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THE BLUEPRINT

PART 1 INTRODUCTION 1 Definitions: 2 Classifications: 3 Legal Bases: 3.1 Constitutional Provisions: 3.1.1 3.1.2 3.1.3 3.2 3.3 Social Justice - Defined Protection of Labor Right to due process and right to labor as property 3.1.4 3.1.5 3.1.6 Gender euality and protection of women Right of government employees to organize Protection to rights of employer Labor Law / Labor Legislation Labor Standards Labor Relations Social Legislation Welfare/Social Legislation

Civil Code Provisions - Title VIII, Chapter 3, Sec. 2 International Conventions

4 Sources of Labor Law 4.1 Labor Code and its Implementing Rules and Regulations 4.1.1 Applicability of Labor Laws 4.1.1.1 4.1.1.2 4.1.1.3 4.1.2 4.1.3 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Overseas workers Government employees Employees of international organizations and specialized agencies

Enforcement of Labor Laws Construction in Favor of Labor

Decision of the courts and quasi-judicial bodies Contracts Company Practice Company Policies

5 Employer - Employee Relationship 5.1 5.2 5.3 Definitions: Employer Employee Factors in determining its existence of the relationship Management Prerogatives 5.4 Definitions: Independent Contractor 5.5 Liability of Indirect Employer Labor-Only Contractor

PART 2 RECRUITMENT AND PLACEMENT OF WORKERS ALIEN EMPLOYMENT 6 Recruitment and Placement 6.1 Definition: Recruitment and Placement Employment Agencies / Entities 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 Private Employment Agency Private Recruitment Entity Illegal Recruitment Enforcement and Sanctions Joint and several liability Jurisdiction

6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5

Allowed Entities Prohibited Entities Government Regulation Prohibited Practices

7 Alien Employment Regulation 7.1 Coverage 7.2 Conditions for Grant of Permit

PART 3 HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT 8 Development of Human Resources 9 Apprentices 9.1 Apprentice, Definition 10 Learners 10.1 Learner, Definition 11 Disabled Persons 11.1 Diabled Person, Definition 11.2 Rights and Privileges 10.2 When learners may be employed 10.3 Conditions of employment

9.2 When apprentices may be employed

9.3 Conditions of employment

LABOR STANDARDS AND SOCIAL LEGISLATION

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PART 4 LABOR STANDARDS 12 Hours of Work 12.1 Coverage 12.2 Exemption 12.2.1 12.2.2 12.2.3 12.2.4 Government employees Managerial employees Field personnel Dependent family members 12.2.5 12.2.6 12.2.7 Domestic helpers Persons in the personal service of another Piece workers

12.3 Normal Hours of Work 12.3.1 Change in work hours - Management prerogative 12.3.2 Compressed Work Week / Flexible Work Arrangements

12.4 Compensable Hours of Work 12.5 Specific Rules 12.5.1 12.5.2 12.5.3 12.6 Night Work 12.7 Overtime Work / Overtime Pay 12.7.1 12.7.2 12.7.3 13 Weekly Rest Periods 14 Holidays / Holiday Pay 14.1 Coverage 15 Service Incentive Leave 16 Paternity Leave 17 Parental Leave 18 Service Charges 18.1 Minimum Wages 18.1.1 No work, no pay / A fair day's wage for a fair day's labor Equal pay for work of equal value Agreement for compensation of services Coverage Minimum wage Determination of compliance with minimum wage Facilities and supplements / allowances 18.1.6 18.1.7 18.1.8 Cash wage / commission Difference: Gratuity - Salary/Wages Effect on benefits 14.2 Exception: Retail establishment Service establishment Rationale for overtime pay No offsetting - Overtime with under time Emergency or compulsory overtime work Rest period Meal period Waiting time 12.5.4 12.5.5 12.5.6 On call Inactivite due to work interruptions Work after normal hours 12.5.7 12.5.8 Lectures, meetings, trainings Travel time

18.1.2 18.1.3 18.1.4 18.1.5

18.2 Wage-Fixing Machinery 18.2.1 18.2.2 Wage Rationalization - Rationale Agencies: National Wages and Productivity Commission Regional Tripartite Wages and Productivity Board 18.2.3 18.2.4 18.2.4 Standards/criteria for minimum wage fixing Wage order Wage distortion

18.3 Payment of Wages 18.3.1 Form of payment 18.3.2 Time of payment 18.3.3 Place of payment 18.3.4 Direct payment of wages

18.4 Wage Prohibitions 18.4.1 18.4.2 18.4.3 18.4.4 18.4.5 Against Against Against Against Against interference in disposal of wages wage deduction requirement to make deposits for loss or damage withholding of wages deduction to ensure employment 18.4.6 18.4.7 18.4.8 18.4.9 Against retaliatory measures Against false reporting Against keeping of employees records in a place other than the workplace Against garnishment/execution

18.5 Workers Preference in the Event of Bankruptcy 18.6 Wage Recovery / Jurisdiction 20 Thirteenth Month Pay 20.1 Coverage 20.2 Rationale 20.3 Amount and date of payment 20.4 Basic wage/commissions
LABOR STANDARDS AND SOCIAL LEGISLATION | Page 2

21 Bonus 21.1 Nature 22.2 Definitions 22.3 When demandable 22 Working Conditions for Special Group of Workers 22.1 Women 22.1.1 22.1.2 Constitutional Provisions Prohibited acts 22.1.3.1 22.1.3.2 22.1.3 22.1.4 22.1.5 22.1.6 22.2 Minors 22.2.1 22.2.2 22.2.3 Constitutional Provisions Working children Discrimination Night work; Exception Discrimination 22.1.3.3 22.1.3.4 Stipulation against marriage Discharge on account of pregnancy

Facilities Special women workers Maternity leave Sexual harassment

22.3 House Helpers / Care Givers 22.3.1 22.3.2 22.3.3 Definition Coverage Non-Household Work

PART 5 SOCIAL LEGISLATION:

SOCIAL SECURITY ACT GOVERNMENT SERVICE INSURANCE ACT EMPLOYEES COMPENSATION AND STATE INSURANCE FUND

NATIONAL HEALTH INSURANCE ACT HOME DEVELOPMENT MUTUAL FUND LAW

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Objectives Concept Definitions: Employer Employee Coverage Effecs of Separation from Employment Reporting Requirements Funding Effect of Non-Remittance Benefits 31.1 Definition: 31.1.1 31.1.2 Disability

Dependent

Beneficiaries

Manifestation of disability Permanent total disability vs. Permanent partial disability

31.1.3 31.1.4

Unknown cause Occupational disease

31.2 Basis of claim 32 Prescriptive Period

MUST READ
PART 1 3 Philippine Association of Service Exporters, Inc. v. Drilon, G.R. No. 81958, June 30, 1988, En Banc St. Lukes Medical Center Employees Association-AFW v. NLRC, G.R. No. 162053, March 7, 2007 Magana v. Medicard Phil., Inc., G.R. No. 174833, December 15, 2010 Calalang v. Williams, G.R. No. 47800, December 2, 1940 HFS Phil., Inc. v. Pilar, G.R. No. 168716, April 16, 2009; PLDT v. NLRC, G.R. No. 80609, August 23, 1988, En Banc Toyota Motor Phil. Corp. Workers Association v. NLRC, G.R. No. 158786, October 19, 2007 Cebu Royal Plant v. Hon Deputy Minister of Labor, G.R. No. L-58639, August 12, 1987 Gregorio Araneta University Foundation v. NLRC, G.R. No. 75925-26, October 29, 1987 Quitoriano v. Jebsens Maritime, Inc., G.R. No. 179868, January 21, 2010 Callanta v. Carnation Philippines, Inc., G.R. No. 70615, October 28, 1986 Brew Master International v. National Federation of Labor Unions, G.R. No. 119243, April 17, 1997 PNCC Skyway Traffic Management and Security Division Workers Organization v. PNCC Skyway Corp., G.R. No. 171231, February 17, 2010 International School Alliance of Educators v. Quisumbing, G.R. No. 128845, June 1, 2000
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Universal Declaration of Human Rights International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights International Convention on Civil and Political Rights ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work 4 Reyes v. CA, G.R. No. 154448. August 15, 2003 J.K. Mercado & Sons Agricultural Enterprises, Inc. v. Hon. Patricia Sto. Tomas, G.R. No. 158084, August 29, 2008 PNCC Skyway Traffic Management and Security Division Workers Organization v. PNCC Skyway Corp., G.R. No. 171231, February 17, 2010 Insular Bank of Asia and America Employees' Union v. Inciong, G.R. No. L-52415, October 23, 1984 The Chartered Bank Employees Association v. Ople, G.R. No. L-44717, August 28, 1985 Sim v. NLRC, G.R. No. 157376, October 2, 2007 Santiago v. CF Sharp Crew Management, G.R. No. 162419, July 10, 2007 NASECO v. NLRC, G.R. No. L-70295, November 29, 1988, En Banc PNOC-Energy Development Corp. v. NLRC, G.R. No. 79182, September 11, 1991 International Catholic Migration Commission v. Calleja, G.R. No. 85750, September 28, 1990 Callanta v. Carnation Philippines, Inc., G.R. No. 70615, October 28, 1986 Supreme Steel Corp. v. Nagkakaisang Manggagawa ng Supreme Independent Union, G.R. No. 185556, March 28, 2011 Mariveles Shipyard Corp. v. CA, G.R. No. 144134, November 11, 2003 Central Azucarera De Tarlac v. Central Azucarera De Tarlac Labor Union-NLU, G.R. No. 188949, July 26, 2010 Metropolitan Bank and Trust Co. v. NLRC, G.R. No. 152928, June 18,2009 Pagasa Steel Works, Inc. v. CA, G.R. No. 166647, March 31, 2006 Kimberly-Clark Phil., Inc. v. Dimayuga, G.R. No. 177705, September 18, 2009 Paloma vs. PAL, G.R. No. 148415, July 14, 2008 GTE Directories Corp. v. Sanchez, G.R. No. 76219, May 27, 1991 DOLE Department Order No. 18-A (2011) Rules Implementing Articles 106 to 109 of the Labor Code Catholic Archbishop of Manila vs. Seocial Security Commission, G. R. No. L-15045, January 20, 1961, En Banc A.C. Ransom Labor Union v. NLRC, G.R. No. L-69494, May 29, 1987 Orlando Farms Growers Association v. NLRC, G.R. No. 129076, November 25, 1998 Feati University v. Bautista, G.R. No. L-21278, December 27, 1966, En Banc Chu v. NLRC, G.R. No. 106107, June 2, 1994 San Miguel Brewery Sales Force Union (PTGWO) v. Ople, G.R. No. L-53515, February 8, 1989 Philippine Airlines, Inc. v. NLRC, G.R. No. 85985, August 13, 1993 SHS Perforated Materials, Inc. v. Diaz, G.R. No. 185814, October 13, 2010 Supreme Steel Corp. v. Nagkakaisang Manggagawa ng Supreme Independent Union, G.R. No. 185556, March 28, 2011 PLDT v. Paguio, G.R. No. 152689, October 12, 2005 Businessday Information Systems and Services, Inc. v. NLRC, G.R. No. 103575, April 5, 1993 Sonza v. ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corp., G.R. No. 138051, June 10, 2004 Semblante v. CA, G.R. No. 196426, August 15, 2011 Sy v. CA, G.R. No. 142293, Feb. 27, 2003 Perpetual Help Credit v. Faburada , G.R. No. 121948, October 8, 2001 Jardin v. NLRC, G.R. No. 119268, February 23, 2000 Corporal Sr. v. NLRC, G.R. No. 129315, October 2, 2000 Ruga v. NLRC, G.R. No. L-72654-61, January 22, 1990 Mendiola v. CA, G.R. No. 159333, July 31, 2006 Tongko v. The Manufacturers Life Insurance Co. (Phils.) Inc ., G.R. No. 167622, November 7, 2008 Locsin v. PLDT, G.R. 185251, October 2, 2009 Francisco v. NLRC , G.R. No. 170087, August 31, 2006 Teng v. Pahagac, G.R. No. 169704, November 17, 2010 Phil. Bank Communications v. NLRC, G.R. No. L-66598, December 19, 1986 San Miguel Corp. v. Maerc Integrated Services, Inc .; G.R. No. 144672, July 10, 2003 Wack Wack Golf and Country Club v. NLRC, G.R. No. 149793, April 15, 2005 Aliviado v. Prootor and Gamble Phils., Inc., G.R. No. 160506, March 9, 2010 Spic n Span Services Corp. v. Gloria Paje, et al., G.R. No. 174084, August 25, 2010 GSIS v. NLRC, G.R. No. 180045, November 17, 2010 Mariveles Shipyard Corp. v. CA, G.R. No. 144134, November 11, 2003

PART 2 6 E.O. No. 247 (1987), Reorganizing the POEA 2002 POEA Rules and Regulations Governing the Recruitment and Employment of Land-based Overseas Workers 2003 POEA Rules,and Regulations Governing the Recruitment and Employment of Seafarers R.A. No. 8042, Migrant Workers and Overseas Filipinos Act of 1995 Omnibus Rules Implementing R.A. No. 8042 People v. Panis, G.R. No. Nos. L-58674-77, July 11, 1990 Boneng v. People; G.R. No. 133563, March 4, 1999 People v. Gallo, G.R. No. 185277, March 18, 2010 People v. Hu, G.R. No. 182232, October 6, 2008 People v. Chua, G.R. No. 184058; March 10, 2010 People v. Laogo, G.R. No. 176264, January 10, 2011 Salazar v. Achacoso, G.R. No. 81510 March 14, 1990, En Banc Claudio S. Yap v. Thenamaris Ships Management and Intermare Maritime Agencies, Inc., G.R. No. 179532, May 30, 2011 Eastern Assurance and Surety Corp. v. Sec. of Labor, G.R. No. L-79436-50, January 17, 1990 Datuman v. First Cosmopolitan Manpower and Promotion Services, Inc., G.R. No. 156029, November 14, 2008 Serrano v. Galant Maritime Services, Inc., G.R. No. 151833, August 7, 2003 Comm. Act No. 108, Anti-Dummy Law Executive Order No. 226 - Omnibus Investment Code of 1987 Department Order No. 97-09, Revised Rules for the Issuance of Employment Permits to Foreign Nationals Department Order No. 120-12, Amending Certain Provisions of Department Order No. 07-09
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Almodiel v. NLRC, G.R. No. 100641, June 14, 1993 WPP Marketing Communications, Inc. v. Galera, G.R. No. 169207, March 25, 2010 General Milling Corp. v. Torres, G.R. No. 93666, April 22, 1991 PART 3 R.A. 7796, Technical Education and Skills Development Act (TESDA) of 1994 R.A. No. 7686, Dual Training Systems Act of 1994 R.A. No. 7277, Magna Carta for Disabled Persons of 1992 R.A. 7610, Child Abuse Law of 1992 R.A. 7658, Special Protection of Children Against Child Abuse, Exploitation and Discrimination Act Century Canning Corp. v. CA, G.R. No. 152894, August 17, 2007 Nitto Enterprises v. NLRC, G.R. No. 114337, September 29, 1995 Atlanta Industries v. Sebolino, G.R. Mo. 187320, January 26, 2011 Bernardo v. NLRC, G.R. No. 122917, July 12, 1999

PART 4 12 Manila Terminal Co. Inc., v. CIR, G.R. No. L-4148, July 16, 1952, En Banc San Miguel Corp. v. Layoc, Jr., G.R. No. 149640, October 19, 2007 NAWASA v. NAWASA Consolidated Unions, G.R. No. L-18939, August 31, 1964 National Sugar Refineries Corp. v. NLRC, G.R. No. 101761, March 24, 1993 Far East Agricultural Supply, Inc. v. Lebatique, G.R. No. 162813, February 12, 2007 Mercidar Fishing Corp. v. NLRC, G.R. No. 112574, October 8, 1998 Union of Filipro Employees v. Vivar, G.R. No. 79255, January 20, 1992 Labor Congress of the Philippines v. NLRC, G.R. No. 123938, May 21, 1998 Union Carbide Labor Union v. Union Carbide Phils., Inc., G.R. NO. 41314, November 13, 1992 DOLE Department Advisory 02 (2004) DOLE Department Advisory 02 (2009) DOLE Department Advisory 04 (2010) Bisig Manggagawa sa Tryco v. NLRC, G.R. No 1513098, October 15, 2008 Philippine Airlines v. NLRC, G.R. No. 132805, February 2, 1999 Arica v. NLRC, G.R. No. 78210, February 28, 1989 University of Pangasinan Faculty Union v. University of Pangasinan, G.R. No. L-63122, February 20, 1984; 127 SCRA 691 North Davao Mining Corporation v. NLRC, G.R. No. 112546, March 13, 1996, En Banc University of Pangasinan Faculty Union v. University of Pangasinan, G.R. No. L-63122, February 20, 1984; 127 SCRA 691 Prieto v. NLRC, G.R. No. 93699, September 10, 1993 PNB v. Phil. National Bank Employees Association, G.R. No. L-30279, July 30, 1982, En Banc Interphil Laboratories Employees' Union-FFW v. Interphil Laboratories, Inc. G.R. No. 142824, December 19, 2001 William Lines, Inc. v. Lopez, G.R. No. L-33013, March 28, 1980 Cagampan v. NLRC, G.R. No. 85122-24, March 22, 1991 RA 9849 - Regular Holidays and Special Non-Working Days Rules Implementing R.A. 6727 (Wage Rationalization Act) Mantrade/ FMMC Division Employees and Workers Union v. Bacungan, 144 SCRA 510 (1986) Asian Transmission Corp. v. CA, G.R. No. 144664, May 15, 2004 Jose Rizal College v. NLRC, G.R. No. L-65482, December 1, 1987 Trans-Asia Phil. Employees Association v. NLRC, G.R. No. 118289, December 13, 1999 Wellington Investment Inc. v. Trajano, G.R. No. 114698, July 3, 1995 SMC v. CA, G.R. No. 146775, January 30, 2002 Makati Haberdashery Inc. v. NLRC, G.R. Nos. 83380-81, November 15, 1989 Labor Congress of the Philippines v. NLRC, G.R. No. 123938, May 21, 1998 Serrano v. Severino Santos Transit, G.R. No. 187698, August 9, 2010 R.A. 8187, Paternity Leave Act of 1996 Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 8187 for the Private Sector R.A. 8972, Solo Parents' Welfare Act of 2000 R.A. 6727, Wage Rationalization Act Rules Implementing R.A. 6727 (Wage Rationalization Act) Aklan Electric Corp., Inc. v. NLRC, G.R. No. 121439, January 25, 2000 System v. SSS Supervisors' Union, G.R. No. L-31832, October 23, 1982 International School Alliance of Educators v. Quisumbing, G.R. No. 128845, June 1, 2000 Arms Taxi v. NLRC, G.R. No. 104523 March 8, 1993 Philippine Fisheries Development Authority v. NLRC,213 SCRA 621 (1992) R.A. 9547, Special Program for Employment of Students (SPES) Iran v. NLRC, G.R. No. 121927, April 22, 1998 Millares v. NLRC, G.R. No. 122827, March 29, 1999 SLL International Cables Specialist v. NLRC, G.R. No. 172161, March 02, 2011 Songco v. NLRC, G.R. No. L-50999, March 23, 1990 Boie Takeda v. De la Serna, G.R. No. 92174, December 10, 1993 Philippine Duplicators v. NLRC, G.R. No. 110068, February 15, 1995, En Banc Plastic Town Center Corp. v. NLRC, G.R. No. 81176, April 19, 1989 Davao Fruits Corp. v. ALU, G.R. No. 85073, August 24, 1993 Nasipit Lumber Co. v. NWPC, G.R. No. 113097, April 27, 1998 Employers Confederation of the Philippines v. NWPC, G.R. No. 96169, September 24, 1991 Cagayan Sugar Milling Co. v. Secretary, G.R. No. 128399, January 15, 1998 Metropolitan Bank and Trust Company, Inc. v. NWPC, G.R. NO. 144322, February 6, 2007 Prubankers Association v. Prudential Bank & Trust Co., G.R. No. 131247, January 25, 1999 P.I. Manufacturing, Inc., v. P.I. Manufacturing Supervisors and Foremen Association, G.R. No. 167217, February 4, 2008 Congson v. NLRC, G.R. No. 114250, April 5, 1995
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Bermiso v. Escano Inc., G.R. No. L-11606, February 28, 1959, En Banc Apodaca v. NLRC, G.R. No. 80039, April 18, 1989 Dentech Manufacturing Corp. v. NLRC, G.R. No. 81477, April 19, 1989 Five J Taxi v. NLRC, G.R. No. 111474, August 22, 1994 South Motorists Enterprises v. Tosoc, G.R. No. 87449, January 23, 1990 Gaa v. CA, G.R. No. L-44169, December 3, 1985 DBP v. Secretary of Labor, G.R. 79351, November 28, 1989 Barayoga v. Asset Privatization Trust, G.R. No. 160073, October 24, 2005 Balladares v. Paek Ventures Corp., G.R. No. 161794, June 16, 2009 Meteoro v. Creative Creatures, Inc., G.R. No. 171275, July 13, 2009 20 Presidential Decree 851 Revised Guidelines on the Implementation of 13th Month Pay Law Dentech Manufacturing Corp. v. NLRC, G.R. No. 81477, April 19, 1989 Archilles Manufacturing Corp. v. NLRC, G.R. No. 107225, June 2, 1995 Songco v. NLRC, G.R. No. L-50999, March 23, 1990 Boie Takeda v. De la Serna, G.R. No. 92174, December 10, 1993 Philippine Duplicators v. NLRC, G.R. No. 110068, February 15, 1995, En Banc Iran v. NLRC, G.R. No. 121927, April 22, 1998 Framanlis Farms, Inc. v. MOLE, G.R. No. 72616-17, March 8, 1989 Philippine Duplicators v. NLRC, G.R. No. 110068, February 15, 1995, En Banc Producers Bank of the Philippines v. NLRC, G.R. No. 100701, March 28, 2001 Eastern Telecomunications Phil. Inc. v. Eastern Telecoms Union, G.R. No. 185665, February 8, 2012 R.A. 7192, Women in Development and Nation Building Act R.A. 7877, Anti-Sexual Harassment Act R.A. 9710, Magna Carta of Women RA 10151 - An Act Allowing the Employment of Night Workers R.A. 8282, Social Security Act of 1997 R.A. 7610, Child Abuse Law of 1992 R.A. 7658, Special Protection of Children Act DOLE Memo Circular No. 2 (1998) re: Hazardous and Non-Hazardous Establishments Dept. Advisory No. 01-08 - Employment of Youth Aged 15 to Less than 18 Years R.A. 10361, Domestic Workers Act ILO Domestic Workers Convention Phil. Telegraph and Telephone Co. v. NLRC, G.R. No. 118978, May 23, 1997 Phil. Telegraph and Telephone Co. v. NLRC, G.R. No. 118978, May 23, 1997 Star Paper Corp. v. Simbol, G.R. No. 164774, April 12, 2006 Digitel Telecommunications Philippines, Inc., v. Soriano, G.R. No. 166039, June 26, 2006 Philippine Aeolus Automotive United Corporation v. NLRC, G.R. No. 124617, April 28, 2000 Aquino v. Acosta, A.M. No. CTA-01-1, April 2, 2002, En Banc Mollaneda v. Umacob, G.R. No. 140128, June 6, 2001 CSC v. Belagan, G. R. No. 132164, October 19, 2004, En Banc Gatbonton v. NLRC, G.R. NO. 146779, January 23, 2006 Domingo v. Rayala, G.R. No. 155831, February 18, 2008 R.A. 8282, Social Security Act of 1997 R.A. 8291, Government Service Insurance Act of 1995 R.A. 7875, National Health Insurance Act of 1995 PD 626, Employee Compensation Commission and State Insurance Fund R.A. 9679, Home Development Mutual Fund Law Sante v. ECC, G.R. No. L-84415, June 29, 1989 De Jesus v. ECC, G.R. No. L-56191, May 27, 1986 GSIS v. De Guzman, G.R. No. 173049, May 21, 2009 SSS v. Alba, G.R. No. 165482, July 23, 2008 Philippine Blooming Mills Co. Inc. v. SSS, G.R. No. L-21223, August 31, 1966, En Banc Sta. Rita v. CA, G.R. No. 119891, August 21, 1995 Corporal Sr. v. NLRC, G.R. No. 129315. October 2, 2000 Chua v. CA, G.R. No. 125837, October 6, 2004 Poblete Construction Co. v. Asian, G.R. No. L-21448, August 30, 1967, En Banc Santiago v. CA, G.R. No. L-39949, October 31, 1984 Benedicto v. Abad, G.R. No. 74689, March 21, 1990 Chua v. CA, G.R. No. 125837, October 6, 2004 Conte v. Commission on Audit, G.R. No. 116422, November 4, 1996, En Banc ECC v. Sanico, G.R. No. 134028, December 17, 1999 Seagull Maritime Corp. v. Dee, G.R. No. 165156, April 2, 2007 GSIS v. CA, G.R. No. 117572, January 29, 1998 GSIS v. CA, G.R. No. 132648, March 4, 1999 GSIS v. CA, G.R. No. 124208, January 28, 2008 Leviste v. SSS, G.R. No. 159060, November 28, 2007 Aquino v. SSS, G.R. No. 149256, July 21, 2006 Lentejas v. ECC, G.R. No. 89168, May 14, 1991 Mesa v. SSS, G.R. No. 160467, April 7, 2009

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THE RULES
What is required of me in class? Reading. Advanced reading. Understanding what you read. Remembering what to read. Expressing what you read in equally understandable English. Respecting the one talking, whether it be the teacher or a classmate. Wait for your turn to speak.

How fast will the pace be?

We will proceed at the pace expected from the course syllabus. If you fail to read in advance, and you are unable to fully understand the lesson, and fall behind the rest of the class, the class will not slow down to wait for you. Again, a basic requirement in the class is reading; lots of reading.

Will I be rquired to recite in class?

Yes, an inherent component of lecture-type instruction includes recitation. You are, therefore, required to speak up so that we will know if you have understood the lesson. How will I be graded in recitation? 1) If your name is called and you are absent = 0/10. If absence is excused = 4/10. 2) If you are called and your answer is wrong = 5/10 (for bravery and/or effort). 3) If your answer is correct = anywhere between 6/10 to 10/10, depending on the completeness and clarity of the answer. * Grammar will be a factor.

Answering "PASS" or "I DID NOT READ" (and the like) is unacceptable. You are presumed to have read in advance.

What about quizzes and exams?

NO surprise quizzes. All quizzes are announced. Thus, it is being announced now that you should expect to have at least two (2) quizzes per term. NO SPECIAL QUIZ. What if I am absent on a quiz day or on exam day? 1) If the absence is excused = you get the same grade as the one who got the lowest grade in class. 2) If the absence is unexcused = you get the lowest possible grade, which is 65. * Likewise, grammar will be a factor when it comes to quizzes or exams.

Can I bring in class my laptop or tablet?

Sure. Laptops and tablets are allowed, as long as the presence or use of the same will not distract the others in class. However, when called to recite, said gadgets must be closed or locked. While class is ongoing, do not use your gadgets simply to play games or engage in social media activities. While class is ongoing, put your phones on silent mode.

Will we have homework or assignments?

Indeed. Homework or assignments will be announced in class and will also be communicated to you via email. Submission of homework or assignments will either be: 1) Also via email; or 2) Via hard copy Homework or assignments submitted via email should be sent on or before 11:59 PM of the due date. Homework or assignments on hard copy should be submitted on or before 5:00 PM of the due date. This rule will apply to individual or group projects that may be assigned.

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