TIEMPOS VERBALES

Ortega

Sergio

NOMBRE TIEMPO PRESENTE Presente simple I work Presente continuo To be + -ing Pres perf simple I have + participle *(regular o irregular) Pres perf continuo I have been + -ing PASADO

TRADUCCIÓN Presente Canto Presente progresivo Estoy cantando Pretérito perfecto He cantado Pretérito perfecto He estado cantando

USOS
Acciones habituales. Verdades generales. Acciones en proceso de realización. Acciones futuras (con adverbios de tiempo). Acción pasada relacionada con el presente. Acción pasada que continúa en el presente. Acciones pasadas terminadas. Narraciones en pasado. Acciones pasadas en proceso de realización. Acciones pasadas anteriores a otra también pasada. Acción pasada en proceso de realización anterior a otra también pasada.

Pasado simple Pret.Indefinido/impe Infinitive + ed *(regular o rfecto irregular) Canté / cantaba Pasado continuo Pret. Indef. / I was + -ing imperfecto Estaba cantando Pas perf simple Pret. I had + participle * Pluscuamperfecto Había cantado Pas perf continuo Pret. I had been + -ing Pluscuamperfecto Había estado cantando Futuro simple I shall / will +infinitive Futuro continuo I’ll be + -ing Futuro perf simple I shall have+ participle Futuro perf continuo I shall have been +ing Condicional I would work Condicional perfecto I would have worked Futuro imperfecto Cantaré Futuro progresivo Estaré cantando Futuro perfecto Habré cantado Futuro perfecto Habré estado cantando

CONDI

FUTURO

Departamento de Idiomas.

1

\ He eats a lot.+ I eat a lot of chocolate \ *A lot of chocolate is eat (by me) PRESENT CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que tienen lugar en el presente. cada mañana.I eat a lot. acciones que empezaron en el pasado y continúan en el presente o acaban de terminar o tienen consecuencias en el presente.. en el mismo momento en el que se está enunciando la frase y para un futuro organizado..+ They have found the car\ *The car has been found PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para hablar de una acción pasada que acaba de concluir.Negative: Subject + do/does not + verb (infin.? Examples. \ He doesn’t / does not eat much.Have you walked for two hours?\Has he walked for two hours? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + have/has+ been+ verb (participio) +compl.I’m not / am not eating a hot-dog\ He isn’t/is not eating a hot-dog ? Interrogative: (QW) + to be(present)+ subject + verb(infin.TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio  PRESENT PRESENT SIMPLE: Este es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones permanentes o que tienen lugar en el presente y con una frecuencia determinada.. + Affirmative: Subject + to be (present) + verb (infin. ? Interrogative: (QW) + do/does + subject + verb (infin..) + complements Examples.I don’t / do not eat much.I am eating a hot-dog \ He is eating a hot-dog -Negative: Subject + to be not (present) + verb (infin. Examples.) + compl.. -Negative: Subject + have/has not + verb (participio) + complements Examples. 2 .+They are repairing my piano\* My piano is being repaired (by them) PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado.)-ing +complements Examples.I haven’t/have not walked for two hours\He hasn’t/has not walked ?Interrogative: (QW) + have/has + subject + verb (participio) + compl. Examples. ? Examples. es decir. cada día. .)-ing+ compl..I’ve/ have walked for two hours\ He’s/has walked for two hours. + Affirmative: Subject + verb (infin. .Are you eating a hot-dog?\ What is he eating now? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + is/are+ being+ verb (participio) +compl. Examples. cuyo resultado es evidente. etc. pero en un pasado muy reciente.)-ing +complements Examples.Do you eat much? \ Why does he eat much? * Passive: Subject (”CD”) + is/are + verb (participio) +compl... para hablar de una acción que empezó en el Departamento de Idiomas.) “s” + complements Examples. ? Examples.... + Affirmative: Subject + have/has + verb (participio) + complements Examples.

– I played in the park.I’ve/ have been running this morning\ He’s/has been running for one hour -Negative: Subject + have/has not + been+ verb (infin.I haven’t/have not been running for two hours\He hasn’t/has not been running since yesterday..? Examples. Es lo que se denomina el pasado del pasado (past in the past). pero en un momento concreto. sin que importe excesivamente el momento del pasado en el que tuvieron lugar.. \ He ate a lot. Examples.He wasn’t/was not eating a hot-dog\ We weren’t/were not playing ?Interrogative: (QW) + to be(past)+ subject + verb(infin.-+They were opening the door\*The door was being opened(by them) PAST PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que expresa acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado. .. pero en un pasado menos reciente que el que se expresa en el Present Perfect.) + compl. ? Examples.+Shakespeare wrote “Romeo and Juliet”\*”Romeo and Juliet” was written by Shakespeare PAST CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal en el que se expresan acciones que tuvieron lugar en el pasado. Examples. Una acción que ha tenido lugar antes de otra en el pasado + Affirmative: Subject + had + verb (participio) + complements Examples.)-ing+ compl.Negative: Subject + did not + verb (infin.. ? Interrogative: (QW) + did + subject + verb (infi..+ PAST PAST SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que tuvieron lugar en el pasado.I hadn’t/had not gone when they arrived Departamento de Idiomas. ? Examples.I´d / had gone when they arrived\He’d/had gone when they arrived.)-ing +complements Examples.) + complements Examples.)-ing+ compl.. Examples..I was eating a hot-dog \ You were sleeping in the park -Negative: Subject + to be not(past) + verb(infin. 3 .TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio pasado y puede haber acabado recientemente o que continúa en el presente. + Affirmative: Subject + verb (past) + complements Examples.I didn’t/did not eat much.Were you eating a hot-dog?\ What was he doing in each moment? * Passive: Subject (”CD”) + was/were+ being+ verb (participio) +compl..)-ing + complements Examples. -Negative: Subject + had not + verb (participio) + complements Examples.. + Affirmative: Subject + to be(past) + verb(infin.-Have we been cooking for a hour?\Has he been running this morning? *Passive: Subject(”CD”) + have/has+ been +being+ verb (participio) +compl.)-ing + complements Examples.. \ He didn’t/did not play in the park. +Affirmative: Subject + have/has + been+ verb (infin.)-ing +complements Examples..Did you eat much? \ Did he play in the park? * Passive: Subject (”CD”) + was/were+ verb (participio) +compl. ?Interrogative :(QW)+ have/has + subject +been+ verb(infin. se resalta la duración de la actividad con for o since.

para acentuar la duración de una acción en el futuro. +Affirmative: Subject + had + been+ verb (infin..)-ing + complements Examples.Will they return tonight? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + will (o un modal) + be+ verb (participio) +compl.)-ing + complements Examples.I won’t/will not be travelling to Rome this time tomorrow ? Interrogative: (QW) + will + subject + be+ verb (infi.) + complements Examples. al cumplirse el tiempo indicado .I’d/had been running this morning\ He’d/had been running … -Negative: Subject + had not + been+ verb (infin. Examples.) + compl...FUTURE CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción que estará sucediendo en un cierto tiempo en el futuro.. Examples. – You’ll/will be travelling to Rome this time tomorrow . – You’ll/will return tonight/ He’ll/will return tonight ..Had they been speaking on the phone? *Passive: Subject(”CD”) + had + been +being+ verb (participio) +compl.. ? Examples.Will they be travelling to Rome this time tomorrow? *Passive: Subject(“CD”)+ will+ be+ being+ verb (participio)+complements Examples.You hadn’t/had not been running for two hours ?Interrogative:(QW)+ had + subject + been + verb(infin. Examples.Had you gone when they arrived? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + had+ been+ verb (participio) +compl.TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio ?Interrogative: (QW) + had + subject + verb (participio) + compl. ? Examples...I will have completed this job next week Departamento de Idiomas.. la cual ha sucedido antes que otra acción pasada. ? Interrogative: (QW) + will + subject + verb (infi..Negative: Subject + will not + verb (infin. + Affirmative: Subject + will + have+ verb (participio) + complements Examples.)-ing + complements Examples.+ FUTURE FUTURE SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una predicción del futuro.)-ing + complements Examples.I won’t/will not write you every day. ? Examples. + Affirmative: Subject + will + be+ verb (infin. hacer promesas. hacer un ofrecimiento.) + complements Examples.- FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que habrán acabado en un punto concreto del futuro..-+I’d bought it when they arrived/*It had been bought (by me) when they arrived PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para dar énfasis a la duración de una acción pasada.)-ing+ compl.Negative: Subject + will not + be+ verb (infin. ? Examples. tomar una decisión en el momento de hablar.)-ing + compl. 4 . + Affirmative: Subject + will + verb (infin.

She isn’t going to stay at home ? Interrogative: (QW) +to be + subject +going to + verb (infi.Negative: Subject + would not + verb (infin.)-ing+ compl.TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio .Negative: Subject + will not + have+ verb (participio) + complements Examples.CONDITIONAL CONDITIONAL SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción hipotética condicionada por una acción presente o para expresar una acción de un futuro hipotético del tiempo pasado real. – I’d/would eat an ice-cream (if I had money) ... ? Examples..)+ complements Examples.)-ing + complements Examples.. he’ll/will have been working for a week .) + complements Examples.Would you eat an ice-cream (if you had it)? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + would+ be+ verb (participio) +complements Examples..Probably. – I’m going to stay at home ..)+ compl.+I would eat an ice-cream\*An ice-cream would be eaten by me Departamento de Idiomas.. + Affirmative: Subject + to be+ going to+ verb (infin.I wouldn’t/would not eat much even (if I could) ? Interrogative: (QW) + would + subject + verb (infi.Will he have completed this job next week ? *Passive: Subject(“CD”)+ will+ have+ been+ verb (participio)+complements Examples. ? Examples. 5 .) + complements Examples.Tomorrow.FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción inacabada en período inacabado en un punto en el futuro.Negative: Subject + will not + have+ been+ verb (infin.) + complements Examples..Will they have been fixing the car? *Passive:Subject(“CD”)+will+have+been+being+verb(participio)+complements Examples.Are you going to stay at home *Passive: Subject(“CD”)+ is/are going to+ be+ verb (participio)+complements Examples. + Affirmative: Subject + would + verb (infin..? Examples.) + compl. ? Examples.He won’t/will not have completed this job next week ? Interrogative: (QW) + will + subject + have+ verb (participio)+ compl.- FUTURE WITH GOING TO: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar intenciones.)-ing + complements Examples..Negative: Subject + to be not + going to + verb (infin. hablar de planes futuros. she won’t/will not have been studying ? Interrogative: (QW)+will + subject + have+been+ verb(infin. + Affirmative: Subject + will + have+ been+ verb (infin. hacer predicciones de futuro a través de hechos evidentes en el presente.

Examples. Departamento de Idiomas.Would he be keeping a diet (if he wasn’t fat)? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + be+ being+ verb (participio) + complements Examples..He would be lying in bed (if he were ill) -Negative: Subject+ would not + be + verb (infin. +Affirmative: Subject + would+ have +verb (participio) + complements Examples.You would have seen him (if you had met him) -Negative: Subject+ would not+ have+ verb (participio) + complments Examples.PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado.)-ing + complements Examples. acciones que empezaron en el pasado y continúan en el presente o acaban de terminar o tienen consecuencias en el presente.. + Affirmative: Subject + have/has + verb (participio) + complements Examples.? Examples.+ They have found the car\ *The car has been found ?Interrogative: (QW) + have/has + subject + verb (participio) + compl.Would I have left you (if you had been alone)? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + would+ have+ been + verb (participio) + compl.He wouldn’t/would not be waiting for us (if he had to) ?Interrogative: (QW)+ would + subject + be+ verb(infin... condicionada a otra acción hipotética del pasado.CONDITIONAL PERFECT: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción hipotética del pasado..)-ing + complements Examples. -Negative: Subject + have/has not + verb (participio) + complements Examples.TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio CONDITIONAL CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción hipotética en curso. 6 . ? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + have/has+ been+ verb (participio) +compl.I’ve/ have walked for two hours\ He’s/has walked for two hours....He wouldn’t/would not have seen him (if he hadn’t met him) ? Interrogative: (QW) + would + subject + have + verb (participio) + compl.)-ing+ compl. +Affirmative: Subject+ would + be + verb (infin. pero en un pasado muy reciente.Have you walked for two hours?\Has he walked for two hours? Examples.I haven’t/have not walked for two hours\He hasn’t/has not walked Examples..? Examples..

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