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SPECIFICATION FOR STAINLESS CHROMIUMNICKEL STEEL-CLAD PLATE, SHEET, AND STRIP

SA-264
(Identical with ASTM Specication A 264-94a)

1.

Scope

1.1 This specication covers plate, sheet, and strip of carbon steel or low-alloy steel base to which is integrally and continuously bonded on one or both sides a layer of stainless chromium-nickel steel. The material is generally intended for pressure vessel use. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. SI units are provided for information only.

plate, sheet, or strip depending on whether one or both sides are covered. 3.1.2 The term plate, sheet, and strip as used in this specication apply to the following: 3.1.2.1 plate Material 316 in. (2.73 mm) and over in thickness and over 10 in. (254 mm) in width. 3.1.2.2 sheet Material under 316 in. (2.73 mm) in thickness and 24 in. (609.6 mm) and over in width, material under 316 in. in thickness and all widths and nishes of Nos. 3 to 8 inclusive, and 3.1.2.3 strip Cold-rolled material under 24 in. (609.6 mm) in width and 316 in. (2.73 mm) and under in thickness.

2.

Referenced Documents

2.1 ASTM Standards: A 20/A 20M Specication for General Requirements for Steel Plates for Pressure Vessels A 240 Specication for Heat-Resisting Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels A 370 Test Methods and Denitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products A 480/A 480M Specication for General Requirements for Flat-Rolled Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip A 751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products 2.2 ASME Code: Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IX, Welding Qualications

4.

Ordering Information

4.1 It is the responsibility of the purchaser to specify all requirements that are necessary for material ordered under this specication. Such requirements may include, but are not limited to, the following: 4.1.1 Quantity (mass or number of pieces), 4.1.2 Name of material (stainless chromium-nickel steel-clad plate, sheet or strip), 4.1.3 Cladding alloy (see Section 7), 4.1.4 Base metal (see Section 7), 4.1.5 Dimensions including the thickness of the cladding alloy, 4.1.6 Product analysis, if required, (see Section 9), 4.1.7 Mechanical properties (see Sections 8, 9, and 15),
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3.

Terminology

3.1 Description of Terms: 3.1.1 This material is considered as single-clad or double-clad corrosion-resisting chromium-nickel steel

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4.1.8 Finish (see Section 12), 4.1.9 Restrictions, if required, on repair by welding (see Section 13), and 4.1.10 Additions to the specication or special requirements.

chromium-nickel or duplex steel in Specication A 240/A 240 M. 7.3 Base Metal The base metal may be carbon steel or low-alloy steel conforming to the ASTM specications for steel for pressure vessels. The base metal shall conform to the chemical requirements of the specication to which it is ordered.

5.

General Requirements for Delivery 8. Mechanical Properties

5.1 Material furnished under this specication shall conform to the applicable requirements of the current edition of Specication A 20/A 20M.

6.

Materials and Manufacture

6.1 Process: 6.1.1 The steel shall be made by the open-hearth, electric-furnace (with separate degassing and rening optional), or basic-oxygen processes, or by secondary processes whereby steel made from these primary processes is remelted using electroslag remelting or vacuum-arc remelting processes. 6.1.2 The alloy-cladding metal may be metallurgically bonded to the base metal by any method that will produce a clad steel which will conform to the requirements of this specication. 6.2 Heat Treatment: 6.2.1 Unless otherwise specied or agreed upon between the purchaser and the manufacturer, all austenitic stainless steel clad plates shall be given a heat treatment consisting of heating to the proper temperature for the solution of the chromium carbides in the cladding followed by individual air cooling. For base metals of air-hardening low-alloy steels the above heat treatment shall be followed by a tempering treatment. 6.2.2 When plates over 1 in. (25.4 mm) in thickness are to be cold formed, the purchaser may specify that such plates be heat treated for grain renement of the base metal.

8.1 Plate: 8.1.1 Tensile Requirements: 8.1.1.1 The tensile properties shall be determined by a tension test of the composite plate for clad plates that meet all of the following conditions. However, if the cladding is for corrosion allowance only, the cladding may be removed prior to tensile testing. The tensile properties thus determined shall be not less than the minimum and not more than 5000 psi (35 MPa) over the maximum prescribed in the specication for the base steel used. All other tensile test requirements of the specication for the base steel shall be met. (a) The composite gage is less than or equal to 112 in. (b) The specied minimum tensile strength of the base steel is less than or equal to 70 000 psi (485 MPa). (c) The specied minimum yield strength of the base steel is less than or equal to 40 000 psi (275 MPa). 8.1.1.2 The tensile properties shall be determined by a tension test of the base steel only for clad plates that meet one of the following conditions. The tensile properties thus determined shall meet all of the tensile test requirements for the base steel. (a) The composite gage is greater than 112 in. (b) The specied minimum tensile strength of the base steel is greater than 70 000 psi (485 MPa). (c) The specied minimum yield strength of the base steel is greater than 40 000 psi (275 MPa). 8.1.2 Ductility Two bend tests of the composite plate shall be made, one with the alloy cladding in tension and the other with the alloy cladding in compression to determine the ductility of the materials. On double-clad plates, the bend tests shall be made so that one specimen represents the alloy cladding in tension on one side while the other specimen represents the alloy cladding in tension on the opposite side. Bend tests shall be made in accordance with the requirements prescribed in the specication for the base metal.
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7.

Chemical Composition

7.1 The composite plate, sheet, or strip may conform to any desired combination of alloy-cladding metal and base metal as described in 7.2 and 7.3 and as agreed upon between the purchaser and the manufacturer. 7.2 Alloy Cladding Metal The alloy-cladding metal specied shall conform to the requirements as to chemical composition prescribed for the respective

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2001 SECTION II

8.1.3 Shear Strength When required by the purchaser, the minimum shear strength the alloy cladding and base metals shall be 20 000 psi (140 MPa). The shear test, when specied, shall be made in the manner indicated in Fig. 1. 8.1.4 Bond Strength As an alternative to the shear strength test provided in 8.1.3 and when required by the purchaser, three bend tests shall be made with the alloy cladding in compression to determine the quality of the bond. These bend tests shall be made in accordance with the specications for the cladding metal. At least two of the three tests shall show not more than 50% separation on both edges of the bent portion. Greater separation shall be cause for rejection. 8.2 Sheet and Strip: 8.2.1 The bend test specimens of sheet and strip shall stand being bent cold through an angle of 180 without cracking on the outside of the bent portion. The bend test specimens shall be bent around a pin the diameter of which is equal to the thickness of the material. The axis of the bend shall be transverse to the direction of rolling. 8.2.2 The bond between the alloy cladding and the base metal shall be ascertained by observation of the behavior of the composite sheet or strip when sheared with the alloy side down. 8.3 Methods and practices relating to mechanical testing required by this specication shall be in accordance with Test Methods and Denitions A 370.

the base metal plus 40% of the cladding thickness from the bonded side, not to exceed 116 in. (1.598 mm). The material shall be cleaned and sufcient millings taken to represent the full cross-section of the remainder. If there is insufcient cladding thickness available to spectrographically expose on the center line of the cladding without contamination, 50% of the cladding shall be removed and the sample exposed on this surface. 9.3 The results of the product analysis shall conform to the requirements of Section 7 of Specication A 480/A 480M. 9.4 Methods and practices relating the chemical analysis required by this specication shall be in accordance with Test Methods, Practices, and Denitions A 751.

10.

Dimensions, Mass, and Permissible Variations

10.1 Composite plates, sheets, and strips shall conform to the dimensional and weight requirements prescribed in Tables 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5.

11.

Thickness of Cladding Metal

11.1 The minimum thickness and tolerances on the thickness of the alloy-cladding metal shall be agreed upon between the purchaser and the manufacturer.

9.

Product Analysis 12. Workmanship, Finish, and Appearance 12.1 The material shall be free of injurious defects, shall have a workmanlike appearance, and shall conform to the designated nish. 12.2 Plate alloy surfaces shall be sand-blasted, pickled, or blast-cleaned and pickled. 12.3 The nish for the alloy surfaces of sheets and strips shall be as specied in Specication A 240/A 240 M.

9.1 Product analysis may be required on nished product. Chemical analysis may be accomplished by wet chemical or instrumental procedures. If wet chemical procedures are used, millings may be taken only when the composite plate thickness is sufcient to permit obtaining millings without danger of contamination from the adjacent layer. If spectrometric procedures are used, the sample shall be exposed on the center line of the cladding when where there is sufcient cladding thickness available so that there is no contamination from the adjacent base metal. 9.2 If product analysis is specied by the purchaser, it shall be made on a sample taken from the nished product or a broken test specimen. For wet chemical analysis, in order to avoid contamination by the base plate metal, millings of cladding samples shall be taken from the test coupon by removal and discard of all
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13.

Repair of Cladding by Welding

13.1 The material manufacturer may repair defects in cladding by welding provided the following requirements are met:

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13.1.1 Prior approval shall be obtained from the purchaser if the repaired area exceeds 3% of the cladding surface. 13.1.2 The welding procedure and the welders or welding operators shall be qualied in accordance with Section IX of the ASME Code. 13.1.3 The defective area shall be removed and the area prepared for repair shall be examined by a magnetic particle method or a liquid penetrant method to ensure that all of the defective area has been removed. Method of test and acceptance standard shall be as agreed upon between the purchaser and the manufacturer. 13.1.4 The repair weld shall be deposited in accordance with a welding procedure and welding materials suitable for the cladding material. The surface condition of the repaired area shall be restored to a condition similar to the rest of the cladding. 13.1.5 The repaired area shall be examined by a liquid penetrant method in accordance with 13.1.3. 13.1.6 The location and extent of the weld repairs together with the repair procedure and examination results shall be transmitted as a part of the certication. 13.2 At the request of the purchaser or his inspector, plates shall be reheat treated following repair by welding.

indicated by scribe scratches marked on the specimen before testing, a retest shall be allowed. 14.2 Sheet and Strip: 14.2.1 In the case of single-clad sheet or strip produced in coil form, two bend tests shall be made from each end of the coil. On double-clad sheet or strip produced in coil form, one bend test shall be made from each end of the coil. 14.2.2 In the case of single-clad sheet or strip produced in discrete cut lengths, four bend tests shall be made on each 100 or less pieces of the same heat and nominal thickness, provided the 100 pieces weigh not less than 1000 lbs. In the event that 100 pieces weigh less than 1000 lbs, four bend tests shall be made from each 1000 lbs or less of the same heat and nominal thickness. On double-clad sheet or strip, two bend tests shall be made on each lot as dened in the two preceding sentences. 14.2.3 On double-clad materials, the bend tests shall be made so that one specimen will represent the alloy-cladding metal in tension on one side while the other specimen will represent the alloy-cladding metal in tension on the opposite side.

15.

Test Specimens

14.

Number of Test and Retests

15.1 Plate: 15.1.1 The tension test specimens from plate shall conform to the requirements prescribed in the specications for the base metal. 15.1.2 Bend test specimens, shall be taken from the middle of the top of the plate as rolled, at right angles to its longitudinal axis. 15.1.3 When required by the purchaser, the shear test specimen shall be taken from a top or bottom corner of the plate as rolled, parallel to its longitudinal axis. 15.1.4 All tests shall be made on specimens in the same condition of heat treatment to which the composite plate is furnished. 15.1.5 When specied in the purchase order, additional test specimens representing the as-furnished composite plate shall be thermally treated to simulate a post-weld heat treatment. The temperature range, time, and cooling rates shall be specied in the purchase order. Mechanical properties in the simulated postweld heat-treated condition shall meet the minimum requirements of the as-furnished composite plate.
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14.1 Plate: 14.1.1 One or more tension tests, as required by the specications for the base metal, one face bend test (alloy cladding in tension), one reverse bend test (alloy cladding in compression), and, when specied, one shear test or three bond bend tests shall be made representing each plate as rolled. Each specimen shall be in the nal condition of heat treatment required for the plate. 14.1.2 If any test specimen shows defective machining or develops aws, it may be discarded and another specimen substituted. 14.1.3 If the percentage of elongation of any tension test specimen is less than that specied in 8.1.1 and any part of the fracture is more than 34 in. (19.1 mm) from the center of the gage length of a 2 in. (50.9 mm) specimen or is outside the middle third of the gage length of an 8 in. (203.2 mm) specimen, as

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SA-264

2001 SECTION II

15.1.6 For plates 112 in. (38.1 mm) and under in thickness, tension test specimens shall be the full thickness of the material, except as specied in 8.1.1.1 and 8.1.1.2, and the bend test specimen shall be full thickness of the material and shall be machined to the form and dimension shown in Fig. 2, or may be machined with both edges parallel. 15.1.7 For plates over 1 2 in. (38.1 mm) in thickness, tension tests shall be of the form shown in Fig. 3 and shall be of all base steel conforming to the requirements of the specication from the base steel. 15.1.8 For plates over 112 in. (38.1 mm) in thickness, the bend test specimens need not be greater in thickness than 112 in. but shall not be less than 112 in. Specimens shall be of the form and dimensions shown in Fig. 2. In reducing the thickness of the specimen, both the alloy cladding and the base steel shall be machined so as to maintain the same ratio of clad metal to base steel as is maintained in the plate, except that the thickness of the clad metal need not be reduced below 18 in. (3.17). 15.1.9 The side of the bend test specimen may have the corners rounded to a radius not over 116 in. (1.58 mm) for plates, 2 in. (50.8 mm) and under in thickness, and not over 18 in. (3.17 mm) for plates over 2 in. in thickness. 15.2 Sheet and Strip: 15.2.1 Bend test specimens from sheet and strip shall be of the full thickness of the material and shall have a width equal to six times the thickness but not less than 1 in. (25.4 mm). The length shall be equal to the width of the sheet or strip but in no case longer than 12 in. (304.8 mm). The edges of the test specimen may be rounded to a radius equal to one half the thickness. 15.2.2 Any test specimen used for the determination of the minimum thickness of alloy-cladding metal shall have distorted metal, due to burning or shearing completely removed.
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be so conducted as not to interfere unnecessarily with the operation of the works.

17.

Rejection and Rehearing

17.1 Unless otherwise specied, any rejection based on tests made in accordance with Section 9 shall be reported to the manufacturer within ve working days from the receipt of samples by the purchaser. 17.2 Material that shows injurious defects subsequent to its acceptance at the manufacturers work will be rejected, and the manufacturer shall be notied. 17.3 Samples tested in accordance with Section 9 that represent rejected material shall be preserved for 3 weeks from the date of the test report. In case of dissatisfaction with the results of the tests, the manufacturer may make claim for rehearing within that time.

18.

Certication

18.1 The chemical analysis of the base metal shall be certied to the purchaser by the manufacturer. 18.2 The results of the tests in Section 8 shall be reported to the purchaser or his representative.

19.

Product Marking

16.

Inspection

16.1 The manufacturer shall afford the inspector all reasonable facilities, without charge, to satisfy him that the material is being furnished in accordance with this specication. All tests (except product analysis) and inspection shall be made at the place of manufacture prior to shipment, unless otherwise specied, and shall
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19.1 Except as specied in 19.2, the name or brand of the manufacturer, the manufacturers test identication number, the class of the base steel, the type number of the alloy-cladding metal and the specied minimum tensile strength shall be legibly stamped on each nished single-clad plate in two places on the base steel side not less than 12 in. (304.8 mm) from the edges. The manufacturers identication number shall be legibly stamped on each test specimen. 19.2 For double-clad material or for material under 4 in. (6.35 mm) in thickness, the marking specied in 19.1 shall be legibly stenciled instead of stamped.
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PART A FERROUS MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS

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FIG. 1 TEST SPECIMEN AND METHOD OF MAKING SHEAR TEST OF CLAD PLATE

FIG. 2 STANDARD RECTANGULAR TENSION TEST SPECIMEN WITH 8-IN. GAGE LENGTH

FIG. 3 STANDARD ROUND TENSION TEST SPECIMEN WITH 2-IN. GAGE LENGTH

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SA-264

2001 SECTION II TABLE 1 PERMISSIBLE VARIATIONS IN THICKNESS OF COLD-ROLLED STRIP

NOTE Permissible variations in thickness are based on measurements taken 38 in. (9.53 mm) in from the edge on cold-rolled strip 1 in. (25.4 mm) or over in width, and at any place on the strip on material less than 1 in. (25.4 mm) in width.

Permissible Variations in Thickness, , for Widths Given, in. (mm) Over 20 to 231516 (508.0 to 608.1)
0.006 (0.1524) 0.005 (0.1270) 0.004 (0.1016) 0.004 (0.1016) 0.004 (0.1016) 0.003 (0.0762) 0.003 (0.0762) 0.003 (0.0762) 0.003 (0.0762) 0.0025 (0.064) 0.0025 (0.064) 0.002 (0.051) 0.002 (0.051) 0.002 (0.051) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.0015 (0.038)

Specied Thickness, in. (mm)

16 to 12 12 to 1 1 to 112 (4.76 to (12.7 to (25.4 to 12.7) 25.4) 38.1)

112 to 3 (38.1 to 76.2)


0.003 (0.0762) 0.002 (0.0508) 0.002 (0.0508) 0.002 (0.0508) 0.002 (0.0508) 0.002 (0.0508) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.00075 (0.019) 0.005 (0.013)

3 to 6 (76.2 to 152.4)
0.004 (0.1016) 0.003 (0.0762) 0.003 (0.0762) 0.003 (0.0762) 0.0025 (0.0635) 0.0025 (0.0635) 0.002 (0.051) 0.002 (0.051) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.00075 (0.019) 0.005 (0.013)

Over 6 to 9 Over 9 to Over 12 to Over 16 to (152.4 to 12 (228.6 16 (304.8 20 (406.4 228.6) to 304.8) to 406.4) to 508.0)
0.004 (0.1016) 0.004 (0.1016) 0.003 (0.0762) 0.003 (0.0762) 0.003 (0.0762) 0.003 (0.0762) 0.0025 (0.064) 0.0025 (0.064) 0.002 (0.051) 0.002 (0.051) 0.002 (0.051) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.004 (0.1016) 0.004 (0.1016) 0.003 (0.0762) 0.003 (0.0762) 0.003 (0.0762) 0.003 (0.0762) 0.0025 (0.064) 0.0025 (0.064) 0.002 (0.051) 0.002 (0.051) 0.002 (0.051) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.005 (0.1270) 0.004 (0.1016) 0.004 (0.1016) 0.003 (0.0762) 0.003 (0.0762) 0.003 (0.0762) 0.0025 (0.064) 0.0025 (0.064) 0.002 (0.051) 0.002 (0.051) 0.002 (0.051) 0.002 (0.051) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.001 (0.025) 0.006 (0.1524) 0.005 (0.1270) 0.004 (0.1016) 0.004 (0.1016) 0.004 (0.1016) 0.003 (0.0762) 0.003 (0.0762) 0.003 (0.0762) 0.0025 (0.064) 0.0025 (0.064) 0.0025 (0.064) 0.002 (0.051) 0.002 (0.051) 0.002 (0.051) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.0015 (0.038)

0.249 to 0.161 (6.632 to 0.002 0.002 0.003 4.09) incl (0.0508) (0.0508) (0.0762) 0.160 to 0.100 (4.08 to 0.002 0.002 0.002 2.54), incl (0.0508) (0.0508) (0.0508) 0.099 to 0.069 (2.53 to 0.002 0.002 0.002 1.75), incl (0.0508) (0.0508) (0.0508) 0.068 to 0.050 (1.74 to 0.002 0.002 0.002 1.27), incl (0.0508) (0.0508) (0.0508) 0.049 to 0.040 (1.26 to 0.002 0.002 0.002 1.02), incl (0.0508) (0.0508) (0.0508) 0.039 to 0.035 (1.01 to 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.88), incl (0.0508) (0.0508) (0.0508) 0.034 to 0.032 (0.87 to 0.0015 0.81) incl (0.038) 0.031 to 0.029 (0.80 to 0.0015 0.74), incl (0.038) 0.028 to 0.026 (0.73 to 0.001 0.66), incl (0.025) 0.025 to 0.023 (0.65 to 0.001 0.58), incl (0.025) 0.022 to 0.020 (0.57 to 0.001 0.51), incl (0.025) 0.019 to 0.017 (0.50 to 0.001 0.43), incl (0.025) 0.016 to 0.015 (0.42 to 0.001 0.38), incl (0.025) 0.014 to 0.013 (0.37 to 0.001 0.33), incl (0.025) 0.012 (0.30) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.0015 (0.038) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025) 0.001 (0.025)

0.011 (0.28)

0.010 (0.25)

0.009 to 0.006 (0.23 to 0.00075 0.00075 0.00075 0.15), incl (0.019) (0.019) (0.019) Under 0.006 0.15) (Under 0.005 (0.013) 0.005 (0.013) 0.005 (0.013)

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TABLE 2 PERMISSIBLE VARIATIONS IN DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT OF STANDARD SHEET (NO. 1 AND NO. 2 FINISHES)
Specied Thickness, in. (mm) 0.005 (0.127) 0.006 to 0.007 (0.152 to 0.178) 0.008 to 0.016 (0.203 to 0.406) 0.0161 to 0.026 (0.409 to 0.660) 0.027 to 0.040 (0.686 to 1.016) 0.041 to 0.058 (1.041 to 1.473) 0.059 to 0.072 (1.499 to 1.829) 0.073 to 0.083 (1.854 to 2.108) 0.084 to 0.098 (2.133 to 2.489) 0.099 to 0.114 (2.515 to 2.896) 0.115 to 0.130 (2.921 to 3.302) 0.131 to 0.145 (3.327 to 3.683) 0.146 to 0.176 (3.708 to 4.470) Permissible Variations in Thickness, , in. (mm) 0.001 0.0015 0.002 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.008 0.009 0.010 0.012 0.014 (0.025) (0.038) (0.051) (0.076) (0.102) (0.127) (0.152) (0.178) (0.203) (0.229) (0.254) (0.305) (0.356)

Permissible Variations in Width, in. (mm) Specied Width, in. (mm) A Up to 42 (1066.8) 42 and Over (1066.8 and Over)
1 1

Plus 16 (1.59) 8 (3.18)

Minus 0 0

Permissible Variations in Length, in. (mm) Specied Length, in. (mm) A Up to 120 (3048) 120 and Over (3048 and Over) Weight Permissible variations in weight apply only to polished nishes. The actual weight of any one item of an ordered thickness and size in any nish is limited in overweight by the following tolerances: Any item of 5 sheets or less, or any item estimated to weigh 200 lb (90.72 kg) or less Any item of more than 5 sheets, and estimated to weigh more than 200 lb (90.72 kg)
A
1 1

Plus 16 (1.59) 8 (3.18)

Minus 0 0

Estimated Permissible Variations, Actual Weight Over the Estimated Weight, % B 10 7.5

Sheet 0.131 in. (3.33 mm) and over in thickness, regardless of size, may have permissible variations of 14 in. (6.35 mm) in width and in length, respectively. B There is no under variation in weight for No. 1 and No. 2 nishes, these nishes being limited in under variations only by the permissible variations in thickness. Polished sheets may actually weigh as much as 5% less than the estimated weight. Estimated weight of the composite plates may be calculated using the following weights of the component materials: Weight per Square Foot for Material 1 in. in Thickness, lb 40.8 41.2

Steel Chromium steel cladding

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2001 SECTION II

TABLE 3 PERMISSIBLE VARIATIONS IN DIMENSIONS OF COLD-ROLLED STRIP


Edge Description
9

Specied Width, in. (mm)

Specied Thickness, in.(mm)

Permissible Variations in Width, , in. (mm) A 0.005 (0.125) 0.005 (0.125) 0.005 (0.125) 0.005 (0.125) 0.005 (0.125) 0.005 (0.125) 0.010 (0.254) 0.010 (0.254) 0.015 (0.381) 0.010 (0.254) 1 64 (0.396) 1 32 (0.794) 5 64 (1.648)

No. 1 Round or square edge, rolled

1 32 (7.14) or under 16 (1.59) or under 9 3 3 Over 32 to 4 (7.14 to 19.05), incl 32 (2.39) or under 1 8 (3.18) or under Over 34 to 5 (19.05 to 127.0), incl 1 No. 5 Square rolled or led, after slitting 932 (7.14) or under 16 (1.59) or under 3 Over 932 to 34 (7.14 to 19.05), incl 32 (2.39) or under 1 8 (3.18) or under Over 34 to 5 (19.05 to 127.0), incl 1 Over 5 to 9 (127.0 to 228.6), incl 8 to 0.008 (3.18 to 0.203), incl Over 9 to 20 (228.6 to 508.0), incl 0.105 to 0.015 (2.667 to 0.381) Over 20 to 231516 (508.0 to 608.0), incl 0.080 to 0.023 (2.03 to 0.584) 1 3 No. 6 Square edge, rolled 2 (12.71) or under 16 (4.76) or under 3 Over 12 to 1516 (12.7 to 23.81), incl 16 to 0.025 (4.76 to 0.635), incl 1 Over 1516 to 2 (23.81 to 50.8), incl 4 to 0.025 (6.35 to 0.635), incl 1 Over 2 to 6 (50.8 to 152.4), incl 4 to 0.225 (6.35 to 5.72), incl

Permissible Variations in Width of No. 3 Edge Strip, in. (mm) A Over 2 to 6 in. (50.8 to 152.4) 0.010 (0.254) 0.012 (0.305) 0.015 (0.381) Over 6 to 12 in. (152.4 to 304.8) 0.015 (0.381) 0.015 (0.381) 0.018 (0.457) Over 12 to 231516 incl (304.8 to 608.0) 0.015 (0.381) 0.020 (0.508) 0.020 (0.508)

Specied Thickness, in. (mm) 0.050 (1.27) or under 0.051 to 0.083 (1.28 to 2.11) 0.084 (2.12) or Over

Up to 2 in. (50.8) 0.007 (0.178) 0.010 (0.254) 0.012 (0.305)

Specied Length, ft (cm) Up to 5, incl Over 5 (152.40) to 10 (304.8), incl Over 10 (304.8) to 20 (609.6), incl Over 20 (609.6) to 30 (914.4), incl Over 30 (914.4) to 40 (1219.2), incl Over 40 (1219.2) to 60 (1828.8), incl Over 60 (1828.8) to 90 (2743.2), incl Over 90 (2743.2) to 200 (6096.0), incl Specied Width, in. (mm) 112 and under (38.1 and under) Over 112 to 231516 (Over 38.1 to 608.0), incl
A B
1 1

Permissible Variation in Length, , in. (mm)


3 1

8 (9.53) 2 (12.7) 5 8 (15.88) 3 4 (19.05) 1 (25.4) 112 (38.1) 2 (50.8) 212 (63.5) Permissible Camber B 2 in. in any 8 ft length (12.7 mm in any 243.84 cm) 4 in. in any 8 ft length (6.35 mm in any 243.84 cm)

These permissible variations are plus or minus. If variation is desired all one way, double the gure indicated. Camber shall be determined by placing an 8 ft (243.84 cm) straightedge against the concave side of the strip.

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PART A FERROUS MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS

SA-264

TABLE 4 PERMISSIBLE VARIATIONS IN DIMENSIONS OF HOT-ROLLED STRIP


Permissible Variations in Thickness, , in. (mm) A Over 5 to 10, incl (127 to 254 mm) in Width 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 (0.102) (0.127) (0.152) (0.178) Over 10 to 15, incl (254 to 381 mm) in Width ... 0.006 (0.152) 0.007 (0.178) 0.008 (0.203) Over 15 to 231516, incl (381 to 608 mm) in Width ... 0.007 (0.178) 0.008 (0.203) 0.009 (0.229)

Specied Thickness, Bwg or in. (mm) No. 23 to No. 18, incl No. 17 to No. 11, incl No. 10 to 0.187 (4.75), incl 0.188 to 0.249 (4.76 to 6.32), incl

5 in. (127 mm) and Under in Width 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.006 (0.076) (0.102) (0.127) (0.152)

Permissible Variation in Width, in. (mm) Specied Width, in. (mm) Up to 2 (25.4 to 50.8), incl Over 2 to 5 (50.8 to 127), incl Over 5 to 10 (127 to 254), incl Over 10 to 15 (254 to 381), incl Over 15 to 20 (381 to 508), incl Over 20 to 231516 (508 to 608), incl
1 3

Plus 32 (0.794) 64 (1.911) 1 16 (1.588) 3 32 (2.381) 1 8 (3.175) 5 32 (3.969) Permissible Variations in Length, in. (mm)
1 3

Minus 32 (0.794) 64 (1.911) 1 16 (1.588) 3 32 (2.381) 1 8 (3.175) 5 32 (3.969)

Up to 3 in. (76.2 mm) in Width Specied Length, ft (cm) Up to 5 (152.4) Over 5 to 10 (152.4 to 304.8), incl Over 10 to 20 (304.8 to 609.6), incl Over 20 to 30 (609.6 to 914.4), incl Over 30 to 40 (914.4 to 1219.2), incl Over 40 (1219.2)
1 3

Over 3 to 6 in. (76.2 to 152.4 mm) in Width + 8 (9.53) 2 (12.7) 5 8 (15.88) 3 4 (19.1) 1 (25.4) 112 (38.1)
1 3

Over 6 in. (152.4 mm) in Width + 2 (12.7) 4 (19.1) 1 (25.4) 114 (31.8) 112 (38.1) 134 (44.5)
3 1

+ 4 (6.35) 8 (9.53) 1 2 (12.7) 3 4 (19.1) 1 (25.4) 112 (38.1)

0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0

Permissible Camber Strip shall be as straight as practicable and not more than 4 in. (6.35 mm) out of line in any 8 ft (2.44 mm) of length, with camber measurement taken on the concave edge.
A Thickness measurement shall be taken 38 in. (9.53 mm) from edge to strip. In the case of center measurements for thickness the permissible variations shall be that for the edge measurement plus the following: 0.001 in. (0.025 mm) for width 12 to 112 in. (12.77 to 38.1 mm) 0.002 in. (0.051 mm) for width 112 to 212 in. (38.1 to 63.5 mm) 0.003 in. (0.076 mm) for width 212 to 5 in. (63.5 to 127.0 mm) 0.004 in. (0.102 mm) for width 5 to 10 in. (127.0 to 254.0 mm) 0.005 in. (0.127 mm) for width 10 to 15 in. (254.0 to 381.0 mm) 0.006 in. (0.152 mm) for width 15 to 231516 in. (381.0 to 608.1 mm)
1

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SA-264

2001 SECTION II

TABLE 5 PERMISSIBLE VARIATIONS IN THICKNESS AND OVERWEIGHTS OF PLATES


Thickness A All plates shall be ordered to thickness and not to weight per square foot. No plates shall vary more than 0.01 in. (0.254 mm) under the thickness ordered, and the overweight of each lot B in each shipment shall not exceed the amount given in the table below. Weight C Permissible Excess in Average Weight per Square Foot Plates for Widths Given in Inches (mm). Expressed in Percentage of Nominal Weight 48 60 72 84 96 108 120 132 (1219.2) (1524.0) (1828.8) (2133.6) (2438.4) (2743.2) (3048.0) (3352.8) to 60 to 72 to 84 to 96 to 108 to 120 to 132 to 144 (1524.0), (1828.8), (2133.6), (2438.4), (2743.2), (3048.0), (3352.8), (3657.6), excl excl excl excl excl excl excl excl 12.0 10.5 9.0 7.5 7.0 6.0 5.5 4.5 4.0 13.5 12.0 10.5 9.0 7.5 7.0 6.0 5.5 4.5 15.0 13.5 12.0 10.5 9.0 7.5 7.0 6.0 5.5 18.0 15.0 13.5 12.0 10.5 9.0 7.5 7.0 6.0 ... 18.0 15.0 13.5 12.0 10.5 9.0 7.5 7.0 ... 21.0 18.0 15.0 13.5 12.0 10.5 9.0 7.5 ... 24.0 21.0 18.0 15.0 13.5 12.0 10.5 9.0 ... 28.5 25.5 22.5 19.5 16.5 13.5 12.0 10.5

Specied Thickness, in. (mm) 16 (4.76) to 14 (6.35), excl 4 (6.35) to 516 (7.94), excl 5 16 (7.94) to 38 (9.52), excl 3 8 (9.52) to 716 (11.11), excl 7 16 (11.11) to 12 (12.7), excl 1 2 (12.7) to 58 (15.88), excl 5 8 (15.88) to 34 (19.05), excl 3 4 (19.05) to 1 (25.4), excl 1 (25.4) or Over
1 3

Under 48 (1219.2) 10.5 9.0 7.5 7.0 6.0 5.5 4.5 4.0 4.0

A B

Spot grinding is permitted to remove surface imperfections not to exceed 0.01 in. (0.254 mm) under the specied thickness. The term lot means all of the plates of each group width and each group thickness. C The weight of individual plates shall not exceed the nominal weight by more than one and one-third times the amount prescribed in the above table.

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