TIEMPOS VERBALES

Ortega

Sergio

NOMBRE TIEMPO PRESENTE Presente simple I work Presente continuo To be + -ing Pres perf simple I have + participle *(regular o irregular) Pres perf continuo I have been + -ing PASADO

TRADUCCIÓN Presente Canto Presente progresivo Estoy cantando Pretérito perfecto He cantado Pretérito perfecto He estado cantando

USOS
Acciones habituales. Verdades generales. Acciones en proceso de realización. Acciones futuras (con adverbios de tiempo). Acción pasada relacionada con el presente. Acción pasada que continúa en el presente. Acciones pasadas terminadas. Narraciones en pasado. Acciones pasadas en proceso de realización. Acciones pasadas anteriores a otra también pasada. Acción pasada en proceso de realización anterior a otra también pasada.

Pasado simple Pret.Indefinido/impe Infinitive + ed *(regular o rfecto irregular) Canté / cantaba Pasado continuo Pret. Indef. / I was + -ing imperfecto Estaba cantando Pas perf simple Pret. I had + participle * Pluscuamperfecto Había cantado Pas perf continuo Pret. I had been + -ing Pluscuamperfecto Había estado cantando Futuro simple I shall / will +infinitive Futuro continuo I’ll be + -ing Futuro perf simple I shall have+ participle Futuro perf continuo I shall have been +ing Condicional I would work Condicional perfecto I would have worked Futuro imperfecto Cantaré Futuro progresivo Estaré cantando Futuro perfecto Habré cantado Futuro perfecto Habré estado cantando

CONDI

FUTURO

Departamento de Idiomas.

1

.I haven’t/have not walked for two hours\He hasn’t/has not walked ?Interrogative: (QW) + have/has + subject + verb (participio) + compl.I don’t / do not eat much.)-ing +complements Examples.+ They have found the car\ *The car has been found PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para hablar de una acción pasada que acaba de concluir.I’ve/ have walked for two hours\ He’s/has walked for two hours. \ He eats a lot.I eat a lot.? Examples. cuyo resultado es evidente. es decir. 2 .Do you eat much? \ Why does he eat much? * Passive: Subject (”CD”) + is/are + verb (participio) +compl.. acciones que empezaron en el pasado y continúan en el presente o acaban de terminar o tienen consecuencias en el presente. en el mismo momento en el que se está enunciando la frase y para un futuro organizado. cada día... + Affirmative: Subject + to be (present) + verb (infin. + Affirmative: Subject + verb (infin.+ I eat a lot of chocolate \ *A lot of chocolate is eat (by me) PRESENT CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que tienen lugar en el presente.TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio  PRESENT PRESENT SIMPLE: Este es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones permanentes o que tienen lugar en el presente y con una frecuencia determinada.) + compl.. etc. para hablar de una acción que empezó en el Departamento de Idiomas.Have you walked for two hours?\Has he walked for two hours? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + have/has+ been+ verb (participio) +compl.)-ing+ compl. ? Interrogative: (QW) + do/does + subject + verb (infin. Examples. + Affirmative: Subject + have/has + verb (participio) + complements Examples.. pero en un pasado muy reciente.+They are repairing my piano\* My piano is being repaired (by them) PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado. cada mañana. ? Examples.I’m not / am not eating a hot-dog\ He isn’t/is not eating a hot-dog ? Interrogative: (QW) + to be(present)+ subject + verb(infin. . Examples.I am eating a hot-dog \ He is eating a hot-dog -Negative: Subject + to be not (present) + verb (infin....)-ing +complements Examples.Negative: Subject + do/does not + verb (infin. ? Examples. -Negative: Subject + have/has not + verb (participio) + complements Examples..) “s” + complements Examples. .. Examples.Are you eating a hot-dog?\ What is he eating now? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + is/are+ being+ verb (participio) +compl.) + complements Examples. \ He doesn’t / does not eat much.

+ Affirmative: Subject + to be(past) + verb(infin.)-ing +complements Examples.I haven’t/have not been running for two hours\He hasn’t/has not been running since yesterday.I was eating a hot-dog \ You were sleeping in the park -Negative: Subject + to be not(past) + verb(infin.. + Affirmative: Subject + verb (past) + complements Examples.)-ing + complements Examples. pero en un momento concreto.)-ing +complements Examples. ? Interrogative: (QW) + did + subject + verb (infi. Examples. -Negative: Subject + had not + verb (participio) + complements Examples. – I played in the park. ? Examples. Examples.Did you eat much? \ Did he play in the park? * Passive: Subject (”CD”) + was/were+ verb (participio) +compl.. +Affirmative: Subject + have/has + been+ verb (infin. sin que importe excesivamente el momento del pasado en el que tuvieron lugar. Examples..-Have we been cooking for a hour?\Has he been running this morning? *Passive: Subject(”CD”) + have/has+ been +being+ verb (participio) +compl.)-ing + complements Examples...I’ve/ have been running this morning\ He’s/has been running for one hour -Negative: Subject + have/has not + been+ verb (infin..)-ing+ compl.+ PAST PAST SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que tuvieron lugar en el pasado.)-ing+ compl. ? Examples.) + compl.. .. Es lo que se denomina el pasado del pasado (past in the past).+Shakespeare wrote “Romeo and Juliet”\*”Romeo and Juliet” was written by Shakespeare PAST CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal en el que se expresan acciones que tuvieron lugar en el pasado.TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio pasado y puede haber acabado recientemente o que continúa en el presente. se resalta la duración de la actividad con for o since.? Examples.He wasn’t/was not eating a hot-dog\ We weren’t/were not playing ?Interrogative: (QW) + to be(past)+ subject + verb(infin.) + complements Examples. \ He ate a lot.-+They were opening the door\*The door was being opened(by them) PAST PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que expresa acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado.. pero en un pasado menos reciente que el que se expresa en el Present Perfect.I didn’t/did not eat much. Una acción que ha tenido lugar antes de otra en el pasado + Affirmative: Subject + had + verb (participio) + complements Examples.I hadn’t/had not gone when they arrived Departamento de Idiomas.Negative: Subject + did not + verb (infin.I´d / had gone when they arrived\He’d/had gone when they arrived. 3 .. \ He didn’t/did not play in the park.Were you eating a hot-dog?\ What was he doing in each moment? * Passive: Subject (”CD”) + was/were+ being+ verb (participio) +compl.. ?Interrogative :(QW)+ have/has + subject +been+ verb(infin.

la cual ha sucedido antes que otra acción pasada. – You’ll/will be travelling to Rome this time tomorrow . hacer un ofrecimiento.Will they return tonight? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + will (o un modal) + be+ verb (participio) +compl. – You’ll/will return tonight/ He’ll/will return tonight .I will have completed this job next week Departamento de Idiomas.+ FUTURE FUTURE SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una predicción del futuro. ? Interrogative: (QW) + will + subject + verb (infi.You hadn’t/had not been running for two hours ?Interrogative:(QW)+ had + subject + been + verb(infin.Negative: Subject + will not + verb (infin.)-ing + complements Examples. al cumplirse el tiempo indicado . hacer promesas. Examples..)-ing + complements Examples.. + Affirmative: Subject + will + be+ verb (infin. Examples.) + complements Examples.FUTURE CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción que estará sucediendo en un cierto tiempo en el futuro.Had you gone when they arrived? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + had+ been+ verb (participio) +compl.)-ing + complements Examples.) + complements Examples.) + compl.Had they been speaking on the phone? *Passive: Subject(”CD”) + had + been +being+ verb (participio) +compl.)-ing+ compl.. para acentuar la duración de una acción en el futuro.TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio ?Interrogative: (QW) + had + subject + verb (participio) + compl..I won’t/will not be travelling to Rome this time tomorrow ? Interrogative: (QW) + will + subject + be+ verb (infi.. ? Examples..I won’t/will not write you every day. +Affirmative: Subject + had + been+ verb (infin. ? Examples. 4 . ? Examples..- FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que habrán acabado en un punto concreto del futuro.I’d/had been running this morning\ He’d/had been running … -Negative: Subject + had not + been+ verb (infin... + Affirmative: Subject + will + have+ verb (participio) + complements Examples.-+I’d bought it when they arrived/*It had been bought (by me) when they arrived PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para dar énfasis a la duración de una acción pasada.Will they be travelling to Rome this time tomorrow? *Passive: Subject(“CD”)+ will+ be+ being+ verb (participio)+complements Examples.)-ing + compl.Negative: Subject + will not + be+ verb (infin..)-ing + complements Examples.. tomar una decisión en el momento de hablar. ? Examples. + Affirmative: Subject + will + verb (infin. Examples.

Negative: Subject + to be not + going to + verb (infin.) + complements Examples. ? Examples.I wouldn’t/would not eat much even (if I could) ? Interrogative: (QW) + would + subject + verb (infi. + Affirmative: Subject + will + have+ been+ verb (infin.Are you going to stay at home *Passive: Subject(“CD”)+ is/are going to+ be+ verb (participio)+complements Examples. – I’d/would eat an ice-cream (if I had money) .Negative: Subject + would not + verb (infin.. she won’t/will not have been studying ? Interrogative: (QW)+will + subject + have+been+ verb(infin.)-ing + complements Examples.) + complements Examples.) + complements Examples. + Affirmative: Subject + to be+ going to+ verb (infin. – I’m going to stay at home .- FUTURE WITH GOING TO: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar intenciones. hacer predicciones de futuro a través de hechos evidentes en el presente.Negative: Subject + will not + have+ been+ verb (infin.Would you eat an ice-cream (if you had it)? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + would+ be+ verb (participio) +complements Examples.? Examples. + Affirmative: Subject + would + verb (infin. 5 .She isn’t going to stay at home ? Interrogative: (QW) +to be + subject +going to + verb (infi. ? Examples.)+ complements Examples.FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción inacabada en período inacabado en un punto en el futuro.Negative: Subject + will not + have+ verb (participio) + complements Examples..+I would eat an ice-cream\*An ice-cream would be eaten by me Departamento de Idiomas. he’ll/will have been working for a week ..Will he have completed this job next week ? *Passive: Subject(“CD”)+ will+ have+ been+ verb (participio)+complements Examples.He won’t/will not have completed this job next week ? Interrogative: (QW) + will + subject + have+ verb (participio)+ compl.Will they have been fixing the car? *Passive:Subject(“CD”)+will+have+been+being+verb(participio)+complements Examples..)-ing + complements Examples.. hablar de planes futuros.Tomorrow..)+ compl.) + compl.. ? Examples.TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio ..CONDITIONAL CONDITIONAL SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción hipotética condicionada por una acción presente o para expresar una acción de un futuro hipotético del tiempo pasado real..Probably..)-ing+ compl.

. pero en un pasado muy reciente.? Examples..He wouldn’t/would not be waiting for us (if he had to) ?Interrogative: (QW)+ would + subject + be+ verb(infin.)-ing + complements Examples. -Negative: Subject + have/has not + verb (participio) + complements Examples.Would I have left you (if you had been alone)? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + would+ have+ been + verb (participio) + compl.I’ve/ have walked for two hours\ He’s/has walked for two hours.Would he be keeping a diet (if he wasn’t fat)? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + be+ being+ verb (participio) + complements Examples..He would be lying in bed (if he were ill) -Negative: Subject+ would not + be + verb (infin.? Examples. 6 . Departamento de Idiomas.+ They have found the car\ *The car has been found ?Interrogative: (QW) + have/has + subject + verb (participio) + compl.PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado.You would have seen him (if you had met him) -Negative: Subject+ would not+ have+ verb (participio) + complments Examples... condicionada a otra acción hipotética del pasado.. +Affirmative: Subject + would+ have +verb (participio) + complements Examples. acciones que empezaron en el pasado y continúan en el presente o acaban de terminar o tienen consecuencias en el presente... + Affirmative: Subject + have/has + verb (participio) + complements Examples.CONDITIONAL PERFECT: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción hipotética del pasado.I haven’t/have not walked for two hours\He hasn’t/has not walked Examples.)-ing+ compl. ? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + have/has+ been+ verb (participio) +compl.)-ing + complements Examples.TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio CONDITIONAL CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción hipotética en curso..Have you walked for two hours?\Has he walked for two hours? Examples.. Examples.He wouldn’t/would not have seen him (if he hadn’t met him) ? Interrogative: (QW) + would + subject + have + verb (participio) + compl. +Affirmative: Subject+ would + be + verb (infin.

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