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Diagram of three phase four wire system

() 3 4 RST N()(E)
The power sent by the power company to a client (factory) is in a form of three phase four wire system: R, S, T and N (neutral) as shown above. Client usually has to ask a water and electricity engineering company to in stall ground (E) because the power company is not responsible for this installation. The water and electricity engineering company will consider electric quantity consumed to choose a proper size of ground wire.

(Neutral wire and ground wire is not the same. Do not connect neutral wire and ground wire together; otherwise the device will be burned.)

Y 380V R-S-T 380V R-NS-NT-N 220 V


Take Y system connection to 380V as an example: Any two measurements of R-S-T are the 380V. R-N, S-N, T-N are 220 V.

RSTE RSTNE RST PHASE 380VE ()N


Pai Lung machine has two types of connecting methods for terminal hoods: R, S, T, E, and R, S, T, N, E. In Y system connection, R, S, T are for 3 phase 380V, E for device grounding, (Ground wire must be connected)and N for neutral wire.

()RSTE Example 1: (Digital Panel-three shift counter) R, S, T, E connecting methods 1. RSTNE 5 N RSTE 4 2. RSTN 4 N RST 3 3. RST 3 RST 3 E
1. If the factory has R, S, T, N, E in a total of 5 wires, please use electrical tape to wrap N-wire to be insulated. We only need to connect the 4 wires, R, S, T, E to each point. 2. If the factory has 4 wires R, S, T, N, please use electrical tape to wrap N-wire to be insulated. We only need to connect use the 3 wires, R, S, T to each point and ask the water and electricity engineering company to install and connect ground (E) wire. 3. If the factory has 3 wires: R, S, T. We need to connect them to each pint, and ask the water and electricity engineering company to install and connect ground (E) wire.

() RSTNE Example 2: (LCD Touch Panel ) R, S, T, N, E connecting methods. 1. RSTNE 5 RSTNE 5 2. RSTN 4 RSTN 4 E 3. RST 3 RST 3 N E
1. If the factory has 5 wires, R, S, T, N, E, we connect the 5 wires, R, S, T, N, E, to each point. 2. If the factory has 4 wires, R, S, T, N, we connect the 4 wires, R, S, T, N, to each point and also ask the water and electricity engineering company to install and connect ground (E) wire. 3. If the factory has 3 wires, R, S, T, we connect the 3 wires R, S, T, and ask the water and electricity engineering company to install and connect ground (E) wire.


Diagram of three phase three wire system

(Neutral wire and ground wire is not the same. Do not connect neutral wire and ground wire together; otherwise the device will be burned.)

220V R-S-T 220V


Take system connection to 220V as an example: Any two measurements of R-S-T are 220V.

RSTE RSTNE RST PHASE 220VE ()


Pai Lung machine has two types of connecting methods for terminal hoods: R, S, T, E, and R, S, T, N. In system connection, E. R, S, T are for 3 phase 220V, E for grounding. (Ground wire must be connected)

()RSTE Example 3: (Digital Panel-three shift counter) R, S, T, E connecting methods 1. RSTNE 5 N RSTE 4 2. RSTN 4 N RST 3 3. RST 3 RST 3
1. If factory has R, S, T, N, E in a total of 5 wires, please use electrical tape to wrap N-wire to be insulated. We only need to connect the 4 wires, R, S, T, E to each point. 2. If the factory has 4 wires R, S, T, N, please use electrical tape to wrap N-wire to be insulated. We only need to connect use the 3 wires, R, S, T to each point and ask the water and electricity engineering company to install and connect ground (E) wire. 3. If the factory has 3 wires: R, S, T. We need to connect them to each pint, and ask the water and electricity engineering company to install and connect ground (E) wire.

() RSTNE Example 4: (LCD Touch Panel) R, S, T, N, E connecting methods 1. RSTNE 5 RSTNE 5 2. RSTN 4 RSTN 4 E 3. RST 3 RST 3 N E
1. If the factory has 5 wires, R, S, T, N, E, we connect the 5 wires, R, S, T, N, E, to each point. 2. If the factory has 4 wires, R, S, T, N, we connect the 4 wires, R, S, T, N, to each point and also ask the water and electricity engineering company to install and connect ground (E) wire. 3. If the factory has 3 wires, R, S, T, we connect the 3 wires R, S, T, and ask the water and electricity engineering company to install and connect ground (E) wire. It is ok to not connect N wire if there is no N wire.

Grounding specifications and methods 1. 25

2. 240 -1 3. 1.6 -1 4. 1.3 -1 5. 180 6. 240 -1

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

In system grounding ohm value must below 25 . Length of grounding rods shall not be shorter than 240 cm as shown in figure-1. Diameter of grounding of iron or steel rods should not be less than 1.6 cm. Diameter of grounding of copper or stainless steel rods should not be less than 1.3 cm. The distance between grounding rods should not be less than 180 cm. Grounding rods must be installed in depth of underground. If the grounding rod touches an obstacle underground, the depth of the grounding rod is OK to be less than 240 cm.

7. 0.18 -2 150 -2 6.4 -2 0.7 -2 7. Grounding metal plate area can not be less than 0.18 as shown in figure-2. Depth can not be less than 150 cm. Iron metal plate thickness can not be less than 6.4 mm Copper metal plates shall not be less than the thickness of 0.7 mm

8. 9. -1-2 10. 11. 8. Grounding rods can not have the paint or other insulating material on the surface. 9. Grounding wire cross-sectional area should be power cord cross-sectional area as shown in figure-1 and 2. 10. Grounding wire should not have a joint. 11. Grounding wire should not include any switch devices.