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Turbinas hidraulicas

Hn =

250.00

Qd =

30.00

m/s

a =

9,800.00

Kg/ms

0.94

n=

60f/p =

450.00

Pe =

aQdHn =

69090000.00

s =

(n(Qd))/(Hn) =

138.25

Dimensionamiento turbinas Francis

Hn =

250.00

Qd =

30.00

m/s

n=

60f/p =

450.00

s =

138.25

rpm

kc1 =

0.66

c1 =

kc1(2gHn) =

46.20

ku1 =

0.55

u1 =

ku1(2gHn) =

38.50

1 =

17.00

1 =

arctg((kc1sen1)/(ku1 - kc1cos1)) =

-0.71

Metodo 1

Rodete
D1 =

(60u1)/(n) =

1.63

D2 =

0.913

Dt =

1.467

Dd =

1.542

B=

0.293

z=

16

0.18 + 0.28(2gHd) =

19.78

Metodo 2
Camara espiral
cce =

La camara espiral se divide en 8 arcos, c/u de 45 con = caudal

d1 =

1.146(Qd/cce) =

1.4113

d2 =

d1(7/8) =

1.3202

d3 =

d1(6/8) =

1.2223

d4 =

d1(5/8) =

1.1158

d5 =

d1(4/8) =

0.9980

d6 =

d1(3/8) =

0.8643

d7 =

d1(2/8) =

0.7057

d8 =

d1(1/8) =

0.4990

D3 =

(26.2 + 0.211s)((Hd)/n) =

1.9455

D1 =

D3(0.4 + 94.5/s) =

2.1081

D2 =

D3(0.96 + 0.00038s) =

1.9699

H1 =

D3(0.094 + 0.00025s) =

0.2501

H2 =

D3/(3.16 - 0.0013s) =

0.6528

Metodo 3
Rodete

Camara espiral
A=

D3(1.2 + 19,56/s) =

2.6099

B=

D3(1.1 + 54.8/s) =

2.9113

C=

D3(1.32 + 49.25/s) =

3.2612

D=

D3(1.5 + 48.8/s) =

3.6050

E=

D3(0.98 + 63.6/s) =

2.7974

F=

D3(1 + 131.4/s) =

3.7947

G=

D3(0.89 + 94.5/s) =

3.0614

H=

D3(0.79 + 81.75/s) =

2.6874

I=

D3(0.1 + 0.00065s) =

0.3694

L=

D3(0.88 + 0.00049s) =

1.8439

M=

D3(0.6 + 0.000015s) =

1.1713

N=

D3(1.54 + 203.5/s) =

5.8599

O=

D3(0.83 + 140.7/s) =

3.5948

P=

D3(1.37 + 0.00056s) =

2.8160

Q=

D3(0.58 + 22.6/s) =

1.4464

R=

D3(1.6 + 0.0013s) =

3.4625

S=

D3s/(-9.28 + 0.25s) =

10.6386

T=

D3(1.5 + 0.00019s) =

2.9694

U=

D3(0.51 + 0.0007s) =

1.1805

V=

D3(1.1 + 53.7/s) =

2.8958

Z=

D3(2.63 + 33.8/s) =

5.5924

Tuberia difusora

Hn =

250.00

Qd =

30.00

m/s

n=

60f/p =

450.00

kc1 =

0.98

c1 =

kc1(2gHn) =

68.60

u1 =

0.46c1 =

31.56

dch =

(4Qd/c1) =

0.75

dr =

(60u1/n) =

1.34

l=

2.1dch =

1.57

B=

2.5dch =

1.87

T=

0.85dch =

1.14

m=

1.1dch =

0.82

t=

2dch =

1.49

z=

dr/t =

2.82

(Salto o altura neta)

(Caudal turbinable)
(Peso especifico del agua)
(Rendimiento de la turbina)
rpm
W
rpm

(Velocidad de rotacion de la turbina)
93271.50

CV

(Potencia efectiva)

(Salto o altura neta)

(Caudal turbinable)
rpm

m/s

m/s

(Diametro a la entrada del rodete)

(Se obtiene D2/D1 de grafico 1 en funcion de s)

m/s

m
m
m
m
m

m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m

m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m

(Salto o altura neta)

(Caudal que sale por cada inyector)
rpm

m/s
m/s

(Diametro del rodete)

(Longitud de la cuchara)

(Ancho de la cuchara)