Está en la página 1de 6



Done by : Vineet Menon 2168 12020621298

. conceptions of justice. Although ideas of rights and liberty have existed in some form for much of human history. flourishing. A broad consensus has emerged in the twentieth century on rhetoric that frames judgment of nations against an international moral code prescribing certain benefits and treatment for all humans simply because they are human. Human rights are thus conceived as universal (applicable everywhere) and (the same for everyone). "traditional societies typically have had elaborate systems of duties. global and regional institutions. According to Jack Donnelly. and human flourishing that sought to realize human dignity. The doctrine of human rights has been highly influential within international law. They are the great ethical yardstick that is used to measure a government's treatment of its people.HUMAN RIGHTS INTRODUCTION 2014 Human rights are almost a form of religion in today's world. they do not resemble the modern egalitarian conception of human rights. or well-being entirely independent of human rights. .. in the ancient world. Within many nations political debates rage over the denial or abuse of human rights. The strong claims made by the doctrine of human rights continue to provoke considerable skepticism and debates about the content. nature and justifications of human rights to this day. political legitimacy. in the policies of states and in the activities of non-governmental organizations and has become a cornerstone of public policy around the world.

It is vital therefore that people everywhere should strive to understand what human rights are. to protect and to fulfill human rights. the community. The obligation to respect means that States must refrain from interfering with or curtailing the enjoyment of human rights. equality and respect can help reduce friction within society. This has had many positive results . the workplace. . schools. International human rights law lays down obligations which States are bound to respect.HUMAN RIGHTS 2014 WHY ARE HUMAN RIGHS IMPORANT ? In recent decades there has been a tremendous growth in how we think about and apply human rights ideas. The obligation to protect requires States to protect individuals and groups against human rights abuses. in politics and in international the family. By becoming parties to international treaties. Human rights are an important part of how people interact with others at all levels in society . When people better understand human rights. Values of tolerance.knowledge about human rights can empower individuals and offer solutions for specific problems. States assume obligations and duties under international law to respect. Putting human rights ideas into practice can helps us create the kind of society we want to live in. it will be easier for them to promote justice and the well-being of the society.

HUMAN RIGHTS The obligation to fulfill means that States must take positive action to facilitate the enjoyment of basic human rights. Right to life Freedom from torture Freedom from slavery Right to fair trial . Through ratification of international human rights treaties. 3. Governments undertake to put into place domestic measures and legislation compatible with their treaty obligations and duties. 4. 2014 Characteristics of Human Rights  Universal  Internationally guaranteed  Legally protected  Protects individuals and groups  Cannot be taken away  Equal and indivisible  Obliges States and State actors Substantive rights 1. 2.

unpaid jobs in the fishing industry. Freedom of thought. slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.000 children over the past twenty years and forced them into service as soldiers or sexual slaves for the army.  In Asia. the LRA (Lord’s Resistance Army) guerrillas have kidnapped 20. UNICEF estimates 60. children as young as five are trafficked out of the country to work in cotton fields in southern Senegal or as beggars in the capital city. . children five to fourteen are tricked with false promises of education and future into dangerous.HUMAN RIGHTS 5. inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.000 child prostitutes in the Philippines. especially women coming from the Philippines and Thailand.”  In northern Uganda. Freedom of speech 6. Japan is the major destination country for trafficked women. In Ghana.Human Right Violations – Torture  “No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel. Freedom of movement 2014 Examples:. conscience and religion 7. Examples:.  In Guinea-Bissau.Human Right Violations – Slavery  No one shall be held in slavery or servitude.

Jr.HUMAN RIGHTS Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere. In 2007. stabbings and rapes of those in custody. vi olence. acts of torture and ill treatment are routinely committed by government security services and armed groups. with more than 200 rapes in the vicinity of a displaced persons camp in one five-week period. including sustained beatings. the Republican Guard (presidential guard) and Special Services police division in Kinshasa arbitrarily detained and tortured numerous individuals labeled as critics of the government.  In the Democratic Republic of the Congo. atrocities and abduction are rampant and outside aid all but cut off. sometimes in secret detention sites. with no effort by authorities to punish the perpetrators. 2014 Martin Luther King. . Detainees are held incommunicado.  In Darfur.  Women in particular are the victims of unrestrained assault.