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Araneta vs Gatmaitan 101 Phil 238 Facts: The President of the Philippines issued Executive Orders restricting the

banning of trawl fishing from San Miguel Bay. However, a group of other trawl operators questioned the said executive orders alleging the same as null and void. Issue: Whether or not the executive orders in question are null and void. Held: Since the secretary of agriculture was empowered to regulate or ban trawl fishing, the President, in the exercise of his power of control, can take over from him such authority and issue the executive order to exercise it. The Presidents power of control means that if a cabinet secretary or a head of a bureau or agency can issue rules and regulations, as authorized by law, the President has the power not only to modify or amend the same but can also supplant the rules by another set entirely different from those issued by his subordinate.