TIEMPOS VERBALES

Ortega

Sergio

NOMBRE TIEMPO PRESENTE Presente simple I work Presente continuo To be + -ing Pres perf simple I have + participle *(regular o irregular) Pres perf continuo I have been + -ing PASADO

TRADUCCIÓN Presente Canto Presente progresivo Estoy cantando Pretérito perfecto He cantado Pretérito perfecto He estado cantando

USOS
Acciones habituales. Verdades generales. Acciones en proceso de realización. Acciones futuras (con adverbios de tiempo). Acción pasada relacionada con el presente. Acción pasada que continúa en el presente. Acciones pasadas terminadas. Narraciones en pasado. Acciones pasadas en proceso de realización. Acciones pasadas anteriores a otra también pasada. Acción pasada en proceso de realización anterior a otra también pasada.

Pasado simple Pret.Indefinido/impe Infinitive + ed *(regular o rfecto irregular) Canté / cantaba Pasado continuo Pret. Indef. / I was + -ing imperfecto Estaba cantando Pas perf simple Pret. I had + participle * Pluscuamperfecto Había cantado Pas perf continuo Pret. I had been + -ing Pluscuamperfecto Había estado cantando Futuro simple I shall / will +infinitive Futuro continuo I’ll be + -ing Futuro perf simple I shall have+ participle Futuro perf continuo I shall have been +ing Condicional I would work Condicional perfecto I would have worked Futuro imperfecto Cantaré Futuro progresivo Estaré cantando Futuro perfecto Habré cantado Futuro perfecto Habré estado cantando

CONDI

FUTURO

Departamento de Idiomas.

1

I’m not / am not eating a hot-dog\ He isn’t/is not eating a hot-dog ? Interrogative: (QW) + to be(present)+ subject + verb(infin. es decir.Negative: Subject + do/does not + verb (infin.. + Affirmative: Subject + verb (infin... . Examples. Examples. cada mañana.I eat a lot.Have you walked for two hours?\Has he walked for two hours? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + have/has+ been+ verb (participio) +compl.. para hablar de una acción que empezó en el Departamento de Idiomas. -Negative: Subject + have/has not + verb (participio) + complements Examples.. etc. ? Examples.)-ing +complements Examples. \ He doesn’t / does not eat much.. cuyo resultado es evidente. acciones que empezaron en el pasado y continúan en el presente o acaban de terminar o tienen consecuencias en el presente.)-ing +complements Examples.) + complements Examples. pero en un pasado muy reciente..I haven’t/have not walked for two hours\He hasn’t/has not walked ?Interrogative: (QW) + have/has + subject + verb (participio) + compl. ? Examples.Are you eating a hot-dog?\ What is he eating now? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + is/are+ being+ verb (participio) +compl.I am eating a hot-dog \ He is eating a hot-dog -Negative: Subject + to be not (present) + verb (infin. + Affirmative: Subject + have/has + verb (participio) + complements Examples.TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio  PRESENT PRESENT SIMPLE: Este es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones permanentes o que tienen lugar en el presente y con una frecuencia determinada.) “s” + complements Examples. cada día. 2 ..Do you eat much? \ Why does he eat much? * Passive: Subject (”CD”) + is/are + verb (participio) +compl.)-ing+ compl.) + compl. \ He eats a lot.+ I eat a lot of chocolate \ *A lot of chocolate is eat (by me) PRESENT CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que tienen lugar en el presente..I don’t / do not eat much. en el mismo momento en el que se está enunciando la frase y para un futuro organizado. .? Examples. + Affirmative: Subject + to be (present) + verb (infin. ? Interrogative: (QW) + do/does + subject + verb (infin.+ They have found the car\ *The car has been found PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para hablar de una acción pasada que acaba de concluir.. Examples..I’ve/ have walked for two hours\ He’s/has walked for two hours.+They are repairing my piano\* My piano is being repaired (by them) PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado.

)-ing+ compl. ...) + compl. +Affirmative: Subject + have/has + been+ verb (infin.Negative: Subject + did not + verb (infin.. ? Interrogative: (QW) + did + subject + verb (infi.)-ing +complements Examples..I’ve/ have been running this morning\ He’s/has been running for one hour -Negative: Subject + have/has not + been+ verb (infin.)-ing + complements Examples..I was eating a hot-dog \ You were sleeping in the park -Negative: Subject + to be not(past) + verb(infin.. + Affirmative: Subject + verb (past) + complements Examples.He wasn’t/was not eating a hot-dog\ We weren’t/were not playing ?Interrogative: (QW) + to be(past)+ subject + verb(infin. ?Interrogative :(QW)+ have/has + subject +been+ verb(infin. 3 . + Affirmative: Subject + to be(past) + verb(infin..)-ing +complements Examples.. se resalta la duración de la actividad con for o since.TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio pasado y puede haber acabado recientemente o que continúa en el presente.-Have we been cooking for a hour?\Has he been running this morning? *Passive: Subject(”CD”) + have/has+ been +being+ verb (participio) +compl. Una acción que ha tenido lugar antes de otra en el pasado + Affirmative: Subject + had + verb (participio) + complements Examples.)-ing + complements Examples. pero en un pasado menos reciente que el que se expresa en el Present Perfect. Es lo que se denomina el pasado del pasado (past in the past). \ He didn’t/did not play in the park.) + complements Examples. ? Examples.? Examples..+Shakespeare wrote “Romeo and Juliet”\*”Romeo and Juliet” was written by Shakespeare PAST CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal en el que se expresan acciones que tuvieron lugar en el pasado.-+They were opening the door\*The door was being opened(by them) PAST PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que expresa acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado. Examples. -Negative: Subject + had not + verb (participio) + complements Examples.+ PAST PAST SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que tuvieron lugar en el pasado.Did you eat much? \ Did he play in the park? * Passive: Subject (”CD”) + was/were+ verb (participio) +compl.I hadn’t/had not gone when they arrived Departamento de Idiomas. sin que importe excesivamente el momento del pasado en el que tuvieron lugar. pero en un momento concreto.)-ing+ compl..I didn’t/did not eat much. Examples. \ He ate a lot. Examples.Were you eating a hot-dog?\ What was he doing in each moment? * Passive: Subject (”CD”) + was/were+ being+ verb (participio) +compl.I´d / had gone when they arrived\He’d/had gone when they arrived.. ? Examples. – I played in the park.I haven’t/have not been running for two hours\He hasn’t/has not been running since yesterday.

) + compl.)-ing+ compl..You hadn’t/had not been running for two hours ?Interrogative:(QW)+ had + subject + been + verb(infin.Negative: Subject + will not + verb (infin. – You’ll/will be travelling to Rome this time tomorrow .TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio ?Interrogative: (QW) + had + subject + verb (participio) + compl.FUTURE CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción que estará sucediendo en un cierto tiempo en el futuro.) + complements Examples. hacer un ofrecimiento.Had they been speaking on the phone? *Passive: Subject(”CD”) + had + been +being+ verb (participio) +compl. 4 .)-ing + complements Examples. ? Examples... + Affirmative: Subject + will + have+ verb (participio) + complements Examples.)-ing + complements Examples.. ? Examples. Examples.+ FUTURE FUTURE SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una predicción del futuro.Had you gone when they arrived? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + had+ been+ verb (participio) +compl. +Affirmative: Subject + had + been+ verb (infin.)-ing + complements Examples.)-ing + complements Examples.I’d/had been running this morning\ He’d/had been running … -Negative: Subject + had not + been+ verb (infin. – You’ll/will return tonight/ He’ll/will return tonight .)-ing + compl.Will they return tonight? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + will (o un modal) + be+ verb (participio) +compl. la cual ha sucedido antes que otra acción pasada..Will they be travelling to Rome this time tomorrow? *Passive: Subject(“CD”)+ will+ be+ being+ verb (participio)+complements Examples.. + Affirmative: Subject + will + verb (infin.-+I’d bought it when they arrived/*It had been bought (by me) when they arrived PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para dar énfasis a la duración de una acción pasada. tomar una decisión en el momento de hablar.. ? Interrogative: (QW) + will + subject + verb (infi. Examples.. Examples. hacer promesas.Negative: Subject + will not + be+ verb (infin.I won’t/will not be travelling to Rome this time tomorrow ? Interrogative: (QW) + will + subject + be+ verb (infi. ? Examples. al cumplirse el tiempo indicado .I won’t/will not write you every day.- FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que habrán acabado en un punto concreto del futuro.I will have completed this job next week Departamento de Idiomas..) + complements Examples. ? Examples. + Affirmative: Subject + will + be+ verb (infin.. para acentuar la duración de una acción en el futuro..

– I’m going to stay at home .Would you eat an ice-cream (if you had it)? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + would+ be+ verb (participio) +complements Examples.)+ complements Examples.Will he have completed this job next week ? *Passive: Subject(“CD”)+ will+ have+ been+ verb (participio)+complements Examples.+I would eat an ice-cream\*An ice-cream would be eaten by me Departamento de Idiomas.FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción inacabada en período inacabado en un punto en el futuro.) + complements Examples. ? Examples. ? Examples.. ? Examples. + Affirmative: Subject + will + have+ been+ verb (infin.He won’t/will not have completed this job next week ? Interrogative: (QW) + will + subject + have+ verb (participio)+ compl. hacer predicciones de futuro a través de hechos evidentes en el presente..I wouldn’t/would not eat much even (if I could) ? Interrogative: (QW) + would + subject + verb (infi.TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio . she won’t/will not have been studying ? Interrogative: (QW)+will + subject + have+been+ verb(infin.? Examples. + Affirmative: Subject + would + verb (infin.Will they have been fixing the car? *Passive:Subject(“CD”)+will+have+been+being+verb(participio)+complements Examples.She isn’t going to stay at home ? Interrogative: (QW) +to be + subject +going to + verb (infi.Tomorrow.Are you going to stay at home *Passive: Subject(“CD”)+ is/are going to+ be+ verb (participio)+complements Examples.)-ing + complements Examples. – I’d/would eat an ice-cream (if I had money) .) + compl.. hablar de planes futuros.Negative: Subject + will not + have+ been+ verb (infin..Negative: Subject + to be not + going to + verb (infin.. 5 .)-ing + complements Examples..)-ing+ compl..CONDITIONAL CONDITIONAL SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción hipotética condicionada por una acción presente o para expresar una acción de un futuro hipotético del tiempo pasado real.)+ compl.. + Affirmative: Subject + to be+ going to+ verb (infin.) + complements Examples.Probably...) + complements Examples.- FUTURE WITH GOING TO: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar intenciones.Negative: Subject + will not + have+ verb (participio) + complements Examples. he’ll/will have been working for a week .Negative: Subject + would not + verb (infin.

+ Affirmative: Subject + have/has + verb (participio) + complements Examples. condicionada a otra acción hipotética del pasado...PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado..I’ve/ have walked for two hours\ He’s/has walked for two hours. +Affirmative: Subject + would+ have +verb (participio) + complements Examples.? Examples...You would have seen him (if you had met him) -Negative: Subject+ would not+ have+ verb (participio) + complments Examples.He wouldn’t/would not be waiting for us (if he had to) ?Interrogative: (QW)+ would + subject + be+ verb(infin..CONDITIONAL PERFECT: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción hipotética del pasado.He would be lying in bed (if he were ill) -Negative: Subject+ would not + be + verb (infin.. Departamento de Idiomas.)-ing + complements Examples.+ They have found the car\ *The car has been found ?Interrogative: (QW) + have/has + subject + verb (participio) + compl.)-ing+ compl. 6 . -Negative: Subject + have/has not + verb (participio) + complements Examples. pero en un pasado muy reciente.Would he be keeping a diet (if he wasn’t fat)? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + be+ being+ verb (participio) + complements Examples.He wouldn’t/would not have seen him (if he hadn’t met him) ? Interrogative: (QW) + would + subject + have + verb (participio) + compl.TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio CONDITIONAL CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción hipotética en curso. +Affirmative: Subject+ would + be + verb (infin.. Examples. ? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + have/has+ been+ verb (participio) +compl..)-ing + complements Examples.Have you walked for two hours?\Has he walked for two hours? Examples..? Examples.I haven’t/have not walked for two hours\He hasn’t/has not walked Examples.Would I have left you (if you had been alone)? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + would+ have+ been + verb (participio) + compl. acciones que empezaron en el pasado y continúan en el presente o acaban de terminar o tienen consecuencias en el presente.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful