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FUNCIÓN PARA LA RESISTENCIA A LA COMPRESIÓN DEL AGREGADO

MARIO ANDRES DIAZ GOMEZ

ASIGNATURA
ESTADISTICA

PROFESOR(A)
JUSTO RAFAEL CUELLO

UNIVERSIDAD DE SUCRE
FACULTAD DE INGENIERIA
INGENIERIA CIVIL
SINCELEJO, SUCRE
2011

57 28.44 2.01 1315.57 1334.58 2.49 35.81 22.96 39.91 38.81 26.98 27.53 1517.FUNCIÓN PARA LA RESISTENCIA A LA COMPRESIÓN DEL AGREGADO (RCOMPA) USANDO EXCEL TOLUVIEJO DATOS tmax tmaxnom pea psss pen abs iapla ialar pus puc vas vac trit desg rcompa 1.81 2.60 22.13 1315.57 26.79 22.19 21.59 2.68 1.50 2.56 1356.91 1346.37 28.93 39.25 3.81 261.64 23.54 2.54 2.98 27.68 2.78 282.12 23.87 44.45 5.53 27.13 28.08 1.42 1356.83 1276.81 2.60 2.47 2.22 42.36 37.79 37.02 39.34 42.13 1333.60 2.60 1527.47 303.25 24.96 38.53 1585.05 1.50 2.59 26.44 1358.81 2.54 39.81 2.55 2.81 22.54 2.91 25.61 2.32 25.98 1548.81 2.19 27.39 20.79 33.81 2.50 2.28 27.13 25.65 2.24 15.28 40.82 3.67 1.81 2.59 42.67 669.81 3.52 2.55 354.28 1356.26 27.44 29.26 32.88 27.50 3.50 2.35 28.54 2.71 2.23 1504.57 2.58 568.50 2.56 2.50 3.71 1.46 1399.56 2.01 28.08 20.43 40.62 37.22 35.36 38.92 1532.02 29.30 1541.59 2.65 2.54 2.50 1.32 46.59 2.26 17.81 3.81 2.51 28.90 22.46 2.52 1.40 22.07 37.37 1366.47 1508.81 2.47 2.30 1.04 1502.47 1558.01 30.02 2.96 1351.15 25.69 1.44 2.30 24.40 2.65 2.59 2.27 270.97 40.04 36.81 3.20 1336.01 29.89 38.70 1356.81 2.04 3.76 38.04 26.47 1522.93 1364.41 1.13 23.81 2.04 1555.28 41.42 1553.71 28.67 3.11 46.82 39.12 28.01 29.72 28.28 46.71 3.67 1.13 39.50 3.40 387.61 2.22 28.55 2.32 37.42 39.65 2.81 3.75 2.90 37.51 2.50 3.51 1435.54 1.99 1.32 3.81 2.42 29.50 2.58 28.68 36.81 3.81 3.44 1.63 2.90 1318.32 38.65 28.61 28.65 1.72 1549.71 27.81 2.85 1315.46 18.01 27.81 2.69 2.98 330.37 27.81 3.34 39.51 2.51 44.81 3.56 2.54 37.11 44.65 2.25 20.34 44.43 327.35 26.70 13.87 44.85 1579.44 37.56 2.42 1384.99 1344.44 28.40 1521.89 1530.50 2.85 1559.09 19.47 1344.37 34.51 2.61 26.68 3.87 37.81 3.55 2.57 2.26 27.54 2.53 2.76 28.29 3.81 2.56 2.57 1.59 2.69 24.61 2.78 3.52 2.97 2.29 38.45 46.44 2.54 2.42 38.93 1.17 35.53 2.77 1530.69 2.43 34.44 2.81 3.42 19.57 2.50 3.47 379.57 35.45 39.52 3.58 19.64 45.67 3.96 420.82 38.50 2.37 28.50 2.94 20.81 2.40 210.52 2.92 38.15 1617.45 421.32 22.15 462.52 2.15 1498.81 2.11 26.56 25.58 28.75 23.56 39.50 2.01 25.08 3.88 38.47 1523.47 45.57 28.54 2.13 215.81 3.87 1485.83 37.59 27.42 1489.94 46.70 .67 2.50 3.54 2.89 38.16 351.78 3.56 2.59 2.58 502.54 2.94 38.19 27.53 29.38 2.50 2.77 359.77 394.86 2.43 1598.81 2.81 20.57 2.64 2.81 2.37 1355.82 1.10 28.61 26.32 1452.08 1338.81 44.00 1.27 193.48 2.13 255.76 27.04 1365.03 3.29 27.50 2.81 2.65 2.79 2.81 2.53 27.60 1.37 28.50 3.62 38.67 3.06 22.56 22.69 1316.49 1582.01 23.53 2.37 1336.70 1341.64 1.74 46.28 28.37 1.18 1313.24 23.11 26.09 35.50 2.37 1.63 0.54 2.07 27.01 23.57 25.59 23.82 29.42 1579.59 2.43 302.08 162.85 26.33 20.64 41.70 22.90 21.15 3.51 23.42 2.34 24.23 1531.99 24.57 2.60 28.32 28.04 1554.81 278.84 29.81 2.46 2.43 27.54 2.47 2.51 2.51 38.16 320.71 2.64 1347.69 1.15 404.23 262.71 28.08 302.18 25.55 317.60 2.81 22.98 24.54 29.11 32.53 2.

61431 pus -1.46712 0.46328161 0.44112 6014.90585419 -63.17114132 0.3502897 28.80752892 4.03640372 0.552164 Intercepción 783.68755 -0.765142 66.0434561 puc 0.03509866 0.05043 iapla 1.72289186 0.3872561 249.82452 5729.44112 6014.26530114 0.33863603 2.51855 0.28351686 0.0559109 17.0654403 -1.761069 Intercepción 711.613527 69.1020435 0.06337 4977.53250363 -59.0% Coeficientes Error típico Estadístico t desg -2.10603 8053.65504542 -6.69365 -6082.42877776 0.54260766 0.937629 abs -112.7447079 vac 14.3046671 psss -1172.10545423 -2.0691783 -74.82394807 10.58277393 0.REGRESION #1 Probabilidad Inferior 95% Inferior 95.88622812 -18338.86639993 -4.8400362 21.6497028 1.54138413 ialar 8.7223189 -259.54138413 -3.54260766 0.371502 71.48157 1781.82452 5729.146043 192.26876933 0.23229942 -1579.7513876 110.3462249 255.4063 -18338.61431 -44.04912171 1.019241 25.54662116 0.5563873 -6.9935672 19.30525486 0.0434561 -54.434902 -0.38051 1.69607531 -3410.97834701 4.2713634 0.67699889 13.89686225 2.4879618 53.0499 desg -3.311327 298.2320364 0.887721 1739.909246 -59.0373152 105.47979456 0.17356107 -50.68778659 -2975.7102478 -0.2243913 -74.21026545 -73.0051995 -1.0373152 105.92573313 -54.79416528 -22.97834701 4.39822446 0.3086806 56.50232 -2975.32257115 10.06285751 19.7223189 vas -27.552164 -104.71007859 17.0891608 0.61604443 ialar 8.12028444 0.8258 15390.71007859 17.19720907 12.56870363 -522.7173595 0.3291956 -1.493529 1967.3430895 1.0% Error típico pea -671.46250511 0.3502897 28.9698325 vac 15.09469468 0.5563873 tmaxnom 26.33992911 24.887951 7535.0559109 17.0499 -16733.9935672 19.934803 135.9698325 -26.46536 1988.40426 -1579.0% Superior 95.15599344 4.69909068 5.40924411 0.06337 4977.4610389 -2.67903021 -7.9621945 22.46250511 0.0691783 tmax 102.14150386 -3.934803 135.7431513 0.5789293 40.7233143 50.36283183 2.65561906 trit 3.2320364 .7233143 50.019241 -522.268322 psss -1866.6155036 37.48349469 -52.97554552 -1.38983349 0.19478785 0.268322 -52.36748835 27.84817277 -26.26723936 0.25344019 0.7513876 110.0512453 0.06285751 19.089228 pus -1.79154198 -99.50232 iapla 1.65561906 -3.94435569 -1.6184 15994.361956 -6082.311327 298.62438 2349.1662912 0.7851454 128.904817 0.93846788 0.0% Superior 95.56344 -1191.05043 -3410.82394807 10.0396438 56.3758385 -73.14553247 0.765142 66.32257115 10.3462249 255.61604443 -3.8258 15390.3872561 249.45525116 0.72688 4399.6158347 31.88165709 -4.46056049 0.6158347 31.56344 tmax 102.91447 -0.937629 -7.7851454 128.089228 -50.22805289 -259.84309 -0.97105752 3.0396438 56.3046671 -63.5214115 77.47574 1.4063 puc 0.86621964 4.40426 vas -27.93013369 -16733.72688 4399.033937 0.4610389 tmaxnom Estadístico t Superior 95% Coeficientes REGRESION #2 VBLES Probabilidad Inferior 95% Superior 95% Inferior 95.909246 pen 2217.69365 abs -96.86946 1632.88165709 trit 2.15834826 -44.30212334 0.7447079 -22.1543763 -3.42197311 0.3758385 pen 2268.12007142 0.24481072 0.15599344 4.09931883 0.87001104 -3.761069 -99.63893115 0.9960441 -0.18361566 -1191.413948 0.49996242 0.62438 2349.78981055 -104.6184 15994.

0% Superior 95.29013279 -88.1945398 2.6020626 1.1945398 ENTONCES NOS QUEDA QUE: .01125409 2.8702277 286.7680914 91.8702277 286.22861377 3.Y SE SIGUE ASÍ HASTA LA REGRESION #14 Coeficientes Error típico Estadístico t Probabilidad Inferior 95% Superior 95% Inferior 95.26268779 16.406411 ialar 9.26268779 16.71377537 0.07822999 0.406411 -88.400655 2.0% Intercepción 98.

91 1346.81 2.01 23.25 3.78 3.54 2.81 22.65 2.44 37.53 1585.28 28.13 255.46 2.52 2.37 1355.57 35.41 1.71 2.82 29.43 1598.53 2.54 2.11 46.81 3.60 2.92 38.67 2.58 502.60 1.81 3.57 2.24 15.37 28.90 21.44 1.71 3.32 37.81 2.50 1.75 2.27 270.63 2.53 27.04 26.39 20.29 27.59 42.15 462.40 210.69 1.47 2.53 29.59 2.47 379.09 19.01 29.64 2.98 1548.24 23.70 1356.58 568.57 26.03 3.42 2.93 1.81 44.50 2.93 39.50 3.82 39.90 22.54 2.51 38.44 2.45 421.56 25.01 30.81 3.32 1452.79 37.42 1579.89 38.60 1527.47 1522.69 1316.32 25.81 2.56 2.96 1351.08 20.81 2.51 44.54 2.28 1356.76 27.29 38.64 41.22 35.59 27.87 44.65 1.50 3.01 29.06 22.82 38.43 40.50 2.81 3.92 1532.98 27.81 2.48 2.67 1.75 23.38 2.58 19.71 28.67 3.91 25.70 22.42 29.67 1.77 1530.59 2.40 1521.12 28.77 394.55 2.81 2.50 3.44 2.40 387.52 3.81 2.99 24.29 3.07 27.50 3.42 1489.08 302.51 2.94 46.54 37.37 28.54 2.68 3.50 2.81 22.19 21.50 2.70 13.47 45.57 1334.67 3.58 28.19 27.53 27.13 25.85 1315.81 20.97 40.46 18.01 1315.42 1356.56 2.65 2.88 27.12 23.26 27.81 3.72 28.33 20.62 38.16 320.04 1554.44 2.13 1333.52 2.04 1365.51 1435.11 32.01 27.55 2.61 26.43 302.59 2.81 261.76 28.94 38.37 1.54 2.54 2.81 3.50 2.13 28.27 193.02 39.42 1553.55 317.90 1318.15 404.43 34.09 35.34 44.87 1485.82 3.69 1.34 39.37 27.42 39.49 1582.45 46.15 3.16 351.57 2.44 28.57 2.61 26.59 2.81 278.37 1366.02 29.57 25.25 24.44 29.57 2.26 17.57 28.23 1531.11 26.04 3.81 2.81 2.64 23.50 2.47 1508.61 2.FUNCIÓN PARA LA RESISTENCIA A LA COMPRESIÓN DEL AGREGADO (RCOMPA) USANDO R TOLUVIEJO DATOS tmax tmaxnom pea psss pen abs iapla ialar pus Puc vas vac trit desg rcompa 1.25 20.22 28.59 23.28 41.44 2.54 39.81 22.58 2.11 26.59 2.56 1356.50 2.51 2.50 2.67 669.11 44.70 .81 3.32 38.98 330.51 28.71 28.81 2.68 36.51 2.13 1315.96 420.87 37.56 2.81 2.97 2.47 2.56 39.42 19.93 1364.32 46.57 1.46 1399.43 327.36 38.49 35.23 262.60 22.07 37.08 162.65 2.81 2.47 303.52 2.77 359.59 26.54 2.99 1.91 38.70 1341.90 37.54 1.47 1344.50 2.50 2.60 28.50 3.68 1.74 46.13 39.64 1.42 38.53 2.53 1517.81 2.94 20.51 2.18 25.04 1502.81 2.02 2.71 1.98 27.36 37.81 26.96 38.37 34.62 37.13 215.35 26.30 24.53 2.43 27.50 2.85 1559.59 2.00 1.46 2.61 2.98 24.52 2.55 2.78 282.34 42.81 2.04 1555.01 28.57 2.47 1558.13 23.54 2.61 28.08 1.26 32.65 2.47 1523.40 22.65 2.61 2.68 2.81 3.08 1338.81 2.01 25.65 2.76 38.81 2.79 33.89 38.85 26.69 2.96 39.64 45.88 38.81 2.89 1530.26 27.65 28.32 22.23 1504.20 1336.30 1541.01 23.85 1579.64 1347.69 2.10 28.60 2.08 3.81 3.40 2.32 28.32 3.05 1.83 37.81 3.78 3.35 28.54 2.42 1384.54 2.84 29.60 2.50 3.19 27.55 354.30 1.69 24.56 2.67 3.82 1.28 46.81 2.37 1336.17 35.59 2.28 27.58 28.50 3.18 1313.54 2.15 1617.71 2.34 24.99 1344.22 42.81 2.83 1276.71 27.50 2.47 2.50 2.51 23.79 22.81 3.63 0.81 2.37 28.56 2.15 25.54 29.72 1549.37 1.57 28.56 2.86 2.04 36.15 1498.53 2.45 5.79 2.56 22.45 39.87 44.81 2.28 40.52 1.44 1358.

4816 1781.886 pen 2217.1060 8053.569 iapla 1.271 0.093 164.2835 0.4671 0.9622 22.delim("clipboard") > attach(d) > library(MASS) > r1=lm(rcompa~.749 5.3805 1.3715 71.500 0.848 desg -3.146 0.4349 -0.679 ialar 8. Error t value Pr(>|t|) (Intercept) 783.9755 -1.1460 192.> d=read.790 trit 2.866 vas -27.8880 7535. data = d) Residuals: Min 1Q Median 3Q Max -210.0491 1.5789 40.333 39.429 0.154 puc 0.8075 4.3628 2.533 -671.232 abs -112.0339 0.639 0.583 0.0654 -1.6991 5..422 0.267 0.930 -1172.536 -35.6770 13.171 0.224 vac 15.089 0.data=d) > summary(r1) Call: lm(formula = rcompa ~ .120 0.105 pus -1.4935 1967.4633 0.245 0.398 0.906 tmaxnom pea psss .174 25.6497 1.195 0.702 Coefficients: Estimate Std.3087 56.6876 -0.9145 -0.7432 0.3675 27.723 0.696 tmax 102.4139 0.1201 0..9960 -0.

6 157601 294.pus 1 23012.vas 1 16425.13 .1 153814 294.psss 1 216.52 Step: AIC=294.16 .pen 1 15849.81 .puc 1 299.25 .12 rcompa ~ tmax + tmaxnom + psss + pen + abs + iapla + ialar + . p-value: 0.pea 1 81.364 on 14 and 15 DF.15 .6 153725 294.93 .7 169851 297.78 .1 on 15 degrees of freedom Multiple R-squared: 0.6 153642 294.3 174306 297.Residual standard error: 101.tmax 1 20880.46 .06 .ialar 1 30361. Adjusted R-squared: 0.81 rcompa ~ tmax + tmaxnom + pea + psss + pen + abs + iapla + ialar + pus + puc + vas + vac + trit + desg Df Sum of Sq RSS AIC .0 153574 294.desg 1 148.tmaxnom 1 4175.30 .18 .4 169275 297.8 156900 294.7 176438 298.5601.1495 F-statistic: 1.k=log(length(d))) Start: AIC=296.abs 1 3473.2 154179 294.91 <none> 153426 296.3 155247 294.vac 1 753.iapla 1 1821.2787 > r2=stepAIC(r1.3 153507 294.12 .5 183787 299.16 .trit 1 388.

00 Step: AIC=291.10 .puc 1 265 153772 291.88 .abs 1 15074 168581 294.43 .vac 1 813 154406 288.puc 1 319 153912 288.02 <none> 153507 294.36 .83 .43 rcompa ~ tmax + tmaxnom + psss + pen + abs + iapla + ialar + pus + puc + vas + vac + trit Df Sum of Sq RSS AIC .trit 1 784 154377 288.tmaxnom 1 4937 158444 292.47 .55 .vas 1 16346 169853 294.iapla 1 1988 155495 291.80 .iapla 1 1954 155547 289.vac 1 693 154200 291.ialar 1 50847 204354 300.tmax 1 21009 174516 295.22 .88 .79 .trit 1 675 154182 291.59 .pus 1 22950 176457 295.12 .pus + puc + vas + vac + trit + desg Df Sum of Sq RSS AIC .55 .pen 1 18532 172039 294.desg 1 86 153593 291.26 .45 .psss 1 8450 161957 293.

51 <none> 153593 291.79 .23 .pus 1 31213 185125 291.78 rcompa ~ tmax + tmaxnom + psss + pen + abs + iapla + ialar + pus + vas + vac + trit Df Sum of Sq RSS AIC .abs 1 18398 172310 289.tmax 1 20941 174534 292.62 .abs 1 15222 168815 291.56 .43 .24 .94 <none> 153912 288.tmaxnom 1 5898 159810 287.74 .74 .vas 1 16262 169855 291.psss 1 9872 163784 287.trit 1 1093 155005 286..tmax 1 36293 190205 292.pus 1 23062 176655 292.29 .pen 1 19022 172615 292.43 .psss 1 9446 163039 290.tmaxnom 1 5296 158889 289.vas 1 21889 175801 290.53 Step: AIC=288.46 .20 .68 .pen 1 19656 173568 289.07 .ialar 1 52426 206019 297.56 .92 .iapla 1 2853 156765 286.63 .vac 1 859 154771 286.

76 .73 .tmaxnom 1 5847 162576 282.psss 1 9570 166299 282.87 AIC=286.vas 1 42476 197247 290.pus 1 35953 190724 289.07 .73 .iapla 1 2769 157540 284..tmax 1 48632 203403 291.98 <none> 156729 283.91 .ialar Step: 1 52409 206321 294.24 .44 .abs 1 21536 176307 287.30 .iapla 1 1596 158325 281.24 rcompa ~ tmax + tmaxnom + psss + pen + abs + iapla + ialar + pus + vas + trit Df Sum of Sq RSS AIC .55 <none> 154771 286.91 .trit 1 1958 156729 283.81 .pen 1 23435 178206 287.80 .tmaxnom 1 6301 161072 284.psss 1 10756 165527 285.51 .72 Step: AIC=283.91 rcompa ~ tmax + tmaxnom + psss + pen + abs + iapla + ialar + pus + vas Df Sum of Sq RSS AIC .ialar 1 69914 224685 294.

23 .12 .vas 1 42647 200972 285.51 .pus 1 35591 193916 284.51 rcompa ~ tmax + tmaxnom + psss + pen + abs + ialar + pus + vas Df Sum of Sq RSS AIC .92 Step: AIC=279.55 .31 .91 .42 .abs 1 27128 185452 283.ialar 1 71037 229361 289.88 .pen RSS AIC 8195 171019 278.64 rcompa ~ tmax + psss + pen + abs + ialar + pus + vas Df Sum of Sq .64 .96 .tmaxnom 1 4499 162823 279.64 1 20064 182887 280.psss 1 <none> .pen 1 23239 181563 282.vas 1 44045 200774 288.abs 1 21491 178220 285.pen 1 21867 178596 285..tmax 1 52364 209093 289.63 .ialar 1 68314 225042 292.85 .41 162823 279.psss 1 10675 168999 280.pus 1 34859 191588 287.76 <none> 158325 281.06 .06 Step: AIC=281.tmax 1 59033 217357 288.

83 .788 186.726 0.6287 -2.37 Step: AIC=278.23 285.03631 * . Error t value Pr(>|t|) (Intercept) 705.0361 31.03 .19 286.13 .abs 1 24453 187276 281.ialar 1 67712 230536 287.855 39.933 0.pus 1 40514 203338 283. pus -1.927 2.3977 0. data=d) Residuals: Min 1Q Median 3Q Max -190.585 Coefficients: Estimate Std.58 Ahora hacemos una regresión lineal multiple con las variables que ya obtuvimos: > r1=lm(rcompa~abs+pus+vas+ialar+tmax+pen.24 288..vas 1 42103 204927 283.2055 0.8920 -1.09781 .5662 756.184 -32.35 281.54 284.36049 abs -55.41 1 1 1 1 1 1 22144 36753 56243 63675 71983 91700 193162 207771 227261 234693 243001 262718 279.223 0.41 rcompa ~ tmax + pen + abs + ialar + pus + vas Df Sum of Sq <none> RSS - abs pus vas ialar tmax pen AIC 171019 278.data=d) > summary(r1) Call: lm(formula = rcompa ~ abs + pus + vas + ialar + tmax + pen.tmax 1 65141 227964 287.60 .

X6.01 ‘*’ 0.8481 3.00187 ** ialar tmax pen --Signif. También observamos que R² es igual a 0.5097. X5.05 ‘. X9 y X11.00759 ** 97. Adjusted R-squared: 0.23 on 23 degrees of freedom Multiple R-squared: 0.05 podemos afirmar que nuestro modelo definitivo es bueno.007045.2107 3.5097.1092 31.001 ‘**’ 0.4403 8.3817 F-statistic: 3.926 0.984 on 6 and 23 DF.0283 2. a partir del cual puede decirse que aproximadamente el 50.8619 3. p-value: 0.vas -23.111 0.007045 X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 X6 X7 X8 X9 X10 X11 X12 X13 X14 tmax tmaxnom pea psss pen abs iapla ialar pus Puc desg vas vac trit Miramos el “P-value” el cual es de 0.00491 ** 803.01140 * 8. codes: 0 ‘***’ 0.512 0. y como es menor que 0.750 0.’ 0.5229 -2.6620 228.97% de la variación en Y es debida a las variables X1. El procedimiento en Excel reportó solamente la variable X8: Mientras que el procedimiento en R nos reportó seis variables: . X8.1 ‘ ’ 1 Residual standard error: 86.

8275 0. podemos adoptar la hipótesis nula con lo que concluimos que los dos modelos r1 y r2 son diferentes.05 „.Df RSS Df Sum of Sq F Pr(>F) 1 23 171019 2 28 276139 -5 -105120 2.03925 * --Signif.data=d) > r2=lm(rcompa~ialar. luego llamemos r2 al segundo modelo de una variable X8. . El planteamiento de las hipótesis sería: Ho: Ha: r1 = r2 r1 ≠ r2 Como el valor de la probabilidad Pr(>F) fue de 0. y ahora aplicamos el comando y nos queda: > r1=lm(rcompa~abs+pus+vas+ialar+tmax+pen.05. codes: 0 „***‟ 0.01 „*‟ 0. si se usan los dos modelos por separado obtendremos resultados con diferencias estadísticamente significativas. X5. X8. X6.001 „**‟ 0.r2) Analysis of Variance Table Model 1: rcompa ~ abs + pus + vas + ialar + tmax + pen Model 2: rcompa ~ ialar Res.Ahora averiguaremos si existe alguna diferencia significativa entre los dos modelos.1 „ ‟ 1 Notamos que el resultado nos reporta un valor de la probabilidad igual a 0.data=d) > anova(r1. Llamemos a r1 al primer modelo de seis variables X1. X9 Y X11.‟ 0.03925 y este valor es menor que 0. es decir.03925. lo cual lo podemos averiguar con la función anova() de R.05 podemos concluir que los dos modelos tienen una diferencia significativa. Como este valor es menor que 0.