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Shell Lubricants Product Data Guide

Australian and New Zealand Edition

Shell Lubricants Product Data Guide


Australian and New Zealand Edition

Disclaimer This Product Data Guide provides a summary of Shells main lubricant grades. The information is of a general nature and is not intended to provide comprehensive advice nor specied advice on product applications in individual circumstances. To the extent permitted by law, The Shell Company of Australia Limited and Shell New Zealand Limited exclude all liability for any loss or damage which arises (whether on the basis of negligence or otherwise) as a result of reliance on the contents of this Guide. For specic advice, please contact the Shell Technical Advice Centre. The information (including OEM accreditations/approvals) is current as at the time of printing, however, this Guide may reect upcoming changes to Shells product range and associated pack changes. Accordingly, the products listed may not yet be available or they may not be available in the listed size or volume. Further information on the listed products or specialist products not listed may be obtained from the Shell Technical Advice Centre. Ph/Fax: 1300 134 205 This Guide is not an offer to supply product or services. Please contact The Shell Company of Australia Limited on 13 16 18 or Shell New Zealand Limited on 0800 474 355 if you wish to request supply of products or services. Terms and conditions apply.

Shell Lubricants Product Data Guide

GREASES
INDUSTRIAL GREASES
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Shell Alvania Grease RL are general purpose industrial greases based on a new lithium hydroxystearate soap thickener fortied with anti-oxidant, anti-wear and anti-rust additives.

MAIN APPLICATIONS
Rolling element and plain grease lubricated bearings. Electric motor bearings. Sealed-for-life bearings. Water pump bearings. Shell Alvania Greases RL may be used under a wide range of operating conditions. They offer very signicant advantages over conventional lithium greases at high temperature or in the presence of water.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
NLGI Classication Soap Base 2&3 Lithium

Shell Alvania RL
2 3

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C) 100 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 10.2 cSt Operating Temperature Range -30 to +130

Shell Alvania EP (LF)


00 0 1 2

Shell Alvania Greases EP (LF) offer the excellent performance expected of the worlds leading brand of grease. They are premier quality, multipurpose, extreme-pressure industrial greases based on a blend of high viscosity index mineral oils and a lithium hydroxystreate soap thickener and contain lead free extreme-pressure and other proven additives. Shell Alvania Greases EP (LF) are designed for the grease lubrication of rolling element and plain bearings such as those found in the steel, paper, mining, quarrying and construction industries.

Shell Alvania EP 0 & 00 are specically designed for: Steel mill lubrication where a softer grease is necessary for specialised dispensing systems. Heavy-duty plain and rolling element bearings operating under severe conditions including shock loading in wet environments. Gearbox applications where semiuid greases are required. Shell Alvania EP1 is for: Heavy-duty bearings served by centralised dispensing equipment. Extreme-pressure gear grease for applications at normal ambient temperature. Heavy-duty plain and rolling element bearings operating under severe conditions including shock loading in wet environments.

NLGI Classication Soap Base

00, 0, 1&2 Lithium

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 189 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 15.6 cSt Operating Temperature Range -20 to +120 Meet the British Timken specication for Steel Mill applications.

GREASES Shell Lubricants Product Data Guide

Low temperature greasing applications. Shell Alvania EP2 is for: Heavy-duty bearings and general industrial lubrication.n Heavy-duty plain and rolling element bearings operating under severe conditions including shock loading in wet environments. Operation over the temperature range -20C to 100C for bearings operating at 75% of the maximum rated speed (Can withstand up to 120C intermittently).

GREASES
INDUSTRIAL GREASES (continued)
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Shell Alvania Grease HD 2 is a general-purpose industrial grease for use at medium operating temperatures. Shell Alvania Grease HD 2 is based on high viscosity index mineral oil and a mixed lithium/calcium soap thickener and contains lead-free extreme-pressure additives as well as anti-oxidation, anti-wear, anti-corrosion and adhesive additives, to ensure excellent performance, even under vibrating conditions.

MAIN APPLICATIONS
General purpose industrial applications, especially where extreme vibrating conditions are experienced.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
NLGI Classication Soap Base 2 Lithium Calcium

Shell Alvania HD2

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 200 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 18.0 cSt Operating Temperature Range -15 to +130

Shell Alvania HDX


00 AUST ONLY

Shell Alvania Grease HDX 00 is a premium quality, extreme-pressure semiuid industrial grease based on a blend of high viscosity index mineral oils and a lithium calcium mixed soap thickener. It contains lead free extreme-pressure additives and molybdenum disulphide.

Heavy-duty bearings served by centralized dispensing equipment. Industrial gears that require a semi uid extreme-pressure grease for applications at normal ambient temperature. Heavy-duty plain and rolling element bearings operating under severe conditions including shock loading in wet environments. Shell Alvania Grease SDX2 is recommended for the lubrication of severe duty applications even in damp and hostile conditions including: Heavy earth-moving pins and bushes. Turntables. Slow moving industrial journal and rolling element bearings. This grease is particularly suited where ingoff, water and vibration are problems and heavy shock loads are experienced. This grease is not recommended for high-speed bearings. Shell Albida Grease EP is used for the grease lubrication of heavy-duty bearings such as those used in machinery found in the following industries: Continuous casting. Vibrating sieves. Quarries. Breakers. Roller conveyors.

NLGI Classication Soap Base

00 Lithium/ Calcium

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 460 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 31.0 cSt Operating Temperature Range -15 to +100

Shell Alvania SDX 2

Shell Alvania Grease SDX2 is a super high performance grease for the lubrication of industrial bearings subjected to the most arduous conditions. It is based on heavy-duty semi synthetic base oils and a mixed lithium/calcium soap thickener. It contains extremepressure, anti-wear, anti-corrosion and adhesion additives. The addition of molybdenum disulphide provides additional resistance to shock loading.

NLGI Classication Soap Base

2 Lithium/ Calcium

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 800 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 55.0 cSt Operating Temperature Range 0 to +130

GREASES

Shell Albida EP
1 AUST ONLY 2

Shell Albida Grease EP is a high performance multi-purpose grease for industrial applications. It is based on high viscosity index mineral oil and a lithium complex soap thickener. It contains the latest additives to offer excellent high temperature oxidation performance and enhance its extreme pressure, anti-wear and anti-corrosion properties. Shell Albida Grease EP is especially suitable for heavy-duty bearings operating at high temperature and under severe load.

NLGI Classication Soap Base

1&2 Lithium Complex

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 205 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 18.2 cSt Operating Temperature Range -15 to +150

Shell Lubricants Product Data Guide

GREASES
INDUSTRIAL GREASES (continued)
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Shell Albida Grease HD 2 is a high performance, high temperature grease for heavy-duty industrial applications. This product is based on high viscosity index mineral oil and a lithium complex soap thickener and contains the latest additives to offer excellent high temperature oxidation performance and other additives to enhance its anti-oxidation, anti-wear and anti-corrosion properties. Shell Albida Greases HD 2 is especially suitable for slow moving, heavy-duty bearings operating at high temperature and under severe load.

MAIN APPLICATIONS
Shell Albida Grease HD 2 is used for the grease lubrication of heavy-duty, slow moving bearings used in heavy industries, such as: Steel (continuous casters, workroll bearings, etc.). Cement. Paper. Chemical Industry. Mining.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
NLGI Classication Soap Base 2 Lithium Complex

Shell Albida Grease HD 2


AUST ONLY

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 460 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 32.0 cSt Operating Temperature Range -20 to +150

Shell Rhodina EP (LF) 2


High performance, moderate temperature, extreme pressure grease AUST ONLY

Shell Rhodina Greases EP(LF) are smooth textured, calcium based greases for undemanding industrial and marine applications at moderate temperatures requiring extreme pressure performance.

Plain bearings working under arduous conditions in the presence of water. Shell Rhodina Greases EP (LF) are not recommended for rolling element bearings. Stern Tube Bearings, Cranes, Davits, Winches, Windlass. Low or Medium duty open gearing. Wire ropes in general use.

NLGI Classication Soap Base

2 Calcium

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 315 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 16.0 cSt Operating Temperature Range -10 to +60

Shell Rhodina BBZ


High performance, part- synthetic grease, for bearings subject to fretting and false brinelling.

Shell Rhodina Grease BBZ is specically designed for high demanding outdoor applications, in particular when protection against false brinelling and fretting corrosion is required even at very low temperatures.

Rhodina Grease BBZ is designed for lubrication of specic bearings in windturbines (e.g. blade bearings) and other similar applications. Protection against fretting corrosion, moisture corrosion and false brinelling is provided. Rhodina Grease BBZ can also be used in bearings operating at very low temperatures. e.g. under artic conditions.

NLGI Classication Soap Base

1.5 Calcium

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 13 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 3 cSt Operating Temperature Range -55 to +100

Shell Albida HDX 2


Top quality, high temperature, severe duty grease

High performance lithium complex, high temperature (150C), and long life extreme pressure grease. Contains 3% molybdenum disulphide. Multipurpose industrial use including high temperature applications for highly loaded larger bearing and nonbearing applications. Shell Albida Greases MDX are very high performance heavy-duty greases designed for use in a wide range of industrial and mining applications. They are based on a high viscosity index mineral oil and lithium complex soap thickener. They contains selected additives to offer excellent high temperature oxidation performance and enhanced extreme pressure, anti-wear and anticorrosion properties. They also contain 5% molybdenum disulphide to provide additional resistance to shock loading.

Shell Albida Grease HDX2 is used for the grease lubrication of heavy-duty, slow moving bearings subject to shock loads found in the following industries: Mining. Steel. Shell Albida Greases MDX are used for the lubrication of shock loaded, heavy-duty slow moving bearings and non-bearing applications, such as those found in large mobile mining equipment. Albida MDX greases are available as NLGI 2 grease and also as an NLGI 1 version where a more pump-able grease is required.

NLGI Classication Soap Base

2 Lithium Complex

GREASES

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 460 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 32.0 cSt Operating Temperature Range -20 to +150 NLGI Classication Soap Base 1&2 Lithium Complex

Shell Albida MDX


1 2 AUST ONLY

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 460 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 24.0 cSt Operating Temperature Range -15 to +150

Shell Lubricants Product Data Guide

GREASES
INDUSTRIAL GREASES (continued)
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Shell Albida GC1 is a lithium polyethylene complex grease based on mineral oils, containing antioxidants, rust inhibitors, extreme pressure and antiwear additives. The grease has a unique design that resists separation during extreme centripetal accelerations. While conventional products separate rapidly in high-speed gear couplings resulting in severe oil leakage, the structure and composition of Shell Albida GC1 remains intact at accelerations up to 36.000 G. Additionally the product has an excellent load carrying ability and excellent rust preventing properties.

MAIN APPLICATIONS
Flexible gear couplings operating at speeds from 300 rpm and up.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
NLGI Classication Soap Base 1 Lithium Complex

Shell Albida GC1


AUST ONLY

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 630 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 31.0 cSt Operating Temperature Range -10 to +120

Shell Darina R 2

Shell Darina Grease R based on an inorganic non-soap thickener and a specially selected base oil, will provide satisfactory lubrication beyond the temperature limitations of lithium based greases. The base oil component in Shell Darina Grease R is a high quality, solvent rened, high viscosity mineral oil with excellent oxidation and evaporation resistance. Oxidation stability is also improved by the addition of a special high temperature oxidation inhibitor.

Recommended for use in bearings operating in the temperature range -10C to 180C. Shell Darina Grease R 2 gives good service life in many applications where expensive synthetic or silicone lubricants would otherwise be considered. The special high viscosity base oil in Shell Darina Grease R 2 makes it particularly suitable for the grease lubrication of heavily loaded slow speed bearings. With caution, Shell Darina Grease R 2 may be used at temperatures in excess of 200C, but only so long as the Re-lubrication period is suitably adjusted.

NLGI Classication Soap Base

2 Inorganic (clay)

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 492 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 32 cSt Operating Temperature Range -10 to +180

GREASES Shell Lubricants Product Data Guide

GREASES
HIGH TEMPERATURE GREASES
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
A high performance, high temperature (180C), extreme pressure, high base oil viscosity, polyurea grease. Long life and outstanding wear protection. For use in low to medium speed, heavy-duty, high temperature, industrial bearings, especially found in the steel and paper industries.

MAIN APPLICATIONS
Steel, Paper, Aluminium, Chemical. Heavy-duty slow moving plain and rolling element bearings operating in the severe environments, especially when semi or fully sealed for life: Concaster bearings. Paper mill bearings (dry end). Shell Stamina HDS is recommended when low and high temperature performance is key.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
NLGI Classication Soap Base 1.5 Diurea

Shell Stamina HDS


Ultimate performance heavy-duty synthetic diurea grease

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 470 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 47 cSt Operating Temperature Range -40 to +100

Shell Stamina RL2

Shell Stamina RL2 is an advanced high technology grease designed to give superior performance for grease lubrication in industrial bearings. It is based on highly rened mineral oils with a special diurea thickener to give long life, low wear and shear stable properties at high temperatures.

Shell Stamina RL2 is particularly recommended for use in high temperature (180C continuous, 190C peak), lightly loaded industrial bearings. It is recommended for use where long operational life and extended regreasing intervals are important considerations. Shell Stamina RL2 is especially suited for use in rolling bearings, particularly under higher temperatures such as in: Electric motors. Generators and alternators. Fans. Pumps. Conveyors. Roll neck bearings of continuous casting equipment and rolling mills in the steel industry. Sealed for life bearings.

NLGI Classication Soap Base

2 Poly Urea

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 148 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 14.8 cSt Operating Temperature Range -20 to +180

Shell Stamina EP2


GREASES

Shell Stamina EP2 is an advanced high technology extreme pressure grease designed to give superior performance, especially in bearings operating at high temperatures and under severe load. It is based on highly rened mineral oils with a special diurea thickener to give long life, low wear and shear stable properties especially at high temperatures.

Shell Stamina EP2 is particularly recommended for the lubrication of heavy-duty bearings especially: Conveyor bearings and bushes. Continuous casting and slipper type couplings. Roll bearings. Drier cylinders, felt rolls and machine hood bearings. Vibrating sieves.

NLGI Classication Soap Base

2 Poly Urea

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 220 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 15.8 cSt Operating Temperature Range -20 to +180

Shell Lubricants Product Data Guide

GREASES
DRILL GREASE/STORAGE AND THREAD COMPOUNDS
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Shell Malleus Grease STC are storage and thread compounds, meeting the requirements of the DEA 47(E) Committee for use as green dopes. These greases are based on highly rened mineral oils, with a calcium soap thickener contains graphite and suitable additives to provide excellent corrosion protection, prevent galling of threads and ensure consistent make/break torques.

MAIN APPLICATIONS
Thread compounds for use with rotary-shouldered connectors.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
NLGI Classication Soap Base 1&2 Calcium

Shell Malleus STC 2

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 120 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 11.0 cSt Operating Temperature Range -20 to +60

KILN SEAL GREASE


PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Shell Kiln Seal TI is a premium grade lithium complex based sealant formulated specically for the mineral sands industry. It is formulated to withstand the high temperatures experienced in the rotary kilns mechanical seals yet provide an effective seal under heavy loads.

MAIN APPLICATIONS
Rotary kiln mechanical seals

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
NLGI Classication Soap Base 0.5 Lithium Complex

Shell Kiln Seal TI


AUST ONLY

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 150 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 14.5 cSt Operating Temperature Range -15 to +150

RAILROAD GREASES
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Shell Alvania EP D is a long-life railroad grease with extreme pressure additives to provide higher load carrying capacity.

MAIN APPLICATIONS
The Association of American Railways (AAR) have developed a grease specication AAR M-942 (Revised 1992), designed to eliminate eld lubrication, so that they only have to grease bearings when rail cars are brought to the shop for wheel repair. This practice requires a grease capable of performing in the bearings for hundreds of thousands of kilometres or up to 10 years, without the need for re-lubrication. Shell Alvania EP D is specically designed as a long life railway bearing grease meeting the above AAR requirements. Railway axle box bearings

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
NLGI Classication Soap Base 1.5 Lithium/ Calcium

Shell Alvania EP D
AUST ONLY

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 173 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 16.0 cSt Operating Temperature Range -10 to +120

Association of American Railroads AAR M - 942 (REVISED 1992) NSW SRA L343-84

GREASES

Shell Alvania D
AUST ONLY

Shell Alvania D is a high performance long life railway grease primarily intended for the newer package type axle bearings with elastomer seals.

NLGI Classication Soap Base

1.5 Lithium/ Calcium

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 180 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 15.4 cSt Operating Temperature Range -20 to +130 Association of American Railroads (AAR) M-942-88 NSW SRA L.343-84

Shell Cyprina RA

Shell Cyprina RA is an NLGI grade 3 lithium soap grease specically designed for use in diesel electric locomotive traction motor bearing lubrication. Shell Cyprina RA is approved by both EMD and General Electric. The unique properties of Cyprina RA also make it suitable for use in pre-packed antifriction bearings intended for lifetime service without re-lubricating.

Diesel electric locomotive traction motor bearings. Pre-packed and sealed bearings.

NLGI Classication Soap Base

3 Lithium

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 98 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 9.4 cSt Operating Temperature Range -20 to +120

Shell Lubricants Product Data Guide

GREASES
WORM DRIVE GEARBOXES
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Shell Tivela GL is a synthetic, semi-uid gear lubricant developed to meet the highest requirements of industrial gearboxes allowing long life trouble free operation.

MAIN APPLICATIONS
Small industrial gear units. Worm gears the low steel/tinbronze frictional characteristics of Shell Tivela GL 00 make it particularly suitable for worm gears having this combination of alloys. Paints High quality red lead or epoxy resin paints are recommended for use in contact with Shell Tivela GL 00, as the synthetic polyglycol component will tend to attack certain conventional paints. Seals Shell Tivela GL 00 may be used satisfactorily with all normal seal materials. Leather seals are not recommended as the natural fats tend to be removed, leaving the seals thin and brittle.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
NLGI Classication Soap Base 00 Lithium

Shell Tivela GL 00

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 142 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 23 cSt Operating Temperature Range -30 to +130

BIODEGRADABLE
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Shell Naturelle Grease EP 2 is a biodegradeable grease for use in applications where environmental acceptability is required. This grease is base upon a lithium hydroxystearate soap thickener, is free from lead and sodium nitrite and is fortied with extreme pressure, anti-oxidant, antiwear and anti-rust additives.

MAIN APPLICATIONS
Heavy-duty bearings and general industrial lubrication. Heavy-duty plain and rolling element bearings operating under severe conditions including shock loading in wet environments. Operation over the temperature range -20C to 100C for bearings operating at 75% of the maximum rated speed (can withstand up to 120C intermittently).

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
NLGI Classication Soap Base 2 Lithium

Shell Naturelle Grease EP 2


Biodegradeable grease for use in a wide range of Industrial applications AUST ONLY

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 120 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 8.0 cSt Operating Temperature Range -40 to +120 Biodegradable to latest CEC standards.

GREASES Shell Lubricants Product Data Guide

GREASES
TRANSPORT GREASES
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Shell Retinax Grease LX are very high performance, lead free, lithium complex, extreme pressure greases developed, primarily, for the lubrication of automotive wheel bearings subjected to high temperatures.

MAIN APPLICATIONS
Automotive wheel bearings It is particularly effective in automotive wheel bearings subjected to high temperatures and load caused by repeated or high speed braking especially on disc brakes. General Automotive application Suitable as a multi functional lubricant for cars, trucks, buses etc. such as in wheel units, chassis lubrication and water pumps. Shell Retinax LX3 (the problem solver) is especially suited to difcult Commercial Road Transport applications e.g. larger or more.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
NLGI Classication Soap Base 2&3 Lithium Complex

Shell Retinax LX
2 3

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 160 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 15.5 cSt Operating Temperature Range -20 to +150 Approved by British Timken SKF Leyland Bus Exceeds Specication GX

Shell Retinax HDX 2

Shell Retinax Grease HDX2 is a very high performance grease for automotive applications subjected to the most arduous conditions. Shell Retinax Grease HDX2 is based on high viscosity index mineral oil and a mixed lithium/calcium soap thickener and contains extreme-pressure, antioxidation, anti-wear, anticorrosion and adhesion additives. It also contains 3% molybdenum disulphide to provide additional resistance to shock loading.

Shell Retinax HDX2 is recommended for the lubrication of shock loaded heavy-duty bearings and non-bearing applications working in damp hostile conditions. Particularly suited for use in off-highway applications and for the lubrication of fth wheels.

NLGI Classication Soap Base

2 Lithium/ Calcium

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C205 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 17.9 cSt Operating Temperature Range -10 to +130 Caterpillar: Meets requirements Volvo: Meets requirements

Shell Retinax HD 2
AUST ONLY

Shell Retinax Grease HD2 is a very high performance automotive grease for commercial road transport and off-highway applications where guaranteed protection is required. Shell Retinax Grease HD2 is based on high viscosity index mineral oil and a mixed lithium/calcium soap thickener and contains lead free extreme pressure additives. It is also fortied with anti-oxidation, anti-wear, anti-corrosion and adhesion agents to ensure excellent performance.

Automotive wheel bearings for commercial road transport and off-highway applications where operating conditions are severe. Shell Retinax HD2 is intended for use under low to moderate temperature conditions.

NLGI Classication Soap Base

2 Lithium/ Calcium

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 205 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 17.9 cSt Operating Temperature Range -15 to +130

GREASES

Shell Retinax SD 2

Shell Retinax Grease SD2 is a super high performance automotive grease for commercial road transport and agricultural applications where guaranteed protection is required. Shell Retinax Grease SD2 is based on high viscosity index semi-synthetic base oils and a mixed lithium/calcium soap thickener and contains lead free extreme pressure additives. It is also fortied with anti-oxidation, anti-wear, anti-corrosion and adhesion agents to ensure excellent performance.

Shell Retinax SD2 is recommended for the lubrication of severe duty applications even in damp and hostile conditions including: Linkages. Pins. Bushes. Chassis points. Low to medium speed bearings. This grease is particularly suited to commercial road transport and agricultural applications where ing-off, water and vibration are problems. This grease is not recommended for high-speed bearings.

NLGI Classication Soap Base

2 Lithium/ Calcium

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 680 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 55 cSt Operating Temperature Range 0 to +130

Shell Lubricants Product Data Guide

GREASES
TRANSPORT GREASES (continued)
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Shell Retinax Grease EPX2 is designed for use in automotive applications subjected to severe operating conditions. It is based on high viscosity index mineral oil and a lithium soap thickener and contains extreme-pressure, anti-wear and anti-corrosion additives. Shell Retinax Grease EPX2 also contains molybdenum disulphide to enhance its resistance to shock loading. Shell Retinax Grease EP2 is a multipurpose, extreme pressure grease based on highly rened mineral oil and carefully selected additives to enhance its effectiveness in a wide range of automotive applications.

MAIN APPLICATIONS
Shell Retinax EPX2 is recommended for the lubrication of shock loaded heavy-duty bearings. Can be used for off-highway applications and for the lubrication of fth wheels.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
NLGI Classication Soap Base 2 Lithium

Shell Retinax EPX 2


AUST ONLY

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 160 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 15.5 cSt Operating Temperature Range -20 to +110

Shell Retinax EP 2

Automotive wheel bearings (Taper and rolling). (Use Shell Retinax LX2 for high temperature applications). Chassis points. Universal joints. Water pump bearings. Generator bearings. Cables and throttle linkages. King-pin front suspension joints. Spring shackles. Steering and transmission joints.

NLGI Classication Soap Base

2 Lithium

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 160 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 15.5 cSt Operating Temperature Range -20 to +120

Shell Retinax CS
00

Shell Retinax Greases CS are automotive greases for centralised chassis lubrication systems. They are based on highly rened mineral oil, mild extreme-pressure and other carefully selected additives to provide excellent protection in all conditions. Shell CVJ-Poly Grease is a super high performance and high temperature grease designed for use in Constant Velocity Joints (CVJ). It is based on high viscosity index mineral oil and polyurea thickener. It contains the latest additives to offer excellent high temperature oxidation performance and enhance its extreme pressure, antiwear and anti-corrosion properties.

Centralised chassis lubrication systems on trucks and buses.

NLGI Classication Soap Base

0 Lithium

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 180 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 18 cSt Operating Temperature Range -30 to +100 Shell CVJ-Poly Grease is used for the lubrication of constant velocity joints (CVJ). The severity of duty experienced by lubricants in CVJs demands a superior performance grease, that is capable of maintaining maximum efciency and protection over a very long service life. Shell CVJ-Poly Grease is formulated to exceed the demanding requirements of CVJs and to minimise noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) giving a smoother feel to the driver. SUFFIX 2 NLGI Classication Soap Base 1.5 Polyurea

Shell CVJ-Poly
AUST ONLY

Base Oil Viscosity @ 40C 150 cSt Base Oil Viscosity @ 100C 14.8 cSt Operating Temperature Range -15 to +160

GREASES
GREASE SUFFIXES CD CS EP GL HD HT HV JB LT LX RL SD STC TC WR = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =

SUFFIX 1

Chassis Lubrication (Only use if additional attributes are to be highlighted) eg. Centralised System Extreme Pressure Q = Quite (low noise) Gear Lubricant S = Synthetic Heavy-duty X = 3% moly High Temperature High Velocity To get the best from your grease we recommend that it is stored in a cool, dry Journal Bearing environment and that you ensure the cap is securely replaced on the cartridge, Low Temperature pail or drum after use. Lithium Complex (high temperature) Regular Load Shell does not recommend the mixing of greases. If replacing a grease Severe Duty with a different grade, always purge the old grease from the bearing Storage & Thread Compound or application point rst. Thread Compound Water Resistant

Shell Lubricants Product Data Guide

GREASES
FOOD GRADE GREASES
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Shell Cassida Grease EPS are very high performance extreme pressure lubricants specially blended for the grease lubrication of machinery used in food and beverage processing and packaging industry. They are based on an aluminium complex thickener, synthetic uids and selected additives chosen for their ability to meet the stringent requirements of the food industry.

MAIN APPLICATIONS
Shell Cassida Grease EPS 00. Enclosed industrial gearboxes. Automatic, centralised lubrication systems. Shell Cassida Grease EPS 1. Plain and rolling element bearings. Enclosed industrial gearboxes. Automatic, centralised lubrication systems. Shell Cassida Grease EPS 2. Rolling element and plain bearings. Joints, linkages and slides. Recommended for a wide range of applications including: clay and roller element bearings. Shell Cassida Grease EPS may also be used as protective anti-rust lms and as release agents on gaskets and seals of tank closures.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
NSF H1. Kosher. Halal. AQIS. SVGW (Swiss Water and Gas Authority). David Brown for use in gearboxes. Krones. Buehler Utzwil. Alfa Laval decanting machines. FMC: Shell Cassida EPS 2 for manual lubrication on can seamer 752-S and Shell Cassida EPS 00 on seamer 659.

Shell Cassida Grease EPS


00 1 2

Shell Cassida Grease RLS 2


Aerosol 400ml pack

Shell Cassida Grease RLS are specially blended for the grease lubrication of machinery used in the food industry. They are based on an aluminium complex thickener, synthetic uids and selected additives chosen for their ability to meet the stringent requirements of the food industry.

Rolling element and plain bearings. Joints and linkages open to the atmosphere.

NSF H1. Kosher. Halal. AQIS. SVGW (Swiss Water and Gas Authority). David Brown, for use in gearboxes. FMC (RLS 00) for use in Lincoln Centralised Lub. Systems in 752-S1 can seamers. FMC (RLS 1) for Lincoln Centralised Lub.

GREASES

Systems using SJ32, 33 injectors or similar Systems. Cassida RLS 00 and RLS 2 for FMC can seamers CX 52 series. Angelus (RLS 0 and 2) for use in can seamers (as indicated on label). Krones (RLS 00 and 1). Getriebebau Nord (RLS 2). Buehler Utzwil (RLS 00) for gearing and central lubrication systems. Woerner. Stork Food and Dairy Systems (RLS 2).

Shell Lubricants Product Data Guide

GREASES
FOOD GRADE GREASES (continued)
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Shell Cassida Grease HDS are very high performance heavy-duty lubricants specially blended for the grease lubrication of machinery used in food and beverage processing and packaging industry. They are based on an aluminium complex thickener, synthetic uids and selected additives chosen for their ability to meet the stringent requirements of the food industry.

MAIN APPLICATIONS
Slow and medium speed plain and rolling element bearings. Heavy loaded and shock loaded applications. Joints, linkages and slides. Overhead track systems. Shell Cassida Grease HDS may also be used as protective anti-rust lms and as release agents on gaskets and seals of tank closures.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
NSF H1 Kosher Halal AQIS SVGW (Swiss Water and Gas Authority) Krones: Shell Cassida HDS 2 Holac: Shell Cassida HDS 2 California Pellet Mill Company and Roskamp Champion for heavy-duty bearings FMC: Shell Cassida HDS 2 Stork Food and Dairy Systems Tetra-Pak: Shell Cassida HDS 2

Shell Cassida Grease HDS 2


AUST ONLY

Shell Cassida Grease HTS 2

Shell Cassida Grease HTS is a high performance high temperature lubricant specially blended for the grease lubrication of machinery used in food and beverage processing and packaging industry. It is based on a clay thickener, synthetic uids and selected additives chosen for their ability to meet the stringent requirements of the food industry. Shell Cassida Grease LTS 1 is a high performance low temperature lubricant specially blended for the grease lubrication of machinery used in food and beverage processing and packaging industry. It is based on an aluminium complex thickener, synthetic uids and selected additives chosen for their ability to meet the stringent requirements of the food industry. Registered by NSF (Class H1) for use where there is potential for incidental food contact. This product meets the guidelines (1998) of, and was previously authorized by, the US Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA FSIS) for H1 use (lubricant with incidental food contact) and listed in Miscellaneous Publication No 1419 List of Proprietary Substances and Nonfood Compounds. Product contains only substances permitted under US 21 CFR 178.3570, 178.3620 and 182 for use in lubricants with incidental food contact.

Grease lubrication where operating temperatures are up to short time peaks of 220C. Plain and rolling element bearings. Centralised automatic lubrication systems. Joints, linkages and slides.

Specications and Certicates: NSF H1 Kosher Halal Krones AQIS

Shell Cassida LTS 1


Low temperature grease for the food industry NZ ONLY

Cold storage situations with temperatures down to-50C. Plain and rolling element bearings. Centralised automatic lubrication systems. Joints, linkages and slides. Shell Cassida Grease LTS may also be used as protective anti-rust lms and as release agents on gaskets and seals of tank closures.

Specications and Certicates: NSF H1 Kosher Halal AQIS Approvals and Recommendations: Frigoscandia, Grease K and M applications in FRIGoDRIVE systems. Hoegger Alpina, for use in knife head and shaft labyrinth applications. Tetra-Pak, for use in Code S) Synthetic Applications.

GREASES

* Food Grade Lubricants Shell Cassida Globally Approved Food Grade Lubricants Components approved by the US FDA for incidental contact with food Approved by NSF International as Class H1 Meets former USDA H1 requirements AQIS Lubricant Type A compliant NZ MAF classication C15 compliant Approved for use in Kosher and Halal food manufacture

Shell Lubricants Product Data Guide

GREASES
OPEN GEAR LUBRICANTS
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Shell Malleus GL products are a range of a premium quality, lead and solvent free, full EP lubricants developed for the lubrication and protection of open gears and wire ropes subjected to extremes of ambient temperature and operating conditions. They are a unique blend of high quality parafnic mineral and synthetic base oils with carefully selected additives to provide optimum performance. Its balanced formulation allows the lubricant to stay soft and pliable over long periods, thus eliminating the build-up of lubricant in the roots of the gear teeth.

MAIN APPLICATIONS
Heavily loaded open gears, particularly those found in grinding mills, kilns, shovels, draglines, ship loaders, stackers and reclaimers and excavator applications. When choosing a product to suit your ambient temperature conditions, always consult with your Shell representative for the appropriate grade.  Multi-service lubricant that can be used as the one grease (multi purpose and open gear) for the entire machine on most shovels, excavators and draglines (excluding electrical motors bearings). S  urface dressing of slow moving gears open to the atmosphere. P  lain bearings, pivot pins/bushings and articulations found in earth moving equipment. M  ooring, static and slow moving wire ropes including those intermittently immersed in salt water. W  ide variety of heavy-duty mining and industrial applications.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Shell Malleus GL has been approved by following OEMs: FLSmidth (Malleus GL 500, 400) Metso Svedala (Malleus GL 500, 400) Norberg (Malleus GL 400) Ferry Capitain (Malleus GL 500, 400) Falk (Malleus GL 400) Lincoln (All Malleus GL)

Shell Malleus GL
25 300 400 AUST ONLY 500

Shell Malleus OGM (Heavy) NGLI 0


AUST ONLY

Shell Malleus OGM (Heavy) NGLI 0 is specially formulated for use on mining Draglines and Shovels in open cut operations to perform even in hostile environments with the threat of severe dust and dirt contamination, water attack and changes in temperature. Resists drying, oxidation, and thermal decomposition, and is particularly suited to areas of high dust contamination or when typical weather conditions can cause peeling and aking of conventional lubricants from racks, pinions, sticks, gears, and circle rails.

For use on draglines, shovels, excavators and other mining equipment in the following areas: Open gears. Sticks. Circle Rail and rollers. Antifriction bearings. Bushings.

NLGI 0

GREASES

Shell Malleus Grease OGM (Extra Heavy)


NLGI 2 AUST ONLY

Shell Malleus OGM Extra Heavy is primarily designed for applications in mining equipment, shovels and draglines in open cut operations. Malleus OGM Extra Heavy is based on Aluminium Complex soap thickener dispersed in a high viscosity base oil containing enhanced extreme pressure antiwear additive technology.

For use on draglines, shovels, excavators and other mining equipment in the following areas: Open gears. Sticks. Circle Rail and rollers. Antifriction bearings. Bushings.

Shell Malleus OGM Extra Heavy is designed to meet the Liebherr and Bucyrus Open Gear Lubricant Specication (SD 4713) NLGI 2

Shell Lubricants Product Data Guide

GREASES
SHELL GREASES COMPATIBILITY CHART
Aluminium (AI)
AI AI-X Ba Ca Ca-12 Ca-X Clay Li Li/Ca Li-X Shell
Stamina

Aluminium Complex (AI-X) Barium Calcium (Ba) (Ca)

Calcium 12-hydroxy (Ca-12) Calcium Complex Clay* Lithium Lithium/Calcium Lithium Complex (Li) (Li/Ca) (Li-X) (Ca-X)

Shell Stamina Grease**

* Bentonite Hectorite Microgel ** Shell Stamina Grease has a polyurea thickener and has been tested and found compatible with Lithium, Lithium/Calcium, Aluminium Complex and Shell Retinax Ax (clay).

Good Compatibility Border Compatibility Incompatibile

GREASES

Shell Lubricants Product Data Guide

GENERAL INFORMATION
SAE VISCOSITY CLASSIFICATIONS
(Society of Automotive Engineers)
1

SAE VISCOSITY GRADE

SAE VISCOSITY GRADES FOR ENGINE OILS (SAE J300 December 1999) VISCOSITY (cP) AT TEMP (C), MAX. VISCOSITY4 (cSt) AT 100C CRANKING2 PUMPING3 MIN. MAX.

HIGH-SHEAR VISCOSITY5 (cP) AT 150C AND 10 SEC-1, MIN.

0W 5W 10W 15W 20W 25W 20W 30W 40W 40W 50W 60W
1

6200 at -35 6600 at -30 7000 at -25 7000 at -20 9500 at -15 13000 at -10

60,000 60,000 60,000 60,000 60,000 60,000


4 5 6 7

at at at at at at

-40 -35 -30 -25 -20 -15

3.8 3.8 4.1 5.6 5.6 9.3 5.6 9.3 12.5 12.5 16.3 21.9

<9.3 <12.5 <16.3 <16.3 <21.9 <26.1

2.6 2.9 2.96 3.77 3.7 3.7

All values are critical specifications as defined by ASTM D3244. 2 ASTM D5293. 3 ASTM D4684. Note that the presence of any yield stress detectable by this method constitutes a failure regardless of viscosity. 1 cP = 1 mPas. 1 cSt = 1 mm2/s.

ASTM D445. ASTM D4683, CEC L-36-A-90 (ASTM D4741) or ASTM DS481. OW-40, 5W-40 & 10W-40 grades. 15W-40, 20W-40, 25W-40 & 40 grades.

SAE J306 MAR85: Axle and Manual Transmission Oil Viscosity Classification
SAE VISCOSITY GRADE MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE FOR VISCOSITY OF 150 000 cP C VISCOSITY AT 100C MINIMUM MAXIMUM cSt Cst

70W 75W 80W 85W 90W 140W 250W

-55 -40 -26 -12

4.1 4.1 7.0 11.0 13.5 24.0 41.0

<24.0 <41.0

Note: 1 cP = 1 mPa.s; 1 cSt = 1mm2/s

MIL-L-2105E: Axle and Manual Transmission Oil Viscosity Classification


SAE VISCOSITY GRADE VISCOSITY AT 100C MIN. MAX. cSt cSt MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE FOR VISCOSITY OF 150 000 cP C CHANNEL POINT (C) MAX. FLASH POINT (C) MIN

GENERAL INFORMATION

75W 80W-90 85W-140

4.1 13.5 24.0

24.0 41.0

-40 -26 -12

-45 -35 -20

150 165 180

Shell Lubricants Product Data Guide

Visc

GENERAL INFORMATION
NLGI Grease Classification
GRADE NO.

Viscosit in one instrum

Kinem (National Lubricating Grease Institute)


ASTM WORKED PENETRATION AT (25C)

Redwo

Saybol

Engler

000 00 0 1 2 3 4 5 6

445/475 400/430 355/385 310/340 265/295 220/250 175/205 130/160 85/115

KINEMA

CENTISTO

ISO Viscosity Numbers


ISO Viscosity Classification The ISO viscosity classification uses centistoke (cSt) units and relates to the viscosity at 40C. It consists of a series of 18 viscosity brackets between 1.98 cSt and 1650.0 cSt each of which is defined by a number. The numbers indicate, to the nearest whole number, the mid-points of their corresponding viscosity brackets.

ISO VISCOSITY GRADE

MID-POINT VISCOSITY cSt at 40.0C

KINEMATIC VISCOSITY LIMITS cSt at 40.0C MIN. MAX.

ISO 2 ISO 3 ISO 5 ISO 7 ISO 10 ISO 15 ISO 22 ISO 32 ISO 46 ISO 68 ISO 100 ISO 150 ISO 220 ISO 320 ISO 460 ISO 680 ISO 1000 ISO 1500

2.2 3.2 4.6 6.8 10 15 22 32 46 68 100 150 220 320 460 680 1000 1500

1.98 2.88 4.14 6.12 9.00 13.50 19.80 28.80 41.40 61.20 90.00 135.00 198.00 288.00 414.00 612.00 900.00 1350.00

2.42 3.52 5.06 7.48 11.00 16.50 24.20 35.20 50.60 74.80 110.00 165.00 242.00 352.00 506.00 748.00 1100.00 1650.00

2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 7.0 7.5 8.0 8.5 9.0 9.5 10.0 10.5 11.0 11.5 12.0 12.5 13.0 13.5 14.0 14.5 15.0 15.5 16.0 16.5 17.0 17.5 18.0 18.5 19.0 19.5 20.0 20.5 21.0 21.5 22.0 22.5 23.0 23.5 24.0 24.5 25.0 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

GENERAL INFORMATION Shell Lubricants Product Data Guide

GENERAL INFORMATION
Viscosity Conversion Tables
Viscosities of lubricating oils have generally been quoted in one or other of the following terms depending on the instrument used for the viscosity determination. Kinematic Redwood 1 Saybolt Universal Engler Viscosity in centiStokes Viscosity in seconds Viscosity in seconds Viscosity in degrees (VK. cSt) (RI") (SUS") (E) A move to the use of centiStokes is well established but, for many years, it will be necessary to convert back and forth between the various units. The international standard unit for viscosity is mm2/sec being numerically identical to centiStokes. For most application purposes in industry where appreciable tolerances in viscosity limits are normal, the following table will serve for direct conversion of viscosities expressed in one form of measurement to viscosities in another form, provided always such conversions or comparisons have reference to identical temperature conditions.
SAYBOLT ENGLER DEGREES KINEMATIC CENTISTOKES REDWOOD 1 SECONDS UNIVERSAL SECONDS ENGLER DEGREES KINEMATIC CENTISTOKES REDWOOD 1 SECONDS SAYBOLT UNIVERSAL SECONDS ENGLER DEGREES

SAYBOLT KINEMATIC CENTISTOKES REDWOOD 1 SECONDS UNIVERSAL SECONDS

2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 7.0 7.5 8.0 8.5 9.0 9.5 10.0 10.5 11.0 11.5 12.0 12.5 13.0 13.5 14.0 14.5 15.0 15.5 16.0 16.5 17.0 17.5 18.0 18.5 19.0 19.5 20.0 20.5 21.0 21.5 22.0 22.5 23.0 23.5 24.0 24.5 25.0 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

31 32 33 35 36 37 39 40 41 43 44 45 46 48 49 51 52 54 55 57 58 60 62 64 65 67 68 70 72 74 75 77 79 81 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 97 99 101 103 105 109 113 117 121 125 129 133

32.6 34.4 36.0 37.6 39.1 40.7 42.3 44.0 45.6 47.2 48.8 50.4 52.1 53.8 55.5 57.2 58.9 60.7 62.4 64.2 66.0 67.9 69.8 71.7 73.6 75.5 77.4 79.3 81.3 83.3 85.3 87.4 89.4 91.5 93.6 95.7 97.8 99.9 102.0 104.2 106.4 108.5 110.7 112.8 117.1 117.1 119.3 124.0 128.5 133.0 137.5 141.7 146.0 150.7

1.12 1.17 1.22 1.26 1.31 1.35 1.39 1.44 1.48 1.52 1.56 1.61 1.65 1.71 1.75 1.80 1.84 1.89 1.94 1.98 2.03 2.08 2.13 2.18 2.23 2.28 2.33 2.39 2.44 2.50 2.55 2.60 2.65 2.71 2.77 2.83 2.88 2.94 3.00 3.06 3.11 3.17 3.23 3.29 3.41 3.41 3.47 3.59 3.71 3.83 3.96 4.08 4.21 4.33

33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 100 102

137 141 145 149 153 157 161 165 169 173 177 181 185 189 193 197 201 205 209 213 218 222 226 230 234 238 242 246 250 254 258 262 266 271 275 279 283 287 295 303 311 319 328 336 344 352 360 369 377 385 393 401 410 418

155.2 159.7 164.3 168.8 173.3 178.0 182.4 187.0 191.5 196.0 200.5 205.0 209.8 214.5 219.0 223.7 228.3 233.0 237.5 242.2 246.8 251.5 256.0 260.7 265.3 270.0 274.7 279.2 284.0 288.5 295.6 297.7 302.4 307.0 311.7 316.3 321.0 325.5 335 344 353 363 372 381 391 400 410 419 428 438 447 456 465 475

4.46 4.58 4.71 4.84 4.96 5.10 5.22 5.35 5.48 5.61 5.74 5.87 6.00 6.13 6.26 6.38 6.51 6.64 6.77 6.90 7.04 7.17 7.30 7.43 7.56 7.69 7.82 7.95 8.04 8.18 8.31 8.45 8.58 8.72 8.85 8.98 9.11 9.24 9.51 9.77 10.03 10.30 10.56 10.82 11.09 11.35 11.62 11.88 12.14 12.41 12.67 12.94 13.20 13.46

104 106 108 110 112 114 116 118 120 122 124 126 128 130 132 134 136 138 140 142 144 146 148 150 152 154 156 158 160 164 168 172 176 180 184 188 192 196 200 204 208 212 216 220 224 228 232 236

426 435 443 451 459 467 476 484 492 500 508 517 525 533 541 549 558 566 574 582 590 599 607 615 623 631 640 648 656 672 689 705 722 738 754 771 787 804 820 836 853 869 886 902 918 935 951 968

484 493 502 511 521 530 540 549 558 567 577 586 595 605 614 623 632 642 651 658 667 677 686 695 705 714 723 732 742 760 779 797 816 834 853 871 890 908 927 946 964 983 1,001 1,020 1,038 1,057 1,075 1,094

13.73 13.99 14.26 14.52 14.78 15.05 15.31 15.58 15.84 16.10 16.37 16.63 16.90 17.16 17.42 17.69 17.95 18.22 18.48 18.74 19.01 19.27 19.54 19.80 20.06 20.33 20.59 20.86 21.12 21.65 22.18 22.70 23.23 23.76 24.29 24.82 25.34 25.87 26.40 26.93 27.46 27.98 28.51 29.04 29.57 30.10 30.62 31.15

GENERAL INFORMATION

For higher viscosities use the following factors: RI = 4.10 VK. SU = 4.635 VK. E = .132 VK.

Shell Lubricants Product Data Guide

GENERAL INFORMATION
Storage and Handling of Lubricants
When oil is stored in bulk it is probable that water or condensation will accumulate and fine dust find its way into the tanks with the result that, eventually, a layer of sludge-like material builds up at the bottom of the tanks and leads, in time, to contamination of the oil. Consequently, it is advisable to have storage tanks fitted with dished or sloping bottoms provided with drain cocks, which will enable dregs to be drawn off periodically. Where practicable, bulk storage tanks should periodically be cleaned out. Insofar as greases are concerned, the drums must, of necessity, have a large opening and, to avoid as far as possible the entry of dirt and water, it is important that the lid or cover should always be replaced firmly and securely as soon as requirements have been taken. Extremes of temperature are not good for lubricants. They should not be stored in any unduly warm place; equally, it is not wise to leave them for long periods in conditions of extreme cold. Handling Lubricants The benefits of good, clean storage can be largely nullified if a lubricant becomes contaminated in transit from the store to the machines. The containers used for transporting lubricants on a site and for the storage of small working quantities must be kept clean and should be provided with lids to prevent the entry of dust and dirt. They should be washed periodically with gasoline, care being taken to mop and dry them before using them again. Similarly, funnels and other pieces of apparatus must always be kept scrupulously clean, rags and wipers being used for this purpose. Cotton waste or woollen rags should not be used as they tend to leave behind fibres which will eventually find their way into machinery and impair the flow of oil. It is advisable to have separate, clearly marked containers of each grade of oil or grease so the contamination of one with another does not take place. Used and dirty oil should be put into special containers and stored in separate, clearly labelled receptacles unit disposed of. Every precaution must be taken to see that used lubricants are not allowed to contaminate fresh oils and greases. In general, cleanliness precautions are even more important with grease than with oil. There is always the chance that impurities in oil may sink to the bottom of the tank or container out of harms way; with grease this cannot happen and any grit or other contaminant which gets into the grease is bound to find its way into lubricators and machinery sooner or later. Grease is more susceptible than oil to the effects of temperature and temperature cyclings. High temperature or prolonged exposure to even moderately high temperatures (e.g., tropical sunshine) may cause oil to separate out with the result that the grease loses some of its lubricating properties. Petrolatum (petroleum jelly) and certain types of grease can be made liquid by heating and, on cooling, will regain their former condition; but these are exceptions and most greases will be ruined if treated in this way. Never, therefore, heat a grease to make it fluid.

Storing Lubricants Packages containing lubricants should, whenever possible, be stored under cover where they will not be exposed to the action of the weather. Small packages such as tins should always be kept in covered storage, as should any package, whatever its size, once it has been opened and its contents partially used. When the outside storage of unopened drums is unavoidable, certain simple precautions must be observed. The drums should preferably be stored on their sides with bungs at 3 oclock and 9 oclock and wooden dunnage or runners should be used to keep them clear of the ground and to prevent rusting of the undersides. They should never be stacked directly on a surface containing clinker, which is particularly corrosive to metal. The drums at each end of a stack must be securely wedged to prevent movement. Regular inspection should be carried out with a view to the detection of leaks and to make sure that identification markings remain clear and legible. If, for any reason, drums have to be stored on their ends, they should be raised off the ground and stored upside down (i.e. with the bungs at the bottom). Failing this, they should be tilted so that rain water cannot collect round and submerge the bungs. Water contamination is undesirable, whatever the grade of lubricant, and it is not always realised that moisture can enter a drum through what appears to be a perfectly sound bung. A drum standing in the open is subjected to the heat of the day and, of course, cools down again at night. This results in expansion and contraction of the contents with the effect that the air in the space above the oil level is subjected, during the day, to slightly higher than atmospheric pressure and, at night, to slight vacuum. These changes in pressure may be sufficiently great to cause a pumping action, known as breathing, in which air is forced out the drum during the day and drawn into it at night. If, therefore, the bungs through which this breathing takes place are surrounded by water, some of this water may be sucked into the drum and, in the course of time, quite considerable quantities may accumulate. Once the seals have been broken and packages have been opened, there is always a danger that, unless the packages are kept properly closed when not in use, impurities such as dust, sand and fibre may enter them. Such contaminants, eventually finding their way into machinery, can cause damage or abrasion or, by blocking oilways, can result in a complete breakdown due to lack of lubrication. An oil drum, or other package, should never be opened by cutting a large hole in it or by completely removing one end, since, even if the hole is kept covered by, for example, a wooden or metal lid, the chances of contamination are greatly increased. Similarly, it is a bad practice to dip an open container into the oil since, not only does this allow dust to enter, but the outside of the dipper itself may be dirty. Drums of oil should, therefore, be placed on their sides on wooden cradles of convenient height and the oil dispensed by means of a tap under which a drip tray is placed. Alternatively, a drum may be stood on its end and the oil withdrawn by means of a hand pump, the pump intake being inserted into the large bung-hole.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Shell Lubricants Product Data Guide

GENERAL INFORMATION
The lubrication of machinery should be supervised by a responsible person and should be made a routine procedure. For instance, when a machine requires oil-can applications daily, it should become routine to do this job each morning before commencing to use the machine. Where grease lubrication is called for weekly, this should be done, for instance, first thing Monday morning or last thing before shutting down for the weekend. Each operator should know which grades of lubricant are recommended for the equipment in his/her charge and supplies of the correct lubricants and the handling equipment should be readily available to him. As lubricants are dispensed, the quantities should be measured and a record maintained. Store room records should show the quantities issued and the records should be kept for each machine or unit. By this means, regular checks can be made on consumptions and any marked changes noted. These should be investigated at once. Increased consumption is quite often the first sign that a machine is in need of repair, or that its lubricating system requires adjustments; on the other hand, it may mean overlubrication by the operator. Avoiding contact with mineral oils Contact with mineral oils should be kept to a minimum by using effective splash guards and correct work methods. Good maintenance should be practised so as to avoid oil-soaked floors or benches. Where cutting oils are used, these should be changed at regular intervals to minimise contamination with abrasive metal particles or bacteria. To keep circulating oil as free as possible of abrasive particles, filter and sumps should be regularly inspected and cleaned out. Minimise mist and vapour generation. If this cannot be done, use proper ventilation to keep the breathing zone concentration of oil mist below the recommended maximum concentration in air of 5mg per cubic metre of air. Personal protection To minimise skin contamination by oils, wear protective gloves and aprons and suitable outer overalls. Where soluble oil concentrates are used, wear goggles or face visors. Protective clothing should be cleaned at regular intervals to remove oil. It is most important to avoid wearing oil-soaked clothing, and hands should be cleaned with disposable wipes which should not be kept in overall or trouser pockets after use. Gloves can become contaminated on the inside and when worn again they bring the skin into close and repeated contact with oil. A system of regular and frequent changing and cleaning of all protective clothing is the best safeguard. Where contamination with mineral oils occurs regularly at work, for example when using soluble cutting oils with high-speed machinery, it is necessary to give more rigorous attention to adequate laundering and regular changes of clothing and underclothing. To avoid soiling of clean clothing, contaminated clothing should be stored separately from street clothing. Cleansing the skin Oil should not be left on the skin for any prolonged period of time, particularly if mineral oils are used every day at work. Skin contaminated with oil should be cleaned with mild soap or suitable hand cleansers at regular intervals, and particularly at the end of a working day. Strong soaps and detergents, and abrasive skin cleansers should be avoided as these themselves can cause skin irritation. Solvents such as petrol, kerosene, trichloroethane and similar fluids should not be used for cleaning oil off the skin. Barrier and restorative creams The natural oils in the skin which form a protective barrier are often removed by the regular washing needed in industry. The natural protective barrier can be replaced to a certain extent by using a good barrier cream before work and a good hydrophilic skin cream containing lanoline or vegetable oils after finally washing the hands at the end of the work period. Care of the skin Where any sign of irritation or rash appears on the skin, medical attention should be sought at the earliest opportunity.

Personal Hygiene

Shell lubricants are quite safe to use provided ordinary care is taken to minimise skin contamination and to avoid breathing oil mist or vapours. However, prolonged improper use can cause dermatitis or other skin conditions or even, where heavy contamination occurs over many years, skin cancer. Those at risk are people who use oils every day over periods of months or years, not those who work with oils only very occasionally. The risks can be avoided by carrying out the following simple health precautions. For advice contact a Poisons Information Centre (Phone: Australia 13 11 26, New Zealand 0800 764 766) or a Doctor (at once). Special oils and compounds The types of oil which have been associated overseas with skin disorders appear to be those which have been lightly refined and which contain relatively more polynuclear aromatic compounds. Oils of this type are used in rubber processing. Particular care should be taken in these cases. When working regularly with mineral oils follow these simple rules: 1. REDUCE skin contamination by mineral oils to the minimum and avoid breathing their mists or vapours. 2. PROTECT the skin by using suitable clothing and barrier creams. 3. CLEAN the skin thoroughly if contaminated with oil. 4. CARE for the skin properly. 5. WEAR clean intact clothes.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Shell Lubricants Product Data Guide