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MARCELLUS SHALE

BACKGROUND INFORMATION
The purpose of this Fast Facts publication is to provide the most current available data on Marcellus Shale related economic activity. While several data sources are utilized in this document, the primary source is the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The QCEW program derives its data from quarterly tax reports submitted to the Pennsylvania Unemployment Compensation system by employers subject to the state’s unemployment insurance laws. This includes 95 percent or more of all wage and salary civilian employment in Pennsylvania. In 2009, CWIA used the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) to define the Marcellus Shale related industries. Much of the information included in this document reflects data on a group of six industries identified as “core,” and a group of 30 industries identified as “ancillary” for Marcellus Shale related activity (see notes section below). As Marcellus Shale related activity develops further in Pennsylvania, additional industries may be added to the ancillary group, based on factors such as significant employment gains in an industry in a Marcellus Shale geographic region or identification of a group of companies in the same industry involved in Marcellus Shale related activity. Of the current 30 ancillary industries, nine have been added since the April 2011 edition of this publication (* denotes one of the new nine). Also included in this publication are several additional data sources that capture employer demand and hiring activity. For an explanation of all data sources, please refer to the “Definitions” section on page 17. The data in this edition include government (federal, state, and local) employment in all Marcellus Shale related industries because significant non-private employment is present in a number of these industries, most notably: Highway, Street, & Bridge Construction; Engineering Services; Water Supply & Irrigation Systems; and Sewage Treatment Facilities.
Notes: Marcellus Shale Core Industries (NAICS): Crude Petroleum & Natural Gas Extraction (211111); Natural Gas Liquid Extraction (211112); Drilling Oil & Gas Wells (213111); Support Activities for Oil & Gas Operations (213112); Oil & Gas Pipeline & Related Structures Construction (237120); and Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas (486210). Marcellus Shale Ancillary Industries (NAICS): Fossil Fuel Electric Power Generation (221112); Natural Gas Distribution (221210); Water Supply & Irrigation Systems (221310); Sewage Treatment Facilities (221320); Water & Sewer Line & Related Structures Construction (237110); Highway, Street, and Bridge Construction (237310)*; Nonresidential Site Preparation Contractors (238912); Petrochemical Manufacturing (325110)*; Industrial Gas Manufacturing (325120); Iron & Steel Mills & Ferroalloy Manufacturing (3311101); Iron & Steel Pipe & Tube Manufacturing from Purchased Steel (331210); Mining Machinery & Equipment Manufacturing (333131); Oil & Gas Field Machinery & Equipment Manufacturing (333132); Construction and Mining (except Oil Well) Machinery and Equipment Merchant Wholesalers (423810)*; Industrial Machinery and Equipment Merchant Wholesalers (423830)*; Industrial Supplies Merchant Wholesalers (423840)*; General Freight Trucking, Local (484110)*; Specialized Freight Trucking, Local (484220); Specialized Freight Trucking, LongDistance (484230); Lessors of Other Real Property (531190); Construction, Mining & Forestry Machinery & Equipment Rental & Leasing (532412); Engineering Services (541330); Geophysical Surveying & Mapping Services (541360); Testing Laboratories (541380); Environmental Consulting Services (541620); Remediation Services (562910); Commercial & Industrial Machinery & Equipment Repair & Maintenance (811310); Administration of Air and Water Resource and Solid Waste Management Programs (924110)*; Administration of Conservation Programs (924120)*; Regulation and Administration of Communications, Electric, Gas, and Other Utilities (926130)*. While the vast majority of Marcellus Shale related employment can be found in these industries, not all establishments in these industries are involved in Marcellus Shale. Asterisks indicate industries that have been added to the group of ancillary industries since the April 2011 edition of this publication.
1 NAICS 331110 replaced NAICS 331111 due to a change made by the Bureau of Labor Statistics – for an explanation of the implications of this change, please refer to page 19 in the “Definitions” section.

JANUARY 2014 EDITION*
Each of the following sections is a quick snapshot of labor market information for Pennsylvania’s Marcellus Shale (MS) related industries and related economic activity.
Section Background Information MS Employment Summary Jobs Data Industry Data Industry Wages Job Posting Activity High-Priority Occupations Page 2-3 4 5 6-7 8 9 10-11 Section New Hires Quarterly Workforce Indicators Information on ShaleNET Training Program Unemployment Rate Map Definitions Marcellus Shale Formation Map Page 12-13 14 15 16 17-19 20

*Note: Data sets from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) and the New Hires Program in this edition are for 2013Q2 and 2013Q4, respectively. For both data sets, this is the most current data available. Because neither data set is seasonally adjusted, the same quarter must be used when analyzing growth over time, in order to ensure seasonal factors are not influencing employment change. Therefore, 2013Q2 QCEW data are compared to 2009Q2, and 2013Q4 New Hire data are compared to 4th quarter data for 2010, 2011, and 2012.

For additional information, please contact: Center for Workforce Information & Analysis (CWIA) Call: 1-877-493-3282; Fax: 1-717-772-2168 E-mail: workforceinfo@pa.gov www.paworkstats.pa.gov
CWIA-MS

Release Date: 02-06-2014

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o This was higher than the U.8 unemployed per online job posting in late 2009. MARCELLUS SHALE RELATED INDUSTRIES EMPLOYMENT: SUMMARY STATISTICS Employment (2009Q2 to 2013Q2): • Core industries were up 19.600.0% higher in 2013Q4 than in 2010Q4.9% higher in 2013Q4 than in 2010Q4. which was approximately $16. 640 ancillary). • All industries increased 127.089 establishments were added (449 core. rate. In Pennsylvania there were 2. statewide new hires across all industries increased by 1. rate of 6. which stood at 2.000 (+0. • Statewide new hires in the ancillary industries were 3. Pennsylvania’s new hire activity increased. o O-T-M change was -11.9%.0. New Hires (2010Q4 to 2013Q4): • Statewide new hires in the core industries were 29.0%). Establishments (2009Q2 to 2013Q2): • 1. • Ancillary industries were up 15. • New hire counts decreased in core industries (-17. o The Pennsylvania rate was down from a peak of 4. Online Job Postings (December 2013): • There were about 3.021 establishments in 2013Q2.400 (-0. • The average wage in the core industries was about $84.6%).3%).7%.4 percentage points. o PA was still down 50. PA experienced 1.423 (+2. This is an O-T-Y decrease of about 230 (-6.017 (+174.6% growth in the core industries and 5.2% growth in the ancillary industries.1 unemployed persons for every online job posting in December 2013.3%).800.2%). Pennsylvania’s seasonally adjusted total nonfarm jobs for December 2013 was 5.0% lower in 2013Q4 than in 2010Q4. • This represented 67.679 new hires across all industries in the 4th quarter of 2013. Employer demand decreased slightly in Pennsylvania.3%) over December 2012. o This was a decrease of 550 (-0.900 jobs since the start of the recession (December 2007).400 which was approximately $35. over the same time period.S.7%).776 (+8. o O-T-Y change was -1. but increased in Ancillary industries (1. o There were 497.200.0 percentage points.1%) from 2012Q4 to 2013Q4.S.600 job ads were posted online in December 2013. • The average wage in the ancillary industries was about $65.600 greater than the average for all industries. Wages (2012Q3 through 2013Q2): • The average wage across all industries was about $48.300 greater than the average for all industries.515 (1.300 online job postings statewide in core and ancillary industries.6% growth for all industries.7%) from the 4th quarter of 2012. • 2013Q2 Marcellus Shale related industries total employment is 241.926. o The Pennsylvania rate was greater than the U. • Statewide new hires across all industries were 9.761. o 182.     O-T-M: Over-the-Month O-T-Y: Over-the-Year Page 3 Page 4 . o O-T-Y change was +19.PENNSYLVANIA ECONOMIC BACKGROUND  Pennsylvania’s seasonally adjusted unemployment rate for December 2013 was 6.7% from 2012Q4 to 2013Q4. • Marcellus Shale related industries totaled 14.3%). o O-T-M change was -0. o This was an increase of 8.

000 34.4%).463 21 3. Page 5 . Rental 541330 Engineering Services 541360 Geophysical Surveying & Mapping Services 541380 Testing Laboratories 541620 Environmental Consulting Services 562910 Remediation Services 811310 Comm.653 174 5.621 1. Mining data.447 1.996 102 4. which are included in Mining & Logging. Pipe.3% (127. Emp.768 5 585 34 1. & Util.590 63 12.000 29. 924120 Admin. Please see NAICS Changes in “Definitions” section on Page 19. TOTAL JOBS IN PENNSYLVANIA Mining & Logging Compared to Total Employment 42.000 (+0. 423810 Const.773 13 443 18 440 34 36 5 -179 4 318 -2 -87 640 15. O-T-M change was -11.908 212.000 5. of Conservation Programs 926130 Reg.132 3 102 16 1.500 37.106 -3 -59 -2 -4 7 255 -11 -26 -52 765 25 469 193 3.586 535 21. & Related Structure Const.5%). 65 4. 1 2013Q2 QCEW data are initial. 70 3.000. O-T-M change was +900 (+2.000 5.113 29. Equip.  Over the same period.522 23 3.989 483 4.000 Dec‐2003 Jun‐2004 Dec‐2004 Jun‐2005 Dec‐2005 Jun‐2006 Dec‐2006 Jun‐2007 Dec‐2007 Jun‐2008 Dec‐2008 Jun‐2009 Dec‐2009 Jun‐2010 Dec‐2010 Jun‐2011 Dec‐2011 Jun‐2012 Dec‐2012 Jun‐2013 Dec‐2013 6.423 632 9. Local 484220 Specialized Freight Trucking.500 17. Local 484230 Specialized Freight Trucking. of Air & Water Res.697 213 3. Steel 333131 Mining Machinery & Equipment Mfg. & Industrial Mach.900 (+2.507 59 13. Change Est.423 317 3. Repair 924110 Admin.188 342 3.301 15 567 207 3.742 67 2.067 488 3.468 238 815 118 2. 246 5.909 2009Q2 Est.593 1. Street. & Tube Mfg.025 233 2. & Admin.488 12.464 41.812 991 11.  Employment across all industries increased 2.786 939 12. 42 2. & Waste Mgmt.371 154 4.134 70 2.MINING JOBS VS.750.000 1 PENNSYLVANIA MARCELLUS SHALE RELATED INDUSTRIES DATA Establishments & Employment in CWIA’s Identified Core & Ancillary Marcellus Shale Related Industries Core Industries NAICS Title 211111 Crude Petroleum & Natural Gas Extraction 211112 Natural Gas Liquid Extraction 213111 Drilling Oil & Gas Wells 213112 Support Activities for Oil & Gas Operations Oil & Gas Pipeline & Related Structures 237120 486210 Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas Totals Ancillary Industries NAICS Title 221112 Fossil Fuel Electric Power Generation 221210 Natural Gas Distribution 221310 Water Supply & Irrigation Systems 221320 Sewage Treatment Facilities 237110 Water. & Forestry Equip.423) over the same time period. O-T-Y change was +500 (+1.000 5.454 136 1.900 (+103.555 38 3.000 5. O-T-M: Over-the-Month O-T-Y: Over-the -Year 1 Source: Industry Data is from Pennsylvania’s Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages  From 2009Q2 to 2013Q2. 5 -718 20 562 6 138 8 -91 -20 -510 -17 -236 30 438 2 106 4 -83 -4 1. from Prchsd.769 96 5. Sewer. 204 2.068 8.000 5.691 156 2.478 49 1. are not seasonally adjusted.017 Vol. Change from 10 years ago was +139.000 5.936 318 4.558 22 625 114 3. Notes: These data are not seasonally adjusted.500 22.600.926 2013Q21 Est.800. 331210 Iron..500 27.000 5.383 11.000 5.385 128 1.000 Vol. employment in Core industries increased by 174.0%. Emp.850.650. Totals 2009Q2 Est.000 39.190 8.490 286 3.187 662 9.396 250 924 164 3.550.977 1.3%. Change Est.761.034 7. some movement may be due to seasonal patterns or administrative changes to data.2%).776 Mining & Logging Left Axis All Industries Right Axis Current Employment Statistics (All data are seasonally adjusted)  Total Pennsylvania jobs were 5.408 378 6.330 3 479 30 1..511 163 7.672 269 3.700.067 55 326 404 9.280 1.900.100.152 1. 237310 Highway.500 32.969 7 479 20 1.8%). Emp. These data may be revised upon release of QCEW 2013Q3 data. Gas. Long-Distance 531190 Lessors of Other Real Estate Property 532412 Const. Change from 10 years ago was +18.449 41 3.033 9. 333132 Oil & Gas Field Machinery & Equip.806 372 6. & Equip..032 107 4. Wholesalers 423830 Industrial Machinery & Equip.076 518 21.000 5.331 432 11.935 52 224 388 7.401 12.950. Elec.468 251 3.640 276 8.500. Emp.246 13. & Mining Mach.818 17 -72 12 109 46 1. Mining.000 24. Emp. *NAICS definition implemented with 2011Q1 data.600 (December 2013).3%). Mfg. While most change was due to actual growth or decline.796 47 1.534 44. & Bridge Construction 238912 Nonresidential Site Preparation Contractors 325110 Petrochemical Manufacturing 325120 Industrial Gas Manufacturing 331110* Iron & Steel Mills & Ferroalloy Mfg.305 8 312 218 3.000 5. Emp. employment in the Ancillary industries was up 8.069 8 91 449 19. of Comm.368 378 6.224 2013Q21 Est.589 15 146 94 1.  Mining & Logging employment in Pennsylvania was 37.5%).317 358 6.757 322 4.851 475 4.201 2. Wholesalers 423840 Industrial Supplies Merchant Wholesalers 484110 General Freight Trucking.268 196. O-T-Y change was +19.294 475 3.335 2.000 19.400 (-0.356 664 10.033 1. Page 6 Mining & Logging data are seasonally adjusted.

136.386 Vol. Average Average $112.837 $57.048 3.999 $71.419 51.836 2009Q2 713 10.818 $54.669 $56.6%. some movement may be due to seasonal patterns or administrative changes to data.824. adding 2. Change 2775.172 $61.5%.337 4.465 2009Q2 1. Change 2.726 $55. Northern Tier WIA also had the largest percentage increase with 116. Local Specialized Freight Trucking.6% 1.902 3. Notes: These data are not seasonally adjusted.329 higher. 2 2013Q2 QCEW data are initial.0% 14. Please see NAICS Changes in “Definitions” section on page 19.591 Pct.145 $80.643 Vol.251 2009Q2 140 9.897 $38.0% 14.019 11.6% Pct. the average wage in the ancillary industries was $16.207 $68.697 $65. in this case 2012Q3 through 2013Q2. & Equip.851 2013Q21 2. of Air & Water Res. Change 22. Northern Tier Core Ancillary Southwest Corner Core Ancillary Central Core Ancillary North Central Core Ancillary Tri-County Core Ancillary Westmoreland & Fayette Core Ancillary 6 WIA Total Core Ancillary 2009Q2 106 1. *NAICS definition implemented with 2011Q1 data. Change 1.443 $79. Across all six WIAs. Long-Distance Lessors of Other Real Estate Property Construction. These data may be revised upon release of QCEW 2013Q3 data.882 $45. 1 Average Wages for these industries were calculated by combining the most recent four quarters of available wage data. Core Industries Title Crude Petroleum & Natural Gas Extraction Natural Gas Liquid Extraction Drilling Oil & Gas Wells Support Activities for Oil & Gas Operations Oil & Gas Pipeline & Related Structures Construction Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas Average Ancillary Industries Title Fossil Fuel Electric Power Generation Natural Gas Distribution Water Supply & Irrigation Systems Sewage Treatment Facilities Water & Sewer Line & Related Structures Construction Highway.862 $126. Ancillary industries employment increased by 14. Programs Admin.573 $84.552 $84.527 $62.136 Vol. & Solid Waste Mgmt.194 $61.564 greater than the average for all industries. second was Central WIA with an increase of 1675. & Other Utils.905 $64.761 $68.345 1. Change 695 140 Vol.972 2013Q21 4.3%. Change 195.994 $45.888 2009Q2 2. Northern Tier WIA experienced the largest volume increase in Marcellus Shale Ancillary Industries employment. Change 282.152 2009Q2 528 10.0%. While most change was due to actual growth or decline.4% 4.603 $75.9% 16.3% Pct. Page 7 Page 8 .292 2013Q21 2.463 $63. Mining.305 $82. 2013Q2 QCEW data are initial. Change 3.732 2013Q21 3.WORKFORCE INVESTMENT AREA MARCELLUS SHALE RELATED INDUSTRIES DATA1 The tables below depict employment growth in the core and ancillary industries for Workforce Investment Areas (WIA) with substantial Marcellus Shale drilling activity. Northern Tier WIA was second with a volume increase of 2.515 6.118 2013Q21 17. & Forestry Machinery & Equip. Electric. Change 27.942 2. Change 435 844 Vol. Local Specialized Freight Trucking.320 11.098 $80. Street.5% 116.781 $48. Change 505. Change 2. These data may be revised upon release of QCEW 2013Q3 data.278 $64.485 10.179 $85.491 442 Vol.153 Source: Industry Data is from Pennsylvania’s Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages  The average wage across all industries for 2012Q3 through 2013Q2 was $48.607 employees. Northern Tier WIA experienced the largest percentage increase in Core industry employment.869 $65. Gas.9% 21.210 9.676 2009Q2 5.268 2013Q21 3.388 Average $116. Of Communications.109 $81.  The average wage in the core industries was $35. Change 11.730 $51.5% Pct. of Conservation Programs Reg.7% Pct. employment in the Core industries increased by 195.807 $60. & Bridge Construction Nonresidential Site Preparation Contractors Petrochemical Manufacturing Industrial Gas Manufacturing Iron & Steel Mills & Ferroalloy Manufacturing* Iron & Steel Pipe & Tube Manufacturing from Purchased Steel Mining Machinery & Equipment Manufacturing Oil & Gas Field Machinery & Equipment Manufacturing Construction & Mining Machinery Equipment Wholesalers Industrial Machinery & Equipment Merchant Wholesalers Industrial Supplies Merchant Wholesalers General Freight Trucking.904 45.154 $79. Rental Engineering Services Geophysical Surveying & Mapping Services Testing Laboratories Environmental Consulting Services Remediation Services Commercial & Industrial Mach.6% WAGES FOR MARCELLUS SHALE CORE AND ANCILLARY INDUSTRIES1 NAICS 211111 211112 213111 213112 237120 486210 Source: Industry Data is from Pennsylvania’s Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages  221112 221210 221310 221320 237110 237310 238912 325110 325120 331110* 331210 333131 333132 423810 423830 423840 484110 484220 484230 531190 532412 541330 541360 541380 541620 562910 811310 924110 924120 926130   1 Southwest Corner WIA experienced the largest volume increase in Marcellus Shale Core Industries employment.515 9.942 employees.0% Pct. Repair & Maintenance Admin.894 2013Q21 2.0%.888 $103. with an increase of 3.898 $42. Change 1675. equal to 2775.480 $61.1% Pct. & Admin.520 $53.607 1.859 Vol.

For a complete explanation of this data set.6% 2013 STATEWIDE HIGH-PRIORITY OCCUPATIONS RELATED TO MARCELLUS SHALE The occupations listed in the table below are found within the staffing patterns of Marcellus Shale related core and ancillary industries and have been identified as High-Priority for Pennsylvania. Solderers & Brazers 53-7073 Wellhead Pumpers Source: The Center for Workforce Information & Analysis     13-2011 43-3031 49-3031 17-2051 47-4011 47-2061 43-4051 49-9051 53-3032 49-9041 $70.024 3.101 202 3. Cutters. Job posting increases should be viewed as an indication of trend only.830 $61. High-Priority Occupations (HPOs) are identified as in demand by employers.670 $39.504 December2012 31 180 153 50 204 143 761 Pct.7% -9. Testers.920 $45. SOC Code Average Annual Wage SOC Title Education Level Select WIA Online Job Postings (core & ancillary combined) WIA Northern Tier Southwest Corner Central North Central Tri-County Westmoreland & Fayette Total  Pct. which rose 12. total job postings across all industries for Pennsylvania decreased by 0.250 $39. For a complete list of terms.680 $41.2% Pennsylvania Online Job Postings o In December 2013. Oil & Gas 41-4012 Sales Representatives 43-6014 Secretaries 47-5013 Service Unit Operators.430 $35.420 $36.552 249 3.200 $32.0% -24. please refer to the Definitions section of this document.090 $49.6% over the same period. Samplers & 51-9061 Weighers 53-3033 Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers 49-9071 Maintenance & Repair Workers.600 $58.720 $37. Change 54.090 $67.190 $47. rising by 54. General 17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 47-2073 Operating Engineers 47-2152 Plumbers.310 $41. due to continuous updates to the data. Page 10 .450 $44.470 $33.770 $32. Truck & Diesel Mechanics Civil Engineers Construction & Building Inspectors Construction Laborers Customer Service Representatives Electrical Power-Line Installers & Repairers Heavy & Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers Industrial Machinery Mechanics Inspectors.PENNSYLVANIA & WORKFORCE INVESTMENT AREA MARCELLUS SHALE RELATED INDUSTRIES ONLINE JOB POSTING ACTIVITY1 Pennsylvania Statewide Online Job Postings Area Total All Industries2 Core Industries Ancillary Industries Total MS related December2013 182.  Accountants & Auditors Bookkeeping & Accounting Clerks Bus.Transportation & Vehicle Oprs 51-4121 Welders. please refer to the Staffing Pattern definition on page 18.080 $78.2% 2.4% -6. while the other two saw an annual decrease in HWOL postings. o The Northern Tier WIA experienced the largest O-T-Y percentage increase in Marcellus Shale related job posting activity.3% -8. Gas & Mining 47-1011 Supervisors .450 $37. WIA Online Job Postings o Four of the six WIAs with substantial Marcellus Shale drilling activity experienced an increase in online job posting activity O-T-Y.390 Bachelor's degree Moderate-term OJT Long-term training Bachelor's degree HS diploma plus expr Short-term OJT Short-term OJT Long-term training HS diploma plus expr Long-term training Moderate-term OJT Short-term OJT Moderate-term OJT Bachelor's degree Moderate-term OJT Long-term training Moderate-term OJT Moderate-term OJT Short-term OJT Moderate-term OJT HS diploma plus expr HS diploma plus expr Moderate-term OJT Moderate-term OJT Job Postings are counted using Wanted Analytics’ Help Wanted Online job posting Spidering tool.8% followed by North Central WIA.6% 12.090 $63. o Online postings for statewide Marcellus Shale related (core + ancillary) industries decreased by 6.480 $46.2% O-T-Y.3% over December 2012.Construction/Extraction Workers 53-1031 Supervisors .0% o The six WIAs with substantial Marcellus Shale drilling activity saw online job postings decrease by a combined 9.273 December2013 48 184 157 56 154 92 691 December2012 183. A Standard Occupational Code (SOC) is provided for each occupation.830 $78.5% -35. Pipefitters & Steamfitters 47-5012 Rotary Drill Operators. and are most likely to provide family sustaining wages. Change -0. Sorters. 2 Total Job postings in this table may not be equal to total postings for December 2013 published in the January 2014 edition of the Pennsylvania Fast Facts. have higher skills needs.8% 2.302 3. Page 9 1 Workforce development funding in the commonwealth may be available for training programs required to enter these occupations.3% 23.110 $51. Oil.

Steel Volume of New Hires by Quarter 2010Q4 224 32 381 974 126 2 1. SOC Code SOC Title Education Level HPO in WIA Numbers PENNSYLVANIA MARCELLUS SHALE RELATED INDUSTRIES NEW HIRES Core Industries Title Crude Petroleum & Natural Gas Extraction Natural Gas Liquid Extraction Drilling Oil & Gas Wells Support Activities for Oil & Gas Operations Oil & Gas Pipeline & Related Structures Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas Total Ancillary Industries Title Fossil Fuel Electric Power Generation Natural Gas Distribution Water Supply & Irrigation Systems Sewage Treatment Facilities Water. have higher skills needs. of Comm. Admin. of Conservation Programs Reg.* Iron. & Equip..5% 31 124. Please see NAICS Changes in “Definitions” section on page 19. Wholesalers Industrial Mach. Across all industries in Pennsylvania.7% higher than 2012Q4.2% 4 12.7% 22 4.3 3 3.1% -245 -25.918 13 595 217 263 304 1 8 0 9. Oil & Gas Short-term OJT Electrical Engineers Bachelor's degree Excavating & Loading Machine HS diploma plus 53-7032 Oprs expr Gas Compressor/Pumping Station 53-7071 Moderate-term OJT Oprs 11-1021 General & Operations Managers Associate plus expr 43-9061 Office Clerks.0% -37 -16.066 454 16 18 355 193 163 9 105 471 231 453 662 135 25 236 2.9% higher than in 2010Q4 and 1. & Equip.0% -153 -43. however.2013Q4 Vol.234 New Hires in the Marcellus Shale related core industries.333 2013Q4 5 142 61 45 233 739 476 13 27 202 128 143 13 113 358 194 744 737 133 56 194 2. Page 11 Page 12 .013 2012Q4 37 139 34 39 190 952 448 9 21 306 194 150 19 89 506 161 609 660 193 15 243 2.8% -3 -18.3% 4 44. A Standard Occupational Code (SOC) is provided for each occupation.1 High Priority Occupations (HPOs) are identified as in demand by employers. Separations. in the form of layoffs or quits.8% 771 202.0% -42 -17.2013Q4 Vol. and are most likely to provide family sustaining wages.9% -66 -32.1% higher than 2012Q4.12.213 192 3 2.8% 9 50.100 545 8 22 439 199 231 12 123 613 161 612 887 188 12 254 3. Pct. Gas & Util. Long-Distance Lessors of Other Real Estate Property Const.0% higher than 2010Q4 and 1. Sewer Line & Related Structures Highway.11.7% 33 30.0% 0 0 276 3.13.21.19. Totals Change 2010Q4 . Steel Pipe. Engineering Services Geophysical Surveying & Mapping Services Testing Laboratories Environmental Consulting Services Remediation Services Commercial & Industrial Mach.773 16 347 135 228 1. The new hires count is simply an indication of hiring activity in an industry.8% 14 700.4% 7 350. New hires are linked to job creation. please refer to the Staffing Pattern definition on page 18. are linked to job destruction and account for the other half of the employment change equation. The balance of hires and separations result in the employment change.0% -134 -27. Oil & Gas Moderate-term OJT Source: The Center for Workforce Information & Analysis 17-3011 47-5011 17-2071 13. & Bridge Construction Nonresidential Site Preparation Contractors Petrochemical Manufacturing Industrial Gas Manufacturing Iron & Steel Mills & Ferroalloy Mfg. an increase in new hires does not directly equate to an increase in the total employment count..9% -327 -30. from Prchsd.22 3 4 8 3 1.234 Architectural & Civil Drafters Associate degree Derrick Operators. Pct.0% -44 -15.536 34 454 205 429 352 5 8 0 11.&Admin. & Waste Admin. total New Hires in 2013Q4 were 9.8% 75 2. Street. Elec. Tube Mfg.3% 15 32. Mining. and 17. *NAICS definition implemented with 2011Q1 data. General Short-term OJT 53-7072 Pump Operators Moderate-term OJT 47-5071 Roustabouts.3 1.5% 4 200.5% -248 -65.160 2011Q4 9 133 42 35 365 1.436 New Hires in the Marcellus Shale related ancillary industries.0% 10 100.8% -97 -29. Of Air & Water Res. Note: In every economy there is job creation and job destruction every month and the result is employment change. -61 -27.698 2 481 201 325 381 2 10 0 9. 1 These occupations were added to Local Workforce Investment Areas HPO lists through the HPO petition process. Wholesalers Industrial Supplies Merchant Wholesalers General Freight Trucking.1% -65 -33. -1 -16.4% 8 7. Local Specialized Freight Trucking.6% 15 50. & Mining Mach.152 9 20 0 9. For a complete list of terms. This was 29.6% -113 -24.0% Change 2010Q4 .22 Volume of New Hires by Quarter 2010Q4 6 109 46 30 277 1.500 2013Q4 163 36 133 729 167 6 1.0% lowerer than 2010Q4.0%    In 2013Q4 there were 1.288 2012Q4 193 31 223 634 416 3 1.0% -505 -29.739 2011Q4 266 73 541 1. Oil & Gas Field Machinery & Equipment Const.2% 41 32. This was 3. WIA # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 WIA Name Berks County WIA Bucks County WIA Central WIA Chester County WIA Delaware County WIA Lackawanna County WIA Lancaster County WIA Lehigh Valley WIA Luzerne-Schuylkill Counties WIA Montgomery County WIA North Central WIA WIA # 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 WIA Name Northern Tier WIA Northwest WIA Philadelphia County WIA Pocono Counties WIA South Central WIA Southern Alleghenies WIA Southwest Corner WIA Three Rivers WIA Tri-County WIA West Central WIA Westmoreland-Fayette Counties WIA Mining Machinery & Equipment Mfg.2013 REGIONAL HIGH-PRIORITY OCCUPATIONS RELATED TO MARCELLUS SHALE The occupations listed in the table below are found within the staffing patterns of Marcellus Shale related core industries and have been identified as High-Priority for certain Workforce Investment Areas (WIAs)..7% lower than 2012Q4. Equip. In 2013Q4 there were 9. & Forestry Mach.2% 75 11.7% -20 -12. & Equip.19.436 Workforce development funding in the commonwealth may be available for training programs required to enter these occupations.3% -2 -1. Local Specialized Freight Trucking.0% 291 64.

0%  19 9 Vol. Northern Tier had the largest increases in both volume (148) and percentage (135.1% -7. The percentage of workers in core related industry groups aged 55 and over was smaller than found across all industries.0% 45.8%  27.8%  ***  14‐24  12.4%  19.7% Pct.8%  22.3%  ***  14.7%  55+  23.5%  23. Census Bureau.2%  8.227 2011Q4 189 255 2011Q4 313 398 2011Q4 172 305 2011Q4 321 154 2011Q4 239 249 2011Q4 28 489 2011Q4 1.7%  25.159 1.4%  15.1%  17.WORKFORCE INVESTMENT AREA MARCELLUS SHALE RELATED INDUSTRIES NEW HIRES The tables below depict the number of new hires in the core and ancillary industries for WIAs with substantial Marcellus Shale drilling activity during the third quarter of each year from 2010 to 2013.348 Vol.2%  32.5%  25‐34  20.9%  20.5%  45‐54  24. they help to provide an understanding of the industries’ employment composition by age.4%  2371 Utility System Construction  13.7%  24.4%  12.2%  31.4%  26.6%  45‐54  24. there were nearly 10% more new hires in the ancillary industries in 2013Q4 than in 2010Q4.4%  45‐54  25.0%  21.0% Pct.1%  24. Change -458 -19 Vol.5%  25.5%  13.6%  22.0%  35.1%  22.7%  30.8%) of New Hires.2%  24. Change 14‐24  12.6%  32.3% Pct. Change 35.1%  22. Southwest Corner WIA was second in growth for both volume (81) and percentage (45.4%) and second largest volume (19) growth.8%  20.0% -17.0%  34.3%  19.8%  12. to be younger than the total across all industries.0%  19.2%  22.7%  23.8%    25‐34  19.0%  24. For ancillary industries.0%  23. on average.2% 135. there were 47.8%  24. Change 5.262 1.4%  35‐44  19.4%  8.2%  ***    -142 -18 Vol.3%  22.8%  7.3%  24.7%  7.0%).7%  19.4%  19.7%  22. Volume change and percent change are both based on 2010Q4 to 2013Q4 calculations.9%  35‐44  20.9%  17. Page 13 Page 14 .8%  45‐54  24.2% 9.2%  32.S.1%  33.9%  36.0%  11. Northern Tier Core Ancillary Southwest Corner Core Ancillary Central Core Ancillary North Central Core Ancillary Tri-County Core Ancillary Westmoreland/Fayette Core Ancillary 6 WIA Total Core Ancillary 2010Q4 121 109 2010Q4 222 180 2010Q4 175 234 2010Q4 498 111 2010Q4 111 304 2010Q4 32 289 2010Q4 1.8%  13.4%  22. Change North Central  All industry groups  2111 Oil and Gas Extraction  2131 Support Activities for Mining  2371 Utility System Construction  4862 Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas  Tri‐County  All industry groups  2111 Oil and Gas Extraction  2131 Support Activities for Mining  2371 Utility System Construction  4862 Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas    39 -80 Vol.5%  24.1% Pct.3%  16.3%  15.9%  25‐34  18.2% less new hires in the Marcellus Shale related core industries in 2013Q4 than in 2010Q4.7%  15.4%  15. Change -92.1) increases in core industry New Hires.6%  -16 148 Vol. Change -13.4%  29.8% Pct.4%  31.2%  24.8%  12.0%  36. Change QUARTERLY WORKFORCE INDICATORS (based on the U.1%  25.8%  9.850 2012Q4 159 198 2012Q4 446 343 2012Q4 55 169 2012Q4 103 102 2012Q4 110 205 2012Q4 19 487 2012Q4 892 1.2%  35‐44  20.9%  35‐44  20. While these industry groups contain some employment from non-Marcellus Shale related core industries.0%  16.9% Westmoreland & Fayette  14‐24  25‐34  35‐44  45‐54  55+  All industry groups  12.7%  27. Change Pct.7%  21.9%  15.5%  18.0%  19.4%  24.6%  4862 Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas  ***  22.8%  21.7%  14.7%  2111 Oil and Gas Extraction  6. Change 14‐24  12.1%  24.0%  55+  22.5%  18. 1 Local Employment Dynamics data are only available at the 4-digit NAICS level.3%  29.1%  7.8%  24. Change Southwest Corner  All industry groups  2111 Oil and Gas Extraction  2131 Support Activities for Mining  2371 Utility System Construction  4862 Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas  Central  All industry groups  2111 Oil and Gas Extraction  2131 Support Activities for Mining  2371 Utility System Construction  4862 Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas    11 81 Vol.   Workers in the Marcellus Shale related industry groups tended.6%  4. Local Employment Dynamics (LED) Percentage of Industry1 Employment by Age Group (2013Q1) Northern Tier  All industry groups  2111 Oil and Gas Extraction  2131 Support Activities for Mining  2371 Utility System Construction  4862 Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas    14‐24  13.7%  23.9%  21.1%  2.8%  21.8%  11.3%  8.1% -26.5%  62.6%  24.5%  *** Indicates that data cannot be disclosed due to confidentiality restrictions or data quality standards    Tri-County WIA had the largest volume (39) and second largetst percentage (35.1% Pct.2%  55+  23.1%  8.2%  35‐44  19. Change -81. Change -547 121 -47.3%  30.0%  27.1%  55+  23.9%  20.504 2013Q4 105 257 2013Q4 233 261 2013Q4 33 216 2013Q4 40 92 2013Q4 150 224 2013Q4 51 298 2013Q4 612 1.4%  22.0%  13.6%  32.4%  21.9%  21.0%  20.5%  23.0%  12.8%  ***  14‐24  11.2%  24.4% 3.9%  19.4%  8.5%  ***  55+  24.7%  28.5%  2131 Support Activities for Mining  ***  30.4%  29.9%  21. Across these six WIAs.2%  25‐34  20.4%  45‐54  23.7%  25‐34  19.0%  28.3%  ***  0. Change 59.5%  18. Westmoreland/Fayette WIA had the largest percent (59.8%  16.9%  ***  16.8%  14.8%  13.

421 Top job placement for ShaleNET graduates.9 million grant from the United States Department  of Labor.  Employed represents  training participants who have gained employment during or after ShaleNET training. $4.shalenet.468 1.  Completed training with degree/certificate  measures participants who have finished ShaleNET training.  July 1st 2010 – June 30th 2013  Participants being served by ShaleNET  Beginning education and training activities  Completing training activities and education  Completed training with degree/certification  Employed     14.SHALENET TRAINING AND JOB PLACEMENT DATA1: (AS PROVIDED BY THE ALLEGHENY CONFERENCE ON COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT) PENNSYLVANIA UNEMPLOYMENT RATES BY COUNTY DECEMBER 2013     ShaleNET is a three‐year. The mission of the grant is  to design a comprehensive recruitment.800 9. as well as. placement.611 5.177 3.  through on‐the‐job training grants.org through the Talent  Match System.org. those participants who have found jobs  with the help of ShaleNET and Pennsylvania CareerLink. training. Employment and Training Administration.  Beginning education and training activities measures those participants  who have begun ShaleNET training.  1   Page 15 Page 16 .  For more information. October 2010‐January  2012:  1  Roustabout  2  Floor hand  3  Truck driver  4  Mechanic  5  Casing specialist    Definitions for these indicators are as follows: Participants served by ShaleNET equals  the total number of people who have registered with ShaleNET. and retention  program for high priority occupations in the natural gas drilling and production  industry throughout the Marcellus Shale footprint. visit  www.

Source: The Pennsylvania Department of Labor & Industry. during the week which includes the 12th day of the month. Data exclude proprietors.  Postsecondary training – training is gained through a postsecondary training program.Source: U. Wage data is derived from the annual Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey. were available for work (except for temporary illness). related work experience. and private household workers. *THESE DATA ARE SEASONALLY ADJUSTED: Seasonal adjustment removes the change in employment that is due to normal seasonal hiring or layoffs (holidays. and is paid. worked in their own businesses or professions or on their own farm. Current Employment Statistics (CES) Each month the CES program surveys about 140. not of people. that produces goods or services. even if the person holds more than one job. the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. and state unemployment insurance (UI) programs. Included are the self-employed. Included are persons on paid vacations or on paid sick leave. as are any employees who are on paid sick leave. A striking employee who only works a small portion of the survey period. STAFFING PATTERNS . unpaid family or volunteer workers. Some period of related work experience may be required. or who have not yet reported for work are not counted as employed. Persons on the payroll of more than one employer during the same reference week are reported more than once. The Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program measures employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis and produces estimates using equations based on regression techniques. Persons on layoff. This method utilizes data from several sources. Unemployment Rate: The number of unemployed as a percent of the labor force. agricultural workers. store. would be included as employed under the CES definitions. assuming 40 hours per week. on paid holiday. Some period of related work experience may be required. Educational Attainment: The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) provides information about entrylevel education. This information comes from the biennial Long-Term Occupational Employment Projections data. Dynamics DEFINITIONS: QUARTERLY WORKFORCE INDICATORS . Some period of related work experience may be required. The QWI are built upon wage records in the Unemployment Insurance (UI) system and information from state Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) data. who are excluded by the CES survey. The LAUS program does not produce estimates for any demographic groups. Some period of related work experience may be required. Wages: Total wages include total compensation paid during a calendar quarter (including bonuses).Source: Pennsylvania Department of Labor & Industry. CES produces a count of jobs. and typical on-the-job training requirements for each of several hundreds of occupations. This is a collaborative effort between BLS and the states.). Temporary and intermittent employees are included. Persons on the payroll of more than one establishment are counted in each establishment. Workers temporarily earning no wages due to labormanagement disputes. Nonfarm Jobs: The total number of persons on establishment payrolls employed full or part time who received pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th day of the month. or who work during only part of the specified pay period. hours. Average wages are calculated by dividing total wages for a quarter by average employment in that quarter. including the CPS. Establishment: The location of a certain economic activity. gender. It is typically at a single physical location and engaged in one.000 national businesses and government agencies in order to provide detailed industry data on employment. and earnings of workers on nonfarm payrolls. Educational Attainment Level Abbreviations:  Short-term or Moderate-term OJT – basic tasks and skills are learned through a period of on-the-job training lasting up to one year.  Bachelor’s degree – degree completed after four years of full-time schooling beyond high school. The employment totals for each month are averaged for the quarter employment count. Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages Employment: Employment data include all employment covered under the Pennsylvania Unemployment Compensation program for each of the three months in the quarter. Persons who were waiting to be recalled to jobs from which they had been laid off need not to have been looking for work to be classified as unemployed. An employer may have one or more establishments. farm workers. weather. thus leaving an over-the-month change that reflects only employment change due to trend and irregular movements. A high school diploma may be required. etc.  Long-term training – a high school diploma and at least one year of on-the-job training or an apprenticeship. Average Annual Wage: The mean annual wage earned by workers in the occupation. (a) did any work as paid employees. type of economic activity. and had made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the four-week period ending with the reference week. unpaid family workers. Labor Force: All persons either working or looking for work or classified as employed or unemployed. self-employed. office.DEFINITIONS: LABOR FORCE STATISTICS* . or leave without pay for the entire pay period. or (b) were not working but who had jobs from which they were temporarily absent.  Doctoral. Page 18 JOBS* . strike. Page 17 . and age of workers. Local Employment The Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI) are a set of economic indicators that can be queried by different levels of geography as well as by industry. such as a factory. QUARTERLY CENSUS OF EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES . The employment count represents the number of full-time and part-time employees who worked during or received pay for the payroll period including the 12th of the month.  Master’s Degree – degree completed after two years of full-time schooling beyond a bachelor’s degree. Government employment covers only civilian employees. or worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers in enterprises operated by members of their families. Unemployment: All persons aged 16 years and older who had no employment during the reference week (contains the 12th day of the month).Source: Pennsylvania Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) The labor force and unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS). or predominantly one. and domestic workers. Employment: All persons who.S. or mine.Source: Pennsylvania Department of Labor & Industry Staffing Pattern: A listing of the occupations most commonly found within a particular industry.  Associate degree – degree completed after two years of full-time schooling beyond high school.  HS diploma plus experience – a high school diploma and training gained through hands-on work in a similar occupation. Census Bureau. 52 weeks a year. or Professional degree – degree programs requiring 3-6 years of education at the college or university level beyond a four-year bachelor’s degree. layoffs or other reasons are not reported as employed. Each employed person is counted only once.

The underlying data for The Conference Board HWOL are provided by Wanted Technologies Corporation. the NAICS code of only one Marcellus Shale related industry was impacted: NAICS 331111 (Iron & Steel Mills). for time periods prior to 2011. New hire counts by industry are an indication of trend only. To account for this change. occupation. is reviewed for potential revisions every five years. Jobs ads can be classified by industry. and geographic area. The latest revision (2012) was implemented by BLS in the QCEW program with the release of 1st quarter 2011 data. As part of this revision. Data are analyzed for employment trends and to forecast economic conditions. establish child support orders. MAP OF MARCELLUS SHALE FORMATION . data for NAICS 331111 & 331112 will be combined and shown under NAICS 331110. However. the data can be aggregated to show where and in what industries hiring is taking place as an indication of which sectors of the economy are experiencing growth or decline. Established through the Workforce Investment Act to provide services for dislocated workers and other eligible individuals. established in 1997. MARCELLUS SHALE FORMATION HELP WANTED ONLINE ADS . To retain comparability. or enforce existing orders. Company and individual data are confidential and cannot be reported on. Approximately sixty percent of all new hires are captured. Pennsylvania’s 22 WIAs are based on common geographic and economic factors. the Marcellus Shale ancillary industry list was modified to change NAICS 331111 to NAICS 331110. NAICS CHANGES The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). training and educational services are provided.   Page 19 Page 20 . where employment. combining it with NAICS 331112 (Electrometallurgical ferroalloy product manufacturing) to form NAICS 331110 (Iron & Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing). and all ancillary industry data will now include NAICS 331110.Source: The Pennsylvania Department of Labor & Industry New Hire Reporting is a process by which employers report information on all employees hired on or after January 1.DEFINITIONS: NEW HIRES .Source: Department of Environmental Protection WORKFORCE INVESTMENT AREA (WIA) A WIA is labor market area that is usually a group of contiguous counties.Source: The Conference Board Help Wanted OnLine™ data set The Conference Board Help Wanted OnLine data set provides real-time insight into the employment marketplace through the world’s largest database of online job ads. 1998 to locate non-custodial parents. The NAICS 2012 structure eliminated NAICS 331111. employer.