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Challenge problem

- 02 12 22 32 42 52 62 72
02 0 1 4 9 16 25 36 49

12 X 0 3 8 15 24 35 48

22 X X 0 5 12 21 32 45

32 X X X 0 7 16 27 40

42 X X X X 0 9 20 33

52 X X X X X 0 11 24

62 X X X X X X 0 13

72 X X X X X X X 0

First I started off by making a table. My table extended from 72 across to 72 down. I filled
out the table by finding out the difference between the different squared numbers. I
immediately noticed that every odd number works(is a difference between two squared
numbers). I noticed this after looking at this:

- 02 12 22 32 42 52 62 72
02 0 1 4 9 16 25 36 49

12 X 0 3 8 15 24 35 48

22 X X 0 5 12 21 32 45

32 X X X 0 7 16 27 40

42 X X X X 0 9 20 33

52 X X X X X 0 11 24

62 X X X X X X 0 13

72 X X X X X X X 0

I realized that because this diagonal row contains every odd number, then all odd
numbers work.

Now, I tried to look for patterns with the even numbers. I learned that all the even
numbers that work are divisible by four. I tried out many ways to see the pattern with
evens and finall figured out that: in order to check if an even number works, you divide it
by four(if it is not divisible by 4 then that number doesn’t work) and then pick the
number one greater from it and one less that it. For example:

The number = 16
16/4=4
(take the number 1 greater than it and 1 les than it)
4-1=3, and 4+1=5

So 52-42=16