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Network Basics (Version 5.0) - NB Chapter 3 Exam


Below is the feedback on items for which you did not receive full credit. Some interactive items may not display your response. Subscore: Domain Knowledge - Weighted Score

1 Which TCP/IP layer describes the physical transmission of data on the network media?
Correct Response Your Response application layer transport layer internet layer network access layer This item references content from the following areas: Network Basics 3.1.1 Protocols

3 What are proprietary protocols?


Correct Response Your Response protocols developed by private organizations to operate on any vendor hardware protocols that can be freely used by any organization or vendor protocols developed by organizations who have control over their definition and operation a collection of protocols known as the TCP/IP protocol suite

Proprietary protocols have their definition and operation controlled by one company or vendor. Some of them can be used by different

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organizations with permission from the owner. The TCP/IP protocol suite is an open standard, not a proprietary protocol.

This item references content from the following areas: Network Basics 3.1.2 Protocol Suites

5 Which statement is true about the TCP/IP and OSI models?


Correct Response Your Response The TCP/IP transport layer and OSI Layer 4 provide similar services and functions. The TCP/IP network access layer has similar functions to the OSI network layer. The OSI Layer 7 and the TCP/IP application layer provide identical functions. The first three OSI layers describe general services that are also provided by the TCP/IP internet layer.

The TCP/IP internet layer provides the same function as the OSI network layer. The transport layer of both the TCP/IP and OSI models provides the same function. The TCP/IP application layer includes the same functions as OSI Layers 5, 6, and 7.

This item references content from the following areas: Network Basics 3.1.4 Reference Models

7 Which two statements are true about the OSI and TCP/IP models? (Choose two.)
Correct Response Your Response The two bottom layers of the TCP/IP model make up the bottom layer of the OSI model. The TCP/IP model is a theoretical model and the OSI model is based on actual protocols.

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The OSI network layer is comparable to the Internet layer of the TCP/IP model. The TCP/IP model specifies protocols for the physical network interconnection. The TCP/IP model is based on four layers and the OSI model is based on seven layers. This item references content from the following areas: Network Basics 3.1.4 Reference Models 4.1.1 Application, Session and Presentation

8 What is a benefit of using a layered model for network communications?


Correct Response Your Response fostering competition among device and software vendors by enforcing the compatibility of their products enhancing network transmission performance by defining targets for each layer avoiding possible incompatibility issues by using a common set of developing tools simplifying protocol development by limiting every layer to one function

One benefit of using a layered model is to foster competition among vendors because products from different vendors can work together as they perform the same function defined by a specific layer.

This item references content from the following areas: Network Basics 3.1.4 Reference Models

9 What two statements indicate purposes of an RFC? (Choose two.)


Correct Response Your Response to instruct the reader on the commands necessary to implement a specific feature

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to document standards and protocols that are related to the Internet and TCP/IP to answer frequently asked questions about a particular subject to define proprietary networking standards or protocols to identify a completed standard that has finished the review process

Requests for Comments (RFC) are official documents which are used to describe a standard or protocol that is related to the Internet. These protocols are open standards and not vendor proprietary. They are most often published by the IETF. The RFC process includes significant review and comment by the community. Once an RFC is published, it means that the standard is completed.

This item references content from the following areas: Network Basics 3.2.1 Why RFCs

10 Which option shows the correct order of PDU de-encapsulation when a device receives messages from a network?
Correct Response Your Response frame, segment, packet, data data, segment, packet, frame frame, segment, packet, data frame, packet, segment, data data, packet, segment, frame

When a message is received by a network device, the protocol stack operates from the bottom to the top by accepting the bits from the media. Then the frame header is examined and removed. The IP packet header is examined and removed. The transport layer segment header is examined and removed to expose the data to the receiving device.

This item references content from the following areas:

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Network Basics 3.3.1 Data Encapsulation

11 What is multiplexing as it relates to network communications?


Correct Response Your Response the process of adding headers and trailers to the data before it is released to the network the division of data into smaller, manageable pieces to facilitate transmission over the network the ability to send data packets reliably from different applications and have them reassembled in the proper order at the destination the process of interleaving multiple different data conversations on the same network

Large messages are split into smaller segments. These smaller segments can then share the same network with multiple other conversations at the same time. This process of interleaving pieces of separate conversations on the network is called multiplexing.

This item references content from the following areas: Network Basics 3.3.1 Data Encapsulation

12 Which protocol is used to discover the destination address needed to be added to an Ethernet frame?
Correct Response Your Response ARP DNS DHCP HTTP

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In the data link layer, a frame header is added. The frame header includes the source and destination MAC addresses. In order to find the MAC address of the destination host, the sending host uses the Address Resolution Protocol (ARP). If the destination host is not on the same LAN, the MAC address of the default gateway is used as the destination MAC address in the frame header.

This item references content from the following areas: Network Basics 3.3.2 Accessing Local Resources

16 When sending a packet to a device on a remote network, which destination IP and MAC addresses will the sending host add to each packet and frame?
Correct Response Your Response Destination IP address: IP address of the destination device Destination MAC address: MAC address of the destination device Destination IP address: IP address of the destination device Destination MAC address: MAC address of the default gateway Destination IP address: IP address of the default gateway Destination MAC address: MAC address of the destination device Destination IP address: IP address of the default gateway Destination MAC address: MAC address of the default gateway

The Layer 3 destination address remains unchanged during the journey from the source to the destination. The Layer 2 destination address changes to reflect the source and destination device of each network segment. On the first segment, the destination MAC address will be the address of the default gateway.

This item references content from the following areas: Network Basics 3.3.3 Accessing Remote Resources

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18
Fill in the blank. As part of the encapsulation process at the transport layer, the data stream is divided into more manageable pieces before sending them to the next layer. This process is called multiplector .

Segmentation is one of the functions that occurs at the transport layer. Larger messages are divided into smaller pieces. Once these pieces finish the encapsulation process at all of the lower layers, these more manageable pieces could be sent to their destination via different paths.

This item references content from the following areas: Network Basics 3.3.1 Data Encapsulation

19 Question as presented:

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The application layer includes protocols to provide specific functions to several end user applications. The internet layer has the main function to address and route the packet to the destination. The transport layer is responsible for the delivery of data between source and destination hosts. The data is segmented for more manageable transfer through the network. At the network access layer, the packet has a frame header and trailer added that is specific to the type of network media used. The data is then transmitted over the network.

This item references content from the following areas: Network Basics 3.1.4 Reference Models 3.3.1 Data Encapsulation

Your response:

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Question as presented:

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Place the options in the following order: IETF - a task force with the mission to develop, update, and maintain Internet and TCP/IP technologies, including the production of RFC documents IANA - an organization responsible for overseeing and managing IP address allocation, domain name management and protocol identifiers ISO - the largest developer of international standards in the world for a wide variety of products and services, including the OSI reference model. IEEE - a professional organization for those in the electrical engineering and electronics fields who are dedicated to advancing technological innovation and creating standards

This item references content from the following areas: Network Basics 3.1.3 Standards Organizations

Your response:

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Question as presented:

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This item references content from the following areas: Network Basics 3.3.1 Data Encapsulation

Your response:

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22 Open the PT Activity. Perform the tasks in the activity instructions and then answer the question.
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Based on the configured network, what IP address would PC1 and PC2 use as their default gateway?
Correct Response Your Response 192.168.1.2 10.1.1.1 172.16.1.1 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.10

The default gateway is a router on a LAN segment that is responsible for sending a packet generated by the host to a remote destination. The IP address on the interface connecting the router to the LAN segment is the address used by the host as the default gateway. This can be found by examining the IP addresses configured on the router.

This item references content from the following areas: Network Basics 3.3.3 Accessing Remote Resources

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