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BIO 111

(Mader 11th Edition Textbook) Chapter 1 “Study Guide”

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What is the definition of “Biology?” List and describe the 11 levels of biological organization. In my lecture I tell you that ALL living things can perform the “3 R’s” (Respire, Respond and Reproduce). Your textbook expands and gives us 5 properties…list and describe those 5 properties. List the 8 levels of taxonomic classification List and describe the 3 domains in taxonomy. List and describe the 6 kingdoms in taxonomy. Define “natural selection.” How does the flow of energy differ from the flow of nutrients (chemicals) in an ecosystem? One of the reasons you are taking this class (aside from “because its required”) is to help you understand your place and influence in our living world (the biosphere). The study of Biodiversity is key to your understanding. Define biodiversity and discuss why it is so important to recognize/understand. List and describe the steps for the scientific method. o What is the difference between a variable and a control? o What is the difference between a scientific theory and a scientific law?

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Chapter 2 “Study Guide” • Define these basic chemical terms: o Matter o Elements o Atoms

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Ultimately it is the presence (or absence) of electrons that dictates if and how one atom will react with another. List and describe those five properties. If I ask you “why is water so important to life?” and you answer with “because you can’t live without it. How can changes in pH impact ecosystems and people? • • • • • • • • BE Panneton .BIO 111 o o o o o o o • • (Mader 11th Edition Textbook) Protons Neutrons Electrons Electron Shell Atomic Symbol Atomic number Atomic mass (or “mass number”) Define the term “isotope” and discuss some different ways isotopes are used in science and medicine.” you will be wrong. Describe the pH scale. Discuss the octet rule and valence shells as they apply to chemical bonding. How do acids differ from bases? Define “buffer” and give an example of a buffer system found in biology. Our textbook gives 5 clear reasons why water is so important to life as we know it. How do ionic bonds differ from covalent bonds? What is the difference between a polar and a nonpolar covalent bond? Describe hydrogen bonds.

You will get enough of that if you take organic chemistry classes). o Carbohydrates  Monosaccharides • • •   Glucose Ribose Deoxyribose Disaccharides Polysaccharides • • • • • Glycogen Starch Cellulose Peptidoglycan Chitin o Lipids      Sterioids Phospholipids Fats Oils Waxes BE Panneton .BIO 111 (Mader 11th Edition Textbook) Chapter 3 “Study Guide” • • What does CHNOPS have to do with biology and life? Describe the functions/uses/types of organic molecules listed here (We do not memorize molecular structures in this general biology class.

polypeptide chains and proteins? Describe the importance of “structure” to a protein molecule. BE Panneton .BIO 111 o Proteins  Enzymes (Mader 11th Edition Textbook) o Nucleic Acids    • • • DNA RNA ATP What’s the difference between amino acids. Define “denature” and discuss what can cause a protein to denature and what the implications could be.