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Sentence Translation
If he is busy now, I will come back
Si está ocupado ahora, regresaré mañana
tomorrow
If I have time, I'll visit my parents this Si tengo tiempo, visitaré a mis padres esta
afternoon tarde
If it is warm tomorrow, we'll go to the
Si está caluroso mañana, iremos a la playa
beach
If it is cold, you must wear warm clothes Si está frío, debes usar ropa abrigada
If he doesn't do his homework, he can not
Si él no hace su tarea, no puede ir a la fiesta
go to the party
If she doesn't call you, you can call her Si ella no te llama, tu puedes llamarla
If you work hard, you may become a Si trabajas duro, puede que te conviertas en
millonaire someday un millonario algún día
If you spend more than you earn, you'll Si gastas más de lo que ganas, te convertirás
become a poor man en un hombre pobre
If they don't invite you, you must not go Si ellos no te invitan, no debes ir
Si no nos apuramos, perderemos nuestro
If we don't hurry, we'll miss our bus
autobus
If you pay now, you'll get a discount Si pagas ahora, obtendrás un descuento
If they don't want to go out, they can stay
Si no quieren salir, se pueden quedar en casa
home
If you drink too much, you'll get drunk Si bebes demasiado, te emborracharás
Si te sientes enfermo, debes quedarte en
If you feel sick, you must stay in bed
cama
If they don't come here, we'll have to go
Si ellos no vienen aquí, tendremos que ir allí
there

TYPE II PAST WOULD/COULD/MIGHT + VERB INFINITIVE

Sentence Translation
If I were in Brazil, I would go to Río de Si yo estuviese en Brasil, iría a Río de
Janeiro Janeiro
If I were you, I would buy that car Si yo fuera vos, compraría ese auto
If he were in my place, he wouldn't do
Si él estuviese en mi lugar, no haría esto
this
If I had more money, I would buy a nice Si yo tuviese más dinero, me compraría un
appartment lindo apartamento
If she had more time, she would travel Si ella tuviese más tiempo, viajaría más a
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more often menudo


If it were not raining, we could go out Si no estuviese lloviendo, podríamos salir
If we didn't have to work today, we could Si no tuviésemos que trabajar hoy,
have a picnic podríamos tener un picnic
If they won the lottery, they wouldn't
Si ellos ganaran la lotería, no trabajarían más
work any more
If I saw her, I would ask her out Si la viera, la invitaría a salir
If you went to Brazil, you wouldn't want
Si fueras a Brazil, no querrías regresar
to come back
If they spoke Spanish, we would
Si ellos hablasen español, los entenderíamos
understand them
If he didn't live by the river, he couldn't Si el no viviera cerca del río, no podría ir a
go fishing pescar
If I didn't want to go, I would tell you Si no quisiera ir, te lo diría
If they worked for that company, they Si ellos trabajaran para esa compañía,
might have better salaries podrían tener mejores sueldos
If she wrote a book, it would be a best- Si ella escribiese un libro, sería un best-
seller seller

TYPE III PAST PERFECT WOULD/COULD/MIGHT/ HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE

Sentence Translation
If I had seen him, I would have told him Si lo hubiese visto, le habría contado acerca
about you de ti
If I had known the answer, I would have Si hubiese sabido la respuesta, habría
raised my hand levantado mi mano
If she had come on Saturday, I would Si ella hubiese venido el sábado, la habría
have seen her visto
If they had left earlier, they would have Si ellos hubiesen salido más temprano,
arrived on time habrían llegado a tiempo
If we had studied harder, we might have Si hubiésemos estudiado más duro,
passed the test podríamos haber aprobado la prueba
If you had gone to Brazil, you would have Si tu hubieses ido a Brasil, habrías tenido
had lots of fun mucha diversión
If I hadn't been so busy, I could have Si no hubiese estado tan ocupado, te podría
helped you haber ayudado
If you had phoned me, I would have Si tu me hubieses telefoneado, habría sabido
known you were here que estabas aquí
If they had invited us, we would have Si ellos nos hubiesen invitado, habríamos
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accepted at once aceptado de inmediato


If she had explained me the problem, I Si ella me hubiese explicado el problema, lo
would have understood it habría entendido
If I hadn't forgotten his number, I would Si no hubiese olvidado su número, lo habría
have phoned him llamado
If it hadn't rained, we would have gone Si no hubiese llovido, habríamos ido a
fishing pescar
If my sister had been here, she would Si mi hermana hubiese estado aquí, habría
have enjoyed this disfrutado esto
If they hadn't drunk so much last night, Si no hubiesen tomado tanto anoche, no se
they wouldn't have felt sick today habrían sentido enfermos hoy
If he had worked more, he could have Si él hubiese trabajado más, podría haver
saved more money ahorrado más dinero

HABITUAL PRESENT PRESENT

Sentence Translation
If I have time, I usually go to the movies Si tengo tiempo, generalmente voy al cine
If she eats hamburgers, she gets an
Si ella come hamburguesas, le da alergia.
allergy
If they come here, they always bring a
Si ellos vienen aquí, siempre traen un regalo
present
If she doesn't know the answer, she keeps Si ella no sabe la respuesta, se mantiene en
silent silencio
If we don't go out on Saturdays, we rent a Si no salimos los sábados, alquilamos un
video and stay home video y nos quedamos en casa

IMPERATIVE PRESENT IMPERATIVE

Sentence Translation
If they are busy, don't disturb them Si ellos están ocupados, no los molestes
If it is raining, please bring me my Si está lloviendo, por favor, traéme mi
umbrella paraguas
If she phones, don't tell her I was here Si ella llama, no le digas que estuve aquí
If you don't want to go, don't go Si no querés ir, no vayas
If you feel sick, stay in bed Si te sientes enfermo, quédate en la cama