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SUR RIVER BRIDGE RC PIER

STABILITY-1 of 36

REINFORCED CONCRETE COULMN PIER DESIGN FOR FOUR GIRDER SUPERSTRUCTURE


NOTE:- DO NOT CHANGE VALUES IN BLACK

1) DESIGN DATA AND SPECIFICATION


1.1.MATERIAL PROPERTIES: Concrete :- Grade C-30 concrete ( section 9.3) fc'= = 24 fc=0.4*fc' = 9.6 Ec=4800sqrt(fc') = 23,515 Reinforcement steel: Grade 420 steel: For rebars diam. 20mm and above fy = 420 fs = 165 Es = 200,000 Grade 300 steel: For rebars less than diam. 20 fy = 300 fs = 140 Es = 200,000

MPa MPa MPa

( fc' cylinder )

MPa MPa MPa MPa MPa MPa

Modular ratio n =Ec / Es = 8.51 Use n = 9 Live Loading: (1) Design Truck : AASHTO HS20 - 44 live load+ 25% increment (2) Design Tandem 2 Bearing Capacity(s)= 5.0 kg/cm Allowable Bearing Capacity (1.25*s)=
2 6.25 kg/cm

1.2. REFERENCES: -ERA BRIDGE DESIGN MANUAL 2002 -AASHTO STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR HIGHWAY BRIDGES,1998 EDITION. 1.3.DESIGN METHOD: LRFD

2) LOADING
2.1. Dead Loads
2.1.1. From Superstructure CLN

exterior girder

interior girder

LEFT GIRDER SUPSTR. 20 mtr. span Exterior Interior X-sectional (kN/m) Diaphramsmiddle(No.) 31.85 2 30.98 2

RIGHT BOX GIRDER SUPSTR. 40 mtr. span Exterior Interior 37.22 0 34.94 0

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SUR RIVER BRIDGE RC PIER

STABILITY-2 of 36

(kN) ends(kN) Support


Reaction(kN)

3.26 1.63 331.35

6.52 3.26 327.33

0.00 2.35 756.06

0.00 4.70 712.24

2.1.2. Selfweight 0.2 L 0.4 W A G F

H C E

D B J

Enter values for dimensions

A 1.00 G 0.9

B 7.00 H 0.60

C 0.80 J 3.50

D 0.80 L 7.40

E 11.62 W 1.00

F 1.10

Pier Cap w1(kN/m)=(A*L*F+2*0.20*0.40*F)*24/L= 17.07 Bracing w2(kN/m)=C*H*24= 11.52 Pier Column P(kN)=P/4*W *E*24= 219.01
2

Summary of Dead Loads 331.35 756.06 c a 327.33 712.24 a 17.07 327.33 712.24 331.35 (Left Supstr.) 756.06 (Right Supstr.) a c

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SUR RIVER BRIDGE RC PIER

STABILITY-3 of 36

where aLt.= aRt.= 11.52 2.2 m 2.21 m c= c= 0.400 0.385

Longitudinal Moment due to Unbalanced Superstructure

2.2 Live Loads


a) Design Truck Load : HS 20-44 + 25% increment

P/4
14ft (4.267m)

P
14 - 30ft (4.267- 9.144m)

P
6ft (1.80m)

P = wheel load = 1.25(71.20KN)= 89 KN LONGITUDINAL ARRANGEMENT b) Design Tandem

TRANSVERSE ARRANGEMENT

P
1.20m

P
1.80m

P = wheel load = 1/2*110KN = 55 KN LONGITUDINAL ARRANGEMENT

TRANSVERSE ARRANGEMENT

2.2.1 Dynamic Load Allowance


Section 3.13, the vehicular dynamic load allowance IM IM = 33% The live loads shall be factored by 1+IM/100 = Therefore IM = 1.33 33%

A) Longitudinal Arrangement case 1: Maximum Axial Load on pier P/4 P 4.267 P

x Rp2 Rp1

x= 0.5

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STABILITY-4 of 36

Rp1= Rp2=

1.895

P 2.099 0.423 P P

0.204 P Axial Load: Rp=Rp1+Rp2= Moment about CLN of pier: MCL=

case 2: Maximum Bending Moment P P 4.267 P/4

Rp1 Rp1= 2.092 P Axial Load: Rp=Rp1=

2.092 0.523

P P

Moment about CLN of pier: MCL=

2.2.2 Transverse Load Distribution For T- Girder

In designing sidewalks, slabs and supporting members, a wheel load located on the sidewalk shall be 1 foot from the face of the rail Distribution Factor for Shear (Sec. 13.4: Table 13-7 & 13-8) Exterior Girder: Case-1: One Design lane loaded The lever rule is applied assuming that the slab is simply supported over the longitudinal beams (Table 13-8)

P
1.8

TRWW=
SW=

RE d1 a - d1 d2

RI

The distribution coefficient to the exterior girder for shear REX1 (shear) = 1/a*P*(a+d1+d2) = 1.232 P

a= d1= d2= c= no.of girders= bw=

8.92 m 0.8 m 2.20 m 0.055 m 0.455 m 1.16 m


4

0.47 m

Case-2: Two or more design lanes loaded The distribution of live load per lane for shear in exterior girder is determined according to the formulas given in Table 13-8.

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STABILITY-5 of 36

REX2 (shear)

= (0.60+de/3000)

= 0.908 per lane

de=c-bw/2=

0.925 m

This factor is for one lane load which is equivalent to two lines of wheels, and thus multiplied by 2 REX2 (shear) = (0.60+de/3000) = 1.817 P There fore, REX (shear) in exterior girder is maximum of the above two values, REX1 or REX2 REX (shear) = 1.817 P Interior Girder: Case-1: One Design lane loaded The distribution of live load per lane for shear in interior girder is determined according to the formulas given in Table 13-7. RINT 1 (shear) = 0.36 + S/7600 0.649 = where 1100<=S<=4900 For two lines of wheels the distribution factor for shear in interior girder is: 6000<=L<=73000 RINT 1 (shear) =(2P)(0.36+ S/7600) = 1.299 P S= 2.2 m Case-2: Two or more design lanes are loaded The distribution of live load per lane for shear in interior girder 2 RINT 2 (shear) = 0.20+(S/3600)-(S/10700) = 0.769 For two lines of wheels RINT 2 (shear) =

where 1100<=S<=4900 6000<=L<=73000 Nb >=

1.538 P

S= 2.2 m There fore, RINT (shear), in interior girder is maximum of the above two values, RINT 1 or RINT 2 RINT (shear) = 1.538 P

B) Transverse Arrangement CLN P 2ft 6ft y DL(m)= DR(m)= 1.75 2.5 a RE RI y= 1.220 m P

LOADING CASES (Transversal Arrangement) Case-I: One Design lane loaded P P

a RA RA= RB 1.232 P

RB= 1.299 P a) For maximum Axial load case (from longitudinal arrangement case 1) RA=RP*RA= RB=RP*RB= 2.585 2.726 P P = = 230.08 242.62 kN kN

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STABILITY-6 of 36

b) For maximum Moment case (from longitudinal arrangement case 2) RA=RP*RA= RB=RP*RB= 2.577 2.717 P P = = 229.35 241.84 kN kN

Case-II: Two or more design lanes are loaded RA= 1.817 P RB= 1.538 P RC= 1.538 P R D=

a) For maximum Axial load case (from longitudinal arrangement case 1) RA=RP*RA= 3.813 P = 339.33 kN RB=RP*RB= 3.227 P = 287.21 kN 3.227 P = 287.21 RD=RP*RD= 3.813 P = 339.33 b) For maximum Moment case (from longitudinal arrangement case 2) RA=RP*RA= 3.800 P = 338.24 RB=RP*RB= 3.217 P = 286.29 RC=RP*RC= RD=RP*RD= 3.217 3.800 P P = = RC=RP*RC= kN kN kN kN

286.29 kN 338.24 kN

2.2.3 Transverse Load Distribution (Box Girder)

In designing sidewalks, slabs and supporting members, a wheel load located on the sidewalk shall be 1 foot from the face of the rail

Distribution Factor for Shear Exterior Girder: Case-1: One Design lane loaded

(Sec. 13.4: Table 13-7 & 13-8)

The lever rule is applied assuming that the slab is simply supported over the longitudinal beams (Table 13-8)

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STABILITY-7 of 36

1.8

a'= a= d1=

1.8 m 2.21 m 0.345 m 0.755 m

RE d1 a' - d1 d2

RI

d2=

The distribution coefficient to the exterior girder for shear REX1 (shear) = 1/a*m*P*(a+d1+d2)1.797 = P m= 1.2

Case-2: Two or more design lanes loaded The distribution of live load per lane for shear in exterior girder is determined according to the formulas given in Table 13-8. REX2 (shear) REX2 (shear) REX (shear) Interior Girder: Case-1: One Design lane loaded The distribution of live load per lane for shear in interior girder is determined according to the formulas given in Table 13-7. RINT 1 (shear) = (S/2900)0.6(d/L)0.1 = 0.636 where 1800<=S<=4900 6000<=L<=73000 890<=d<=2800 Nc>=3 S= 2.21 m = (0.64+de/3800)*Rin shear 0.683=per lane = (0.64+de/3800)*Rin shear 1.366 P = = de=c-bw/2= 1.02 m

This factor is for one lane load which is equivalent to two lines of wheels, and thus multiplied by 2 There fore, REX (shear) in exterior girder is maximum of the above two values, REX1 or REX2 1.797 P

Case-2: Two or more design lanes are loaded The distribution of live load per lane for shear in interior girder RINT 2 (shear) = (S/2200)0.9(d/L)0.1 = 0.752 For two lines of wheels RINT 2 (shear) = 1.504 P where 1800<=S<=4900 6000<=L<=73000 890<=d<=2800 Nc>=3 S= RINT (shear) = 1.504 P (Sec.13.4: Table 13-3 and 13-4) 2.21 m There fore, RINT (shear), in interior girder is maximum of the above two values, RINT 1 or RINT 2

Distribution Factor for moment Exterior Girder Case-1: One Design lane loaded

The lever rule is applied assuming that the slab is simply supported between the longitudinal beams (Table 13-4) REXT1 (moment) = 1.797 P

Case-2: Two or more design lanes loaded(Not Applicable)

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STABILITY-8 of 36

Interior Girder where 2100 <= S<= 4000 RINT1(moment) =(1.75+S/1100]*(300/L]0.35*[1/Nc]0.45 18000 <= L<= 73000 Case-1: One Design lane loaded Nc>= 3 The distribution factor of live load per lane for moment in interior girder: RINT1(moment) = (1.75+S/1100]*(300/L]0.35*[1/Nc] 0.412
0.45

L= S=

40.50 m 2.21 m where 2100 <= S<= 4000

Case-2: Two or more design lanes loaded RINT2(moment) =(13/Nc)


0.3

(S/430)(1/L)

0.25

0.562

18000 <= above L<= 73000 The distribution factor for wheel load (i.e. two lines of wheels) is 2 times the maximum of the two values Nc>= 3 RINT (moment) = 1.124 P B) Transverse Arrangement CLN P 2ft 6ft y DL(m)= DR(m)= 1.75 2.5 a RE RI y= 1.220 m P

LOADING CASES (Transversal Arrangement) Case-I: One Design lane loaded P P

a RA RA= RB 1.797 P

RB= 0.636 P a) For maximum Axial load case (from longitudinal arrangement case 1) RA=RP*RA= RB=RP*RB= 3.772 1.335 P P = = 335.71 118.79 kN kN

b) For maximum Moment case (from longitudinal arrangement case 2) RA=RP*RA= RB=RP*RB= 3.760 2.792 P P = = 334.63 248.51 kN kN

Case-II: Two or more design lanes are loaded

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STABILITY-9 of 36

RA=

1.797

RB=

1.124

RC=

1.124

R D=

a) For maximum Axial load case (from longitudinal arrangement case 1) RA=RP*RA= 3.772 P = 335.71 kN RB=RP*RB= 2.359 P = 209.95 kN RC=RP*RC= 2.359 P = 209.95 kN RD=RP*RD= 3.772 P = 335.71 kN b) For maximum Moment case (from longitudinal arrangement case 2) RA=RP*RA= 3.760 P = 334.63 kN RB=RP*RB= 2.351 P = 209.27 kN RC=RP*RC= 2.351 P = 209.27 kN RD=RP*RD= 3.760 P = 334.63 kN

b)Design Tandem A) Longitudinal Arrangement case 1: Maximum Axial Load on pier P 1.2 P

x Rp2 Rp1= Rp2= Rp1 0.983 P 1.983 0.004 P P

x= 0.5

1.000 P Axial Load: Rp=Rp1+Rp2= Moment about CLN of pier: MCL=

Moment about CLN of pier: MCL= case 2: Maximum Bending Moment P P 1.2

0.385 kN

Rp1 Rp1= 1.970 P Axial Load: Rp=Rp1=

1.970

0.493 P Moment about CLN of pier: MCL= 43.84 kN B) Transverse Arrangement (Distribution factors are same as Truck Load) Case-I: One Design lane loaded (T-Girder) a) For maximum Axial load case (from longitudinal arrangement case 1)

Moment about CLN of pier: MCL=

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STABILITY-10 of 36

RA=RP*RA= RB=RP*RB=

134.33 kN 140.77 kN

b) For maximum Moment case (from longitudinal arrangement case 2) RA=RP*RA= 133.49 kN RB=RP*RB= 140.77 kN Case-II: Two or more design lanes are loaded (T-Girder) a) For maximum Axial load case (from longitudinal arrangement case 1) RA=RP*RA= 198.11 kN RB=RP*RB= 167.68 kN RC=RP*RC= RD=RP*RD= 167.68 kN 198.11 kN

b) For maximum Moment case (from longitudinal arrangement case 2) RA=RP*RA= 196.87 kN RB=RP*RB= 166.64 kN RC=RP*RD= RD=RP*RD= 166.64 kN 196.87 kN

2.3. Wind Loads


Wind Load onstructure - WS 2.3.1. Wind Load on superstructure - W a) Transverse Direction W=50lb/ft2 = Area (m2) Girder web & Curb = Railing = Posts = 69.63 9.3 2.805 81.73 kN/m2 AiYi (m ) 2.75 3.45 3.03 191.47 32.09 8.49 232.04
3

2.44 Arm (m)

FWT= 199.42 kN Line of Action (about Pier Cap bottom) =

2.84 m

b) Longitudinal Direction W=12lb/ft2 = FWL= = 47.89 kN 2.84 m

2 0.586 kN/m

2.3.2. Wind Load on Live Load - WL a) Transverse Direction: WL=100lb/ft= 1.49 kN/m Length of exposed surface= 30.8 m FWLT= 45.892 kN (6ft above the deck surface) (about pier cap bottom) = 4.58 m b) Longitudinal Direction: WL=40lb/ft = 0.596 kN/m Length of exposed surface= 30.8 m FWLL= 18.357 kN (6ft above the deck surface) (about pier cap bottom) = 4.58 m

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STABILITY-11 of 36

2.3.3. Wind Load on substructure a) Transverse Direction: W=40lb/ft2= per linear meter = 1.955 kN/m
2 1.955 kN/m

b) Longitudinal Direction: W=40lb/ft Pier cap = 1.955 Bracing = 1.564 Columns = 1.955 2.3.4. Forces of Stream Current,WA

kN/m kN/m kN/m v = 5.6 ft/sec , k=2/3 = 1.02 1.02 kN/m kN/m2
2

P = kv2 = lb/ft2 20.907 per linear meter = 2.3.5. Breaking/Longitudinal Force,BR

Taken 5% of the live load in all lanes (lane load w=9.3kN/m plus the concentrated load P=81.72kN for moment) LF= 46.30 kN (6ft above the deck surface) (about pier cap bottom) = 4.58 m

2.3.6 Seismic Force Effects,EQ Earthquake zones: EBCS Zone -4 Site Coefficient: Type I = 1 Acceleration coefficient(A): = 0.1 The horizontal seismic force is the product of the site coefficient, the acceleration coefficient and the permanent loads

Pier cap, Bracing & Columns = Footing = Sum Wp =

605.82 KN 470.40 KN 1076.22 KN

Horizontal earthquake force FH = site coeff.*A* Wp = 107.62 KN This force is transferred to the substructure at joints The proportion of this load at the two levels is as in the following: At bracing level =40% of FH= At pier cap level =60% of FH= 43.05 KN 64.57 KN

3) STABILITY ANALYSIS
Assume a combined footing with dimensions(m): Width W = 3.5 Length L = 7 3.1. CHECK FOR STRENGTH I =DL+(LL+I)+BR+WA Case-I: One Design lane loaded i) Dead Load Superstructure Depth D = 0.8

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STABILITY-12 of 36

Left = Right = Substructure Pier cap, Bracing & Columns = Footing = Total = ii) Live Load (T-Girder) P (kN) Case I: Case II: a) RA+RB= 472.71 b) RA+RB= 471.19
a)RA+B+C+D= 1253.08

1,317.36 kN 2936.58 kN 4253.94

605.82 kN 470.4 kN 1076.22 5330.16 kN

MTRANS.(kN/m) about CL 3/2aavg*RA+1/2aavg*RB = 1028.50 " 1025.19 3/2aavg*(RA-RD)+1/2aavg*(RBRC) = 0.00 " 0.00

MLONGT. (kN/m) MCL = " 2*MCL = " 75.23 93.09 150.46 186.18

b)RA+B+C+D= 1249.05

ii) Breaking/Longitudinal Force, BR FLF= 46.30 kN MLF= 787.09 kNm/m

iii)Stream current Force,WA FTF= 2.87 kN MTF= 4.03 kNm/m

A) Stability against OVERTURNING: 8922.97 kN/m MDRIV.= MLL+MBR+MWA= 941.58 kN/m S.F.= 9.48 > 2.0 OK! B) Stability against BEARING PRESSURE: Case I: Case II: case (a) case (b) case (a) case (b) Ptot(kN)= 5802.86 5913.30 6583.23 6579.21 MT(kN/m)= 1241.32 1380.77 0.00 0.00 ML(kN/m)= eT=MT/Ptot= eL=ML/Ptot= smax (kN/m ) =(Ptot/A)* (1+6*eT/L+6*eL/W)=
2

MREST.=

75.23 0.214 0.013 285.54

93.09 0.234 0.016 296.18

150.46 0.000 0.023 279.23

186.18 0.000 0.028 281.57 < sall OK!

C) Stability against SLIDING:

FTDRIV=FTWA= FLDRIV=FLBR= FDRIV=(FTDRIV2+FLDRIV2)= FRESIST=SVtan f=SV*0.7= S.F.=FREST./FDRIV.=

2.87 46.30 46.39 3731.11 80.43

>

1.5

OK!

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STABILITY-13 of 36

Case-II: Two or more design lanes are loaded 3.2. CHECK FOR STRENGTH II =DL+WS+WA

a) Dead Load DL PDL= MTDL= MLDL= 5330.16 kN 0 kN/m 404.81 kN/m

c) Wind Load on Structures W superstructure FTW= kN 199.42 FLW= substructure FTW= FLW= Total FTW= FLW= 244.85 kN 113.42 kN 47.89 kN

MTW= MLW=

3042.79 kN/m 730.77 "

45.43 65.53

kN kN

MTW= MLW=

300.27 kN/m 524.38 "

MTW= MLW=

3343.06 kN/m 1255.15 "

d) Wind Load on Live Load WL FTWL= FLWL= 45.89 kN 18.36 kN MTWL= MLWL= 780.12 kN/m 312.05 "

e)Stream current Force,WA FTF= 2.87 kN MTF= 4.03 kNm/m

A) Stability against OVERTURNING: MREST.= 8922.97 kNm/m MDRIV.= MLL+MWS+MWA= S.F.= 7.09

1259.18 > 2.0

kNm/m OK!

B) Stability against BEARING PRESSURE:

Ptot=PDL=

5330.16

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STABILITY-14 of 36

MT=MTDL+MTWS+MTWA= ML=MLDL+MLWS+MLWA= eT=MT/Ptot= eL=ML/Ptot= smax= C) Stability against SLIDING: FTDRIV=FTWS+FTWA= FLDRIV=FLWS= FDRIV=(FTDRIV +FLDRIV )=
2 2

3347.08 1659.96 0.628 0.311 450.81 sall OK! OK! OK!

247.72 113.42 272.45 3731.11 13.69

FRESIST=SVtan f=SV*0.7= S.F.=FREST./FDRIV.=

>

1.5

OK!

3.3. CHECK FOR STRENGTH III =DL+(LL+I)+BR+WS+WL+WA

Case-I: One Design lane loaded a) Dead Load DL PDL= MTDL= MLDL= b) Live Load LL PLLI Case I: Case II: 472.71 583.14 1253.08 1249.05 MTLL 1241.32 1380.77 0.00 0.00 MLLL 75.23 93.09 150.46 186.18 5330.16 kN 0 kN/m 404.81 kN/m

c) Wind Load on Structures WS superstructure FTW= kN 45.43 FLW= substructure FTW= FLW= Total FTW= FLW= 244.85 kN 113.42 kN 47.89 kN

MTW= MLW=

3042.79 kN/m 730.77 "

45.43 65.53

kN kN

MTW= MLW=

300.27 kN/m 524.38 "

MTW= MLW=

3343.06 kN/m 1255.15 "

d) Wind Load on Live Load, WL FTWL= FLWL= 45.89 kN 18.36 kN MTWL= MLWL= 780.12 kN/m 312.05 "

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STABILITY-15 of 36

e)Breaking/Longitudinal Force,BR FTF= 45.89 kN MTF= 780.12 kNm/m

f)Stream current Force,WA FTF= 2.87 kN MTF= 4.03 kNm/m

A) Stability against OVERTURNING: MREST.= 8922.97 kNm/m MDRIV.= MLL+MWS+MWA= S.F.= 2.97

3005.60 > 2.0

kNm/m OK!

B) Stability against BEARING PRESSURE: (b)case I: 5913.30 6288.09 2065.10 1.063 0.349 605.85 (b)case II: 6583.23 4907.32 1846.14 0.745 0.280 569.56 OK! OK! OK!

Ptot=PDL+PLLI= MT=MTDL+MTLL+MTBR+MTWL+MTWS+MTWA= ML=MLDL+MLLL+MLBR+MLWL+MLWS+MLWA= eT=MT/Ptot= eL=ML/Ptot= smax= C) Stability against SLIDING: FTDRIV=FTBR+FTWL+FTWS+FTWA= FLDRIV=FLWS+FLWL= FDRIV=(FTDRIV +FLDRIV )=
2 2

> sall

339.50 131.78 364.18 4062.01 11.15

FRESIST=SVtan f=SV*0.7= S.F.=FREST./FDRIV.=

>

1.5

OK!

Case-II: Two or more design lanes are loaded A) Stability against OVERTURNING: MREST.= 8922.97 kNm/m MDRIV.= MBR+MWA= S.F.= 2.97

3005.60 > 2.0

kNm/m OK!

C) Stability against SLIDING:

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STABILITY-16 of 36

FTDRIV=FTBR+FTWL+FTWS+FTWA= FLDRIV=FLWS+FLWL= FDRIV=(FTDRIV2+FLDRIV2)= FRESIST=SVtan f=SV*0.7= S.F.=FREST./FDRIV.=

339.50 131.78 364.18 4608.26 12.65

>

1.5

OK!

3.4. CHECK FOR EXTREME EVENTI =DL+(LL+I)+WA+EQ

Case-I: One Design lane loaded a) Dead Load DL PDL= MTDL= MLDL= b) Live Load LL PLLI Case I: Case II: 472.71 583.14 1253.08 1249.05 MTLL 1241.32 1380.77 0.00 0.00 MLLL 75.23 93.09 150.46 186.18 5330.16 kN 0 kN/m 404.81 kN/m

c)Stream current Force,WA FTF= 2.87 kN MTF= 4.03 kNm/m

d)Seismic Force Effects,EQ At bracing level = At pier cap level = At bracing level = At pier cap level = FTF= FTF= FLF= FLF= 43.05 64.57 43.05 64.57 kN kN kN kN MTF= MTF= MLF= MLF= 250.09 kNm/m 750.28 kNm/m 250.09 kNm/m 750.28 kNm/m

A) Stability against OVERTURNING: MREST.= 8922.97 kNm/m MDRIV.= MLL+MEQ+MWA= S.F.= 3.74

2385.16 > 2.0

kNm/m OK!

B) Stability against BEARING PRESSURE: (b)case I: 5913.30 (b)case II: 6583.23

Ptot=PDL+PLLI=

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STABILITY-17 of 36

MT=MTDL+MTLL+MTEQ+MTWA= ML=MLDL+MLLL+MLEQ+MLWA= eT=MT/Ptot= eL=ML/Ptot= smax= C) Stability against SLIDING: FTDRIV=FTEQ+FTWA= FLDRIV=FLEQ+FLWA= FDRIV=(FTDRIV +FLDRIV )=
2 2

2385.16 1498.27 0.403 0.253 460.67

1004.40 1591.36 0.153 0.242 394.66 OK! OK! OK!

> sall

110.49 107.62 154.24 4062.01 26.34

FRESIST=SVtan f=SV*0.7= S.F.=FREST./FDRIV.=

>

1.5

OK!

Case-II: Two or more design lanes are loaded A) Stability against OVERTURNING: MREST.= 8922.97 kNm/m MDRIV.= MLL+MEQ+MWA= S.F.= 8.88

1004.40 > 2.0

kNm/m OK!

C) Stability against SLIDING: FTDRIV=FTEQ+FTWA= FLDRIV=FLEQ+FLWA= FDRIV=(FTDRIV2+FLDRIV2)= FRESIST=SVtan f=SV*0.7= S.F.=FREST./FDRIV.= 110.49 107.62 154.24 4608.26 29.88

>

1.5

OK!

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SUR RIVER BRIDGE RC PIER

STABILITY-18 of 36

HWAY BRIDGES,1998 EDITION.

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STABILITY-19 of 36

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STABILITY-20 of 36

m m 2.2 405 KNm

76 1.9

36 1.8

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STABILITY-21 of 36

sidewalk shall be 1 foot from the face of the rail.

dinal beams (Table 13-8)

ng to the formulas given in Table 13-8.

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STABILITY-22 of 36

ng to the formulas given in Table 13-7.

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STABILITY-23 of 36

1.817 P

sidewalk shall be 1 foot from the face of the rail.

dinal beams (Table 13-8)

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STABILITY-24 of 36

ng to the formulas given in Table 13-8.

ng to the formulas given in Table 13-7.

gitudinal beams (Table 13-4)

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STABILITY-25 of 36

here 2100 <= S<= 4000

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STABILITY-26 of 36

1.797 P

Case-I: One Design lane loaded (Box Girder) a) For maximum Axial load case (from longitudinal arrangement case 1)

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STABILITY-27 of 36

RA=RP*RA= RB=RP*RB=

195.99 kN 68.92 kN

b) For maximum Moment case (from longitudinal arrangement case 2) RA=RP*RA= 194.77 kN RB=RP*RB= 194.77 kN Case-II: Two or more design lanes are loaded(Box Girder) a) For maximum Axial load case (from longitudinal arrangement case 1) RA=RP*RA= 195.99 kN RB=RP*RB= 122.57 kN RC=RP*RC= RD=RP*RD= 122.57 kN 195.99 kN

b) For maximum Moment case (from longitudinal arrangement case 2) RA=RP*RA= 194.77 kN RB=RP*RB= 121.81 kN RC=RP*RD= RD=RP*RD= 121.81 kN 194.77 kN

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STABILITY-28 of 36

eleration coefficient and the permanent loads

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STABILITY-29 of 36

P (kN) Case I: Case II:

ii) Live Load (Box-Girder) MTRANS. (kN/m) about CL 3/2a *R +1/2aavg*


avg A

MLONGT. (kN/m) MCL = " 2*MCL = " 75.23 93.09 150.46 186.18

a) RA+RB= 454.50 b) RA+RB= 583.14


a)RA+B+C+D= 1091.30

RB = 1241.32 "*(RA- 1380.77 3/2aavg +1/2aavg*(RB-RC) 0.00 RD) " 0.00

b)RA+B+C+D= 1087.80

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LOADING SUMMARY-30of 36

SUMMARY OF LOADS
DL(Lt.Sup.) DL(Rt.Sup.) LL(HL-93) 0.4 331.35 756.06 FLLRt a 327.33 712.24 FLLCt 327.33 712.24 FLLCt a= 2.2 26.40 FEQT MTRANS 2.35 2.35 6.3095 11.52 FEQT 43.05 FEQL 43.05 FWl= 1.96 1.56 1.96 FWt= 1.96 FWAt= 1.02 FWt= FWAt= 1.96 1.02 5.81 (bracing) (pier cap) 64.57 MLONGT FEQL 64.57 331.35 MDL L 756.06 FLLLt 404.80625 KNM FWLt= 45.89 FWt= 199.42 FWLl= 18.36 FWl= 47.89 2.84 FLF= 46.30 4.58

1.4

4.6

1.4

FRt(kN) HS20-44/ case I: a) Design Tandem b) case II: a) b) 335.71 334.63 339.33 338.24 195.99 194.77 198.11 196.87

FCt (kN) 248.51 248.51 287.21 286.29 140.77 194.77 167.68 166.64

FLt (kN) 0.00 0.00 339.33 338.24 0.00 0.00 198.11 196.87

MTRANS.(kN/m) 1241.32 1380.77 0.00 0.00 432.16 429.47 0.00 0.00

MLONGT. (kN/m) 75.23 93.09 150.46 186.18 0.38 43.84 0.77 87.68

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CONTENTS STABILITY OF THE WHOLE STRUCTURE LOADING SUMMARY ANALYSIS RESULT BEAM & COLUMN SECTION DESIGN RESULT FOOTING DESIGN

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FOOTING DESIGN-32 of 36

FOOTING DESIGN
Loading Case Summary Right leg Left Leg Fz(kN) Mx(kNm) My(kNm) Fz(kN) Mx(kNm) My(kNm) Comb I 2909.597 -31.84 326.71 3462.465 -53.19 326.71 II 2544.063 -739.51 -706.005 3827.999 -762.18 -706.005 2 2 kg/cm = kN/m Allowable Bearing Capacity = 5 750 Design Constants Concrete :- Grade C-30 concrete ( section 9.3) f'c= 24.00 Mpa fc=(0.4*f'c) = (0.4*f'c) = 9.6 Reinforcement steel: Grade 420 steel: For rebars diam. 20mm and above fy = 420 MPa fs = 165 MPa Es = 200,000 MPa Grade 300 steel: For rebars less than diam. 20 fy = 300 MPa fs = 140 MPa Es = 200,000 MPa

FyR

x 4.6 z

FyL

f(m)=

1.00 x

D= 0.8

B C x W= y A B= 7.0 Self Weight W (kN)= 470.4 D 3.5

Location of Resultant R & Eccentricity e Comb x(m)= I 2.486 II 2.528

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FOOTING DESIGN-33 of 36

ex(m)= ey(m)=

0.186

0.228 0.222 439.902

B/6 W/6 sall

-0.103 smax= 274.766

2 Design Load = 439.90 kN/m ex= ey= 0.228 m

0.222 m 330.99 118.42 227.58 440.15

V=Fz1+Fz2+W= 6842.462 kN kN/m2 " " "

sA=V/A(1-6*ex/B+6*ez/W)= sB=V/A(1-6*ex/B-6*ez/W)= sC=V/A(1+6*ex/B-6*ez/W)= sD=V/A(1+6*ex/B+6*ez/W)=

Depth Checking 1. Punching Shear v=V/bo*d (Art. 8.15.5.6.2) bo=p(f+d)

design shear stress v < vcp=0.166f'c' f'c= vcp= Vact=Pcol-Psoil= 3000 psi 2 0.81 N/mm 2781.97 kN where 24.00 813.23 Mpa kN/m2

Pcol= 3827.999 kN trial d= 0.74 m Vres Vact OK! OK!

Vres=vcp*bo*d= davil=D-F/2-CLR CR=

3289.61 0.74 m

davil d

2. Wide Beam Shear a. In the Short Direction s1=P/A(1 + 6*ey/W)= s2=P/A(1 - 6*ey/W)= trial d= s3= Vact= 0.74 330.22 m s1 s3 s2 359.06 161.10 kN/m2 " d

1230.37 kN

bc -ratio of long side to short side of concentrated load= 2.0 0.166(1+2/bc)= vcb=0.166(1+2/bc)f'c0.332f'c= Vres=vcb*B*d= 8425.069 kN 0.332 1.63 < N/mm2 0.332 1626.46 kN/m2 Vres Vact OK! take 0.332

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FOOTING DESIGN-34 of 36

b. In the Long Direction FyR= 2909.597 1.2 MxR= -739.51

FyL= MxL=

3827.999 -762.18

q2

q3 q4 q1=s1*W=P/A(1 + 6*ex/B)*W= q2=s2*W=P/A(1 - 6*ex/B)*W= 1088.19 kN/m 732.40 " 2193.23 915.47 q3= q1 793.39 kN/m q4= 1027.199

1.2

2.19

2.41

1.2

SFD

-1634.77 -1994.12 895.41

BMD -549.28 -1746.74

-1288.79 Vmax= Vact= Vres=vcb*W*d= 2193.23 kN 1064.76 kN 4212.53 kN

-2508.92 corresponding triangle leg = 2.41 trial d = 0.74 Vres Vact davil d m OK! OK!

3. Flexure a. In the Short Direction Using F = 20 mm and Clear cover = 50 mm davil=D-F/2-CLR CR= 0.74 m

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FOOTING DESIGN-35 of 36

beff=coln width+2(1/2*d)= Loading FyR= 2909.597

1.74

MyR= -706.005 Right Left -0.1844 429.84 827.31

FyL= 3827.999

MyL= -706.005

ey(m)= smax=Fy/beff*W(1 + 6*ey/W)= smin=Fy/beff*W(1 - 6*ey/W)=

-0.2426 279.03 676.50

1.25

qmax=smax*beff= qmin=smin*beff= My-y= Reinforcement

747.92 kN/m 1439.51 " 905.92 kNm

qmax 747.92

q1= 994.91

qmin 1439.51

Design moment, Mu = 905.92 KNm/m As = Mu / ( fy (d - a/2 ) ) where a = As*fy / ( 0.85 * fc' b ) Assume a = 45 mm As = Mu / ( fy (d - a/2 3,340 )) = mm2 a = As*fy / ( 0.85 * fc' b 45 ) =mm

Mu= = b= fy= fc'= D= diam= cover = d=

905.92 0.90 1740 420.00 21.00 800 20 50 740

KNm/m mm N/mm2 N/mm2 mm mm mm mm

Required As = Spacing = Use F 20 Provide As =

3340 mm2/m 164 mm mm @ 164 1,919.7 mm2/m

mm for width= beff

Use As,min=0.002*1000*d= Use F Top :-

1480 20

mm /m mm @

S= 212

212.27

mm

mm for the rest cm

temperature & shrinkage As=1/8 in /ft=2.65 cm /m


2 2

Using F =12 mm S= Use F 12 mm @

42.64 400

cm mm

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FOOTING DESIGN-36 of 36

b. In the Long Direction Bottom :Mmax= 2508.92 kNm

Reinforcement Design moment, Mu = 2508.92 KNm/m As = Mu / ( fy (d - a/2 ) ) where a = As*fy / ( 0.85 * fc' b ) Assume a = 63 mm As = Mu / ( fy (d -13,079 a/2 ) ) = mm2 a = As*fy / ( 0.85 * fc' b 63 ) =mm

Mu= = b= fy= fc'= D= diam= cover = d=

2508.92 0.90 3500 300.00 21.00 800 16 50 742

KNm/m mm N/mm2 N/mm2 mm mm mm mm

Required As = Spacing = Use F 16 Provide As =

13079 mm2/m 54 mm mm @ 54 3,736.7 mm2/m

mm

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