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In 1919 countries that were the victors of WWI held peace conference(Paris Peace Conference) at Versailles France parties succeeded in creating treaties that formally ended WWI - including Treaty of Versailles which est. first world body with primary aim of preventing war: League of Nations - LoN was a failure (WWII started) : failure of Treaty of Versailles and the fact that US was not a part of this treaty - After both wars UN formed UN Charter signed 26 June 1945/ peace prime purpose - 1984: UNGA adopted Declaration on the Right of Peoples to Peace(non-binding) states that all peoples of our planet have a sacred right to peace . It implements and promotes and implementing right is fundamental obligation of states & government policies should be directed towards, Based on Un Charter: Resorting to peaceful negotiations when Settling international disputes Disallowance of utilizing force when dealing with international Abolition of threat of war( currently in modern warfare NUCLEAR) However even with the UN charted wars/conflict still broke out 1950 Korean 1959-1975 Vietnam (1959-1975) 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war 1990-1991 Persian gulf 1991-1995Yugoslav since 1986 Somali war since 2001Afghanistan 2003-2011Iraq

International law states: right to peace balanced with right to self-defence Article 39 Un Charter: UN Security Council can authorise actions to maintain/restore peace e.g. 2003 invasion of Iraq claimed by US and allies to be legal under Resolution 1441 made by Security Council , this is an example of a war that was taken into consider when using this article, aiming to resolve the dispute.

Article 51 UN Charter: have inherent right of self-defence if armed attack occurs against them

Peace rights are a fundamental human right; however, they were not considered as such until recently. The idea was first recognised in 1919, at the Paris Peace Conference in Versailles, which in turn led to several of the treaties that ended the first World War, one being the Treaty of Versailles. The Treaty of Versailles eventually led to the formation of the League of Nations; unfortunately, the League of Nations failed to achieve the membership of the United States and collapsed. As a result of this collapse, World War II broke out, but the extremely high body count of both wars combined eventually forced the international community to form the United Nations, a body of nations with

the primary intent of keeping the peace. In 1984, the UN General Assembly put forward the Declaration on the Right of Peoples to Peace, which was non-binding, and later a binding treaty (the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons) was formed that obliged all signatory nations to cease production of nuclear weapons and disarm any already made, in an effort to prevent nuclear war. Wars still break out regardless of the UNs various peace-related declarations and treaties, however, a number have been ended because the UN Security Council has stepped in to keep the peace.