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OBJECTIVES

1. Describe some information about the elements that may be found in the periodic table. 2. Name the element and write its symbol. 3. State how elements are derived. 4. Appreciate the importance of knowing the symbols and names of elements.

INTRODUCTION
With all the different substances that exist, you may be surprised to learn that they are formed from a relatively small number of elements. For example, carbon is one of 112 known elements. Yet carbon can combine with other elements (like hydrogen and oxygen) to form thousands of substances (like sugar, alcohol, and plastics). Although some elements have been known from the earliest times, most were discovered during the last 300 years. Each element is unique with its own characteristics. Each element is represented conveniently by a symbol. For example: H is for hydrogen, O for oxygen, and Cl for chlorine.

GUIDE CARD
There are 118 elements. Each element has different set of properties. No two elements have the same set of properties. Having 118 elements is quite a big number! Thanks to the works of our early scientists, they were able to systematically organize all of the 118 elements in what we call the periodic table of elements or sometimes simply referred as periodic table.

The Periodic Table is a chart which arranges the chemical elements in a useful, logical manner. Elements are listed in order of increasing atomic number, lined up so that elements which exhibit similar properties are arranged in the same row or column as each other. ThePeriodicTablthemousefultools of chemistry and the other sciences.

Amazingly, they were able to logically arrange the elements in the table enabling one to have an idea of the properties of several elements by knowing other elements related to them. This means that there is no need to memorize the periodic table but it is an advantage to be familiar with it.

Thus, in the next activity, you will accustom yourself with the periodic table.

ACTIVITY CARD 3
JUMBLED Letter Elements
Direction: Use the clues provided to find the correct name of the given

element. 1. I S U M M O _________________ Clue: This element is used to make alloys that are found in ball point, pens, fountain pen tips and record players needles. 2. O N D R A _________________ Clue: At room temperature, this element is a colorless, odorless and radioactive gas. 3. E V E M D M U N I L E _______________ Clue: All atoms of this element contain 101 protons. 4. E P R O P C ___________________ Clue: This elements chemical symbol is Cu.

5.

I T I N M A T U __________________ Clue: This elements chemical symbol is Ti.

ACTIVITY CARD 1 ELEMENT FLASH CARD


DIRECTION: Name that Element!

A. 1.

What is this element's chemical name? 20


______________________________

2.

2
_______________________________

3. 11
________________________________

4.

30
_______________________________

5. 18 ___________________

B. What are this elements chemical symbols?

1. Americium ____

2. Xenon 3. Iridium

_____ ____

4. Gadolinium ____ 5. Astatine ____ Did you get all correctly? If yes, very good! If not, try to review your answers before you go to the next. activity

ACTIVITY CARD 4
Direction: Use the clues provided to solve each crossword puzzle
1 2

10

A.

Across Symbols: 2. This elements chemical symbol is He. 3. This elements chemical symbol is N. 6. This elements chemical symbol is C. 9. This elements chemical symbol is I 10. This elements chemical symbol is U

B.

Down Symbols: 1. This elements chemical symbol is Li. 4. This elements chemical symbol is Ne. 5. This elements chemical symbol is Al. 7. This elements chemical symbol is Ar. 8. This elements chemical symbols is O

Compare your answers with the Answer Key. Did you get all the answer correctly? If yes, you did a great job.

ASSESSMENT CARD
Direction: Choose the letter of the correct answer and write it on the space provided. 1. How many known elements are there? a. 10 c. 100 b. 50 d. 200 2. Elements in the periodic table are arranged by__. a. Atomic Number c. Number of Neutrons b. Atomic weight d. Chemical reactivity 3. Which of these things will you NOT find in the periodic table on the wall? a. Element name and symbols b. Atomic weight c. Atomic orbital radius d. Atomic number 4. Which scientist came up with the concept of a periodic table that included all of the known elements? a. Jason Priestly c. Antoine Lavoisier b. Dmitri Mendeleev d. Albert Einstein 5. Rows in the periodic table are called periods. a. True b. False

6. Which of these choices is NOT a family of elements? a. Halogen b. Metal c. Inert Gas d. All are groups of elements.

7. The atomic number of an element tells you the number of _____ in a neutral atom. a. Positrons b. Neutrons a. True table. a. True b. False 10. Although the order of elements is based on atomic number, vertical families share similar chemical properties. a. True c. False c. Electrons d. None of the above b. False

8. The columns of the periodic table are called groups. 9. You will find metals on the right side of the periodic

Did you get all correctly? If yes, very good!

ENRICHMENT CARD
Direction: Can you identify the elements based on how they look? The picture
may contain additional clues about an element's identity.

1. This one is intended to be a confidence builder. These are diamonds. Diamonds are pure: (a) Boron (b) Carbon (c) Iron (d) Nitrogen

2. This yellow element is a component of gunpowder. (a) Chlorine (b) Copper (c) Gold (d) Sulfur

3. This metallic element looks much like many others. The big clue for this metal's identity is clue for this metal's identity is how it is being used. This element is: (a) Silicon (b) Titanium (c) Iron (d) Beryllium

4.

This metallic element is a liquid at room temperature. It is: (a) Mercury (b) Lead (c) Iron (d) Bromide

5 This yellowish metal occurs in its pure form, but it is usually encountered as an alloy. The element is: (a) Platinum (c) Gold (b) Indium (d) Copper

AGREEMENT CARD
Direction: Give the chemical name of some elements whose symbol is written in blue color.

Periodic Table Game


Group 1 Period 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 H 3 Li 4 Be 5 B 13 Al 21 Sc 39 Y 22 Ti 40 Zr 72 Hf 23 V 24 25 Cr Mn 26 Fe 44 Ru 76 Os 27 Co 45 Rh 77 Ir 6 C 14 Si 7 N 15 P 8 O 16 S 9 F 17 Cl 35 Br 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 2 He 10 Ne 18 Ar 36 Kr

11 12 Na Mg 19 K 37 Rb 55 Cs 87 Fr 20 Ca 38 Sr

28 29 30 31 32 33 34 Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se 46 47 48 Pd Ag Cd 49 In 50 Sn 82 Pb 51 52 Sb Te 83 Bi 84 Po

41 42 43 Nb Mo Tc 73 Ta 74 W 75 Re

53 54 I Xe 85 86 At Rn

56 71 * Ba Lu

78 79 80 81 Pt Au Hg Tl

88 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 ** Ra Lr Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt *lanthanides **actinides 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 La Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 Ac Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No

REFERENCE CARD
The Periodic Table is a chart which arranges the chemical elements in a useful, logical manner. Elements are listed in order of increasing atomic number, lined up so that elements which exhibit similar properties are arranged in the same row or column as each other. The Periodic Table is one of the most useful tools of chemistry and the other sciences. Here are 10 fun and interesting Periodic Table facts: 1. While Dmitri Mendeleev is most often cited as the inventor of the modern periodic table, his table was just the first to gain scientific credibility, and not the first table that organized the elements according to periodic properties. 2. There are 90 elements on the periodic table that occur in nature. All of the other elements are strictly man-made. 3. Technetium was the first element to be made artificially. 4. The International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, revises the periodic table as new data becomes available. At the time of this writing, the most recent version of the periodic table was approved 19 February 2010. 5. The rows of the periodic table are called periods. An element's period number is the highest unexcited energy level for an electron of that element.

6. Columns of elements help to distinguish groups in the periodic table. Elements within a group share several common properties and often have the same outer electron arrangement. 7. Most of the elements on the periodic table are metals. The alkali metals, alkaline earths, basic metals, transition metals, lanthanides and actinides all are groups of metals. 8. The present periodic table has room for 118 elements. Elements aren't discovered or created in order of atomic number. Scientists are working on creating and verifying element 120, which will change the appearance of the table. 9. Although you might expect atoms of an element to get larger as their atomic number increases, this does not always occur because the size of an atom is determined by the diameter of its electron shell. In fact, element atoms usually decrease in size as you move from left to right across a row or period. 10.The main difference between the modern periodic table and Mendeleev's periodic table is that Mendeleev's table arranged the elements in order of increasing atomic weight while the modern table orders the elements by increasing atomic number.

Read more.. Integrated Science and Technology by Aurora Alarcon Lianko UP NISMED: Teachers and Students Modular for Grade 7

ANSWER CARD
HOW WELL DID YOU SCORE?
ACTIVITY NO 1 A B ACTIVITY NO 2

1. Calcium 2. Helium 3. Sodium 4. Zinc 5. Argon

1.Am 2. Xe 3. Ir 4. Gd 5. At

1. Helium : He 2. Radium : Ra 3. Tantalum: Ta 4. Curium: Cm 5. Einsteinium: Es

ACTIVITY NO 3

ACTIVITY NO 4

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Osmium Radon Mendelevium Copper Titanium

1. Lithium 6. Carbon 2. Helium 7. Argon 3. Nickel 8. Oxygen 4. Neon 9. Iodine 5. Argon 10. Uranium

ACTIVITY NO 5

1. Aluminum 2. Silver 3. Lead 4. Calcium 5. Sulfur

ASSESSMENT CARD

ENRICHMENT CARD

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

C A C B A

6. D 7. C 8. A 9. B 10. A

1. B 2. D 3. C 4. A 5. D

ACTIVITY CARD 2
Chemical Elements: Origins of Names Direction: Identify the name and symbols of the following elements. 1. From the Greek word "Helios" - the Sun. In 1868 during an eclipse

of the Sun, Scientists observed a spectral line caused by an unknown element. Twenty seven years later in 1895, the element was discovered on Earth. _____________________ ________ Name Symbol

2. From the Latin word "radius" which means "ray of light". It was

discovered in 1898 by Pierre and Marie Curie. It gives out invisible and dangerous radiation ie. it is radioactive. When concentrated, radium glows in the dark. _______________________ ________ Name Symbol 3. Named after the Greek mythological king, Tantalus. It was discovered in 1802 and great difficulties were encountered in dissolving its oxide in acid to form salts. It proved to be a tantalizing problem! _______________________ Name ________ Symbol

4. Made in 1944 at Chicago. It was named in honour of Marie and Pierre Curie. _______________________ ________ Name Symbol 5. Made in 1952 at the University of California. It was named in honour of Albert Einstein. _______________________ ________ Name Symbol

ACTIVITY CARD 5
Common Uses &/or Descriptions.
Direction: Choose the correct letter and place it inside the box.

1. A light metal used in making airplanes, buildings, pots and pans and other. a. Aluminun c. Gallium b. Gold d. Neon

2. Used in tableware, jewelry, photography, medicines, and coins. a. Lead c. Gold b. Silver d. Copper

3. A metal used in automobile batteries and in fishing and diving weights. a. Iron b. Nickel c. Mercury d. Lead

4. A soft, metallic chemical element found in limestone, marble, chalk. a. Calcium b. Sulfur c. Chlorine d. Boron

5. Used to make sulfuric acid and some medicines such as pet powders. a. Potassium b. Sulfur
c. Magnesium d. Sodium