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1. Qu es el efecto fotovoltaico?

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2. De qu material suelen estar hechas las clulas fotovoltaicas?


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3. Cmo es la estructura bsica de una clula fotovoltaica?


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4. La clula fotovoltaica es lo mismo que el mdulo fotovoltaico? Si la respues


ta es negativa,
Cul es la diferencia entre ellos?
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5. Para qu sirve el encapsulante que cubre la clula fotovoltaica?


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6. Dibuja el circuito equivalente de una clula fotovoltaica y describe sus elem


entos
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7. Explica el significado de la corriente de cortocircuito (Isc)


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8. Explica el significado de la tensin de circuito abierto (Voc)


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9. Cul es cualitativamente la forma de las curvas de intensidad frente a volt


aje de un panel
fotovoltaico? Dibjalo
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10. Una clula fotovoltaica funciona como fuente de intensidad o como fuent
e de voltaje?
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11.En una curva de intensidad voltaje, Qu punto es el que representa la mx


ima potencia
generada por el panel fotovoltaico?
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12. Cul es cualitativamente la forma de las curvas de potencia frente a volta


je de un panel
fotovoltaico? Dibjalo
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13. Verdadero o falso y por qu: La intensidad de cortocircuito aumenta con la


intensidad de
radiacin solar que incide sobre la clula fotovoltiaca
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14. Verdadero o falso y por qu: La intensidad de cortocircuito de una clula fo


tovoltaica es
independiente de la intensidad de radiacin solar que ndice en el panel.
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15. Verdadero o falso y por qu: La potencia generada en un sistema fotovolta


ico disminuye a
medida que lo hace la intensidad de radiacin solar incidente.
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16. Verdadero o falso y por qu: Una clula solar no produce potencia con volt
aje o corriente
cero
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17. Verdadero o falso y por qu: A una intensidad de radiacin solar fija, el ren
dimiento de
fotoconversin es mayor si la potencia de salida es mayor
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18. Verdadero o falso y por qu: Si aumenta la temperatura, aumenta


la intensidad de
cortocircuito y disminuye la tensin de circuito abierto
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19. Verdadero o falso y por qu: Si disminuye la temperatura, tambin lo hace


la tensin de
circuito abierto.
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20. Dibuja una curva de intensidad voltaje para diferentes valores de


temperatura. Qu
diferencia hay entre ellas?
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21. Define el factor de forma


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22.Verdadero o falso y por qu. Una clula solar con un factor de forma del or
den de 0,25
tiene muy buena calidad.
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23. Qu se entiende por potencia pico de un panel fotovoltaico?


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24. Pueden funcionar los paneles fotovoltaicos en das que estn nublados?

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25. Cuales son los factores que influyen en el rendimiento de un


panel solar?
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26. Qu diferencia hay entre la conexin en serie de los mdulos solares con u
na conexin de
los mismos en paralelo
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27. Dibuja una curva tpica de potencia frente a intensidad de radiacin solar.
Qu se puede

deducir de ella.
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28. Dibuja en una misma grfica dos curvas de potencia frente a
intensidad de radiacin
cuando la temperatura de trabajo de los paneles solares fuese distinta. Son ig
uales ambas
grficas? Son diferentes? Por qu?
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29. Cul es la expresin para calcular el rendimiento de


fotoconversin de un sistema de
generacin fotovoltaico?
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30. Cmo influye el ngulo de lnea solar en la corriente de salida de una clu
la fotovoltaica?

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