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MARKING SCHEME

2012

CLASS XII SCIENCE SUBJECTS

CENTRAL BOARD OF SECONDARY EDUCATION DELHI

CBSE, Delhi-110301

November, 2012 : 250 Copies

Price : Rs.

Manuscript as such highlights the main value points and does not represent a complete ideal answer. Manuscript may vary from time to time and year to year.

Published by Secretary, C.B.S.E. 'Shiksha Kendra', 2, Community Centre, Preet Vihar, Delhi - 110301. Laser typesetting and Printed by Akashdeep Printers, Daryaganj, New Delhi - 110002

PREFACE
CBSE as a pace setting national Board has constantly been striving to design its evaluation process in a manner that it is used as a powerful means of influencing the quality of teaching and learning in the classroom situation. Also, it has to be so designed that it provides constant feedback regarding the effectiveness of the course content, classroom processes and the growth of individual learners besides the appropriateness of evaluation procedures. As a move in this direction, CBSE started the practice of publishing the Marking Schemes with twin objectives in mind-(i) making the system more transparent and at the same time, (ii) ensuring high degree of reliability in scoring procedure. Who are the markers of answer scripts? How do they mark the answer scripts? How can it be ensured that marking is fair, objective and reliable? Questions of these types naturally arise in the minds of candidates appearing in the public examination. These questions are equally pertinent to the teachers who are not adequately exposed to the CBSE system of marking. Answer Scripts marking is a specialised job. It is assigned to teachers-PGTs for Class XII and TGTs for Class X who are in direct touch with the subject and have a minimum of 3 years experience of teaching the subject at that level. Appointment of examiners is made in accordance with the welldefined norms. Markers examine scripts with the help of detailed guidelines called the 'Marking Schemes'. It is this tool (Marking Scheme) alongwith the extensive supervisory checks and counter-checks through which CBSE tries to ensure objective and fair marking. The present publication is being brought out with a view to serving the following objectives : (i) To give an opportunity to the teachers and students to look into the Marking Schemes that were developed by the Board and supplied to the evaluators in 2012 main examination in some selected main subjects.

(ii) To receive feedback and suggestions from institutions/subject teachers on the utility and further improvement of Marking Schemes. (iii) To encourage institutions to undertake similar exercise of developing marking schemes for classes other than those covered by the Board's examination with a view to increasing teachers' responsiveness to them as the essential tools of evaluation.

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HOW TO USE Teachers and the students preparing for Class XII examination of the Board constitute the primary interest-group of this publication. Marking Schemes of Question Papers in the subjects of English Core, Functional English, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Bio-Technology, Informatics Practices, Computer Science, Engineering Drawing and Multimedia & Web Technology administered in Delhi and Outside Delhi during the 2012 main examination have been included in this document. Some tips on their usage are given below : (a) To Teachers : ----Go through the syllabus and the weightage distribution for the subject carefully. Read the question paper to find out how far the question paper set subscribes to the prescribed design. Grade every question by difficulty level for students who have taken the main Board examination. Consult the 'Marking Scheme' for each question, with reference to steps into which answers and awards have been divided. Work out concrete suggestions for the Board.

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--(b)

To Students : --Study each question carefully, comprehend them and write down the main points of the answer and note down their difficulties for clarification. Examine a question in conjunction with the Marking Scheme and find out the proximity of the answer to that suggested in the Marking Scheme.

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We urge the teachers to encourage their students to make use of this publication

M.C. SHARMA CONTROLLER OF EXAMINATIONS

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CONTENTS
Senior School Certificate Examination (XII) Marking Scheme
Page No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. English Core .............................................................................................................. Functional English ...................................................................................................... Mathematics ............................................................................................................. 1-42 43-90 91-124

Physics ...................................................................................................................... 125-181 Chemistry .................................................................................................................. 182-214 Biology ...................................................................................................................... 215-247 Bio-technology .......................................................................................................... 248-262 Informatics Practices .................................................................................................. 263-322 Computer Science ..................................................................................................... 323-422 Engineering Graphics ................................................................................................. 423-448 Multimedia and Web Technology ............................................................................... 449-502

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LIST OF COORDINATORS/SUBJECT EXPERTS/REPRESENTATIVES OF THE REGIONS FOR UPDATION/FINALISATION OF THE MARKING SCHEME FOR THE SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION, 2012
S.No. Name of the Coordinator/Subject Experts ENGLISH CORE 1. Dr. Usha Ram Principal Laxman Public School Hauz Khas, New Delhi-16 Dr. Opkar Singh Retd. Prof. 121, Sahyog Appartments Mayur Vihar Phase-I Delhi-110091 9. 3. Mrs. Bella Bhateja, PGT G. D. Goenka Pub. School Vasant Kunj, New Delhi Dr. Sanjeevan Bose PGT Scindia School The Fort, Gwalior-474008 Ms. Vandana Kapoor Principal S.L.S. DAV Public School Mausam Vihar Delhi Mrs. Kanti Ramakrishnan Vice Principal Chinmaya Vidyalaya, 9 B Taylors Road, Kilpauk, Chennai-600011
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S.No. Name of the Coordinator/Subject Experts 7. Br. Felix Martis Loyola High School, Khurji, PO Sadaqat Ashram, Patna, Bihar Sh. Vikram Joshi Principal, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Rudrapur, Udham Singh Nagar, Utrakhand-263153 Mr. S.P. Chand PGT Global Gurukul Institute School, Mani Majra, Chandigarh Mr. D.N.Tiwari PGT Laxman Public School Hauz Khas, New Delhi - 16 Shri Dastidar Principal Army School, Narangi, PO-Satgaon, Guwahati - 781027 Ms. Sudesh Arora Laxman Public School Hauz Khas, New Delhi - 16 Sh. Navin Sharma Laxman Public School Hauz Khas, New Delhi - 16

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S.No. Name of the Coordinator/Subject Experts FUNCTIONAL ENGLISH 1. Mrs. Annie Koshy Principal St. Mary's School B-II Block, Safdarjung Enclave New Delhi Mrs. Usha Ram Principal Laxman Public School Hauz Khas, New Delhi-110016 Mrs. Malini Khatri Modern School Barakhamba Road New Delhi-110001 Ms. Neena Kaul St.Marys School B-II Block, Safdarjung Enclave New Delhi Mrs. S. Lahiri St. Mary's School B-II Block, Safdarjung Enclave, New Delhi Lakshmi Srinivasan Principal, P. S. Sr. Sec. School, 33, Alarmelmangapuram Mylapore, Chennai-600004 Shri P. J. Peter PGT Laxman Public School Hauz Khas, New Delhi Mrs. Shailja Jaiswal PGT Delhi Public School Site No. 3, Meerut Road, Ghaziabad - UP-201003

S.No. Name of the Coordinator/Subject Experts MATHEMATICS 1. Mrs. Anita Sharma Principal S.D. Public School BU Block, Pitampura, Delhi-110034 Dr. V. P. Gupta Retired Professor Kala Vihar Appartments, Mayur Vihar, Phase-1 Delhi Sh. G. D. Dhall K-171, LIC Colony Syed Nangloi Village Delhi Sh. S.N. Chibber Principal (Retd.) B-330, Saraswati Vihar Delhi Sh. J. C. Nijhawan Rtd. Principal C-51, Maharana Pratap Enclave, Delhi-110034 Mr. Rajpal, PGT Pratibha Vikas Vidyalaya, Gandhi Nagar, Delhi-110051 (218, Maitrye Apptts. I.P. Extn., Patparganj, Delhi) Sh. M.M. Alam Vice Principal St. John's Sr. Sec. School, Bundi Road, Kota-324008 (Rajasthan)

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S.No. Name of the Coordinator/Subject Experts 8. Sh. D. R. Sharma, Vice-Principal JNV, Mouli Panchkul Sh. Mongal Saha, Vice Principal, Army School, Narangi, PO-Satgaon, Guwahati-781027 Mr. C. Sathyamurthy Principal Chinmaya Vidyalaya 9-B, Taylore Road Kilpauk Chennai-600010

S.No. Name of the Coordinator/Subject Experts 14. Dr. K.C. Satpathy Principal, DAV Pub, School, Chandrasekharpur, Bhubaneshwar, Khordha Odisha-751021 Sh. V.P. Singh Retired Principal 2610 A, Street No.9 Bihari Colony Shahdara, Delhi-32 16. Sh. J.P. Singh A-64, F-3, Ram Prastha Ghaziabad (U.P) Sh. Parveen Kumar PGT S. D. Public School, BU Block, Pitampura Delhi Sh. Ajay Marwaha PGT (Mathematics) S.D. Public School BU Block Pitampura, Delhi PHYSICS

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17. 11. Sh. S. D. Arora, Principal, Kendriya Vidyalaya No.1 Civil Lines, Rae Bareli, U.P.-2299001 Mrs. Saroj Gupta, Principal, DTEA Sr. Sec. School, Sector-4, R.K. Puram, Delhi Sh. R.N. Chaubey Jawahar Lal Memorial Sr. Sec. School Digwadih No. 12, P.O. Pathardih, Dhanbad, Jharkhand 1.

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Sh. D.K. Bedi Principal Apeejay School, Road No. 42, Sainik Vihar, Pitampura Delhi-110034

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S.No. Name of the Coordinator/Subject Experts 2. Prof. V.S. Bhasin B4/46 Paschim Vihar, New Delhi Sh. N.K. Sehgal A-94/1, SFS Flats, Saket, New Delhi Sh. G. Giri Head Master Modern School Barakhamba Road New Delhi Sh. Suraj Prakash Retd. Principal QU-290 - B, Chitrakoot Apptts. Pitampura Delhi - 110034 Sh. R.S. Thakur, Vice Principal HE Vikram Hr. Sec. School, BHEL, Piplani Bhopal - 462021 Mr. L. Neelakanta Pillai, Principal Kola Perumal Chetty Vaishnav Sr. Sec. School 815, EVR Periyar High Road, Arumbakkam Chennai, 600106 Mr. Dinesh Bartwal, Vice Principal Doon International School, 32, Curzon Road Dalanwala Dehradun Uttrakhand-248001
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S.No. Name of the Coordinator/Subject Experts 9. Sh. Nilakantha Panigrahi Vice Principal Sai International School, 5A, Chandaka Indust. Estate, Infocity Road, Bhubaneshwar. Khurda, Bhubaneswar (Odisha) Sh. Surjan Singh PGT CRPF Public School, Sector-XIV, Rohini, Delhi-110085 Mrs. Kiran Nayak Apeejay School, Road No. 42, Sainik Vihar, Pitampura Delhi Mrs. Ravinder Kaur PGT Govt. Model Sr. Sec. School Sector 33 Chandigarh

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CHEMISTRY 1. Sh.S.K.Munjal Principal St. Margaret Pub. School D-Block Prashant Vihar Delhi-110085 Dr. K.N. Uppadhyay, 326 SFS Flats Ashok Vihar Phase-IV Delhi-52 Prof. R.D. Shukla, 40, Delux Apptt. B-5, Vasundhara Enclave Delhi-110096

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S.No. Name of the Coordinator/Subject Experts 4. Mr. D.A. Mishra Retd. Principal B-203, Saraswati Vihar, Delhi-110034 Sh. Rakesh Dhawan PGT St. Margaret Public School Prashant Vihar Delhi Sh. Deshbir Singh, PGT St. Paul's Hr Sec. School Boundary Road, Indore-452001 Sh. Avinash Kumar Vohra PGT Govt. Model Sr. Sec. School Sector-35, Chandigarh Sh. R.C. Gond Principal Kendriya Vidyalaya No. 2, Itanagar, Distt. Pampumpare, Arunachal Pradesh-791111. Mr. K.M. Abdul Raheem Vice Principal SPDH Sindhi Model Sr. Sec. School 1, Danodara Street Kellys, Chennai Tamilnadu-600010 Sh. A.N. Pandit Principal Godwin Public School Rohta Road, P.O. Fazalpur Meerut (U.P.) - 250001
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S.No. Name of the Coordinator/Subject Experts 11. Dr. (Mrs) Sangeeta Bhatia Principal KIIT World School Pitampura, Near Club, Delhi-34 Dr. D.R. Singh Jawahar Vidya Mandir Shyamli, Ranchi, Jharkhand Dr. Mrs. Bhagwati Nayak Principal DAV Public School, Unit-8, Post office Naya Palli Bhubneshwar-751012 (Odisha)

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BIOLOGY 1. Mrs. Rachna Gupta, Headmistress Delhi Public School Sector C Poket 5, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi Sh. Y.P. Purang Retd. ADE C2/113, Janakpuri, New Delhi-58 Mrs.Rita Talwar Retd. Principal 54, Khan Market New Delhi Sh. Virendra Srivastava B-3B/95 B Janakpuri New Delhi-110058

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S.No. Name of the Coordinator/Subject Experts 5. Ms. Shivani Goswami, 563, Golf Vista Apptts, Alpha-II, Sector, Greater Noida, Gautam Budh Nagar (U.P.) Smt. Kamaljeet Kaur PGT Govt. Model Sr. Sec. School Sector-18 Chandigarh Sh. Laxmi Narayanan, Principal, Kendriya Vidyalaya, AFS, Digaru, Sonapur, Kamrup, Assam-782402 Mrs. Margarette Davidraj Principal Bakthavatsalam Vidyashram 14, 31st Street, TNHB Colony, Periyaar Nagar, Korattur, Chennai-80 Smt. Neeta Rastogi Principal Sadhu Vaswani Int. School for Girls 2nd Street, Shanti Niketan New Delhi Dr. U.S. Prasad DAV Public School Cantonment Area, Gaya (Bihar) Sh. Shankar Bardhan, Vice Principal, Hem Sheela Model School Jawahar Lal Nehru Avenue, Durgapur, Barddhaman, West Bengal-713214
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S.No. Name of the Coordinator/Subject Experts 12. Ms. Bandana Lazarus Delhi Public School, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi-70 Sh. S. K. Joshi Principal Vidya Sagar School Bichili Mardana Indore, Madhya Pradesh

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BIO-TECHNOLOGY 1. Dr. K. Nirmala Reader Department of Bio-Chemistry Daulat Ram College University of Delhi Dr. J.S. Virdi Department of Microbiology University of Delhi South Campus Benito Juarez Road, Dhaula Kuan New Delhi Smt. Madhumati Bhaskarwar PGT G.D. Goenka Public School Sector 3, Pocket - 8 & 9 Vasant Kunj, New Delhi Ms. Vaishali Aggarwal PGT-Bio-Technology, SLS DAV Public School Mausam Vihar Delhi

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S.No. Name of the Coordinator/Subject Experts 5. Ms. Shashi Bajaj, B-278, Saraswati Vihar, Pitampura New Delhi Dr. Sunita Joshi, Deptt. of Biochem. DRC, Delhi University. Mrs. Chhonkan, Delhi Public School, R.K. Puram Sector-XII, New Delhi Mrs. Shikha Gupta JD Tytler School New Rajendra Nagar, New Delhi.

S.No. Name of the Coordinator/Subject Experts 4. Dr. Richa Verma PGT KIIT World School Near Club Pitampura, Delhi 5. Mrs. Nancy Sehgal PGT Mata Jai Kaur Public School Ashok Vihar, Delhi 6. Mrs. Bharti Arora PGT. S.D. Public School Sector-32, Chandigarh 7. Mr. K.V. Krishan Kumar PGT PS Sr. Sec. School 33, Almelmangapuram Mylapore, Chennai-600004 COMPUTER SCIENCE 1. Sh.Mukesh Kumar PGT Delhi Public School See-XII, R.K.Puram New Delhi 2. Sh. M.P.S. Bhatia NSIT Dwarka, Delhi

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INFORMATICS PRACTICE 1. Sh. Mukesh Kumar PGT Delhi Public School Sec-XII, R.K. Puram, New Delhi Sh. M.P.S. Bhatia NSIT Dwarka, Delhi Sh. R.K. Tiwari PGT Vivekanand School D Block, Anand Vihar Delhi

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S.No. Name of the Coordinator/Subject Experts 3. Sh. R.K. Tiwari PGT Vivekanand School D Block, Anand Vihar Delhi

S.No. Name of the Coordinator/Subject Experts 9. Smt. Divya Jain 74, Jai Apartments I P Extension Delhi-92 10. Ms. Purvi Srivastava Ganga International School Hiran Kudna, Rohtak Road, New Delhi-110041 11. Shri Ashok Kumar Goel ED-50A, Pitampura Delhi ENGINEERING GRAPHICS 1. Mr. R.K. Gupta Head of the School Jain Sr. Sec. School Daryaganj New Delhi 2. Sh. Arvind Kumar Singh Chauhan Modern School Vasant Vihar New Delhi

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Mrs. Sushila Mohan Dass 3043, Shobha Amethyst, Whitefield Main Road, Bangalore

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Sh. Mohitendra Dey Delhi Public School RK Puram, Sector-12 New Delhi-110022

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Sh. S. Sriram HOD Mayo College Ajmer, Rajasthan-305008

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Smt. Manjeet Johar PGT Global Gurukul Int. School, I.T. Park, Mani Majra, Chandigarh

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Mrs. Usha Vishwanathan PGT Sri Sankara Sr. Sec. School, No. 9/21 Vasantha Press Road, Adyar, Chennai Tamilnadu-600020 3. Prof. N. L. Sachdeva Rtd. Prof. from DCE 52-D, BW Block Shalimar Bagh Delhi

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S.No. Name of the Coordinator/Subject Experts 4. Sh.R.P Chaurasiya Vice Principal (Retd.) 61/B-7, Sector-04, Rohini 5. Sh. Hitesh Gupta G.B. Pant S.B. Vidyalaya Sriniwaspuri New Delhi 6. Sh. Surjit Chatterjee Bal Bharti Pub. School Ganga Ram Hospital Marg New Delhi

S.No. Name of the Coordinator/Subject Experts MULTIMEDIA & WEB TECHNOLOGY 1. Sh. Mukesh Kumar Delhi Public School Sector-XII, R.K. Puram New Delhi Smt. Gurpreet Kaur G.D. Goenka Public School Vasant Vihar New Delhi Sh. M.P.S. Bhatia NSIT, Sector-3 Dwarka, Delhi

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