TIEMPOS VERBALES

Ortega

Sergio

NOMBRE TIEMPO PRESENTE Presente simple I work Presente continuo To be + -ing Pres perf simple I have + participle *(regular o irregular) Pres perf continuo I have been + -ing PASADO

TRADUCCIÓN Presente Canto Presente progresivo Estoy cantando Pretérito perfecto He cantado Pretérito perfecto He estado cantando

USOS
Acciones habituales. Verdades generales. Acciones en proceso de realización. Acciones futuras (con adverbios de tiempo). Acción pasada relacionada con el presente. Acción pasada que continúa en el presente. Acciones pasadas terminadas. Narraciones en pasado. Acciones pasadas en proceso de realización. Acciones pasadas anteriores a otra también pasada. Acción pasada en proceso de realización anterior a otra también pasada.

Pasado simple Pret.Indefinido/impe Infinitive + ed *(regular o rfecto irregular) Canté / cantaba Pasado continuo Pret. Indef. / I was + -ing imperfecto Estaba cantando Pas perf simple Pret. I had + participle * Pluscuamperfecto Había cantado Pas perf continuo Pret. I had been + -ing Pluscuamperfecto Había estado cantando Futuro simple I shall / will +infinitive Futuro continuo I’ll be + -ing Futuro perf simple I shall have+ participle Futuro perf continuo I shall have been +ing Condicional I would work Condicional perfecto I would have worked Futuro imperfecto Cantaré Futuro progresivo Estaré cantando Futuro perfecto Habré cantado Futuro perfecto Habré estado cantando

CONDI

FUTURO

Departamento de Idiomas.

1

? Examples. cuyo resultado es evidente... + Affirmative: Subject + verb (infin.I don’t / do not eat much.Do you eat much? \ Why does he eat much? * Passive: Subject (”CD”) + is/are + verb (participio) +compl. 2 . Examples.I’ve/ have walked for two hours\ He’s/has walked for two hours.Negative: Subject + do/does not + verb (infin. en el mismo momento en el que se está enunciando la frase y para un futuro organizado. acciones que empezaron en el pasado y continúan en el presente o acaban de terminar o tienen consecuencias en el presente.I’m not / am not eating a hot-dog\ He isn’t/is not eating a hot-dog ? Interrogative: (QW) + to be(present)+ subject + verb(infin.I am eating a hot-dog \ He is eating a hot-dog -Negative: Subject + to be not (present) + verb (infin..)-ing +complements Examples. Examples.) + compl. . ? Examples.I eat a lot. es decir.TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio  PRESENT PRESENT SIMPLE: Este es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones permanentes o que tienen lugar en el presente y con una frecuencia determinada..I haven’t/have not walked for two hours\He hasn’t/has not walked ?Interrogative: (QW) + have/has + subject + verb (participio) + compl. para hablar de una acción que empezó en el Departamento de Idiomas..) “s” + complements Examples... ? Examples. -Negative: Subject + have/has not + verb (participio) + complements Examples.) + complements Examples. cada día. + Affirmative: Subject + have/has + verb (participio) + complements Examples. Examples..Are you eating a hot-dog?\ What is he eating now? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + is/are+ being+ verb (participio) +compl.+They are repairing my piano\* My piano is being repaired (by them) PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado.. etc.Have you walked for two hours?\Has he walked for two hours? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + have/has+ been+ verb (participio) +compl.)-ing +complements Examples.+ I eat a lot of chocolate \ *A lot of chocolate is eat (by me) PRESENT CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que tienen lugar en el presente. cada mañana. \ He eats a lot. \ He doesn’t / does not eat much.+ They have found the car\ *The car has been found PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para hablar de una acción pasada que acaba de concluir. ? Interrogative: (QW) + do/does + subject + verb (infin.. + Affirmative: Subject + to be (present) + verb (infin.. pero en un pasado muy reciente.)-ing+ compl. .

se resalta la duración de la actividad con for o since. pero en un momento concreto. \ He ate a lot.He wasn’t/was not eating a hot-dog\ We weren’t/were not playing ?Interrogative: (QW) + to be(past)+ subject + verb(infin.+ PAST PAST SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que tuvieron lugar en el pasado.+Shakespeare wrote “Romeo and Juliet”\*”Romeo and Juliet” was written by Shakespeare PAST CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal en el que se expresan acciones que tuvieron lugar en el pasado..TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio pasado y puede haber acabado recientemente o que continúa en el presente... + Affirmative: Subject + to be(past) + verb(infin. Es lo que se denomina el pasado del pasado (past in the past).. Examples. Examples. Una acción que ha tenido lugar antes de otra en el pasado + Affirmative: Subject + had + verb (participio) + complements Examples.)-ing + complements Examples.-Have we been cooking for a hour?\Has he been running this morning? *Passive: Subject(”CD”) + have/has+ been +being+ verb (participio) +compl. \ He didn’t/did not play in the park.? Examples.I didn’t/did not eat much. -Negative: Subject + had not + verb (participio) + complements Examples. ?Interrogative :(QW)+ have/has + subject +been+ verb(infin.I´d / had gone when they arrived\He’d/had gone when they arrived. .-+They were opening the door\*The door was being opened(by them) PAST PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que expresa acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado..)-ing +complements Examples..I haven’t/have not been running for two hours\He hasn’t/has not been running since yesterday.I was eating a hot-dog \ You were sleeping in the park -Negative: Subject + to be not(past) + verb(infin.Did you eat much? \ Did he play in the park? * Passive: Subject (”CD”) + was/were+ verb (participio) +compl.) + compl. +Affirmative: Subject + have/has + been+ verb (infin.)-ing +complements Examples.Negative: Subject + did not + verb (infin.)-ing + complements Examples.. sin que importe excesivamente el momento del pasado en el que tuvieron lugar..) + complements Examples.)-ing+ compl... ? Interrogative: (QW) + did + subject + verb (infi. Examples. 3 .)-ing+ compl. + Affirmative: Subject + verb (past) + complements Examples.I hadn’t/had not gone when they arrived Departamento de Idiomas. pero en un pasado menos reciente que el que se expresa en el Present Perfect. ? Examples. ? Examples.Were you eating a hot-dog?\ What was he doing in each moment? * Passive: Subject (”CD”) + was/were+ being+ verb (participio) +compl..I’ve/ have been running this morning\ He’s/has been running for one hour -Negative: Subject + have/has not + been+ verb (infin. – I played in the park.

al cumplirse el tiempo indicado .I won’t/will not write you every day.)-ing + complements Examples.)-ing + complements Examples.Will they return tonight? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + will (o un modal) + be+ verb (participio) +compl. + Affirmative: Subject + will + be+ verb (infin... 4 . – You’ll/will return tonight/ He’ll/will return tonight ...- FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que habrán acabado en un punto concreto del futuro.)-ing+ compl.Negative: Subject + will not + be+ verb (infin. + Affirmative: Subject + will + verb (infin.FUTURE CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción que estará sucediendo en un cierto tiempo en el futuro.) + compl.)-ing + complements Examples.+ FUTURE FUTURE SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una predicción del futuro. ? Examples.You hadn’t/had not been running for two hours ?Interrogative:(QW)+ had + subject + been + verb(infin.Had they been speaking on the phone? *Passive: Subject(”CD”) + had + been +being+ verb (participio) +compl. hacer un ofrecimiento. ? Interrogative: (QW) + will + subject + verb (infi. – You’ll/will be travelling to Rome this time tomorrow .Had you gone when they arrived? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + had+ been+ verb (participio) +compl. tomar una decisión en el momento de hablar.. para acentuar la duración de una acción en el futuro.TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio ?Interrogative: (QW) + had + subject + verb (participio) + compl.-+I’d bought it when they arrived/*It had been bought (by me) when they arrived PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para dar énfasis a la duración de una acción pasada..)-ing + compl.I won’t/will not be travelling to Rome this time tomorrow ? Interrogative: (QW) + will + subject + be+ verb (infi.. Examples.Will they be travelling to Rome this time tomorrow? *Passive: Subject(“CD”)+ will+ be+ being+ verb (participio)+complements Examples. Examples..I’d/had been running this morning\ He’d/had been running … -Negative: Subject + had not + been+ verb (infin. ? Examples. + Affirmative: Subject + will + have+ verb (participio) + complements Examples.. hacer promesas. ? Examples.I will have completed this job next week Departamento de Idiomas. ? Examples. la cual ha sucedido antes que otra acción pasada. +Affirmative: Subject + had + been+ verb (infin. Examples..)-ing + complements Examples.Negative: Subject + will not + verb (infin.) + complements Examples.) + complements Examples..

– I’m going to stay at home .Negative: Subject + to be not + going to + verb (infin.) + compl. + Affirmative: Subject + will + have+ been+ verb (infin.Negative: Subject + would not + verb (infin.He won’t/will not have completed this job next week ? Interrogative: (QW) + will + subject + have+ verb (participio)+ compl.Negative: Subject + will not + have+ been+ verb (infin. + Affirmative: Subject + would + verb (infin.. + Affirmative: Subject + to be+ going to+ verb (infin.)-ing + complements Examples. he’ll/will have been working for a week .CONDITIONAL CONDITIONAL SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción hipotética condicionada por una acción presente o para expresar una acción de un futuro hipotético del tiempo pasado real. ? Examples. ? Examples. ? Examples.Tomorrow.Negative: Subject + will not + have+ verb (participio) + complements Examples.She isn’t going to stay at home ? Interrogative: (QW) +to be + subject +going to + verb (infi. 5 ..? Examples.)+ complements Examples.) + complements Examples.+I would eat an ice-cream\*An ice-cream would be eaten by me Departamento de Idiomas..Would you eat an ice-cream (if you had it)? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + would+ be+ verb (participio) +complements Examples..Are you going to stay at home *Passive: Subject(“CD”)+ is/are going to+ be+ verb (participio)+complements Examples.Probably..Will he have completed this job next week ? *Passive: Subject(“CD”)+ will+ have+ been+ verb (participio)+complements Examples..I wouldn’t/would not eat much even (if I could) ? Interrogative: (QW) + would + subject + verb (infi.- FUTURE WITH GOING TO: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar intenciones. – I’d/would eat an ice-cream (if I had money) .Will they have been fixing the car? *Passive:Subject(“CD”)+will+have+been+being+verb(participio)+complements Examples...) + complements Examples.TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio .) + complements Examples.)-ing + complements Examples..FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción inacabada en período inacabado en un punto en el futuro.)-ing+ compl.)+ compl.. hacer predicciones de futuro a través de hechos evidentes en el presente. she won’t/will not have been studying ? Interrogative: (QW)+will + subject + have+been+ verb(infin. hablar de planes futuros.

Have you walked for two hours?\Has he walked for two hours? Examples.He wouldn’t/would not be waiting for us (if he had to) ?Interrogative: (QW)+ would + subject + be+ verb(infin...TIEMPOS VERBALES Ortega Sergio CONDITIONAL CONTINUOUS: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción hipotética en curso.I’ve/ have walked for two hours\ He’s/has walked for two hours. +Affirmative: Subject+ would + be + verb (infin.I haven’t/have not walked for two hours\He hasn’t/has not walked Examples. ? *Passive: Subject (”CD”) + have/has+ been+ verb (participio) +compl..? Examples. -Negative: Subject + have/has not + verb (participio) + complements Examples. Departamento de Idiomas..)-ing+ compl.PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar acciones que han tenido lugar en el pasado. Examples. acciones que empezaron en el pasado y continúan en el presente o acaban de terminar o tienen consecuencias en el presente.. condicionada a otra acción hipotética del pasado..Would he be keeping a diet (if he wasn’t fat)? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + be+ being+ verb (participio) + complements Examples.+ They have found the car\ *The car has been found ?Interrogative: (QW) + have/has + subject + verb (participio) + compl. + Affirmative: Subject + have/has + verb (participio) + complements Examples. pero en un pasado muy reciente.? Examples.)-ing + complements Examples...He wouldn’t/would not have seen him (if he hadn’t met him) ? Interrogative: (QW) + would + subject + have + verb (participio) + compl.Would I have left you (if you had been alone)? *Passive: Subject (“CD”) + would+ have+ been + verb (participio) + compl.You would have seen him (if you had met him) -Negative: Subject+ would not+ have+ verb (participio) + complments Examples. +Affirmative: Subject + would+ have +verb (participio) + complements Examples.)-ing + complements Examples.He would be lying in bed (if he were ill) -Negative: Subject+ would not + be + verb (infin. 6 ...CONDITIONAL PERFECT: Es un tiempo verbal que se utiliza para expresar una acción hipotética del pasado.