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Elipse

1
SEMI-EIXO
ACHATAMEN
1/ACHATAMENTO
Excentricidade
MAIOR (m) = a
TO
(m)

Airy 1830

6,377,563.396

299.325

0.003341

0.006671

Bessel 1841

6,377,397.155

299.153

0.003343

0.006674

Clarke 1866

6,378,206.400

294.979

0.003390

0.006769

Clarke 1880

6,378,249.145

293.465

0.003408

0.006804

Evereste 1830

6,377,276.345

300.802

0.003324

0.006638

Fischer 1960 (Mercury) 6,378,166.000

298.300

0.003352

0.006693

Fischer 1968

6,378,150.000

298.300

0.003352

0.006693

GRS 1967

6,378,160.000

298.247

0.003353

0.006695

GRS 1975

6,378,140.000

298.257

0.003353

0.006694

GRS 1980

6,378,137.000

298.257

0.003353

0.006694

Hough 1956

6,378,270.000

297.000

0.003367

0.006723

International (Hayford) 6,378,388.000

297.000

0.003367

0.006723

Krassovsky 1940

6,378,245.000

298.300

0.003352

0.006693

Sul Americano 1969

6,378,160.000

298.250

0.003353

0.006695

WGS 60

6,378,165.000

298.300

0.003352

0.006693

WGS 66

6,378,145.000

298.250

0.003353

0.006695

WGS 72

6,378,135.000

298.260

0.003353

0.006694

WGS 84

6,378,137.000

298.257

0.003353

0.006694

Puissant

6,377,858.400

303.000

0.003300

0.006590

2
Excentricidad
e (m)

b (m)

a - b (m)

0.006715

6,356,256.909

###

0.006719

6,356,078.963

###

0.006815

6,356,583.800

###

0.006850

6,356,514.870

###

0.006682

6,356,075.413

###

0.006739

6,356,784.284

###

0.006739

6,356,768.337

###

0.006740

6,356,774.516

###

0.006740

6,356,755.288

###

0.006739

6,356,752.314

###

0.006768

6,356,794.343

###

0.006768

6,356,911.946

###

0.006739

6,356,863.019

###

0.006740

6,356,774.719

###

0.006739

6,356,783.287

###

0.006740

6,356,759.769

###

0.006739

6,356,750.520

###

0.006739

6,356,752.314

###

0.006633

6,356,809.362

###

-63.1800000000

-63.1810000000

-63.1820000000

-63.1830000000

-63.1840000000

-63.1850000000

-63.1860000000

-63.1870000000

-63.1806
-63.1894
-63.1893
-63.1806

-63.1880000000

C
A

longitud

-63.1890000000

latitud

-17.7993
-17.8011
-17.8214
-17.7993

-63.1900000000

-17.7850

-17.7900

-17.7950

-17.8000

-17.8050

-17.8100

-17.8150

-17.8200

-17.8250

A
B
C
ABCA

datos del elipsoide


datum :

WGS 84
a = 6,378,137.00
b = 6,356,752.31
f=
0.0033528
1/f = 298.257222

e2 =
1 - e2 =

0.0066944
0.9933056

(1 - e2)1/2 =

0.9966472

latitud
-17.79928
-17.80111
-17.82142
-17.80727

longitud
-63.18061
-63.18939
-63.18933
media

datos de los vertices del triangulo geodesico


latitud
gra
A
B
C

min
17
17
17

seg
47'
48'
49'

hemisferio
S
S
S

57.40"
04.00"
17.10"

datos

gra

min
63
63
63

2,618.9738

77.6990

20.6745

257.7016

200.6772

-0.0845457

distancia elipsoidal
azimut directo
azimut inverso
convergencia de meridianos

0.0608

952.5151

2,247.3910

77.7016

-0.1501493

257.6990

179.8498

0.0845

0.1063

distancia elipsoidal
azimut directo
azimut inverso
convergencia de meridianos

952.5151

hemisferio
W
W
W

distancia elipsoidal
azimut directo
azimut inverso
convergencia de meridianos

longitud
seg
10'
50.20"
11'
21.80"
11'
21.60"

2,618.9738

2,247.3910

20.6772

-0.1501663

200.6745

179.8499

-0.0608

-0.1062887

CALCULO DE LOS ANGULOS INTERNOS ESFERICOS DEL TRIANGULO GEODESICO


azimut directo
B

SW

SW

A 77.6990

20.6745

accion

Ae

A plano seno Aplano

57.0244227291884000

57.02442

57.0244

0.8389026

SE
0.1501

102.148

102.14822

102.1482

0.9776065

B
NW
0.1502

20.827

20.82736

20.8274
180.0000

0.3555534

NE

B 77.7016
A
NE
C 20.6772

180.00000

exceso :

opuesto
corregido

opuesto
original

2,247.3910

2,247.3910

USUARIO:
2,618.9738

2,618.9738

952.5151

952.5151

0.000001 grados
0.005335 segundos

CALCULO DEL EXCESO ESFERICO SEGN EL TEOREMA DE LEGENDRE


latitud media =
-17.8073 grados
seno latitud media =
-0.3058
radio medio de curvatura en el CG del triangulo =

### metros
0.000000 radianes
0.000001 grados
0.005335 segundos

area del triangulo plano en radianes =

CALCULO DE LOS ANGULOS ESFERICOS MEDIANTE LA TRIGONOMETRIA ESFERICA


opuesto
corregido

radio medio

lado/radio

seno

coseno

cos Ae

Ae rad

Ae gra

2,247.39

6,360,734.65

0.00035

0.00035

1.00000

0.54428

0.99526

57.02442

2,618.97

6,360,734.65

0.00041

0.00041

1.00000

-0.21044

1.78282

102.14822

952.52

6,360,734.65

0.00015

0.00015

1.00000

0.93466

0.36351

20.82736

180.00000

cosa = cosbcosc+ sinbsinccosAe

exceso esferico =

0.000002 gra
0.005645 seg

C
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

Inverse Geodetic Problem - Vicenty's Equations


Ellipsoidal parameters

a
1/f

WGS 84
GIVEN VALUES
First station name
Latitude of first point
Longitude of first point
Second station name
Latitude of second point
Longitude of second point

A
17
63
B
17
63

6,378,137.0
298.257222101

47'
10'

57.40000"
50.20000"

Color key
User Input
Results
Hemisphere
S
W

48'
11'

04.00000"
21.80000"

S
W

RESULTS
Ellipsoidal distance, s
12

952.515 m

77
41'
56.228"
21
17
257
42'
05.888"
18 Enter in the defining ellipsoidal parameters in appropriate cells,
19
then enter the geodetic positions (f, l).
20 The resulting ellipsoidal distance in meters, forward azimuth, back azimuth will be computed.
21
22 direccion primer punto al segundo punto
SW
23
24
convergencia
de meridianos :
-0.0845 grados
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46

S
W

###

###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###

C
47

C
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

Inverse Geodetic Problem - Vicenty's Equations


Ellipsoidal parameters

a
1/f

WGS 84
GIVEN VALUES
First station name
Latitude of first point
Longitude of first point
Second station name
Latitude of second point
Longitude of second point

A
17
63
C
17
63

6,378,137.0
298.257222101

47'
10'

57.40000"
50.20000"

Color key
User Input
Results
Hemisphere
S
W

49'
11'

17.10000"
21.60000"

S
W

RESULTS
Ellipsoidal distance, s
12

2,618.974 m

20
40'
28.307"
21
17
200
40'
37.911"
18 Enter in the defining ellipsoidal parameters in appropriate cells,
19
then enter the geodetic positions (f, l).
20 The resulting ellipsoidal distance in meters, forward azimuth, back azimuth will be computed.
21
22 direccion primer punto al segundo punto
SW
25
26
convergencia
de meridianos :
0.06084 grados
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47

S
W

###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###

C
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

Inverse Geodetic Problem - Vicenty's Equations


Ellipsoidal parameters

a
1/f

WGS 84
GIVEN VALUES
First station name
Latitude of first point
Longitude of first point
Second station name
Latitude of second point
Longitude of second point

B
17
63
A
17
63

6,378,137.0
298.257222101

48'
11'

04.00000"
21.80000"

Color key
User Input
Results
Hemisphere
S
W

47'
10'

57.40000"
50.20000"

S
W

RESULTS
Ellipsoidal distance, s
12

952.515 m

77
42'
05.888"
21
17
257
41'
56.228"
18 Enter in the defining ellipsoidal parameters in appropriate cells,
19
then enter the geodetic positions (f, l).
20 The resulting ellipsoidal distance in meters, forward azimuth, back azimuth will be computed.
21
22 direccion primer punto al segundo punto
NE
23
24
convergencia
de meridianos :
0.0845 grados
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46

N
E

###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###

C
47

C
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

Inverse Geodetic Problem - Vicenty's Equations


Ellipsoidal parameters

a
1/f

WGS 84
GIVEN VALUES
First station name
Latitude of first point
Longitude of first point
Second station name
Latitude of second point
Longitude of second point

B
17
63
C
17
63

6,378,137.0
298.257222101

48'
11'

04.00000"
21.80000"

Color key
User Input
Results
Hemisphere
S
W

49'
11'

17.10000"
21.60000"

S
W

RESULTS
Ellipsoidal distance, s
12

2,247.391 m

0
09'
00.537"
21
17
179
50'
59.401"
18 Enter in the defining ellipsoidal parameters in appropriate cells,
19
then enter the geodetic positions (f, l).
20 The resulting ellipsoidal distance in meters, forward azimuth, back azimuth will be computed.
21
22 direccion primer punto al segundo punto
SE
23
24
convergencia
de meridianos :
0.10629 grados
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46

S
W

###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###

C
47

C
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

Inverse Geodetic Problem - Vicenty's Equations


Ellipsoidal parameters

a
1/f

WGS 84
GIVEN VALUES
First station name
Latitude of first point
Longitude of first point
Second station name
Latitude of second point
Longitude of second point

C
17
63
A
17
63

6,378,137.0
298.257222101

49'
11'

17.10000"
21.60000"

Color key
User Input
Results
Hemisphere
S
W

47'
10'

57.40000"
50.20000"

S
W

RESULTS
Ellipsoidal distance, s
12

2,618.974 m

20
40'
37.911"
21
17
200
40'
28.307"
18 Enter in the defining ellipsoidal parameters in appropriate cells,
19
then enter the geodetic positions (f, l).
20 The resulting ellipsoidal distance in meters, forward azimuth, back azimuth will be computed.
21
22 direccion primer punto al segundo punto
NE
23
24
convergencia
de meridianos :
-0.0608 grados
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46

N
E

###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###

C
47

C
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

Inverse Geodetic Problem - Vicenty's Equations


Ellipsoidal parameters

a
1/f

WGS 84
GIVEN VALUES
First station name
Latitude of first point
Longitude of first point
Second station name
Latitude of second point
Longitude of second point

C
17
63
B
17
63

6,378,137.0
298.257222101

49'
11'

17.10000"
21.60000"

Color key
User Input
Results
Hemisphere
S
W

48'
11'

04.00000"
21.80000"

S
W

RESULTS
Ellipsoidal distance, s
12

2,247.391 m

0
09'
00.599"
21
17
179
50'
59.463"
18 Enter in the defining ellipsoidal parameters in appropriate cells,
19
then enter the geodetic positions (f, l).
20 The resulting ellipsoidal distance in meters, forward azimuth, back azimuth will be computed.
21
22 direccion primer punto al segundo punto
NW
23
24
convergencia
de meridianos :
-0.1063 grados
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46

N
W

###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###

C
47

A
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

w = (2 - 1)* seno ((2 + 1)/2)

A
B
C

gra
17
10
10

min
47'
10'
10'

latitud
seg
57.40"
50.00"
45.00"

hemisferio gra
S
60
S
60
S
61

(2 + 1)

14

-27.9798

-27.9784

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

B
C

-27.9798
-27.9784 -20.3597

-20.3597

w
A
B
C

B
-0.08455

0.08455
-0.06084

C
0.06084
0.10629

-0.10629

hemisferio latitud
-17.79928
W
-10.18056
W
-10.17917
W

seno ((2 + 1)/2)


C

15

longitud
min
seg
45'
25.00"
24'
26.00"
00'
31.00"

B
-0.2418

-0.2418
-0.2417

(2 - 1)
A

-0.2417
-0.1767

-0.1767

longitud
-60.75694
-60.40722
-61.00861

B
0.3497

-0.3497
0.2517

C
-0.2517
-0.6014

0.6014

la convergencia es negativa para el hemisferio ESTE


la convergencia es positiva para el hemisferio OESTE

ley de cosenos :

cosa = cosbcosc+ sinbsinccosAe


a:
b:
c:

lado expresado en radianes


lado expresado en radianes
lado expresado en radianes

lado A -lado

SE

SW

suma

180-suma

suma

resta

SE

180-suma

SW

180-angulo
mayorangulo
menor

180-angulo
mayorangulo
menor

180-angulo
mayorangulo
menor

180-angulo
mayorangulo
menor

NE
NW

NE
resta

NW

180-suma

180-suma

resta

suma

suma

resta