Global Warming Hello everybody.

My name is John Howard, and I am science man and a member of a NGO named Save the Earth. I was invited to that conference to present you some alarming facts, in order to convince you to make a first step to save our planet from the danger of global warming. An increase in global temperatures can be the cause of other changes, including a rising sea level and changes in the amount and pattern of precipitation. These changes may increase the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, such as floods, droughts, heat waves, hurricanes, and tornados. Other consequences include higher or lower agricultural yields, glacial retreat, reduced summer stream flows, species extinctions and increases in the ranges of disease. Warming is expected to affect the number and magnitude of these events; however, it is difficult to connect particular events to global warming. I have just presented you some causes and effects of global warming. Next I’ll tell you also about some solution to limit that huge problem. In the end, I will try to persuade you in order to pick the most valuable solution. This solution must be a reliable and permanent one and should not involve too much money. Individual choices can have an impact on global climate change. Reducing your family's heat-trapping emissions does not mean denying modern conveniences; it means making smart choices and using energyefficient products, which may require an additional investment at the beginning, but often pay you back in energy savings within a couple of years. Since Americans' per capita emissions of heat-trapping gases is 5.6 tons—more than double the amount of western Europeans we can all make choices that will greatly reduce our families' global warming impact. First, I’ll speak about the car you drive: the most important personal climate decision. When you buy your next car, look for the one with the best fuel economy in its class. Each gallon of gas you use releases 25 pounds of heat-trapping carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere. Better gas mileage not only reduces global warming, but will also save you thousands of dollars at the pump during the life of the vehicle. Compare the fuel economy of the cars you're considering and look for new technologies like hybrid engines. Think before you drive. If you own more than one vehicle, use the less fuel-efficient one only when you can fill it with passengers. Driving a full minivan may be kinder to the environment than two midsize cars. Whenever possible, join a carpool or take mass transit. Next solution can be the use of clean power. More than half the electricity in the United States comes from power plants that use coal to provide energy. And power plants are not the single largest source of heat-trapping gas. None of us can live without electricity, but in some states, you can switch to electricity companies that provide 50 to 100 percent renewable energy. Another thing that you can do is to look after Energy Star. When it comes time to replace appliances, look for the Energy Star label on new appliances (refrigerators, freezers, air conditioners, and water heaters use the most energy). These items may cost a bit more initially, but the energy savings will pay back the extra investment within a couple of years. Household energy savings really can make a difference: If each house in the United States replaced its existing appliances with the most efficient models available, we would save $15 billion in energy costs and eliminate 175 million tons of heat-trapping gases. Specking about appliances, I’ll give you an example of how to reduce global warming.(Unplug a freezer) One of the quickest ways to reduce your global warming impact is to unplug the extra refrigerator or freezer you rarely use (except when you need it for holidays and parties). This can reduce the typical family's carbon dioxide emissions by nearly 10 percent. Moreover, an other example can be the light bulbs. If every house in the United States replaced one regular light bulb with an energy-saving model, we could reduce global warming pollution by more than 90 billion pounds over the life of the bulbs; the same as taking 6.3 million cars off the road. So, replace your incandescent bulbs with more efficient compact fluorescents,

natural gas or coal. choosing appliances with Energy Star label. Solar electric generation is economically competitive where grid connection or fuel transport is difficult. check for labels that indicate the source of the timber. but if we want a better world for our children we mast made up our mind quickly and make a firm decision. also the other solution I presented to you. and do not require imported fuel. Of course. Examples include satellites. I hope that I convince you that renewable energy is the best solution if we want to preserve our world. The countries that are geographically located far away from the Equator.which now come in all shapes and sizes. trees planted in and around urban areas and residences can provide much-needed shade in the summer. not all the countries can provide this kind of energy. a good idea can be to buy good wood. Also. New Zealand can develop geothermal plants. In my opinion. Supporting forests that are managed in a sustainable fashion makes sense for biodiversity. The cost of wind-generated electric power has dropped substantially. You'll give your contribution to cut back on heat-trapping pollution and you'll save money on your electric bills and light bulbs. Also. some countries such as Iceland. Since 2004. Therefore. Solar power is pollution free during use. a lot of countries can use hydroelectric plants. if you have any question. developing renewable energy is the only permanent solution to global warming. island communities. reducing energy bills and fossil fuel use. accurate information they need to make informed decisions about global warming solutions. don’t have that opportunity. Of course. When buying wood products. costly or impossible. you can also plant a tree in your own backyard. Thank you for your attention. the price in the United States is now lower than the cost of fuel-generated electric power. remote locations and ocean vessels. according to some sources. Let policymakers know you are concerned about global warming. Now. I will sustain my opinion with some examples. Plant a tree. . I’ll be glad to answer. and it may make sense for the climate too. like the way you choose and use a your car. replacing light bulb or buying good wood are very good. In addition to storing carbon. During the period of low power prices in the 1980s up to the recent rise in oil and gas prices. Get a group in your neighborhood together and contact your local arborist or urban forester about planting trees on private property and public land. Our elected officials and business leaders need to hear from concerned citizens. Therefore I will tell you something about windgenerated power. Moreover. Sign up for the Union of Concerned Scientists Action Network to ensure that policymakers get the timely. The major advantage of hydro systems is elimination of the cost of fuel. few geothermal resource areas in the United States were capable of generating electricity at a cost competitive with other energy sources. Hydroelectric plants are immune to price increases for fossil fuels such as oil.

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