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Variety Manual

QUALITY VA R I E T Y TRADITION
H O P G R O W E R S O F A M E R I C A

I N T R O D U C T I O N From the sun-soaked


volcanic soil of Washingtons Yakima Valley and Idahos Treasure Valley, to the lush landscape of Oregons Willamette Valley, U.S. hop growers produce a wide range of aroma, bittering, and super-alpha hops. The unique combination of quality, consistency, and varietal diversity make the American hop industry unmatched, and we are proud that our hops can be found in beer styles throughout the world. This manual contains hop varieties that are grown in Washington, Oregon, and Idahoincluding some Americangrown European varieties. The varieties listed here account for approximately 99% of the commercially available acreage in the U.S. The Hop Growers of America encourage you to sample the diverse selection of premium hops grown in the United States. Please refer to the buyers guide on the last page to see a list of companies that sell American hops.
USA HOP GROWING AREAS

WASHINGTON

OREGON

IDAHO

Table of Contents
List of American-Grown Hop Varieties Arranged by Alpha Acids. ............................................... 1 - 2 List of American-Grown Hop Varieties Arranged by Total Oils .................................................... 3 - 4 Variety-Specific Data for Hops Grown in the U.S.: Ahtanum. ..................................................................................5 Amarillo .................................................................................... 5 Apollo. ...........................................................................................6 Bravo.............................................................................................6 Brewers Gold (US)...................................................................7 Cascade . ....................................................................................7 Centennial .................................................................................8 Chelan ........................................................................................8 Chinook .....................................................................................9 Citra . .........................................................................................9 Cluster ......................................................................................10 Columbus/Tomahawk/Zeus ...........................................10 Crystal ...................................................................................... 11 Delta . ........................................................................................ 11 El Dorado . ............................................................................ 11 Fuggle (US)...............................................................................12 Galena ......................................................................................12 Glacier . ....................................................................................13 Golding (US) . ..........................................................................13 Hallertau (US) .........................................................................14 Horizon ....................................................................................14 Liberty .......................................................................................15 Magnum (US)...........................................................................15 Millennium...............................................................................16

Mosaic.....................................................................................16 Mt. Hood....................................................................................16 Newport ...................................................................................17 Northern Brewer (US). ...........................................................17 Nugget . ....................................................................................18 Palisade ...................................................................................18 Perle (US)...................................................................................19 Saaz (US)....................................................................................19 Santiam..................................................................................... 20 Simcoe .................................................................................... 20 Sterling.......................................................................................21 Summit . ................................................................................21 Super Galena ........................................................................ 22 Tettnang (US) ......................................................................... 22 Ultra ......................................................................................... 23 Vanguard ................................................................................ 24 Warrior ................................................................................... 24 Willamette . ............................................................................ 25 Buyers Guide........................................................................... 26
Data for Apollo, Bravo, Delta, and Super Galena were provided by S. S. Steiner, Inc. Data for Amarillo were provided by Virgil Gamache Farms, Inc. Data for El Dorado were provided by CLS Farms, LLC. Data for Mosaic were provided by Hop Breeding Company, LLC. Data for Ahtanum, Palisade, Simcoe, and Warrior were provided by Yakima Chief, Inc. Data for Summit were provided by the American Dwarf Hop Association. Data for US Brewers Gold, Crystal, US Fuggle, US Hallertau, US Magnum, US Northern Brewer, US Perle, US Saaz, Santiam, and US Tettnang were obtained from the Hopunion, LLC Directory of Hop Data. The Barth-Haas Hops Companion (Copyright 2009 by John I. Haas, Inc.) was used to obtain data for Cascade, Centennial, Chelan, Chinook, Citra, Cluster, CT Z, Galena, Glacier, US Golding, Horizon, Liberty, Millennium, Mt. Hood, Newport, Nugget, Sterling, Ultra, Vanguard, and Willamette. The Hop Growers of America would like to thank these companies for their support.

AMERICAN-GROWN HOP VARIETIES

Arranged By Alpha
Ultra Saaz (US) Liberty Tettnang (US) Crystal Hallertau (US) Fuggle (US) Glacier Golding (US) Willamette Vanguard Ahtanum Mt. Hood Cascade Santiam Delta Cluster Sterling Palisade Perle (US) Brewers Gold (US) 2.0 3.5% 3.0 4.5% 3.0 5.0% 4.0 5.0% 3.5 5.5% 3.5 5.5% 4.0 5.5% 5.5 5.5% 4.0 6.0% 4.0 6.0% 5.5 6.0% 5.7 6.3% 4.0 7.0% 4.5 7.0% 5.0 7.0% 5.5 7.0% 5.5 8.5% 6.0 9.0% 5.5 9.5% 7.0 9.5% 8.0 10.0%

Acids (Average Range)


Northern Brewer (US) Amarillo

8.0 10.0% 8.0 11.0% 9.5 11.5% 11.0 13.0% 11.0 13.0% 11.5 13.5% 11.5 13.5% 11.5 14.0% 12.0 14.0% 12.0 14.0% 12.0 14.0% 12.0 14.5% 13.0 16.0% 14.0 16.0% 14.5 16.5% 14.5 16.5% 13.5 17.0% 14.5 17.5% 15.0 18.0% 16.0 18.0% 16.0 20.0%

Centennial Citra Horizon Mosaic Galena Nugget Chinook Magnum (US) Simcoe Chelan Super Galena El Dorado

Columbus/Tomahawk/Zeus Millennium Newport Bravo Warrior Summit Apollo

AMERICAN-GROWN HOP VARIETIES

Arranged By Total
*ml/100g
Cluster Tettnang (US) Perle (US) Saaz (US) Ultra Hallertau (US) Golding (US) Delta Liberty Fuggle (US) Ahtanum Vanguard Galena Cascade Crystal Willamette Mosaic Santiam Glacier Palisade Mt. Hood 0.4 0.8 0.4 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.5 1.0 0.5 1.0 0.6 1.0 0.7 1.0 0.5 1.1 0.6 1.2 0.7 1.2 0.8 1.2 0.9 1.2 0.9 1.3 0.7 1.4 1.0 1.5 1.0 1.5 1.0 1.5 1.3 1.5 0.7 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.2 1.7

Oils * (Average Range)


Sterling Amarillo Chelan Warrior Horizon Northern Brewer (US) Millennium Nugget Centennial Magnum (US) Bravo Brewers Gold (US) Apollo Summit Super Galena Simcoe Chinook Citra El Dorado Columbus/Tomahawk/Zeus Newport 1.3 1.9 1.5 1.9 1.5 1.9 1.0 2.0 1.5 2.0 1.5 2.0 1.8 2.2 1.8 2.2 1.5 2.3 1.9 2.3 1.6 2.4 2.0 2.4 1.5 2.5 1.5 2.5 1.5 2.5 2.0 2.5 1.7 2.7 2.2 2.8 2.5 2.8 2.0 3.0 1.6 3.4

A H TA N U M
Ahtanum (YCR 1 cv.) is an aroma-type cultivar bred by Yakima Chief Ranches. It is used for its aromatic properties and moderate bittering. The variety is named after the location where Charles Carpenter established the first hop farm in the Yakima Valley in 1869.
Yield (kilos per hectare) Yield (lbs per acre) Alpha Acids Beta Acids Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) Myrcene (as % of other oils) Caryophyllene (as % of other oils) Humulene (as % of other oils) Farnesene (as % of other oils) Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) Possible Substitutions 2,050 - 2,250 1,775 - 1,950 5.7 - 6.3% 5.0 - 6.5% 30 - 35% 0.8 - 1.2 50 - 55% 9.0 - 12% 16 - 20% 0.0% Fair to Good Cascade

AMARILLO
Amarillo (VGXP01 cv.) is an aroma variety of recent origin, discovered and introduced by Vigil Gamache Farms Inc. in Washington State. It is most often used as a late kettle or dry hop addition to American style Pale Ales and IPAs due to its signature aroma characteristics.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 1,350 - 1,800 Yield (lbs per acre) 1,200 - 1,600 Alpha Acids 8.0 - 11% Beta Acids 6.0 - 7.0% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 21 - 24% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 1.5 - 1.9 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 68 - 70% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 2.0 - 4.0% Humulene (as % of total oils) 9.0 - 11% Farnesene (as % of total oils) 2.0 - 4.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) Good Possible Substitutions Cascade, Centennial

APOLLO
Apollo (Hopsteiner 0151) is a super high alpha variety that was developed by the Hopsteiner Breeding Program and released in 2006. The very high alpha, good storage stability and low cohumulone ratio make it an excellent choice for bittering. Added late into the boil it provides a strong grapefruit and hoppy note.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 2,900 - 3,350 Yield (lbs per acre) 2,600 - 3,000 Alpha Acids 16.0 - 20.0% Beta Acids 5.5 - 8.0% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 23 - 28% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 1.5 - 2.5 Myrcene (as % of other oils) 30.0 - 55.0% Caryophyllene (as % of other oils) 14.0 - 20.0% Humulene (as % of other oils) 20.0 - 35.0% Farnesene (as % of other oils) < 1.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 80 - 90% Possible Substitutions CTZ, Magnum, Millenium, Nugget, Warrior

BRAVO
Bravo (Hopsteiner 0146) is a second generation super high alpha variety that was developed by the Hopsteiner Breeding Program and released in 2006. Bravo is an excellent bittering hop that provides pleasant fruity and floral aroma characteristics.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 3,000 - 3,470 Yield (lbs per acre) 2,700 - 3,100 Alpha Acids 14.5 - 17.5% Beta Acids 3.0 - 5.0% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 29.0 - 34.0% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 1.6 - 2.4 Myrcene (as % of other oils) 25.0 - 50.0% Caryophyllene (as % of other oils) 10.0 - 12.0% Humulene (as % of other oils) 18.0 - 20.0% Farnesene (as % of other oils) < 1.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 60 - 70% Possible Substitutions CTZ, Magnum, Nugget

BREWERS GOLD (US)


Brewers Gold is an English variety that is primarily used as a bittering hop. It is a descendent of Bullion and has many of the same varietal attributes. American-grown Brewers Gold has a higher percentage of alpha acids than its counterpart in England. Yield (kilos per hectare) 2,750 Yield (lbs per acre) 2,400 Alpha Acids 8.0 - 10% Beta Acids 3.5 - 4.5% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 40 - 48% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 2.0 - 2.4 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 37 - 40% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 7.0 - 7.5% Humulene (as % of total oils) 29 - 31% Farnesene (as % of total oils) < 1.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) Poor Possible Substitutions UK Brewers Gold, Galena, Northern Brewer

CASCADE
Cascade is an aroma hop that was developed by the U.S.D.A. breeding program in Oregon and released in 1972. It has a medium strength aroma that provides a unique floral/spicy character with well balanced bittering potential. It is the most popular hop with the U.S. craft brewing industry. Yield (kilos per hectare) 1,792 - 2,240 Yield (lbs per acre) 1,600 - 2,000 Alpha Acids 4.5 - 7.0% Beta Acids 4.8 - 7.0% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 33 - 40% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 0.7 - 1.4 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 45 - 60% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 3.5 - 5.5% Humulene (as % of total oils) 8.0 - 13% Farnesene (as % of total oils) 3.0 - 7.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 48 - 52% Possible Substitutions Centennial, Amarillo

CENTENNIAL
Centennial is an aroma variety that was released in 1990. It was derived from three-quarters Brewers Gold with minor contributions from Fuggle, East Kent Golding and others. It is among the most popular varieties for U.S. craft brewers and is sometimes referred to as a super Cascade.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 1,700 - 2,000 Yield (lbs per acre) 1,500 - 1,750 Alpha Acids 9.5 - 11.5% Beta Acids 3.5 - 4.5% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 29 - 30% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 1.5 - 2.5 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 45 - 55% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 5.0 - 8.0% Humulene (as % of total oils) 10 - 18% Farnesene (as % of total oils) < 1.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 60 - 65% Possible Substitutions Cascade, Amarillo

CHELAN
Chelan is a high alpha variety with a very high percentage of beta acids. The variety was developed through the John I. Haas, Inc., breeding program and released in 1994. It is a daughter of Galena and therefore has analytical data similar to Galena.
Yield (kilos per hectare) Yield (lbs per acre) Alpha Acids Beta Acids Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) Myrcene (as % of total oils) Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) Humulene (as % of total oils) Farnesene (as % of total oils) Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) Possible Substitutions 2,240 - 2,688 2,000 - 2,400 12.0 - 14.5% 8.5 - 9.8% 33 - 35% 1.5 - 1.9 45 - 55% 9.0 - 12% 12 - 15% < 1% 80% Galena

CHINOOK
Chinook was developed by the U.S.D.A. breeding program in Washington State and released in 1985 as a high alpha variety. It has a highly acceptable beer aroma profile with smooth bitterness and full flavor.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 1,904 - 2,352 1,700 - 2,100 Yield (lbs per acre) Alpha Acids 12.0 - 14.0% Beta Acids 3.0 - 4.0% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 29 - 35% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 1.7 - 2.7 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 35 - 40% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 9.0 - 11% Humulene (as % of total oils) 18 - 23% Farnesene (as % of total oils) < 1.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 68% Possible Substitutions Nugget, CTZ, Galena

CITRA
Citra (HBC 394) is an aroma variety that was released in 2007 by Hop Breeding Co. Ltd., a joint venture between John I. Haas, Inc. and Yakima Chief Inc. It has fairly high alpha acids and total oils, and it imparts a distinctive citrus character to beer.
Yield (kilos per hectare) Yield (lbs per acre) Alpha Acids Beta Acids Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) Myrcene (as % of total oils) Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) Humulene (as % of total oils) Farnesene (as % of total oils) Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) Possible Substitutions 1,600 - 1,800 1,400 - 1,600 11 - 13 3.5 - 4.5 22 - 24% 2.2 - 2.8 60 - 65% 6.0 - 8.0% 11 - 13% 0.0% 60 - 75%

CLUSTER
Cluster is the oldest hop variety grown in the U.S. Until the late 1970s, Cluster was one of only a few varieties growing in the U.S. and accounted for most of the countrys hop acreage. It is an excellent general purpose hop with well-balanced bittering potential and aroma properties. The storage stability of its alpha acids is among the best in the world.
Yield (kilos per hectare) Yield (lbs per acre) Alpha Acids Beta Acids Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) Myrcene (as % of total oils) Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) Humulene (as % of total oils) Farnesene (as % of total oils) Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) Possible Substitutions 1,904 - 2,352 1,700 - 2,100 5.5 - 8.5% 4.5 - 5.5% 37 - 43% 0.4 - 0.8 45 - 55% 6.0 - 7.0% 15 - 18% < 1.0% 84% Galena

C O L U M B U S / T O M A H AW K / Z E U S ( C T Z )
These three super high alpha varieties are often grouped together and referred to as CT Z. Each of these varieties has alpha acid content of between 14.5-16.5% and share the same female parent as Nugget. Originally bred for their high alpha value, they have also become popular for their oil profile.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 2,800 - 3,249 Yield (lbs per acre) 2,500 - 2,900 Alpha Acids 14.5 - 16.5% Beta Acids 4.0 - 5.0% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 28 - 32% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 2.0 - 3.0 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 40 - 50% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 9.0 - 11% Humulene (as % of total oils) 12 - 18% Farnesene (as % of total oils) < 1.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 52% Possible Substitutions Galena, Chinook, Nugget

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C RY S TA L
Crystal is a triploid variety that was bred by U.S.D.A. from Hallertau mf, Cascade, Northern Brewer, and Early Green. It is perceived as the most pungent of the triploid Hallertau family of hops, and is increasingly popular among U.S. craft brewers. It is a versatile variety that is used in Pilsners and Lagers, as well as in ESBs and American and Belgian-style Ales. Crystal is primarily grown in Oregon.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 1,350 - 2,250 Yield (lbs per acre) 1,200 - 2,000 Alpha Acids 3.5 - 5.5% Beta Acids 4.5 - 6.5% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 20 - 26% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 1.0 - 1.5 Myrcene (as % of other oils) 40 - 65% Caryophyllene (as % of other oils) 4.0 - 8.0% Humulene (as % of other oils) 18 - 24% Farnesene (as % of other oils) < 1.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 50% Possible Substitutions Mt. Hood, Liberty

D E LT A
Delta (Hopsteiner 04188) is a new aroma variety that was developed by the Hopsteiner Breeding Program and released in 2009. It is a cross between Fuggle and a male variety derived from Cascade. It shows good tolerance to downy mildew. Delta has a mild and pleasant aroma that is slightly spicy with a hint of citrus.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 1,600 - 2,000 Yield (lbs per acre) 1,400 - 1,800 Alpha Acids 5.5 - 7.0% Beta Acids 5.5 - 7.0% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 22 - 24% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 0.5 - 1.1 Myrcene (as % of other oils) 25 - 40% Caryophyllene (as % of other oils) 9.0 - 15% Humulene (as % of other oils) 25 - 35% Farnesene (as % of other oils) < 1.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 80 - 90% Possible Substitutions Fuggle, Willamette

EL DORADO
El Dorado is a special dual purpose variety with exceptional aroma qualities and high alpha acids. It was developed by CLS Farms, LLC in 2008 and released in 2010. El Dorado consistently elicits responses of fruity notes, specifically tropical fruit flavors. Other fruit notes offered have been pear, watermelon and stone fruit.
Yield (kilos per hectare) Yield (lbs per acre) Alpha Acids Beta Acids Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) Myrcene (as % of total oils) Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) Humulene (as % of total oils) Farnesene (as % of total oils) Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) Possible Substitutions 2,650 - 2,880 2,300 - 2,500 14.0 - 16.0% 7.0 - 8.0% 28 - 33% 2.5 - 2.8 55 - 60% 6.0 - 8.0% 10 - 15% 0.1% 60 - 75%

FUGGLE (US)
This classic English aroma variety has long been grown in both Oregon and Washington. It has a typical English aroma and contributes a balanced bitterness. Fuggle is very suitable for English and American-style Ales.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 1,200 - 1,800 Yield (lbs per acre) 1,070 - 1,600 Alpha Acids 4.0 - 5.5% Beta Acids 1.5 - 2.0% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 25 - 32% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 0.7 - 1.2 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 40 - 50% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 6.0 - 10% Humulene (as % of total oils) 20 - 26% Farnesene (as % of total oils) 4.0 - 5.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 60 - 65% Possible Substitutions English Fuggle, Styrian Golding, Willamette

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GALENA
Galena is a high alpha variety that was developed in the Idaho state breeding program in 1978. It has balanced bittering properties combined with an agreeable aroma profile. Galenas storage stability is excellent. It is often used in both English and American-style Ales.
Yield (kilos per hectare) Yield (lbs per acre) Alpha Acids Beta Acids Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) Myrcene (as % of total oils) Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) Humulene (as % of total oils) Farnesene (as % of total oils) Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) Possible Substitutions 1,904 - 2,352 1,700 - 2,100 11.5 - 13.5% 7.2 - 8.7% 36 - 40% 0.9 - 1.3 55 - 60% 4.5 - 5.5% 10 - 13% < 1.0% 79% Nugget, CTZ

GLACIER
Glacier is a dual-purpose hop with well balanced bittering properties and a pleasant aroma profile. It was released in 2000 from the Washington State University breeding program. It is commonly used in beer styles such as Pale Ale, ESB, Bitter, English-Style Pale Ale, Porter, and Stout.
Yield (kilos per hectare) Yield (lbs per acre) Alpha Acids Beta Acids Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) Myrcene (as % of total oils) Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) Humulene (as % of total oils) Farnesene (as % of total oils) Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) Possible Substitutions 2,750 - 2,900 2,400 - 2,600 5.5% 8.2% 11 - 13% 0.7 - 1.6 33 - 62% 6.5 - 10% 24 - 36% < 1.0% 72% Willamette

GOLDING (US)
Golding hops consist of a group of traditional English aroma varieties which have been cultivated since 1790. Several selections now exist including Cobbs, Early Bird, East Well, Bramling, Canterbury and Mathon, some of which are now being grown in the U. S. All Goldings are recognized as having a most typical English aroma.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 1,344 - 1,680 Yield (lbs per acre) 1,200 - 1,500 Alpha Acids 4.0 - 6.0% Beta Acids 2.0 - 3.0% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 23 - 28% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 0.7 - 1.0 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 25 - 35% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 13 - 16% Humulene (as % of total oils) 35 - 45% Farnesene (as % of total oils) < 1.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 66% Possible Substitutions Fuggle, Styrian Golding, East Kent Golding, Willamette

H A L L E R TA U ( U S )
This traditional German land-race variety has limited acreage in the U.S. Its noble aroma character is considered mild, pleasant, and slightly flowery.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 900 - 1,400 Yield (lbs per acre) 800 - 1,250 Alpha Acids 3.5 - 5.5% Beta Acids 3.5 - 5.5% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 18 - 24% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 0.6 - 1.0 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 35 - 44% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 10 - 12% Humulene (as % of total oils) 30 - 38% Farnesene (as % of total oils) < 1.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 52 - 58% Possible Substitutions German Hallertau mf, Hallertau Tradition, Liberty, Mt. Hood

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HORIZON
Horizon is a half-sister to Nugget. It is generally considered a dual purpose hop with medium alpha and good aroma. Horizons low cohumulone results in a clean tasting beer.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 2,100 - 2,300 Yield (lbs per acre) 1,900 - 2,000 Alpha Acids 11 - 13% Beta Acids 6.5 - 8.5% 16 - 19% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 1.5 - 2.0 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 55 - 65% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 7.5 - 9.0% Humulene (as % of total oils) 11 - 13% Farnesene (as % of total oils) 2.5 - 3.5% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) Average to Good Possible Substitutions Magnum

LIBERTY
Liberty is a triploid Hallertau variety that was bred by U.S.D.A. Of the four triploid Hallertau mf varieties released by U.S.D.A., Liberty most closely resembles the Hallertau mf cultivar. It is typically used in Lager, Pilsner, Bock, US W heat, and Klsch beers.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 1,100 - 1,900 Yield (lbs per acre) 1,000 - 1,700 Alpha Acids 3.0 - 5.0% Beta Acids 3.0 - 4.0% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 24 - 30% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 0.6 - 1.2 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 20 - 40% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 9.0 - 12% Humulene (as % of total oils) 35 - 40% Farnesene (as % of total oils) < 1.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 35 - 40% Possible Substitutions Hallertau, Mt. Hood

MAGNUM (US)
Magnum is a high alpha variety that was developed at the Hop Research Center in Huell, Germany. It is widely grown in the Hallertau region of Germany, and is also grown in the U.S. Magnum is a good bittering hop for Ales and Lagers.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 1,900 - 2,000 1,340 - 1,700 Yield (lbs per acre) Alpha Acids 12 - 14% Beta Acids 4.5 - 6.0% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 24 - 28% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 1.9 - 2.3 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 30 - 35% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 8.0 - 12% Humulene (as % of total oils) 35 - 40% Farnesene (as % of total oils) < 1.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) Very Good Possible Substitutions German Magnum, CTZ, Nugget

MILLENNIUM
Millennium is a high alpha variety bred in the John I. Haas, Inc. breeding program and released in 2000. Its brewing profile is comparable to Nugget and Columbus, being used primarily as a bittering hop with strong alpha potential.
Yield (kilos per hectare) Yield (lbs per acre) Alpha Acids Beta Acids Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) Myrcene (as % of total oils) Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) Humulene (as % of total oils) Farnesene (as % of total oils) Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) Possible Substitutions 2,464 - 2,913 2,200 - 2,600 14.5 - 16.5% 4.3 - 5.3% 28 - 32% 1.8 - 2.2 30 - 40% 9.0 - 12% 23 - 27% < 1.0% 76% Nugget, CTZ

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MOSAIC
Mosaic (HBC 369) is an aroma hop variety developed by Hop Breeding Company, LLC that was released in 2012. It offers a unique and complex blend of floral, tropical, fruity, and earthy characteristics that translate very favorably into several styles of beer. Mosaic is the daughter of Simcoe (YCR 14) and a Nugget derived male.
Yield (kilos per hectare) Yield (lbs per acre) Alpha Acids Beta Acids Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) Myrcene (as % of total oils) Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) Humulene (as % of total oils) Farnesene (as % of total oils) Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) Possible Substitutions 2,017 - 2,466 1,800 - 2,200 11.5 - 13.5% 3.2 - 3.9% 24 - 26% 1.0 - 1.5 47 - 53% 5.2 - 7.8% 13 - 16% < 1.0% 75%

M T. H O O D
Named after the famous Oregon volcano, Mt. Hood is an aroma variety that was bred from the German Hallertauer variety and released in 1989 from the U.S.D.A. breeding program in Oregon. It has clear similarities to German Hallertauer and Hersbrucker, and is typically used in Lagers, Pilsners, Bocks, W heat, Alt, and Helles beers.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 1,624 - 1,960 Yield (lbs per acre) 1,450 - 1,750 Alpha Acids 4.0 - 7.0% Beta Acids 5.0 - 8.0% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 21 - 23% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 1.2 - 1.7 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 30 - 40% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 13 - 16% Humulene (as % of total oils) 30 - 38% Farnesene (as % of total oils) < 1.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 55% Possible Substitutions Strisselspalt, Hersbrucker, Hallertauer

NEWPORT
A high-alpha hop developed by the U.S.D.A. breeding program at Oregon State University using Hallertau Magnum as its mother. Newport has excellent yields and is resistant to both powdery and downy mildews.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 2,300 - 2,840 1,990 - 2,550 Yield (lbs per acre) Alpha Acids 13.5 - 17% Beta Acids 7.2 - 9.1% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 36 - 38% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 1.6 - 3.4 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 47 - 54% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 4.5 - 7.0% Humulene (as % of total oils) 9.0 - 14% Farnesene (as % of total oils) < 1.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 60% Possible Substitutions Magnum, Galena, Nugget

NORTHERN BREWER (US)


Northern Brewer was bred in England in 1934 from a female American hop and an English male. It is a dual purpose hop with moderate alpha and a good aroma profile. Northern Brewers acreage has declined in England, but is still widely grown in Germany. It is also grown in the U.S.
Yield (kilos per hectare) Yield (lbs per acre) Alpha Acids Beta Acids Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 1,200 - 1,600 1,000 - 1,400 8.0 - 10% 3.0 - 5.0%

20 - 30% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 1.5 - 2.0 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 50 - 60% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 5.0 - 10% Humulene (as % of total oils) 20 - 30% < 1.0% Farnesene (as % of total oils) Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 70 - 85% Possible Substitutions German Northern Brewer, Chinook, Galena, Magnum

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NUGGET
Nugget is a high alpha variety released in 1983 from the U.S.D.A. breeding program in Oregon. It is characterized by a mild herbal aroma, a low proportion of cohumulone, and good storage stability. It is used by brewers both for bittering and for its aroma profile. Nugget is one of the most widely grown varieties in Oregon and also has significant acreage in Washington State.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 2,016 - 2,464 Yield (lbs per acre) 1,800 - 2,200 Alpha Acids 11.5 - 14.0% Beta Acids 4.2 - 5.8% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 22 - 26% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 1.8 - 2.2 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 48 - 55% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 7.0 - 9.0% Humulene (as % of total oils) 16 - 19% Farnesene (as % of total oils) < 1.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 76% Possible Substitutions Galena, CTZ, Magnum

PA L I S A D E
Palisade (YCR 4 cv.) is an aroma variety bred by Yakima Chief Ranches, which has low susceptibility to downy mildew. It is used by brewers for its aromatic properties and moderate bittering.
Yield (kilos per hectare) Yield (lbs per acre) Alpha Acids Beta Acids Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) Myrcene (as % of total oils) Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) Humulene (as % of total oils) Farnesene (as % of total oils) Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) Possible Substitutions 2,400 - 3,400 2,200 - 3,000 5.5 - 9.5% 6.0 - 8.0% 24 - 29% 1.4 - 1.6 9.0 - 10% 16 - 18% 19 - 22% 0.0% Good Willamette

PERLE (US)
Perle was bred from Northern Brewer at the Hop Research Center in Huell, Germany. It is well established in Germany and is also grown in both Oregon and Washington. Perle is a dual purpose variety with moderate alpha levels and a nice aroma profile. It is popular with growers due to its high yields and resistance to downy mildew and wilt.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 1,300 - 1,800 Yield (lbs per acre) 1,160 - 1,600 Alpha Acids 7.0 - 9.5% Beta Acids 4.0 - 5.0% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 27 - 32% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 0.7 - 0.9 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 45 - 55% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 10 - 12% Humulene (as % of total oils) 28 - 33% Farnesene (as % of total oils) < 1.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 80 85% Possible Substitutions German Perle, Northern Brewer

SAAZ (US)
This traditional variety from the Czech Republic is grown on a limited basis in the U.S. It has a classic noble aroma that is famously used in Pilsners.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 650 - 1,150 Yield (lbs per acre) 600 - 1,000 Alpha Acids 3.0 - 4.5% Beta Acids 3.0 - 4.5% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 24 - 28% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 0.5 - 1.0 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 25 - 30% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 9.0 - 11% Humulene (as % of total oils) 35 - 40% Farnesene (as % of total oils) 9.0 - 13% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 45 - 55% Possible Substitutions Czech Saaz, Polish Lublin, Sterling

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SANTIAM
Released in 1997, Santiam was bred from Tettnang, Hallertau, and a cultivar derived from Cascade. Its resin, oil, and flavor profile are similar to Tettnang, but it has the lower CoH of Hallertau.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 1,600 - 2,350 1,400 - 2,100 Yield (lbs per acre) Alpha Acids 5.0 - 7.0% Beta Acids 6.0 - 8.0% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 22 - 24% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 1.3 - 1.5 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 27 - 36% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 7.0 - 8.0% Humulene (as % of total oils) 23 - 26% Farnesene (as % of total oils) 13 - 16% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) Average Possible Substitutions Tettnang, Spalt, Spalt Select

SIMCOE
Simcoe (YCR 14 cv.) is a bittering/aroma variety bred by Yakima Chief Ranches and released in 2000. It is used for its bittering properties and aroma qualities that impart a unique, pine-like aroma. It is very popular in American style Ales.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 1,905 - 2,240 Yield (lbs per acre) 1,700 - 2,000 Alpha Acids 12 - 14% Beta Acids 4.0 - 5% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 15 - 20% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 2.0 - 2.5 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 60 - 65% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 5.0 - 8% Humulene (as % of total oils) 10 - 15% Farnesene (as % of total oils) 0.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) Good Possible Substitutions Summit, Magnum

STERLING
Sterling is an aroma variety that was bred from Saaz and a number of other varieties. It has herbal and spicy aroma notes with a hint of floral and citrus. Sterling is perceived to be similar to a combination of Saaz and Mt. Hood, and many brewers use it as a replacement for Saaz. It is typically used in Pilsners and Lagers, as well as Belgian-style Ales.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 1,650 - 1,860 Yield (lbs per acre) 1,400 - 1,600 Alpha Acids 6.0 - 9.0% Beta Acids 4.0 - 6.0% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 22 - 28% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 1.3 - 1.9 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 44 - 48% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 5.0 - 7.0% Humulene (as % of total oils) 19 - 23% Farnesene (as % of total oils) 11 - 17% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 60 - 75% Possible Substitutions Saaz, Polish Lublin

SUMMIT
Summit is a high alpha variety of recent origin that was bred by the American Dwarf Hop Association. It is the first U.S. high alpha variety that can be grown commercially on low and high trellis. The variety exhibits unusually high alpha acids content, high alpha/beta ratios, excellent storage-stability and powdery mildew resistance. Summit has a strong aroma profile that includes citrus notes, such as orange, grapefruit and tangerine.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 2,500 - 3,100 Yield (lbs per acre) 2,200 - 2,700 Alpha Acids 16 18% Beta Acids 4.0 - 6.0% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 26 - 33% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 1.5 - 2.5 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 30 - 50% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 10 - 15% Humulene (as % of total oils) 15 - 25% Farnesene (as % of total oils) < 1.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 85% Possible Substitutions CTZ, Warrior, Simcoe

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SUPER GALENA
Super Galena (Hopsteiner 9908) is a super high alpha variety developed by the Hopsteiner breeding program and released in 2006. It has relatively high contents of both alpha and beta acids, making it a good bittering hop with pleasant aroma. Super Galena is comparable to Galena in its aroma and bitterness profile, but offers a substantially higher yield.
Yield (kilos per hectare) Yield (lbs per acre) Alpha Acids Beta Acids Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) Myrcene (as % of total oils) Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) Humulene (as % of total oils) Farnesene (as % of total oils) Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) Possible Substitutions 2,800 - 3,100 2,500 - 2,800 13 - 16% 8.0 - 10% 35 - 40% 1.5 - 2.5 45 - 60% 6.0 - 14% 19 - 24% < 1.0% 75 - 80% Galena

TETTNANG (US)
Tettnang is a traditional German land-race variety known for its noble aroma that is pleasant and slightly spicy. It remains well established in the Tettnang growing region of Germany, and is also grown in Oregon and Washington. Americangrown Tettnang is reported to have slightly higher myrcene levels than its German counterpart.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 1,000 - 1,500 Yield (lbs per acre) 900 - 1,340 Alpha Acids 4.0 - 5.0% Beta Acids 3.0 - 4.0% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 20 - 25% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 0.4 - 0.8 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 36 - 45% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 6.0 - 7.0% Humulene (as % of total oils) 18 - 23% Farnesene (as % of total oils) 5.0 - 8.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 55 - 60% Possible Substitutions German Tettnang, Spalt, Spalt Select, Santiam

U LT R A
Ultra was bred by U.S.D.A. from a tetraploid Hallertau mf cultivar and a Saazer-type male diploid genotype. It is a half-sister to Mt. Hood, Liberty, and Crystal. Ultra has a mild and pleasant Saaz-like aroma. It has very low alpha acids compared to most U.S. aroma varieties.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 1,800 - 2,000 Yield (lbs per acre) 1,600 - 1,800 Alpha Acids 2.0 - 3.5% Beta Acids 3.0 - 4.5% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 23 - 38% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 0.5 - 1.0 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 15 - 25% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 10 - 15% Humulene (as % of total oils) 35 - 50% Farnesene (as % of total oils) < 1.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) Good to Very Good Possible Substitutions Mt. Hood, Liberty, Crystal

VA N G U A R D
Vanguard was the last of the Hallertau varieties to be released from the U.S.D.A. breeding program. It has a reputation of having a very close chemistry and aroma to Hallertau mf. Vanguard is typically used in Lager, Pilsner, Bock, Klsch, W heat, Munich, Helles, and Belgian-style Ales.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 1,500 - 1,650 Yield (lbs per acre) 1,350 - 1,475 Alpha Acids 5.5 - 6.0% Beta Acids 6.0 - 7.0% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 14 - 16% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 0.9 - 1.2 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 20 - 25% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 12 - 14% Humulene (as % of total oils) 45 - 50% Farnesene (as % of total oils) < 1.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 75 - 80% Possible Substitutions Hallertau, Hersbrucker, Mt. Hood, Liberty

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WA R R I O R
Warrior (YCR 5 cv.) is a high alpha variety of recent origin developed by Yakima Chief Ranches. It is used both for its aromatic properties and especially for its bittering properties, due to its low cohumulone content.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 2,750 - 3,000 2,400 - 2,600 Yield (lbs per acre) Alpha Acids 15 - 18% Beta Acids 4.5 - 5.5% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 24% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 1.0 - 2.0 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 40 - 50% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 8.0 - 10% Humulene (as % of total oils) 15 - 20% Farnesene (as % of total oils) < 1.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 76% Possible Substitutions Nugget, Columbus, Magnum

WILLAMETTE
Named after Oregons Willamette River, which runs through that states hop growing region, Willamette was released in 1976 from the U.S.D.A. breeding program. It is a daughter of the classic English variety, Fuggle, and is characterized by a low alpha content and mild aroma. Willamette is the most widely grown U.S. aroma hop. It imparts a mild, slightly spicy, and pleasant aroma in beer.
Yield (kilos per hectare) 1,500 - 1,900 Yield (lbs per acre) 1,300 - 1,700 Alpha Acids 4.0 - 6.0% Beta Acids 3.5 - 4.5% Cohumulone (% of alpha acids) 30 - 35% Total Oils (Mls. per 100 grams dried hops) 1.0 - 1.5 Myrcene (as % of total oils) 30 - 40% Caryophyllene (as % of total oils) 6.5 - 8.2% Humulene (as % of total oils) 20 - 27% Farnesene (as % of total oils) 5.0 - 6.0% Storage (% alpha acids remaining after 6 months storage at 20 C) 60 - 65% Possible Substitutions Fuggle, Tettnang, Styrian Golding

Buyers Guide
BREWERS SUPPLY GROUP P.O. Box 1401 Yakima, WA 98907 USA CROSBY HOP FARM, LLC 8648 Crosby Rd. NE Woodburn, OR 97071 USA Tel: +1 509 469-0403 Fax: +1 509 469-9155 info@brewerssupplygroup.com www.brewerssupplygroup.com Tel: +1 503 982-5166 Fax: +1 503 981-2141 hops@bcrosbyhops.com www.bcrosbyhops.com HOLLINGBERY & SON, INC. Tel: +1 509 248-6436 P.O. Box 966 Fax: +1 509 248-6438 Yakima, WA 98907 USA sales@hollingberyandson.com www.hollingberyandson.com HOPS DIRECT LLC 686 Green Valley Rd. Mabton, WA 98935 USA HOPUNION LLC 203 Division Street Yakima, WA 98902 USA JOHN I. HAAS, INC. 5185 MacArthur Blvd., Suite 300 Washington, D.C. 20016 USA NORTHWEST HOPS, LLC P.O. Box 620 Donald, OR 97020 USA Tel: +1 509 837-3616 Fax: +1 509 837-6577 info@hopsdirect.com www.hopsdirect.com Tel: +1 509 453-4792 Fax: +1 509 453-1551 hops@hopunion.com www.hopunion.com Tel: +1 202 777-4800 Fax: +1 202 777-4895 info@johnihaas.com www.barthhaasgroup.com Tel: +1 212 838-8900 sales@NorthwestHops.com www.NorthwestHops.com

ORGANIC HOPS NORTHWEST, LLC Tel: +1 509 577-0566 401 Walters Rd. info@organichopsnorthwest.com Moxee, WA 98936 USA www.organichopsnorthwest.com S. S. STEINER, INC. 655 Madison Ave., 17th Floor New York, NY 10065 USA YAKIMA CHIEF, INC. P.O. Box 209 Sunnyside, WA 98944 USA Tel: +1 212 838-8900 Fax: +1 212 593-4238 sales@hopsteiner.com www.hopsteiner.com Tel: +32-10-47 50 50 Fax: +32-10-47 50 51 belgium@yakimachief.com www.yakimachief.com

This list is not an endorsement of any of these companies only a reference for your convenience.

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Hop Growers of America P.O. Box 1207 Moxee, WA 98936 USA Tel: +1 509 453-4749 Fax: +1 509 457-8561 E-mail: info@usahops.org www.usahops.org

Hop Growers of America is a non-profit association that represents and promotes the interests of U.S. hop growers both domestically and internationally. HGA provides support, coordination and communication to growers, brewers and the world hop industry in areas of common interest, such as market statistics, promotion, education and research.