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CHILDREN SCIENCE CONGRESS - 2013

School students from class 6 to 12 can participate in CSC activities. The following activities are to be organized during CSC- 2013: 1. Sub Divisional Level CSC- 2 DAYS 1) Science Quiz for 3 Categories- Sr. Sec, Sr, & Jr level 2) Science Activity Corners th th 3) Innovative Science Model Competition- 9 to 12 class (Single Category) 2. District Level CSC- 3 DAYS 1) Science Activity Corners 2) Scientific Project report Competition 3) Science Skit 4) Science Quiz th th 5) Innovative Science Model Competition- 9 to 12 (Single Category) 6) Science Exhibition
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FOCAL THEME FOR SCIENTIFIC PROJECT ENERGY EXPLORE, HARNESS & CONSERVE
Sub Theme I Sub Theme II Sub Theme III a) Energy Resources b) Energy Systems a) Energy and Society b) Energy and Environment a) Energy Management and Conservation b) Energy Planning and Modelling

The programme for the year 2013 is summarised as follows

Sub Divisional Level CSC-2013:


The TA/ DA of the teachers and the students participating in Sub division level will be borne by the concerned school. Council will provide funds for prizes and organization only. 1. Science Activity Corner: In the Science Activity Corner simple experiments / activities related to physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, astronomy, origami, explaining miracles scientifically, low cost experiments, science through puppetry, rocket making, Aerodynamics, making products from the waste, etc will be organized. Categories: (5) Senior Secondary: 10+1 & 10+2 th th Senior (Urban): 9 to 10 th th Senior (Rural): 9 to 10 th th Junior (Urban): 6 to 8 th th Junior (Rural): 6 to 8 Guidelines: Participation of students from each school- The number of maximum students from each school who can participate at sub divisional level will be as followsSenior Sec School 3 students 1 Sr. Sec, 1 Sr grp and 1 Jr grp High School 2 students 1 Sr grp and 1 Jr grp Middle School 1 student 1 Jr grp Students can also bring their innovative science ideas/ models or can explain through posters.

SELECTION OF STUDENTS FOR DISTRICT LEVEL CSC: Each Science Activity Corner Coordinator will identify five talented students from each category and list will be submitted to co-ordinator confidentially. The co-ordinator of each corner will ensure that

students will not know that they are being observed. The identified talented students from all the corners will be the coordinators of Activity Corners to identify innovation. Two best students from each category will participate in the District level CSC.

2. Science Quiz Competition: The Science quiz can have maximum of six rounds and cover all the branches of Science including knowledge about science discoveries. There must be visual interactive round and at least 2 rounds of scientific experiment which will test the intelligence of the student rather than the memory. Category: (5) 1) Sr. Secondary: 10+1 and 10+2 th th 2) Sr (Urban): 9 and 10 th th 3) Sr (Rural): 9 and 10 th th 4) Jr (Urban): 6 to 8 th th 5) Jr (Urban): 6 to 8

NOTE: Team consisting of 2 students will participate in each category.


3. Innovative Science Model Competition: There will be open competition at sub divisional level. For Science Model competition there will be th th One category viz students of class 9 to 12 . Students should present working science model with concept note in Hindi/ English/ Handwritten or typed along with diagram or sketch. Model should be creative, low cost, innovative and applied in concept. It should not repeat conventional science principals. The focal theme this year for Science Model competition is Energy Conservation and Universe. Everyone seems to be researching alternative energy resources nowadays; with these energy & power science fair projects, you can Investigate how natural resources- like sunlight, wind and water- produce power and create energy to run wind turbines, heat homes and even generate electricity Study fuel cells and convert chemicals into electricity Explore energy- and money saving ideas for computer and for gas for your family car Create your own homemade models of structures such as wind turbines and geothermal plants, and put them to work with wind and water power. Some innovative ideas for models keeping in view relevance in reference to Himachal Pradesh area) Scope of Wind Mills on the ridges of Himalayas b) Harnessing of Solar Energy for the conservation of fossil fuels c) Harnessing renewable energy d) Exploring rivers for Hydro-electric Power e) Hydro-electric Power as a potential source of energy in Himachal f) Exploring Geo-thermal Energy in Himachal g) Any other innovative idea of the student related to Energy 4. Science Exhibition by Organizing School:
The students of organizing school and adjoining schools will plan a Science Exhibition with low cost and innovative concepts. The local Govt. Departments, Universities and NGOs Research Institutions may be requested to organize the exhibition during CSC.

5. Popular Science Lecture: A popular science lecture will be organized during inaugural session. 6. Cultural Event: Local cultural event should also be organized by participating students and teachers
during CSC in the evening.

DISTRICT LEVEL CSC- 2013


Two best students from each category from all Science Activity Corners; the 1 , 2 ,and 3 prize winners st from Science Model Competition; and team standing 1 in Quiz competition in each category at sub division level CSC will participate in district level CSC.
st nd rd

1. Science Activity Corners: Two best students from each category from all the science activity corners
at sub divisional level CSC will participate in the district level competition.

2. Innovative Science Model Competition: The 1st, 2nd, and 3rd prize winners of each sub division level
will participate in the district level.

3. Science Quiz: Team standing 1st in quiz competition in each category at sub division level will
participate in district level CSC.

4. Scientific Project Report Competition:


FOCAL THEME FOR CSC-2013: ENERGY: EXPLORE, HARNESS & CONSERVE Sub Theme I A) Energy Resources B) Energy Systems Sub Theme II A) Energy and Society B) Energy and Environment Sub Theme III A) Energy Management and Conservation B) Energy Planning and Modelling PARTICIPATION OF NUMBER OF STUDENTS IN DISTRICT LEVEL IN PROJECT REPORT S.No. Category Class No. of Participating Students Sub theme I Sub theme II Sub theme III 1. Sr. Secondary 10+1 and 10+2 1 1 1 th th 2. Sr. Rural 9 and 10 1 1 1 th th 3. Sr. Urban 9 and 10 1 1 1 th th 4. Jr. Rural 6 to 8 Only 01 (no theme wise categorization) th th 5. Jr. Urban 6 to 8 Sr. Secondary School Maximum Participating Students = 07 High School Maximum Participating Students = 04 Middle School Maximum Participating Students = 01

5. Science Skit/ Play Competition: This programme will be held at District and State level only. There
will be no senior / junior categorization. Students from class 6 to 12 can participate. Science Skit on any of the following themes can be presented along with typed hand written script with the names of script writer and players (maximum 5 only). The technical committee set up at the District level will scrutinize the scripts. The maximum time for the skit will be 15 minutes. The idea of skit must send a message and the title must be specific. This year the focal theme is Energy Conservation and Universe Suggestive Sub themes:a) Contribution of the Indian Scientists in the field of Energy. b) Conservation of Energy. c) Any other issue of relevance in Science. 6. Science Exhibition at District Level CSC: The Govt Departments like Dept of Agriculture/ Horticulture, Dept of Health, Project Officer Him-Urja, Universities on research studies, Scientific Institutions for organizing the exhibition. The council will also assist the organizers in planning the Science Exhibition at the district level. 7. Cultural Heritage: The programme is intended to depict cultural heritage of Himachal Pradesh. Teams participating from different sub divisions will present cultural items depicting cultural heritage of the State.
th th

STATE LEVEL CSC- 2013 1. Activity Corners: Same as per sub division level CSC programme. 2. Science Scientific Project Report Competition: Same as at District level.
THEME: ENERGY- EXPLORE, HARNESS & CONSERVE (No Sub theme wise categorisation for Juniors) 3. Science Quiz: Team consisting of two students standing 1st in each district level CSC in each category will participate in State level competition. 4. Science Model Competition: The students securing 1st, 2nd and 3rd position in each district will TH TH participate in the State level. SINGLE CATEGORY (9 TO 12 CLASS)

5. Science Skit/ Play Competition: Will be held at District and State level only. th th Category- There will be no Senior / Junior categorization. Students from class 6 to 12 can participate in the group of maximum 05 only. 6. Mathematical Olympiad Competition: There will be three categories- Sr. Secondary, Senior and Junior. There will be no Rural / Urban category. 7. State level Science Activity Corner, Training, Workshop for participating Teachers (2 days): Science Activity Corner workshop for participating teachers will be organized in 2 groups. Participating teachers has to participate in Science activity Corner workshop. The Co-ordinator of the workshop will identify 5 most innovative teachers. 8. Science Exhibition CSC: Science Activity Corner, training workshop for the teachers, Astronomy Awareness Programme (Sky watching), Amateur (HAM) Radio Demonstration, Science Exhibition by different organizations, Interaction by the eminent scientists with students and teachers, specific explanation of Maths and Miracle, Popular Science Lectures. 9. Cultural Heritage: The team from each district participating in the State level CSC will present a programme to highlight the Cultural Heritage of the district during the evenings. Only traditional folk dance/ or any other item will be allowed. The district organiser will submit a list of cultural programme during registration. 10. TA/DA of students/ teachers at State level: The amount of TA/DA of students/ teachers participating in State level CSC will be given to Dy. Director of Secondary Education of the concerned district directly by the Council. Guidelines for Scientific Survey Report CompetitionFocal Theme: Energy- Explore, Harness & Conserve
Energy is considered as a crucial input parameter for the day to day work and for economic development of a country. Per capita energy consumption is one of the key deciding factors of the level of well being of any society or for any country. It is also referred through the relationship between economic growths with energy consumption. In reality, economic development of every region or country largely depends on how its energy requirements are satisfied. Every production process has certain amount of energy requirement. Hence availability of quality energy sources is crucial for overall scientific and technological progress of any country. Energy is central to sustainable development and poverty reduction efforts. It affects all aspects of development- social, economic and environmental- including livelihoods, access to water, agricultural productivity, health, population levels, education and gender related issues. None of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) can be met without major improvement in the quality and quantity of energy services in developing countries. The issue of energy is always linked to its source. Nowadays energy sources are categorized as Nonrenewable and Renewable with a large frame of coverage. Such sources are used in multiple levels and areas, which in reality activate the entire processes of economy. Here, energy is mainly used in domestic, agriculture, industry, transport and communication sectors and they all are interlinked. All these energy applications basically provide energy services. Such processes are basically effective in a way where energy is input to the technology which produces services as outputs. So, efficiency of the technology in use and its purpose to produce services are important which determine the situation of energy sufficiency. In these perspectives, to achieve energy sufficiency and efficiency for suitability each one is interlinked through proper value setting, management principals, technological efficiency with policy measures. In above perspectives Sustainable energy issues are reflected as aboveSustainable Energy is the sustainable provision of the energy that meets the needs of the present without compromising with the ability of future generations to meet their needs. Technologies that promote sustainable energy include renewable energy sources, such as hydroelectricity, solar energy, wind energy, wave power, geothermal energy and tidal power and also technologies designed to improve energy efficiency. Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy are said to be the twin pillars of sustainable energy. Some ways in which sustainable energy has been defined are:

Effectively, the provision of energy that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Sustainable Energy has two key components- Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency. Dynamic harmony between equitable availability of energy intensive goods and services to all people and the preservation of the earth for fut ure generations And, the solution will lie in finding sustainable energy sources and more efficient means of converting and utilizing energy Any energy generation, efficiency & conservation source where resources are available to enable significant portion of energy generation in long term Energy which is replenished within a human lifetime and causes no long term damage to the environment Energy efficiency remains a cost effective way of improving the environmental impact of energy use, increasing security, improving competitiveness and providing affordable services. Energy Sufficiency is sometimes considered as normative concept to make differences between need and greed and prefer for the best. However, the growing concern for climate change and energy security now means that energy sufficiency is something that warrants serious consideration. It looks beyond technical energy efficiency measures and address the challenging issue of curbing consumer demand for energy services in an ethically acceptable fashion. It also implies a need to recognize limits and to establish acceptable minimum standards for energy services. From the aforesaid discussion it is clear that to achieve energy efficiency and sufficiency, we have to go for an integrated approach, where public understanding, initiatives for research and development are some key components to meet the requirements of energy sectors and policy measures may play a critical role. With reference to above discussion and taking consideration of our required initiatives in this era of global climate change challenges, efficient energy use and replacement of carbon based fuel with non carbon based fuel are the key areas by which we can reduce our carbon footprint to a large extent and undertake some pragmatic measures for mitigation and adaptation of climate change. It is noteworthy that awareness and understanding in such areas in many cases encourage us for taking self initiatives for conservation, rational uses and strategies for enhancing efficiency. Therefore, Energy: Explore, Harness and Conserve has been proposed as the focal theme for the CSC of 2012 and 2013, with an expectation that young minds will be able to realize the need, take different initiatives to explore, identify the energy resources and find ways to harness it, identify approaches to achieve optimum use through enhancing energy efficiency and energy conservation along with creating awareness among the masses through their project works.

Main Features of the Project Study:


The Children Science Congress (CSC) Projects are: Innovative, simple and practical Representing team work Based on exploration of everyday life-situations Involving experimentation and/or field based data collection Having definite outputs, arrived through scientific methodology Related directly to community work in local geographical area Having follow up plans

Areas of Research:
Every second year a Focal Theme is announced for the CSC. The children are expected to carry out projects related to the Focal Theme and the identified sub-themes. Activity Guide Books are available to guide teachers and the child scientists. The teacher/guides receive special orientation on the theme of the CSC every year at various levels.

Criteria of Good Projects:


A good project need not be voluminous. In fact, the total number of words for projects of the lower age group is restricted to 2500 words and that of upper level is 3500 words. An abstract of maximum 250 words should be given in English irrespective of the language used in writing the report. Past experience show that projects that are rated as good has the following characteristics Proper understanding and definition of the problem undertaken Quality and the Quantity of the work, including team work, learning process, subject understanding and efforts to validate the data collected. Relevance of the project to the community/school problem and impact of project on schoolmates, neighbourhood community. Originality, innovation and creativity shown to understand the problem and find solution i.e. in methodology and experiments design.

Guidelines for Teachers and Participants:


CSC projects are focused on use of method of science on the principals of learning through learning while attempting to solve a problem. So CSC projects are neither only survey based, essay type nor do they focus on developing some working model to prove some scientific principal. But Prototype models may be used merely as a tool for the study. The project should have relevance to the Focal Theme and Sub themes defined for the year. The CSC projects may not succeed in finding a permanent solution to the problem, but, it is desired that the approach and methodology undertaken should follow the methods of science. They should design experiments to validate the data collected or obtained through experiments.

Focal Theme of 2012 2013 : Energy: Explore, Harness and Conserve


Energy is considered as crucial input parameter for our day to day work and for economic development of any country. Per capita energy consumption is one of the key deciding factors of the level of well-being of any society or for any country. It is also referred through the relationship between economic growths with energy consumption. In reality economic development of every region or country largely depends on how its energy requirement is satisfied. Every production process has certain amount of energy requirement. Hence, availability of quality energy sources is crucial for overall scientific and technological progress of any country. Energy is central to sustainable development and poverty reduction efforts. It affects all aspects of development- social, economic and environmental- including livelihoods, access to water, agricultural productivity, health, population levels, education and gender related issues. None of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) can be met without major improvement in the quality and quantity of energy services in developing countries. In this era when we are facing challenges due to climate change globally, efficient energy use and replacement of carbon based fuel with non carbon based fuel are the key areas by which we can reduce our carbon footprint to a large extent and undertake some pragmatic measures for mitigation and adaptation of climate change. It is noteworthy that awareness and understanding in such areas in many cases encourage us for taking self initiatives for conservation, rational uses and strategies for enhancing efficiency. Therefore, Energy: Explore, Harness and Conserve has b een proposed as the focal theme for the CSC 2012-2013, with an expectation that young mind will be able to realize the need, take different initiatives to explore and identify the resources and find ways to harness it, identify approaches to achieve optimum use through enhancing energy efficiency and energy conservation along with creating awareness among the masses through their project works.

Sub-themes-1: (i) Energy Resources (ii) Energy Systems


(i)

Energy Resources: The growth and development of an area or locality or the country depends
upon the availability, accessibility, potentiality, stock and present requirement of Energy Resources. This sub-theme deals with the different aspects of energy Resources available as well as the potential sources available for the development of the area with emphasis on the ways and means to tap the different potential sources. The different sources of energy available can be divided into two major categories- Renewable Sources and Non-renewable Sources of Energy. The different Renewable sources of Energy are Solar- Thermal and

(ii)

Photovoltaic, Hydroelectricity, Wind energy, Bio-mass (like firewood, agricultural wastes, other Bio-fuels etc), and combination of Bio-energy Sources Bio-ethanol and Bio-Diesel. The different sources of Non-renewable sources of energy are Coal and Lignite, Oil, Natural Gas and Nuclear Energy. Some Project IdeasExplore and identify energy resources in and around you Nature of availability of solar energy in your village or locality Study on Bio-mass resources potential in your village or locality Assessment of potentiality of hydropower in a flowing stream Wind mapping, etc.

Energy Systems: The term energy systems, here refers to the interrelated network of energy
sources, conversion of energy sources, transmission and distribution of that energy to where it is needed to perform the work. The sub theme here mainly focuses on developing devices to convert one form of energy to another usable form, performance analysis and thus the feasibility and appropriateness. Some Project Ideas: Evaluate the energy efficiency of different chullahs used in the village. Comparison of the food web of two natural eco systems in an area Maximum power output from a solar module at different solar radiation and at different inclination angle Making various types of concentrating type solar cooker and measurement of temperature at the focal point at different solar radiation throughout the day Making of box type solar cooker by using various available materials like ply-board and measurement of cooking time for various kinds of food Measurement of amount of gas output from different kinds of organic waste materials (cow-dung, vegetable waste, food waste, municipal solid waste, etc) during anaerobic digestion Evaluation/ estimation of human energy requirement and estimate the amount of other conventional energy sources required to substitute them, etc.

Sub-theme-II: (i) Energy and Society (ii) Energy and Environment


(i)

Energy and Society: Growth in any sector like agriculture, industry, housing, transportation,
health care, education, tourism, entertainment, communication, etc presupposes corresponding growth in energy sector. In other words, availability and accessibility to different energy resources many a time influences the social pattern of an area. Societal make-up and structure also exerts impact on the energy consumption status and pattern. Both these with social benefits, security well being of human life. This sub-theme focuses on such societal dimension of energy use to cater to our needs of day to day life. Some Project Ideas: Gender-wise energy consumption pattern Change in the pattern of energy consumption and impact on lifestyle and society Energy spent to stay fit Energy for basic needs and livelihood Availability of bio-resources and efficient uses in the kitchen Energy implications of the dietary habits Festival and change in pattern of energy consumption- impact on society Change in energy flow due to shift in agricultural practices (crop, cattle, fertilizer use) Common facilities for reducing energy input in various sector, etc

(ii)

Energy and Environment: The production or the use of energy especially the non-renewable
sources always laid a great impact on the environment. Whether it is at the time of production, processing, consumption or even transmission, It has great impact, whereas it is an inseparable part of the growth and development. In this area one can assess the environmental impacts of different processes of production, transmission/transportation and uses of energy in and around us.

Some Project Ideas: Environmental impact of Power Plants The impact of deposition of suspended particles on photosynthesis Use of Bio-resources as fuel in the kitchen and the impacts on health of women Automobile pollution- impact on human health Insects congregating around lights and probable impact on its population Impact of wind generators on birds and other animals Environmental impact of mining and explorations activities for energy resources Energy consumption in the brick industries Firewood collection and probable impact on forest and biodiversity, etc

Sub-theme-III: (i) Energy management and Conservation (ii)Energy Planning and Modelling
(i)

Energy management and Conservation: The management of energy deals with the different
source of energy, assessing the present demand and optimal requirement with identification of the causes of misuse or wastage. It may be due to negligence, wrong practices and factors such as aging of the machinery, transmission loss or any such cause which poses hindrance in delivering the maximum energy spent at the input. In order to meet the loss of energy, identifying steps such as strategies for minimizing these losses, Strategies of techniques/set-up, change in management approach and practices are usually taken as conservation measure. Some Project Ideas: Energy audit of the school electricity usage Understanding green building Role of renewable energy in disaster management School water audit to assess the impact of water uses on energy consumption Assessing energy consumption pattern for preparation of food in the school Recycling practices and its impact on energy consumption Energy audit at a hospital Energy conservation in a village household Energy accounting for a solar green house Energy accounting of village industries/micro-enterprises/market complex Effectiveness of solar passive measures Comparison of energy utilization of different crops Energy accounting of a specific crop from tillage to harvesting, etc

(ii)

Energy Planning and Modelling: The term planning of energy here means for creating self
sufficiency in energy with strategy for optimum use and achieving its security. This involves assessing the resend demand and supply situation with reference to assessing the stock and identifying ways and means for optimizing the utilization. This is achieved through reviewing the consumption pattern, projecting future demand and supply and comparing situation with the help of models. The modelling shall help in identification of ways and means in attaining sufficiency and attain energy security. Some Project Ideas: Micro-level energy planning and modelling- start from your school Planning for energy efficient buildings Modelling grey water recycling in the colony Energy planning for transport sector Modelling for water utilization of a particular society/area Assessing present energy usage and projection for future requirement for your village or locality Modelling of windows for optimal utilization of energy Modelling of home/office interiors for efficient power consumption Modelling of energy efficient cooking systems Modelling of energy self-sufficient locality/village/school To plan and model the change in school timings for reducing the energy requirements, etc.

Form A

(Do not use titles mentioned in the activity guide as title of your project. Try making the project title specific but crisp and small. Best is the one stating the objective of implementing the activity. Suppose children staying in Solan work on food and preservation techniques. The title could be To develop preservation technique for the apples grown in the area of Solan District: --------------------------------------------State: ---------------------------------------------Particulars of Team Leader: 1) Name: ----------------------------------------2) Date of Birth: --------------------------------3) Std/Class: ----------------------------- (4) Sex: ----------------------5) Rural/Urban: ----------------------6) Residential Address: ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Phone No. (If any) -----------------------------------------------7)Name and Address of School/Institution/Science Club/others: -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8) Title of Project: ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9) Under Sub-theme: -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------10) Language used: ----------------------------------------------11) Particulars of the team members: S.No. Name Address with Pin Code Sex Std/Class Date of Birth 1. 2. 3. 4. Name and Address of Guide: ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Name and Signature of the Head of the Institution/ District Coordinator

Note: A copy of this Completed Registration Form must be enclosed with the Project Report

GUIDELINES ON HOW TO PRESENT A PROJECT REPORT


1. Written report should be typed or preferably Hand written on one side of the A-4 (8.6x 11.7)/ letter size (8.5x 11) papers. 2. The language of the report could be English, Hindi or any scheduled ones; however in case of language other than English, it must carry a copy of abstract of 250 words in English only. 3. To make the cover page of the report, use Form A providing information on the topic of the project, name of team leader, other group members, guide, district and state from where they are participating (can be in Hindi or English). 4. The report should have following in the sequence- Form A, Abstract (250 words), Introduction, Aims and objectives, Need statement, Hypothesis, Work Plan, Methodology, Observation, Data analysis, Results, Conclusion, Solution to the problem, Future Plan, Acknowledgements, References and Appendix (for laboratory tests or media reports or certificates from the authorities concerning the project). 5. The word limit for the written report for the lower age group (10 - <14yrs) is 2500 words and that for the upper age group (14 - <17 yrs) is 3500 words. 6. The written report can be substantiated by including limited number of photographs, sketches, illustrations and/or drawings, etc. 7. The oral presentation will be of 8 minutes followed by a 2 minute interaction/ questionnaire session with evaluators and audience where the child scientist can use maximum 4 charts/ posters (55cm x 70cm) along with overhead projector/ LCD projector if required. It may be noted that computer slides cannot have additional features like animation, pop-ups, rollovers, etc. Posters should contain information on project title, names of group members, objectives, map of the area, methodology, results, conclusion, and solution to problem. 8. The log book is a must as a part of the written document since it is reflective of team work. This has to be submitted along with the report. 9. The age in the specific group must be strictly followed. 10. Every project is carried out by a team of 2 to 5 children. 11. A child scientist can participate only once in each group as a group leader. 12. For more information, HYPERLINK http://www.ncstc-network.org Thus, Structure of project report*Cover page- must incorporate title of project, name and address of group leader and coWorkers (including name of district and state), name and address of guide *Form A (Registration Form) as in Annexure-V *Abstract in 250 words for lower age group and 300 words for upper age group (in English only) *Contents list of chapter with detail heading and sub heading, list of table, chart, maps, etc along with references against page numbers. *Introduction description on background of the study *Aims and objectives of the study *Hypothesis *Need statement *Work plan *Methodology *Observations *Data analysis and interpretation *Results *Conclusions *Solution to the problem *Future plan *Acknowledgement *References