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ADEA 2011 Annual Session Section Program co-sponsored by ADEA sections of: Anatomical Sciences Biochemistry, Nutrition, and

Microbiology Physiology, Pharmacology, and Therapeutics

Introduction/Background Surveys of Biochemistry, Nutrition, Microbiology & Immunology


Alan E. Levine, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Survey of Physiology
Ted D. Pate, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Survey of Pharmacology
Medha Gautam, Southern Illinois University

Surveys of Anatomy, Neurobiology


H. Wayne Lambert, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV

Questions/DiscussionAudience & Panel

Competencies for the New General Dentist Foundation Knowledge/Skills Curriculum change

Help guide curricula in dental schools >10 years since last curriculum guidelines Assist in removing irrelevant, archaic information Assist in including important new information

Changes to National Board Exams Provide contact information to facilitate communication between biomedical sciences faculty members

Anatomical Sciences Section:


Gross Anatomy (completed; 67/67 schools reported) Neuroanatomy/Neuroscience (completed; 66/67 schools reported) Histology & Embryology (97 respondents; 60/67 schools reported)

Physiology, Pharmacology, and Therapeutics Section:


Physiology (45 respondents) Pharmacology (52 respondents)

Biochemistry, Nutrition, and Microbiology & Immunology Section:


Biochemistry (in progress; 34 respondents) Microbiology/Immunology (in progress; 29 respondents) Nutrition (in progress; 20 respondents) (Status of as of Feb, 2011)

1)

2)

3)

Who are the faculty teaching these courses and how much experience do they have teaching dental students? What are the specific topics and content areas being presented? How are the courses being taught?
How many student contact hours? Are the dental students taught with other professional students? Do the faculty use computer-assisted instruction (CAI) applications? What teaching techniques are being used (laboratory, PBL cases)

4)

5)

Has your school undergone curriculum changes which have affected the teaching of the biomedical sciences? Are we preparing the dental students for their board examinations?

Section members who helped construct & review surveys All faculty completing surveys Grant Support: American Dental Education Association (ADEA) Council of Sections Project Pilot Grant The Basic Science Survey Series for Dentistry

14 12 Number of Faculty 10 8 6 4 2

Biochemistry Nutrition Micro/Immun

0
0-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 21-25 26-30 31-35 36-40 41+

Number of Years Experience in Teaching

Mean Biochemistry Nutrition Micro/Immun 19.9 19.0 21.6

Median 15 15 21

Range 0-40 5-41 1-43

Number of Schools

Microbiology or Immunology
Both 3.6% Micro. Only 21.4% Immunol. Only 0 Neither 78.6%

Biochemistry
YES 45.5% NO 54.5%

Student Contact Hours


Average Biochemistry (n=33) Nutrition (n=24) Microbiology & Immunology (n=24) 69.3 15.9 43.6 Median 71 12 42 Range 15-148 7-40 10-91

Biochemistry

Microbiology & Immunology

Number of Schools

Number of Schools

Nutrition

Besides the dental students, whose in the class?


Dental Students only
Biochemistry
Nutrition Microbiology & Immunology

Other students
30%
39% 25%

73%
61% 75%

Other students include: Dental hygiene, Graduate students; MPH students, Nursing, Pharmacy, Allied health

Examples Used in Teaching


Scientific Method Biochemistry 85% Dental Clinical Correlates 85% Medical Clinical Correlates 73% Evidencebased Dentistry 36%

Nutrition
Microbiology & Immunology

50%
88%

72%
88%

72%
84%

72%
68%

Changes Due to Curriculum Change


YES
Biochemistry
Nutrition Microbiology & Immunology

NO
53%
60% 54%

47%
40% 46%

Examples of changes:

Updated content Focus on broader topics Integrate biomedical &/or clinical content Removed labs Redistribute content in other courses, especially nutrition Timing of courses Add PBL, problem-solving

Use of Computer-Assisted Instruction


Biochemistry Nutrition Microbiology & Immunology

YES 48% 44% 42%

NO 52% 56% 58%

Examples:

Web-based lessons; online modules Movies/animations Blackboard/Course websites On-line quizzes, sample exams, study questions TurningPoint ARS Dietary analysis software; mypyramid.gov Lecture capture

Bimodal distribution of faculty teaching experience In addition to directing Biochemistry, Nutrition, & Microbiology and Immunology, faculty often direct and teach in other courses, often in multiple schools Biochemistry & Microbiology/Immunology predominantly taught as stand-alone courses Nutrition included in other courses Great variability exists in the content and student contact hours for all 3 disciplines ~50% of schools use some form of computer-assisted instruction A list of course directors/contacts for the biochemistry, nutrition, and microbiology/immunology has been generated