Published by the Ukrainian National Association Inc., a fraternal non-profit association!

rainian Weekly
Vol. L


No. 50



"25 cents

Popovych begins exile term
ELL1COTT CITY, Md. - Oksana avych, 54, a dissident and member of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group, began her exile term in October after com­ pleting an eight-year labor-camp sen­ tence, according to reports recently re­ ceived by tbfc Smoloskyp j^ftrainian In­ formation/Service. Ms. Popovych, who is an invalid and must gist Around on crutches, was arrested in ^974. In addition to the labor-camp term, she was sentenced to five years''internal exile. She was charged with "anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda." She had previously served a 10-year term between 1944 and 1954 for her participation in the Ukrainian libera­ tion struggle. \--'' A nurse by profession, Ms. Popovych lived in Horodenka in the IvanoFrankivske region before her arrest. Unmarried, she supported her elderly mfther,; who traslnlriO;"; "i1;^""' Just prior to her arrest, Ms. Popovych underwent a major operation which left her unable to' walk without the aid. of crutches. Although she was scheduled for a second operation to correct her condition, the surgery was cancelled because of her arrest, leaving her a cripple. In the summer of 1979, she joined the camp-based Helsinki Accords Monitor.

Hrynchyshyn nominated bishop for Ukrainian Catholics in France
VATICAN CITY - The Rev. Michael Hrynchyshyn CSsR of Saskatoon, Sask., has been nominated exarch for Ukrainian Catholics in France by Pope John Paul II; reported L'Osservatore Romano on November 27. The nominee for bishop will replace Bishop Volodymyr Malanczuk CSsR, who is unable to continue serving as apostolic exarch because of his age and poor health. The Rev. Hrynchyshyn, was born February 18, 1929, in Buchanan, Sask. In the family of John and Mary nee Kresak, he was the 10th of 11 children. He attended the Redemptorist Fathers Juvenate-Minor Seminary in Roblin, Man., and entered the CSsR novitiate in 194S and made his temporary pro­ fession on July 28, 1946. -. - v. -OB May 25,1952, he was ordained to' the priesthood by Bishop Maxim Her^ maniuk, CSsR . Following ordination, he ifid three years of post-graduate studies at the Pontifical Institute for Oriental Studies, where he obtained a doctorate in 1955. Upon his return to Canada, the Rev. Hrynchyshyn's first assignment was asrector of the Sheptytsky institute in Saskatoon, Sask. In 1957 he was ap­ pointed rector and professor of theo­ logy at the Redemptorist Seminary in Meadow vale, Ont. In 1960 he was appointed consult or to the provincial, and superior of the provincial house in Winnipeg. He participated in a general chapter of his order in 1963, and was elected to a commission for the revision of the CSsR Constitutions and Statutes. A year and half later he was again

The Rev. Michael Hrynchyshyn appointed professor of theology and prefect of CSsR seminarians at Yorkton, Sask. In 1965-67 he was pastor of Ss. Peter and Paul Church in Saskatoon, and in 1966-67 of St. Joseph's Church in Winnipeg. In 1967 he was appointed superior and pastor at St. John the Baptist Church, Newark, N.J., and remained in that capacity until 1972, when he was elected provincial superior of the York ton Province of the Ukrai­ nian Redemptorist Fathers. Having completed three triennia in that office, he was again superior and pastor at Ss. Peter and Paul Church, Saskatoon, in 1981-82. In December 1957, the apostolic visitator, Archbishop Ivan Bucbko appointed Father Hrynchyshyn pos(СовШаші on pap IS)

Oksamt Popovych ing Group while in a labor camp. Smoloskyp reported that Ms. Popovych was transferred last summer to a prison in Saranska for processing before being sent into exile. The exact location of her place of exile is not known.

Soviet filmmaker gets five years
JERSEY CITY, N.J. - Soviet direc­ Ukrainian nationalism for refusing to tor Sergei Paradjanov, whose film dub his films into Russian. "Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors" is Mr. Paradjanov lived in Ukraine and considered a modern cinema classic, sent his son to a Ukrainian school. In was recently sentenced to five years' 1965 and 1969 he signed petitions in imprisonment, reported the Smoloskyp defense of persecuted Ukrainian in­ Ukrainian Information Service. tellectuals and dissidents. Formal charges were brought against Mr. Paradjanov, now in his mid-SOs, was arrested last February 11 in the him in December 1973, when he was Georgian capital of Tbilisi. He was arrested and charged with currency reportedly charged with "associating speculation and homosexuality, a cri­ with undesirable persons"— probably minal offense in the USSR. He. was sentenced to five years' imprisonment foreigners. and, shortly thereafter, another 10-year When "Shadows" was first released in term was tacked on. the West in the mid-1960s, the Ukrai­ But, thanks largely to an international nian-language film, based on Mykhailo campaign on his behalf, the director was Kotsiubynsky's book of the same name, released in 1977. The petition asking for won no fewer than 16 international film his release was signed by virtually every awards. great director in Europe, including Its director was hailed as the heir Truffaut, Godard, Malle, Fellini, Visapparent to the great Soviet director conti, Rosselini and Antonioni. Sergei Eisenstein. The film was a His last screenplay to be officially haunting and lyrical interpretation of the mystical aspects of Hutsul mountain approved was "The Color of Pomegra­ nates," in 1969. The film dealt with the culture. huge massacre of Armenians by the After the ouster of Soviet leader Turks in the early 1900s. It was instantly Nikita Khrushchev, Mr. Paradjanov banned. fell out of favor with authorities, partly Prior to his arrest, Mr. Paradjanov, because all six of his films were in who was destitute, was living with his Ukrainian rather than Russian. sister in Tbilisi. Unable to find work, he The ultimate irony came when Mr. continued to churn out screenplays. All Paradjanov, a native Georgian of of them have been rejected by authori­ Armenian descent, was accused of ties.

Worldwide women's federation holds congress
PHILADELPHIA - Sixty-six dele­ gates representing nationwide women's organizations in the United States, Canada, Belgium, Great Britain, West Germany, France, Argentina and Vene­ zuela met here at the fourth congress of the World Federation of Ukrainian Women's Organizations during the Thanksgiving Day weekend, November 25 through 28. The delegates elected Dr. Maria Kwitkowsky of the Ukrainian Gold Cross to serve as president of the work) federation. Also elected were: Alexandra Kowalsky (League of Ukrainian Catholic Women) and Helen Prociuk (Ukrai­ nian National Women's League of America), vice presidents. Nadia Malanchuk, Oleksandra Myndiuk and Anna Mazurenko were elected secretaries; Yaroslava Sheremeta was voted treasurer; and Daria Boydunyk was elected financial secre­ tary of the federation. In addition, there are nine directors on the executive board and six members on the auditing committee, which is chaired by Daria Stepaniak (Women's Association for the Defense of Four Freedoms for Ukraine). The congress got under way on Thursday evening, November 25, with Opening ceremonies at which represen­ tatives of the 16 member-organizations of the World Federation of Ukrainian Women's Organizations (WFUWO) were present with their organizations' banners. Friday's session was devoted to reports by outgoing officers, headed by president Lidia Burachynsky, and by delegates from foreign countries. That afternoon included a panel presentation on the topic of the WFUWO's contacts. The panel, con­ ducted by Mrs. Prociuk, covered topics
(Continued on pap 13)




No. 50

Dissident profile.

Ivan Svitlychny: gravely ill in exile
the campaign were Mykhailo Horyn, Ivan Неї, Mykhailo Osadchy, Bohdan Horyn and Valentyn Moroz. Mr. Svitlychny was released in April 1966 after serving eight months in prison. Shortly before his release, his name was expunged from biblio­ graphies and annual indexes of Soviet literary periodicals. He had become a non-person. Several months later, he authored a foreword to a collection of docu­ ments dealing with the 1960 closed trials of Ukrainian dissidents Lev Lukianenko, Ivan Kandyba and five other members of the Ukrainian Peasants and Workers: Party, who were sentenced to terms ranging from 10 to 15 years. The UPWP advocated the secession of Ukraine from the USSR. The case became known as the "Jurists Case." In the foreword, he described the brutal methods used by the KGB in his own case, and he cited the "illegal methods" used in the Jurists Case.

Embattled translator of Rus' chronicle commits suicide amid controversy
ELLICOTT CITY, Md; - Viktor Blyznets, a Ukrainian author of chil­ dren's books, committed suicide last year after his translation of an ancient Kievan chronicle touched off a furor among Ukrainian scholars, reported the Smoloskyp Ukrainian Information Service. According to reports that have just reached the West, Mr. Blyznets, 48, killed himself on April 2,1981,justover a month before the official celebration of the 1,500th anniversary of the found­ ing of Kiev, the Ukrainian capital. Mr. Blyznet's translation of "Povist vremennykh lit,"a 1 lth-century chronicle of the early history of Kievan Rus', was severely criticized by Ukrainian scholars — historians, researchers and linguists — who charged that the author, a journalist by trade, was hopelessly underqualified to undertake such a scholarly endeavor. It was further charged that the trans­ lation, which was published in the journal Vitchyzna, was inaccurate and followed the official Soviet interpreta­ tion of early Ukrainian history. Many of the accusations were published, some of them in samvydav, or underground, publications: The chronicle dates back to the'early formation of Kievan Rus', which was the first Ukrainian state. Most scholars agree that it pre-dated the formation of a Muscovite state, a position hotly disputed by the Soviets. Moreover, Mr. Blyznets's transla­ tion, which was sanctioned by the official Ukrainian Writers' Union, was to be used as part of the over-all celebration of the 1,500th anniversary of Kiev. M pst scholars in the West agree that the choice of 1982 as the year to commemorate the event had less to do with historical accuracy than with political considerations. The theme of the celebration, which coincided with the 60th anniversary of the formation of the USSR, stressed the supposed historical unity of the Russian and Ukrainian people, implying a continuity between the establishment of Kiev and the present USSR, and high­ lighting the Kremlin's current nationali­ ties policies.
(Continued on page 15)

Ivan Svitlychny JERSEY CITY, N.J. - This time last year, Ukrainians in the West received news that Ukrainian literary critic Ivan Svitlychny had suffered a massive stroke while serving his exile term in the remote Gorno-Altaisk region, some 3,640 kilometers from Moscow. It was his second stroke in less than four months. He was re­ ported to be in extremely critical condition.

A year later, in 1967, Mr. Svitly­ chny signed a petition to Petro Shelest, then head of the Ukrainian Communist Party, protesting the procedural violations during the trial that year of Ukrainian journalist Vyacheslav Chomovil. Mr. ChorA poet, scholar and leading literary novil, who was charged with "slander­ critic, Mr. Svitlychny was. one.of.a ing" the Soviet state, had compiled . group of young Ukrainian intellec­ eyewitness documentation about tuals who spearheaded the revival in irregularities in the 1965-66 secret the public and cultural life of U- trials. kraine in the 1960s. In so doing, he The petition was also signed by his sacrificed a promising career, and ultimately paid for his courage with sister, Nadia Svitiychna, as well as the loss of his freedom and the Mr. Dzyuba and Ms. Kostenko. collapse of his health. 1 On January 12, 1972, Mr. Svitly­ Ivan Svitlychny was born in 1929 chny was arrested, purportedly in in the Luhanske region of Ukraine. connection with the Dobosh case. He completed Kharkiv University in Yaroslav Dobosh was a tourist from 1952, and worked at the Institute of Belgium who was arrested that Literature at the Academy of Sciences month, allegedly for trying to make contacts with Ukrainian dissidents. of the Ukrainian SSR. His literary critiques on Vasyl Symonenko and others were pub­ lished in such leading journals as Dnipro and Vitchyzna. Charged with "anti-Soviet agita­ tion and propaganda," Mr. Svitly­ chny was brought to trial in April 1973. He was sentenced to seven years in a labor camp to be followed by five years' internal exile. After serving his camp term in Camp no. 35 in Perm, Mr. Svitlychny was exiled to the Gorno-Altaisk region. By this time, he was suffering from kidney ailments and high blood pressure. Two years after beginning his term, he suffered two strokes.

Red Army POWs now in Switzerland

Soviets arrest mother and son

In the early 1960s, however, Mr. Svitlychny ran afoul of the Soviet literary establishment after becoming invoived with young Ukrainian in­ tellectuals and dissidents, who came to be known as the "Shestydesiatnyky." Among these were writers Ivan Dzyuba, Lina Kostenko, Vasyl Stus and Yuriy Badzio.

ZURICH, Switzerland - Seven Soviet soldiers captured by the Afghan insurgents are now guests of the Swiss government, and they appear to be AMSTERDAM, Netherlands - A thoroughly, enjoying their internment Ukrainian mother and son who have in this Alpine country, reported. The been seeking permission to emigrate, Economist. from the USSR.were recently sentenced to Because the Geneva conventions two; years' imprisonment, reported, the expressly forbid press access to pri­ Smoloskyp Ukrainian information soners of war, the names of the soldiers Service. are not known, but they were brought to Halyna Maksymovych, 50, and her Switzerland by the International Red son Oieksander, who just turned 23, are Cross, two of them in late November, from Uzhhorod in the Zakarpattia after some difficult negotiations. region. The mother is reported to be The Red Cross first suggested that seriously ill. India take the soldiers, but the Afghans Oieksander has been in trouble with objected. The Soviets did not agree to Soviet authorities before. In 1975, when Pakistan, so the Red Cross suggested he was 16, he renounced his Soviet Switzerland, its home base. But there were snags. The Swiss citizenship and demanded permission federal government has no prisons of its to leave. Five years later, he wrote a letter to own so it asked the canton of Bern to the U.S. Congress repeating his request. keep the young men. The request was to His mother wrote a similar letter to prevent them from escaping, to keep Literaturna Gazeta, a Moscow publica­ them busy and not to treat them as ordinary prisoners. tion. The guards at the low-security prison Because of his efforts, Oieksander was arrested in 1980 and sentenced to of St. Jean in Cernier did their best to one and a half years in jail. Prior to their make the prisoners comfortable. They arrest last summer, both mother and took their wards cycling in the scenic son were subject to intense police Jura hills and one day escorted them to harassment, and Oieksander could not a local horse fair. (Continued on page 15) find work.

In 1963, the Soviet journal LiteraBecause of his extremely poor turna Ukraine attacked Messrs. health, Amnesty International, the Svitlychny and Dzyuba. human-rights group, has asked the When the Soviets cracked down Soviet government to release Mr. on the Ukrainian intelligentsia in Svitlychny. Under Article 100 of the 1965, Mr. Svitlychny was among RSFSR Corrective Labor Code, those caught in the huge dragnet. He prisoners suffering from mental was arrested in Kiev along with Mr. illness "or other serious illness pre­ Dzyuba in September, ostensibly for , venting the serving of their sentence, sending a manuscript of Vasyl Symo­ can be freed by a court from serving their sentence..." nenko's diary to the West. Mr. Dzyuba was released, and he Thus far, the Soviets have not protested the arrests along with Messrs. agreed to free Mr. Svitlychny. He is Stus and Badzio by interrupting a due to be released in 1984, but there is screening at the Ukraina theater and genuine fear among human-rights informing the audience of the arrests. groups that he may not live to see the Among those taken into custody in end of his sentence.

Ukrainian WeelclV
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Editor Roma Sochan Hadzawycz Associate editor George Bohdan Zarycky Assistant editor Marti Kolomayets

No. 50



In Madrid

Sen. Dole cites linkage between human rights and disarmament
MADRID - Sen. Robert Dole (RIn the area of disarmament, Sen. Kan.), speaking here at the November Dole linked the success of future nego­ 28 session of the Madrid Review Con­ tiations with Soviet willingness to ference, outlined seven steps the Soviet respect human rights: "For us and for Union must take in order to facilitate an our allies, the quest for disarmament easing of East-West tensions. and the search for peace is inextricably interwoven with respect for human Among the steps were the lifting of rights and fundamental freedoms. The emigration restrictions, the resolution two go hand in hand." of family reunification cases, the release of political prisoners, the improvement American participation in the Madrid of working conditions for journalists meeting, Sen. Dole said, "reflects the and a halt of the jamming of Western American desire to enhance East-West radio broadcasts. security through arms control and to Sen. Dole, who is vice chairman of strengthen economic cooperation as the U.S. delegation to the meeting, also much as possible." called for an end to martial law in Noting that Soviet officials told him Poland and a "renewal of the dialogue" while he was in Moscow that they between the Polish government, the strongly desire better East-West rela­ Catholic Church and the outlawed tions, Sen. Dole said that the Reagan Solidarity trade union, as well as the administration is willing "to open a new removal of Soviet troops from Af­ era of mutual confidence and coopera­ ghanistan. tion between East and West." The Madrid Conference reconvened on November 9 to renew its work in reviewing compliance with the 1975 Helsinki Accords on security and co­ operation in Europe, which were signed by 35 states, including the United States and the Soviet Union. MADRID - The son of Yuri V. He said that Americans are "dis­ Andropov, newly named general affected, perhaps to the point of disil­ secretary of the Communist Party of lusionment" with the lack of com­ the Soviet Union, is a high-ranking pliance on the part of some of the member of the Soviet delegation to signatories, and he cited the repression the Madrid Conference on European in Poland and persecution by the cooperation and security, reported Soviets of the Helsinki monitoring the Smoloskyp Ukrainian Informa­ groups as contributing to this disillusion­ tion Service. ment '' The presence of Ihor Andropov, an assistant to delegation chairman "Indeed, in this very month, Ameri­ Anatoly Kovalov, has fueled spe­ cans are commemorating the sixth culation here that his father's rise to anniversary of the establishment of the power was arranged prior to the Ukrainian and Lithuanian Helsinki death of Leonid Brezhnev on No­ groups, both of which have been parti­ vember 10. cularly hard hit," he said. But others feel that the younger Sen. Dole was also critical of the Mr. Andropov, who shares the num­ Soviet Union's decision to sharply ber two spot in the 31-man delega­ curtail the number of Jews, Armenians tion with Gen. Mykhailov, is essen­ and Germans being granted permission tially a middle-level Foreign Ministry to emigrate from the USSR.

Demjanjuk faces expulsion from U.S. as OS! begins deportation proceedings
CLEVELAND - The Justice De­ partment said on November 30 that it will move to deport John Demjanjuk, a Cleveland autoworker accused of with­ holding information about his war activities when applying to enter the United States after World War II, reported Reuters. The announcement followed a No­ vember 29 refusal by the Supreme Court to hear Mr. Demjanjuk's appeal of the 1981 decision which stripped him of his naturalized citizenship. Mr. Demjanjuk, 62, was denaturalized after a hearing at which witnesses supplied by the Soviet Union said that he was a guard at the Treblinka concentration camp, where he was known as "Ivan the Terrible." They said that he helped operate the gas chambers where some 900,000 Jews were killed. Throughout the trial, which ended in March 1981, Mr. Demjanjuk main­ tained that he was a German prisoner of war, and never took part in any atroci­ ties. His testimony was supported by Feodor Fedorenko, a former guard who was himself denaturalized, who testified that he had never seen the defendant at Treblinka. However, Mr. Demjanjuk did ac­ knowledge that he had withheld infor­ mation about being placed in a German military unit because he feared being forcibly repatriated to the Soviet Union. Millions of former Soviet citizens were sent back to the USSR after the war under provisions of the Yalta Agree­ ment. In filing for a mistrial, defense at­ torneys claimed that the government withheld key information during the denaturalization proceedings which dealt with an incriminatory statement by a Soviet citizen which was not introduced at the trial, but was passed on to the court after the trial was over. The motion also contended that four other Soviet citizens interviewed by the prosecution failed to identify Mr. Demjanjuk, and that the government withheld a statement from a survivor of Treblinka now living in Australia, who identified another man as the guard known as "Ivan the Terrible." The defense also maintained that an identification card purportedly issued to Mr. Demjanjuk, a photocopy of which was supplied by the Soviet Union, was a fake. Following the Supreme Court's re­ fusal to hear Mr. Demjanjuk's appeal, Allan Ryan, director of the Justice Department's Office of Special Investi­ gations, said the government will at­ tempt to bring deportation proceedings against Mr. Demjanjuk by the end of the year. According to Reuters, Mr. Demjan­ juk would be returned to the Soviet Union if deported. И Н ^ Ш И Ш Ш П і

Andropov's son is part of Soviet delegation at Madrid
official, noting that Mr. Brezhnev's son, Yuri, is a deputy minister of foreign trade. Regardless, Smoloskyp reports that the younger Mr. Andropov, said to be in his 40s, has become the subject of intensified media scrutiny since the ascension of his father to the top spot in the CPSU. " Although little is known of his private life, thejunior Mr. Andropov is said to speak several foreign languages, has traveled abroad and was educated in Hungary, where his father was an ambassador in the 1950s. He is also said to be a former close friend of Vladimir Sakharov, a Soviet double-agent who defected to the West in Egypt in 1971.

Soviets to execute two Ukrainians for Nazi collaboration
MOSCOW - Two Ukrainians ac­ cused of involvement in the deaths of 258 persons by German occupation forces during World War II have been sentenced to death by firing squad, reported United Press International. Yakov Ostrovsky and Evfimy Sotsky allegedly served in a police unit set up by German forces, according to the Soviet newspaper Pravda. The UPI story, dated December 6, did not give a date for the executions. It is not clear how news of the death sentences will effect the cases of several Ukrainians currently facing deporta­ tion after being stripped of their natura­ lized U.S. citizenship for allegedly collaborating with German occupation forces during World War II and with­ holding this information when applying to enter this country under the Dis­ placed Persons Act. Earlier in the week, Reuters reported that the Justice Department's Office of Special Investigations will begin de­ portation proceedings against John Demjanjuk, a 62-year-old Cleveland autoworker whose citizenship was revoked for allegedly covering up the fact that he was a guard at the Treblinka concentration camp. According to Reuters, Mr. Demjan­ juk will probably be deported to the Soviet Union.

The Siberian pipeline and Russification
ELLICOTT CITY, Md. - The Kremlin's decision to run a 690-mile segment of the Siberian natural-gas pipeline through Ukraine is part of an effort to fully incorporate the republic into a single all-union energy complex, thereby further under­ cutting its cultural and spiritual identity. According to Osyp Zinkewych, writing in the fall 1982 issue of Smoloskyp, the Soviet regime "plans to use the pipeline as an unbreakable tie that will forever bind Ukraine to Russia and create one economic and political whole." Mr. Zinkewych bases his conclu­ sion on several indicators, including the growing influx of non-Ukrainian workers to build the pipeline, the destruction of several towns that have managed to keep their Ukrai­ nian identity to make way for the pipeline and the establishment of new villages and towns made up of non-Ukrainian workers and ma­ nagers. Over the years, Ukraine has be­ come one of the world's largest producers of natural gas, and it has large reserves as well. According to Soviet statistics, proven natural gas reserves in Щгаіпе are estimated to be 5,789 billion cubic meters (bcm), mostly near Shebelynka and Khrestyshynske in the Kharkiv region. By contrast, the United States has 5,673 bcms in reserve. But, according to Mr. Zinkewych, most of the Ukrainian gas is piped out of the republic into Russia and other neighboring republics, as well as to Eastern Europe. Other existing pipelines traversing Ukraine carry natural gas to West Germany, France, Austria and Italy. In making Ukraine an integral part of the Soviet energy network, the Kremlin has also done everything to ensure political.stability in the area by undermining the Ukrainian iden­ tity and cutting off Ukraine from the West. The author points out that there will be a dozen or so pumping and compressor stations along the pipe­ line in Ukraine, mostly near towns with a history of retaining a strong Ukrainian identity, towns such as Husiatyn, Khoten, Dolyna and Uzhhorod. "Eacii such existing station is, and each such future station will be, serviced and guarded by several thousand Russians and Russified colonists brought into Ukraine who, together with their families, are carriers of Russian cultural expan­ sionism and will serve as instruments in the subjugation of the local popu­ lation," wrote Mr. Zinkewych. According to Soviet statistics, Russians now make up 21 percent of the population of Ukraine. They constitute 40 percent of the popula­ tion of the Voroshylovhrad region and 67 percent of the population of the Crimea, as well as significant percentages in the Donetske, Kharkiv and Zaporizhzhia regions. The aim of this resettlement, according to the author, is to "kill the spirit of Ukraine, turning it into merely a geographical unit, whose population will have lost its national and political aspirations." In his conclusion, Mr. Zinkewych chides the West for not recognizing Ukraine's huge energy potential, particularly in the framework of what be sees as growing unrest and instability in the USSR, particularly in Ukraine.




No. 50

JERSEY CITY, N.J. - UNA Supreme President John O. Flis has expressed thanks to Patriarch Josyf for his message supporting the Ukrainian Catholic hierarchs' appeal for community unity. Mr. Flis thanked the patriarch in a November 30 letter for "attention and encouragement to continue our efforts" toward the "sacred goal" of unity within the Ukrainian American community. The full text of the letter follows.

UNA president 350 hear Borovsky's lecture on human rights MINNEAPOLIS - Over 350 the thanks patriarch dents and faculty members attendedstu- stein of the Minnesota Daily, that sota departments: history, humanities, an university newspaper. She wrote international relations, political science open forum on the nuclear freeze and "Borovsky blasted the Soviet Union for and Russian and East European studies. for message human-rights movements in the Soviet its militaristic aggression in other The event was well-publicized; ISO
Union, which featured Ukrainian exile Victor Borovsky at the University of Minnesota Mayo Auditorium on Saturday evening, November 6. The forum began at 7:30 p.m. and the two speakers, Mr. Borovsky and Andrij Karkoc, who served as moderator, translator and co-panelist, were introduced by Walter Anastas Jr., president of the Ukrainian Students' Organization. Both speakers opened with remarks involving persecution in the USSR and Western peace movements. Mr. Borovsky gave detailed reports of the psychiatric abuse of political prisoners in Soviet hospitals. The floor was opened to discussion and Mr. Borovsky was confronted by representatives of various organizations as well as individual members of the audience. Women from both Women Against Military Madness and the International League for Peace and Freedom said that they were impressed by the Soviet people's desire for peace. Mr. Borovsky stated that although Soviet citizens "are aware of what's going on in the world, in regard to the nuclear arms race, they are more concerned with their stomachs." He said that Soviet citizens don't have time for peace movements because they spend most of their time standing in line to buy food. Such statements turned the forum into a debate, reported Cheryl Hohencountries and condemned it for suppressing the human rights of Soviet citizens." Mr. Borovsky was challenged by a national representative of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom who visited the Soviet Union last summer and said that a lot of people work on Saturday and give their Saturday pay to the peace movement. The Ukrainian Students' Organization responded to this remark with a letter to the newspaper, saying that the statement is "so divorced from the reality of a compulsory six-day work week that their (the group's) comprehension of any of Mr. Borovsky's arguments must be negligible." According to the school newspaper, the follow-up dialogue that continued after the open forum, included three opinion pieces, four letters to the editor and a front-page story. One opinion piece contended that the open forum "on the Nuclear Freeze Movement in the USSR provided not information, but further polarization, reinforcement of Russophobia vs. a rededication by anti-war activists to challenge the destructive power of the Pentagon." The forum was initiated by the Ukrainian Students' Organization and Mr. Karkoc, forum coordinator. It was co-sponsored by the organization, the local chapter of Amnesty International, and the following University of Minneposters and 2,000 leaflets were distributed. Both leading television stations, WCCO-Channel 4 (CBS) and KSTPChannel 5 (ABC) covered the story on their 6 and 10 p.m. news programs. A press conference was held at the Minnesota Press Club at 1 p.m. on that day in connection with Mr. Borovsky's appearance. The city's paper, the Minneapolis Star and Tribune, ran an article on Mr. Borovsky's press conference. Mr. Borovsky, 26, is a former Soviet political prisoner who was forced to leave the Soviet Union in 1977. Asa 19year-old college student in Ukraine, he was expelled from school and incarcerated in a "psychiatric hospital" for quoting Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn in front of his classmates. After his release, he became active in the human-rights movement. He was quickly punished with a second term of psychiatric care and was given a choice: either emigrate or remain an inmate. He chose the former. Mr. Borovsky is the author of Ukrainian-language memoirs, "Kiss of Satan." He currently works for the Ukrainian Service of Radio Liberty in New York. He is a lecturer for Freedom Foundation, a non-profit educational organization based in Valley Forge, Pa., and is presently speaking on a tour addressing leadership conferences sponsored by the American Legion.

Speaking on behalf of the Supreme Executive Committee of the Ukrainian National Association and myself, please accept assurances of our deep and abiding gratitude for the trust that Your Holiness has expressed to us in his letter of November 11 regarding our attempts at returning the spirit of mutual respect and constructive cooperation within our Ukrainian American community, and supporting the historic appeal of Our Ukrainian Catholic hierarchs in the United States. I can honestly assure Your Holiness that it is precisely in the spirit of this appeal and with only the good of our community and our Ukrainian nation in mind that we have conducted ourselves and have attempted to influence others to also act in this spirit. We, as well as the 26 other organizations that belong to the Committee for Law and Order in the UCCA, will continue our efforts — as Your Holiness states in his letter - toward a return of mutual respect and constructive cooperation in our community. Once again, we sincerely thank Your Holiness for his attention and encouragement to continue our efforts toward this sacred goal, and we assure you that we will indeed do so.

San Franciscans protest Soviet human-rights violations

UVAN plans publication of book series
NEW YORK - The Ukrainian Academy of Arts and Sciences (UVAN) has issued an appeal to the Ukrainian community asking for help in publishing a new series of books titled "Sources for the Modern History of Ukraine." The materials published in this series will include many writings found in the academy archives. The academy has collected much material since its inception and, along with other historical sources, it would like to see this material published. The general editing of the materials will be done by Jaroslav Bilynsky, Vasyl Omelchenko and Oleh Fedyshyn. Each volume of the publication, dealing with a different epoch, will have its. own editor. The first volume of the series is dedicated to Prof. Volodymyr Miakovsky, one of the founders of the academy and the founder of the UVAN ArchivesMuseum. The volume is composed of forgotten and never-before published works, dealing mainly with 19th and 20th century social movements, as well as new Ukrainian literature. It will also include data about Prof. Miakovsky. The editor of this volume is Marko Antonovych.
(CootkaMd oa pf 11)

Crowd gathers outside the Soviet Consulate in San Francisco to protest human-rights violations by the Soviets on the 65th anniversary of the Bolshevik coup. captive nations of Eastern Europe, Mr. Weres, in an appeal for unificaby Barbara Kubichka Central Asia and Cuba. tion among Ukrainians, Afghans, SAN FRANCISCO - Human-rights As the crowd gathered outside the Czechs, Slovaks, Russians, Soviet jews, Cubans and Poles, said: "There are no violations in the Soviet Union were the consulate, a series of speakers, recalled focus of a peaceful demonstration held a long list of examples of Soviet human- strategies developed to deal with the November 7 outside the Soviet Consu- rights violations, including, the Ukrai- Soviets. It is up to us to provide this. We late in San Francisco. The rally, or- nian famine of 1932-33, the persecution are the ones'to, provide the concepts arid ganized by the Ukrainian Congress of Helsinki Accords monitoring groups build policies toward the Soviet bioc. We must leave behind the prejudices of Committee of Northern California, the and the plight of the Soviet Jews. Europe and come together, work toPolish American Congress and the gether and take steps to attain this." Coordinating Committee for Human The marchers cheered and applauded Rights in the USSR, attracted a crowd in overwhelming agreement when Oleh of about 150 marchers carrying signs in Weres of the Ukrainian Congress ComMr. Weres was later interviewed by support of the Solidarity free trade- mittee voiced what everyone was think- Channels 2 and 7. The demonstration union movement and calling for an end ing - that the Soviets are not representa- received media attention and was broadto Soviet imperialism. tives of any of the people of Eastern cast on the evening news throughout the Europe. The demonstrators represented the Bay Area.

No. 50




Concert reviews

World premiere of Fiala symphony: an important, extraordinary event
by Juliana Osinchuk TORONTO - On Sunday, November 21, the Canadian Ukrainian Opera Chorus and Orchestra under the direction of Wolodymyr Kolesnyk presented a concert in Toronto including two contrasting important Ukrainian works: the 4th Symphony by George Fiala and "Caucasus" by Stanyslav Liudkevych. There was a tremendous air of anticipation for this sold-out concert as 2,600 people filed into the new Roy Thomson Hall which is celebrating its inaugural season. The first half of the program was Fiala's Symphony No. 4, subtitled "Ukrainian." Written in 1973 and commissioned by the CBC, it finally received its world premiere at this concert. A work in four movements, it is appropriately subtitled "Ukrainian" as Mr. Fiala blended many Ukrainian folk motifs and dance rhythms with his own contemporary style throughout the work. The orchestration is somewhat reminiscent of mid-20th century French composers, but also has many sparkling and inventive instrumental combinations. The writing features many members of the orchestra in solo passages, and a variety of sound coloration ranging from chamber to a full orchestra with piano and celeste. The first movement, Moderato, shows off Mr. Fiala's mastery of rhythmic and melodic contrapunctal writing, including fugato passages. The second movement in a Kozachok dance. The Adagio follows with plaintive melodic writing, building very gradually to the dramatic climax of the piece, and then proceeds to the finale which ties together the musical ideas of the piece. The work and its performance were acknowledged with much applause, and Mr. Fiala received a standing ovation. One of the greatest symphonic cantatas in Ukrainian literature was written at the turn of this century by Stanyslav Liudkevych to the words of Tares She vchenko's poem "Caucasus." This work in four movements was featured in the second half of the concert. It encompasses a very wide range of dramatic effects and emotional moods dictated by the text. The style is late romantic with a vast musical scope and splendor. Mr. Kolesnyk succeeded in bringing out all those emotions and the grandness of the work. The chorus was in terrific shape and responded to all of its director's needs. At times the orchestra sounded slightly hesitant, as if unfamiliar with the music, but the over-all effect was wonderful. Mr. Kolesnyk and the Canadian Ukrainian Opera Association is to be highly commended and congratulated for this important and extraordinary event.

Ukrainian Museum benefit: memorable gala concert
by Roman Sawycky The Ukrainian Museum in New York has long been the object of much praise within the Ukrainian community, and now it is highly regarded in New York's artistic circles as well. To maintain its high level of professionalism and, also, to expand and improve itself, the museum staged a benefit concert of music, dance and poetry on Sunday, November 14, at the Eisner and Lubin Auditorium of New York University locatedoffNew York City's Washington Square. This gala program opened to a large and enthusiastic audience. Thefirstnumber on the program was Vasyl Barvinsky's Trio in A-Minor (Finale — "Kolomyika^) performed by Thomas Hrynkiw, piano, Halyna Strike, violin, and Nestor Cybriwsky, cello. The trio brought lyrical and temperamental elements to the fore with elan and excellent balance. The noted and popular tenor, Ed Evanko, sang Andriy's aria from Lysenko's epic "Tares Bulba"and "Amor ti vieta" from the opera "Fedora" by Giordano. Mr. Evanko has an appealing lyric tenor with a metallic sheen, and his vast stage experience was in strong evidence here. The dance team of Nusha Martynuk and Carter McAdams presented two creations: "Dark Forms" (choreographed by Martynuk, McAdams and O. Rodriguez) arid "Hrytsiu" (choreography by Martynuk). pleased the audience which awarded him with a good round of applause. Bandurist Julian Kytasty presented the "Kozak's Lament" and a duma in the arrangement of O. Dzubenko. The first selection depicts the death of a Kozak who left behind his black stallion and his weapons; it is a dirgefilledwith melodic pain. The Dzubenko duma tells the story of a widow and the three sons' who turn against her, ejecting the mother from their house because she would just be in the way. As a result, curses and misfortune plague the sons. The performer, clad in a colorful Kozak costume and singing in a not too strong, often recitative voice, reminded us of the ancient kobzars, and so his renditions had aringof authenticity. As a bandurist, his facility with the instrument was impressive. Following the bandurist, dancer Motria Slupchynskyj presented "Three Easy Pieces" by Igor Stravinsky. The music (on tape) was lean, angular, not devoid of tonality. The dancer was in excellent form and presented her pieces not without wit. The lighting here was effectively managed. The poem "Owl" by Taras Shevchenko, as recited by actress Lydia Krushelnytsky, followed. This was a lengthy piece depicting a mother's musings about her newborn son and their life's sad story. The superb vocal delivery enunciated an atmosphere of utter sadness and hopelessness. Concert pianist Juliana Osinchuk played Etude-Tableau No. 5 by Andriy Shtoharenko, "Ballade Ukraine" by Liszt and Prelude in E-Flat Major, Op. 7, by Lev Revutsky. Shtoharenko's work plays like a heroic toccata. Liszt's "oeuvre" was composed de facto in Ukraine and is based on the popular melody "Oy ne khody Hrytsiu," attributed to Marusia Churay (the same melody was also used by the Martyniuk/McAdams dance team previously mentioned). The Revutsky features delicate romanticism which leads gradually via cascades of sound into an extensive, expressive and heroic prelude. Ms. Osinchuk's Ukrainian piano pieces were ideally played. The pianist has no technical difficulties, and she uses this enviable quality only as a means to an end, i.e. artisticfinish,and not as an end in itself. Ms. Osinchuk's performance concluded the program, since Metropolitan Opera basso Paul Plishka did not perform due to illness. Mr. Hrynkiw was the piano accompanist for Messrs. Evanko and Dobriansky, while Ms. Osinchuk accompanied Ms. Lypeckyj. Stage and television personality Laryssa KukryckyLysniak (Lauret) was master of ceremonies. Aside from this reviewer's opinion that at times the program was too plaintive for the occasion, the concert was very successful (the hall was filled to capacity as was the reception room later on). At the end of the program, Dr. Bohdan Cymbalisty, chairman of the museum's board of directors, thanked the performers for contributing their time and talent to this memorable gala concert.

New releases

on' X-mas ornaments
NEW YORK - The Ukrainian National Women's League of America and The Ukrainian Museum have published a handbook titled "How to Make Christmas Tree Ornaments." The 80-page book was compiled by Anastasia Smereczynska and translated into English by Mary Jarymowycz. The design of the book is by Oksana Kushnir, drawings are by Hanusia Rohoza. (A Ukrainian edition is also available.) The amply illustrated book includes chapters on ornaments made of beads, strew, eggshells, walnuts and paper, and special chapters on making baskets, angels, chains and other special decorations. The handbook is available for S6 from the UNWLA, 108 Second Ave., New York, N.Y. 10003; or The Ukrainian Museum, 203 Second Ave., New York, N.Y. 10003.

origin, purposes and programs; publications and information on library hold- "Dark Forms" is a modern dance ings; institutional affiliation, memberabout dreams and nightmares, which ship and consultative status. "Human-Rights Directory: Western alternately projects moments of relaxaEurope" is the third volume in the tion and tension. "Hrytsiu" combines Human Rights Internet directory series. modern dance vocabulary with tradiThe first two were: "Human Rights tional Ukrainian values expressed in Directory: Latin America, Africa, Asia" terms of a medley of folk melodies. Both and "North American Human Rights dances used an ingenious pre-recorded tape and both, especially "Hrytsiu," Directory." A "Human Rights Directory: Eastern projected exuberance and humor. Europe" will be published in early 1983. Mezzo-soprano Christina Lypeckyj The cost of the West European directory is S30, or SIS for those who appeared with three numbers: "My subscribe to Human Rights Internet Heart is Aflame" by the contemporary Reporter, a bimonthly publication that composer of Ukraine, O. Bilash, an aria describes the activities of non-govern- from Rossini's "Cinderella" filled with mental organizations, recent publica- embellishments, and a sweet and aptions, conferences and other material pealing love aria,"Faites-lui mes aveux," from Gounod's "Faust." Outside of one related to human rights. or two strained notes which seemed to The book may be ordered from: fall outside her range, she brought the Human Rights Internet, 1502OgdenSt. song and arias off with aplomb befitting N.W., Washington, D.C. 20010. her considerable concert experience. The Metropolitan Opera's bassbaritone Andrij Dobriansky performed three selections: Doctor's aria from the opera "The Rival Son" by Dmytro Bortniansky, Ostap's aria from "Taras ESSENDON, Australia - The first Bulba" by Lysenko, and "Old Woman issue of the Australian Ukrainian in Church" by Stepovy. Review, a new quarterly newsletter of the Ukrainian Research and InformaMr. Dobriansky's repertoire never tion Centre, was published here recently. stagnates, but always offers something The 12-page English-language news- new and fresh. The relatively recent letter "shall endeavor to bring to its discovery of Bortniansky had Mozart's readers' attention the latest news of lightness and grace. The epic Ostap's events, in Ukraine. In some instances, aria rebukes his dead brother Andriy this may be months old, as it reaches the for his treason and ill-found love. West through underground channels" Stepovy's jocose piece (text by Rudansaid the first editorial. "But it is vital to sky) depicts an old woman in church the interests of those struggling for who brings one too many candles and national, human and religious freedoms therefore lights one to the devil since, in Ukraine that their suffering is publi- according to her, one must have friends cized here," it said. not only in heaven but also in hell —just The publication encourages reader in case. participation. It is published at As a critic once said, Mr. DobrianC/-3-11 Russell St., Essendon, Victoria sky's voice "filled the hall to the rafters 3040, Australia. with ease."1 His velvety bass-baritone

Newsletter for Australia's Ukrainians

Directory of rights groups
WASHINGTON - Human Rights Internet, an international communications, network and clearinghouse on human rights, has published the "Human Rights Directory: Western Europe," a 336-page directory that describes over 800 West European-based organizations concerned with human rights. The directory is organized by countries and lists the following information on each organization: address and telephone number; staff and /or officers;



No. 50

Letters to the editor

Musings on the women's conference

rainian Weekly
Pipeline pirouette
In a move aimed at placating an increasingly churlish Western European alliance, President Ronald Reagan announced late last month that he is lifting sanctions against the Soviet natural-gas pipeline. The decision marks an end to the government's prohibition against U.S. companies and their European affiliates supplying equipment for the huge pipeline. In return, President Reagan said that the aHies have agreed to curb high-technology trade with the Soviets. Well, sort of. It now appears that the Europeans only agreed to conduct several studies, and the agreement was little more than a verbal understanding. Moreover, the Europeans still seem unwilling to link the situation in Poland to East-West commercial relations. France has been particularly petulant. No sooner had Mr. Reagan announced his decision, than France charged that no such deal was made. In fact, we find little merit in the president's action. His political pirouette on the pipeline sanctions does little more than signal a lack of a coherent policy vis-a-vis the Soviet Union. What's more, it eliminates the only punitive measure taken directly against the Soviets for their role in the declaration of martial law in Poland. Proponents of the president's decision have said that it rectifies the perception that the administration was holding the Europeans to a double standard by asking them not to sell pipeline.equipment to the Soviets at a time when the United States was on the verge of finalizing a huge wheat deal with Moscow. But this is clearly tendentious thinking, and here's why. There is an obvious difference between a grain deal that depletes Moscow's precious hard-currency reserves and one that will ultimately serve to line Soviet coffers. Not only will buying natural gas from the Soviets bring in millions of francs and Deutsch marks, but it will also make the European countries far too energy-dependent on an inscrutable regime that could, given the political climate, turn off the tap or jack up the price. In addition, given the Soviet Union's record of shoddy workman­ ship, a wholly unpredictable distribution system and an unreliable work force, there is no guarantee that the whole project might not end up as one big and expensive boondoggle. There is also the possibility, albeit remote, that political instability in the USSR may some day result in a crisis similar to the one in Poland. This would surely jeopardize the flow of gas from East to West. Clearly, the entire scheme to make Western Europe in any way dependent on the USSR for something as essential as energy was simply a bad idea that got out of hand. It is also true that the United States cannot dictate policy for the Europeans. But the president's ban on pipeline sales did, at the very least, indicate this government's profound displeasure with the arrangement. But the pipeline is significant for another reason, one that has nothing to do with European dependency or Poland. Moscow is using the pipeline as yet another means of putting a stranglehold on the USSR's constituent republics, particularly Ukraine. A large segment of the pipeline, some 690 miles, will go through Ukraine, which now supplies most of the natural gas for Russia, Byelorussia and Bulgaria. For the Kremlin, this has a dual purpose. Already, pipeline construction has led to the planned alteration of several Ukrainian towns and villages which have managed to retain a strong Ukrainian identity, towns such as Husiatyn, Dolynaand Uzhhorod. In Husiatyn, for example, whole sections of the town will be razed. The compressor stations near these toWns will be manned by non-Ukrainians, mostly Russians, who will bring their culture with them. Moreover, not more than 10 to 20 percent of the workers on the project will be local Ukrainians, which smacks of discrimination and economic disenfranchisement. The pipeline, then, can be seen as another Russification weapon. From another point of view, Moscow hopes that girding Ukraine with miles of pipeline will bind it closer to Russia by making it an integral part of a huge interdependent energy network. We can only assume that this aspect of the pipeline was not on President Reagan's mind when he decided to lift the ban, nor, apparently, were reports that political prisoners and Vietnamese are being used as slave labor on the project. It is clear that his main concern was to shore up relations with the NATO allies directly affected by the sanctions. But whatever the reasons, punking out on the embargo was, from a moral, political and long-term economic view, a regrettable and short-sighted decision.

Dear Editor: Although almost two months have passed since the Ukrainian Woman in Two Worlds conference, I would like to share my thoughts on the conference with the readers of The Weekly. I'm surprised that more of the participants who were so overwhelmingly pleased at the success of the conference haven't written to voice their thoughts and .continue the free spirit of discussion that the event fostered.

The conference served as a meeting place for people who were isolated from During the "Working Woman"panel, each other and, perhaps, the Ukrainian community, for many years. That everyone could feel the sense of together­ ness and power in the room, filled to weekend I had met friends that I hadn't seen for six to 10 years. Actually, the capacity with eager, intelligent and group of friends I grew up with in New forceful Ukrainian women. The "Ukrai­ York was reunited at the conference. nians and American Politics" panel Five of them are now married and living revealed panelists that were very welloutside of New York. They had all informed and really doing something in converged on the conference without the political world. The same could be knowing that the others would be there. said for the media panel: "Communi­ We, who last saw each other as children- cations Media Inside and Outside the going-on-teenagers, were happy to see Ukrainian Community." each other as mature women participat­ As the chairwoman of the Conference ing in a very adult conference, taking part in the discussions and voicing very Organizing Committee said during the opening ceremonies: "We are women relevant opinions and remarks. whose lives are enriched and compli­ Very relevant to my friends was the cated by our two cultures." The con­ "Intermarriage" panel, since all five of ference succeeded in helping to begin to them are married to non-Ukrainian solve some of these conflicts. men. I could see that they were all excited by the discussion and sat all in a On the whole, I think that everyone row to provide each other with support. went home from the conference re­ I saw that they were waiting for some­ freshed and pleasantly surprised, with thing like this for a long time: a free and their faith in the Ukrainian community supportive atmosphere in which to happily restored and strengthened. voice opinions that were very important Ulana M. Blyznak to them. New York

I, myself, was very interested in "The Ukrainian Singles Scene" panel and found it to be a very uplifting ex­ perience. The free exchange of ideas that the panel fostered was like the fresh outdoor air in which the panel was held. I had never seen Ukrainians talk in such a free and easy manner among them­ selves, without any mention or thoughts of internal politics or stifling formali­ ties. This was the atmosphere that pervaded all the panelists and partici­ pants that weekend.

Bandura booster asks for community support
Dear Editor: The bandura is the traditional instru­ ment of Ukraine, and it is firmly imbedded in the history and culture of this unique area. In ages past, bards called kobzars used the bandura to accompany their storytelling and play the traditional dances. The instrument almost died out, but enjoyed a tremendous resurgence just after the turn of the century through the efforts of one Hnat Khotkevych. Ukrainians here in America have always played their traditional instru­ ment, but the bandura's popularity greatly increased when the members of the Bandurist Chorus came here after World War II. With this tremendous increase in popularity came a larger demand for instruments. Until fairly recently, in­ expensive instruments were available from the factory in Chernihiv. For political reasons, these instruments are no longer available. The only other banduras currently available are instru­ ments hand-made by the four or five people still making them. These instru­ ments are excellent, but they are expen­ sive and the quantity available is small. The effects of this lack of supply have been felt throughout the free world, and especially here in New York. The New York School of Bandura has done much ю turiner tne oandura here in New York and throughout North America. With their help, and to attempt some solution to this problem, I have begun a class at the Ukrainian Institute. Any interested person can come here and learn how to construct a simple instrument on his own. I have proposed a three-step program which would require an escalating amount of funds. Step one is the class I am currently teaching, which will show anyone how to build a simple instru­ ment. We have no workshop facilities, so all actual work has to be done by each participant without much direct super­ vision. Step two would be an apprenticeship program in which each student would receive direct instruction in woodwork­ ing techniques and would build a master instrument. This step would require a workspace, some tools, materials and basic facilities (benches, storage, etc.). Step three would be the establish­ ment of a permanent workshop facility for turning out banduras on a larger scale. This would involve not only the space and benches of the apprenticeship program, but an investment in the machinery needed to produce high quality instruments in sufficient quan­ tity to meet demand and make them available at a reasonable price. This is a critical period for the bandura. If the instrument is to survive, then something like what I have pro­ posed is urgently needed. Interest in this wonderful instrument is growing and is beginning to spread outside of the Ukrai­ nian community. The only way to fan the flames of this growing interest is to have instruments and instruction available to those who want it. This takes money. The people are there. The skills are there. The organization is there. What is needed is the funding to get it going. Ken Bloom New York

No. 5Q



The study of Ukrainian history in U.S.: perceptions and misconceptions
by John S. Reshetar Jr. perception of Russian political history.9 і CONCLUSION Idonotwishto suggest that there was With certain exceptions, the limited and inadequate perceptions of Ukraine a conscious conspiracy to suppress or distort the historical record in teaching acquired by American students are a consequence of a fragmented and very and in research, but I do think that there incomplete treatment of Ukrainian was, and probably still is, a (quasi) history in courses that usually deal with "conspiracy" of ignorance, indifference the "history of Russia." Ukrainian and a reluctance to abandon or modify history is merely touched on whenever it established mind-sets. This condition also had its origins in appears to have some relevance for the attitude reflected in President Russian developments. The Kievan period of Ukrainian Woodrow Wilson's commitment to history is said to be the history of restore the "one and indivisible" Rus­ "Kievan Russia" and the introduction sian Empire in 1919. Although Wilson of Christianity into Ukraine in 988 is applied the principle of national selfsaid to be the introduction of Christia­ determination to the Austro-Hungarian nity into Russia — even though, as was and Ottoman Empires, he was unwilling pointed out above, the ancestors of the to apply it to the defunct Russian 10 Russians beheaded two Kievan mis­ Empire. Wilson favored independence sionaries in 1113, a century and a for Poland and Czechoslovakia but not quarter later. Mention is usually made for Ukraine; self-determination was of the Pereyaslav Treaty, Hetman good for Poles and Czechs but not for Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Feofan Pro ко­ Ukrainians. Very few American diplomats have ро vich, Gogol, Shevchenko, and Cathe­ concerned themselves with Ukraine, rine II and the founding of Odessa. The causes of this condition are many and former Ambassador George Kennan and varied. They include the inadequate in 1951 likened Ukraine to Pennsylvania teaching of geography both in Ameri­ in a manner that revealed a rather can secondary schools and in colleges, appalling carelessness and unfamiliarity which is reflected in the fact that many with the historical record as well as an American students may not know that abuse of the notion of historical Ukraine is located between Russia and and geographical analogy." That un­ Hungary/between Poland and Ru­ fortunate episode is indicative of the mania, and between Byelorussia and kinds of historical (mis)interpretations that specialists in Ukrainian history Czechoslovakia. ' However, the basic cause lies in the have had to overcome. fact that in American colleges and Few American journalists have visited universities the courses are on Russian and written about Ukraine, and today history and do not really include the one hardly ever sees a news, dispatch history of the Soviet Union, and give emanating from the Ukrainian capita! little attention, if any, to the non- (just as one rarely sees a news dispatch Russian peoples. Furthermore, most from Leningrad, the. Soviet Union's college courses on Russian history do second largest city).Ji The Soviet go­ not give adequate attention to the vernment is largely responsible for this history of Muscovite and Russian isolation of Ukraine from the media, expansionism and empire-building. and this condition — the result of a Most professors of Russian history deliberate policy. - has helped to keep seem not to understand that the history Ukraine "in the shadows." of Russia as an imperial system is much In addition, the Russians as a na­ mare than Russian history, i.e. it is tionality have often had a good press in more than the history of the Russian the United States, while the Bolsheviks people. or Soviet Communists have had a bad .Historians in the United States who press, in general, except for the First specialize in Russian history have Five-Year Plan and the 1941-45 war tended to accept uncritically the tenets years when Bolshevism gained a certain of Russian national historiography. respectability. The acceptability of the The most prominent Ukrainian histo­ term "Russian" was reflected in the rian, Mykhailo Hrushevsky, who in naming of the American public aid terms of his scholarly publications can organization that sought to aid Soviet compare very favorably with the best of civilians during the war; significantly, it the Russian historians, has not been was called "Russian War Relief." accorded adequate attention by those President Franklin Roosevelt, like who teach the history of Russia. The Prime Minister Winston Churchill, uncritical acceptance of the Russian often referred to the Soviet Union as historian Vasilii Kliuchevsky and the "Russia." Such carelessness in not neglect of Mykhailo Hrushevsky must referring to the country by its correct be understood in terms of the circum­ (and official) name reflects the persis­ stances in which the teaching of Russian tence of established thought patterns history originated and developed in the and an unwillingness to recognize United States. distinctions. Prior to World War II only a few Apart from cultural and political universities had professorships dealing Russophilism and an uncritical accep­ with Russian history (Harvard, Yale, tance of Russian national historio­ Columbia, Michigan, Chicago, Stan­ graphy by American historians and ford and Berkeley). In the case of misinformation in the media, a contri­ Harvard, Yale, Michigan, Stanford and butory cause of the lack of awareness of one of the two professorships at Co­ Ukraine lay in the nature of the earlier lumbia, the professors were well-known Ukrainian immigrations, in the United emigre, historians. Two prominent States. The Ukrainian immigrants who Russian emigre sociologists (at Har­ came to the United States between the vard and Fordham universities) contri­ 1880s and the 1920s were workers and buted to the process of perceiving the farmers, persons of predominantly Soviet Union in terms that tended to peasant background, who contributed make it synonymous with and limited to substantially to the development of Russia. The late Samuel N. Harper, American industry and agriculture. professor of Russian studies at the However, their ranks included very few University of Chicago, was representa­ intellectuals. tive of a cultural Russophilism that Furthermore, a significant number of almost inevitably tends to affect the immigrants were from Carpatho-Ukraine — traditionally, and in the past, a region of less-developed national consciousness. The condition of the immigrants from Carpatho-Ukraine was in marked contrast to that of the immigrants from Eastern Galicia, whose national consciousness was quite welldeveloped and was related to the de­ velopment of the Ukrainian literary language and to the writings of such authors as Ivan Franko, Markian Shashkevych and Vasyl Stefanyk. The Galician Ukrainians accepted the literary heritage of Tares Shevchenko and his successors and also established the Shevchenko Scientific Society in Lviv (1873) with the aid of Eastern Ukrai­ nian scholars and philanthropists from the Russian Empire. Thus, the Galician Ukrainians had to cope with the parochialism and limited horizons of the immigrants from Car­ patho-Ukraine who lacked a developed intelligentsia and a fully developed literary language. The nature of the Ukrainian immigra­ tion changed in the post-World War II period when many of the Ukrainian newcomers to the United States arrived with professional training and intellec­ tual accomplishments. This qualitative change in the Ukrainian immigration in the United States (and in Canada) contributed to the developing interest in Ukrainian studies and to greater recog­ nition of Ukraine in American academic life. An important breakthrough occurred, commencing in the 1950s, with the publication of a substantial number of doctoral dissertations on Ukrainian subjects.13 These works, most of which were written by political scientists, were reviewed in the scholarly journals and contributed significantly to the scholarly literature. Political scientists became involved because historians, with few exceptions, were not adequately involved. If misconceptions regarding Ukrai­ nian history have persisted, it was because of the failure of historians to utilize the "Survey of Ukrainian Histo­ riography" by Prof. Dmytro Doroshenko which was originally published in Prague in 1923 and in an English translation in 1957 in a special issue of the: Annals of the Ukrainian Academy of Arts and Sciences in the U.S. with a supplement for 1917-56. This substantial (Continued oa pa je 12)

9. See Samuel N. Harper, "The Russia I Nation" (New York: Macmillan, 1944). Believe In, Memoirs, 1902-1941" (Chicago: Harrison Salisbury, a journalist who has University of Chicago Press, 1945). See also. published extensively on the Soviet Union, Clarence A. Manning, "A History of Slavic has confined his interest almost exclusively Studies in the United States" (Milwaukee, to Russia and has virtually ignored Ukraine. 13. John A. Armstrong, "Ukrainian Wis.: Marquette University Press, 1957), pp. Nationalism, 1939-1945" (New York: Co­ 30-1. j 10.- Some participants in the inquiry (the lumbia University Press, 1955; 2nd ed., Wilson administration's efforts to plan the 1963). .Yaroslav Bilinsky, "The Second .Soviet peace between 1917 and 1919 on the basis of studies by academic specialists) were inclined Republic, The Ukraine after World War II" to favor Ukrainian independence. These (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University included Walter Lippman and Frank Cobb Press, 1964). Jurij Borys, "The Russian Communist as well as Col. Edward M. House, who advocated the dismemberment of the former Party and the Sovietization of Ukraine" (Stockholm, 1960); a second edition was Russian Empire. Prof. Frank Golder opposed an independent Ukraine and advocated the published under the title "The Sovietization reunification of Ukraine and Russia. Wilson of Ukraine, 1917-1923: The Communist and Secretary of State Robert Lansing Doctrine and Practice of National Selfopposed self-determination, except for Determination" (Edmonton, Alberta: The Poland and Finland. Wilson's apparent Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, rationale was not to drive Russians into 1980). Basil Dmytryshyn, "Moscow and the supporting the Bolsheviks as defenders of the Russian patrimony and to win the Ukraine, 1918-1953" (New York: Bookman Associates, 1956). friendship of a post-Bolshevik Russia. The Kenneth C. Farmer, "Ukrainian Nationa­ U.S. State Department, in a policy statement to the Commission to Negotiate Peace lism rn the Post-Stalin Era "(The Hague/Boston/London: Martians Nijhoff in Paris (October 29; 1919)declared: "On the basis of past investigations, the department is Publishers,. 1980). Oleh S. Fedyshyn, "Germany's Drive to disposed to regard the Ukrainian separatist movement'as largely the result of Austrian the East and the Ukrainian Revolution, and German propaganda seeking the disrup­ 19174918" (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers tion of Russia. It is unable to perceive an University Press, 1971). George S.N. Luckyj, "Literary Politics in adequate ethnical basis for erecting a separate state and is not convinced that there the Soviet Ukraine, 1917-1934" (New York: is a real popular demand for anything more Columbia University Press, 1956). Paul R. Magocsi, "The Shaping of a than such greater measure of local auto­ nomy as will naturally result from the National Identity, Subcarpathian Rus', establishment in Russia of a modem demo­ 1848-1948" (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard cratic government, whether federative or University Press, 1978). Oleh S. Pidhainy, "The Formation of the not. The department feels, accordingly, that the policy of the United States... should tend ' Ukrainian Republic" (Toronto: New Re­ view Books, 1966). to sustain the principle of essential Russian Richard Pipes, "The Formation of the unity than to encourage separatism." Quoted in Constantine Warvariv, "America and the Soviet Union: Communism and Nationa­ lism, 1917-1923" (Cambridge, Mass.: Har­ Ukrainian National Cause, 1917-1920," in "The Ukraine, 1917-1921: A Study in vard University Press, 1954; revised edition, Revolution," ed. by Taras Hunczak (Cam­ 1964). John S. Reshetar Jr., "The Ukrainian bridge, Mass.: Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute, 1977), pp. 378-9. See also Linda Revolution, 1917-1920; A Study in Na­ KiUen, "Self-Determination vs. Territorial tionalism" (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton Integrity, Conflict within the American University Press, 1952; reprint edition. New Delegation at Paris over Wilsonian Policy York: Arno Press, 1972). Robert S. Sullivant, "Soviet Politics and toward the Russian Borderlands," Nationa­ lities Papers, Vol. X, No. 1 (spring 1982), pp. the Ukraine, 1917-1957" (New York: Co­ lumbia University Press, 1962). 65-78. See also Bohdan S. Wynar with the 11. George F. Kennan, "America and the Russian Future," Foreign Affairs, Vol. 29, assistance of Susan C Holte, "Doctoral Dissertations on Ukrainian Topics in En­ No. 3 (April 1951), p. 360. 12. An exception among American jour­ glish Prepared during the Years 1928-1978," nalists was William Henry Chamberlin, who Ukrainskyi Istoryk/The Ukrainian Histo­ 'puDiished "l he Ukraine, A Submerged rian, Vol. XVI (1979), pp. 108-27.


SUNDAY, D C M E 12,1982 EE BR

No. 50


Ukrainian Christmas carols in English
The four traditional Ukrainian Christmas carols printed on this page page were adapted into English many years ago by Gerald B. Bodnar in collaboration with and under the guidance of Prof. Leo X. Sorochinsky. Mr. Bodnar, a resident of Port Orchard, Wash., writes; "These Christmas Carols have been accumulating dust for quite a few years stored away in my music racks. I finally decided that it was time to release them for usage by the newer generations of Ukrainian American youth. I'm hoping that they will serve as a medium for revita­ lizing and creating a new interest and also'perpetuating Ukrainian music and songs among our younger set"

(BO (BOIH PREDVICHNYI) Dedicated to Dr. Alexander Koshetz. Dedic

A! - migh - ly Lord, Di "Neath star - light. giv - ing birth

- vine Sa - vior.

Born on this night Peace on Earth.


Hail. Our Prince of

(NA NEBI ZIRKA) Dedicated to Prof. Lao X. Sorochinsky.
Hail. Ho - ly King, . Lord Eeih - le - hem shin - ing

Cre - a -tor.

Born by the Star of Je ru - sa - lem.

1. Break forth your greet - ings; Pour'forth your tid - і tigs; Loud-ly ас-claim this 2. Son of the Fa - ther; Chi - Id ofMa-ry;' Born in a man -ger 1. fes - tal... 2. in Beth-le day. Ring out your voic -es; -hem. King of the Ang - els; Sing out your prais -es: Hea - ven - ly Sav -ior;

far o'er

Glo - ry




1. Proud - ly pro - claim this 2. Born 'neath the Star of

ho - ly... Beth -le..

day. Join all ere - a - tion hem. Hea - ven - ly Hosts sing

1. in eel 2. Al

- e - bra. le - lu...

tion. Our Lord is born this ho - ly day. ia. To greet Our Sav - iour at His birth.

1. Our Lord is born 2. To greet Our Sav this ho -

Prof. Leo X. Sorochinsky
Prof. Leo X. Sorochinsky was a pupil and co-worker of the internationally renowned Ukrainian c o m p o s e r and choral c o n d u c t o r , Dr. Alexander Koshetz. He toured Europe and North and South America with the famed Ukrai­ nian National Chorus under Dr. Koshetz's directorship, serving both as a singer and librarian, and later as assistant director of the chorus. He organized and directed numerous choruses, dance groups and mandolin orchestras throughout the United States and Canada. His major work was primarily concentrated and confined to Rochester and Buffalo, N.Y., Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, and Olyphant and Scranton, Pa. He also had charge of the late Vasyl Avramenko's ballet and folk

dance g r o u p during its tour of the provinces of Canada. Prof. Sorochinsky later spent six months in Fort William and West Fort William, Ont., directing a series of concerts. His c h o r u s e s and musical groups won wide acclaim wherever they performed. They were awarded numerous gold medals and first prizes at music festivals throughout the country. His outstanding contributions to the heritage of Ukrainian music, song and dance in the United States and Canada will be universally recognized and remembered forever by those who were extremely fortunate to receive his spirit of song, soul of music and gaiety of dance, and to be emotionally uplifted by the sensitivity and tenderness of his out­ s t a n d i n g directorship. — Gerald B. Bodnar

director of the Kiev Municipal Opera Company, chairman of the music de­ Dr. Alexander Koshetz was world partment of the Ministry of Education renowned as choral conductor and as a of the Ukrainian National Republic and composer, exponent and interpreter of founder of the Ukrainian Ethnographic Cabinet in the same department. Ukrainian songs. He was director of the famous Ukrai­ He was born in Ukraine. While attending the M o h y l a T h e o l o g i c a l nian National Chorus with which he Academy in Kiev he also studied music made a triumphant tour throughout the under Lubomirsky at the L y s e n k o world in 1919-24. Many American critics regarded his School of Music. Upon his graduation from the academy with a Ph.D., Dr. chorus as the finest ever -heard in this country. Koshetz taught history at several A few years before the outbreak colleges. World War II, Dr. K o s h e t z made Later he was appointed professor at several appearances as a conductor of a the Lysenko school, then a member of mass chorus composed of about 300 the directory of the Boyan Choral Society young Americans of Ukrainian descent, of Kiev, professor of choral music at the members of various Ukrainian choruses Kiev Conservatory, professor at the in the New York ^Metropolitan area. Pedagogical Institute in the Caucasus, One such concert was presented at director of the famous St. Volodymyr T o w n Hall' (1935), and another at University Students Chorus, director of Carnegie Hall (1936), in New York City. the St. Olga University Ladies Chorus, In 1939 Dr. Koshetz appeared with a orchestra director of the famed Ukrai­ chorus of 500 at the New York World's nian N a t i o n a l Theatre of Mykola Fair. - Excerpted from an article by Sadovsky in Kiev, choral and orchestral the late Stephen Shumeyko.

Dr. Alexander Koshetz


1. Star - light of eve-ning, star -bright of eve-ning, shine forth your ra -diant, 2. Hail. King of An -gels, hail. King of An - gels, hail. King of Heav'n- ly.

1. splen 2. Birth


Beam- eth so bright - ly, gleam-eth so light - ly, Heav - en - ly stran - ger, born in a man - ger.

I.O-ver 2. Lord of Refrain: 1. Ring ye bells of" 2. Ring from ev' - ry 3. Mer - ry bells are.. Christ -mas. stee -pleV 1 ring - ing. Ring your joy Tell - inp all Joy - ous - ly ful.. His.... they're our Ho - ly our Heav'n and Man Earth ger.

Our Lord is born... this Christ - mas morn.... an -gel voic - es sing -ing. Wise Men gifts they're bring-ing, shep-herds be -hold Him, while the world ex-tols Him Glo-ry, Glo -ry to Our new "bom King.

morn, to - - day. born King.

NOTE: All translations and musical adaptations will remain the property of the writer, Gerald Basil Bodnar. Music, furnished by Prof. Leo X. Sorochinsky from his musical library, is in the public domain. Special

permission must be secured for professional usage of performances staged primarily for monetary profit. For information contact: Gerald B. Bodnar, 4678 Westway Dr. S.E., Port Orchard, Wash. 98366.

No. 50




Panorama of Ukrainian culture in the Big Apple
by Helen Perozak Smindak

International acclaim
Jacques Hnizdovsky, the Ukrainianborn artist who has achieved interna­ tional acclaim in the field of printmaking, primarily woodcuts, has a broad artistic range. He studied sculp­ ture, worked for several years in cera­ mics, and now paints in oils and watercolors, works on woodcuts and etchings, designs and illustrates books, and creates bookplates. Last year he added another medium to his impressive output, that of tapestry. Mr. Hnizdovsky has had over 100 one-man exhibitions in the United States, Canada, Great Britain and Australia since 1954, when he gave a show in New York. His woodcut exper­ tise has been documented in a short film produced by Slavko Nowytski and in a Catalogue Raisonne of over 200 wood­ cut reproductions published by Pelican. His bookplates take up 20 pages of the 1981-82 Yearbook of the American Society of Bookplate Collectors and Designers.

Four Decades of Visual Art
DtterabCT 5, 1982 linujry 15, 1983

Ukrainian Insntute of America
! t i n '9lh Sin

Jacques Hnizdovsky's self-portrait adorns the flier announcing the artist's latest exhibition.

Yet Mr. Hnizdovsky's public is for­ ever eager to see his work and to meet him. Thus it was not surprising to find scores of art lovers thronging to the Ukrainian Institute of America last Sunday to take in the reception and formal opening of his latest exhibition — one that covers four decades of Mr. Hnizdovsky's visual art. Since many of the artist's works are in various private and public collections throughout the world (including the White Hpuse), this exhibition is limited to works which are in Mr. Hnizdov­ sky's possession. Nevertheless, there is much to see and admire. The exhibit includes oil paintings done between 1944 and 1981, ranging from such touching works as "Homeless," a 1948 canvas portraying a number of dis­ Weekend highlights placed persons on tri-level bunk beds, and the 1955 "Crucifixion," a large, ' In their premier performance at dark-toned, sorrowful work, to the Lincoln Center, the Ukrainian Folk intriguing "View from the barn" (1979). Dancers of Astoria wowed the audience There are several cheery acrylics, a at Alice Tully Hail on December 4 with

dozen or so watercolors, an equal a spoof on Kozak military life and an number of drawings, posters from exuberant performance of the Hopak. various exhibitions, a collection of Accordionist Gary Petrowsky provided bookplates, and a display of books music for the dances, which were which bear Hnizdovsky illustrations or ingeniously adapted for a long but designs. And, of course, there is the narrow stage space by choreographer/di­ tapestry work, or to be precise, two rector Elaine Oprysko. The dancers tapestries — a 1981 work, almost seven shared the bill with the Balalaika and feet by three feet in size,-portraying a Domra Society Orchestra directed by herd of sheep, and a 1982 design "Two Walter Kasura, soprano Diana Telischak rams," 63 inches by 38 inches. Techni­ and baritone Gary Novak. 0 cally executed by artist Barbara Cor­ A crowd of young people and some nea of Virginia, the tapestries are not so young tried their hand at divin­ woven of natural-dyed South Ameri­ ing future happenings during a special can wool in predominantly beige tones. evening for young people at the Ukrai­ A gentle-spoken man with almost nian Institute on December 4. Billed as courtly European manners, Mr. Hniz­ a traditional celebration of St. Andrews dovsky greeted guests at the reception Eve, the evening opened with an ex­ with a soft smile and a warm hand­ planation of the origin and meaning of shake. Though the spotlight was on his this winter-cycle folk rite by Slava work, he had the good grace to draw Gerulak. Fortunes were told by Arcadia this visitor's attention to the home- Olenska-Petryshyn and Olya Shuhan baked crisp pecan cookies which were a by burning paper and by pouring hot personal touch by his wife Stephanie to melted wax into water to see the shape it the light refreshments set out for guests. would take. Young ladies found the In a brief formal introduction of the names of their husbands-to-be in small artist, Arcadia Olenska-Petryshyn, a cakes ("balabushky"), and learned who member of the institute's program would be the first to marry by placing committee, welcomed Mr. Hnizdovsky their plates on the floor in a row and and concluded, "We applaud his watching to see whose plate would be success." sampled first by a visiting dog. On their The exhibition, which will run through part, the young men took turns "riding January 15, may be viewed from 2 to 6 up" on a stick to a cake hanging by a woven ribbon from the auditorium p.m. daily except Monday. doorway. Those who managed to keep a straight face as Levko Maistrenko Miniatures are big hit regaled them with a humorous ritual Artist Bohdan Tytla, who is noted for dialogue were allowed to jump up to the his distinctive watercolors, came up cake and take a bite out of it, then with something different for his week- crowned with a wreath of wheat long show at the Ukrainian Artists ("kalyta"), symbolic of the sun. Riders Association gallery, 136 Second Ave. who laughed received a dusting of soot -Visitors who jammed the gallery at last on their faces. After a buffet of tradi­ Sunday's opening expressed great de­ tional Ukrainian foods was served in the light in some 30 miniatures in oil, most dining room, the young people congre­ of them landscapes. Priced up to S150, gated on the third floor for a "youngpeople-only" party. The evening, at­ the miniatures found many buyers. Along with the miniatures, Mr. Tytla tended by over 150 persons, was planned exhibited a number of his watercolor by Walter Hnatkowsky, program com­ paintings. The exhibit closes today at 8 mittee chairman, Mrs. Petryshyn, Ms. Gerulak and Roma Pryma Bohachevp.m. Artist Liuboslav Hutsaliuk, who sky. Decorations and lighting were by presented Mr. Tytla, noted that the Mark Shuhan, a student at Man­ miniatures were a revelation — "They hattan's School of Visual Arts. show he's not standing still, he's still о Boris and Borina, who started their developing." Mr. Hutsaliuk described Mr. Tytla's watercolors as "quite dis­ tinctive and very elegant — almost classical, very quiet, very well thought out." The afternoon showing was formally opened by Mykhailo Czereszniowskyj, president of the association. Mr. Tytla, who studied fine arts at City College (now the City University of New York), is studio manager for Clark/Leonard Associates, a Man­ hattan art studio. He lives with his family in Westchester and maintains a house in Hunter, N. Y, in the Catskills, which he describes as a beautiful moun­ tain area that is the source of much inspiration for his paintings. He says that a year spent in painting with Mykhaylo Moroz was also an invaluable aid to his work. Mr. Tytla's show is his first "real solo" in New York. He had previously participated in group shows, and exhi­ bited his work with Thomas Sfaepko and Mary Sherotsky about four years ago.

puppet lives in the 1920s as Ukrainian dancers in a White Russian festival, gave this season'sfinalperformance last Sunday afternoon at the Origami Cen­ ter of America, at 31 Union Square W. The two puppets are among the favorites of English-born marionette artist Alice May Hall, who performs a 24-week repertory season at the Origami Center. Though Miss Hall is in her 90s and has a cast on herrightwrist, needed to mend a bone broken in a fall last Thanksgiving Day, she still holds the marionettes firmly and manipulates the strings with great finesse. Boris appears on stage playing an accordion, does a few dance steps, then takes a seat and plays as Borina enters and begins to dance. Although the dancers'costumes are not authentically Ukrainian, Borina (pic­ tured in The New York Times on November 21) wears a Ukrainian flowered headpiece with flowing ribbons. A medley of Ukrainian folk dance tunes forms the taped musical accompaniment for the marionettes. " Elsewhere in New York: A series of lectures about the city of Lviv was opened Sunday at the Ukrainian Aca­ demy of Arts and Sciences with a demy of Arts and Sciences with addresses by Ivan Kedryn-Rudnytsky, a former Svoboda editor and Dr. Roman Osinchuk... ABC-TV aired another Sunday evening episode of "Ripley's Believe it or Not!" with Jack Palance as the principal narrator-guide...the Mayana Gallery at 21 E. Seventh St. is exhibiting recent oil paintings by French abstact symbolist Pierre Jacquemon through December 16.

UCDA invites members
The five-member cultural organiza­ tion incorporated last year as the Ukrainian Chorus Dumka of America Inc. (UCDA) unanimously passed a resolution at its annual meeting to admit to the corporation any Ukrai­ nian performing group which meets federal and state requirements, thus enabling it to take advantage of financial
(Continued on pap 13)

Andriy Kyzyk (center) attempts to keepfromlaughing as Lev Maistrenko (back to camera) tickles him with a feather during the St. Andrew's Eve party.



SUNDAY, DECEMBER 1 2 . 1 9 8 2


Professionals' group holds successful mardi gras masquerade
SHORT HILLS, N.J. - The first major social of the recently formed Association of Ukrainian Ame­ rican Professionals and Businesspersons of New York and New Jersey, a mardi gras masquerade, was a rousing success. Held at the spacious and elegant Short Hills, N.J., residence of Dr. and Mrs. Zenon Matkiwsky, the event took place over the Thanksgiving weekend and was attended by some 220 invited guests. Among the guests, principally from New Jersey and New York, were persons from as far away as Boston and Atlanta. The event was successful both because it was marvelously well organized and staged - guests commented favorably on everything from the at­ tractiveness of the invitations and party decorations to the bountifulness and excellence of the food and drink - and because it was attended by guests from a wide variety of age groups and professional backgrounds, and by persons who trace their immigration to the post-World War II period as well as those who trace their immigration to the рге-World War II period. At the midpoint of the masquerade, the association steering committee's chairperson, Dr. Bohdan Wytwycky, briefly addressed those'gathered to explain the association's character arid origins. As he explained it, the idea for the formation of this association came from Canada, where Ukrainian Canadians have an entire network of (professionals' The Matkiwsky family and guests at the masquerade with a cake to commemorate the association's and businesspersons' associations from coast to coast, inauguration and the host's birthday. the largest of which, as in Toronto, have members in the many hundreds. The long-range goal of the New facilitating a broad range of contacts and by the when general Ukrainian concerns are at stake. As listed on an information sheet handed out at the York and New Jersey association is to generate a sharing of information, advice and access to jobs, professional advancement as well as business or masquerade, the association's steering committee nationwide network of such associations in the United presently consists of Bohdan Haiduczok, Victor investment opportunities. States. j The association also hopes to further community- Hajala, Yuriy Trytjak, Yuri Wedmid, Roma HadThe association, as further explained by Dr. wide interests by establishing and maintaining zewycz and Dr. Wytwycky. Wytwycky, has a dual purpose in that its goal is both The association's current mailing address is P.O. to serve the interests of its membership as well as to ongoing lines of communication with persons and serve the interests of the Ukrainian 'community at institutions whether in government, the media or Box 333, South Orange, N.J. 07079-333, and in­ terested parties are encouraged to write for additional large. The association intends to serve its members' education for the sake of gradually.developing . ,,i' ., , jmr; social, professional and economic interests by avenues of input into the decision-making processes information. . ,. .

Music institute elects officers
NEW YORK - The annual conven­ tion of the faculty of the Ukrainian Music Institute of America (UMIA) took place here on Sunday, October 24. The main theme of deliberations was the 30th anniversary of the UMLA during the 1982-83 academic year. To suitably mark this date, a gala concert is being planned in Philadelphia, the city where the institute's founder, Prof. Roman Sawycky, lived. Metropolitan Opera basso Paul Plishka and concert pianist Lydia Artymiw are slated to perform. The institute's faculty was able to see a screen presentation titled "Sketches from the UMlA's Past," depicting for the most part the life and work, of composer Vladimir Groudine (Hrudyn). The slides were prepared and narrated by Prof. George Oransky of Philadel­ phia. During the convention, the following officers were elected for 1982-83: Natalie Kotovych, president; Irene Pelech, vicepresident and concerts chairperson; Anastasia Zhylava, secretary; Maria Matskevych, treasurer; Daria Karanowycz, chairperson of pedagogy; Kalena Cziczka-Andrienko, chairper­ son of publications; Taissa Bohdanska, press; Dr. Bohdan Lonchyna and Yaroslav Labka, arbitration board; Bohdan Perfecky and Lydia Shaviak, auditing committee. Elected to the board of directors were Rafael Wenke, Lydia Hrabova, Halia Klym, Halia Myroshnychenko, Prof. Oransky, Oksana Simovych and Lev Struhatsky. ' '

Sports association holds biennial convention

Participant! of the convention of the Association of Ukrainian Sports Clubs of North America. KERHONKSON, N.Y. - The bien­ nial convention of the Association of Ukrainian Sports Clubs of North Ame­ rica (USCAK) was held here at Soyuzivka during the November 20-21 week­ end. Sixteen delegates representing Tryzub, Chornomorska Sitch, the Car­ pathian Ski Club of New York and Albany, the Ukrainian Sports Club of New York, Krylati, Ukrainian Ameri­ can Sports Club of Rochester, Plast and SUM-A, attended. In general, committee members noted the successes of the Eastern division of USCAK, which continues to organize the traditional sports games, champion­ ships in volleyball, swimming and tennis, as well as other sports events. The Canadian and Western sectors were, however, urged to reactivate their tive; George Huminolowycz, volleyball activities. Much discussion centered director; Bohdan Sushko and John ' around the possibility of publishing Les'chuk, track and field directors; books On the history of Ukrainian Roman Rakoczyj, tennis director, Dr. Roman Slysh, swimming director; sport. The delegates agreed on Toronto as Yaroslaw Kozak and Ihor Chyzowych, the site for the 1983 USCAK champion­ soccer directors; Bohdan Nazarko and ships, and noted that only those teams Sydir Nowakiwsky, chess directors. Myron Futala was chosen head of the which have paid-up membership dues would be allowed to participate. All auditing committee with Stephen Kachdelegates were encouraged to prepare marsky, Yaroslaw Petryk and IhOr their own clubs for the 1984 Free Sochan, serving as members; while Olympic Games, which also will beheld Roman Sawchak, Roman Pazuniak, Walter Kyzyma, Eugene Hanowsky in Toronto. At the conclusion of the conference, and Mr. Sochan were selected as con­ sultants. The committee in charge of the following new board was elected: Roman Kucil, president; Myron Stebel- publishing the history of Ukrainian sky and .Bohdan Sushko, vice-presi­ sport includes: Joseph Nowycky, dents; Oleh Zeltway, coordinator; Stephen Malanczuk, Oleh Lysiak, Dr. Alexander Napora, financial secretary; Edward Zarsky and Omelan Twardow­ Omelan Twardowsky, press representa­ sky.

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Share The Weekly with a friend during the Christmas season

No. 50




Grcrbow/cz speaks on his new book St Basil Prep receives Freedom Shrine
by Oksana Piaseckyj CAMBRIDGE, Mass. - The 198283 Speakers Series sponsored by the Greater Boston Chapter of the Friends of Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute and the Ukrainian Club of Boston, on October 24 presented Prof. George G. Grabowicz, associate professor of the department of Slavic languages and literatures at Harvard University. Prof. Grabowicz, the author of "Toward a History of Ukrainian Literature," discussed his recently published book, "The Poet as Mythmaker." Reviewing his book. Prof. Grabowicz pointed out how his study of Shevchenko was different from other treatises. Instead of taking a traditional, historically analytical approach, Prof. Grabowicz addressed the symbolic nature of Shevchenko's poetry, to show the much deeper implications of its structure. He said Shevchenko's poetry has to be studied collectively for its universal meaning, because as a total statement, his poetry transcends the lyrical beauty and historical content of individual pieces. Shevchenko saw himself as a myth-carrier, a poet-prophet whose word would bring salvation. Prof. Grabowicz expressed his interest in writing in the future a psychological study and analysis of Shevchenko and his works. After Prof. Grabowicz's presentation, a lively discussion followed concerning Shevchenko's biculturalism, as reflected in his diary written in Russian. Prof. Grabowicz suggested, that one reason Shevchenko wrote it in Russian could have been his intention to publish it for the Russian intelligentsia. STAMFORD, Conn. - The Exchange Club of North Stamford presented a Freedom Shrine, a unique exhibit of 28 authenticreproductionsof historically famous American documents spanning the 325 years from the Mayflower Compact to the World War II Instrument of Surrender in the Pacific, to St Basil College Prep School here. The announcement of the gift came from the president of the North Stamford Exchange Club, Earl Stewart, and the formal dedication ceremonies took place on Wednesday, November 10, at St. Basil's. The participants in the dedication were: Carmine Vacarro, who made the presentation and also acted as the Program Master of Ceremonies; the Rev. Peter Dudiak, principal of St. Basil's; Kathy Voss, executive mayoral aide who representated Mayor Louis Clapes; Gil Rozier, president of the Urban League of Southwestern Connecticut; David McMahon, president of the St. Basil Prep Parents-Alumni Association; William Murray, president-elect of the Exchange Club; the Rev. Bohdan Kin, instructor of religion at St. Basil Prep; and Brendan Murphy, president of the senior class at St. Basil's. Mr. Vacarro made the presentation on behalf of the Exchange Club and then explained to those present that the "Freeom Shrine is exclusively an Exchange Club project and an important part of the overall American Citizenship Program of Exchange. Its documents vividly illustrate America's precious heritage of freedom and serve as a reminder that it must be protected and revitalized in every generation." Mr. Vacarro went on to say that the Freedom Shrine "is the Exchange Club's positiverebuttalto all ideologies which would pervert or destroy our American way of life." After thanking the North Exchange Gub for the dedication and all of the public dignitaries for attending the ceremony, the Rev. Dudiak addressed the entire student body, the faculty, parents and guests, stating that the Shrine "will be a powerfulreminderof the duties andresponsibilitiesdemanded by American citizenship." He told his audience: "Our Constitution is an amazing document whose flexibility and strength has caused men, both scholars and politicians, to marvel down through the years," but, he cautioned "it is not self-executing. It cannot, by itself, safeguard the great principles it contains. This is why a great deal of America's success is due to the fact that we have been blessed with a strong, enlightened citizenry which has dedicated itself to making the Constitution work." He concluded, "this is exactly what gives meaning to our presence here today." All of the historical papers in the Freedom Shrine collection are exact photographic reproductions of the priceless originals. Each document is permanently mounted on an individual wood-grained plaque and protected against deterioration and damage by plastic lamination. The collection will be on permanent display in the main hall of the St. Basil Prep classroom building.

Philatelic and numismatic society meets
GLEN SPEY, NY. - The Ukrai- jaka and Mr. Capar. At the Saturday evening dinner, nian Philatelic and Numismatic Society held a meeting and philatelic exhibition introductoryremarkswere delivered by here at the Verkhovyna resort on the president of the society. Dr. Slusarczuk. Borys Jaminskyj, president of September 25-26. To mark this occasion and the 65th the Ukrainian Philatelic Society of anniversary of trident overprints, the Austria, spoke about the preparations society issued envelopes and postcard for the 300th anniversary celebration of catchets. Over 40 participants attended the siege of Vienna bythe Turks in 1683. the two-day meeting, which included an A commemorative stamp and cancellaexhibition, workshop, auction and tion will commemorate Ukrainian Kozak participation in the liberation of lecture. Saturday morning events included a Vienna. Also during the dinner, exhibit lecture with slides, presented by Paul awards were announced. After dinner, a mail auction with Spiwak on "Ukrainian Postage Stamp floor bids continued under the direcCurrency." Three workshops followed in the tion of Mr. Zabijaka, who was assisted afternoon. They were: "How to Identify by Mr. Capar and George Pawlichko. Trident Overprints,"presented by John The meeting continued on Sunday Bulat, Dr. Dominick Riccio and Jerry Tkachuk; "How to Exhibit," with with discussions on philatelic topics, the panelists Andrij Solczanyk, Michael problems of shortage of materials for Shulewsky and Wes Capar; and "Edi- publication, and trident overprint tor's Dilemma," presented by Mr. counterfeiting, as well as presentations Tkachuk. George Slusarczuk. V. Zabi- of awards for one-page exhibits. Antonovych. The first part of his diaries was published before the war, but with omissions, and today it is almost unThe second volume will include available. The second part of the diaries, letters of leading figures in Ukrainian dealing with the life of the Ukrainian culture and literature. It will contain emigres in Prague, was never published. However, the series of writings can unpublished letters of Mykhailo Drahomanov, Panteleimon Kulish, only begin and continue if the Ukrainian community will support this venMykhailo Pavh/k, Mykhailo Kotsiubynsky, as well as letters by Olena' ture both financially and spiritually, Teliha, Yuriy Lypa, Evhen Malaniuk, UVAN said. The costs of publishing will Dmytro Dontsov and others. The latter be very high, and as with all academic are from the archives of Natalia Livyt- books, they will not pay for themselves. ska-Cholodny. The editor of this volume For this reason, the academy is asking is Bohdan Struminsky with the assis- all Ukrainians in the free world who tance of Mrs. Cholodny and Edward understand the importance of welldocumented, objective history to conKasinec. tribute to this cause. Donators who give The third volume, which concentrates SI00 or more will be cited in the press and in one of the volumes of the series. on the era of the Ukrainian National Republic and is backed by materials Those who contribute less than SI00 from Polish, German and British will receive a thank you in the press. sources, will be compiled and edited by Donations may be sent to: The Prof. Taras Hunczak. Ukrainian Academy of Arts and Sciences The volume of Yevhen Chykalenko in the U.S. Inc., 206 W. 100th St., New diaries, which were in the archives of the York, N Y . 10025. Please note the academy, will also be edited by Prof. contribution is for the new series.

UVAN plans...

NOTICE To Secretaries and Organizers Of the UNA
The 1982 Membership Campaign ends-December 31. 1982 therefore we will accept applications of new members only to December 31, 1982 We urge you to make every effort to fulfill your quota and mail in your applications early enough to reach the Home Office by December 31, 1982 UNA HOME OFFICE

(Continued from jege 4)

NOTICE To UNA Members and Branches
Members and Branches of the Ukrainian National Association are hereby notified that with the ending of its fiscal year the Home office of UNA must close its accounts and deposit in banks all money received from Branches


No Later Than Noon of December 31, 1982
Money received later cannot be credited to 1982 Therefore we appeal to all members of the UNA to pay their dues this month as soon as possible and all Branches to remit their accounts and money in time to be received by the Home Office no later than noon of FRIDAY DECEMBER 31, 1982. Notice is hereby given that Branches which send their dues late will be shown as delinquent and in arrears on the annual report UNA Home Office

MECHANIC with knowledge of HVAC
to work in a commercial building.
SALARY NEGOTIABLE. Apply in writing to:

Ukrainian National Association
30 Montgomery Street a Jersey City, N.J. 07302



No. 50

St. Demetrius pupils celebrate Thanksgiving

The study...
(Continuedfrompep 7) work of 450 pages surveys historical sources from the 11th to the 20th centuries and provides an excellent bibliographical apparatus. General histories of Ukraine in En­ glish were published in 1939 in Canada, that of Prof. Doroshenko, and in the United States, Prof. Hrushevsky's introduction to Ukrainian history published in 1941 by Yale University Press.14 Prof. George Vernadsky's brief biography of Bohdan Khmelnytsky was also published by Yale University Press in 1941. More recently the two-volume. Ukraine: A Concise Encyclopaedia, published by the University of Toronto Press (for the Ukrainian National Association) in 1963 and 1971, has provided a systematic treatment of Ukrainian history with detailed biblio­ graphical references. The existence of a substantial corpus of scholarly literature on Ukrainian history has made possible a significant reorientation in recent years. The establishment of three endowed chairs in Ukrainian studies at Harvard Univer­ sity beginning in 1968 (in history, language and in literature) and the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute along with an active publications pro­ gram should have a long-range impact on the study of Eastern Europe in the United States. The establishment of a chair of Ukrainian studies at the Uni­ versity of Toronto in 1980 along with a professorship in Ukrainian history and a. Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies at the University of Alberta indicate that these efforts extend across national boundaries. The publication of two scholarly journals in Ukrainian studies commenc­ ing in 1976-77 - the Journal of Ukrai­ nian Studies (University of Toronto) and Harvard Ukrainian Studies provides an appropriate forum for the continuing development of historical research. Thus, it can be said that the study of Ukrainian history has acquired a sub­ stantial academic basis. However, the effect on instruction at the college level, but especially at the secondary school level, is by means of a rather slow process — more in the nature of a "trickle-down effect." The teaching of history must not simply serve the status quo and those who may appear to befirmlyestablish­ ed as victors. It is always important to probe and to penetrate appearances and search out what is beneath. This is especially important in studying the Soviet Union, where an elaborate facade has been erected and maintained at great cost by power-holders as a means of influencing perception of Russia and the Soviet system. The study of Ukrainian history helps to penetrate this facade. It also contri­ butes to a more complete understanding of Russian history. However, Ukrai­ nian history is also worthy of study on its own merits. It is a complex and many-sided history that reflects Ukraine's unique place, historically, between East and West and its struggle to preserve its identity. 14. Dmytro Doroshenko, "History of the Ukraine," translated by Hanna Chikalenko-Keller and edited by G.W. Simpson (Edmonton, Alberta: The Institute Press, Ltd., 1939) and Michael Hrushevsky, "A History of Ukraine," edited by O.J. Frederiksen (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1941).

The junior kindergarten class of St. Demetrius School joins Father Terry Lozynsky for a Thanksgiving photo. Each year, prior to the holiday, the schoolchildren gather in church to thank God for the many blessings He

has showered upon them, their families a n d friends. Each class brings a basket of fruit t o church t o be blessed a n d then this fruit is shared in class celebra­ tions.

specially deigned in 10, 14 and 18 c a n t gold, are now available to churches, organizations and individuals Gold watches discounted 3 0 9 6 HOLIDAY GIFT ITEMS INCLUDE:

Ukrainians attend Byzantine congress

NEW BRUNSWICK, NJ. - The Rev. Stephen Pinchak OFM, chaplain at the Motherhouse of the Sisters of St. Basil the Great, Sister Jerome OSBM, Chains, rings, earrings, etc. discounted 2 0 9 6 director of the Office of Religious a A large selection of jewelry made of 14 and 18 carat gold, silver and enamel, crafted Education, and Sister Anthony Ann to your specifications or in our own designs, OSBM, dean of admissions at Manor a Ukrainian tryzubs (tridents) in various styles and sizes. ш Bulk orders are accepted from shops as well шж individuals. Junior College, attended the Byzantine ш During the holiday season, we are open until 9 p.m. every night Congress, sponsored by the Passaic " PRICES ARE VERY REASONABLE Diocese Office of Religious Education, We would like to take this opportunity to on Saturday, November 13, at Beck M A K A R S J E W E L R Y thank our dear customers for their patronage Hall, Rutgers University, New Bruns­ wick, N.J. STORE ft SHOP md wish,hem Andrij Maday, artist and iconographHAPPY HOLIDAYS 2022 Morris Avenue er of Philadelphia, and the Rev. Basil UNION, N.J. 07083 and Juli, spiritual director of St. Basil (201) 686-1931 Seminary in Stamford, Conn., were A JOYOUS NEW YEAR among the lecturers at the congress.

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No. 50



Sosiak president of the U C D A . Other o f f i c e r s a r e Ihor R a k o w s k y , v i c e p r e s i d e n t ; Paul L i t e p l o , t r e a s u r e r ; Daria Moduk, secretary; and Natalia Lazirko, Petro Sczerba, A l e x a n d e r Kalinowsky, Maria Kiciok and Oksana Charuk, directors. The board discussed ways and means of improving public appearances of member groups, and it was decided that special emphasis should be made on providing brief English-language ex­ planations about songs and dances for non-Ukrainian audiences. The p r o ­ fessional advice of drama coach Lydia Krushelnytsky will be utilized in future appearances of UCDA groups.

Worldwide women's...
(Continuedfrompap 1) such as d e m o n s t r a t i o n s , m e a n s of maintaining contacts, and contacts with various non-Ukrainian organizations. Also on Friday, proposed changes to the W F U W O by-laws were approved. Congress committees, including the program, cultural-educational, press, folk art, social services and financial committees, held their individual meet­ ings on Saturday, November 27. T h e S a t u r d a y a f t e r n o o n session featured the report of the nominations committee, chaired by Maria Sawchak. The committee reported that, in accor­ dance with a prior agreement, the W F U W O executive board was t o be trasferred from the United States to Canada. However, the proposed presi­ dent, Mrs. Kwitkowsky is from Detroit, which is close to the Canadian border. Delegates representing the Women's, Association for the Defense of Four Freedoms for Ukraine and the Women's Association of the League for the Liberation of Ukraine voiced objection this. In this voting, the slate proposed by the nominations committee was elected by a vote of 47 for and seven against. 'Later that day, honorary member­ ship in the W F U W O was bestowed upon three Ukrainian activists, H a n n a Hankivsky, Maria Mudryk and Zynayida Vytiaz, as well as on Rep. Millicent Fenwick of New Jersey, the first nonUkrainian to be honored in this manner. Also honored were Maria Charyna, chairperson of the W F U W O financial committee, and Irena Pelensky, editor of Ukrainian Woman in the World magazine. Nina Strokata's lecture on the life of women in Ukraine concluded the day's sessions. That evening, the congress banquet was held. Vera Buchynsky, the out­ going Canadian vice president of the W F U W O , a c t e d as m a s t e r of c e r e ­ monies for the evening. An invocation was d e l i v e r e d by t h e Rev. M i t r e d Myroslav Charyna, and the keynote speaker was Lydia Savoyka. Among those who expressed best wishes to the women's federation were the Rev. Alexis Limonchenko, who spoke on behalf of Metropolitan Mstyslav, and Ivan Bazarko, president of the World Congress of Free Ukrainians. Greetings were also received from REAL ESTATE BORO PARK"'
The affordable Alternative LUXURY CO-OP APTS. "For a limited time, we are now offering dra­ matically reduced monthly maintenance.

(Coattnaedfrompage f) assistance on both the. federal and state levels. T h e U C D A , which w a s r e c e n t l y awarded a grant from the New York State Council on the Arts, reports that New York State alone has S30 million to spend on the arts, with a special fund earmarked for ethnic groups. The grant to the U C D A will be allocated to the Dumka Chorus, Moloda D u m k a , Promin Ensemble, and the Syzokryli and Skomorokhy dance ensembles. At the annual meeting, representa­ tives of the five groups elected Vasyl


„. . Dora'Rek



Friday, December 24, 1982 HOLY SUPPER Including the traditional 12 courses of the Ukrainian Christmas meal. During and after Supper - Caroling Friday, December 3 1 , 1982

I I f f f f I ; і : ! !

Dr. Maria Kwitkowsky, newly elected president of the World Federation of Ukrainian W o m e n ' s O r g a n i z a t i o n s . President R o n a l d R e a g a n , Pennsyl­ vania Gov. Richard Thornburgh and Philadelphia Mayor William Green. The Ukrainian National Association w a s r e p r e s e n t e d a t t h e b a n q u e t by Gloria Paschen, supreme vice president, and Petro Tarnawsky, chairman of the Philadelphia UNA District Committee. T h e e n t e r t a i n m e n t p o r t i o n of the program featured s o p r a n o Marta Yasinska-M uro wany. Bouquets of flowers were presented during the program to Mrs. Burachynsky, the outgoing W F U W O president, for her years of service and on the occasion of her 80th birthday; Mrs. Pelensky on the 20th anniversary of Ukrainian Woman in the World maga­ zine; and Mrs. Charyna for her fundraising efforts for the magazine's bene­ fit. The final day of the congress, Sun­ day, November 28, began with a divine l i t u r g y c e l e b r a t e d by M s g r . I v a n Bilanych. A panel presentation on the Ukrainian family, moderated by Olha Kuzmowycz, followed. T h e c o n g r e s s c o n c l u d e d with a luncheon for all delegates, who were addressed by the newly elected W F U W O president, Mrs. Kwitkowsky, and with the adoption of congress resolutions.

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SUNDAY, DECEMBER 1 2 , 1 9 8 2


Ukrainian National Association
Monthly reports for October 1982
Juv. TOTAL AS OF SEPTEMBER 30. 1982 GAINS IN OCTOBER 1982 New members Reinstated Transferred in. Change class in Transferred from Juv. Dept TOTAL GAINS: LOSSES IN OCTOBER 1982: Suspended Transferred out Change of class out Transferred to adults Died Cash surrender Endowment matured Fully paid-up Reduced paid-up Extended insurance Cert terminated TOTAL LOSSES: INACTIVE MEMBERSHIP: GAINS IN OCTOBER 1982: Paid up Extended insurance TOTAL GAINS: LOSSES IN OCTOBER 1982: Died Cash surrender Reinstated Lapsed TOTAL LOSSES: TOTAL UNA MEMBERSHIP AS OF OCTOBER 31. 1982 . 40 20,261 Income For October 1982 DISBURSEMENTS FOR OCTOBER 1982 .53.477.775.82


"ТГОГГ 6.791

Totals 81,958

62 26 7


126 65 8 6 4

22 2 2

21 3

210 93 17 6 4

Paid To Or For Members: Cash Surrenders Endowments Matured Death Benefits Interest On Death Benefits... Payor Death Benefits Reinsurance Premiums Paid Indigent Benefits Disbursed . Trust Fund Disbursed Total Operating Expenses: Real Estate "Svoboda" Operation Official Publication -"Svoboda" Organizing Expenses: Advertising Medical Inspections Reward To Special Organizers Reward To Branch Secretaries Reward To Branch Organizers Traveling Expenses - Special Organizers Field Conferences Total Payroll, Insurance And Taxes: Salaries Of Executive Officers Salaries Of Office Employees Employee Hospitalization Plan Premiums Insurance-General Taxes - Federal, State and City On Employee Wages Tax-Canadian Witholding and Pension Plan On Employee Wages Total General Expenses: Books And Periodicals General Office Maintenance Insurance Departament Fees Operating Expense of Canadian Office Postage Printing And Stationery „ Rental Of Equipment And Services Telephone, Telegraph Traveling Expenses-General Total Miscellaneous: Loss On Bonds Youth Sports Activities Support Accrued Interest On Bonds Total Investments: Bonds Mortgages Stock Certificate Loans Real Estate Total Disbursements For October 1982 BALANCE ASSETS Fund: Cash Bonds Stocks Mortgage Loans Certificate Loans Real Estate Printing Plant A E.D.P. Equipment Loan To U.N.U.R.C Copyrights Total 5498,546.54 .33,570295.34 605,604.46 ....2,651,066.17 773,362.80 650,941.14 .23124334 3.400400.00 2,400.00 .547,383,46049 Life Insurance Fraternal Orphans Old Age Home Emergency Total -

.532,513.67 80,792.75 ....81,973.34 44.00. ...132.50 97623 1,635.00 238.36 .5198405.85


54,579.07 98,480.81 65,000.00

41 9 6 68 51 29 38


73632 4820 1,500.00 77,052.63 395.00 1,27557 701.55 |81t709.67





...510,624.98 37,837.47 6,194.42 2,758.60 17,421.84 .435.43 .575,272.74

20,255 54,871 6.783 81.909

WALTER SOCHAN Supreme Secretary

74.00 .2,437.96 174.80 180.35 .2.060.00 .6267.64 942.65 68.65 .4.101.37 .516J07.42

INCOME FOR OCTOBER 1982 Dues From Members Income From "Svoboda" Operation Investment Income: Bonds Real Estate Mortgage Loans Certificate Loans Stocks Banks Total Refunds: Taxes-Federal, State 5 City On Employee Wages Taxes Canadian - Witholding S Pension Plan . Taxes Held In Escrow Employee Hospitalizaoon Plan Premiums Dividends Official Publication "Svoboda" Telephone Scholarships (Refd) Insurance Dept Fees Total Miscellaneous: Donations To Fraternal Fund Donation To Emergency Fund Sale Of "Ukrainian Encyclopedia" Reinsurance Recovered Total Investments: Bonds Matured Or Sold Mortgages Repaid Certificate Loans Repaid Total 5246.163.60 99,738.59 .S334.441.87 30.925.01 23,649.29 2.743.71 3,457.78 2,198.21 S397.415.87

2,052.49 390.00 4,650.00 736.11 .57,828.60

52,958,900.00 20,000.00 3,457.78 9,958.71 3,685.00 52,996,001.49 53,593,485.65

.514,326.60 371.91 1.540.00 1,434.98 39.72 ...16,945.70 15.33 5.100.00 10.00 .S39.784.24


.546,510,750.51 175,666.85 285,140.48 326,776.69 85,125.86 -547483,460.39

.5482.57 ....240.25 ...741.40 ...249.00 .51.713.52

52,649,575.56 37,37322 6.011.52 52,692,960.30 ULANA OIACHUK Supreme Treasurer

Red Army...
(Continued from page 2)

(Continued from pate 1)

UKRAINIAN RECORD CATALOG, designed for your listening pleasure, consists of l.P.-s, cassettes end S tracts. SPECIAL GIFT LIST, for holiday and year around giftgiving. which is filled with lovely and unusual gifts. Christmas cards sold in boxes and singly. WRITE or VISIT ' '

The thoroughly bewildered prisoners, somewhat spoiled by their treatment, then understandably objected to being locked lip. at night. Three became unruly and one tried to escape. According to the Economist, he has since been heard to say that when he returns to the USSR he intends to leave 100 "grieving" lovers and 100 children. The Bernese returned the prisoners to the federal government. They were then sent to the army disciplinary barracks in central Switzer­ land. At their new home there are no barbed-wire fences, no watchtowers, only an isolated farm where the pri­ soners work. They are visited regularly by a Red Cross delegate and a Soviet consular official. Although the prisoners appear to be living a comparatively cushy life, some critics in Switzerland and France pro­ test that they are being held incommuni­ cado and are being brainwashed by the Soviet Embassy officials. Because there has never been a formal declaration of war in the Afghan con­ flict, it is not known how long the Soviet soldiers will remain in Switzerland.

tulator of the cause of beatification arid canonization of Servant of God Metro­ politan Andrey Sheptytsky. As postulator he obtained the official opening of the process at the Tribunal of the Vicariat of Rome on December 5,1958. Ten years later, on December 6, 1968, the informative process was closed and the acts were transmitted to the Sacred Congregation of Rites. As part of the process the postulator collected 21 volumes of the writings of Metropolitan Andrey. In 1960-65 the Rev. Hrynchyshyn was editor of the theological quarterly Logos and .president of the Canadian section of the Ukrainian Theological Society. He was appointed an expert of Vatican II and participated in two sessions of the council. When the Ukrainian hierarchy established the Central Millennium Jubilee Committee in 1978, Father Hrynchyshyn was appointed secretary general. He con­ tinues to hold this office. In 1977-80 he was president of the Canadian Religious Conference — West, an association of major superiors. honest and conscientious man, privately regretted that his work would be ex­ ploited for propaganda purposes. It is known that he did not want his transla­ tion connected with the anniversary. Despondent as a result of the con­ troversy, he decided to take his own life. Smoloskyp reported that the KGB and the Ukrainian,Writers Union tried to cover up the suicide, but the news of the circumstances surrounding the author's death quickly spread around Kiev.

244 W. Girard Ave. a Philadelphia. Pa. 19123 a (215) 627-3093 OPEN: Monday to Friday 10-6. Saturday 10-4 Sundays from Thanksgiving to Christmas 10-4


We invite our readers, organizations, businessmen, merchants and individuals to relay their Christmas greetings in The Ukrainian Weekly. What better way to make your traditional holiday .greetings unique, distinctive and memorable? Special Christmas rate: J5.00 per c o l u m n / i n c h Deadlines: December 10, 1982 (for December 19 issue) December 20, 1982 (for January 2 issue) Send your special Christmas greeting, along with the appropriate fee, to:

(Continued from p a p I)

THE UKRAINIAN 30 Montgomery Street

WEEKLY Jersey City, N J . 07302

Mr. Blyznets was said to be a protege of Pavlo Zahrebelny, head of the Ukrainian Writers Union, who first suggested the project to the author and pushed for it to be incorporated into the anniversary celebrations. Reports from literary circles in Ukraine indicate that Mr. Blyznets, who was described as being basically an



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No. 50

Composers series begins at UIA
Hryhoriy Skovoroda's Christmas carol, titled "O, Shepherds Mine." The carol is from a play by Skovoroda celebrating the birth of Jesus Christ. Discovered only recently, the entire musical play was recorded 10 years ago in the Soviet Union, on the occasion of the 250th anniversary of Skovoroda's birth. It was transcribed from the Soviet recording by Juliana Osinchuk. The Sunday performance at the UIA will honor Skovoroda, Ukrainian philo­ sopher, teacher and writer who was born on December 3, 1722, in the Poltava region. The carol will be per­ formed by vocalists and a string trio (violin, viola, cello). The afternoon concert will also feature the traditional Vertep and "Nocturne," an operetta by Mykola Lysenko. After the performance, guests will be able to meet with the performers. For more information, please call the insti­ tute at (212) 288-8660.

Sunday, December 12

Sunday, December 19 RICHMOND, Va.: The Kozaky Dancers, of Richmond will take part in a festival of dance at the Rich­ mond Children's Museum at 3 p.m. Any dancers interested in participat­ ing in future performances are urged to contact Ihor Taran at (804) 3534776.

Andriy Dobriansky NEW YORK - T h e Ukrainian Com­ posers Series Concert No. 1 will be presented on Sunday, December 19, at the Ukrainian Institute of America at 4 p.m. The unique concert, organized and directed by Andriy Dobriansky, ad­ ministrator of the institute and Metro­ politan Opera baritone, will feature the first performance in the United States of

NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Insti­ tute of America/ Ukrainian National Association Performing Artists Group will present an afternoon of Contemporary Artistry today at 4 p.m. Featured performers will be Anya Dydyk, Volodymyr Kurylo, dramatic artists: Oles Kuzyszyn. songwriter, vocalist; and Lidia Hawryluk, soprano, accompanied by Yurij and Oles Furda. A wine and cheese reception will follow the concert. Suggested donation is S5. The insti­ tute is located at 2 E. 79th St. NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Insti­ tute of America cordially invites all college students to help decorate the traditional Christmas tree. Decorat­ ing begins at 11 a.m. and lasts the entire day (until 7 p.m.) with a reception following. The institute is located at 2 E. 79th St. For more information, call (212) 288-8660. NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Aca­ demy of Arts and Sciences and, the Ukrainian Historical Association are co-sponsoring a scholarly conference to commemorate the 100th anniver­ sary of the birth of the first president of UVAN, Dmytro I. Doroshenko. The afternoon program, which begins at 2 p.m. will feature V. Omelchenko's opening remarks; Omeljan Pritsak's lecture on u Doroshenko-Ukrainian historian;" Lubomyr Wynar on "Historiographic and Bibliographic works of Doro­ shenko"; and Marko Antonovych on Doroshenko and Vyacheslav Lypynsky. The afternoon program will be held at the academy building, 206 W. 100th St. Saturday, December 18 NEW YORK: The Harvard Ukrai­ nian Research Institute and the Lypynsky East European Research Institute in Philadelphia are cosponsoring a Vyacheslav Lypynsky Centennial Conference at the Ukrai­ nian Institute of America today, at 10 a.m. The all-day conference comme­ morates the 100th anniversary of the birth of Lypynsky. The institute is located at 2 E. 79th St.

NEW YORK: A traditional Christ­ mas yarmarok will be held at the Plast Home, 144 Second Ave., today from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. Friday, December 31 SOYUZIVKA: A New Year's Eve Dance featuring the Alex and Dorko Band will be held at the Ukrainian National Association estate. For more information call (914) 6265641.


SOMERVILLE, NJ.: The Chervona Kalyna Band will ring in the New Year at the Holiday Inn of Somerville. (U.S. Route 22 East) The celebration begins at 9 p.m. with a prime-rib dinner. Admission is S70 per couple. Please make reservations as soon as possible by calling (201) 526-9500.

NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Insti­ tute of America will hold a special New Year's Eve program tonight, beginning at 9 p.m. The black-tie affair will include cocktails, dinner, refreshments and live music provided by the Vodohray band of Chicago. The celebration will continue through 2 a.m. Cost is S45 per person, S20 for students. Please call the institute for reservations, (212) 288-8660.

Saturday, January 1 NEW YORK: To start off the New Year, the young professionals of the Ukrainian Institute of America will present an informal get-together. The evening, geared toward making new friends and business contacts, will feature live music by a new and exciting band from Chicago, Vo­ dohray. The evening begins at 8 p.m., lasts until 1a.m., and includes snacks and refreshments. Admission is S12 per person. For more information call the institute, 2 E. 79th St., (212) 288-8660.

Saturday, December 18 PITTSBURGH: The League of Ukrainian Catholics Kalyna Choir of the Greater Pittsburgh area, directed by Irene Vladuchick, will present its annual concert of Ukrainian Christ­ mas music in the Hall of Architec­ ture in Carnegie Museum here at 2 p.m. This year, Kalyna dedicates ЇЇГ concert to the memory of the founders of Ss. Peter and Paul Ukrainian Catholic Parish in Ambridge, Pa., on the occasion of its diamond jubilee. This will be Kalyna's way of saying thanks to the pioneers of the Am­ bridge parish in particular, and of all the other parishes in general, for bringing these ancient "koliadky" and "shchedrivky" from Ukraine, teaching them to their offspring, and thus, making it possible to preserve these precious songs, in their original and unspoiled beauty for generations to come.

PREVIEW OF EVENTS is a service provided free of charge by The Ukrainian Weekly to the Ukrai­ nian community. To have a Ukrai­ nian community event bated in this column please send information (type of event, date, rime, place, admission, sponsor, etc.) - along with the phone number of a person who may be reached during daytime hours for any additional information - to: PREVIEW OF EVENTS, The Ukrainian Weekly, 30 Montgomery St., Jersey City, N J . 07302.