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# LESSON

## • Tests for divisibility: Teacher Notes:

• Introduce Hint #34, “Tests for
Last-Digit Tests Divisibility.”
• Refer students to “Tests for
Inspect the last digit of the number. A number
Divisibility” on page 5 in the
is divisible by …
Student Reference Guide.

## 10 if the last digit is 0.

Sum-of-Digits Tests

## Add the digits of the number and inspect the

total. A number is divisible by …

123 234 345

## b. Which of these numbers is divisible by 3?

1234 2345 3456

Use the divisibility tests to decide which of the numbers 2, 3, 5, 9, and 10 are factors of the following
numbers:

c. 120 , , ,

d. 102 ,

## Written Practice (page 114)

1. ( )×( )= 2. 1959 – =d
sum difference
1959 Hawaii
1787 Delaware

## Saxon Math Course 1 L21-81 Adaptations Lesson 21

Written Practice (continued) (page 114)

3. 16 ∙ w = 4. fraction left
Multiply the loop.
Divide by the outside number.

pounds 240
____ 000
____
bowling balls 000 000

## 5. girls ____ 6. three hundredths

students

7. 8. 987,654,321

\$2. 3 4

## by . © 2007 Harcourt Achieve Inc.

11. Divisible by 9 means the sum of the digits can be 12. Estimate the sum.
divided by 9.
396
A 365 B 1179 C 1556 197
203

## Saxon Math Course 1 L21-82 Adaptations Lesson 21

Written Practice (continued) (page 115)

## 13. GCF of 12 and 16 4030 =

14. _____
• List (in order) the factors of the smaller number, 12. 0100
• Starting with the greatest factor, cross off factors
that are NOT factors of the larger number, 16.
• The greatest factor is the GCF.

1 , , , , , 12

_______
15. 24 ) 48,840 16.

678

\$10.00
+ \$10.00

w=

1 , 0, –2, __
1, __ 1
2 4

m= , , , ,

12
16
+ 23

1 , , , , , 28

## Saxon Math Course 1 L21-83 Adaptations Lesson 21

Written Practice (continued) (page 115)

## 23. Multiply the loop. 24.

4 in.
sides
___________ 1
___ ___
centimeters ?

25. (12 × 12) – (11 × 13) = 26. Show clock divided into thirds.

– =
 

 
 
 
 


and

27. __ 3
2 < __ 28. a. 1 dollar = bits
3 4
b. Multiply the loop.

< bits
_______ ___ ?
__
dollars 1 _1
2

a.

## Use work area. b. © 2007 Harcourt Achieve Inc.

29. • Here are the factors of 20. 30. Draw a . In the circle draw
• Cross off the factors that are NOT factors of 30.
ap sign.
1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 20
Then draw a t sign

in the circle.

LESSON

## 22 “Equal Groups” Stories with

Fractions (page 117)
Name

• The textbook shows how to solve fraction of a group problems with Teacher Notes:
a diagram: What number is _34 of 16? • Introduce Hint #35, “Fraction of a
Group, Part 2.”
1. Draw a rectangle and divide it into the number of equal parts
• Refer students to “Finding a Part
shown by the denominator of the fraction. (four parts) When the Whole is Known” on
page 14 in the Student Reference
2. Divide the “of” number by the denominator and write that Guide.
number in each part of the rectangle. (16 ÷ 4 = 4)
3. Count the number of parts of the rectangle shown by the
numerator of the fraction and find the answer. (4 × 3 = 12)
 

{ { {
 
_
3
of 16  _
3
of 16  is 12
4 4
 
 

## • You can also solve these problems using an “is/of” loop.

• Notice the words “is” and “of” appear in these problems: What number is _34 of 16?
1. Set up a loop problem using the words “is” and “of.”
is
__ ___ ___
of
2. Write the given fraction first. is
__ 3
__ ___
of 4
3. Then fill in the number given.
If the “is” number is given, write it as the numerator. is
__ 3
__ ?
___
If the “of” number is given, write it as the denominator. of 4 16

## 4. Solve the problem.

(1) Draw the loop. is
__ 3
__ ?
___ (16 × 3) ÷ 4 = 12
of 4 16
(2) Multiply the numbers in the loop.
(3) Divide by the outside number.
• When working percent problems, remember that a whole is 100%.

## Answer using either the diagram or the “is/of” loop.

3 of 12 =
a. __ 2 of \$4.50 =
b. __ 4 of 60 =
c. __
4  3  5 
  
is
__ 3
__ ?
___ is
__ 2
__ ______ is
__ 4
__ ___
of 4 12  of 3 \$4.50  of 5 
  
 


## Saxon Math Course 1 L22-85 Adaptations Lesson 22

Practice Set (continued) (page 119)
3 of 80 =
d. ___ 5 of 24 =
e. __ 9 of 100% =
f. ___
10  6  10
   
is
__ 3
___ ___   is
__ 5
__ ___ is
__ ___ ?
______  
of 10 of 6  of 100%
   
    
    
 



## 1. ( )–( )= 2. original states ______

00000
all states 00000

3. 26 mi plus 385 yd 2 of 12
4. __ 
3
Multiply the loop. 
Multiply the loop.
Divide by the outside number. 
mi
___ 1
___ 26
___
yd is
__ 2
__ ___ 
?
of 3

3 of 16
5. __ 3 of \$3.50
6. ___
 
4 10
 ` `
is
__ 3
__ ___ is
__ 3
___ ___
 ` `
of 4 of 10
` `

` `

` `

7. 600 ft 8. w – 15 = 8 w = 345
9. ___ 10. \$34.09
0 = 15 \$34.09
=
–100 ft + \$34.09

w= w=

## Saxon Math Course 1 L22-86 Adaptations Lesson 22

Written Practice (continued) (page 120)

_________
11. ) \$1 2. 4 5 12. ______ R
35 ) 1000

7 + 9 + 14 =
13. ___________ 14. 36 9×4
3
\$1.24 \$1.25

a. estimate

times .
Use work area.

## 15. ten-millions place 16. GCF of 12 and 15

• List (in order) the factors of the smaller number, 12.
375,426,198,000 • Starting with the greatest factor, cross off factors that are NOT factors
of the larger number, 15.
• The greatest factor is the GCF.

, , , , ,

## 17. 30 18. 100 2

3
5
9
10

, , , , , , , , ,


4=
19. __ %  20. Use fraction manipulatives.
5

is
__ ___ ?
______ 1
__ 1
__
of 100%  3 2



## Saxon Math Course 1 L22-87 Adaptations Lesson 22

Written Practice (continued) (page 120)

## 21. NOT prime 22. (3 + 3) – (3 × 3) =

A 19 B 29 C 39 – =

CM

CM

1
__ 1
__
6 5


2
27. __ 3
__ 1 of
28. __
4 5 4
is
__ ___ ___
of

1 dollar =
b. __ bits c– =
4
p+ =
a.
t+ =

LESSON

23 Ratio
Rate (page 122)
Name

## • A ratio is a way to describe a relationship between numbers. Teacher Notes:

• Review Hint #25, “Rate.”
• Each of the following forms is read the same: “Thirteen to fifteen.”
• Refer students to “Proportion
13 to 15 13:15 __
13
15 (Rate) Problems” on page 19 and
“Ratio” on page 22 in the Student
• Write the ratio in the order asked. Reference Guide.
12 = _
• Always reduce ratios. __ 3
16 4

• Leave ratios in “top-heavy” fraction form. (Never convert a ratio to a mixed number.) _74
• A rate is a ratio of measures.

## Name Rate of Measures Example Alternate Form

distance
________ 55 miles
________
Speed 55 miles per hour
time 1 hour
distance
_________ 28 miles
________
Mileage 28 miles per gallon
fuel used 1 gallon
price
________ \$2.89
______
Unit Price \$2.89 per pound
quantity pound

## • Rate problems are solved just as you did equal-groups problems:

1. Name what the problem is about.
2. Fill in what you know.
3. Fill in what you are looking for.
4. Multiply the loop.
5. Divide by the outside number.

## Practice Set (page 124)

a. What is the ratio of dogs to b. What is the girl-boy ratio in a c. If the ratio of cars to trucks in
cats in a neighborhood that has class of 30 students with 17 the parking lot is 7 to 2, then
19 cats and 12 dogs? boys? what is the ratio of trucks to
dogs cars in the parking lot?
___ girls ___
cats boys trucks

___
cars

## Multiply the loop. Divide by the outside number.

d. How long will it take a trucker to drive 400 miles e. If a four-quart container of milk costs \$2.48, what
at 50 miles per hour? is the cost per quart?

miles
______ ___ ___ quarts ___ ___
hours ? \$ ?

## Saxon Math Course 1 L23-89 Adaptations Lesson 23

Written Practice (page 125)

2 of 30 
1. Multiply the loop. 2. __
3 
cm 1
___ 30
___ is
__ ___ ___ 
mm of


## 3. One large pace is about one yard. 4. Multiply the loop.

Divide by the outside number.
100 large paces = yards
mi
___ ___ ___
gal.

 
3 of 25
5. __  7 of \$36.00
6. ___
5 10  
  
is
__ is
__ is
__ __ s __
is i__ is
 of of of  
of of of
  
  

3
__ 9 =
__
8 8
4
+ __
8

2=
__ %
8

## Saxon Math Course 1 L23-90 Adaptations Lesson 23

Written Practice (continued) (page 125)

\$3.75

\$10.20 3
__ 1
4
× \$13.46

m=

by .

## 19. See the thermometer in the Student Reference Guide. 20. 12 ÷ 6 – 2 12 ÷ (6 – 2)

Fahrenheit or Celsius?

scale.
Use work area.

## Saxon Math Course 1 L23-91 Adaptations Lesson 23

Written Practice (continued) (page 125)

21. GCF of 24 and 32 22. sum of the first seven positive odd numbers
• Here are the factors of 24.
• Starting with the greatest factor cross off factors
that are NOT factors of 32.
• Circle the GCF.

1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24

## 23. Use fraction manipulatives. 1=

24. __ %
8
A

B
a.

b.

1
25. ___ = __ 26. 16 on team
8 2
freestyle _______
not freestyle

27. See the Student Reference Guide. 28. Which represents a line?
A

C

## 29. Use tests for divisibility by 2 and 5. 30. win win

____
loss loss
A 252 B 525 C 250

## Saxon Math Course 1 L23-92 Adaptations Lesson 23

LESSON

Fractions That Have Common
Name

## Denominators (page 127)

• Use fraction manipulatives to help you see that the denominator does not change.
• To add or subtract fractions with like denominators, add or subtract the numerators.

1 
8 1  
8 
1 
1 1 8   
8 8  

3 + 2 = 5  Ľ  â 
8 8 8   

3 + __
a. __ 4 =
8 8

3 + __
b. __ 1 =
4 4

c. __ 1 + __
1 + __ 1 =
8 8 8

4 – __
d. __ 1 =
8 8

3 – __
e. __ 2 =
4 4

1 =
1 – __

f. __
4 4

## Saxon Math Course 1 L24-93 Adaptations Lesson 24

Written Practice (page 129)

3 of 1 dozen 
1. Multiply the loop. 2. __
4 
\$
__ ___ ___
\$5.00 car
is
__ ___ ___ 
hr 1 5 \$5.00 yard
of
\$ 5.00 altogether 

Equal g pattern; then

a pattern.

1 of 1760
3. __  4. Use fraction manipulatives.
8
1 + __
__ 2 =
is
__ ___ ___
4 4
of

I divided by .

5. __ 4 =
7 – __ 1 + __
6. __ 1 =
8 8 2 2

7. __ 1 =
1 – __ 1 + __
8. __ 1 =
2 2 2 4 %

## 9. fiction _______ 10. halfway

nonfiction
A 123 and 321 and

d by .

## Saxon Math Course 1 L24-94 Adaptations Lesson 24

Written Practice (continued) (page 130)

## 11. 12. NOT prime

MI A 21 B 31 C 41

## 13. _______ R 14. _______ R

9)1 0 0 0 ) 22,422

15. 1
16. __ 1
__
2 4
\$350

## 17. Seattle to Portland—172 mi 18. Multiply the loop.

Portland to San Francisco—636 mi Divide by the outside number.

___ 172
____ ?
___
hr
172
I rounded
636

í&

í&

í&

## Saxon Math Course 1 L24-95 Adaptations Lesson 24

Written Practice (continued) (page 130)

## 21. GCF of 21 and 28 22. Use tests for divisibility by 9.

• List (in order) the factors of the smaller number, 21.
• Starting with the greatest factor, cross off factors that are A 123 B 234 C 345
NOT factors of the larger number, 28.
• The greatest factor is the GCF.

, , ,

24. __
8
x
1 = __
4

w=

481
× 376

x= w=

## 27. m – 286 = 592 28. twice the population of Eaton

0OPULATIONOF#OUNTY4OWNS

592

× 286
INTHOUSANDS
0OPULATION







m=


Chester

INTHOUSANDS
0OPULATION






Use work area.

LESSON

as Mixed Numbers
Name

## Multiples (page 132)

Teacher Notes:
• In some division problems, the answer must be shown as a • Review Hint #33, “Improper
Fractions.”
mixed number. • Refer students to “Multiples” on
page 5 in the Student Reference
• A mixed number is a whole number plus a fraction.
Guide.
whole number 2_34 fraction
}
mixed number
• Put the remainder over the divisor to make the fraction.
Example 1: Write __
25
6
as a mixed number.


 



## Example 2: A whole circle is 100% of a circle.

One third of a circle is what percent of a circle?

  
 





## • We find multiples of a number by multiplying the number by 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and so on.

Example: The first six multiples of 3 are 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18.

## a. ___ b. ________ c. _____

) 28 ) 1 0 0% ) 467

## f. 3rd multiple of 8 _____

2nd multiple of 12

35 =
g. ___ 49 =
h. ___ 65 =
i. ___
6 10 12

## Saxon Math Course 1 L25-97 Adaptations Lesson 25

Written Practice (page 134)

d the sum by .

## 3. one hundred forty-nine million, six hundred 4. perimeter

thousand kilometers

IN


IN


, ,

5. 4 ∙ p = 6.

## Show the answer as a mixed number.

___
) 30

1 of 12
7. __ 1 of 12
__ 8. Use fraction manipulatives for help.
2 3
1=
Half of __
2
Now, half of that =

9. Show the answer as a mixed number. 10. Use fraction manipulatives for help.
________
) 1 0 0%

a.

b.

## Saxon Math Course 1 L25-98 Adaptations Lesson 25

Written Practice (continued) (page 135)

365

13. __ 2 =
2 + __
2 + __ 14. __ 5=
6 – __
3 3 3 6 6

5 – ___
12 12

17.
win 000
____ 18. 10 ∙ =t
loss 000
pens 1
__ x
__
cost x ?

## 19. GCF of 24 and 30 1 of 100

20. ____
100
• List (in order) the factors of the smaller number, 24.
• Starting with the greatest factor, cross off factors that are NOT factors of
the larger number, 30.
• The greatest factor is the GCF.

, , , , , , ,

## Saxon Math Course 1 L25-99 Adaptations Lesson 25

Written Practice (continued) (page 135)

5+m=1
21. __ 144 = 12
22. ____
8 n
5
1 __
8
5
× 1__
8

m= n=

23. estimate 2 of
24. __
3
3142
6328
is
__ xx
___ xx
___
4743 xx xx
of

measure 


 
 
 
 


## 27. mixed number 28.

15 =
___
4
3
__ 4
__
4 5 © 2007 Harcourt Achieve Inc.

## Use work area.

29. Multiples: Think times table. 30. Circle the number that is divisible by 9 and 10.
Use tests for divisibility by 9 and 10.
A 910 B 8910 C 78,910
The sum of the digits is , which is

## divisible by . The last digit is so it is

divisible by .
25, , , Use work area.

## Saxon Math Course 1 L25-100 Adaptations Lesson 25

LESSON

26 Using Manipulatives to
Reduce Fractions
Name

Teacher Notes:
Numbers (page 136) • Introduce Hint #36, “Reducing
Fractions (Manipulatives and
• Use fraction manipulatives to reduce fractions. Shortcuts).”

• We reduce when we use the fewest number of fraction pieces to • Review “Fraction Families
Equivalent Fractions” on page 12 in
show the amount. the Student Reference Guide.
3. Reduce or convert the fraction if needed. We convert when we change an improper
(top-heavy) fraction to a mixed number or a whole number.
• Simplify is another way to say convert or reduce.

2 = ___
a. __
8

6 = ___
b. __
8

c. 1%
12__ d. 2%
16__ e. 3
3__
2 3 4
+ 121 %
__ + 662 %
__ + 23
__
2 3 4
= = =

1 + 2__
f. 1__ 7 =
8 8

2 =
g. 3 + 2__
3

3+4=
h. __
4

plus equals .

## Saxon Math Course 1 L26-101 Adaptations Lesson 26

Written Practice (page 139)

## 1. HOME PARK years x

2. _______ 1
___ ___
3_34 mi
months 36

1 dozen
3. 2__ Is this enough? mc
4. ___ 1
___ 1000
_____
2 cm ?
1 dozen =

1 dozen =

1 dozen =
__
2

5. perimeter 6. __ 1
1 + __ 1 of __
__ 1
2 2 2 2


IN


1 = 12__
8 2
7
5 __
8 3 =
__ %
5
__ 8
+ 78
=

## 9. 1 = ___ 10. GCF of 15 and 25

12 • List (in order) the factors of the smaller number, 15.
• Starting with the greatest factor, cross off factors
that are NOT factors of the larger number, 25.
• The greatest factor is the GCF.

1 , , , 15

## Saxon Math Course 1 L26-102 Adaptations Lesson 26

Written Practice (continued) (page 139)

## 8, 16, 24, 32, 40, , , ... 14 =

___
5

13. Simplify. 2 + n = 1
14. __
3
2
__ 2
1__
5 5
2
__
4
__ + 3
+ 5
=

n=

16. 3
1 __
15. GCF of 12 and 18
4
• List (in order) the factors of the smaller number, 12. 3
– 1 __
• Starting with the greatest factor, cross off factors that are 4
NOT factors of the larger number, 18.
• The greatest factor is the GCF.

, , , , ,

17.
3
3__ 18. 2_1_
4 2
+ 33 1
__
– 22

19. Use tests for divisibility by 2 and 3. 20. prime numbers between 30 and 40
See the Student Reference Guide.
A 4671 B 3858 C 6494

and

## Saxon Math Course 1 L26-103 Adaptations Lesson 26

Written Practice (continued) (page 140)

## 21. 5063 22. Use fraction manipulatives to reduce.

3987
6 =
__
8


\$ounds xx ? 3 of \$30
23. _______ ___ ___ 24. __
pounds xx xx 5
is
__ xxx
____ xxx
____
of xxx xxx

## 25. 26. least to greatest

MM   
1 , 0, –1, 1
__
2

a. in millimeters a.
b. in inches

b. , , , ,

## 27. 2AINFALL!MOUNTSFOR&IRST4HREE9EARS 2nd year 28. average


1st year

2AINFALLININCHES









## &IRST 3ECOND 4HIRD

9EAR 9EAR 9EAR © 2007 Harcourt Achieve Inc.

LESSON

## 27 Measures of a Circle (page 141) Name

• The circumference is the distance around the circle (perimeter). Teacher Notes:
• Refer students to “Circle” on
• The diameter is the distance across a circle through the center. page 17 in the Student Reference
Guide.
• The radius is the distance from the center to the circle.
• Post reference chart, “Circles.”
• The diameter is twice the radius.
• The activity in the Student Edition is
D = 2r optional.

## • The radius is half the diameter.

c u
r m
r = _12 D

f
C
• A compass is a tool for drawing a

e
circle.

r
e
e
• Concentric circles are circles with c n

## Practice Set (page 142)

Give the name for:

1. ( )×( )= 3 of
2. __
4
sum difference
is
__ xx
___ xx
___
of xx xx

## Saxon Math Course 1 L27-105 Adaptations Lesson 27

Written Practice (continued) (page 143)

IN
c .

a.

## A 122 B 123 C 132

8. denominator
7. 10p =
See the Student Reference Guide.
lb
___ 010 ____
____ 010
23
___
\$ 010 010
24

3 of 65
9. __  2 of \$15
10. __
5 3 
is
__ xx
___ xx
___ is
__ xx
___ xx
___
of xx xx of xx xx

Simplify.
3 =
7 – __
__
3
2 + __
1 + __ 8 8
__ =
6 6 6

## Saxon Math Course 1 L27-106 Adaptations Lesson 27

Written Practice (continued) (page 143)

13. __ 5 =
6 – __ 5 =
2 + __
14. __
6 6 8 8

0 4 =
15. a. 1 = __ 16. __
8 6

0
1 = __
b. __
2 8
a.

b.

1 of __
17. __ 1
18. 50% =
2 4

__ 0
___
52 ) 2100 00 20.
inches
/
? 36

____
18
7 =
__
6

## Saxon Math Course 1 L27-107 Adaptations Lesson 27

Written Practice (continued) (page 144)

23. (55 + 45) ÷ (55 – 45) = 24. Use tests for divisibility by 2 and 5.

## ÷ = A 502 B 205 C 250

25. Add the d of the number. 26. prime but NOT odd

by 9.

## 27. perimeter of a circle 28. There are even numbers

1 2 3
4 5 6 and odd numbers.
7 8 9

even 00
___
odd 00

## Use work area. © 2007 Harcourt Achieve Inc.

29. 1%
37__ 30. Convert.
2
1% 1%
33 __
– 12__
2 3
+ 16 2 %
__
3
=

LESSON

## • A plane is a flat surface like a tabletop. Teacher Notes:

• Introduce Hint #37, “Geometry
• Parallel lines never meet, like railroad tracks. Vocabulary.”
• Lines intersect when they cross. • Refer students to “Types of Lines”
and “Types of Angles” on pages 17
• Perpendicular lines intersect and make square corners like the and 18 in the Student Reference
corner of a piece of paper. Guide.
• Post reference chart, “Angles and
• Oblique lines intersect but do not make square corners.
Triangles.”

PERPENDICULAR OBLIQUE
LINES LINES
PARALLEL
LINES INTERSECTINGLINES

## • Two rays that start at the same point make an angle.

• The vertex of an angle is the point where the rays start.

## RIGHT ACUTE OBTUSE

ANGLE ANGLE ANGLE

The square corner fits a “cute” little angle more than a right angle

## • Angles can be named with letters or numbers.

• You can name an angle with just the letter of the vertex. If three letters are used to name the angle, the
letter of the vertex must be in the middle. !

## • This angle is named angle B (∠B), angle ABC (∠ABC),

angle CBA (∠CBA), or angle 1(∠1). 
"
#

## Practice Set (page 147)

a. With your thumb and forefinger, show an acute angle, a right angle, and try to make an obtuse angle.
Describe each angle below as acute, right, or obtuse.

b. c. d.


 
e. What type of angle is formed by the hands of a clock at 4:00 o’clock? angle  
 
 
f. What type of angle is formed at the corner of a door in your classroom? angle 
 

g. Which two angles formed by these obtuse lines appear to be acute angles?

∠ and ∠ . 



## Saxon Math Course 1 L28-109 Adaptations Lesson 28

Practice Set (continued) (page 147)

&

## Written Practice (page 148)


1. Convert. 2 of 20 million
2. __
5 
1 + __
__ 3 =
2 + __ 
3 3 3 



## 3. 32g = 768 4. – 1776 = d

peanuts 768 ?
________ ____ __ + 1776 this year
children 1 + 1776 Declaration of Independence

5. Convert. 2
1__ 7. 2
3 __
6. Convert. 3 3
2
__
23 =
___ 2
__ + 43
3 + 13

5 2 of \$24 
8. 3__ 9. Reduce. 10. __
6 3
1 4
__ 4=
__ is
__ ___ ___
– 6 8 of

## Saxon Math Course 1 L28-110 Adaptations Lesson 28

Written Practice (continued) (page 148)

1 of 100% =
11. a. ___ 12. What fraction?
10
3 of 100% =
b. ___ 25% =
10

a.

b.

mi
13. ___ ___ ?
___ 1+m=1
14. __
gal 1 4
1
1__
4
1
× 1__
4

m=

b. acute angle
423
× 297 1

a. ∠
0 3 2

w= b. ∠

__
sides 3 1
22
20
23
+ 23

## 19. GCF of 24, 36, and 60 20. 10,010

• List (in order) the factors of the smaller number, 24. 10,010
• Starting with the greatest factor, cross off factors that are NOT factors
of the other numbers, 36 and 60.
• The greatest factor is the GCF.

, , , ,

, , ,

## Saxon Math Course 1 L28-111 Adaptations Lesson 28

Written Practice (continued) (page 149)


21. (100 × 100) – (100 × 99) = 1 =
22. ___ %
10
– =

24. __
4
long division

is
__ ___ ___
5097
of

## 25. a. in inches 26. Multiples: Think times table.

b. in centimeters first five multiples of 6: , , , ,

## first five multiples of 8: , , , ,

Circle the common multiple.

a. b.

red _____
27. Use fraction manipulatives for help. 28.
white
1 of __
__ 1
2 3

∙ ∙

## Saxon Math Course 1 L28-112 Adaptations Lesson 28

LESSON

29 Multiplying Fractions
Reducing Fractions by Dividing
Name

## by Common Factors (page 152)

Teacher Notes:
• Multiplying fractions: • Review Hint #30, “Finding the
Greatest Common Factor,” and
“Of” means “multiply.” Hint #36, “Reducing Fractions
(Manipulatives and Shortcuts).”
4
(
Set up whole numbers as fractions. 4 = __
1 ) • Review “Fraction Families
Multiply across. Equivalent Fractions” on page 12 in
the Student Reference Guide.
Example: 4 × __ 2
3
4 × __
__ 8 = 2__
2 = __ 2
1 3 3 3
Example: __2 of __
4 means __
2 × __ 8
4 = ___
3 5 3 5 15
• Reducing fractions:
What number will divide evenly into both the numerator and the denominator? (the GCF)
Example: Reduce __ 4.
6
The GCF of 4 and 6 is 2.

4 ÷ 2 = __
______ 2
6÷2 3

## Practice Set (page 153)

Multiply; then reduce:

a. __ 4 =
1 of __ 1 of __
b. __ 2 = 3 =
2 × __
c. __
2 5 4 3 3 4
Multiply; then convert:

d. __ 6=
5 × __ e. Write the whole number 4 =
f. 2 × __
6 5 3
as a fraction.

2 =
5 × __ 4 =
___ × __
3 3
2 =
___ × __

3
Reduce:

9 =
g. ___ 6 =
h. ___ 18 =
i. ___
12 10 24

j. In a class of 30, there were 20 girls. What was the ratio of boys to girls?
Reduce.

boys boys
_____ _____ =
girls girls

## Saxon Math Course 1 L29-113 Adaptations Lesson 29

Written Practice (page 154)

1. tons 1
___ 8
__ 2. beans 16
___ ?
___
pounds ? ounces 1

3. ( )–( )= 4. Reduce.

win ___ =
loss

16 =
5. ___ 6. Reduce.
24
3 =
1 + __
__
8 8

7. Reduce. 8. Reduce.

__ 2 =
1 × __ 3 =
7 – ___
___
2 3 12 12

## © 2007 Harcourt Achieve Inc.

1 of 96
9. __  10. 1, 4, 7, 10, , , ,…
8
is
__ ___ ___
of

## Saxon Math Course 1 L29-114 Adaptations Lesson 29

Written Practice (continued) (page 154)

\$3.60

## 13. Cancel the matching zeros. 14. Convert and reduce.

50,000 18 =
_______ = ___
50,100 4

15. 15°
= 16. m + 496 + 2684 = 3217
0° =
–8°

m=

1000
× 8857

n= x=

## 19. 7 ∙ 11 ∙ 13 = 20. To estimate 4963 ÷ 39, first r

4963 to and r 39 to

. Then divide by .

## Saxon Math Course 1 L29-115 Adaptations Lesson 29

Written Practice (continued) (page 155)

21. __ 3
2 × __ 22. perimeter
3 2 one width
MM
both widths
1 so both lengths
one length

1 × 1 – __
1 =
23. Think! 24. __
2( 2
__
)
4
12 – 40 = 00
___ 1 =
__

00 4

## 25. a. acute angles 26. Reduce.

b. obtuse angles 3
2 of __
__
3 5
\$ !

a. ∠ and ∠

# "
b. ∠ and ∠

3
__ 4
4 3 diameter

## © 2007 Harcourt Achieve Inc.

29. 2=
30. __ %
 5
 
 
  1 of a circle is
__ 2 is
%, so __ .
  5 5
 


LESSON

## 30 • Least Common Multiple (LCM)

• Reciprocals (page 158)
Name

## • Multiples remind us of multiplication. Teacher Notes:

• Introduce Hint #38, “Finding the
• Multiples: Think times table.
Least Common Multiple,” and
Example: Find the least common multiple (LCM) of 3 and 4. Hint #39, “Reciprocal.”
• Refer students to “Multiples” on
Multiples of 3: 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, … page 5 in the Student Reference
Guide.
Multiples of 4: 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, …
12 and 24 are common multiples.
12 is the least common multiple (LCM).
• Reciprocal “flip” the fraction
Example: 4 = _41, so the reciprocal of 4 is _14 .
• Rule: The product of any fraction and its reciprocal always equals 1.
3 × __
Examples: __ 4 = ___
12 = 1 7 × __
__ 9 = ___
63 = 1
4 3 12 9 7 63

## a. Go down the 6s and 8s. b. Go down the 3s and 5s. c. 5 and 10

Find the first number in common. Find the first number in common.

6 and 8 3 and 5

## Write the reciprocal of each number:

d. 6 2
e. __ 8
f. __ 1
g. __
3 5 3

Use the rule of reciprocals to find the number that goes in the box:

3 ×
h. __ = 1 i. 4 × = 1 j. 1 = 1
× __ k. 7 = 1
× __

8 6 8

m. How many __
5
12
s are in 1?

## Saxon Math Course 1 L30-117 Adaptations Lesson 30

Written Practice (page 159)

2. __
3
( × )–( × )= is
__ __ __
of

## 15 min = _14 hour

2 hours = _
1 -hours
4
Multiply the loop.
Divide by the outside number.

popcorn 42
___ ?
___
_
1 -hours
4 12 , , ,

## 5. LCM of 4 and 6 6. Reduce.

• Go down the 4 s and 6 s. one hour = min
• Find the first one in common.
commercials 00000 =
______
non commercials 00000

## were not commercials.

7. Convert. 1 =
8. 1 – ___
10
__ 2 + __
2 + __ 2 =
5 5 5 © 2007 Harcourt Achieve Inc.

___ 1 =
11 – ___ 3 × __
__ 4 =
12 12 4 3

## Saxon Math Course 1 L30-118 Adaptations Lesson 30

Written Practice (continued) (page 159)

11. ___ 3 =
5 × __ 12. Convert.
4
5 × __
__ 5 =
2 3

\$6.50
\$6.50

+ \$6.50 405

## 17. obtuse angle 18. __ 2

2 × __ 2 × 1
__
3 3 3
!

"
#

500,000 ______
19. ________ = 20. 35 ) 8540
500,100

## Saxon Math Course 1 L30-119 Adaptations Lesson 30

Written Practice (continued) (page 159)

22. ___
short division
12

1 0 0%

## 23. average 24. Multiply the loop.

Divide by the outside number.
375
632 sides
______ ___ ___
+ 571 inches 36 ?

## 25. rule of reciprocals 26. Think reciprocal.

3 ×
27. __ = 1 28. The only even prime number is .
8 The reciprocal of that is:

45 =
___
10

IN


3 × __ =
__
4