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CHEMENG 110: Equilibrium Thermodynamics Quiz #3: Due Wednesday Jan 30th, 2013 1.

Name_______________________________

n mol of Fluid X at state A is undergone an isobaric process (P = 16 bar) to state C via state B. Assume that Tc, Pc, and Vc are known, explain briefly how to determine the value of following variables (8 points, 2 each) a)

Total volume of fluid X at state A From Table 3.1, find !!! that corresponds to Tr and Pr. Then use ! Lydersen/Greenkorn/Hougen (LGH) for pure liquid ! ! !! !and Vt = nv
!

b)

Total volume of fluid X at state B (xL = xV) !!! !"# Use Rackett equation for the volume of saturated liquid !! ! !! !! !!!!! ! Use B-correlation/Z-correlation/any cubic EOS for volume of gas Total change in enthalpy from A to C n!H = n[!HA-B + !Hv + !HB-C] !" !" n!H = n[ !" !! !" + !Hv + !" !! !"] Total change in internal energy !U = Q + W !U = n!H + nP(vC vA) vC can be found by B-correlation/Z-correlation/or any cubic EOS

c)

d)

2.

True or false (8 points, 2 each).

!" !" __F__ Ideal-gas heat capacities !!! and !! ! are functions of reduced temperature and pressure

__T__ A specific heat capacity of a gas mixture is the same as a mole-fraction-weighted sum of heat capacity of each gas (Cp = ! !! !!" when !! is a mole fraction of species i). __F__ The heat of reaction of this formation reaction C2H4 + H2O ! C2H5OH is the difference in the heat of formation of the product and the reactants. __F__ Cp is the slope of an enthalpy versus temperature plot, which can be approximated by variables A, B, C, D. For ideal gas, the approximation is valid for all range of temperature at P!0.

CHEMENG 110: Equilibrium Thermodynamics 3.

Name_______________________________

Inlet streams of acetaldehyde and hydrogen gas enter the reactor at 200 C. A stream of ethanol product leaves the reactor at 40 C. The reaction takes place at atmospheric pressure with a conversion of 100%. H2 (g) C2H5OH (l) CH3CHO (g)

You are given: !Hf of H2(g), CH3CHO(g), C2H5OH(g), Tn, Tc, Pc, and Cp(T) of all the species, write an expression for these following (no calculation needed) (14 points, 2 each) a) The heat of reaction, !H298 !H298 = !Hf, C2H5OH(g) - !Hf, H2(g) - !Hf, CH3CHO(g) b) The enthalpy change of reactants from 200 C to the standard conditions, !HR !HR = c)
!"#!! ! !" !"#!! ! !!"!!"#

!"#!! ! !" !"#!! ! !!!

! The latent heat of the product !!! ! !!! ! !!!

!!!"# !"!!! ! !!!"#! !!!"# ! !!"

d) T = 200 C

Fill in the heat from part a) b) and c) with the associated arrow in this heat diagram H2(g) + CH3CHO(g) !Htotal !HR C2H5OH(l) !HP2
! !!!

T = 40 C

T = Tn T = Tn T = 25 C

!HP1 T = 25 C e) H2(g) + CH3CHO(g) !H298 C2H5OH(g)

3 out of 6 arrows are left unlabeled, what are they? !" !"!!! !HP1 = !"#!! !!!!!!!!" !" !HP2 = !" !!!!!!!!" !"