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Practical 1: Objective: (a

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Basic needs of plants. To determine the basic needs of plants: sunlight, air and water.

Problem: Do Plants need Sunshine

Materials: Growing plant with large leaves Vaseline or grease Black construction paper Paper clips Procedure A: 1. 2. 3. Place green plant in well-lighted place where it can be seen without being handled by class members. Carefully cover both sides of several leaves with vaseline or grease. Observe these leaves each day and compare them with uncoated leaves. Notice the colour and the freshness of the leaves.

Procedure B: 1. 2. 3. Cut out pattern on one side of a folded piece of black construction paper. Clip the pattern on the leaf and leave it attached for several days. After several days remove the construction paper and observe the results.

Results: Observation Procedure A Procedure B Questions: 1. 2. 3. 4. (b) What would happen if only the topside were coated? the bottom side? Would leaf continue to die if the coating were removed after one day? What would happen if only half the leaf were covered? (half of the topside and half of the bottom side) What happen to the plant leaf after the mask is removed? Observe for several days. Problem: Can Plants Live Without Water? Inferences

Materials: Bean seeds Two small flowerpots Water Soil, humus Procedure: 1. Plant some bean seeds in each of the flowerpots. 2. Place both plants in the sunshine. 3. Water plant “A” lightly each day. 4. Do not water plant “B” 1

3. This will keep the seeds moist. When air bubbles cease to rise the air has been expelled from the soil. Animals and plants need food. Water both soils fairly well. Keep the temperature and light the same for both cups. 2. 5. What other ways might air be eliminated from the cup? Is too much air ever a problem to the farmer? Would the same results occur with different types of seeds? Plants make their food but they do need a supply of minerals. Drop seeds into the water of the second cup thus eliminating the air. 4. (c) Would the same results be possible with different kind of seeds? Is it possible to give a plant too much water? How can farmer tell if a plant is receiving enough water? not enough water? too much water? Problem: Can Plant Live Without Air? Inferences Materials: Bean seeds Two jars and two plastic cups Soil. On one place a cotton pad on top and some beans on the cotton. Results: Observation Procedure A Procedure B Questions: 1. Inferences 2 . 2. 3. 2.Results: Observation Plant “A” Plant “B” Questions: 1. 2. humus Cotton Water Procedure A: 1. Choose three minerals and describe what happens to plant growing without them. 4. Cap the first jar. This cuts off the air supply to the plant. Plant bean seeds in jars. Procedure B: 1. 3. Give two reasons why animals and plants need food. Keep the second plant moist by watering as needed. 4. 3. Fill the two cups with water.

Marking Scheme: 1. 3 . Manipulative skill • Planning the preparation of material • Planning the set-up of apparatus • The way observation is carried out Product: • Title/objective/hypothesis • Introduction/theoretical knowledge • Equipments/apparatus/procedure • Results observation • Discussion/conclusion • Questions and answers • References Total: Marks 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 100 2.