TIEMPOS VERBALES

Ortega

Sergio

NOMBRE TIEMPO PRESENTE Presente simple I work Presente continuo To be + -ing Pres perf simple I have + participle *(regular o irregular) Pres perf continuo I have been + -ing PASADO

TRADUCCIÓN Presente Canto Presente progresivo Estoy cantando Pretérito perfecto He cantado Pretérito perfecto He estado cantando

USOS
Acciones habituales. Verdades generales. Acciones en proceso de realización. Acciones futuras (con adverbios de tiempo). Acción pasada relacionada con el presente. Acción pasada que continúa en el presente. Acciones pasadas terminadas. Narraciones en pasado. Acciones pasadas en proceso de realización. Acciones pasadas anteriores a otra también pasada. Acción pasada en proceso de realización anterior a otra también pasada.

Pasado simple Pret.Indefinido/impe Infinitive + ed *(regular o rfecto irregular) Canté / cantaba Pasado continuo Pret. Indef. / I was + -ing imperfecto Estaba cantando Pas perf simple Pret. I had + participle * Pluscuamperfecto Había cantado Pas perf continuo Pret. I had been + -ing Pluscuamperfecto Había estado cantando Futuro simple I shall / will +infinitive Futuro continuo I’ll be + -ing Futuro perf simple I shall have+ participle Futuro perf continuo I shall have been +ing Condicional I would work Condicional perfecto I would have worked Futuro imperfecto Cantaré Futuro progresivo Estaré cantando Futuro perfecto Habré cantado Futuro perfecto Habré estado cantando

CONDI

FUTURO

Departamento de Idiomas.

1

) + complements Examples..) + compl. \ He eats a lot.+ They have found the car\ *The car has been found PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para hablar de una acción pasada que acaba de concluir. + Affirmative: Subject + to be (present) + verb (infin.Negative: Subject + do/does not + verb (infin. ? Interrogative: (QW) + do/does + subject + verb (infin.+They are repairing my piano\* My piano is being repaired (by them) PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado. en el mismo momento en el que se está enunciando la frase y para un futuro organizado.) “s” + complements Examples.. + Affirmative: Subject + verb (infin. 2 .I am eating a hot-dog \ He is eating a hot-dog -Negative: Subject + to be not (present) + verb (infin.)-ing +complements Examples. Examples. ? Examples. Examples.)-ing +complements Examples..I’ve/ have walked for two hours\ He’s/has walked for two hours. .. Examples. -Negative: Subject + have/has not + verb (participio) + complements Examples. . pero en un pasado muy reciente.. cada mañana.Have you walked for two hours?\Has he walked for two hours? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + have/has+ been+ verb (participio) +compl.Do you eat much? \ Why does he eat much? * Passive: Subject (”CD”) + is/are + verb (participio) +compl.. acciones que empezaron en el pasado y continúan en el presente o acaban de terminar o tienen consecuencias en el presente.I haven’t/have not walked for two hours\He hasn’t/has not walked ?Interrogative: (QW) + have/has + subject + verb (participio) + compl. etc. \ He doesn’t / does not eat much...I eat a lot. + Affirmative: Subject + have/has + verb (participio) + complements Examples.. cuyo resultado es evidente.TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio  PRESENT PRESENT SIMPLE: Este es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones permanentes o que tienen lugar en el presente y con una frecuencia determinada. cada día..+ I eat a lot of chocolate \ *A lot of chocolate is eat (by me) PRESENT CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que tienen lugar en el presente. para hablar de una acción que empezó en el Departamento de Idiomas.I’m not / am not eating a hot-dog\ He isn’t/is not eating a hot-dog ? Interrogative: (QW) + to be(present)+ subject + verb(infin. es decir.? Examples. ? Examples.Are you eating a hot-dog?\ What is he eating now? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + is/are+ being+ verb (participio) +compl.I don’t / do not eat much.)-ing+ compl..

I haven’t/have not been running for two hours\He hasn’t/has not been running since yesterday. Examples.)-ing + complements Examples.)-ing+ compl. Examples.. + Affirmative: Subject + verb (past) + complements Examples.Negative: Subject + did not + verb (infin.. + Affirmative: Subject + to be(past) + verb(infin. Es lo que se denomina el pasado del pasado (past in the past). ? Examples.He wasn’t/was not eating a hot-dog\ We weren’t/were not playing ?Interrogative: (QW) + to be(past)+ subject + verb(infin.I’ve/ have been running this morning\ He’s/has been running for one hour -Negative: Subject + have/has not + been+ verb (infin.Did you eat much? \ Did he play in the park? * Passive: Subject (”CD”) + was/were+ verb (participio) +compl. Una acción que ha tenido lugar antes de otra en el pasado + Affirmative: Subject + had + verb (participio) + complements Examples... ?Interrogative :(QW)+ have/has + subject +been+ verb(infin...I´d / had gone when they arrived\He’d/had gone when they arrived. \ He ate a lot.Were you eating a hot-dog?\ What was he doing in each moment? * Passive: Subject (”CD”) + was/were+ being+ verb (participio) +compl. sin que importe excesivamente el momento del pasado en el que tuvieron lugar. Examples. se resalta la duración de la actividad con for o since. pero en un momento concreto.) + compl.) + complements Examples..+Shakespeare wrote “Romeo and Juliet”\*”Romeo and Juliet” was written by Shakespeare PAST CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal en el que se expresan acciones que tuvieron lugar en el pasado.-+They were opening the door\*The door was being opened(by them) PAST PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que expresa acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado.I didn’t/did not eat much.-Have we been cooking for a hour?\Has he been running this morning? *Passive: Subject(”CD”) + have/has+ been +being+ verb (participio) +compl... pero en un pasado menos reciente que el que se expresa en el Present Perfect. .+ PAST PAST SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que tuvieron lugar en el pasado.I was eating a hot-dog \ You were sleeping in the park -Negative: Subject + to be not(past) + verb(infin.TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio pasado y puede haber acabado recientemente o que continúa en el presente. -Negative: Subject + had not + verb (participio) + complements Examples. ? Interrogative: (QW) + did + subject + verb (infi. 3 . \ He didn’t/did not play in the park.)-ing+ compl. ? Examples.)-ing +complements Examples. – I played in the park.)-ing +complements Examples..? Examples.I hadn’t/had not gone when they arrived Departamento de Idiomas.)-ing + complements Examples.. +Affirmative: Subject + have/has + been+ verb (infin.

Had you gone when they arrived? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + had+ been+ verb (participio) +compl. – You’ll/will be travelling to Rome this time tomorrow .)-ing + complements Examples. hacer un ofrecimiento.You hadn’t/had not been running for two hours ?Interrogative:(QW)+ had + subject + been + verb(infin.I won’t/will not write you every day. ? Examples. ? Examples.) + complements Examples...+ FUTURE FUTURE SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una predicción del futuro..)-ing + complements Examples. ? Examples.. hacer promesas. 4 .)-ing+ compl. + Affirmative: Subject + will + have+ verb (participio) + complements Examples.) + complements Examples. – You’ll/will return tonight/ He’ll/will return tonight . tomar una decisión en el momento de hablar. +Affirmative: Subject + had + been+ verb (infin. ? Examples..Negative: Subject + will not + be+ verb (infin. al cumplirse el tiempo indicado .-+I’d bought it when they arrived/*It had been bought (by me) when they arrived PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para dar énfasis a la duración de una acción pasada. + Affirmative: Subject + will + be+ verb (infin.)-ing + complements Examples.. + Affirmative: Subject + will + verb (infin.FUTURE CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción que estará sucediendo en un cierto tiempo en el futuro. ? Interrogative: (QW) + will + subject + verb (infi..Negative: Subject + will not + verb (infin.I’d/had been running this morning\ He’d/had been running … -Negative: Subject + had not + been+ verb (infin. Examples.Will they return tonight? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + will (o un modal) + be+ verb (participio) +compl.I won’t/will not be travelling to Rome this time tomorrow ? Interrogative: (QW) + will + subject + be+ verb (infi.. para acentuar la duración de una acción en el futuro..)-ing + compl. Examples.I will have completed this job next week Departamento de Idiomas.Will they be travelling to Rome this time tomorrow? *Passive: Subject(“CD”)+ will+ be+ being+ verb (participio)+complements Examples.TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio ?Interrogative: (QW) + had + subject + verb (participio) + compl..) + compl. la cual ha sucedido antes que otra acción pasada.- FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que habrán acabado en un punto concreto del futuro. Examples.)-ing + complements Examples..Had they been speaking on the phone? *Passive: Subject(”CD”) + had + been +being+ verb (participio) +compl.

Negative: Subject + will not + have+ been+ verb (infin.) + complements Examples.)+ complements Examples. he’ll/will have been working for a week .) + compl.) + complements Examples. ? Examples. hacer predicciones de futuro a través de hechos evidentes en el presente. + Affirmative: Subject + will + have+ been+ verb (infin.)-ing + complements Examples.I wouldn’t/would not eat much even (if I could) ? Interrogative: (QW) + would + subject + verb (infi..)-ing+ compl.Negative: Subject + would not + verb (infin.. ? Examples.He won’t/will not have completed this job next week ? Interrogative: (QW) + will + subject + have+ verb (participio)+ compl. 5 ....Are you going to stay at home *Passive: Subject(“CD”)+ is/are going to+ be+ verb (participio)+complements Examples. – I’d/would eat an ice-cream (if I had money) .)+ compl.- FUTURE WITH GOING TO: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar intenciones.? Examples. ? Examples.Will he have completed this job next week ? *Passive: Subject(“CD”)+ will+ have+ been+ verb (participio)+complements Examples..Negative: Subject + will not + have+ verb (participio) + complements Examples.+I would eat an ice-cream\*An ice-cream would be eaten by me Departamento de Idiomas.TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio .CONDITIONAL CONDITIONAL SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción hipotética condicionada por una acción presente o para expresar una acción de un futuro hipotético del tiempo pasado real.... – I’m going to stay at home . + Affirmative: Subject + to be+ going to+ verb (infin.She isn’t going to stay at home ? Interrogative: (QW) +to be + subject +going to + verb (infi.) + complements Examples.)-ing + complements Examples.Probably.Tomorrow. she won’t/will not have been studying ? Interrogative: (QW)+will + subject + have+been+ verb(infin..Negative: Subject + to be not + going to + verb (infin. hablar de planes futuros.Will they have been fixing the car? *Passive:Subject(“CD”)+will+have+been+being+verb(participio)+complements Examples. + Affirmative: Subject + would + verb (infin.Would you eat an ice-cream (if you had it)? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + would+ be+ verb (participio) +complements Examples.FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción inacabada en período inacabado en un punto en el futuro.

? Examples...Have you walked for two hours?\Has he walked for two hours? Examples. -Negative: Subject + have/has not + verb (participio) + complements Examples..TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio CONDITIONAL CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción hipotética en curso.+ They have found the car\ *The car has been found ?Interrogative: (QW) + have/has + subject + verb (participio) + compl.. Examples.Would I have left you (if you had been alone)? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + would+ have+ been + verb (participio) + compl.Would he be keeping a diet (if he wasn’t fat)? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + be+ being+ verb (participio) + complements Examples.He wouldn’t/would not have seen him (if he hadn’t met him) ? Interrogative: (QW) + would + subject + have + verb (participio) + compl.)-ing+ compl. ? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + have/has+ been+ verb (participio) +compl. +Affirmative: Subject + would+ have +verb (participio) + complements Examples. 6 .You would have seen him (if you had met him) -Negative: Subject+ would not+ have+ verb (participio) + complments Examples.? Examples.He wouldn’t/would not be waiting for us (if he had to) ?Interrogative: (QW)+ would + subject + be+ verb(infin...)-ing + complements Examples.He would be lying in bed (if he were ill) -Negative: Subject+ would not + be + verb (infin.. Departamento de Idiomas. +Affirmative: Subject+ would + be + verb (infin.)-ing + complements Examples.CONDITIONAL PERFECT: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción hipotética del pasado. condicionada a otra acción hipotética del pasado. acciones que empezaron en el pasado y continúan en el presente o acaban de terminar o tienen consecuencias en el presente..I’ve/ have walked for two hours\ He’s/has walked for two hours. pero en un pasado muy reciente..I haven’t/have not walked for two hours\He hasn’t/has not walked Examples.. + Affirmative: Subject + have/has + verb (participio) + complements Examples.PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado.

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