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- IDENTIFICAR EL VERBO HAVE COMO VERBO PRINCIPAL: El verbo 'to have' tiene en espaol el significado principal de 'tener' y 'haber'. Puede tener tambin otros significados, como 'tomar'. Conoceremos su traduccin apropiada dependiendo del sentido de la frase. I have a new car / Tengo un coche nuevo I have worked / He trabajado I have coffee / Tomo caf I !I I"I#$ to have haber, tener P%E'E "E (E I (IC&"I#$ !$%)& &!I%)&"I#& I have (I've) he, tengo you have (you've) has, tienes he has (he's) ha, tiene we have (we've) hemos, tenemos you have (you've) habis, tenis they have (they've) han, tienen !$%)& E*&"I#& I have not (I haven't) no he, no tengo you have not (you haven't) no has, no tienes he has not (he hasn't) no ha, no tiene we have not (we haven't) no hemos, no tenemos you have not (you haven't) no nabis, no tenis they have not (they haven't) no han, no tienen !$%)& I "E%%$*&"I#& have I? he?, hengo? have you? has?, tienes? has he? ha?, tiene? have we? hemos?, tenemos? have you? habis?, tenis? have they? han?, tienen? P%E"E%I"$ had hube, haba, tuve, tena P&%"ICIPI$ had habido, tenido

+a tercera persona singular se forma de manera irregular ,cambia de '-ave' a '-as'..

E+ P%E"/%I"$ ,0ue corresponde en espaol al pretrito indefinido y al pretrito imperfecto.

!$%)& &!I%)&"I#& !$%)& E*&"I#& I had I had not (I hadn't) no hube, no haba / no tuve, hube, haba / tuve, tena no tena you had you had not (you hadn't) hubiste, habas / tuviste, no hubiste, no habas / no tenas tuviste, no tenas he had he had not (he hadn't) no hubo, no habia / no tuvo, hubo, habia / tuvo, tena no tena we had we had not (we hadn't) hubimos, habamos / no hubimos, no habamos / tuvimos, tenamos no tuvimos, no tenamos you had you had not (you hadn't) hubisteis, habais / tuvisteis, no hubisteis, no habais / no tenais tuvisteis, no tenais they had they had not (they hadn't) hubieron, haban / tuvieron, no hubieron, no haban / no tenan tuvieron, no tenan "$ 1&#E C$)$ &23I+I&%

!$%)& I "E%%$*&"I#& had I? hube?, haba? / tuve?, tena? had you? hubiste?, habas? / tuviste?, tenas? had he? hubo?, habia? / tuvo?, tena? had we? hubimos?, habamos? / tuvimos?, tenamos? had you? hubisteis?, habais? / tuvisteis?, tenais? had they? hubieron?, haban? / tuvieron?, tenan?

4 'irve para formar los tiempos compuestos cuando acompaa al participio de los verbos. I have played / He jugado I had played / Haba jugado 4 Cuando va seguido de un infinitivo, e0uivale a la e5presin espaola 'tener que'. I have to go / Tengo que ir I have to read that book / Tengo que leer ese libro

EJERCICIO CO!" #O $%&E I. "raduce al ingls las siguientes oraciones6 7.4 8uan tiene un nuevo libro

9.4 :;u tienes en esa maleta< =.4 "engo dos -i>as. ?.4 "ienes muc-os amigos en Espaa. @.4 :"ienes un minuto< O'(CIO!E 7.4 9.4 =.4 ?.4 @.4 8o-n -as got ,-as. a neA >ob. B-at -ave you got ,do you -ave. in t-at case< I've got ,I -ave. tAo daug-ters. "-ey've got ,"-ey -ave. a lot of friends in 'pain. 1ave you got ,(o you -ave. a minute<

II. completar las siguientes oraciones con la forma correcta6 7. )ary ............... a neA -ouse. )ary tiene una nueva casa. 9. &lice ............... studied Englis-. &lice -a estudiado ingls. =. Cou ............... boug-t booDs. "u -as comprado libros. ?. Be ............... money. osotros tenEamos dinero. @. "-ey ............... broDen t-e AindoA. Ellos -an roto la ventana. 2.- IDENTIFICA EL ADJETIVO DE DESCRIPCIN: )escr*pc*+n" 2n ad>etivo es una palabra 0ue acompaa y modifica al nombre. Puede ampliar, complementar o cuantificar su tamao. +os ad>etivos se construyen con el verbo FserG o FestarG ,to be. ya 0ue se trata de cualidades, caracterEsticas y rasgos 0ue no cambian o al menos 0ue no cambian de manera repentina. E>emplo6 %amn es gordo ,se trata de una constatacin ob>etiva de %amn en un momento dado.. %amn estH gordo , -acemos mHs bien referencia al -ec-o de 0ue actualmente %amn es gordo, y ademHs podemos sobreentender 0ue Ramn ha engordado y 0ue lo -emos conocido con otro aspecto fEsico.. El ingls tiene oc-o clases de ad>etivos6 7.4 Calificativos6 fat, red, niceI 9.4 (emostrativo6 t-is, t-at, t-ese, t-ose

=.4 ?.4 @.4 J.4 K.4 L.4

(istributivos6 eac-, every, eit-er, neit-er Cuantitativos6 some, any, manyI Interrogativos6 A-ic-< B-at< Posesivos6 my, yourI Propios6 Englis-, 'panisumerales6 one, four, first, secondI

El gnero y nMmero El ad>etivo en ingls es invariable, es decir, no cambia con el gnero ni con el nMmero6 fast 44N rHpido, rHpida, rHpidos, rHpidas +os ad>etivos demostrativos tienen diferentes formas para el singular y el plural6 t-is pencil t-ese pencils los ad>etivos cuantitativos tienen diferentes formas para el singular y el plural6 muc- milD ,muc-a lec-e. many booDs ,muc-os libros. %d,et*vos para descr*ber el aspecto f-s*co alto delgado esbelto *ordo gordito fuerte dbil calvo *uapo, atractivo guapa feo "all "-in 'lip fat Pluma 'trong BeaD Oold 1andsome, attractive, good4looDing +ovely ugly

%d,et*vos para descr*b*r el car.cter y personal*dad contento triste enfadado 1appy 'ad &ngry

emocionado deprimido sorprendido asustado enamorado preocupado cansado enfermo agotado despierto dormido descalPo desnudo

E5cited depressed 'urprised !ig-tened In love Borried "ired 'icD, ill E5-austed &AaDe &sleep, sleepy barefoot naDed

%d,et*vos relac*onados con los colores" claro oscuro +ig-t darD

%d,et*vos para descr*b*r for/as en espa0ol cuadrado redondo ovalado triangular rectangular '0uare %ound $val "riangular rectangular

%d,et*vos para descr*b*r cosas grande pe0ueo enorme agradable desagradable estrec-o anc-o corto largo Oig, large 'mall, little 1uge ice 2npleasant arroA Bide '-ort long

EJERCICIO I) %d,et*vos de/ostrat*vos"

&. &nota t-is o t-ese6 7.4 QQQQQQQQQQ men are from 'pain. 9.4 QQQQQQQQQQ foot is dirty. =.4 QQQQQQQQQQ scissors are very s-arp. ?.4 QQQQQQQQQQ c-ildren don't -ave any parents. @.4 QQQQQQQQQQ mouse is broDen. O. &nota t-at o t-ose6 7.4 QQQQQQQQQQ roofs are made of Aood. 9.4 QQQQQQQQQQ bo5 is empty. =.4 QQQQQQQQQQ trousers are made in C-ina. ?.4 QQQQQQQQQQ men are Aaiting for t-e bus. @.4 QQQQQQQQQQ tomato is very big. O'(CIO!E #h*s 1 #hese 7. t-ese 9. t-is =. t-ese ?. t-ese @. t-is #hat 1 #hose 7. t-ose 9. t-at =. t-ose ?. t-ose @. t-at

II)

%d,et*vos d*str*but*vos"

&. "raduce las siguientes frases en ingls6

7.4

o 0uiero este pastel, 0uiero el otro.

9.4 Pagamos treinta y cinco euros cada uno. =.4 Cambia tu ordenador cada tres aos. ?.4 1ay dos camas. Puedes usar cual0uiera. @.4 "iene dos -ermanos, pero ninguno de los dos es guapo. O'(CIO!E 7. I donRt Aant t-is caDe, I Aant t-e ot-er one. 9. Be paid t-irty4five Euros eac-. =. C-ange your computer every t-ree years. ?. "-ere are tAo beds. Cou can use eit-er. @. '-eRs got tAo brot-ers, but neit-er of t-em are good looDing. III) %d,et*vos de cant*dad" &. Completa las frases utiliPando6 an!, much, a lot, a loto f6

7.4 It didnSt cost QQQQQQQQQQQ money to g oto eA Tealand. 9.4 1oA QQQQQQQQQQ songs can you sing< =.4 "-ereSs QQQQQQQQQQ rice in t-e cupboard. ?.4 Paco visited QQQQQQQQQ countries A-en -e Aent on -oliday. @.4 1oA QQQQQQQQQQQ interesting cities did Paco see< J.4 1e didnSt see QQQQQQQQ cities, but -e saA QQQQQQQQQQ friends. K.4 (o you eat QQQQQQQQQQQ c-eese< Ces, QQQQQQQQQQQ L.4 did you send QQQQQQQQQQQQ postcards to friends< Ces, I did. O. Completa las frases con6 some, an!6 7.4 (o you DnoA QQQQQQQQQQQ good restaurants in Oarcelona< 9.4 Bould you liDe QQQQQQQQQQ more potatoes< =.4 B-en I Aent to Paris I visited QQQQQQQQQQQ interesting museums, but I didnSt go to QQQQQQQQQQQQ art galleries. ?.4 &re t-ere QQQQQQQQQQQ messages for me on t-e ansAer p-one<

@.4 ISd liDe QQQQQQQQQQQQQ tomatoes and QQQQQQQQQQQQQ mus-rooms please. Out I donSt Aant QQQQQQQQQQQ carrots. C. Completa las frases utiliPando6 a little, little, a fe", fe"6 7.4 I bout- QQQQQQQQQQQQQ postcards in Paris. 9.4 Can you asD t-e Aaiter for QQQQQQQQQQQQ more Aine please darling< =.4 Cou -avenSt passed all of t-e e5ams, yourSve only passed QQQQQQQQQQQQ . ?.4 QQQQQQQQQQQQ people go out on )onday nig-t in #alencia. "-ere is almost no traffic. @.4 I liDe to drinD QQQQQQQQQQQQ lemon >uice before I -ave breaDfast. J.4 Can I taDe QQQQQQQQQQQQQ pieces of paper, please< K.4 UKV a AeeD is QQQQQQQQQQ money t-ese days if you Aant to buy a flat. (. Escribe6 ost, most of, all, en los espacios en blanco segMn convenga.

7.4 Cesterday I spent QQQQQQQQQQQQQQ my money, and noA I donSt -ave anyt-ing. 9.4 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ people in )adrid speaD 'panis-, but not QQQQQQQQQQQ of t-em. =.4 In #alencia, QQQQQQQQQQQ t-e s-ops open at W oSclocD, but not QQQQQQQQQQQ of t-em. ?.4 In Ireland it rains QQQQQQQQQQQ t-e time. @.4 &ll *erman cars are Aell4made, but I liDe O)BSs t-e QQQQQQQQQQQQQ. J.4 I must be in love, because QQQQQQQQQQQ I can t-inDs about is you. . O'(CIO!E '2%!3' 4 '2(C$' 4 '% 'O#'4 '% 'O# O5' 7. muc-/a lot of 9. many =. a lot of ?. many/a lot of @. many J. many/a lot of 4 many/a lot of K. muc- / a lot of 4 a lot L. many/a lot of ' O2E'4 '%!3' 7. &ny 9. some =. some/any ?. any @. some/some/any

'% 'I##'E'4 ''I##'E'4 '% 5E6'4 '5E6'

7. a feA 9. a little =. a feA ?. feA @. a little J. a feA K. little '2O #'4 '2O # O5'4 '%''' 7. &ll 9. most / all =. most of / all ?. most of @. most J. all 3.- IDENTIFICA GNERO Y NMERO PARA UTILI AR CORRECTAMENTE EL PRONOMBRE POSESIVO:
El pronombre posesivo sustituye al sustantivo y al ad>etivo posesivo 0ue lo acompaa cuando este sustantivo -a sido ya anteriormente mencionado, o cuando por el conte5to 0ueda perfectamente definido6

Como los determinantes posesivos, los prono/bres poses*vos conc*ertan con el poseedor y no con la cosa pose-da7 En ingls los pronombres posesivos no pueden ir precedidos de artEculos como en espaol.

El mEo El tuyo 2*ne

)ine yours El 2-o1la /-a1los /-os1las /-as88 2-o1a4os4as El tuyo1la tuya1los tuyos1las tuyas88 #uyo4a1os1as El suyo 1la suya 1los suyos 1las suyas (de 9l4 de ella4 de ello)88 El nuestro 1la nuestra 1los nuestros 1 las nuestras88!uestro4a1os1as 'os vuestro 1la vuestra 1 los vuestros 1 las vuestras88 &uestro4a1os1as

3ours

$*s 1 hers

Ours

3ours

#he*rs

El suyo 1la suya 1 los suyos 1 las suyas ( de ellos 1 ellas)88 uyo4a1os1as

&lgunos e>emplos
"-e money is mine "-e treasure is yours "-e booDs are -is. "-e -omeAorD is -ers. "-e food is ours. "-e -ouse is yours "-e apple is t-eirs. El dinero es mEo. El tesoro es tuyo / suyo. +os libros son de l. +a tarea es de ella. +a comida es nuestra. +a casa es vuestra +a manPana es de ellos/ellas

)Hs e>emplos
#h*s *s /*ne7 #h*s *s ours7 #hose are the*rs7 Este es el /-o Este es la nuestra Esos son los suyos

EJERCICIO &. %ellena los -uecos con6 mine,yours,-is,-ers 7.4 )y is dogQQQQ 9.4 8o-n's -orse is QQQQ =.4 Xate's ducD is QQQQ ?.4 Cour cat is QQQQ @.4 )y elep-ant is QQQQQQQ J.4 1er turtle is QQQQQQQQ O. %ellena los -uecos con6 mine, -is,-ers,ours,yours,t-eirs 7.4 "-e tiger QQQQQ,El suyo de l. 9.4 "-e vulture isQQQQQ,#uestro.

=.4 ?.4 @.4 J.4

"-at ducD is QQQQ,(e ella. )y fis- and your bird are QQQQ , uestros. "-e snaDe is QQQQ,+a suya,de ella. "-e butterfly is QQQQ ,+a suya de l.

C. "raduce estas frases con los pronombres posesivos en ingls 7.4 Este tigre es nuestro QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ 9.4 Este delfEn es el suyo,(e ellas. QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ =.4 Ese pato es el nuestro QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ ?.4 +os nuestros son los elefantes QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ @.4 +a serpientes no son de ella QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ J.4 +a -ormiga es de l QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ

(. "raduce estas frases con los pronombres posesivos en ingls Este es el suyo,(e l. QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ Este es el suyo,(e ellas. QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ Estos son los nuestros QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ Estos son los suyos ,(e ellos. QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ Estos son los mios

QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ Estos son los tuyos QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ

E. "raduce estas frases con los pronombres posesivos en ingls 74Este es suyo,(e lla. QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ 94Estos son mEos QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ =4Estos son nuestros QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ ?4Estos son suyos ,(e ellos. QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ @4Estos son tuyos QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ J4Este es suyo,(e ellas. QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ !.- APLICA EL PRESENTE SIMPLE EN ACTIVIDADES DIARIAS Y GENERALES: %egla
El presente simple puede e5presar un accin 0ue ocurre en el presente

%ecuerda 0ue los adverbios se suelen colocar entre el su>eto y el verbo 0ue lleva el significado mHs importante.E5cepto despus del verbo Y"o beY0ue van detrHs. 42na rutina
'-e plays tennis on "uesdays "-e do t-eir -omeAorD every evening Ella >uega al tenis los )artes 1acen sus tareas todas las tardes

42n -abito

)ary alAays drinDs coDe Ait- piPPa 4 2n -ec-o !ire burns

)ary siempre bebe Coca cola con piPPa

El fuego 0uema

42na verdad
I come from 'pain 'oy de Espaa

!i>ate en la
1e runs '-e eats It sleeps

final de tercera persona del singular.


El corre Ella come Ello duerme

4'i el verbo termina en Y$Y o en YC1Y,debemos aadir


1e goes '-e does It catc-es El va Ella -ace Ello captura/atrapa

4+a tercera persona del singular es diferente tambin en las interrogativa y negativas.
(oes -e run< (oes s-e eat< (oes it sleep< 1e doesn't run '-e doesn't eat It doesn't sleep :Corre el< :Come ella< :(uerme ello< El no corre Ella no come Ello no duerme

4Como ves ya no llevan la

Presente simple afirmativo

Espaol Co como "u comes El come Ella come Ello come osotros comemos #osotros comis Ellos comen Interrogativo Espaol :Como yo< :Comes tu< :Come el< :Come ella< :Come ello< :Comemos nosotros< :Comis vosotros < :Comen ellos< Presente simple negativo Espaol o como o comes o come ,l. o come ,ella. o come ,ello. o comemos o comis o comen

Ingls I eat you eat 1e eats '-e eats It eats Be eat Cou eat "-ey eat Ingls (o I eat< (o you eat< (oes -e eat< (oes s-e eat< (oes it eat< (o Ae eat< (o you eat< (o t-ey eat< Ingls contraido I don't eat you don't eat 1e doesn't eat '-e doesn't eat It doesn't eat Ae don't eat you don't eat "-ey don't eat

EJERCICIO &. Con los siguientes verbos6EatZComer/(rinDZbeber/BriteZescribir, escrEbelos en afirmativo, interrogativo y negativo6 74Co escribo QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ 94"u bebes QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ =4&ntonio come QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ

?4El bebe QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ @4)aria escribe QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ J4!elipe bebe QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ K4Oebemos QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ L4Escriben QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ W4Oebe ,El perro. QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ 7V4"u comes QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ

O. Con los siguientes verbos6EatZComer/(rinDZbeber/BriteZescribir y los determinantes interrogativosZB-at<Z:;ue</B-ere<Z:(nde< 74:;ue escribes< QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ 94:;u bebes< QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ =4:(nde come &ntonio< QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ ?4:;u bebemos< QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ @4:(nde escribe )aria< QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ J4:(nde bebe !elipe< QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ K4:(nde bebemos< QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ L4:;ue escriben< QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ W4:;ue bebe< ,El perro. QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ 7V4:(nde comes< QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ ".- EL VERBO #TO BE +a estructura bHsica del af*r/at*vo del verbo Yto beY %f*r/at*vo

u,eto I Cou 1e '-e It Be Cou "-ey

&erbo a/ are *s *s *s are are are

ob,eto 1 co/ple/ento a student. -appy. 8o-n. in t-e car. a -ot day. (avid's parents. from )adrid. ours.

'oy alumno. Eres feliP. Es 8o-n. EstH en el coc-e. Es un dEa caluroso. 'omos los padres de (avid. 'ois de )adrid. 'on nuestros.

EJERCICIO"
I. $rdena estas palabras para formar una frase6

7.4 a I teac-er am QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ 9.4 are a Cou student QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ =.4 boy 1e is a QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ ?.4 a girl is '-e QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ @.4 elep-ant is an It QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ J.4 'pain are Be in QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ K.4 Cou in are England QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ L.4 are "-ey dogs QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ OIO+I$*%&![&6 -ttp6//AAA.>untadeandalucia.es/averroes/ceipQsanQtesifon/recursos/ingles/actQinteractivas/cuest ionarios/gramQorderQ7.-tm

-ttp6//AAA.madridteac-er.com/*rammar/verbo4to4be.-tm

'a estructura b.s*ca del negat*vo del verbo :to be:6 !egat*vo u,eto I Cou 1e &erbo a/ not are not *s not ob,eto 1 co/ple/ento a student. -appy. 8o-n.

o soy alumno. o eres feliP. o es 8o-n.

'-e It Be Cou "-ey

*s not *s not are not are not are not

in t-e car. a -ot day. (avid's parents. from )adrid. ours. EJERCICIO

o estH en el coc-e. o es un dEa caluroso. o somos los padres de (avid. o sois de )adrid. o son nuestros.

I.

Completa la oracin con la negacin del verbo Fto beG, revisa la traduccin en espaol6 o soy alumno.

7.4 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ a student.

9.4 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ -appy. o eres feliP. =.4 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ 8o-n. o es 8o-n. ?.4 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ in t-e car. o estH en el carro. @.4 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ a -ot day. o es un dEa caluroso. J.4 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ (avidSs parents. o somos los padres de (avid. K.4 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ from )adrid. o eres de )adrid. L.4 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ ours. o son nuestros.

'a estructura b.s*ca del *nterrogat*vo del verbo :to be: Interrogat*vo &erbo %/ %re Is Is Is %re %re u,eto I you -e s-e it Ae you ob,eto 1 co/ple/ento a student< -appy< 8o-n< in t-e car< a -ot day< (avid's parents< from )adrid<

:'oy alumno< :Eres feliP< :Es 8o-n< :EstH en el coc-e< :Es un dEa caluroso< :'omos los padres de (avid< :'ois de )adrid<

%re

t-ey

ours<

:'on nuestros< +& "%&(2CCI\ (E +&

EJERCICIO I. C$)P+E"& +&' $%&CI$ E', ![8&"E C$ $%&CI\ C$)P+E"&6 7.4 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ a student< :'oy yo alumno< 9.4 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ -appy< :Eres tM feliP< =.4 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ 8o-n< :Es 8o-n< ?.4 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ in t-e car< :EstH en el carro<

@.4 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQa -ot day< :Es un dEa caluroso< J.4 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ (avidSs parents< :'omos los padres de (avid< K.4 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ from )adrid< :Eres de )adrid< L.4 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ ours< :'on nuestros< II. C$ '"%2CE $%&CI$ E' C$ C2E'"I$ E' ;2E 'E "E (& 6 E+ #E%O$ F"$ OEG 2'& ($

B-at QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ < B-ere QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ< B-en QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ< B-o QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ < B-y QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ< $.- PREPOSICIONES PARA E%PRESAR LA HORA:
PREPOSICIONES DE TIEMPO Las preposiciones utilizadas con relacin al tiempo pueden resultar algo complicadas para aprender. Probablemente obtengas mejores resultados si te aprendes unos cuantos ejemplos. Veamos... AT? IN? ON? BY? AT se usa con las horas (at 10:00 am), momentos del da (at night) y con nombres de festi idades (at Christmas, at Easter). IN se refiere a partes o di isiones del da (in the evening), meses (in November), estaciones del a!o (in winter) y a!os (in 2004). IN se usa tambi"n para se!alar un perodo en el cual algo tendr# lugar (in nine months' time). ON se usa para los das de la semana (on Monday), para partes o di isiones del da (mencionando el da de la semana) (on Monday mornings) y para las fechas

(on 15th May, on November 5th). BY indica el $ltimo momento%hora%fecha en &ue una accin ser# finalizada. 'ormalmente es similar en significado a before. BY se usa generalmente con tiempos futuros (I wi have finished my !ro"e#t by $at%rday). BETWEEN? AMONG? La regla b#sica, &E'(EEN !ara 2 y )M*N+ !ara m,s de 2 generalmente es efecti a. (in embargo, si las dos cosas est#n mezcladas ( ariedades de flores, galletas, etc) se prefiere utilizar AMONG ($he wa -ed among the roses and dah ias). Por el cntrario, si hay pocas cosas y a "stas se las considera aisladamente, se utiliza BETWEEN ($he wa -ed between the three mo%ntains). TO? TOWARDS? TO implica la idea de destino mientras &ue TOWARDS slo implica direccin o sentido. Por ejemplo) .e wa -ed to the vi age, implica &ue "l lleg all. .e wa -ed towards the vi age, slo implica &ue "l camin en esa direcin, pero desconocemos si ha llegado. FROM? OUT OF? *+, *- es m#s especfico &ue -.*/ y e0presa 1desde el interior1. 2l opuesto de *+, *- es 3',* (.e #ame into the ho%se). OFF? OUT OF? OFF e0presa la idea de 1bajar desde1. Por este moti o, we get off a train, ! ane, shi!, b%s or bi#y# e, pero we get o%t of a #ar or ta/i. 4e modo similar, we get in0into a #ar or ta/i, pero we get on0onto a train, ! ane, shi!, b%s or bi#y# e . IN? WITH? +samos IN cuando nos referimos a lo &ue alguien est# istiendo (a man in b a#-, a woman in red). Por el contrario, usamos WITH para objetos &ue lle amos o portamos (a man with an %mbre a, a ady with a !%rse) y tambi"n para caractersticas fsicas o fisonmicas (a gir with red hair). IN%AT THE BEGINNING? IN%AT THE END? .ecuerda &ue decimos AT THE BEGINNING OF SOMETHING, pero simplemente IN THE BEGINNING) )t the beginning of the boo- there is a ong senten#e1 In the beginning there was the tit e in red #a!ita s2 4e modo similar, generalmente se dice AT THE END OF, pero slo IN THE END) In the end 3anny marries her #o%sin who has been her se#ret !assion sin#e #hi dhood1 )t the end of the fi m 3anny marries her #o%sin Edm%nd2 IN TIME vs ON TIME ON TIME e0presa punctualidad, no tarde o demora. IN TIME e0presa lo suficientemente temprano para hacer algo o antes de &ue un acontecimiento desagradable ocurra. Por lo tanto, decimos) 'he hero arrived in time to save the #hi dren1 It is im!ortant to arrive on time to an interview.

;I;'IO<R%5=%" -ttp6//AAA.ompersonal.com.ar/omgrammar/usodepreposiciones7.-tm -ttp6//AAA.s-ertonenglis-.com/resources/es/prepositions/prepositions4time9.p-p EJERCICIO I. "raducir al ingles las siguientes oraciones6

7.4 8acD -a vivido en +ondres desde 7WW?. QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ 9.4 1a estado lloviendo desde ayer QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ =.4 :Por 0u no te 0uedas -asta maana< QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ ?.4 +a carta no serH enviada -asta el viernes. QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ @.4 !alta un cuarto para las tres QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ J.4 :CuHnto falta para la cena< QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ K.4 Este banco estH abierto entre la una y cinco de la tarde QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ L.4 El espectHculo empeParH dentro de una -ora QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ W.4 Ella traba>a de nueve a cinco, todos los dEas. QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ 7V.4 & partir de 8ulio, la tienda estarH abierta -asta las dieP QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ

O'(CIO!E 7.4 8acD -as lived in +ondon since 7WW?. 9.4 It -as been raining since yesterday. =.4 B-y don't you stay until tomorroA< ?.4 "-e letter Aill not be sent until !riday. @.4 It's a 0uarter to t-ree. J.4 1oA long is it to dinner< K.4 "-is banD is open betAeen one and five in t-e afternoon. L.4 "-e s-oA Aill start Ait-in an -our. W.4 '-e AorDs from nine to five every day. 7V.4 &s from 8uly, t-e store Aill be open till ten.

&.- EL ART'CULO CORRESPONDIENTE A LA REGLA GRAMATICAL: 'O %R#=C('O I!)E#ER2I!%)O


2n, una se dice en ingls

'i la palabra siguiente empiePa por una vocal,esa & se trasforma en

& boy & girl & -ouse & car &n apple &n old car

2n c-ico 2na c-ica 2na casa 2n coc-e 2na manPana 2n coc-e vie>o

&n ice4cream 2n -elado o e5iste un articulo indeterminado plural en ingls. 'e usa YsomeY para decir unos, unas.

& -ouse 'ome -ouses

2na casa &lgunas casas

)ira como no -ay diferencia entre el masculino y el femenino. 'i ponemos un ad>etivo delante del nombre, y ese ad>etivo empiePa por vocal. 'e debe -acer la misma transformacin.

&n old -ouse 2na casa vie>a & pretty girl 2na c-ica guapa

&n angry doctor

2n mdico furioso

'os art-culos deter/*nados


El,lo,la,los las. 'e dicen en ingls

,de. 'i la palabra siguiente empiePa por una vocal,se pronuncia ,di. en lugar de ,de.0ue es lo normal. "-e boy "-e girl "-e old car "-e apple El c-ico +a c-ica E+ coc-e vie>o "-e boys +os c-icos "-e girls +as c-icas "-e old +os coc-es cars vie>os "-e +a manPana +as manPanas apples

)ira como no -ay diferencia entre el masculino y el femenino, el singular y el plural.

"-e girl "-e girls "-e boy "-e boys

+a c-ica +as c-icas El c-ico +os c-icos

EJERCICIO I. E+I*E +& !$%)& C$%%EC"&6 a, an, some

7.4 QQQQQQ arm6

a. an

b. a

c. some

9.4 QQQQQQQ long arm6 a. an b. a c. some

=.4 QQQQQQQQ arms6 a. an b. a c. some

?.4 QQQQQQQQ long arms6 a. an b. a c. some

@.4 QQQQQQQQ s-ort arm6 a. an b. a c. some

II. E+I*E +& "%&(2CCI\ C$%%EC"&6 7.4 El perro6 a. a dog b. t-e dog c. some dogs c. some old dogs c. 'ome old dogs c. 'ome dogs c. 'ome -appy dog

9.4 El perro #ie>o6 a. an old dog b. t-e old dog =.4 2nos perros vie>os6 a. "-e old dogs b. &n old dog ?.4 +os perros6 a. "-e dogs b. & dog

@.4 El perro feliP6 a. "-e -appy dog b. & -appy dog J.4 El libro6 a. an booD b. "-e booD

c. 'ome booDs c. 'ome stars c. "-e s-iny star c. 'ome friends c. "-e strong c-ild

K.4 2na estrella6 a. "-e star b. & star L.4 +a estrella brillante6 a. & s-iny star b. &n s-iny star W.4 2nos amigos6 a. "-e friends b. &n friends

7V.4 2n nio fuerte6 a. & strong c-ild b. &n ugly c-ild ;I;'IO<R%5=%"

-ttp6//AAA.t-eyelloApencil.com/toarticulosJ.-tml (.- LOS SUSTANTIVOS: a. +os sustantivos en ingls pueden ser masculinos, femeninos o neutros6 'on masculinos los nombres de varones y los de animales de se5o masculino 'on femeninos los nombres de mu>eres y los de animales de se5o femenino 'on neutros los nombres de ob>etos inanimados b. El gnero de los sustantivos no afecta ni al artEculo ni al ad>etivo 0ue los acompaan, ya 0ue estos no varEan de forma6 "-e red car El coc-e ro>o "-e red cars +os coc-es ro>os c. Pero en cambio, si -ay 0ue tener en cuenta el genero del sustantivo a la -ora de sustituirlo por un pronombre personal6 "-e boy is -ere. 1e is -ere "-e girl is nice. '-e is nice "-e car is big. It is big d. El plural de los sustantivos se forma aadiendo YsY a la forma singular6 Cat Cats (og (ogs e. Pero si el sustantivo finaliPa en YoY, Yc-Y, Ys-Y, YssY, Y5Y, para formar el plural -ay 0ue aadir Y4esY6 !a5 !a5es Potato Potatoes f. C si finaliPa por YyY, tras una consonante, el plural se forma eliminando esta YyY y aadiendo la terminacin Y4iesY6 Copy Copies 'upply 'upplies g. &lgunas palabras en ingls tan slo tienen la forma plural6 Pants Pantalones 'cissors "i>eras *lasses *afas -. $tras, en cambio, tan slo tienen forma singular6 Oeauty OellePa $il Petrleo *old $ro &OC%;('%RIO Papel +ibreta OolEgrafo +HpiP Pluma *oma Paper !a5 otebooD Carpeta ,Oallpoint. pen &rc-ivadores ,mueble. Pencil *rapa !ountain pen *rapadora %ubber Clip !a5 mac-ine !older !iling cabinet 'taple 'tapler Paper clip

"i>eras Pegamento )H0uina de escribir $rdenadores %otulador "elfono

'cissors *lue "ypeAriter Computer )agic )arDer P-one

'obre Carta 'ello (ocumento Copia 'acapuntas

Envelope +etter 'tamp (ocument Copy Pencil s-arpener

EJERCICIO I. 7.4 9.4 =.4 ?.4 @.4 J.4 K.4 L.4 !$%)& E+ P+2%&+ (E +&' 'I*2IE "E' P&+&O%&'6

cat QQQQQQQQQQQQ booD QQQQQQQQQQQQ dog QQQQQQQQQQQQQ potato QQQQQQQQQQQQ Aife QQQQQQQQQQQQQ man QQQQQQQQQQQQQ Aoman QQQQQQQQQQQ s-eep QQQQQQQQQQQQ II. P$ E% E P+2%&+ +$' '2'"& "I#$' (E +&' 'I*2IE "E' $%&CI$ E', 1&CIE ($ +$' C&)OI$' ECE'&%I$' E +$' #E%O$'6

7.4 & cat is an animal6 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ 9.4 Be -avenSt got a bottle of Aine6 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ =.4 "-ere isnSt a tree -ere6 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ ?.4 & booD -as a title6 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ @.4 1ave you got a cigarette<6 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ J.4 & novel is a booD6 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ K.4 "-ere is a dog under t-e table6 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ L.4 & -ouse isnSt an animal6 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ W.4 1ave t-ey got a -ouse in Paris<6 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ 7V.4 "-ere is a pencil on t-e desD<6 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ 77.4 ISve got a friend6 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ 79.4 Is t-ere a c-air in t-e Ditc-en<6 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ ;I;'IO<R%5=%"

http"11www7gra/at*ca*nglesa/anas7co/1e,erc*c*os1>7plurala7ht/ ).- DISTINGUIR LOS NMEROS ORDINALES Y CARDINALES: +os cardinales y los ordinales se pueden usar como nombres o adverbios cambiando la terminacin Y4aY por Y4oY o Y4eY, respectivamente. Podemos e5presar el nMmero cero de varias formas6 8 nought o naught, usado de forma genrica y en matemHticas. 8 ?ero, usado normalmente para indicar la temperatura. "ambin en matemHticas6 5*ve degrees below ?ero / #inco grados bajo cero 8 o ,pronunciado6 oh., se usa genricamente y para indicar los nMmeros de telfono, tar>etas de crdito, pasaporte, etc ,en 2.X., En 2'& es mHs usual decir 'Pero' para estos nMmeros.. 2y telephone nu/ber *s @AB@C ,o 4 one 4 tAo 4 o 4 four. Z 2.X. ,Pero 4 one 4 tAo 4 Pero 4 four. Z 2'& Para e5presar un nMmero fraccionario nombramos el numerador como nMmero cardinal y el denominador como nMmero ordinal. B1D E two th*rds Z dos tercios +os nMmeros multiplicativos son6 one4 only Z uno s*ngle Z uno solo double Z doble treble Z tri$le Fuadruple Z cu%dru$le Fu*ntuple Z quntu$le s*Gfold Z seis veces &s'tu$lo( sevenfold Z siete veces e*ghtfold Z ocho veces ... etc. 'eparamos con un guin las unidades 0ue siguen a las decenas, a partir del nMmero 9V DC E th*rty8four H> E seventy8e*ght A1C E one fourth ,a 0uarter. Z un cuarto

+os nMmeros entre 7VV y 7VVV unen las centenas y decenas con 'and' BCH E two hundred and forty8seven +os millares pueden leerse como grupos de dos. 'e incluye la partEcula de unin 'and' si el valor de la centena es menor de cien. 7WW@ Z nineteen ninety4nine Cardinal numbers 7V9V Z a t-ousand and tAenty $rdinal numbers

one 2 two 3 three 4 four 5 five 6 six 7 seven 8 eight 9 nine 10 ten 11 eleven 12 twelve 13 thirteen 14 fourteen 15 fifteen 16 sixteen 17 seventeen 18 eighteen 19 nineteen 20 twenty 21 twenty-one 22 twenty-two 30 thirty 40 forty

1st first 2nd second 3rd third 4th fourth 5th fifth 6th sixth 7th seventh 8th eighth 9th ninth 10th tenth 11th eleventh 12th twelfth 13th thirteenth 14th fourteenth 15th fifteenth 16th sixteenth 17th seventeenth 18th eighteenth 19th nineteenth 20th twentieth 21st twenty-first 22nd twenty-second 30th thirtieth 40th fortieth

50 fifty 60 sixty 70 seventy 80 eighty 90 ninety 100 a/one hundred 101 a/one hundred and one

50th fiftieth 60th sixtieth 70th seventieth 80th eightieth 90th ninetieth 100th hundredth 101st hundred and first 200th two hundredth 1.000th thousandth 10.000th ten thousandth 100.000th 1.000.000th one hundred thousandth one millionth

200 two hundred 1.000 a/one thousand 10.000 ten thousand 100.000 1.000.000 a/one hundred thousand a/one million

;I;'IO<R%5=%" -ttp6//AAA.ompersonal.com.ar/ome5press/numerosymedidas/numeroscardinalesyordina les.-tm -ttp6//AAA.mansioningles.com/gram9V.-tm EJERCICIO I. a. b. c. d. e. f. g. -. E'C%IOE +&' 'I*2IE "E' E3P%E'I$ E' C$ P&+&O%&'6 7Jt-6 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ =JK6 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ 79?W6 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ U9K@6 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ 7,9@V6 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ 9,?@K,WL=6 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ =Vt-6 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ 9/=6 QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ O'(CIO!E

7. 'i5teent-. 9. "-ree -undred and si5ty4seven. =. $ne t-ousand tAo -undred and forty4nine. ?. "Ao -undred and seventy4five dollars. @. $ne t-ousand tAo -undred and fifty. J. "Ao million four -undred and fifty4seven t-ousand, nine -undred and eig-ty4t-ree. K. "-irtiet-. L. tAo t-irds.

II.

E+I*E +& $PCI\ C$%%EC"&6 b. "-e sevent- of )ay b. "-e second of &ugust d. "-e 7st of )arc-

7.4 El siete de mayo6 a. "-e sevent- of may 9.4 El dos de agosto6 a. "-e secon of &ugust

=.4 El uno de abril6 a. "-e one of &pril b. "-e first of &pril c. "-e 7 of &pril ;I;'IO<R%5=%" -ttp6//directorio.compartimos.net/visitar.p-p<idZ@W9@9

1*.- COMPRENDER E IDENTIFICAR EL USO DEL VOCABULARIO Y EL PRESENTE SIMPLE EN UNA LECTURA: (e la siguiente lectura, identifica el vocabulario 0ue desconoPcas, y transforma los verbos en tiempo presente6 %obinson Crusoe I Aas born in t-e year 7J=9, in t-e city of CorD, of a good family, t-oug- not of t-at country, my fat-er being a foreigner of Oremen, A-o settled first at 1ull. 1e got a good estate by merc-andise, and leaving off -is trade, lived afterAards at CorD, from A-ence -e -ad married my mot-er, A-ose relations Aere named %obinson, a very good family in t-at country, and from A-om I Aas called %obinson XreutPnaer] but, by t-e usual corruption of Aords in England, Ae are noA called 4 nay Ae call ourselves and Arite our name 4 Crusoe] and so my companions alAays called me. I -ad tAo elder brot-ers, one of A-om Aas lieutenant4colonel to an Englis- regiment of foot in !landers, formerly commanded by t-e famous Colonel +ocD-art, and Aas Dilled at t-e battle near (unDirD against t-e 'paniards. B-at became of my second brot-er I

never DneA, any more t-an my fat-er or mot-er DneA A-at became of me. Oeing t-e t-ird son of t-e family and not bred to any trade, my -ead began to be filled very early Ait- rambling t-oug-ts. )y fat-er, A-o Aas very ancient, -ad given me a competent s-are of learning, as far as -ouse4education and a country free sc-ool generally go, and designed me for t-e laA] but I Aould be satisfied Ait- not-ing but going to sea] and my inclination to t-is led me so strongly against t-e Aill, nay, t-e commands of my fat-er, and against all t-e entreaties and persuasions of my mot-er and ot-er friends, t-at t-ere seemed to be somet-ing fatal in t-at propensity of nature, tending directly to t-e life of misery A-ic- Aas to befall me. )y fat-er, a Aise and grave man, gave me serious and e5cellent counsel against A-at -e foresaA Aas my design. 1e called me one morning into -is c-amber, A-ere -e Aas confined by t-e gout, and e5postulated very Aarmly Ait- me upon t-is sub>ect. 1e asDed me A-at reasons, more t-an a mere Aandering inclination, I -ad for leaving fat-er's -ouse and my native country, A-ere I mig-t be Aell introduced, and -ad a prospect of raising my fortune by application and industry, Ait- a life of ease and pleasure. 1e told me it Aas men of desperate fortunes on one -and, or of aspiring, superior fortunes on t-e ot-er, A-o Aent abroad upon adventures, to rise by enterprise, and maDe t-emselves famous in undertaDings of a nature out of t-e common road] t-at t-ese t-ings Aere all eit-er too far above me or too far beloA me] t-at mine Aas t-e middle state, or A-at mig-t be called t-e upper station of loA life, A-ic- -e -ad found, by long e5perience, Aas t-e best state in t-e Aorld, t-e most suited to -uman -appiness, not e5posed to t-e miseries and -ards-ips, t-e labour and sufferings of t-e mec-anic part of manDind, and not embarrassed Ait- t-e pride, lu5ury, ambition, and envy of t-e upper part of manDind. 1e told me I mig-t >udge of t-e -appiness of t-is state by t-is one t-ing 4 viP. t-at t-is Aas t-e state of life A-ic- all ot-er people envied] t-at Dings -ave fre0uently lamented t-e miserable conse0uence of being born to great t-ings, and Ais-ed t-ey -ad been placed in t-e middle of t-e tAo e5tremes, betAeen t-e mean and t-e great] t-at t-e Aise man gave -is testimony to t-is, as t-e standard of felicity, A-en -e prayed to -ave neit-er poverty nor ric-es.

EJERCICIO I. II. (e la lectura anterior, identifica el vocabulario 0ue desconoPcas, y transforma los verbos en tiempo presente. Contesta las siguientes preguntas de comprensin6

7.4 %obinson Crusoe got -is name from a mi5ture of6 9.4 %obinson Crusoe -ad tAo brot-ers A-o6

=.4 B-en Crusoe's fat-er learned t-at -e Aanted to travel and see t-e Aorld -e ?.4 CrusoeRs fat-er t-oug-t t-at it Aas better to6 @.4 %obinson CrusoeRs fat-er6

O'(CIO!E " I. "raduccin6

acE en el ao 7J=9 en la ciudad de CorD, de una buena familia, aun0ue no del paEs, pues mi padre era un e5tran>ero, oriundo de Oremen, 0ue se -abEa radicado inicialmente en 1ull. *racias al comercio, poseEa un considerable patrimonio, y, al abandonar los negocios, vino a vivir a CorD, donde cas con mi madre, 0ue pertenecEa a una distinguida familia de la regin, de nombre %obinson, raPn por la cual yo fui llamado %obinson XreutPnaer. 'in embargo, en virtud de la usual adulteracin de las palabras en Inglaterra, a-ora se nos llama, mHs aMn, nosotros nos damos el nombre y firmamos Crusoe, y asE me -an llamado siempre mis compaeros. "uve dos -ermanos6 el mayor, teniente coronel de un regimiento ingls de infanterEa destacado en !landes, 0ue antes -abEa estado al mando del famoso coronel +ocD-art, fue muerto en la batalla de (unDer0ue contra los espaoles. En cuanto a mi segundo -ermano, nada -e sabido de l, como tampoco mi padre y mi madre supieron nunca 0u -abEa sido de mE. 'iendo el tercer -i>o de la familia, y no estando preparado para oficio alguno, mi cabePa comenP a llenarse muy pronto de pensamientos e5travagantes. )i padre, ya muy anciano, me -abEa asegurado una instruccin esmerada, dentro de los lEmites -abituales de la educacin familiar y de la escuela rural gratuita, y me destinaba a las leyes. Pero mi Mnico an-elo era navegar y esta inclinacin me llev a oponerme enrgicamente a la voluntad, me>or dic-o, a las rdenes de mi padre y a todas las sMplicas y persuasiones de mi madre y de algunos amigos6 tanto, 0ue parecEa -aber algo fatal en esta vocacin natural, 0ue me arro>arEa por fin a la vida miserable 0ue estaba destinado a sobrellevar. )i padre, -ombre prudente y grave, trat de disuadirme con serios y e5celentes conse>os para 0ue abandonara las intenciones 0ue -abEa adivinado en mE. 2na maana me llam a su alcoba, donde se encontraba recluido por la gota, y, con gran afecto, debati conmigo este tema. )e pregunt 0u raPones tenEa, aparte de la mera vocacin andariega, para ale>arme de la casa paterna y de mi paEs natal, 0ue, con seguridad, me

acogerEa bien y me brindarEa la posibilidad de aumentar mi fortuna, con dedicacin y laboriosidad, permitindome vivir con comodidad y placer. )e di>o 0ue slo los -ombres desesperados, o los 0ue tenEan una enorme ambicin, iban en busca de aventuras al e5tran>ero6 unos, con el propsito de elevarse, y los otros, para con0uistar la fama por sus empresas fuera de lo comMn] 0ue todas estas cosas estaban o muy por encima, o muy por deba>o de mE, siendo la mEa una situacin intermedia, 0ue bien podrEa considerarse como el nivel mHs elevado de la posicin mHs ba>a y 0ue, segMn l sabEa por e5periencia, era el me>or estado del mundo, el mHs adecuado a la felicidad -umana, al no estar e5puesto a las miserias y privaciones, a las penurias y sufrimientos propios de esa parte de la -umanidad obligada al traba>o manual] ni al orgullo, el lu>o, la ambicin y la envidia 0ue corroEan a los miembros mHs encumbrados de la -umanidad. )e di>o 0ue podrEa >uPgar la felicidad de esa condicin por el simple -ec-o de 0ue era el rango 0ue todos envidiaban] 0ue a menudo -asta los reyes lamentaban las desgraciadas consecuencias de -aber nacido para grandes cosas, y deploraban no encontrarse entre los dos e5tremos6 entre el mHs miserable y el mHs esplndido. ;ue -asta el sabio, cuando rePaba para 0ue no le fuera dado contarse entre los pobres ni entre los ricos, daba testimonio de 0ue en este >usto medio residEa la verdadera felicidad. II. 7.4 9.4 =.4 ?.4 @.4 %espuestas a las preguntas de comprensin6

-is mot-erSs family name and -is fat-erSs foreign name. Aere bot- older t-an -im tried to talD -im out of it. live a normal life Ait- enoug- money to live on and in t-e middle of society. AasnSt -ealt-y and -ad problems moving around.

11.- EL USO DE LAS PREPOSICIONES EN DISTINTAS SITUACIONES:

TIPOS DE PROPOSICIONES

MOVEMENT about along (a)round (away) from back from b tw n

MOVIMIENTO por (alguna parte) a lo largo de alrededor de lejos de, distante de de regreso de entre (dos objetos o personas)

by down !n(to) off on(to) out of o" r to und r u# P$%CE OR POSICION about abo" (a)round at b for b )!nd b low b *!d b tw !n !n front of !n*!d n ar of (&S) n

en, por medio de hacia abajo en, dentro de a cierta distancia de en, sobre, a fuera de por encima, durante, al otro lado a, hacia debajo de arriba $&'%R O POSICI(N sobre, acerca de por encima de, ms arriba de alrededor en antes de detrs de debajo de al lado de entre (2 cosas o personas) en, dentro de delante de, ante dentro de cerca de

n +t to off on TIME aft r b for by dur!ng on *!nc to unt!l / t!ll for Of ,!t) ,!t)out

al lado de, junto a de, separado de sobre TIEMPO despus de antes de para (fecha) durante el ... (da, fecha) desde hasta Hasta para de con sin

EJERCICIO I. "%&(2CE &+ E'P&^$+ +&' 'I*2IE "E' $%&CI$ E' C$ P%EP$'ICI$ E' (E "IE)P$6

7. $n )onday mornings I usually go sAimming at 77 o'clocD. 9. )y birt-day is in !ebruary. =. B-at are you doing at t-e AeeDend< ?. "-e last time I saA you Aas in 9VV7. @. I start 2niversity on Kt- $ctober. II. C$)P+E"&% +&' 'I*2IE "E' !%&'E' C$ 6 I / $ / &" 6

7 1oA many people can you see ...... t-e p-otograp-< 9"-e most important neAs is alAays ...... t-e front page of t-e neAspaper. = P+ase use t-e main entrance ...... t-e front of t-e building. ? "-e p-one number AasnSt listed ...... p-one booD. @ B-en Ae arrived ...... -er -ouse s-e Aas very surprised to see us. J "-e supermarDet is ...... t-e corner of t-e -ig- street. K I liDe to sit ...... t-e bacD of t-e cinema to get a better vieA of t-e screen. L I live ...... a big city. W 1e AorDs ...... an office 7V )adrid is ...... 'pain. '$+2CI\ &+ E8E%CI$ II 7 1oA many people can you see *n t-e p-otograp-< 9"-e most important neAs is alAays on t-e front page of t-e neAspaper. = Please use t-e main entrance at t-e front of t-e building. ? "-e p-one number AasnSt listed *n t-e p-one booD. @ B-en Ae arrived at -er -ouse s-e Aas very surprised to see us. J "-e supermarDet is on t-e corner of t-e -ig- street. K I liDe to sit at t-e bacD of t-e cinema to get a better vieA of t-e screen. L I live *n a big city.

W 1e AorDs *n an office 7V )adrid is *n 'pain.