Está en la página 1de 11

# 1. Qu es el efecto fotovoltaico?

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

## 2. De qu material suelen estar hechas las clulas fotovoltaicas?

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

## 3. Cmo es la estructura bsica de una clula fotovoltaica?

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

## 4. La clula fotovoltaica es lo mismo que el mdulo fotovoltaico? Si la respues

ta es negativa,
Cul es la diferencia entre ellos?
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

## 5. Para qu sirve el encapsulante que cubre la clula fotovoltaica?

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

## 6. Dibuja el circuito equivalente de una clula fotovoltaica y describe sus elem

entos
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

## 7. Explica el significado de la corriente de cortocircuito (Isc)

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

## 8. Explica el significado de la tensin de circuito abierto (Voc)

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

## 9. Cul es cualitativamente la forma de las curvas de intensidad frente a volt

aje de un panel
fotovoltaico? Dibjalo
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

10. Una clula fotovoltaica funciona como fuente de intensidad o como fuent
e de voltaje?
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

## 11.En una curva de intensidad voltaje, Qu punto es el que representa la mx

ima potencia
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

## 12. Cul es cualitativamente la forma de las curvas de potencia frente a volta

je de un panel
fotovoltaico? Dibjalo
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

## 13. Verdadero o falso y por qu: La intensidad de cortocircuito aumenta con la

radiacin solar que incide sobre la clula fotovoltiaca
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

## 14. Verdadero o falso y por qu: La intensidad de cortocircuito de una clula fo

tovoltaica es
independiente de la intensidad de radiacin solar que ndice en el panel.
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

## 15. Verdadero o falso y por qu: La potencia generada en un sistema fotovolta

ico disminuye a
_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
16. Verdadero o falso y por qu: Una clula solar no produce potencia con volt
aje o corriente
cero
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

dimiento de
fotoconversin es mayor si la potencia de salida es mayor
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

## 18. Verdadero o falso y por qu: Si aumenta la temperatura, aumenta

cortocircuito y disminuye la tensin de circuito abierto
_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

## 19. Verdadero o falso y por qu: Si disminuye la temperatura, tambin lo hace

la tensin de
circuito abierto.
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

## 20. Dibuja una curva de intensidad voltaje para diferentes valores de

temperatura. Qu
diferencia hay entre ellas?
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

## 21. Define el factor de forma

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

22.Verdadero o falso y por qu. Una clula solar con un factor de forma del or
den de 0,25
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

## 23. Qu se entiende por potencia pico de un panel fotovoltaico?

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

24. Pueden funcionar los paneles fotovoltaicos en das que estn nublados?

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

## 25. Cuales son los factores que influyen en el rendimiento de un

panel solar?
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

26. Qu diferencia hay entre la conexin en serie de los mdulos solares con u
na conexin de
los mismos en paralelo
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

27. Dibuja una curva tpica de potencia frente a intensidad de radiacin solar.
Qu se puede

deducir de ella.
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
28. Dibuja en una misma grfica dos curvas de potencia frente a
cuando la temperatura de trabajo de los paneles solares fuese distinta. Son ig
uales ambas
grficas? Son diferentes? Por qu?
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

## 29. Cul es la expresin para calcular el rendimiento de

fotoconversin de un sistema de
generacin fotovoltaico?
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

30. Cmo influye el ngulo de lnea solar en la corriente de salida de una clu
la fotovoltaica?

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________