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Republic of the Philippines DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE AND DEVELOPMENT PROVINCIAL REHABILITATION FOR YOUTH Laoag City, Ilocos

Norte

SOCIAL CASE STUDY REPORT


I. IDENTIFYING DATA Name: Maria Mercedez Age: 17 years old Sex: Female Birthday: January 13, 1996 Birthplace: Nueva Era, Ilocos Norte Civil Status: Single Nationality: Filipino Address: Brgy. 2 Nueva Era, Ilocos Norte Religion: Roman Catholic Educational Attainment: College Level (On- going) II. FAMILY COMPOSITION Relationship to Client Father Mother Brother Sex Male Female Male Age 55 52 12 Educational Attainment College Graduate College Graduate 13th Grader Occupation Public School Teacher Public School Teacher n/a

Name of Members Gerry Mercedez Vivian Mercedez+ Gerry Mercedez, Jr.

III.

PRESENTING PROBLEM

The client was recently turned- over to this office for temporary custodial care and rehabilitation by the immediate family due to a traumatic incident experienced by her. Allegedly while away from her family and temporarily residing on her boarding house in Bacucang, 16- S, Batac City, she was sexually attacked and raped by the landlord of the boarding house. The client is 17 years old and currently under traumatic condition. IV. HISTORY OF THE CASE

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In the morning of February 14, 2012 at around 9:30 AM, Maria was preparing to attend her 10 AM class at the MMSU- CBEA. Accordingly, she just had her bath and currently putting her uniform on when someone forcibly entered her room then she suddenly felt two strong arms gripping her waist.

At that moment, she instantaneously hesitated and tried to shift her position to wrestle the person behind her but she was threatened by a kitchen knife and was forced to oblige with the offenders orders, otherwise her life will be compromised. Yet, Maria still tried to grapple the offender with all her strength and at that moment of struggle it has dawned upon Maria that the person sexually assaulting her is the landlord of the boarding house which she identified as Clark. What transpired next was an unfortunate event that has ostensibly stained the unruffled and serene life of a normal college student. Accordingly, the landlord succeeded in raping Maria. V. CLIENTS BACKGROUND

Maria is the first child of Gerry Sr. and Vivian Mercedez+. She stands 54 of medium built with light complexion. She is neat at all times and carries her self well. She was enrolled as a tourism student at the MMSU- CBEA. Having been taught of the value of education by her parents at an early age, Maria prioritized her schooling, never had a love affair, thus, she was consistently on the list of top ten in her class. Because of her innate beauty, she has been encouraged to join numerous beauty contests in and out of the university. However, Maria being raised in a conservative and disciplinarian type of a family, she had refused such offers in countless times in order to focus rather on her studies. Had not been for the unfortunate incidence, Maria could have been in Cebu to represent the university as the official student- representative in the 13th International Tourism Expo on February 20- 25, 2012- an event attended by tourism scholars from around the world where different academic and intellectual activities are undertaken by the participants. VI. FAMILY BACKGROUND

Both parents of Maria are public school teachers. As residents of the community, they have been actively involved in both social and church activities. Thus, Maria and his brother Gerry Jr. have been influenced by their parents to become responsible citizens by way of inculcating the value of education, helping other people, and to fear God at all times. In 2011, the Mercedez family was awarded the Most Outstanding Family- Professional Category in Region I. Maria describes her parents as kind and loving persons. According to her, they always talk as a family about securing their future with his little brother and retiring in a beautiful rest house somewhere in Cagayan which the couple bought some years ago. VII. ASSESSMENT

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Based on the clients revelations, it was revealed that she has been renting at the boarding house of the landlord some two years had past until the ill-timed incident on February 14, 2012. Accordingly on that same day, she secured the lock of her door before she entered the bathroom. But to her surprise, the landlord was able to forcibly open the door while Maria was in the act of putting her uniform on.

Thus, it is obvious that the offender has intentionally committed the act of sexual assault by way of rape to the victim, and that force and intimidation was employed in order to execute his lewd designs. Because of the incident, Maria was traumatized and was under state of shock for several days which prompted her to hide from the public, her parents, and even jeopardized her academic status since she skipped from attending her classes for seven days. Although most rape victims do not develop chronic psychiatric disorder, the experience of rape and serious sexual assault is associated with mental health disturbance in a significant proportion of victims (Kilpatrick et al, 1985; Mezey & Taylor, 1988). The psychological sequelae of rape include post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, generalized and phobic anxiety and substance misuse. The profound and long-term consequences reflect the violent, terrifying and traumatic nature of rape and parallel the responses to other life-threatening traumas. There is some evidence that rape is more pathogenic than any other form of violent crime (Kilpatrick et al, 1987). The term 'rape trauma syndrome' was first used in the 1970s to describe a range of psychological, cognitive, emotional and behavioral responses to rape (Burgess & Holmstrom, 1974). Although lacking an empirical basis, it nevertheless represented the first attempt to describe and define the nature of women's responses to rape. VIII. TREATMENT PLAN

Many of the principles underpinning the treatment of victims of rape apply equally to victims of trauma more generally. Thus, various approaches should be considered depending on the victim's stage of recovery and the nature and extent of the conditions being treated. In ordinary circumstances, women are assisted through the recovery process by friends, family and their social network. Acute intervention is generally provided by voluntary organizations such as the National Association of Victim Support Schemes (NAVSS) or by general practitioners, without any referral to psychiatric services. In general, psychiatrists get to treat cases only where there has been a failure of the normal process of recovery, resulting in persisting psychosocial or functional impairment. IX. GENERAL EVALUATION

There are several treatments available for the treatment of rape-related Post related Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Prior to treatment, it is essential to conduct a thorough assessment, including a detailed trauma history, event characteristics, comorbid psychiatric conditions, and factors influencing post-rape adjustment. The majority of treatments for rape-related PTSD with demonstrated empirical support are behavioral or cognitive-behavioral. Studies show that Prolonged Exposure and Stress Inoculation Training are effective in reducing symptoms of PTSD in female rape victims. Moreover, combination treatments appear to be promising interventions for reducing rape related-PTSD, but await further empirical scrutiny. Page

Therefore, to help the client restore her social functioning and regain her selfesteem, a through treatment plan shall be laid out to meet the demands of handling the traumatic experience of the victim X. RECOMMENDATION

The experience of rape represents a crisis (Caplan, 1964), which precipitates the individual into a state of disequilibrium. Crisis intervention has been promoted as a rapid, brief, focused intervention, designed to stabilize the individual and help them to master the situation. For rape victims, immediate intervention may be helpful in correcting distorted perceptions of what happened, reducing guilt and self-blame, mobilising effective coping skills and facilitating the victims' use of their wider social network and family members for continuing support. Thus, crisis intervention and debriefing is highly recommended.

PREPARED BY: DEMETRIA GANDANGREYNA Social Worker I Psychological Evaluation Officer

ATTESTED BY: HUGO BOSS, Ph.D. PRFY Center Director

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