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## Automatizacin de Procesos de Manufactura

Unidad 4: Ejercicios AVGS y Conveyors

## Alumnos: Br. Diana Monserrat Colin Amador

Profesor: M.C. Braulio Jos Cruz Jimnez Mrida, Yuc.; noviembre 12 del 2013

## Anlisis de Sistemas Basados en Vehculos

10.4 This is a continuation of Problem 10.1. Determine the number of rail guided vehicles that are needed to meet the requirements of the flexible manufacturing system, if vehicle speed = 60 m/min and the anticipated traffic factor = 0.85. Assume reliability A = 100% and efficiency E = 1.0. Datos:

## Solucin: Paso 1. Obteniendo las distancias de carga y descarga Ld =

7( 30 20) 6( 40 30) 5(50 40) 1220 = = 67.7 m 7 6 5 18

Le = 0

Paso 2. Obteniendo el tiempo promedio de manejo y procesamiento de las partes de trabajo. Tiempo promedio de procesamiento = 1.0 + Paso 3. Calculando el tiempo de ciclo Tc = 8.78 +
67.7 0 + = 9.91 min. 60 60 7(5.0) 6( 7.0) 5( 9.0) + 1.0 = 8.78 min. 7 6 5

## Paso 4. Calculando la tasa de entrega Rdv =

60( 0.85) = 5.15 pc/hr por vehculo 9.91

7 6 5 515 .

## = 18/5.15 = 3.5 4 vehculos.

10.5 This problem is a continuation of Problem 10.2 which extends Example 10.2 in the text. Suppose the AGVs travel at a speed of 50 m/min, and the traffic factor = 0.90. Assume reliability A = 100% and efficiency E = 1.0. As determined in Example 10.2, the delivery distance = 103.8 m. (a) Determine the value of Le for the layout based on your table. (b) How many automated guided vehicles will be required to operate the system? Datos:

Solucin: (a) Paso 1. Calculando la longitud sin carga Le = (b) Paso 2. Calculando el tiempo de ciclo total Tc = 1.0 +
1038 . 147.6 = 7.26 min. 40 40
9(50) 5(120) 8( 205) 9(110) 5( 200) 8(115) 20( 30) 42 6200 42

= 147.6 m

## Paso 3. Calculando la tasa de entrega Rdv =

60( 0.90) = 7.44 del/hr por vehculo 7.26

## Resultado: a) Le = 147.6 m b) nc = 6 vehculos

10.6 This problem is a continuation of Problem 10.3 which extends Example 10.2 in the text. Suppose the AGVs travel at a speed of 50 m/min, and the traffic factor = 0.90. Assume reliability A = 100% and efficiency E = 1.0. As determined in Example 10.2, the delivery distance = 103.8 m. (a) Determine the value of Le for the layout based on your table. (b) How many automated guided vehicles will be required to operate the system? Datos:

Solucin: (a) Paso 1. Calculando la longitud sin carga Le = (b) Paso 2. Calculando el tiempo de ciclo total Tc = 1.0 +
103.8 14.3 40 40 20( 30) 42

= 14.3 m

= 3.95 min.

## Paso3. Calculando la tasa de entrega Rdv =

60( 0.90) = 13.66 del/hr por vehculo 3.95

## Resultado: a) Le = 14. 3 m b) nc = 4 vehculos

10.7 A planned fleet of forklift trucks has an average travel distance per delivery = 500 ft loaded and an average empty travel distance = 350 ft. The fleet must make a total of 60 deliveries per hour. Load and unload times are each 0.5 min and the speed of the vehicles = 300 ft/min. The traffic factor for the system = 0.85. Availability = 0.95, and worker efficiency = 90%. Determine: (a) ideal cycle time per delivery, (b) the resulting average number of deliveries per hour that a forklift truck can make, and (c) how many trucks are required to accomplish the 60 deliveries per hour. Datos:

Solucin: (a) Paso 1. Calculando el tiempo de ciclo Tc = 0.5 + 500/300 + 0.5 + 350/300 = 3.83 min./delivery (b) Paso 2. Calculando la tasa de entrega ideal Rdv =
60 3.83

## = 15.66 deliveries/hr por gra

Paso 3. Calculando la tasa de entrega de acuerdo al factor de trfico, disponibilidad y eficiencia Rdv = 15.66(0.85)(0.95)(0.90) = 11.39 deliveries/hr por gra

## (c) Paso 4. Calculando el nmero de vehculos nc = 60/11.39 = 5.27 6 gras elevadoras

Resultado: a) Tc = 3.83 min./delivery b) Rdv = 11.39 deliveries/hr por gra c) nc =6 gras elevadoras

## Anlisis de Sistemas Conveyor

10.18 An overhead trolley conveyor is configured as a continuous closed loop. The delivery loop has a length of 120 m and the return loop = 80 m. All parts loaded at the load station are unloaded at the unload station. Each hook on the conveyor can hold one part and the hooks are separated by 4 m. Conveyor speed = 1.25 m/s. Determine: (a) maximum number of parts in the conveyor system, (b) parts flow rate; and (c) maximum loading and unloading times that are compatible with the operation of the conveyor system? Datos:

Solucin: (a) Paso 1. Calculando el nmero de partes en el sistema conveyor Nmero de partes en el conveyor= (b) Paso 2. Calculando la tasa de flujo mximo entre las estaciones de carga y descarga Rf = (c) Paso 3. Calculando el tiempo de carga y descarga TL = Tu =
1 = 1/0.3125 = 3.2 s. Rf 120m = 30 partes 4m / part

np vc sc

## (1part / carrier )(1.25m / s) = 0.3125 parts/s = 1125 partes/hr ( 4m / carrier )

10.19 A 300 ft long roller conveyor, which operates at a velocity = 80 ft/min, is used to move pallets between load and unload stations. Each pallet carries 12 parts. Cycle time to load a pallet is 15 sec and one worker at the load station is able to load pallets at the rate of 4 per minute. It takes 12 sec to unload at the unload station. Determine: (a) center-to-center distance between pallets, (b) the number of pallets on the conveyor at one time, and (c) hourly flow rate of parts. (d) By how much must conveyor speed be increased in order to increase flow rate to 3000 parts/hour. Datos:

Solucin: (a) Paso 1. Encontrando el espaciamiento sc = TL vc = (15/60 min.)(80 ft/min.) = 20 ft/carro (b) Paso 2. Calculando el nmero de partes en el conveyor Number pallets on conveyor = (c) Paso 3. Calculando la tasa de flujo Rf = (d) Paso 4 Incrementando vc no habra un efecto de increment en el Rf en este problema. El tiempo de carga definido por TL = 15 sec es el que limita el flujo de carga en este sistema.
np vc sc
(12parts / carrier )(80ft / min.) = 48 partes/min. = 2880 partes/hr 20ft / carrier 300ft Ld = = 15 carros 20ft / carrier sc

10.21 A closed loop overhead conveyor must be designed to deliver parts from one load station to one unload station. The specified flow rate of parts that must be delivered between the two stations is 300 parts per hour. The conveyor has carriers spaced at a center-to-center distance that is to be determined. Each carrier holds one part. Forward and return loops will each be 90 m long. Conveyor speed = 0.5 m/s. Times to load and unload parts at the respective stations are each = 12 s. Is the system feasible and if so, what is the appropriate number of carriers and spacing between carriers that will achieve the specified flow rate? Datos:

## Solucin: Relaciones a usar en este problema: (1) Rf =

np vc sc s sc (2) TL = c = 2 sc para vc = 0.5 m/s 0.5 vc

## (3) nc sc = 90 + 90 = 180 m Resolviendo (1): Rf = 300 partes/hr = 0.08333 partes/s = Despejando, sc =

0.5 =6m 0.08333

0.5 . sc

Resolviendo (2): TL = 12 s 2 sc = 2(6) = 12 s Resolviendo(3): nc sc = 180 m. Since sc = 6 m, nc (6) = 180, nc = 180/6 = 30 carros. Conclusin: El sistema es factible.