TIEMPOS VERBALES

Ortega

Sergio

NOMBRE TIEMPO PRESENTE Presente simple I work Presente continuo To be + -ing Pres perf simple I have + participle *(regular o irregular) Pres perf continuo I have been + -ing PASADO

TRADUCCIÓN Presente Canto Presente progresivo Estoy cantando Pretérito perfecto He cantado Pretérito perfecto He estado cantando

USOS
Acciones habituales. Verdades generales. Acciones en proceso de realización. Acciones futuras (con adverbios de tiempo). Acción pasada relacionada con el presente. Acción pasada que continúa en el presente. Acciones pasadas terminadas. Narraciones en pasado. Acciones pasadas en proceso de realización. Acciones pasadas anteriores a otra también pasada. Acción pasada en proceso de realización anterior a otra también pasada.

Pasado simple Pret.Indefinido/impe Infinitive + ed *(regular o rfecto irregular) Canté / cantaba Pasado continuo Pret. Indef. / I was + -ing imperfecto Estaba cantando Pas perf simple Pret. I had + participle * Pluscuamperfecto Había cantado Pas perf continuo Pret. I had been + -ing Pluscuamperfecto Había estado cantando Futuro simple I shall / will +infinitive Futuro continuo I’ll be + -ing Futuro perf simple I shall have+ participle Futuro perf continuo I shall have been +ing Condicional I would work Condicional perfecto I would have worked Futuro imperfecto Cantaré Futuro progresivo Estaré cantando Futuro perfecto Habré cantado Futuro perfecto Habré estado cantando

CONDI

FUTURO

Departamento de Idiomas.

1

. cada día.I don’t / do not eat much.Do you eat much? \ Why does he eat much? * Passive: Subject (”CD”) + is/are + verb (participio) +compl.) + compl. Examples.I haven’t/have not walked for two hours\He hasn’t/has not walked ?Interrogative: (QW) + have/has + subject + verb (participio) + compl.)-ing+ compl.I’ve/ have walked for two hours\ He’s/has walked for two hours.. para hablar de una acción que empezó en el Departamento de Idiomas.+They are repairing my piano\* My piano is being repaired (by them) PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado..)-ing +complements Examples.I’m not / am not eating a hot-dog\ He isn’t/is not eating a hot-dog ? Interrogative: (QW) + to be(present)+ subject + verb(infin. en el mismo momento en el que se está enunciando la frase y para un futuro organizado.. \ He eats a lot. ? Interrogative: (QW) + do/does + subject + verb (infin.I eat a lot. -Negative: Subject + have/has not + verb (participio) + complements Examples..+ They have found the car\ *The car has been found PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para hablar de una acción pasada que acaba de concluir. cuyo resultado es evidente.+ I eat a lot of chocolate \ *A lot of chocolate is eat (by me) PRESENT CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que tienen lugar en el presente.. + Affirmative: Subject + have/has + verb (participio) + complements Examples. ? Examples..Negative: Subject + do/does not + verb (infin.Have you walked for two hours?\Has he walked for two hours? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + have/has+ been+ verb (participio) +compl. 2 . acciones que empezaron en el pasado y continúan en el presente o acaban de terminar o tienen consecuencias en el presente. cada mañana... + Affirmative: Subject + to be (present) + verb (infin..Are you eating a hot-dog?\ What is he eating now? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + is/are+ being+ verb (participio) +compl. es decir.I am eating a hot-dog \ He is eating a hot-dog -Negative: Subject + to be not (present) + verb (infin. + Affirmative: Subject + verb (infin. etc. pero en un pasado muy reciente.? Examples. \ He doesn’t / does not eat much. Examples. .TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio  PRESENT PRESENT SIMPLE: Este es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones permanentes o que tienen lugar en el presente y con una frecuencia determinada.) “s” + complements Examples. Examples.)-ing +complements Examples.. ? Examples..) + complements Examples.

....+ PAST PAST SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que tuvieron lugar en el pasado.. ? Examples.. se resalta la duración de la actividad con for o since. Examples.He wasn’t/was not eating a hot-dog\ We weren’t/were not playing ?Interrogative: (QW) + to be(past)+ subject + verb(infin. Examples.)-ing +complements Examples.)-ing+ compl. sin que importe excesivamente el momento del pasado en el que tuvieron lugar. ? Interrogative: (QW) + did + subject + verb (infi.) + compl.I’ve/ have been running this morning\ He’s/has been running for one hour -Negative: Subject + have/has not + been+ verb (infin.) + complements Examples. ?Interrogative :(QW)+ have/has + subject +been+ verb(infin.. – I played in the park. -Negative: Subject + had not + verb (participio) + complements Examples.)-ing + complements Examples.-+They were opening the door\*The door was being opened(by them) PAST PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que expresa acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado.I didn’t/did not eat much.I hadn’t/had not gone when they arrived Departamento de Idiomas.Negative: Subject + did not + verb (infin.. pero en un pasado menos reciente que el que se expresa en el Present Perfect.)-ing+ compl.. .TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio pasado y puede haber acabado recientemente o que continúa en el presente.Were you eating a hot-dog?\ What was he doing in each moment? * Passive: Subject (”CD”) + was/were+ being+ verb (participio) +compl. + Affirmative: Subject + verb (past) + complements Examples.Did you eat much? \ Did he play in the park? * Passive: Subject (”CD”) + was/were+ verb (participio) +compl. \ He ate a lot. Una acción que ha tenido lugar antes de otra en el pasado + Affirmative: Subject + had + verb (participio) + complements Examples. +Affirmative: Subject + have/has + been+ verb (infin.-Have we been cooking for a hour?\Has he been running this morning? *Passive: Subject(”CD”) + have/has+ been +being+ verb (participio) +compl. + Affirmative: Subject + to be(past) + verb(infin.. pero en un momento concreto.)-ing + complements Examples. \ He didn’t/did not play in the park.I haven’t/have not been running for two hours\He hasn’t/has not been running since yesterday.I was eating a hot-dog \ You were sleeping in the park -Negative: Subject + to be not(past) + verb(infin. ? Examples. Examples. Es lo que se denomina el pasado del pasado (past in the past).I´d / had gone when they arrived\He’d/had gone when they arrived..+Shakespeare wrote “Romeo and Juliet”\*”Romeo and Juliet” was written by Shakespeare PAST CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal en el que se expresan acciones que tuvieron lugar en el pasado.)-ing +complements Examples. 3 .? Examples.

.. hacer un ofrecimiento. +Affirmative: Subject + had + been+ verb (infin.TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio ?Interrogative: (QW) + had + subject + verb (participio) + compl.. + Affirmative: Subject + will + be+ verb (infin. para acentuar la duración de una acción en el futuro.) + complements Examples.. ? Interrogative: (QW) + will + subject + verb (infi....Will they be travelling to Rome this time tomorrow? *Passive: Subject(“CD”)+ will+ be+ being+ verb (participio)+complements Examples.I will have completed this job next week Departamento de Idiomas. ? Examples.)-ing+ compl.I won’t/will not be travelling to Rome this time tomorrow ? Interrogative: (QW) + will + subject + be+ verb (infi.Had you gone when they arrived? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + had+ been+ verb (participio) +compl.-+I’d bought it when they arrived/*It had been bought (by me) when they arrived PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para dar énfasis a la duración de una acción pasada.Had they been speaking on the phone? *Passive: Subject(”CD”) + had + been +being+ verb (participio) +compl.)-ing + complements Examples. Examples. la cual ha sucedido antes que otra acción pasada.) + compl. Examples. + Affirmative: Subject + will + have+ verb (participio) + complements Examples. Examples.)-ing + complements Examples.I won’t/will not write you every day. – You’ll/will return tonight/ He’ll/will return tonight . al cumplirse el tiempo indicado . 4 .- FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que habrán acabado en un punto concreto del futuro..)-ing + complements Examples..FUTURE CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción que estará sucediendo en un cierto tiempo en el futuro.I’d/had been running this morning\ He’d/had been running … -Negative: Subject + had not + been+ verb (infin. ? Examples. ? Examples.Negative: Subject + will not + verb (infin.) + complements Examples.)-ing + complements Examples. ? Examples. + Affirmative: Subject + will + verb (infin. hacer promesas..+ FUTURE FUTURE SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una predicción del futuro. tomar una decisión en el momento de hablar.Will they return tonight? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + will (o un modal) + be+ verb (participio) +compl..You hadn’t/had not been running for two hours ?Interrogative:(QW)+ had + subject + been + verb(infin.Negative: Subject + will not + be+ verb (infin.)-ing + compl. – You’ll/will be travelling to Rome this time tomorrow .

Negative: Subject + to be not + going to + verb (infin. + Affirmative: Subject + would + verb (infin.FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción inacabada en período inacabado en un punto en el futuro. ? Examples. – I’d/would eat an ice-cream (if I had money) .- FUTURE WITH GOING TO: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar intenciones.Negative: Subject + would not + verb (infin..)-ing + complements Examples. – I’m going to stay at home . + Affirmative: Subject + to be+ going to+ verb (infin.) + compl..CONDITIONAL CONDITIONAL SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción hipotética condicionada por una acción presente o para expresar una acción de un futuro hipotético del tiempo pasado real.)+ compl.Are you going to stay at home *Passive: Subject(“CD”)+ is/are going to+ be+ verb (participio)+complements Examples.Negative: Subject + will not + have+ been+ verb (infin. + Affirmative: Subject + will + have+ been+ verb (infin.I wouldn’t/would not eat much even (if I could) ? Interrogative: (QW) + would + subject + verb (infi.Tomorrow. she won’t/will not have been studying ? Interrogative: (QW)+will + subject + have+been+ verb(infin. 5 .) + complements Examples. ? Examples. ? Examples.? Examples..TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio .Probably...He won’t/will not have completed this job next week ? Interrogative: (QW) + will + subject + have+ verb (participio)+ compl.) + complements Examples.) + complements Examples.Will he have completed this job next week ? *Passive: Subject(“CD”)+ will+ have+ been+ verb (participio)+complements Examples. hacer predicciones de futuro a través de hechos evidentes en el presente..She isn’t going to stay at home ? Interrogative: (QW) +to be + subject +going to + verb (infi. hablar de planes futuros.Would you eat an ice-cream (if you had it)? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + would+ be+ verb (participio) +complements Examples..)-ing+ compl..Will they have been fixing the car? *Passive:Subject(“CD”)+will+have+been+being+verb(participio)+complements Examples.)-ing + complements Examples..Negative: Subject + will not + have+ verb (participio) + complements Examples.+I would eat an ice-cream\*An ice-cream would be eaten by me Departamento de Idiomas. he’ll/will have been working for a week .)+ complements Examples..

+ Affirmative: Subject + have/has + verb (participio) + complements Examples.PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado.Have you walked for two hours?\Has he walked for two hours? Examples.I haven’t/have not walked for two hours\He hasn’t/has not walked Examples. acciones que empezaron en el pasado y continúan en el presente o acaban de terminar o tienen consecuencias en el presente. 6 .+ They have found the car\ *The car has been found ?Interrogative: (QW) + have/has + subject + verb (participio) + compl... +Affirmative: Subject+ would + be + verb (infin..)-ing + complements Examples..He would be lying in bed (if he were ill) -Negative: Subject+ would not + be + verb (infin..)-ing+ compl. condicionada a otra acción hipotética del pasado.He wouldn’t/would not be waiting for us (if he had to) ?Interrogative: (QW)+ would + subject + be+ verb(infin.? Examples.Would I have left you (if you had been alone)? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + would+ have+ been + verb (participio) + compl. +Affirmative: Subject + would+ have +verb (participio) + complements Examples.Would he be keeping a diet (if he wasn’t fat)? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + be+ being+ verb (participio) + complements Examples.You would have seen him (if you had met him) -Negative: Subject+ would not+ have+ verb (participio) + complments Examples.CONDITIONAL PERFECT: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción hipotética del pasado.. pero en un pasado muy reciente..TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio CONDITIONAL CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción hipotética en curso. ? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + have/has+ been+ verb (participio) +compl..He wouldn’t/would not have seen him (if he hadn’t met him) ? Interrogative: (QW) + would + subject + have + verb (participio) + compl.I’ve/ have walked for two hours\ He’s/has walked for two hours. -Negative: Subject + have/has not + verb (participio) + complements Examples. Departamento de Idiomas. Examples.)-ing + complements Examples..? Examples..

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