Vol. LXXXVII No. 29

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At CSCE, West continues to score Soviet violations
MADRID - Delegations of the United States and Western European states attending the Madrid Conference to review implementation of the Helsin­ ki Accords constantly emphasize Soviet viotttions of human and national rights andicite the persecution of Ukrainian and other rights activists, reported Myroslaw Smorodsky, the New Jersey attorney who is a public member of the U.S. delegation. R. Spencer Oliver, a leading member of the U.S. delegation, scored the Soviet Union for its religious persecution, pointing to the.' liquidation of the Ukrainian Catholic|thurch,and perse­ cution of believers. Mr. Oliver condemned these Soviet actions in remarks delivered during a session devoted to Principle 7 of Basket 111 of the Helsinki Accords. Mr. Smo­ rodsky noted that he mentioned a document authored by Yosyf Terelia as well as the cases of Mykola Rudenko,` Oleksa Tykhy^and the Rev. Vasyl Romaniuk. Mr. Oliver's^ statements were sup­ ported by t h ^ e of the British and Canadian delegations which also sharp­ ly criticized the USSR for its repression of Helsinki monitors. According to Mr. Smorodsky, most notable were remarks by an Irish representative who spoke out in defense of Ukrainian Catholics and statements by the Canadian delegation which pointed to the systematic Russification policies being implemented in Ukraine. Nearly all Western delegations have been citing the cases of Ukrainian political prisoners and rights activists, said Mr. Smorodsky.

Synod of bishops nominates episcopal candidates
Denies legitimacy of 1946 Lviv Synod
ROME - T h e First Regular Synod of Bishops of the Ukrainian Catholic Church, convened by Patriarch Josyf Slipyj with the approval of Pope John Paul II. was held here from,November 25 to December 2. The first topic at the synod was that of episcopal appointments to the Phila­ delphia and Chicago eparchies as well as other auxiliary episcopal posts. The bishops nominated three candi­ dates for each of the six posts: two in Philadelphia, two in Stamford and one each in Chicago and Winnipeg. The list of nominees was then submitted to the pope for the final selection. Apart from the nomination of candi­ dates, the bishops drafted a document Taking part in the Synod were: Patriarch Josyf, Archbishop-Coadjutor Myroslav Lubachivsky, ` Metropolitan denying the legitimacy, of the Lvrv Maxim Hermaniuk (Winnipeg), and Synod of 1946 ( which in effect liquida­ Bishops Neil Savaryn (Edmonton), ted the Ukrainian CathjolicChurch and Isidore Borecky (Toronto), Andrew subordinated the faithful to the Russian Roborecki (Saskatoon), Ivan Prashko Orthodox,Church. (Australia), Platon Kornyljak (Ger­ In reviewing the situation of the many), Andrey Sapelak (Argentina), Catholic Church in Ukraine, the Synod Augustine Hornyak (Great Britain), issued a statement calling for the Basil Losten (Stamford, Conn.), Efraim recognition of the rights of the Church Kre'vey (Brazil), Jerome Chimy (New in Ukraine as we'll as respect for the Westminster, B.C.), and Demetrius Greschuk (Edmonton). rights of the faithful. The Synod issued a separate state­ ment addressed to their brethren in Ukraine and places of exile, expressing its support for the stuggle they wage for the Church and their faith. In their deliberations, the bishops emphasized the importance of the Unable to attend were: Bishop V0I0dymyr Malanczuk (France), Archbi­ shop Gabriel Bukatko and Bishop Joakim Segedi(Yugoslavia)and Bishop Jose Martenetz (Brazil). Protoarchmandrite Isidore Patrillo, OSBM; Archmandrite 'Ivah Chpma;

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Ukrainian bishops during an audience with Pope John Paul II broadcasts of Radio Vatican which are transmitted to Ukraine and duly ex­ p r e s s e d t h e i r a p p r e c i a , t i o n f o r the broadcasts to the pope. Among the other issues discussed at the Synod were: preparations for the celebration of the millenium of Christi­ anity of Rus-Ukraine; ecumenism and cooperation with the Ukrainian Ortho­ dox Church; vocations; translation of Liturgical texts into Ukrainian as well as other languages; the role of the laity in the Ukrainian Church; and the contemporary Ukrainian family. ' The Synod c o m m e n c e d with the celebration of a Moleben in St. Peter's Basilica at the altar of St. Basil the Great which contains the relics of St. Josaphat. The Moleben to the Holy Ghost was concelebrated by Patriarch Josyt ana me oisnops, wun ine Ukrai­ nian community of Rome in atten­ dance. ..–. --:.-. Archimandrite Lubomyr Huzar, Studite; Archmapdrite Victor Pospishil and the Very Rev. Michael Нгупспу– shyn, superior of the Redemptorists, took part in the deliberations as advi­ sors. On Sunday, November 30, a Divine Liturgy was celebrated in St. Sophia Sobor in which the participants to the Synod as well as` the Ukrainian com­ munity took part.
(Continued on page 2)

Carter issues rights daydeclaration
WASHINGTON - President Jimmy Carter has issued a proclamation decla­ ring December 10 as Human Rights Day and designating the week begin­ ning December 10 as Human Rights Week. The president signed the yearly proclamation on November 14. The document also proclaims Decem­ ber 15 Bill of Rjghts Day. The Bill of Rights became part of the U.S. Consti­ tution onOecemftpr,IS, 1791. S t a t i n g that the cause o f h u m a n rights "is embattled throughout the world," PTesideJt Carter urged all Americans to stand firm in the insis­ tence that human rights be upheld by all governments, and to support the ratifica­ tion of the Genocide Convention, the American. Convention on Human Rights and other national or interna­ tional cbvehahts dealing with rights. `l^ Significantly, this year's proclama­ tion mentions the suppression of trade unions as a violation of human rights,an obvious reference to the labor unrest in Poland. In addition, the president also refers to the American hostages still being held captive in Iran and apartheid, although no specific mention is made of South AfricaCalling the U. N. Universal Declara­ tion of Human Rights a "cornerstone of a developing international consensus on human rights," the president noted that the united States „must continously monitor the progress of this effort and the records of governments around the world." The full text of the president's proclamation appears on page 3. ^„

Ш Feature on artist Zoya Lymar — page 8. Ш Remarks by Max Kampelman, co-chairman of the U.S. delegation to the Madrid Conference - page 4. Ш Panorama by Helen Регогак– Smindak - page 9.

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No. 29

Al annual report 30 governments were responsible for political killings
. NEW YORK - People were murder­ ed by government forces or executed for political reasons in more than 30 coun­ tries in the 12 months reviewed by Amnesty International's annual report. published Tuesday, December 9. The,victims included peasant families in El Salvador and Guatemala; mem­ bers of political, religious and ethnic groups in Iraq,Iran and Ethiopia: and people in all walks of life in countries as far apart as Afghanistan. Chile and the Philippines. The 408-page "Amnesty Internation­ al Report 1980" also documents the extent of detention without trial, tor­ ture and other forms of repression. Organized on a regional and countryby-country basis, with entries on 110 nations, the report offers a wideranging account of challenges to human rights. It shows that the problem cuts across national and ideological bound­ aries, pointing out violations in coun­ tries north and south, east and west, industrialized or developing. It describes the use of restrictive laws, labor camps and psychiatric abuse to punish dissenters in the Soviet Union. It calls attention to police brutality to members of ethnic minorities in the United States, sometimes resulting in deaths. Examples of the suffering and pro­ blems on which it provides facts are: political prisoners held for years with­ out trial in Bangladesh, Singapore and other countries; the damaging effects of the isolation imposed in the Federal Republic of Germany on prisoners held in connection with politically motivated crimes; the jailing of people who try to leave Romania or the German Demo­ cratic Republic without permission; the questions raised by the way non-jury courts operate in Northern Ireland. A major purpose of the report is to provide an account of Amnesty Interna­ tional's work in the period covered, from May I, 1979 to April 30,4980. In a preface to the report, Jose Zalaquett. chairperson of the organiza­ tion's International Executive Commu­ te, says: "The death toll from executions and political murders recorded in these pages is matter of the gravest and most urgent concern." He notes that Am­ nesty International urged trie United States Security Council in 1979 to discuss the rise in political killings as "a threat to international peace and securi­ ty," and that more than a year later there are continual reports of new abductions and deaths. In additipn to indicating the depth of the problem, the 1980 report reflects the growth of Amnesty International's efforts against human-rights violations. The movement sent 45 missions to 33 , countries, more than iir any previous year, to gather information, to mpet prisoners and officials, and to take part in efforts to protect human rights. It worked on 4,131 individual cases of confirmed or possible prisoners of conscience, in addition to more general efforts for groups under threat.

Ukrainian Frenchman offers himself in exchange for Yuriy Shukhevych
PARIS - A young French Ukrain­ ian has offered to trade his freedom for the release of Yuriy Shukhevych, son of the late commander-in-chief of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA), who has been imprisoned in Soviet camps for nearly 35 years. Mykhailp Pidsadny made his request in a November 12 letter to the French foreign minister, in which he offered to exchange himself for the 46-year-old Ukrainian dissident and asked the minister to d iscuss the proposal with the Soviet delegation at the Madrid Confer­ ence. Mr. Pidsadny, said he is willing to make the sacrifice to allow Mr. Shuk­ hevych, who has been in and out of Soviet prisons since he was 15, to leave the Soviet Union and enjoy a taste of freedom. He pointed out that Mr. Shukhevych, who was sentenced in 1972 to five years in prison and five years in a special-regimen camp for alleged "anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda," was being punished for his father's activities. Mr. Pidsadny first announced his intentions 18 months ago, but when Amnscty International rejected his proposal, he decided to appeal directly to the French government. A former member of SUM, the 29-year-old French Ukrainian is currently a mem­ ber of Plast, as was Mr. Shukhevych's father. He is also a member of the Union of Ukrainians in France.

Chornovil case requires urgent action, according to Amnesty International
SAN FRANCISCO - Amnesty hunger strike in protest of his conviction International, the world-wide human- on a false criminal charge. rights watchdog group, has named Amnesty International suggests that Vyacheslav Chornovil to its so-called appeals on Mr. Chornovil`s behalf be "urgent action" list, and urged all sent to the chairman of the USSR concerned to appeal to Soviet authori­ Supreme Court. L.N. Smirmov, Verkhovny Sud SSR, UL Vorovskogo 15, ties on his behalf. Mr. Chornovil, a journalist and 121260 Moscow, USSR; USSR Procu­ Ukrainian Helsinki monitor, is present­ rator General R.A. Rudenko, Genely serving a five-year sentence on a rainy Prokuror, Prokuratura SSSR, phoney "attempted rape" conviction. Pushkinskaia UL 15A8, G. Moscow. His latest conviction came shortly USSR; and the director of the labor before the expiration of a nine-year camp were Mr. Chornovil is being held. sentence which he was serving for Nachalnik Gavrilov, Uchr. Ya. D-40/7, dissident activities. In August, Mr. ;Pps. Tabaga,-Yakjtskaia ASSR. USSR. (Continued on page 10) s Chornovil ended a four-month-long

Ukrainian political prisoners protested Afghanistan invasion
NEW YORK - Ukrainian political prsioners of the Chystgpol prison and of Mordovian camps 3-5, along with political prisoners of other nationa­ lities, protested Soviet aggression in Afghanistan, reported the press service of the Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council abroad as substantiated by information which appeared in the August issue of "Chronicle of August issue of "Chronicle of Current Events." The report noted that Yuriy Shukhe­ vych and V. Bala'khahov, a Russian political prisoner, sent a statement to the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR protesting the Soviet inva­ sion of Afghanistan and'demanding the withdrawal of Soviet troops. Political prisoners of Mordovian camps 3-5: Yuriy Badzio. R. Nasaryan. S. Soldatov and V. Osipov also issued an appeal to the government of the USSR and to all concerned citizens of the world, protesting the Soviet inva­ sion of Afghansitan as well as steppedup repressions within the USSR in connection.with the invasion. This group also announced a hunger strike which was to start on the opening day of the Olympic Games and last until their conclusion. ' .. The invasion of Afghanistan was also protested on July 23-August ! during the third "Ten-day period of struggle by captive nations against Russian-Com­ munist imperialism." Taking part in the protest were: Mr. Shukhevych, Mr. Balakhanov. M. Kazachkov. Victoras Petkus and M. Ravinsh.

Voinovich forced to emigrate

MOS(TOW - Vladimir Voinovich. novel, along with his "The Ivankiad," a whose satirical novels lampooning fictionalized account of the official aspects of Soviet life led to his expulsion corruption that underlay an attempt by from the official Writers' Union, has a well-placed bureaucrat to expel the been issued a Soviet passport permit­ author from his apartment, was banned ting him and his seven-year-old daugh­ in the Soviet Union. Both books were published in the West. ter to emigrate. ` He said he would leave by December Despite pressures from the govern­ 25, probably for Munich, where he has been invited by the Bavarian Academy ment, Mr. Voinovich insisted that he of Fine Arts to deliver a series of had no desire to leave the Soviet Union. lectures, according to The New York Last spring, however, he reportedly was threatened with banishment from Mos­ Times. The 49-year-old author of "The Life cow unless he left the country. and Extraordinary Adventures of Pri­ Mr. Voinovich is the third major The initiators of the ten-day period vate Chonkin," a satire of Soviet Army also issued a statement to the partici­ life and police procedures, has been in Soviet writer to be pressured into (Continued on page ІЗ) pants of the Olympic Games, calling for official disfavor since the 1970s. The support in defense of the captive na­ tions. Among the other actions undertaken by the group were: (on July 29) - protest against the occupation of the Baltic countries on the 40th anniversary of the event; (on August I)-statement issued СВОБОДА ^,SVOBODA on thefifthanniversary of the signing of the Helsinki Accords calling for the implementation of its provisions. FOUNDED 1893

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Paul with a bust ol the pontiff executed by the sculptor Leo Мої (Molodozhanyn) of Canada. (Continued from page I) Before the official ending of the The Synod culminated with audi­ Synod on December 2, episcopal com­ ences granted by the pope on Monday. missions were created to ensure the December I. The first audience was implementation of the resolutions attended by Patriarch Josyf and all the adopted at the Synod. bishops; this was followed by a second This First Regular Synod of Bishops audience in which the pontiff received of the Ukrainian Catholic Church, the entire Ukrainian community of convened and headed by Patriarch Rome, some 250 people. Josyf. constitutes the cornerstone for Addressing those present in Ukrai­ the self-regulation of the Ukrainian nian, the pope bestowed an apostolic Catholic Church in accordance with the blessing on all present and on the traditions of Eastern Churches an'd the Ukrainian nation. During the audience. resolutions of the Second Vatican Patriarch Josyf presented Pope John Council. `r'\ r' - у

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No. 29


SUNDAY. DECEMBER 14 J j f f l p ,


In Madrid

ABN and OUN hold press conference, demonstration
MADRID -T Carrying placards with along with ISO participants. The main anti-Soviet slogans, a contingent of speaker was Mr. Stetzko, who spoke demonstrators representing nations about the ABN and OUN positions on currently in the Soviet sphere rallied the Helsinki process. Also in attendance here on November 11 to protest a host were Josef Lobodowski, co-editor of of Soviet violations of the Helsinki- Kultura, a Polish emigre!publication, Accords in their native countries. The Jerzy Radlowski, a representative of a march was organized by the Anti- large Polish emigre organization, and Bolshevik Bloc of Nations and the members of the Polish government-inOrganization of Ukrainian Nationalists exile. to coincide with the opening of the EastThe press conference was opened by West conference to review implemen­ Fraga Irribarne, leader of Spain's tation of the accords. right-wing Alianza Popular party and The Ukrainian group, which included former minister of information. Askold members of SUM and other organiza­ Krushelnytsky reported on the gallant tions, carried signs demanding the struggle of the Afghan rebels and release of Lev Lukianenko, Oksana Afghan-Ukrainian cooperation. In Popovych, Yuri Shukhevych and impri­ addition, conference organizers distri­ soned members of the OUN and UPA. buted copies of a statement by Patriarch They were joined by representatives Josyf on the destruction of the Ukraini­ from Bulgarian, Polish and'other East­ an Catholic Church in the Soviet Union ern European communities from a- as well as a statement by Ukrainian round` the world, including Spain. dissident Ivan Kandyba outlining his During the demonstration, members of persecution. There was also an appeal SUM distributed leaflets and other issued by 18 Ukranian rights activists literature pertaining to the demands addressed to the United Nations. and objectives of the demonstrators. The press conference ended with a Among the marchers were Yaroslaw moment of silence in memory of all who Stetzko, head of OUN, and Valentyn have died combating Soviet oppression. Moroz, former Ukrainian dissident and On Sunday, November 9, a Divine cause celebre until his release from the Liturgy and panakhyda in honor of the Soviet Union last year. martyrs of the Ukrainian liberation The day before the conference open­ struggle was celebrated in a local ing, the ABN held a three-hour press church. The service was attended by conference which was attended by 25 representatives of Ukrainian and other members of the international press, ` groups throuhout the world.

ВШ of Rights Day Human Rights Day and Week, 1980
By the President of the United States of America A Proclamation On December 15,1791. the Bill of Rights became part of the Constitution of the United States. On December 10. 1946, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Marking these anniversa­ ries together gives us un opportunity to renew our dedication both to our own liberties and to the promotion of humanrightseverywhere. The Bill of Rights carries with it an implied responsibility for the governed as well as for the governing. No American citizen can rest satisfied until the Bill of Rights is a living reality for every person in the United States, irrespective of race, religion, sex, national or ethnic origin. We cannot simply rely on the decency of government or the alertness of an active free press. Each individu­ al must shoulder his or her share of the responsibility for seeing that our freedoms will survive. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is the cornerstone of a developing international consensus on human rights. Through it, the members of the United Nations undertake to promote, respect and observe humanrightsand fundamental freedoms for all without discrimination. We must continuously monitor the progress of this effort and the records of governments around the world. The promise of the Declaration is remote to all those who suffer summary executions and torture, acts of genocide, arbitrary arrest and imprisonment, banishment internal exile, forced labor, and confinement for political cause. It is remote to the countless refugees who flee their lands in response to the elimination of their human rights. It is remote to those subjected to armed invasions or to military coups that destroy democratic processes. The Declara­ tion will ring hollow to that segment of a population discriminated against by laws of apartheid or by restrictions on religious freedom. It willringhollow to those threatened by violations of freedom of assembly, association, expres­ sion and movement, and by the suppression of trade unions. The Declaration must also ring hollow to the members of the U.S. Embassy staff who have been held captive for more than a year by the Government of Iran. The cause of human rights is embattled throughout the world. Recent events make it imperative that we, as Americans, stand firm in our insistence that the values embodied in the Bill of Rights, and contained in the Universal Declara­ tion, be enjoyed by all. I urge all Americans to support ratification of the Genocide Convention, the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination, the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the American Convention on Human Rights. I renew my request to the'Senate to give its advice and consent to these important treaties. NOW. THEREFORE, I. JIMMY CARTER. President of the United States of America, do hereby proclaim December 10, 1980, as Human Rights Day and December 15,1980, as Bill of Rights Day, and call on all Americans to observe Human Rights Week beginning December 10, 1980. It should be a time set apart for the study of our own rights, so basic to the working of our society, and-for a renewal of our efforts on behalf of the human rights of all peoples everywhere. ` IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fourteenth day of November, in the year of our Lord nineteen hundred and eighty, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and fifth.

Kiev group is focus of reception in Madrid
by Andrew Fedynsky Smoloskyp Information Service MADRID - The 28 imprisoned members of the Kiev-based Ukrainian Public Group to Promote the Imple­ mentation of the Helsinki Accords were remembered during an evening recep­ tion sponsored by the World Congress of Free Ukrainians on November 20 here at the Hotel Castellana. The Helsinki Guarantees for Ukraine Committee, the Ukrainian American Bar Association, the Philadelphiabased Human Rights for Ukraine Com­ mittee and the Detroit-based Ukrainian Information Center participated as cohosts of the reception that was attended by over 150 persons. These included representatives from other ethnic groups that had sent delegations to Madrid, human-rights organizations, as well as representatives from official delegations to the Madrid Conference. Representing the^Unitwf States were Ambassador and Mrs. Grif­ fin Bell, Ambassador Max Катреі– man, co-chairman with Judge Bell of the U.S. delegation to the conference, and Jerome Shestack, U.S. human-rights ambassador to the United Nations. Also attending the reception were several public members of the dele­ gation, including Myroslav Smorodsky, an attorney from New Jersey, Canada was represented at the recep­ tion by M. P. Jesse Flis from the Toronto area and a member of the official Canadian delegation. He was joined by two of his colleagues on the delegation. Several members of the Ukrainian community in Madrid were at the reception, as well as Slava Stetsko representing the Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations and Roman Kupchinsky from the Committee forthebefense of Soviet Political -Prisoners and the Ad Hoc -4 І., іS (Continued on page 10)

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Reagan condemned Soviet Rights day protest incorporation of Baltics in Moscow prevented
MOSCOW - About 100 uniformed and plainclothes police officers blocked off Pushkin Square on December 10 to prevent dissidents from holding a scheduled demonstration marking In­ ternational Human Rights Day, ac­ cording to the Associated Press. About 10 youths gathered on the edge of the square at 7 p.m. and bared their heads, a traditional sign of participation in the silent protest against Soviet human-rights policies. Authorities detained two youths after ordering the group to disperse. The. police variously blamed an accident or underground construction for the closing of the square, the AP reported. Dissident demonstrations at the square have traditionally been held on Human Rights Day or Soviet Constitu­ tion Day.

Byrne proclaims rights week
TRENTON. N.J. - Gov. Brendan Byrne signed an Assembly Joint Reso­ lution designating the week beginning December 10 as Human Rights Week in New Jersey. The resolution, which was sponsored by Assemblymen Raymond Lesniak and Tom Deverin, was signed on the anniversary of the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations, which took place on December 10, 1948. The statehouse ceremony drew a number of human-rights activists and community leaders of various ethnic groups from throughout the state, including a large contingent of Ukrai­ nians, among them former dissident Nina Strokata Karavansky. The master of ceremonies for the 45-

WASHINGTON - In a statement released October 25, then-candidate Ronald Reagan condemned the Soviet incorporation of the Baltic states in 1940 and vowed that his administration would continue "to withhold diploma­ tic recognition of international activity, minute ceremony was Joseph Lesawyer, like the Soviet annexation of the Baltic former UNA president and local Demo­ states..." cratic activist. The statement, which was released by Other groups represented included the Reagan/ Bush Committee, also the Byelorussian, Hungarian, Arme­ noted that "official diplomatic nonnian, German, Jewish, Russian, Slovak, recognition of the forced incorporation Greek,Portugese, Baltic and Scandana- into the USSR of those three small vian communities. nations has been a part of America's Ampng the Ukrainians present was foreign policy since 1940." Ihor Olshaniwsky of the Americans for Despite Mr.. Reagan's assurances to Human Rights in Ukraine Committee, along with members Wolodymyr Ban­ the contrary, it should be noted that the dy, Daniel Marchishin, Wolodymyr United States in fact gave de facto diplomatic recognition of post-World Bodnarand Ivan O.ryniak. Also present were Mary Lesawyer, War II European borders when it signed Yaroslaw Labka arid his wife, ,Myron the 1975 Helsinki agreement, which Osadsa and his wife, Michael Matiash, granted the Soviet Union de jure re­ cognition of its present frontiers. Livia Dachkiwsky, and others.




No. 29

Yuzyk criticizes Trudeau government for skirting minority languages
OTTAWA — In a speech during a November 3 Senate session debating a motion to appoint a Special Joint Committee on the Canadian Consti­ tution, Sen. Paul Yuzyk criticized the Trudeau government fot its failure to consider the concerns of the non-AngloCeltic and non-French minorities in drafting the document and the contro­ versial Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms. Claiming that Mr. Trudeau's "obses­ sion is paramountly with EnglishFrench relations," Sen. Yuzyk noted that the Liberal government is ignoring many of the recommendations of a 1972 report issued by a joint House and Senate committee, which endorsed constitutional recognition for langua­ ges other than French and English.

Library refuses to accept book on Nazi extermination of Slavs

accept the language of the province. students file discrimination suit "The choice of Canadian citizens is Ukrainian definitely restricted," Sen. Yuzyk as­ STATE COLLEGE, Pa. - The Penn under the Pennsylvania Human Re­ serted, adding that, in his opinion, "most people would approve the State Ukrainian Club here has filed a lations Act of 1955. In the complaint, the Ukrainian Club parents'rightto choose the language of discrimination complaint with the instruction as advocated in a United Pennsylvania Human Relations Com­ claims that the library's rejection of the mission against the Schlow Memorial book indicates a prejudicial view toward Nations covenant." Library after the library board refused Ukrainians on the part of librarv According to Sen. Yuzyk, the pro­ to catalogue Bohdan Wytwycky's "The officials, and that the library currentK posed constitution skirts the minority Other Holocaust," a study of Hitler's has no books dealing with the genocide language issue, mentioning non-English extermination of the Slavs during of the Slavs by the Nazis. World War II. The complaint was filed (Continued on page 10) The library insists that it already has ample 'material on the Holocaust, although, according`to Deborah Maso. public relations director of the club, all the books on the subject deal with the JERSEY CITY, N.J. - The Execu­ democratic rules of order" arid that better-known Jewish aspect of the tive Committee elected at the disputed "there were no violations of the by­ Holocaust. , 13th Congress of the Ukrainian Con­ laws." The library's actions sparked a ripple gress Committee of America met at the Mr. Bazarko reported on the finan­ of protest from the Ukrainian and Noting that multiculturalism "is a organization's New York headquarters cial aspects of the congress, noting that Slavic communities. In a letter to living fact of Canadian life," Sen. Yuzyk on Saturday, November 15, according income from the congress was S37.159.62. assistant librarian Barbara Miller. quoted a verse by Taras Shevchenko to to'an official UCCA press release thus leaving a net profit of 5745,38. Michael Novak, well-known publisher illustrate the concept - "Learn my prepared by Ignatius Billinsky, UCCA In addition, the Ukrainian National of The Novak Report on the New brethren, Think and read, Study other executive vice-president. 'Credit Union Association had pledged Ethnicity, noted that during World War cultures, But do not shun your own." The meeting was called to order by S750 to the UCCA, Mr. Bazarko said. II "more Slavs were killed than Jews or ' As a result of discussions about the Gypsies," adding that since 30 percent Because the character of Canada is Dr. Lev Dobriansky, president, and recent congress, a committee chaired by of Pennsylvania's population is of always changing due to a continuing chaired by Mr. Billinsky. Prof. Dobriansky was established to process of immigration, Sen. Yuzyk As1 noted in the release, the meeting's meet with members of the Executive Slavic origin, "this story is their story." asserted that the concept of an indepen­ Noting that the library's own criteria' dent multicultural federal state "should agenda included reports on the recent Committee who have declined to parti­ be embedded in the new constitution." congress delivered by Ivan Bazarko, cipate in activities of UCCA executive for selection takes into account the administrative director; Mr. Billinsky, bodies. The meeting was slated for scarcity of materials on any given Sen. Yuzyk also expressed concern about the entrenchment of French and chairman 'of the` committee charged December 12, on the eve of the Decem­ subject, Walter Darmopray, commisEnglish in the proposed federal with preparing the congress; and by Dr. ber 13 meeting of the UCCA National sioner'(for Ukrainian affairs of the Council. document — particularly as it relates to Dotyiansky. Pennsylvania Heritage Affairs Com­ education — noting that under the Also discussed during the meeting mission also rejected the library's claim As noted in the UCCA release, both proposed constitution, immigrants who Mr, Billinsky and Dr. Dobriansky was Mr. Bazarko's.retirement and the that it already had sufficient materials have no knowledge of either official asserted that the 13th Congress had resumptiop of publication of the UC- on the Holocaust. In a letter to Frances language would have no choice but to been conducted, "in accordance with CA's bulletin. (Continued on pace 13)

UCCA Executive Committee meets

Kampelman asks ``return to foundation of Helsinki Final Act"
Below is the full text of a speech delivered by Max Kampelman, cochairman of the U.S. delegation to the Madrid Conference, on November 17. We meet here today \n the 11th consecutive week, the second week of oifr main' meetmg.iWe have'-jall of u s been emphasizing bur differences at the same time as we have been'reaffirming our joint desire to revitalize the spirit of Helsinki, which is today badly tarnish­ ed. The word "detente" appears in the Helsinki Final Act to describe a rela­ tionship of growing cooperation among the 35. nations who are a part of this process. And I should like to address myself to the concept and world "de­ tente." It is a feature of our times that the developed world is divided between two great political systems and that those two systems happen to be represented by the two most powerful nations on earth: the United States and the Soviet Union. Ever'since World War II our systems and our two nations have been locked in a military competition and an ideologi­ cal struggle.Indeed to a large degree, the history of the post-war period is a chronicle of that competition and that struggle. Ironically, the United States and the Soviet Union have much in common. We are both continental countries, sprawling across a vast land mass and washed by distant seas. We are explor­ ers by nature — settlers, adventurers, cossacks and cowboys. We have never fought a war with each other, and were indeed allies in the largest foreign war in which either of us has ever been engag­ ed. And we are, finally, revolutionary nations with a political tradition which draws sustenance from our respective revolutions.'"' -Nevertheless, our political systems are incompatible and, to a large degree, antithetical. The American system, which derives from French philosophy and. English experience is rooted in the importance of the individual. As Jeffer­ son said, "the care of human life and happiness, and not their destruction, is the first and only legitimate object of. good government." The' Soviet system, if I may be so bold as to characterize it, is typified by collective values; the proletariat, the party, the state. In practice, those collective values have produced major achievements in educa­ tion, in health care and significant accomplishments in the technology of space travel: But those collective values baring with them suppression of the individual who is thus deprived of the freedom which is his by natural rights, ,even by Soviet law, and indeed, by the Helsinki Final Act. Hence, the incom­ patibility to which I referred. Despite our incompatibility, we.are compelled to co-exist and even to cooperate. War, not peace, has been the historically typical human condition. But the prospect of war in a nuclear age must give pause. And here again I turn to the Helsinki Final Act. Our hope was that, out of cooperation and understanding called for by that agreement, there would develop confidence between us which would strengthen our sense of security and trust among all the 35 nations. My government, Mr. Chairman, took that agreement seriously. We signed it in 1975 because it had within it the essential ingredients necessary for detente. In the principles and in Basket III it reaffirmed and codified the historic yearning of men and women, from the beginning of time, to strive for greater freedom and to be a part of that evolutionary process which stretches mankind from its early animal beginings into what many would call that which is god-like in all of us, a higher form of civilized behavior. The fact that the Helsinki Final Act implicitly recognized that definition of man's role in the universe was basic to the decision that led my government to sign that agreement. Detente to us was indivisible, and we were pleased that the Helsinki Final Act, approved by all 35 nations, was itself an indivisible whole. I've referred to the principle of Basket III. The second Basket of our basic document was part of that whole. It aimed to forge growing cooperation among all of us in the day-to-day intercourse that is an integral part of our lives, all of our lives, whatever system or form of government'we may be organized under. And we all understand that, with the modern weapons of horror created by the technology which has absorbed the talents and energies of our societies, it was indispensible that we pledge our­ selves to peace and that we renounce, in a steady and ever-constant course, the use of war to resolve our differences. We take these responsibilities seri­ ously, but the American people, Mr. Chairman, have increasingly begun to question whether all of the nations who signed the Helsinki Final Act in 1975 took that commitment seriously. It is with deep regret that we have increas­ ingly become skeptical. Detente is not only indivisible, it is only meaningful if it is universally understood, accepted and acted upon. If detente as a concept is to be interpreted one way by us and another way by the Soviet Union, then it is a meaningless word which cannot govern our relationships. It becomes a propaganda weapon rather than a set of principles to guide international behavior. That, I fear, is what had indeed become the reality of our relationship and is at the root of the serious differences between us which 1 have become so evident at these meet­ ings. Representatives of a few states stood before this body Jast week, and again today, indignantly objecting to the fact that practically every other participa­ ting state at these meetings made reference to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The references were made by us earnestly and with deep feeling arising out of a conviction that we share, that a basic and indispensible ingredient of detente is to forego unila­ teral military action against any other state. The invasion of Afghanistan, -no matter how it may be denied by verbal obfuscation, is a threat to peace and a direct violation of the principles of the Helsinki Final Act. For clarity, let me read from that act: "The participating states declare their intention to conduct their relations with all other states in the spirit of the principles contained in the present declaration." We have reason to question the sincerity of the commitment made, when we learn that in a speech delivered in Prague early in 1973, a leader of the Soviet Union described "detente"asa device to bring about a decisive shift in the international balance of power. This is a far cry from the definition of deten­ te which led my government to reduce its armed forces and moderate its і (Continued on page 10) ,

No. 29




N. Y. Ukrainian university students discuss formation of coalition
by Xenia Jowyk NEW YORK - Over 40 Ukrainian university students from the New York metropolitan .area met on Friday. November 21, on the New York Univer­ sity campus to discuss the formation of a Ukrainian Student Hromadaof New York. The students represented ihe UlAfctll-ian clubs of many schools, including: New York, St. John's and Columbia universities, New York Institute of Technology, Queens College, Cooper Union; and the New York TUSM branch. Executive board members of SUSTA were also present; - -, Ukrainian club presidents Michael Mulyk of N.Y.U. and Kathy Nalywajko of Columbia and SUSTA president Ronya Stojko-Lozynskyj began the meeting by discussing the problems that plague many New York Ukrainian student clubs, particularly member apathy and the need for a coalition that would serve a supportive and organ­ izing role. The SUSTA president said the соаіі– tioh could sponsor activities, help new clubs get established, serve as a forum for ideas and "help us express and develop our many talents." The purposes of the hromada were then formally defined as: to promote Ukrainian culture, heritage and studies among Ukrainians and especially nonUkrainians; and to promote interac­ tion among Ukrainian student organ­ izations within the metropolitan area. A comment that Ukrainian students should have greater political conscious­ ness immediately sparked a great deal of controversy. Some argued that the promotion of culture is the way to secure a Ukrainian identity, while others insisted that political awareness is even more important in getting publicity for the Ukrainian cause and that politics are not isolated from culture. The hrombda`sl first coordinated activity was "Andriyrvsky1 Ve,chir," held on Saturday, December 6, at іпе,Цкгаі– nian Liberation Front Building., "' ; Schools not represented at the meet­ ing that either have or plan to start Ukrainian clubs are: Hunter, Baruch. `City, Manhattan, St. Francis and Pace colleges, Fordham and Long Island universities, Pratt Institute and Fashion Institute of Technology.

UNA district committee meets
by Ivan Horbatenky BALTIMORE — An organizing meeting of the Baltimore UNA District was held here on November 23 at 2 p. m. at the Self-Reliance Headquarters on South Broadway. In opening remarks, the chairman of the district, Bohdan Jasinskyj wel­ comed the 14 secretaries and organizers present, and reviewed with them the 'results of the Baltimore District (which also includes the Washington and Richmond areas) organizing effort in 1980. He especially congratulated Ostap Zyniuk, secretary of Branch 15 in Wa­ shington, for organizing 10 members; John Malko, secretary of Baltimore Branch 320, for organizing six memof actuaries, and the desire to retain fulltime district organizers. Mr. Flis also informed those present that the Executive Committee has raised the amount of insurance that an individual may obtain without a medi­ cal examination. The new Educational Loan program instituted by the Executive Committee enabling juvenile members to be gua­ ranteed higher education loans up to 57,500 was also discussed. , In conclusion, Mr. Flis reminded, organizers and secretaries of the addi­ tional rewards to be received if 10 or more members are organized between. October I and December 31. He urged everyone to lend a hand in the organi­ zing effort during December so that the expected loss in membership can be minimized,

Sacred Heart U. offers Ukrainian
BRIDGEPORT. Сопп.– - ТЬгСов– problems`of Ukraine, as well as(look at tinuing Education Division and Center Ukraine as an object of the interna­ for Ethnic Studies at Sacred Heart tional struggle; its partition among four University in Fairfield, Conn., will be neighbors in the 1920s; uirtfitfattbn offering a course in Ukrainian during under the Communist regime; member­ the university's 1981 spring semester. ship in the U.N.; liquidation of Chur­ Registration for this course, as well as ches; destruction of the Ukrainian other evening courses, will be ,held on і intellectual and cultural life; national January 7-8, 12-13, from 6 to 9 p.m. in minorities; the dissident movement; and the S.H.U. Center Lounge. The spring the Ukrainians in the diaspora. semester begins January 15. For further course descriptions and The struggle for national survival, registration information, contact the independence and unification of Continuing Education Division at Ukraine from 1900 to the present will be Sacred Heart University at (203) 374the focus of "20th Century Ukrainian 9441. Part-time auditors may also History and Culture." Offered Tuesday obtain applications for a S75 Ethnic evenings from. 7:15 to 10, the Studies Scholarship from this office or course will place emphasis on .the from Dr. John Mahar at the S.H.U. political, social, cultural and economic Center for Ethnic Studies.

Persons attending the district meeting. Second from right in the front row is Bohdan Jasinsky, chairman of the Baltimore District. A question-and-answer period and bers; Lev Blonarowych, secretary of Richmond Branch 34, and Mr. A. discussion followed. Subjects covered ranged from the Cizdyn, secretary of Curtis Bay Branch 55, for organizing three members each. UNA Trybuna, late obituary notices, He reminded those present that the the UNA Christmas card program, district has filled its 1980 quota only to scholarships granted to worthy stu­ the extent of 50 percent and urged that dents. The Ukrainian Weekly subscrip­ the district fill its quota by at least 75 tions, the new amounts of insurance that can be obtained without a medical percent. examination, loans granted by mem­ Mr. Malko, the district treasurer, bers to our new building corporation. gave a financial report which was Also discussed Were the new UNA approved by those present. dividend policy as well as the large field of prospective members that exists Mr. Zyniuk, secretary, reported that he had represented the district at the among the first-, second" and thirdbanquet commemorating the 70th anni­ generation of Americans of Ukrainian versary of the Ukrainian Fraternal extraction who would return to Ukrai­ Association sponsored by the, UFA nian life if a program of interest to them, Baltimore District Committee, and that was adopted. In his concluding remarks, Mr. Jasin­ he had extended greetings on behalf of skyj reassured the UNA president that the UNA district. the Baltimore UNA District fully ap­ UNA President John O. Flis was proves the stand taken by the UNA delegation to the 13th UCCA Congress called upon to speak by the chairman. Mr. Flis rendered a general report on and the resolution subsequently passed the growth of UNA assets as well as the by the Supreme Executive Committee. poor showing of the UNA 1980 organi­ The members continued their discus­ zing campaign. He also covered such sions on timely UNA subjects at a subjects as the revision of UNA divi­ reception prepared by Mrs. Emanuel dend policy, which is now in the hands Prytula and Mrs. John Malko.

UADL president's letter on Osidach case published
The letter below was published in the November 13 issue of The Philadelphia Inquirer in the letters to the editor section. It was written by Alexandra Shwed. president of the Ukrainian Anti-Defamation League. Mollie Robinson's recent letterabout the shamefu)ness and needlessncss of Ukrainian-Jewish clashes in connection with the trial of Wolodymyr Osidach is a welcome voice from a non-Ukrainian source. Ukrainians themselves have repeatedly emphasized that friction between the two communities profits no one but the common enemy of these groups. Unfortunately, Ms. Robinson mars her letter with a major flaw, one she shares with most of the reporters assigned to the case: contrary to the spirit of American justice, which pre­ sumes a man innocent until proven guilty, she describes the defendant, whose presumed guilt has yet to be proved, as a wartime criminal. The trial brings to mind a similar case that was heard before the U.S. courts in Yonkers. N.Y.. some years ago. The suit.-rnstifuted'by the: Justice Depart­ ment at the initiation of a local congresswoman. sought to deprive the accused of U.S. citizenship because he had "covered his past collaboration with the Nazis at the time of his entry into the U.S." Witnesses appeared from everywhere, the Soviet government produced "solid evidence," the news­ papers trumpeted the guilt of this man and their horror at the man's "abuse of American hospitality." The outcome of the case was that the witnesses were proven unreliable, the case fallacious, and the defendant completely vindicated. What is more, the case proved that it was merely an attempt by the Soviet KGB to discredit the Ukrainian independence move­ ment, the Ukrainian Insurgent Army, which fought both Communist Russia and Nazi Germany and whose member the defendant had been throughout the war. Perhaps the particulars are different, but certainly the climate is the same. Certainly, it is only Mr. Osidach who is on trial and whose innocence or guilt must be ascertained. But judging from the tone of newspaper articles and of the various letters, it seems that the Ukrai­ nian' 'community arid the Ukrainian people in general are on trial.

Baltimore UNA District members at the reception held immediately following the district committee meeting.




No. 29

Шminion WeeklУ

News and views

Conference discusses Nazi Holocaust
by Ivan Bilyj CINCINNATI - In late November, Cincinnati's Union College, the princi­ pal theological seminary for one of the three main branches of Judaism, Re­ form Judaism, was the sponsoring agent and site of a major conference on the Nazi Holocaust. Titled "Religion in a Post-Holocaust World," the con­ ference brought together theologians, historians, professors of law and others with an active Thterest in the Nazi Holocaust. The conference lasted three days and was divided into five sessions, the last of which was an evaluation session. Although the conference did not have a stated agenda as such, it became clear during the proceedings that its orga­ nizers, the leadership of the Hebrew Union College, hoped it would accom­ plish three goals: analyze certain aspects of the Nazi Holocaust; attempt to sketch out possible strategies for pre­ venting future holocausts; and further improvement in Christian-Jewish rela­ tions and understanding. After introductory remarks and a welcome were extended by Prof. Alfred Gottschalk, the college's presi­ dent and a member of President Jimmy Carter's Holocaust Commission, the first formal presentation was offered by Prof. Yaffa Eliach, the director of the Center for Holocaust Studies in Brook­ lyn and a member of the Holocaust Commission's advisory board. Prof. Eliach's paper, "Defining the Holocaust" (understood as the annihi­ lation of 6 million Jews by the Nazis), consisted of an attempt to delineate the contours of the "Holocaust" through a synthesis of historical theorizing and personal reflection. The.main speaker at the second session was a historian from the Univer­ sity of British Columbia, Dr. John Conway, who spoke about the attitudes and behavior of the German Protestant and Catholic Churches toward Hitler and the Nazis on one hand and the Jews on the other both before and during World War II. The third session was devoted to exploring the question of whether antiSemitism is rooted in Christianity, and the principal paper in this session was delivered by the Chicago theologian and author Dr. Rosemary Ruether. In her presentation, "Anti-Semitism and the New Testament," Prof. Ruether contended that there is in fact a readily apparent anti-Semitic component in the New Testament. The topic of the fourth session, the last at which there were formal presen­ tations, was "Reshaping Values after the Holocaust." This subject was ad­ dressed from three different perspec­ tives: the Catholic the Protestant and the Jewish. The first was presented by a University of Chicago theologian, Prof. David W. Tracy; the second by Allan R. Brockway, an official of the World Council of Churches in Geneva; and the third by Dr. Irving Greenberg, the director of the National Jewish Re­ source Center in New York and the first director of President Carter's Holo­ caust Commission. The main papers of the first three sessions were each followed by two formal responses prepared by appro­ priate commentators, and the three presentations of the fourth session were followed by one formal response each. The responses were then followed by multiple and reciprocal rebuttals. Dr. Gottschalk, the college president, ended the last formal session with some concluding reflections. The conference was very.well at­ tended, drawing over 200 persons for each session. Both the papers and the commentaries were usually highly interesting and the discussions follow­ ing them lively and even heated, parti­ cularly in the case of the discussion of whether the New Testament is antiSemitic. And although the main thrust of the conference papers was theologi­ cal and historical, it was noteworthy that, perhaps inevitably, political issues and considerations surfaced during almost every session. These included the question of the relationship between the Nazi Holocaust and the Jewish dias­ pora's support for the state of Israel and others. A significant shortcoming of this conference, as is unfortunately the case (Continued on page 8)

Watch on the Vistula
With Soviet troops poised menacingly on Poland's borders and the Kremlin's propaganda .machine beating the war drums with accusations that "counterrevolutionaries" have taken over the Polish labor movement..the United States and the Western allies are. according to the media, responding to the crisis with a mixture of fear, alarm, concern and doubt. There is a palpable sense of hand-wringing in the tone of the U.S. government's reports on the situation — as if a Soviet strike is already a foregone conclusion — and that the West can merely decide what form of diplomatic and economic retribution it can jointly level at the unruly Soviets. But is a Soviet move into Poland inevitable, and are there concrete steps the allies can take to head off intervention or, at the very least, let the Soviet Union know that it will face grave consequences should it follow through on its macho posturing? First, this latest example of Soviet brinksmanship has a dual political purpose. By putting a gun to Poland's temple, the Soviets are simultaneously warning Stanislaw Kania to put his house in order by asserting the solvency and strength of the Communist Party, and keeping a keen eye on Western reaction particularly in light of the West's divided and ineffectual response to the Afghanistan aggression. By thus testing'the waters, the Soviets can gauge what they stand to lose both economically and diplomatically if they decide to march. For this reason, the West must make it clear that the Soviets would have plenty to lose. Any sign of indecision or haggling on the part of the Western alliance cduld give the Soviets the green light. Moreover, the Afghan situation proved that merely losing a few bushels of wheat and part of the Olympic tourist trade did not deter the Soviets from continuing their war against the freedom fighters. Although it is true that the Soviets pulled the trigger in I9S6 in Hungary and again 12 years later in Czecho-Slovakia. the current situation in Poland is only analogous in a very general way. Inboth Hungary and Czecho-Slovakia, social and political reform started at the top. In Hungary, Imre Nagy slowed down collectivization in 1955, and when he was returned to power one year later, he declared Hungary neutral, withdrew from the Warsaw Alliance and appealed to the United Nations for aid. In Czecho-Slovakia, Alexander . Dubcek reduced press censorship, granted Slovakia political autonomy and initiated a process of democratization that threatened to alter the face of Soviet-defined communism. Unlike Hungary and Czech-Slovakia, the Polish government is still firmly committed to the Warsaw Pact and to a strictly socialist ideology. Moreover, the movement for reform did not originate from party leaders or the intelligentsia per se, but from the proletariat and now the farmers, the purported backbone of the Communist system and the Polish ecomony. The labor movement is well-organized and widespread. In addition, the Poles are not pacifists like the Czechs, and there are indications that the Polish Army would not cooperate with Soviet forces intent on killing Poles. It would be a brutal and costly conflict for the Soviets. Another concern that must factor into Moscow's ultimate decision regarding Poland is the USSR's reputation among the Warsaw Pact nations. The alliance is showing definite signs of strain. With Hungary and Rumania flirting with a modified, home-grown communism (in the economic if not political sector) and taking an increasingly independent line on foreign-policy matters, the Soviets can no longer assume that their support is automatic. Rumania has already publicly voiced its opposition to any planned Soviet invasion. Further, if the Soviets invade Poland, that would make it the third country in the alliance whose sovereignty was blatantly violated by "friendly" troops. Surely the Soviet leadership realizes that the policy of mugging its friends, although effective in the short-run. does little in endearing the Soviet Union to its allies, who are taking their own small steps in the direction of change or may want to in the future. Of course, this does not mean that the Soviet Union will not invade Poland. The Kremlin is not known for long-range thinking. This isjvhy the actions of the West at this juncture arc so critical. The allies must convince the Soviet Union that an incursion into Poland would bring a swift and unified reaction. On the diplomatic front, the United States should make it clear that by occupying Poland the Soviets would effectively kill all chances for an armslimitation treaty, and that the United States would increase defense spending and militarily strengthen the NATO alliance. With Soviet troops stationed in Poland and Afghanistan, an arms race with the Americans would put a huge strain on an already over-extended economy. The United States could also threaten the Soviets with a complete economic boycott. If our allies cooperate, a trade-ban would further weaken the Soviet economy and could lead to unpopular shortages of many goods. Aside from strengthening. NATO, the United States could also threaten to blockade Cuba and openly declare its intentions to supply sophisticated arms to the Afghan resistance in response to a Soviet invasion of Poland. Although these measures may sound extreme, they could deter the Soviets from further adventurism. Wrist,-s,lapping and pooh-poohing are simply not enough. The Soviets must be made,te.realize that their renegade behavior cannot and will not be tolerated. If the West does not do more than act concerned or alarmed, then the watch on the Vistula could tunHnto.a nightmare.

News quiz
The quiz covers the previous two issues of The Ukrainian Weekly. Answers will appear with the next quiz. 1. Dr. Andrei Sakharov penned a letter to the participants of the Madrid Conference in defense of which member of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group? 2. When was the first Ukrainian Free University established? Where? 3. Which two noted Ukrainian musicologists and composers died recently in the United States? 4. Name the consultant to the Aga Khan as specialist in Islamic architecture? 5. What is the objective of the newly Formed Committee for Law and Order in the UCCA? .Who was elected presidium chairman? 6. Who. is the editor of Veselka? 7. Who has been appointed to the GOP transition team as a budget official? 8. Who is Michael Metrinko? 9. What does the secret report (leaked to the West) of the Council for Religious Affairs in the USSR reveal? lO.To whom is the following quotation attributed: "Ukraine is not a part of Russia. Ukraine has its own national identity, its own history and culture. The Ukrainian people desire no more then what other peoples desire - thejight to freely determine their national destiny in an independent Ukrainian state"?

Answers to previous quiz: Griffin Bell and Max Kampelman: Gen Petro Grigorenko. Dr. Nina Strokata-Karavanska. Dr. Wolodvmvr MalvnkovycH, Leonid Plyushch; Mykola Rudenko. Lev Lukianenko. Oksana Meshko: Leonid llyichev Dr Yur, Orlov;Dr. Paul Magocsi; Andrei Amalrik; Volodymyr Vvnnychenko; John O. Fits; Jurij Solovij.

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No. 29




Letters to the editor

Open letter to younger generation
Dear Editor: 1 am addressing this open letter to the "younger" generation, i.e., primarily those of us who grew up in North America after our parents left Ukraine during World War II, in great hope that a discussion on the pages of The Ukraini­ an Weekly will have positive, construc­ tive results. The events of the past year in the Ukrainian internal pplitical community have saddened me deeply. Certainly, I am not thp'only one concerned. 1 am wondering what the future holds for us. Are the various difficulties^cjur.people. are bringing upon themselves a result of a particular generation, or will these problems faceall`Ukrainian generations in North America? Will we continue the unnecessary political divisions, anta­ gonisms and unexplainable hatred toward our own people; or, because of our different experience of growing up in a different place, time and totally different circumstances, with better opportunities, especially for education, will we be more mature, under­ standing and untotalitarian in our Ukrainian political and community life? than what we often see in the older generation? Are people new in their 20s, 30s and early 40s joining the established Ukrai­ nian political organizations - and in what proportion? Or are they "turned off by them, concentrating their efforts instead on cultural, educational,scho­ larly and new political organizations? Are the established political organiza­ tions increasing their membership? Or will they cease to exist in time, as membership declines naturally? Can those younger persons.who are active in these organ`izations exert pressure internally to stem the destruc­ tive attitudes? Would a joint statement or some other pressure of the younger generation on the subject of unity help? Could it happen? Myiwriting |his to the Englishlanguage Ukrainian Weekly does not at all indicate that.f бее ithe)i/iKuffe in English-speaking terms, only that the receptivity of newspaper and readers would be more positive. Also, I do not wish to negate the multitude of positive past accomplishments of all Ukrainian generations. With all, my heart, I .hope..that the Ukrainian community will come out of this trying time much better for it. With so much to do, we cannot afford intern­ al dissention to the extent that we've had. What do you think? Orysia Paszczak Tracz Winnipeg, Man.

Penn State club needs support
Dear Editor: , ( In May. the Penn State Ukrainian Club donated a copy "of Bohdan Wytwytcky`s "The Other Holocaust" to a local public library, Schlow Memorial. The library refused to shelve it, claiming that the public was not interested in Slavic losses under Hitler and that they already had ample material on the Holocaust.

library, we are without the benefit of a lawyer or funds. Consequently, we are requesting your readers to suppp'ort us by writing protest letters to: Schlow Memorial Library, 100 East Beaver Ave., State College, Pa. 16801, and to send us copies. Additionally, we are seeking contri­ butions so we can continue the case. Donations can be sent to: Penn State The library has 16 books on the Ukrainian Club, c/o Deborah Maso, Jewish aspect of the Holocaust. Ten P.O. Box 1342, State College, Pa. were catalogued in the past two years. 16801. None deal extensively with the Slavic Furthermore, we thank those who storj. In fact, publisher Michael No­ vak asserts that Dr. Wytwytcky's book have already assisted, especially George is the only one on the topic in English. Wolcob, president of A.W. A Sons However, the assistant librarian infor­ Enterprises; Michael Novak, publisher; med me that she did not care what Louis Skeparnias (executive director) anyone else thought because she makes and Walter Darmopray (Ukrainian representative) of the Pennsylvania the selection decisions. Heritage Affairs Commission; Walter We requested a second review of the Lesiuk, public relations director of the book from Mr. Miller and librarian Ukrainian Culture Center of Los Ange­ Elizabeth Harvey. After the request les; the members and board of SUSTA; was denied, club president Linda Hna- Alexsandra Shweti, Ukrainian Antitow and I filed a discrimination com­ Defamation League; and Bohdan WynI would like to know what the readers plaint under the Pennsylvania Human nyczok, acing director of the Ukrainian. of The Ukrainian Weekly think about Relations Act of 1955. The day after American Public Affairs Center. what Uie future will be for us. Am 1 receiving the complaint, the libra­ Deborah Maso naive in believing (or wanting to be­ ry board decided to have a second public relations director lieve) that we and,our children will be review of the book after all. The human, Penn State Ukrainian Club more united, less politically divided and relations commission then asked Linda State College, Pa. wili work toward common goals rather and I whether we would be willing to negotiate a settlement with the library. Music review We agreed. However, Paul Williams of the com­ mission informed me this morning that the library had ended negotiations by holding the second review and again rejecting the book. This leaves us in the position of continuing the suit. However, ипІіЦеНіе

Chervona Kalyna proves versatility in debut album
Chervona Kalyna Orchestra (Oksana Tromsa, Oleh N. Dekajlo, Orest Tara.iiuk, hy with Cheese," with added sound Ores! O. Wirstiuk, Rosiyslaw Dekajlo, Oleh Sochan, Borys R. Wirsiiuk). Untitled. effects, produce the humor in this lively Produced, arranged and mixed by the Chervona Kalyna Orchestra. Recorded at polka. Throughout the album the rhythm is RBY Recording Studio, Southbury, Conn. 1980. very clear, largely due to the skills of instrument-s such as the piano or drummer Orest Tarasiuk. by Laryssa Krupa saxophone. From the lead singer one would like In following the many albums of It is through the introductions and Ukrainian music released in the last 10 interludes that Chervona Kalyna is able to hear more flexibility in expression years, one can easily say that among to achieve contrast within an individual and phrasing. Oksana Tromsa sounds first-generation Ukrainians in North song. Some of the introductions are best in her own composition. "Unfor­ America there is a definite interest in surprising — for example, it is not gettable Love," in which she convincingly Ukrainian folksongs and contemporary customary to begin folksongs with the brings forth the lyrical atmosphere, songs from Ukraine, which are a main sounds - of seagulls ("Seagulls") or accompanied appropriately by the component of our modern dance music. whistling winds ("Wa`tercolors") - piano. An example of this is the recently nevertheless, they are effective. These The third original composition of the released first album of the Chervona introductions set the mood and group, Oleh Sochan`s "Farewell," Kalyna Orchestra. emphasize the title of the song - but carries with it a hope of reunion rather It is at once obvious that the members not always. In "Play, Bandura Player" than the despair of finality. There is of this ensemble have given serious the quiet bandura intro gives way sentiment, but no overdramatization of consideration to the musical quality and suddenly, to a fast tempo and energetic sorrow in saying farewell. Mr. Sochan`s originality of interpretation of the style which more convincingly assert the pianistic abilities are heard in the repertoire they present on this debut message sung. Another example, the accompaniments of this and other record. Overture written by band member songs, including the jazz-like piano The versatility of the band (compri­ Borys R. Wirstiuk, is interesting in its figures in the opening of "Enchanting sed of female lead singer and musicians transition from the majestic opening Girl." playing piano, accordion, guitars, chords to the vivacious tempo of the In sum, this recording provides saxophone, drums and synthesizers) is song itself. ample evidence of the ambitions and evident in the selection of songs, the The interludes skillfully used between capabilities ot the group as well as interpretation of their different moods verses provide contrast within a song by members' enthusiasm and serious ap­ and characters, and the instrumenta­ bringing the instruments into the fore­ plication. We hope that this is the first tion. Among the 11 songs selected are a ground or by featuring a solo instru­ of many more albums to come by few well-known Ukrainian folksongs, ment. Shifts of tonality used in "Руго– Chervona Kalyna. many new songs by contemporary song­ writers irom Ukraine, and three origi­ nal songs written by band members. Chervona Kalyna has the ability to capture the styles of a polka, waltz and tango as well as that of an art song, and to incorporate elements ofjazz and rock into its interpretation. Each song is different in tempo, character and orchestration - ranging from the full orchestral sound used in a lively polka or one of the rock versions, to the mellow piano accompaniment of a love song. In addition to the diffcrring accompanimcntal arrangements, each song is enhanced by the use oi'introducttons. interludes, codas, shifts ol tonali­ Back and front of the cover of Chervona Kalyna`s debut album. ty, and the filtering in and out of solo

Support Kuropas appointment
Dear Editor: I would like to point out to your readers that The Novak Report on the New Ethnicity, in its November-Decem­ ber issue, stresses the importance of having the office of the White House ethnic advisor continued under the Reagan administration. The Report points out that the two men who have held that office so far, Ukrainian Myron Kuropas, who served in the capacity under Gerald Ford, and Italian Stephen Aiello, who heads the present ethnic office "brought a wide, multi-ethnic vision to that work." The Report also expresses a hope that "perhaps the Reagan administration will consider Myron Kuropas again for the j o b , " but in a recent telephone interview Mr. Kuropas told The Report that no approaches have yet been made to him with regard to the job. The Report urges those who are interested in making their views on that matter known to write to: Domestic Policy Office, Office of the President-Elect, Ninth Floor, 1726 M. St., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20270; (202) 6344800. I hope that as many Ukrainian Americans as possible will writt in support of Mr. Kuropas's appointment to the position. Roman Legedza Newark, N.J.





No. 29

Zoya Lymar to exhibit oils, graphics in New York
Ms. Lymar will exhibit some 35 canvasses, mostly oils and graphics, ail of which were executed after her emi­ gration from the Soviet Union. Unfor­ tunately. Ms. Lymar did not succeed in Ms I vmar was dismissed from her getting any of her previous work out to і job at the Hermitage because of her the West. participation in an exhibit of non­ conformist art. Her continued partici­ The exhibit opens at the Ukrainian pation in such exhibits incurred the Artists`Association Gallery in New displeasure of the authorities and York on Sunday. December 21, and will resulted in official harassment. She and run through December 28. her husband were not deterred, how­ Among Ms. Lymar`s current interests ever, and once even held an exhibit of non-conformist art in their apartment is book illustration; she is particularly in Leningrad which was visited by some drawn to the works of Hohol and 700 people, interested individuals who Kotsiubynsky. period dress. One of the costumes she worked on was selected to be part of an exhibit, sponsored by Jacqueline Onassis. which toured outside the USSR and which was on display at the Metropo­ litan Museum in New York. had heard of the exhibit by word of mouth.

Nativity, an oil by Zoya Lymar. JERSEY CITY - If pressed, to charac­ artist's work stems in part from her terize her own work, Zoya Lymar visits as a young girl to her grandfather's speaks of it as 'fantastic realism." The village in Ukraine. It wasn't only the 29-year-old artist from Leningrad, who regional contrast that impressed her, emigrated to the United States in 1977 but the very image of her grandfather and is currently residing in New York, Nestor, whose legend was kept very can in turn be characterized, on the much alive in the family. basis of an interview conducted by Ludmyla Wolansky of Svoboda, not Folklore and folk beliefs, as well as only as a non-conformist in art but in symbolism and - religious motifs have life — as a free spirit and a true indivi­ been an important influence and source dualist. of inspiration for her works, Ms. Lymar points out. Ms. Lymar has turned to painting relatively recently - only after having emersed herself in other art forms. At the age of 14. she. was accepted to the Vagnova Academy of Choreography and Dance, a prestigious school of ballet (which was attended at that time by Mikhail Baryshnikov). Ever seeking new forms of express­ ion and trying out her talents in related fields, Ms. Lymar turned to drama, enrolling in the Mayakovsky Theatrical Institute in Moscow. Finally, she turned to art as her true vocation. Upon her return from Moscow. Ms. Lymar met her future husband, artist Aleksei Krasnovsky. Both worked in the Hermitage on the restoration of painli 8S " While working in the Hermitage. Ms. Lymar`s particular interest was in Another Ukrainian at the evaluation session. Prof. Z. Lew Melnyk of the University of Cincinnati, reminded those in attendence of the need to relate attempts to analyze the Nazi Holocaust to an attempt to come to terms with other holocausts, such as that suffered by the Ukrainian peasantry during the famine of 1933. It was evident both during the evalu­ ation session and during many of the private conversations held by the two above-mentioned Ukrainians with va­ rious conference speakers and organi­ zers that there is still considerable resistance on the part of many Jews to come to grips with the issue of the Nazi victimization of the Slav and Gypsies. This appears to be due to a variety of factors, among the most important of which are misinformation or simply a lack of knowledge about the occurence of this victimization; an obsession with the collaboration issue — arising from the fact that some Poles, Ukrainians Girl in wedding wreath; self-portrait. ' and other Slavs did collaborate with the Nazis; and anxiety that introduction of the story of the Nazi victimization of the Slavs and Gypsies will somehow dilute and detract from the story of the killing of the 6 million Jews. nother, for that was far too Utopian a goal, but that they should come to learn what pained one another. He then went on to talk about his experience in Eastern Europe two summers ago when he journeyed there as a member of the Holocaust Commission, and he spoke of the commission's visit to Kjev "in In connection with the last point, it was suggested by a member of the Russia." Holocaust Commission that perhaps As is obvious, at least in regard to his the most important achievement of Dr. sensitivity towards what "pains" Uk­ Wytwycky`s narrative essay "The Other rainians, Dr. Gottschalk has not begun Holocaust — Many Circles of Hell" was to practice what he preaches. This that it provided a conceptual framework unfortunately was also manifested at an for relating the story of the victimiza­ earlier date when he and the other tion of the Slavs and Gypsies to the members of the Holocaust Commission story of the victimization of the Jews — placed a commemorative plaque at the this being done through the introduc­ Babyn Yar site on which the inscription tion of the central Dantian image of the was written in three languages: Hebrew, many circles of hell, the most pernicious English and Russian. It can only be of which was of course occupied by the hoped that more systematic interfacing Jews. between Ukrainians and Jews at forums such as the Cincinnati conference will In his closing remarks Dr. Gotts- gradually begin to melt down some of chalk, stated that the top priority of all the barriers based on ignorance and such conferences was not that different misconception that continue to exist peoples should come to love one a- between the two peoples.

Zoya Lymar during her visit to the Svoboda and The Weekly editorial offices. Although born and raised in Leningrad, the major inspiration for the


(Continued from page 6)

so often with other Jewish treatments of the Nazi Holocaust, was that it completely ignored the issue of the victimization of the Slavs and Gypsies during this same calamity. This point was raised publicly during the conference's evaluation session by Dr. Bohdan Wytwycky, a Ukrainian American who has written and lectured on the Nazi Holocaust. Dr. Wytwycky suggested that relegation of the story of the victimization of the Slavs and Gypsies to footnote status was both a historical and a political mistake. He explained that such relegation involved making a historical error because it consisted of distorting what in fact had taken place; and -that it was a political mistake for Jews to alienate precisely those people, the Slavs, who could potentially be natural allies for the Jews in the future effort to keep the story of the Nazi Holocaust alive.

No. 29




Panorama of Ukrainian culture in the Big Apple
by Helen Perozak Smindak Christmas, cometh, and whether you celebrate the holiday according to the Gregorian or the Julian calendar (or both), there is good cheer in the air and Ukrainian carols ringing out around the Big Apple. The traditional "Yalynka" festivity of the Ladies'Auxiliary of the Ukrainian Medical Association of North America, Metropolitan New York Branch, held last night at the Ukrainian Institute of America, featured carolling Jby the children of branch members. Led by Met Opera baritone Andriy Dobrian­ sky, some 24 youngsters from New York and New Jersey blended voices in "Boh Predvichny" and other Ukrainian carols beside the brightly lit Christmas tree. Nine-year-old Yurko Hray perfor­ med as soloist in the carol "Nebo і Zemlia." Adding glitter to the occasion were gaily costumed - youngstere who pre­ sented a montage of poems and prose depicting the Silver Star, the "yalynka" and candles, and Bethlehem. The children, ranging from age 3 to 12, were instructed by drama teacher Lydia Krushelnytsky and also received coaching from Olga Kowalchuk-Ivasiwka. The program, together with a lavish buffet, was coordinated by Тагіа– na Tershakovec with assistance from Lalia Huk of Mountainside, N.J. The annual Fifth Avenue Holiday Festival being held today on Manhat­ tan's main thoroughfare (closed to traffic for most of the day)' includes a performance by Ukrainian dancers and singers. The Young Adult Ensemble led by Bohdanna Wolansky and the "Syzokryli" Ukrainian Dancers trained by Roma Pryma-Bohachevsky will present a program of "shchedrivky" (New Year's carols) and Hutsul dances at 2 p.m. on the stage located between 54th and 55th streets. The festival begins at 10 a.m., so you can start out early if you plan to take in those fabulous Fifth Avenue window displays, the festival program and the SUM-A anniversary concert scheduled for 4 p.m., at the High School of Fashion Industries (advance publicity has it that the SUM-A dancers, singers, trio, soloists and musicians will be in new costumes and will present an entirely new repertoire). door to the Ukrainian National Home on Second Avenue (140 Second Ave.) or call fashion designer Eugenia Triska for an appointment to see her lovely cos­ tumes for evening and cocktail wear, as. well as cruise and lounge outfits, in sizes 8 to 12, all in exclusive wash-and-wear materials. There are several all-Ukrainian records on the market that whould please any music lover - by Paul Plishka of the Metropolitan Opera, Ed Evanko of Broadway fame, and Kvitka Cisyk, the coloratura soprano whose voice is heard on many radio-TV commercials. For the young set. an album recorded by such Ukrainian dance bands as Vodohray and Rushnychok would make an exciting gift. A scene from last vear's Christmas workshop at The Ukrainian Museum in New York. Porytko. (See Weekend Preview for dates, times and fees). The Plast center at 144 Second Ave. will be abuzz with excitement next weekend. St. Nicholas is going to pay a visit at 2.30 p.m. on December 20, and the youngest Plast members ("novatstvo") plan to suprise him with a playlet titled "St. Nicholas Night." On Sunday the 21st, Plast girls will be holding their annual Christmas bazaar, with hand­ made ornaments and home-baked goods among the articles for sale. For those who like to plan ahead, here's amusical note: the annual concert of Christmas and New Year's carols presented by the choir of St. Volodymyr Ukrainian Orthodox Church, 160 W. 82 St., will be given on January 11 right after the Divine Liturgy. Prof. Vasyl Zavitnevych, the choir's long­ time director, will be at the podium. A shopping expedition to Little Ukraine, located in the East Village just a few blocks east of New York Universi­ English, with color illustrations, ty and Washington Square, Will alsot provide a colorful tour. This section of S17.50) and "Ukrainian Folk Embroi­ `the Big Apple, always humming with deries - Sokal Region" (six all-black activity j is especially alive on Saturdays. designs, S6). The shop also offers town Olympia typewriters from Ukraine, Around dinner sets with embroidery designs, Hutsul plates and candleholders ador­ ned with metal inlays, and a few original paintings by the Ukrainian naive painter Nykyfor. For children, there's a smart-looking coloring cook, "Color In Ukrainian," written and illustrated by Ingert Kuzych-Berezovsky of Ann Arbor, Mich. (S3). Hand-embroidered blouses (in parti­ cular silk-embroidered sheer cotton ones that are perfect for dress-up occasions), colorful print ribbons, yard goods for embroidery and notepaper featuring unique designs by Yaroslava Surmach Mills are specialties of the Surma shop.. Owner Myron W. Surmach points with pr ide to his large selection of books and records, and suggests a fine gift for a Mike Mazurki student for just S4 might be a large, e Hollywood heavy Mike Mazurki colorful map of Ukraine with il­ lustrations depicting the location of the made an impromptu appearance on November 29 at the 19th anniversary economic resources of Ukraine. b,anquet of the Organization for the Flower paintings and landscapes Defense of Four Freedoms for Ukraine. crafted from enamel and copper, as well Spotted by Andriy Dobriansky and as jewelry and miniature Ukrainian Roman Stecura in the Ukrainian Re­ figurines are to be found at the Norm staurant at the Ukrainian National Enamel Art Gallery, 13 E. Seventh St. Home, Mr. Mazurki was invited by The Eko Universal Gift Store, 145 banquet emcee Ihor Dlaboha to come Second Ave., near Ninth Street, with its upstairs to the second-floor banquet country-store atmosphere, is chock-full hall to say hello to the gathering. Mr. of Ukrainian goods, while the Delto Dobriansky was the featured performer Europe store, one block away (at First for the evening, with Mr. Stecura Avenue and Ninth Street) has every­ accompanying hira ar the piano. thing you could ask for in kerchiels, " Ballerina Motria Slupchynskyj is fringed shawls and sweaters of all performing in the Harkness Ballet shapes and sizes. Theatre's current presentations of Stop in at the art galleries, currently excerpts from "The Nutcracker Suite" showing spectacular works in copper, and"The Gift of the Magi."The produc­ brass, silver and aluminum, as well as tions, which opened on December 4, charming silkprints, by Rem Bahautdin will be given two performances today (at the Ukrainian Artists Association (at 2 and 8 p.m.) and a final perfor­ gallery, 136 Second Ave., fourth floor), mance at 8 p.m. tomorrow at the and exquisite ceramic figures, plates Harkness Theatre, 4 East 75th St. and icons by Slava Gerulak (at the -" Original folk costumes from south­ Mayana Gallery, 2! E. Seventh St., western towns of Ukraine (Chernivtsi, through December 21). The Olba So- Zalishchyky, Borshchiv and Horodennevytsky Gallery at 98 Second Ave. has ka) were modeled at a live fashion show recently added new works by Hutsaliuk, presented on November 15 at the Plast Krychevska, L. Struhatska and A. Center by Branch 82 of the Ukrainian Solohub of Paris to its permanent Women's League of America. The collection of outstanding Ukrainian costumes are the property of Alexandra artists. Krupa of Hartford,.Conn. Also model­ For the latest in sophisticated fa­ ed were costumes from the Hutsul and shions for women — ruffled blouses, Polissia regions and contemporary elegant dresses and chic reversible capes, drop in at the Diademshop next (Continued on page 11)




Looking for gift ideas? Try the shops, boutiques and galleries in Little Uk­ raine -C you'll find a unique gift for everyone on your shopping list. The gift shop at The Ukrainian Museum (203 Second Ave. near 12th Street) has a variety of handmade Christmas ornaments that include "porcupine" stars, cozy crocheted hens, candies in pretty wrappers and little Hutsul stockings of felt to hang on the Radio City's all-live Christmas show, tree. The shop is stocked with an which opened on November 21 and assortment of small items — dolls in continues through January 4, includes regional costumes, decorated notepaour familiar and well-loved "Carol of per, embroidered bookmarks and the Bells," beautifully sung twice (and ceramic jewelry by Sophia Lada, coral sometimes thrice) a day by Radio City's necklaces and pillows covered in a brown-and-gold geometric-patterned New Yorkers choral group. woven fabric from Bukovyna. Gift shop Judging from the number of eager manager Irene `Wolosiansky notes that participants in The Ukrainian Mu­ there is a Christmas special - lucite seum's workshops on creating tradi­ placemats, reproductions of the lace tional Christmas ornaments, quite a tablecloth in the museum's exhibit, are numberof households in the New York priced at two for SI5 (regular price area will be showing off Christmas trees about 59 each). decked with strings of olored beads, Both the Arka Company at 48 E. silvered and gilded wa ,uts, miniature embroidered pincushions, tiny teddy Seventh St. (near the corner of Second bears sporting Hutsul vests, 'empty Avenue) and the Surma Book Store at eggshells parading as roosters, hens and 11 E. Seventh St. (near Third Avenue) clowns, pine cones adored with sprays carry a large selection of books, records, of wheat, and angels formed of white maps of Ukraine, newspapers, notepapaper cones and yarn. Planned by Luba per and greeting cards. VVolynetz, the workshops are held in the Arka specializes in DMC embroidery museum's second-floor quarters, where thread (enough to "sew up the whole of a colorfully trimmed "yalynka" and a Ukraine," says owner Yaroslav Pastraditional "vertep" created by artist t'ushenko with a grin) and several books Slava Gerulak provide inspiration for on embroidery, including "The Book of participants working under the gui­ Ukrainian Embroideries" (by Oksana dance of Marta Ivashkiv and Tania Moshinsky, 55 pages, in Ukrainian and


THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY 12 of those cases are in direct violation of the Final Act. And during the past decade. Mr. Chairman, the Soviet Union has stren­ gthened its war machine by spending about S150 billion dollars more than the United States oh military equipment: and its armed forces are a threat to the peace of Europe and the world. The Soviet Union today devotes an astonishing 14-15 percent of its gross national product on defense. Today, the Soviet Union has a new catalog of major weapons systems, including four intercontinental ballistic missiles, three submarine-launched missiles, four new classes of submarines and four new fighter bombers. I raise these facts today, Mr. Chair­ man, again not to be confrontational. I state them because they are facts, facts that.must be faced if we are to turn from the growing spirit of mistrust and dissension which characterizes interna­ tional relations today. Only through understanding can we face reality, and only through facing reality can we hope to achieve the harmony which we all seek. We are moving precipitously toward confrontation and it is to all of our interests that this movement cease and be redirected toward the spirit of detente which, regrettably, no longer is today the realtiy we all hoped for in 1975. There should be no misunderstand­ ing. The United States of America has embarked and will intensify its efforts in the days ahead toward strengthening our military capacity. The Soviet Union must understand that the United States and its allies will match its military effort. There can be no question but that we will not concede military superiority. We are proceeding and will continue to proceed -with great reluctance, but ,the will to do so is there - and it is a will which unites the American people. In our society. Mr. Chairman, our leaders reflect public opinion and do not have the instruments of propaganda and coercion to create it. We are embarked on our program of renewed military strength because we have been forced to do so in the light of massive military build-up unparalleled in world' history and regrettably brie prepared for use. it would appear. The Afghanistan invasion Was a symbol of that preparation and its.seriousness to us. therefore, must not be underestima­ ted. We will pursue our program of military preparedness with determina­ tion and we will mobilize the resources of the American people, American wealth. American ingenuity and techno­ logy so that it is effective and can serve as the deterrent so necessary to avoid war. We had hoped that this spirit of Helsinki would serve as a sufficient deterrent and that the attraction of security, cooperation and peace would persuade all to join us here in a deter­ mined common effort to achieve inter­ national stability and security. Regret­ tably, that has not proven to be trie case, and we are reluctantly forced to the conclusion that we must once again depend upon our military strength to serve as the necessary deterrent. I use this occasion to'reiterate, however, that my government under President Carter and under PresidentElect Reagan stands ready to negotiate significant, verifiable and balanced arms-control agreements once a mutual determination to do so becomes evi­ dent. We are prepared to enter into negotiations at any time to explore the existence of that mutuality. This forum is oncof those available to us - and there are other forums. The reality of military competition does not make arms control impossible, it makesarms control imperative. The first major arms-control agreement of the post-war

SUNDAY, DECEMBER 14,1980 period - the limited nuclear test-ban treaty - w a s signed in 1963. at (he height of the Cold War. Today the United States is сіітеп'!у engaged in two major disarmament negotiations—on mutual and balanced-force reductions, and on theater nuclear forces -and PresidcntElect Reagan has expressed his readi-– ness to enter renewed SALT negotia­ tions. We stand ready to reduce the level of our armaments and move toward the disarmament that our people all yearn for, but we will only do so if this is universally accepted and acted upon. -There will be no unilateral action by the United States in this area. It will be joint and it will be meaningful and verifiable or it will not take place. Our ideological differences are sharp. It would be folly for us to consider it realistic that we can persuade one another of the virtues of our respective beliefs. We in America do not shrink from the competition of ideas. Ameri­ cans are as free to read the works of Marx and Lenin as to read the works of Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jeffer­ son; all are available in our book stores and libraries. We are as free to vote Communist as to vote Republican; and , the small number of votes the Commu­ nist candidate received in our presiden­ tial election two weeks ago accurately reflect, it seems to me, bis true support in ourcountry. We are as free to listen to Radio Moscow as to our own networks. Does a Soviet citizen have the same freedom? To ask the question is to answer it. We believe, that, in the long run, the aspirations of mankind toward greater

No. 29 individual freedom will inevitably be attained and cannot be defeated no matter how severe the repression. Helsinki monitors may be arrested in Moscow but in doing so, they create a situation in which those of us all over the world who cherish human freedom join our voices with theirs and become with them Helsinki, monitors. We are convinced that the historic inevitability for the human being is the inevitability of human rights, of indivi­ dual freedom, and not of some ideologi­ cally defined doctrinal concept of revolution. Others differ with us and have deve­ loped a modern faith of their own. We urge those who differ with us that these differences, fundamental as they are, be pursued in the competition of ideas and in the competition of performance. Let us devote our energies toward demon­ strating within each of our societies the superiority of our respective models in meeting the needs of our peoples. That kind of competition can help us all. The competition of armaments and the use of force for aggression has the potential of destroying us all. I close this presentation with a plea in behalf of my government that we return to the foundation of the Helsinki Final Act as a basis for our relationship, all of that agreement, in its totality, indivisible. Only by demonstrating a commitment to its provisions, all of its provisions, by performance, can we hope to establish the trust that will lead us forward to new commitments. We deeply and genuinely hope that the beginning of that rebirth can begin here in Madrid.

Kampelman asks...
(Continued from page 4)

military power in an effort to demon­ strate our commitment to peace. I quote from that talk in Prague: "We have been able to achieve more in a short time with detente than was done for years pursuing a confrontation policy with NATO... Trust us. com­ rades, for by 1985, as a consequence of what we are now .achieving with de­ tente... we will be able to extend our will wherever we need to." When the Helsinki Final Act was signed by the United States in 1975. we were aware of that statement and fully aware of Lenin`s 1921 statement that the cultural strata of Western Europe and America, along with the capitalists of the entire world, are "deaf mutes" who "will close their eyes to the realities"and thus become blind as well as deaf as they "open credit...and provide us with essential materials and technology, thus restoring our militarv ^industry, es­ pecially for our luture victorious at­ tacks on our suppliers." The West, he said, would thus work to prepare its own suicide. Weareaware of this 1921 teaching of Lenin, a useful revolutionary tool, this teaching, but our desire for peace and understanding and cooperation and mutual security was so great that we were prepared to accept the written commitments of the followers of Lenin in the hope that experience had and would moderate those teachings. My government agreed to increasing econo­ mic and technological exchanges in order to advance the process of peace. Instead, we have seen those benefits distorted to stimulate more military aggression in support of national and ideological goals. There will be criticism of my govern­ ment's recent actions restraining our commitments under Basket II of the agreement, but 1 suggest. Mr. Chair­ man, that this action was and is required and indeed demanded if we are to maintain the indivisibility of detente and preserve the fabric of the Helsinki Fianl Act. Aggression and continued violations of commitments made must be condemned by effective responses if the.integrity of the agreement is to be preserved. It has also been greatly disturbing to us that, during the periods when we enthusiastically participated ingrowing cultural and economic exchanges with the Soviet Union, the so-called high period of detente, the commitments under Principle 7 and Basket III were undermined as internal repression in the Soviet Union increased with a tighten­ ing of censorship and an intensified use of prison, psychiatric institutions and exile to deal with dissension. Indeed, Mr. Chairman, during the course of this very meeting on Thursday of last week, and as the delegate from Great Britain reminded us today, in brazen disregard of its commitments. Dr. Viktor Brailovsky. a scientist and editor, a leading figure in the Jewish emigration movement, was arrested in Moscow two days after announcing that a three-day fast would take place by scores of Jews refused permission to emigrate, a demonstration linked to the opening of this Madrid Conference. For the past eight years. Dr. Brailovsky`s son, Leonid, who is now 19 years old. has been forced to leave school and has been banned from any university. Viktor Brailovsky himself has not been allowed to pursue his teaching career and his distinguished career as a scient­ ist. His . rrest makes him the 12th Jew currently in prison in the Soviet Union for attempting to emigrate. All

(Continued from page 2)

The organization also suggest that all letters recommend Mr. Chornovil's unconditional release and express concern regarding his health, which has steadily deteriorated as a result of his ordeal. An Amnesty International release noted that "in 1978, while in internal exile, Mr. Chornovil was diagnosed by Soviet doctors as suffering from arthritis of the shoulder leading to arthrosis. and chronic pharyngitis. It was recommended by the doctors that he should not be given hard physical work but this was overruled by the authorities. AI is concerned that while serving his new term of imprisonment, Mr. Chornovil will be made to do heavy physical work which could aggravate his poor state of health."

Novemte issue of У Prism is released
NEW YORK - The November, issue of Prism, the official organ of the Federation of Ukrainian Student Or­ ganizations of America (SUSTA) was published this past week. The 12-page issue which was pub­ lished! courtesy of the Ukrainian Na­ tional Association, features: a report on the Penn State Ukrainian Student Club campaign to get the Schlow Memorial Library to accept a gift copy of "The Other Holocaust" (the library has refused to accept it); news briefs on Ukrainian student club activities; two speeches given at the recent UCCA congress: and organizational matters pertaining to SUSTA. Students or interested readers may obtain a copy of this publication by writing to its editor. Roman Juzeniw. 206 E. Ninth St.. New York. N.Y. 10003.

Kiev group...
(Continued from page 3)

Citizens Committee for the MadridHelsinki Review Meeting. Unlike the receptions of other groups which featured several speeches, the Ukrainian-sponsored reception had a short program of music and poetry, arranged and performed by Oryssia Hewka from the Philadelphia Human Rights Committee. The highlight of the evening was a solemn lighting of 28 candles - one for each of the imprisoned members of the Ukrainian Helsinki monitoring group. Each of them was called out in turn, and' a member of the External Representa­ tion of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group made ? sign of the cross and lit a candle to remember a colleague and to remind inose present wnvthey had come to Madrid.

(Continued from page 4)

and non-French language guarantees only in very general and indirect terms. Quoting clause 22, Sen. Yuzyk said, "nothing in sections 16 or 20 abrogates or derogates from any legal or customary right or privilege acquired or enjoyed either before or after the coming into force of this charter with respect to any language that is not English or French." Commenting on clause 22, Sen. Yuzyk labelled it a "nothing clause" that fails to address the issue of minority language status, adding that the new Canadian Constitution must reflect the multiculturalrealityof today's Canadian society.



No. 29




Ukrainian chemist presents report on new treatment for epilepsy
COPENHAGEN. Denmark - D r / Bohdan Haidukewych, a Detroit chemist specializing in anti-epileptic drugs, presented a lecture at the 12th Epilepsy International Symposium held here on September 6-Ю. The symposia are held annually in different parts of the world to exchange information of the latest advances in the treatment and care of the disease. The subject of Dr. Haidukewych`s presentation was "Free (unbound) Valproic Acid in Epilepsy Patients Medicated with Co-Anticonvulsants: In Vivo Variable Concentration and Explanation for `Non-therapeutic' Plasma Levels." Valproic acid is the newest antiepileptic drug and is most often prescribed with other anticonvulsants for most effective seizure control. Yet. experts do not know precisely the nature of the interaction of the drug with other medications that makes it so effective. Dr. Haidukewych`s presentation of a new methodology for free determina­ tion of valproic acid in the blood was seen by experts as a step which will significantly improve patient manage­ ment and provide new insights into drug interactions. He has been invited to write a chapter on an expanded version of his presenta­ tion by Raven Press for a book titled "Advances in Epileptology: The 12th Epilepsy International Symposium." Dr. Haidukewych holds a Ph.D. in chemistry from University of Detroit and spent a year as a post-doctoral research fellow at University of Toron­ to, followed by another year at Wayne State University. Since 1972 he has been director of the Clinical Biochemistry Laboratory for the Epilepsy Center of Michigan, Detroit. He, and his wife Lydia and sons Jurij, Andrij and Oleksander are all members of UNA, Branch 20 in Detroit. Opera House in Italy, singing the role of Pimen in "Boris Godiinov." ' The musical revue "Rhapsody in Gershwin," now playing at the St. Regis Hotel with Ed Evanko in the four-star cast, is such a tremendous hit that the engagement has been extended to January 3.
i l l і i r i i її и її м її и її и її и її и її ц ц p її и її а її и n и ь

Manor College offers extemship at Elkins Park hospital
JENKINTOWN, Pa. - M anor Ju­ nior College has formed a new associa­ tion with Rolling Hill Hospital in. Elkins Park in order to provide externship opportunities for students enrolled in рге-physical therapy and preoccupational therapy sequences in Manor's allied health transfer program. The "hands on" experience in physi­ cal and occupational therapy under the supervision of registered physical ther­ apists and occupational therapists provides an introduction to these pro­ fessions for students who will receive associate degrees at Manor Junior College. Minna Detweiler. chief of occupa­ tional therapy, and Joan Pfeffer, chief of physical therapy at Rolling Hill Hospital, and Marion Samuels, chair­ person of the allied health division at Manor, agreed that the externship will enable Manor students to gain an understanding of the team approach in rehabilitation medicine. They also pointed out that the practicum gives students in this two-year preprofessional allied health transfer program an opportunity to gain a better perspective of the professional areas available to them before they become locked into an allied health speciality.

адооиаооооддаовкзао^^ TUNE IN TO

fa EEf


(Continued from page 9)


daytime and evening fashions accentu­ ated with Ukrainian embroidery. e Met Opera star Paul Plishka, who appeared last weekend in two concert performances of "Fidelio" at the Coldon Center in Queens and is giving a benefit performance in New Jersey this afternoon, is scheduled to sing in the "Messiah" at Avery Fisher Hall on December 17. In January, he will give his debut performance at the La Scala

CHRISTMAS 6 OTHER HOLIDAY GIVING select your gifts from our latest gift list. The finest in porcelains, ceramics, and other gifts for every rosin, in the house, plus cards, books, and L.P's in many languages. Write 1or Catalog: HANUSEY MUSIC ft GIFTS. 244 W. Girard Ave., Phila. Penna, 19123 1- (215) MA 7-3093

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- 1980-81 Catalog - S0C - Refundable with Purchase.


P.O. Box 301 GK, Irvington, N.J. 07111 (201) 399-0119


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1 2




SUNDAY, DECEMBER 1 4 , 1 9 8 0

No. 29

Ukrainian National Association

Juv. TOTAL AS OF JULY 1980 GAINS IN AUG. 1980: New members Reinstated Transferred in Change class in Transferred from Juv. Dept. TOTALS GAINS: LOSSES IN AUG. 1980: Suspended Transferred out Change of class out Transferred to adults Died Cash surrender Endowment matured Fully paid-up Reduced paid-up Extended insurance Cert, terminated TOTAL LOSSES: INACTIVE MEMBERSHIP: GAINS IN AUG. 1980: Extended insurance . TOTAL GAINS: LOSSES IN AUG. 1980: Died 1 14 1 21 21.575 23 16 16 5 60 56.462 20 4 24 31 16 47 51 20 71 24 30 17 10 81 84.913 Payroll, Insurance 8 Taxes: 21.586 Adults 56.488 112 60 31 2 2 207 38 ADD 6.852 Totals 84.926 192 84 45 5 2 328 Paid to or for members:


Cash surrenders Death benefits Matured endowment certificates Payor "death benefits Benefits paid out from Fraternal Funds Reinsurance premiums


33,892.65 76,000.00 44,903.48 631.10 1,550.00 1,357.43 Total: 1158,271.66

Operating expenses: N.Y.C. property Soyuzivka Resort 22,565.74 84,296.44 58,497.94

"Svoboda" operation Organizing expenses: Advertising Medical inspections Traveling expenses special organizers Field conferences Reward to special organizers Reward to Branch organizers







1,633.09 54.40 1,240.28 208.36 2,250.00 100.00 Total: S5.468.13

6.876 WALTER SOCHAN Supreme secretary

Taxes Canadian P.P. 6 Ul employee Employee Hospitalization Plan Employee Pension Plan Salaries - executive officers Salaries - office employees Taxes - Federal, State A City employee wages Official publication "Svoboda" General administrative expenses: General office maintenance Postage Rental of equipment Telephone Traveling expenses - general Printing ft stationery „.... Operating expenses Canadian office ,



616.18 8,004.46 433.33 9,375.00 22,698.21 13,857.58 J54.984.76 33,600.00



-^ .`. „ „ Total: j

INCOME FOR AUGUST 1980 Dues from members Interest from: Bonds Mortgage loans Certificate loans Stocks Banks 225,966.78 12,822.80 2,329.93 1,278.05 193.18 Total: J242.590.74 Income of N.Y.C. Property Income of Soyuzivka Resort Income of "Svoboda" operation Refunds: Trav. Exp. - General Investment Exp - Taxes held in escrow Taxes - Federal, State S City employee wages Taxes - Can. With. S pension plan on employee wages Employee hospitalization plan premiums Printing S Stationery Expenses Reward to Br. Organizers Total: Miscellaneous: Donation to Scholarship Fund Profit on Sale of Real Estate Total: Investment: Mortgages repaid Certificate loans repaid Real Estate Sold Total: Income/for Augustd980V 24,320.44 8,995.52 43,820.24 J77.136.20 5789,526.98 2,004.92 6,179.76 8,184.68 266.28 75.00 1,498.50 9,821.84 262.27 601.11 76.41 13.00 S12.614.41 21,224.20 138,426.32 53,828.07 J235.622.36

433.96 960.00 669.47 1,053.54 2,794.59 594.93 309.85 S6.816.34

Miscellaneous: Donations - Support Youth Sport Activities Scholarships Total: Investments: Real Estate Mortgage Loans Granted Certificate loans granted Bonds purchased EDP Equipment purchased Capital Improvements at Soyuzivka Stock Acquired 1,000.00 47,500.00 7,734.93 200,000.00 92.10 4,777.25 1,264.05 Total: S262.368.33 Disbursements for August 1980: BALANCE ASSETS: Cash S 326,306.62 Bonds 32,041.766.89 Stocks 564 939.60 Mortgage loans 2,236,004.32 Certificate loans f,ifM Real estate 676,630.81 Printing plant 4 EDP equipment 226,325.76 Loan to UNURCorporation 8,000,000.00 Copyrights 4,800.00 Total: S44.737.291.23 Fund: , Life insurance Fraternal Orphan's Old Age Home Emergency Fund Total: LIABILITIES: 720,778.53 4,650.00 341.19 28,900.00 S33.891.19


S43.879.027.96 160,397.62 256,971.04 370,324.19 70 570 42 S44.737.291.23 ULANA M. DIACHUK Supreme Treasurer

-sVllSjr,O -Miyjltf

No. 29



13 According to Ms. Maso, the club is seeking donations to help secure the services of an attorney and defray legal costs of the case, and is asking the Ukrainian community to write protest letters to the library. Donations may be sent to the Penn State Ukrainian Club, c o Ms. Maso. P.O. Box 1342. State College. Pa. 16801. Letters should be addressed to: Schlow Memorial Li­ brary. 100 E. Beaver Avc. State Col­ lege. Pa. 16801.

Atlanta UNWLA spotlights Ukrainian arts Library refuses.
;. jnlinned from page 4)

Cable, library president, he pointed out that the 16 books on the library's shelves deal specifically with the Jewish Holo­ caust. Louis Skeparnias. executive director of the Pennsylvania governor's Herit­ age Affairs Commission, also asked the library board to reconsider its position concerning the book. In a strongly worded letter to Ms. Cable. Walter Lesiuk. public relations director of the Ukrainian Culture Center of Los Angeles, called the library's actions "blatantly prejudicial towards Americans of Ukrainiandescent." and contested the library's assertion that the public was not inter­ ested in the non-Jewish losses under Hitler. ., Although the Ukrainian club was, The Chervona Ruta bandura ensemble: (standing, from left) Maria Miller, Bonnie willing to negotiate a settlement with Keller, Tania Bojcun, (seated) Olga Cehelsky-Underwood, Laryssa Barabash, the library, the library board held a Orysia Paluch Fisher, Alvina Reshetniak Guideiti and Yaroslava Hajduk. second review of Dr. Wytwycky`s book and stuck by its earlier decision to reject ATLANTA - Branch 14 of the Members of the league that organized it. As a result, the club has decided to Ukrainian National Women's League the event were Tania Bojcun, La­ pursue the discrimination suit. of America sponsored a Ukrainian ryssa Tempic, Bonnie Keller. Olga -Cultural Arts Day here at theNorthside Underwood, Alvina Guidetti, Olga Women's Club on October 19. Cehelsky and Maria Miller. The event featured exhibits of Ukrai­ nian art including embroidery, cera­ The St Pelei and Si P.iul Branch "??O ot the UNA mics, wood carvings, weaving and will hold their annual meeting at 5 pm on Sunday. antiques. In addition, the program December 14. 1980 at the Nativity olthe Blessed Virvm Mary Church schoolhall which is located at 4950 South featured Ukrainian folk dancing and a Paulina Street. Chicago. Illinois bandura concert. Samples of Ukrainian All members are un`ed to attend Friwm W Blidy Secretary cuisine were also offered for those in attendance.

(Continued from page 2)

leaving this year. On November 12, Le\ Kopelev arrived in West Germany with his wife and only four small suitcases, and in July, novelist Vasily Aksyonov emigrated to France under similar circumstances. It is doubtful that any of the authors will be allowed to return. That leaves Georgi Vladimov as probably the only dissident fiction writer with a national reputation still in Moscow, according to The Times.

St. Andrews' Ukrainian Religious Center

RBY Recording Studio
of Southbury, Conn.,
In the beautiful communities of Venice, Warm Mineral Springs, North Port and Port Charlotte, Florida. For Information Contact

ELOISE POPOVICH, Broker Salesman NICK POPOVICH. Realtor Associate

RANDOL REALTY. INC. 159 S. Tamiami NW Port Charlotte. Fla. 33952 813-625-4193, Ext. 47


or 813-629-3179, eve.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Philadelphia, Pa. New York, N.Y. Detroit, Mich. Torotno, Ont. Chicago, III. Chairman: P. Tarnawsky M. Chomanczuk R. Tatarskyj W. Sharan M. Soroka Secretary S. Chorney P. Arkotyn M. Waskiw Eugenia Cap R. Tatarskyj Branch No.:

on the successful completion and release of its first album and extends many best wishes for the future.

200 125 106 95 83

Branches: 1. 401 - Scarborough, Ont 2 . 2 6 1 - Williamstown, N.J. 3. 88 - Kerhonkson, N.Y. 4. 46 - Sonderton, Pa. 5. 94 - Hamtramck, Mich. Organizers: 1. Marta KorrJuba 2. P. Arkotvn 3. Kvitka Steciuk 4. R. Tatarskyj 5. A. Slusarczuk

56 30 29 28 26

Album information: RBY: state-of-the-art recording studio Chervona Ka І у па Productions P.O. Box 161, Station A Flushing, N.Y. 11358 (212) 357-5721 (201) 772-2875 (203) 261-2912 S7 t SI.50 postage Rostyk Orest Oksana and handling

496 261 25 94 174

32 30 21 21 21

(203) 264-3666

Total Amount of Life Insurance n 1980

J3,365,000.00 WASYL 0RICH0WSKY Supreme Organizer




No. 29

Young UNA'ers

Looking smart in their sailor suits, Rebecca and Dominick Voletto of Great Meadows, N.J., are all smiles. Maybe they just found out that mother Linda bought UNA insurance policies in their name. Both are members of UNA Branch 143.

Wednesday, December 24. 1980

Little Larissa Helen Porterfleld and Nadine Marie Mass are both members of UNA Branch 293 thanks to their mother, Nancy Mass-Porterfleld. She is the wife of Dudley Porterfield.

If not one of the youngest, Tiffany Schank is surely one of the prettiest members of UNA Branch 422. Tiffany is the daughter of Linda and Michael Schank.


Ukrainian Savings fe Loan Association
1321 W. Lindley Avenue a Philadelphia, Penna. 19141 Tel.: (215) 329-7080 or 329-7277

Aисглих Cfa 771

Including the traditional 12 courses of the Ukrainian Christmas meal. During and after Supper-Caroling Wednesday, December 31, 1980

a Pays the highest interest allowed by law on passbook accounts. I at any time.

Add ot withdraw any amount `

WITH THE SPECIAL PROGRAM NEW YEAR'S EVE SUPPER by reservations only. DANCE to the tunes of SOYUZIVKA ORCHESTRA Tuesday, January 6, 1981

Ш REGULAR CERTIFICATES OF DEPOSIT 6'АЧЬ - 1 year maturity - 5250.00 minimum; бУ.ЧЬ - 3 years maturity - 5250.00 minimum: VhX - 4 years maturity - 5500.00 minimum: 7УЛ - 6 years maturity - 1500.00: 844 - 8 years maturity - 51.000.00 minimum.
a HIGH-YIELD CERTIFICATES OF DEPOSIT NEW 2'/)-YEAR CERTIFICATES - r 5500.00 minimum with interest rate established monthly, based on the yield on 2V, year U.S. Treasury Securities. MONEY MARKET CERTIFICATES - 510.000.00 minimum with interest rate established weekly, based on Б-months U.S. Treasury Bills. a Offers mortgages and passbook loans on terms to suit your budget. a Provides banking services, such as Money Orders. Travelers Cheques. Direct Deposit of Social Se­ curity checks. IRA accounts, etc. a Free Money Orders for senior citizens, a Supports educational and civic efforts of the Ukrainian community. OUR FULL-TIME. EXPERIENCED STAFF IS READY TO SERVE YOU! OFFICE H O U R S : Monday through Thursday: 9 : 0 0 a . m . Friday: 9 : 0 0 a . m . - 7:00 p.m. and Saturday: 9 : 0 0 a . m . 3:00 p.m., 1 2 : 0 0 noon

CHRISTMAS SPIRIT and CAROLS m This is the ideal way to give the housewives a Christmas treat)

Karhonkson, N.Y. `m Ге7.: (914) 626-5641

No Place Like Soyuzivka at Christmas Holidays


a All saving are insured up to 5100 000 00 by F S LIC a Interest rate is guaranteed tor the term ot the certificate. a Federal law reqDires that certificates redeemed belore maturity are subiert to a substantial penalty


As of November 1. children up to 44 years of age who enroll for S15.000 of insurance will be guaranteed a 55,000 educational loan. Should they enroll for 525.000 of insurance, they will be guaranteed a loan of 57.500. Juvenile members ages 5 to 10 enrolled for 515.000 of NEW insurance will be guaranteed a 54.000 Educational Loan. If enrolled for 525.000 of protection, they will be guaranteed a loan of 56.000. The protection hereinable referred to must be under UNA P-20 Certificate. A formal notice that loan is guaranteed will be sent with Certificate of Protection when it is issued after November 1. 1980. Certificate must remain in good standing with all assessments and dues paid until Educational Loan is granted and throughout repayment period.


Certificate must be assigned to UNA during the period of the loan and its repayment. Either parents or guardian must guarantee repayment of loan if Juvenile is under age 21 when loan is granted. Educational Loans will be made over a four year period only for tuition to the college or institution of higher learning. Repayment of loan begins the 3 months following graduation of applicant and must be fully repaid over a maximum of twenty equal quarterly

Should period of education for which loan was secured be reduced or terminated the repayment period will begin immediately. The loan will bear a modest interest rate of three per cent a year only on loans made Interest will accumulate during the period of schooling and be paid during the repayment period

No. 29-




Sunday, December 14 9 A jubilee concert, marking the 30th anniversary of SUM-A, will be held at 4:30 p.m.. at Fashion Institute 225 W. 24th St., New York. MC for the concert is Askold Lozynskyj. Taking part in the con­ cert program are: the Verkhovyntsi dancers, the Zhayvoronky girls' choir; the Cheremshyna trio: the Verkhovyntsi orchestra. Tickets are available at Arka, Eko and Surma. The concert is sponsored by the Taras Chnprynka branch of SUM-A in New York. " " An evening introducing the new book by Victor Borovsky "Satan's Kiss" will be held at 6 p.m. at the Ukrainian Institute of America, 2 E. 79th St., New York. The book is based on the 24-year-old author's confinement in a psykhushka. The evening, at which Mr. Borov­ sky will speak, will be opened by Prof. Hryhoriy Kostiuk, with intro­ ductory remarks by Gen. Petro Grigorenko. There will be a reading by Eveline Beluts of excerpts from the book. The evening is sponsored by "Slovo." о St. Nicholas will visit the children of St. Nicholas parish at 3 p.m., 212 Resident St.; Passaic, N.J. St. Nicholas will arrive at 3 p.m. Щ The Slavic Arts Ensemble pre­ sents its fourth annual Christmas concert at 2 p.m., at the United Methodist Church of Greenpoint; 112Meserole Ave.; Brooklyn. Donations: S3. The program will feature the рїетіеге performance of "A Slavic Christmas Suite" by Walter Legawiec; rarely performed works by Sieprawski, Staromieyski and Bach for harpsichord; as well as works by Vivaldi. Rachmaninoff and SaintSaens. Sally Williams-Haik will sing carols, accompanied on a zither. Mieczyslaw Gubernat, violinist; Janusz Kubiak, cellist: and Jan Jozef Wnek, pianist and harpsichordist; are the regular members of the Slavic Arts Ensemble. " Speaking on "The Holocaust and Ukrainian-Jewish Realtions" will be Dr. Petro Mirchuk and Yaroslaw Hayvas at 5 p.m., at the Ukrainian Center, 240 Hope Ave., Passaic, N.J. The lecture is organized by Branch 7 of the Organization for the Defense of Four Freedoms for Ukraine. Saturday, December 20 ' The United Ukrainian American Organizations of Greater New York will mark its 75th anniversary at a special ceremony to be held at St. George Ukrainian Catholic Church at 4 p.m. " A Christmas workshop featuring handmade Ukrainian ornaments will be held at 2-4 p.m. at The Ukrainian Museum, 203 Second Ave., New York. All materials are covered by the fegistratidn fee. The workshop is free to youngsters 7-16. Adults are welcome! For more information call (212)228-0110. Sunday, December 21. ' Opening of an exhibit of works by a Ukrainian emigre artist from Leningrad. Zoya Lymar. at the Ukrainian Artists Association Gal­ lery beginning at 1 p.m. The exhibit will run through December 28. The gallery, located on the fourth floor of the Ukrainian Liberation Front building at 136 Second Ave., is open Monday through Friday, 6-8 p.m. and weekends, 1-8 p.m. (See p. 8) " A Christmas workshop featuring handmade Ukrainian ornaments will be held at 2-4 p.m. at The Ukrainian Museum, 203 Second Ave., New York. Sunday, December 28 ^ The western Pennsylvania regional choir of the Ukrainian Orthodox League will present a concert of Ukrainian Christmas carols at 3 p.m. at Trinity Cathedral Sixth Avenue and Smithfield Street, Pittsburgh. The choir is directed by Lesya Andrews; the choir members are from Ukrainian Orthodox parishes in Pittsburgh, Mckees Rocks, Car­ negie, Ambridge and Arnold. A good-will donation for the concert will be accepted. " Watercolors and oils by Kateryna Krychevska-Rosandich will be on exhibit through the month of December at the Ukrainian Art Center; 4315 Melrose Ave.; Los Angeles, Calif. The gallery is open 11-3 p.m. daily, or contact Daria Chaikovsky at (213) 668-0172. Wednesday, December 31 " A New Year's celebration will be held in Irvington, N.J., at the Uk­ rainian National Home, 140 Pros­ pect Ave. Music will be provided by the orchestra of Bohdan Hirniak. For table reservations call (201) 3750156 from 7-9 p.m.

Receives doctorate in political science
NEW YORK - Roman Popadiuk of New York was awarded his doctorate in Political Science in October from the City University of New York. His dissertation deals with the Soviet dissident movement and its impact on United States-Soviet relations. One of the dissertation's case studies examines the Ukrainian dissident movement's affects on United States foreign policy. Mr. Popadiuk is a speechwriter for the Indonesian Mission to the United Nations. Prior to this he taught political science at Brooklyn College and was an assistant to the dean of administration at the Graduate School of the City University. Mr. Popadiuk is active in local church and community affairs in Brooklyn's Greenpoint neighborhood. He is a church committeeman at the Holy Ghost Ukrainian Catholic Church. He also serves as chairman of the community's Civilian Observation Patrol, which is an organization aimed at assisting the police department in fighting crime. Mr. Popadiuk is married to the former Judith Ann Fedkiwof Bethesda, Md. They have an infant son, Gregory John. Mr. Popadiuk is a member of UNA Branch 293.

N O T I C E To UNA Members and Branches
Members and Branches of the Ukrainian National As­ sociation are hereby notified that with the ending of its fiscal year the Home Office of UNA must close its accounts and deposit in banks all money received from Branches

No Later Than Noon, of December 31, 1980
Money received later cannot be credited lo 1980. Therefore we appeal to all members of the UNA to pay their dues this month as soon as possible and all Branches to remit their accounts and money in time to be received by the Home Office no later than noon of WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER 31. 1980. Notice is hereby given that Branches which send their dues late wiil be shown as delinquent and in arrears on the annual report. UNA Home Office



NOTICE To Secretaries and Organizers Of the UNA
The 1980 Membership Campaign ends Decem­ ber 31. 1979 therefore we will accept applicat'on of new members only lo December 31. 1980. We urge you to make every effort to fulfill your quota and mail in your applications early enouqh to reach the Home Office by December 31 1980. UNA HOME OFFICE

I would like to subscribe to The Ukrainian Weekly for year(s).(Subscription rates: S5 per year for UNA members. S8 for non-members). My name is: ^ I belong to UNA Branch: Address: . City: State: Zip code: In addition, I would like to give a friend one year's subscription to The Ukrainian Weekly at the discounted rate of S4. His/her name is: Address: City: State: Zip code: . I enclose a check for S `. Send order blank, along with payment, to: The Ukrainian Weekly, Subscription Department, 30 Montgomery St., Jersey City, N.J. 07302.

Share The Weekly with a friend





No. 2 9

The following books are available at the Svoboda Bookstore:
THE UKRAINIAN POETS. 1119-1962 - Selected and Ir. by C. H Andrusyshen and Watson Kirkconnell 112.50 THE UKRAINIANS OF MARYLAND - edited/written by: Stepr,enBasarab.PaulFenchak.WolodymyrC.Sushkoandothtrs HISTORY OF PUSHKIN'S "POLTAVA" - by John P Pauls. LOOK WHO'S COMING by William Kurelek t 7.75 HISTORY'S CARNIVAL - A Dissident's Autobiography by Leonid Plyushch. edited and translated by Marco Carynnyk 814.95 ENGLISH-UKRAINIAN Dictionary - by M. I . Podvasko 812.50 The Wachna Story, by Mary Paximadis. Illustration і 9.00

BOOHERANG - The works of VAUNTYK MOROZ by Yaroslav Bihun. introduction by Dr. Paul L Gersper Unbound S 3.75 Bound J 5.75 DISPLACED PERSON - by Marie Halun Bloch. decorations by Mian Davis . . . . A HISTORY OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE - Volume I by Nicholas L. FR-Chirovsky І 7.95 S 15.00

BOUNDARIES OF FLAME - A Complete Collection of Poetry - Olena Teliha. Com­ piled and Translated by Orysia Prokopiw 8 6.95 П О Л У М ' Я Н І М Е Ж І - Поанс вн.іання пиетія Олени Те.ііі н упорядку­ вала й переклала Ориса Прокопів IN DEFENSE OF THE UKRAINE CAUSE by Roman Rakhmanny POLISH ATROCITIES IN UKRAINE -compiled and edited by EmilRevyuk SYMONENK0- A STUDY IN SEMANTICS by Igor Shankovsky 812.95 8 4.00 8 6.00

THE UKRAINIAN ECONOMY - its background, present states and potentials of future Fourth by Nicholas L. Fr.-Chirovsky 5 2.00 THE CHORNOVIl PAPERS - by Vyacheslav Chornovil. introduction by Frederick C.Barglioorn J R.95

THE VULNERABLE RUSSIANS - by lav E. Dobriaiuty 8 5.95

SPIRITOF UKRAINE - Ukraimancontributionstoworld'sculturebyD.Snowyd. .. 8 2.50 UKRAINE IN A CHANGING WORLD. Papers presented at tea conference dedicated to tea 30th Anniversary of tea Founding of Ukrnnun ПиаПегІу. ed Waller Dushnyck. PUD 110.00 SPRUCE. SWAMP AND STONE - A History of tea Pioneer Ukrainian Settlements. in the Gimli Area - by Michael Ewanchuk SHOO THE MASTER'S J E S U - Ivan Franko. translated by Roman Tatchyn П А Н С Ь К І Ж А Р Т И - і и н аарамво. г и р и ш – І Ч І М І Ш Termт THE INTERNATIONAL SAKHAROV HEARING Marti Harasowska and Orest Olhovych 810.00 DIPLOMACY OF DOUBLE MORALITY Ukraine 1919 1939 by Peter G. Stercho Europe's Crossroad in Carpatho815.00 UKRAINE AND THE EUROPEAN TURMOIL 1917-1919 in 2 volumes by Matthew Stachiw. Peter I Stercho and Nicholas I. F.Chirovsky TRADITIONAL UKRAINIAN COOKERY - by Savella Stechishin (Handling and postage charges included) 820.00


Human Rights in the USSR. ed. by X 8.95 525.00 827.50

HfilZDOVSKY - Woodcuts. 1944-1975acatalofiieraisonnabyAbeM.Tahir, Jr A HISTORY OF UKRAINE- by Michael Hrushevsky

THE USSR vs. 0 1 . MIKHAIL STERN - Soviet "Justice" vs. Human Rights. The only tape recording of a irial smuggled out ofteaSoviet Union. Edited by August Stem, translated fromteaRussian by Marco Carynnyk. 267 pages - hard bound t MS REVOLUTIONARY VOICES - Ukrainian Political Prisoners condemn Russian colo­ nialism'.by SlavaStetsko ь–. 1 t-SO

THE UKRAINE. 1917-1921: A STUDY IN REVOLUTION - edited by Tans Huncak with the assistance of John T. von der Heide. Cambridge. Mass.: Harvard Uk­ rainian Research Institute 1977.424 pages - hard bound , 115.00 The Ukrainian Herald issuo 6. DISSENT ІН UKRAINE - an underground journal from Soviet Ukraine. Trans, from the Ukrainian and ed. by Lesya Jonas and Bohdan Tasen J 6.95 UKRAINIAN EMBROIDERY by Ann Kmit. Johanna luciow. loretta Luciow SM 95

A STUDY OF VASYL' STEFANVK: THE PAIN AT THE HEART OF EXISTENCE - by D. S Struk. with foreword by G. S.N.Luckyj - b o u n d 8 8.50 GRANITE OBELISKS - by Vasyl Symonanko UKRAINE: A Brief History by RomanSiporluk 8 5.00 8 3.00 ^

REPORT FROM THE BERIA RESERVE - The protest writing of VALENTYH MOROZ Soviet Ukrainian political prisoner, ad. and trans, by John Kolasky І 2.95 THE SHATTERED ILLUSION - The History of Ukrainian Pro Communist Organiza­ tions in Canada by John Kolasky hard S15.0O soft 8 7.95 TWO YEARS IN SOVIET UKRAINE - A Canadians persor.al account of Russian oppression and the growing opposition, by John Kolasky J 3.95 UKRAINIANS ABROAO - Offprint from UKRAINE: A CONCISE ENCYCLOPAEDIA byVolodymyrKubijovyc S 3.00 THE UKRAINIANS IN AMERICA- by Myron B. Kuropas S 4.95

UKRAINIANS AND JEWS - articles, testimonies, letters and official documents dealing with interrelations of Ukrainians and jaws in the past and present A SYMPOSIUM -published by UCCA I 5 00 GREGOR KRUK - Vorwort von Jean Cassou. Einfuhrung von Isa Bauer. Ukraimsche Freie Universitat. Vol.1 И8.50 Vol.11 W6.50 COMMUNICATION MEDIA AND SOVIET NATIONALITY POLICY - Status of Rational Languages-inSovietT.V.Broadcasting.byWasylVeryha „ 8 2.00 IvanFrankoiKISTHOUGHTSANOSTRUGGlES-byNichoUsWacyt THE UKRAINIAN AMERICAN INDEX - The Ukrainian Weekly 1978 byChristine I. Wynar FOR A BETTER CANADA - by Senator Paul Ymyk 8 3.00 8 7.75

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