi(5e
^<r]eal

f\\_ion
\_si$J>an

30

pisse worulde wlite ;
his modes hus,
eafimetta stan

par

z^Jrce him he~\ msege \_findan
3
faest[<f,

unigme~\t

grundweal gearone ; se /(?]glidan [ne pearf, 4 peah hit wecge wind~\ woruld[?<2r/^<2

35

ymbhogena orme~\te [ren ; forpcem on pare dene Drihten
1

odfie

a self
5

em. he

2

J.

em. hit C.

unig

metfcestne J.

From

here to ltedaC(l. 40)

C much damaged.

160

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
para
eadmetta eardfcest wunigad,
se

[VII. 38

par

wisdom a wunafi on gemyndum. ]
lif

fortfon orsorg

\ealnig tedafi

4

woruldmen wise buton \wendinge ;~\
Jxmne he
7 eac
call forsihS \eorVlicu goo~]d

f>ar#

yfela o^jsorh wunaff, ]
rtna$,
1
\}>e

ecum freer after] hopatS to hine Jxmne [ceghwonan o&nQhtig God
J>aem

45

singtfllice \simle gehealdecf]

cwvvunigendne his [agenum modes gescelj>~\um, me[/<?^
p>urh

^^,
5

*

i fa C about here.

[woruldearfofia /tfa^ J^] swiffe swence, 7 ^ztf singale him *grimme on
W0<?

&

tot nd

^/^

ponne

woruldscelpa

wind

wrafie blawe$^\
se

/eah

J>e

[^iw

^/^

ymbhoga

tyssa]

woruldsaeltSa wratS^ [^]recce.

VIII h.
Boeth.
ii.

met.

5.

Felix

nimium

prior aetas.

*

aob

C

*Sona swa se Wisdom pas word hcefde swetole areahte, he Ja si^fan ongan
selfa cwaetS singan [jJo Scwidas 7 hwset, [jw] forme eld foldbuendum sceat geghwam dohte, geond
J>us

:

5

[<?^r^]an

J?a

eorcSwaestmum Ja anra gehwaem on hit nu tSa swelc. nis genoh [##]te; nseron [^^]nd weorulde welige hamas, ne mis[/zr<?] mettas ne driwcas, ne hi J?ara [>^r^]gla huru ne gemdon
J>a
f>e

10

nu driht[^w]an

diorost Iseta S;

forSaem hiora

nses Ja gieta, [n<sn~\\g ne hi ne gesawon [j]dbuende, ne ymbutan hi awer ne [/$]erdon. hwset, hi /r^wlusta frece ne waeron,
* Cf. p. 33.
1

15

em.

^3^ C.

VIII. 49]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS

161

buton swa hi meahton gemet[/z ]cost
c$a gecynd him Crist began 7 hi aene on daege seton on sefentid eor]mn waestmas, [ww]des 7 wyrta; nalles win druncon scir steape. nae[j] Ja s[]alca nan mete [0]8tfe maengan cucSe,
J>e

20

[<?/"]

J>e

drin[<r]

waeter wiS [/?]nige, ne h[<?]ora wseda sioloce siowian x ; ne hi siarocrseftum

]x>n

ma
25

godweb giredon, ne
setto[ eallu
searolice^\

hi

gimreced

ac hi simle him

\tidum\ ute slepon
*
"

under beamsceadf^. drunc^on burnan waeter, calde wil[& 2 ncemg~\* cepa ne seah
.

end of

ellend/z<?

wearod,

30

^ huru ymbe scz^hergas s^tilcas ne herdon, ne fur (Sum fira nan ymb ge/M/ sprecan. naes (5eos ^r^i? besmtten awer J?a geta

beor/zes

<5/^^,

ne furffum

/^ ^z ne billrude wundne wer weoruldbuende

35

gesawan under sunnan. ncemg sifidan wees weorfi on weor tilde, gif mon his willan ongeat yfelne mid eldum ; he waes ceghwcem laff.
eala
J>aer
J>aet

hit

wurde,

offffe

wolde God,
40

on eor^an nu ussa tida geond ]?as widan weoruld wceren ceghw&s swelce under sunnan. ac hit is scemre nu

P

gitsunc hafafi gumena gehwelces he maran ne reed, amerred, ac hit on witte weallende byrno.

fieos

mod

p

45

efne sio gitsung

fie

ntznne

grund

hafafi

swearte swtzfed sumes onlice
efne

pam munte pe nu monna beam Etne hatdd ; se on iglonde
2 So J, C apparently has wyl-. words being blurred.

si-wicm C.
illegible, the

Folio 2ia

is

almost

M

162

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
Sicilia swefle

[VIII. 50

byrned ;

5

*2ibC
about here.

Jy(Et

mon

helle

fyr

hate

wide,*

forfsem hit symle []i(S sinbyrnend?, 7 ymbutan \_hjt otfra stowa
blate forbserntS biteran lege.
eala, hwaet se

forma

feohgitsere
J>as

55

wsere on w[0]rulde, se

wongstedas
?

grof

setter

golde 7

sefter

gimcynnu

^z^/, he/recnu grstreon fumfe msenegum

bewrigen on

ze;f(?ruld^

wcettre ofide eorpan.

IX
Boeth.
*
ii.

i.

met. 6.

Nouimus

qtiantas dederit ruinas.

273 C.

l we eatte witon hwelce cerleste *[ffiv&t ge neah ge feor Neron worhte, Romwara cyning, pa his rice wees
,

hehst under heofonum^ to hryre monegum. wcslhreowes gewed wees ful wide cu$,

5

unrihthcBmed, arleasta fela, man 7 morftort ~\ misdtzda worn,
unrihtze;/ses \inwidponcas. het him to gamene [geara
he"]

/^r]b3ernan
10

Ro[mana dung;
ealles
ecfelstol.

sio

wses his\ rices

he

wolde fandian gif lixan swa leohte,

for unsnyttrum f fyr meahte 7 swa longe eac

read rasettan, swse he
secgan geherde
-p

Rom^^^
[tide
15

on sume

burg

of<?rtogen

haefde

&0htost, lengest burne nses Jaet der hefonum.
J>

her//<r

^fe</

hine swelces gamenes gilpan lyste,

he ne earnade
J>a

elles

wuhte
]

20

1

Cf. p. 39.

Top

of folio 2ya gone.

IX. 53]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS

163

buton f he wolde ofer [wJercSiode his anes huru anwald \cypan.
eac hif\ gesselde
se ilca Ipzet
cet

sumum

cierre

het ealle acwellan

*[pa^ ricostan

Romana

witan

25*2700

7 pa (Epelestan eorlgebyrdum pe he on folce gefrigen
p<zm
1
1

hcefde,

and * onuppan agene brofior 7 his ??iodor mid meca ecgum,
billum ofbeatan. he his bryde of slog self mid sweorde, 7 he symle wees micle pe blidra on breostcofan

30

ponne he swykts\ monSres

maest [gefremede. mz/jles sorgode hwge^^r stifyan a wjihtig Drihten ametan wolde

3

35

wrece

geivyrhtum wohfremmendum, ac he on ferSe faegn facnes 7 searuwa
4

be

waelriow

vvunode.

wiold emn^ swafieah

ealles Jisses

maeran middan^-eardes,
40

swa swa lyft 7 /#gu land ym&dyppzft, garsecg embegyrt gumena rice, 5 secggea sitlu, suS east 7 west
oc5

eall

Sa norSmestan nasssan on eonSan Nerone nede |W](5e \\ustum, -p
gehw[Y/<r,

;

heacfo^rmca,
he~\

heran sceolde.

^
* 28a C about here

haefde

him

[_to*

gamene, ponne he on gylp astag,

wenst $u

hu he eorficyningas yrmde 7 cwelmde. p se anwald eafie ne meahte*
Godes (Elmihtiges Pone gelpscadan

rice bercedan,

his

7 bereafian anwaldes fiurh pa ecan meaht,

^o

od$e
eala

him his yfeles elles\ gestioran ? gif he wolde, cf&t he wel meahte,
2

Top of folio 2yb Top of final w vis.

gone.
5

So em. secgge C.

3

J.
6

J Folio 28a

s

em. mrfres C.

much damaged.

M

2

164

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
p&t unriht him
eawla
ea$e forbiodan.

[IX. 54

p

se

hlaford hefig gioc slepte

55

sware on pa svryran sinra ftegena, ealra Sara hselecSa pe on his tidum geond pas laenan worold liban sceotdon.
his

he on unscyldgum eorla sweord s^lede swicSe gelome.
<5/ode

60
oft,

(5ser
}?aet

swiSe sweotol, past we jmlon se anwald ne deft awiht godes,

was

gif se wel nele )?e his

geweald
XJ.

hafac5.

Boeth.

ii.

met.

7.

Quicumque solam mente

praecipiti.

\Gif nu

hceleda

hwon\Q

hlisa[

lyste,

unnytne gelp agan wille, lponn[e ic hine wolde wordurn] biddan
sweotole

\p he hine cEghwonon] utan yw$J)epohte, suS \_east 7 west ^2<5]sawe
_>

5

hu

ividgil j]int

wolcnum \ymbutan
J>eos

heofones hwealfeJ] higesnotrum eor^ sie maeg \eafie dinean p~\
eall [for fleet ofier

umg~\p\zt

l

lytel,

peah \hio unwisum wid]ge\ on stede [stronglic, j/^]rleasum men.
J>ince,

10

lpe[ah
\_ficere

mceg pone\ wisan on gewitlocan gitsun]ge gelpes scamian,
J>aes

Son[^] hine

hlisan heardost lystecS,
15

[7 he] |)eah ne maeg pone tobredan ofer (5as nearowan, naenige Singa, unnet gelp. eor^an sceatas; is
<5aet

eala,

ofermodan, hwi eow a lys& mid eowrum swiran selfra willum under lutan ? paet swaere gioc symle
ge
j

20

hwy

ymb

(5aet

unn<?/

ealnig swincen,

Cf. p. 46.

So

J, cf. vii. 33.

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS
ge jxme hlisan habban ma ponne eow
<5ioda

165

tiliad
J>earf

ofer

[

?
<?]

]?eah

eow nu

gesaele

eow
]>

sucS

[0$

ytmestan eort$bu[ofc

monig
^z##

diodisc]
eedele

miclum
sie]

herien,

\welum\
]?onne

eorlgebyrdu,* 1 geweort^a^/ 7 ow wlencum
,

</w]guSum
[^z>

d[z

<9r^

5

<^a^

/<^j

w^ frri ]fetS,
;

rz/^ forlcel roddjfo wa\d\_end
ivelegan

30

^efnmixrne
[//^tEr

gede<F,

^/Jces Binges.

PCES

/^J wisan\ Welandes [ban waes [^^ mczrost ?] goldsmtifes, pe\
jm/
zV

forj^y

cwafi

fi<zs

wisan Welandes ban,

35

forfiy
se

ccngum ne mceg eorfibuendra him Crist onlczrid. craft losian
}>e

ne mceg

mon

cefre

py

eft

csnne wrceccan

his craftes beniman,

pe mon oncerran mceg
flisne

sunnan onswtfan, 7

swiftan rodor

40

of

his rihtryne rinca cenig.

hwa wat nu

pees wisan Welandes ban, on hwelcum hi* hlaewa hrusan peccen / hwser is nu se rica RomaTZtf wita
]^e

7 se aroda,

we

^mb

sprecafi,

45

hiora herefog a, se gehaten wees

mid
7
se

p am burgwarum,
is

Brutus nemned ?

hwcsr

eac se wisa 7 se \\eorftgeorna

se fcestrceda Voices hyrde,

wees liSwita

celces

pinges
?

50

cene 7 crceftig,
\Jii

pcem wees Caton nama

weeron gefyrn _/i?r%<?]witene, \nat neenig mon hweer hi nu~\ sindon. \hweet is hiora here buton^ se hlisa an
jv is
<?ac

*
?

to lytel swetcra lariowa,
2

55

1

em. geweordad

J.

Grain

s

em.

m

J.

166

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
pa magorincas maran wyrfo wmlde. ac hit is wyrse nu
hwon ymb
spraece,

[X. 56

wceron on
ficet

geowd pas eorpan ccghwcEr sindon
60

hiora gelican

sume

openlice, ealle forgitene, f hi se hlisa hiwcucSe ne maeg
forcS

forem&re weras

gebrengan.

ge nu wenen 7 wilnigen

ge lange tid libban moten, hwaet iow cefre fry bet bio oc5(5e pince
^^^^ forlet, J)eah hit lang dogorrime, ponne he
h<xi

?

65

^^,
Drihtnes
leafe.

hwaet ponne hcebbe haelepa aenig guma aet pcem gilpe, gif hine gegripan mot
\se eca\ deacS aefter

pissum \worulde ?\

70

XI k
Boeth.
ii.

met.
is

8.

Quod mundus

stabili fide.

\An
\_se

sceppend

buffaxi aelc^u

tweon

;

is

eac zmzjldend vfoiu\dgc[_sceq//a~\

7 ealra

heofones 7 eonSan [7 heah^,& "Sara pe Saeifiw wuniad, w]ngesaewenlicra, 7 eac swa \_same

5

dara\

"Se

we eagum on

lociaft,
;

se is aelmihtig \ealra gesceaffa. ealle oleccat$ gesceafte [w]
J?aes

ambehtes awuht cunnon,
(5aes

ge eac swa same pa
\hi PCBS
^<?]odnes

auht nyton

10

se [us gesette~\

peowas sindon. sido 7 pea was,

eallum \_gesceafium
^jngallice sibbe
*

end of 36 b C-

pa pa* \he wolde

pp

he wolde ;

\

5

JW

/a^

JW^ ^^

wo/dfe j^ A/ /

wesan

sceolde,

Cf. p. 48.

em. -wendendne C.

XI.

5 o]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS
hit eac to

167

swa

worulde sceal

wum an

1

ford ;

jorficEm (E/re ne

mag on

pa imst]^an\
20

woruldgesceafta weort5[rt gestilde^\ of ryne onwend, fte [him rodera] weard ende[by]rdes eallum ]jresette.~]
<5aem

hsefS se alwealda ealle [gesceafla
gebcet]
ealle

mid

his bridle;

hafa<5

butu gedon,
25

p

eac getogen, [gtmalpode, 7 hi ne moten ofer metodes est

aefre gestillan,

ne

eft

eallunga

swifter stirian, ftonne

him 2

sigora weard
3
.

his gewealdleper wille onlsetan

he hafdS be bridle butu befangen holma begong. heofon J eorTpzn, 7 eall

30

swa htzfd ^heacSaerod hefonrices weard mid his anwealde ealle gesceaf/0,

p

hiora seghwilc witS o^er winS,

7 fieah winnen.de wrej^iaS faeste, (Eghwilc offer utan ymbclyppe S,

35

py
J?e

Ices

hi /wwifen.

forSaem hi sym/e sculon

J?one ilcan ryne eft gecyimn.
set frymSe fseder ^<?/iode, edniwe eft gewiortSan swa 7 swa hit nu fagaS, frean ealdgeweorc,
;

40

j^te

winnende wit5erweard gzsceaft
waeter, folde 7 lagustream,

fceste sibbe forS anhealdaS.

swa nu fyr 7

mamgu

4

otSru gesceaft*

\efnswiSe him
45

5 giond pas widan worulde] winnaS betweox him, 7 swa ]?ea/ magon hiora >egnunga

7 geferscipe

faeste

gehealdan.

p swa ea^e maeg widerwcard ^sceaft wesan astgaadere
hit
<?

ww

//

an

symbel geferan, ac hit
1

is

sellicre
3

50
* So J not em. widas J.
;

em. wuniaQ

2

J.

em. A? C.

em. onketen C.

clear in C, but apparently either mcenigu or mamtgii.

i68

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
hiora aenig ne maeg butan

[XL

51

ofrum

bion.

ac sceal wuhta gehwilc wi(5erweardes

habban under heofonum, $ his hige durre gemetgian aer hit to micel weorSe.
haefS se aelmihtiga eallum gesceaft^z
fleet

55

gewrixle geset pe nu

"wum

an

sceal,

wyrta growan, leaf grenian, on haerfest eft hrest 7 wealuwaS. j? winter bringeS weder ungemet cald,
swifte windas.

sumor after cyme^,
[hwcet,

60
niht

wearm gewideru.

pa\ wonnan
dseg

mona

[onlihteff,

o^JSaet

monnum

sunne bringeS giond J)as sidan gesceaft. htzffi se ilca God eonSan 7 waetere wearce gesette merestream ne dear
;

65

ofer eor^an sceat eard gebraedan fisca cynne butan frean leafe ;

ne hio
C.

aefre

ne

mot eor&an

J)yrscwold

J?on foldes *?nearce oferfaran moton.

up ^/ersteppan, ne Sa ebban

ma
70

pa

gesetnesi& sigora wealdend,

lifes

leohtfruma,
J>as

last

penden he

wile,

geond
])&

maeran
\_se

ac ]x)nne
efne

\_gesceaft mea]rce healden. eca 7] se (zlmihtiga

geweald/^r// wile onl&tan,
bridla
J>ara

^
mid

pe

he gebcette

his agen weorc call cet frymfie, $ is witSerweardnes wuhte gehwelcre bridle becnan tiliad pe we mid
J>aem

:

gif se

Sioden

laet

pa

toslupan,

80

sona hi

forlaetacS lufan

7 sibbe,
;

Saes geferscipes freondraedf nne
tila]?

anra gehwilc agnes willan;

woruldgesceafta winna S betweox him, fo os eonSe eall y^rz^eorc^eS, oSf>aet

85

7 eac swa same oSra gesceafta

XII.

1

6]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS

169

siSSan to [z0?r])?a$ him selfe ac se ilca God, se f call metgad,
se
v?feh(5
ffzztf

fela folca

tosomw*,
90

7

gesamnaS

freondscipe feste gega^/r^^; 1 sinscipas, sibbe gemengefi,

claenlice lufe.

swa

se crczftga eac

gesamnacS, ^eferscipas forS p A/ hiora freondscipe

faeste

on sym[&/]
95
^
*

untweofealde treowa gehealdacS, Mibbe samrade. eala, sigora God,
waere
\_Stf
}?is

i

f

*

moncyn miclum

gesaelig*

hi ra modsefa meahte weorfian
100

j/]at5olfaest

gereaht ]mrh ]?a strongan meaht, 7 geendebyrd swa swa o Sra sint

ware vrOTuldgesceaf/a. mid monnum gif murge

hit la

Jxmne

hit

meahte swa.

XII
Boeth.
-5V
}>e

1.

iii.

met.

i.

Qui

serere

ingenuum uolet agrum.
lond,

wille

wyrcan wccstmbadre
sona

atio of flam cecere serest

fearn

and
J>a

Ipornas

wiod
J>e

w/llat$
hw<z]iQ,

7 fyrsas swa same, welhwaer derian
laes

o\?e\num
//

he

ci(5a

^

J>y

[leas

5

o

dam]

lande.

is

leoda gehw[^/;z
;

fitos

ofiru\
/<^//^

b^sen efabehefu
\9ynce9] fegna
1

/ w
gif

gehwelcum
swetre
10

huniges [bibre^d. healfe

]?y

[^

^w^^d ]

aer

huniges teare
bi(5

bitres onbyrgeff.

eac swa same
J>y

monna
litSes

fasgenra seghwilc micle gif hine lytle aer tormas [^]stondatS 7 se stearca wind,
zveffres,

7 eastan.

naenegum
gif sio

]3uht

15

on

J>once

dimme

ni[^/]
r

em. gesamniaQ C.

Cf. p. 51.

170
aer

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
[ofejr eldum egesan ne brohte. swa fincS anra gehwaem eonSbuendra sio softe symle c5e betere*
gesael<5

[XII. 17

:

4ob C.

1 7 Ipy wynsumre \pe he wita ma, heardra /<?]n(5a, her adreogeft.

20

meaht [ea\c mycle Ipy eft on modsefan soda gesaelfta sweotolor gecnawan,
Ipu

7

/<?

heora

cyftfte
tf/j/]hs

gif

J>u

[/

7 ^

awyrtwalast of gewitlocan

leasa ges&lda,

swa swa

londes ceorl

of

his (Ecere lycfi jy/ej.

weod monig.
J>u

siffian ic $e secge
soffa

gesaelfta
aefre

sweotole f sona onc^^wan,
hi

30

7 fu
ofer

ne recst aeniges ffmges
Ipu

fa ane, gif

^/[/^

ongttst^

XIII m.
Boeth.
\_Ic
iii.

met.

2.

Quantas rerum

flectat

habenas.

wille]
se

mid giddum

get gecyftan
begft ftider he \v[z /^]

\hu

^/Jmihtga ealra gesceafta

\hyr$~]

mid

his bridlum,

anwalde, ge endebyrd [zfjundoiiice wel gemetgaft.
hafaft

mid

his

5

swa geheaftorad heofona wealdend,

utan befangen ealla gesceaf/(2,
geraeped mid his racentan, \f] hi aredian ne hi afre\ him of aslepen. j? \\[i

magon
10

7 feah \wuhta ^Jhwilc wrigaft \toheald
45a C.

wV/ra gesceafta} *s\vi(5e onhelded
wift faes \_gecyndes fie kirn 3 ] cyning [engla], faeder ae[/ frymffe, fceste\ getiode.

swa nu
1

J>in[^a

gehwilc ^/^rjweard fundaft,
ra

Cf. p. 57.

7

/j wynsumre
bottom of

written

in
3

Junius, at

folio 4oa. gone, rest illegible in C.

a modern hand, apparently that of l

From

-est to

yfe-

(1.

28) part

em. hi

J.

XIII. 49]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS
sumum englum

171
15

sidra [gesceaftat buloti]

7 mon\_cynne ; para] micles to feola, \tQT\oldwuniendr a ,] wincS wi(S gecynde.
J?eah

wynsume

\nu on londe leon\ gemete wel atemede^\ \\\_iht
20

hire magister miclum \lufiget 7 eai\ ondraede dogora geh[zetf&*,

gif

hit\ aefre gesaelS

$ hio \&ntges

blodes\ onbyrgeS, ne Searf

[^rfl
ivel

^a^]
25

wenan ]?aere wyrde [p hio hire taman healde [ac ic p~\ hio (Saes niwan taman
;

siddan\

tiohhie

ac Sone wildan
hire eldrena
;

gew[wa
ryn,

wille\ ge]?encan

c^nginS
agenes
si

racentan

slitan,

7

aerest abit hire

30

huses hirde, 7 hracSe
hseletS[<z]

SSan
hio gehentan

gehwilcne

J>e

mag.
fint.

nele hio forlaetan libbendes wuh[/, ]eata ne monna ; nimtJ eall ^ hio

swa
[/?]la

doc5

wudufuglas

;

J>eah

hi wel

st en

35

atemede, gif hi on treowum [weorljpstiS tomiddes, hrae^e bioS forsewzne holt[<] heora lareowas }?e hi lange
<sr

tydon 7 temedon.
ealdgecynde a

hi

on treowum* [wilde
40

*

45^ C.

ford sidfian willum wuniad, peak him~\ wolde /^Jeora \lareowa listuni\ beodan J?one ilcan \rneie pe he hi\ aror mid tame gete[^. him pa lwigu\ j^incatS emne swa me[_rge p hi pees metes\ ne recS SincS 1 him ^i? zejyj]m ^ him se weald ponne hi\ geheratS hleo^rum \brcegdan
hwi[/<r
[/<?

;

45

ofire\ fugelas,

hi
;

stefne j/yJriaS

heora ag[^^ stundd eal geado[r
1

8tn8 C.

172

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
welwinsum

[XIII. 50

s~]anc ; wudu eallum o siva bid *]allum treowum Ipe [him on ceSeli\ bi(5 hit on holte \\y\Jist geweaxe ;
}>

50

/]eah
he
bi<5

]3u

hwilcne boh [byge wifi

e~\or]>an,

upweardes [swa du
;

an~\forfate\. 55

widu on willan [went on ge\cynde. swa deS eac sio [sunne,~] fionne hio on ofer midne dasg; merecondel on o/dsele, uncu^ne weg
scyf<5

sige weonSecS

nihtes geneffed, noi

eft

eldum oteweS,

bre<r^

7 east; eorc5warum

60
stihcS

morgen meretorhtne
hir<?

;

hio ofer

moncyn

a upweardes, ocS hio eft cymeS yfemesS biS eard gecynde. IpsdT

swa swa
(

selc

gesceaf/ ealle \mcegene\
65
eft

geond Sas widan woruld vni^gad 7] higa S
ealle

sj/mle on*[/y/ wifi his gecyndes, cyniS to fionne hit mceg.

masgene,

nis nu ofer eorfian anegu gesceaft pe ne wilnie p hio wolde cuman to pam earde pe hio of becom ;

70

p
f

is is

orsorgnes 7 ecu ] rest

x
;

openlice \celmihti God,

ofer eonSan 2ene[gu gesceaf/ s~\ pe\ ne hwearfige swa [swa hweol defi

m

nu

on\ hire selfre, forpfow hio swa hwearfdd^ hio aror wees ; f hio eft cume
\J>&r

75

J>on~\ne

/<?]ne

hio serest sie \$Jan behwerfed, hio ealles w yrS \utan becerred ;^\
r

hio sceal eft

don ^ hio
-f

[<zr

dyde,

7 eac\ wesan
1

hio aeror waes.
can be

So
weoroda &
in

Above

rest

made

out

si-

C.

XV.

15]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS
XIV n.

173

Boeth.
*
J

iii.

met.
1

3.

Quamuis

fluente diues auri gurgite.

fi waet

r

bi<5

Jaem welegan woruld[7Vte]re
bet, \_faah~]

*

48b

C

on

his

mode Se

he micel age

near to P-

goldes 7

gimma

[7 gooda gi\ hwaes,

aehta unrim, [7

him mon

erigen

j<r]yle

aeghwelce daeg \cecera dusend, 3eah} Ipes middangeard [7 pis manna cyn sy &]nder sunnan [suff west 7 east
his}

5

anwalde

call

ne mot} he
"Sisse

J>ara

Mx^derfiiededl hyrsta \_hionane Icedan
10

worulde \wuhte fion majre of} hordgestreona [donne he hi$e}i brohte.

XV
Boeth.
iii.

o.

met.

4.

Quamuis
se

se tyrio superbus ostro.

*:0eah hine \nu

yfela unrihflpnsa,

*

top of

Nero[ cynincg niwan ^Jscerpte wlitegum [wcedum, wund}or\ic.Q
golde gegle[7^^]e [7 g2mcynn~\um, ]?eah he wses on woru[/< wite^s. gehwelcum
5

52aC.

on

his lifdag[ww lad}

7 unweorS,

fierenfull.

hwaet, s[^ feond} swatSeah

his diorlingas

ne maeg
a Sy

ic

[j<^/

dugu[/^w] stepte gehyf^an hwy} him on hige hi sume hwile wesan ;}
;

]?eah

}?orfte

10

J>eah

gecure

[^^/<2//]

craeftum cyninga dysegast,

\n&ron} hy
^i?<2^]

weorSran witena aeneguPw. hine se dysega do to cynin[^,
J>y
-J>

maeg

gesceadwis scealc
c5y

gere[<T(f^w

he him
11

selra sie

o^Se Ipmce?
o

15

Cf. p. 60.

Cf. p. 64.

above

line in C.

i?4

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
XVI P.
Boeth.
iii.

[XVI.

i

met.

<

5.

Qui

se uolet esse

potentem.
aerest tilian

wille anwald agon, Sonne ])Q scea[/] he he his [w/]fes on sefan age anwald [z Jnnan, laes he gefre sie

Se
f

J>y

his

un)>eaw[j]

eall

underftyded

;

ado of
J>ara

mode miJVz Jcra fela him []nnet ymbhogona
his
J>e

5

sie

;

laete

sume hwile
1

siofun[g-#]

and

erincSa
f>inra.

feah him

eall

sie

fes middangeard swa swa merestreamas utan belicgad on seht gz fen,
55 a

I0

c

-

efne swa wid[V| swa swa westmest an *\2glond ligd ut on garsecg,

nu

peer n&ngu bid

nih\\.

on sumera
w/]ntra daeg
:

ne wuhte Ipon
toteled tidum,
J?eah

ma

o[

/

is

Tile
ha[/<?]

i

5

nu anra hwa

ealles

wealde

f3es [ijf/ajndes,
o"S

7 eac fonan

Indeas

eastewe[<2r^]e,

J^eah he

hwy [h f\
gif

eall agan mote, anwald auhte Sy mara he siSSan nah his selfes geweald

nu f
his

20

ingeSances, 7 hine eorneste wel ne bewarenacS wordum 7 daedum
<5a

un)?eawas

f>e

we ymb

sprecacS?

XVII Q.
Boeth.
iii.

met.

6.

*

Omne hominum

genus in

terris.

eor Swaran ealle \\[cefden^\

foldbuende, fruma[^ gelicne f\ hi of anum twsem ea[//k comon,]
p Cf. p. 67.
2
7

Q Cf. p. 69.

Conject.

7

J.

J

s

conject.,

-/S7 C, with

large space for initial.

XVIII. 6]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS
wife,

175

were 7

7

hi eac

on woruld [tnnan,] nu get ealle gelice

5

[on woruld]

cuma S, wlance 7
ealra gesceafta,

heane.
eal[/<?

[m s

p

nan wun(f\or, for(5aem witan
ii\

p

an God

fre[<2

moncynnes, fczde]\: 7 scippend.
selefi

se ftsere [sunnan leoht*

monan 7 pys
cet

m<zrum

steorrum.
to

of heofonum, se gesceop men on

10 *
eorffan, about here.

7 gesamnade sawle
cerest,

lice

fruman folc under wolcnum emn&Seh gesceop, cBghwilcne mon.

hwy

ge ponne afre ofer ofire men ofermodigen buton andweorce,

15

nu ge &*hzdi/]ne nsenigne l \rnetdd ? hwy ge eow for] se]?elum up [ahebben nu ? On poem ?n]ode bi S mon[<2 gehwilcum

pa

rz

]htse]?elo }?e
<?]n

\ic

fie

recce

ymb,

20

nales

(5aem fae[sce foldbuendra.

ac\ nu aeghwilc [mon pe mid ^Jalle bi S his unj?ea[zm^/j ?/^^]r Sieded, he forlaet serest [/z/^j _/r^]msceaft

7 his agene 7 eac J^one fasder
forage \hine

JW<2

ae}>e[/<?

jjelfe,

25

J^e

\hine cet]

<2/z]3ef>ela(5

fruman gesceop. selmihtig God,

he [z^#]e]?ele a forS }?anan [on Wforu]lde, to wuldre ne cymcS.

XVIII r.
Eoeth.
iii.

met.

7.

Habet omnis hoc uoluptas.
unrihta g

[Eala\

tSset

se yfla

wra Sa

willa wohhsemetes, $ [^] mid ealle gedrsefft anra monna cynnes mod \fulneah /]on.
<?,]

anunga

hwaet, sio wilde beo, }?eah [zyw sceal call

forweo[r])?an
x

r

Cf. p. 71.

em. cenigne C.

176

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
awuht swa sceal sawla gehwilc
gif hio yrringa
gif se lichoma forlegen

[XVIII.

7

si(5t5an
weor}>[?

5a

C.

z^Jrihthsemede, bute him aer cum[e\ he hionan wended] hreow *to heortan,
[<zr

10

XIX
Boeth.
iii.

s.

met.

8.

Eheu, quae miseros tramite deuios.
tSe

Zala, $

is

hefig dysig, hygecS [j/w]be se

wile,

7
* 6oa C.

f[r<?]cenlic

fra gehwilcum,
ealle

f (5a

2\rman men mid]

recene alczded. of (Sasm \rihtan wege* c* L hwcefier ge willen on wudd\ secan

5
?

gold

reade [0] grenu triowu[w] Ic wat swatSeah ^ hit [iw /?]na nan
(Saet

]?ider

[g
ze z
[ge~]

seceff,]

forc^asm

[/^z

/

/]aer ne wex^,
10

ne [on

hwy
leax

]ngeardum \wlitige\ gimmas. nu ne settan [on jz/Jme dune
fon
eo[<&]

fisc[w^/]

eowru, j?onne

lysteo"

^te ealle

[^]^e cyperan? me gelicost witen eorSbuende
"Saat

(SincS

]}oncolmode

hi J?3er

ne

sint.

ge nu willen waejmn mid hundu[w] h[z;<z])?er on sealtne sse, Sonne eow secan lyst heorotas [7] hinda? gehicgan meaht secan wuda on ^ ge oftor micl[^ /6>]nne ut on sae.
f>u
<5a

15

will[<z]tS

is

<53e

t

wundorlic,

^

mon

B we w[Y/lan ealle, J secan sceal be saewaro^e
1

l_

_j

*

20

gimmas 7 be eaofrum hwite 7 reade 7 hiwa gehwaes. hwaet, hi eac witon hwaer hi eafiscas
aep>ele

secan ]?urfa[^, 7] swylcra wel weoruldwelena hi
;
}>

fela

25

*

Cf. p. 73.

XX.

ID]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS

177

ac\ Saet

geornfulle men, geara gehwilcf. is earmlicost ealra
J>a]

P

fing[tf

on gedwolan word[*<? efne jz0]a blinde f hi on breostum n[e magon edSe\ gecnawan hwaer fa ec[an good,
dysegan
sint
gestetySsL,

30

soda

sindon gehydda;
lysf\

\for)><Bm

hi cefre ne

aefter

spyri[w,
35 * 6 ob

secan
J>(Rt

gesceWa. wena]% sam[z0/j* hi on* dis Icenan mcegen life findan

pa

soda gesaWa,
\ic nai]

p

c

is}

selfa

God.

about here.

ealles

hu ic msege ncemgz Singa swa swicSe on sefan minum

hiora dysig [fcelan] swa hit me don lystecS ; ne ic lp[e swa] sweotole [^j-^Jgan ne maeg,
1

40

fa\rp<zm\

hig

ungesaeligran,

earm[r^] 7 eac dysegran [/^]ne ic fe secgan maege.

sint

hi wilm tf^ [wfjlan 7 sehta 7 weonSscipes to gewinnanne; fonne hi habbaft f hiora /^^ seceS, wenaS fionne swa gewitlease Saet hi fa soSan gesxlSa haebben.

45

XX
Boeth.
iii.

t.

met.

9.

O

qui perpetua

mundum

ratione gubernas.

-Eala,
z]icel,

min Drihten, f fu eart modilic, mserbum gefraej^,]
ffu~]

7 wundorlic witena gehwylcum.
[hwcet,

ece

God

ealra gesceafta

Vf\m[dorhce w]&\ gesceope ungesewenlica, [7 eac swa
gesewenlicra softe wealdest,
scirra gesceafta,

mid gesceadwisum
J>u

maegne 7 craefte. from fruman aerest
1

forcS oc5

bysne middangear[^J ende
i

10

Cf. p. 79.

em.

hit C.

N

178
tidum

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
totaeldes,

[XX.

n

swa

hit getaesosjY]

waes,

endebyrdes, f hi aeghwaeSer aer faracS ge eft cumacS.

ge
to

*

65.1

C,
])u
Ipe

unstilla*

agna g[esceafta
15
stille

fiinum willan wisltce] astyrest,

7 f e self wunsest switSe

unanwendendlic a fonS simle. nis nan mihtigra ne nan maerra,
ne geond ealle fa gesceaft efnlica fm, ne fe aenig nedfearf nses aefre giet ealra fara weorca fe fu geworht hafast; willan fu hit worhtes call, ac mid
J?inum
20

7 mid anwalde )?inum agenum weorulde geworhtest 7 wuhta gehwaet,

nsenegu f)eah eallra fara maerfa.
"Se

nedcSearf waere
is
(5aet

25

micel gecynd
"Se

S fines goodes, fenc
for^on hit
J?u
is

ymb
hit is

se

wile,

call

an

selces fincges,
J>in

7 $
ic

"Sin

good,
1

forcSaem hit nis

utan, ne
-p
"Sin

com

agen, auht to

(Se.

30

ac

georne wat
ungelic

goodnes.is
t5e

selmihtig good, call
hit is

mid

selfum.
;

us

urum gecynde eall fa we habbatS Code selfum. from on grundu gooda naefst fu to aenegu andan genumenne, nis fin gelica, for Samfe nan
is

utan

cymen

35

f>ing

ne huru aenig aelcrseftigre ; forSaem fu eal good anes gefeahte
hi fa worhtest. fines gefohtest, 7 2 nses aeror Se aenegu gesceaft auht o"5(Se nauht au?5er worhte.

4

fe ac tSu butan bysne, brego moncynnes,

*

6$b C.

God, eall geworhtest aelmihtig earle good ; eart f e* \selfa f ing f
1

8

45

em. his C.

2

em. aworSe C.

XX.

8i]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS
hehste good,

179

hwat

$u,

hahg]

faeder,

aefter

J?inum willan woruld gesceope,

(5isne middangeard meahtu }?inu, weorada Drihten, swa woldest
f>u

self,
;

7 mid Sinum willan wealdest ealles forcSaem }m, soSa God, selfa daelest

50

gooda

aeghwilc.

for<5aem

Ipu

geara

aer

ealla gesceafta aerest

gesceope

swicSe gelice,

ungelice

;

sumes hwaecSre ]?eah nemdest eall swaSeah

55

f>one

mid ane noman, ealle togsedre woruld under wolcnum. hwaet wuldres God, anne naman eft todaeldes, folde an faeder, on feower; waes
f>u,

f>ara

7 waeter oc5er 7 fyr
J?aet

worulde

dseles,

60

is

j?ridde,

is

eall

7 feower Se lyft; weoruld eft togaedere.

habbaS

)?eah )?a feower frumstol hiora,

aeghwilc hiora agenne stede,

wi S ofter sie miclum gemenged, 7 mid maegne eac faeder aelmihtiges fseste gebunden
hwi/<:

j^eah anra

65

gesiblice softe togaedre

mid bebode
jfte

f>ine,

bilewit faeder,

heora aenig o Sres nc ne uuisie dorste ig uuicb
for

70

mearce ofergangan

metodes ege.

ac gej^weorod sint (Segnas togaedre,
waet wiS

cyninges cepan, cele wi(5 hasto, drygum winn[a#] hwae Sre.
;

waiter 7 eor^e waestmas brengaS.

75

on gecynde cealda batwa, waeter waet 7 ceald. wangas ymbelicgaS,
J?a

sint

eorcSe aePgreno,
lyft is

eac

hw[^r<?

ceald.

* 66a C.
;

gemenged, /0r]faem hio on

$ nan wundor f hio sie waet wolcnes tier [wm]de geblonden, N 2
nis

middum wunat5 wearm 7 ceald,

So

l8o

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
forcSaem hio
is

[XX. 82

on midle, [aW]e
fel[of]

gefraege,

fyres 7 eorfan. fte yfemest
is

mon[0] wat
85

eallra gesceafta

fyr ofer eonSan, folde neocSemest.
is

$ wundorlic, weroda Drihten,

f

faet

$u mid gefeahte finum wyrcest Su [ficem gesce]a.hum swa gesceadlice
[geset]test,

mearce
hwset,

7 hi ne mengdest eac.

fu faem

waettere \vsetu[w

7 mz]ldum

90

foldan to flore faeste gesettest,

forcS^m

hit unstille

wide

toscricSan \vac
hit

seghwider wolde 7 hnesce.
soft ic

ne meahte
aefre
1

on him selfum,
;

geare wat.
95

gestandan

ac hit sio

eor<5e

hylt

7 swelgeo eac be sumum dsele, f hio slogan mseg for "Ssem sype weorSan
for^sem leaf 7 gaers geleht lyftum. brasd geond Bretene, blowe^ 7 groweS eldum to are. eor5e sio cealde
breng(5 waestma
forcSsem hio
gif
fela

100

wundorlicra
waetere

]

,

mid faam
f>onne

weorSeS 2 gej^awened.

p

naere,

hio wsere

si^cSan fordrugod to duste, 7 todrifen 2 wide mid winde, swa nu weorcSecS oft

105

axe giond eortSan call toblawen. ne meahte on Saere eorSan [w]uht libban,
*

66b C.

ne wuhte f/]on
for cele

ma

[zm]etre|>

*brucan,

on i\ardian aenige craefte
wi(5 fyre

ne

3

anum, gif J?u, cyning engla, hwaethwugu foldan 7 lagustream 4 mengdest /^gaedre, 7 gemetgodest
fyr

no

cele 7 haeto craef[/^] fine,
f

f

ne maeg foldan 7 me[r^]stream

blate forbaernan,

feah

hit witS

batwa

sie

115

faeder ealdgeweorc. [/fejste gefeged,
<ar

1

witndortica C.

2

em. weortati C.

3

ne conject. om. C.

4

mendest C.

XX.

1

50]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS
laesse
j>

181

wundur wuhte ne JrinoS me eonSe (5ios maeg 7 egorstream, f swa ceald [gvjsceaft, craefta nane
ealles tf^/waescan
fyres,
f?aet

f>e

$

him oninnan
j>

sticatS

120

gefeged mid frean

cr[<e/&.]

is

agen

craeft

eagorstreames

*,

waetres 7 eor]?an 7 efne swa same

7 on wolcnuni

eac,

uppe

ofer rodere.

jxmne

is

j^aes

fyres frumstol

on

riht

125

eard ofer eallum oftrum gesceaftum

gesewenlicum geond

f>isne

sidan grund

;

l^eah hit wi(5 ealla sie eft

weoruldgesceafta, Ipeah
2

gemenged waldan ne mot
530

^ hit aenigjY] eallunga fordo buton ]?aes leafe J?e us J?is lif tiode, f
is

se eca 7 se 3elmihtga.

eortSe

is hefigre oSrum gesceaftum, 4 3 hio forage stod fortSaem ficre gefruen ealra gesceafta under mSemaest,
,
]>e

135

ruman gesceaft buton }?3em rodere, J?as asghwylce daege ulan ymbh[z^y]rfe 5, * aefre ne ot$rin[*?#, 7 ]?eah J^aere eorj?[<2] ne hire on nanre ne~\ mot near j^onne on oSre
stowe gesteppan;
strice S

*

6ya C.

ymbutan
sprecacS

140

7

neo($a/z<?,

efenneah gehwae}?er.
f>e

gesceaft
ht]?>

we ymb

agenne eard onsundran, [hafd \bid peak wi^S Ipzem oSru eac gemenged ne maeg \_hira butan o Srum bion.
<^]ig

;

145

}?eah hi

[Wjsweotole somod eardien,

swa nu eonSe 7 waeter, earfoStaecne unwisra gehwaem, wuniacS on fyre, 5 sweotole )?aem wisum. j^eah hi sindan
is
1

fyr

swa same
4

faest
2

on
J,

J)aem waetre

150

em. eagorstreamas C.

So

anig
3

gefiruen C.

cm.for8amfam

C.

C, at extreme edge of folio. Grein s em. sint an C.

1 82

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
7 on stanum eac
earfocShawe,
hafa<5

[XX. 151

stille

geheded
J?ser.

is

hwaecSre

faeder engla fyr

gebunden
155

eft

efne to j?on faeste f hit fiolan ne mseg set his etSle, ]?aer f o Ser fyr
ofer call
hit
jris

up mid

eardfaest wunatS.
f>as

sona

forlaetetS"

laenan gesceaft
;

cele ofercumen, gif hit on cy(5<5e gewit 7 J?eah wuhta gehwilc wilnacS ]?iderweard his msegSe biS msest setgsedre. )?aer
)?a strongan meaht, weroda wuldorcyning, wundorlice eor San swa faeste ^ hio on aenige

160

(5u

gesta Soladest furh

healfe ne heldeS;

ne mseg hio hider ne

f>ider

sigan
C.

swi(5or
f>e

hwaet, hi
\ts
to

f>eah

hio symle dyde. eor^lices auht ne halde<5,*
f>e

165

peak

dune efnede up 7 of
fo\dan Sisse,
)?e

_/^<2//]anne

}?aem anlicost

on aege
swa

b[/<^

^Jioleca onmiddan, glidecS hwae Sre
aeg [.ymbuifai
stille
;

170

stent call

weoruld

on

til[/fc,

la^floda gel[^

stream]^ ymbutan, lyfte\ 7 tungla,
175

7 sio scire scell scri S^ \_ymbui\an dogora gehwilce ; dyde lange swa.
\hwcet\ fu, Sioda
stihtest
laesse
f>y
f>e

God,

Sriefalde

on us

sawle gesettest, 7 hi suScSan eac
styrest

7

$ hire

anum

fingre fonSaem ic lytle aer J?aem lichoman. sweotole saede $ sio sau\ l waere
}?riefald gesceaft }?egna

^a strongan meaht, on Saem lytlan ne biS hire on eallum biS
f>urh

180

gehwilces,

fort5aem
(5aette

u"Switan

ealle
aelcre

seggaS
saule
is

an gecynd
1

185

saw!

J,

but there

no sign of

w

in

C.

XX.

220]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS
sie,

183

irsung
is

O(5er

wilnung;
)^aem twaem betere, nis (5aet scandlic craeft,

sio

f>ridde

gecynd

sio gesceadwisnes. forSaem hit naenig hafaS neat buton

monnum.
190

haefS

j?a

o<5ra

twa unrim-wuhta;

haefS fa wilnunga welhwilc neten,

7

j^a

forSy

yrsunga eac swa selfe men habbaeS geond middangeard
;

eorSgesceafta ealla oferfmngen,

for&emSe
bone aenne
sio

hi habbacS, }?3es
craeft

be

we

aer

gesceadwisnes* sceal
selfe

Se hi nabbacS, nemdon. on <gz\hwelcum

195
^CO

ifc

pare wilnunge waldan\
7 irsunge eac swa
hio sceal

semle,
;

mid

gej?eahte fegnes

mode,
saule,

200

mid
hio

zridgite, ealles
is

waldan.

f maeste maegen monnes

7 se selesta sun[^r]craefta.
hwaet, }?u
f>eoda

Sa

saule,

sigora [waldend,]
J?us

f>rymcyning,

gesceop[Y]
selfre

205

f

\_hio]

hwearfode on hire

hire utan

ymb, swa swa

eal decS

1 rineswifte rodor, recene ymbscritfetJ meahtum Drihtnes dogora gehwilce

f>isne

middangeard.
geli[<r]ost;

swa

de<5

monnes

saul,
selfe,

210

hvveole
oft

hwaerfecS

ymbe hy
;

smeagende ymb
hi selfe
eft

(5as eortSlican

drihtnes gesceafta

dagum 7 nihtum

hwilum hwilum

secende smeaft, smeaS ymb j?one ecan God,
selfe.

215

sceppend hire. scricSende faerS hweole gelicost, hwserftS ymb hi

hire scyppend mid gescead smeac5, J^onne hio ymb 2 hio biS upahaefen ofer hi selfe;

ac hio biS eallunga an hire selfre 2 Faint mark over the u resembling recne C.
1

220
accent.

184
f>onne

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
hio

[XX. 221

ymb
f>ses

hi selfe

secende smeacS;

hio

bitS

swi(5e fior hire selfre beneocSan,

laenan lufacS 7 )?onne hio eorolicu fing ofer ecne raed.

wundraS

hwset

ece God, card forgeafe saulu on heofonum, selest weonSlica
f>u,

225

ginfaesta gifa,
*

God

aelmihtig,

68b C.

be geearnunga anra gehwelcre.* hi scinad fiurh pa sciran \_ealle
e[alle] efenbeorhte.

neaht\
f>eah

hadre on heofonum, na hwaecSre
hwset,

230

we

oft gesiocS

hadrum nihtum

fte heofonsteorran

ealle efenbeorhte asfre
f>u,

ne

scinac5.

ece God, eac gemengest \hwcei\ \_pa\ heofoncundan hider wi(5 eor^an, saula lice; si<5(5an wuniacS
wi"S

235

eortSlice
f>is

7 f ece samod,
hwaet, hi simle to

saul in flaesce.

Se
<5e

hion fundiaS, fortSaem hi hider of aeror comon; sculon eft to Se.
sceal se \\chama last

240

weardigan eft on eorSan, for^aem he aer of hire weox on weorulde. wunedon setsomne
efen

swa lange swa him
;

lyfed waes
245

from faem aelmihtigan J?e hi aeror gio gesomnade $ is socS cining, se fas foldan gesceop, 7 hi gefylde }?a swi(5e mislicum, mine gefraege,
neata cynnum, nergend user. he hi su5(5an asiow saeda monegum

250

wuda 7 wyrta weorulde sceatum. forgif nu, ece God, urum modum
fiaet

hi

moten

to
f>e,

metod alwuhta,
255

j}urg j^as earfo Su

up astigan, 7 of fisum bysegum, bilewit faeder, feoda waldend, to fe cuman,

XXI.

5]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS
]x>nne

185

7

modes

ures (Surh (Sinra

mid openum eagum moten 1 * maegna [sped
God,
260

*

693.

C.

(swelm gesion eallra gooda,
p~\
f>u

eart selfa, sigedrihten

ge

]?a

f we
todrif

eagan hal ures modes, hi on (5e selfum si(5(5an

moten

afaestnian, faeder engla.
f>one

JMccan

[rnisf]

Ipe

frage nu
265

Sa eagan foran usses modes hangode hwyle he% 7 fystre. onliht nu fa eagan usses modes mid finum leohte, lifes waldend
wi(5

;

fonSaem

J?u

eart sio birhtu, bilewit feeder,

so Ses leohtes, 7 fu selfa eart
sio faeste raest,

270

faeder aelmihtig,

eallra socSfaestra.

hwaet,

]>

u softe gedest

f hi t5e selfne gesion moten.
(5u

eart eallra
f>inga,

f>eoda

waldend,
275

fruma 7 ende.
eall
f>ing

hwaet

J?u,

faeder engla,

birest ec5elice

buton geswince. Ipu eart jelfa weg 7 latteow eac lifgendra gehwaes,

7
f>e

sio wlitige j/^ze; se Ipe
ealle to a fundia S

weg

to

Iigt5,

280

men

of moldan on

J?a

maeran gesceaf/.
.

XXI
Boeth.
iii.

met. 10.

Hue omnes

pariter uenite capti.
*

*[Wefla,

monna beam geond
)?e

^zz

^Jdangeard,

75 a

friora aeghwilc fundie to
f>aem

ecum gode

7 to f aem gesaelSum pe
se

we ymb sprecat), we secga S ymb.
5

$e /onne nu

sie

nearwe gehefted
u Cf. p. 89.

1

a very small

At the bottom of folio 68b are some words no longer modern handwriting, apparently by J.

legible in

1

86

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
mid
pisses mzeran
lufe,

[XXI. 6

middangeardes

unnyttre

sece

him

eft

hrse(5e

fulne friodom, $ he for(5 cume to J3sem gessel<5um saula rsedes.

fon5sem $

is

hyhtlicu hycS

sio an rest eallra geswinca, heaum ceolum

10

modes
is

sio

meresmylta wic. an hyc5 )?e sefre bi(5 bam ycSum ura geswinca,
usses,
15

ysta gehwelcre, ealnig smylte.

f

is

sio fritSstoZfl

7

sio frofor

an

eallra

yrminga sef t ]?issum weoruldgeswincum. p is ivynsum stow
seft
J>yssum

ynriSwn
tye

to

aganne.

ac

ic

georne wat

gylden

ma^m,

20

searogimm* nan, middangeardes wela modes eagan sefre ne onlyhtaS, auh/ ne
sylofren sincstan,

hiora scearpnesse to pare socra gessel^a; ac hi swidor get

25

monna gehwelces modes eagan
ablendaS on breostum,
*
75^>

]x>n[

hi hi ^rjhtran

ged[<?.

C

about here.

^ ^^
ac ^
f>e

forSsem ?g\_hwtlc ding
/(Bnu ^
sindon>

*fie

on pys andweardan
3

eor^licu fing a fleondu.
is

wundorlic wlite 7 beorhtnes
wlite geberhteS,

wuhta gehwaes
seft Jjsem

7

eallum wealdeS.
<5set

nele se waldend

forweor San scylen
3r

saula usse, ac he hi selfa wile

leoman

0/zlihtan,

lifes

wealdend.

gif [?onne hselecSa hwilc hlutrum modes sines maeg sefre ofsion

eagum

hiofones leohtes hlutre btorhto,

ponne

wile he secgan $ (5sere sunnan beorhtnes J^iostro beortia gehwylcum

sie

40

XXII. 29]
to

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS

187

metanne wicS f micle leoht Codes selTwzhtiges f is gasta gehwaem ece butan ende, ezdegum saulum.
;

XXII v.
Boeth.
iii.

met. IT.

Quisquis profunda mente uestigat uerum.
*

*Se pe after rihte mid gerece wille
inweardlice afterspyrian rf y
"

From
.

J,
.

tw
:
.

swa deoplice pat hit todrifan ne monna amg, ne amerran huru
anig
eorfilic fiincg,

missing

in

mag
5

C

after
-

79 b

he arest sceal

he sume hwile secan on him selfum ymbutan hine aror sohte.
sece

p

siddan on his sefan mnan, 7 forlate an swa he oftost mage alcne^ ymbhogan ffy him unnet sie,

pat

10

7 gesamnige swa he swifiost
ealle to
2

mage

gesecge
eall on

pam anum his ingedonc ; his mode p hit mag findan him innan p hit oftost nu
hit ealneg
secetf,

ymbutan

15

gooda aghwylc.

he ongit siddan

yfel 7 unnet eal p he hafde on his incofan aror lange,
efne

swa sweotole swa he on pa sunnan eagum andweardum on locian ;
7 he* eac ongit his ingeponc
leohtre j berhtre ponne se leoma sie sunnan on sumera, ponne swegles gim, hador heofontungol, hlutrost seined,

mag
20

fordam pas lichoman
7

leahtras 7 hefignes

25

pa unpeawas

of mode ation
rihiwisnesse.

magon monna anegum deah nu rinca hwam
*
cslcre J.
2

eallunga ne

pas lichoman
v

leahtras 7 hefignes

Cf. p. 94.

l

em.

em.

mod

3

J.

em. hi

J.

1

88

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
7 unpeawas
oft bysigen

[XXII. 30
30

monna modsefan nicest 7 swifiost mid pare yflan oforgiotolnesse, mid gedwolmiste dreorigne sefan fortihS mod foran monna gehwelces p hit swa beorhte ne mot blican 7 scinan swa hit wolde gif hit geweald ahte, peah bid sum corn sades gehealden
symle on

35

pare

saule sodfastnesse,
lice,

penden gadertang wunafi gast on das sades corn bid symle aweaht

40
sceal.

mid ascunga, eac siddan mid goodre lare, gif hit grow an
hu

findan dinga fzmges, pegen mid gesceade, peah hine rinca hwilc rihtwislice
after frigne, gif he

mag anig man andsware

45

awuht nafdS

on his modsefan mycles ne lytles rihtwisnesse a ne geradscipes ?
nis

peah cemg man pte
geradscipes

ealles

swa
50

pas

p

bereafod sie he andsware cenige ne cunne
ferhffe,

swa

findan on

gif he frugnen

bid.

fordam
he
.

hit is riht spell

p

us reahte gio

aid udwita, ure Platon ; cwad pte ceg hwilc ungemyndig

55

rihtwisnesse hine hrozfie sceolde
eft

gewendan

into

sinum

modes gemynde ; he mag siffian on his runcofan rihtwisnesse
findan on ferhte faste gehydde mid gedrafnesse dog or a gehwilce
60

modes sines mast 7

swifiosl,

7 mid

hefinesse his lichoman,
sty red

7 mid pani bisgum pe on breostum men on mode mala gehwylce.
1

65

em. rihtwisnesses

J.

XXIV.

15]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS
XXIII w.
Boeth.
(5set
iii.

189

met. 12.

Felix qui potuit boni.

6"ie*

la

on eorcSan
gif

selces

Singes

*

top of
4

gesselig

he gesion msege j?one hlutrestan heofontorhtan stream, sefelne sewelm selces goodes,

mon,

7 of him selfum tfone sweartan mist,

5

modes
w[<?]

mseg aweorpan. scu\on tSeah gita mid Codes
J?iostro,

\_fylste

ealdu~\c&

7 leasum

<5inne

ingef>onc
<5e

be[/an

^z Jspellum,

f Su

bet maege
10

ar[^z ]an to rodorum rihte stige on (5one ecan eard ussa saula.

XXIV x.
Boeth.
iv.

met.

I.

Sunt etenim pennae uolucres mihi.

/c hsebbe fiSru fugle swiftran,

mid Saem
ofer

ic fleogan maeg feor heane hrof heofones pisses
ic

fra
;

eonSan

ac ^aer
"Sinne

mi moste mod
meahte
"Sing,

gefe<5ran,

ferolocan, fe Srum
(5u

minum,
middan[,-]eard,

5

o ScSset
sale

)?isne

eorolic

eallufw^a _/^]rsion.

meahtes ofer rodorum gereclice
fec5eru lacan
1
,

feor
;

up ofer
10

wolcnu windan
ufan ofer
ofer
ealle.

wlitan siSSan

meahtes eac faran

psem
2

fyre Se fela geara for

lange fotweox lyfte 7 rodere,
sw<z

him

set

frymcSe faeder getiode.
t5e

meahtest
w
1

si(5(5an

mid

ficere
*

sunnan*

15

*

88a

C

Cf. p. 101.

Cf. p. 105.

onlacan C, but the on prefixed to lacan seems in a different hand 2 So J, but in C looks more like swce, though faint. writing and ink.

190

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
faran betweox cx5rum tunglum meahtest (5e full recen on Saem rodere ufan
;

[XXIV.

16

sic5(5an
set

weonSan, 7 Sonne samtenges

tSsem selcealdan
is

anum

steorran,
20

se yfmest
<5one

eallra tungla;

Saturnus sundbuende

hatacS

under heofonum

;

he

is

se cealda

eallisig tungl, yfemest wandraft ofer eallum ufan steorrum.
o<5ru

si(5(San
for<5

(Su

(Sonne (5one
<5u

oferfarenne,
<5u

up a hafast meaht feorsian

25
;

(Sonne bist

su5(5an

sona ofer uppan

1

p>e

rodere ryneswiftum. gif cSu on riht faerest, ]?one hehstan heofon behindan laetst
;

"Sonne

meaht Su
ricsa<5

si(5(5a

so^es leohtes

30

habban J?inne dael, Sonan an cyning 2 rume ofer roderum up, under swa same, eallra gesceafta, 7
weorulde
j?
\valde<5;

is

se (5e

^ is wis cyning; walde S gio[^^/] wer^ioda
;

35

ealra ocSra eor San cyninga
se

ymbebaeted [AzJfS ymbhwyrft ealne eorSan 7 heofones. he his gewatdteffer wel gemetgaS se stioreS a (5urg Sa strongan meaht (Saem hr^z^sene heofones 7 eorSan
;
;

mid

his bridle

40

se \an\

dema

is

gestsec^z g,

unawendendlic, \wlitig\ 7 mcere, 3 wyr^t on \vege i\\\tum gif
"Su

*

88b C.

*up to Saem earde, f is aeSele stow, Seah tm hi nu geta forgiten haebbe
gif
"5u

45
:

aefre eft J^aeran

cymest,
:

Sonne
<5is

wilt ]?u

jecgan 7 sona cweSan

is

eallunga

min agen
2

cycS,

1

ofipan C.

cynig C.

3

Conject. wyrst J.

XXV.

1 6]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS
elpel
,

191
50

eard 7

ic

vvaes

aer

hionan

cumen 7 acenned
nylle ic aefre

tSurh kisses craeftgan

meaht

;

hionan ut witan,
wille

ac

ic

symle her softe

mid
f $u
eft

faeder willan faeste stondan.

gif (Se

Sonne

aefre

eft

geweorSetS

55

wilt ocSSe

fandian, (5u unrihtwise eorftan cyningas ofermodan o(Sre rican 7
J>a

most weorolde Siostro meaht eacSe gesion

f)is

vverige folc wyrst tuciacS,
bioft
selces

60

hi

symle

swiSe earme,
"Singes,

unmehtige

emne Sa ilcan fe fis earme folc sume hwile nu swiSost ondraedaaS.

XXV
Boeth.
iv.

y.

met.

2.

Quos uides

sedere celsos/

eher nu an spell be Ssem ofermodum

unrihtwisum eorSan cyningum (5a her nu manegum 7 mislicum

wsedum wlitebeorhtum wundrum scinaS on heahsetlum \hrofe\ getenge,
golde gegerede 7 gimcynnum, utan ymbestandne mid unrime
biocS gehyrste Segna 7 eorla. mid herege[a]twum hildetorhtum,
f>a

5

sweordum 7 fetel[w]m
7 J^egniatS
aelc

swicSe geglengde,*

10 * 943 C.

Srymme

micle

o])rum, 7 hi ealle

him

Sonan mid

J?y ]>iymme freatiacS gehwider ymbsittenda ocSra "Seoda 7 se hlaford ne jmfS, cSe Ssem here waldeS, freonde ne feonde, feore ne aehtum;
;
>

15

Cf. p.

in.

192

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
ac he reftigmod raest on gehwilcne, \vuhta ^licost
;

[XXV.

17

wedehunde
bicS

for

up ahagfen inne on mode (5aem anwalde him anra gehwilc
to
J>e

20

his tirwina to fultematS. gif
f>aes

mon

<5onne

wolde him awindan of

clafta gehwilcne, j him tfonne oftion ftara *egnunga he her haefde, 7 J?ses anwaldes

cynegerelan

]>Q

25

(Sonne

meaht

(5u

gesion ^ he

bitS

swiSe gelic

Sara gumena ]?e him geornost nu mid Segniingu Sringa S ymbeutan; gif he wyrsa ne bitS, ne wene ic his na beteran. gif him j?onne aefre unmendlinga weas geberede f him wurde oftogen

sumum

30

}}rymmes j wseda j ]?egnunga we ymbe sprecaS, j t53es anwaldes gif him aenig }?ara ofhende wyrtJ,
f>e

him JpyncecS ^ he ic wat becropen on carcern, o^Se co Slice
>onne
]>

sie

35

ic gereccan maeg racentan gerasped. selces of f ungemete Singes,

94b C.

wiste* j wseda, wingedrinces, j of swetmettum, swiSost weaxaS wrssnnesse \vodx5rag micel; J^sere sio swiSe gedraefS sefan ingehygd

40

monna gehwelces

J?onan maest cymecS saca. unnetta yfla ofermetta,
;

1 J?onne hi gebolgene weorJ^aS,

beswungen

sefa

on hreSre
3

2

him wyrS on breostu inne mid (5aem swiSan welme 46

hatheortnesse, j hraSe

sicSSan
,

4 unrotnesse eac gerseped hearde gehsefted. him siSSan ongin(5 su tohopa swi(5e leogan

50

J332S
1

gewinnes wraece
2

;

wilnaS ^
8

irre
4

em. gebogene C.

em. kradre C.

em. kredt C.

em.

gere<zpe$

C.

XXVI.

10]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS
;

193

anes 7 ocSres
ic

him
j>

call gehaet

his recelest, rihtes
<5e

ne

scrife S.

saede aer on (Sisse selfan bee sumes f goodes sidra gesceafta

f5

anlepra

aelc

a wilnode

for his agenum ealdgecynde. unrihtwise eon5an cyningas

ne

magon
tSaet

aefre
>e

}?urhtion
ic
(5e

awuht goodes
saede.

for (5aem yfle

aer

60

nis

nan wundor, forSaem
J?e

hi willacS hi

}?3em

un Seawu

ic tSe

aer

nemde

anra gehwelcu a under^eodan. sceal Sonne nede nearwe gebugan to Sara hlaforda haeftedome 1
,

6; D
*

Ipe

he hine eallunga

aer

underj^iodde.
95a C.

tJaet is wyrse get, $ he winnan nyle* wiS Saem anwalde aenige stunde. J?aer he wolde a winnan onginnan,

7

f>onne

on Saem gewinne J^urhwunian

forcS,

70

J?onne naefde he nane scylde,
(5eah

he oferwunnen weonSan sceolde.

XXVI
Boeth.
iv.

z.

met.

3.

Vela

Neritii ducis.

/c

)?e

maeg

eac5e
2

ealdum 7 leasu

spellu reccan spraece gelice efne Sisse ilcan wit
Ipe

ymb

sprecaS.

hit gesaelde

gio

on sume

tide
5

Aulixes under haefde
casere cynericu twa; he waes pracia t5ioda aldor

7 Retie rices hirde. waes his freadrihtnes folccuS

nama
10
a

Agamemnon,
Cf. p. 115.

se ealles

weold
j reccan C.

em. heefdedome C.

194

THE OLD ^NGLISH VERSION OF
Creca
[on]
rices.
f>a

[xxvi.

n

cucS wses

wide

tide

Troia 1 gewin

wearS under wolcnu[w. fd\p wiges heard Creca drihten campsted secan Aulixes mid an hund scipa
;

15

Isedde ofer lagustream;

sset

longe

(Sser

tyn winter

full.

(5a

2

sio tid

gelomp
;

f

hi Sset rice gerseht haefdon

diore gecepte drihten Creca

Troia burg
9 8aC.
tSa
3
<Sa

/zlu gesifu.

20

Aulixes le[0]fe haefde,*

Dracia cining, fy he ]?onan moste, he let him behindan hyrnde ciolas

nigon 7 hundnigontig

;

naenigne jxman
25

merehengesta ma f>onne senne ferede on fifelstream, famigbor[^]n,
SriereSre ceol;
[<r]reciscra

f biS Saet mseste

scipa. fa weanS ceald weder, stearc storma gelac; stunede sio brune yS wic5 o Sre, ut feor adraf

30

on Wendelsse wigendra scola Apolines up on f igland dohtor wunode daegrimes worn.
f>ser

wses se Apollinus se Seles cynnes, lobes eafora; se waes gio cyning.

35

7 miclum 4 gumena gehwylcu f he god waere, swa se hlaford hehst 7 halgost. f dysige folc on gedwolan laedde,
se licette litlum
oc5c5aet

f>a

him gelyfde leoda unrim, for Ssem he waes mid rihte rices hirde
hiora cynecynnes
5
.

4

cucS is wid[^]

f on Sa

tide

feoda seghwilc
3

hsefdon heora hlaford for fone hehstan [god],
1

trioia C.

2

em. Se C.

em. $u C.

4

em. good C.

5

cynecynes C.

XXVI.

78]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS

195
45

7 weorSodon swa swa wuldres cming, rice waes on rihte boren. gif he to
<5aem

waes paes lobes fasder god eac swa he; Saturnus ftone sundbuende
heton, haelejm beam,

hagfdon

<5a

maeg<Sa

aelcne aefter otfrum for ecne

God

1
.

50
*

sceolde eac

wesa[]* Apollines
;

98b C.

dohtor diorboren, dysiges folces

gumrinca gyden

cuSe galdra
j^ioda,

fela

drifan drycraeftas.

hio gedwolan fylgde
55

manna

swi(5ost
<?.$]

manegra

cyning[ haten for

dohtor, sio Circe waes hio ricsode [^<?]rigum.

on

<Sse

iglonde

Aulixes
f>e

cining pracia co ane to ceole li^an. cuS waes sona
eallre faere
aef>[^/z

60

masnige pe hire mid wunode
siS.

hio mid ungemete liSmonna frean 2 7 he eac swa same ealle maegne efne swa swi^e hi on sefan lufode,

]nges

lissu lufode

,

65

j>

he to his earde aenige nyste
;

f>egna

modes mynlan ofer maeg(5 giunge ac he mid ]?aem wife wunode si S San, otScSaet him ne meahte monna aenig 3 sinra J^aer mid wesan
;

70

ac hi for

<5aem

yrm Sum eardes

lyste,

[;?y]nton forlaetan leofne hlaford.

ongunnon wercan wer^eoda spell f hio sceolde mid hire scinlace beornas _/^rbredan, 7 mid balo[c]raeftum wra^um weorpan on wildra [/Jic
\_da~\
;

\_s(Edon\

75

cyninges J?egnas, cyspan 7 mid racentan eac raepan maenigne.
si<5(5an
1

godC.

2

em./reaC.
2

*

zm.fiegnraC.

196
sume

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
hi
to

[XXVI. 79

wulfum wurdon, ne meahton fonne word
80

99a C.

fonSbringan, ac* hio fragmaelum Sioton ongunnon. l sume waeron eaforas a grym^don
;

(Sonne hi sares hwaet siofian scioldon.

leon wseron ongunnon fa yrrenga ryn a fonne hi sceoldon cnihtas wurdon, clipian for corfre.
<Se

laSlice

85

ealde ge
to

sumum

giunge, ealle forhwerfde diore swelcum he aeror

on

butan

his lifdagum gelicoj//] waes, sio c[wen] lufode. cyninge
f>am
J>e

nolde }?ara ofra senig onbitan mennisces metes, ac hi ma lufedon
diora drohtacS, swa hit gedefe ne wses.

9

nsefdon hi mare

monnum

gelices
;

eorcSbuendum

tfon[<?]

ingefonc

hsefde anra gehwy[/c] his
p

wes feah

swi(5e

agen mod so[r]gum gebunden
;

95

for

Ssem earfo(Su[w] }?e him onsseton. ^ysum drycraeftum hwset, ^a dyse[^a] men leasum spellum, lo[^] gelyfdon, hwxtSre $ $ gewit ne maeg \_wisson~]
J>e

100

mo[^ o]wendan monna
mid
^
tSa

drycraeftum,

j>eah

senig hio gedon meahte

onwend wurdon.
c

lichoman lange frage is $ wundorlic
105

995 C.

msegencrseft micel moda \gehwilces~\ fe T lichoman* Isenne 7 ssenne.

swylcum 7 swylcu J?u meaht sweotole ongitan f tSaes lichoman listas 7 craeftas of tSaem mode cumacS monna gehwylcum, meaht ea Se ongitan senlepra selc. J?u
fte

no

ma

dere S

monna gehwelcu
1 .

modes unfeaw fonne mettrymnes don C. gym
.
.

XXVII.

24]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS
ne
f>earf

197

Isenes lichom[a#].

leoda nan
flaesc

wenan

wyrde f f werige x aeniges maege f eallunga to him aefre onwendan ; umSeawas aelces modes ac
\>y^ri\

mod mon[0]
f>a

115

f>one

7 f inge]?onc aelces monnes lichoman lit JMder hit wile.

XXVII a.
Boeth.
iv.

met.

4.

Quid tantos iuuat

excitare motus.

ge

aefre

scylen unrihtfioungum

eower
yf>a

mod
for

drefan,

swa swa mereflodes
*
saa,
? J

hrera S* iscalde

o6b C.

wecggaS wyrde eowre f

winde

hwy

oc5wite ge
?

hio geweald nafa S

hwy ge J?ses gebidan ne magon bitres gecyndes, nu he eow aelce daeg onet toweard

dea Ses, fe eow Drihten gesceop,
?

ne magon ge gesion ]5 he syle spyreS aef? aeghwelcum eor^an tudre, diorum 7 fuglum ? deaS eac swa same aeft moncynne geond (5isne middangeard, egeslic hunta, a bi(5 on wa^e
;

10

nyle he senig swaeS aefre forlaetan aer he gehede ^ he hwile aer
aeff
]3

15

f earmlic his gebidan ne magon burgsittende,
spyrede.
is
f>ing

ungesaelige men hine aer willat) foran tosciotan 3 swa swa fugla cyn, o^Se wildu dior ; ]?a winnatS betwuh ;
,

20

aeghwylc M olde oSer acwellan. ac is unriht aeghwelcum men
r
j>

j^aet

he o^erne inwitj^oncum

fioge
a

on

faar^e,

swa swa
l

fugl

o<5(5e

dior.
2

Cf. p. 124.

Conject. om. C.

tostan C.

198

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
ac f wsere rihtost fte rinca gehwylc
cxSru guide edlean

[XXVII. 25
25

on riht, weorc be geweorhtu weoruldbuendu
;

J^inga gehwilces

$ is $ he lufige swa he geornost msege, godra gehwilcne swa we mildsige yflum, sprascon.
he sceal
f>one

30

*

io7a C.

monnan* mode

lufian,

j his unpeawas ealle hatian 7 ofsni<5an swa he swiftest maege.

XXVIII b
Boeth.
iv.

met.

5.

Si quis Arcturi sidera nescit.

HW&
f>e

is

on eonSan nu unlaerdra
faereldes,
x
,

ne wundrige wolcna
selce

rodres swifto, ryne timgla

hu hy
eallne

dsege utan ymbhwerfaS
?

2

middangeard

hwa

is

moncynnes

5

f ne wundrie

hu hy sume
utan

wlitegan tungl, habbaS swi^e micle
J>as

ymb

scyrtran ymbehwerft,

sume
an

scri(5a($

leng
10

ymb

eall

Sis

?

J?ara

tungla

woruldmen hataS waenes fisla; habba^ scyrtran scride 7 faerelt, ymbhwerft laessan, Sonne o^ru tungl,
f>a

for^aem
* io8b C.

hi J?aere

eaxe utan ymbhweorfacS
15

j^one nor S*ende, nean [ymbcerraff ; on cfcere ilcan\ eaxe hwerfetS
eall

ruma
is

rodor, recene scricSeS,

sucSheald swifet5 swift untiorig.

hwa

on weorulde
J>set

ne wafige,
wisson,
20

buton
j>te

}?a

ane

J?e

hit ser

msenig tungul maran ymbhwyrft on heofonum, sume hwile eft laesse geli(5a(S, ]?a lacaS ymb eaxe ende, 3 O(5(5e micle mare gefera S hire middre ybe
hafacS
}>e

J>a

b

Cf. p.

1

25.

em. tunglo C.

2

tto..ymbhwerfe9 C.

3

em. mid ore C.

XXVIII. 58]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS
1

199

Dearie J?raega5

? fara Saturnus sum, se hsefS

is

gehaten
fritig

ymb

25

wint gerime[^ w]eoruld ymbcirred. Boetes eac beorhte scine<5,

o Ser steorra

;

cyme s
"Saer

efne swa

same
3

on

fone ilcan stede eft
is

ymb
<Sa

jmtig
waes.

gear gerimes

he gio

hwa

weoruldmonna f ne wafige sse hu sume steorran ocS under merestreamas, faes Se monnum
<Sa

fara<5

olnccS?

swa eac sume wenac5 $ ac se wena n[z ]s wuhte

sio
}>e

sunne do,
socSra.

35

ne biS hio on sefe[^] ne on sermorgen near (Se on midne daeg, merestreame
]>e

7 j?eah monnum fyncS f hio on mere gange, under sse swife, J?onne hio on setl glided. hwa is on weorulde f ne* wundrige
he yfejringa [fulles monan, ponne wlites bereafad, wolcnu under wyrS

*
.40

ioga

(

befeaht mid Rostrum eac wafian selces stiorran,
?

hwa

]?egna ne mgege

hwy

hi

ne scinen scirum wederu
(Ssere

45

beforan

sunnan swa hi syle docS middelnihtum wiS J?one monan foran, hadrum heofone? hwset, nu haelecSa fela
swelces 7 swelces swu5e wundraS, 7 ne wundriacS fte wuhta gehwilc,
5

men

7 netenu, micelne habba<5 andan between him, unnetne 7 swiSe singalne. is f sellic }?incg
f hi

ne wundriatS hu

hit

on wolcnu

oft

Dearie J^unraS, )?ragm3elu eft anforlgeteS ; 7 eac swa same

55

wiS lande ealneg winnecS, wind 2 wit5 wsege. hwa wundracS
yc5
1

|?ses,

tm.J>rceged

C.

2

em. wind C.

200

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
1

[XXVIII. 59

ofres eft, hwi J?aet is maege weorSan of waetere wliletorht 1 scineo sunna swegle hat; sona gecerrecS ismere aenlic on his agen gecynd, weorSeS to waetre. ne f wundor micel monna senegum f he maegge gesion
;
J>inct$

60

dogora gehwilce, ac Saet dysie
faes hit seldnor gesihcS switfor
*

folc

65

wundraS,

ioyb C.

feah hit wisra gehwaem wundor Since on his* \jnodsefan micle lasse.
2

]stat5olfseste

ealneg

wenaS
7o

f $ ealdgesceaft asfre ne wasre $ hi seldon gesiocS; ac svvifor giet weoruldmen wenatS J?aet hit weas come, niwan gesselde, gif hiora naengum hwylc aer ne ofteowde; is f earmlic J^inc.
ac gif hiora aenig
to
aefre
-f

wcoroeC
fela ongintS

75

Son

firwetgeorn
lista,

he
lifes

leornian

7 him

weard

of

mode
ic

abrit

f micle dysig
geare

Saet hit oferwrigen

J?onne

wat

3

maehiges Binges J?e wsefSo 4 7 wunder welhwaer

mid wunode lange, hi ne wundriaS monnu nu
j>

80

fyncec5.

XXIX
Boeth.
iv.

c.

met. 6.

Si uis celsi iura tonantis.
5

Gif Su nu wilnige weorulddrihtnes

heane anwald hlutre mode
*

iiSaC.

on[^ /]an g/br/ze gem almaegene heofones* \tunglu, hu hi him healdaS betwuh
,

6

sibbe]

singale;

swa
aet
c

hi

dydon swa lange gewenede wuldres aldor

5

frumsceafte, f sio fyrene
!

mot
3

2 Cf. p. 135. em. tvlitetorh C. em. understcftolfasle J. 4 5 6 west C. em. wterGo C. iveorulddrihnes C.

em.

em.gionne

J.

XXIX.

42]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS

20 1

monna

sunne gesecan snawcealdes weg, hwaet, (5a maeran tungl gemsero. auc5er o(5res rene a ne gehrinecS
aerj^aem
j)

10

cx5er of gewitet?.

ne huru se stiorra gestigan wile westdael wolcna, J^one wise men Ursa nemna(5. ealle stiorran

sunnan samod mid rodere he ana stent. nis J nan wundor he is wundrum faest upende neah eaxe (5aes roderes. (Sonne is an steorra ofer cxSre beorht, cyme s eastan up aer Jxmne sunne
sigaft aefter

15

under eonSan grund
;

;

l

;

20

2

J)one hatacS

morgenstiorra under heofonum, for Saem he hsele^um daeg
aef t

monna beam
;

bodaS
is

swegeltorht sunne

burgum brengeS 33ft samad eallum daeg.
25

se forrynel faeger

cymeS

7 sciene; eastan up aer for sunnan,

7 eft aefter sunnan on setl glidecS, west under weorulde. werjwda his noman onwendat5 J?onne niht cymetJ, hataS hine
ealle

aefenstzbrra

;

30
siftcSan hi

is tungol,* he be eastan eft z weorfiefi \pfip eldum ofiewed\ aer J?onne sunne.
aef>ele

se biS j^aere ofirne S, fiat

sunnan

swiftra

;

on

setl gewitatS,
*

n8b

C.

habbaS

D3)?ele tungol emne gedaeled daeg 7 nihte Drihtnes meahtum,

35

sunna 7 mone, swiSe gejnvsere, swa him aet fry^e faeder getiohhode.
ne
f>earft

J?u

no wenan f Sa wlitegan tungl
aj^roten weortSe

Saes
aer

f>eowdomes

40

deS siSSan ybe moncynnes fruma swa him gemet JrincecS,
daeg[^].
2
.

domes

em.fionneC.

3

Grain

s

conject.

om.

J.

202

THE OLD ENGLISH VERSION OF
fonSon
hi

[XXIX. 43

be healfe heofones pisses
laet

on ane ne
Ipy laes

aelmihtig

God,
aej^ela
1

hi

ooYa fordyden

gesceafta;

45

ac se eca

God

ealla

gemetgacS
.

sida gesceafta, softa gej^werao hwilum (Sset drige drifS (Sone wsetan,

hwylum
cile
wi<5

hi

gemengecS metodes
;

craefte,

hseto

hwilum

cerrecS

50

on uprodor aelbeorhta leg, leoht lyfte; ligecS him behindan
eft

hefig hrusan dsel, J?eah hit hwilan eonSe sio cealde oninnan hire

1

aer

heold 7 hydde haliges meahtu. be ]3ses cyninges gebode cymeS geara gehwsem, eor Se bringeS seghwylc tudor, 7 se hata sumor hselecSa bearnum
1

55

geara gehwilce giereS 7 drigeo
hgerfest to

geond sidne grund ssed 7 bleda, honda herbuendu
ripa
rece<5.

60

ren geft* )?3em

hagal\ 7 snaw hrusan leccaS Sw[_^/ on wintres tid, weder unhiore ;

for^aem eor^e onfehS eallum ssedu,
gedecS ^ hi growatS geara gehwilce on lenctentid leaf up spryttatS.
;

65

ac se milda metod

monna bearnu
1

on eorjmn

fet

eall

fte

groweo

,

waestmas on weorolde; wel forSbrengecS J?onne he wile, heofona waldend,
7 eowacS
eft

hit

70

eorSbuendu

;

f)onn he wile, nergende hehste good on heahsetle
siteS self cyning, 7
f>ios

God

;

side gesceaft
2

75

JjenaS 7
f>sem
1

jriowacS

;

he ponan waldecS

geweltle^rum weoruldgesceafta. 2 hwilan C. Grein s em.fone anwald

de<$

C.

XXX.

ii]

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS

203

nis f nan wundor; he is weroda God, cyning 7 Drihten cwucera gehwelces, aewelm 7 fruma eallra gesceafta, wyrhta 7 sceppend weorulde
f>isse,

80

wisdom 7

as

\voruldbuendra.

ealla gesceafta

on hserendo
1
.

hionane he sendeS, haet eft cuman gif he swa gestsecScSig ne staftolade
ealla gesceafta,

85

aeghwylc hiora

wrafte tostencte

weon5an sceolden,
;

seghwilc hiora, ealle to nauhte

weon5an sceoldon wra(5e toslopena,
}?eah

ane
f>a

lufe

ealla gesceafta

90

heofones 7 eorftan hzebben g-misene,

f hi fdowien swilcu j}iodfrum<2, 7 fsegniaS f hiora feeder w&[/tfjet$. nis ^ nan wundor,* foi\(f(Bm ivuhta nan
ce/re ne

meahte

elles\

wunian,

95

gif hi eallmaegene hiora

ordfruman

ne ]?iowoden,

f>eodne

maerum.

XXX d.
Boeth.
v.

met.

2.

Puro clanim lumine Phoebum.

Omerus waes
on
Firgilies

east

mid Crecum
*i23bC.

(5aem leodscipe leo^a craeftgast,*

freond 7 lareow, mseran |?3em sceope magistra
hwaet,
j^aere

betst.
5

se

Omerus

oft

7 gelome

sunnan

wlite swicSe herede,

ae Selo crasftas oft 7 gelome leotmm 7 spellum leodum reahte. ne mseg hio gescinan, )?eah hio sie scir 7 ahwaergen neah ealla gesceafta; ne fur (Sum J?a gesceafta (5e hio gescinan mseg,
}>eah

beorht,
10

d Cf. p. 141.
eft

Line emended;
p. 136,
1.

cumad.

See

25.

The/

C has hio nane ne sendaft of pset was orig. an k.

204

THE LAYS OF BOETHIUS
endemes ne mseg
innan 7 utan.
ealla geondlihtan ac se selmihtega

waldend [7 z#y]rhta weorulde gesceafta his agen weorc call geondwlitec5, endemes J?urhsyb(5 ealla gesceafta. (Saet is sio so(5e sunne mid rihte,
be tSaem we

15

magon

singan swylc butan lease.

XXXI e.
Boeth.
v.

met.
1
,

5.

Quam

uariis terras animalia

permeant

figuris.

\Hwcet

pu meaht

ongilan,

gif

his

ffe

geman

lyst,

pte mis lice manega wuhta

geond eorfian farad ungelice ; habbdS blioh 7 f&r, bu ungelice,
2

7 mccgwlitas manegra cynna
ctid

5

7

uncuff.

creopad 7

sm caff,
magon hi mid fotu

call lichoma eorfian getenge.

nabbdfi hi cet fidrum fultum, ne

gangan,
eorfian brucan,

swa him eaden

wees.
10

sume fottmi twam foldan peddad, sume fierfete, sume fleogende
*i28aC.
windafi* under* zwjlcnum.
bi S

Seah wuhta gehwylc

onhnigen to hrusan, hnipaS ofdune, on weoruld wlit[^y] wilna S to eon5an,

sume

nedj^earfe,
gaeft

sume neodfrsece

;

15

man ana
mid his mid Sy

metodes gesceafta andwlitan up on gerihte.
getacnod
]?

is

his

treowa

sceal,

up J^onne ni^er 7 his modgej^onc, habban to heofonum, J?y laes he his hige 4 nis ni(5er swa^ser nyten. f gedafenlic
se

ma

wende

20

nicSerheald wese, 7 f
6

modsefa monna seniges neb upweard.
:

Cf. p. 147.

From
3

here to line 12
J.

is
*

em. cynnu C.

em. winded

part of the missing folio. em. is C.

APPENDIX
-+4-

THE NAPIER FRAGMENT
For
description see Introduction.

(N).

The corresponding part
/.

of

the

Text begins on p. 32,
[
]

18.

Jnniscan

lifes

Sy

hi hi selfe sint

ongiten hwaet hi

sin,

7 hwonan hi
is

sien,

7 Sy hi

wyrsan Son nie[

]nu 20

Sy

hi nyllacS witan hwaet hi sint, oftSe

hwanon

hi sint.

Daem
is
<Se

neatu

gecynde

Saet hi
J?aet

nyten hwaet hi sien;
hi nyten hwaet hi sien.

ac Saet

Sara
is

monna

uncSeaw
-j>

N[

]

wen^S f ge bioS on gedwolan, ]?on ge Gif hwa nu 25 aenig Sing maeg mid f[ ] g[ JweorSod. biS mid hwelcu welu geweorSod [ ] mid h[
swicSe sweotol

aehtu
fse
tSe

gearad, hu hine geweo[

ne

belimpS

Ne
biS,

(5aet

ne bitS no Sy faegerre Seah Sa gerenu faegru sin
sceondlic waes, ne b[
so"S

Son [ ]o hwene ryhtlicor. ]anne $ mid elles hwa gerenod
se

weorSscipe

"Se

hit

midgerenod
]
tSe ]

bi^.

Gif 30

hit ser

]

h[

Sy
hit
"Sa

faegerre.

Wite

Su

for

wast nu f

ic

$ nan god ne derecS fae Se ne [ ]ge, 7 [

ah; hwaet (Su welan oft deriaS 33

agon on monegu SingQ, 7 on Sae swiSost -f men S swa upahafene for Soe welan f oft se [ ] ] w[ he si wentS ealra wyrresta 7 se ealra unweorSusta ealles Saes welan wyrSe on weorolde is, gif he Se (5e micelne welan wisse hu he hi tocum^n meahte.
Se
hi
f>se

m<?n

]>

5

f>e

206
haefS,

APPENDIX
he
hi

ondraet

monigne feond;
hi

gif he

mzne
Gif Su 7

aehta

naefde

ne Sorfte he
]

nanne
ne

ondraedan.

nu
f>on

waere wegferend[
10

7 h[

]de micel gold on
)?on

Ipe

}?u

become

on

Seofscole,

wendes

Su

Se

Sines

(Other side offragment?)

34

Jgan [ be Saem weorSscip[ ]m anwalde Sisse weorolde. For Saem anwalde ge eow woldon ahebban up oS Sone ]fon, gif ge meahten, Saet is forSaem J?e ge ne gemunon ne
eac ne ongitaS f one heofoncundan anweald 7 fone weorSscipe eower agen, 7 }?onan ge comon. Hwaet, se eo\ve[ ]a }?on 7 se eower anweald Se ge nu weonSscipe htftaft, gif he

20 se is

becymS
to

to

J?ae

ealra wyrrestan

men, 7
to

to

J?2e

Se

his ealra
aer

unweonSost

biS,

swa he nu dyde
swa

Sys ilcan Diodrice, 7 gio

Nerone

J?aem

casere, 7 oft eac to hi

m^negu

hira

gelicu

25

30

dydon 7 git doS, eal Sa on neaweste forslean 7 forheregian swa swa fyres lig deS drygne hseSfeld, oSSe eft se birnenda swefl munt bsernS Se we h^taS Etne se is on Sicilia SwiSe onlice Sae miclan flode Se ealonde. })se on Ic wene f Su mseg gemunon Noes waes. gio dagu te eowre ildran Rom#n<2 witan on Torcwines gio f
hu ne wile he Son don swa ricu Se hi underbioS, oSSe
avver
f>one

;

35 dagu
swa
5 se

Sses

oferm^dan

cyninges

for

his

ofmetton

1
J>one

cynelican
ilce
>e

naman

of

Romebyrg

utadrifan for hira ofmettu,
seftre

heretogan Se hine ser ac hi

adydon 7 eft utadrifon hie woldon eft ne meahton forSse Se
;

asrest

;

anweald
wirs
licode

]?ara

heretogena
se
asrra
hit

Saern

romaniscu
gif
hit

witu

git

Ipon

J^ara cyninga,

Son

aefre

gewyrS
1

swa
The on

swiSe

seldon

gwyrS

indistinct.

GLOSSARY
EXPLANATION OF GLOSSARY.
text.

of the 8 is used for both 5 and are normalised on an early West Saxon basis. Ordinary figures refer to page and line, Roman numerals to the Cott. Metra. Pr. = Proem MPr. = Metrical Proem, preceding the Metra.

The

order

is

strictly alphabetical

;

J>

The main-words
;

N.

= Napier Fragment. Many of the references

an asterisk where attention

The Headings

to the Bodleian MS. text are marked with is called to the forms. of Chapters, pp. 3-6, and the prayer on p. 149 are not

considered in the Glossary. Verbs marked svi, sv2 &c. belong to the strong conjugation according to the classification given in Sievers Angelsachsische Grammalik, thus aberan, sv^. bear. All parts and forms of the verb to be will be found
:

under beon. Verbs with preteritive presents are entered under the present indica When no examples of, but only the references to, tive, e.g. mag, deah. a particular case of a noun or adjective are given, the form is identical with that last given. Words compounded with the prefix ge- will be found under the simple forms. In adjectives the masculine of each case, weak forms in -an have not being given first, is not marked as such usually the gender indicated. In text e as root-vowel often = ie in Glossary, io often = eo, o before
;

nasal
a.

a.

ab.
absol.

= =

accusative. about.

anv.
comp.
conj.
d.

= used absolutely. = anomalous
verb.

= = =
=

quod

participle. vide.

reflexive.

reduplicating
verb.

=
=

comparative. conjunction.
dative.

especially. f. immediatelyfollowing

esp.

=

a main word= strong feminine otherwise
;

= singular. = strong verb. = subjunctive. = substantive. = superlative. = strong-weak
verb.

= feminine.
fq.
g.

= =
= =

frequently.
genitive.

= times. = vide, or verb. = verb. = weak. = weak mascu = weak
verb.

gen.

imp.
ind.
inst.

generally. imperative.
indicative.

wither weak.

= instrumental. = interjection. interj.

line substantive.

208

GLOSSARY
A.

adimmian, wv. grow dim adimmad 55. 16.
;

;

pp.

a, adv.

ever, always fq. 21. 8 w. comp. a fty betera 27. 2 I0 6 3- 2, 64. 29, 69. (/ 3 1 6&c. withoMtftySs. 11,101. 18. a 9 2 14, 93- 22,23,94.4, 110.25, vii. 39 CJ) ix 34. xiii 4 (J), 62,

adl, disease, infirmity; adla 70. 8.

/

a. pi.

&c.
7>

;

adon,a^. remove, banish;
ind. prs.
pi.
%.s.

60. 24;
;

-

j

adeS 46. 32
;

pst.

;

adydon
7.

-

>

67.

35. 2 sbj. prs. ado 28, xvi. 5 ; pp. of adon

-

-

127.
2

xxv. 69, xxvi. 81, xxix. 10.

abedecian, wv. get by begging
prs.
sbj.

;

abeftecige 71. 12.
;

abelgan, ^3. make angry, offend ind.pst.pl. abulgon 19. 13. aberan, sv\. bear, endure 133. 3.
;

trans, drown; 37. ind. pst. 3.^. adrencte 37. 3. adreogan, sv2. bear, endure; 23. 21, 133- 28, 139. 4 (adrygan
;

adrencan, wv.

abitan, sv\.

bite,

devour; ind.prs.
;

adriogan 138. 31 ind.prs. adreogeS xii. 21. adrlfan, svi. drive away, banish
; ;

B)

3.^.

;

3.j. abit 57. 13*, xiii. 30.

ind.prs. 3. .y. ablent 109. 5 //. ablendaS 89. xxi. 16, 27; pst.pl. ablendan 8. 9* ;//.ablend 121. 13 n.pl. m. ablende 131. 15, 141. 6; n. 122. 6; wk. ablendan 121. 18. abrecan, sv\. break down, take by storm ind. pst. pi. abrsecon 7.
;
;

ablendan, wv. blind

35. 4, 60. 8 ind.prs. $.5. adrifS 135. 12; pst. adraf xxvi. 30; pi. adrifon 35. 3 imp. adrif 16. 6; pp. adrifen n. 4, 10, 62. 12, 63. 15. 19,
; ;

adrygan, wv. wipe dry
adrigde
;

;

ind. pst.

8. 25*.

;

adwJBscan, xx. quench

wv.
;
;

extinguish,

3

;

pp. abrocen
abrit

i.

18.

abregdan,
3.J.

sw$. remove; ind.prs. 126. 25*, xxviii. 78;
;

1 20 ind. prs. 3.^. adwaesceS 80. 24* Siostro adwsesceS iv. 7 ; adwsescS 10. 4*.
i.

pp. abrogden 45. 30 pull open, Sa duru abroden (anbroden B)
97. 24.

; 136. 25, 41 ; & 142. II, 13, xxix. 82. aecer, m. field d. aecere xii. 2,28; d. secerum //. g. secera xiv. 5
;

&, f. law

;

abysgian, wv. occupy, trouble
sbj. prs. pi.

;

52.

i.

abisegien 95.

n*;

pp. abisgod 51. 15, 143. 7, u. ac, conj. but fq. 7. 8, i. 80 &c. acelan, wv. cool; pp. aceled vii.
;

eedr,/. vein, sinew; d. 3edre93. 4. ffifen, m. evening; g. to sefennes
33. 28*; a. sefen sefen xxviii. 36.

136.

i;

on
;

17acennan,wz>.

eefensteorra,
bring forth, give birth
; ;

wm.
;

evening star

10. 9, 136. i

sefenstiorra xxix.
a.

to ; ind. prs. %.s. acenS 70. 1 2* pp. acenned 105. 23, xxiv. 51
n. pi.

30.

eefentid,/. eventide
viii.

;

on

gefentid

acennede 69.

19.

IQ.
;

acennednes,/". birth; a.

acennedi
;

fre, adv. ever

used in interrog.

nesse 69. 28.

acwelan,
prs.
3-j.

sv^. die

;

102.

ind.

acwylS 28. 18. acwellan, wv. kill 66. 24,
;

ix.

24,

hypoth. sentences, 8. n, 82, vii. 9, xiii. 22 &c. sefter, 1) prep. w.d. fq. written seft. in C. a) place, behind,
neg.
i.

and

xxvii.

21

;

to

acwellenne 124.
reveal
;

n*.
acytSan, wv.
sbj.

make known,

along; sefter burgum v. 3, xxix. motion along, sefter Saem 23
;

bogum

92.

i.

b)

time, after,
;

acySde 39. 3*. adselan, wv. separate ; //. adseled 85.1.
pst.
3.J-.

about 36 times, 7. 5, vii. 2 &c. efter 52.8; adv. sefter ft am after wards 21. 18; conj. sefter Sam
,

GLOSSARY
Se 70. 12. c] following^ accom paniment, 103. 12, 135. 30, 136. 2. pursuit, aim, obj. of verb
</)

209
10, 22;
a.

xxvii.

26*
n.

;

seghwilcum 149. m. aeghwilcne xvii. 14
;
;

;

;

12, 35. 22, 32, 60.5, 77. 5, 143. 3, viii. 57, xxii. i, xxvii.

34-

".

12;
I5>

z^af

?>z

M
:

ascian

127.

aeghwilc xx. 52 seghwylc 1 6, xxix. 57 inst. geghwelce daeg xiv. 5 seghwylce daege xx. 137; aeghwelcra 74. 3
xxii.
;

higian 56. 4, 31. 3; swincan 76. 26, 27, 113. 12; wilnian winnan 53. 16; 76. 28, 139. 13; ze/. spyrian about 25 times, 27. 21 &c. according to, 16. 15, 19.
9>

^Q;

Io

= hwelcra?

112. 31

murcnian

seghwider, adv. in every direction, everywhere xx. 92. seglSer, v. seghwae Ser.
;

eeht,

<?)

22, 32- 13, 39- 20, 41. 26, 49. 31, 125. 20, 128.25; setter Sinum willan 58. 28, cf. 123. 27, xx. 47 sefter his gewyrhtum
;

possession, property; on seht gifen ; //. n. sehta 55. 7, 72. 23 ; g. sehta vii.

f.

power

;

a.

124. 14, 141. 9, 148. 33. 2) adv. afterwards, after Pr. 9 (J). seftergenga, ivm. successor; d. pi.
aefterra,

15, xiv. 4, xix. 43 ; d. sehtum 32. 27, 38. i, xxv. 16; a. sehta sehte 32. 14*. 33. 7, 66. 26 wk. selbeorht, adj. very bright selbeorhta xxix. 51.
; ;

seftergengum 134. i. comp. adj. following, second 47. 2 seftera 35. 5 f.
;
;

sefterre,

seftre*

50.

5

;

seftere

xxv. Sic, pron. adj. Pr. 13 &c. 12, 56, xxvi. aelc,/^. w. gesceaft 92. 20 &c. and xiii. 64; g. selces 13. 1 8 &c., i. 36; /. aelcere 8. n*, 84. 9; selcre66. 21
;

no;/

38.6.

sefweardnes,
eeg, n.

f.

absence;
d.

d.

sefweardnesse 22. 20.

&c. and^xx. 185 d. aelcum 24. 24 &c. and xi. i selcum anum, to each separately f. selcere 80.
;

;

;

egg; xx. 171;
pron.
;

sege xx.

169.

seghwa,

each

one
;

;

g.

used as adv. aeghwaes 98. I in every respect viii. 41 a. n. seghwset 57. 14 pi. d. seghwsem viii. 38 eeghwam viii. 5. seghweer, adv. everywhere 148.
;
;

33*, 81. 34* selcre 67. 4 &c. a. selcne Pr. &c., xxii. 10, xxvi. inst. selce 50 n. selc xxiv. 7 dseg59. 23, 60. 15, 17, 80. 32,

n

;

;

;

;

;

26, x. 58.

124. 6, 125. 32, 128. 19. xxvii. aelce dsege xxviii. 4 ; selce geare 92. 14, 136. 15. d. wk. selceald, adj. very cold selcealdan xxiv. 19.
8
;

;

seghwsefter, pron. either, xx. 12 gegSer the prose
;

each
. .

;

form

selcraeftig, adj. all-powerful; comp. n. s. n. selcrseftigre xx. 38.

38. 13 &c.; Pr. 5, ii.

& c-

3_i

aegSer ge ge g. segSres 93.
.
.

selenge, 1) adj. tedious
selengo*, selenge 4 sbs tediousness;
.

;

;

127.

n. pi. n. 28. 2)

13; d. segSrum 129. 32. Sghwanon, adv. from all sides,

selinge

MPr.

6.

everywhere; seghwonan 19. 26, vii. II, 27. 45; ceghwonon
x. 4.

selgrene, adj. all-green ;/.selgreno
xx. 78.

eeghwelc, pron. each (one)
33> 35>

selmesse, wf. alms
;

;

a.

selmessan

53.

MS-

i-

ii*, 54. 28*; seghwilc 55. 2, xi. xii I2 , xvii. 22, xxi. 2,
;

55 /. (pi. vb. in each case] aeghwilc xxvi. 43, xxix. 88 seghwylc xxix. 86 n. geghwilc xx. 64, 142, xxi. 28 seghwylc
xxii.
; ; ;

selmihtig, adj. almighty, only used of God; 48. 24, vii. 45 &c. selmihti xiii. 72 (J) wk. selmihtiga aboiit 8 times, 49. 6 &c.
;

;

;

Su aelmihtiga scippend
iv.

10. 16,

xxvii.

21

;

d.

seghwelcum

v.

2,

4, 117.

29; selmihtega 49. 16*, 101. 5*; aelmehtega 125. 14;

2IO
jelmehtga
xiii.
2
;

GLOSSARY
before

148. 31 ; selmihtga n. selmihtig xx. 32 ; g. selmihtiges ix. 49, xx. 67, xxi.
;

w. pers. prons. 20. 1 9, ; 45. 20,65. 9 J 3, 79- 27, T 39-7, n, 143. 5, 148. 9; aer tide 67.
. ;

43 ; wk. aelmihtigan 80. 29 aelmihtgan 104. 12 ; aelmehtigan 128. 24, 135. 13; d. wk.
selmihtigan 136. 8*, 141. 17*, xx. 245. selteewe, adj. perfect, sound; 74. 22; n. 122. 2; a. aeltaewne 12. 6 comp. n. s. n. aeltsewre 83.
;

1 1 cf. xii. 10, xxix. 41 conjunctions, aerSaem 128. 12, v. 45, xxix.

forming
e 84. i,
;

t>

n

aerCon

12. 5, 104. 31 ; aerfton fte 20. 9. d. on his serende, n. errand
;

a. pi. hlafordes aerende 63. 15 haerendo aerendo 26*; 136.
;

xxix. 83.

29, 31-

eerendgewrit,
a. pi.

n. letter
7.

;

a.

i.

63
;

;

selSeod, v. elSeod. eelSeodig, v. elfteodig.

aerendgewritu

19. a.

semetta, wm. leisure d. semettan Pr. 14; a. 117. 10, 120. 19, 127.
;

3i-

sermorgen, m. early morning on aermorgen xxviii. 36. serneweg, m. race-course g. neweges 112. 23.
;

aer-

eene, adv. once

(semeD
r/i

;

sene

on
ane

serning, f. running, racing

;

d.

dseg

33-

27,

viii.

18

xxvi. 59.

amig, pron. adj. any (one); 32.
25, vii. 5

aerninge 112. 24. jerra, comp. adj. former; 35. 6; a. pi. 103. d. aerran 86. 15 ;
21.

&c.

;

aeni

no.
;

12

;

f.

senega 32. 5*, 82. 25, 98. 14, elsewhere xiii. 68, 73, xx. 41
seniges 83. 14, xxvi. senies 23. 23*; d. senegum 20. 20*, 22, 67. 16, 22, 83. 13, 123. 22, XV. 12, XX.

senig;

.

gesesce, f. inquiry, investigation d. pi. be geaescum 148. 9. sespringe, m. spring, fountain
v. 12. set,
*

;

;

115

&c.

;

86.

prep. w.d. a) place, near, 20, 112. 22, xxiv. 19.

at,

b}

36, xxii. 27, xxviii. 64; aengum 144. 23, vii. 2i,x. 36 ;/. senigre a. senigne 24. 29 60. 6, 99. 22
;

circumstance, m; aet fiaere spnece 145. i. c) motion, to; xx. 155;

w. bringan
13.

18. 8, 10, 23. 19, 71.

&c.

;f. aenige 20.
;

22,xx. 130 &c.

;

aenig

n. senig xxvii. 37. 19* 14 &c. inst. aenige 127. 12, xx. 109 //. g. aenigra 138. 22 d.
;
;

or
27. 96. 22,

;

senegum 44. 29*, 97.

3.

source, origin of gain 26. 3, 27. 22, loss, from; 21, 31. 14, 15, 45- 2, 24, 8, 125. 12, 128. 3, 139. x. 69, xxxi. 8. e} point of

d)

eenlic, unique, matchless; 62 ; a. n. 101. 25.

xxviii.

time; ix. 23
set

aet
;

sumum

cyrre 39. 19,
;

aet

ofirum cerre 95. 28

seppel, m. apple of eye, eyeball a. 133. 13. I2T. 12 fflr, 1) adv. before, formerly fq.
;

;

fruman 129.
26;
14,
set

13,

;

xxiv.
sceafte

18, 142. 27,xvii. frymfte xi. 38, 77, xxix. 38; set frum;

comp. seror 87. 43, 76, 80, xx. 41 n., 240, 245,
8. 2
;

&c.

6, xiii.

xxii. 7,

1 8, xxvi. 87; aer 20. 9, 83. 30; .w^. aerest u. 2, xii. 2 &c. aeresS 35. 2 36. 31 aerast
;

aet frumcerre 7 nihstan 15. 6. eetgsedere, adv. together; 37. 21,

xxix.
;

145. 24

aet

;

;

51. 3*; aersest 14. 7. 2) ^_/ before, w. sbj. or occasionally aer ind. 25. 2, u. 8, iv. 22 &c. Son aer 128. 17, 28, 144. 29; aer Se, as soon as ever 25. 18,
.

2 xi 49; 76. 20, 90. 15, 93. 3 aetgtedre 77. 24, ^4. 25, 29, 90. 16, 92. 28, xx. 160.
>

;

setsamne, adv. together aetsomne xx 2 4385. 13, 114.3, 5,
; -

setwitan, svi. reproach
2.pi.

;

ind. prs.
2.s.

setwite ge 124. 4; pst.

cf.

49. 27.

3) prep.

iv. d.

;

time,

setwit(^) 17. 4.

GLOSSARY
f. nobility ; seftelcundnesse 46. 13. birth eeflele, adj. noble by

211

eeftelcundnes,

d.

afyllan, a) wv. fill ; b} satisfy ; 38. 29 () ; pp. n. pi. afylde

or
n.
;

nature; x. 27 f. xxiv. 45 ; xxix. 32 asSeles xxvi. 34
;

M3. 31 (d). agselan, wv. hinder
ii.

;

//. agaeled
;

;

-.

a.

5.

seSelne xxiii. 4
.

;

2^. seSelan 82.
;

9 :_ //. ffiSele 24. 3, 4, 7, xxix. 35 a. _/. aeSela xxix. 45 aeSele xix. 22 sup. a. pi. wk.
; ;

agselwan, wv. astonish, dismay //. ageelwed 86. 10. agan, anv. possess; 31. 19, 21,
67.
26,
i.
;

seSelestan ix. 26.
eetteling,

m. prince, nobleman
30
;

;

g. seSelinges eeSelinge 36. 17, d. 40 pi. geSelingum i. 21. aetJelu, /. a) noble birth ; ) xxvi.
;

seftelincg 72. 62; d.

nobility

of
92.

nature
21
?/.

;

c}

habit,
sefielo
seftelo
;

nature;
69.
a.

n

(<:?),

ind. prs. 3.^. ah 32. 32, 63. 9, 123. 13, 14; w^-.nah xvi. 21 124. 5, pi. agon 33. 2 ; pst. pi. ahton 38. 22, 1 23. 8 ; sbj. prs. age 27. 20, 30. i,xiv. 2, xvi. 2 pst. ahte 17. 10, 63. 22. agen, adj. own; 34. 20, xx. 122
; ; ;

19 agonxvi. I

2, xvi.

39, to

62,

vii.

aganne

29, x. xxi. 19 ;

(), 91. 20
;

(V)

;

-.

69. 9 ($)
seftelo

d. seSele xiii.

51 (c]

46. 15 (a), 69. 12 (a), xvii. 25 (3), xxx. 7 69. 31 (c) ; aT.//. seSelum xvii. 1 8 (a}.
(l>\

sewielm,

m. spring of water source aewelm 82. 28, 83. 3, 32, 136. 24, xxix. 80 sewylm d. oewelme 53. 8, 83. 4 53. 5 a. gewelm 47. 9, 82. 9, xx. 259,
; ; ;

;

;

4; aewellm 101. 20*. afeeran, wv. terrify pp. afoered
xxiii.
;

afsered 86. 10. 138. 12 afeestnian, wv. make firm, 82. u, xx. 263.
;

fix

;

afandian, experience pp. afandad 70. 29. rv. afaren afaran, go away; pp.
;

wv.

/. agnu 29. 29, 80. 25 ; agen xxiv. 49; n. agen iii. 5 &c. g. agenes n. 6*, 12. 20, 37. n, xiii. 31 agnes 16. 10 &c. f. agenre 27. 26, 47. 27 d. agenum xx. 23, xxv. 57; agnum n. 21 &c. /. agenre 37. 29, 146. 29; segenre 31. 32*; a. agenne 66. 24, 80. 34, 143. 3, xx. 64, 143 agene 39. 23*, ix. 28 f. agene n. 12, 39. 23, So. n. agen 2, iv. 30 agne 9. i* 15. 26, xi. 77 &c. ahgen 9. 12* ; //. agene 63. 24*; agne 17. 20 n. agnu f. agna 23. 8 29. 27, 28 agene 31. 8*; g. agenra; d. agenum vii. 47; ag num ii. 22*; a.f. agna 32. 14,
;
;

&c.

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

11.4.

xx. 14.
;

afedan. wv.

feed, nourish afeded, afed* 8. 18.

pp.
pp.
ind.

agiefan, sv$. give up,
agifan
103.
17.
5
;

aferian, wv. carry away aferod 105. 14. aferscian, wv. become fresh

restore ind. prs. i.s.
;

;

agife

10*;

sbj.

pst.

pi.

;

ageafan*, agefan 102. 12. agnian, wv. appropriate, claim
30. 29.

;

prs. %.s. afer(j-)caS 86. 20. afierran, wv. remove; aferran 7. 1 8* ; afyrran hid. prs. 39. 29*
;

ahebban,

sv6. raise

;

exalt

;

gen
;

erally w.

up

;

aferreS 20. 23; imp. aferre 20. 25 afyr 14. 19*; sbj. prs. afyrre 134. 19; pp. afyrred 73.
3-r.
;

ahebban 34. 17

46. ii, 104. 31 ind. prs. 3.^. ;
;
;

ahefS 114. 19; pi. ahebbe ge pst. ahof 45. 6 pi. gewin up

13-

ahofon
//.
a. s.
;

7. 2;

sbj.prs.pl.
;

ahebben

afindan, sv$. experience; afunden 70. 29*. afrefrian, wv. comfort; pp. m. afrefredne 50. 13.

ahaebben 133. 24 pst. ahofe 23. 18 //. ahafen in. 19*, v. 33; ahsefen 24. 29, xx. 219; ahsefen xxv. 19;
146. 12, xvii. 18
;

P 2

212

GLOSSARY
9.

ahefen i. 47; n. pi. ahafene 26* ahsefene 33. 3.
;

xxix. 16, xxxi. 16
xxi. 10, 13,

;

f.

an 41.
art.

25,

ahefigian, wv. weigh down, op
press
;

ii

;

ahweer,

pp. ahefigad 55. 20*. adv. anywhere, in any
17.

no

89. 9, n. an 100. 13, xi. 48 &c. ; . . Sset an Sset ac, not
.

16;

iv.

way; awer

17, 34. 26*, viii.

M,

33.

ahweetSer. pron. either; auSer 14. awSer . oSSe 25*, xx. 42 oftSe (segfter B) 108. 13;
. ;

.

.

.

but 13. 27 &c. g. only Sines anes anes 22. 20, xxv. 52 gefteahte, of thee alone 79. 25, his anes, of himself xx. 39 d. anum 10. 15, alone ix. 22 iv. 27 &c. =one 97. 13; on
. .
.

;

;

;

;

auSer offSe

.

.

.

ahwanon,

adv.
;

oSSe 146. 25*. from anywhere,
84.
16
;

anum
;

on any side

ahwonan

ahwonan 84. 13. ahweorfan, sv^. remove,

alter

;

untodseled, 87. single wk. Sy anan, in this one 31 f. anre 41. 28, 68. 30, respect 107. 1 2 a. anne 39. 19*, 79. 34*, 86. 30, xx. 58 ; senne 22. 19,
; ;

pp. ahworfen 15. 19. adv. anywhere ahwaergen neah xxx. 10. ahwierfan, wv. turn aside pp.

ahwergen,

;

;

ahwerfed 114. 23. aladian, wv. excuse 144. ?. ind. prs. alsedan, wv. lead away
;

;

$.s.

alret
;

of

5am

rihtan

wege
25. ind.

59. 18, 87. 2*5, 92. 25, x. 38; xx, 196, xxvi. 25 f. ane 14. 26 &c. ; n. an 69. 12, xxv. i &c. ; inst. ane 79. 33, xx. 56 pi. n. m. ane no. 31, xxviii. I9;/. ana 1 6. 19 ; g. anra, w. hwelc, gehwelc, gehwa 77. 18, 23, vii. 23, viii. 6 &c. ; d. of anum
; ;

73. 24* pp. alseded xix. 4. alaitan, rv. let go, give tip ; 23, 26.

twcem, from two only xvii. 3 a. ane iv. 52, xii. 32.

;

6

;

selsetan 67. 10

;

anbid,
1

n.

waiting,

expectation
;

;

prs.

2.s. alsetst

57. 23*.

20. 2* (andbid
3.

C)

d.

andbide
;

aleogan,

disappoint; pst. Sset 3.//. aleogaft 58. 23 call aleag i. 39. alicgan, sv$. diminish pp. alegen
belie,
;
;

sv2.

120.

geanbidian,
prs.
T-.pl.

wv
i.s.

.

wait, await

ind.

(w.

-.)

geanbidia 5 19.

24;
28.

pst.

geanbidode 50.
ancer 23. 5; 10*; oncras

43- 3 1

-

aliefan, wv. allow, permit pp. alefed 117. 7, 121. 18, 135. 7; 20. alyfed 23. aliesan, wv. release, rescue ind. pst. alysde 18. 20.
;

ancor, m. anchor;
n. pi. ancras 23. 14.
23.

;

and,
8,

conj.

and
7,

;

passim, always
33,

written

except and 30. 8, 72.

ambiht,
xi. 9.

n. service

;

g.

ambehtes

84. 13; ond 35. 2, 36. 39. 25*, 54. 5*, 140. 12.

amerian, wv. purify

;

//. amered
148. 27,
;

120. 15. ametan, sv$. measure;
3 C 1X- 00*
iv"

anda, wm. malice, anger; a. 79. 24, 102. dan 135. 2
d.
;

an8,

114. 30, 126. 17, xx. 36, xxviii. 52.

amerran amierran, wv. hinder amerred 53. 94. 29, xxii. 4 pp. 13, viii. 44; a. amerredne 103.
;

andefn,
d.

f.

proportion,

amount
;

;

be hire andefne 72. 26 Sses gyltes andefne 123. 20.
;

be

30.

andettan, wv. confess
i.s.

ind. prs.

an, num. and adj. one; only, alone, on 42. 9; ii. 16, x. 54 &c. se an man 145. 29; wk. ana, alone 17. 28, 55. 12, 81. 21, 97.
;
i

andette

;

//.

andettaS 83.
;

26* (andetteS C). andgiet, n. intellect, reason
git 32.
2*,

and-

127. 20, 146. 25*;

n,

101.

5,

121.

29,

147.

9,

andget 146. 20*;

gewis andget

GLOSSARY
146. 16*; g. andgietes 45. i; d. andgite andgites Pr. 13 &c. Pr 3, 58. n, 12*, 81. 23*, 94. 1 8*, xx. a. andgit Pr. 3, 201 127. 17 gewis andgit 145. 32, io*; andget 137. 19*; 146.
; ; ;

213
answer, rarer
12. 31, 19. II
5,
;

andwyrdan, wv.
than andswarian,

geandwyrdan
142.
i
;
;

12.

19.

28,
g. 4 imp.

ind. pst.

andwyrde
13.

&c.

andwirde

3;
d.

andwyrde

ondgit 27. andgietfull,

1

8*.

andwyrde,
intelligent
;

19. 23*. n. answer

;

45. 19

;

adj.

a. 95. 18.

andgitfull 131. 29.

andgietfulliee, adv. intelligibly
sup. andgitfullicast Pr. 4.

;

anfeald, adj. single, 74. 30, 76. 9, 12; /. anfeald 129. 8; wk. anfealde 127. 18
;
;

undivided

andlang, prep. w.g. along;
21, 91.
32
-

86.

n. anfeald 128. 32, 131. 25, 26 ; g. anfealdes 16. 18 ; d. wk. an-

andleofen,/. sustenance, support
d. andlifene 30. 4.

;

fealdan 128. 4, 129. anfealde 54. 27.
g.

17

;

a. f.

andrysne,
6 n.
;

adj. awe-inspiring

;

61.

anfealdnes, f. singleness, unity
anfaldnesse 128. fealdnesse 100. II*.
8
;

;

a. 61. 4.
;

a.

an-

andsacian, wv. deny
sacigan 21.
pst.

w.g. and;

n*.
ind.

andswarian, wv. answer
andswarode 23. andswarede 74. 27*;
rode
9.

anforlsetan, rv. forsake, abandon v. 28 ind. prs. 2.s. anforlaetst
;

;

17

&c.

;

xiii.

54
14
;

;

3.^.
;

anforlaeteS
2.s.

iii.

5,

andswo-

xxviii.

56

pst.

anforlete

20*,

23. 9, 29.

n,

58.

17.

sbj.

prs.

forlsete

an

29, 59. 4, 74. 29 ; andsworede 21. 18, 65. 5, 74. 25, 75. 3, 76.

xxii. 9.

angel, m.
48. 5.

fish-hook

;

d.

angle

io, 77. 20, 24, 83. 15.

andswaru,/. answer g. ondswore a. andsware xxii. 43, 19. 25*
; ;

anginn,
2,

20, 134. 12
;

5

1

-

3
adj.,

a.

angin 13. beginning d. anginne 148. angin 13. 7.
;

n.

;

andweard,

often
;

with
16

lif,

wela, actual, present
n.

148. 26;

&c. ; wk. andweard a 58. wk. andwearde 26. 15 &c. ; andweardan and a. wk. 33. g. d. 1 6 &c. and xxi. 28 d. andweardum 89. 17 a. n. wk. andwearde 68. 9 pi. n. wk. andweardan g. wk. andwear47. 25 &c. dena 30. andweardana 78.
; ;

;

anllc, adj. w. d. similar 72. 29, in. 22 /. 123. 5 n. 49. 25, 12 onlic ; 63. 34. 29 g. anlices 44. 1 8, 24; onlices 44. 15 a. n. anlic 115. 13 sup. anlicost 115. 6, xx. 169; anlicost Se 122. i. anllce, adv. similarly; 92. 14; onlice viii. 47.
; ; ;

;

;

;

n

;

anlicnes,/. likeness, portrait

;

il

;

21 d. andweardum 88. 29 eagum andweardum, bodily eyes
;
;

lustration ; 55. 6, 82. 26, 114. 14; a. anlicnesse 51. 20, 67. 24, 74. 18, 114. 18, 116. 24 ; onlicnesse 32. 4, 6, 117. 4; pi. n. anlicnessa 78. 24; a. 74. 17. anliepe, adj. single, individual

xxii.

20

;

a.

wk. andweardan
;

73.

18.

andweorc,
1

n. material

40. 15,
;

;

ondweorc 40. 20 g. andweorces 40. io, 25 d. andweorce
6
; ;

40.

14;

d.
2
;

cause 23.
69. 26*.

buton andweorce, xvii. 16 anweorce
; ;

an anlepe crseft 72. 13 g. pi. used as sbst. senlepra selc xxvi. i io anlepra selc xxv. 56.
; ;

anmodlice,
83
.

adv.

unanimously
;

;

22.

andwlita wm. form, shape
andwlitan
128.
4,

a.

ann, swv.
66. 27.
annes,/".

grant

inf.

geunnan
;

145. 26, xxxi. 17; anwlitan 128. 23.

oneness, unity

90.

n,

214
21 d. annesse 90. nesse 114. 2.
;

GLOSSARY

n

;

a.

an-

anslen, f.
pect
v.
;

face, appearance, as d. ansene 51. 16 ; onsiene

a. wickedness, cruelty g.pl. arleasta ix. 6. adv. arlice, honourably 36. 30.
arleast,/".
;

aerleste ix. I

;

;

arod,
se

adj.

energetic,
x.

ii.
;

aroda
?

45

;

bold wk. miswritten
; ;

anweald, m. authority, power B has forms with ea C fq
; ;

with
35-

a,
5>

but the foil, have ea
I2
>

:

46. 22*. arweorflnes, /. honour, dignity pi. g. arwyrSnessa 20. 2 ; a.
20. 14.

araeda

55-

7,

65.
(J),
d.

19; g.
53.

anwealdes 37. 23 62. 17, 76. 25;
138. 32,
xi.
;
;

29,

anwealde

a. his fota an 32 weald 107. 13 anweald 39. 29*;

arwiertSe, adj. honourable, vener able arwyrfte 125. 4; wk. arwyrfta 7. 25*.
;

asawan,

rv.

sow
;

;

ind. pst.
3.^.

2.s.

anwalda 12. i. anwealda, wm. ruler 49. anwealdig, adj. powerful anwaldegost 108. 18.
g. pi.
;

aseowe 82. 6*
2*.
;

asiow xx.

sup.

axe 80. 19*, xx. 106. 82. 23, ascian, wv. ask, inquire
;
;

250. asce,yi ashes

anwillice, adv. obstinately 47. 4. ar, f. honour, dignity; 22. 29; d. 120. 17, g. are 66. 22, i. 78 xx. 100 a. 44. 9, 102. 23, 133. 16 g.pl. ara i. 57. arseda, v. arod. arsedan, wv. utter, deliver (a
; ;
; ;

86. 22, 139. 9; acsian 127. 18, 140. 19, 144. 10 acsigan 95. 17*; ind. prs. 2.s. acsast 127.
;

95.19*;

ahsast 147. 23 15 3.^. acsaS pst. ascode 87. 21; acsode 126. 32 ahsode 45. 14* ahsade 144. 10 sbj. prs. ascige
;
;

;

;

;

speech) areefnan, wv. endure, bear
; ;

//. arged 51. 27.

62. 2, 82. 25
;

;

acsige 131. 28.

50.

ind. prs. $.s. arsefneS 25. 5. 17 arseran, wv. lift up, raise ind. pst.
;

arserde

8.

25.
tell, relate,

wv. learn by inquiry, ; pp. geascod 139. 12. ascierpan, wv. sharpen (sight) sbj. prs. pi. ascirpan 89. 16*;
geascian,
ascertain

;

areccan, wv.
22. 15, 47.

explain

;

12, 92.

10, 74.
;

10,

//. ascerped 47. 27. ascortian, wv. fall short,

fail

;

arecan 74. 12* ind. pst. areahte viii. 2 pp. areaht 39. 15,46. i areht 51. 27*, 71.3*. aredian, wv. find the way, go w.
135. 8
;

;

ind. prs. %.$. ascortaft 44. 19. ascufan, sv2. push away, repel
sbj.

;

;

;

weg

51. 14, 139. i, 32
;

;

ind. prs.
:

3.J-. aredaS 79. 7 sbj. prs. aredie 138. 27 ; without weg inf. 55. 19, 96. 28, 97. 17, 100. 6,

prs. asctife 38. 18. ascung,_/~. inquiry, investigation g. ascungas 127. 6; d. ascunga 95- J 5*, 144- 9, xxii 4 1 geascunge 148. 9 a. acsunga 12. 30.
-

;

5

;

xiii. 8, xxiii.

10.
;

asecgan, wv. say, deliver (a dis course), used w. spell pp. assed
;

aretan, wv. cheer, comfort
aret 54. 25
;

ind.
s.

prs. 3.J-. //. aretne 50. 15, 142. 21. wv.w. d.ora. arian, honour; spare, pity; to arianne 72. 25; ind.
3..?.

a.

m.

33. 20,48. 21, 57. i, 60. 26,89. 4, 94. 26.

asettan, wv. place vii. 5. asigan, svi. sink down //. asigen
;

;

55- 16.

avaS 132. 16, 142. 29; prs. imp. ara iv. 31, 57 ; //. geared
32- 27.

asingan, sv^. sing, recite; used w. leoS 127. 31 pp. asungen 8. 15 &c. w. gebed 82. 18;
;
; ;

arianisc,

adj.
7.

Arian
7.

;

d.

wk.
ar-

arrianiscan

arleasnes,

/.

wickedness

;

a.

leasnesse 39. 18.

asungen 61. I, 70. i, 103. 24; asuncgen 58. 4. aslean, sv6. cut off (head) ; ind. pst. of aslog 127. 9.

GLOSSARY
1

215

aslupan, sv2.

slip away ; sbj. pst. xiii. 9. rflx. hi hi of aslepen

asmeagan, wv. examine,
gate
;

investi

148. 5*. aspringan, sv$. spring up 2 prs. 3..y. aspringeS 92. pst. asprunge 99. 24. aspylian, wv. wash oneself
7-

prs. pi. aSeostriao 21. 2*; pp. aSistrod vi. 4. attreotan, svi. be weary ; 72. 19 ; pp. aSroten xxix. 40.

;

ind.
sbj.

;

aftrietan, wv. trans, weary ; pp. a. s. m. aftretne 135. 18 n. aweallan, rv. well up ; ind. prs.
$.s.

;

115.

awealleS
25
;

v. 12.
;

aweccan, wv.
85.
;

assa,

ww.

ass

;

1 1

4. 3

1

.

arouse, awaken //. aweaht xxii. 40
;

;

ind. astleran, wv. rule, govern astyrast prs. 2.s. astyrest xx. 15 2. 79. 15*; 3..?. astereS 131. astigan, svi. ascend; 82. 7, xx. 254 ind. pst. astag ix. 46. ind. astreccan, wv. stretch out
;

aweht

95. 15*.

awecgan, wv. move, remove pp. n. pi. m. aweaweged 27. 2
;

gede

vii.

24.

;

;

aweiidan, wv. turn away, avert; 46. 20; =onwendan 142. 28*;
ind. prs. pi.

pst. astrehte 8.
i.

4*

;

//. astreaht
;

awendaS
cast

141. 5.
;

80.

aweorpan,
wv.

sv^.

away, expel

astyfician,

sbj. extirpate prs. astyfecige 61. 7* (astificige C).

agitate, astyrian, wv. move, rouse; astyrigan 13. 9; ind. prs. 3.^. astyrotJ 27. 3*; //.

101. 21, xxiii. 6 ; ind. prs. ^.s. awirpS 114. 21. awiergan, wv. curse ; pp. n. pl.f. awirgede 8. 22*.

awiht, 1) pron. anything ix. 62 awuht xi. 9, xviii. 7, xx. 107,
;

;

astered 36. astyred 127. 7 n. pi. asterede 133. 6.
;

2

;

aswindan,

sv$. languish, grow enervated ; ind. prs. pi. aswindaS 81. 9 ; pp. n. pi. m. as139. 9.
;

auht vi. 6, 46, xxv. 59 16, xi. 10, xx. 30, 166, xxi. 23 so always in the prose, 12. 16 &c. d. used as adv. auhte Sy mara xvi. 20. 2) adv. at all, in
xxii.
;

;

;

wundne

any degree

;

auht 22. 7 &c.

asyndran, wv. separate pp. asyndred 93. 6 n. pi. m. asyndrede
;

awindan,
awrltan,

sv^. strip off; xxv. 22 ; ind. prs. 3.5. awint of in. 20*.
svi.

130. 25.
20. 4. atellan, wv. reckon up atemian, wv. tame pp. a. s. f. atemede xiii. 19; n. pi. m.
;

write,

compose

;

;

//. awriten 44. 5, 46. 27, 144. 6 gawritenra n. 28.
;
pl>

awyrcan,

57. 15, xiii. 36. ateon, svi. pluck away,
;

remove

;

wv do ind. pst. awyrhte 149. 16. ind. awyrtwalian, wv. root up
. ;
;

ind. prs. ation 95. 8*, xxii. 27 2.s. atyhsS xii. 25 3.^. atiht 52. ii*; sbj. prs. ateo xii. 2;
;

prs.

2.s.

26

;

awyrtwalast 52. II, xii. sbj. prs. awyrtwalige 61. 8.

atio 51. 29*.

atrendlian, wv. trans,
atrendlod v. 17.
;

roll

;

//.
bsec, n.

B.

atyhtan, wv. entice pp. atyhted n. pi. m. ntehte 71. n. i. 8 afl, m. oath; //. aSas 10. 22, iv. 48 a. i. 25. axeman, wv. stretch, make in tent (of the mind) pp. a Senod
; ;

back;
15.

a.

S.

12;

a. pi.

bacu

ii.

bSdan, wv. compel

;

ind. prs. 3.^.

nede gebsedeS vi. 14 n. bseftan, adv. behind her beaeftan
;

;

24. i*.

70. 18.

aSeostrian, wv. grow dim; ind.

beer, adj. bare n. pi. n. baru sond d. barum sondum 91. 18. vii. 13
; ;

2l6
gebSran,
-wv.

GLOSSARY
behave;
3.
;

36.

31;
;

wyrhtum

gebseron 72.

beernan, wv. trans, burn
beetan, wv. bridle
fast pst. sbj.
3..y.
;

68. 27 &c. cf. 119. 22, 123. 31, ix. 36, xx. 96, 228,
;

123. 15

xxvii. 27, xxix. 56.

ind. prs. 3.5. bsernft 34. 28. ind. pst. 3.-$-. gebsette xi. 76; of a ship, make
bsette
;

144. 31 pp. gebset xi. 23. beeting, f. cable of a ship; a. bsetinge 144. 31. balca, rum. heap a. balcan 37. 8.
;

beacnian, v. biecnan. beadorinc, m. warrior beadurincum i. 18. beag, m. crown 113. 3
;
;

;

d.

pi.

d.

beage
;

112. 26.

bealcettan, wv. belch, bring up
to bealcetenne 51. 5 n.

ban,
x-

n.
33>

bone;
35>

n. pi. 46. 1) actual

17,

20,

bealocreeft, m. evil art, sorcery d. pi. balocrseftum xxvi. 75.

;

42.
</.

be,

/r<?/.

w/.

juxta

beam, m. tree; 117. 29. beamsceadu, f. tree-shade
beamsceade
viii. 28.
;

;

d.

position, by, near ; 19. 2, 74. I, xix. 2 1 be healfe xxix. 43 ; along, Isede bi o^eni wege 139. 33. 2)
;

beam,
2
1
;

n. child
a.

d.

beam
i,

70.

bearne 20. 7,70. 12; //. beam
;

mental juxtaposition a) com pared with. 39. 21. ^) manner, by hanga S be smale tSroede 65. 30 be nanum dsele, in no degree 130. 10; be senegum daele 123. 22 be sumum dsele 15. 18 &c. be Seem dsele 109. 21 be Ssem dsele Se, in so far as 93. 23 be him selfum bion, by himself
; ;

70.

20, 23,

48, xxi.

98. 32, i. 34, viii. xxvi. 49, xxix. 21

g. bearna 54. 8, 70. 28, 30 ; d. bearnum xxix. 58, 68 ; a. beam

;

;

bearneacen,
70. 12.

23. i, 24. 12, 70. 19, 71. 2. adj. pregnant n.s.n.
;

;

;

standard, means, 3. c) judging by, by reference to, Pr. 26. 3, by; 10, 51. 19, 22,
54. 20, 56. 26, 63.

101.

u,

92. 32,

96. i, 108. 27, 116. 30, 148.9; be ftsem, thereby 38. 20 &c. be Sy 83. i &c. rf) in connexion
;

childlessness; d. bearnleste 24. 10*. rv. wv. beat ; ind. prs. beatan, 3.^, intrans. beateS on staftu vi. trans, 15; //. beataft, belabour, attack iii. 3. sv2. bebeodan, enjoin, command; ind. prs. i.s. bebiode 89. 32 ;

bearnliest, f.

pst. 3.s.

bebead 103.

6, 143. 13
d.

;

with, in the case of 36. 16, 28, 64. 17, 70. 29, 113. 32, 114. 7,
130. 28,
146.
in

pp. beboden 40. 10, 24.

bebod,
80.
3,

n.

command
d.

;

31,

32, v.

i

;

be

xx.
;

69; pi. g.

bebode beboda

hwaem,

,

12, reference to the fact that 88. 14 in order that 108. 2, 132. 4. e)

what connexion 96. 119. 29; be Ssem Se, by
;

10. 15

bebodum
78.

19. 22.

becierran, wv. trans, turn; pp.
becerred
xiii.

becreopan,

forming
nearly
xxv.
i,

of vb. concerning, ymb, fq. 23. 7 &c. and
obj.
;

creep; pp. he becropen xxv. 36.
sz>2.

sie

becuman,

sv<\.

come

;

arrive,

hap

xxx. 17

bi 13. 14, 137.

26. /) in proportion to, accord be his semettan Pr. 14 ing to be Codes dome 37. 4; be Sses cyninges gebode 136. 14; be hire andefne 72. 25 be Sses be hire gyltes andefne 123. 20
; ;

;

pen, befall; 1 8. 23&c.a?z</xii.24; ind. prs. 3.^. becymfi 34. 22, 61. 3, 131. 25,133. 19; //. becumaS 23. 28, 30. 6, 38. 2 pst. 2.s. to monnum become, came into man the world, became a 17- T 2
;
;

;

gearnunge
9;
cf.

81. 34

;

cf.

82.

I

;

be

his andgites

Pr. 13, 145. 147. 14, 16; be his ge-

mseSe

becom 8. i, i. 77, xiii. 70; sbj. prs. pi. becoman Pr. 7 becume 20. 18, 35. 8. 50. 18; on 2.s. become Siofscole, pst.
3.j.
;

GLOSSARY
fall

217
rv.
i.

among 33. 10 3.^. 20. 19, 23. 13, 123. 23; pp. becumen
; ;

beheawan, beheawon

behead; heafde
;

43.

15. 22, 50. 18. gebed, n. prayer

a. 82. 18.
;

bedselan, wv. deprive
pp.

w.

a.

&g.

bedaeled 41. 19, 95. 18, 112. 32, 113. i, TI ; n. pi. m. bedselde 108. 29, 112. 18,113.30.
;

behefe, adj. suitable, becoming n. s.f. behefu xii. 7. behelian, wv. cover, conceal 17. 24 pp. behelod 34. 13; n. pl.f- behelede 16. i*. behindan, 1) prep. w. d. behind
; ;

;

gebedmann, m. priest gebed men 40. 17.
befeestan,

a.

pi.

105. 15, xxvi. 23, xxix. 52. adv. behind xxiv. 29.

2)

wv.

entrust,

commit

;

behofian, wv. need, require

pp. befsest 40. 12*. befon, rv. surround, encompass ind. prs. 3.^. befehft 52. 25 pp. befangen xi. 29, xiii. 7 a. pl.f. befangene 49. 3. beforan, 1) prep, a) w.d. before,
;

;

;

ind. prs. pi. behofiaS 40. 23* sbj. prs. pi. behofigen 40. 23 n. behwierfan, wv. turn round behwerfan utan, to encompass 85.
;
;

;

23

;

behydan, wv.

pp. behwerfed 58. 2, xiii. 77. hide, conceal ; pp.

in front of, in the presence of; 14. 10, 17. 8, 32. 19, 82. 12,

103. 3, 117. 17, 126. 15, 149. xxviii. 46. b) w.a. to the presence of 36. 20. 2) adv. before, in front iv. 18 ; time,
8,

behyd 34. 12*. belgan, sv^. swell with anger, grow angry ind. pst. ^.s. rflx. hine gebealg 61.17 \pp. gebolgen in. 30; n. pi. m. gebolgene
;

beforehand 144. 12. began, anv. observe,
;

xxv. 45 n. belicgan, sv$. surround
pi. belicgaS xvi. 10.

;

ind. prs.
;

fulfil

;

fta

gecynd b. viii. 1 7 ind. pst. pi. Sa gecynd beeodan 33. 27*. begang, m. circuit a. holma be;

belimpan,

gong xi. 30. begen, adj. both 65. 1 8, 67. 5 n. ba twa xx. 76, 115; buta
; ;

w. prep, to con belong ind. prs. 3.S. belimpet 16. 24 belimpS 32. 27, 118. 8; w. to and g. 29. 17, 31. 7 pi. belimpaS 87.
SVT,.

cern, pertain,

;

;

;

2, II, 88. 2.

38. II 5

buto 85. 13; butu xi. 23, 29; d. baem 121. 27, 122.
;
;

belucan,
73
;

svi. lock
a.

up;

7.

24,

i.

pp.

a. n.

bu

xxxi. 4.
;

bebegietan, sv^. get, obtain gitan, 12 times, 55. 5 &c. beget,
;

beneah, benugon
xx. 222

pl.f. belocena 28. 15. swv. w. g. enjoy //.
;

57. 19.
d.

beneo San, prep. w.
;

beneath
20.
;

;

engender 54. 8

tobegitanne 53. 10, 12, 55. 23, 56. 5, 56. 19;
; ; ;

benySan 108.
;

beniman,
g.

ind. prs. 2.s. begitst 71. 26 n. ; 3-j. begit 76. 27 beget 76. 30 //. begitaS 107. I, 140. 29 ; pst.
2.s. begeate 17. 14; sbj. prs. begite 60. 29, 77. 24, 27, 88. 17 ; begete 76. 29; pp. begiten

a. sv^. deprive 113. 4, 6, x. 39 sbj.prs.pl.
.
;

w

&

20. 26 pp. benumen 13.4, 17. 6, 17, 28, 30, iv. 23. beo, wf. bee 71.6, xviii. 5.

benimen

;

beobread,

n.
:

honeycomb
bibread
;

;

bioind.

bread 52. 3

xii. 9.

54- 30-

beodan,
;

sv2. offer

xiii.

42

;

behealdan,

rv. a) keep, observe behold, look at ind. prs. $.s. fr) behealt 16. ;//. behealdaft 72. 1 6 (b} pst. pi. beheoldon 15. 26 (a) imp. beheald 108. 6 135. 24 (#) sbj. prs. behealde
;

2o(/>)

bead 66. 26, 143. 13*; sbj. prs. pi. biodan 57. 17*. beon, anv. be usual form in B,
pst.
3.J-.
;

;

;

;

;

46. 3

fq. 16.3 &c. but bion occurs also bion is the usual form in C, but beon 93. 31, 12. 26 &c. 120. 14, 125. 10, 131. 24;
;

;

2l8
wesan
xv.
v. 29, xi. 16,

GLOSSARY
10,

51,

49, xiii. 80, xxvi. 51, 70; bion xi. xx. 145; to bionne, to
; ;

ii.

&c.

;

19 &c. //. wseren 13. 21 waeran 23. 10*, 24. 6*.
;

beonne 92. 17 &c. ind. prs. i.s. usual form eom 13. 12 &c. beo 1 8. 31*; w. fut. meaning
I, 140. i ; 2.s. itsual form eart 8. 18 &c., xx. I, 45. &c. ; neg. neart 20. 15 &c. ; bist 28. 23, 105. 14, xxiv. 27; 3.j.
is indifferently neg. nis 14. I &c. ; biS ii. 24 &c. beod 10. 22*, 19. 6*, 21. 3*, 32. 29*, 35. 16*, bioS 36. 6*, 39. 6*, 70. 28* in. 22* 60. 27* //. bioft
:

beorg, m. hill; a. vii. 13. beorht, adj. bright; 86.
19,

9,

105.
;

bio 105.

is

and

biS
;

Pr. 2 &c.

19; f. pred. beorht xxx. 9 n. wk. beorhte 136. 13 g. beortes, beorhtes* 121. wk. beorhtan 121. 14, iv. II a. wk. 10. 4 a. wk. 10. 8 ; pi. n. m. beorhte, beorte* 10. 20, iv. 42 wk. beorhtan 10. 6; a. m. beorhte iv. 8 comp. n. s. n.
;

xxix.

n

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

& sint equally often
;

by<5

;

beortre95. 7*;a.j .w.berhtrexxii. 22 a. pi. m. beorhtran xxi. 27. beorhte, adv. 81. 35, 95. 12, xxii. xxviii. beorhtor 35, 27 comp.
; ;

i

;

beoS about
;

15 times in C, 15. 10 &c.

in

B beoS most common, n. 17 ^z// bioS #&?/ &c. 7 times, 39. 7 &c. byoS 134. 15 sint usualform, 9. 20 &c. to^ sind
;
;

82. i, 86. 7, 112. 17; sup. beorhtost 21. 2, v. 3; beortost 121. 10 (berrhtost B).

beorhtnes, f. brightness;
89. 18*, xxi. 31, 41.

21. 3*,

;

22*, 9. .13*, 28*, 65. 12; sient 37. 24; sent 31. 8*; send 32. 15*, 20*, 22*; synt ii. 18 ;

8.

beorn, m. warrior, (brave) man i. 52 g. beornes viii. 34 pi. g. beorna xiii. 23, xxi. 41 ; a.
; ;

;

beornas xxvi. 75.

sindon about 15 times in C, 14. in B, 16. i*, 7, iv. 44 &c. 19*; sindan 17. 18*; siendon 26 sendan 30. 2 seondan 9. 9. 26*; syndon 20. 23* pst. i and $.$. wees 10. 28 &c.: often was B, 7. 6 &c. neg. rises 11. 2 &c. ne wses 40. 3, xxvi. 92; 2.s. wsere ii. 3 &c. pi. waeron 7. 3 &c. nseron 33. 23 sbj. prs. s. itsually sie 1 1 9 &c.
;

bepriewan, wv. wink prewan 44. 14* n.
ix. 50.

;

cage berice
b.

bersedan, wv. deprive;

;

;

;

beran,
3.^.

sv<\.

m

2.s. birest

;

;

;

;

;

.

;

byrS 129. 2o\pp. boren = geboren 20. 3*, 122. 2 n.pl. m. geborene 25. i. bereafian, wv. rob, deprive 13. ind. prs. 2.s. berea10, ix. 50
natus xxvi. 46
;
;

ind. bear, support xx. 276 ; brist 82. 15*;
;

;

;

1

se 15. 24*, 31. 27*, 35. 29*, 57.

fast 10. 12

9*, 126. 23* n. } 146. 20*; sy 12. 25, 15. 18, 21. 17, 23. 20*, 137. 12, 138. n, xiv. 7; si 33. 4 N, 122. 10*; seo n. 9*, 24.

; 3.^. bereafao 10. 7, 133. 22, iv. 10 pst. pi. bereafodon 8. 10; pp. bereafod 13. 18, xxii. 50; bereafad xxviii. 42 n. pi. m. bereafode 66. 2 1
;

;

.

27*, 27. 24*, 39. ii*, 53. 14*, 56. 10*, 23*, 58. 14* ; beo 17. 19, 69. 6*, 58. i*; bio 63. 2,
78. 10,85.
x.
;

beriepan, wv. rob, deprive; ind.
pst. pi. berypton ii. 12. bescielan, wv. look, gaze; ind. prs. 2.s. bescylst ... on 121. 30.

3, i3-ii37-3,7,
;
;

wese xxxi. 23 //. sien 65 sin 28. 19*, 32. 20, 22. 29 &c. 30 N; sen 29. 27*, 29*, 31. 18*, 32. 23*; seon 31. ii*, 32. 18*, 46. 9*, 70. 16*; beon 57. 15*; bion 28. 2, 37. 1 8*, 92. 14, 101. wsere
*

beseon, sv$. look, gaze; ind. prs. pi. on besioS 145. 25 pst.
;

s.

beseah he hine, looked round 103. 12; sbj. prs. hine besio to ... 103. 1 6 ; pst. s. hine underbaec besawe 103. 7, 8.
rflx.
slip,

besliepan, wv.

place;

ind.

GLOSSARY
pst. 3.*.

219
;

hu

hefig geoc he beslepte

bewarenian, wv. beware, guard
ind.prs.
xvi. 23.
3.^. ;j#*:.hine

40. i*.

bewarenatf
ind. prs.
9.

besmltan,^ i. defile ;//. besmiten
34- 3, vili
-

33-

bewealwian, wv. wallow;
pi. rflx.

besorg,
a.
s.

adj. deserving care, dear,
;

bewealwiaS hi 115.
13.

precious

sup. besorgost 66. 31
assail,

;

bewegan,

sv$. cover; ind. pst. ^.s.

n. 22. 2.

bewaeg 127.
disturb
9.
;

bestyrman, wv.

bewendan,
ind. pst.

sv$.

intrans.
9. i.

turn;
;

n. beswemman, wv. make swim //. n. pi. m. beswemde 115. 8.
ind.prs. pi. bestyrmaS

3-s.

bewende

;

beswic, m.

deceit, deception
5.

;

d.

biswice 30.

sv^. throw, plunge ind. pst. 3.J. hwset bewearp 5e on Sas care 15. 20. bewerian, wv. defend pp. be;

beweorpan,

beswican,
;

svi.

deceive;

15.

6;
;

ind. prs. z.s. beswicS 41. 10, 47. 18 sbj.prs. beswice 82. 25 //. a. s. m. beswicenne 19. 16 ;
a. pi.

weroS 92. 5*. bewitian, wv. observe, perform
bewitigan 17. 27 siS bewitige iv. 16.
;

;

sbj.

prs.

$.s.

m. beswicene
sv^.

19. 17-

bewreon,
//.
viii.

^^1.2. wrap up, conceal
io.

;

beswingan,
besylian,

pp. beswungen

wv. besyled on blode 40. bet, v. wel. betan, wv. improve
;

beat, scourge ; in. 30, xxv. 46. stain ; //. soil,
2*.
xxiii.

bewrigen
59.

22,

iv.

47,
;

bidan,

^z^i. w. g. wait, await gebidan 124. 6, xxvii. 7, 17; gebidon 124. io; ind. prs. $.s.
;

;

9

;

gebit 119. 32
20. 31.

sbj.

prs. gebide

gebetaii 60. 13, 14, 123. 23, ind. prs. ^.s. gebet 47. 134. 6

biddan,
3,

20

;

pi.

sbj.

gebetaS 89. 14, xxi. 23 prs. gebete 103. 21 //.
;

;

5,
;

x. 3

sv$. pray, pray for ; 79. 102. 12, 1 8, 25, 28, ind. prs. i .s. bidde 140. 2 ;
6,

gebeten, atone for 143. 29.

betera, v. god. betrung,/! improvement; 123.25. betst, betsta, v. god, wel. betweox, prep. w. d. between, among; xi. 45, 84, xxiv. 13, 16;

51. 2; 3.j. bit Pr. io, 59. 26; pi. rflx. we us gebiddaS
2.s. bitst

3. s.

143. i pst. 2.s. bsede 139. 29 ; baed 102. 29, i. 64 //. bsedon 0e wit unc to gebsedon 7. 22
;
;

;

betwux

7. 4*, 10. 7*, 49. io*, II*, 13*, 80. 9*, 12*, 105. io*;

100. 29; sbj. prs. bidde 50. 25 ; gebidde Pr. 12; pst. bsede 123.
ii.

betweox 113. 26; betwyx 105. ii*; betwuh 38. 19*, 39. 25*,
70. 24*, 126. 17*, 134. 27, 28, 136. ii*, xxix. 4; adv. xxvii.

blecnan, wv. denote, signify beenan xi. 79 gebecnan 24. 24,
; ;

20; betweoh 138. 28, 148. 4, xxviii. 52 betwuht 136. 6*. ind. beftearf, swv. w. g. need
;

gebeacnian 101. 12*. biegan, wv. trans, bend ; began ind. prs. 3.^. beg S 57. 22*;
;

101. 12

xiii.

3

;

sbj.prs.

;

gebierhtan,

wv.

prs. s. 31. 19, 59. 28, 75. 7, 32, 96. 32 //. beSurlon 31. 21, 60. 5, 147. 8 pst. 3-y. beSorfte 97. 3 pst. sbj. prs. 3-j. beSurfe 31. 30 2.s. beftorfte 79. 20. befleccan, wv. cover ; //. betJeaht
;

;

;

;

; ind.prs. 3.^. gebirht 89. \G^ \ pp. n. pi. m. gebirhte 86. 6. birhtu bierhto, f. brightness 81. 35, 82. 13, vi. 6, xx. 269
;

53. bright gerberhteff xxi. 32

byge

xiii.

make

;

;

a.

89.
;

20*,

23*; beorhto xxi.
;

xxviii. 43.

beweefan, wv. wrap up
wsefed 92.
5.

;

pp. be-

39 biorhto 141. 14*. biernan, sv$. burn, be on fire ind. pres. 3.5. byrneS viii. 50

;

22O
byrnft
39- 2
ix.
viii.
;

GLOSSARY
sbj.

17;

/r.y.

45; pst. 3.5. barn burne 39. 21, 3-s /. birnende 34. 9*,
1

-

byrnende 34. 7*; KM^ wk. m. byrnenda 34. 28. bifian, wv. tremble ind. pst. ^.pl.
28
1

N;
.

bispellum 140. 2, xxiii. 9; a. bispell 101. 9; bispel 101. II. biter, adj. bitter; 51. 2; g. biteres 52. 3*; bitres xii. u,
xxvii. 7
a.

d.

aj

<z^

;

d. wk. biteran viii. 54; m. biterne 132. 7, 9 pi. n.f.
; ;

bifedon 102. 6.

bitere 50. 22.
;

bilewit, adj. gentle, kind 255, 269.
ness
bill, n.
;

xx. 69,

bitere, adv. bitterly;
nesse 25.
21
;

ii.

15.
a.

biternes, f. bitterness;
7.

biter-

bilewitnes, f. gentleness, kind
g. bilewitnesse 128. 8.

biwlst, f. sustenance, food
30.

;

40.
8
;

sword d.pL billum
;

ix.

billrudu,/. red sword-dye, blood? a. billrude viii. 34.

biwiste 40. 21. blac, adj. bright d. blacum
a.
;

iv.

bindan, sv^. bind, fetter, 37. 8 gebindan 28. 17, 66. 32; ind. prs. 3.J-. gebinS 47. 21 pi. ge;

;

wk. blacan 10. 5. blsec, adj. black; 145. 24. blandan, j-v. mix, blend
geblonden blate, adv.
flame
54;
;

;

pp.
livid
viii.

v. 19, xx. 81.

bindaS 38. 31
81.
;

pst. gebivnde 6; sbj. psl. 3.j. gebunde 96. 17 pp. gebunden 14. 24, 37.
;

2.s.

lividly,

with
;

blate

forbaernS

b. forbsernan xx. 115.

80. 3, 102. 30, v. 39, xx. 67, xxvi. 96; a. s. m. gebundenne, captivated 50. 9 ; n. pL m. gebundene 108. 7.
9,

blawan,
wind)
sbj.
;

rv. intrans.

blow (of the
;

153,

ind.
vii.

21. 4*,

prs. 3.^. blawetS blaewS vi. 8 52
; ;

binnan, prep. w.
;

d.

within

;

31.

beinnan 8. 3. 32, 108. 21 bisgian, wv. occupy, trouble ind. pst. Z-pl- bisgodan Pr. 6* sbj.
;

;

prs. 3.//. bysigen xxii. 30.

bisgo, /. occupation, trouble;//. n. bisgu Pr. 6* d. bisgum Pr.
;

prs. 3.J-. blawe 27. 13. bled,/! shoot, branch, fruit //. d. bledum 92. 2 a. bleda 136. 16, 17, xxix. 60. blendan, wv. blind ; ind. prs. 3.^. blent 121. 16. a. bleo, n. colour, appearance blioh xxxi. 4 d. pi. bleowum
;
;

;

5*,

xxii.

64;

bisegum 82.
;

8*;

33- 30.

bysegum xx. 255. bisgung, / affliction
952 3*-

d.

bisgunga
;

bisraerian, wv. revile, g. bismrian 33. 1 6
3.5.

mock

w.

blican, sv\. shine xxii, 35. blind, adj. blind; 121. 32, 122. 6 a. g. wk. blindan 15. 30 blindne 8. 10, ii. 10 pi. n. m.
; ; ; ;

;

ind. pst.
;

bismrode 45* 6. bisn, f. example; bisen 52. 2* bysen 53. 9, xii. 7 g. bisne 63. II*; bisene 39. 20*; d. bisne 85. 23* bysne 118. 27, xx. 43 bysene 51. 19; a. bisne 51. 21, 85.12,132. 22,139.15,145.17; bysne 97. 28 //. bisna 139. 6*;
w.
a.
;

blinde xix. 30 blinde 74. 6.

;

selces

domes swa

bliss,/, joy;

;

;

74. 24*, 75. 31, 76. 4, 86. 25, 87. 15; g. blisse 56. 24 a. blisse, favour 102. 26, ii. 15 n. pi. blissa, joys 20. 17.
; ;

blis

blissian, wv. gladden
3.^.

;

ind. prs.
;

;

geblissaS 54. 25.
;

a. bisna 101. g. biesena 65. 12 bisena 104. 25. 9, 10, 108. 2 bisnian, wv. set an example ; ind.
; ;

blTSe, adj. joyful, glad 53. 24, d. pi. bliSum 75. 30, 94. 1 8

\vordum
10. 29
;

8.

26

;

blitmm eagum

pst.

3.J-.

bisnode

79.

26

;

pi.
a.

comp.
;

bliftra 39. 25, ix.
a. pi.

bisnodon 134. i. blspell, n. example, parable 101. 15, 22, 114. i, 126. 13

32.
;

bir&nes, /. joy
20. 4, 15.

bli Snessa

;

pi.

GLOSSARY
blod, n. blood
g. blodes 57. 23; oflete blodes, let blode 34. 4, blood 66. 29
; ;

221

u,

xiii.

</.

;

brego, m. chief, king xx. 43. breost, n. breast, heart, mind d. pi. breostum xix. 30, xxi.
27, xxii. 64, xxv. 45.

;

40. 3, viii. 34, ix. 59.

blostma, wm. blossom, flower pL n, blostman vi. 10 bios;

;

breosteofa,

wm. mind,
ix.

heart

;

d.

breostcofan
xi.

32.
;

man
21*
2
;

2i. 5*; g. blostmsena 29.
;

bridel, m. bridle
;

d.

blostmum

72

-

2
9>

92

-

#.

blostman 12. 10,
rv.

blowan,
bloweft
17*.

bloom
99

;

xx.

;

17. 25. ind. prs. 3.^. blewS 80.

d. bridle 49. 3, a. bridel 29, 79, xxiv. 37 105. 18 pL g. bridla 49. 28, xi. 76; d. bridlum 57. 3, xiii. 3. bridlian, wv. bridle, curb ; //.
;

a.pl.f. gebridlode 49. 28*.

boc,/. book; 38. 6, 103. 22, 139. d. bee about 15 times, 17 bee xxv. 54 Pr. i. &c. a. boc Pr. 8, 1 1 //. 41. 28* bee 65. 12; g. boca n. 28,
;
<2<^

bringan, wv. bring, lead 7 1 12, 143. 10; for forSbringan 41. I
; -

;

;

;

;

gebringan 7. 19, 24, 14. 8, 16. 17,71. 12*; brengan 17. 23*,

25,143.8; give birth
ind.
prs.
i.s.

to 70. 22
9.

;

d. bocum 41. 27, 43. 8, i. 52 143. 13 ; a. bee IT. 29, 30. boccreeft, m. book learning, litera d. pi, boccrseftum 7. 12. ture bocleeden, n. written Latin ; d. of boclsedene Pr. 2. gebod, n. command 143. 12 d.
;

;

19 gebringe 18. 8, 9; 3..?. bringeS xi. 59, 63, xxix. 57 bringS 48. =forSbringS 80. 17 ; 7, 49. 21 brengS 37. brengeS xxix. 23
; ; ;

bringe

;

;

;

31, 39. 10, 61. 28, 128. 32, 136. 14, xx. 101 gebreng 5 131. 5;
;

gebode 136. 14, xxix. 56. boda, ivm. messenger, herald
103. 26.

brencft
;

xiii.

60

;

bryngS 136.
;

1

6*

;

gaS
;

brenpi. bringa<5 70. 14 xx. 75 pst. brohte 60. 32 ;
;

bodian, wv. proclaim, herald ind. prs. $.s. bodaS 136. 5; he pst. ^.s. dseg bodaS xxix. 23 bodode w. g. 45. 6. a. boh branch m. bog, bough,
; ;

57. 22*, 92.
i.

xiii.

53

;

d. pi.

bogum
d.

gebrohte n. u, 17. 13 sbj. 18 pst. brenge 130. brohte 23. 19, 102. 20, xii. 17, xiv. II pp. gebroht ill. 25. broc, m. brook 14. 15, v. 19 d. n. pi. brocas 82. broce 86. 21
;

prs.

;

;

;

;

;

28.
;

bot,y. improvement, cure 9.8. brad, adj. broad 87. 4

bote

;

widely
41.

known

68. 21

;

d.

bradum
;

23. 5 broc, n. affliction, evil d. broce 133. 26 a. broc 133. 5. harm ind. wv. afflict, brocian, prs. $.pl. brociaS 134. 7.
;
;

;

;

25; wk. bradan 41. 25*. brsedan, wv. extend gebrsedan to brsedanne 42. 49. 24, xi. 66
;

ind. intrans. brsed xx. 99 ; sbj. prs. %.pl. brseden 68. 20 ; gebrsedan 53. 31*. breeding, f. widening, extension
;

12

togebr0edanne43. 15

;

prs.

$.$.

broga, wm. terror; 104. 15. brosnian, wv. decay, perish prs. p. used as adj. 15 es brosnienda wela 35. 26. broSor, m. brother a. 39. 23, ix.
;

;

28.

brucan, sv2.w.

;

g. brsedinge 46. 6*.

brecan, sv\. break 57. 13. d. brede 41. 25 bred, n. board
; ;

17. g. enjoy, use 26, 45. 30, 53- 28, 71. 30, 80. 20, xx. 108, xxxi. 9; to brucanne 19. 22, 24. ii ; ind. prs. $.5.
;

(brede B).

//. brubrycS 24. 1 8, 47. 22 caS 134. 23; pst. 2.s. bruce 15.
;

bregdan, sv^. hleoftrum brsegdan,
modulate
their

song

xiii.

47.

15 ; 3.J. breac* bruce.

i.

75

;

sbj.

prs.

222
briin, adj.

GLOSSARY
bycgan, wv. acquire by purchase, acquire the power gebycgan f ic mote 89. 30 gebycggan 48. 12* ind. prs. pi. gebycgaS 28 133. //. gebohtSaet $u
;

brown ; n. s. f. brune xxvi. 29. bryd,/. bride, wife; fl.bryde ix. 30.
bryrdan, wv.
ind. prs,
^.s.

;

incite,

urge on

;

;

bryrS xiii. 3. bufan, prep, above, 1) w. d. 80. be ufan 108. 20 25, 105. 15
: .

;

.

.

.

48. 14,

1

6, 18, 54. 6, 89.

27.

bugan,

motion, 18. 13. sv2. intrans. bow stoop gebugan xxv. 64.
2)
a.
;
;

w.

gebyrd, /. gebyrda

down,
;

byrdum
gebyrde,

birth, descent; pi. g. II. 14, 46. 13; d. ge24. 3, 4, 68. 28, 69. 25.
; .

adj. natural
1>

n.
.

s.

n. ne

bugian, wv. dwell, inhabit geto bugianne 40. bugian 42. 3 ind. prs. pi. bugiaS 21, 42. 9 42. 13, 22, 43. 10 bogiaS 42.
;

gebyrde gebyrian, wv. happen
.

him

nis

30. 2*.

;

139. 24; ind. prs. ^.s. gebyrigan iv. gebyred 47. 6, 57. 10, 66. 21,

n

;

;

15*.

77. 8, 99. 17,
fortified

in.

23,

121. 2,

burg,/,

town, town; g. burge 43. 2, n, 43. 1 8; d. byrig 99. 10, 104. 28, i. 37; Rome byrig i. 46 a. Troia burg xxvi. 20 bung 7. 3*, ix. 10 (J) pi. g. burga i. 18, iv.
; ; ;

133. 4, 135. i ; falls to, belongs 112. 28; gebereS 114. pst. gebyrede

132.

30,

32,

n

;

37.9*,44. i*, 7i.i*, 99 14, 115. 13*, 125. 13; geberede 36. 33,
.

42 d. burgum v. 3 xxix. 23. burgsittend, m. town-dweller,
; ;

citizen

;

n.

pi.

burgsittende
;

xxvii. 17.

burgware, m.
II.
d.

pi. town-dwellers

70. 22, 127. 10, xxv. 31 gebirede 140. 11*; sbj. prs. gebyrige 46. u, 125. 21, 127. 19*, 140. 4; geberige 125. 24; gebergie 127. 19 ; pp. biS weas gebyred 140. 5, 6 n. wsere weas
; ;

18

;

g.

burgwara
22, x. brook ; v.

n. 14;
47.
;

burgwarum n.
tvm.

gebyred 140. ii; bered 140. 13.
C.

sie

weas ge-

burna, 19 g. burnan viii. 28. adv. buton, 1) outside, 67. 3.
2) prep. w.d.\
;

a) outside, 113.

butan 31. 26, 55. 25. 3) 5 without (sine) buton about butan 38 times, ii. 6 &c. about 20 times, 12. 17 &c. used as adv. butan 82. 30, 144. 22. c) except, buton 10 times, 28. 10 &c. and xiii. 15, xx. 136, 189 butan 5 times, 9. 24 &c. and iv. 27, xxvi. 89. 3) conj. w. no construction, ex cept, fq. buton about 40 times, 1 8. 29 x. 54&c.; butan about 10 times. 16. 18 &c. bute 132. 15. buton 4) adversative conj. but
;
; ; ; ; ;

caf, adj. active, vigorous; n. pi. cafran 88. 22.

comp.
;

cafortun, m. courtyard, enclosure
;

cafertun 42. 10* cauertun ib. ; a. cafertun 42. 12*; cauertun
ib.

calan, sv6. be cold impers. w. sbj. prs. cale*, kale 60. 1 1
;

a.

.

campstede, m. battlefield; a. campsted xxvi, 14. cann, swv. a) w. a. recognize,

know
132.

;

b}

w.

inf.
3.j.

know how,
2.s.

be able;
17
(a),
(a),

ind. prs.

canst

30 ();

can 63. 16, con 60. 132. 10 (0)
;

8.

20,

33.
9.

26,

40.
5)

9,

70.

26;
sbj.

bute 91.
unless;

conj.

w.

buton about 18 times, butan 9. 7, 31. 23. 20 &c. 23; bute 141. 26, xviii. 10; buta n. 1 8*.
;

125. 25 (3); //. cunnon 55. 17 (a\ 61. 13 (a), 131. 18 con (*), 132. 12 (6\ xi. 9 (a] trasted w. witon 48. 25 (a] pst. 2.s. cutest 48. 16 () cu?ie 3.^. viii. 22 (^) xxvi. 53 () //.
:

20

;

;

;

GLOSSARY
33. 29
xxii. 5 1 (b}
;

223

(//);

Su cunne t

sbj.prs.curme . 30. 9
.
.

;

//.

cunnen 108. 31 (); /^/. cuSe 75. 22, 20. 9 (a), 15. 14 (b] pi. cuSen 56. 28 ().
;

81.9*, 136. 13*; cele xx. no, 158; cyle 42. 3*; a. cile xxix. 50; cele xx. 113. ciepa, wm. trader; cepa 34. i,
viii.

29.

capitula,

ww.

chapter;

-.

capi-

ciepan, wv. buy;

tulan 73. 15. carcern, n. prison, dungeon; d. a. carcerne 8. 3, 45. 28, i. 73 carcern carcerne 7. 24, in. 25 xxv. 36. cam, f. sorrow, grief; a. care 15.20. casere, 7/z. emperor i. 20, 61 kaseres 115. kasere 7. 21 16*; d. casere 34. 24, 66. 31, xxvi. 6; kasere 66. 31*, 115. 15*, 17*, 19*; kasere 39. 18*,
;

ind. pst. %.$. diore gecepte xxvi. 19. ciepemann, m. merchant, trader ;
n. pi. cepemen 42. 31. cierr, m. time, occasion sumum cierre ix. 23 ; set
;

;

d.

set

sumum

;

;

;

.

cyrre 39. 19* ; set oSrum cerre 95- 28*. cierran, wv. intrans. turn, return ; gecyrran xi. 37; to gecerranne
139. 30; xxix. 50;
//.

ind prs.

3.^.

gecerreft xxviii.

cerreS 61 ;
119.
;

30*;

d. pi.

caserum

7.

16.
a.

gecierraS,
;

gecyrrat)*

ceahhettung, f.
;

laughter;

cehhettunge 36. i. xx. 78 ; wk. ceald, adj. cold ceald 80. 6*, cealda xxiv. 22 80 ceald gesceaft xx. 7*, xx. wk. xx. 100, xxix. cealde 1195/1 54 n. ceald 49. 20, 80. 6, xx.
; ; ;

33 pst. 3.J. cerde 36. 32 ham cerde 115. 19*; sbj. prs. gecirre
9. 8*; gecerre hine 95. 21. a. cild, n. child; 94. 17, 122. 2 100. 5 n. pi. cild 108. 8, 10.
;
;

cine, wf. chink, crack
97. 14. clB, m. sprout, shoot
xii. 5
;

;

a.

cinan

77,

xxvi.

28;

d.

cealdum xx.

90; wk. cealdan
;

80. 9, 13, 105.

d.

ciSum

; pi. g. ciSa 91. 26.
;

12; a. f. calde viii. 29; wk. cealdan 80. 13 n. cald xi. 59 //. n.f. cealda xx. 76.
ceaster, f. city;
8, 141. 7
;

;

d.

ceastre

128.

clsene, adj. clean, pure d. clsenum 149. 23, xii. 5 ; a. m. clsenne 109. 27 pi. a. n. clsene 147. 25. s. d. clsenlic, adj. pure f.
; ;

cempa, wm.
pan
xx. 73.

96. 27, i. 66. soldier ; n. pi.
a.

clsenlicre 50.

i

;

a. s.f. claenlice

cem-

xi. 92.

clsennes, f. purity
22. 14.
;

;

d.

clsennesse

cene, adj. bold; x. 51. d. ceole xxvi. 60 ceol, m. ship
;

a. d.

SriereSre ceol

ceolum

xxi.

xxvi. 27 pi. 1 1 ; a. ciolas
;

wv. purify ; pp. geclaensod*, geclsesnod 120. 14. clsensung, /. purifying; 123. 25.
clsensian,

xxvi. 23.

clamm, m. bond,
sbj.

chain

;

d. pi.

ceorfan, sv$. cut;

prs.

%.s.

clammnm

i.

83.
;

ceorfe him of 124. 16. ceorl, m. free man, man; xii. 27; n. pi. ceorlas 108. 9. ceosan, sv2. choose; ind. pst.

30. 9, 40. cla^as, pi. m. clothes 22; g. claSa 30. 17, in. 24, xxv. 23.
clif, n. cliff
;

d. clife v. 13.
;

gecure 16. 27; 3.$. geceas 20. 13, 66. 28; sbj. prs. $.pl. geciosen 138. 32 pst. gecure xv. 1 1 pp n. pi. m. gecorene, chosen, distinguished 41. u, 64. i* (gecorenne J). ciele, m. cold; cile 80. 4; cele xx. 73; d. cile 42. 3, 80. 21*,
2.s.
;
;

clifian,

wv. adhere, cleave
25,
;

w.

on

37.

38. 23 (J) clipian, wv.

38. 23 ; cleofian cliofian 37. 25 (J). to call xxvi. 85
; ;

cleopian 9. 29* ; ind. pst. clipode 8. 21*, 12. 12 cleopode 8. 21, 103. 4, i. 83;
;

Gode

cleopode to him 50. 10.

224
elud, n. rock
18.
;

GLOSSARY
d. pi.

cludtim 91.
;

cristen, adj. Christian
pi.

;

7.

6

;

n.

cluster, n. lock, bar, prison
cluster
i.

a.

m. cristene 131. 10. cristendom, m. Christianity
cristendome
7.

;

d.

gecnawan,
74.
;

73. rv.
;

22*

;

cristenan-

know, recognize,

dome

7.

14*.
;

understand
1

8,

52. 10, 12, 56. 28, 132. 30, xii. 23, xix.
9. i.
;

culpian, wv. cringe, fawn
71. 24.

w. to
;

ind. pst. 3~r. gecneow 31 cniht, m. boy, young man
1

78-

n. pi. cnihtas, 73. 4 retainers, followers xxvi. 85.
;

8

a,

;

cuma, wm. new arrival, stranger a. cuman 36. 30, 37. 2. cuman, sv\. coine 33. 6, i. 83 &c. to cumanne 53. n &c.
;
;

;

cnihthad, m. youth hade 122. 3.

;

d.

on

cniht-

cnodan,

rv. assign, attribute
hill

;

pp.

gecnoden i. 32. cnoll, m. hillock,
col, adj. cool
;

;

a. 26. 24.

ind. prs. 2.s. cymest xxiv. 47 %.s. cymeS xi. cymst 105. 20* 60, xiii. 62, xxv. 43, xxviii. 28, xxix. 20, 29, 56 usualform in the prose cym<5 20. 25 &c. and
; ; ;

n. v. 13.
;

vi.

n,

xvii.

29
5
;

;

gecymft 93. 4

;

consul, m. consul 7. n. gecoplice, adv. fittingly, well; 8. 8. corn, n. grain, seed 95. 13, 15,
;

cimft
//.

140.

cemS
;

127. 16

;

cumaS 15. 8, vii. 44 &c. cume wit 148. 5 pst. 2.s. come
;

xxii. 37, 40.

corner, n.

troop,

company
a.

;

d.

corffre xxvi. 85. cosp, m. fetter ;

104. 28, 146. 29 ; 3..T. com 13. 6, xx. 30 &c. ; com ftser gan 8. 1 6 ; //. comon 17. 18 ; xvii. 3

pi.

cospas
;

116. 15. co SlIce, adv. xxv. 36.
crseft,

foully,

miserably

m.
;

37 &c. g. crseftes power 108. 29 &c. and x. 39 art, 37. II, 40. 14; d. craefte 30. 9, xx. a. crseft 22 and &c. &c. 30. 9
;
;

skill, 38. 9, x.

faculty,

virtue,

coman 23. 29*, 69. 18* cume 13. 5, xiii. 76 &c. pst. come 43. 9, 84. 14, 16, 18, 140. 6, xxviii. 72 //. comen i. 66 pp. cumen 41. 12, xxiv. 51 &c. cymen xx. 34.
&c.
sbj.
;

;

prs.

;

;

;

;

;

xx.

196; pi. gen.
10.

= virtues,
42 &c.
;

n.
g.
;

w. cunnian, wv. examine, test g. 12. 12 imp. cunna 12. 15. ctiS, adj. known, evident, famous 20. 9, xxvi. 60 f. cuSe xxvi.
; ;
;

;

crseftas

20,

iv.

9 &c. and xx. 119 crseftum 35. 14 &c. and xv. ii a. crseftas 44. 31 &c. and xxx. 7.
crsefta 22.
d.
;

84. 5, 129. 144. 12, ix. 5, xxvi. n, 42 n. ii. 8 cuSe f. pi. n. cuS xxxi. 6 a. m. cuSe 46. 30 comp. n. s. n. cuSre 51. 20.
;

53
7,

n.

cuS 54. 21,
;

;

a.

;

;

erseftig,

adj.
;

109. 18
ivk.

skilful, powerful aelces Singes c. x. 51

;

;

selc

craeftega

128.

27;

crasftga xi. 92 ; g. wk. crseftgan xxiv. 51 ; d. ivk. crseftegan 46.

18*

;

pi. n. crseftes full crseftige

iv.d. please to 133. 14. xxvi. 89. cwen,/". queen; 20. 5, 8, cweftan, sv$. say, speak 22. 23, xxiv. 48 cwseSan 109. 7; ind. prs. i.s. cweSe 78. 13,

cweman,

zuv.

;

cwemanne

;

;

comp. crseftigra 79. 24 ; sup. crseftigast xxx. 2. crecisc, adj. Greek g. pi. cre;

I 33- 7

123.15,17; cwiSe 50. 1 8*; 2.s. cwist 12. 27, 19. 16, 20. 13, 17, cwyst 12. 30, 24. 31, 77. 21
;

ciscra xxvi. 28.

creopan,
pi.

sv2.
^.s.

ind. prs.

creopaft creope 91. 26.

xxxi.

creep; 107. criepS 107. 6 sbj. prs.
;

16 18

;

cwi
;

;

119. 29*; 2,.s. 70. 15, 82. 29, 137. 29, 140. cweSaS 4 pi. 19. 12, 58. 14, 85. 30, 32, 88. n, 107. 28, 114. 22
27.
;

22;

cvvest

pst. i.s. cwseS 46. 17, x. 35

&c.

GLOSSARY
cwset 65. 5* ; 2.s. cwsede 12. 22 &c. 3-J. cwreS, very fq. esp. in
;

225
adj.

gecyndelic,
n. 32.
i
;

natural, fitting

;

g. gecyndelices 39. 12,
;

phrases, Sa cwseS

he, Sus cwaeS in C. fq. &c., 8. 5, vi. 2 &c. contr. to cwft 77. 24 &c. //. cwsedon 76.8, 124. 16, 140. 10;
;

;

cwsefte ; prs. cwe Se 47. perh. confusedw. cwsede 62. 19, 131. 23; pi. cwe San, cwgeSon* 137. 1 8 pst. cwsede 9. 23 prs.
sbf.
; ;

n

64. 3, 124. 6 a.f. gecyndelice n. gecyndelic 31. 25, 48. 28 wk. 53. n, 63. 25, 64. 17 gecyndelice 64. 5, 95. 29, 114. Sset gecyndelic god 95. 26. 17 gecyndelice, adv. naturally, suit
;

;

;

cynecynn,

cweSende 10. 28. wk. cwic, adj. living, alive cwuca 109. 29 f. cwuco 91.9; a. cwucone, g. cwuces 92. 3 cwucene* 109. 28 f. cwuce 91. 6 pi. n.f. cwuca 126. 17 g. cwucera 145. 32, xxix. 79p.
;

54. 12, 98. 3. n. royal family g. cynecynnes 115. 25, xxvi. 42.
; ;

ably

;

cynegierela, turn, royal robe; g. cynegerelan xxv. 23.
cynelic, adj. royal
lican 35.
2.
;

;

a. ivk. cynea.

;

;

;

cynerice,

n.

kingdom

;

pi.

cwiddung, f.

saying, report
;

;

d.

cwiddunge 45. 3. cwide, m. saying

cynericu xxvi. 6. cynestol, m. royal seat, throne d. cynestole i. 48. 7. 21
;

;

9.

22, 31. 20,

cyning,
&c.
2
; ;

no.
16
16,
;

30, 143. 14
a. 33.

;

principle, 78.

;;/. king; 7. 14, M.Pr. 2 cyninc 66. 3 ; cynincg xv.
;

13

;

a. pi.

cwidas

15.

cining xxvi. 22

kuning Pr.

I

;

MPr. 5. cwielman, wv. kill sbj. pst. cwelmde ix. 47. m. advent a. 1 36. 5. cyme, coming, gecynd, f. n. nature, kind f. 30.
;
;

g. cyninges 35. i, xx. 73 &c. d. cyninge 7. 18, xv. 13 &c. cininge 66. 15, 102. 28; a. cin

;

;

;

ing xxvi. 45 pi. n. 65. 22, 66. 17, xxv.
;

cyningas

58; kyn;

37- 19? 5 8 I0 xx l8 7 about 8 times, 38. 12 &c. ; uncert. about 7 times, 32. 18
J 3.
>

;

56; cyngas 112. 6*; g. ingas &c. d. cyninga 35. 6, xv. cyningum 7. 2, 5, in. 13, xxv.
i.

n

gecyndes 57. 24, 28, xiii. 12, 67, xxvii. 7; natural function 93. 17 gecynde 27. 26, 32. 6, 92. 23 d. gecynde f. about 6 times, 27. 24 &c. n. about 5 times, 31. 5 &c. and xx. 33;
;

&c.

g.

2
i.

;

a.

cyningas 105. 26, 115. 26,

6, xxiv. 58.

;

cynn,

;

;

iincert.

abotit

13 times, 41.
;

n

n. kind, species ; cyn xiv. 6, xxvii. 19 \g. gelces cynnes 64. 25, 89. 13, 74. 2, xviii. 4, xxvi. 34; d. cynne iv. 32, xi. 67;=kin
; ;

&c.
33.

#w</

xx. 76

a.

gecynd

f.

27; natural desire 114. 20,
viii.

ii. 21 pi- g. cynna in. 14, xxxi. 5 n. d. cynnum xx. 249. cynn, adj. natural, fitting n. cyn
;

n. 15. 26, 92. 31, uncert. about 93. 21, xxviii. 62 6 times, 16. 28 &c. cynd ii 98. gecynde 57. 25, 93. 24, 108. 6, xiii. 55 n. pi. n. gecynd
21,

17

;

;

56. ii, 75. 30, 99. 14 (cynn B). cynren, n. kind, kin a. 116. 10;
;

;

;

cynrenum 82. 5. cypera, wm. spawning salmon
d.pl.
a.

;

;

cyperan xix. 12.
ivv. fetter; xxvi. 77.
;

29. 29; g.
a.

gecynda

81.

18, 19.

cyspan,

?8i.
10,
n.

17.
adj.

gecynde,
30.

natural,
133.

suitable

;

gecynda
16
a.
;

about
6.

63. 19, 9; 38. 9 ; gecynde 93. 7 times, 30. i &c.

wk.
;

cyst, f. choice, pick, best burga cyst i. 1 8 //. virtues, good
;

/

qualities,

n.
3.

cysta

28.

4;

d.

cystum 122.
cyfian, ivv.
4.xiii.
J

make known,
;

declare

;

f.
;

xi.
i.

14; //. n. gecynde 30.

3
i
;

!9>

3

a.

ix. 22 gecyffan 57. 2, ind. prs. 3.^. gecyft 47.

Q

226
8,
;

GLOSS AR Y
;

19 pi. gecySaft 39. 7 pst. cySdest 13. 22*; cyddest 13. 19, 22; 3.j. cySde 43. 8, 45. 7 pi cySdon i. 56 gecySdon 15. 27 pp. gecySed 30. 31, 3 2 13. 37-. 22 cyftS, f. native place, home cyS
2.s.
; ;

daelede 92. 25* 23*.

;

a.

gedselde 28.
fitting
d.
;

gedafenlic, adj. proper,

is

^

g. xxxi. 21.
;

;

gedal, n. separation
452 5daru,/".

gedale

-

-

;

80.

d. cySSe 52. 25, xxiv. 49 10, 63. 30, 64. 10, 139. 27, 146. 29, xii. 24 ; a. xx. 158.
;

dead,
i
;

adj. 66. 25
;

harm, injury 67. 23. dead d. bion, to die
; ;

w^.deada
dead
;

f. pred.

109. 29, 22. 22

no.
;

a.

deadne 36. io, u, 109. 28 //. deade 46. 29 wurden deade,
;

D.
deed,/, deed; 70. 27, 121. 19,
43,
ix.
;

died
i.

1 1 8.

i.

1

8

;

pi. d.
2,

daedum
xii.

xvi.

23
daeg,

a.

dreda 44.

3, 5,

141. 8.

m. day; 68.

16; g.
;

deadlic, adj. subject to death, mortal; deaSlic 17. 9*, 52. 16; a. n. zvk. d. deadlicum 13. 13 deaSlice 46. 9 pi. n. deaSlice 53. io* g. deaolicra 22.
; ;
;

dseges 52. 6; adv. by day 102. d. dasge viii. 18, xxix. 41 5 used in adverbial phrases, aelce dsege xxviii. 4; selce daeg, TO limes, 59. 23 &c. seghwylce
;
;

wk. deadliceria 29. i* d. deadlicum 74. 8*. deah., swv. be of use, be good,
29
;

;

avail
3-j.

;

ind. prs.

?>.s.

63. 9

;

pst.
;

seghwelce dseg dsege xx. 137 a. dseg 20. 3, xi. 62 &c. xiv. 5 on daeg 33. 27, 121. 16 midne
; ;

pi.

dohte 63. 8, 67. io, viii. 5 dohton 44. 6 sbj. prs. dyge
;
;

;

123. 18.

;

deg
daga
34-

5773.

2
4>

I26
;

-

J

3;

13

d.

dagum

pi- gPr. 7,
-

35- i, 44- n, xx 2I 3; on ... dagum 43. 6, 44. 4; gio dagum 45. 4 dahum 10. 10 a. dagas 17. 24, 49. 21, iv. 19.

3.

;

;

deegrim, w. number of days
dsegrimes xxvi. 33.
diel,

;

g.

dearr, swv. dare, venture prs. ind. $.$. dear xi. 65 pst. 3.^. dorste xx. 70 sbj. prs. dyrre 29. 18, 138. 13; durre xi. 54; pst. pi. dorsten 134. 6, i. 27. 20. 22, x. 29 &c. deatS, m. death g. deaSes 20. 24 &c. and xxvii. 6 d. dea15e 26. 13 &c. a. deaff 66. 28 &c.
;

;

.

;

;

;

;

m.

part, portion, share

13 &c.
i,

and xxix. 53

;

135. 28, xx. 60 ; w. be, extent, degree ; be sumum dsele, in some degree, partly 15. 1 8 &c. and xx. 96; be ftsem dsele Se, to the extent that, so far as 93. 23, 109. 22,
5,

29. g. dseles 42. d. dsele 42.
;

gedefe, adj.

fitting,

seemly
1 1
;

;

n.

s.

16

;

n. xxvi. 92. delfan, sv$. dig ; 34. delfe 140. u, 14.

sbj.

prs.

delfere, m. digger; 140. 13 dema, win. judge 105. 19, 119. 28, 136. 25, xxiv. 42 g. deman
;
;

120. 2

;

d. 17. 9.

132. 23; be respect 130.

nanum
io
;

dsele, in

no
;

deman, iw.

judge,
;

deem;
3.-$-.
;

122.

be

senegum
;

daele, in any a. dsel 13. 30

degree 123. 22 &c. and xxiv. 31

ind. prs. 28, 140. 24 125. 28, 131. 12, 18 ^.pl. demen 121. 26.

demo
prs.
13.

sbj.

a. pi. daelas 76. 17.

demm,
i,

m. harm,

loss
d.
a.

;

a.

dem
27.

distribute, dtelan, ivv. divide, assign; 120. 12; ind. prs. 2.s. dselst 79. 30 dselest xx. 51 3.-$-. dselS 128. 8, 22; pp. gedseled 90. 5*, xxix. 35; pi m. ge;
;

47- 7denu, /. valley; vii. 37. deofol, m. devil
fel* 38. 28.

dene

7,

;

dioful, deo-

GLOSSARY
deop,
d.

227
;

adj.

deep; diop 82. 28;
112. 15.
;

diopum

xxii. 3 deoplice, adv. deeply dioplice 94. 27* comp. diop;
;

licor 12. 26.

deor, n. wild animal 72. 8 wilde d. 124. dior 73. I,

n
;

;

;

;

diore 116. 24; a. dior 73. 3 xxvi. 87 dior 101. deor 116. 23
xxvii.
d.
;

22,
pi.

diere, 1) adj. dear, precious diore 27. 24, x. 29; n. 27. 29; n. diore, dyre* pi. deore 31. 13 16. 12; comp. diorra, deorra* 28. 12; //. dierran 32. 16*; deorran 31. sup. diorust, deorast* 27. 28. 2) adv. dearly, at a dear price diore gecepte
;

n

;

:

;

xxvii.
d.

20

;

diorum

28, g. cliora xxvi. 92 121. 15, 124. 8, xxvii.
;

xxvi. 19; sup. diorost viii. n. dierling, m. favourite diorling 140. 8 ;//.^-.dyrlinga,deorlinga*
;

66. 31; d. 65. 4*,
;

11.

67.
a.

deorlingum 62. 14; 15* diorlingum
;

deorboren, adj. of noble birth f. diorboren xxvi. 52. deorcynn, n. species of animal
d.

;

;

deorcynne

116.

20;
;

d. pi.

deorlingas 64. 28*, diorlingas xv. 8. dimm, adj. dark, dim f. w. dimme xii. 16 a. n. wk. dimme
;
;

67. 15 133. 12

;

deorcynnum 116.

21*.

8. 10,

ii.

ii.

deorwierfte, adj. precious a. n. deorwyrSe 48. 17*; d. pi. deorwyrSum 32. 26* comp. deorwyrSra 72. 23; f. deorwyrSre 72. 24 n.; n. 28. 8;
;

dogor,
xiii.

n.

day

21, xx.

g. pi. dogora 175, 209, xxii. 61,
;

xxviii. 65.

dogorrim,

n.

number of days

;

d.

diorwyrtJre 22. 31, 83. 31 a. n. deorwyrftre 25. 20, 21 diorwyrfire 48. 18* g. pi. diorwk. 33. wyrftra 24* sup. n. wk. deorwyrSesta 35. 25 deorwyrSeste 54. 9; deorweorSoste 48. 20 a. n. wk. deor; ;

dogorrime x. 67. debtor, f. daughter; 22.
23, 116. 2, xxvi. 33, 52.

12, 115.

;

dom, m.
d"}

a) freewill
;

;

b]

judgement,

;

opinion

c)

authority,
;

power
;

:

;

;

reputation, glory g. domes 22. 9 (d\ 74. 6 (6) domes dreg, doomsday 144. 2, xxix.

wyrftoste

22.

I

;

g.

pi.

wk.

41

;

d.

dome

16.

30

(c].

12.

deorwyr&estena 55. 27.

deorwier Snes,
treasure
19. 6;
;

a.

f. precious thing, pi. d. deorwyrSnessum deorwyrftnessa 34. 12.
d.

derian, wv. w.
36.
7,

harm, injure;

domere, = demere, m. judge
20. 13
;

*3 41- 26 (), 37- 4 00 112. 9 (c\ 121. 6 (&}, 121. 26 (b}; pi. n. clomas, decrees 59. 2 5, 35- 3 2 (a), 140. 28.
;

W,

d.

15;
ind.

13, xii. 4; gederian 36. derigan 18. 14, 117. 6;

don,
c}

n. pi. domeras 64. 12. anv. a} do, perform &) act
;

.

prs.

%.s.

dera<5

30.

15

;

dereS 32. 32, 144. 18, 26, iv. 36; xxvi. in; pi. deriaS 33. T, 36. 8, 116. 31, iv. 48; derigaS 36. n; deregaS lo. 21*; sbj. prs. pi. derigen 52. i*.
diegellice, adv. secretly; digellice 7. 19* degelice i. 64. diegelnes,/. secret; a. diegelnesse
;

d} cause e] put, _/) used to avoid re = another vb. do. a} Pr. peating 14 &c. 37. i &c. c] 26. 15 &c d} 47. 7 &c. e) don Sasr weorfscipe to 75. 1 6, cf. 75 28 et inf. /) 9. 14 &c. don 117. 14, 24
; ;

make, render
set
;

/>)

;

;

28. 14.

diegle, adj. secret, hidden //. a. wk. dseglan 57. 26 n. deglu 127. i; comp. d. pi. diogolran
; ;

27.

1

6*.

gedon, effect, bring to pass, render 24. 25, 36. 15, xxvi. 102 &c. = do 134. 6; to donne no. 29 &c. ind. prs. i.s. dest 30. 1 6 gedest 10. 3 &c. andxx. 272; 3.^. deS Pr. 15; vii. 14 &c. gedeS 28. 3 &c. //. do5 14.
; ; ; ;

Q

2

228
1 7, iv.
;

GLOSSARY
;

26 &c. gedoS 28. 4 &c. dyde 7. 15, xiii. 79 &c. //. dydon 20. 17 &c. and xxix. 5 Sserof dydon, took away 76. 21 (e) gedydon 16. 7, 29. 29 do nu z;;z/. do 29. 23, 99. 25 do ... of, take away 42. 4 (V) to, add 113. 14 (e} sbj. prs. do 58. 2, xv. 13 &c. pi. don 44. 28 &c. don ealne setgsedere 76. don 113. 2 gedon 28. 19 (e] 26, xxi. 27; pst.pl. dyden no. 3 /A gedon Pr. 2 &c. a;z^/ xi. 23; n.pt. m. gedone 113.32. dreamcreeft, m. music 38. 7. dreamere, w. musician 38. 7. wv. vex, torment dreccan, dreccean v. 40 maf. /rc.. 3.^.
pst.
;

drincan, sv$. drink
drincst 30.
vii.

;

ind. prs. 2.5.

17;
;

;

16
1

;

pst. pi.

viii.

20, 28
,

gedrinceS druncon 34. i, druncan 33. 29*.
3.^.

;

;

drohtao

m. manner
vvv.
3-.r.

of life

;

a.

;

xxvi. 92.

;

drugian,
sbj. pst.

intrans.

dry
18.

tip

;

drugode 80.

;

;

;

;

drycreeft, m. magic, sorcery; d. drycrsefte 116. 27; a. drycrseft 116. 14 pi. d. drycrseftum xxvi. a. drycrceftas xxvi. 54. 98. 102
;
;

>

drycrseftig, adj. skilled in sorcery
f. drycraeftigu 116. 3. trans, dry drygan,
u>v.

;

;

;

ind. prs.

;

3.J.

drygS 136. 15
;

;

drigefi xxix.

;

59-

;

dryge, adj. dry f. pred. 80. 6*
n.
absol. Sset
;

;

54. cirefan, wv. stir up, confuse, trouble xxvii. 2 gedrefan v. ind. 23; prs. 3.J gedrefeS 14.
; ;
1

dreceS drecce

vii.
vii.

25

;

sbj.

prs.

$.s.

drige,
absol.

dryness

xxix.

48

d.

drygum,
to
vii.

dryness

xx.

74

;

drince~5

dryggum, drinks to dryness
"wk.

.

IT, v.

8;

gedref.5

71. 5,

in.
;

28
pi. 14.
8.

;

gedrsefft xviii. 3,

xxv. 42

16; drygan 80. 9; a. drygne N.; drigne 34. 27 fwk. n. dryge 136. drigan 80. 12
;
;

drefe
5
i
;

ge 124. 3; gedrefat) pp. gedrefed 9 times, i. &c. 74, v. 18; n.
tf7Z<2?
,/".

12

;

d. pi.

drygum
;

12. 9.

dryhten, m. lord

always

tised

pi. m. gedrefde 130. 26. confusion, trouble gedrefedn.es r 3- 8 g. gedrefednesse 14. 18 gedraefednesse 13. I d. gedrefed
;
;

;

;

of God except Creca drihten xxvi. 14, 19; dryhten 79. 10, 136. 24, iv. 53; drihten 12 times, lo. 17, vii. 37 &c. g. drihtnes
;

nesse

14.

24, 95.
;

23

;

a. 59. 2

23, 142. 21, g.pl. gedrefednessa

41, x. 67, xx. 209, 213, xxix. 36 a. drihten 29. 8. dryhtguma, ivm. retainer, soldier
i.
;

;

104- 33-

gedrefnes, f. confusion, trouble d. gedrefnesse v. 40 gedrsefnesse
; ;

drihtguman viii. n. drync, m. drink, potion 30. 8
n. pi.
;

;

g. drynces 60. 18; a. drinc

viii.

xxii. 61.

22

;

pi. drincas 33. 24,
;

viii.

9;

drenc, m. drink;
132. 7.

135.

20;
;

a.

dryncum in. 27. duguS, f. a) flower, best
d.

d) ex

dreogan,
prs.
3.J.

sv2. suffer, endure

ind.

drig 5
1

9.

n

cellence,
pi.

virtue
22.

;

c]

*
;

pst. $.pl.
a,

drogan

16. 26*.
;

dreorig, adj. sad, sorrowful dreorigne xxii. 33.

favour; 4 (a}, d. duguSum duguffa (b} x. 29 xv. 8 (c]. dun, f. hill d. dune, in adv. of;
(<5),

benefit, 28. 28

(l>};

;

dreosan, svi.

perish prs. p. perishable, a. dreosendne vii. 16 ; a. pi. wk. dreosendan 26. 29. drifan, svi. a} drive away, expel drifan drycrreftas practise ind. prs. ^.s. xxvi. 54 (/O
fall,
; ;
/>)

dune
10
;

(q.v.}

;

a.

dune

73. 28, xix.
;

d. pi.

dunum

73. 31, 91. 17.
6.

dunnian, wv. intrans. obscure
ind. prs.
?>.pl.

dunniaS 10.

;

;

drifS xxix. 48 (a).

duru,y~. door; a. 97. 14, 17, 24. dust, n. dust; 80. 19; d. duste xx. 104 a. dust 28. 22.
;

GLOSSARY
dwelian, wv. lead astray gedweligan 78. 17*; ind. prs. 3.^. gedwelaS 73. 23*; pst. dwelode
;

229
&c. and
xix. 39,

a. dysig 9. 7 xxviii. 78.

dysigian, wv. be foolish

;

ind.

prs. dvvelige 100. 5* PP- gedwelod 55. 21*. dwelian, wv. lead astray ; gedwellan 78. 17 prs. ind. 3.^.

100. 27*;
5

sbj.

;

prs.pl. dysegaft 12. 8; sbj. prs. 3-pl. dysegian* -56. i n. dysilic, adj. foolish n. dyslic 42. 10,84. 18.
;

gedwaeleft xix. 3 sbj. prs. dwelle 105. 5, 27 pst. dwealde 100.
; ;

26; pp. gedweald 55. 21. has dwelian in all these cases.

B

E.
ea,/. river; 83. 3, 4; g. 86. 21 d 37- 3, S386. 21 pi. n.
4>

gedwola, wm.
12, 76. 13,
i.

error, heresy

;

58.

;

41
d.

;

g.

gedwolan
7 &c.

;

7. 9. 18, 19. 31 ; xix. 29 ; a. xxvi. 39.

and

dwolian, wv.
2
.s.

ind. stray, err prs.pl. dwoliaft 88. 27; sbj. pst.
;

102. 6 g. 74. 3. ea, inter j. oh! ah 65. 15, 68. 10, 94- 17eac, adv. also, besides fq. ; w. ge
; !

gedwolode

1 1

.

1 1

;

prs. p.

dwoliende 74- 3 1
108. 14.

>

dwoligende
;

dwolma, wm.

confusion, chaos
;

a. pi. mistes dwoleman v. 43. gedwolmist, m. mist of error

&c. ; eac swa same xi. 5 geac 16. 31*. eaca, wm. increase 48. 6 g. eacan 55. 29, 75. 5 d. to eacan, used as prep. w. d. in addition
10. 6
;

&c.

;

;

;

d.

gedwolmiste 95. ii, xxii. 33. dyderian, wv. deceive, mislead
sbj.

;

22. 30, 31. 32, 59. 29, 60. 19, 146. 9; a. eacan 119. 7. eaden, ptcp. granted ; xxxi. 9.

to

prs.

2.s.

dyderie*,
a.

dydre
117.
;

100. 5.

eadig, adj. fortunate, happy 59. 1 1 &c. d. pi. eadegum xxi. 44
; ;

;

dynt, m. blow, crash;
30-

comp. n. pi. eadigran 60. 3. eadiglic, adj. prosperous, happy
98. 6.

;

dysig,

(i) adj. foolish,

unthinking
122. ii

26. 4, 63. 4, 98.

12,

;

eadignes,/. prosperity, happiness;
d. eadignesse 52. 55- i, 87. 15 20, 139. 16; a. 54. 27. eafisc, m. river- fish ; a. pi. eafiscas
;

dysi 138.14; wk. dysega xxv. 1 3 n. wk. dysige 115. 25 dysie xxviii. 65 g. dysiges 68. 13, xxvi. 2* d. wk. 5 2 dysges 64. dysegan
;

;

;

;

;

xix. 24.

6 1. 6; dysgan 61. 3*
; ;

dysine n. wk. dysige 17. ii, ii. ii xxvi. 39 //. n. dysige 31. 12, 68. 10, 74. 30, 78. 7, 109. 2, 23, 117. 15; wk. dysegan 74.5, 78.
;

a.

eafora, wm. son xxvi. 35. eage, wn. eye; d. eagan 121. 30, J I 2 3; a eage 449- 3, 13314; pi. n. eagan 122. 6, 145.
;

108. 12, 16, 121. 32, xix. 29, xxvi. 98 \g. dysigra 9. 3 ; dysegra 118. 12; wk. dysigena 63. 27; d. dysegum 61. 4, 62. 14*, 118.
7,

eagena 73. 7 d. eagum 55 &c. eahum ii. i*; a. eagan 8. 26, xx. 261 &c. eagorstream, m. sea, ocean
25
;

g-

;

11. i, iv.

;

;

7,9, 18,121.22,138, 14; 81. 3*; a. dysige 41. 2
;

dysgum
;

egorstream xx. 1 1 8 streames xx. 122 n.
eala, interj. oh alas 25 &c. e. ea 65. 15
!

;

g.
9.
;

eagor10, iv.

comp.

!

n.pl. dysigran 74. ii* dysegran xix. 41 ; slip, dysegast xv. wk. dysgosta 123. 29. (ii) sbst. n. folly; 62. 13, 73. 23, 104. 6, xix. i g. dysiges dysi 122. I 108. 7 ; d. dysige 39. 4* &c.

n

;

e.

eaw
iv.

39.
i

;

31,
34.

e. wa 73. 70. 7 10*, 46. 7*, iii.
;

22; seala
i,
;

;

;

eawla ealand,

ix. 55.
;

;

d. ealonde n. island 4*, 34. 29; a. ealand 34. i*.

7.

230
eald, adj. old
ealcla 31. xxviii. 70
13, 135.
; ;

GLOSSARY
aid xxii. 54 wk. 20; n. eald 126. 23, a. wk. ealdan 33.
;
;

147. 4*, 12*; mid ealle adv. altogether, quite 8. 12, xvii. 22

&c.

;

//. n. ealle vi. 5

25; //. n. ealde xxvi. 86 wk. ealdan 108. 9 d. ealdum 22. 26, i. 65 &c. wk. ealdan 103. 16; comp. g. eldran
; ;

23. 13*, 121. 27;/. ealla 18. 4, iv. 25
10.

&c. eall usual form &c. ealle
;
;

14,

about

iv. 53 &c. 10 times, 41.

;

n.

ealle

28

&c.

;

grandfather eldran 20. pi. ieldran.
feeder,

22.
;

n

25
v.

;

d.

also

eall 32. 15 &c. ; g. eallra 10. 16, xx. 259 &c. eaira 24.. 25, xix. 28 &c. (both
;

commoner form

ealdgecynd,
d.

n. original
xiii.

ealdgecynde

40,

nature xxv.
;

57-

ealdhlaford, m. lord from old time; d. pi. ealdhlafordum 7.
J

used about equally) eal Sinra godena weorca 18. 24 d. eallum xi. 21 &c. ealum 22. 15*; a. ealle ix. 24 &c. f. ealla and ealle 52.31, xi. 32, xiii. 7 &c.
;
;
;

;

1

6,

i.

63.

ealdhlafordcynn,
lordship
7. 21.
;

hereditary g. ealdhlafordcynnes
chief,

n.

ealdor, m.
xxvi.
7>

prince;

aldor

n. ealle 90. ; 32, xx. 56 &c. ; eall 29. 9 &c. ; 6 eal 42. &c. 2) altogether, entirely fq. in Cott. Metra, fen to of difficidt distinguishfrom
(aboiit eqiially]
a</#.

;

xxix. 6.

(1), x. 9, xi. 77

&c.
;

ealdormann, ;. magistrate, dig n. pi. ealdormen 22. 24, nitary
;

eallisig, adj. all icy, very cold xxiv. 23.

23. 6.

eallmsegen,
n.

;/.

all

one

s
;

power

;

ealdriht,

ancient right
7. 8, 16, 7. 22.
i.

;

pi. g.
;

d.

eallmsegene xxix. 96

almse-

ealdrihta

36. 57

d.

ealdrihtum
ealdspell,
Pr.
i
;
.

gene xxix. 3. eallneg, v. eall.
eallunga, adv. entirely; fq. 21. 27, xi. 26 &c. allunga 69. 30*
;

n.

old story a. M. d. pi. ealdspellum
;

;

127.8.
xi.

ealdgeweorc,
40, xx.

n.

ancient work

;

1 1 6.
; ;

eall, 1) adj. all fq. xvi. 8 &c. eal 41. 24, xx. 207 f. eall 93. n. eall, eal ix. 18, xx. 171 &c.
;

;

44 &c.
ealles

;

g. ealles 33. 5

&c.

;

n.

used as adv. altogether,

entirely
;

n.

10, 40. 8, iv.
;

35, v.

30 &c. f. ealre fq. ealrse 41. 20 a. eallneg. 6, 24. 10, 104. 6,
;

xxviii. 5 commoner form ealne ealne wegadv. 18. 7, iv. 3 &c.
;
;

Almighty; alwealda xi. 22. eallwihta, f. pi. all things ; g. alwuhta xx. 253. ealo, n. ale 40. 22* (ealu J). eaofer, m. river-bank d. pi. eaofrum xix. 22 oeaofrum 74. I*, eargebland, n. surge of the sea a. eargeblond viii. 30. eard, m. native place, home; 91. 17, xiii. 63 &c. g. eardes 116.
;

ellunga 60. 14. eallwealda, ivm.

;

;

;

:

12, v. 15, xxvi. 71

eallne always, fq. 9. weg 1 20. 25; eallneg 120. 24, 25 ; ealneg xxii. 15, xxviii. 57, 69; ealnig vii. 40, 53, x. 21, xxi. 15; /. ealle 76. 28 &c. ; n. eall 79. 31, xi. sealle 39. 19
; ;

21

&c.

10,
a.

xiii.

70 &c.

;

eard 80. 35, 38
;

xi.

d. earde u. earda 83. 12 ; 66 &c.
;

eardfeest,
vii.

adj. settled, n. xx. 156.

abiding
xx.

;

eal 76. 23, 77. i, in. 17, xxii. 17; z j/. ealle 69. 14, eall xxix. 96 xiii. 64 &c.

88 &c.

;

eardian, 109 ind. prs. 3.^. cardigan 80. 21 eardaS 27. 7 pi. eardiaS 25.2;
; ;
;

wv.

dwell

;

;

;

eallon 53. 18*, 67. 5*, 69. 14*,

sbj. prs. 3.//. eardien xx. 146. eare, wn. ear pi. n. earan 145. 20; a. 28. 13, 145. 30.
;

GLOSSARY
earfofle,
difficult;

231

adj. troublesome, 1) n. earfoSe 127. 22;

earnaS 88. 16, 20; pi. earniaS
44- 3 1 , 133- 22; geearnigaS 112. 19; earnaS hie sien Sy
1>

g.

earfoSes earfoSe 81.

147.
3,

23

;

n.
;

pi.

sup. 92. 24 a. f. w. earfoftestan 127. 3. 2) d. sbst. n. hardship, trouble ;

halran,
pst.
s.s.

gain,

effect
ix.
;

88.

21*
;

;

earnade

20

pi.

earfoSe 18. 28 n.

earefoSe 24 //. n. earfoSu 56. 13, 125. 9; g. earfoSa 27. 12; d.
130.
;
;

geearnodon 120. 14 earnige* 106. 26;
106. 26
; ;

sbj.prs. $.s.
pi. earnien

pp. geearnad 103. 5. d. geearnunga earnung,/". merit
20, 21, xx. 228 ; geearnunge 81. 34 ; a. earnunga, advantage 88. 20 geearnungae 16 n. 120. earnunga, pi. 82.
I,

earfoSum

22. 8,
;

n,
2
5>

66. 2, 120.

124.

17, xxvi. 97 82. 7, 133-

a.
J

earfoSu 70. 12,

xx
7>

-

3>

2 54!

;

gearfoSu 70.

5.

;

earfo"5hawe, ad/,

hard to be seen
;

;

geearnunga*
52. 20. east, adv. east

70.
ix.

1 1

;

a.

earn
5,
xiii.

n. 81. 5, xx. 152. earfolSlic, adj. difficult

unga
59,

n. 118. 6.

;

42, x.
i
;

earfoflnes, f. hardship,

trouble;

xiv.

7,

xxx.

error for

g. pi. earfoftnessa 23. 13.

isest? xxix. 17.

earfoftrime, adj. hard to count, n. n. numerous pi. very earfoSrimu Pr. J.
;

eastan, adv.
10.

12,
xii.

12,

from, in the east ; 136. 4, i. i, iv. 23, vi. 15, xxix. 20, 26; be
adj.
east,
;

earfoiStsecne,

shown
earg,
lazy 115.
1
;

;

adj. hard n. xx. 147.
a}

to

be

eastan xxix. 33.

easteweard,
inert,

adj.
c]
I

timid
;

;

b]

adverbial phrases

depraved
(a]
(1)}
;

a.

wk. eargan

weardum

39. 8

n. pi. wk. ge eargan comp. n. pi. eargran

39. 27, caste weardan 41. 21*.
18.

used in from eastefrom 67. 30
; ;

eastewearde, adv. eastward
;

xvi.

60. 4 (Y).

earm, m. arm d. earme 66. 29. earm, adj. wretched, miserable
;

;

20.

5

&c.

;

poor 77. 10, 124.
;

25; n. wk. earme 105. 28, xxiv. a. earmum 10. 17 d. 63 earrnne 26. 17, 123. 4; wk.
;

eastre, f. Easter, spring on eastran 29. 21. eatSe, adv. easily; fq. 26. 9, 48 &c. comp. ie8 23. 12
;

d. or a.

ix.

;

eS

9.27, 14.
19, 108.

8, 46. 19*, 52.9*, 107. 2, 135. 21, x. 38, xii. 22 ;

carman 10. 26, 25. u; //. n. wk. earme 24. 6, iv. 57 &c. carman xix. 3 d. earmum iv. a. earme 105. 27, 117. 31 31 wk. carman 73. 23 comp. n. pi. earm ran earmra, 123. i
;

y 104. 30, 124. 27, 145. 17. eatSmetto, n. pi. humility 67. 8
;

;

;

g.

;

;

eaSmetta 27. metta vii. 38.

6, vii.

33

;

eacl-

;

eaSmod,

;

modum

adj. 18.

humble

;

d. pi. ea$-

n.
;
-

60. 4, 74.
pi.

n,

xix.

41
2.

;

sup. n.
;

m. eaimoste 118.

earmlic, adj. miserable, wretched f. earmlico 138. 4; 11. earmlic
74. 5, 146. 14, xxvii. 16, xxviii. 74 slip, earmlicost xix. 28.
;

eaftmodlice, adv. humbly 97. 32; eadmodlice 7 1 20, 149. 2. eaftmodnes, f. humility g. ead;

modnesse

27. nesse 18. 10.

7*

;

a.

eadmod-

earmlice, adv. miserably; 20 comp. earmlicor 72. 2. earn, m. eagle; 18. 12. earnian, wv. w. g. a. or
;

71.

eax, f. axle-tree, axis; 129. 20, 23, 131. 1 g. eaxe 126. 5, xxviii. 22 d. 129. 19 &c. and xxviii. 13, 15, xxix. 18 ; a. 126
;
;

Saet

8, 131. i.

clause, deserve, earn

;

geearni^.s.

gan

29. 3, 44. 10

;

ind.prs.

ebba, ivm. ebb, low ebban 49. 26 ;/.//.
;

tide
xi.

;

g.

69.

232

GLOSSARY
;

ece, adj. eternal; 9. 12, iv. 33 &c. wk. eca 148. 31, iv. 29 &c. /. ecu 120. i, xiii. 71; w&. ece v. 44; w. ece 113. 22,
;

n. pi. efenbeorhte xx. xx. 231.

233

;

f.

efengod,

adj.

equally good;
85.
2
;

n.

emngod
142. 20
;

w.d.
g.

xx. 237 &c.
;

emngood
83. 25. n.

;

g. eces 138. 24;
;
</.

wk. ecan 78. 25 ecum iv. to Ssem ecum gode xxi. 3 3
/. ecre 120. ecan 10. i,
17,

emngoodes

;

efemefle, adj. equally easy; efneSe xx. 167.
efenlica,
19.

139. 16

;

z>.

wm.

equal

;

efnlica xx.

23. 9,

149.

8

;

a.

ecne 78. 12, xx. 224, xxvi. 50; wk. ecan 89. 23, iii. 6 &c. /.
;

efenlice, adv. equally, emnlice 28. 23.

alike

;

ece 44. 9; /z. ece 44. 17, 120. inst. ece 143. 25 13 //. ece 2 7- 2 3 eca 26. ii ece 51.
;

;

,

/

efenrnJere, adj. equally famous a. s. m. efnmaerne x. 32.

;

;

efenmicel,
d.

adj.

equally
147. 22
;

great
a.

;

25, 77. xix. 31

29;
;

wJc. ecan 27.
;

n,
d.

emnmiclum

emn-

g. ecra 137. 27*
vii.

to

Saem ecum
;

micelne 107. 12.

44

;

a. f.

ece

efenneah, equally near
xx. 141.

;

1) adv.

78. 12

31,
ecg,/".

vii.

wk. ecan 26. 18, 130. 29; n. ecu 113. 19, 22.
;

edge d. pi. ecgum ix. 29. ecnes, /. eternity; 147. 23, 148.
d. on ecnesse, for ever, 7 eternally 47. 2, 90. 12, 92. 17, 113, 4, 120. 10, n.
;

2) prep. w. d. emnneah 80. 33*, 129. 32. adv. efenswlSe, equally, to an equal degree efnswiSe xi. 44.
;

efne, adv. equally i. 14, viii. 46, 48, xi. 76, xvi. n, xix. 30, xx.
;

124,
xxviii.

154,

xxii.
;

19,

xxvi.

65,

edlean,

n.

reward,
13,

retribution

;

9. 21, 113.

28, 125. 10;

g.

edleanes 113. 3, 13, 119. 18, d. edleane 104. 22, 134. 12 I 37- I 35 a edlean 70. 11, 112.
;

6*, ix. 38, xxiv. 63, xxix. 35. eft, adv. a second time, again Pr. 9, i. 61 &c. seft i. 65

28

emne

136.

;

;

(J).

113. 9, 24, 120. 8, 9, n, r 3 5 !35- l6 , xxvii. 26 pi. d. edleanum g. edleana 112. 18 113. 2 ; a. edlean 113. 20, 22.
20,

I2 4-

;

ege, m. fear eges 22. 10
13,
;

;

26.
d.

6,

i.

72
2,

;

g.

;

67. 117- 30, n8. 28, 134. 32, xx. 71 a. 14. 21, 102. 8, 125.
;

ege 66.

ednlwe,

adj.

renewed

;

n. pi.

m.
;

15, v. 28.

edniwe xi. 39. ednrwian, wv. renew,
ind. prs.
;

egefull, adj. terrible
restore
13-

;

egeful 43.
xii. 17.

3..$-. geedniwaft 131. 6, 8; pp. n.pl.f. geedniwode 92. 12 geedniwade 49. 9*.

egesa,

wm.
13

fear

;

a.

egesan

egeslic,
xxvii.
;

adj.
;

terrible;

102.

16,

edsceaft, f.

new

creation

;

d.

edsceafte 92. 13, 15.

egeslice 48. wk. egeslican 52. 6 7 n. comp. egeslicre 104. i.^.
d.

/. wk.

;

edwit,
i.

n.

reproach,

disgrace
;

;

eglan, wv. w.
ind.pst.
3.^.

d.

trouble,

ail

;

55-

eglede 15. 23.
;

adj. even, 58. 30*. 2) adv. equally, xx. 244. efenae Sele, adj. equally noble pi. n. emnaeSele 69. 27*; a.

efen, 1)

level

g. n.

emnes
;

ehtan, wv. w. g. pursue
prs.
3.^.

ind.

just

;

eht 148. 16. elcung,/; delay; eldcung 120. 2n. 62. 26. ellen, n. courage
;

ellende,
ellendne

1)

69. 24*.

viii.

adj. 30.

foreign ; 2) sbst.

a.

on

efenbehefe,
sary
;

adj. equally neces /. efnbehefu xii. 7. adj. equally bright;

ellende, abroad 63. 30, 64. 9. elles, adv. otherwise, else often
;

efenbeorht,

,

nauht &c.

GLOSSARY
9. 14, ix.

233

20 &c.

;

elles hwset,
;

d.

something
d, elles

hwam

else 76. 16, 107. 25

32. 29.

englum 57. 8, 140. 31, 143. 31, 146. 22, xiii. 15; a. englas 129. 4, 142. 9, 146. 13.
1) adj.

elleshweer,
6.

^y.

elsewhere

;

1 1 1

.

englisc,
lish

English; d. englis2) sbst. n.

cum spelle Pr. 9.
;

elpend, ;. elephant
3el5eode 63. 30*.

Eng

72. 5, 7. elfleod, f. foreign nation ; d.

on

language on e. wende Pr. 2. eofor, m. wild boar n. pi. eforas
; ;

116. 17*; eaforas xxvi. 81.
;

elSeodig, adj. foreign elolodig d. wk. selfteodegan 124. 25
;

eorl,
i.

;;/.
;

nobleman, eminent
d. eorle
i.

man

;

63. 31*

pL

a. n. oel fteodig 63. 16* ; n. elfreodge i. 55 ; d. selSeo;

g. eorla ix. 59, xxv. 8. eorlgebyrd, /. noble birth ; d.
i.
;

78 30

72

;

pi.

eorlas

degum

71. 26.

emn-, emne, v. efen-, efne. ind. prs. emnettan, wv. level 3-s. geemnet 46. 16*. ende, m. end, goal 44. 20 &c.
; ;

pi. eorlgebyrdum ix. 26, x. 27. eorneste, adv. earnestly, xvi. 22
fiercely, xiii. 28.

;

and xx. 275

g. endes 13. 2, 20 d. ende 52. 19, xxi. 44 &c. ; a. 6 12. &c. aaf xx. 10, xxviii. 22.
;

;

m. earth-dweller; eoiftbuend, n. pi. eorSbuende x. 25, xix. 13 g. eorSbuendra x. 36, xii. 18;
;

d.

eorSbuendum

xxvi. 94, xxix.

72.

endebyrd, /. order

;

a.

?

xiii. 4.
;

eiidebyrdan, wv. arrange, order pp. geendebyrd 50. 4, xi. 100.

endebyrdes, adv.
2i, xx. 12
xiii.
;

in

order

;

xi.

fy

,?r?-0r

endebyrd
;

4

?

endebyrdlice,

aofr. in

due order
;

eorflcyning, ;//. king a. pi. eorftcyningas ix. 47. eorfle, w.f. earth, world fq. 49. 12, viii. 33 &c. g. eorSan 10. d. 23. 6,iv. 25 &c. i, x. 17 &c. a. 10. 26. vi. 5 &c. eor Slic, adj. earthly; wk. eorS;

;

;

;

;

12. 19, 79. 13, 96. 19, 129. 9.

endebyrdnes,/. order d. endebyrdnesse 49. 2, 57. 4, 128. 22 a. 94. 10 endeberdnesse 128. 4. n. 104. endeleas, adj. endless 15; n.pl.f. endelease 118. 5. endemes, adv. equally, uniformly 112. 23, xxx. 12, 16 endemest 141. 16*; aendemest 141. 18*.
;

61. 9, 72. 20; n. eorSlic wk. eorSlice xx. 237 g. eorolices 22. 10, 81. 12, xx.
lica
xxii. 5
;

;

;

;

166 wk. eorSlican 40. 8, 9 d. eorSlicum 81. wk. eorS;

;

n

;

;

;

lican 45. 31 a. n. eorSlic xxiv. wk. eorSlice 129. 29 n. pi. 7 n. eorSlicu xxi. 30 eorSlice 89.
;
; :

;

endian,
>

luv. intrans.

end

;

ind.

prs. z.s. endaS 38. 6, 50. 5, 103. 2I 139- I 7: geendaS 44. 27, 148. 2 //. endiad 39. 7 geendiaft 26. 13; /tf. 3.^. geen1

wk. eorSlican 30. 3,45. 29, 17 58. 5 g. wk. eorSlicena 83. 13 a. n. eorSlicu vii. 42, xx. 224 wk. eorfilican 27. 10 &c. and
; ; ;
:

;

;

XX. 212.
n. kingdom of the eorftrlce, earth a. pi. eorSricu iv. 37. eorflgesceaft, f. earthly creature ; a. pi. eorSgesceafta xx. 194. eorttwsestm, m. fruit of the earth ;
;

dode 7.9; pp. trans, geendod
100. 8.
adj.
finite
;

geendodlic,
absol.

n.

wk.

Saet geendodlice, finiteness 44. 21. endung, /. ending, end ; d. en-

d. pi.

eorftwaran,
earth,
d.

eorSwaestmum viii. 6. m. pi. dwellers on
;

dunge

39. 7.
;

engel, m. angel

n. englas 98. 13, 140. 28, 144. 3, 146. 10, 13, 16, 19, 148. 2 ; g. engla xiii. 12, xx. no, 153,263,
//.

mankind iv. 57, eorSwarum xiii. 60.
d.

xvii. I

;

eow, pron.
iow

and

a.

usual form 25.

14, x.

of ge, you ; 18 &c.;

275;

25. 15, x. 65.

2 34
eower,
eower eowru
149. 4 44. 31
;

GLOSSARY
pess.
34.

adj. your ; fq. se 20, 43. 14; /. sio eower 28. 30, 65. 1 8 n. 28. 32 g. eoweres
; ;

57. 28

;

n. pi.

m.

?

faegen

vi.

10

;

comp. faegenra feegenian, wv.
18, 19,

xii. 12.

absol.
;

or

w. g.

rejoice; 102. 15

eoweres selces, of each eowres 45. i f. of you 69. 28
;

;

;

eowre 45.

i

;

d.

eowrum
;

32. 9,

13, 44. n, x. 19 f. eowerre 32. 2, 44. 9, 124. 5; eowre xxvii. 5 ; a. eowerne 42. u, 18, 25, 43. 4, 46. 10 /. eowre 32. ii ; n. eower 16. 30, xxvii. 2 ;
;

faegnian68. 16, 89. 29; ind. prs. 2.s. fagnast 31. 4* faegnast 31. 6 3.^. faegna S, fagenaS* 45. 29 pi. faegeniaS 29. 14 faegnia 5 39. 4, 69- *, J 3 6 3. xxix 935 Pst
;

;

;

;

-

-

-

fagenode 39. 25* sbj. prs. faegnodon i. 33
3-j.
; ;

//.
^.s.

inst.

35. 29,

eowre 32. n. 32. 15 g. eowerra 45. 2 d. eowrum x. 19; a. eower eowra 32. 14; 73- 29* eowre 28. 27. eowru xix.
31 15
; ;

eowre 58. 6 eowre 30 /. eowra 31. 18
;
;

pi. eowere 28. 18, 34.

fsegenige 69. 9 68. 20.

;

faegnige 29. 21,

;

;

feeger, 1) adj. beautiful; 72. 30, xxix 6 8 7- 3; 145- 2 7325; n. 29. 12, 31. 5; g. wk.
5> 4>

;

;

/ n

.

fsegran 113. 13; pi. n. f. faegra 147. 20; n. faegru 29. 9, 32.

;

eowian,

v.

lewan.
;

erian, iw. plough inf. erigen xiv. 4 (J) ; sbj. prs. $.s. erige
60. 29.

30; fsegere 31. 9*; g. fsegerra a. n. faegere 79. 28 29. 20 n. comp. faegerra 69. 6, 72. 21
;

;

;

faegerre 32. 29, 31

;

sup. fasgrost
29. 29.

72.
retainer,
;

9;
ivk.

wk. faegeresta

13;
2)

esne, m.
138. 18

soldier,

man

;

n.

d. 103. 5.
;

sbst.

faegereste 79. n. beauty 31. 6,
;

73. 12;

est, m. grace, permission metodes est xi. 25.

a. ofer

g. faegres 31. 7 fsegere, adv. beautifully,
faegre
ii.

d. fsegere 69. 7*.

well

;

etan, sv. eat;
;

ind. prs. 2.s. itst 30. 17 3.//. etaS 116. 23 ; pst. seton 33. 27, 28, viii. 18. -^.pl. e$el, w. n. native land, home ;
25.
i,

6.

105.
16.

22,

xxiv.

50;

d. a.

eSeleii. 4;

eole xx. 155;

fsegernes, f. beauty; 29. 18, 54. 24; g. pi. faegernessa 29. 17. faer, n. aspect? a. xxxi. 4. faereld, n. motion, course, journey ; g. faereldes 125. 32*, xxviii. 2;
faereltes 129. 21 ; d. faerelde 10. 2*, 28. 16; faerelte 130. 12; a.

eel

i.

eflelstol,

w.
;

seat of

government,

capital
chief
i.

ix, II.

faereld 16.

30;

faerelt xxviii.

n.
;

eftelweard, m. defender of country,

man

;

n. pi. eftelweardas

24.

fseringa, adv. quickly, suddenly xxviii. 41. fserlice, adv. suddenly; 117. 29.
fsest, adj. firm, fixed
;

f. fsest

128. 16

;

23. 6 &c. ; -wk. faeste xx.

F.
facen, n. fraud, deceit
ix.
;

g. facnes

271 ; 24, xx. 150; d. wk. faestan g. faestes 20. 29 27. 6, 80. 14; a. faestne vii. 33 ;
n. faest
;

no.

37. feeder, m. father; 69. 20, iv. 18 &c.; g. ii. 4, 22. 25, xx. 67, 116, xxiv. 54; d. 22. 15, 68. 30, 69. 18; a, 69. 8 &c. and
xvii. 26, 1
i
1

f.

fceste
;

42
21

49. n. faest

10, 26.

142.
23,
14,

n,
26,

xi.

;

//. faeste 23.
4,

no.
100.

144. 22,
14,

130. 130.

25; /. 12; a.
;

faeste faeste

racentan,
;

6.
;

feegen, adj. glad
140.
;

gefsegen, fsegn*

faegn ix.

37

;

gefagen

strong 57. 9 f. faeste vii. n. fsestan, wv. go without food, fast ind. prs. \.pl. faestaS 143. i.

GLOSSARY
fseste, adv.

2 35
26,
89.

firmly;

21.
a.

8,

i.

35
d.

&c.

;

comp. fsestor 91. 28.
i.

27. 9, 29. 6, v. 27.

30;
;

a.

iii.

fsesten, n. fortress;
faestene
faestlic,
i.

20;

fealdan, rv.
7>

79.

firm, fcestlices vi. 16.

adj.

fixed

;

g.

faestlice, adv. firmly, steadily ; 20. 22, 23. 28, Si. u, i. 70; comp. faestlicor 129. 22.

fold, furl 144. 30. d. felge fealg, f. felly of a wheel J 3 1 I3Q- 1 pl-n. felgea 29- 2 130. 13 felga 129. 23, 130. 5, d. felgum 130. 3. ii, 19 feallan, rv. fall to feallanne 81. 13, xx. 168 ; ind. prs. 3.^. feal 5
; , ; ; ;
;

faestnes, f. firmness, solidity
fgestnesse 72. 16.

;

a.

faestnian, wv. fasten m. gefaestnode 130.
faestreed, adj.
faestraada 46. 23, x. fasstraed 47. 17.

;

pp. n.
;

pL
wk.

n.
49 f. pred.
;
;

15; pst. $.s. gefeoll 8. 3. fearn, n. fern a. 51. 29, xii. 3. fear 72. 6, 7. fearr, m. bull
14. feol
i.

16*;
81

felS v.

;

;

;

steadfast

feawe,//. adj. few; 25. 5 feawa feawa manna ongit 46. 67. 1 8 28* fea iv. 52 ivk. Sa feawan
; ; ; ;

faestreedlic, adj. steadfast faestrgedlices 20. 21.

g. n.
d.

67.

20*;

d.

feawum
;

25.

17*;

faestrsednes, f.

steadfastness

;

fsestrcednesse 12. 13; a. n. 5. n. vessel, cup ; n. pi. fatu feet,

feaum 46. 27*, 71. 14, 132. 22; feam 22. 14 a. feawan 48. ii. fedan, wv. feed ind. prs. 3.5. fet
;

_I04. 17. faett, adj. fat

70. 5*, 136. 19*, xxix. 69. d. fefre 73. 13. fefer, m. fever
;

;

d.pl. fettvtm 115. 6.
;

ind. fagian, wv. vary, change prs. 3 j. fagaS xi. 40 pi. fagiaS 49.9. famigborda, wm. ship with foamy sides or deck a. famigbordon
;

fegan, wv. put together, join Sa ged gefegean ii. 6 ind. prs. 3.^. gefego 49. 33; gefegS, gefehS* 54. 17 pp. gefeged 38. 20, xx.
;
;
1

;

116, 121.
fela, adj. indecl. many, much 19. i, 44. 25, 126. 26, 146. 21, i. 81, ii. i, 6, iv. 42, ix. 6, xi. 89, xvi. 5, xix. 25, xx. 101, xxiv. 12, xxvi. 53, xxviii. 48, 76 ; w. sing.
;

;

xxvi. 26.

fana,

wm. banner i. 10. fandian, wv. ^v. g. examine,
;

test

;

45. 9, 105. 25 12, xxiv. 57; fandast 51. 3.

//.,

147. 15, ix. ind. prs. 2.5.
;

vb. 16.

144. 25, xx. 83; feola

xiii.

fangian, wv. join, fasten pp. gefangod 96, 14. faran, sv6. go, travel; 141. 27, xxiv. ii rflx. Se faran xxiv.
;

felan, wv. feel; ind. pst. 2.s. gefeldest 1 8. 27 n. feld, m. field; g. feldes 21. 5, vi. 10 d. felda 99. 9.
;

16

;

to

farenne

107.

29; 28;

ind. prs.
3.^. faerS
;

2.s.
1

139. fastest xxiv.

16,

feltun, n. privy

;

d. feltune
;

104. 9.
faenne

fenn, m.
6
;

fen,
;

xx. 216
i4>.

45. 27 &c. and pi. farao 79. 14, 130.
4, 5,

swamp
42. 29.

d.

42. 16*, 19*
d.

pi. n. fennas 42.

fennum

xxviii. 32, gefaraS trans, journey die through 42. 31 ; 24. 13; pst. 2.s. fore ii. 5 ; 3.^. for 115.

H7;

xxxi. 3

18,

xxiv.
i.

12,
;

xxvi.

13;

pi.

foron

20

sbj.

prs. fare 131.

feoh, n. property, money; 25. 27, 28. 6*, 8*, 58. 15*; fioh 4 8. 20; g. feos 71. 16*; feos*, fios 31. 31; d. feo 4 8. 14*, 16*, 89. 27, 30*; fio 48. 16, 89. 30 a. feoh 48. 17*, 53. 29*; fioh 48. 17,
;

17; pi. faren 129. 24, 135. 30; pst. rflx. fore 18. 14; prs. p.
farende*, faerende 93. 7. gefea, wm. joy; 9. 12; d. gefean

53. 29, 64. 13, 133. 30.

feohgitsere, m. miser
d. feohgitsere 19. i.

;

viii.

55

;

feoht, n. fight,

war

;

d. gefiohte

2 36
115.
viii.

GLOSSARY
17*;
32.
a.

gefeoht 34.

3*,

xxii.

52;
ix.

ferhte xxii.

ferSe

37

;

60 (J) fserSe xxvii. 24.
;

;

feohtan, sv^. fight; fiohtan 138.
19 ind. pst. 3-j. feaht 37. 6. feolan, ^^3. enter; fiolan set his
;

ferhttloca, wm. breast, heart ferSlocan xxiv. 5.

a.

ferian, wv. carry, transport
pst. 3.^. ferede xxvi. 26.

;

ind.

feon,

eSle xx. 154. hate
u>v.

;

ind. pst.

^.s.
1

fiode

geferreeden, /. a) companionship,
b} retinue; 65. 3 geferraedenne 67. 23 (b} 37- J 9 () 49- 3i (). geferscipe, m. a) association,

124.

13*;

sbj.

prs.
;

3-j .

fioge
7
;

intercourse;
(^)

xxvii. 24.

^

;

>

feond,
24
;

m.
fiend

enemy
16
;

xv.
a.
;

d.

;

feonde xxv.

feond 67. pi. n. fiend 30. 27*; g. fionda 48. 9; d. feondum 67. 20 tf. feond 33. 7* ; fiond 54. 20 ; fiend 48. 15 ;

in. 18*
;

people
116.

of class U) companionship c) company, retinue
; ; ;

21 (r)

;

^. geferscipes
;

n.

fynd 33. 7, 48. 15*. feorh, n. life g. feores 33. 10, 66.
;

d. feore 66. 26, xxv. 16 ; 22, 27 fiore 133. 31 ; a. feorh 22. 7,
;

67. 10.

feorr, adv. far; feor
27, ix.
fior

u. 8, 139. 2, xxiv. 2, 9, xxvi. 30;
222;
fyrr

82 () d. geferscipe 15 (c); a. in. 10 (0), xi. ^- geferscipas 40. 47 (#) / 2 3 (^) ^- geferscipum 40. 20 (^) a. geferscipas xi. 93 (a~). d. pi. fetelum xxv, fetel, m. belt 10; fetlum in. 15*.

15

(a), xi.

in.

!

>

;

;

fe"5e,

n.

walking, locomotion
;

;

d.

xx.

139.

27*;

<?//.

fier,

fyr*

u.

9; .m/.
;

fyrrest 130. 13.

feorran, adv. from afar
f eortSa,

fiorran

ymbutan 127. 33. num. adj. fourth
;

108. 22. fetter, f. feather pi. wings ; d. feSerum xxiv. 9 ; feftrum xxiv. a. feSera 105. 4. 5 fierdmann, m. soldier //. d.
; ;

;

n. feorSe

ferdmonnum

64. 13

;

a.

ferdmen,
;

62. 26 ; feowerfte xx. 61 ; f. 80. i fiorSe 103. 22, 139. 17 ; g. feorSan, feorSan* 42. I ; d. 42.
5feoung,/".

fyrdmen* 40. 18. fiersian, wv. pass beyond sian xxiv. 26.
fif,

feor-

hatred;

d.

fiounge 124.
4, 62. 25,
I
9>

3*-

num. five; 76. 2, 5, 6, 7, 77. 13, 20, 23, 25, 27, 86. 23; g. Sara fif goda 86. 28 ; ffissa
fifa

feower, num. four; 46.
75-29, 3i
xx. 59, 63.
79-34>8
-

78. 14.
;

6 2

3 I -3, n.

fifelstream, m. ocean
26. fifta,

a.

xxvi.

feowerfete, adj. fourfooted
pi. n. fiowerfete 147. 6*; fete xxxi. n.

;

fier-

num. adj. fifth ; /. fifte 75. d. fiftan 42. 16. 31, 139. 18
;

gefera,
//.

wm. companion,

associate;

findan, sv$. find; 74. 9, vii. 32 &c. ; ind. prs. 2.s. finst 44. 18*
3.^. fint
;

;

n. geferan 36.

22, 49.
d.

g. geferena 53. 17; 53- J 75 geferan 36.
.

14; geferum
19, 47.

18,

50. 2.
;

76. 21, 95. 21*, xiii. 34; pst. i.s. pi. finde ge 73. 26 fond ii. 9 funde 8. 8* ; 3.*. 34. 12* ; sbj. prs. finde 140. 12
; ;

feran, wv. go, proceed; iv. 18 geferan xi. rflx. Se f. 105. 10 50; trans, travel over 42. 2; to feranne 107. 16 ; ind. prs. i.s.
;

pst. funde 140. 15, 17, viii. 58; //. funden 145. 4 ; pp. funden 96. 20, 97. 14, 99. 22, 140. 15. finger, m. finger; d. fingre 8l.
15, xx. 180.

18. ii; ^.pl. geferaS 23 prs. p. ferende 147. 3. fernS, m.n. mind, spirit ; d. ferhfte

gefere

xxviii.

;

firas,
viii.

m.

pi. men g. fira vii. ii, 32, xix. 2 ; d. firum iv. 39,
;

GLOSSARY
firenfull,
xv. 7-

237
;

adj.

sinful sinful

;

fierenfull

firenlust,

m.

desire

;

g.

fyrenlustes 33.26*; g.pl. firenlusta viii. 15. gefirn, adv. long ago gefyrn 31. 21, 33. 13, 46. 25, X. 52; w. ser 78. 31, 80. 34, 97. 19, 101. 17, no. 5, 112. 5.
;

firenlustes 64.

27*;

sv\. struggle, contend sbj.prs. $.s. flite 107. 30. flod, m. n. flood, flood-tide ; g. flodes 49. 26 d. flode 34. 29. flor, f. floor, base; 52. 30, no. 25; d. flore no. 23, xx. 91 a. flore i. 81 flor 8. 4, 80. 14.
flitan,
; ; ;

first,

w. space of time
;

;

fyrst 120.

31 120. 27.
28,

a.

first

116.

n

ind. prs. flowed ; fiowan, v. 14; pst. 3.J. fleow 53. 8 prs. p. flowende 72. 29*, 80. 14.
rv. flow
;

;

fyrst

fodor,
32.
i.

n. food, fodder

;

d. fodre

firwitgeorn,

adj.

firwetgeorn xxviii. 76 m. firwetgeorne 126. 24.
fisc,
xi.

inquisitive ; n. pi. ;

folc, n. people 105. 28 &c. and xxiv. 63, xxviii. 65 ; often w.
;

m.
67

fish
;

;

48. 5

;

//. g. fisca

a. fiscas 74. 3. fiscian, wv. fish ; 73. 28.

or uncomplimentary epithet, ungestae SSig, dysig &c. 126. 21, 64. 2 &c. g. folces 43. 1 1 &c.
Sis,
;

and
;

x.
!3>

fiscnett,

n.

fishing-net

a.

pi.

fiscnet xix.
fitt,/".

song,

n. poem
wing

;

a. fitte 68. 6.
;

fiSere,

pi. n. fiSeras d. !47- 5*5 g- nora 133. 12 fifterum 105. 6; fifirum xxxi. 8 a. fiSru xxiv. i.
n.
;
;

m.

4341. 14 &c. and xvii. 13, xxiv. 60 g. pi. folca xi. 89. folccu S, adj. well known, cele
;

d. folce 49, xxvi. 52 123. 6, ix. 27; a. folc
;

brated

;

xxvi. 9

;

a.

folccuSne

MPr.

9.

with provide wings 104. 30* gefiSerigan 105. 6*; gefeSeran 104. 30; gefeSran xxiv. 4. flsesc, n. flesh 72. i, xxvi. 114;
gefiSerian,
; ;

wv.

folcisc, adj. of the people, com mon, w. men ; //. n. folcisce d. 69. 2, 102. 22, 138. 9;

folciscum 143. 21.
folcgesift,

m.

chief,
i.

noble

;

a. pi.

;

folcgesiSas

70.
battle,

d. flaesce 69. n, 29, 72. 4, 109. xvii. 21, xx. 238. flgesclic, adj. fleshly, carnal //. n. wk. liaesclican 73. 10 ; d.

folcgewinn,

n.

war; g.

n,

;

folcgewinnes i. 10. m. foldbiiend, earth-dweller,

man
g.

flsesclicum

74.

25

;

a.

wk.

pi. n. foldbuende xvii. foldbuendra xvii. 21 ;
;

2

;

d.

flsesclican 70. 3.

foldbuendum
; ;

viii. 4.
;

fleogan, sw2. fly;
xxiv.
2
;

36. 7, 104. 31, fliogan 105. 5*, 7* ffe rflx. Se fliogan 105. g* fligon 105. 8* prs. p. fleogende 147. 7*, xxxi. n. fleon, SV2. fly from, avoid 27.
; ;
;

xi. 43, xx. 59, folde, ivf. earth 85 g. fold an iv. 52, xx. 91 d. foldan xx. 168 a. xx. in,
; ;

247, xxxi. 10.

flion 25. 9, 148. 17, vii. 30; 5 to flionne 31. 16*, 103. 15 ind.
; ;

foldes, error for Jlodes ? xi. 70 n. m. service (as a courtier) 65.7. folgere, m. follower pi. g.
folga"5,
;

:

prs. 3..f. flihS 76. 25, 92. 21, 136. 12; pst. 3.s. fleah i. 20; imp. pi. fleoS 149. 6 prs. p. flionde 72. fleeting, transitory 29 ; n. pi. n. fleondu xxi. 30 ; fleonde 89. 18*.
;
;

folgera 78. 11 66. 15, 78. 26.
_

;

d.

folgerum
;

35. 23, folgian, wv. w. d. follow ind. prs. 3.^. folgaS 14. 37. 1 6 4 ; imp. pi. folgiaS 149. 6 ; sbj.
;

geflit,

;/.

strife

;

n. pi. geflitu 59.

25.

prs.pl. folgien 30. 2, 108. 30. 101. fon, rv. seize, take, receive MPr. 9, xix. ; 15, gefon

n

;

23 8

GLOSSARY
forSy
12.
.
.

57. 14, 69. 15; on oSer weorc to fonne, take tip, begin 127. ind, prs, 2.s. fehst on ... 27 100. 7, 9; 3.5. gefehS 124. 9, xi. 89; pi. fo we ... on 101.
;

.

j>

40. 25, 43. 27, 147.

i psf. 2.s. gefenge 14. feng to rice 7. 5, 65. 28
;

10

;

$.s.

;

pp.

gefangen 18. 19, 48. 5, 83. 17. a) place, for, prep. 1) w. d. for sunnan before, in front of xxix. 26 ; for herigum xxvi. 57 ; clipian for corSre xxvi. 85. b] for in the sight of, as regards
; : : :

on foran, (Z^. in front, before Saet neb foran, in the face 36. wiS Saet mod foran v. 43 ; 24 wi$ $a eagan foran xx. 265 wiS ^one monan foran xxviii. fortihS mod foran, draws 47 in front of; forsceotaS hine
;

;

;

;

foran, anticipate
cf.

him 124,

ii,

xxvii. 19.
;
;

forbaernan, wv. trans, burn up 18. 20, 39. 19, ix. 9, xx. 115

Drihtne i. 64 for Gode iii. 10 for worulde n. 14, 20. 2, 23.
;
;

ii, 15, TI 3- 23, 138. 23. cause, owing to, on account of 88. 13. fa. Pr. 4 &c. fore, foil. c. d} purpose for goode deft 1 29.
:

ind. prs. $.s. forbsernft 34. 10, 80. 23, viii. 54; pst. $.s. forbgernde 127. 13. forbeodan, sv2. forbid; 103. 10;

;

forbiodan

ix.

54.
. .
.

:

i. ,2)= from, 45. 28 (of, B). a) iv. vbs. of reckon 2) iv.a. for ing, esteeming &c., for, as nauht to tellenne 56. 10 &c. and xxvi. 44, 50 wite Sit for soft 17. 20, 32. 32. ) instead
;
:
;

forberan, sv\. forbear, refrain from forberan he ne 104. ii //. forboren, borne with,
1>

;

;

forgiven 121.
pst.
3.^.

i.
;

forberstan, sv^. collapse
forbaerst 45. 19.

ind.
for-

forbregdan,

sv^. transform

;

of,

82. 26.

(}

compared with,

bredan 116. 14, xxvi. 75.

29. 5, 42.
benefit,

on behalf of:
advs.
a)

14, 116. 29, x. 9. d} for hine

forbugan,
37- 12.

svi.

avoid,
;

prevent

;

gebidde Pr.

12, cf. 22. 8.

3)
d.

forceowan,
?,.s.

svi. bite off

ind. pst.
;

Forming

and
;

conjs.

w.

&

inst.

interrog.

why?

62.

4 &c.

3*, 125. 7, 132. 6 15, 91. 25, 125. 28; forhwam 1 6. adv. therefore, forii. Saem, 12. 24, v. 29 &c. ; forfton vii. 40, xxix. 43 forfty 23. 21
;
/>)

forhwy, forhwi 124. w. sbj. 68.

forceaw 36. 23. forcierran, wv. avoid, escape

;

forcerran 142. 17. forcuman, sv\. destroy ; 80. 28 n. forculS, adj. depraved, wicked, bad comp. forcuSra 63. 10, in. 23; n. forcuSre 109. i; n. pi. forcu^ran 54. 22 ; sup.
;

&c.
13.

c] conj. because, forffsem ffe 13. 8, v. 38 &c. ; forifgem
;

wk. forcuSesta 41. 16
;

;

a. ivk.

forSsem $ 18. 32 ; 33, x. 66 &c. forfton 12. 5, xiii. 75 &c. ; forSon

forcuSestan 114. 16 //. n. U k. d. forcuSestum 37. 16, 37. 27
38. 2.

Se

-w. &c. 12. sbj. d} 3 forSsem, in order that 134. 5. fore] combinations, forSaem . be Sgem, for this reason therefore cause or because
. . . .
.

forcwe^an,
3.^.

sv$.

rebuke
;

;

ind. pst.

forcwoeS 61. 17fordon, anv. destroy
$.pl.

.

.

:

forSsem
15, 89.
;

.

.

.

1

6

;

forSy 63. forSaem
. .

.

.

24, 78. forffon

ind. prs fordoS 49. 32 sbj. prs. fordon 3.j. fordo xx. 130; pi10 fordyden pst. pi. 136. xxix. 45 pp. n. pi. m. fordone
;

;

;

forfty 76. 21 forSy 13. 17 or Sy . . . for&c. and x. 35 8aem (tfe) 82. 28 &c. and xx. fte 88. 19 &c. ; forSy 193
;
.

67. 4.

;

.

.

fordrifan, svi. drive out ot course pp. fordrifen 115. 22, 116. 4 a. wk. fordrifenan 116. 7.
;

;

GLOSSARY
fordrugian, wv. intrans. dry up pp. fordrugod xx. 104. fordwylman, wv. confuse, ob
scure
; ;

239
15,

10,

20,

131.

2,

16

;

d.

foreSonce 128. 24, 25, 29, 129.
12, 130. 29. foreflingian, wv. w. defend ind. $.s.
;

ind. prs. ^.pl. fordwil-

d.

plead

for,

14. 5. fordysilic, adj. very foolish ; for10. 42. dyslic

maS

Sa soo an gesihfte

foreSingafl

123. 19 123. 17.

;

sbj.

prs.

$.s. foretJingie

fore, prep. w. d. before, in front

forewat, swv. know beforehand
ind. prs.
^.s.

;

of
4-

;

him

.

.

.

fore

.

.

.

hangat? v.

128. 17.
;

forgiefan, sv$. give, grant

for-

forealdian,

wv. grow old, be
;

come
40.

obsolete
131.

ind. pst.
;

^.pl.

forealdodon 44. 6
2_7, 7.

pp. forealdod
;

gifan 19. 9, 62. 30, 78. 14, 26, 82. 24, 119. 28; ind. prs. $.s. forgifS 62. 23 pst. 2.s. forgeafe 81. 33, xx. 225 3..y. forgeaf 29.
;
;

foremsere, adj. eminent, famous wk. foremaera 37. 53. 21 &c. 5, 46. 21 g. wk. foremeran 46. 1 6* f. pi. n. foremaere 69. i wk. foremseran 139. 6 g. wk. foremserena 44. 25* (formaera a. foremaere 46. 28, x. 62 J)
; ; ;

9

imp. forgif 82. 6, 10, xx. 252 PP- forgifen 93. 21, 146. = forgiven 119. 21; n.pl. 1 5, 25;
;
!

;

f. forgifene 134. 24.

;

forgieldan, sv$. repay, requite
;

;

;

;

comp. n. pi. foremaerran 69. 2 sup. foremaerost 76. 26 ; n. pi.
forniEeroste 44. 4.

;

ind. prs. $.s. forgilt 149. 9. ind. prs. forgietaii, svx,. forget i.s. forgite 90. 2 ; 3.^. forgit 57.
2 forget 9. pst. $s. forgeat 148. 14 sbj. prs. forgite I 8. 20 &c. 90. pp. forgiten
1
,

1

iii.

6

;

1

;

;

foremeerlic, adj. eminent 75. 24. foremsernes,/. eminence, dignity
;

;

;

and xxiv. 46
forhealdan,
sbj. pst.

56. 10, 76. 4, 77. 24, 87. 14; formeernes 77. 14; g. foremaernesse 56. 24.

17, 86.

n.pl. m. forgitene 40. 26, 46. 29, x. 60.
;

rv. illtreat,

misuse

;

forerynel, m. forerunner, harbin
ger
;

%.pL forheolden 143. 26; pp. n. pi. m. forhealden 65. 18.

103. 26

;

foresceawung,

127. 19, 128. 146. 31 ; a. forescea136. 7*. foresceotan, sv2. anticipate, fore

n;

forrynel xxix. 25. /. providence d. forescea;

forhelan, sv\. conceal; 66. 17; pp. n. pi. m. forholene 40. 27. forhergian, wv. lay waste for;

wunge wunga
stall
;

heregian 34. 27.

ind. prs. ^.pl. forsceotaft

hine foran 124. n. foresprsec, /. pleading, defence
123. 18.

forhogian, wv. despise, neglect imp. pi. forhogiaft 35. 19*. forhwierfan, wv. transform pp. forhwerfed 116. 21*; n. pi. m.
;
;

;

forhwerfde xxvi. 86.

forhycgan, wv.
d.

foresprecen,
tioned
;

above men pi. wk. forespreceadj.

nan

7. 5*,

foretacn,
137- 27-

113. 14. n. foretoken,

presage

;

foreteohhung,/. predestination
ii.

;

foretiohhung 127. 20, 129. 3,7,
131. 140. 16, 21, 143. 18, 144. 4; d. foretiohhunge 139. 21 a. 142. 25. foreftanc, m. forethought, provi dence ; 129. 2; foregone 128.
;

despise, neglect forhigan 1 38. 1 6* imp. pi. forhycgaff 35. 19. forinllee, adv. thoroughly, ex ceedingly 94. 6. forinweardlice, adv. thoroughly, genuinely; 137. 15. ind. pst. forlaedan, wv. mislead ^.pl. forlaeddon ii. n. forsake 16. rv. leave, forleetan, forfeit 103. 9; 15, v. 26 &c.
;

;

;

^

;

;

;

forlsetan

t>

he ne,

desist

from

102. 33

;

to forlaetanne 16. 13;

240
to
forlaetenne
2.s.

GLOSSARY
forlsetest

prs.

116. 13*; 100. 8

ind.
;

3.^.

/r.r.

forlreteS xx. 157; forlaet 14. 3 &c. and x. 30, xvii. 24 ; let go, relax

forseah 61. 21, 68. 9; 2.j. forseo 20. 30*; pst. forsawe 61. 25, 62. 13 pp. forsewen 104. 17, 120.4, I2 4- 2 5
3..?.
;

49. 28; allow 49. 5; IretatJ 15. 7 &c. and
forlaete

pi. forxi.

81

;

forsawen 22. 18; n. pi. forsewene 104. 8, xiii. 37.

-m.
d.

wit

138.
;

7

;

pst.

i.s.

forsewennes,

f.

contempt
i.

;

forlet

13. 29

2.s. forlete
;
;

u.

5,

forsewennesse 12.

20. 31, 62. 5

s.s. forlet

52. 14

&c. and x. 66 //. forleton 44. 3; forletan 8. 10*; sbj. prs. forlaete 67. 29 &c. //. forlteten
;

forslawian, wv. hesitate, be loth sbj. pst. 2.s. forslawode 22. 7. forslean, sv6. kill 34. 26 //.
;
;

;

forslagen 37. 8*.

20. 32, 108. 29, 133. 5 pst.pl. forleten 64. 4; //. forlaeten 16. ion. d. wk. forlsetenan 95. 31.
; ;

forstandan, sv6. 12. 30 b} avail
;

)

understand
;

;

(a)

50.
^.s.

30

(a)

67. 8

(7>)

;

ind. prs.

forstent

forleosan, svi. lose; 17. 21, 59.
31
d.
;

u. 30
67. 16
(//>),

(a), 45. 22 (6), 47. i (b),
(<^),

ind. prs. $.s. forlyst 90. 32,

103. 20;

w.d. 113.8;
;

forlist

w.

in.
2.J.

/.tf.

3 //. forleosaft in. 5 ; forlure 15. 13 &c. ; %.s.

20 67. 14 (b}, stande 47. 10 (a).
forstelan, sv^. steal
forstele 71. 17.

pst. 3.^. forstod 45. sbj. prs. forsbj.

;

prs.

2.s.

forleas 148. leose 87. 6;
//!>.

16;
/.tf.

prs. forforlure 17. 21
sbj.
;

forswelgan, sv$. swallow, absorb
vii.

;

forloren 15. 2 &c. forlorena 24. 27.
.

;

n. pl.f.

14.
;

forsweltan, sv$. die
;

ind. prs. ^.s.

forlicgan, sv$ commit fornicati on //. forlegen, adulterous, impure
xviii. 9.

forswilt 70. 21.

forswigian, wv. trans, pass over
in silence, ignore pp. forsugod, forswugod* 40. 28.
;

forlustlice, adv. very cheerfully, willingly; 51. 18. n. 29. forlytel, adj. very little n. pi. f. forlytla 26. 8 each 5 written as one word in C.
:
;

;

very strongly; excessively 40. 8. sv2. forteon, a} cover ; b~) lead ind. prs. ^.s. fortihS astray;
xxii.

forswlfte,

adv.

forma, wk. adj. first 34. 10, viii. 55 ;/ forme 33. 21, viii. 4, 38. 6 d. forman 95. 32. formicel, adj. very much, very
;

34 (a) 95. 12 (dj.

;

sbj.

prs.

%.s.

fortio

;

fortru-wian, wv. be over-confident ind. pst. rflx. Su Se fortruwudest

;

great

;

n. 93.

I.
;

forneah, adv. very nearly, almost

US-

32.

18. 21 *; sbj .prs. 3.^. fortruwige 138. 26. fortruwung, f. presumption ; d.

forscieppan, sv6. transform; forsceoppan to Icon 116. 16*. forsearian, wv. intrans. wither;
ind. prs. ^.s. forsearaS 91. 22 pp. forsearod 131. 7. forseon, sv$. despise, neglect; forsion 71. 30, xxiv. 7; to forind. prs. seonne 56. 3, 75. 12 %,$. forsiehS 46. 14; forsihft 27. forseo^ 45. 29, vii. 42 9, 45. 29*; pi. forseoS 57. 16*, 61. 15*; forsioS 44. 31, 63. 3, 130. 17* forseo we 18. 12 pst.
;
; ;

fortruwunga
fortS,

9. 7*.

adv.

1)

forward; 79.
14, xxiv. 26.

14,

forth, motion, 103. 12, 105.

2)
xiii.

forth;

xi.

17, 42,

time, hence xxi. 8, xxv.
40,
xvii.

70;
xx.

a forS 17;
xi.

28,

forS

ever

94

;

on symbel, for 7 swa forS, sub
3) swa for?? as far as ... 32. such ftset ... to

sequently 122. 4.

swa swa ... swa forft 4
;

;

;

an extent that ... 75, 23. foiftbringan, wv. bring forth,

GLOSSARY
produce,

241
3) separationfrom, 38. 18, to78. 5, ii. 15;

accomplish;

43. 21, 29;
;

word

f.

9. 27*, utter xxvi.

&c.
60.

24,

w

.

79; forSbrengan 34 forSgebrengan prs. 3.J-. forS ne

66.
x.

18,

no.
;

sceadan, todaelan

&c.

84.
i.

28

;

62

ind.
54.

&c.

c) sottrce,

from Gode wisse
72,

bring 5

12*; forSbrengeS xxix. 70; forSbrengS 136. 2O*;//. bringaS symle forft no. 34. for Sencan, rflx. despair ind. prs. 3.^. hine forSencS 19. 31 sbj. prs. %.s. hine for Sence 138. 27 pst. Su 8e forSohte 19.
?<yz/.

;

place, 39. 27 &c. and \. 14; time, 44. 22, 79. 12, xx. 10. e) agent, by, 62. 12, 66. 22,- xx. 245. 2) adv. away; 8. 12, 81. 10, 114.
adj. ready to depart n.pl.f. fromwearde 26. 2*. frea, wm. lord xvii. 9 g. frean xi. 40, 67 ; a. xxvi. 63 //.
;
; ;

12. 22, cf. 13. 6, 79. 23, xx. 35. d} from ... 08:

;

;

n. framweard,

30; //. forSoht,
29,
i.

in despair 19.

82.

fortJforleetennes, f.
forSforlsetnesse 12.

licence
2.

;

d.

freadryhten, m. lord
drihtnes xxvi.
9.

;

g.

frea-

foiftryccan, wv. oppress, afflict ; //. n. pi. m. forUrycte 9. 25. forage witan, svi. depart, die pp. m. pi. n. forSgewitene 46. a. 46. 28. 25, x. 52 forwel, adv. very well 40. 8. forweorUan, sv$. perish; 71. 7
; ;
;

n. pi. free, adj. greedy, covetous w.g. hi firenlusta frece ne weeron
;

viii.

15.
;

&c. and
prs.
2.s.
3.J-.

xviii. 6, xxi. 34 zW. forweorSeS xi. 85 pst. forwurde 13. 28; sbj. prs.
;
;

frecenlic, adj. dangerous n. 30. 16, xix. 2; frecendlic 73. 23*; comp. a. n. frecenlicre 119. 15. frecennes, /. danger, hardship; frecenes, frecennes* 50. 17; g. frecennesse 48. I, 93. 12.

forweorftnn 89. 19. forweoi Sfullic, adj. very distin
$.pl.

frecne,
a.

adj. dangerous,

wicked

;

wk. frecnan

guished

;

65. 15.

frecnan 34.
58.

27. 5 ; //. a. wk. 12; n. frecnu viii.
feel,

forwiernan,

wv. w. d. and g. prevent, restrain forwernan 144. 28 ; ind. prs. 3.^. forwyrnS 49. 22*; pp. hire biS forwerned hire gecyndes 93. 17.
;

gefredan, wv.
22, 23,

perceive

146. 4;

145. ind. prs. 3.$.
;

gefretQi. 15. gefrednes, f. feeling, perception
145. 19, 22.

;

/. destruction ; d. forwirde 70. 20. fostorfseder, m. foster-father ; a. 66. 24.

forwyrd,

fremde,

adj. strange, foreign ; g. fremdra ; //. g. f. fremdre iii. 45. 2; d. fremdmn 17. 28, 31.

n

fostormodor,
a.
8. 27.

f.

fostermodor*,

foster-mother fgestermodor
;

n. fet 147. 5 ; g. fot, ; //. fota 107. 13, 15; d. fotum 10. 20, iv. 39, xxxi. 8, 10.

m. foot

25; frsemdum 24. n*; fremde 29. 29* wk. fremdan 9. 13, 29. 27. fremman, wv. perform, accom
a.

26, 32. n.

;

plish

;

1

06.
i.

T

3

;

ind. pst.

$.s.
;

fox, m. fox; 114. 28. gefrsege, 1) n. inquiry, informa tion ; d. mine gefrsege, as I have heard xx. 82, 248. 2) adj.

45 gefremede ix. 33 PP gefremed 128. 12. freruu, f. advantage 30. 10, 60.
;

fremede

;

27.

famous xx. 2. fram, 1) prep. w.d.
;

a) motion, from, 14. 19*, 16. 6*, 17*, 20. 28*, xxiv. 2; from, fq. 17. 7

freo, adj. 89. 6 n. ; freoh 148. 24; a, freone 142. 3; f. frige 142. 7 //. freo, frige* J 44- 3 8- friora xxi. 2 ; a. freo 142. 9.
free
; ;
>

R

242
freedom, m. freedom;
142. 12
d.
;

GLOSSARY
127. 21,
;

g,

freodomes 142. 9
II.
;

freodome
a.

25,

142.
8

22,

79. 13, 136. 31 ; set fruman 129. 18, 142. 27, xvii. 13, 26; from fruman xx. 10 a. 58. 9, 69. 18,
;

143. 28, 146. 32

frydome 146.
;

&c. freedom 89. 32*; friodom 140. 23, 27, 30, 141.
2, xxi. 8.

= forma, adj.
sceaft

147. 27, 29, 148.
first

i, xvii. 2.
;

2)

d. Sgere fru

man gecynde

= frumsceaft
first

69. 24* ; 69. 27*, 31*.

a.

fruman

freogan, wv.
1

set free

;

ind. prs.

frumcierr, m.

time

;

d. aet

gefreoo 47. 23. freollce, adv. freely; friolice 45.
3..y.

27.

freolsian, wv.

deliver pp. gefreolsod 144. 9. freond, m. friend ; xxx. 3 ; g.
;

frumcerre, at once 145. 25. frumsceaft, f. creation, origin ; & d. frumsceafte 58. 8, xxix. 7 frumsceaft xvii. 24.
;

frumstol, m. original
xx. 125
;

seat,

home
;

;

a. xx. 63.

freondes 54. 15, freonde xxv. 16
;

67.

24;

d.

a. friend

in.
;

d. frymtJ, f. origin, beginning set frymtSe xi. 38, 77, xiii. 13,

18*; pi. n. friend 8. 13*, 48. 19*, 54. 9; frend 67. 16, 18 a. g. freonda 48. 8, 67. 15* freond 54. 20*; friend 54. 17*; frend48. 15; frind48. 15*,5O.2*.
;

xxix. 38.

fugol, m. bird
fugle xxiv.
;

freondrseden, f. friendship
xi. 82.

;

d.
;

freondrsedenne 49. 33, 50. 3

a.

fugl xxvii. 24 ; d. \pl.g. fugla 57. 20, xxvii. 19 d. fugelum 115. 4*; fuglum 121. 15*, 124. 8, xxvii. ii a. fugelas xiii. 48. d. pi. fulum ful, adj. dirty, foul
;

i

;

;

115;

7-

freondscipe, m. friendship
53. 20
;

d.

full, 1) adj.

full,
i.
;

complete; 22.
9
;

a. 7. 8, xi. 90, 94.
ix. 27.
;

9 &c.

and

full

man,

friegan, sv$. inquire, learn; //.
gefrigen

frignan, sv$. ask, inquire

ind.

pst. 3.^. frsegn, fran* 8. 26, 9.

sbj.prs. 3.3. sefter frigne xxii.
(or take as

4 46
;

ful 23. 20*, iv. perfect 114. 8 36, ix. 5; wk. fulla no. 19, 126. 13; /. wk. fulle 83. 21, wk. 85. 17 ; n. full 83. 8 &c.
;

compound
;

?)

;

pp.
;

fulle 83. _5, fulles xxviii.

84.

i,

90.

15; g.

41

;

a. fullne 39. 3,

frugnen xxii. 52. fritt, m.n. d] protection peace d. frioe 60. g. friSes i. 35 (b} 6 n. (a).
;
<)

;

friftian, ivv. protect ind. prs. %.s. friSa S 91. 24 ,pst. 3.-$-. gefrioSode 133- ii.
;

friftstow, f. refuge; 89.
16.

n,
xxi.

xxi.

2; fulne 25. 22, no. 18, n. full /. fulle 78. 13 inst. fulle 103. 18, 109. 88. 28 14 pi. n. fulle 113. 31 f. fulla 65. 12 wk. fullan 88. 29, 78. 8 a.f. fulla 77. 19, 82. 24, 88. 28 wk. fullan fulle 78. 22, 88. 18 n. sup. fullast 84. 2 77. 23

in.

xxi. 8

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

fullest
:

83.

12.

2)

a</z/.

fully,

frofor, f. consolation
frofer 50. 12,

16

;

89.
iii.

n*;

frofr

quite \fq. 24. 7 &c. and xxiv. 17, xxvi. 17 ful 12. 26 &c. (equally
;

(error for hrof) 52. 24
8. 3, i. 79, ii. 12, frofres 9. 17*.
froforboc,/".

u

;

frofre
;

masc.

common]. fullfremman,

book of consolation, translation of the Latin title De
Consolatione
;

wv. accomplish, complete; 106. 13, in. i; to fulfremmanne 19. 23 ind. prs.
;

froferboc*, frofr-

boc 50. 6. fruma, 1) win. beginning, origin d. fruman 52. 21, xx. 275 &c.
;

;

fullfremeS 103. 19 sbj.prs. 3.J. fullfremme 103. 17; pp. fullfremed, complete, perfect in. 3, 128. 13; n. wk. fullwk. fulfremede fremede 83. 6
3.^.
; ;

/

GLOSSARY
g.
78. 10; a. n. fulfremed 73. 19 pL fulfremedra 41. 12.
;

2 43
;

;

fylgan, wv. w.

fullfremednes, f. perfection

g.

fullfremednesse 84. 9. fullgan, anv. w. d. accomplish, perform fulgan 19. 21, 124. 28; fulgan 9. 25*5 fulgangan 18. 4;
;

d. follow vii. i fylgean 64. 5*; ind. pst. 3.^. fylgde xxvi. 54 filgde, fyligde* 102. 32.
; ; ;

gefyllan, wv.

ind. prs. $.s. fulgaeS 70. 16, 109. 14, 131. 14; 3.^. fuleode
j>j/.

fill, satisfy 25. n, 28. 21, 31. 24, 38. 15 ind. prs. 28. 12; gefyllft 62. 3.s. gefylS 28*; pst. 2.s. fyldest 82. 5*;
;

3.^.
3.J-.

gefylde xx. 247

;

sbj.

prs.

23; j^/. ^n\ observe 16. 32
;

12.

2.j.
3.5-.

fulgonge, fulga 53.
;

gefylle 19. 4; pp. gefylled 19. 6, 60. 17 ; n. pi. m. gefylde
;

25*.
fully, perfectly fq. comp. fullicor 74. 28. fullmannod, adj. fully populated; a. n. fullmonnad 40. 17. fullneah, adv. very nearly, al

71. 15.
adz/,

fulHce,

fylst,/ help
fyr, n. fire
;

d. fylste xxiii. 7.
;

28. 25 &c.

;

34. 7, ix. 12 &c. g. fyres 34. 27, 80. 26, xx. 83, 121, 125 d. fyre 80. 10 &c. and xx. in, 148, xxiv. 12 ; a. fyr 18. 20
;

58. 14*; fulneah/^. 10. 23 &c. and xviii. 4. d. trust ind. fulltruwian, ze/z/.

most;

&c.

and

xx. 153;
fiery
7.
;

fir

80. 21*.

fyren, adj.

f.

wk. fyrene

z<y.

;

135. 26, xxix.

prs.
rite

2.pi.

fultruwiaS 60. 23.

fyrmest, adv.

chiefly,

most

;

fulluhtfteawas, m.
;

32.5
a. pi.

d.

pi. baptismal fulluhtfteawum i. 33.
;

(furemest B). fyrs, m. furze, furze-bush;
fyrsas 51. 29,
xii.

fullwyrcan, wv. complete 99. 15. fultum, m. help, support g. fultumes 31. 20, 59. 29, 65. 17,
;

3.
;

fyrftran, wv. advance, help on 125. 3; ind. prs. $.$. fyrfrraS
91. 24; pst. \.s. gefyrSrede 20. 12 pp. n. pi. m. gefyrSrode 9. 28*.
;

75. 8; fultomes 59. 32, 96. 32, fultume 66. 19, 104. 97. 2 fultome 101. i ; a. fultum 19 4779- 3, xxxi. 8.
;
<af.

;

7>

fultumian, fulteman, wv. w.
help
;

d.

G.

gefulteman 71. 21 n.; ind. prs. 3.j. fultumaS 147. 6; fultegefultumade 13. 28; gefultumede 7. 23*. fundian, ze/z/.move (towards), tend to "^ 5 1 - 7; A^- 3-y;

ma5

xxv. 21

/jtf.

3..$-.

gadertang, adj. united gadrian, wv. bring
;

;

xxii. 39.

s;

fundaS 106. 10, xiii. 14 pi. fundiaS fq. 82. 5 &c. and xx. 239, 280 sbj. prs. 3.^. fundie
; ;

together, collect, unite; gegadrian 55. 25 gegaderian 53. 29, 108. l to gadrianne 19. 8 ind. prs.
;

;

2.s.

31.
3.J.

gaderast 31. 13* gaderast 16*; gegsederast 82. 2; gadraS 28. 3, 61. 10
; ;

fundige 89. 6, 92. 18. furh,/. furrow d. //. furum 12.9.
; ;

xxi. 2

furttor,

adv. further, more 49. 14*; furSur 50. 30, 99. 22, 102.
;

21, 27.

furSum, adv. a) time, .103. 12, 108. 8. b)

first, just,

even,

so

&c.;fq. w. ne ne furSon 34. 4, viii. 32 &c. 34. 2 ge furSum, aye, and even, fq. 24. 30 &c. ge furSon 39.
as, 42. 31
;

much

gegadraS xi. 90 gaderaS 27. 30* gegaderaS 53. 1, 84. 24;?. gegsederaS 50. 2* pi. gegaderiaS 9. 6* gegaderigaS 24. 10* pst. 3..r. gegaderode 69. 23* sbj. prs. gegaderige 31. 29, 60. 28* gegaederige, absol. or w. obj. omitted, concentrate
; ; ;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

(himself, his thoughts) 95. 2* pi. gegaderien 73. 17; pp. gegadrod 92. 26 gegadrad 61.
; ;

22*, 23*, 70. 24*.

II,

90.

10

;

gegaderod, ccm-

R

2

244
;

GLOSSARY
;

n. pi. n. pacted 96. 14* gegaderode gegadrade 90. 7 1 5 96. gegaderade 76. 5 gegagegaderudu 113. 16 derede 76. 3; gederode95. 14*; gegaderod 96. 17. gadrung, f. bringing together, collecting; gegaderunc 75. 19;
; ;
;

136. 15; 17- 2 5, 9 2 J 5; geare, yearly 64. 14 ; #. ger 23; //. geara 44. 17, 19, iv. 17, xix. 27,xxiv. 12, xxix.
-

on
65. 25, 56,

a. 59, 66; geo geara 70. 25 gear 44. 23, 115. 19, xxviii. 30. i. i, ix. geara, adv. long ago 9,
;
;

xx. 52.

gselan, wv. hinder, impede
prs. $.s. gsele vii. 51. geers, n. grass; xx. 98. gafol, n. tribute, tax
35- ? 2
-

jz.

gegadrunga

55. 27.
;

gearmJelum, adv. year by year
sbj.
i.

;

5.
;

;

d.

gafole
;

gal, adj.

wanton, frivolous
sz>6.

d. ivk.

galan 115. 3. galan, sing gol vii. 2.

a. gearo, adj. ready 107. 32 gearone vii. 34. ivm. gearowita, full, perfect understanding gearowito 146. 2 3* a gearo witan, superior to gesceadwisnes 130. 30.
;
;
>

;

ind.

pst.

3.5".

gearwe,
;

adv.

oughly gen. w. witan
;
;

completely, thor geare 1 2.
;

gamen,

n.

amusement, sport

d. him gamenes ix. 19 gamene ix. 9, 46. gan,gangan, anv. go, walk 8.
;

g. to

26, 98. 20, 103. 6, 122. 28, xx. 94, xxviii. 80; geara 26. 5, 31.

17*;
16,

geare,

geara*,

once

w.

107. 13, 15, 108. 8. 9, 23; rflx. 8e gan 33. 12 gangan xxxi. 8 gongan iv. 17; ind. prs. ^s.
; ;

geman 96. 6. gearwian, wv. make
nish
1
; ;

ind. prs.

3.^.

ready, fur gearwatJ 136.

6* //. geared, gegyrewod* 32.
n. gate
;

gaeS 27. 17, 47. 25, 126. 12, walks 107. 147. 9, xxxi. 16 18 pst. 3.^. pi. gaS 14. 10 code 8. 24, 102. 21, 26, 103.
; ; ;

27.

geat,

sbj. imp. pi. gaS 139. 5 pst. prs. 3-J. gange xxviii. 38 101. eoden pi. 30. gegartgan, anv. overrun, invade
;
;
;

n

gatu 102. n*. janitor; 102. 16. 8. 6*, geo, adv. formerly, of old geo geara 7*, 9. 22*, 15. 13 70. 25*, ii. I, x. 34 ; iisual form
a. pi.

geatweard,

;;/.

;

;

gio 13. 3,
45- 4
i.
5

ii.

6 &c.

;

gio
iu

dagum
34
2 3,

;

g iu

34-

3*

5

gegongan

i.

12.
;

i.
;

garsecg,?/z. ocean ix. 41 ; d. ? ligS ut on garsecg xvi. 12. 93. 6, xxii. gast, m. spirit, soul
;

geoc, n. yoke
40. i*
;

gioc

ix.

a. 46. 9 ; 55, x. 20.
;

geoc

39

;

g-

Pl

-

gasta xxi. 43.
;

geocsa, wm. sobbing ii. 5. geogofthad, m. (period of) youth
giogofthad 122. 4. geoloca, ivm. yolk of egg
a.
;

;

n. pi. n. gastlic, adj. spiritual gastlicu 87. 2. gastlice, adv. spiritually; n. 15,

gioleca
;

xx. 170.

148. 28. ge, conj. and (atque), fq.

geomann, m. man
ind. prs.

of old

g. pi.

;

often
.
. . .

w.
ge
.

eac 10.

12. 4, ix. 2

ge n. ge, pron. n. pi. you &c. See also eow.
;

10 &c. ge &c. segSer ge 31 &c.
6, xi.
;

giomonna i. 23. geomerian, wv. mourn, lament
2.s.

;

.

;

8. 22, x.

63

geador, adv. together xiii. 49. g. pi. gealdor, n. incantation
; ;

geomrast 15. 3 prs. p. geomriende. geomerung,/". mourning, lamen tation geomerunge*, geomrunga ii. i.
;
</.

;

geomor,
giomor
84-

adj.
ii.

sad,
;

sorrowful

;

galdra xxvi. 53. gear, n. year; 17. 24;

3

d.

wk. geomran

i.

d.

geare

GLOSSARY
geond, prep. w.
over
g.
;

2 45
cast (metal)
;

a. x.

throughout,
58, xxxi. 3,

geotan, sv2. pour,
pp.
to

w. eorSan
fela iv.
;

anum wegge gegoten
;

43-4, 53- 7, 68. 22. 147.
burga
iv.
;

3.;

90. 8.

42

;

g. foldan

giedd, n. song, poem
2
;

a.
d.

sceat
viii.

5

52 g. eofSan sceat g. weorulde viii. 8, cf.

pi.

ged
i.

ii.

5

;

gyd vii. giddum
;

57. 2, xiii.

41, ix. 58, xiii. 65 ; g. Sas masran gesceaft xi. 73, cf. xx. 19; g. Bretene xx. 99; g. Sisne sidan grund xx. 127, cf. xxix.
viii.

gieddian, wv.
24
9.
;

sing,

recite
;

64.

gieddigan 73. 22

giddian

10*, 39. 16, 48. 22, 51. 28*, 60. 27*, 71. 4; giddigan 48. 22*, 60. 27, 64. 24* ; gyddian ind. pst. 46. 2 ; giddien 9. 29* 2.s. giddodest 12. 22 3.^. giddode, used in formula, 21. I
; ;

60

;

g.
i,

middangeard
xxvii.

xx. 193,
:

cf.

giond g. ealle Romana mearce 64. 12 g. eorSricu iv. 37 g. worulde xi 45 g- gesceaft xi. 63; g. eorSan xx. 106 g. werSioda
; ; -

xxi.

12;

&c.

;

gyddode

i.

84

;

geoddode

;

26. 22*.

xxiv. 35.

geondliehtan, wv.
illuminate
12.
;

shine

over,

giefan, svfr. give; gifan 71. 24, 78. 23; ind. prs. 2.s. gifst Si. 34 ;
gifS 65. 3, 113. 9, 119. 32, i, 147. 15 pst. 3.j. geaf 142. 9; sbj. prs. 3.j. gife 27. 22 prs. p. gifende 148. 19 ; pp. gifen xvi. 10. giefol, adj. freely giving, liberal ; giful 119. 31. giefu,/". gift, grace; gifu 22. 24, 120. i; gifo 119. 32; d. gife a. 62. 22, 142. ii 119. 28, 142. 9, n, 146. 9 ; //. n. gifa, 21 gifta* 40. g. 17. 15 ; gifena
3.j.

geondlihtan
svi.

xxx.

120.

;

geondscinan,
v.

141. 16, 44; geondscint? 86. 9*.

illuminate ; ind. prs. %.s.

;

geondstyrian, wv.
tate
;

pp. geondstyred
svi.
;

geondwlitan,
look over

up, agi vi. 15. see through,

stir

ind. prs. 3.^. geond-

wlitetS xxx. 15.

;

geong,
;

geongne, giungne* 20. 6 n. giongne 20. 10 f. giunge xxvi. 67 n. pi. geonge 22. 26*; giunge 22.
adj.
; ;

young;

a.

;

17. 17*; d. gifum 27. gifa 8 1. 34, xx. 227.

21;

a.

26, xxvi. 86.

gieldan, sv$. pay, reward, requite
follower,
i.

;

geongra,
disciple
;

wm. young
n. pi.

georn,

adj.

desirous,

gingran 9. 5*. eager
;

ind. prs. %.s. gilt 141. 9, 142. 8 - 33 13, sbj. prs. 3.*. gelde

H
;

;

pst. 3.j. xxvii. 26.
;

144. 6

guide 124. 13,
;

georne, adv. eagerly, earnestly 11 times, 16.22 and xx. 31, xxi. 20; carefully 91. 24; gionne
xxix. 3
;

;

gielp,

sup. geornost xxv. 27,

xxvii. 29.

geornfull, adj. desirous, eager, earnest; 51. 9; d. wk. geornfullan 51. 24 n. pi. geornfulle
;

boasting, glory, fame 47- i*, 56. gilp 42. 21* gelp x. 17 gylp 68. 29 g. gilpes 41. 12*, 45. 21*, 71. 2 vii 15; gelpes 45. 21, x. d. gilpe 9. 7*, 13; gylpesi. 9 45. 8, MPr. 8, x. 69 gelpe 45. 8 a. gielp 68. 12 gilp 46. 3* ;
in.

55- 7
;

i5*>

;

;

-

7>

;

;

;

;

73- 32, xix. 27.

geornfullice, adv. earnestly

;

50.

46. gelp gylp gielpan, sv^. w. g. boast
;

x. 2

ix.

;

gilpan

geornfullnes,/.
d.

geornllce, adv.
fully
;

desire, eagerness geornfulnesse 54. 3, 7. earnestly, care

;

29. 18, 20, ix. 19; ind. prs. 2.s. gilpst 30. 29 ; 3.j. gilptS 68. 29 ;

7 times, 9.

29 &c.

imp. gilp 29. 20 sbj. prs. 3-//. gilpen 66. 5. gielpscaUa, wm. boastful enemy
;

246
or criminal
49.
;

GLOSSARY
"

a.

gelpscaSan

ix.

I
3>"

gimrna
d.

3;
;

gimmum u.
a.

28. 27, 29. i, xiv. 27, 28. 29,

gieman, wv. w. g. heed, care for ind. prs. 3.5. geman xxxi. I gymS MPr. 8 $.pl. gimdon * 33- 3 1 gemdon 33. 26*, viii.
;
;
;

34. 12, 64. 26; i, xix. 9, 22.
n.

gimmas
;

74.

kind of jewel g. gimmeynn, a. gimcyn gimcynnes 60. 29
;

10

;

imp. gem, observe xxix.
;

3.

74.

2

;

d. pi.

gimcynnum
jewelled

viii.

giemeleast.yi carelessness, negli d. gimeleste 44. 2 a. gence giemelieste, gemeleste* u. 12. giemen, f. care, heed gemen
;
;

57, xv. 4, xxv. 6.

gimmreced,
palace;
a.

n.

hall,

gimreced viii. 25. ginfeest, adj. abundant, liberal
;

;

27.

13*, 70. 28,
70. 30*.

vii.

51

;

d.

ge-

menne
gierela,

a.pl.f. ginfsesta gifa xx. 227. giscian, wv. sob prs. p. gisciende
8. 8.

dress, clothing ; gegerela 30. 20 n. ; d. gegerelan in. 26. for

wm.

git,

giernan, wv. w. g.
;

desire, long to girnanne 90. 13; ind. prs. 2.s. girnst 71.27; pi. girnatJ 35- 25, 43. 3 geornaS 43. 3*
;
;

gltsere, miser;
.

pron. you two d. inc 19. 28. m. covetous person,
;

34. n, 38. 14, 65. 26, 114. 26; g. gitseres 38. 29; d. gitsere 60. 28; gietsere 19-9;
a. pi. gitseras 28. 3.
;

9* pi. girndan 33. 24*. gierwan, wv. get ready, adorn
; ;

pst. l.s. girnde 40.

gltsian, wv. w. g. covet
gitsati 59. 26.

ind.

$.s.

gltsung, f, covetousness, greed
109.
5, vii.
;

;

ind. prs. 3.^. giere S xxix. 59 pst. giredon viii. 25 ; pp. n. pi. m. gegerede xxv. 6.
3-/>/.

;

26. 29, 28. 3, 34. 7, 40. 7, 60. 20,
viii.

giese, adv. yes gise la gese 39. 30*; gyse 87. 12. giet, adv. yet, still often w. comp. 12. 26 &c. zf.nu, fta, 43. 8&c. giet usual form in C, 12. 26; xx. 20 &c., but hardly occttrs in B git about 6 times in C and about 12 times in B get about 20 times in C and about 8 times in B; gyt 51. 14*; geot 105.
;
;

15, 46 gitsunc d. 43 g. gitsunge x. 13 51.8; gidsunge 71. 16; a.
;

viii.

;

gitsunga 17. 29, 19. 18, 26. 28 21* 28. gitsunge 17. 29*,
;

;

;

;

;

gidsunga 17. 30 //. g. gitsunga 19. 7; a. 31. 23, 38. 15, 29.
gleed,
adj.

;

gladu 14. 14,

bright, pleasant; f. v. II.

;

glees, n. glass; d. glase

n.

26.
;

21*;
7
;

gieta

viii.

12;
viii.

geta

vii.

3,

gita xxiii. 33, xxiv.

46.
gif, conj. if
;

gleeshluttor, adj. clear as glass f. glseshlutru 14. 12*; a. f. glashlutre v. 8. gleaw, adj. shrewd, wise; boca gleaw i. 52 n. 16. 20.
;

fq.
;

;

27 &c. 49 &c. gifernes, f. greed g. gifernesse 102. 32 d. 70. 1 8. gifre, adj. a) greedy b} desirous, 50. 23 (), 102. 32 (a). eager v. giefu. gift, gigant, m. giant; 99. 7; pi. n. d. gigantes, gigantas* 98. 30
12,
i.
;

gen. w. subj. Pr. w. ind. 9. 18, iv.

glengan,
3.J.

wv. adorn

;

ind. pst.

geglengde 64. 26, xv. 4; pp. geglengde xxv. 10. glidan, svi. glide ind. prs. %.s.
;

;

glided xx. 170, xxviii. 39, xxix.
27.

;

;

gliwian, wv. sing; gliowian 26.
22*.

;

glrwword, n. song, poem gliowordum vii. 2.
gnastt, m. gnat
;

;

d. pi.

gigantum 98. 33.

n. pi.

gnaettas

gimm, m. gem,
23
;

jewel;

gim

xxii.

36.8.

pi. n.

gimmas

73. 27, 89.

gnornian, wv. grieve; 138. j6,

GLOSSARY
19;
ind. prs.
$.pl.

247
19,

gnorniaft
;

godes 76.

no. 25,135.
6* &c.
;

16; d.

24. 13.

goode
f. grief, lamentation
12.
iii.

71. 13, 89.

gode

gnornung,

13. 4; gnornunge

d.

4; gnornunga 10; a. gnornunga
;

44. 28, 114. 9, 141. 6, iii. 10 ; a. good; god 22. 14, 56. 27, 88. 25; god 1 06. 34, 107. 8, 143.

9. 14, 15. 21

72.//.
;

1

6. 8.
;

19
;

;

good god, 1) adj. good v. fq. is usual form in C, god in B xr. god in C are given; god 35. 13; -wk. gooda, goda 104. 2 &c. f. good, god 47. 22 god 138. 4 n. good, god 28. 11 & goodes, godes 38. 28, ix. 62; godes 119. 12; w. goodan, godan 35. 10* godan
<T/"

56. 7

pi. n. good ; g. gooda ; goda d. goodum, godum 39. 13, ;

88.29; # good, god 18. 10, 29. 25 god 27. 10*. god, m. 1) god; 98. 28, 109. 21,
9, 3 1
;

;

;

;

115. 24, 28 ; a. 115. 26, 116. I pi. n. godas 113. 19, 114. 20;
g.

;

>

49>

27;

goda 109. 17; a. godas 115. godu 98. 28, 102. ii. 2)

;

113. 27; d. goodum, godum 128. 32 f. goodre xxii. 42 &c. ; wk. goodan, godan 18. 22 ; a.
;

12. 19 &c., often difficult ; to distinguish from god (2) ; in the t^vo are occasionally

God

C

goodne, godne 38. 33, 53. 22, 42 wk. godan 123. 28 pi. m. gode f. n. goode, gode 35. 23 1 06. wk. goodan, godan 33 104. 20; g. goodra, godra 18.
i.
;

;

;

;

God -being written good, or god 83. 27, 84. 2, 13, 26, 87. 30, 94. 4, 109. 1 6, 17; occurs about 170-175 times in all ; g. Godes 11.7 &c. ; d. Gode a. God 38. 26 &c. 9. 29 &c.
confused,
;

1 6,
i-

45.

45

j

godena

20, 125. ii, godra xxvii. 29 ; wk. 1 6 d. goodum, 2, ; 45. 39.

23,

124.

godcund,

adj.

Godlike,
;

divine
;

;

godum

41. 6, 125. 10; godum 113. 32, 118. 27, 125. 9, 139. 17 ; a. goode, gode 39. 14 wk. goodan, godan 37. 30 ; f. gooda 62. 15 ; n. goode, gode 79. 28*; good xx. 45 ; comp. betera 2I 23, 35- l6 7 2 - J 27- 2 132. 15; betra 28. 12, 131. 30, 132. 26, 146. 23 ;/ betere 18. 32, 72. 24, 146. 24, xii. 19, xx. 187 ; n. betere about 10 times, 20. 28 &c. ; betre about 4 times,
;
>

wk. godcunda 39. 29 &c. f. godcund 127. 20 wk. godcunde 128. 16 &c. n. godcund 127. 20; g. wk. godcundan 135. 5; d. wk. 99. 1 8 &c. a. godcundne 26. 25 wk. godcundan 25. 15 godcundan 79. 3 without arti
;
; ; ; ;

cle,

7>

4>

>

136. 7; d.pl. godcundum 54. II, 141. I, 143. 12.
;

godcundlic,
;

g. godadj. divine cundlices 32.2; ^.godcundlicum a. n. ivk. godcundlice 148. 25

129. 29.

godcundlice, adv. divinely;
;

31. 27.

84. 17 &c.
a. 71. 22
;

21

;
-

g. beteran xxv. 29 ; n. betere 83. 25, 85. betre 18. 33; n. pi. betran
;

godcundnes, f. divine quality, Godhead 85. 28 g. godcund;

nesse 100.
132. 24.

ii,

31
;

;

a.

85. 32,

JS

J
3>

34-

1

6

;

sup. betstxxx.

4; wk. betsta no. 26, 132. 26; ;z. betst 53. 21 &c. a. wk. betstan 114. 15 pi. n. wk. 130. 8; g. wk. betstena 69. 14; d. betstum 45. 20; wk. betstan 130. 8. 2) sbst. n. good good usual form in C, 37. 21 &c. god
; ;

godnes, jf. goodness goodnes 100.
16, 114. 19, xx. 31 godnes 79. 21*, 84. 24, 90. 21 godnes
; ;

113. 27; 100. 21.

g.

goodnesse 98.
;

2,

;

godwebb,

n. fine cloth

godweb
29;
g.

;

about 12 times, 29. 6 &c.

29. 5, 83. 6, 98. 21 ; g. 52. 21 &c. ; godes 13. 18 &c.

god goodes
; ;

28. 31 ; a. viii. 25. gold, n. gold; 27. 28, goldes xiv. 3; d. golde

28, 19. 5, 34.

n,

viii.

27, 57, xv. 4,

n.

248

GLOSSARY
grymetodan 116. 18*; grymetedon xxvi. 81. guma, wm. man x. 69 g. pi.
pst. $.pl.
; ;

xxv. 6; a. gold 33. 9, 73. 25, 140. 14, 16, xix. 6. goldhord, mn. hoard of gold, treasure a. 140. 12.
;

gumena
xxvi. 37.

139. 6, ix. 41, xxv. 27,

goldsmiS. m. goldsmith (Weland) g. goldsmiSes 46. 17, x. 34.
grieg,

;

gumrinc, m. man g.pl. gumrinca
;

a^

grafan, grof viii. 57.

grey sv6. dig
.

;

.

/. graege v. 8.

xxvi. 53.

;

ind. pst.
;

3.j.

gram, adj. fierce, cruel a. wk. graman 36. 21 pi. a. wk. 102.
;

gu8S,f. war, battle ; d. guSei. 23. gyden, /. goddess ; xxvi. 53 gydene 116. 2*; a. pi. gydena 102. 22.
;

22.

grapian,

wv.

gegrapian i.s. grapode,
18.

touch handle, ind. pst. 145. 22
;

;

felt,

groped 97.
;

gylden, adj. golden xxi. 20; a. heafodbeag gyldenne 112. 23; n.pl. n. gyldenu 104. 17 m. wk. gyldenan 89. 12 d. gyldenum
;

;

in.
;

16.

great, adj. stout, thick 117. 29. grene, adj. green d. pi. grenum
xix. 6.

gylt, m. guilt; g. gyltes 123. 20.

grenian, wv. become green
57-

;

xi.

H.
habban, wv. a] have
;

gretan, wv. salute, greet
pst. z.s. gegrette 8. 17*.

;

ind.
d.

;

<)

hold,

grimm, adj. terrible, grim grimmum iii. i. grimme, adv. fiercely; v. 8,
51-

;

vii.

gripan, gegripan 69; ind.prs. 3.^. gegriptJ 47. 2. grot, n. grain, particle a. 95. 17,
;

sv\. seize

x.

;

146.

3.

growan,

91. 25, 95. 1 6, xi. 57, xxii. 42 ind. prs. 3.5-. groweft xx. 99, xxix. 69 grewS 49. 19*, 80. 17*, 91. 31, 136.
; ; ; ;

rv.

grow

regard; 17. 31, x. 22 &c., 109. 8 (ft) gehabban, hold, retain 25. 9; to habbanne 16. 13 &c., 68. 26 () to habbenne 30. 10* &c. ind.prs. i.s. haebbe 13. 16 &c. habbe 17. 17* neg. naebbe 2.s. hafastxx. 21, xxiv. 127. 27 25 hseist 12. 25 &c. ; hafst 105. 21*; neg. nsefst 31. 15 &c. xx. 36 3-j. hafaS 72. 2*, ii. 4, viii.
;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

19*; gegrewS 91. 21; //. growaS xxix. 66 sbj. pst. ^.s. greowe 91. 26 prs. p. growende
;

43, 46, ix. 63, xi. 23, 29, xiii. 6, xx. 153, 189, xxviii. 21 ; neg. nafaS xxii. 46, xxvii. 5 ; hsefS x. 67, xi. 22, 31, 55,^64, xx. 143, 190, xxiv. 37, xxviii. 25 ; usual

form

in prose 16. 20 &c.
;

;

neg.

136. 20.

naefS 53. 3 &c.
;

gehsef^S, holds,

grand, m. bottom, ground, land
a. viii. 46, xx. 127, xxix. 16,
ocS

possesses 47.
13. 29, xx. 193
iv.
;

2*;

pi. habbaft
;

60 Sone grund, thoroughly 52.
d. pi.

;

habbaeS 44 &c. neg. nabbaS 37. 25
;

12
vii.
;

;

grundum
adj.

xx. 35.

grundleas,
;

bottomless; f.
i
;

15 f. wk. grundlease 19. d. grundleasum 9. 10, iii. 7 a. pi. wk. grundleasan, insatiable
38. 15, 29.

195, xxxi. 8 hsebbe we 77. 14 pst. 2.s. haefdest 15. 2 &c.; haafdes 22. 2, 23. 20*;
;

&c.

and xx.

neg. nsefdest 15. 12; 3.J-. hoefde Pr. 8, iv. 23 &c.; = sceolde52.27;
pl. hsefdon 7. 16, xxvi.
1 1

grundweall, m. foundation a. grundweal vii. 34. grymettan.grymetian wv. roar,
;
;

6. i (b}
i.

;

18 &c., neg. naefdon xxvi. 93
;

grunt

;

grymetigan

xiii.

29

;

ind.

6 (J) sbj. prs. haebbe habbe occas. 19. 17, x. 68 &c. in B, 29. 23* &c. ; neg. neebbe
hsefdan
; ;

GLOSSARY
25. 21

249
;

&c.

&c.

and

//. xix.
;

hsebben 35. 19 47, xxix. 91
;

habben

77. 20 ; habban occas. in B, 62. 12* &c. and 120. 7 ;
?/<?.

neg. ngebben 31. 26; /.tf. haefde nsefde 33. n, xxv. 25. 22 71 //. hsefden 64. 4, 67. 6, xvii. i; neg. nsefdenii7. II, 118.
; ;

ftam halum 132. 7 132. 6 ; //. n. hale 22. 29 a. n. 82. 10 ; halxx. 261 ; comp. n. pi. halran 88. 21. halig, adj. holy ; xx. 46 f. halige iv. 4 ; g. haliges xxix. 55 ; pi.
d.

halum

men

;

;

n.

26. 21
iv.

32 pp. hsefd, gehaefd* 30. 25 ; neg. nsefd, gensefd* 30. 26. hador, adj. bright, clear xxii. 24 ; d. hadrum 21. 2*, xxviii. 48 d. //. n. f. hadre xx. 230 ;
; ; ;

&- halgaii halige 133. 7 a. halige 10. 19, i. 25, 38 sup. halgost xxvi. 38.
>

w

;

;

ham, 1) m. home, dwelling pi. n. hamas 33. 23, viii. 8; g. hama ix.
;

hadrum
hadrost

xx. 232.
;

1 8. 2) adv. homewards, ham cerde 115. 19. hamfaest, adj. resident, dwelling ;

hadre, adv. brightly, clearly
vi. 4.

sup.
;

43- 3, 32hand,/",

hand

;

d.

honda

xxix. 61

;

hseftan, wv. bind, imprison pp. gehefted xxi. gehsefted xxv. 49
;

d. pi.

hondum

9. 3*, 149. 4.

hseft 5 ; gehceft 24. 31, 89. 7 24. 31*; pi. n. gehaefte 112. 2 ;
;

a.f. g_ehaefte 57. 5*. hseftedom, m. captivity ; haeftedome xxv. 65. haele, m. man (vir) ; i. 53. heele ^, m. man ; g. pi. hseleSa
_
1

d.

hangian, wv. intrans. hang; hongian on 5am anwealde, cling ind. prs. ^.s. hangaS to, 35. 22 65. 29, 82. n*, v. 4 h. on Saem, depends on, 101. 9 $.pl. hongiaS 130. 5 pst. 3.^. hangode
;
; ; ;

xx. 266.
vii.

har, adj. grey, hoar
v. 13.

;

d.

harum

6, 1 8, ix. 57, x. i, 68, xiii. 32, xxi. 37, xxvi. 49, xxviii. 48,

xxix. 58 xxix. 22.

;

d.

hseleSum MPr. 10,

hielig, adj. inconstant, variable; d. wk. hselgan 115. 3*.

hara, wm. hare; 102. 7, 115. 2. hat, adj. hot; wk. hata 136. 15, xxix. 58 d. n. hat xxviii. 61 wk. hatan 80. 9; #.//.hateiv. 19.
; ;

heelo, f. health, prosperity ; 54. 25, 92. 21* n., 132. 14; g. haele 13. 30; halo 107. 28. heemedSing, n. sexual intercourse;

gehat n. promise hatan, rv. call,

;

a. pi. 7. 9*.

hgemedolnges 93. 18. hserfest, m. autumn ; 29. 24, 49.
g.
18, 136. 16, xxix. 61 hserfest 49. 19, xi. 58.
;

(w. the in the noin. case) com command fq. 39. 5 &c. 66. 23 ind. prs. i.s. hate 96. 22 haet 99. 10*; 3.J-. hateS viii. 51 commands 144. 29 hat 1 16. 20*

name
;

name mand

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

a.

on on
iv.

pi. hataSy^. 7. 12, viii. 49 &c. hsetaft 132. 20 ; hate we 136. 4

;

;

haerfesttid, f.
hses, f. 26.

autumn
;

;

a.

pst.
ix.

2.s.

hete 79. 33;
7.

3.*.

het,

hserfaestttd 10. 12.

commanded
d.

II &c.
i.

and\. 42,
;

command
;

hsese

heeto,f. heat

d. haeto xx.

73

;

a.

80. 5, 92. 7, xx. heeto 42. 3*.

113, xxix. 50;
;

9, 24 70, 72 pi. relic of heton, named xxvi. 49 is voice or was ^.s. hatte, pass, called i. 53, 34. 8*, 9, 37. 3,
;

heht

;

hStSfeld, m. heathland

a. 34. 27.
;

hagol, m. hail
h.a,l,ad/.

;

hagal xxix. 63

n. pi. haeglas 136. 17*.

unimpaired ,sound, healthy; 22. 6, 28; n. 91. 9, 94. i, 104.

41. 23, 99. 9, 10*, 101. 23, 140. 9; sbj. prs. %.pl. haten 68. 10 pst. 3.^. hete 117. 3; pp. haten 36. 17, 43. 7, 46. 22, 101. 26, xvi. 15, xxvi. 57; gehaten 7.
;

32,122.2; gehal 93.32,94.1*;

12*, 50. 7*, 83. 29*, 143. 6, 148. 7, x. 46, xxviii. 24; n. pi.

250

GLOSSARY
&c.
29,
;

hatene 115. 16; hatne 7. 3*; gehatene 114. 22. gehatan, rv. promise ; ind. firs.
2.5. gehsetst 105. 30 3.5. gehcet 47. 17, xxv. 52;//. gehataft 58. 21, 22, 59. 19, 73. 1 6, 17; /tf. i.j. gehet 78. 6, 139. 25; 2.5. gehete 9. 21, 50. 26, 78. 9, 31*,
;

*

w.

1 8.
;

8 &c.

and xxiv.

inst. on Saem 44 hehste goode 100. 14; pi. g. wk. hehstena 56. 6, 77. 25 a. wk. hehstan 18. 9. 2) odiy. on high 57. 21. heahburg,/". chief town; 7. 20. heahsee, _/i deep sea g. xi. 3.

xxvi.

;

;

139. 215 3.j. gehet 7. 7, 71.13, 102. 20, 112. 4, i. 35. hate, adv. hotly ; sup. hatost 12. 8. hatheortnes, f. violent temper,

heahsetl,

throne d. heahsetle 136. 22, 148. 32, iv. 2, xxix. 74 pl.g. heahsetla u. 27
?/.

high

seat,

;

;

;

d.
iv.

heahsetlum

10.

19,

in.

13,

anger; g. hatheortnesse 112. i, xxv. 47. 123. 28, xxvii hatian, wv. hate ind.prs. 3.^. hataS 123. 28 32 imp. pi. pi. hatiaS 146. 7, 8
; ; ;

;

38, xxv. 5. heald, adj. leaning, inclined ; f. pred. 57. 6*; pi. n. healde 55. 16*, 147. 7*. healdan, rv. hold, keep ; observe ;

149. 5; sbj.prs. 30, 124. 1 6.

3.j.

hatige 123.
;

perform
(J)
;

II ; restrain ; 93. 24, 98. 109. 31, 138. 5; healdon i. 71

hawian, wv. look upon, survey imp. hawa 10. 26.
he, pron. he
;

healden

xi.

73

? ;

gehealdan

Pr. 3 &c.

Obliqtie

cases often reflx. g. his, gen. used as a poss. adj. his, Pr. 7 &c.
;

40. 23, 59. 29, 65. 1 6, 76. 33, 124. 28, xi. 47 5 support, satisfy 28. 23 to gehealdenne 50. 24; ind.prs. 2.s. heist 31. 13; 3.^.
;

w. article
84. his

:

his sio

hea goodnes
89.
I
; ;

haldeS xx. 166

;

gehealdeS
;

vii.
;

14

;

sio his gesasl^

46

;

healt 81. 12*
hilt 28. 3

belt 80. 16*
2,

hean ceastre 141. 7 Sara his Sam anwealde 69. 23 w. wk. adj. his Segna in. 22 a. 103. 16 d. him Pr. 12 &c. hine Pr. 12 &c. for pi. v. hie. heafod, n. head d. heafde 65. 30,
"Sgere
; ;

gehelt 27. ii*, 53.
131. 6
pi.
; ; ;

84. 25, hylt xx. 95 ;
;

;

;

;

healdaS 10. 15 &c. and xxix.. 4 gehealdaS xi. 95 pst. 3.^. heold xxix. 55 pi. hioldon 64.
;

;

127. 10, i. 43; a. pi. heafdu 102. 14, 17, 127. 9. heafodbeag, m. crown; a. 112.
2 3-

prs.

13; imp. geheald 114. 2; sbj. 3.J. healde xiii. 25 gehealde 76. 29 pst. 3/7. heolden 94.
;
;

heah, 1) adj. high, deep sublime n. /. wk. hea 84. 14, 85. 20 heah 99. 12; h. weder, rough, g. wk. hean stormy 115. 21
; ; ; ;

10; geheoldon 143. 25; //. gehealden 22.1 &c. contented healdon 57. 6*. 43. 27, 60. 21
;
;

32. 6, 135. 25, 146. 27 d. heaum 98. 18; wk. hean 26. 31 &c. ;
;

heohan
vii. 4,

14. 16*;

xxiv. 3,

^.heane 148.30, xxix. 2 wk. hean
;

healf, f. d] half; b} side ; d. healfe 43. 10 (3) ; be healfe heofones 6isses, in one part xxix. 43 ; adv. healfe Sy swetre, by half xii. 95 a. healfe 81. (^), 136. 9 (b), xx. 164 (b} ; pi. d. used as

n

105.5,135. 245/7.
.

rf.

heaum

xxi.

adv. healfum, half 42. 16 a. on feower healfe his, all round him
;

herre 55. 26 w. ; 1 1 ; ft?w/. tf. j. sup. hehst xxvi. 38 ; wk. hehsta 62. 24 &c. f. wk. hehste 50. 12 &c. n. hyhst xiii. 52 5 hehst wk. hehste 52. 22 &c. ix. 45
; ;

and
90. 7

xx. 46, xxix.
;

g.

74; hehstae wk. hehstan 55. 17 n.

46. 4* (b\ a. n. healic, adj. high, exalted 54. 4; comp. healicra 72. 21. healice, adv. in a high degree ; comp. healicor onbryrdan 14. 2. a. hall a. healle vii. 6 heall,/".
;
;

5

pi. vii. 11.

GLOSSARY
healsian, TW. entreat, implore
;

25
seize
;

hedan, wv. catch up,
;

sbj.

ind. prs. i.s. healsige 51. 17, 84. 8, 120. 6 ; halsige 105. 31 ; Pr. n. 3.*. healsa S, halsaS*

hean, adj. lowly, humble a. wk. heanan 46. 15 pi. n. heane a. ink. heanan 46. 16. xvii. 6
;
;
;

prs. 3-j. gehede xxvii. 15. 70. hefig, adj. heavy grievous n. 25. 3, 27, xx. 266, xxix. 53 21 xix. i difficult 127. 73. 23, f. wk. hefige 136. 13; d. f. wk. 108. 7 hefegan 70. hefigre
;
; ;

;

;

heanes,/. height, high region
i

;

d.

a. 104. 31. heanesse 12. ; heanlic, adj. abject, vile ; n. pl.f.

a. n. hefig 40. I, ix. 55 30 comp.f. hefigre So. 30, xx. 133 a. n. hefigre g. hefigran 50. 20
; ;
;

;

heard,

heanlica 23. 27. adj. a) hard
;

;

ft)
;

severe,

119. 15. hefiglice, adv.
10.

grievously;

41.

wiges heard, bold xxvi. 13; f. heard 8 heardre pi. () g.f. (a) 67. g. heardra hen Sa xii. 21 (c) heardum broce 133. 25 (f).
c}
;

ruthless

hard to bear

;

<^.

;

hearde, adv.
xxv. 49
x. 14.
;

firmly, excessively ; sup. heardost 105. 28,

heardheort,
143. 29.

adj.

hard-hearted

;

hefigneSj/.heavinesSjSluggishness; xxii. 25, 29; melancholy 56. 14; hsefignes 95. 7*; d. hefignesse 95. 27 hefinesse xxii. 63 hsefignesse 95. 22*. helan, sv^. conceal 147. 25 ind. prs. $.s. hilS 61. 12. hell,/ Hades, hell; g. helle 102.
;
;

;

;

d. heardsselig, adj. unfortunate wk. heardsselgan 71. i. a. pi. heardsselft, f. misfortune heardsaelfta 1 1 7. 24 bad conduct, wickedness 44. I.
;
;

11, 13, 103. 14, viii. 51 8, IO2. 2.

;

d.

34.

;

hearm, m. injury, harm; 144. 19. hearmcwidian, wv. revile, abuse
45. 10
; ;

;

hearmcwiddigan ib* hearpe, w. f. harp d. hearpan
I O2. .II.

hellware, pi. m. inhabitants of hell; wk. hellwaran 102. 27; 2, 4; wk. g. hellwara 103. hellwarana 103. 4*. helm, m. tree-top 591. 28; a. 92. i. helma, wm. helm of ship 597.11; d. helman 98. 2. helpan, sv$. w. g. or d. 122. 31 gehelpan 30. 12 ; imp. help 10.
;

hearpere, m. harp-player; 101.
;

23,

g. hearperes 24, 102. 2, 18 102. i ; d. hearpere 101. 27, 102. 9.

16 sbj. prs. ^.s. helpe 123. 16 impers. help, avail 144. 24; pp.
;

;

geholpen 145.

i

.

hentan, wv.
tan
xiii.

catch, seize

;

gehen-

hearpian, wv. play on the harp 101. 27; ind.pst. 3.3. hearpode
;

32.
;

102.
d.

5,

103. 3, 4.
.

hearpung,/ playing on
hearpunga 102.
103. 6.

the harp

;

16, 102. 31,

heaftorian, wv. restrain, confine ind. prs. 3.5. heaffera S 128. 21 pp. gehea Sorad xiii. 6 gea. pi. f. geheaSserod xi. 31
;
;

;

;

}\eo,pron. she usual form in B, hio iisual form in Pr. 10 &c. about 20 C, 13. 9, i. 77 &c. times in B, Pr. 2 &c. hi 130. 1 8 hie 49. 24*, 57. 26* g. and d. hire g. often used as a possess, 20 adj., her, its 22. 20, xiii. &c. often hiere in B, 22. 15* &c. heore 10. 4*, 7*, 24*, n.
;
; ; ; ;
;

;

;

heaSorade 49. 6, 57. 5. heaftorinc, m. warrior; heaSorinca ix. 45.

6*, 49. 24*; hiore 47. 10*, 141.
g. pi.

14;

hyre
Pr.

9.

8*;

a.

hie,

usual

form
146.

hebban,
149- 3-

s&6. raise
1

;

habban

26, xxxi.

8

;

imp. pi. hebbaS

13. 31, v. 9 &c. ; hi Pr. 9*, 25. 8 &c. and xx. 166, 214, 217, 219, xxvi. 65 ; for pi.
i*,

v. hie.

252
p. heofiende 8. 6.

GLOSSARY
worulde 23.
138. 23.
15, 24. 25, 113. 23,

heofian, wv. intrans. lament ; prs.

heofon, m. sky, heaven;

72. 21; heofen 17. 23*; hefon 99. 13*; 10. heofones x. hio&c. g. i, 7 fones xxi. 39; heofenes 72. 17,
;

herbuende, m. dweller on earth d. pi. herbuendum xxix. 61.
here, m. host, multitude
d.
:

;

x.

here xxv.

1

5

;

</.

//.

54 (?); herigum
;

29, 135. 27; 19; heofnes 135. 25; hefones 2 d. heofone 10. 6, 21. 2, hefone vi. 4; 99. 12, xxviii. 48 a. heofon 10. 2, 41. 24, 99. i, hefon 105. 16, xi. 30, xxiv. 29 1 8. 7, iv. 4 pi. g. heofona xiii.

98.
iv.

hiofenes 105.

xxvi. 57.

heregeat,

n. military dress

d. pi.
a.

;

;

heregeatwum in. 16, xxv. 9. hererinc, m. soldier, hero;
i.

71.

;

heretlema,
general
;

wm.
heretema

commander,
i.

;

31.

d. heofonum 9. 19, 6, xxix. 71 18. 10, 129. 30, iv. 26 &c. ; heofenum 98. 29; hiofonum 81,
;

heretoga,
chief
7,

wm. man 37.
24,

general,

leader,

61.

5, 46. 22, 24, 50. 143. 7, i. 47, x. 46;
;

33; hefonum
18.

24. 29, 45. 27, ix.

heretoha, consul 7. 12 g. heretogan 43. 6 //. n. heretogan
;

heofoncund,
fencund
8.

adj. heavenly

;

heo-

wk. heofencundan 1 1. 1 7 a. wk. heofoncundan 34. 19 pi. n. wk. hefoncundan 30. 2 a. wk. heofoncundan xx. 235. heofonlic, adj. heavenly, celestial g: wk. heofonlican 45. 30; heofenlican 89. 21; d. wk. heofonlican
;

16

g.

35. 3, 35- 5-

64.

12

;

g.

heretogena

;

herian, wv. praise; 118. 26; to

;

;

ganne

;

heofonlicon 27, 120. 15 18. 21*; a. pi. wk. heofonlican 121. 30; hiofonlican 82. 2 he104.
; ;

herianne 32. 28, 69. 3; to heriind. prs. $.pl. 64. 19 heriao 69. 2 pst. 3.5. herede 141. 13, xxx. 6 sbj. prs. hedge 30. 22, 68. 17 pi. herien x. 26: herigen 46. 12, 72. 20 pp. used as adj. geherod*, gehered 68. 23 comp. geheredra*, heredra
; ;
;

\

;

;

fonlican 18. 10.

heofonrice, n. kingdom of hea ven g. hefonrices xi. 31.
;

heofonsteorra,

wm.

star; n. pi.

heofonsteorran xx. 232.

69. 5. herlic, adj. martial, soldierly ; hserlic i. 43. f. ix. 1 8 herung, f. praise ; d. heringe 64. 2*, 68. 31, 104. 22. hider, adv. hither; 60. 32, 82. 4,
;

heofontorht, adj. heavenly bright; a. wk. heofontorhtan xxiii. 3. heofontungol, n. heavenly body,
sun
;

xiv.

n,

xx. 164, 235, 239.

xxii. 24.
;

hidres, adv. hidres Sidres, hither and thither 108. 14 (hider 7 Sider B), 139- 31 hidres 7 Sidres 100.
;

heonon, adv. hence
xviii.

hionon 105.

5-

24; hionan 82. 4, 105. 22, 23, n, xxiv. 50, 52; hion xx. 239 hionane xiv. 9, xxix.
;

?w/. they

;

n.
is

& a. pi. of he,

heo, hit

;

84

n.
a.

hinge; hior 88. 12 n. heorot, m. stag heort 102. 6 xix. 17. heorotas pi.
heor,/".
;

;

fq. in B, rarer in C, 15. 5, 15. 12* &c.; hy ab. 15 times in C, 15. 27, i. 36 &c. in B, 15. 6*, 8*, 16. 16*, 146. 5*; hio 33. 25*, 114. 22; g. hira
is hi
;

B

usual form in
hie

C and

;

heorte, wf. heart; g. heortan
14, 15, v. 21
; ;

28.

d. xviii.

n.

her, adv. here n. 29, iv. 41 &c.; her on worulde 24. 25, 46. 31, 118.4, I2 3- 2 35 rf. w. 47; her for

-; 44- 5, 99- 3, xx 145; 35- 4 hiera 30. 13*, 99. i umalforrn in C is hiora, but heora is fq., heora is usual 28. 21, ii. 13 &c. form in B, but hiora also occurs
-

N

;

;

GLOSSARY
several times 26. 30 &c.
28. 3*, 32. 7*; d. him.
;

2 53
;

heore

hieldan, wv. lean, incline ; ind. prs. 3.^. heldeS xx. 164; belt
81.

n*.

Men s,
21.

hienan, tvv. bring low, humiliate; henan 122. 32, 125. 2.
f. ignominy, humiliation ; d. hsenfte 24. 5 ; //. henSa xii.
.

higaS 56. 4, 69. 14, xiii. 65 sbj. prs. 3.j. higie 51. 25*, 112. 30; higige 51. 25. hildetorht, adj. shining in battle ; d. pi. hildetorhtum xxv. 9. hiltsweord, n. hilted sword ; d.
pi.

hyltsweordum in.

16.

hind,/ female
xix. 17.

hart; a. pi. hinda
;

hieran, iw. w. a. hear w. d. obey heran i. 31, ix. 45 gehe; ;
;

hindan, adv. from behind 1 36. 3. hired, m. body of retainers, court;
d. hirede 67. 3, 104. 16.

ran 50. 21, 78. 32, 96. 8, 118. n, 121. 8, 146. 4; to geheranne 50. 10, 24; to gehyranne 51. 10* ind. prs. i.s. gehere 121. 2 pi. 6 3.5. gehero 28. 13, 43.
;
1

hirgedon,
hit, pron.
d.

B
it;

s

reading for
25 &c.
; ;

C

s

sty red on 101. 28.
7.

g. his;

him

;

a. hit

for pi.

v. hie.
;

;

\

heraS

iv. 5,
3>

139- 2 iv. 26; pst. inf. 142. 26; hyraS i.s. geherde 51. 9, 124. 24; 2.s. geherdest 50. 26,98. 26 (w. inf.};
>

15 geheraS 68. 16, 145- 20 xiii 475
;

hiw, n. appearance, form, shape d. hiwe 131. 5 g. hiwes 147. 3 g.pl. hiwa xix. 23. a. pi. m. hrwcufl, adj. familiar hiwcuSe x. 61. form ind. hrwian, wv. shape,
;

;

;

;

gehyrdest 45. 4*, 65. 9*; herdes vii. 9 3.j. geherde 34. 2, 43. 18, 45. n, 122. 8, ix. 15; pi. herdon 70. 25, viii. 14, 31 geherdon 33. 26, 43. n, 66. 30; geheordon 70. 25*; imp. gehere geher 101. 16, in. 114. i n. 12, 114. i*, xxv. i; sbj. prs. 3.j. here w. d. 66. 14;//. gehiran 57. 20* pst. 3.5-. herde vii. 4 pi. herden iv. d. 98. 7, 9; prs. p. used as noun pi. g. geherendra,
;
; ;

prs.

%.s.

gehiwaS 129.
;

9.

hiwnng,/". (false)

appearance, dis
47. 22. ; g. pi.

hiwunga hleew, m. mound, barrow
hlaewa x. 43. hlaford, m. lord
;

simulation

d.

;

35. 31, ix. 55,
;

;

;

:

xxv. 15, xxvi. 38 g. hlafordes d. hlaforde 98. 30. 26, 63. 15 a. hlaford 65. 9, 136. 29, i. 47 17, xxvi. 44, 72 pi. n. hlafordas g. hlaforda 35- 3, 37- 26, 67. 5 xxv. 65.
;

;

;

hearers 85. 26; d. geherendum 101. 13; pp. gehered 45. 12,
67. 12.

hlafordhold, adj. loyal, faithful n. pi. m. hlafordholde 30. 27. hlafordscipe, m. authority, supre

;

hierde, m. shepherd, guardian hirde xxvi. 8, 41 hyrde x. 49
;

;

macy
36.
2.

;

d. 16. 27.
;

;

hleahtor, m. laughter

d.

hleahtre

d. hirde vii. 22

;

a. xiii. 31.

gehiernes, f. sense gehernes 145. 18.

of hearing
;

;

hiersum, adj. obedient a. pi. n. gehyrsume 10. 3*. heorsuhTersumian, wv. obey mian 9. 22* ind. prs. ^.pl. heorsumiaS 10. 14*. wv. value hierwan, despise,
; ;

hleoflor, n. melody, song d. pi. hleoSrum xiii. 47. 28. hlisa, -win. report, reputation ii &c. and x. 54, 61 g. hlisan 41. 13 &c. and^. i, 14 hliosan 133- 3 1 *; d hlisan 4 1 1 ? &c -;
;
; ;

;

-

-

a. 41. 15

&c. and

i.

53, x. 22.

hliseadig, adj.

of good repute,
; ;

lightly

;

ind. prs. \.pl. herwaft,
29. 6.
strive to go,

herewia<5*

higian, tend;

tvv. hasten,

25.

18;

ind. prs.

$.s.

a. pi. m. 75. 25 comp. hlishliseadige 28. 5 eadigra 27. 29; n. pi. hliseadigran 28. i.

renowned

2 54
hliseadignes,/ renown
;

GLOSSARY
a.

hlis-

eadignesse 75- 28hlud, adj. loud; a. hludne
29.
;

hrsedllce, adv. swiftly, speedily 117. 8; raedlice 21. 14*; sup.
hrsedlicost 146. 28.

117.

hrsedwsen, m. swift
d.

car, chariot
I,

;

hlutor, adj. clear, pure n. v. 13; d. hlutrum 135. 24; a.f. hlutre wk. hluttran 101. 20 xxi. 39
;

hraedwaene 105.
;

20, xxiv.

;

41. hrsegl, n. dress

g. hraegles 60. 18;
viii.

inst. hlutre xxix.

2

;

33.

31

;

d.

hlutrum

pi. g. hluterra xxi. 37
; ;

pl.g. hraegla 33. 24, 30, d. hrgeglum in. 14.

10;

hluttrum eagum 89. 21, 115. 8
a. n. hlutor,

hlutre* 147. 25;
xxiii. 3.

s^^p.

a.

s.

wk. hlutrestan

hranmere, m. whale pool/ oceanjv a. hronmere v. 10. usual hrafle, adv. quickly, soon
;

hlutre, adv. clearly, brightly; sup.
hlutrost xxii. 24.

form
31
,

in B,

8.

20* &c., 48.
vi.

8,

127.

133- 23,

9,

12,

xiii.

31

;

hlystan, wv.

listen

;

sbj. %.s. hliste

raSe 95. 4*; hraefte 41. 18, 62.
23, 78. 6, iv. 3, vi. 4, xiii. 37, xxi. 7, xxii. 56 ; ful hrseSe Saes,

MPr. 10. hnseppan, wv.
collide
;

intrans.

strike,

sbj.

prs. ^pl. hneeppen
;

130. 19, 20. hnesce, adj. soft, delicate n. h. wseter, fluid, yielding 80. 14, xx. compl. n. pi. hnescran, 93
;

immediately afterwards 50. 10 hreSe xxv. 47 sup. hraSor 28.
,
;

;

hraefior 68. 18, 19, 145. 15 21 ; Sy hrse Sor, rather, more 73. 7, 18 n., 77. 19 ; sup. hraSost
I 3.9 1 3_9- 9^- .4 hreoh, adj. stormy,
5 -

opposed to heard 92. hnescost 92. 4.
;

27

;

sup.

X 5-

fierce;
;

hnipian, wv. droop ind.prs. 3.5. hnipaS xxxi. 13. hogian, wv. think (about), be in
35. 22. hoi, n. hole, cave ; dungeon ; a. a. pi. holu 19. 8. 8. 10, ii. ii

/. pred. hrioh v. 10

i. 71 d.f. hreore
;

144. 29.

hreosan,
vii.

SV2. fall
;

;

decay, perish

;

tent

;

;

hold, adj. gracious, friendly

;

i.

56.

ind. prs. ^.s. hrest xi. 58; gehrist 117. 28; prs. p. perishable, d. wk. hreosendan 60. 23; pi. n. f. hreosende 25.

22

holm, m. ocean,
xi. 30.

sea

;

g. pi.

holma
holte

31*

;

d.

error,
thicket, copse
;

hreosendum 54. i n. hreorendum 32. 8*.
;

;

by
d.

holt,

nm.

d.

xiii. 37, 52.

hreosendlic, adj. perishable pi. hreosendlicum 32. 8.
:

hon, rv. trans, hang, hang ind.prs. 2.s. hehst 30. 18 ; hehS 112. 23.

up

;

3.^.

hreowan, svz. repent impers. w. d. and g. 134. 31 ; ind.prs. 3.^.
hreowS 109. hreowsian,
9.

30.

hopian, wv. (w.
ind. prs.
;

to)

;

hope, trust

;

"zvv.

sorrow, be sorry

;

3.5.

hopaS
;

27. 10, vii.

9

;

prs. p. d.

hreowsiendum
:

44 sbj. prs.pl. hopien 149. i. hord, n. hoard d. horde 31. 13. hordgestreon, n. hoarded wealth;
g. pi. hordgestreona xiv. ii.
horusea"8,

8. 24.

hreowsung,^
g.
;

repentance
;

70. 7

;

m.

pit,

abyss

;

d.

horo;

hreowsunga 70. 6* d. 20. i, 143. 28 a. hreowsunge 143. 30. hreran, wv. stir up, agitate ind.
;

seafte 112. 15.

hosp, m. insult, contumely hospe iv. 44.
hrsed,
IO. 2.

d.

adj.

swift

;

d.

hrsechim
a. breed -

prs. 3.//. hreraS 124. 4, xxvii. 3. hretSer, m. breast, heart ; d. hraSre xxv. 46 n. hrman, sv\. touch ; ind. prs. 3.^.

hreedfernes,/. swiftness
fernesse 72. 17.

;

gehrineS xxix. 10. hrof, m. roof, summit, gen. ttsed metaphorically, 25. 17 &c. g.
;

GLOSSARY
hrofes 146. 27 &c. and xxv. 5
xxiv. 3.
;

2 55

d.
;

a.

hrofe 41. hrof 105. 5,

n

hroffsest,

#^

.

with firm roof ; a.f.
d. pi.

hroffgeste vii. 6.

8. 12*, 16. 4*, 31. 2) indef. any one, some one,/^. 26. 7 See. and*.. 27, xvi. 1 6 ; neut. n. and a. hwset, anything, something 15. 21 &c.

hwon, why?
4*, 42. 17*.

;

hror, adj. moving, active,

hrorum neatum

146. 26.
;

often w. part. g. swelces hwset, something of the sort 17. 10 ;
lytles hwset, a little 23. 24, 60. 5 ; d. hwsem 16. 14 &c. ; a.

hruse, wf. earth, ground g. hrusan xxix. 53 d. x. 43, xxix.
;

63 xxxi. 13. hryre, m. fall, ruin, destruction d. ix. 4 a. pi. hryras 39. 17hu, interrog. direct and in direct, how ? 8. 17 &c. often w. ne Lat. nonne 18. 16 &c.
;
; ;
#<afo.

;

68. 17 &c. and x. i hwsene 106. 19* a. n. hwset gif hi hwset gesyngoden, in any way 143. 27. 3) swa hwa swa, whoever u. 23 &c. v. swa.
;

hwone

;

;

gehwa,/;wz.
every,

1) distributive; each,
;

humeta,
96. 5*.

adv.

how?

70.

26*,

every one

g.

gehwaes
;

xiv. 3, xix. 23, xx. 278, xxi. 32

hund, w. dog; 102. 13, in. 18, a. hund 102. 7 114, 27 //. n. d. hundum hundas 101. 30 xix. 15 a. hundas 73. 29. mid an h. hund, n. hundred
; ;

anra gehwses monna,
individual

of each

man

vii.

23

;

d.

;

gehwsem

;

vii. 18, xii. 6, 18, xx. 148, xxi. 43, xxviii. 67, xxix. 56 ;

;

scipa xxvi. 15.

hundnigontig,
xxvi. 24.

num.

ninety

;

hundred,

n.
1

hundred;
8.

sume

h.

scipa 115.

hundseofontig, num.
42. 27, 99. 17. hunig, n. honey
3, xii. 9,
viii.
;

seventy

;

anra gehwsem, to each one viii. 6 a. n. gehwset 16. 23, 40. 22. 2) indef. swelces gehwset, any thing of the sort 125. 24. hweer, interrog. adv. where ? 46. 20, x. 33 &c. hwset, adj. active, bold ; wk.
;

hwata 138.
g. huniges 52.

18.

hwsete, m.
xii. 5.

wheat
1)

;

52.

i

;

d.

10

;

d.

hunige 33. 29,
;

23.
xxvii. 13.

hwsethwegu,
a
;

hunta, wm. hunter huntian, wv. hunt huru, adv. at least,
;

pron. something,

little

;

always

hwsethwugu
xi.

73. 30. at any rate
;

in C, 15. 22 &c.
;

and

m; hwsethwega usual form in
;

52, xx.

20. 22, 47. I, 92. 8, ix. 22 ne huru, nor indeed, nor even 67.
9, 68. 27, 77. 23, viii. 10, 31, xx. 38, xxii. 4, xxix. 12. hus, n. house ; 26. 30, vii. 18 g. huses no. 23, vii. 22, xiii. 31 ; d. huse 55. 18; a. hus 26. 23,
;

26, 27. 6,

vii.

32.

hwa, pron.

1) interrog. c. ; w. sbj. xxviii. 8, x. 42 43 n. hwset, what? 34. 10 &c.

who

?

60.

B, 32. i* &c. hwsethwegu 87. 24*, 95. 9* hwaethweg 60. 17*, 71. 29*; g. hwseshwugu 25. 12, 60. 17, 82. 30, 88. 8. 2) adv. somewhat, a little,/^. 8. 25 &c. hweethweguningas, adv. some what, a little hwsethwugununges 23. 18, 127. 28; hwsethweganunges 23. 18* ; hwset;

=

;

hwegununga
hwsetnes,y".

80. 21*.
;

who
an

activity

54. 24. (of
;

36. 22,

=hwy
!

3, 6, 104.

26,

17. 16, 31. 148. 29, used as

hwse Ser, \}pron. which
87. 17 &c.

two)

;

interj. ah! well
;

whyij^.
;

10.

hwset la 9. 20 g. 14, ii. I &c. hwses 90. 19, 140. 24, 145. 4,
27
;

d.

hwsem

16. 17

;

inst. to

41 g. hwseSres 1 06. 12 a. hwseSerne 122. 28 n. /. hwseSre 138. 32 hwseSer 107. n. 2) interrog. adv. direct and ind. gen. w. sbj.
v.
;

and

;

;

;

256
;

GLOSSARY
hwilcum 114. 25
77. 18 (2), 77. 22 (2)
;

alternative question 13. 10 &c. hwseSer Se Se 20. 30 &c.; hweSer sometimes in B, 65. 2* &c. hwaeSer Seah, never
.
. .
;

hwylcum
;

43- 3*

C

1)

;/
20*

hwilcon hwelcere 13. 23
(a)
;

.

.

.

(i);

hwilcere 57. 4* (i)
16.
(i), 57.

a.

theless 27. 24.

each of two, gehwaeSeres i. 25. a^z nevertheless; xx. 54, IrweeiSre,
gehwsetter, pron.

hwelcne hwilcne
119.
(i)
;

22* (2);

both

;

.

2

.

(2), ix.

xiii. 53 (i) ; hwylcne (a);/, hwelce 35. 31 hwilce 39. 18* i (i)
;

74, 78, 152, 170, 230, xxvi. 100. hwanon, adv. whence 32. 21 N. ; hwonon 8. 19*, 12. 14, 134. 18
;

;

hwonan

13.

5,

15. 8, 32. 20*,

32. 21*, 75. 34, 140. 7.

hwealf,/. vault, arch 46. 4; //. hwealfa 46. 4; hwealfex. 7 (J). intrans. d) turn, hwearfian,
;
7>z>.

n. hwelc 12. 8 (2), 127. 9 (a) hwilc 90. 32 (2), 90. 32 (2), hwylc 107. 29 (2), 39. 17* (i) 87. 6 (2); inst. hwelce 36. 2 hwilce 14(1) 129. (i) \pl.m. hwylce 129. 15 (i), 139. 10 (i) n. 18 38. (i) ; hwylce /. hwelc 73. 10* (i); g. hwylcra
;

;

;

;

;

revolve

) change, vary ; 8 1 26 (a}; ind. prs. 2.s. hwearfost 16. 5 () 3.J. hwearfatJ 57. 32
.

;

ii. 14* (i)
(2),

;

d.

hwelcum
74.
;

22. 8
;

32-

26*

(2),

2* (i)

;

hwylcum

(a), 58.

i

(),
1

88. 12 (a), 126.
;

118. 29 (i) a. hwelce 16. 2* (i) ; hwilce 39. 17* (i)
;

6 (a), xiii. 75 (a) //. hwearfiaS 16. 3 (), 129. 19 (a) /rf. 3.^. hwearfodei. 10, xx.
8 (a), 129.
;

hwelce 26. 3* (i), 39. 17* n. hwelc 64. 29* (i). (i) gehwelc, pron. iv. g. each (one),
;

/

206

;

sbj.prs.
1 8.

hwearfige
figen
18.

28

30 (); hwear31 (#) pst. hwearfode (b} prs. p. hwearxiii.

hwearne
74
;
;

18.

pi.

;

every (one), only in Metr. 103. 14 gehwilc 9 except times ix. 45 &c. gehwylc xxvi. 95, xxxi. 12 g. gehwelces
;

;

;

fiende 129. 15 (a}.

6 times,
18.

iv.

24 &c.
xviii.

;

gehwilces
;

hwearfung,
18 20. 21
20.
17. i.
;

f.

d.

change; hwearfunga
18. 29
;

31,

xx.

183, xxvi.

18. 27,

;

a. pi.

motions

Irwelc, pron. (hwylc usual form in C, but fq. hwilc, more rarely hwelc most usual forms in B are hwelc and hwilc, occas.
;

hwylc)

;

1) interrog. direct

and

indirect, which,

of what kind.

2) indef.

forms

:

any (one), some (one). m. f. and n. hwelc 9. 8*
.
.

gehwylces hwelcre xx. 228; d. gehwelcum gehwilcum 5 times, xii. 8 &c. i. gehwyl45, xvii. 19, xix. 2 cum 4 times, xx. 3 &c. f. gea. hwelcre xi. 78, xxi. 15 gehwilcne 4 times, xiii. 32 &c. gehwylcne, not w. g. 103. 14 inst. gehwelce iv. 17, xiii. 21 gehwilce 6 times, i. 54 &c. ge; ;
;

105, xxvii. 28 ge3 /.

;

;

;

;

;

;

20 (2), 43. 19 (2), 60. * 27* (I), 6 3 I 4 (2), 6 4 2 9 (I), hwilc 77. 23* (2), 89. 20 (2) 30. 10 (i), 35. 28 (i), 51. i (i), 85. 2* (i), 92. 9 (i), 142.2 (2), xiii. 41 (i), xx. 65 (2), xxi. 37 in C (2), xxii. 45 (2); hwylc ab. 6 times (i), 67. 22 &c.. and ab. 1 times (a), 84. 30 &c. in B, 82. 21*; g. hwelces 13. 2* hwilces n. 15* (i), 20 (i)
(2), 30.
; ;

hwylce xxii. 65. h.welchwegu./r0;/. some

;

hwilc-

hwugu
hwene,
;

120.

2

;

hwylchwugu

103. 24. adv. somewhat, a little, w. comp. 32. 28, 50. 20, 92. hwene ser 5 times, 12. 22 27

&c. and

xii. 10.

hweol,

16. 33, 57. 32, ; 81. 27, 102. 29, 129. 21, 130. 31, d. hweoles xiii. 74 ; g. ; 130. hweole xx. an, 217; n. pi.
n.

wheel

n

(i)

;

d.

hwelcum

x.

43

(i)

;

hweol

129. 19.

GLOSSARY
hweorfan,

2 57
1) interrog.
I.

move

;

b} return

sv%. intrans. a) turn, 8. 23* (b\ 10. ;

hwonne,
8,

when
w,

?

60.

148.

2) conj.

sbj. until,

24* (a); ind. %.pl. hweorfaS 16. 17* (a) sbj. prs. hweorfe 71. 8* (b} prs. p. hweorfende 16. 14
; ;

20. 31,

124. 10.

3) gives indef.

meaning to advv. of time, nu hwonne 109. 23, 131. 23;seldum hwonne 115. 8.

hwider, ad#. whither; hwierfan, wv. intrans.
b)
(<)

51. 6 &c. a) revolve;
10.

hwurfolnes,/. fickleness
fulnesse 47. 19.

;

d.

hwuras

change;
;

hwyrfan

18*

hwy,
in

inst.

of hwset

;

^tsed

ind. prs. ^.s. hwerfeft xxviii. 15 (a); hwserfeft xx. 211 (a); hwerfS 81. 27* (a\ 126. 5 (0), 129. 21 (a) ; hwserfS xx. 217
(a)
(a)
;

fq. hwi C, 17. 5 iv. 33 &c. m. hwyrft, revolution, orbit; a.
;

interrog. adv. w. sbj. why? 10. 17, x. 21 &c.

or ind.

B and

;

sbj. prs. hwerfe 100. 10 prs. p. hwerfende 16. 33*

126. 2*.

hyegan, wv.

think, imagine; ge;

(a].

hycgan xv. 9
17; ind. prs.
i
;
;

gehicgan

xix. xix.
xiii.

gehwierfan, wv. bring back, re store //. n. pi. f. gehwerfde
49. 8*.

3.^.;
3.^-.

hygeS

sbj.

prs.

gehicgge
d.

26.

hwierflic, adj. chan ging, transit ory n. pi. f. hwerflice 25. 10*. hwil, f. space of time, time g. hvvile 44. 14; a. fq. in adv. phrases: hwile ser, some time before xxvii. 15 hwyle xx. 266 sume hwile fq. 45. 12, xv. 10 &c. ; ane hwile, for a while, for a time 52. 15, 124. 19, cf.
;

hyd,
_32.

/. skin,

hide;
hide,

hyde
;

31.

;

hydan, wv.
pst. 3.^.

conceal

ind.

prs. $.s. gehyt 131. 6, 136. 20;

;

;

hydde xxix. 55 sbj. pst. hydde 140. 14, 17 //. geheded xx. 151; a. f. gehydde 95. 22, xxii. 60 n. pi. in. iv. 41 f. gehydda xix. 32 gehydde 74.
; ;
;

;

;

14.

21

;

26, 120. 29, 126. 29, 141. nane h. senige h. 20. 22
; ; . . .

7

*

hyge, m. mind, heart
xix.
;

;

hige

xi. 53,

oSre hwile oSre 58. 30 hwile, at one time ... at another 1 8 &c. Sa hwile Se, conj. 64. while, fq. 23. 14 &c. //. g. hwila 44. 15 d. hwilum, used
;
; ;

45 d. xv. 9 a. xxxi. 20. hygesnottor, adj. wise; d. pi. higesnotrum x. 7. hyhtlic, adj. hoped for, pleasant
;

;

f. hyhtlicu xxi.
sbj. prs.

n.
;

as adv. at

times, occasionally,
ii.

hyngran, wv. be hungry

impers.

fq. 10.

8,

9 &c.
;

;

hwylum

xxix. 49; hwilan xxix. 53; nu hwilum 123. 8 hwilum eft 132. 8 &c. hwilum . . hwilum,
; .

hyrian, wv. w. d. imitate n. prs. pi. hyriaS 108.

hingre, hingrige* 60. 1 1. ind. ;

u

;

hyria.

sometimes
Pr. 2, 3 &c. 44- JI !3>

...
;

at other times

a.

hwila,

moments

gaS 146. 7*. hyrnede, adj. horned, beaked pi. m. hyrnde xxvi. 23.
,

;

hyrst, f. ornament, trappings
adj.
n.

;

g.

hwilwendlic,
transitory
;

temporary,
28
;

pi. hyrsta xiv. 9.

147. 27,

g.

wk.

hwilwendlican*,

hwilend-

lican 44. 12; a. pi. wk. hwilendlican 20. 14.
adj. white; 145. 24; a. pi. m. hwite 74. i, xix. 23. adv. hwon, somewhat, a little

hyrstan, wv. dress, adorn; pp. n. pi. m. gehyrste in. 16, xxv.
8.

hwit,

hyspan, wv. revile; hysping, f. reviling
45- 12.
!

45. 10.
;

a.

hispinge

;

port,

haven;

89. 9, xxi.

n,

12. 13, x. 59.

25 8

GLOSSARY
I.
irnft ind. prs. ^.s. irneS v. 15 135. 27*, 28* ; pi. irna S 108. yrnaft 112. 14, 112. 29, 143. 3 24 ; pst. pi. urnon 49. 8, 102. 27 sbj.prs. ierne, irne* 24. 24 ; pi. irnen 82. 28. ierre, n. anger; irre xxv. 51 g.
; ; ; ;

ic,

pron. I 8.6, MPr. 8. &c. tc 6 &c. d. me 39. 31*; -.11111141. a. 8. 9 &c. 8. 12 &c. 68. 29 Idel, adj. useless, vain
;
; ; ; ;

;

idle, lazy 144. 8 ; g. wk. idelan a. wk. 45, 21 ; d. wk. 46. 9 ; 46. 3 ; inst. idele 29. 26 ; a.pl.f.

yrres Si. 24* ierringa, adv.
xxvi. 84.

;

d. irre 12. 4.

angrily;
xviii. 7
;

irringa

71.6*; yrringa

yrrenga

idle v. 27.

Idelgeorn, adj. lazy, ease-loving n. pi. m. wk. ge idelgeornan
;

139. 8.

iersian, wv. be angry ind. prs. 2.s. yrsast 19. 12 prs. p. irsiende 81. 18* a. wk. yrsiendan 114.
;
;

;

lecan, wv. increase, add to ecan, geecan* 75. 15; yean 60. 15; ind. prs. 3.*. ec$ 65. 21 pi. ecaS 60. 24*; /y/. 3-J. ecte 26. 22*;
;

39.

iersung,
199
;

f.

;

112. 4*, xx.
a.

anger irsung 81. 20*, 1 86 g. irsunge xx.
; ; ;

//. geeced 125. 15. iglond xvi. legland, n. island 12; eglond i. 16 iglandes
; ;
.

yrsunga xx. 192. n. eSe 145. 5 TetSe, adj. easy; eSe 92. 27 pi. n. iefte 16. 13 comp. n. eSre 81. 13*.
; ;

;

d. ieglande 34. 8* 17 viii. iglande 116. 4*; iglonde xxvi. 32 49, xxvi. 58 a. igland iglond 115. 22*; iland 67. 32*. eld 33. 21*, ield,/. age, period

xvi.

;

;

;

;

eSelice 98. leSelice, adv. easily 23, xx. 276 ; sup. eSelicost 146. 28*.

;

viii. 4.

ielde, pi.
xii.

men

;

d.

eldum

viii.

38,

17, xiii.

60, xx. 100, xxix.

leSnes, /. ease, comfort; g. pi. eSnessa 7. 15*. lewan, wv. show, reveal eowian 78. 7, 85. 25, 97. 28, 104. 25 ind. prs. 3-y. geewft 131. 7;
;
;

34.

eowaS
72
; ;

61.

n*,

136. 21*, xxix.

ielding, /delay; eldungi2O. 2*. ieldran, pi. parents, ancestors eldran 24. 13*, ildran 34. 21 N. 34-31,69. 13*, 1.58; g. eldrena 28 ; eldrana 57. 70. 20*, xiii.
;

12*.

pp. geeowad 55. 6. ix. ilca, pron. adj. same; 48. 27, 24 &c.; n. ilce 15. 23 &c.; g.d.a. ilcan 7. 5, 10. 9, xi. 37 &c. a. n. ilce 12. 22 &c. //. ilcan 16. 7 &c. and xxiv. 63.
;
;

ierman, wv. ill-treat ind.pst. ^.s. yrmde ix. 47. ierming, m. wretched person g. n yrminga pi. erminga 89.
;

ilce, adv.

swa ilce,
w.
d.

in the

same way

;

;

35. 3 &c. in, prep, d)
into, 7. 4*.

in, 7.
i.

12*, xx.
b}

;

238; foil, case,

15.

w.

a.

xxi. 17a. ieririS,/. misery;

ermSe

60. 24*,
;

yrmSe, earmSe* 59. 14 pi. n. yrmSa 118. 3, 55 ermSa xvi. 8; yrmSa 71. 23; d. ermtJum eormSa 67. 29*
65. 27
;
g>

inc, v. git. incofa, wm. breast, cofan xxii. 18.

mind

;

d. in-

ingeliygd,/. n. mind, thoughts;

a.

;

89. ii*, 134. 21
;

116.

26*,

134.
a.
;

15*,

71

;

yrmSum xxi. eormSum 52.8*;
21,

19, xxvi.

ermfta

19. 4, 65. 60. 9.

117. 21
;

yrmSa
;

xxv. 42. goods, inierfe, n. household valuables a. 31. 19. in to 8. 16*, xxii. inn, adv. in 57; in geet5 on, enters 27. 17*; in on, into 53. 6*, 91. 26, 96.
;
;

iernan, ^3. run

irnan 101. 29

26.

GLOSSARY
innan.
d. 1) prep, a) w. in, within; innon 73. 31*. b} w.a. into innon 86. 19, 91. 26*, 96. 26*. 2) adv. within, inside ; 36.
;

2 59
liolcen (oleccan
treat
^.s.

pst. pi. Se
15. 29.

B)

lacnian,

wv.

(a

disease),

cure; ind. prs.

lacnaS 134.

9*, *2, 51. 4, 73. 5, 8*, 141. ID*, v. 41, 44; innon 73. 5*; inne 43- 3 1 *, i- 7 2 xxv. 19, 45.
.
>

lce, m. physician
n. lascas 132. 28.

0/.5Y?

oninnan.
1) a^?
.

38. 8, 132. 6, 15, 134. 16; d. 123. 13, 33;//.
;

n n.;

g.

innanweard,
ternal
;

keca 107.

inst.

mid

inward, in innewearde
;

n, 28. 119. ii inne94. 28*, 119. n*. 2) adv. within 92. 3. innian, wv. enter ; prs. ind. ^.s.
50.

mode

l^cecraeft, m.

weardan

;

innaS 51. 4
i lino

leecedom, m. remedy, medicine I2 7- 24, 135. 20; a. 50. 20. _ leedan, wv. lead; 51. u, 102. 2,
I2 333>

_remedy;

(art of) medicine; 38. 8, 51. i.
;

.

xiv.

s,
;

m.
d.

9; to laedanne 51.
2.s.

interior,

inside

(of

7;

ind. prs.

laedst

body)

innoSe 51.4.
; ;

100. 5,

140. i; 3.j.
54.
vii.

Iget
;

innung,/. contents 72. 22. inge Sanc, m. thoughts, mind
;

27. 8*, 60.

31*;

2*, 56. 4*, 106. 25 ingetfonc 1 06. 10, xxvi. 118; g. ingeSances 68. 3*, xvi. 22 ingeftonces
;

pi. laedaS 48. 1 1, laedde 103. 10, xxvi. 16, 39; pi. laeddon 102. 27, i. 2 ; sbj. prs. laede 51. 13, 123.
gelaet 104. 27

40; pst.

3.J.

ingeSance 52. 16* ingeSonce 51. 25; a. ingetJanc 6* 95. ingeftonc78. 5,xxii. 12,
44.

31

;

d.

;

;

8, 94; ingeSoncas 14. 27. v. forinweardinweardlic, adj.,

21,

xxiii.

xxvi.

a. pi.

39- 3, 33; // Isedon pp. gelaed 36. 21. leeden, n. Latin language d. of Pr. 9. v. also bocleeden. _lsedene
J
3>

14.

J

73-

3*;

;

leefan, wv. leave laefanne 41. 5
; ;

;

bequeath

;

to

ind.prs.pl. lasfaS

lic.

inweardlice, adv. inwardly, ear nestly xxii. 2.
;

inwitSanc, m. inwidSbncas

evil
ix.

8;

thought //. n. d. inwitSon;

cum

10 laefed 23. 20, 42. 9. ^24. leenan, wv. lend, grant; pp. n. pi. _gelsende 31. n. leene, adj. transitory, precarious 41. 18; g. lanes xxvi. 113; d. wk. laenan xix. 35 a. laenne xxvi.
; ;

xxvii. 23.
;

is, n. ice

126. 20, xxviii. 59. isceald, adj. icy-cold ; a.f. iscalde
xxvii. 3.

wk. laenan ix. 58, xx. 157 ; ; //. n. laenu xxi. 29 ; d. lasnum 53. 1 54- J 5 ^k. laenan 74. 8*;* a. xx. 223.
5>

1 06

Isig, adj. icy;

ismere, m.
62.

105. 13. frozen pool

1
;

xxviii.

L.
la, inter j. oh! ah! why! 8. 13, xi. 101 &c. nese, la, nese
;

Jsran, wv. teach 1 40. 2 to laeranne ind. prs. $.s. laerS 137. 127. 25 22; gelaereS 47. 20; //. laeraS I0 3- J J 39- 6 pst. i.s. gelaerde
;
;

;

4>

;

17.

13,

20. 10;

3.5-.

laerde 9. 2,

58.

29, 62. 19. gelac, n. rapid

movement, com

17, 140. 16; sbj. prs. latre 8 ; pp. gelaered 8. 18, 15. 14. ^69. Isestan, wv. w. d. follow ; i. 27. gelffistan, wv. a) trans, perform,

79.

g. xxvi. 29. lacan, rv. a) intrans. move quickly, xxiv. 9 ind. prs. pi. lacaS fly xxviii. 22. b] trans, entice ;
; ;

motion storma

;

lagufloda g. xx. 173;

carry out; 58-21,73.16, 105.31, I 39- 25; ind. pst. gelaeste 7. 9 n. pi. gelaestan, followed, marched i. 13; sbj. prs. gelaeste
;

50. 24

;

pi. gelaesten 58. 23.
;

sbj.

intrans. last, endure

b} inf. vii. 19.

S 2

260

GLOSSARY
;

leetan, rv. a) allow ; fr) leave ; leave behind c) think, deem ; d} cause; 38. 12 (a), 71. 22 (c\

i9&c.; longe about \Q times, 103. i. 50 &c. long xxvi. 99 comp. leng 84. 3 &c. and xxviii. 8
3,
; ; ;

123. 26 (a); go 144. 30; drop 88. 32; loete nu to
. .

1. 1.

fia baetinge, let bion, let alone,

sup. lengest

ix.

17.
;

langfiere, adj. lasting, enduring
g. longfseres 117. 26.

ind.
.

prs. i.s. ic set store by 121.

langsum,

adj. prolonged, tedious

;

26

;

2.s. loetest iv.

50

(a)

;

Isetsest

29
7,

(a; &c., 133-

xi. 72 6 25 / 10eta$ 23. viii. (V); 9 (a), 24. 10 (),

(d)

;

3.^. laet 26.
(<*0

(a",

;

n

Isetege place, 130. 16. 141. i, 3 72. 19 (a); pst. 3..r. let xxvi. 23 Iset v. 30 (a) ; //. IsetaS (b) ;
;

45- 17lar, f. teaching, doctrine ; 27. 17, 139- 2 ; g- !are 51. 2, 135. 21, d. 95. 15, v. 22, xxii. 139. 21 42 ; Isere, lesson 137. 14; a. lare 9. 3, 104. 29, i. 68 ; pi. d. larum
;

8.

23,

ii. 4,

14.

1 8,

20. 12; a.

z?/>.

23 (a) J-fy prs. Isete 119. 23 (), xvi. 7 (); lte 104. 2 (a) //. Iseten 67. 6 (a); /jtf. lete 117.
8.
; .

lara 50. 26, 101. 14, 108. I. lareow, m. teacher; 141. 12, xxx. 3 pi. lareowas 57. 17, xiii. 38 ; lariowa x. g. lareovva xiii. 42 55 ; a. lareowas 57. 16.
; ;

;

5 (a), 119.

30 (),
;
</.

i.

66

(a),

68

laf,/.

(?); pi. leten 67. 6 (a). to lafe, remain remnant
;

last,

m.
;

footprint, track

;

a. last

ing, left over 46. 26. lagu, m. sea, flood ix. 40. laguflod, m. sea //. lagufloda
;
.

weardigan, remain behind xx. on last, in the end, at last 241
15. 5, 48. i, ico. 23.

xx. 173.

lagustream, m. sea;
xx.

xi.

43;

a.

late, adv. slowly, late; 46. 32, 148. 5; comp. later 142. 18; sup. latest 91. 1 6.

in,

xxvi. 16.
;

land, n. land country 40. 2 1 lond 29. 12; g. landes 91. 22, 126. 20*; londes 42. 16*, xii. 27 d. lande about 9 times, 43. 1 7 &c. and xii. 6, xxviii. 57 londe 43. 25, 26, xiii. 18; a. land 51.
;
; ; ;

latteow, m. guide leader xx. 278; ladSeow 82. 1 6, 105. 2 a. ladteow 57. 13.
;

;

;

latJ,

1) adj. hostile ; hateful ; 64. 26, viii. 38, xv. 6 //. laSe 9. 24 ; a. 28. 4 comp. a. laoVan
; ;

29*, 60. 29*, 115. 20*, ix. 40; lond 40. 17, xii. I //. lond 29. 10 d. londum 42. 30. lang, adj. gen. of time, long; 44. of body, tall 25; n. 44. 19, x. 66 87. 4; long 117. 28, 127. 32 w. tf. n. ?f. lange 117. 32 langan 133. 26 a. longne 120. 27 f. lange iv. 46, x. 64, xxvi. n. lang 100. 28 ymbe 103 long, at great length 125. 23; 1 2 7. 29; dUongum langan pl.wk. comp. lengra 120. 29 133. 24 a. lengran 126. 7 //. a. langran 10. ii*; sup. a. lengestne 126. 7. gelang, adj. dependent on, owing to n. on Se gelong 15. 24. lange, adv. of time, long, for a
; ;

iv. 24 ; a. n. wk. laSre 22. 3. 2) sbst. n. offence g. latfes 19. 27. adv. hatefully, horribly ; laflllce,
;

xxvi. 83.
d. leafe xi. 67, leaf,/! permission a. 80. 29, 1 20. 27, x. xx. 131 67, xxvi. 21. leaf, n. leaf xx. 98 pi. xxix. 67 d. leafum g. leafa 10. 12, iv. 24
; ;
;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

92. 2

;

a. leaf 10. 13, xi. 57.

;

;

geleafa, wm. belief, faith; d. geleafan 12. 21 n., 14. 19, v. 26; a.
12. 25.

;

;

leahtor, m. vice, sin
xxii. 25, 29.

;

pi. leahtras

;

;

lean, n. reward; a. 113. 14; pi. g. leana 54. 17, 108. 13, 134. 30; Igena 54. 17*; d. leanum in. 4, 113. 8; a. lean 18. 24,
113. 14.

longtime; about

GLOSSARY
leaniaii, wv. w.
.

261
;

d.

reward; 134.

25; sbj prs. leanige 137. 10; pp. geleanod 119. 22. leas, 1) adj. a) w. g. devoid of;
ciSa leas xii. 5. fr) false, feigned; wk. leasa 63. 27 f. leas 47. 18.
;

xxvi. 40, 113 d. leodum MPr. 4, xxx. 8. leodfruma, wm. chief, leader d.
xii. 6,
;

82. 25
i
;

72.

wk. f. lease 47. 6, 48. leas 68. 8 wk. lease 10.
;

leodfruman i. 27. leodhata, win. tyrant hatan 36. 29. leodscipe, m. nation
;

;

g.

leod2

d.

xxx.

;

;

a.

i.

68.
;

22, iv.

24

;

46 g. leases 41. 12, 45. d. leasum 45. 8, xxiii. 8 ;
;

f. leasre 68. 10,

hiora
a.

leasan
1 1

100. 25; cyninge 66.
//. lease,
;

wk.
22
;

wk. 114. 28;
6.

un

leof, adj. dear acceptable 20. 9, i. 47 a. leofne xxvi. 72 n. pi. n. leofe 16. 12 comp. n. leofre 22. 32, 24. 5, 139. 24, i. 41 a. n. 22. 3 sup. n. leofast 20. 27 ;
; ;
;

;

;

;

truthful
10,

13

wk. leasan 48.
14;

n. pi.

wk. leofostan 67.
adj.
;

2.

g. wk. leasena 51. 16, 55. 6, 101. ; d. leasum 18. 3 &c. and xxvi.

51.

24,

103.

n

leoftsele,
;

acceptable, pleas

ant a. pi. m. 28. 5 pi. leoftselran 28. i.

comp. n.

wk. a. f. leasa xii. 27 i, 99 leasan 15. 29 &c. 2) sbst. n. falsehood; d. lease 141. 19, xxx. 18 a. leas 118. 14. a. f. leaslic, adj. false, unreal
;

;

leofwende,

;

&dj. amiable, popular; comp. leofwendra 27. 30. leogan, svi. tell a lie, make an erroneous statement; 112. 3,

;

leaslice 54. 6.

leasspellung,
falsehood
4;

f.

d.

speech, leasspellunga 14.

false

xxv. 50; ind. prs. i.s. leoge 33. i lihS 47. 15 him on 3-s. lihS, misrepresent him 68. 16.
; ;

leasung,/". falsehood, false story; 21. 21 ; pi. n. leasunga 99. 5 ;

leoht, 1) sbst. n. light 14. I, 52. 6 g. leohtes 10. 7, iv. c. d. leohte 10. 5, iv. 8 &c.; liohte a. leoht iii. 103. 15 9. 12, 5
; ;

n

;

;

leasungum 45.
;

18,

116.

27;

a.

leasunga 99. 4. leax, m. salmon a. xix. 12. ind. leccan, wv. wet, moisten prs. pi. leccaS 136. 17, xxix. 63 ;
;

&c. 2) adj. bright; xxix. 52; n. wk. leohte 136. 13; d. wk.
leohtan
inst.
v. 22 leohte
;

v.

a. leohtne v. 5 ; 26 d. //.
;

leohtum larum, metaph.
a.

//. geleht 80. 17*, xx. 98.

lecgan, wv. place, lay; 37. 8 one msest, lower 144. 30.
lef, adj. diseased,

;

1.

14. 18; leohte 17. 24, 49. 21 comp. n. leohtre 95. 7; a. n. xxii. 22
;

;

weak

;

121. 12.
;

lencten, m. spring (season) 49. 18; a. on lencten TO. 12*, 49. 1 8* on lengten 136. 19*. lenctentld, f. springtime a. on
; ;

sup. leohtost ix. 17. leokt, adj. light (not heavy) ; comp. pi. metaph. leohtran 23.
J

4;

leohte, adv. brightly, brilliantly
39. 21, ix. 13.

1.

xxix. 67.
;

leohtfruma, wm. creator of
ind. prs.
;

light

;

lendan, wv. arrive
gelent 53. 6.

%.s.

xi. 72.

lengo,/. length (of time) a.lengu, lenge* 44. J 3. leo, wmf. lion, lioness ; 57. 9 (/.), 72.6, 7, 114. 30; lio 114. 30*; d. leon 116. 16; a. 102. 7 (m.\
xiii.

leoma, wm. ray of light, radiance xxii. 2 2 d. leoman xxi. 36 a.
; ;

;

v. 5.

leornian, wv. learn, study; 126. 25, xxviii. 77; leornigan 7. 17,
ind. pst. 27, 78.
2.s.
;

;

leornodest 41.

18 (f.) 83 (m. ?).
pi.

,

pi.

n. leon xxvi.

23
g.

;

//.

liornodest 30 41. leornodon 36. 28, 70.
1

leode,

m. people;

leoda

22

;

imp. pi. leorniaS 35.

8

;

262

GLOSS A R Y
gelice, adv. similarly, in the same way (as) alike ; 46. 15, 58. 6, svva ge 69. 19, 148. 23, x. 31 lice 107. 21*; sup. gelicost 104. 16, xx. 211, 217 (or adj.T). ind. prs. Hcettan, ivv. pretend 3.j. licet 47. 15, 22 //. licettaS licette 45. 13, 58. 21 pst.
;
;

sbj. prs. pi. leornigen 133. 26; pp. geleornod 35. 19; a. f. geleornode Pr. 8.

n. song, poem ; d. leofte Pr. 10, 26. 23 a. leoS abottt 8 times
S,
;

B

0</

C,

8. 15
7,

&c. 0flT MPr.
70.

;

4; lioS 50.
//. g.

leofta 135. lioSa 127. 29, ii. i d. leoSum a. lio S 8. 6. 141. 13, xxx. 8 leoftwyrhta, ?ew. song maker,
;

124. 18; 19, xxx. 2
i,
;

;

;

?>.s.

;

poet

;

MPr.

;

^.pl.

leoftwyrhtan

18. 28.

115. 24, xxvi. 36. licgan, sv^. lie, be placed ; 115.6; ind. prs. ^.s. ligeft 42. 8 ligS 82. 16, 115. 5, xvi. 12, xx. 279, xxix. 52; geligeS v. 16 //.
; ;

lesan, sv. gather
lists

;

ind. prs. 3.5.
;

licgaft

104. 8,
;

147. 4

;

licgga<5

61. 10.

46. 29

sbj.

prs. liege

xii. 6.

lettan, wv. hinder gelettan 142. 18 ind. prs. 3.^. let 71. pi. gelettaS 142. 19; sbj. prs. lette 105. 32. libban, wv. live, be alive ; 46. 31 &c. and x. 64, xx. 107 liban ix. 58 (J); tolibbanne4i. 4; ind. prs. 2.s. liofost 22. 28*; ^.s. leofaS 22. 5, 26. 16*, 65. 13; liofaS 22. n, 16 liofaS 109. 30*; pi. libbaS 114. 18, 133. 18 pst. lifde 41. 4 sbj. prs. pi. libban 22. 29* prs. p. libbende 45- 2 6; g- libbendes 71. 5, 80.
;

n

;

lichama, wm. body; 114. 5, xx. 241 lichoma/^. 36. 3 &c. and xviii. 9, xxxi. 7 g. lichoman 45.
;

;

25, xxii. 25

&c.
a.

;

d. Pr.

6 &c.

and

xx.
xxvi.

181

;

69.

23

&c. and

;

106, 119; //. xxvi.

103;

a. 82. 3, 116. 28.

;

lichamlic, adj. of the body, carnal ; g. wk. lichomlican 26. 19 //. n. lichomlicu 87. 3; wit. lichamlid. lican*, licumlican 54. 22
; ;

;

;

;

lich.am.lice,

camlicum*, licumlicum 54. 26. adv. in the body,
;

33 d. libbendum 13. 1 2 ; //. libbende 40. i g. lifgendra xx. 278.
20,
xiii.
; ;

corporeally lichoinlice 45. 26, licumlice ib. 148. 27* Hcian, wv. w. d. please; 29. 12,
;

lie, n.

47, xvii. 12, xx. 236, xxii. 39; a. lie 116. 15*, xxvi. 76.

body

;

d. lice viii.

101. 18, 142. 2 ind. prs. 3.5. licaS 43. 26 &c. //. liciat? 16. 4 &c. pst. licode 35. 6 &c. ; sbj. prs. licige 66. 2 pi. licien
; ; ; ;

gelic, adj.

relevant, pertinent; xxv. 26 f. pred. 22. n. 15 84. 21 &c. ; g. gelices 88. 10, xxvi. 93; a. gelicne 69.
;
; ;

w.

d. similar

29. 9

;

pst. licode 43. 28, 62. 13.
;

gellcnes, f. similarity nesse 31. 14.
;

d. gelic-

18, 91.
xvii.
;

23,

140.

27,

145.

20,

2 f. gelice 79. 32, xxvi. 2; n. gelic 43. 25, 99. 6; ivk.

licwier Se, adj. pleasing, praise worthy g. licwyrftes 35. 9. lidmann, m. sailor g. pi. liS;

monna
Hefan,

xxvi. 63.

gelican 148. 19; pi. gelice 30. n. 87. 25 a. f. ge 5, xvii. 5 lica 91. 23 gelice xx. 54 comp. gelicra 115. 4; n. pi. gelicran 122. 14, 146. 5; sup. gelicost xxv. 1 8, xxvi. 88; n. xix. 12;
;

;

;

;

n. pi.

m. gelicoste
; ;

22. 26.

Sin gelica 79gelica, wm. equal 17, 25, xx. 37 //. hiora gelican x 59 ; d. gelicum 34. 24.
-

pp. lyfed xx. 244. geliefan, wv. w. g. d. or a., or clause, believe gelefan 84. 26, 106. 8, 121. 7 (d.), 138. 10 (-.), swelces to gelefan, 14 (g.} $e believe such a thing of you n. 13 gelyfan 90. 21, 122. 18 (g.} to gelefanne 84. 2 ind. prs. i.s.
wz>.

allow

;

;

.

.

.

;

;

;

gelefe 123. 2 (g.\ gelyfe 12. 18;

GLOSSARY
2.s. geliefsest
1

263
strong drink; g. HSes
;

6, 84. 25

;

13. 31 gelefst 12. gelyfst 84. 22 ; 3.*.
;

11$, n.

in.

27.

gelyfS 107. 10 lifde 12. 1 8*;
1 1

(g.}
?>.s.

;

pst. i.s. gegelyfde 115.

6.
;

27

(</.)

;

gelyfdon xxvi. 99
;

(J.)
sbj.

*Vw/. gelief, gelef* 31. 14

xxvi. 60; svi, journey, sail ind. prs. pi. geliSao xxviii. 22. e, adj. mild, pleasant ; 51. 4 ; lioes xii. 13 /. liSu 138. 18 ; d. wk. liSan 138. 29 ; a. liSne
, 1
".

;

//. prs. gelefe gelefen 109. 26 (.), 117. 15 (g.} 18. 33 (a.). /j/. gelefde Heg, 7/272. flame lig 34. 27 N.; leg d. lege viii. xxix. 34. 27, 51
;

118.

16

;

132. 8; d.pl. liSum 8. 26. locian, wv. (gen. w. on) look xxii. 20 1. ongean 121. 10 see, 121.
;

;

;

;

;

15 ; to locienne 14. 14 ; ind. prs. 2.j.locast 121. 31; //. lociaS 121.
27, xi. 6; pst. lucude

54\g.pl. legaix. 17. a. liegetu, /. lightning 99. 2* ; a. pi. ligeta 99.
;

n.

i

;

//.

lygetu
2.

locodon n. i*
99. 21
;

;

imp. loca 14. 9,

liehtan, wv. shine; ind. prs.
lyht 86. 8.

%.s.

Hetan, wv. trans, bend,
ind. prs. 3.^.
lit

incline

;

liexan, wv. shine
Hf, n. life;
22.
14. i, xi. 72

;

xxvi. 119. lixan ix. 13.
;

31 &c.
;

g.

lifes

&c.

d. life, esp. in
life

sbj. prs. locie to ... 129. prs. p. lociende 148. 22. lof, praise ; 43. 31, 138. 19; g. lofes 47. 8, 108. 13; d. lofe 36. a. lof 104. 7 ; re 25, 44. 29 nown 43. 25. gelome, adv. frequently ; ix. 60, xxx. 5, 7.

30

;

.

;

phrase on
21. 17, xxi.
vii.

ftys

andweardan
;

29 &c.
;

a.lif2o.25,
(or s.T]
life
;

loppe, wf. flea; 36. losian, wv. be lost
27,

n.
;

40 &c.

a. pi.

lif

awriten 44. 5. Hfdeeg, m. day of

d. pi.

lifdagum xv.
lifer,/! liver; lim, n. limb,
;

6, xxvi. 88. a. lifre 103. i.

25. perish x. xviii. 8 _37, ind. 18 prs. pi. losigan 46. losiaS 63. 26 pst. 3.5. losade losodon 44. 7 sbj. 103. 13 pi. prs. losige 117. 25; //. losien
;

28,

71.

6,

;

;

;

;

;

member

;

a. 86. 30,

90. 32 //. limu 86. 26, 87. 18, 22, 23 n. ; g. lima 87. 24, 114. 8; d. limum 81. 14, 114. 8; a.

26. 5. 10. 22, lot, n. wile, deceit lotwrenc, m. wile, deceit ;
;

iv.

46.

a. pi.

limu 90. 32. ind. llmian, wv. cement, join prs. 3.j. gelimS 54. 17; pp. gelimed 96. 14.
;

lotwrencas 129. 73. lox, m. lynx
;

6.
3.
;
/>)

lucan, sv2. a) lock, fasten pluck, pull up; ind. prs.
lycS
hire
xii.

^.s.

28

(b]

;

//. locen wiS

limpan,
3.s.

sv$.

happen

;

ind. prs.
;

limpo",

gelimpft*

pst. z.s.
7.

gelamp
iii.

125. 20 101. 22; gelomp

gecynde 57. 6 (a). 58. 22 &c. and lufian, wv. love to lunanne 108. 21, xxvii. 31
;
;

25*, xxvi. 17, 45. 4; //. ge9.
;

lumpen
49- 17-

limplice, adv. suitably, fittingly

113. 14; ind. prs. 2.s. lufast 29. 26; 3.^. lufaS 22. 17 &c. and xx. 223; pi. lufia 5 28. 6 &c. ; xxvi. 63, pst. 3.^. lufode 124. 14,

lindwigend, m. warrior
lindwigende
;

;

n. pi.

i.

13.

liss, f. kindness, favour ; pi. g. d. lissum xxvi. 63. lissa i. 59
list,

lufedon 65, 89 lufude 34. 6; //. lufie sbj. prs. 67. 21, xxvi. 91 xiii. 20, 124. 16 ; lunge 57. 10, xxvii. 28.
; ;

m. cunning,
3
;

skill

;

art

;

a.
;

MPr.
xiii.

//. listas xxvi. 108 g. lista xxviii. 77 ; d. listum i. 59,

lufigend, w. lover //. d. lufigenclum 70. 14; lufiendum 73. 16
;

;

a. lufiendas 62. 27, 73. 20.

42.

lufu, swf. love; 23.

8,

93. 18; g.

264
lufan
1 8,

GLOSSARY
d.

i. 59; d. lufe 50. I, 54. 89. 7, xxi. 7 ; lufan 101. n, 116. 9, 12; a. lufe 103. 9, 130. lufan 9, 1 6, 136. 29, xxix. 90
;

no. 27; .s^. 81. 15; n.pl. 36.

<a?.

wk.
;

laestan

7.

xi.

81

;

d. pi.

lufum, sake 22.

lytelice, #/#. craftily 15. 5. a. wk. lytig, adj. cunning, sly lytegan 114. 28; n.pl. lytige
;

22, 51. 19, 54. 16, 67. 20.

lungre, adv. quickly, suddenly;
vii.

19.

lust, m. desire, pleasure ; 55. 10, 12, MPr. 3 ; g. lustes 15. 30 ; d. luste 143. 3; a. lust 88. 17, 93. 2i //. lustum 53. 25, 74. 25,
;
</.

lytle, adv. a little 50. 26 &c. and xii. 13, xx. 181 comp.lKS, less 101. 7, 130. 18, 22 (v. also
; ;

_3-

2 4-

Bylses)

;

sup.

laest,

least 15.
z

6, ^.

lytlian, zw. trans, diminish
/r.y. 3.5. ly .laS 65. 20.

_ii7

30.
;

115. 6, ix. 44. lustbsere, adj. pleased, glad ; 50. 10 ; a. lus Sbaerne 54. 26. lustbserlice, adv. pleasantly ; 8. 6, 103. 23.

M.
macian, wv. arrange,
ind. prs.
$.s.

lustbsernes, f. desire
g. lustbaernesse 8.
1 1

;

pleasure
;

;

manage

;

a. 74. 7-

lustlice, adv. gladly, willingly; 25. 4, 50. 27, 123. 26, ii. i. lutan.j^2. incline, sink (of the sun);
sbj. prs. lute 57. 25.

macacS 98. 21. gemsec, adj. well matched, suit a. n. 24. 8. able avail ind. mseg, jwz be able
; . ;
;

prs.
;

i

and
;

$.s.

maeg

13.
;

7, xv.
t>

lyft. f. air, atmosphere; 80. I, ix. 40 &c. g. lyfte xx. 173 d. 80.
;

d. pi.

25, 105. 10, xxiv. 13, xxix. 52 lyftum, clouds xx. 98.

;

9 &c. mag 42. 31 mseg he ne wundrie, can help 92. 7 to nauhte ne m., is good for
;

lystan, wv. impers. w. a. and g. 19. 14; ind. prs. 3.^. lysteS x. 14, xix. i f, 39 lyst II. 26, xix.
;

nothing 69. 8 ; m. Saet, enables m. to sorge, may be 38. 7 a care 24. 16 2.s. meaht, miht* 12. 10 &c. meht 92. 4
; ;
;

:

1

6, 33, xxxi. i
ix.

&c. and

pst. lyste 18. 15 19, xxvi. 71 ; sbj.
;

pi.

prs. lyste Pr.

1 1

gelystan, wv. make glad ; pp. guSe gelysted
i.

&c. and x. I fill with desire,
.

magon 22. 26, ii. 19 &c. magan 131. 31*, 139. 4 mahon 14, 10* pst. i and $.s. meahte
; ;

;

9.

12. 19 &c. mihte Pr. 4; 2.J. meahtest 17. 21, 18. 25, xxiv. 15, 17 ; meabtes 18. 26, 33. 12,
;

lytel, adj.
x.

little,

small;
46.

55;

wk.

lytla

41. 18, 26; f.

16, 51. 14, 72. TI, xxiv. 8, ii

;

lytlu 41. 25 ; wk. lytle 36. n. lytel 124. 22 &c. and x. 9

n

mihtest 48.
35.

15*

;

pi.

meahton
; ;

;

4 &c.
23.

;

we
;

mibtan 34. 6* mihte 12*, 146. 19* sbj. prs.
;

g. lytles 31. 22, xxii. 47
;

;

lytles

hweet 23. 23, 24. 23 d. litlum xxvi. 36 wk. lytlan 13. 33 &c. and xx. 179 lytlon 30. 13* a. Iitellnei46. 21*; lytelne 97. 15 /lytle 14. 26 &c.;. lytel 148.8; wk. lytle 97. 1 8 //./. lytla 26.
;

msege 12. 13 maegge xxviii. 64 mage 94. 29* //. maegen 9. 27 &c. magen 28. 26*
;
;

;

;

;

;

;

mahan 7*, 74. 8 59. 14* \pst. meahte 45. 17 &c. absol. xi. 102 ; pi. meahten 34.
masgon
1 8.
1
; ;

;

iS&c.
mseg, m. kinsman
71. 27
;

9; d. lytlum 24. 21 &c.\comp.f3 Isesse xxviii. 22 ; n. 28. 14, xx.

;

d. pi.

maegum
g.
2,

gemagum
n.

54. 12.
;

117 &c.

123. 8, Isesse 148.

d. laessan 77. ; 141. 2, xxviii.

6 &c.;
12
;

a.

maegden,

maiden
;

pi.

n.
;

10; //. laessan 83. 2

maedena 116. 6. msegen, m. strength

93.

xx.

GLOSSARY
d. 202 g. maegnes 108. 28 maegene 38. 4 maegne iv. 27, xx. 9, 66 adv. ealle maegene, with might and main 112. 31,
; ; ; ;

265
out, distinguished?
80.

marked
12.

maJr 5,

m segno
powers

147. 12, xiii. 64, 66, cf. 69. 14, eallon xxvi. 64, xxix. 96 maegene 53. 18*, 67. 5* ; pi. n.
;

f. fame, glory g. maerSe Jo8. 10 a. 54. 6 //. maer Sa d. 74- 2 4 g- 77- 3. xx. 26 a. maerSa 78. maerSum xx. 2
;
;

;

;

;

;

; g. maegena, 72. 21. n, 41. 12; maegna

n

13-

xx. 258.

msegencreeft, m. strength, power
xxvi. 105.

;

meegenstan, m. great rock
16.

;

v.

meegS,/! maiden
msegtS, f.

;

a. xxvi. 67.

family

;

tribe, nation
;

;

msest, m. ship s mast a. 144. 30. ind. msetan, wv. impers. dream prs. maet 51. 13 sbj. prs. maete 58.8. meete, adj. unimportant comp. n. pi. maetran 130. 3 sup. pi. wk. maetestan 130. 6, 8 maestan 130. 8*. mselS, f. measure, capacity ; 145.
;
;

;

;

;

;

msegSe xx. 160 d. 7. i n. pi. maegSa xxvi. 49. 40. gemsegtS,/". power, grandeur
;
;

7,

147. 13; 147. 14, 16.

d.

Pr. 14, 145. 9,
;

7*.

msegwlite,
pect
;

appearance, as msegwlitas xxxi. 5. rasel, n. time, occasion ; g. pL msela i. 54, xxii. 65. msenan, wv. a) mean, allude to
a. pi.

m.

teacher magister, m. master a. 57. 10, 66. 24, xiii. 70. 30 20 g. pi. magistra xxx. 4. magurinc, m. man, warrior pi. g. magomagorincas x. 56
;

;

;

;

;

rinca

i.

26.
a.

;

gernan, swv. w.
inf.

org. remember

;

U]

complain
2.s.

(of)

;

22.

2

(b]

;

gemunan u.

13, 20. 2, 34.
;

ind.prs.
3.J-.

msenst 23. 23
(a)
;
;
(<)

()

;

maenS 118. 17
i

pst. 2.s.

maendest 17. 20
128.
(a)
-

3.^.

maende

sbj.

prs. maene 12.
;

30, 58. 30, 104. 1 8, 106. 24 ind. prs. \.s. geman 96. 6, 97. 8, 2.s. 100. n, 106. 27, 119. i gemanst 118. 30; gemunst 106.
;

1 15 () 25_(); 7 gemsene, adj. common d. gemaenum 18. 25 a. f. gemaene xxix. wk. gemaenan 109. 16. 91 gemeeneliee, adv. in common
;

28

;

3..T.

gemon S 57. 12*
18
;

;

pi.

gemunon 34. munde w. a.
;

pst.
3,

13.

i.s. ge101. 13
;

;

2.s.

gemyndest

;

msere n. boundary, borderland
a.

^36. 29.

a. pi. gegemaere 103. maero xxix. 9 mseru 49. 23 n. msere, adj. renowned, famous 68. 25, xxiv. 43 g. wk. maeran d. maerum xxix. 97 39, xxi. 6 wk. maeran xxx. 4 a. wk. i. 14,
; ;
;

n

;

gemnnde 7. imp. gemun gemune 122.

95. 32; $.s. w.g. 15, 8. 3, i. 57, 79

;

113. 12
7.

;

sbj.

prs.

man,

1)
;

sbst.

n.
;

wickedness,
;

;

ix."

;

;

g. manes i. 44 d. mane 7. 10 ; a. man 39. 18. wicked n. pi. 2) adj. false mane aSas 10. 22 ; mane iv.

crime

ix.

7

;

;

;

48.

iv. 13, xi. 73, xx. 281 //. xxix. 9; d. maerum xvii.
;

wk.

u

geniana,
d.

wm.

;

gemanan

intercourse, society II. 23.

;

maerra 69. 5, xx. 18 sup. marost x. 34. mserlic, adj. renowned, glorious; sup. maerlicost 75. 21.

comp.

;

manfull,
12. 2.

adj. sinful,

wicked
g.

;

//.

manfulle 10. 19;

manfulra

msersian,

cele proclaim, brate; ind. prs. 3.^. maersaS i. 16 ; pp. a. pi. gemsersode,

wv.

n. on gemong prep. w. among 102. 3, 119. 12. manian, wv. warn, restrain; pp.

gemang,
d.

a. pi.

gemanode

xi.

24

;

f. 49. 3.

266
manig,
i.

GLOSSARY
adj.

many

a,

many monig
;

&c. and

ii.

17, vii. 9, often

used

8

;

f.

manigu

xi.

44

;

manig

as indef. pron. one, they 13. 17*,
18. 20, viii. 37 &c. ; g. 69. 7*, 114. 18, 135. 2
;

147. 2 ; n. 70. 21, 145. 5 nuenig 86. 5, 93. 12 ; g. maniges 88. 9 ; manies 126. 16* ; d. manegum
;

mannes monnes

7.

10*, 43. 13, 65. 14*, 66. 12*,

28; maenegum 22. 31, 134. 13; f.
134.

24;

monegum
;

24.

38. 25 &c. ; d. men a. mann 24. 19*; 15 &c. man 62. 15*, 66. 13, 114. 25, 31, 124. 16*; indef. 132. 31;

usual form
10.

;

a. manigne 37. 99. 16 ; msenigne 66. 13, 69. 12, 76. 28, xxvi. 78;

monigre 15. 4 2*, 4; monigne
f.

mon

36. 9 &c. //. menn 53. 14*, 116. 26*, 124. 10* ; men 13. 21 &c. g. manna fq. in B,
;

;

46. 12* ; mgenig 65. 23, 74. 31, 86. 30 ; //. manige 24. 9*, 46. 29*, 6l. 12*, 13*, 63. 2, 70. 20*, 82. 28*, 132. 32, 133. 14, 143. 5; manege 24. 7*, 53. 23*, 61. 13*, 87. 8* ; monige 24. I*, 41.
25. 7
;
.

monige

manig

24* &c. and 68. ii, vii. 21, monna usual xiv. 6, xxvi. 55 form in B and C, ii. 7, iv. 32 &c. mona 41. 26* d. monnum a. menn 69. 9. 21, iv. 35 &c.
10.
;

;

;

;

24*

;

men

xvii. ii.

manna,

win.

man

;

a.

mannan
15,

14*; maenige mcenege 82. 28

17.
;

22,

145.

2;
42.

123. 28;

monnan

26.

123.

f.

manega

32, xxvii. 31.

22*, 49. 12*, 147. 19; manige 145. 32; n. manegu 87. 4; monegu 86. 26 g. manegra 26.
;

manneynn, n.
41. 28* 3*, 83.
;

mankind moncynn moncyn 10. 23*, 50.
;
;

19*, 65.

23*, 71. 14, 22,
;

in.

22, 112. 27, xi. 97; moncynnes 22. 4, xvii. 9 &c.

d. mane60. 19 gum 16. i*, 20. n*, 33. 2, 36. 18, 42. 29, 92. 32, 96. 13*, 112.

14*

;

monegra

22;
;

monegum
76. 17

26.

10, 43. 30; 54.
;

moncynne 10. 17, xiii. 16, xxvii. 12; a. moncynn in. 17*; moncyn 10. 26, iv. 54, xiii. 61. marmSwsere, adj. gentle, kind;
148. 23.

maenegum 34. a. manige 19
337>

24,

20,

125.

46. 27*

monige
42. 28,

martyr, m. martyr
26. 21.

;

n.pl. martiras
;

;/ manega

46. 10*, 70. 8*, 101. 9, 104. 25, 108. 2, 128. 8; n. manigu 108. i ; maenegu 19. 8 ; msenig 76.
10, 13.

manigfeald,aa^ manifold, various; 58. II g. wk. maenigfealdan a.n. manigfeald 62. 3, 139. 21 monifeald 9. 7 .* pL n. 90. 4 msenigfeald 125. 8; pi. manigfealdum Pr. 5*, 1 1 1. 16*; maenigfealdum 52. 17 a. manigfealde
. ;

mattm, m. treasure xxi. 20. maftmiiierde, m. treasurer n.pl. maSmhirdas 64. 13. a. mearc, f. boundary, limit mearce 49. 24, 64. 12, 80. 4, xi.
;
;

65*

7>

73, xx

/!>

89;

;

;

;

mearcian, wv. mark out, design ind. prs. %.s. mearcaS 128. 27. mearrian, wv. go astray, err sbj.
;

prs. $.pl. mearrigen 55. 23.

;

mece, m. sword
29.

;

g. pi.

meca

ix.

1

manigfeald 104. 10, 118. 23, 133. 15; wk. manig;

08. ii

n.

med,

fealdan

7.

13*.
;

g. /. reward 112. 32, 131. 32;
;
>

mede
d.

45. 3, 112. 32 ;

manigfealdlic, adj. various

n.

o- 45- 2

H3adj.

15-

mann, m. man,

manigfaldlic 128. 31. person mankind man about 24 55. 2*, 147. 9* times, chiefly in B, ii. II &c. and monn xxii. 43, 49, xxxi. 16
;

gemede,
able
;

acceptable,

agree

;

a. n. 24. 9.
.;

;

mederne,a^
b) iv. g.
;

a) perfect, excellent;
;

;

34.

4*;

mon

usual form Pr. 13

9 () medomne, medumne*

capable (of); 122. 5 (), a. n. wk. 82. 21 (a)
38. 33 (a);

GLOSSARY
comp. a. n. medemre, more ex cellent 85. 21 sup. medomest, medemast* 122. 9; a. n. mede;

267
adj.

meresmylte,
turbed
12.
;

calm,

undis
xxi.

f.

?

meresmylta wic
;

mast 56.

2*.

merestream, m. sea
merestreame merestreamas
33-

xi.

adv. suitably, satis factorily; 92. 10. medemnes, f. excellence me-

medemlice,

xxviii.

65 d. 37 pi.
;
;

xvi. 9

;

a.

xxviii.

;

domnes, medumnes*

39. 6
;

;

d.

medemnesse

35.

14*

meclum-

meretorht, adj. from the sea
xiii.

(rising)
;

bright

a.

meretorhtne

nesse 35. 15*; a. medemnesse, dignity, high estate 32. n. meldian, wv. a) declare, proclaim; w. on, inform against; 36. 18 (#) ind. pst. 3.^. meldode
/>)

6 1.
in.

mersc,

marsh

;

d. pi.

merscum
;

91. 17. gemet, 1) sbst. n.

measure
30.
7,

limit,
16,

;

moderation;
17,

a.

u,

MPr. 2 0). melu, n. meal,
5
;

flour

;

meolo

93.

93- 5;

Sises 19; middangeardes gemet, measure ment 41. 28*. 2) adj. fit, proper,
21,

60.

137.

mengan, wv. (often w. wiS) mix 33. 30* gemengan 38. 12, vii.
;

n. xxix. 42.

8; msengan
2.s.

3.j.

22; ind. prs. gemengest 82. 3, xx. 234; gemenge S 136. 12, xi. 91,
viii.

metan, sv$. measure, compare to metanne wiS, compared with to metane 29. 4 &c. andyx\. 42
;

;

29.

6;
;

sbj.

prs.

mete 44.

23.
;

xxix.

49

;

pi.

gemengaS
;

v.

9

;

pst. 2.s.

mengdest gemengdest 80. 2 2 sbj. prs. pi. gemengen, join, connect 86. 14 pp. gemenged fq. 14. 13 &c.
;

xx. 89, 112

;

metan, wv. meet with, find 26 to metanne xxi. 42
;

69. ind.

prs.

2.s.

gemet

79.

metst 114. 23; $.s. 6 //. metaS 76. 18,
; ;

xx. 66, 79, 128, 144; a. f. gemengde 80. 12 n. pi. 81. 4. menigo, f. multitude, host 30.
;

and

;

gemetaS 63. 10, 106. 34, 107. 4*, 5* pst. 3.J. mette, gemette*iO2. 22; gemette hine sittan, found him sitting 61.
18;
sbj.

107. 4, 5, xvii. 17;

23 29

;

menigu
d.

;

67. 15 ; meenigo msenige xxvi. 61.
;

i.

prs. gemete

19, xiii.

18?

n. 26, 62. pst. mette 62. 19 ;
22, 93. 3; 18, xiii. 45, xxvi.
;

mennisc, adj. human mennisc man, human being 76. 6 wk. mennisca 76. 13; f. wk. mennisce 60. 16, 132. 23 n. wk.
;
;

//. gemetten 107. 3.

mete, m. food 530. 8,40.
g.

metes 60.
;

91

d.

mete

93. 2

27. 2 g. mennisces xxvi. 91 n. 54. 2 ; Sses m. human nature,
; ;

;

viii.

22,

xiii.

43

;

a. 116. 22, pi. mettas,
;

humanity 114. 15 wk. menniscan 32. 18; d. menniscum 20. 20; f. wk. menniscan 114. 20, 21 pi. wk. 23. 27. n. pi. mennisclic, adj. human
;

kinds of food viii. 9 g. metta a. mettas 57. 17. 57. 18 mo gemetfeest, adj. temperate dest;^ 22. 13; pi. d. gemetfaestum 115. 4; a. gemetfeste
; ;

;

62. 27.

mennisclice 114. 17.

gemetgian,
8.
;

wv.

measure
;

out,

meox,

n.

dung; miox 104.
;

mere, m. lake a. xxviii. 38. merecandel, f. sun merecondel
;

assign regulate, control 49, 16, 139. 2, xi. 54; ind. prs. $.5.
i9,xi. 88; gemetgacS 57. 4, iv. 9 &c. pst. i.s. gemetgodest xx. 112.
;

metga8i32.

xiii.

57.
;

mereflod, m. ocean
xxvii. 2.

g. mereflodes

gemetgung,
temperance
dinance;

f.
;

merehengest, m.

sea-horse, ship; g. pi. merehengesta xxvi. 25.

b*)

60. 7

d] moderation, regulation, or 62. 26 (a), (/;)
;

268
87.
7
(a) ; a. a. pi. ;

GLOSSARY
gemetgunge 12*. gemetgunga 128.
;

g.

4* ()

23(^,128.9^).
gemetlic, adj.
fitting, suitable

n.

31. 30*, 138. 30; comp. n. gemetlicre 31. 30. gemetlice, adv. moderately, regu
larly
;

wk. mrcstan ng. 17; d. msesttim 53. 23 f. msestere 53. 24; wk. msestan 15. 7 &c. a. mgestne 58. 27 &c. wk. msestan 7i. 13. 30 &c. &jsbst. 54. 8, ix. 33 //. wk. msestan 8.23,
; ;

;

;

m&

;

74- 2 3-

33.
77i.

27,
viii.

96.
16.

19;

sup.

micellic,

gemetlicost

metod,

destiny, God ; 136. 19, xx. 253, xxix. 68 g. vii. 48, xi. 25, xx. 71, xxix. 49, xxxi. 1 6.

Lord of

;

metodes

adj. great, grand g. micellices 42. 14. micelnes, f. greatness ; a. micelnesse 148. 26. micle, adv. much;_/^. w. comp. 8. i, ix. 32 &c. mycle xii. 22
; ;

;

metten,j Fate a. pi. Sa graman metena Se folcisce men hataS
;

micele

ma
fq.

24*, 95. 7*, comp. w. g. 17. 3, xxvi. 91 &c.
72.
;

Parcas 102. 22.
mettmmnes,/". ill-health, sickli-

sbst.

more,

30.

greater number, Son 17, x. 23 &c.
;

a

ness
12.

;

116. 33
a.

112;

mettrymnes xxvi. medtrymnesse 132.
;
;

ma
mid,

Se, (not) any more than 24. 17 &c. sup. maest 15. 28, xx. 1 60 &c.
;

micel, adj. large; much 14. 15, xx. 2 &c. wk. micla 117. 28; f. micel 12. 3 &c. n. 13. 26, i. 1 6 &c. wk. micle xxviii. 78; g. miceles 23. 26, 31. 20 micles
;
; ; ;

i)

prep.

1)

w.d.

;

a)
2,
i.

companiment,
&c.
;

co-existence,
7.

gether with, with,

ac to 21

31.

21,

147. 23; adv.
xxii.
; ;

xiii.

16

;

61. 20, 141. n, 12, viii. 38, x. 47, xxx. i in the case of 16. i, 28. 14. b) instru-

among,

;

d. miclum 14. 47 used as adv. greatly, much, 86. 7, and% times in Metr. i. miclon nr. 15 74 &c. f. micelre 7. 25 &c. ^vk. miclan a. micelne 33. 6, 34. 29 &c. 21 &c. vii. f. micele 62. 3 micle 116. 5, 142. 9; n. micel xiv. 2 &c.; inst. micle xxv.

mycles ii &c.

ment, means, with, by, 8. 7, iv. 47 &c. \fq.foll. case 32. 30 &c.

and

;

;

;

xi. 77, xiii. 43, xxviii. 79 swuncen mid Ssere sprsece, at, over 145. 3. c] manner, with,
7.

;

;

9

&c.

;

mid

rihte, rightly,

;

;

u

17. 31 rightfully xxvi. 41, xxx. 17 ;

and &c. mid unrihte

;

after mid, 48. 14, 16, 66. 9, 89. 27 ; pi. f. micla 147. 20, v. a. d. miclum xxvi. 36 &c. 9 comp. f. micla, micele* 70. 8
; ;

;

mara 72. 7, 84. 27, xvi. 20 mare 9. 17 &c. n. 36. 3 &c.; maran 31. 22, viii. 44 &c.
;
; ;

;

f.
g.
d.

mid nanum ryhte 29. mid ungemete, exceedingly xxvi. 62 mid S0em, thereby, therewith 32. 13 &c. mid hwaem hi mgegen the where withal to 60. 13 conj. mid
36. 20
2
;
;

;

;

.

.

.

;

Ssem

,

in that,

inasmuch as

17.

27 &c. andxxviii. 79-4&C. 20; f. maran*, maron 65. 27 n. mare 19. 9, iii. 9 &c. ;//. maran d. no. 28 sup. wk. 72. 5 msesta 22. 4 f. maest 120. 30 wk. mseste 21. 16, 121. 18 meste 22. 29* ; n. used as sbst. w. gen. most msest xxv. 43
a. 53.
;

22, 47. 24, 60. 24; mid Ssem Se Sa, as soon as 8. 27. 2) iv.
inst.
;

same meanings as (1) mid
;

;

;

ane noman xx. 56 mid bebode Sine xx. 69 mid Sy Srymme
; ;

;

;

;

;

;

xxv. 13 adv. mid Sy, thereby, therewith 85. 25, 103. i, 135. mid ealle, v. ealle. 2, xxxi. 1 8 3) w.a. a) accompaniment mid
; ; ; ;

maesS

v.

36

;

mest 146. 17

;

wk.
;

an

hund
;

scipa

xxvi.

15.

b~]

inseste 83. 2, xx. 202, xxvi. 27

manner

mid gescead

xx. 218.

GLOSSARY
adv. together, 18, 27 ; there with, 28. 23, 99. 3, Joi. 12. middangeard, m. earth, world ; 39. 26, 96. 13, xiv. 6, xvi. 9 ;
ii)
; ;

269

meahtig 99. 27, no. 12*, ix. 35 a. mihtigne 98. 15; no. 12 108. 28 n. pi. mihtige ; comp. mihtigra 79. 16, xx. 18 mehtigra
;

middaneard
96. 4*,

60.

30*

;

g.

middan6,

geardes 26. 29*, 41. 21*, 27*,
10, ix.

sup. mihti107. 17, 18, no. 9 gost 1 08. 22* ; meahtegost 108.
;

39, xxi.

22

;

25-

midangeardes

33.

22*

;

middan;

mihtiglice, adv. mightily
;

;

98. 21.
;

eardesjfy. in B,

27. 5* &c.

d.
;

15, 147. 26 raiddanearde 60. 31 a. middan geard 67. 30*, 79. 30*, 104. 6,

middangearde 135.

milde, adj. gentle, kind, merciful wk. milda xxix. 68 d. mildum
iv. 55-

;

126. i*, xx. 9 &c.

and
;

8 times in Metr.
d.

mildellce, adv. kindly, mercifully 10. 26 n.

;

middaneard 49. 32*.
;

mildheort,
149- 3-

adj. gentle, merciful

;

midde, wf. middle
1 6,

on mid2, v.

dan, in the middle 130.
xx. 170.
adj.
;

mildheortnes,/. mercy

;

g. mild-

midde,
1

middle d. middum f. middre xxviii. a. midne 2372.; midre 1 8. 27
8. 25, xx.

79

;

;

heortnesse 120. 16; d. 133. 4; a. 120. 13. a. miltse 102. milts, f. kindness 26*.
;

12. ii

;

midne
13,

dssg,
xiii.

midday
57,

57.

miltsian,
123.

24,

126.
;

xxviii.

wv. w. sbj. mercy on
;

d.

pity,

have

prs.

midmestan sup. a. wk. 138. 28, 32 pi. wk. average, medium 129. 25, 130. 2, 7 ; d.
37
;

30;

mildsige

miltsige 124. 15*,

xxvii. 30.

midmestum
middel,

130. 7.
;

intermediate 1) adj. sup. d. pi. wk. midlestan 129. 28. 2) sbst. m. middle, midst
;

d.

on

Sam

midle 80. 9

;

on midle
;

xx. 82.

middelniht, f. midnight middelnihtum xxviii. 47. middeweard, 1) adj. middle on tfcere nafe midded. f. weardre 129. 32* a. f. middewearde 126. 8*. 2) adv. in the middle 129. 32. middewinter, m. midwinter a.
d. pi.
;
; ; ;

midewinter

12.

ii*.
;

d. midferh!5, m. middle age midferhSe 122. 5. ind. prs. mierran, wv. hinder
;

miltsung, f. pity, mercy; mildsung 123. 31. iv. 53 &c. min, pass. adj. my se min 23. 15 /. 27. 17, xxiv. mines 8. 22; n. 18. 7; g. 49; d. minum xix. f. minre 51. 2 a. 38; f. minre 8. 18, v. 22 minne 105. I, 125. 15 f. mine minne 20. 10* n. Sset 125. 15 inst. mine min mod 8. 16 gefrsege xx. 82, 248 //. mine 8. Sa mine 18. 13 &c. and ii. 16 5, 21. 13; /. $a mina 23. 15; d. minum g. minra 17. 15, 1 8. 4 8. 23; a.f. mina 50. 26, 108. i. miscian, wv. mix, apportion; ind. prs. 3.^. miscaS 132. 19. miscierran, wv. pervert, misuse
;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

myr5
miht,/".

71.

n,

73. 7.
;

might, power

a. 49.

22*,

miscyrre ii. misdsed, f. misdeed, crime misdseda ix. 7.

ind. prs.

i.s.

8.
;

g. pi.

4 mieht 25. 15 ; meaht ix. 51, xi. 99, xx. 161, 178, xxiv. 40. 51 ; meht iv. 7 pi. mehta no. 4 ; g. meahta iv. 9 ; mehta iv. 32 ; meahtum xx. 48, 209, xxix. 36, 55.
iv.
;
;

misfon,
prs.

rv.

w.g.

fail to find

;

ind.

i.s.

misfo

8. 9.

mishwierfed, adj. perverted, per verse n. mishweorfed 31. 27.
;

missenlic, adj.
n. mislic

90. 4

different, various ; d. mistlicum ;

mihtig,

adj.

powerful,

mighty

;

82. 6*

;

a. n. mislic 31.

19

;

//.

270
;

GLOSSARY
mona8,
7
;

mistlice 33. 23* ; mislice viii. 9 f. mislica 42. 22, 43. 22 mistlice 42. 22*, 81. 35* ; mistle 43. 22*; n. mislicu 125. 8; ^.mislicraxvi. 5 ; d. mislicum Pr. 5 &c. and xx. 248, xxv. 3 ; mistlicum Pr. 5 &c. ; a. mislice 52. 18, 53. 10*, 129. 6, MPr. 5; mistlice 52. 18* ; f. mislica 18. 29, 101. 9 misleca 128. 9. missenlice, adv. variously mislice 56. 25, 106. 32, xxxi. 2 ; mistlice
; ; ;

m. month;

d.

montSe 12.
;

d. pi.

monftum
;

91. 30. pi.
18.
;

mor, m.

moor, mountain moras 42. 7 d. morum 91. morgen, m. dawn, morning
xiii.

a.

61.

morgensteorra,

ivm.

star 10. 9*, 136. stiorra xxix. 21

4*
;

;

a.

morningmorgenmorgen;

steorran
g.

iv. 13.

mortJor, n. murder, crime

ix. 7

;

morSres
25-

ix. 33.
;

147. 3*-

.

gemot,
;

n. meeting, debate

n. pi.

mist,

in.

43;
xxiii.

v. 6 mist g. mistes v. a. mist 82. II, xx. 264, mistas 5 //. 14. 5, 6 ; d.
;
;

_59-

mot, swv. be allowed, may
prs.
i.s.

;

ind.

12.

12 &c.

;

2.s.
;

most

mistum v. 45. ml5an, svi. conceal; sbj.prs. \.s. Seah ic his miSe, conceal the

105. 25,
8. 14, v.

v. 29, xxiv.
;

56

s.s.

mot

mod,
2

26, fq. ; Boelhius in the is zvhere it printed ^v^th dialogue, a capital M, 8. 27 &c. g, modes
;

fact 59. 3. n. mind, heart

i.

iii.

40 &c. //. moton 18. motan 5 &c. and vi. 10, xi. 7 17. 26; pst. moste 105. 6, 139. 25, 26 //. mostan 7. 8* subj.
,
; ;

&c.

;

^^.sed for

prs.

mote moten 82.

91. 28, xvi.
9,
x.
i.

;

9.

6, v.

d. mode Pr. 32 &c. a. mod 41. 10, 9 &c. 43 &c. pi. g. moda 47. 21, d. modum 50. 12, xxvi. 105 a. mod 15. 5, 82. 7, xx. 252
9, vii.
iii.
;
;

moste 89. 31, mosten 99. 15,
pst. 3.5.

19 //. 64 &c. pst. &c. //. 39
;
;

;

i.

36.

gemundbyrdan, wv.
munt, m. mountain,
muntes
.

;

gemundbyrde
hill
v.

protect sbj. 102. 19.
;
;

;

34. 9

;

g.

;

16

;

d.

munte
;

14. 16,

48. 8.

modig,
a.

adj.

headstrong,
29.

proud

;

wk. modgan 114.

26. 31, 34. 8, vii. 18, viii. 48 ; munt 34. 28, vii. 4 pi. g. munta 43. 10 d. muntum 7;
4>

m6diglic,<2tf/.

high-minded; modi-

42. 29, 102. 4; a. muntas 43. 9.

lie xx. 2.

murcian, murcnian, wv. com
lament; ind. prs. 2.s. 17. 5*; murcnast 17. 5, 31. 3 prs. p. murciende*, murcniende n. 3. murcung, f. complaint, lament
plain,

modor,/. mother; 21.10; modur 21. 10*; d. meder 68. 31, 69. a. modor 9. I, 39. 23, ix. 19
;

murcas

;

29.

modsefa, wm. mind, heart;

i.
74>

;

v. 39, xi. 98, xxxi. 22 ; d. modsefan xii. 22, xxii. 47, xxviii.

68 a. xxii. 31 n. pi. vii. 24. modgeftanc, m. thoughts, mind a. modgeftonc v, 23, xxxi. 19.
; ;

16. 17. murnan, sv$. a} be anxious care about, heed ind. prs.
a.

murcunga

;

b]
2.s.

;

;

molde,
281.

wf. earth

;

d.

moldan

xx.

myrnst 3.^. myrnS 4 (a) in. 1 8* () prs.p. a. n. wk. murnende 8. 17 (a). mus, /. mouse 36. 4 a. 35. 31
1

6.

;

;

;

;

;

mona, wm. moon;
monan

10. 5, 49. 21, iv - 9 xi a6. 7, 135- 27, I3 6 62, xxix. 37 n. ; se fullam. 126.
5>

a. pi.

mys

35. 31.

must, m.

grape-juice,

must

;

g.
2

mustes 12. ii.
mutt, m. mouth d. mu Se 51. d. pi. ea muSum 74. 3.
;

13

;

g.

29. 15, xxviii. 15, xvii.

^.69. 22, 126.
xxviii. 47.

n

41
;

;

;

a.

gemynd,

f.n.

memory,

recollec-

GLOSSARY
tion 32. 2 g. gemynde 13. 4; d. 27. 8, 95. 21, 106. 30, 148. 9, i. xxii. 58 at. geinynd 103. 54,
; ;

271
20
;

25, 130. 14, 19,

d.

nafe 129.

;

27, 32, 130. nahu, adv. in
in

i,

3, 4;

25

;

^/.

//.

gemyndum
a.

vii.

39.
g. re

myndgian, wv. w.

and

mind; 139. 20; m^. /rj. i.s. mindgige 25. 25 ;/.tf. i.s. myndgode 97. 26; 2.s. myndgodest, mynegodest 95. 25.

no way nahu elles, no other way 71. 16. nawer nahwser, adv. nowhere nawer neah, nowhere 80. 32
; ;

gemyndig,
;

adj. mindful, remem bering n.pl. pred. rnin gemyndig

near, nothing like 42. I, 43. 5. nahweefter, 1) pron. neither nawSer 67. 10; ^^s^tally nau Ser 39. 7*, 85. 15 &c.; g. nauSres
;

41. 6.

gemyndwier Se,
mynle, wf.
xxvi. 67.
wz>.

adj.

;

a. pi. gea.

myndwyrfte 46. 28*.
desire
;

138. 31 ; d. nauSrum 80. 20. . ne, 2) disjunct. nautJer ne nor 47. 6 &c. nawneither Ser 5 times in C, 16. 12 &c.
. . .
.

.

;

mynlan

intend ind. pst. pi. myntan, mynton 96. 28, xxvi. 72. myrige, adj. pleasant, delightful n. murge xi. 102 g. myrges 70.
;

;

iiahwanon, adv. from nowhere nahwonan 89. 2. nab. wider, adv. to no place nohwider 108. 26. nama, win. name; 43. i &c. and
;
;

;

14 n. pi. n. merge xiii. 45. myrigen, n. pleasure, joy
;

;

a.

9; g. naman 17. 30 &c.; d. Pr. ii &c. and iv. 14; noman xx. 56; a. 17. 31 &c.
x. 51, xxvi.

rnyrgen MPr. 5. myrigfl, f. pleasure, delight

and
;

xx. 58

;

noman
none
;

d.

nan,
nan nan

adj. no,

9.
;

xxix. 29. 23, vii. 6

mergSe, mirhSe* myrhfte 15. 12.

102.

8

;

a.

na, adv. not; about 9 times mC,i 7. 21 &c. and xx. 230, xxv. 29 no
;

&c.; non 34. 2*, 5* /. always 25. 25 &c.; n. xvii. 7 &c. g. nanes 47. 8 &c. 29. 5 f. nanre 8. 3 &c.; d. nanum f. nanre 14. 23 &c. and xx. 139; a. nanne usual in B, 28. 25* &c. nsenne in C, 26. 12 &c. and\i\\.
; ; ; ;

;

usual form in B and C, n. 29 &c. and xi. 48. wk. nacoda nacod, adj. naked 33. 14; n. nacod sweord 65.
;

nonne 26. 6*;f. nane 37. &c. andyixv. 71 inst. xx. 119 //. nane 61. 20; /. 26. 9 &c. g. nanra 54. 16; d. nsenum 45. 7 a. nane x. 66 /. 25. 29, 33. 7.
46
;
;

n

;

;

;

;

_2 9

.

needre, wf. serpent; 127. 8. neefre, adv. never; n. 18 &c. nsenig, adj. no, none viii. 12, 29, 3 6 x. 53; /. naenegu xx. 25; nsengu xvi. 13; n. nsenig xx. 189 d. nsenegum xii. 15 nsengum xxviii. 73; a. nsenigne xxvi. 24; adv. nsenige Singa, in no way, not at all x. 16, xix. 37. nses, adv. not; fq. 27. 25 &c. nas 27. 26*, 31. 6*.
;
>

nanwiht, 1) pron. nothing; 128. 6; nanwuht/^. 18. 23 &c. 2) ai/. not at all nanwuht 39. 24
;

&c.

nawiht,
n.

1)

pron. nothing, nought;
;

;

;

and a. nauht 9. 14, 44. 24 &c. and xx. 42 ne biS se nauht, of
no account, worthless 109. 31
cf.
;

109.

nauht

16, 17, telle 56.
;

n

no. 18;
&c.; noht

for
15.

;

neessa, wm. headland, promontory; a. pi. nsessan ix. 43. nafa, wm. nave of wheel; 130. 4. nafu, f. nave of wheel; 129. 21,

used as indecl. adj., i, 22. 21 nauht welan, worthless wealth 32. 15; g. nauhtes 75. 2, 4; d. nauhte about times, 23. 4 &c. nauhtas andxi. 87, xxix. 88 114. 13; of no account, worth-

n

;

/>/.

272
less 109. 24. at all; 13. 32 naht 26. 30*
;

GLOSSARY
2) adv. not, not &c. and xiii. 26; noht 12. 27. 8. 14 conj. not, nor
;

sence neawest 65. 7 d. on neaweste 34. 26, 67. 24, 125. 2. nebb, n. face neb xxxi. 23 a.
;
;
;

;

ne, adv. and &c. superfluous,
;

36. 24.

]>onne

we ne

nemnan,
114.
24,

wv. name
iv.

;

mention

;

Syrfen 84.

3.

neadinga,
neah., near.
94.

z/.

niedinga.
;

1) adv. ix. 2

closely

18; nawer neah, not nearly
;

ind. prs. pi. nemnaS 129. 24, xxix. 14; pst. i.s. nemde 112. 8, xxv. 62 2.s. nemdest 79. 33, 94. 23, xx. 55 ;

15

;

;

42. I, 43. 5 ahwsergen neah, (not) anywhere near, (not) nearly xxx. 10 comp. near 8. 24. 2) used as prep, w, d. 99. 10 &c. awofxxix. 1 8 comp. near 126. 12
;

pi.

nemdon

55.

10,

n,

77.

18,

;

no. 22, xx. 196; sbj.prs. to twaem Singum nemne, reckon as 75. 10 pst. genemde 79. 33; pp. nemned x. 47 genemned,
; ;

37 stip. neahst 129. 25. nehste n. 3) adj. sup. pi. 129. 24; set nihstan, finally 15. 6. close to near, gen.eah.sen, adj. gether pi. geneahsne iv. 12. neahstow, f. neighbouring place ;
;

&c.

and xx.

139, xxviii.

defined 80.
114. 20.

3,

7

;

pi.

genemde
d.

next 129. 22;

neodfracu,
neofian,

f.

greed

;

neod;

fraece xxxi. 15.

adv.

beneath,
;

below
i.

;

neoSon neowol,
25
.

80. 33.
;

neahstowa 34. 10. nealeecan, wv. w.d. approach
pi.
; ;

80 adj. prostrate niwol 8. 4* a. n. niowul 8.
;

;

sbj.prs. 3-j-. genealsece 80. 32. nalles nealles, adv. not 30. 22
26. 1 8, 33. 28*, 38.

nergend, m.
xx. 249.

preserver,

saviour

;

24,81.21*,

113. 31, 114. 27, viii. 20, ix. 34; nallas 19. 22*, 61. 12*, 93. 19*; naloes 38. 24*; nales

93.

8,

nerian, wv. save, protect prs. p. nergende God xxix. 73. nese nese/"^. nese, adv. no 90. 2 nese la nese, why, 29. 18 &c.
;
;

;

;

16. 10*, 19. 19, xvii. 21.

14, 22, 72.

2,

93.

no
nett,

!

oh no
n.

!

58. 29, 62. 18.
;

net

a.

73.

28

;

a. pi.

nean, adv. from near, near
14.

;

xxviii.

net 73. 30. neftan, wv. venture on

;

ind. prs. ind. prs.
;

nearo,
a.

adj.

narrow
;

;

limited,
;

cramped
ivk.

; 43. 14 near wan 46.

neara 46. 5
7
;

geneSeS xiii. 59. niedan, wv. compel
3.5.
2.s.
;

;

pi. f.
;

nearwa, nearewe* 23. wk. nearowan x. 16.

26

a.

nearones, f.
70.
;

strait,
;

distress
d.

;

56.
a.

genedest iv. 5, 15 3.^. 145. 14 sbj. prs. nede 140. pst. nedde, oppressed 35. geneded 148. 25; gened
.

ned
21
;

32

;

93.

13 (nearanes B) nearanesse 7
5-

nearonesse
7.

25

;

7-

nearwe,

adv. tightly, xxi. 5, xxv. 64.

closely

;

wv. narrow, limit ; pp. generwed 42. 17*. animal 102. 7, neat, n. ox 114. 25, xx. 189; //. 31. 31 g. neata 57. 14*, xiii. 34, xx.

nearwian,

niede, adv. of necessity, compulnede iv. 12, vi. 14, ix. sorily iv. sceal, needs must 94. 44 15 &c. and xxv. 64. niedinga, adv. by force neadinga
;

;

;

48.

i, 4.

;

;

medSearf,
(what
is)

f.

;

need necessity ; nedftearf necessary
; ;

249

;

d.

neatum

30. 5, 32. 22,

144. 17 &c. and xx. 20, 25; neodSearf 79. 17; d. nedSearfe
60. 21, xxxi. 15
;

58. 6, 146. 17*, 26*.

a.

53.

2,

77.

neawist, f. neighbourhood, pre

n,

149. 7

;

nyd8earfe 30. 8*.

GLOSSARY
nieten, n. animal nyten xxxi. 21
5,
;

2 73
new;
43. 12; g. niwes 25; wk. niwan xiii.

netenxx. 191,
//. netenu 42.

rtlwe, adj.
;

;

15. 21, 85.

i*, 70. 16, 81. 19*, 117. 3, 146. 1 8*, xxviii. 51 nytenu 32. neotena 31. 31* ; 20, 93. 9 20* nytena 32. g. netena 82.
;
; ;

26 a. wk. 57. n. genog, 1) adj. enough, sufficient g. genoges 31.23; a. pi. genoge
24.

;

12*,

31.

28*.

2)

adv.

5* nytena 146. 24* n. netenum*, nytenum 30. neatenum 30. 5*.
; ;

;

d.

4

;

nietenlic, adj. beast-like //. ge netenlican men 35. 28 (netelican
B).

usual form &c. genog genoh about 1 6 times, 15. 4 &c. and\\\i. 7. nortJ, adv. in the north; x. 24,
enough,
sufficiently,
;

22. 6

xiii.

59.
;

noxftan,
;

nigon, num. nine
24.

127. 9, xxvi.

adv. from the north norSan j eastan 10. u, iv. 23,

niht,

52. 7, xii. 16 &c. ; night a. xxix. 36 ; g. nihte 10. 5 &c. niht 136. 6*, xi. 61 ; onniht, by night 49.21*, 121. 16 ; neaht
;
;

/

vi. 12, xii. 15.

nor Saneastan,a^. from the north
east
;

21.6.
;

norftanwind, m. north wind norSanwindes 21. 7 n.
;

g.
pi.

nihta iv. 6 nihtum 19. 3, xx. 213, 232. nihtes, adv. at night ; 102. 5,
xx. 229
;

pi. g.

;

d.

norftanwindas 52. 5. norflemest, sup. adj. most north
ern
43;

xiii.

a. pi.
in.

wk. norSmestan
north end;
d.

ix.

59-

niman,

sv^. take, take away ; receive; geniman 17. 25; w. on ind. prs. ^.s. 25. 24, 46. 19 genimeS vi. 12 ; nimS 28. 7 .,
;

norftende,

126.

136. 21,

xiii.

34, xxix. 73; //.

nimaS 48. II, 59. 24; pst. \.s. genom 20. 7 ;//. noman 34. 20*; imp. nim 91. 19; sbj.prs.pl. nimen 16. 25 pst. pi. naman 67. 5*; pp. genumen 18. 2, 42. 6 a g enu 5459- 26 menne xx. 36.
;
7>
5>

J

-

-

4; a. xxviii. 14. norflerne, adj. from the north, northern ; f. vi. 14. norfleweard, adj. north ztsed as sbst.; d. norSeweardum 41. 22 a. nor Seweardne 39. 28*, 41. 22*. m. north-west end norftwestende, or part; d. 67. 32. wv. w. notian, g. make use of,
;

;

nifter, adz/,

downwards, down i. 80, xxxi. 19, 21; nySer, below
;

147. 10*.

niBerheald, adj. bent downwards;
xxxi. 23.

ind. prs. ^.pl. notiaS, enjoy notigaS* 42. i. notu,/! use, profit; d. note 31. n. nu, 1) adv. d] time, now, at present; Pr. 10, xi. 40 &c. ; nu ryhte,
;

just
.

now
22.
;

101. 13

;

nu hwene
;

aer

niSerlic, lowly, inferior pi. niSerlicum 32. 7 w.
a<^

;

d.

12.

b} inference, therefore,
^v.

then

fq. w. gif 15. 8 &c.
24.

hiflerra,

<:0w/.

adj.

niSere
ii.

14*; sup. niSemsest xx. 135; neoSemest xx. 85 ; d. wk.
136.
;

lower f. g. neo oeran
;

Seah

25*

w. 63 &c. imperat. 8. 21 &c. w. interrog. nu Sonne 9. 21, xxviii. 48 &c.
23,
x.
;
;

;

64. 15.

2) conj. since; fq. 22.

niSemsestan 18. 9;

a. pi.

wk.

niSemystan
32. 12.

18. 8

;

nySemestan

ni^or, adv. lower nio ^or 80. 30* ; nio Soror 147. 10*. niwan, adv. recently; xv. 2, xxviii.
;

3, ii. 19 &c. genyht,?z/. sufficiency, abundance; 86 2 4 8 7- i5,9 6 75- J 4j 7 6 30; geniht 75. 12 (.) a. genyht 75. 10 geniht 75. 16 (n.}, 78.
-

-

4>

;

;

13

(/)
profit,

73; niwane 126. 24*.

nytt, 1) sbst.f.

advantage

;

274
d.

GLOSSARY
nytte 101. 13.
;

profitable

2) adj. useful, n. f. nyt 137. 22 in. 5; nit 137. 20; a. n. nyt 121. 22; comp. nyttra 109. 29; n. nyttre 139. 29.
;

ofdune, adv. down

;

8. 4,

57. 22,
7, i.

81. 13, 92. IQ, 20, 147. xx. 167, xxxi. 13.

80,

ofer,

(ofir vi. 5)

i)

prep. 1) w. d.
;

nytwierfte, adj. profitable
wyr<5e
;

;

f. nyt-

137. 7 g. nytwyrftes 64. comp. f. nytwyrSre 47. 14 n. nytwyrSost 56. 8. sup.

a) position, over, above 65. 30, xx. 124 &c. fy motion, over, xii. across; 105.8, 9, 13, 17, xxiv.
8.

20

;

;

12,

24,

27.
;

position, above wunaS xx. 156.

2) w. a. ofer call
)
;

a) 5is

extension,

O.
of, 1)

throughout, over
;
<?/?<?

42. 12, 1 8, 43. 20, 49. 24, 67. 30, 104. 6, viii.

/r/.

zy.

d.

_/0//. c.
;

;

a) motion, from, away from fq. 8. 22, i. 2 &c. b] starting-point, he onginS of Seem from, at
;

wyrtrumum
f)

distance

;

91. hit

31,
is

vi.
/".

4.

swiSe feor of
27,
fta

uncrum wege 139.
;

28.

removal, from 91. 20, ///. c. him awint of

xii. 2

d} &c.

;

claSas

ceorfe him 19, cf. 124. 17, cf. xiii. 9; of on (boc)laedene englisc (ge)wende Pr. i, 9; sette andgit of

in.

xxv. 22

;

of

30, ix. 21, x. 16, 23, xi. 66, xiii. 68, 73, xx. 85, xxiv. ii ; foil. c. 42. 25. c] motion, above, beyond; 43. 9, i. 8 &c. d} superiority, authority, over ; he hsefde sige ofer 8a Africanas 37. 7 ; hlaford ofer 35. 31, cf. 98. 28, 124. 28, ricsaS ofer hi 97. 31, cf. 125. i 98. 31, i. 62, xxvi. 67, 106. e) distance, beyond, farther than ; 108. 24. f} excess, beyond, more than; 41. 13, xii. 32 &c. ; ofer
;

gemet
1

30.
xiii.

n,
57
;

16,

17, cf. 137.

andgite Pr. 3. e) source, origin, from; fq. 62. 31, xvii. 3 &c. Gotan of SciSSiu 7. i is micel unrotnes getenge of Jrinum
;
;
J>e

8

;

time, past, ofer

midne daeg

57. 24,
23.

besides, 52. 13,

4; Saet is msege weorSan of wsetere xxviii. 60 wyrcS of yfle good, out of 135. 6; of
irre 12.
;

beside, in comparison heo hit hsefS call forsawen ofer Se anne 22. 18. h} contrary to, ofer metodes est xi. 25. ii)

g)

with

;

ealdum leasum spellum, (taken) from 115. 12. /) opposition, opposed to; 12. 20, 57. 8. g) cause of his agenre gecynde 2 7.
;

adv. over, beyond nsenne weg findan ofer 85. 24. oferbraedan, tuv. cover ind. prs. 3-j. oferbrasdeS vii. 13.
; ;

ofercuman,
13
;

25,

(/".

about of Sinum spellum 107. 26. 2) irnen msenege a) motion brocas 7 riSa of, therefrom 82.
;
fldz>.

k} concerning, ne SincS me nauht oSres
31.
5.

sv^. overcome; 127. ind. prs. 3.^. ofercymS 93. 15, 109. 4 pp. ofercumen 83. 17, xx. 158 ; a. m. ofercumene
;

;

50. 15-

oferdrencan, wv. intoxicate
oferdrenced 55. 21.

;

pp.
55
.

28. I)} deprivation, off, away of atiho 52. n, /! 51. 29; do nu of 42. 4, cf. 127. 7 of aslog 127.9. absent, missing; gif Sara lima hwylc of biS 114. 8.
; 1 ;

oferdruncen, adj. intoxicated
18.

;

oferfaran, sv6. pass over,
xi.

beyond;

70

;

pp. a. oferfarenne xxiv.
;

ofbeatan,

rv. slay

;

ix. 30.

26.

ofdeel, adj. prone, inclined ; comp. hit biS ofdaelre Sserto 53. 14 n. n. downward course, ofdsele,

oferfon, rv. seize

ind. pst.

3.^.

oferfeng i. 69. oferfyllo, f. superfluity, excess
oferfyll 70. 5*.

;

descent
55.

;

a.

on

ftset

ofdsele asigen

1 6, cf. xiii.

58.

ofergan, anv. a) overstep

;

^)

pass

GLOSSARY
away, come to an end; ofergangan
xx. 71 (a); ind.prs. ^.pl. ofergaS 20. 16 (3) /.tf. 3.^. ofereode 80.
;

275

oferteon, sv2. cover; //. ofertogen 126. 14, ix. 16.
ofeiUearf, f. great need Searfe 70. 6.
;

a. ofer-

4

(a).
;

ofergietolnes, _/! forgetfulness
ofergiotulnesse 95. tolnesse xxii. 32 (J).
;

d.

n;

oforgio-

ofertSeon, svi,^. surpass; pp. oferSungen 22. 13, 81. 22, xx.
194.
sv$. overcome pp. oferwunnen xxv. 72. oferwreon, svi,2. cover up; pp.

oferhieran, wv. not listen to, dis regard ind. prs. 3.^. oferheorS
10. 15*.

oferwinnan,

;

oferiiogian, wv. despise ; oferhoga 16. 6*. oferhycgan, wv. despise;
oferhige 16. 6. oferhygd, f. pride 62. 16.
ofering,/".
;
;

imp.

ofhende,
imp.

oferwrigen 126. 26, xxviii. 79. adj. out of one s posses n. xxv. 34. sion, absent ofiernan, sv$. overtake ind. prs.
; ;

a. pi.

oferhyda

3.^.

ofiineS

xxix.

32
;

;

ofirnS

excess; 30. 18* (oferinc
23.
a.

136- 3oflaatan, rv. let (blood)
^.s.

sbj.

pst.

C) d. oferinge 31. ofermetto, f. pride;
//. ofermetta
"

hine (him B) oflete blodes

14.

21;
;

66. 29.

67- 9
;

;

in. 29; ofermetto d. ofermetta xxv. 44
i, 4,

oflyst, adj. desirous ; he wses oflyst Sses seldcuSan sones 102. 21.

ofermettum 35.
a.
<2y.

133. 25, v.

ofman, swv.
3.j.

ofermetta 26. 25, vii. 8. 32 oferrnod, proud, over-confi dent g. wk. ofermodan 35. i pi.
; ;

recollect ; ind. prs. 148. 13. ofgerad, adj. straightforward, sim ple //. g. ofgeradra worda misfo
;

n.

wk. 46.

8, x. 1
i

8
;

;

d.

ofermodum

8. 8.

in.

12, xxv.

a.

wk. ofermo

ofscamian, wv.
ofsceamian
38.

reflx.

w.
;

a.

dan 105. 26, xxiv. 59. ofermodian, wv. be proud, arro
gant
;

and g.

9. 18.

ofseon, sv$. gaze on
;

ofsion xxi.

ind. prs.
;

25 ofermodigaft 134. 22 sbj. prs.pl. ofermodigen xvii. 16.
69.
?,.pl.
;

ge

ofermodige ofermodie 148. 29

2.pi.

ofsittan, sv^. beset, assail; ind. prs. 3.J-. ofsit 109. 4; sbj. prs. = 3.s. ofsitte 109. 9; pp. ofseten
oferseten 42. 4.

ofermodlic,

adj.

proud
8.

;

d.

ofer-

modlicum 45. ofermodnes, f.

ofslean, sv6. kill;
;

7.

u,

28. 17,

pride, arrogance

39.
3.5.

d. ofermodnesse 15. 7. oferreccan, wv. confute

; //. a. oferreahtne 85. 5. excessive ofer-seelS, f. enjoyment
;

sbj.

3; ind. prs. ofslog 39. 24,99. 1 6, ix. 30 pp. pst. ofsloge 70. 25
22, 67. i, 99.
; ;

olslsegen 36. 32
34- 3-

;

g. ofslaegenes

a. pi. ofersselSa v. 27.

oferseon, sv^. look upon, survey;
ofersion 105.
7 ; ind. prs. ofersihst 10. 25, iv. 53. sv$.
2.s.

ofsniftan, svi. cut off; xxvii. 33. ofswelgan, sv$. swallow up ; ind.
prs. $.s. ofswelgS 46. 15 n. oft, adv. often; Pr. 5, ii. 8

ofersittan,

spread
oferseten

over,

occupy;

//.

42.
;

4
;

&c. ; comp. oftor 54. 20, xix. 19; sup. oftost 30. 7, iv. 28, xxii. 9, 14;
oftosft 39. 14.
;

(ofseten B).

ofersteeppan, sv6. overstep 49. 23
ofersteppan xi. 69. oferswiftan, wv. overcome 4; pp. oferswiSed 109. n. oferswiSde 134. 2, 5.
;

1 34. i

,

u;

pi.

oftion ofteon, sv2. take away xxv. 24 ind. prs. oftihft w. d. and g. in. 21 ; //. oftogen xxv. him wyro" withheld 20. 31 Sara Senunga oftohen in. 24*.
; ;

n

;

T 2

276
oftrsede,
adj.

GLOSSARY
frequent
;

wk.

se

oftneda ren 136. 17.

ofSryccan,

wv.

oppress,

over
;

whelm

;

//. ofSrycced 19. 27
d,

pi. n. ofSrycte 24. 5.

ofSynean, wv. impers. w.
displeased
;

be

1 1, 1 8. 10 w. gebrengan 1 1 131.5 on him spigettan on 61. 24 adv. phrases on sige, set on ryne, in motion ting xiii. 56 16. 33 on him selfum, by him on Sonce, satis self xx. 94

to

;

.

;

;

;

:

;

;

;

;

ofSincan 98. 33. ofwundrian, wv. be astonished pp. ofwundrod 28. 30.

;

factory xii. 1 6 ; on rihte, rightly on gerihte, upright xxvi. 46 xxxi. 17; habbaS on hospe,
;

oleccan, wv. w.
prs.
3..r.

d. propitiate, flat ter; 60. 10, 71. 20, 102. ii; ind.

insult, revile iv. 44.

2)w.a.a)
;
;

olecS 55. 12 ;//. oleccaS 55- 11 * xi 8 \pst.pl. geolec15tan 15. 28 sbj. prs. olecce 134. 18 pi. oleccen 60. 5.
5>

i. 20 &c. upon, on to, 19. 14, i. 81 &c. w. weg 56. 29, 57. 25, 107. 16,

motion., into, to

;

7.

24,

;

;

oleccung,/.
1 6.

flattery; d.

21*;
;

olecunge*,

olecunga oliccunga

on (an

a. olecunga 54. 5. 48. 3 42. 5, 61. 20, 68. 17, 19, 116. 15, 127. 16, 133. 5; 6n90. 12),
c.

; metaph. fq. b] direction ; on feower healfe 46. 3, cf. 43. 10, 81. ii, 136. 9, xx. 163. c} disposition, towards on Crecas hold i. 56. into d} change of state, weorpan hi an wilde deora lie 116. 15,
;

139. 28 46 &c.

14. 21, ix.

;

1) w.d. a) i) prep. fq. foil. p!ace,in;io. 27, i. 37 &c. \metaph. 10. i. 20. on, i, upon, 54 &c.; fq. 22 &c.; 19, i. ii &c.; metaph. 35.

cf.

xxvi.
2.

Pr.

e)

76 on englisc wende against win S selc on
;
; ;

on 8e, on your person

33. 9

;

among

ix. 27.

b} time, during,

oSer49. 31. f} partition, into; w. todaelan 42. 27, xx. 59 &c. on msenig tonemned 76. 10, cf. willaS on tu, diversely v. 17
;

in;/^. Pr.
;

7, viii.
;

18 &c.

;

on

wintra 68. 2 &c. on sumera 49. on on geare 64. 14 20 &c. gewinne 53. 23 onsibbe 53. 23
; ;

92. 32, 113. 26. g] purpose, sent on his aerendo 136. 25, cf. 63. 15, on sent gifen xvi. 10. xxix. 83
;

;

K) place, in;
xvi. 12.
i] in

8. 10, 51.

3, 75. i,
;

on wite, undergoing punishment 1 20. 25; on Ssem ende, at the in end 73. 14. c] connexion,
respect of;
faegrest

24.

3,

xx. 76 &c.;

69. 12; in respect to 12. 2. K] in conformity with, in accordance with; on yfelra manna gewill 10.
24, cf. 24. 24, 48. 13, iv. 34, xiii. 55. /) concerning 70. 3. m) w. 100. fon, take up, take in hand
; ;

the case of, in

on wlite 72. 9, cf. 54. 24; on hwsem, in what respect foron Sy 19. 13, 36. 12 Saem Se 58. 19; conj. on Ssem on 0am f Se, in that 88. 27 him 146. 17; w. genog: SincS genog on Sam Se hi, think it
. . . ;

7

&c.

and MPr.

9.

n] adv.
;

;

sufficient

that they 31. 3 2
55-

>

<f-

33-

22

?

3;
lih.fi,

gehealden,
1

satisfied

aem we l on with 43. 27
;

mon him on
in the
;

concerning 68.
seg17, 70. 3.

6, cf. 64. 19;

him soS an

phrases, on last, at last, in the end; 15. 5, 48. I, 100. 23 on on ecnesse, for ever 47. 2 &c. Sa gerad j*, on condition that on riht, rightly 14. 28, 1 8. 15 56. 28; on won, wrongly 131. on ane con ~ c J f- JS 1 3 1 on nane tinuously xxix. 44
;
; 7>

5

>

;

gaS6S. ig,cf.68.

aQ

shape of; on craeftum on leafum 92. 2. e) de 38. i w. niman 18. privation, from w. 2, 42. 6,46. 19, 59. 24, 26;
;

wisan, in nowise 37. n,cf. 132. on symbel, always xi. 25, 31
;

reafian 27. 30.

/)

motion, into,

94 on manig Seodisc, in many tongues 46. 12. o] point of time on in, at; 39. 19, ix. 15 &c. midne winter 12. n, cf. 126.
;

,

;

GLOSSARY
13, xxviii. 37; on dgeg 121. 16 on aermorgen on niht 49. 21 viii. on aefen ib., xxviii. 36 19; on lencten 10. 12, 49. 18, on hser136. 19, cf. xxix. 67
; ;

277
rv. receive, accept
;

onfon,
66.

27;

ind. prs.
; ;

3.^.

w. g. onfeho*

;

<r/i

;

fest

49.

19,

xi.

58,
;

cf.

10.

12,

on eastran 29. 21 on tid, when the time comes 67. u. ii) adv. w. similar sense to (i); 14. 14 &c.
onselan, wv. inflame, inspire
onseled 29. 26, 51. 8. onbindan, sv^. unbind
prs.
3..T.
; ;

65 3 pst. onfeng i. 33 imp. w. g. onfoh 135. 19. ongean, 1) prep, a] w. d. towards; 102. 27. $) w. a. towards, 102.
;

143. 15, xxix.

//. onfoft 128.

83.

13, 121. 10; against, contrary to, 1 8. 2) adv. in reply 45.
13-

pp.
ind.

ongietan, sv.

perceive,

under

onbinS, anbint* 47. 23.
rv.

onbltan, svi.
xxvi. 90.

g.

taste,

eat;
;

stand; 12. 13, 15. 8, 10, n, 22. 27; usual form ongitan 23. 15, xxvi. 107 &c. ongiton 50. 28*
;

;

onbregdan,

sv$. pull open pp. Sa duru anbroden 97. 24. onbryrdan, wv. inspire, incite
14. 2.

ongetan 41. 24 ongeotan 73. II*; to ongitanne 36. 16 &c. to ongitonne 8 1. 3* ind. prs.
; ;
;

;

onbyrigan, wv. w.
prs.
3-.r.

g. taste
xii.

;

ind.
xiii.

onbyrgeS

n,

23; onbirigS 52. 4*, 57. n*. oncierran, wv. turn, change oncerran 17. I, i. 61, x. 39;
pp. oncerred 23. 16. oncnawan, rv. recognize,

ongiete 15. 3 ongite 19. 26 &c. ; 2.s. ongitest 25. 18 ; ongitst 24. 21 &c. and xii. 32 ongitsS 21. 24; 3..y. ongit 41. 18 &c. and xxii. 16, 21; and;

i.s.

;

;

know

;

understand
13, v.
8. 27.

;

14. 19, 15. 14, 132.

25,

oncnawen

30; sbj. prs. pi. 58. 10 pst. oncneowe
; ;

xii.

25 pi. ongitaS 32. 8 ongite ge 43. 14 pst. i 3.^. ongeat n. 3 &c. and 2.s. on7. 13, i. 68, viii. 37; geate 62. 8 &c. imp. ongit 1 08. a, 113. 9, 22, 119. 10 ongite 1 1 8. 15 sbj. prs. ongite Pr. 12 &c. ; pi. ongiten 35. 28,
git

132.

;

&c.

;

;

and

;

;

;

oncweftan, sv$. answer, re-echo
ind. prs.
$.s.
;

oncwyS
I2

xiii.

46,
;

50; sbj. prs. oncweSe 57. ondreedan, rv. rflx. dread,
J

20.

fear

3-

33, 33- 8
i.s.

>

>

H
;

-

i

5

in*.
50.

prs.

ondnede

47.

5,

23 n., 118. 19, 139. 30; 3.j. ondrsedse S xxiv. 64 ondrset 7 ondraed 66. times, 24. 1 8 &c.
;

134. 17; ongiton 32. 19* ; pst. ongeate 51.6 &c. pi. ongeaten 123. 22 pp. ongiten 13. 16 &c. ongieten 14. 27, 15. i. 102. 11 onginnan, sv^. begin &c. and xxv. 69 ind. prs. I .s. 3.^. pnginne 5 onginne 9. 19 38. 6, 103. 22 onginS usual form 25. 9, xiii. 28 &c. on; ;

;

;

;

;

;

;

ondrsedaS 133. 27 sbj. prs. {not reflx.} ondrasde 57. 10 xiii. 21 pst. ondrede 33. 14,
9
;

//.

;

gynS

12.

6; //. onginnaS 14. 4,

;

;

126. 24;^^. 3.J-. ongan usual form in B and C, 7. 17 &c. and
viii.

59- 3 1

-

2

;

angan

i.
;

59

onettan, wv. hasten
3..?.
1

onet 124. onettao 112. 29; sbj.pst.onQtte
139. 25.

ind. prs. 7, xxvii. 8; pi.
;

52. 15*, 137. 14*
vii.

ongann ongon about
;

16 times in C, 27. 15 &c.
i;
//.
xxvi. 73

and
7,

ongunnon 101.
;

&c.

sbj.

prs. onginne
33.
d.

onfeegnian, wv. show pleasure,
greet
IS;

94. 29; //.

onginnen no.
;

o.

mid

his steorte 102.

onhagian, wv. impers. w.
convenient
sbj.

be
to

prs. gif

men

onfindan, sv$. discover 3.^. onfunde 66. 25.

;

ind. pst.

goodum weorce ne a man do not find it

onhagie, if convenient,

278
in his

GLOSSARY
power, to do a good
19. rv.

expressed
33>