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# Circular motion Centripetal force- Any force that causes an object to follow a circular path.

F = mv2/r
F = centripetal force m= mass in kilogram v= linear velocity r= radius No centripetal force - it will move in a tangential or straight path. Flying fiesta - There is no outward force exerted on the riders. It is inertia which makes them move away from the center and makes them follow tangential path. Carousel ( Angular speed ) = / t - v =r Forces contact (Fnorm) and non-contact (Fg) Weightless free fall; no contact force WEIGHT the force an object exerts against a supporting object. If there is no support force, gravity is not felt as weight. Feeling of weightless and heaviness are associated with normal force. Problem- solving A 400 g rock attached to a 1.0 m string is whirled in a horizontal circle at the constant speed of 10.0 m/s. Neglecting the effects of gravity, what is the centripetal force acting on the rock?

A small plastic box with a mass of 0.3 kg revolves uniformly in a circle on a horizontal frictionless surface such as an air-hockey table. The box is attached by a cord 0.14 m long to a pin set in the surface. If the box makes 2 complete revolutions per second, find the force exerted by the cord.

A car rounds a flat, unbanked curve with radius R , if the coefficient of friction between tires and road is s . What is the maximum speed at which the driver can take the curve without sliding?

An ultracentrifuge has a maximum speed of 40, 000 rpm (revolutions per minute) If the precipitate in the test tube is pushed 4cm away from the center of rotation, what is the acceleration of the precipitate?

How long does it take a 50 kg runner to run a circular track starting and ending at the same point, if the radius of the track is 30 m? A centripetal force of 68N keeps him running at constant speed in a circular path.

The earth is 150 million kilometers from the sun and its period of revolution is 1 year = 365.25 days. What is the speed of the Earth in its orbit about the sun?

## Anna is riding on a roller coaster at Enchanted Kingdom in Laguna.

Anna is moving at 6.3 m/s over the top of a hill that has a radius of curvature of 12.7 m. Use Newton's second law to determine the magnitude of the applied force of the track against Anna's 621 kg roller coaster car.

The earth is 150 million kilometers from the sun and its period of revolution is 1 year = 365.25 days. What is the speed of the Earth in its orbit about the sun?

Rachel is riding on a roller coaster at Star City. She experiences a downward acceleration of 12.5 m/s2 at the top of the loop and an upward acceleration of 24.0 m/s2 at the bottom of the loop. Use Newton's second law to determine the normal force acting upon Rachels 50-kg body at the top and at the bottom of the loop.

John is riding a roller coaster and encounters a loop. He is traveling 6 m/s at the top of the loop and 18.0 m/s at the bottom of the loop. The radius of curvature is 16.0 m. Use Newton's second law to determine the normal force acting upon John's 80-kg body at the top and at the bottom of the loop.

What is the speed of a 0.5 kg pebble attached to 1.5 m string if the centripetal force exerted on it is 15 N?

An ultracentrifuge has a maximum speed of 40, 000 rpm (revolutions per minute) If the precipitate in the test tube is pushed 4cm away from the center of rotation, what is the acceleration of the precipitate?

A flat (unbanked) curve on a highway has a radius of 220 m . A car rounds the curve at a speed of 25.0 m/s. What is the minimum coefficient of friction that will prevent sliding?