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EDU 405: DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION IN MALAYSIA: PHILOSOPHY AND POLICY.

CHAPTER THREE: EDUCATIONAL ASSISTANCE AND SUPPORT PROGRAMMES

Learning Outcomes

At the end of this unit, students should be able to:

1. Define what is meant by educational assistance and support programmes 2. Identify the types of educational assistance and support programmes

INTRODUCTION

The aims of educational assistance and support programmes is to prepare students mentally and physically, to excel in the field of curricular and co-curricular activities and to decrease the dropout rate among students from low income families. Among the programmes available are the School Boarding Programme, the Textbook Loan Scheme, the School Health Programme, the Nutrition and the Health Programme which include the Supplementary Food Programme and the School Milk Programme, the Counsellinbg and Guidance Programme, the Scholarship Programme, the Education Assistance for Students With Special Needs, the Poor Students’ Trust Fund and the Tution Aid Scheme.

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To provide programmes and schemes that assist students to prepare for schooling. the MOE has made a provision to give free textbooks to every student reagrdless of socioeconomic status. To improve academic excellence especially among students from low income families.The objectives of the Ministry of Education (MOE) in establishing the Education Assistance and Support Programmes are: i. To minimise the dropout rate. THE TEXTBOOK LOAN SCHEME (TBLS) The Textbook Loan Scheme (TBLS) was implemented nationalwide since 1975. Beside ensuring the textbook packages produced are of high quality and 2 . iii. iv. To ensure equal education opportunities for all especially among students from low income families. Begining 2008. The scheme cover all levels of education from the primary to the upper secondary education in goverment schools and goverment aided schools. The CD-ROMs are also equipped with electronic notebook known as ejournal as a communication tool. v. ii. To ensure the management of education support programmes is efficient and effective. The Textbook Divison has introduced innovations in teaching and learning materials by producing CD-ROM alongside the textbooks produced. and.

This is in line with the implementation of the Compulsory Education Policy in 2003 (Section 29A Education Act 1996 [Act 550]). 3 . The General Aid is the school allowance given to the students for a period of 10 months and is allocated twice a year The Emergency Aid is the financial aid provede to students who face tragedies such as natural disasters and fire which affect the family income. Types and Provision of Aid The Schooling Aid includes school paraphernalia such as school uniform and stationery provided to students before the new school section start. This is accordance with the Compulsory Education policy to improve students’ academic excellence. efforts have also been made to ensure the suitability for the target groups and able to achieve the teaching and learning objectives. THE POOR STUDENTS’ TRUST FUND (PSTF) The MOE has set up the Poor Students Trust Fund under the Section 10 of the Finance Procedure Act 1957.concurrent with the curriculum. The PSTF provide financial aid specifically to poor Malaysian children in government and government –aided schools regardless of race and religion.

The aim of TAS is to provide extra guidance or tuition which is structured for poor students whose achievement is low in the subjects of Malay Language. This noble effort is based on the rationale: To coordinate the variuos health programmes into an integrated programmes.THE TUITION AID SCHEME (TAS) The Tuition Aid Scheme (TAS) is an educational intervention programme targeted for poor students with low acedemic achievement. To create a flexible. 4 . The aim of this programme is to provide various heatlh services to students in primary and secondary schools. The extra classes provided are an effort to improve students’ academic achivement. The objectives of TAS are as follow: To increase students-teacher contact hour To increase the students’ level of motivation and confidence as as to enhance their knowledge and basic skills To improve students’ academic achievement among students To bridge the gap of academic achievement among students To increase the enrolment rate of poor students at tertiary level THE INTEGRATED SCHOOL HEALTH PROGRAMME (ISHP) The Integrated School Health Programme (ISHP) is implemented with the assistance of the Ministry Health. innovative and creative system to fulfil the school needs. Science and Mathematics. English Language. To create a health programme which can foster a sense of belonging and commitment among the school community.

The six thrusts of Integrates School Health Programme (ISHP) towards creating and integrated approach among the public. This programme aims to nurture positive habits and attitude among students in everday life towards a healthy and quality lifestyle. THE SUPPLEMENTARY FOOD PROGRAMME The aim of Supplementary Food Programme (SFP) is to increase the nutrional value of food consumed by pupils to ensure they receive a well-balanced diet for their physical growth. private sector and community: School Health Policy School Physical Environment School Social Environment Community Involvement Health Skills School Health Services The services provided under the ISHP include dental and medical treatment.To create an integrated health programme which has an impact that can be evaluated. 5 . It is hoped that pupils are more focused on the teaching and learning process through this prgramme. The implementation of Enhancing Students’ Health Programme in school has increase collaboration between the MOE and the Ministry of Health. mental health and general wellbeing. To encourage good health practices through planned and direct efforts. prevention and control of contagious diseases and free medical kit to schools. To foster understanding and cooperation between the school and local community in overcoming health issues.

skill and practice especially on food. To decrease public sector expenditure through the involvement of private sector agencies. the programme is also aimed at increasing the quality of health and nutritional value of food for primary students for better physical growth. The objectives of the programmes are as follow: To encourage milk drinking habit among primary school students under the Paid Milk Scheme.THE SCHOOL MILK PROGRAMME (SMP) The School Milk Programme (SMP) runs simultaneously with the Supplementary Food Scheme. processes and supply of milk. The programme is targeted for poor students whose family income is below the poverty level. to ensure students receive a well-balanced diet in school. To increase the development of community and food industry which involves the production. mental health and general well-being. Beside. HEALTH AND AESTHETICS) The 3K Programme started in 1991 with the aim to strengthen the school system focusing on school safety. To increase knowledge. The programme is preceived as capable in making school realise the significance of aesthetics in education which contributes to a conducive teaching and learning environment. nutrition. In addition. 6 . and evaluation of programme with cooperation from other government agencies. health and aesthetic. THE 3K PROGRAMME (SAFETY. To provide milk to selected students from low socioeconomic background who are at risk of malnutrition through the Free Milk Scheme To increase the efficiency of planning. and health. execution.

act and be fair. To create healthy. safe and pleasant environment in school. In a safe school. emergency. practise good behaviour and morality. mental and emotional abuse. accidents and disasters issues. value individual differences. To ensure individual rights in school are protected. and report all negative incidents. To increase the quality of teaching and learning. THE SAFE SCHOOL PROGRAMME (SSP) Safe school is defined as a school environment which is free from internal and external threats and where the school community feels a sense of security. avoid violent behaviour. abhor physical.projects under this programme have enabled schools to foster close relationship with Parent-Teacher Associations and local communities. each individual should be free from race and gender discrimination. be cooperative and helpful. The objectives of the SPP are as follow: To enhance understanding of procedures on safety. To prepare guidelines for action taken realting to safety issues To create a condusive environment for mental and emosional health To create a more focused school community towards learning and work To motivate students to contribute positively 7 . have positive attitude towards others. To increase full and total comprehension on safety issues in the planning and implementation of school activities.

Malaysia. mental and emotional interferences. In view of this.00 per month. 8 . The Programme Enabling Non-graduate Teachers of International Languages to Attain Degrees (French and German). the students are granted with Federal Minor Scholarship and University Preparatory Class Scholarship. secondary and selected tertiary level.It is an aspiration of the MOE that the Safe School concept is implemented in all schools in the country which will create learning institutions that are free from physical. Scholarships are also granted to teachers and education officers in the MOE. and The Pre-Service Programmes. At primary and secondary levels. The scholarship programmes include: • • • • • The Poor Students’ Trust Fund The Federal Minor Scholarship and University Preparatory Class Scholarship The Execellent Student Scholarship The Federal Teaching Scholarship (Bachelor Degree). and The B. The MOE also provides scholarships to qualified teachers who wish to further their studies at bachelor. The Programme Enabling School Heads to Attain Degress (full time). The Post-graduate Programme (unpaid leave). scholarships are granted to students with excellent academic achievement from poor family background with an income below RM1000. The Federal Training Awards for Education Officers (master and doctorate level). The scholarship programmes include: • • • • • • • • • • The Special Programme Enabling Non-garduate Teachers to Attain Degrees (PKPG & PPG). The Distance Learning Programme with Open University. The National Professional Qualification for Headship (NPOH). Types of Scholarship The MOE is sensitive to the problems of less fortunate students who have potentials to excel academically. master’s and doctorate level in local or foreign universities. TESL Scholarship. The division manages the scholarship fund for selected students at primary. Ed. The Graduate Diploma Programme in Drug Abuse. THE SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAMME The Scholarship Division is responsible for coordinating the MOE schorship programmes. The Special Teaching Certificate Course (KSPK).

a workshop for teh writing of the School Emergency Preparedness Natural Disaster Manual. haze and landslides. to prepare teachers with knowledge and skills on how to face natural disaster through workshops and educational visits. leadership camps. earthquakes. Some of the programmes organised are short courses for peer counsellors. THE ENERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PROGRAMME (EPP) The aims of the Emergency Preparedness Programme (EPP) is to equip primary school teachers with knowledge on how to prevail over natural disasters such as flood. Invitational talks on career and higher education opportunities are among important services rendered to school leavers. and a course on Disaster Prevention in Schools in Kobe. Japan (in-service training in cooperation with JICA. The Counselling and Guidance services in schools are primarily concerned with safeguarding students’ welfare. proving counselling and career guidance and organising motivational talks and courses.THE COUNSELLING AND GUIDANCE PROGRAMME The aim of the Counselling and Guidance Programme is to expand the counselling service and career guidance for the benefits of students. and to foster cooperation between teachers and NGOs to produce School Emergency Preparedness Natural Disaster Manual and School Emergency Preparedness Action Plan. Japan) THE SCHOOL BOARDING PROGRAMME 9 . educational visits to Adelaide and Melbourne. The activities under the programme were:     a workshop for Natural Disasters Awareness. course to develop social skills and self-reliance. Australia. The MOE has made a provision that every primary and secondary school must set up a Counselliing and Guidance Unit headed by a full-time counselor. tsunami. ii. The objectives of the programme are : i.

to produce pupils who are avid readers of quality materials from various fields. THE NILAM PROGRAMME Nadi Ilmu Amalan Membaca (NILAM) is a reading programme established to recognise and award good reading habits among pupils in school. The objectives of the programme are: i. THE ASSISTANCE PROGRAMME FOR STUDENTS WITH SPECIAL NEEDS The MOE is always concerned with the requirements of students with special needs. The aim of the NILAM programme is to inculcate good reading habits among pupils in Malaysia. THE SUPPLEMENTARY READING PROGRAMME IN SABAH AND SARAWAK (SRP) The Supplementary Reading Programme in Sabah and Sarawak (SRP) is a collaborative effort between the MOE and UNICEF. The objectives of this programme are: i. ii. a) Level One . This reading programme is continuously monitored throughout the year. to supply additional and interesting teaching and learning materials. ii. The aim is to bridge the gap of quality education between students who live in the rural and urban areas.Jauhari 10 . and to inculcate good reading habits among students through the supply of teaching and learning materials to schools. The aim of this programme is to increase the quality of teaching and learning in primary school located on islands and remote areas of Sabah and Sarawak. The NILAM programme is divided into two levels. One of the steps taken by the MOE is to ease the financial burden of parents of students with special needs by providing financial assistance monthly.School hostels are built to provide convenient accommodation for students especially to does who live in rural and remote areas and whose family earn less than RM 1000 per month. This programme emerged from the combination or integration of all activities to inculcate the love for knowledge in schools. The NILAM Programme includes plans to inculcate reading habits continuously through systematic management of reading activities in schools. and to encourage school to continuously generate creative and innovative ideas in instilling good reading habits among pupils.

The National NILAM Award This objective of the National NILAM Award (Tokoh NILAM Kebangsaan) is to give recognition to a pupils who has read the highest number pf books.The objective of this level is to develop interest in reading and reading skill that is inculcated as habit. evaluation and reporting for the purpose of programme modification or improvement. the involvement of parents. the role of the school community. This level requires pupils to participate in activities which encourage reading planned by the School Resource Centre (SRC) throughout the year. b) Level Two – Reading Peer (RP) The objective of this level is to increase pupils’ participation and usage of materials in promoting reading activities. The details on the types of activity and implementation strategies. Implementation Strategies The implementation of the NILAM programme at the state level is done by the State Education Department while the secretariat of the programme is the State Education Resource Centre. the process of monitoring and evaluation. supervision. Activities that are carried out include programme placement. the reading record. THE SCHOOL RESOURCE CENTRE (SRC) The School Resource Centre (SRC) is a place that provides references and collections of reading materials to the school community and a conducive learning environment for self-learning. The Educational Technology Division is responsible for monitoring the role of the SRC and ensuring the effectiveness of the SRC in the teaching and learning processes. the types of reading materials. and the variuos school-based activities are stipulated in the NILAM programme manual. Objectives of the School Resource Centre (SRC):     To achieve academic excellence To inculcate learning habits To produce teaching and learning materials To provide learning experience 11 . The award is presented annually and is under the jurisdiction of the Educational Technology Division which acts as the secretariat for the Main Committee of the Reading Programme. The methods of evaluation used are guided interviews and supervised written test by a panel of professional judges. This level places emphasis on pupils’ ability to guide and attract others’ interest in reading. the specification of reading materials.

. the MOE has provided all the technology requirements such as application system and ICT infrastructure to create an effective and efficient management system. and info structure equipped with networking facilities to all levels of organisation to wiedn its use in teaching and learning. ICT as a curriculum and teaching and learning tool. and the effectiveness and efficiency of management system. iv.  To ensure use of the facilities at the optimum level To teach information skills ICT IN EDUCATION The objective of the ICT in Education was to expose pupils to basic computer literacy. iii. Realising ICT as an enabler in the management of education information. and education management. ii. ii. educational television programmes are being telecast through TV9 channel. the MOE has strengthened avrious systems and databases through data mining. vi. and enhancing students’ motivation towards learning. the Educational Technology Division (ETD) has broadcasted all educational television programmes using the Astro channel. The MOE has provided sufficient and the latest ICT infrastructure. enhancing access and equity for ICT facilities in urban and rural areas. Programmes Based on the Curriculum Programmes Acquired from Private Sector Collaborative Programmes Lensa TVP Programme Bicara TVP and Laman Muda Programme Special Programme 12 i. School Access Centre and Making School Smart Programme. Among the types of programmes broadcast are as follow: i. This endeavour viewers to watch quality and international programmes. iii. EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION PROGRAMMES In line with the evolution of technology. At present. The MOE has made intiatives in the use of ICT in teaching and learning through projects such as the Smart School Project. developing and expanding ICT-based curriculum. and ICT for the improvement of productivity. integrating information systems from all agencies in the MOE and upgrading ICT infrastucture in concurrent with the needs of e-government and emanagement. ICT in education aims at increasing the development of ICT infrastructure. The MOE has outlined three main ICT policies in education which are: ICT literacy for student. With the advancement of ICT in education. v.

Education Planning and Research Division. Ministry of Education.EDUWEB TV Web TV project of MOE is a project implemented to bridge the educational gap between the rural and urban areas as well as the remote areas. Education Planning and Research Division. REFLECTIVE 1. Ministry of Education Malaysia. Malaysia. Educational development in Malaysia and Oman: Two Sucess Stories 2008. Discuss the outlined ICT policies that MOE introduced. What can the teachers benefit from the Schorship programme for the developing “Teaching Professionalism” REFERENCES Malaysia.my/userfiles/file/PPP/Preliminary-Blueprint-Eng. Ministry of Education Malaysia. Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi Malaysia. Pelan Induk Pembangunan Pendidikan (PIPP) 2006-2010. (2011). information and statistics from respective divisions in the Ministry of Education. Ministry of Education. Curriculum Development Division. Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Pelan Strategik Pengajian Tinggi Negara: Melangkaui 2020. Ministry of Education Malaysia. then use them in their teaching and learning process irrespective of the scjool’s location and the schedule of programme. Panduan Pengurusan Sekolah Berkesan (2006). Bahagian Sekolah Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia. Students throughout the nation are able to access educational learning aids which are hosted onto the data centre. Malaysia Education Blueprint 2013: www. Educational Planning and Research Division.gov/bppdp (website of Education Planning and Research Division. Malaysia www. Ministry of Education. Written report.pdf Basic School Information January 2008. Ministry of Education. 13 . Teachers are able to preview and watch the selected television programmes. Malaysia and Sultanate of Oman. Education in Malaysia.moe. 2. The public is also given information on the development as well as various opportunities in national education. Malaysia. Quick Facts 2008. Quick Facts 2007. (2008) Ministry of Education. The objective of the implimentation ICT in Education was to expose pupils to the basic computer literacy.moe. A Journey to Excellence.gov. Malaysia.

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