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Subject: Kinematics of machine, Subject code: 141902

Tutorial: 3 --- Belts, Ropes, Chains

1) 2) 3) State the criteria of selection of following for transmission of power: 1. Belt Drive 2. Rope Drive 3. Chain Drive 4. Gear Drive Explain the phenomenon of slip and creep in a belt drive. In a flat belt drive, the initial tension measured in International System of units is 2500. The coefficient of friction between the belt and the pulley is 0.35 and the angle of lap on the smaller and larger pulleys are 160 and 180 respectively. Determine the Horse Power transmitted by belt if smaller pulley of 200 mm diameter rotates at 420 revolutions per minute. Two Pulleys, one 450 mm diameter and the other 200 mm diameter are on parallel shafts 2 meter apart and are connected by an open belt drive. If larger pulley rotates at 210 rpm and the maximum permissible tension in the belt is 1 KN, determine 1. Angle of contact between the belt and each pulley 2. Horse Power transmitted. Assume =0.3 Does the direction of rotation of pulleys affect power transmitted? Explain the types of rope drives and discuss the advantages and limitation of rope drives over other drive. Discuss the types of belts and belt drive used for transmission of power. With the help of neat sketches discuss the types of chains. Two parallel shaft 6m apart are to be connected by a belt running over a pulley of diameter 600 mm and 400 mm respectively. Find exact and approximate lengths of belt When (1) belt is open and (2) belt is crossed derive the expression for limiting tension ratio in case of flat belt drive. Two shafts whose centres are 1 m apart are connected by a V-belt drive. The Driving pulley is supplied with 100 kW and has an effective diameter of 300mm. It runs at 1000 r.p.m. while the driven pulley runs at 370 r.p.m. The angle of groove on the pulleys is 400. The permissible tension in 400 mm2 cross-sectional area belt is 2.1 MPa. The density of the belt is 1100 kg/m3. The coefficient of friction between the belt and pulley is 0.28. Estimate the number of belts required. Determine the percentage increase in power capacity made possible in changing over from a flat pulley to a V belt drive. The diameter of the flat pulleys is the same as the pitch circle diameter of the V belt grooved pulleys. The pulley rotates at the same speed as the grooved pulley. The belt materials are the same and they have the same cross sectional area, with coefficient of friction for both as 0.3. The groove angle of the V belt pulley is 600 and the angle of contact for both the cases is 1500.
BY, 1. V.M.Goti 2. S. G. Patel


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Tutorial 3: Belts, Ropes, Chains

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What are different types of chains? Explain with neat sketches, the power transmission chains. Differentiate between flat belt and V belt. Derive expression for the length of an open belt drive. Two parallel shaft 6m apart are to be connected by belt running over a pulley of diameter 500mm and 300 mm respectively. find exact and Approximate lengths of belt in both case when it is open and crossed. Derive expression for the length of cross belt drive. In a chain drive teeth on sprockets are 50 and 15. The distance between centres of sprockets is 600mm and the dia of bigger sprocket is 300mm. Determine chain length, velocity ratio, and pitch of chain.

BY, 1. V.M.Goti 2. S. G. Patel

Tutorial 3: Belts, Ropes, Chains