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Motion in Two Dimension 141 (d) (ith an acceleration 7.

mv 2 l

Uniform Circular Motion


1. If the body is moving in a circle of radius r with a constant speed v , its angular velocity is [CPMT 1975; RPET 1999] (a) (c) 2. 8.

v2 / r

(b)

vr
9.

v/r

(d) r / v

" body is moving in a circular path with a constant speed. It has [CPMT 1972] (a) " constant velocity (b) " constant acceleration (c) "n acceleration of constant magnitude (d) "n acceleration which varies with time " motor cyclist going round in a circular trac at constant speed has [NCERT 1975] (a) ,onstant linear velocity (b) ,onstant acceleration (c) ,onstant angular velocity (d) ,onstant force " particle uniform speed

Two racing cars of masses m1 and m2 are moving in circles of radii r 1 and r 2 respectively. Their speeds are such that each ma es a complete circle in the same duration of time t . The ratio of the angular speed of the first to the second car is [NCERT 1980; MNR 1995;
CBSE PMT 1999; UPSEAT 2000]

P is moving in a circle of radius - a- with a v . C is the centre of the circle and AB is

a diameter. (hen passing through B the angular velocity of [NCERT 1982] P about A and C are in the ratio (a) 1 ! 1 (b) 1 ! 2 (c) 2 ! 1 (d) . ! 1 " car moving on a hori/ontal road may be thrown out of the road in ta ing a turn [NCERT 1983] (a) 0y the gravitational force (b) $ue to lac of sufficient centripetal force (c) $ue to rolling frictional force between tyre and road (d) $ue to the reaction of the ground Two particles of e*ual masses are revolving in circular paths of radii r 1 and r 2 respectively with the same speed. The ratio of their centripetal forces is (a)
[NCERT 1984]

(a)

m1 ! m2

(b)

r 1 ! r2

10.

(c) 1 ! 1 3.

(d) m1 r 1 ! m2 r2

" cyclist turns around a curve at 1# miles/hour. If he turns at double the speed, the tendency to overturn is
[CPMT 1974; AFMC 2003]

(a) $oubled (c) &alved 4. " body of mass constant speed

(b) %uadrupled (d) 'nchanged

11.

is moving in a circle of radius

r
2

with a and is

v . The force on the body is


[NCERT 1977; RPET 1999]

mv r

directed towards the centre. (hat is the wor done by this force in moving the body over half the circumference of the circle

r2 r1
r1 r 2
2

(b)

r2 r1
r2 r 1
2

(c) 12.

(d)

(a)

mv r r

(b) )ero

(c) 5.

mv 2 r2

(d)

r 2 mv 2
13.

If a particle moves in a circle describing e*ual angles in e*ual times, its velocity vector
[CPMT 1972, 74; JIPMER 1997]

(a) (b) (c) (d) 6.

+emains constant ,hanges in magnitude ,hanges in direction ,hanges both in magnitude and direction

" stone of mass

is tied to a string of length

in a circle with a constant speed the stone flies (a) +adially outward (b) +adially inward (c) Tangentially outward

l and rotated
[NCERT 1977]

. If the string is released,

14.

" particle moves with constant angular velocity in a circle. $uring the motion its (a) 1nergy is conserved (b) 2omentum is conserved (c) 1nergy and momentum both are conserved (d) 3one of the above is conserved " stone tied to a string is rotated in a circle. If the string is cut, the stone flies away from the circle because (a) " centrifugal force acts on the stone (b) " centripetal force acts on the stone (c) 4f its inertia (d) +eaction of the centripetal force " body is revolving with a constant speed along a circle. If its direction of motion is reversed but the speed remains the same, then which of the following statement is true (a) The centripetal force will not suffer any change in magnitude (b) The centripetal force will have its direction reversed

142 Motion in Two Dimension


(c) The centripetal force will not suffer any change in direction (d) The centripetal force would be doubled 15. (hen a body moves with a constant speed along a circle
[CBSE PMT 1994; O !""# PMT 2004]

(c) 23.

R2 / r2

(d) r2 / R2

(a) 3o wor is done on it (b) 3o acceleration is produced in the body (c) 3o force acts on the body (d) Its velocity remains constant 16. " body of mass m moves in a circular path with uniform angular velocity. The motion of the body has constant
[MP PET 2003]

24.

The ratio of angular speeds of minute hand and hour hand of a watch is [M% CET 2002] (a) 1 ! 12 (b) ; ! 1 (c) 12 ! 1 (d) 1 ! ; " car travels north with a uniform velocity. It goes over a piece of mud which stic s to the tyre. The particles of the mud, as it leaves the ground are thrown (a) 5ertically upwards (b) 5ertically inwards (c) Towards north (d) Towards south "n aircraft e7ecutes a hori/ontal loop with a speed of 1#: m/s with its, wings ban ed at an angle of 12 o . The radius of the loop is (g = 1: m / s 2 ) (a) 1:.; km (b) <.; km
[P&. PET 2001]

25.

(a) "cceleration (c) 2omentum 17.

(b) 5elocity (d) 6inetic energy 26.

4n a railway curve, the outside rail is laid higher than the inside one so that resultant force e7erted on the wheels of the rail car by the tops of the rails will (a) &ave a hori/ontal inward component (b) 0e vertical (c) 1*uilibriate the centripetal force (d) 0e decreased

(c) =.. km (d) #.> km " particle is moving in a hori/ontal circle with constant speed. It has constant
[MP PMT 1987; AFMC 1993; CPMT 1997; MP PET 2000]

(a) 5elocity (c) 6inetic energy 27.

(b) "cceleration (d) $isplacement

18.

If the overbridge is concave instead of being conve7, the thrust on the road at the lowest position will be

" motor cyclist moving with a velocity of =2 km/hour on a flat road ta es a turn on the road at a point where the radius of curvature of the road is 2: meters. The acceleration due to gravity is 1: m/sec2. In order to avoid s idding, he must not bend with respect to the vertical plane by an angle greater than
[CPMT 1986]

mv2 (a) mg + r
(c) 19.

mv2 (b) mg r
(d)

m2v 2 g r

v2 g r
28.

(a) = tan 1 ; (c) = tan 1 2# . <2

(b) = tan 1 2 (d) = tan 1 .

" cyclist ta ing turn bends inwards while a car passenger ta ing same turn is thrown outwards. The reason is
[NCERT 1972; CPMT 1974]

(a) ,ar is heavier than cycle (b) ,ar has four wheels while cycle has only two (c) $ifference in the speed of the two (d) ,yclist has to counteract the centrifugal force while in the case of car only the passenger is thrown by this force 20. " car sometimes overturns while ta ing a turn. (hen it overturns, it is [AFMC 1988; MP PMT 2003] (a) The inner wheel which leaves the ground first (b) The outer wheel which leaves the ground first (c) 0oth the wheels leave the ground simultaneously (d) 1ither wheel leaves the ground first 21. " tachometer is a device to measure [$PMT 1999] (a) 8ravitational pull (c) 9urface tension 22. (b) 9peed of rotation (d) Tension in a spring 31. 30. 29.

" train is moving towards north. "t one place it turns towards north?east, here we observe that [AIIMS 1980] (a) The radius of curvature of outer rail will be greater than that of the inner rail (b) The radius of the inner rail will be greater than that of the outer rail (c) The radius of curvature of one of the rails will be greater (d) The radius of curvature of the outer and inner rails will be the same The angular speed of a fly wheel ma ing 12: revolutions/minute is [CBSE PMT 1995; AFMC 2002] (a)
2 rad / s

(b) (d)

. 2 rad / s . rad / s

(c) rad / s

Two bodies of mass 1: g and # g moving in concentric orbits of radii R and r such that their periods are the same. Then the ratio between their centripetal acceleration is
[CBSE PMT 2001]

" particle is moving on a circular path with constant speed, then its acceleration will be [RPET 2003] (a) )ero (b) 17ternal radial acceleration (c) Internal radial acceleration (d) ,onstant acceleration " car is moving on a circular path and ta es a turn. If R 1 and

R2
(a)

be the reactions on the inner and outer wheels


[M% CET 'M().* 2001]

respectively, then

(a)

R/ r

(b) r / R

R1 = R2

(b)

R1 < R2

Motion in Two Dimension 143 (c) 32.

R1 > R2

(d)

R1 R2
40.

(a) ,entripetal force (c) +esistance

(b) ,entrifugal force (d) 3one of the above


[EAMCET 1981]

" mass of 1:: gm is tied to one end of a string 2 m long. The body is revolving in a hori/ontal circle ma ing a ma7imum of 2:: revolutions per min. The other end of the string is fi7ed at the centre of the circle of revolution. The ma7imum tension that the string can bear is (appro7imately)
[MP PET 1993]

,ream gets separated out of mil when it is churned, it is due to (a) 8ravitational force (c) ,entrifugal force (b) ,entripetal force (d) Brictional force is e7ecuting uniform circular motion on

(a) >.=; N (c) ><..2 N 33.

(b) >.<. N (d) >=.;. N

41.

" particle of mass

a path of radius If p is the magnitude of its linear momentum. The radial force acting on the particle is
[MP PET 1994]

m r.

" road is 1: m wide. Its radius of curvature is #: m. The outer edge is above the lower edge by a distance of 1.# m. This road is most suited for the velocity (a) 2.# m/sec (c) ;.# m/sec (b) ..# m/sec (d) >.# m/sec (c) 42. (a)

pmr
mp2 r

(b)

rm p

34.

,ertain neutron stars are believed to be rotating at about 1 rev / sec . If such a star has a radius of 2: km, the acceleration of an ob@ect on the e*uator of the star will be
[NCERT 1982]

(d)

p2 rm

(a)

2: 1: m / sec

>

(b) > 1: m / sec 2 (d) . 1: > m / sec 2 43.

" particle moves in a circular orbit under the action of a central attractive force inversely proportional to the distance - r- . The speed of the particle is [CBSE PMT 1995] (a) Croportional to r 2 (c) Croportional to Two masses (b) Independent of

(c) 12: 1: # m / sec 2 35.

" particle revolves round a circular path. The acceleration of the particle is [MNR 1986; UPSEAT 1999] (a) "long the circumference of the circle (b) "long the tangent (c) "long the radius (d) )ero

(d) Croportional to 1 / r

M and

are attached to a vertical a7is by

weightless threads of combined length l . They are set in rotational motion in a hori/ontal plane about this a7is with constant angular velocity . If the tensions in the threads are the same during motion, the distance of

M from the a7is is

36.

The length of second-s hand in a watch is 1 cm. The change in velocity of its tip in 1# seconds is [MP PMT 1987, 2003] (a) )ero (b)

[MP PET 1995]

A: 2
A:

(a)

cm / sec
(c) 44.

Ml M+m M+m l M

(b)

ml M+m M+m l m

(c) 37.

cm / sec A:

2 (d) cm / sec

(d)

" particle moves in a circle of radius 2# cm at two revolutions per second. The acceleration of the particle in m / s2 is [MNR
1991; UPSEAT 2000; $PMT 1999; RPET 2003; P&. PET 2004]

" boy on a cycle pedals around a circle of 2: metres radius at a speed of 2: metres/ sec . The combined mass of the boy and the cycle is <: kg. The angle that the cycle ma es with the vertical so that it may not fall is (g = < . > m / sec 2 )
[MP PMT 1995]

(a) 2 (c) 38.

(b) (d)

> 2 2 2
45. (a) (c)

. 2

;: . 2# o 2; . 12 o

(b) (d)

;A . <: o A: . :: o

"n electric fan has blades of length A: cm as measured from the a7is of rotation. If the fan is rotating at 12:: r.p.m. The acceleration of a point on the tip of the blade is about
[CBSE PMT 1990]

The average acceleration vector for a particle having a uniform circular motion is [+, ,-".(/ # CEE 1996] (a) " constant vector of magnitude

(a) 1;:: m / sec 2 (c) 2A=: m / sec 2 39.

(b) .=.: m / sec 2 (d) #:## m / sec 2

v2 r

The force re*uired to eep a body in uniform circular motion is


[EAMCET 1982; AFMC 2003]

144 Motion in Two Dimension


(b) " vector of magnitude

v2 directed normal to the plane r

[+CET 2001; CBSE PMT 1999; JIPMER 2001, 02]

of the given uniform circular motion (c) 1*ual to the instantaneous acceleration vector at the start of the motion (d) " null vector 46. 53.

(a) 2#: N (c) 1::: N

(b) =#: N (d) 12:: N

" ball of mass :.2# kg attached to the end of a string of length 1.<; m is moving in a hori/ontal circle. The string will brea if the tension is more than 2# N. (hat is the ma7imum speed with which the ball can be moved
[CBSE PMT 1998]

R . (idth of the road is b . The outer edge of the road is raised by h


+adius of the curved road on national highway is with respect to inner edge so that a car with velocity pass safe over it. The value of (a)

can

h is
(b)

(a) 1. m/s (c) A.<2 m/s 54.

(b) A m/s (d) # m/s

[MP PMT 1996]

v2b Rg v R g
2

v Rgb

" body of mass # kg is moving in a circle of radius 1 m with an angular velocity of 2 radian/sec. The centripetal force is
[AIIMS 1998]

(c) 47.

(d)

v b R
55.

(a) 1: N (c) A: N If a particle of mass radius

(b) 2: N (d) .: N

(hen a particle moves in a uniform circular motion. It has (a) +adial velocity and radial acceleration (b) Tangential velocity and radial acceleration (c) Tangential velocity and tangential acceleration (d) +adial velocity and tangential acceleration

is moving in a hori/ontal circle of

r
k 2r 2k r

with a centripetal force ( k / r 2 ) , the total


[EAMCET 'M().* 1995; AMU 'E122.* 2001]

energy is (a) (c) 56.

48.

" motorcycle is going on an overbridge of radius R . The driver maintains a constant speed. "s the motorcycle is ascending on the overbridge, the normal force on it
[MP PET 1997]

(b) (d)

k r .k r

(a) Increases (c) +emains the same 49.

(b) $ecreases (d) Bluctuates

" mass of 2 kg is whirled in a hori/ontal circle by means of a string at an initial speed of # revolutions per minute. 6eeping the radius constant the tension in the string is doubled. The new speed is nearly
[MP PMT0PET 1998; JIPMER 2000]

" stone of mass of 1; kg is attached to a string 1.. m long and is whirled in a hori/ontal circle. The ma7imum tension the string can withstand is 1; Newton. The ma7imum velocity of revolution that can be given to the stone without brea ing it, will be [SCRA 1994] (a) 2: ms1 (c) 1. ms1 (b) 1; ms1 (d) 12 ms1

(a) 1. rpm (c) 2.2# rpm 50.

(b) 1: rpm (d) = rpm

57.

" circular road of radius 1::: m has ban ing angle .# o . The ma7imum safe speed of a car having mass 2::: kg will be, if the coefficient of friction between tyre and road is :.#
[RPET 1997]

The magnitude of the centripetal force acting on a body of mass m e7ecuting uniform motion in a circle of radius r with speed (a) (c)

is

[AFMC 1998; MP PET 1999]

(a) 1=2 m/s (c) << m/s 58.

(b) 12. m/s (d) >; m/s

mvr
v/r m
2

(b)

mv 2 / r

(d) v / rm

The second-s hand of a watch has length ; cm. 9peed of end point and magnitude of difference of velocities at two perpendicular positions will be [RPET 1997] (a) ;.2> and : mm/s (c) >.>> and ;.2> mm/s (b) >.>> and .... mm/s (d) ;.2> and >.>> mm/s

51.

" string brea s if its tension e7ceeds 1: newtons. " stone of mass 2#: gm tied to this string of length 1: cm is rotated in a hori/ontal circle. The ma7imum angular velocity of rotation can be [MP PMT 1999] (a) 2: rad/s (c) 1:: rad/s (b) .: rad/s (d) 2:: rad/s

59.

" sphere of mass m is tied to end of a string of length l and rotated through the other end along a hori/ontal circular path with speed v . The wor done in full hori/ontal circle is
[CPMT 1993; JIPMER 2000]

52.

" #:: kg car ta es a round turn of radius #: m with a velocity of A; km/hr. The centripetal force is

Motion in Two Dimension 145 (a) : (b) (d)

mv 2 . 2l l mv 2 l . (l)

(c) 21 m / s 68.

(d) = m / s

" wheel completes 2::: revolutions to cover the <.# km. distance. then the diameter of the wheel is [RPMT 1999] (a) 1.# m (c) =.# cm (b) 1.# cm (d) =.# m

(c) 60.

mg . 2 l

" body is whirled in a hori/ontal circle of radius 2: cm. It has angular velocity of 1: rad/s. (hat is its linear velocity at any point on circular path [CBSE PMT 1996] (a) 1: m/s (c) 2: m/s (b) 2 m/s (d)
2 m/s

69.

" cycle wheel of radius :.. m completes one revolution in one second then the acceleration of a point on the cycle wheel will be [M% CET 'M().* 1999] (a) :.> m/s2 (c) 1 . ; 2 m / s 2 (b) :.. m/s2 (d)
: . . 2 m / s 2
[RPET 1999]

61.

Bind the ma7imum velocity for s idding for a car moved on a circular trac of radius 1:: m. The coefficient of friction between the road and tyre is :.2
[CPMT 1996; P&. PMT 2001]

70.

The centripetal acceleration is given by (a) v2/r (c) vr2 (b) vr (d) v/r

(a) :.1. m/s (c) 1.. km/s 62.

(b) 1.: m/s (d) 1. m/s

71.

" cylindrical vessel partially filled with water is rotated about its vertical central a7is. ItDs surface will [RPET 2000] (a) +ise e*ually (c) +ise from the middle (b) +ise from the sides (d) Eowered e*ually

" car when passes through a conve7 bridge e7erts a force on it which is e*ual to [AFMC 1997] (a) (c)

Mg +
Mg

Mv2 r

(b)

Mv2 r

72.

If a particle covers half the circle of radius R with constant speed then [RPMT 2000] (a) 2omentum change is mvr (b) ,hange in (c) ,hange in (d) ,hange in .!. is 1/2 mv2 .!. is mv2 .!. is /ero

(d) 3one of these

63.

The angular speed of seconds needle in a mechanical watch is


[RPMT 1999; CPMT 1997; M% CET 2000, 01; B%U 2000]

(a)

A:

rad/s

(b)

2 rad/s

73.

"n aeroplane is flying with a uniform speed of 1:: m/s along a circular path of radius 1:: m. the angular speed of the aeroplane will be [+CET 2000] (a) 1 rad/sec (b) 2 rad/sec (c) A rad/sec (d) . rad/sec " body moves with constant angular velocity on a circle. 2agnitude of angular acceleration [RPMT 2000] (a) r2 (b) ,onstant (c) )ero (d) 3one of the above F (hat is the value of linear velocity, if =AF i . F "+ k
F and r =#F i ;F "+ ;k

(c) 64.

rad/s

(d)

;:

rad/s 74.

The angular velocity of a particle rotating in a circular orbit 1:: times per minute is [SCRA 1998; $PMT 2000] (a) 1.;; rad/s (c) 1:..= deg/s (b) 1:..= rad/s (d) ;: deg/s

65.

" body of mass 1:: g is rotating in a circular path of radius r with constant velocity. The wor done in one complete revolution is [AFMC 1998] (a) 1:: rJ (c) (b) (r / 1:: )J (d) )ero

75.

[P&. PMT 2000]

(a) (c) 76.

F ;F i+ 2F " Ak F .F i 1A F "+ ;k

(b) (d)
F ;F i 2F "+ >k

F 1> F i 1A F " + 2k

(1:: / r)J

66.

" particle comes round a circle of radius 1 m once. The time ta en by it is 1: sec. The average velocity of motion is
[JIPMER 1999]

" stone is tied to one end of a string #: cm long is whirled in a hori/ontal circle with a constant speed. If the stone ma es 1: revolutions in 2: s, what is the magnitude of acceleration of the stone [P&. PMT 2000] (a) .<A cm/s2 (c) >;: cm/s
2

(a) :.2 m / s (c) 2 m / s 67.

(b)

2 m/ s

(b) =2: cm/s2 (d) <<: cm/s2

(d) )ero 77.

"n unban ed curve has a radius of ;: m . The ma7imum speed at which a car can ma e a turn if the coefficient of static friction is :.=#, is [JIPMER 1999] (a) 2.1 m / s (b) 1. m / s

" 1:: kg car is moving with a ma7imum velocity of < m/s across a circular trac of radius A: m. The ma7imum force of friction between the road and the car is [P&. PMT 2000] (a) 1::: N (c) 2=: N (b) =:; N (d) 2:: N

146 Motion in Two Dimension


78. The ma7imum speed of a car on a roadGturn of radius A: m, if the coefficient of friction between the tyres and the road is :.., will be [CBSE PMT 2000] (a) 1:.>. m/sec (c) >.>. m/sec 79. (b) <.>. m/sec (d) ;.>. m/sec 87. (b) 9ame direction (c) 4pposite direction (d) 3ot related to each other " point mass m is suspended from a light thread of length l, fi7ed at $, is whirled in a hori/ontal circle at constant speed as shown. Brom your point of view, stationary with respect to the mass, the forces on the mass are [AMU 'M().* 2001]
$

The angular velocity of a wheel is =: rad/sec. If the radius of the wheel is :.# m, then linear velocity of the wheel is
[M% CET 2000]

(a) =: m/s (c) A: m/s 80.

(b) A# m/s (d) 2: m/s


l m & &

" cyclist goes round a circular path of circumference A..A m in


22 sec. the angle made by him, with the vertical, will be
[M% CET 2000]

(a) .#o (c) .2 o 81.

(b) .: o (d) .> o

" particle of mass M is moving in a hori/ontal circle of radius R with uniform speed #. (hen it moves from one point to a diametrically opposite point, its
[CBSE PMT 1992]

(a)

(b)

' & &

'

(a) 6inetic energy changes by M#2 / . (b) 2omentum does not change (c) 2omentum changes by 2M# (d) 6inetic energy changes by M# 82. " ball of mass :.1
2

(c)

(d) %

g. is whirled in a hori/ontal circle of

radius 1 m. by means of a string at an initial speed of 1: R.P.M. 6eeping the radius constant, the tension in the string is reduced to one *uarter of its initial value. The new speed is
[MP PMT 2001]

88.

' If a cyclist' moving with a speed of ..< m/s on a level road can

ta e a sharp circular turn of radius . m, then coefficient of friction between the cycle tyres and road is
[AIIMS 1999; AFMC 2001]

(a) # r.p.m. (c) 2: r.p.m. 83.

(b) 1: r.p.m. (d) 1. r.p.m.


G1 A ms ta es a

" cyclist riding the bicycle at a speed of 1. turn around a circular road of radius 2:
G2

89.

m without

(a) :..1 (b) :.#1 (c) :.;1 (d) :.=1 " car moves on a circular road. It describes e*ual angles about the centre in e*ual intervals of time. (hich of the following statement about the velocity of the car is true
[B%U 2001]

s idding. 8iven g H <.> ms , what is his inclination to the vertical [+( #3# 'E122.* 2001] (a) A:o (b) <: o (c) .# o (d) ;: o 84. If a cycle wheel of radius . m completes one revolution in two seconds. Then acceleration of a point on the cycle wheel will be [P&. PMT 2001] (a) 2 m / s 2 (c) 85. (b)
2

(a) (b) (c) (d) 90.

2agnitude of velocity is not constant 0oth magnitude and direction of velocity change 5elocity is directed towards the centre of the circle 2agnitude of velocity is constant but direction changes

" scooter is going round a circular road of radius 1:: m at a speed of 1: m/s. The angular speed of the scooter will be
[P&. PMT 2002]

2 m / s
2

. m / s
2

(d)
= 2

>m/s

(a) :.:1 rad/s (c) 1 rad/s 91.

(b) :.1 rad/s (d) 1: rad/s

" bob of mass 1: kg is attached to wire :.A m long. Its brea ing stress is ..> I 1: N/m . The area of cross section of the wire is 1: m . The ma7imum angular velocity with which it can be rotated in a hori/ontal circle [P&. PMT 2001]
G; 2

" particle of mass M moves with constant speed along a circular path of radius r under the action of a force %. Its speed is [MP PMT 2002] (a)

(a) > rad/sec 86.

(b) . rad/sec

(c) 2 rad/sec (d) 1 rad/sec In uniform circular motion, the velocity vector and acceleration vector are [$CE 2000, 01, 03] (a) Cerpendicular to each other

r% m
% mr

(b)

% r
% mr

(c)

(d)

Motion in Two Dimension 147 92. In an atom for the electron to revolve around the nucleus, the necessary centripetal force is obtained from the following force e7erted by the nucleus on the electron [MP PET 2002] (a) 3uclear force (b) 8ravitational force (c) 2agnetic force (d) 1lectrostatic force " particle moves with constant speed v along a circular path of radius r and completes the circle in time &. The acceleration of the particle is [O !""# JEE 2002] (a) (c) 94.
2 v / & 2 r 2 / &

(c) The inetic energy changes by (1/2)mv2 (d) The inetic energy changes by mv2 101. In uniform circular motion
[MP PMT 1994]

(a) 0oth the angular velocity and the angular momentum vary (b) The angular velocity varies but the angular momentum remains constant (c) 0oth the angular velocity and the angular momentum stay constant (d) The angular momentum varies but the angular velocity remains constant 102. (hen a body moves in a circular path, no wor is done by the force since, [+CET 2004] (a) There is no displacement (b) There is no net force (c) Borce and displacement are perpendicular to each other (d) The force is always away from the centre 103. (hich of the following statements is false for a particle moving in a circle with a constant angular speed
[AIEEE 2004]

93.

(b) (d)

2 r / & 2 v 2 / &

The ma7imum velocity (in msG1) with which a car driver must traverse a flat curve of radius 1#: m and coefficient of friction :.; to avoid s idding is [AIEEE 2002] (a) ;: (b) A: (c) 1# (d) 2# " car is moving with high velocity when it has a turn. " force acts on it outwardly because of [AFMC 2002] (a) ,entripetal force (b) ,entrifugal force (c) 8ravitational force (d) "ll the above " motor cycle driver doubles its velocity when he is having a turn. The force e7erted outwardly will be [AFMC 2002] (a) $ouble (b) &alf (c) . times (d)

95.

96.

(a) The velocity vector is tangent to the circle (b) The acceleration vector is tangent to the circle (c) The acceleration vector points to the centre of the circle (d) The velocity and acceleration vectors are perpendicular to each other 104. If ar and at represent radial and tangential accelerations, the motion of a particle will be uniformly circular if
[CPMT 2004]

1 times .

97.

The coefficient of friction between the tyres and the road is :.2#. The ma7imum speed with which a car can be driven round a curve of radius .: m without s idding is (assume g H 1: msG2) (a) .: msG1 (c) 1# msG1
[+( #3# 'M().* 2002]

(b) 2: msG1 (d) 1: msG1 105.

(a) (c)

ar = : and at = :

(b) ar = : but at : (d) ar : and at :

ar : but at = :

98.

"n athlete completes one round of a circular trac of radius 1: m in .: sec. The distance covered by him in 2 min 2: sec is
[+( #3# 'M().* 2002]

" person with his hands in his poc ets is s ating on ice at the velocity of 1: m/s and describes a circle of radius #: m. (hat is his inclination with vertical [P&. PET 2000]
1 1 (a) tan 1:

(a) =: m (c) 11: m 99.

(b) 1.: m (d) 22: m

(b)

A tan 1 # 1 tan 1 #

" proton of mass 1.; I 1:G2= kg goes round in a circular orbit of radius :.1: m under a centripetal force of . I 1: G1A N. then the fre*uency of revolution of the proton is about
[+( #3# 'M().* 2002]

(c) 106.

tan

(1)

(d)

(a) :.:> I 1:> c(cles per sec (b) . I 1:> c(cles per sec (c) > I 1:> c(cles per sec (d) 12 I 1:> c(cles per sec 100. " particle is moving in a circle with uniform speed v. In moving from a point to another diametrically opposite point
[O !""# JEE 2003]

If the radius of curvature of the path of two particles of same masses are in the ratio 1 ! 2, then in order to have constant centripetal force, their velocity, should be in the ratio of
[P&. PET 2000]

(a) 1 ! . (c) 107.


2 ! 1

(b) . ! 1 (d) 1 !
2

"n ob@ect is moving in a circle of radius 1:: m with a constant speed of A1.. m/s. (hat is its average speed for one complete revolution [$CE 2004] (a) )ero (c) A.1. m/s (b) A1.. m/s (d)
2 A1 . . m / s

(a) The momentum changes by mv (b) The momentum changes by 2mv

148 Motion in Two Dimension


108. " body of mass 1 kg tied to one end of string is revolved in a hori/ontal circle of radius :.1 m with a speed of A revolution/sec, assuming the effect of gravity is negligible, then linear velocity, acceleration and tension in the string will be [$PMT 2003] (a) 1 . >> m / s, A# . # m / s 2 , A# . # N (b) (c) 109.
2 . >> m / s, .# . # m / s , .# . # N A . >> m / s, ## . # m / s , ## . # N
2 2

angular velocity

. If the length of the string and angular


[AIIMS 1985]

velocity are doubled, the tension in the string which was initially & : is now (a) (c) 116.

& :
.& :

(b) & : / 2 (d)

>& :

In 1.: s, a particle goes from point A to point B, moving in a semicircle of radius 1.: m (see figure). The magnitude of the average velocity is [IIT4JEE 1999]
A 1.0 m

(d) 3one of these The acceleration of a train travelling with speed of .:: m/s as it goes round a curve of radius 1;: m, is
[P&. PET 2003]

(a) 1 km / s 2 (c) 1: m / s 2 110.

(b) 1:: m / s 2 (d) 1 m / s 2 (a)


B

" car of mass >:: kg moves on a circular trac of radius .: m. If the coefficient of friction is :.#, then ma7imum velocity with which the car can move is [M% CET 2004] (a) = m/s (c) > m/s (b) 1. m/s (d) 12 m/s
[P&. PMT 2003]

A . 1. m / s

(b) 2.: m / s (d) )ero

(c) 1.: m / s 117.

111.

" #:: kg crane ta es a turn of radius #: m with velocity of A; km/hr. The centripetal force is (a) 12:: N (c) =#: N (b) 1::: N (d) 2#: N
a

Three identical particles are @oined together by a thread as shown in figure. "ll the three particles are moving in a hori/ontal plane. If the velocity of the outermost particle is v:, then the ratio of tensions in the three sections of the string is
[UPSEAT 2003] $ l A l B l C

112.

Two bodies of e*ual masses revolve in circular orbits of radii

b 118.

(a)

A!#!=

(b) A ! . ! # (d) A ! # ! ;

R1 and R2 with the same period. Their centripetal forces


are in the ratio
[+( #3# PMT 2004]

(c) = ! 11 ! ;

" particle is moving in a circle of radius R with constant speed v) if radius is double then its centripetal force to eep the same speed should be [BCECE 2005] (a) $oubled (b) &alved (c) %uadrupled (d) 'nchanged " stone ties to the end of a string 1m long is whirled in a hori/ontal circle with a constant speed. If the stone ma es 22 revolution in .. seconds, what is the magnitude and direction of acceleration of the stone [CBSE PMT 2005] (a)

R (a) 2 R 1
(c) 113.

R1 (b) R2
(d)
R1 R2

R1 R 2

In case of uniform circular motion which of the following physical *uantity do not remain constant
[+( #3# PMT 2004]

119.

(a) 9peed (c) 6inetic energy 114.

(b) 2omentum (d) 2ass

(hat happens to the centripetal acceleration of a revolving body if you double the orbital speed v and half the angular velocity

2 ms2 and direction along the radius towards the .


centre

(a) The centripetal acceleration remains unchanged (b) The centripetal acceleration is halved (c) The centripetal acceleration is doubled (d) The centripetal acceleration is *uadrupled 115. " mass is supported on a frictionless hori/ontal surface. It is attached to a string and rotates about a fi7ed centre at an

(b) 2 ms2 and direction along the radius away from the centre (c)

2 ms2 and direction along the radius towards the


centre

(d) 2 ms2 and direction along the tangent to the circle

Motion in Two Dimension 149 120. " particle describes a hori/ontal circle in a conical funnel whose inner surface is smooth with speed of :.# m/s. (hat is the height of the plane of circle from verte7 of the funnel J
[J5+ CET 2005]

(c) 3ear the nec (d) 'niformly distributed in the bottle 5. " buc et tied at the end of a 1.; m long string is whirled in a vertical circle with constant speed. (hat should be the minimum speed so that the water from the buc et does not spill, when the buc et is at the highest position (Ta e

(a) :.2# cm (c) . cm 121.

(b) 2 cm (d) 2.# cm

g = 1: m / sec 2 )
(a) . m/sec (c) 1; m/sec 6. (b) ;.2# m/sec

[AIIMS 1987]

(hat is the angular velocity of earth [O !""# JEE 2005] (a)

2 rad / sec >;.:: 2 rad / sec 2.

(b)

2 rad / sec A;::

(d) 3one of the above

(c) 122.

2 rad / sec (d) ;.::

" wheel is sub@ected to uniform angular acceleration about its a7is. Initially its angular velocity is /ero. In the first 2 sec, it rotates through an angle through an additional angle

1
2

. In the ne7t 2 sec, it rotates . The ratio of 2 / 1 is


[AIIMS 1985]

If the length of the second-s hand in a stop cloc is A cm the angular velocity and linear velocity of the tip is
[+( #3# PET 2005]

(a) 1 (a) :.2:.= rad/sec.) :.:A1. m/sec (b) :.2#.= rad/sec.) :.A1. m/sec (c) :.1.=2 rad/sec.) :.:;A1. m/sec (d) :.1:.= rad/sec.) :.::A1. m/sec 7. (c) A

(b) 2 (d) #

" 1 kg stone at the end of 1 m long string is whirled in a vertical circle at constant speed of . m/sec. The tension in the string is ; N, when the stone is at (g H 1: m/sec2)
[AIIMS 1982]

Non-uniform Circular Motion


1. In a circus stuntman rides a motorbi e in a circular trac of radius R in the vertical plane. The minimum speed at highest point of trac will be
[CPMT 1979; JIPMER 1997; RPET 1999]

(a) Top of the circle (c) &alf way down 8.

(b) 0ottom of the circle (d) 3one of the above

" cane filled with water is revolved in a vertical circle of radius . meter and the water @ust does not fall down. The time period of revolution will be [CPMT 1985;
RPET 1995; UPSEAT 2002; M% CET 2002]

(a) (c) 2.

2 gR A gR

(b) (d)

2 gR
gR

(a) 1 sec (c) > sec 9.

(b) 1: sec (d) . sec

" bloc of mass

at the end of a string is whirled round in a

vertical circle of radius R . The critical speed of the bloc at the top of its swing below which the string would slac en before the bloc reaches the top is [$CE 1999, 2001] (a) (c) 3.

" 2 kg stone at the end of a string 1 m long is whirled in a vertical circle at a constant speed. The speed of the stone is . m/sec. The tension in the string will be #2 N, when the stone is
[AIIMS 1982]

Rg
R/ g

(b) (Rg)2 (d)


Rg

(a) "t the top of the circle (b) "t the bottom of the circle (c) &alfway down (d) 3one of the above 10. " body slides down a frictionless trac which ends in a circular loop of diameter * , then the minimum height h of the body in term of (a)

" sphere is suspended by a thread of length l . (hat minimum hori/ontal velocity has to be imparted the ball for it to reach the height of the suspension
[ISM $.#1&#) 1994]

(a) (c) 4.

gl
gl

(b) (d)

2 gl
2 gl

* so that it may @ust complete the loop, is


(b) h = (d) h =

" bottle of sodawater is grasped by the nec and swing bris ly in a vertical circle. 3ear which portion of the bottle do the bubbles collect (a) 3ear the bottom (b) In the middle of the bottle

h= h=

#* 2 A* .

#* . * .

(c)

150 Motion in Two Dimension


11. " car is moving with speed A: m / sec on a circular path of radius #:: m. Its speed is increasing at the rate of 17. The ma7imum velocity at the lowest point, so that the string @ust slac at the highest point in a vertical circle of radius l
[CPMT 1999; M% CET 2004]

2m / sec 2 , (hat is the acceleration of the car


[MP PMT 2003; R66 -(( 1982; RPET 1996; M% CET 2002]

(a) (c) 18.

gl # gl

(b) (d)

A gl = gl

(a)

2m / sec 2

(b)

2 . = m / sec 2

(c) 1 . > m / sec 2 12.

(d) < . > m / sec 2

If the e*uation for the displacement of a particle moving on a circular path is given by ( ) = 2 t A + : . # , where radians and

The string of pendulum of length

l is displaced through

is in

<: o from the vertical and released. Then the minimum


strength of the string in order to withstand the tension, as the pendulum passes through the mean position is
[MP PMT 1986]

in seconds, then the angular velocity of the


[AIIMS 1998]

particle after 2 sec from its start is (a) > rad/sec (c) 2. rad/sec 19. (b) 12 rad/sec (d) A; rad/sec

(a) (c) 13.

mg
# mg

(b) (d)

A mg
; mg

" body of mass m hangs at one end of a string of length l, the other end of which is fi7ed. It is given a hori/ontal velocity so that the string would @ust reach where it ma es an angle of

" weightless thread can support tension upto A: N. " stone of mass :.# kg is tied to it and is revolved in a circular path of radius 2 m in a vertical plane. If g = 1: m / s , then the ma7imum angular velocity of the stone will be
[MP PMT 1994]
2

;: o with the vertical. The tension in the string at mean


position is (a) (c) 20.
2 mg
[ISM $.#1&#) 1994]

(b) (d)

mg
A mg

A mg

(a) (c) 14.

# rad / s
;: rad / s

(b)

A: rad / s

(d) 1: rad / s

In a vertical circle of radius r, at what point in its path a particle has tension e*ual to /ero if it is @ust able to complete the vertical circle [EAMCET 1994] (a) &ighest point (b) Eowest point (c) "ny point (d) "t a point hori/ontally from the centre of circle of radius r

" particle originally at rest at the highest point of a smooth vertical circle is slightly displaced. It will leave the circle at a vertical distance h below the highest point such that (a) (b)

h=R
h= R A
R h

21.

The tension in the string revolving in a vertical circle with a mass m at the end which is at the lowest position
[EAMCET 'E122.* 1995; AIIMS 2001]

R (c) h = 2
(d) 15.

(a)

h=

2R A
22.

mv 2 r mv 2 + mg r

(b)

mv 2 mg r

(c)

(d)

mg

" heavy mass is attached to a thin wire and is whirled in a vertical circle. The wire is most li ely to brea
[MP PET 1997]

" hollow sphere has radius ;.. m. 2inimum velocity re*uired by a motor cyclist at bottom to complete the circle will be
[RPET 1997]

(a) (hen the mass is at the highest point of the circle (b) (hen the mass is at the lowest point of the circle (c) (hen the wire is hori/ontal (d) "t an angle of cos 1 (1 / A) from the upward vertical 16. " weightless thread can bear tension upto A.= kg wt. " stone of mass #:: gms is tied to it and revolved in a circular path of radius . m in a vertical plane. If g =1: ms ma7imum angular velocity of the stone will be (a) . radians/sec (c)
21 radians/sec
2

(a) 1=.= m/s (c) 12.. m/s 23. . If radius of circular path is to complete full circle is (a)

(b) 1:.2 m/s (d) 1;.: m/s

" bloc follows the path as shown in the figure from height
[RPET 1997]

r , then relation that holds good

, then the

h < #r / 2 h = #r / 2

(b) h > # r / 2 (c) (d) h # r / 2

[MP PMT0PET 1998]

(b) 1; radians/sec (d) 2 radians/sec

h r

Motion in Two Dimension 151 24. " pendulum bob on a 2 m string is displaced ;:o from the vertical and then released. (hat is the speed of the bob as it passes through the lowest point in its path [JIPMER 1999] (a)
2 m/ s

(c)

m(g + nr)
2 2

(d)

mMg +( n r) / <:: L

(b)

<.> m / s 2 m/ s

32.

(c) ...A m/s 25.

(d) 1 /

"s per given figure to complete the circular loop what should be the radius if initial height is # m [RPET 2001] (a) . m (b) A m (c) 2.# m (d) 2 m
h + 5m

" fan is ma ing ;:: revolutions per minute. If after some time it ma es 12:: revolutions per minute, then increase in its angular velocity is [B%U 1999] (a) 1: rad / sec (c)
.: rad / sec

(b) (d)

2: rad / sec

;: rad / sec

33.

26.

" particle is tied to 2:cm long string. It performs circular motion in vertical plane. (hat is the angular velocity of string when the tension in the string at the top is /ero
[RPMT 1999]

" coin, placed on a rotating turn?table slips, when it is placed at a distance of < cm from the centre. If the angular velocity of the turn?table is trippled, it will @ust slip, if its distance from the centre is [CPMT 2001] (a) 2= cm (c) A cm (b) < cm (d) 1 cm

(a) (c) 27.

# rad / sec

(b)

2 rad / sec

= . # rad/ sec

(d) = rad / sec

34.

" stone tied with a string, is rotated in a vertical circle. The minimum speed with which the string has to be rotated
[CBSE PMT 1999]

28.

(a) Is independent of the mass of the stone (b) Is independent of the length of the string (c) $ecreases with increasing mass of the stone (d) $ecreases with increasing in length of the string Bor a particle in a non?uniform accelerated circular motion
[AMU 'M().* 2000]

35.

(hen a ceiling fan is switched off its angular velocity reduces to #:N while it ma es A; rotations. &ow many more rotation will it ma e before coming to rest ("ssume uniform angular retardation) [+CET 2001] (a) 1> (b) 12 (c) A; (d) .> " body crosses the topmost point of a vertical circle with critical speed. Its centripetal acceleration, when the string is hori/ontal will be [M% CET 2002] (a) ; g (c) 2 g (b) A g (d) g

(a) 5elocity is radial and acceleration is transverse only (b) 5elocity is transverse and acceleration is radial only (c) 5elocity is radial and acceleration has both radial and transverse components (d) 5elocity is transverse and acceleration has both radial and transverse components 29. " fighter plane is moving in a vertical circle of radius K rD. Its minimum velocity at the highest point of the circle will be
[MP PET 2000]

36.

(a) (c) 30.

A gr gr

(b) (d)

2gr gr/2

37.

" simple pendulum oscillates in a vertical plane. (hen it passes through the mean position, the tension in the string is A times the weight of the pendulum bob. (hat is the ma7imum displacement of the pendulum of the string with respect to the vertical [O !""# JEE 2002] o o (a) A: (b) .# (c) ;: o (d) <: o " particle is moving in a vertical circle. The tensions in the string when passing through two positions at angles A: o and ;:o from vertical (lowest position) are &1 and &2 respectively. then
[O !""# JEE 2002]

" ball is moving to and fro about the lowest point A of a smooth hemispherical bowl. If it is able to rise up to a height of 2: cm on either side of A, its speed at A must be (Ta e H 1: m/s2, mass of the body # g) (a) :.2 m/s (c) . m/s (b) 2 m/s (d) ..# msG1 38.
[JIPMER 2000]

(a) &1 H &2 (b) &2 O &1 (c) &1 O &2 (d) Tension in the string always remains the same " particle is ept at rest at the top of a sphere of diameter .2 m. (hen disturbed slightly, it slides down. "t what height K hD from the bottom, the particle will leave the sphere
[B%U 2003]

31.

" stone of mass m is tied to a string and is moved in a vertical circle of radius r ma ing n revolutions per minute. The total tension in the string when the stone is at its lowest point is
[+( #3# 'E122.* 2001]

(a) 1. m (c) A# m

(b) 2> m (d) = m

(a) mg

(b)

m(g +nr 2 )

152 Motion in Two Dimension


39. The coordinates of a moving particle at any time K tD are given by , H t and ( H t . The speed of the particle at time K tD is given by [AIEEE 2003]
A A

(d)The direction of angular momentum remains constant 47. " body of mass 1 kg is moving in a vertical circular path of radius 1m. The difference between the inetic energies at its highest and lowest position is (a) 2:J (b) 1:J (d) 1:

(a) (c) 40.

2 + 2
A t2

(b) A t 2 + 2 (d) t 2 2 + 2

2 + 2

" small disc is on the top of a hemisphere of radius

R . (hat
48.

(c) .

is the smallest hori/ontal velocity v that should be given to the disc for it to leave the hemisphere and not slide down it J PThere is no frictionQ [CPMT 1991] (a) (c) 41.
v = 2 gR

#J

# 1 J

The angle turned by a body undergoing circular motion depends on time as = : + 1 t + 2 t 2 . Then the angular acceleration of the body is (a)
[O !""# JEE 2005]

(b) v = gR (d) v = g 2 R

v=

g R

(b) (d)

2
22

" body of mass :.. kg is whirled in a vertical circle ma ing 2 rev/sec. If the radius of the circle is 2 m, then tension in the string when the body is at the top of the circle, is
[CBSE PMT 1999]

(c) 21

Horizontal Projectile Motion


1. The ma7imum range of a gun on hori/ontal terrain is 1; km. If

(a) .1.#; N (c) 1:<.>; N 42.

(b) ><.>; N (d) 11#.>; N

" buc et full of water is revolved in vertical circle of radius 2m. (hat should be the ma7imum time?period of revolution so that the water doesn-t fall off the buc et [AFMC 2004] (a) 1 sec (c) A sec (b) 2 sec (d) . sec 2.

g = 1: m / s2 . (hat must be the mu//le velocity of the shell [+CET 1999; B%U 2003]
(a) 2:: m/s (c) 1:: m/s (b) .:: m/s (d) #: m/s

43.

Bigure shows a body of mass m moving with a uniform speed v along a circle of radius r. The change in velocity in going from A to B is (a)
v 2 2

" stone is @ust released from the window of a train moving along a hori/ontal straight trac . The stone will hit the ground following [NCERT 1972; AFMC 1996; B%U 2000] (a) 9traight path (c) Carabolic path (b) ,ircular path (d) &yperbolic path

[$PMT 2004]

3.
C $ A

" bullet is dropped from the same height when another bullet is fired hori/ontally. They will hit the ground (a) 4ne after the other (b) 9imultaneously

(b) v / (c) 44.

v
4.

(c) $epends on the observer (d) 3one of the above "n aeroplane is flying at a constant hori/ontal velocity of ;:: km/hr at an elevation of ; km towards a point directly above the target on the earth-s surface. "t an appropriate time, the pilot releases a ball so that it stri es the target at the earth. The ball will appear to be falling [MP PET 1993] (a) 4n a parabolic path as seen by pilot in the plane (b) 5ertically along a straight path as seen by an observer on the ground near the target (c) 4n a parabolic path as seen by an observer on the ground near the target (d) 4n a /ig?/ag path as seen by pilot in the plane 5. " bomb is dropped from an aeroplane moving hori/ontally at constant speed. (hen air resistance is ta en into consideration, the bomb
[EAMCET 'M().* 1995; AFMC 1999]

* (d) /ero The ma7imum and minimum tension in the string whirling in a circle of radius 2.# m with constant velocity are in the ratio # ! A then its velocity is [P&. PET 2003]

(a) (c) 45.

<> m / s .<: m / s

(b) = m / s (d)
. .<

Bor a particle in circular motion the centripetal acceleration is (a) Eess than its tangential acceleration (b) 1*ual to its tangential acceleration (c) 2ore than its tangential acceleration (d) 2ay be more or less than its tangential acceleration " particle moves in a circular path with decreasing speed. ,hoose the correct statement. [IIT JEE 2005] (a)"ngular momentum remains constant (b) "cceleration ( a ) is towards the center (c) Carticle moves in a spiral path with decreasing radius

46.

(a) Balls to earth e7actly below the aeroplane (b) Ball to earth behind the aeroplane

Motion in Two Dimension 153 (c) Balls to earth ahead of the aeroplane (d) Blies with the aeroplane 6. " man pro@ects a coin upwards from the gate of a uniformly moving train. The path of coin for the man will be
[RPET 1997]

(a) 0oth particles will reach at ground simultaneously (b) 0oth particles will reach at ground with same speed (c) Carticle (A) will reach at ground first with respect to particle (B) (d) Carticle (B) will reach at ground first with respect to particle (A) 13. " particle moves in a plane with constant acceleration in a direction different from the initial velocity. The path of the particle will be [MP PMT 2004; CPMT 1982] (a) " straight line (c) " parabola 14. (b) "n arc of a circle (d) "n ellipse

(a) Carabolic (c) 5ertical straight line 7.

(b) Inclined straight line (d) &ori/ontal straight line

"n aeroplane is flying hori/ontally with a velocity of ;:: km/h at a height of 1<;: m. (hen it is vertically at a point " on the ground, a bomb is released from it. The bomb stri es the ground at point B. The distance AB is
[CPMT 1996; JIPMER 2001, 02]

(a) 12:: m (c) A.AA km 8.

(b) :.AA km (d) AA km

"t the height >: m, an aeroplane is moving with 1#: m/s. " bomb is dropped from it so as to hit a target. "t what distance from the target should the bomb be dropped (given g H 1: m/s2) (a) ;:#.A m (c) >: m (b) ;:: m (d) 2A: m
[BCECE 2004]

" ball is rolled off the edge of a hori/ontal table at a speed of . m/second. It hits the ground after :.. second. (hich statement given below is true [AMU 'M().* 1999] (a) It hits the ground at a hori/ontal distance 1.; m from the edge of the table (b) The speed with which it hits the ground is ..: m/second (c) &eight of the table is :.> m (d) It hits the ground at an angle of ;:o to the hori/ontal

15.

" bomber plane moves hori/ontally with a speed of #:: m/s and a bomb released from it, stri es the ground in 1: sec. "ngle at which it stri es the ground will be (g = 1: m / s 2 )
[M% CET 2003]

(a) (c) 16.

1 tan 1 #
tan
1

(b) (d)

1 tan #
tan
1

9.

"n aeroplane flying .<: m above ground level at 1:: m/s, releases a bloc . &ow far on ground will it stri e
[RPMT 2000]

(1)

(# )

(a) :.1 km (c) 2 km 10.

(b) 1 km (d) 3one

" large number of bullets are fired in all directions with same speed v . (hat is the ma7imum area on the ground on which these bullets will spread (a)

" body is thrown hori/ontally from the top of a tower of height # m. It touches the ground at a distance of 1: m from the foot of the tower. The initial velocity of the body is (g H 1: msG2)
[EAMCET 'E122.* 2000]

v2 g

(b)

v. g2 v2 g2

2 (c)

v. g2

2 (d)

(a) 2.# msG1 (c) 1: msG1 11.

(b) # msG1 (d) 2: msG1 1.

Oblique Projectile Motion


" pro@ectile fired with initial velocity

at some angle

"n aeroplane moving hori/ontally with a speed of =2: km/h drops a food poc et, while flying at a height of A<;.< m. the time ta en by a food poc et to reach the ground and its hori/ontal range is (Ta e g H <.> m/sec2) [AFMC 2001] (a) A sec and 2::: m (c) > sec and 1#:: m (b) # sec and #:: m (d) < sec and 1>:: m 2.

has a range R . If the initial velocity be doubled at the same angle of pro@ection, then the range will be (a) (c)

2R R

(b) (d)

R/ 2

.R

12.

" particle (A) is dropped from a height and another particle ( B) is thrown in hori/ontal direction with speed of # m/sec from the same height. The correct statement is
[CBSE PMT 2002; O !""# JEE 2003]

If the initial velocity of a pro@ectile be doubled, eeping the angle of pro@ection same, the ma7imum height reached by it will (a) +emain the same (c) 0e *uadrupled (b) 0e doubled (d) 0e halved

3.

In the motion of a pro@ectile freely under gravity, its (a) Total energy is conserved

154 Motion in Two Dimension


(b) 2omentum is conserved (c) 1nergy and momentum both are conserved (d) 3one is conserved 4. The range of a pro@ectile for a given initial velocity is ma7imum when the angle of pro@ection is .# o . The range will be minimum, if the angle of pro@ection is (a) (c) 5. 10. +eferring to above *uestion, the angle with the hori/ontal at which the pro@ectile was pro@ected is [CPMT 1981] (a) (b) (c)

tan 1 (A / . )
tan 1 (. / A)

sin 1 (A / . )

<: o ;: o

(b) 1>: (d) =# o

(d) 3ot obtainable from the given data 11. +eferring to the above two *uestions, the acceleration due to gravity is given by [CPMT 1981] (a) 1: m / sec 2 (c) 12. (d)
2: m / sec 2

The angle of pro@ection at which the hori/ontal range and ma7imum height of pro@ectile are e*ual is
[+, ,-".(/ # CEE 1996; BCECE 2003; P&. PET 2001]

(b) # m / sec 2 (d)


2 . # m / sec 2

(a)

.# o ;:
o

(b) = tan 1 (: . 2# )

The range of a particle when launched at an angle of 1# o with the hori/ontal is 1.# km. (hat is the range of the pro@ectile when launched at an angle of .# o to the hori/ontal
[CPMT 1982]

) (c) = tan 1 . or ( = =;
6.

" ball is thrown upwards and it returns to ground describing a parabolic path. (hich of the following remains constant
[B%U 1999; $PMT 2001; AMU 'E122.* 2000]

(a) 1.# km (c) ;.: km 13.

(b) A.: km (d) :.=# km

(a) 6inetic energy of the ball (b) 9peed of the ball (c) &ori/ontal component of velocity (d) 5ertical component of velocity 7. "t the top of the tra@ectory of a pro@ectile, the directions of its velocity and acceleration are (a) Cerpendicular to each other (b) Carallel to each other (c) Inclined to each other at an angle of .# o (d) "ntiparallel to each other 8. "n ob@ect is thrown along a direction inclined at an angle of

" cric eter hits a ball with a velocity 2# m / s at ;: o above the hori/ontal. &ow far above the ground it passes over a fielder #: m from the bat (assume the ball is struc very close to the ground) [B7P 2003] (a) >.2 m (c) 11.; m (b) <.: m (d) 12.= m

14.

" stone is pro@ected from the ground with velocity 2# m / s . Two seconds later, it @ust clears a wall # m high. The angle of pro@ection of the stone is (g = 1: m / sec 2 ) (a) (c)

A: o #: . 2 o

(b) (d)

.# o ;: o

.# o with the hori/ontal direction. The hori/ontal range of the


particle is e*ual to (a) 5ertical height (b) Twice the vertical height (c) Thrice the vertical height (d) Bour times the vertical height 9. The height ( and the distance , along the hori/ontal plane of a pro@ectile on a certain planet (with no surrounding atmosphere) are given by
[MP PMT 1985]

15.

8alileo writes that for angles of pro@ection of a pro@ectile at angles (.# + ) and (.# ) , the hori/ontal ranges described by the pro@ectile are in the ratio of (if .# )
[MP PET 1993]

(a) 2 ! 1 (c) 1 ! 1 16.

(b) 1 ! 2 (d) 2 ! A

( = (> t # t2 ) meter and

, = ; t meter, where t is in second. The velocity with which the pro@ectile is pro@ected is [CPMT 1981; MP PET 1997]
(a) > m/sec (b) ; m/sec (c) 1: m/sec (d) 3ot obtainable from the data

has a range R on the surface of earth. Bor same v and , its


" pro@ectile thrown with a speed at an angle range on the surface of moon will be (a) (c)

R/ ;

(b) (d)

;R

R / A;

A; R

Motion in Two Dimension 155 17. The greatest height to which a man can throw a stone is (c) 24.
h 2

h
be (a) (c) 18.

. The greatest distance to which he can throw it, will

u 2 sin 2 g

(d)

u 2 cos 2 g

" football player throws a ball with a velocity of #: metre/sec at an angle A: degrees from the hori/ontal. The ball remains in the air for (g =1: m / s 2 ) (a) 2.# sec (c) # sec (b) 1.2# sec (d) :.;2# sec

(b) (d)

2h

Ah
25.

The hori/ontal range is four times the ma7imum height attained by a pro@ectile. The angle of pro@ection is
[MP PET 1994; CBSE PMT 2000; RPET 2001]

" body of mass :.# kg is pro@ected under gravity with a speed of <> m/s at an angle of A: o with the hori/ontal. The change in momentum (in magnitude) of the body is
[MP PET 1997]

(a) (c) 19.

<:

(b) (d)

;:

.# o

A: o

(a) 26.

2. . # N s

(b)

.< . : N s

" ball is pro@ected with inetic energy

! at an angle of .# o

to the hori/ontal. "t the highest point during its flight, its inetic energy will be
[MP PMT 1994; CBSE PMT 1997, 2001; AIEEE 2002; P&. PMT 2004; O !""# PMT 2004]

(c) <> . : N s (d) #: . : N s " body is pro@ected at such an angle that the hori/ontal range is three times the greatest height. The angle of pro@ection is
[AIIMS 1998; $PMT 2000]

(a) (c) 27.

(a) )ero

(b)

! 2

2# > .2 o >

(b)

AA o =

(c) 20.

! 2

(d)

" particle of mass


o

is pro@ected with velocity

ma ing 28.

an angle of .# with the hori/ontal. The magnitude of the angular momentum of the particle about the point of pro@ection when the particle is at its ma7imum height is (where g = acceleration due to gravity)
[MP PMT 1994; MP PET 2001; P&. PET 2004]

(d) #A o > " gun is aimed at a target in a line of its barrel. The target is released and allowed to fall under gravity at the same instant the gun is fired. The bullet will [EAMCET 1994] (a) Cass above the target (b) Cass below the target (c) &it the target (d) ,ertainly miss the target Two bodies are pro@ected with the same velocity. If one is pro@ected at an angle of A: o and the other at an angle of

;: o to the hori/ontal, the ratio of the ma7imum heights


reached is
[AIIMS 2001; EAMCET 'M().* 1995; P&. PMT 2000]

(a) )ero (c) 21. mvA /( 2 g)

(b) mvA /(. (d) mv2 / 2 g

2 g)

29.

(a) A ! 1 (b) 1 ! A (c) 1 ! 2 (d) 2 ! 1 If the range of a gun which fires a shell with mu//le speed is

" particle reaches its highest point when it has covered e7actly one half of its hori/ontal range. The corresponding point on the displacement time graph is characterised by
[AIIMS 1995]

# [AMU 1995] R , then the angle of elevation of the gun is 2 1 gR 1 # (a) cos (b) cos 2 Rg #
(c)

(a) 3egative slope and /ero curvature (b) )ero slope and negative curvature (c) )ero slope and positive curvature (d) Cositive slope and /ero curvature 22. "t the top of the tra@ectory of a pro@ectile, the acceleration is
[M#1!8#3 MEE 1995]

1 2

#2 Rg

(d)

1 gR sin 1 2 2 #

30.

If time of flight of a pro@ectile is 1: seconds. +ange is #:: meters. The ma7imum height attained by it will be
[RPMT 1997]

(a) 12# m (c) 1:: m 31.

(b) #: m (d) 1#: m

(a) 2a7imum (c) )ero 23.

(b) 2inimum (d) g

If a body A of mass M is thrown with velocity # at an angle of

(hen a body is thrown with a velocity by it in hori/ontal direction is (a)

with the hori/ontal plane, the ma7imum distance covered


[MP PMT 1996; RPET 2001]

ma ing an angle

A: o to the hori/ontal and another body B of the same mass is


thrown with the same speed at an angle of ;: o to the hori/ontal. The ratio of hori/ontal range of A to B will be
[CBSE PMT 1992]

u 2 sin g

(b)

u 2 sin 2 2g

(a) 1 ! A

(b) 1 ! 1

156 Motion in Two Dimension


(c) 1 ! 32.
A

(d)

A !1

" bullet is fired from a cannon with velocity #:: m/s. If the angle of pro@ection is 1# o and g = 1: m / s 2 . Then the range is [CPMT 1997] (a) (c)

40.

(a) 1 ! # (b) # ! 1 (c) 1 ! .: (d) .: ! 1 (hich of the following sets of factors will affect the hori/ontal distance covered by an athlete in a longG@ump event
[AMU 'E122.* 2001]

2# 1: m #: 1: 2 m

(b) 12 . # 1: m (d)

2# 1: 2 m
41.

33.

" ball thrown by a boy is caught by another after 2 sec. some distance away in the same level. If the angle of pro@ection is A:o, the velocity of pro@ection is [JIPMER 1999] (a) 1<.; m/s (c) 1..= m/s (b) <.> m/s (d) 3one of these

(a) (b) (c) (d)

9peed before he @umps and his weight The direction in which he leaps and the initial speed The force with which he pushes the ground and his speed 3one of these

" ball thrown by one player reaches the other in 2 sec. the ma7imum height attained by the ball above the point of pro@ection will be about [P&. PMT 2002] (a) 1: m (c) # m (b) =.# m (d) 2.# m
[AIEEE 2002]

34.

" particle covers #: m distance when pro@ected with an initial speed. 4n the same surface it will cover a distance, when pro@ected with double the initial speed [RPMT 2000] (a) 1:: m (b) 1#: m (c) 2:: m (d) 2#: m " ball is thrown upwards at an angle of ;: o to the hori/ontal. It falls on the ground at a distance of <: m. If the ball is thrown with the same initial velocity at an angle A: o, it will fall on the ground at a distance of [B%U 2000] (a) A: m (c) <: m (b) ;: m (d) 12: m

42.

In a pro@ectile motion, velocity at ma7imum height is

(a) (c) 43.

35.

u cos 2 u sin 2

(b) u cos (d) 3one of these

36.

Bour bodies P) -) R and . are pro@ected with e*ual velocities having angles of pro@ection 1# o, A:o, .#o and ;:o with the hori/ontal respectively. The body having shortest range is
[EAMCET 'E122.* 2000]

If two bodies are pro@ected at A:o and ;:o respectively, with the same velocity, then [JIPMER 2002; CBSE PMT 2000] (a) Their ranges are same (b) Their heights are same (c) Their times of flight are same (d) "ll of these " body is thrown with a velocity of <.> m/s ma ing an angle of A:o with the hori/ontal. It will hit the ground after a time
[JIPMER 2001, 2002; +CET 2001]

44. (b) -

(a) P 37.

(c) R (d) . Bor a pro@ectile, the ratio of ma7imum height reached to the s*uare of flight time is (g H 1: msG2)
[EAMCET 'M().* 2000]

(a) 1.# s (c) A s 45.

(b) 1 s (d) 2 s

(a) # ! . (c) # ! 1 38.

(b) # ! 2 (d) 1: ! 1

The e*uation of motion of a pro@ectile are given by , H A; t metre and 2( H <; t G <.> t2 metre. The angle of pro@ection is
[EAMCET 2003]

" stone pro@ected with a velocity u at an angle with the hori/ontal reaches ma7imum height /1. (hen it is pro@ected with velocity u at an angle (a)

with the hori/ontal, it 2


The relation between the
[EAMCET 2000]

. sin 1 # . sin 1 A

(b)

A sin 1 # A sin 1 .

(c) 46.

(d)

reaches ma7imum height /2.

hori/ontal range R of the pro@ectile, /1 and /2 is (a) (c) 39.


R =. /1 / 2

Bor a given velocity, a pro@ectile has the same range R for two angles of pro@ection if t1 and t2 are the times of flight in the two cases then [+CET 2003; AIEEE 2004] (a) (c)

(b) (d)

R = . ( /1 / 2 )

R = . (/1 + / 2 )

R=

/1 /2

2 2

t1 t2 R2

(b) (d)

t1 t2 R

t1 t2

1 R

t1 t2

1 R2

"n ob@ect is pro@ected with a velocity of 2: m/s ma ing an angle of .# with hori/ontal. The e*uation for the tra@ectory is h
o

47.

" body of mass m is thrown upwards at an angle with the hori/ontal with velocity v. (hile rising up the velocity of the mass after t seconds will be (a)
(v cos )2 + (v sin )2

H A, 0 B,2 where h is height, , is hori/ontal distance, A and B are constants. The ratio A ! B is (g H 1: ms )
G2

[AMU 'E122.* 1999]

[EAMCET 2001]

Motion in Two Dimension 157 (b) (c) (d) 48.


(v cos v sin )2 gt v 2 +g 2 t 2 (2 v sin ) gt v 2 +g 2 t 2 (2 v cos ) gt

(a) (c) 55.

.# o <: o

(b) ;: o (d)

A: o A: o with the

" ball is pro@ected upwards from the top of tower with a


1 velocity #: ms

ma ing an angle

" cric eter can throw a ball to a ma7imum hori/ontal distance of 1:: m. (ith the same effort, he throws the ball vertically upwards. The ma7imum height attained by the ball is
[UPSEAT 2002]

hori/ontal. The height of tower is =: m. "fter how many seconds from the instant of throwing will the ball reach the ground
[$PMT 2004]

(a) 1:: m (c) ;: m 49.

(b) >: m (d) #: m 56.

(a) 2 s

(b) # s

" cric eter can throw a ball to a ma7imum hori/ontal distance of 1:: m. The speed with which he throws the ball is (to the nearest integer) [+( #3# 'M().* 2002] (a) A: msG1 (c) A2 msG1 (b) .2 msG1 (d) A# msG1

(c) = s (d) < s Two bodies are thrown up at angles of .# o and ;:o, respectively, with the hori/ontal. If both bodies attain same vertical height, then the ratio of velocities with which these are thrown is [$PMT 2005] (a)

50.

" ball is pro@ected with velocity # o at an angle of elevation A:R. 2ar the correct statement [MP PMT 2004] (a) 6inetic energy will be /ero at the highest point of the tra@ectory (b) 5ertical component of momentum will be conserved (c) &ori/ontal component of momentum will be conserved (d) 8ravitational potential energy will be minimum at the highest point of the tra@ectory 3eglecting the air resistance, the time of flight of a pro@ectile is determined by [J 5 + CET 2004] (a)

2 A
A 2

(b)

2 A
A 2

(c) 57.

(d)

"t what point of a pro@ectile motion acceleration and velocity are perpendicular to each other [O !""# JEE 2005] (a) "t the point of pro@ection (b) "t the point of drop (c) "t the topmost point (d) "ny where in between the point of pro@ection and topmost point

51.

1vertical
58.

(b) 1hori2ontal (c) (d) 52.

1=1

vertical +

hori2ontal

"n ob@ect is pro@ected at an angle of .#R with the hori/ontal. The hori/ontal range and the ma7imum height reached will be in the ratio. [+( #3# PET 2005] (a) 1 ! 2 (c) 1 ! . (b) 2 ! 1 (d) . ! 1

1 = 1 (1 2 vertical + 1 2 hori2ontal)1 / 2
. Brom the same point and at the same instant a
59.

" ball is thrown from a point with a speed v o at an angle of pro@ection person starts running with a constant speed v o / 2 to catch the ball. (ill the person be able to catch the ballJ If yes, what should be the angle of pro@ection [AIEEE 2004] (a) Ses, ;: (c) 3o
o

The ma7imum hori/ontal range of a pro@ectile is .:: m. The ma7imum value of height attained by it will be
[AFMC 2005]

(a) 1:: m (c) .:: m

(b) 2:: m (d) >:: m

(b) Ses, A:

(d) Ses, .# o

53.

" stone is thrown at an angle

to the hori/ontal reaches a


[BCECE 2004]

ma7imum height /. Then the time of flight of stone will be

(a)

2/ g
2 2 / sin g

(b)

2/ g
2 / sin g

1.

" particle is acted upon by a force of constant magnitude which is always perpendicular to the velocity of the particle. The motion of the particle ta es place in a plane. It follows that
[IIT 1987]

(c) 54.

(d)

(a) 5elocity is constant times its (b) "cceleration is constant (c) 6inetic energy is constant (d) It moves in a circular path

The hori/ontal range of a pro@ectile is . A ma7imum height. Its angle of pro@ection will be

[J 5 + CET 2004; $PMT 2003]

158 Motion in Two Dimension


2. " tube of length

is filled completely with an

7.

" stone of mass 1 kg tied to a light ine7tensible string of length

incompressible li*uid of mass M and closed at both the ends. The tube is then rotated in a hori/ontal plane about one of its ends with a uniform angular velocity . The force e7erted by the li*uid at the other end is [IIT 1992] (a)

3=

1: m is whirling in a circular path of radius 3 in a A

vertical plane. If the ratio of the ma7imum tension in the string to the minimum tension in the string is . and if g is ta en to be 1: m / sec 2 , the speed of the stone at the highest point of the circle is [CBSE PMT 1990] (a) (c) 8.

M3 2 2 M3 2 .

(b)

M3 2
2 2 M3 2

(c) 3.

(d)

2: m / sec
# 2 m / sec

(b) 1:

A m / sec

(d) 1: m / sec

The inetic energy radius where

k of a particle moving along a circle of

" particle

R depends on the distance covered

as k = as is a constant. The force acting on the particle is


1/2

bowl. It passes the point the same mass as hori/ontal string

P is sliding down a frictionless hemispherical A at t = : . "t this instant of time,

the hori/ontal component of its velocity is is e@ected from

v . " bead

- of

[MNR 1992; JIPMER 2001, 02; AMU 'E122.* 1999]

(a)

2a

s2 R

(b) 2 as1 +

s2 R2

P A t=: AB (see figure) with the speed v . Briction


at along the

between the bead and the string may be neglected. Eet t P and

(c) 4.

2 as

(d)

2a

R s

t- be the respective time ta en by P and - to reach the


point (a) (b) (c) 9.

B . Then
t P < ttP = t-

[IIT 1993]

" car is moving in a circular hori/ontal trac of radius 1: m with a constant speed of 1: m/sec. " plumb bob is suspended from the roof of the car by a light rigid rod of length 1.:: m. The angle made by the rod with trac is
[IIT 1992]

t P > tA

(a) )ero (c) 5.

(b) (d)

A:

(d) "ll of these

.#

;: o

" particle of mass radius

is moving in a circular path of constant

such that its centripetal acceleration ac is varying

2 2 with time t as, ac = k rt , The power delivered to the

" long hori/ontal rod has a bead which can slide along its v length, and initially placed at a distance end A of P 3 from oneC the rod. The rod is set in angular motion about A with constant angular acceleration . If the coefficient of friction between the rod and the bead is , and gravity is neglected, then the time after which the bead starts slipping is
[IIT4JEE S9 ((1!12 2000]

particle by the forces acting on it is (a) (c) 6.

[IIT 1994]

2 mk r t
2 2

(b)

mk r t

2 2

mk r t A

. 2 #

(a)

(d) )ero (c) 10.

(b)

" string of length 3 is fi7ed at one end and carries a mass M at the other end. The string ma es 2/ revolutions per second around the vertical a7is through the fi7ed end as shown in the figure, then tension in the string is
[B%U 2002; $PMT 2004] .

(d) Infinitesimal

" small bloc is shot into each of the four trac s as shown below. 1ach of the trac s rises to the same height. The speed with which the bloc enters the trac is the same in all cases. "t the highest point of the trac , the normal reaction is ma7imum in [IIT4JEE S9 ((1!12 2001]

(a) M3 (b) 2 M3 (c) . M3 (d) 1; M3

&

M R

(a)

(b)

Motion in Two Dimension 159 towards (c) (d) (a) 11. " simple pendulum is oscillating without damping. (hen the displacement of the bob is less than ma7imum, its acceleration vector a is correctly shown in
[IIT4JEE S9 ((1!12 2002]

, then the four persons will meet after


[IIT 1984]

(c) 16.

d sec v d
2v

(b) (d)

2d sec v

sec

d sec 2v

The coordinates of a particle moving in a plane are given by ((t) = b sin( pt) ,(t) = a cos( pt) and where

a
(a) (b)

a, b (<a) and dimensions. Then

p are positive constants of appropriate


[IIT4JEE 1999]

a
17. (c) (d)

(a) The path of the particle is an ellipse (b) The velocity and acceleration of the particle are normal to each other at t = /(2 p) (c) The acceleration of the particle is always directed towards a focus (d) The distance travelled by the particle in time interval t = : to t = /(2 p) is a " particle is moving eastwards with velocity of # m/s. In 1: sec the velocity changes to # m/s northwards. The average acceleration in this time is
[IIT 1982; AFMC 1999; P& PET 2000; JIPMER 2001, 02]

a a
12. " solid disc rolls cloc wise without slipping over a hori/ontal path with a constant speed . Then the magnitude of the velocities of points A, B and C (see figure) with respect to a A standing observer are respectively [UPSEAT 2002] (a) (b) (c) (d) 13.

(a) )ero (b) (c) (d)

1 2 1

m/s2 toward north?west m/s2 toward north?east

2 1 m/s2 toward north?west 2

,and
2 , 2and /ero

2 , 2and /ero
2 , 2and 2

1.
C

" stone tied to a string of length 3 is whirled in a vertical circle with the other end of the string at the centre. "t a certain instant of time, the stone is at its lowest position and has a speed u . The magnitude of the change in its velocity as it reaches a position where the string is hori/ontal is
[IIT 1998; CBSE PMT 2004]

Bigure shows four paths for a ic ed football. Ignoring the effects of air on the flight, ran the paths according to initial hori/ontal velocity component, highest first
( [AMU 'M().* 2000]

(a) 1, 2, A, . (b) 2, A, ., 1 (c) A, ., 1, 2 (d) ., A, 2, 1


1 0 2 3 4 ,

(a) (c) 14.

u u

2 2

2 g3 gl

(b) (d)

2 g3

2(u

g3)

2.

The driver of a car travelling at velocity v suddenly see a broad wall in front of him at a distance d. &e should
[IIT 1977]

The path of a pro@ectile in the absence of air drag is shown in the figure by dotted line. If the air resistance is not ignored then which one of the path shown in the figure is appropriate for the pro@ectile
(

15.

(a) 0ra e sharply (b) Turn sharply (c) (a) and (b) both (d) 3one of the above , 3 , M Bour persons and N are initially at the corners of a s*uare of side of length d . If every person starts ,3 moving, such that is always headed towards 3 towards M, M is headed directly towards N and N

(a) 0 (b) " (c) $ (d) ,


A B C * ,

160 Motion in Two Dimension


3. The tra@ectory of a particle moving in vast maidan is as shown in the figure. The coordinates of a position A are (:,2). The coordinates of another point at which the instantaneous velocity is same as the average velocity between the points are
((m)

4b5 4c5 4d5 4e5 1.

67 both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct e,planation o7 the assertion. 67 assertion is true but reason is 7alse. 67 the assertion and reason both are 7alse. 67 assertion is 7alse but reason is true. "ssertion ! In pro@ectile motion, the angle between the instantaneous velocity and acceleration at the highest point is 1>:R. ! "t the highest point, velocity of pro@ectile will be in hori/ontal direction only. ! Two particles of different mass, pro@ected with same velocity at same angles. The ma7imum height attained by both the particle will be same. ! The ma7imum height of independent of particle mass. pro@ectile is

(a) (1, .) (b) (#, A) (c) (A, .) (d) (., 1) 4.

3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 ,(m) A

(hich of the following is the graph between the height ( h) of a pro@ectile and time (t), when it is pro@ected from the ground
h h t h $ t

+eason 2. "ssertion

(a)
$ h

(b)

+eason 3. "ssertion +eason 4. "ssertion +eason 5. "ssertion

! The ma7imum hori/ontal range of pro@ectile is proportional to s*uare of velocity. ! The ma7imum hori/ontal range of pro@ectile is e*ual to ma7imum height attained by pro@ectile. ! &ori/ontal range is same for angle of pro@ection and (<: G ). ! &ori/ontal range is independent of angle of pro@ection. ! Bor pro@ection angle

(c)
$ t

(d)
$ t

5.

(hich of the following is the altitude?time graph for a pro@ectile thrown hori/ontally from the top of the tower
h h

tan 1 (. ) ,

the

hori/ontal range and the ma7imum height of a pro@ectile are e*ual. +eason ! The ma7imum range of pro@ectile is directly proportional to s*uare of velocity and inversely proportional to acceleration due to gravity. ! The tra@ectory of pro@ectile is *uadratic in ( and linear in ,. +eason ! ( component of tra@ectory is independent of ,? component. ! In @avelin throw, the athlete throws the pro@ectile at an angle slightly more than .#R. ! The ma7imum range does not depends upon angle of pro@ection. ! (hen a body is dropped or thrown hori/ontally from the same height, it would reach the ground at the same time. ! &ori/ontal velocity has no effect on the vertical direction. ! (hen the velocity of pro@ection of a body is made n times, its time of flight becomes n times. ! +ange of pro@ectile does not depend on the initial velocity of a body.

(a)

(b)
$ t

6.

"ssertion

$ h

7. (d)

"ssertion +eason

(c)
$ t

8. t

"ssertion

+eason 9. +ead the assertion and reason carefully to mar the correct option out of the options given below! 4a5 67 both assertion and reason are true and the reason is the correct e,planation o7 the assertion. +eason "ssertion

Motion in Two Dimension 161 10. "ssertion ! The height attained by a pro@ectile is twenty five percent of range, when pro@ected for ma7imum range. ! The height is independent of initial velocity of pro@ectile. ! (hen range of a pro@ectile is ma7imum, its angle of pro@ection may be .#R or 1A#R. ! (hether is .#R or 1A#R, value of range remains the same, only the sign changes. ! In order to hit a target, a man should point his rifle in the same direction as target. ! The hori/ontal range of the bullet is dependent on the angle of pro@ectile with hori/ontal direction. ! (hen a particle moves in a circle with a uniform speed, its velocity and acceleration both changes. ! The centripetal acceleration in circular motion is dependent on angular velocity of the body. ! $uring a turn, the value of centripetal force should be less than the limiting frictional force. ! The centripetal force is provided by the frictional force between the tyres and the road. ! (hen a vehicle ta es a turn on the road, it travels along a nearly circular path. ! In circular motion, velocity of vehicle remains same. ! "s the frictional force increases, the safe velocity limit for ta ing a turn on an unban ed road also increases. ! 0an ing of roads will increase the value of limiting velocity. ! If the speed of a body is constant, the body cannot have a path other than a circular or straight line path. ! It is not possible for a body to have a constant speed in an accelerated motion. ! In circular motion, wor done by centripetal force is /ero. ! In circular motion centripetal force is perpendicular to the displacement. ! In circular motion, the centripetal and centrifugal force acting in opposite direction balance each other. ! ,entripetal and centrifugal forces donDt act at the same time. ! If both the speed of a body and radius of its circular path are doubled, then centripetal force also gets doubled. ! ,entripetal force is directly proportional to both speed of a body and radius of circular path. ! (hen an automobile while going too fast around a curve overturns, its inner wheels leave the ground first. 26. "ssertion 24. "ssertion +eason 25. "ssertion 22. +eason ! Bor a safe turn the velocity of automobile should be less than the value of safe limit velocity. ! " safe turn by a cyclist should neither be fast nor sharp. ! The bending angle from the vertical would decrease with increase in velocity. ! Improper ban ing of roads causes wear and tear of tyres. ! The necessary centripetal force is provided by the force of friction between the tyres and the road. ! ,ream gets separated out of mil when it is churned, it is due to gravitational force. ! In circular motion gravitational force is e*ual to centripetal force. ! Two similar trains are moving along the e*uatorial line with the same speed but in opposite direction. They will e7ert e*ual pressure on the rails. ! In uniform circular motion the magnitude of acceleration remains constant but the direction continuously changes. ! " coin is placed on phonogram turn table. The motor is started, coin moves along the moving table. ! The rotating table is providing necessary centripetal force to the coin.

+eason 11. "ssertion +eason 12. "ssertion +eason

"ssertion +eason

23.

"ssertion +eason

13.

"ssertion

+eason 14. "ssertion +eason 15. "ssertion +eason 16. "ssertion

+eason

+eason

+eason 17. "ssertion

Uniform Circular Motion


1 6 11 16 21 26 31 36 41 46 51 56 61 66 71 76 81 c c a d b c b d d a a d d d b a c 2 7 12 17 22 27 32 37 42 47 52 57 62 67 72 77 82 c c a a a b d c b b c a d c d c a 3 8 13 18 23 28 33 38 43 48 53 58 63 68 73 78 83 b c c a c a d b b a a d a a a a d 4 9 14 19 24 29 34 39 44 49 54 59 64 69 74 79 84 b b ac d d d b a b d b a b c c b c 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 c b a a a c c c d b a b d a b a b

+eason 18. "ssertion +eason 19. "ssertion

+eason 20. "ssertion

+eason 21. "ssertion

162 Motion in Two Dimension


86 91 96 101 106 111 116 121 a a c c d b b a 87 92 97 102 107 112 117 122 c d d c b b d d 88 93 98 103 108 113 118 c a d b a b b 89 94 99 104 109 114 119 d b a c a a c 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 b b b d b d d 1 6 11 16 21 26 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 a b b a b b b b d e d a b b d 2 7 12 17 22 1 d 2 a 3 b 4 c 5 d

"ssertion an# $eason


a d e d c 3 8 13 18 23 c a b a a 4 9 14 19 24 c c a d d 5 10 15 20 25 b c c c e

Non-uniform Circular Motion


1 6 11 16 21 26 31 36 41 46 d c b a c d d d d d 2 7 12 17 22 27 32 37 42 47 d a b c a a d c c a 3 8 13 18 23 28 33 38 43 48 d d a c d d d c a d 4 9 14 19 24 29 34 39 44 c b b a c c b c a

Horizontal Projectile Motion


1 6 11 16 b c d b 2 7 12 c c a 3 8 13 b ac c 4 9 14 c b a 5 10 15 b c a

Oblique Projectile Motion


1 6 11 16 21 26 31 36 41 46 51 56 d c a b b d b a c b a c 2 7 12 17 22 27 32 37 42 47 52 57 c a b c d c b a b c a c 3 8 13 18 23 28 33 38 43 48 53 58 a d a c c b a a a d b d 4 9 14 19 24 29 34 39 44 49 54 59 a c a b c d c d b c d b 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 c b c b b a c b a c c

Critical Thinking Questions


1 6 11 16 cd d c ab 2 7 12 17 a d b b 3 8 13 b a d 4 9 14 c a a 5 10 15 b a a

ra!hical Questions